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iiw rsn m iit citiikn. On aeaauaa chtw Half r .1 on tmi i mi . W) . 60 . 40 . 15 . 25 Third a i column ou ?ar (Jmrl.r ..I column on yar Out ur on yr Two intra oca '.-. Traaalent aaHHbaaf, II J pr aquare Brat inne la and 7a cant Inr earli eubaeqiient inacrtwn LH il edtertieert will be dealt witii HajmMj. I.ival Ariiatng ni rata, and II dditlmal for proof nf publio tioa, and on yro"t of public in to ha lurnlthetl unit lb Irr la paid. Amiounclojr i'aadiilata f r Staten and Dlatrlct OrScM lily iar ' Ci' : klypiprr. U ; lf t'lnnuncl Candidatea lui l lotmly i-ffl re, dailv and are ! ui.cr !i ii ... aH n . farTUaaa aie laruMi ami condition" airreed uiinii by Ikr lraa iaam-uali n Inr Ilia antral udver l.4il niii"iniung t I id to., nial la o hi ; .lane, c in that Ha dennrter. from. Double column advertisements are vhargtd thirtyfivr per cent, addition al oh the abort rati. professional Carte." ATTORNEYS. EO. R. FKAIIW, -v oiv , . flLI. praetlrr In all llieCmirlt of i lie I- ru VV J.dlclal Pialrlct. and in thoae tn-hl .it Jack . alia. Oflca nvar Tunntall A Baldwin',. Ia. I, ins i, C. SUACKLliFORD. Attorney at law, rViCB, taalli kla of Public x,um. tmi aar M. C. or In .. n aV Co. aaaUuitrd State Commiiforirr. acptS. M i J. y 4UH U. . W KRNDALL. R. 0 It SUMS. HARRIS, KENDALL & HARRIS, ATTORNEYS AT TtAW, WO. 8 ST. -TttRlRR -TSKKT an tl NO- 1 12 CANAL tT , fllCW OKI K1, , Of!lc Ro.-m No. 3 up Stairs.) TTiO fftetiit ia All ikM Cmrtt of Louitlan. M-Sl""1"' 'I Mm! jrtv.-.i Ml the ClIhMtlM of CUnna, lli ruu jjh out tUe United States. Dac. A IHrt-t. HILL & HARVEY, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CANTON. Miss. OIBr over Uolby A Kicbmda' diu store Jawty rt ir. arioLcroi. W K. G'.OKliE- SINflLETON & GEOIiGE, A TTORXE YS AT LAW, CANTO If. MIST OFFICE in Smith Building, North-weal corner public aqiara. March 1. is,;; if FRANKLIN SMITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CANTON, MISS. Oal : Brisk building, nnrtb-west corner Public q aara Jan 13 I K. J. RfcWKK, ATTOJJNKY AT LAW. CAXTOX, MISS., V IM, prartici- I the Couitaof Mndl-m. Leike IF AlfaKT! Il'.lmn unit TalVi, and in the liit'i oort of Krrt-ra and AppenU al lack-on. T Oflle H,,utli-wei-t .'nrner "f tha Public. Vejaara. orar C'licrUhinTu Auction RuMiif , Biovrn N.w'- . n. jinllf "W. BEN. CU1WINQHAM, ATTOHN K Y AT LAW Vhriton, Mi.-. WVJ, MMtlf in itll tlM" W t ut M.rHUJi. ilaial FHatrfrf, Mitl in thf F4rr Tomti. inrt tb Illy b i 't-iirt i Kirttitand Aupi' l J ic!;in. Pi lieuUr itttftitioti I" rtWM in BjuKni'iti y. 7 KEF WAN fe MoMICKKr.r, ATTOKN KtM AT LAW, 'Jackson and Canton, Mis . WILI. praetk-a In nil bVa t',-i,rlH nl MaaMl hJ ciul lJmtiicl . the Hbab C ail "I Beta and Ap aaalt, ana the i . , raaAea at Jaeaaaa and Ox Mara. Thor nny be nddf-nd bj 1 1, tlthor at Jaekn nf ('unl- n a n m ajaaM OrtMl vlv eJNO. M. CLARK, Attoi'iiey at I."v, YAZOO CITY MSS, w 1J. prci1' in C.umU 1i ths central portion f the Stnte J - 33 PHYSICIANS. ALLOWAT. M t. A. H C Qt. M D airs . H L L 0 W AY ft C A G E, ! imaioK i piivsit una, C AH TON M'.aa. no.. ih-.M. f e.hiii- ..,"'. Oat.aarM.tero fj. Djn. HARVEY & DIVINE. OtTIOI SogTH 8IUI COCHT taUVAM. DR. DIVINK 'OWTiKt:r-8 AL CFF. to fl ipcrlAl attention tr nil fiT"oi Ang l. fiC. Dn MruiineM V I.uckrlt, CANTON, MIHR. HA VINO n-nocintH thein-f Im In the prnftlre of M4trl'ifl and K irgi ry, rpretfutly uflcr jmt MrviM to llw public R RKMM F.h liavinx dTited twelft yt-nr ettpc fi) to ItM Mt'irly And prncti.-e of Obstetric and lha a tea of feninkt and otiiMren . hope, for a lib ral Mitronnt in that bi aucIi of h pr'feaiou. aTaT-iKTl.e over Hoaby, Rir.mrd A 0aS Jan(1 It DENTISTS. DR. N. C. 0RRIGK, ilNTliT. OrrtcaOrxa Uai.o TOa MOSBT, RlCBAHUB A Co.1 ALL DETTAl, OPBRATIONS DINK AT ATE WAI! PBICSV-POB L'ASH. rb 18W t. ly. DENTAL fjprc RATIONS At old Prirr., for '.i!i. XK oa-aaoeae tin ernrcilv of nioui-y, I have N coo-Mpiesee the eesreily of niouey. I have I rt4nce4 tha feaa rr all dclitiil fprratinwM. But Tl Vllln must be paid when the ferrfve la rt-ndcred rt in ifmn '"r all ii"nt.ii operational, nut Peraios or limited meai.s ureii not be Ml lie t esU. Mo ('ti(K(jK for x uniiiai-n and tlvice Obleeofortn sn ImCn SMB sThajnlj (hy means o ether sprny.) ued wln-n desired The i.ttention of too public n r.llrd to the Rrntt ici , : : vmuil in ARTIFICIAL TEKTU . They are JsrsMs, natural Hnd hi-.- like in appear ance, worn wth comfort . and mn-.-b riMHTMrihM formsily. C. H. KWAPP. Jaoaary 4. 18o 2m Ja kson. aflMI MECHANICAL. It. Y. BliATKH. MERCHANT TAILOR, "Tit fOCLD reKpectfiJVir'"-ni h'-old fi u ndw I f y ana customers, ae-i tne pniMK- cenerai Iv. thst he has removed fiorri MrM sul set tied io aoUa. whers he will cotitiuua the Merchant Tallorinc nosinens, ftt tTT tte various bran- he-. Having an experience of nearly thirty year a he feels eon ride ut of his ab.l Ity to give satisfaction to all who may fu.vor him wile their patronage -s libersl snsie of which be soiiiitu from the public. Having n aidud aud carried oa nuvitiess In Hharon Ht many years. ropet-tfiilly reera t the sHhiens of that place and vicintty. Hlior o West stde I'ubiM Hr-u.n -one toi rTortlit J (tieharda Ang. 11. ii. D. MDWAV, H-ANI)l'ACTUI(KR of Traa Kiiddl. ll.irn.., rj,,w niM'ea and Uniii Inir. nn'l i-iler in I.BATHH1 A Sli dUOF. FIN 1NOR. rRUNCll ANIi IillMBMTIt; f'AI.F ".KISS Ol.t LKATIIKR, AXI HIIOKMAKKKN' TOOLS rf.AMTrRHM.ka your own Runuita Mo. 1 Onk Utaaitard Ijr Mir, nod llomlork P.ola laatbr at Prlee. lht win limn treat avloi Hi n-r. . . , , ..j a., . ' . n . Bplendia lilumiutM Window Sbadefa T' ., . . u ' RI Oneit lot erer brought tn f anion. Joat op-nnjat CJfKttMi ntrunv r- r.. - jt I in. VOL. XIX. IiY JOHN V. BOSWORTH. H c lu Orleans Carts, JAMBS MARTIN, pfjBoot and Shoe HANTTFACTUBER AND DEALER IN TRUP.KS, TRAVELLING B.GS AND VALISES, ' Xo. 113 Canal Street, Xeu Orleans. rinntatinn Shoe- by Package or Dozen. Krb. 0, 'till ly TO HKNIWHSOJI. l.ate of UrnOciaon, Teriy .V Co. SAil 1IEN1 EHSOX TOM & SAM HENDERSON, C O T T OX FACTORS, FORWARDINU 1(1 COMMISSION MERC II A NTS, Xo. 38 Pcrdido St., Factory lioic, i New Okieans. Jan. 2, 1S69. J R. PO.VEI.jl,, COTTON 'FACTOR, AN II COMMISSION MERCHANT, No 190 Common st. NEW ORI.KANH. I.n. tT Libera rand aiivunoes mado on Cotto ) onitrncd tn this houae. Feb. 18. lhi, It- J D nrtiTTOX, N.Crleiui". La. I?. I,. 5IOOHE. Saw Odaaaja. L. W. TIIOMPKON, Mndinon Co.. Minft. (ri Commri dam.) HR1TTON & MOORE, COTTON FACTORS, -and- vm I GKNERAI, COMMISS'N MKRCIIANT.S. 71. Ao. 71 Carnndelet, Street, 71. NEW ORLEANS, La. I mr Supplies. Hii'giiiK, Ac. FomtKboa, uud caab i drnncea mnd "n Cotiifi:nraenti.; Mr. V. l):mry will puy the rtvenue tax on cotton couaigned to Uritton &l Uoore. M. J. PUNTS, (Late Rhorer Znntn.) COTTON FACTOR, No. 3i Perdido Street, corner Caronde'.ct, Jure, 20 if. Now Orleans. m. . shire:, PROPRIETOR OF PATKNT A DEALER IN pat. imctroIjEne di umni; FHtII, Lamps, Lamp FiKtures, & Glassware, 1 .10 Poj-flrna bet. Ciimp A Hi Chan., NEW 0RLE.YNS LA. am onuKiis noxrvvt ATTENDED to. ri iitoi i m, Bl FftlVRllVCI FMID. 'I'liix M !hr grrttt dutidtiaiuvi tf Liu aat. II w.ll not nink. will not miicII ii nwl be vxnlojt-d. It wili in t ert-.v ln.riiiiijr. It ran ( VMM MmAl or rlnlbrA. No irri-utT fr riirlv tub-tame eollecta uiit il -' f tin? lamp. hMHVMI Rfafr fciiWMaMWJ. stmlinM tin.t WUmtum than iiny Ooul (Ml IrtMlW". It will bum In any lump wlih Mnrr'n Hing ItiirnT.rr with ti DtwM4 or lAfMatttMM Kuril, r. Bpl IS 1 y T. JAMBS HOb "n,. MAGAZINE STREET, Bctwen Or.ivier and NT;,lcliez tta., M;V O HI, LANS, LA. R 8 MORSE. Proprietor. b. IGlv. MISCELLANEOUS CARDS. Mantua-Making. MISS laTCn M. ROBERTSON MWKES litis method to inform her friends i -L and the public gi-nernllv that she is pre 1 pared to cut und make dresses and feels ns 1 3'ired thai she will gift MtlffilcUM iti fitting. j She will also nike up suits fur gentlemen or : boys. Orltrt tot. cited. In nidkiDg this annnuiicement Miss Ro I berUon appeals to her few particular friends ' to assist her in trying tn make enough mon I ey to free her from debt and make an inde pendent living, bhe teeU justiht-d in plac ing herself before the people of Canton in this way to earu her bread rather than bo a mendicant. Jan. 2, 18b9. Photographs! Photograph! THE nndemiKneJ having pnrclneil tlie entire Rlock and inianitiis nt Hr. tl. H. Ticlineor'a PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY, and hnving added largo'y to the stock dt'pnitm'nt. be fl.ittcrn himself, with twenty years experience, lhAt he wilt hn able to pMMM u 1 1 who will honor Ii.iii with their patronage. (EfjL.Pbotor.tphs of every size and style made at bhoi t notice. W. II. WILLI A MB, Artist. Canton, Dec. 1I, lflC8-tf TOWN L0TSF0R SALE. ! OEVERAL 1 QLVkkAL Lots suitable for Beesidnces, : , i j irje mo?t rjesiraoie anywuere in me Suburbs of the city of ChuIoii- Location healthy, neighborhood excellent, title good. Apply to Wm. H. CASSELL. Canton, Not. 14, 18G3. FOR SALE. About 2lo Akwkm Or Valuable Open and Wood Land Situate t wo miles east of Canton on t he I Madisonville road. For den-nption nod price of same, enquire at iVl MMC, or of J mt'. it. 11 A It I , Agchi, Jan. 0, lH'J-lf Dissolution. HK Liiv Partncr.-I.ip of UK KCTT .V KI'.AI.N la bin diiy BwaMfia.ba ajntnai i I) A I.I i K ETT, ntli Nnv 1 M. UEO It PKARN. A. GURLEY. UKAI.kK IN IDES. Klint cttirc F II IIS AINU IMS, WOOL II to ifi el 14 it ir. ft to ; " fi to 7 " 30 ccdij, accf ala, ti. Dnv Salt " " ('HKEN 8tl.T, Fheii, Wont, from 10 to Mailt. Nor. H.IMS-U I! I? I.I A HI IA'T I (. Iha ni.e 1 h ins altnfa all nihar tlint la rro-t ilr , :rinl,li in n qsafl man. jafijafM will 14 'liraya Mf aa narantia aaafcet all"lrlla la tbontracU thai miy he maili- wi'li u. We lire t-na- i Hard to ifti-r aptriat inilinTmniti t'i puiln-awhr m.y .i.h n. ,.i.riueexiei,s-,-iy. ,8m m iriri I aart t. , v art fa wtaakatra. We i apie '"f M paper tbrougbout tlie United .-.taU-s, and . t!,e Caaadaa i.r. atSSLCSCA.. Pn'. ahtu nrd sitae' I. ,in ft,, aept" "f I. ni rtll", a- "Be just, and fear not; Let all the ends thoti aim'st at be thy God's, thy Country's, and Truth's.' CANTON MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1869. PUBLISHED r: HOSBY & BHJDAKi CANTON, MISS, 9 WHOLESALE AKD RETAIL DRUGGISTS AHD APOTHECARIES, DEALERS IN WHITE LEAD, O 1 1 S , TARNISHES Window Glass, Sash, Boors, Futty Dili STUFFS, PERFUMERY BOOKS, WALL PAPER, STATIONERY, FANCY ARTICLES. Watches, Jewelry, Hardware, Cmtlery, &c Jaul2 ly JUST RECEIVED and for Bale by MOSBY .V RICHARDS, 400 lbs I.andreili'n Turnip Seed, war rattled growth of lf67. 5000 lb pure White Lead. 150 gals Linseed Oil. 100 gals Spirits Turpentine. EN ROUTE 51100 ligblsi of Window Sji.. 4 doom Pannel Door. 300 boxes of Window Glaer. All of vbich will be sold nt New Orleans thicks. i27ib. bT tf T 1 o THE PUBLIC. THE GEEATf ST DISC0VIRY KNOWN TO THE WORLD IN MEDICINE. KIREK1 IFE-BL00 ELIXIR I HAS nt lnat matlc its W;iy into tbi.-i SMstrj, nfter I h ivin Lmss hi mm in Um Old WsrM lor so m;mv I yMMSa n'l t"-ieci.il!y in China, fkt ce'elnatrr AMnmint iitu Omm, Dr. HtlMSfdMN, of lYkiit. CWM MM nt MMSMMMMMil to am ((IMl CallltMlR UniKPV ImMM ilitrndiin 1 Ml tlii- cn' iin-nt . mid Iiii- C'tiWijltfil wliol'H:ile ttL,'t'n'ie' f-r ilie pur M of Kiippiymg nil dnipuisUi IfcffMghnn. I-M aMMMVOMl uttl'-f III MU Cujnliy. ilii- K BlMMl Mi'tiicine MM pSifWMfal EMTC (tMJ MflMj tmXovtuh inir). wtn-rc flvt-iy nt liPr remedy known in Materia MmKm MM irtott Kign,i)ly failed. IT 13 KO HUMBUG Ql'ACK N'OHTKl .11 , but in a prepirntion which ha been bronchi on' alter many lung VMM) MT the deepest NMMMnY oid td by the great st chemiciil scii nee nnd sk'II that MM be In' i;ght to bear in tta proaoctikin, we ibeu-lore puce it wholly CTPOS ITS OWN MERITS, AMCINO THE INVALin OS AFFLlCTi;n TO TRY IT ONCE, to he fully convince!1, s its effect are hiftantane ous from the first dose taken, entering a once MjMJ blood and p neirating every pore of the wtude boiy. diiving out every impuiitv from the whole wv-tem. and cr. nting intend PURE UVE-BlMoD ; h?nce its name. FOR SALE BY ALL D1WWIIH. NOTICE TO DRUGGISTS! Eureka Lifo Blood Elixir, A lEW ERA IN MEDICINE O.N 1 HIS CONTINEN T By the use of the above GREAT CHINESE REMEDY. Prni'gi.itH throughout the Sonth and West can he npplM t irongh the arrangements made by Dr. B. w, Ilepaerdam. of I'ekm, China, with J. U. Was hm A- Co.. of Che Wholesale Ding Kmporium, of MrMpbU, TmummM, to whom all Mtra Mtwt be ddrtaaed ty FOUT Z CKLEBR1TF.D HoTse ai Cattle Pollers. This preparation, long and favorably known, will thor outflily invigorate broku-Unwn and low stiiriud linrses, by rtren grin firing and ttasaniaisj U- ttumacik Rat4 MMa tlnes. It In a sure pre ventive of all dis eases incident to this animal, such as VCHQ FEVEB. GLAMJEitrf, Y EL LOW WA Ti:il, IIRAVES, COLUIIS, DIS TEMPER, ttr V BBS, FOCnDER L033 OK APPE TITE AlfD VITAL EXVftG Y, he. Its usj itnprovt'i tin: wind, hscreases the apietite--gives a smooth and Slossy skin ami BaaSBBSMnaS t h MiMMMM bMbssMM into a !:r. ' . ' borse. . To hMMMJ of Cons tbis rcpamti'-'ii is MeSMaMit, It Lucrcases the (piautity and ha raves the ouality or ti-p t.iiii:. u lias n ptov'-n by ac- pei iiiitiiL U tt- ti-i-tuilk anil sressM MS; .it make tbe butter firm and swe.-t. In LMMMMsj aststte, ii ;i vaa thassi ru asfM t.t-- ImmMs tl,.-ir l! id.-. m4 llicin tbiive mu !i Ta.ter. In all anaaji of Si .up, buc' the laaaaa, l.ivrr, fcr , tlii., nrlids ai-t, a.i a BiociGr. Hy Mitt from on- half a laper to p-ip. r in a a. dl MdaaaJaa or i n tir ly p . rnt'-d. I ur.rveutive iiml Baf f"r tain Price 25 Centi pnr r ipe o- 6 P.ipcrs fur SI. hueraacD rv SJ. .V. FOPTZ & 1JIJO., AT TnEIR W llllll DRI-0 AfSO simanvi! Ill rOT. Ho. 116 Franklin St., Baltimore, lid. rr Sal- hy llniruiats and btoruki-ipL-iii llirv.igli evt the fki StaUie. . DAVID F F0UTZ, Sucrsssor to E. A Fon'7. A O. Fur nlf bj K09BT k RIOOARtMV, I and fj.iiited i at Caauxna, fleers in arrra 111 time n rs, 1- ll" CboVra WEEKLY OFFICE, MASONIC fjttrg. TH1 WABEICE'S DSIAM. rtl.IIAM AT KELLY'S FORD. BT S. X . 1' 11 I I. L I r s. I. A warrior lent on the 1 attle-fleld, A vision of giory flashed his brain ; A soldier's wreath and a soldier" scar. And the prideful heart of Iriends afar, Prengthetif d hi? soul in the shock of war. At! amidst the throes of pain. He had read of the nightly deeds of old How IiMMm now those deeds appear I Or the warrior king who-e spoties plume. Like a hiight star fink'd the battle's ffloom And waved where kia arm had scarcely room To wield his battle-axe and spear. Ah, I it lie reckrd he of the morrow's fight,--Of the rain of shot or shtiek of shell ; Wasn't the Temple of Tame ahead? What if the road layover the dead? A duplet's, there for his knightly head. A marble shaft it he fell. C , .1 And the burning words of th-- rcartia: muse, Or epic touch of the painter's brush ; The one in opulent strains to tell How grandly, way in front, he fell ; The other to throw its voiceless epell ; Its rr.re hut passionless gush. Of fad' less enhuing- over his deeds, I Those deeds that have linked his youthful life In deathless lustre with every lie 1 1 Where Lee had planted the Southern shield, Or Jackson fought, or the foes bad reeled, Or fell in the crimson strife. But another thought comes over his train A thought of the forms at home in prayer The mother holding her heart in pnin ; Or the wom-in he loved- what to tier the train Of Glory's wreath, if among the slain Her lover's name should appear. II. The morrow came. Alas! that its hours, .Which should have been peaceful, calm and fair, Instead, were filled with the stifid moan Of wounded men, and the dying groan Of others whose mingled fleh and bone Went quivering in the air. Didn't he hear that his chieftain had said, Pelhara in Lis'glory to-day"? Truly bp ws on the threshold then ; A few ntpr, more, and never again Should tho cannoneer drill his noble men. Or marshal them for the fray. Oh, G d ! how his cannons thundered that day, Pert of himself was in the notea Of the martial rhyme that left the park. Part of nimself that wou'd Mmsj lie stai k, Ar,d stiff, and pulseless, nil in the dii'k. Just heneeth his cannon's throats. A Fplemn iUibaawu aft tilf fifrhf Broods over the d--d and dying men. While the living among the ulain asleep Lie wesiy and norn too worn to weep I'oor the mingled forma that lie so deep Atid still on the battle plain. Woat oF the soldier that ete. on the field But the nigln before, und dreampt of fame ? Sny. did he get the scar or wieath ? Tie scar ! whisper 'fonder jour breath, T:!l we search the long black list of Death, To Bee if we find his name. Dead, shot in the act of pointing hii gun; Dead ! AM. in h's yruthrul manhoed'a prime ; D?sd ! yes, but he got his star and wreath, Part of hi dre im at the hand of Death ; The ehisot.atwl brush, and poet's breath, Shall come in their own g'od time. Barry of Eagle's Nest. ' LIKES TO EMMA. BV W H. WHSBBT. As I cut onrsptured, gazing. In nil eye si purely bright. Prinking. q'i; ffing, from a fountain. SpelN which hsMMt Me d:iy bit. uight ; As I sat in silence musing. Pondering, dreaming of the past. With an rye scam upmising But twnuM aaek out sM at last; When me though. I aw there pi-isiug t)Vr her brow a look of psia. Which hid me turn mine eyes Irom her, Ne'er to look oa lier njrain. I nr-ver conld, no, nev:r Nor Trom mine he..rt tliin- imsge spurn : Ah, ludy-dear, heauteoin lady Do not deem me unkin-V For I would not. could not grieve thee. Nor wound that gesHlc heart of thine; Then if mine eye clnnce to greet thee. Do not hid me refrain, I hut prize, aye. dream, in silence, I would not give thy bfleon pain. Ah, who can hide a passion. tiiunuld'i'iiig, banting, in the breast. Who npiy gmMsj th grMf or snff'ring Of Hi- hum;n littart at best? Often .-.tilt, as I wander, Dreams do come, I strive t' repel, And I no'irib, and 1 clicii-h Illusions I cannot dispel ; Then it mine eye chadtce to greet thee. Do not bid ate refrain, I but gaze, aye, dream, in silence, 1 would not givu thy bosom pain. iov Dir . A children, when we used to play Upon the beach in meal in rrocks, And tinned a husgted 6 smrrny Of soaking shoes and tatteied socks; When purse we driven to cuniplaiu, And kind DansmA an gently chid, Beg , ii yoa Mer to err again. You said you would n't but you did. When Betty, whom yen vrotked so hard, And yet srho levtal y-n mmm the less, Wan pr.iye.l, so urgently, to guard A secret from yoa- gtveinr-ss; V no ,- d!e t her puzzled t.iok, Wiahttsg U) tc M MM wa bid. And vuhMJ of badly feigned rebuke, Which vowid she woiud n't- but she did. Tii 1 1 s udLti p uty, f.ir tho he-t Of any I have e'er enjoyed ; We pat t'tgether while the real tRore ehsnce !) were uthci wise employed; Thesjgh jroejr mmmmjs had talked lor huurs, And veuttnctl ftraslj to furhid A lete-a t.iti mmmmj the MHrere ; You ssid you vnn id n't - hut you did. The Ihhsgs ths hsi paned 'reath the abjaAs Of t h-malis 1li:it ihMtolw lair. The things we lesjcvoal, mmI thMSghA, and said. And h'iped. me neither MMM nor there. I know MM if Mm d.iy was tin-. Or MMth thl do id t!u MM was h d I know t i SSM MSJMMl of mIsM Yoo said yarn aruuhl n't but mm i! VSSAS. Mn-inrr I he wom.in. aht; liennm on the sight, Qraraful and frt-e hk" n bain; nf light. Poatterl maa4 her wherever : he atraj fr.in.-i of Mlai nn our thr.i n-r.rivpred wjy. I ' of Piiiiidiiu fii'h fpaai ahove 1.. U4 ,- itliere ! in I . ad i i i gnrlan 1 n! ' HALL BUILDINC, SECOND FLOOR. Anecdote of tile Federal Convention of 1787. New York, April L'Otli, 18j0. To the Editor of The Living Age : Ynen I promised, last week, in Boston, that l would send you a copy of a letter from my fallior, received twenty five years ago, narratinga most interesting historical fact, not else- v-l,.,w Pn 7.,;.,., r i i r i i ; T.' 1 ' . i , " ;X .. . . : : : ! it,.,, no UlUIUaillMl I.VM11II ll.J l mil ue useful at tliis time, when the. wisdom and sagacity of our Franklin, .and the spirit of conciliation aud mutual concession evinced bv tbe conven tion whicb adopted our Constitution, are so much needed at Washington. On Saturday last, I took from my files the original letter, which 1 now enclose to you. (aud whicb, as I in formed you, was published in the Daily Advertiser, in 1825,) and hand ed it to my clerk to copy. Judge, then, of my surprise, on opening the New York Observer, of Ihe Bursa dav, Saturday, 27th, to find that, by 'a singular coincidence, ''jine ancient reader, and rememberer, too, of the paper of my late valued fiiend, The -dore Dwight, Esq., bad. without my knowledge, brought forward from the dark recesses of years long elapsed, this identical letter, in the same spirit in which you proposed to republish it. As everything which relates to the foiination of our glorU ous Union is deeply interesting to all those who wish, for its perpetuity, I should be gratified to see an histori cal anecdote of so much inb rest, and of undoubted authenticity, transfer red to the pages of the Living Age. Tainted Tost, September, 1825 My. Dear Son : I some time ago repeated to you an historical anec dote, in which you felt so lucch in terested that you extorted from me a promise, that I would at same mo ment of leisure commit it to paper for you. I am now seated for that purpose,, and shall relate it, as neatly as I can recollect, in the words of General Jonathan Dayton, oue ot the members ot the trencrnl Conven tion, who framed the Constitution, and afterwards Speakei of the Rouse of Representatives, in the Congress of Ihe. United States. I a was (said Ceneral Dayton) a delegate from New Jersey, iu the i GeneralConvention which assembled i in rpiiuaueipnia tor tlio purpose ol gat ion, and had been definitely set digesting a constitution far the tied by a very large majority. ' That United States, and I oelieve I was ' it was .alr.rirer.lier nil iTj.i . ine joimgest u einoei in fOSU oooy.land unreasonable, for one ot the The great and good Washington was m inority to propose a reconsideration, chosen our President, and Dr. Frank ! at the moment their act had become tin, among other great .men, was a a matter of rccurd, and without pre delegate from Pennsylvania. A dis tending: that any new light euuid be position wastsooii discovered in some members to display themselves in oratorical flourishes; luit the good sense and discretion ot the majority put down all tuch attempts. We had convened to deliberate upon, and if possible effect, a great national object to search for political wisdom and truth; these we meant to pursue with simplicity, and to avoid every thing which would have a tendency to divert, our attention, or perplex our scheme. A great variety of projects were number of the speeches a rupture proposed, all republican in their gen appeared almost inevitable, and the eral out lines, but differing in tbeir j bottom of Washington seemed to details. It was, therefore, determin labor with the most anxious solici ed that certain elementary principles tude for its issue. Happily for thf should at first be established, in j I'nited States, the Convention cor,- each branch of the intended consti- tution, anil alterwanls tho aclails talents and virtues ot tne highest should be debated and filled up order, whose hearts were deeply in There was little or no difficulty in terested in the establishment of a deti rmining upon the elementary ucw and eflieient form of govern principles such as, fart instance, j ment ; and whose penetrating minds that the government, should be a re had already deplored the evils which publican representative government that it should be divided into three branches, that, is,, legislative, execu tivc, iu judicial, &c. But when the ! five. - Among those personages, tin-orga-.ization of the respective , most prominent was Dr. Franklin, branch, of the legislnture came tin- 1 He was esteemed the Mentor of our Cvr consideration, it was easy to be j body. To a mind naturally strong perceived that the eastern and south-! und capacious, enriched by much ern States had distinct interests. reading and the experience of many which it was difficult to reconcile ; years, he addetl a manner of i-om-and that the larger States were dis municating bis thoughts peculiarly posed to form aconstitution, m which the smaller Statts would be mere appendages and satellites to the larger ones. On the first of these subjects, much animated and some jrbat angry debate had taken place, when therattf representation iu the lower house of Congress was before us the Southern States claiming for themselves the whole number of their black population, while the Eastern Stales were for confining the elective franchise to freemen only, without respr t to color. As Ihe different parties adhered pertinaciously to their different now tions. it. was frmred that this would prove an insurmountable obstacle ; but as the members were already generally satisfied that no const itu tioti could be formed, which would I meel the views and subserve, the in terests of each individual State, it was evident that it must-be a muttet nf compromise and mutual concession. ' Under these impressions, stud with these views, it was agreed at length that each State should be entitled to one delegate in the House of Re pre si-ntative-s for every 30,000 ol its in habitants in which limn Iter should be included three J 'ft lis of the whole number ol their ularm. When the details of the House ol ' Representatives were disposed off la more knotty point presented itsel' III the organization ot I tie senate. 'I he larger States cou tended that the same ratio, as to States should be common lo both branches of the leg islature; or, in other words, that each State should be entitled to a representation in Ihe Senate, (what ever might be the number fixed on,) in proportion to its imputation, as in Ihe House oi Representatives The p:n Her Slates. . on Hug other hand, e.onteded that the House of Itepre r ntatives might, be considered as the girrdian of the liberties of the propf, mil therelore oily lit to bear a just proportion to their numbers ; I piees, am but that the Senate represented the I favorable snriyuwry or rue Mares, and t.iiat pa.-lMNate, whether or TERMS-rTbree dollars per anrjuir. was equally an sovereign Slate, branch of the lei independent and it ought, in this lulature, to have iiithoritv; without equal weight and this, they said, there could lie no security for their equal rights anil tliey would, by such a distribution of power, be merged and lost iu the larger States. Tiiis reasoning howevt r plain and . r.. i i i I. . ; ti . laci mi, u;ui tui iititc iniitieuce on " minds Ot delegates from the larr Slates-ant as tiiev formed am , as tnev lormetl a I large majority of the Convention, the i quesl ion, afrer pass. g through the 1 forms of debate, was decided thai I " each StfUo should be represented in the So bate in proportion to its population." When the Convention had ad journed ever to the next day, the delegates of the Star smallest Slates, i. e.. Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Delaware, convened to consult what course was to be or suen in the important crisis at which we bad arrivsd. Alter serious in vestigation, it was solemnly deter mined to ask for a reconsideration the next morning; and if it was not granted, or if, when granted, that offensive feature of the Constitution could not be expunged, and the smaller States put upon an equal footing with lire btrje t, we would secede from the' Convention, and. returning to our constituents, inform them that no compact could be form ed with the large. States, but one which weald criflee our s orsr i ntv and independence. was deputed to tie thf organ through which this communication should be made I know not why, unless it be that young men are gen erally chosen to perform rash actions. Accordingly, when tlio Convention had assembled, aud as sooiias the minutes of the last sitting were read. I arose and stated the views we bad taken of the organization of I ho Sen ato our desire to obtain a reconsid eration and suitable modification of that article ; and, in failure thereof, our determination to secede, from the Convention, and return to our constituents This disclosure, it may readily be supposed, produced an immediate and great excitement in every part of the house ! Several members were immediatelv on the floor to ex press their surprise, or indignation ! Thev represented that the qnestion had received a full and fair investi- thrown on the subject. That if such i a precedent should be establisued, it j would in future be impossible to say when any one point was definitively ; set tled ; as a small minority might at any moment, again ana again, move and obtain a reconsideration. They therefore hoped the. Convention would express its decided disappro bation by passing silently to the busi ness before them. There was much warm and some acrimoni-jus feeling exhibited by a i tained some individuals possessed of ; would spring up in our newly estalt Ushed republic, should the present J attempt to consolidate it prove abor- j his own iu which simplicity, beauty and strength were equally conspicu ous. As soon as She angry orators, who preceded him hail left him an opening, the doctor rose, evidently impressed with the weight of the subject before them, and the difficul ty of managing it successfully. . " We have arrived. Mr. President." said he, "at a very momentous and interesting Crisis in our deliberations. Hitherto our views have been as harmonious, and our progress as great, as could reasonably have been expected. Bui now an unlooked for and formidable obstacle is thrown i.i j our way. which threatens to arrest jour course, and, if not skilfully re- : moved, to lender an our ion nope of a constitution abortive. The mound wiiieh has been taken bv the delegates of the lour smallest Stales was as unexpected lo me. and as pagnant to my fe dings, as it cai to any other member of Ibis Con lion. ' After wkaS 1 though a and impartial investigation of subject, I recorded my vole in affirmativ e side of the question, i re- . Ik ven full thr 1 have not induces me Bul 1 will thai it N wrong! ! gentlemen under a h heard anything which to not, impe shang then .-slide mj fore, for ppinioiL com lude tC hi be at those will not say th alio differ from lusion much lei IV liiem w iih intention ot need lessly embarrassing our deli I uie. tions. Ii is pmbible some change in our late proceedings ought to take place upon irrinoiples of nolitical justice : or ,'i it, all things, considered, the aityon'tr; may sec cause to recede from some of their just pretensions, as a matter of prudent and expediency. For my own pari, there is nothing 1 so much dread, as a failure bo devise and establish some efficient and equal form of government for our infant republic The present effort has in 'ii made under the happiest aus has promised the most estUtS; but should this as m-tall. effort prove vain, it will be long ere another can He made iiji eny pros NO. 8. pect of snccess. Our strcntjlh and our prosperity will depend on our unity $ and the secession of even four of the smallest States, inter spersed as they are, would, in my mind, paralyse and render useless, any plan which the majority could devise. 1 sliouidtherelbro.be grieved, Air. President, to se.p rm.ftpr 1 to the test, which has been, perhips too .rashly threatened on the ot hand, and which some of mv lmm-- i ed coUeagnes have treated too Itnhtlv ! gues nave treated too Itahtlu on the other. I am convinced that it is a subject which should be, ap proached with cauii'n), treated with tenderness, and decided on with coi Oor and liberality. 'It is.however, to be feared thai the members of this Convention are not in a temper, at this moment, to ap proach the snbject on which we differ, in this spirit I would, therefore, propose, Mr.. President, that, without proceeding further in this business at this time, the Convention shall adjortrn three days, in order to let the present ferment pass oft', and to af ford time for a more full, free, and dispassionate investigation of the subject : and I would earnestly re- ommcud to the members of this Convention, that thevsnend the time ! of this recess, not in associating with t their mm party, and devisintt new arguments to fortify themselves iu their old opinions, but that they mix with members of opposite sentiments. lemi a patient ear to their reason ings, and candidly aliow them all the weight to which they may be en titled ; and when we assemble again, I hope it will be with a determina tion to form a constitution, if not snob a one as we can individually, and in aSl respects, approve, yet the best, which, under existing circum stances, can be obtained.'7 Hero the countenance of Washiugiou bright ened, and a cheerinc rav seemed to break in upon the gloom which had recently covered our political hori zon.) The doctor continued : " Be fore l sit down, Mr. President. 1 will suggest another matter : and I am really surprised that it has not been proposed by some other member at an earlier period of or deliberation?-. 1 will suggest, Mr. President, the propriety of nominating and appoint ing, before we separate, a chaplain to this Convention, whose duty it shall be uniformly to assemble with us, and introduce the business of each day by an address to the Creator of the universe, and the Governor of all nations, beseeching Him to Dre- - r i ttuuacrni -Ttm minds with a portion of heavenly wisdoin, influence our hearts with a love of truth and justice, and crown , our labors with comolete and abun- ' hint success !" The doctor sat down, and nev r (said Gen D.)did 1 behold a counte nance at once so ditjnified and delight nl as was that ot Washington, at tlicclo.-'e of this address ! Tor were the members of the Convention, gen orally, less affected. The words ot the venerable Franklin fell upon our ears with a weight and anthoritv, even greater than we may suppose an oracle to have had in a Roman senate! A silent admiration su,ter seded, for a moment, I ho expression of that assent aud approbation which was so strongly marked on almost every countenance; 1 say almost, for ore man was round in the Conven tion, Mr. H , front , who rose aud said, with regard to the first motion of Ihe honorable gentleman, for an adjournment, he would yield his assent; but he protested agains'. the second motion for the appoint ment ot a chaplain. He then com inenced a high-strained eulogiuni on the assemblage of icUdom, talent and experience, which the Convention em braced ; declared l lie high sene he entertained of the honor which his constituents bad conferred upon him, in making him a member of that re ppectable body ; said he was confi dently of opinion that ihcti were com- petent to transact the business which had been entrusted to their care ti ai they were equal to any exigence which might occur; and concluded by saying, that therelore be did not see the necessity of calling in foreign aid! Washington fixed -'his eye upon the speaker, with a inixtiii of sur prise and indignation, while- e utter ed this impeitinent anil impious speech, and then looked' around to ascertain in what manner it affected others. They did not leavo him n moment to doubt ; no one deigned to rcply, or take Ihe smallest notice of j the speaker, bul the motion for ap 1 pointing a chaplain was instantly seconded and carried; whether hi der Ihe silent disapprobation ot Mr. j II , or his solitary negative, I do not recollect. The motion for an I adjournment was then put and car ric. I unanimously, and the Couveu- ' tioa ued accordingly. The three days of recess were spent in the manner advised by Dr. I b'raiiklit-i tlie opposite parties mixed with ear. i ofh'-r; Sttivt a free and frank iuterchangi ol sentiments look place. On tire fourth day wu assembled I again, and if great additional light had not been thrown on the subject. ' even ' ndl a ."; -pi tit itud ocen ex of conciliation pelletl am had beei e,l. nt l ii, inch promts tf and dii passionate i lie subject, iiaplaiu had closed e miuutes of the read, ail eves were his Lisi tun sitl lie iu to the doctor. He rose, anil w words stated, that during ess he had listened rittentivolv o ill lite aririlmeUtS pro and eon. which had been nrgw) by both sides in , n, now , i out ne nan liimsell said nint h, and thought more on the subject ; he saw difficoltiefl and ob jeetions, which might be urged by individual Stales, against every scheme which had been proposed'; irnil he was iiow, more than ever. eoitv iiiceuinaitueconstrtntionwhich i wotk ii thev were about to form, in order to lookiim 'e yr,.,( ;uil r .i ill mil ' t,,vn,,..l if and r the basis of concession. cowinroHi-Vr and mutual BP A With ruc i viev. . tc. uhl . . j T H E AMERICAN CITIZEN Is Publish: d KMOUf Snc.Dit Mohntko or JOIH F. BOH WORTH. I It the larguat pap-r published lu this aection, saaJ contains iQi-re PoIIiiml, Agricultural and Uortiriillnral llnller, l.ocnl Inlelligcaee, j .TfiacrllR.jT nod General w, tlinn any other j , iu Madison and adjoinlug counties. The Farincr'a afeVM rime at I ha. been mrtds a specialty, aud will contain the best articles Unit tls ab'.e't practical aud scientific Agriculturist, Fruit rovrerH rtnd fill II IS lalsaiS "f thu country eau produce. Iu Poli.ir, our eesmsc shall be as it hai ever o; to .stand by our coqntry." Special alte-ution will be given to the colleciion an publication of ma'ters of Local ho-1 tUotacrnl TtUereat: To Adeeri iera.- Thf sassMfcseMM of Tbs Imericnu t i:iy n ts c itriblihed bn a linn and pstyUsa; bsi, a;i-l our list is rapiJly ear .-oatani!y increasing. consideration ot the vote last taken on the organization c f the Stinatu. Tire motion waa secondetl, the v. -to carried, the former vote n-sciutletl, ami by a Buccesstve -motion ami rew olution, the Senate waa organized on tho present plan. Thus, my dear son, I Hire detai1 e"' 1,8 ,ar i,s ""-T serves me, sbe i"'rmatiou which I received persoaaUy from General Dayton. It iias bee" (lo"e from 11 recollection 'bf ten years, anil 1 may have differed milch from General IViylon in b4a ,iliraseo!ory, but I am confident ' I stave faithinlly stated the facts. I hare related this anecdii'e at differ nt times to gentlemen of informa ion, tn afl of whom it was entirely tcir. Some of then; requested m'o to furnish them a written copy, but f deemed that leu proper without tho ;iermission of General Dayton ; aud I intended, the first opportunity I should have, t'o'hiake the1 name re jtiest of him but the baud of death has reinove.il him. In committing this a iccdote fo paper, I have been actuated not only by a wish to gratify you, but by a desire to -perpetuate the facts, if, as I fear they are. not elsewhere recorded. As ,hp-v rt,at- rft" ' vf' important ' our repuoncan iiisiiut tions, and to some of the most cele brated individuals who achieved our independence and framed our nation al government, they will, I am per suaded, be interesting to every lover of this happy country. I am, very affect ionately, -Yonr father, WM. STEELE. To Jonathan D. Steele. From the Memphis Chri-tim! Adrocato. . Why So? A correspondent Of the JTew York Methodist Of Jan. 23d, gives an ac count of the " Mississippi Confer ence;" Meat led, held recently at ('an tan Bishop Simpson" presiding. He says : j Sermons were preached, during the session of; tho Conference, by Ilishop Simpson, Drs. Newman, liust, Walden, and others, but so great was the prejudice against our Church that only two or three white persons were present at these services. " Prejudice " is not the ' wont. The cause IS founded upon facts and stance, in the munlier of The iletko- dist from which the above is copied we find the following precious inoi- ceau : " bast week's Independent con tains a sermon by tlie Rev. Gilbert Haven on ' Ameiica's Past and Fu ture.' One passage of the discourse b1.avi 11, e in 11... t ................. 'color prejudice,' Mr. -Haven goes lover to the opposite extreme. Wo quote: 'Our feelings of aversion will change to feelings of regard. The complexion at which we now confess to revolt we shall look upon with preasure. We shall ' see Helen's heauty in tho brown of Egypt.' We shall say: ' What a rich complexion is that, brow skin ! It is Italian, Greek, Oriental perfect ! How far it ex cels our chalky hue !' ' Our girls crikle their hair after the natural cuiiiness of their sisters" locks. This is one of God's modes of curing its of color blindness xi, e hour is not far off when the w hite lined husband shall boast of the dosky beamy of his wife. and the Caucasian wife shall admire the MB-kissed countenance, of her husband as deeply and as uncon scious of the present- ruling abhor rence as is his admiration of her lighter tint.' And again, the negro ' is of tho i very complexion ot uie ir outer oi our Lord nay, of our Lord himself . Rev. Gilbert Haven is editor of Zion's Herald, the organ of New England Methodism ; and he repre sents, in his views, the. advance sen- Tl. IaW.Ma.faa (lint that All i ins is a ijaaaHaaaaaaaaaaaav. l(1 vei v (rue ; but ha cia - " . .l,S 1 S - sippi, and ol the South generally, believe that as heretofote Ihe "ad vance sentiment 1 of men like Gilbert. Haven lias become tho faith and practice ot the Church, so it will b hereafter. For this reason, and others in harmony with ir, none of which are connected with duties to the civil government, they decidedly prefer other spiritual guides than ilishop Simpson, who. as tar as W ! know, may harmonize even now with Gilbert Haven' and his wing of N'orthern Methodism. - , n , YW It is saiil that crystal of the i nitrate of silver, simple lunar nans hie, rubbed into the wound, will pre j vent hydrophobia in a person bitten ! by a rabid aniina!. & The production of rahtie is in creasing, and one planter on tho Mississippi offers 500,00(1 plants lor sale in the spring. BP" A woman may be of great as sistance to her husband in business by wearing a cheerful smile continu ally on her countenance. iT?r Last, year, 1,101,1(55 logs, measuring lf8,5.'?,'l,flT0 feet, passed through the boom of the Penobscot, Lumbering Association. i rs- Will, .... r... miles' 3000 of Keokuk, Iowa, there are acres of grape vines. AtrTt is expected that more th" million ac-eh of new prarie will b. broken in Iowa this year. c madian U-t Ii ird at lives i New uj the lbanv ' Ken." lynching case. . . i .. , ., m I s " ii 'i llllll and , read- Bina-lal" . .... . .1