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American citizen. [volume] (Canton, Miss.) 1864-1890, May 24, 1879, Image 1

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'AMERICAN CITIZEN.
AMERICAN CITIZEN.
AMERICAN
CITIZEN.
Has the i.aboebt cincm.ATios of any paper
in Madison County, and ia consequently
THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
JTB8. AUGTJSTA S. B08WOKTH, Proprietor.
Tttiu.ts- feu, is AetViuace.
.1
BATIK OP AUVEBTlSlXe.
. I col. one year.. $ 130 00 ool. 1 month. ( 13 00
' 1 eol. Bmontlw.... 80 00 l( ool. 1 year 45 00
i' 1 oat. Saaoaths. j.. M J eol. t montlu ..23 00
1 nl. 1 mouth 2o J ool. 8 mouth ..15 00
J ool. 1 year 80 ) S," ool. 1 month . 10 OS
S ool. month a 60 1 gnu e, I year. .15 00
J, eol. S nMatlM. ..' squares, 1 vt-ar. 23 OS
Tran-ient advrU3enianU 91.5i per square
v4iadvtioavajMl tjoeuu lor each subscuiumt
Hun. " . . ' . -
I r:ir advertisements at the same rates and
$ 1 .00 ulillUnwl t'HL proof of pebltraUon.
JOI5 PRINTING !
All orders for . Job Printing or any ujiscrlp-
- - tion, audi hh
PlBliiaod by XBt. AUGUSTA 8. B0SW0BTH.
'Be Just and fear not ; Let all the ends thou aim 'at at be thy Cod's, thy Country's, and Truth's.'
TEEMS: $2,00 per Annum
BI!,L HKA1M4,
CAKI1S,
MOTTER HEADS,
IAMi'Ill.ETJi,
CIIW-'ULAHK, . ...
"O8TKIL8, ETC..
VOLUME XXIX.
CANTON, MISS., SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1870.
NUMBER 22.
Will be promptly attended to at tbe
CITIZKN JOB OFFICE,
THE
i
CURRENT TOPICS.
" Th National Conference of Colored
Mftohpldjecannf aTNashvillo. adoDt-
eI ad address arid resolutions favoring
emigration to Stater' and Territories
,rfceretoy can enjoy all the rights- and
privileges to which they are entitled un
. der the Constitution and laws, and ask-
s log 'of .Qongresa an appropriation of
$300,000 to further hat object f recom
mending a National compulsory system
. r of education, and declaring .that sep
arate schools are highly detrimental to
. 'fculh race;, alio, asking an.', appropria
tion of 9300,000 from, the Government
tlasUljltsh at) jsduitriil apt, technical
school forj olprodj y paths. A resolution
was adopted accepting tbe tender by B.
f,jfuUer to donate 80,000 acres of land
jWWisooasin, andby Zach Chandler of
homes for lOOeolored families in Mich-
Air ofScial statement, by the Treasury
Department,' May 12, : gives the tptal
amount of bonds sold Jorrefundingpur
Eposes' since March 1. 1877, as $803,095.-
700. of which all wen 4 iwr mnt
2Ji tP. 'f. $S6Sm.0Oa.!H (per
cents sold in 18 ( 7. The total amount
of interest saved by refunding is given
13.638,651.
' I the habeas corpus, case ot Stand
l" "tug Bear etal., at Omaha, Judge Dunby
.ot the Unte4 Suts Court has rendered
a decision adverse to the Government
'authorities,, who proposed to take the
x Indians back to their reservation in the
Indian Territory, whence they had fled.
tv Yne mjjn points of tbe decision are that
an Indian is a person within the mean
" ing of the laws of the United States, and
has therefore the light to sue ont a writ
Jtabe8r corpmrl.ia aj. federal
- CfcmrC -l-toa'-before - Federal Judge
in all cases where he may. be confined
.0sfeV nnderveiJor of Authority
of the United States, or where he is re
strained of liberty in violation .of the
iui auuionty exists . lor f Removing by
forte any cf these Fbncas"t' the Indian
n TerfiloryVaa Gen. Crook tas been or-
deredto do; and that Indians possess
,l?CtenS lPS.hF of.exsairiation
"u w ins more ion un ate white race,
JUKtftave the Inalienable right tog?, life,
liberty and the, pursuit of. happiness'
so long -as they obey the law and do
4,: jkot trespass on forbidden ground.
f R-ul Ml 'it. ;-"a:.' m "1 7
A Conference of gentlemen inter-
, Z U ' ?Pf! 8f thern -negro otedas has
. -i5811 recently helof in St. Louis ' Gen'
! f. votiwaj pi jNew. jersey, representing
..certain parties in the fast, took a prom-
' nest part In the deliberations, and
" . stated that in view of .the fact that most
of the Mississippi boats were refusing
m transport the negroes North, it had
JCtrjiiuei JtD charter a boat for
the especial purpose of bringing away
such" as 'voluntarily desired to come.
(.Mo perapasuwi or-iadoeemeat would be
Cilf held for therrvto leare tsoiromes7nhe CTrworth trrra.J-TYme, and Ms broth
ne said, but ail who d jsired to do bo
would be afforded an opportunity. ; He
utM tMiaiated that legal- proceedings
TwqH be instituted against those steam
fc j Jat cpmpanies refusing transportation
to the" colored people, for violation of
Foj.mcAXmurders.. m Russia have
, "gguiwgjuiY cuoonea co ine provinces.
swmgent-fcreaSufes Adopted against
tnem aeeoa to have cowed the conspira-!-itorj
in St. Fetersburg. The Czar has
f-a 'deereed-Hhat prisoners tried by court
" rnartial must be Joomed or acquitted
with, 34 hours, and- aeateaoes most be
'tiecnted Within 21' hours Irbm the time
wife.pronouBced. .: L i:
The Committee on Agriculture has
authorized a. favorable report to the
.H2.'mt ;; the -resolution asking for an
investigation of the Department of Ag-
-iieultare. ., .,.,!.-:,--,., . t , s- - k
fj .... ; . i . i
i The new German tariff is simple and
"" taweeping." It taxes every thing by
, .V?re!gt'-8ilt milk,' oil, iron and the
xeate making nnly,.thn mrwt. general
distinction in the arrades of articles tax
The rate fixed iar Mghi particularly
on iron, steel and textile fabrics, but
1 rtM8reatt ncreasro' , revenue is ex
" Ptidro,n '. pef!6"! OB which the
. rft fe doubled, and 'tea 'and coffee,
t ATnoOg American imports on which du-
"tiea are - levied besides -petroleum, are
' (new duty.) cheese and all pro
t vaSaaJ XA tariff has passed the' Fed
eral Council, but has not been voted on
Ay fle Beiehstag. -; ( ) . r.r.
H is reported, unofficially, that the
- Kay Depsirtmefit has determined to fit
y YfjBPaTVrris; slip IoF the education of
AWican lads as seamen,' "and in order
. tr give the Western boys 8 chance, the
.1,.!T'Mri when .ompleted,' will startup
'.' Vi ft Mississippi, as far as St Louis, on a
cruise of enlistment. : .
i ft rjfBSi House Contmittea. o Xavees of
I -h Mississippi &ivr have agreed to re
ti timt pert favorably upon the bill introduced
py Mr. Gibson to provide for the ap-
, pointment of a Mississippi River Com-
.. . mission to direct and complete surver s
i ) JU Mississippi fiivsr und report the
result to the Secretary of War together
with stioh plans and estimates as will
I, J. f.r?ve.b navigation of the river and
BeJeDt 'ne destructive floods. It au
thorkei this expenditure of 6175,000, or
so mtici) hereof as (nay be necessary ,to
, J i J'ie&ct the object with which the Com
mission is charged. , " ; .
THi-IntSernsitional Congress called
- i. I I fcgetherby M. Ferdinand De Lessept
I 1 A A P irJia7proi sets for an inter ocean io
canal across the American 1st h mm, to
loin the Atlantic and the Pacific, held
J M !aqgaral Sittinm? the ball of the
' 'Geographical Society of Paris on the
Jl6tB. :' The Congress marks a hew epoch
in-tfat commercial history of the world.
There were del gates present from all
2ilZi", ther rsa PvweTi'.Tn 'United States
was represented by nine delegates, in
' " i.Jcludirfe Beftr-Admifl D iTimJ Amuien of
tne xnavy. -. -
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
GENKBAf. Sbebmah and his wife will
hereafter live permanently in Washington.
They have leased the residence on Fifteenth
Street Just vacateS by Admiral Almy.
Congressman J.- Randofh Tucker
ot Virginia.-wbio suders from cataract so se
verely that he can neither read nor write,
has gone to Baltimore for treatment to bis
eyes.
' Ultssm Grant, Jr., has become part
owner in the Evening Star lode, one of Gov
ernor Routt's mint s at Leadvflle.
' - TlfACKOMhou of Fiji is a hand
some man, X feet high, with a dark face,
full of expression, bright, intelligent eyes,
and an abundance of tray hair.
- Matthew Vassar, sob. of the found
er ( Vassar College, I: about to endow
Home for Did Ken at Foughkeepsie, N. T,
Rear Admiral E. G. Farrott, U
S. N., died in New I'ork City on the loth,
aged 85. Admiral Parrott entered the Xavv
when a mere boy and Worked his way up
iroat ire r rants., HIS sea service covered
nearly half a century. 1 ' -
The Impress Augusta of Germany
arrived at Windsor Cattle on the 14th, on a
visit to the Queen. ' : j -f f r
Gen. Grant and party sailed from
Hong Kong for Japan on the 13th Inst.
Mfe4Vu4Asi Marshall of Glasgow,
Scotland, who died on May 8, has left a lega
cy amounting to aver f 1,000,000 to found in
lilasgow an institution bearing his name.
-It is reported that Judge Dillon of
tne Eighth Judicial Circuit is about to re
sign, attd Will probably accept tbe chair of
Keal Entate, Law: and Eiiuity in Columbia
College, Hew York Cityi w&lch has been
tendered him with . a much larger salary
man tbat derived from his present position
The Ladies1 Monumental Association
of Columbia, 8. C, have erected a band-
some Confederate monument in Canitol
Sifuare, in tbat city, which was publicly un
veiled on the 13th. .
Gen. Kennar Garrard, a well
known eitisen of Cincinnati, who at one pe
riod during the War bad charge of the Cav
airy Bureau of the War Department-and
i-ubscqnentljriedmnratlded tbe Seeond Divis
ion, Sixteenth Army Corps, Jied on the 15th.
Senator Matt. Carpenter, who
has been troubled of late with rheumatism
has gone to Florida for the benefit of bis
health.
Major William Bond, General
Manager of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas
Railroad," has tendered bis resignation, to
take effect June 3Q.
Henry J. Cross, for many years City
Treasurer of Balem, Mass-t bacged himself
Mental depression, caused by overwork, is
tne alleged cause.
The .Rotterdam trading companies,
Afrikanische BandelsVereenigittg and Com
manditore BankVereeniging, have failed.
Total liabilities about 760,000. -
V'Capt. Eads has made application for
an additional payment of $o00,000, claiming
tbat be bas obtained a channel at tbe mouth
of tbe Mississippi 25 feet deep and 300 feet
wide. The matter is under consideration in
the War Department. ' -' -
Tab deathof Jacob Staempfli, ex-
President of Switzerland, Is reported. He
was one of the Geneva, arbitrators and his
services in supporting our side on that oc
casion were acknowledged by a handsome
service of pfate Voted bint by Congress.
John ' Morgan, associate editor of
er, William Morgan, cashier of the Sr.
Nicholas Hotel at Cincinnati, were drowned
in the Ueking Biver, back of Covington,
Ky., on the .18th, while out skiff riding.
While-in the middle of the stream tbey en
countered a steamboat coming toward them
and fearing that tbey would be run down
both reaped overboard and abandoned the
ski if, but were unable to swim to shore.
Judge Asa Packer, formerly Repre
sentative in Congress from Pennsylvania,
and one of tbe wealthiest men of the State,
died at bis home in Mauch Chunk on the
nth, In tbe 78d year ot his age. . He was a
self-made man, having started out in life as
the drjvet af a canal boat. . .
KkV. Ofiiit Cl.kmii.n-s, a brother of
" Mark Twain " Clemens, has been formally
excommunicated by the Iowa Presbyt ry.
He was for IB years pastor of a Presbyterian
church la Keokuk, Iowa, and his offense was
heresy. ...
" HATE NEWS ITEMS.
A general Jail delivery occurred at
Bryan City, Texas, on the night of the 11th.
A confederate of the prisoners, concealed in
the Jsll, overcame the jailer. Among the
escaped are tbe Jones brothers and Stearns,
murderers of Morz at Calvert, and Andrew
Walker, murderer and bond counterfeiter.
The prisoners secured tbe Jail arms. The
citizens turned out in pursuit.
At Sidney; Neb , on the night of the
letb, Charles Rred, wh killed Henry Loomis
an tbe preceding night, was taken from the
Jail by a mob of some 400 citizens and hang
ed to a telegraph pole.
At Vandaliav I1L, . on the 12th, two
children of Frank C rroll were playing in a
crilruiled with .earn, husks, when the con
tents took fire and the children were burned
to death.
Particulars are received of a terrible
duel at Burlington, Texas, on the Red Riv
er. Two cattle-thieves, Wiley and Jacobs,
Living on the other side of the river, disa
greed about dividing their spoils. A quar
rel arose, ending in a challenge being sent
from Wiley to Jacobs. It was accepted and
the two met south of tbe river, each armed
with two six-shooters. Tbey fought at 10
paces and both were killed. Wiley fell at
the third fire, but raising himself on bis el
bow, sent a ball through the brain of Jacobs,
who also fell dead.
The National Millers" Association
held its annual session in Chicago, com
mencing on the 13th.. ,
Andrew Manning and wife of Daniol-
sanville. Conn. .having lived unpleasantly to
gether for some years, on the 12th, after a
quarrel of more than ordinary bitterness,
Andrew went to tbe woodshed, and, procur
ing an ax, came up quietly behind his wife
while the latter was .eating her din
ner, and deliberately split her head open.
He then ran out and tried to escape, but the
children having given the alarm, be was pur
sued by the neighbors, and rather than be
captured he Jumped into a d ep pond and
was drowned.no effort being made to res
cue him. '" ':
The Yellowstone country in the vi
cinity of Miles City is infested with thieves
and other desperate characters, and the citi
zens have organized a Vigilance Committee
and recently strung up two of the culprits
without Intervention of Judge or Jury.
Two years ago a man named Dan Ed
munds, who lived In LivingHton County,
Ky., ran off to Arkansas with a neighbor's
daughter, leaving a wife and family behind.
A abort time ago be staiie'f baek to his
former home with the woman and a child,
and when near the Mississippi Itiver killed
and burled both. On returning he took up
with bis lawful wife. Tbe bodies of the
murdered woman and child were found and
Identified, and an officer from Arkansas pro
ceeded to the house of the murderer, arrest
ed and took him back to the scene of his
crimes.
An experienced professor of veterin
ary medicine in Edinburgh has examined the
lungs of American animals, said by Govern
ment Inspectors in England to be atlected
with pleuro-pneumonla, and pronounced
them wholly free from any symptom of that
disease. The cattle were suli'ering with
capillary bronchitis, a disease not eonts
giou9 and whk'h doubtless originated oh
the trnns-Atlanttc Voyage.
A plague has broken out in the dis
trict of Caucasus in Russia which is dec!
mating the inhabitants at a fearful rate,
The disaaae proves fdtal in 24 hours after an
at lack.
A fire at Lexington, Ky., on the even
Ihg of the 14th; destroyed the Phrenix Hotel
and adjacent stables, and the residence ofc
Gen; Leslie OomMt Total loss EbOut $ W0;
01)0, mostly covered by insurance.
Three children named Casey were re
cently burned to death in Toronto, Canada.
They were playing in a shed and set fire to
it and tor some cause were unable to escape,
Tbe annual reunion of the survivors
of Hood's Brigade will be held at Palestine
Texas, Wednesday, July 0.
John I. West was hanged at Boon
ville. Mo.) on the ICth, for the mtlrder of a
man named Shinn In October last. Tbe
murderer and his victim were fellow
tramps. West was only about 2i years of
age and had a wife and one bhild at La
monte, Mo. His parents reside in Morgan
County, 111. lie made a full confession of
the crime previous to his execution, and
was apparently penitent. The hanging was
witnessed by several thousand people, and
the horror of the occasion was augmented
by the breaking of the rope on the first
springing of the trap.
A triple execution took place atHills
boro, N. C, on tbe 18th, the victims being
Alfonso Davis and. Henry Andrews, white
men, and Lewis Carlton, colored. All three
were hanged for burglary arid assault, which
Is made a capital crime in Sorth Carolina.
- The Indianapolis Post-office was rob
bed on the loth of $450 in money and 50 reg
istered letters. Edward Stewart, a colored
porter in the Post-office, subsequently con
fessed to tbe robbery. The registered let
ters were all recovered, unopened.
W all ace Wilkeraon was executed by
shooting at Frovo, Utah, on tbe 16th, for the
murder of a man named Baxter.
Robert Cheney, colored, was hanged
for rape at Flaquemine, La., on the 16th.
A letter has been received at St. Pe
tersburg from Prof. Nordenskjold, of tbe
Polar expedition, from Eastern Siberia,
dated September 2fl, 1878, announcing all
connected with the expedition were well;
James Hail, aged 40 ; William Adams,
aged 8; and Bosie Stenglein, aged 15, were
drowned by the upsetting of a yacht in New
York Harbor on the 18th.
The Emperor of Germany is getting
much better in health at Wiesbaden. H s
celebration of his golden wedding will be
very quiet. Of all the European potentates.
only tbe Czar, tbe Emperor's nephew, and
Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, his
brother-fn-laW, will be present.
FORTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.
In the Senate, on the 13th, consideration
raa resumed of tile Leslslattve. Executive
and Judicial Appropriation .bill, and Mr.
Wlndom addressed the Senate to show-that
the policy of the Democrats was revolution
ary and unconstitutional. He siiid the wiser
men ot the party were overruled by their
vicuiwfwiarecK eBSRflsocisies. Mr. uok snifi
the remaks of the Senator beinir catenated
h exciw sectional bitterness woultl und no
reply in what he had now to submit in
tavor or tne sections in this bill which pro
posed to repeal the ElectionJaws. He had
nothing to do with the past. He dealt with
the present and future. He proposed to show
not wiio was ngns or who was wrong in
bringiag on the civil war or Its conduct and
results, but to discuss the question whether
tnese election laws were constitutional
or not. He then made an aienment
against the constitutionality of exi-tting
legislation In the House, a number of
new bills were introduced! among them one
by Mr. Wells !).. Mo.l-Providing for the de
ficiency in the appropriation lot- transporta
tion of the malls : also. Annrom-iatlrte Jl.ooo.-
000 for the improvement of the Mississippi
diver mvwren lis mimin ana tne Illinois ana
Ohio Rivers: bv Mr. Dnnnetl tit.. Minn.) -
Appropriating Sl.OOO.OOO for the improvemr-nt
m me Mississippi Kiver between tne
month of the Illinois River and the Fulls
of St. Anthony; bv Mr. Newberry (R., Mich.)
Forthe construction of a tunnel under the
letrolt Kiver at or near urosse Isle, and a
bridge over the Detroit River at hp near De
troit City. At S p.. ni. a message from the
President was received, subnosed to be the
veto message of tha hill problblting
military interference at the polls. -Mr.
Warner tD.. O.) moved to nroceed with the
consideration of the Silver bill. Defeat
ed without division. Mr. F. Wood (I.,
N. Y.) hoped that the President's message
would be read at once. Mr. Dihrell (D.,Tenn.)
moved to suspend the rules and pass the hill
Imposing a tax of 2 per cent, on excess of in
comes over J-J.ihw, and 3 per cent, on excess of
incomes over Sl.nOO. Rejected yeas 104, nays
IM not the necessary two-thirds vote in the
affirmative. The Speaker then (at 2:50 p. m.)
laid before the House tbe President's veto of
the military interference bill. There was
considerable applause on the Republican
side when the sentence was read which In
sists that the power ot Federal authorities
to employ troops when necessary should
not be Interfered with, and thnrn wua nn
incredulous sneer on the Democratic side
at the President's assurance that he desired
to act in harmony with Congress. On
conclusion of the reading Mr. Knott (D..
Kv.) offered a resolution directing themes-
sage to be entered on the Journal and that
the House will proceed to-morrow to con
sider the same. Agreed to. On motion of
Mr. F. Wood D., V. Y.) a resolution tor Mnal
adjournment of this session on the day of
May (date not fixed) was referred to the Com
mittee on Ways and Means. Mr. Deering
lit., towa) niovea to suspend tne rules and
pass the bill making appronrations
:ur the suonort of the Armv. Mi
tt nott thereupon interposed a motion to
adjourn, which was defeated yeas 97, nays
1 14. The House then nroceeded to vote nn
the motion to susend the rules and pass the
Army Appropriation bill, heretofore intro
duced. The motion was rejected yeas 101,
nays lf.9. The result ot the vote was greeted
with the clapping of hands on the Democrat
Ic f-ide and with counter-demonstrations
on the Republican side. The House at 4:30
adjourned.
In the Senate, on the 1-lth, Mr. ltayard re
ported favorably from the Committee on Fi
nance the House bill for the exchange of sub
sidiary coin for legal-tender money and ask
ed for Its consideration. It went over under
objection. Consideration was resumed of the
Legislative, Executive and Judicial Appro
priation bill. The Clerk reud the clause which
the Committee on Appropriations proposed
should be stricken out, namely, providing
for the reissue of $iO,lKio.oot) in legal-tender
currency now in the Treasury, kept as a
special fund forthe redemption of fractional
currency, for the payment ot arrears of pen
sion, mr. uooin spoKB in opposition to the
amendment and Mr. Bayard in its favor.
Other Senators expressed their views upon
the matter, when a vote was taken
upon a motion to strike out the
clause as reoommended by the
Committee and it was decided In the negative
yeas 25, nays 37 and therefore the clause
remains in the bill In the House, Mr.
Knott (D., Ky.) called up the Veto Message,
and demanded the previous question on
the passage of the Military Interfer
ence hill over the President's veto.
The previous question was secoud-e-1
and the House pioeeeded to vote.
The result was yeas 127; nays S7. There not
being a two-thirds majority, as requited by
the Constitution, tho bill was rejected, reu
f the ;reentHC-kcrs voted in the u lllrinatlve.
theother three Harlow, Forsyth and Itussell
not voting. The Veto Messsge was then re
lerred to the Judiciai-v Committee. Mr. Weav
er (I.-D ,lowa) moved that the morning hour
dispensed with and the Miverlilll betaken
up. trie motion was ilelcntcd Si to 7i not
the neees-ary two thirds In the nllii-niiitlve.
At the expiration of the morning hour the
hilt relating to colna.c laws and coin and
bullion certilli-ates was taken un. and Mr.
liiiekuer (!'., Mo.) spoke in luvor of the hill.
In the Sen He, on the 14tb, Mr. Vest gave
notice of his Intention to Introduce a hill
proposing to organize tho, Indiun Territory
intH A fltate, and proVldtng for its admission
into the llnion. M.s rero'utHin making in
quiry as to whether any part of the indln
Territory hnd been purchased by thp Unitea
states with a view of locating In
dians or freedmen thereon . was agreed
tqi ml Consideration was resumed
of the Legislative) . fcxcf'utiv "d
Judicial Appropriation bill. Ail ,ait5of .h
bill were passed upon with the exception of
what is known as the Legislative portion.
Mr. Kernan spoke in favor of the proposed
amendments to the bill. Mr. Beck moved as
an amendment the following: In order to
provide for tho speedv payment of arrears of
pensions tbe .Secretary of the Treasury is
authorised ahrt directed to issue immedi
ately in pitymeht thereof that tlortioh
ni TiO.oooUo in lhgal-tfentler currency nbw
in the Treasuiy, Kept as a special tiliid for
the redemption of fractional currency; etc;
Mr. Iteck, during his remarks In favor of the
amendment, said the Secretary df the Treas
ury had increased the public debt, and hitd,
by the payment of double, interest; favored
the bondholders. Mr.,'addocft said that life
had a conversation tliis morning with the
Secietary, who expressed the opinion that
the diversion of money reserved
for redemption of fractional currency
would not hasten the payment of arrears oi
pensions a single day, as he was prepatedto
pay them from time to time as th .necessaiy
psners ifere prepared. It it was proposed to
use money lil beliaif of Soldier arreevs of
pensions the plea was forced, so far as tbe
Secretary was concerned, and reflections np
on him were therefore not warranted by his
conduct. Mr. Heck said he was not making
any particular charge against the Secretary.
Quite a spirited debate ensued, in which Mr.
Pendleton and Mr. Voorhees charged that
the Secretary of the Treasury had been lob
bying around the Senate Chamber for the
purpose of influencing legislation. Mr. Pad
dock and Mr. Kdmunds defended Secretary
Sherman, nd Mr. Morrill moved an amend
ment leaving It discretionary with tbe Sec
retary of the Treasury to nse th s
special fund for the purpose lhdieatedj
Mr. Morrill's atilendment was reject
ed and Mr. Beck's adopted;;:.... .la
the House; consideration wa. resumed of
the bill relating to coinage. etc;,and speeches
Were made by Mr. Fort (KV: 111.) and Mr. Kwiug
(!., O:). At, the conclusion of Mr. Kwfng's
flpeech, Mr. tVarner dtmandtui the, previous
question, pending wuii;li Mr. KillengVr moved
to lay the hill on the table. The yeasar.d
nays were ordered on that motion, pending
which M-r. Conger moved to adjourn. This
motion was carried by a vote of tellers of yeas
100, nays 07, and the House adjourned.
In the Senate, on the 15th, Mr. Cockrell
introduced a Joint resolution authorising and
requesting the President o.f the United States
to open correspondence with the republic of
France, with a view and for the purpose of
negotiating a proper treaty of reciprocity
and commerce with that Government. Con
sideration was then resumed of the Legisla
tive, Kxecutive and Judicial Appropriation
bill, and Mr. fleck es-nlalnftd the i. revisions of
the hill as it bftd bettn amended: Mr. ThUrmSn
followed in a set speech. In which he took the
ground that the Republican minority say in
effect that they will stop tne appropriations
rather than agree to the provisions of the
bill relating to trial by Jury and. elections.
Mr. Thurman proceeded toanale the laws'
proposed ,to be rejiealed, and argued they
were in the utmost degree oppressive, as
tnevsnutout intelligence irom tne jury dox
and punished those who could not take the
iron-ciaa oatil necause tney nau
given a cup of cold water even
to any one who bad opposed the
Government. If the law were justifiable in
war, it was not so now at the time when ail
should unite in the pacification of the coun
try and restore harmony everywhere. We
should go back to the old paths of Justice.
.,;;;. In the Ilpust. consideration was re
: :..! i T l. 1. co..i. toil, iki: ......it
ing question beln- a motion of Mr. Ktlilnger
(ic, la.; to lay tne Dili aiiu amend
ments on the table, on which
the yeas and nays had been ordered.
7' he question was taken, and it was decided
H Ihfc negative veis jtw, naysl-26 The Dem
ocrats who voted in the Hiiii-maUve were
Messrs. Bcltzhoover (Pi.). Bliss (N. Y.),
CJovert fN. Y.. Ieuster f VVis.l. Gibson (La.).
muto iJ.J. ixmnsuerry (-. i., Martin (uei.j.
oi ethane lim.i. jiore (moss.i. .turner iit. i.).
Morrison (111.), Uops (S. J.), Talbott (Md.)
and F. Wood (N Y). The Republi
cans who voted in the necative were
Metiers. Belford . V Cannon flll.i.
Knit (111.). Kelley (Pa.), Haskell (Kas.), Marsh
(in.) hikI Itvan (Kas.). All the tireenback-
ers voted in the negative. The question then
recurred on seconding theprevious question.
and it was seconded vers 119, nays i7. Tbe
result of the last two votes was greeted
Wills
applause on the Democratic side,
mention as to whether amendments
could he voted on rave rir-e to mlcll discits,
e ion. Mr. Haskell (lt.t Kas ) asserted that he
would have, voted to lay the bill on the table
if he had enpposed the House would be pre
vented from votfrnronali the amendments
ottered for various sections separately. He
saia ne rejraraea someot the provisions oi the
bill as monstrosities, and he would not vote
for it unless it could be amended. Mr. Ste
phens! I) . tia. lalso mtaten it as hit understand
ing; all along that the bill should he voted on
oy suctions, ana air. tiymcr (u.t ra.; asertea
he would not have voted for the nrevioua
question unless he supposed the bill was open
for amendment. On the other hand it was
arpued that, under the previous question, the
uiu inuKt ne votea on as a wnoie. rinauy ic
was airreed the nreviousoue.ition would onlv
apply totheilrxt section of the bill, which
provides that eold coins hall he a one-
dollar piece or a unit ot 218-10 grains, quar-ter-eairle
or 52.50. or a three-dollar niece, an
eagle and a clouhle-eaple. The tec tion was
agreed to by a vote of 105 to W. The ques
tion then reeurred on the second section.
which provides that sliver coins shall he a
dollar or "nit, a half -dollar, a quarter-dollar
add a Mime ; that .he weight oi a dollar shall
be 41?), grains Troy, the weight
of a half-dollar, the weight of a
quarter and dime one-half, one-quarter and
one-tenth, respectively, of that of the dollar.
Also.that silver dollars in the Treasury ,when
reduced in weight by natural abrasion more
than 1 per cent., shall be recoinea. Mr. Kim-,,
niei i.u.,iu., inovpu to amenu oy musing tne
weight of silver 4tiG grains, and argued in sup
port of his amendment. Rejected yeas f2,
navs 176. The second section was then airreed
to, and the third section was taken up. It
piovtues mat any owner oi silver Duumn
may deposit the same at any mint to be
formed into bars or into standard dollars of
grains for his benefit. St-vt-ral amend-in-nts
were rejected, and the House adjourn
ed without passing upon the third section of
the bill.
In the Senate, on tbe 16th, the President
pro tern, laid before the Senate a message
from the 1 resident of the United States, in
reply to the resolution of the 7th Inst., re
questing Information relative to the alleged
unlawful occupation of a portion of the
I ndian territory. He transmits a conv
of his proclamation and copies of corre
spondence and papers on file in the
war Department toucmntr this suhlect.
On motion of Mr. Iniralls. it was resolved that
the cecretary of tbe Treasury be directed to
report to tne senate wnai amount oi legal
tender notes has been presented and re
deemed in coin since the 1st of January last,
and what amount of coin he considers him
self authorized to retain in the Treasury to
maintain specie resumption. Consideration
was resumeu oi tne legislative, exec
utive and Judicial Appropriation bill, and
Mr. baton spoke at leu nth in favor of the
proposed amendments In tho House, a
resolution was reported from the Committee
on Kules by Mr. Fi-ye (liep., Me) for the ap
pointment oi a standing committee to which
shall be referred all bills, resolutions, peti
tions, etc., affecting traffic in alcoholic
liquora. Considerable opposition was mani
fested to the action proposed, but it was
linally adopted after a motion to table
waa relected bv veas 99. navs 13H.
The House then resumed consideration of
the Warner Silver bill, the pending section
beintr the third, which provides that any
owner of silver bullion may deposit the same
io ne ioi meu into iars, or into stanuaru uoi
lars, for his beneilt. The pending amend
ment was one ottered bv Mr. Mills (!.. Tex.).
authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury
to purchase, without limit, all sliver
bullion, trade dollars and foreign silver coin
that may be offered for sale at the market
value of silver, and such purchases shall be
continued as long as 412 grains standard
silver can be obtained lor $1 In legal-tender
i reasury notes, etc. This amendment was,
after some debate, rejected yeas .V, nays
The House adjourned without further
action on the bill.
In tbe Senate, on the 17th, the Legislative,
Judicial and Executive Appropriation bill
was further considered and a number of non
political amendments agreed to In the
House, the Coinage bill came up after the ex
piration of the morning hour. Mr. Kwing
tit.. O.) offered an amendment to Mr. bprlug-
er's amendment providing that the Secretary
of the Ti eiisury shall issue and deliver
the depositors ot silver bullion certifi
cates to the amount equal to the value of
such bullion, and that silver dollars coined
from such bullion to the extent of 40 per
cent, of such certificates shall be held tor the
redemption thereof, and the remainder ap
plied to tne payment ot interest ana princi
ple of the public debt. Certiilcates so issued
are to be received at par for all dues
to the United State-, and to be used
In payment of current expenses of the
Government, and are to be redeemable in
standard silver dollars. A loinr discussion
ensued, when Mr. Kwln'a amendment was
adopted yeas li , nays W5 the Speaker cast
ing the deciding vote in tho anlrmative. Mr.
Snrlugoi's amendment, as amended by Mr.
r.wing. was then relected veas nays id.
and tne House adjourned until Tuesday.
English gentlemen's sons are often
taught to lo plain needlework, ami the
knowledge is found to eome in very
handy in after life, especially if they
euugr.ite. Lord Sherborne nets beauti
ful sdiirts, as linn as any that Shetland
produces.
Another ?eto message
ftie President tetos th Act io.Prohib'tt
Military Interference at fs PHs.
i tVASitfsoTON, D. C, May 12. The follow
ing Is tlie message of the President of the
iJnltca rt!tes( rstuniiig to the. House
of Representatives too bi'l Mtled 11 An a'cf
to prohibit military interference it elec
tions." To the Houte of Representatives :
After careful consideration of! the bill enti
tled ' An act to prohibit military interference
at elections." 1 return it to the House oi Rep
resentatives, in which it m-iginnted, with the
following ohjeetions to its approval!
. In a communication sent tri the ftotfse of
Itepresentatives on the itli o"f last month
returning th the.iidiiro without mf aprfroval
the bill entitled "AS act making appropria
tions for thh support of the Army for the
flstial yeal;.erfdh;g June 30, 180, arid for other
purposes' l endeavor! to snow oy quota
cionri frriin th nr.umr.f.a' of tne tTnitfiil btatf-s
now In force and by a brief statement of facts'
States, that no . additional legislation was
necessary, to prevent Jntprterence, With
elections by the military df liavcl f orees of
iUe United States. The fact was presented
in fhat couiriiunicatioii that at the time of the
pdsg of the act of June is, 1878, fu relation
Siiiw mapiuyii.ijii.uf lire nny iiussc
couiltatus or otherwise, it iv'us maintained by
its lricnds that it would establish a vital and
fundamental, principle whicti would secure to
the people protection against the standing
army. The fact was also referred to tiiat
Binee the Dassae of this act Congressioiial.
State and municipal elections were held
throughout the Union and that in no Instance
has complaint been mude of the presence of
United States soldiers at the polls. Holding
as I do tbe opinion tliat any military inter
ference whatever at the noils iscontraivto
the spirit of our institutions and would tend
to destroy tne ireeuom oi eieciions, ano sin
cerely desifintf toconcur with Congress in all
bf Its measures, it is with Very great
regret tliat I am forcea to tne conclusion
that the bill before me is not only dimeces-
sar to present such interference, but is n
dhngerons deparuire froit long settled aud
important constitutional principles. j ue
true rule as to the employment of military
force at elections is not doubtfd 1. No intimi
dation or coercion should be allowed to con
trol or influence citizens fit the exercise, of
their right to vote, whether it appears in the
shape ot evil-disposed persons, or of armed
bodies of militia of a State, or of the military
force of the United States. The elections
should be free from all forcible interference,
and as far as practicable from all apprehen
sion of such interference. Ho soldiers.
either of the Union or of tbe state
militia, should be present at the pons
to take the nlace or to perform the
duties of the ordinary civil police force.
There has been and will be uo violation of
this rule under orders from me during this
MilfntnlRti-Htton. tint t!if.i-e should be no de
nial of the right ot tha National tiovernment
to employ lis military forCe on
ny day and
at any pla
aCe, iu case such empldymeilt is
necessary to enforce tile Constitution and
laws of the U nlted States. The bill before
me is tts follows: . ,
li 1 --, rr-htJl-. f 51,nll nnl hfi Irv.
iul to bring to or employ at fin y fdace where
a general or special kiuuuiiu is, ueoos ncju
a State any partof the Army or Navy of the
United States, unless such force be necessary
to repel armed enemies of the United Stales
or to enforce Section 4, Article i of the Con
stitution of the United States, and laws made
in pursuance thereof, on application of the
legislature ox jcxecutive oi mu omvu wutua
such force is to he used ; and so much of all
laws as is inconsistent herewith is hereby re
pealed," . It will be observed that the bill exempts
from a general prohibition against the urn
nloment t-if military forces at bolls two spe
cific cases. These exceptions recogniie the
soundness of the principle tnat a military
force may properly and constitutionally be
used at the place of elections when such use
4s neeewsary to enforce the Constitution and
laws; but tbe excepted cases leave the pro
hibition so extensive and far-reaching that
Its adoption will seriously impair the em
eiency of the .Executive Department of tha
Government.
The first act expressly anthorizlng the nse
Df the military power to execute the laws was
passed almost as early as the organisation of
the government under the Constitution, and
was approved by President Washington, May
I, nn. It is as follows :
"SEC. 3. And be it fatther enacted. That when
ever the laws of the United States shall be
opposed or the execution thereof obstructed
In any State by combinations too powerful
to be suppressed by the ordinary course of
fudicial proceedings, or by the powers vested
In the Marshals by this act, the same being
Cotihed to the President of the United States
y ail Associate Justice or District Judge, it
Shall be lawful for the President of the Unit
ed States to call forth the militia of such
State to suppress such combinations, and to'
cause the laws to be duly executed ; and if
the militia of a State where such combina
tions may happen, shall refuse or be insuffi
cient to suppress tne same, it snail ue iuwxui
for the I'resident, if the Legislature ot tbe
United States be not in session, to cult forth
and employ such numbers of the militia of
any other States most convenient thereto as
may be necessary, until the expiration of
thirty days after the commencement of the
ensuing session."
In 17H.i this provision was substantially re
enacted in a law which repealed the act of
17IM. In 1807 the following act became the
law by tlie approval of President Jt-flVrson:
'That in all cases of insurrection or obstruc
tion to the laws, either of the Uuited states
or of any individual State or Territory where
It is lawful forthe President of the United
States to call forth the militia for tbe pur
pose of suppressing such insurrection or of
bauslng the laws to be duly executed, it shall
be lawful for hiih tb employ for the same
purposes such part of the land Or naval force
of the United States as Shall be adjudged
necessary, having first Observed all .the pre
requisites of the law in that respect,"
By this act it will be si'eu that the scope of
the law of 17H5 was extended so as to author
ize the National Government to use not on
ly the militia but the Army and Navy of the
United States in causing the laws to be duly
executed. The Important provisions of the
act of 1792, 1716, and 1S07, modified in its
terms from time to time, to adopt it to the
existing emergency, remained in force until
by an act approved by President Lincoln,
July 29, 18(11, it was re-enacted substantially
In the same language In which it is now lound
in the revised statutes, viz.:
" Sue. 5,2iw, Whenever by reason ot unlaw
ful obstructions, combinations or assem
blages of persons in rebellion against the au
thority of the Government of the United
States, it shall become impracticable in the
lodgment of the President to enforce, by the
ordinary course of judicial proceedings, the
laws of the United states within any State or
Tnrritirv. It shall be lawful forthe President
to call forth the militia of any or all States-
and to employ such part ot tne lanu anu nu
vai iorces of 'the United States as he may
ttoiMii necessarv to enforce the f uithful exe
cution of the laws of the United States, or to
tuppress sucn rebellion, in whatever atateor
Territory thereof the laws of the United
States may be forcibly opposed or the execu
tion thereof forcibly obstructed." This an
cient and fundamental law has been in
force from the foundation of the Govern
ment. It is now proposed to abrogate it on
certain davs and at certain places.
In my Judgment no fact has been produced
which tends to show that it ought to be re
pealed or suspended for a sinsle hour at any
place in any of the States or Territories of
the Union. All the teachings of experience
In the course of our history are in favor ol
sustaining its efficiency unimpaired. On ev
ery occasion when the supremacy of the
Constitution has been resisted and the per
petuity of our institutions imperiled, the
principle of this statute, enacted for the fa
thers, has enabled the Government of the
Union to maintain its authority and to pre
serve the integrity of the Nation at the most
critical periods ot our history.
My predecessors In the executive office have
relied on this great principle, it was on this
great principle that President Washington
suppressed the Whisky rebellion in Pennsyl
vania in 1794. In HHW, on the same principle,
t Jefferson broke up tne. win-. con
spiracy, by issuing oraers tor tne employ
ment of such force, either of the regulars or
of the militia, and by such proceedings of the
Civil authorities as might enable them to
suppress effectually the further progress oi
the enterprise. It was under the same au
thority that President Jackson crushed the
nullification in 6outh Carolina, and that
President Lincoln Issued his call tor troops to
save the Union in 18UI. On numer
ous other occasions OI less Slgninc-anue,
under probably every administration, anu
certainly under the present, this power bos
been usefully exerted to enforce the laws,
without objection by any party in the coun
try, and almost without attracting public at
tention. The great elementary constitution
al principle which was the loundatiou of the
original statute of 17a.!, and which has been
its essence in the various forms it has as
sumed since its first adoption, is that the
Government of the United States possesses
under the Constitution in lull measure tne
Dovut of self-m-otectian bv its own agencies
altogether Independent of State authority,
and it need be, against the hostility ot State
Government. It should remain embodied in
our statutes unimpaired, as it has been from
the vety oiiiiuoi tlie Government. Itshould
be regarded as hardly less valuable or Icsb
sacred than a provisiou of the Constitution
Itself.
There are many other important statures
contniiiinir provisions tluit are liable to be
suspi-ndrd or annulled at timi-s and places of
holding elections if the lull before me should
become law. 1 do not timteiiuke to furnish
a li.-t of tliem: initiiy of thinn, perhaps mont
ot them, have been set forth in the debutes
on this iin-a-mt-c. Th-y relate to cMnull
tion, to erliui;s against i-lec: Ion laws, to qtiur.
ttntine r'-Kul:i' io.is, to neiilriility, to Indian
reservations, to civil rights of citizens, und
to other subjects. In regard to th-in nil it
mav tie sati'-y s.-ilil that me. iih-hiiimb il i-
leetol this bill is to take from the General
Government an important partol its power
to enforce the laws.
Another grave rytrteetfon to the bill Is Its
discrimination in favoV rf .the State and
against the National authority VUtt pres
ence or eiii'plos-merit of the Ariir dud SaTy
of the United States Is wf ut urtiter tlie tCrins
of this bill at the place wherS election fs
eng held In a.State,'ti uphold tlie fiuthnr-
ltyota"tat ioyeruirt'ent then' and there in
need of such miliiil.' fiitorve'ntion,-. but un
lawful to uphold tlie atlthorit t o the Gov
ernment of the United States then and th-re
In neeil of sucli military intervention. Under
Ihla fttt h, presence and employment
of the Army or I7irr. of the United states
would be lawful and ri'l:h. be necessary
to maintain the conduct of the a5fl elec
tion against the domestic violence tnat
would overthrow it, but it would be unlaw
ful to maintain tiie conduct of the National
election against tlie same local violence that
would overthrow it. This discrimination
has never been attempted in any previous
logislatlofi by Cofllfi-ess, and is no more com
patible With the sound principles of the Con-iititufif-fri
or thti necessarv maxims and meth
ods of onr system of Oovdrilmeat on the OO
nl Alunrinilu tUnii at rt-.lir tlniUS.
In the earlv legislation of 17?i and l?!t5,by
blen the m-ilitta of the States Was the only
military power rescu-ted to for the execution
of constitutional power in snfrport ot State of
N'ational authority, both factions of the
Government we.re put upon the stim footing,
iiy the actlof 18t)7,the employment of the Af my
and Nary wis authorized for the performance
of both Constitutional duties in the same
terms. In all later St-itnteS oft the
Bame .subject matter soma rtfeasnre
of authority to the Government has been ac
corded for the performance of both these du
ties. No precedent has been found in any
previous legislation, B.M no sufficient reas
ons have been given for the aiseriiiiin'atiori
in favor of the State and against tbe siStltroaf
authority which this bill contains. Under the
Bweejjiflg terms of the hill the National Gov
ernment is cfteCttJally shut out from the ex
ercise of its right and from the discharge ol
an imperative duty to use its who eatecu
tive power whenever and wherever requires
for the enforcement of its laws.
itespectluuy,
H.B. HATES. President.
HERE ADD THERE.
TUB Due de Colnmbier and his wife,
formerly fit the head of an aristocratic
family in Frarfce, but exiled by the revo
cation of the edict of Nantes, hate been
discovered as inmates of the Leeds (Eng
land) Work-house. The reduced no
bleman is 86 years old, ana formerly
supported himself as a painter.
An eccentric individual named Wm.
SouthengiU, who died at Montreal fe
cently, had been ill for some time, but
refused all attendance. He kept a load
ed revolver at his bedside to shoot either
doctor or clergyman who might be
tempted to visit him. He was in a dis
gustiDgly filthy state at his death from
self-impoed neglect.
Ke EBRiNO to the allowance of pin-
money given to English ladies, the Lon
don Queen, a high authority, in an arti
cle on the subject says that $2,500 a
year is tbe usual sum allotted in the
highest grade of life, even in tho case of
men who have from $100,000 to $150,
0C0 a year. A lady whose husband has
from $15,000 to $30,000 would get an
nually from $1,000 to $2,0Cu.
A tree 325 feet high, in the neigh
borhood of Stockton, Cal., has hitherto
enjoyed the reputation of being the tall
est in the world ; but an official of the
Forests Department in Victoria, Austra
lia, lately measured a fallen eucalyptus
in Gippsland, which was 435 feet long.
Another tree of the same species in the
Dandenong district of Victoria, still
standing, Is estimated at 450 feet.
What is said to be the prettiest piece
of mineral ever dug from a Colorado
mine is now on exhibition in Denver.
It is an immense Collection of free gold
set uptin a background of quart ii crys
tal, that rests upon rich gray copper.
The mineral in the specimen is worth
about $50. It was found in the Cimar
ron mine, in the San Miguel region.
Rev. Tkeadwell Waldkn, an Epis
copal clergyman and a litterateur, pre
dicts tbat the day is coming when prac
tically time and space will be annihi
lated, and all the human races will live
together on this little earth as one fam
ily. To this end he regards the Atlantic
cable, the telephone and phonograph
as great steps in advance. Other won
derful inventions will follow, and then
the destihy of man will be accomplished.
Tbe Empress of Japan sets a good
example to the ladies of the realm. She
has attained great skill in silk weaving,
and has wrought with her own fair and
nimble fingers two sets of garments,
intended for the use of the Emperor and
her mother-in-law. His Majesty is also
of a prudent mind. At an entertain
ment given by him to the members of
his council, he made a speech, in which
he rebuked some of them for living too
luxuriously in splendid mansions. He
told them that this would estrange the
people, and he bade them be more fru
gal in the future.
Tub rumor that a religious maniac
would go over Niagara in a rowboat,
expecting to be miraculously saved
from death, drew a multitude to Goat
Island and the Canada shore. A boat
was seen coming down stream, with a
man sitting placidly in it. The sight
caused intense excitement, and, as the
craft neared the fall, several women
fainted, but the voyager did not stir
from his seat. Some of the" spectators
declared tbat they heard him scream
ju3t before the dreadful plunge, but that
could not have been true, for he was
only a man of straw, put afloat by some
wags.
An owl is the best watch-dog. A thief
broke into a shop in Providence, R I.,
recently, and looked about to see what
he could steal. Suddenly an owl which
is caged by day but is set at liberty after
sunset pounced upon the intruder and
frightened him out of his senses. So
savage was the attack that he retreated
in extreme disorder, leaving his hat and
jimmy behind him. When the store
keeper opened the store the next morn
ing he found blood stains on the floor
and desk. Tbe owl's feathers were
ruffled and its claws were red with
blood.
The "people's tribute" to be present
ed to Lord Beaconsfield is a laurel
wreath made of gold twenty-two carats.
There are 46 leaves attached to four
stems, twisted together and fastened
with a gold tie, interwoven with the
rose, shamrock and thistle. The names
of the towns contributing are engraved
behind the leaves, and on the tie are on
graved the words " The people's trib
ute," the name of the chairman, " Tra
cy Turnei-elli," and the date "1879."
The weight of the wreath is 20 ounces.
Subscriptions, limited to ono pound
each, were contributed by over 68,000
working men and women,
CARE OF TIIE UEAXiTlI.
Diet fob Weak Stomachs. Where
the stomach is weak, its muscular action
Impaired, find its nerves oversensitive,
bnt little food should be taken into it at
a tirne. Tlie best diet ia skimmed milk,
half a pint every fottr hours. When
milk is not well digested, lime water is
combined with Ic. Such foods as coffee,
tea, an 4. tobacco must, of course, be
given up absolutely and at once. A
sovereign article of diet Is trattermilk.
In buttermilk the casein of milk Is co
agulated and broken up, so that the
stomach is spared two steps of the teg
ular process of digestion. Another ex
cellent preparation of milk is koumyss.
It contains a good deal of carbonic acid.
In all cases the stomach's work should
be made easier by a diet consisting of
eggs, milk, starchy vegetables, stewedJ
fruits, ana a iitue butter, with stale
broad. Medical Record.
What to Do. 1. Child 2 years old
has an attack of croup at night. Doe
tor at a dlstne.- What is to be doneP
The child should fie immediately un
dressed and put in a warm bath. Then
give an emetic composed of oae part of
antimony wine to wo of ipecac. The
dose is a teaspoonfuL 11 the antimony
is not handy, give warm water, mustard
and water, or any other simple emetic ;
dry the child and wrap it carefully in a
warm blanket.
- 2. Some one's nose bleeds and can
net be stopped. Take a plug of lint,
moisten, dip In equal parts of powdered
alum and gttm arable Und insert in the
nose, tiathe the forehead in cold water.
3. Child eats a piece of bread on
which arsenic has been spread for kill
ing rats. Give plenty of warm water,
new milk in large quantities, gruel and
linseed tea ; foment the bowels. ' Scrape
iron rust off any thing; mix with warm
water and give in large draughts fre
quently. Never give large draughts of
fluids until those given before have been
vomited, because the stomach will not
contract properly If filled, and the ob
ject is to get rid of the poison a? quick
ly as possible.
4. A young lady sits in a draught and
comes home with a bad sore throat.
Wrap flannel around tbe throat, keep
ing out of draughts and sudden changes
of atmosphere, and every half hour
take a pinch of chloride of potash,
place it on the tongue and allow it to
dissolve in tbe month.
5. Child falls backward into a tub of
water and is much scalded. Carefully
undress the child, lay it on a bed, on its
breast if the back is scalded ; be sure all
draughts are excluded ; then dust over
the parts scalded With bi-carbonate of
soda; lay muslin over it ; then make a
tent by placing two boxes with a board
over them in the bed, to prevent the
covering from pressing on the scald ;
cover up warmly.
6. Mower cuts driver's legs as he is
thrown from seat. Put a tight bandage
around the limb above the cut, slip a
cork under it in the direction of a line
drawn from the inner part of the knee
to a little ontside of the groin. Draw
the e)ges of the cut together with stick
ing-plaster.
7. Child has a bad earache. Dip a
plug of cotton wool in olive oil, warm it
and place it in the ear. Wrap up the
head and keep it out of draughts. 1
Disinfectants and Deodorants.
Mr. Thos. Taylor, Microscopist of the
Department of Agriculture, gives the
following in the Washington Evening
Star i During the year 1876 I made a
series of experiments with essential oils,
idcluding the oil of eucalyptus globulus
and the spirits of turpentine, which were
published in tbe report of the Depart
ment of Agriculture for that year. I
found that the oil of eucalyptus disin
fected fresh meat as effectually as car
bolic acid, besides being a powerful de
odorizer, and on combining it with soap
found it agreeable, forming a valuable
substitute for the carbolic, especially for
the sick-room. Turpentine I found to
be also a most powerful deodorizer. A
tablespoonful of the latter, added to a
pailful of water, will destroy tbe odor
of cesspools instantly, and in the sick
chamber will prove a powerful auxiliary
in the destruction of germs and bad
odors, beirg both a disinfectant and de
odorizer. I have quite recently added
to the list of disinfectants one of gener
al application, and it has for many pur
poses the advantage of cheapness with
remarkable effectiveness. I allude to
gasoline, one of the products of petro
leum. Gasoline when applied to the
germs of fungi or of other cryptogamic
plants instantly destroys them although
it fails to deodorize gases. Being a solv
ent of oils and fats it destroys animal
germs, and fatty degeneration gives way
to it. It may be employed full strength
to wash delicate and tender plants and
sores without producing pain. It is
wholly devoid of the caustic principle ;
even when applied to the tongue, it
produces no disagreeable sensation. A
single drop applied to any insect will
kill it, and even its vapors have a most
destructive effect on the lower forms of
animal life. When gasoline is applied
to a wound or to any delicate part of
the body, on evaporation it produces
the sensation of cold, followed soon af
ter by a sensation of heat. Of course
all experiments should be made in the
absence of artificial light, as it is a very
explosive gas. Mail matter supposed
to be infected can be thoroughly disin
fected by the application of gasoline,
either by immersion or by sponging the
surfaces. It penetrates with lightning
rapidity all porous substances, such as
leather, gloves, bank notes, ribbons,
dress goc-ds, silk, cotton, and linen,
evaporating in a few minutes without in
jury to the goods. I have placed seal
ed letters in this solution for a few mo
ments, completely wetting the content,
and in less than five minutes the gaso
line evaporated, leaving the letters dry,
without stain, and well disinfected.
WIT AND WISDOM. '
A " HardlT Eveh " temperance so
ciety bas been formed down East. When
a member is asked if he drinks, be says,
" Hardly ever, but if I do it is about
this time of day." Oil Oily Derrick.
A poor but high-spirited woman in
Chicago pounds an old rag on tbe kitch
en table every morning- to make her
neighbors believe that she has beefsteak
for breakfast. Detroit Free Press. '
One of the greatest feats of woman's ;
pniinranrA ia wrhAn t.hA f emnle with a
diamond ring wipes her mouth 3,000
times in 8,000 quarter hours without
complaining of the least fatigue. Phil
adelphia Chronicle. -
Never insult an acquaintance by
harsh words when applied to for a fa-
pleasanter to lie to him and tell him yon. -haven't
got it. He may know yon are ,.
a liar, bnt he can't deny that you are a
gentleman. Hawkeye.
They grow some rather tall women
beyond the Mississippi. An occidental-'
poet writes that he " kissed the clouds
from her sweet fair face." -It seems al
most incredible that he'could; just by
standing upon her face, kiss the clouds,
but truth and poesy are inseparable, and
wb are bound to believe.--Yonker Qan ,
llr ..... .
"Yes," observed the boy ns he went, ,
down stairs, 'this is a world of changes). , .
It wasn't over three months ago that' "
that 'ere lawyer gin me a blowin up
'cos I didn't shut the door when I went -out,
and now he turns around and jaws n
'cos I didn't leave it wide open. I don't ; ,:
know nuthin Touflaw,"bnt teems to
me tbat these' 'era fellers who can't
stick to one thing for more n three
months at a time ean't be of much K
'count." Detroit Free Press. . ,
A Boston parson, who has written a -.
book against dancing.gives this desorip -tion
of a ball: "Just look at them. There,"
elevated pn a table, is a mustached gen-' 1
tleman, holding a piece ef woed to- hia '
shoulder and frantically drawing poor,:
horse-hair over the dried viscera of
dead feline, Shouting vocreremsly inco
herent sounds, the meaning of wilicn
must be guessed at, while, men and.
women are ' mostly jumping, up, and
down, scolding, laughing,, shouting,
coughing, wheezing, bowing, smiling;
frowning, winking, blinking, poshing,
palling, sweating, rushing, thundering.
rumbling, tramping and stamping until
i he body is exhausted and tha Stings, cry
for air.".. ; . fc. ,
In a monograph in the Quarterly
Journal of Inebrxety, Dr. George M,
Beard asks: " Are Drunkards Automa
tons?" Dr. Beard is clearly of tha
opinion that they are. Some men, h
says, habitually drunk while on or near
the sea, are habltaallyttober while liv
ing inland. - We know of similar- in
stances of automatic inebriety., , Smith
is always drunk when he has the money,
sober when he has not.' Jones drinks
like a fish when he is ont of jail, bat '
when he is in, why, bless him.'he would :
delight the soul of a temperance cru
sader, but does not delight his own, fov
Jones prefers himself as drunk as he
can get.. . Then there-is Robinson, who,
when he is full of ice-water is as steady
as a headstone,' but fill him up with
whisky and he is Just beastly; ' Yes,, it
is clear that drunkards-are-automatic;'
their condition ia determined not alto-,
gether by their surroundings, but by
those and the tning woicn tney
round. San Francisco Argonaut.
sur-
Oplam Instead of"Ruai.
Attention begins to be attracted to the.
great increase in the consumption of.
opium in this country. This increase is
the result of its larger use as a stimu
lant. In many cases where a drunkard"
has suddenly left off the nse ol alco
holic drinks, after having been accus
tomed to them for many years, it would,
be found, if the truth were known, that
opium, in some form, has been adopted
as a substitute. .
An instance came to onr knowledge
recently of a middle-aged meohanio,
who, after repeated attacks of delirium
tremens, having been warned by a phy-.
sician that the next attack would prob
ably prove fatal, had left off drinking.
This had occurred several years ago.
Tbe man had work a considerable por
tion of the time. ' Still his ' family con
tinued wretchedly poor. This was ex
plained by the discovery that he and his
wife each indulged in an ounce of laud
anum a day. . (, . . .
We have known some distinguished
temperance lecturers from the class of
reformed drunkards who regularly drew
their inspiration from -the mouth of a
laudanum bottle. v. ..ij'
Some persons think the habitual use
of opium is less objectionable than the
habitual use of alcoholic stimulants.
We should say, however, of these two
evils choose neither. , .
The habit of using opium is neater,
but it is hardly less destructive to the
moral sense. It is a habit which is
generally indulged very secretly ; and,
indeed, it seems to increase the disposi
tion to seoretiveness, in its victims, in
regard to other matters also. A Con
necticut physician in extensive prac
tice prided himself on his treatment of
cases of confirmed opium eating, and
made a specialty of curing such. Among
his patients was a highly cultivated
woman in whom he took a particular
interest. He gradually diminished the
allowance of opium to her until it dwin
dled down to nothing, and she assured
him that she was completely cured,and
that she cared nothing whatever for the
drur any longer." The doctor was much
elated at his success, until, some time
afterward, he learned from a druggist
that his patient had been privately pur
chasing opium all the while, and that so
far from diminishing. .the quantity she
took she had been steadily increasing it.
The best li no to leave off the use of
both rum and opium is before you be
gin. Sew York Sun.
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