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Ilustlio T.utET rntrri-ATiov of nny pnper tit .Madi.-Hoa County, uul is coniequuutly THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIOT. THE AMERICAN OAeUl Joarnal City f fMtoa. MBS. AHGU8TA S. BOSWOBTH, Proprietor Term, fa a l'r Advance; ( ; fclTfcH Oft 4lVfefcTtSlXfl. j I otl one vr.: $ laA oo s ot. 1 moH. ft 15 OU 1 eol. 6uMmfet.... K) Ou ooi. i yea.. ....13 1 ool. SiiiodUw.... M Oi M col. tt months ..SA 1 col. 1 month V 00 cl. 3 moniiu ..15 uo Jtf col. 1 jrcwr bO i O V col. 1 month . . 1U 00 H col. 0 month.... 60 00 I tciia e, 1 vear..l5 00 ftol.Stnontos 4 0o 3 Fiurt, 1 yar.2A 00 T-an-krit ailvrtimnt ..V per miuare 4HPtn.ertioa, mad 14 oenfat lor each ub:etiieil ln.-ertioQ. Lefntl dYertisetneiit at ths Mine rates anil $1 00 additional for proof of publication. ,TOI 5 I'RINTING ! All orders for Job Printing of any descrip tion, Hlicll us PubliBhed by MRS. AUGUSTA 8. BOSwW.TH. Be just and fear not; Let all the ends thou alm'stat be thy Cod's, thy Country's, and Truth's." TEEMS: $2.00 per Annum Bll.l. IlCAO", I.KTTF.H IIKADS, CAKIIS, rvMriii-Kis, cnirrr.jwws, "UMKKJ, frC, VOLUME XXX. CANTON, MISS., SATURDAY, ITvIlUUAUY 21, 1880, Will lie promptly attended to at tho CITIZEN JOH OH'IICJi:. NUMBER 8. AMERICAN CITIZEN. CI1IZEJ CURRENT TOPICS. An important bill, to provide for the punishment of crimes upon the Indian reservations, has been agreed upon by the House Committee on Indian Affairs. It provides that the laws of the States and Territories in which are located the reservations, relating to the crimes of murder, manslaughter, arson, rape, burglary and robbery shall be deemed and taken to be law, and in force within such reservation, and United States District and Territorial Courts within and for the respective districts and Territories in which the reservations may be located shall have original jurisdiction over all such offenses which may be committed within such reservations. In respect to all that portion of the Indian Territory not set apart and occupied by Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Semi nole tribes, the provisions of the laws of the State of Kansas relating to the crimes mentioned shall be deemed and taken to be law and in force therein, and the United States District Court for the Western District of Kansas, at Fort Scott, shall have exclusive original jurisdiction over all snch offenses aris ing in said portion of the Indian Terri tory. Thbs New York Timet announces, upon the authority of a near person al and political friend of Gen. Grant,'' that the latter is not now, nor has he ever been, a candidate for the Presiden tial nomination ; but should the Repub lican National Convention nominate him in the same manner as any other candidate would be nominated, he would deem it his duty to the country and par ty to accept." Mr. Fort of Illinois bas introduced in the House a bill to place on the free list all soda-ash and impure carbonate of soda imported to be nsed in the manu facture of paper, or of glass, or of cloths or fabrics composed wholly or in part of wool," and to'refluce the import duty on printing paper used for books, pamphlets, magazines and newspapers. The House Committee on Commerce have agreed not to report the Reagan Inter-State Commerce bill. The House Committee on Appro priations has decided to frame a general deficiency bill to cover several deficien cies in various, departments of the Indian Service which appear most ur gently to demand attention. The House Committee on Public Lands have agreed to make favorable reports to the House upon Mr. Ryan's bill, authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to certify school lands to the State of Kansas ; and upon Mr. Davis's bill, to declare forfeited to the United States lands granted to the State of Mis souri in aid of the construction and ex tension of the Iron Mountain Railroad from Pilot Knob, by act of Congress, approved July 4. 1866. The deficiencies in the annual appro priations for the various departments of the Government for which deficiency appropriation bills are asked aggregate $5,779,536, and include the following as principal items : For the Star Service of the Post-office Department, $2,000,000; for payment of claims certified " to by the Treasury Department, $804, 561; deficiency in estimates in cluded in the regular annual letter of the Secretary of the Treasury, $1, 108,237.73; deficiency in public print ing, $450,000 ; deficiency in the appro priation for the expenses of the United Slates Courts, $395,000; estimates from the Secretary of the Treasury for amounts refunded in customs cases, $200,000; deficiency in the Postal Service, $307,248 ; Indian Service, $135, 000; Railway Mail Service, $55,000. The Senate, by a strict party vote, has rejected all nominations of Census Supervisors for the eight census districts of Ohio. Senator Pendleton, Chairman of the Census Committee, who reported the Ohio nominations adversely, ex plained that the adverse report had no reference to the personal character of the nominees, but was based solely up on the ground that the President, in nominating eight Republicans, and not a single Democrat, has violated the spir it of the Census law and ignored the dis tinct understanding of both parties of Congress when the bill was passed, that the Supervisors as well as Enumerators should be appointed irrespective of par ty affiliations. The St. Louis Merchants' Exchange are raising a fund to purchase a ship loal of food and other supplies for the destitute in Ireland. Representative Buckner of Mis souri has introduced a bill for the re duction of duty on paper, which is a lit tle more comprehensive than that of Mr. Fort, inasmuch as it includes paper sized and unsized. . The German Reichstag was opened on the 12th. Count Von Stalberg Wernigerode read the Emperor's speech. It states that the relations of the Government with foreign powers are peaceful and friendly, and that confi dence is felt in the maintenance of peace through the labors of the Ber lin Congress, which has been upheld and the stipulations of the treaty of Berlin executed in nearly all their points. The principal measures for legislation announced in the speech are : A bill for establishing biennial budgets ; a new military law. and prolongation of the law against So cialists. The President, on the 12th, issued a proclamation warning all persons against an unauthorized and illegal in vasion of the Indian Territory. The House Committee of Ways and Means have decided to report in favor of a refunding bond at 3 1-2 per cent. interest, to run from 20 to 40 years They are to be ured In funding firei and ixi,tfc teerrgM amount of which now outstanding is about $500,000,000. The committee decided also to recom mend that authority be given the Secre tary of the Treasury to issue $200, 000,000 four per cent. Treasury notes, redeemable at pleasure, to assist In the reduction of the annual interest burden. The House Inter-State Commerce Committee, by a vote of 9 to 0, adopted Representative Henderson's bill, with amendments, as a substitute for that of Mr. Reagau. The bill provides for a Board of Commissioners, with powers similar to those proposed by the "Chas. Francis Adams plan," their jurisdiction extending over the transportation of all property from one State or Territory into or through other States or Territo ries, whether such property be carried by one railroad or several railroads. All discriminations and rebates in freight are forbidden by the bill. The Select Committee of the House upon the Alcoholic Liquor Traffic in structed Representative Brewer to report a bill to the House providing for the appointment of a Commission of ten members to investigate the subject, to serve without pay, and to be selected irrespective of their views iipm the Liquor Traffic bill ; also, appropriating $10,000 for expenses of Commission. The Senate Sub-committee on Ter ritories have reported to the full Com mittee a measure providing for the or ganization of a territorial form of gov ernment in the Indian Territory. A meeting of the National Demo cratic Committee has been called for Monday, February 23, at Washington, for the purpose of fixing the time and place of holding the next Democratic National Convention. PERSONAL AND POLITICAL. President Hates has approved the order dismissing Major Reno. In the House of Commons, the other day. Sir Stafford Northcote denied that the Government bad been dilatory in its efforts to prevent a famine in Ireland. He detailed the relief measures taken, and expressed confidence that they would be found suf ficient. Parnf.ll and Dillon (one or both) will speak in Dubuque and Clinton, Iowa, February 28; Des Moines, March 1; Peoria and Bloomington, 111., March 2; Springfield andjoliet, March 3; St. Louis, March 4. Further Western appointments will be made later. Brevet Major-General. Sykes, Colonel Twentieth IT. S. Infantry, for some years past commanding the District of the Rio Grande, died recently at Brownsville, Texas. Mr. F. E. Fowler has resigned his position as General Passenger Agent of the Missouri Pacific Railroad and is succeeded by Mr. C. C. Cobb. Caft. Ashlet Brown," Cashier of the Internal Revenue Office at Dayton, O., is a defaulter to the amount of $10,000 or over, and has fled the country. Gen. Sherman announces through the Associated Press that no proceedings for slander have been commenced against bim by Gen. Boynton, either iu a civil or mili tary court. The Iowa House of Representatives, by a vote of 57 to 31, has adopted a resolu tion for submitting a constitutional amend ment to the people making women eligible to the Legislature. The House Committee on Military Affairs have agreed to report favorably to the House Representative Frost's bill do nating four bronze and eight iron cannon for the proposed statue at St. Louis of General Francis P. Blair. Gen. John Brisbin, formerly mem ber of Congress from the Luzerne District, Pennsylvania, is dead. He was an extensive coal operator and left a large fortune, over $200,000 of which Is to be distributed among various charitable institutions. Jas. W. Clayton, for 14 years Clerk in the House of Representatives, and for two years past occupying the same position ill the United States Senate, died at Baltimore on the 8th. The President has nominated George Baldry for Register of the Land-office at Xew Orleans; Wm. M. Burwell, Receiver of Public Moneys, Xew Orleans: Charles G. Belknap, Indian Agent, Tule River Agency, California; Wm. Whiting, Illinois, Indian Agent at Ponca Agency, Indian Territory. , President Hayes has, with the ap proval of the Cabinet, directed that Major Reno, recently court-martialed and sen tenced to dismissal, be permitted to resign bis commission in the Army. Andrew Smith, for 12 years Treas urer of the town of North Andover, Mass. , is in Jail, having confessed to misappropri ating funds. The amount of the defalcation Is not known. Smith was also Postmaster of the town since the second administration of President Lincoln, and has filled various important trusts. F. H. Mason, who has been nomi natcd by President flayes as Consul to Basle, Switzerland, has for 32 year past been man aging editor of the Cleveland Leader. Gen. Grant and party sailed from Havana for Vera Cruz on the 13th. S. S. Brummett, editor of the Enter prise, was shot and fatally wounded by G. W. Carlton, editor of the Telegraph, at Hol listcr, Cal., on the 12th. Governor Cornell of Xew York has signed the bill permitting women to vote for school officers. LATE NEWS ITEMS. The Denver Tribune says that a form! dable secret organization is ltcfng perfected there for the purpose of driving the Indians out of Colorado. Gen. Roberts officially announces that 85 men have been executed and 15 more are under sentence of death for being concerned in the massacre of the officers of the British Embassy at Cahul . At Londonderry, N. II., on the 7th, Mrs. Sarah Dillingham, aged 33, wife of E. I. Dillingham, a respectable farmer, was horribly murdered by Frank Dillingham, aged 20, a nephew of the husband. The lat ter then attempted to commit suicide, but it was thought would survive. . There is no doubt the murder was committed to conceal another crime, equally atrocious. The young man says he shot his aunt accidental ly, while cleaning his revolver, lint does not undertake to explain other circumstances. Jack and Sowerwick, who accom panied Gen. Adams from Washington to Los Pinos, have gone to Grand Itiver to endeavor to effect the surrender of the prisoners de manded. Orders hare been sent out by Chief iupovoucy fur all the different bands to rendezvous near th. Agoncy, aud a grand jiow-wow i sntlflipatad, JiougUti hn not been to the Agency since he made his de mand for rations on the 17th lilt., and was refused. At Las Vegas, N. Mex., on the 9th. Jim West, John Dorseyand Tom Henry, im plieatcd in the shooting of Carson, City Mar shal, two weeks previously, were dragged from their cells by a mob of 75 armed men, who broke into the jailors room and forced him to give up the keys. The three men were dragged to the Central Plaza, where West was hauled up and strangled. Tha impatient mob then began firing, and in a short time Dorsey and Henry were riddled with bullets. There was no resistance to the mob. The Theater Royal, Dublin, was com pletely destroyed by fire on the !th, by which six lives were lost. The tire was caused by the ignition of the curtains of the state-box of the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough, who were to have attended a pantomime performance in the afternoon. The iiroper ty loss is placed at nearly $1. 000,0110. On Feb. 9 the last spike necessary to complete the branch of the Atchison, To peka and Santa Fe Itailroi:d to Santa Fc was driven by Gov. Wallace, of New Mexico. (Jen. Hatch and staff, the members of the Legislature and other notables attended. There was much rejoicing at Santa Fe. Talliott's Block, corner of Market and Pennsylvania Streets, Indianapolis, was par tially destroyed by lire on the morning of the loth. The Indiana Medical College and the Knights of Pythias Hall were completely burned out. A later report from Dublin says one woman and seven men were killed and 13 workmen and firemen seriously injured by the burning of the Theater Royal. The City-hall at Albany, N. Y., was burned on the morning of tin loth, together with a large nuuilicr of records and other valuable papers. Seven firemen were crushed by the falling dome, one of whom died within a short time, and two or three others were thought to be fatally injured. Two men were killed and three others probably fatally injured by nil explosion in the Canada Paper Company's Mill at Wind sor, Quebec, on the 10th. At Peoria, 111., on the 10th, Luther B. McKinney twice shot and almost instantly killed his wife's step-father, Jacob Frye, a well known cattle dealer. Mrs. McKinney was prosecuting a suit for divorce, on the grounds of ill treatment, and Mr. Fryc had warmly espoused her case, which brought upon him the enmity of McKinney. The shooting took place in the street and was without any immediate provocation. After McKinney bad twiee fired, Frye drew his re volver and got in two shots in return, but without effect. The murderer was arrested. Mardi Gras was publicly celebrated, with more or less display, at Xew OrlcanSj Mobile, Galveston, Little Rock, and many other cities and towns of the South and West. The California State Normal School building at San Jose burned to the ground on the morning of the 10th. It cost $500, 000 and was insured for $50,000. Burglars visited Westport, Conn., on the night of the 10th, gagged the village watchman, carried him to the National Bank, the doors of which were forced, and locked him in a closet. They then blew open the door of the vault, but the explosion was so violent that the plate-glass front of the bank was blown into the street. The vil lagers were aroused and the burglars fled with $3,500 cash. A company of the Tenth Cavalry re cently had a Bbarp brush near Fort Keogh, Mont., with a party of Sioux Indians, sup posed to belong to Sitting-Bull's baud. One soldier was killed and one wounded, and two Indians were killed and three taken prisoners. Douglas & Stewart's new elevator building, near Dearborn and State Streets, Chicago, was completely wrecked on the morning of the lith by the heavy weight of grain contained in it about 123,000 bushels of wheat. The loss is estimated st from .f 1 50, 000 to $175,000. Nashville, Tenn., was visited by a ter rific hurricane about midnight on the 12th. The spires of the First Colored Baptist, St. John's Colored, and St. Paul's Colored Churches were blown down; the inside brick wall of tbc new Custom-house was de molished, and a number of buildings un roofed. FORTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. Feb. 9. Senate Resolutions of the Lou isiana LeKisluturo, declaring thnt Kellopjf wits not elected Senator, ami that Spofford whh and should have his seat, were ordered printed and referred. After the introduction of a number of reports, memorials, etc., the hill to revive and continue the oint of Commissioners of Alabama- Claims whs taken up, and Mr. Davis of Illi nois made a seeeh in favor of the hill. It ritf snetHlifs were also made hy Messrs. Edmunds and Itlaine in opmition to the hill House A lare liutnlxT of hills were introdneed. anions them the following: fly Mr. Kitchen (f.,N. '.) To remove the duty on iron and stffl ; hv Mr. Riee ( It., Mas.) To establish Board of Commissioners of Inter state Commeree; by Mr. lliitehins !., N. Y.) Providing that the term of office of Chief Supervisor of K lection shall he two years; also, prohibiting the arrest of election officer on election day; hy Mr. Kcifer (K-, .) For a Commission of Inquiry into the cause and for the prevention of con tagious discuses anions domestic animals; hy Mr. Ward (11., Pa.) Authorizing tin Secretary of the Navy to designate a C'nited states ves sel to curry contributions to Ireland free of charge ; hy M r. Speer ( I ., Ua.) To prevent general legisla tion on appropriation bills; hy Mr. Phillips (!., Mo.) Conferring on the Court of Claims jurisdiction over claims now pros ecuted la-lore the Quartermaster-(Aiieralt the Commissary -tienerul and Third Auditor; also, for a public building at Jf tfc rson City. Mr. Rvan (It., Knns.) from the Com mittee on Public Lands, moved to sus)cnd the rules and pass the hill creating an additional land district (the southwest ern) in Kunsus. Agreed to, and the bill passed. Kkb. 10. Senate Mr. lUimside, from the Committee on Education and ,alor, re ported a hill to establish an educational fund and apply a portion of the proceeds of public hi nds to oiihlic education, and nrovidc fora more complete endowment and supfuirt of national colleges for the advancement of Hcientilie and industrial cdueu tion. Placed on the calendar. The hill to authorize, the Secretary of the Treasury to ascertain the amount of land lo cated oil military warrants in certain states was taken up anu ulseussed. The bill an thoriintr the secretary of the Interim-to ie posit Indian trust funds in the Treasury of the f'nite.d States, and to draw tin; inter est stipulated by treaty or prescribed by law. in lieu of investment, passed Hint Mr. Conger (It., Mich.), from the ( :om mittee on Ways and Means, reported back the hill lor the relief of colored emigrants. Passed. It provides that all charitable ton tribntions Imported for the relief of colored persons who have emigrated from their homea to other States shall be admitted free of du ties, the act to take effect immediately, and to remain in force until February 1, IHs'l. The bill to remit the appraisements on the Hot Springs property passed, after a long discusMOll, by a volt; of 1JA to 121 - Mr. Behz hoover fl., Pa.) introduced a hill, which was referred, providing for general amnesty. It provides that alt political disabilities of all person- in the United Mates arising under the third section of the Fourteenth Amt-mliiieiit of the 'oust it utiou shall be forever removed and discharged uwm sueh persons Ullng with the Altorney-ticneral of the I tiitcd suites a request in writing for relief from such disabili ties. Fkb. II. Senate Mr. Hill of Colorado, from thcCouimitte-?on Public Lands, reported favorably on the hill for tin; reclamation f arid and waste lands. Placed on the calendar. Mr. Morrill from the Com mittee on Public; Buildings and (ri.iitids, reported a bill fur ereciK.ii ot public lint hull;- :tt lenw Tin resolution ollei cd lv Mr. I-. atoll. I icceiiiher I. requiting the president to transmit copies ot all coiTespondence with foreign (.povem mm or their represent Btlve in relation tn til. lut.i -ucesuio cnnal, puM.nl...... Ffmtxe Mr. Price (If., Iowa) submitted the re port of the Committee on Hanking and Cur rency upon the atfulrs of thcOerinau National Bank of Chicago, hi the opinion of the com mittee the prim-ipii) cau-c of fnllure wfis that tht- Directors utterly failed in their duty. The commitlee recommends that tiie National Bank act be amended so as to hold all direct or lo a strict accountability and provide that stockholders whose duty it is to elect directors shall In no case he relieved from personal responsibility to creditors of their hank until they have paid, not only the amount of stock held by thein.but also an additional sum cqualto said stock. The report was ordered printed and laid on the table. Tim House then went into Committee upon rcision of the rules. Fkb. 12. Senate Mr. Saunders intro duced a hill to abolish all duties on the im portation of salt. The hill for tht; ascertain mcnt of t he amount of land located on military warrants and for the payment of 5 per cent, of its value to the va rious states named was taken up and Mr. McDonald spoke in favor of the bill. Mr. tiarland introduced a hill to extend (or ten vears the time for the completion ot the Texas and Pad lie ltallroad. Mr. Hereford, from the Committee on Commerce, rc- fiorted, with amendment, the House hill or the construction of a marine hospital at Memphis. Placed on the calendar Hott$e Mr. Stephens (D., a)t from the Com mittee on Coinage, Weights and Measures, reported back the bill in reference to the me tric system of coinage. Ordered printed and referred. After the disposal of some miscel laneous business, the lievision of the Bules w:is further considered in Committee of the Whole. Fkb. 1.X Senate Xot in session........ Ilouge Mr. Wells (D., Mo.), from the Com mittee on Appropriations, reported hack tin hill making an additional appropriation of $ l:iT,iu lor the support of certain Indian tribes for the present liscal vear, and it pass ed. M r. F rve ( If.. M e. ) , f n mi the Committee on Inter-Oceanic Canal, re ported a resolution calling on tint Secre tary f the Navy for all Information and correspondence touching the international Canal now in possession nf his department urn not neretoiore puimsncd. .uoptcti. Committee reports of a private nature were then eaiiea. i lie inn tor ine retiei oi rnz John Porter being the regultr order, Mr. Bright (D., Tenn.) raised a question of con sideration against the bill, and. the House re fused ayes 41, nays not counted to consider the hill. The House then went into committee on privute calendar. INVESTIGATION PROCEEDINGS. The t ie Outbreak. .VAsnixOTOTT, Feb. 5. The ttouse Committee on Inttiun Affairs this limruiiitf examined N. W. ISyi-rs, I'ostmtister nt Ieii-er, t'olo., relative to the t'te question. Ib' said that tile causes nf dissatisfaction mul irritation on the part of the t'te Indians dated haektothe treaty in whieli they claimed to have been "sold by Ouray;" that the White Kier Utes reinitiated that treaty anl invariably warned settlers frorn the region outside of their present reser vation, -which they held they never irtfonded to cede to the United States; that the Indian Idea whs thntthey hud exclusive rights on the reservation and an equal right with t lie whites of the reservation. As an indication that the outbreak whs premeditated he instanced the fact that tiie t'tes for some time liuU been courting friendly relations with the Chey ennes and Arrapaboes, when It is well known that they are natural and deadly enemies. Tho Colored twliu. Washington, Feb. 7. James Pnebanan of Indianapolis, a promi nent Ureenbackcr and member of the Na tional party of Indiann, whs examined. He said the demand for lalor in the State of In diana is far short of the supply; that never since 1873 had a winter passed ttiat the 8u pcrvisors of the l'oor in the vicinity of ln dianuiolis were not eatled on to supply food for able-bodied men who would be glnd to earn a living if they could only got work. He was opposed to the ex odus because be believed the ncgrroes were not improving their condition by coming f a State already over-supplied with labor. He was not moved to bold this view because of any prejudice against the black race, as he bnil been an Abolitionist until slavery was abolished, and a Kcpubliean until 1S72. In conclusion, be blamed the ICepubllcan leaders of the state for encouraging the movement. Milton SI. Holland, a member of the Wash, innon Kuiit-Htit Aid Society, testified: Its object ia as solely charitable, not to promote immigration, but to aid immigrants; no po litical puriiose was connected with it; on their own request about 60 immigrants were sent to otiio, instead of to Kansas; the society has no agents whatever. Samuel A. Ferry, a dark ranlatto, testified: He is a resident o'f North Carolina. The ne groes do not feel that they are well treated io that State, and the exodus movement was In augurated to bcttertheircoudition. A colony was formed, and Perry and Williams were sent out West as agents to look for a location, their exjienscs being paid by the colony. Thev stopped at tlrcencustlc, lnd., and were there told by colored men they could do as well as further West. They accordingly got out a lot of circulars favoring emigration to Iudi-tua, and went back to North Carolina. At CHinp-iueettng they di.-tributed these cir culars. In reply lo a qucstioii by Mr. Voor hees, witness said he " hull never advised any oueto go to Indiana; he wrote home from In diana U his friends that if he owned a lot in Indiana and one in hell, he should sell the Indiana lot and reside in hell." In reply to H question by Mr. Windoin, witness said that " the colored people consider themselves un fairly deprived of representation since the Democrats got control ot Southern ntfairs. They are disfranchised, to all intents and pur poses, as completely as if the fifteenth Amendment had been repealed. It is in their relations u citizens they complain of injus tice." Washington, Feb. 11. J. If. Russell, an undertaker from Indianap olis, tcuilied that up to January 2S, or wiiliiu a period of two months, there had been buried at the expense of the county iu which the city of Ilidiliuato!is is lMated from 'Zi to 'Mi men, women and children, from nuuing colored emigrants wtio had arrived at In dianapolis from Ninth Carolina. They were uil buried as paupers, at an average expense to the county of .1.15 each. From reports brought to hitu by men in his employ, and from his own observations, lie would say there was great destitution among immigrants in Indianapolis. James K. linker ot Indianapolis, Democrat, and Clerk in the State Auditor's otlicc, and Scott liny, editor of the Shelhyville (lnd.) IftmorrtU both testified regarding admissions made by colored emigrants and by Kepitbli cuus of Indiana that the exodus was worked up for political effect. The Ingalls Investigation. Washington, Feb. 3. Ex -Senator Pomeroy of Kansas appearea belore Hie Couiiuilleu on Privileges ana Elec tions and asked to buswrn in relereme to tiie testimony given at Topcka by ChaiiesS. Aldrich and Jolui M. 1'iLe. He whs allowed tote-tit-, and couirudicted the statements of both Aiuiich and I'lice, who tcalided that I'ouieroy had loaned J. tl. llortou, who was a Senatonal candidate, ilio.LCO to carry on his canvass. He also contradicted the statement ol Aiuiich that hi; (I'omeroyj bad furuishcd money to pay Martin, a member of the Leg islature fioiu Riuguiuu Cuuuty, tor bis vote aguiuat ingulls. The Invasion of the Indian Territory. A. FBOCLAVATlON BY THE PRESIDENT. Whereat, It has beeotno known to me that certain evil-disposed persons have, within the territory and jurisdiction ol the t'nited states, begun and set on foot preparations for an or ganized and iorcihle possc.-sion of ami settle ment upon lauds of w hat is known us the In dian Territory, west ot the Stati'of Arkansiis, which Territory is designated, recognized and desct-i!ed by the treat ics and laws of till; I Unit ed States, and by the Executive authorities, us tho Indian Country, and as such is only subject to occupation by Indian tribes, olli cers of the Indian Department, military posts, anil such persons as muy be priviliged to re side Hint trude therein, uuJcr the laws of the United Slates; and H'tieretu, Those laws provide for the re moval ot nil persons residing and trading therein wil hout express permission of the In dian Department and Agents, and also of all persons w hom such Agenls muy deem to be improper persons to reside iu the Indian Count rv ; and, ll'ltireut. In Hid and support of such orgnn ized movement it has been represented that no tut-thcr action will be taken bythetlov eruiiieiit to prevent Kisons from going into said Teri-ilory and sett ling therein ; but such representations are wholly without authority. Now, thereloi-e, lor tiie purpose ot properly protecting the interest ot the Indian nations and tribes, us well as the United States, in said I mliun Territory, and of duly enforcing the laws governing the same. I, lEuthcrlord 11. Hayes, I'resideiitof the United Stall's, do ad monish and warn Hll such persons so intend ing or preparing to remove upon said hinds or into said Territory , without permission ol the proper Agent of the Indian Department, against any attempt to remove or uetllc on the lamls ot sail! Territory ; and I do further wain any and all such persons who mayso of fend, that they will be speedily and immediate ly removed therefrom by the Agent, according lo the laws made, and that no ellorts will be spared to prevent invasion of sun) Territo ry, rumors spread by evil-disposed pei-sonsto tile com i-iu'y notwithstanding ; hikI, if neces sary, tho aid and assist aiice of the iiiilitat-y loi-ecs of the United Stat -s will be invoked til carry into proper execution the laws ol the United stales herein referred to. Ill testimony whereof 1 hereunto set my baud aud caused the scat of the United States to be li ved. Done nl the City of Wiishfiurtoti on this t'2'b day ot l-bi u:u- in the yearol mil- Lord sll, and of the mMi-pcndcnce ol 1 1 1 United states the 101th. signi it) it. 1). UaIES, By the President : Wm. a1, kvaris, secretary of Statu. The Third-Term Movement. The Grant boom is in imminent peril of losing Its momentum before the ineetih"; of the National 1 to publican Convention. Intelligent ltcpnblican opinion is setting strongly Against tlm Third Term, anil it is more than likely that Senator Cameron niul the rest of the Grant managers will timl tl grettt ileal of trouble in carrying out their ivell-lahl plans. To begin with, the German clement in tlio Kcpubliean party is in open rebellion against the Third-Term idea; It is believed that not one in teii of those Gcnilan Ameri cans who have hitherto belonged to the Kcpubliean party will vote for Grant should he be nominated by their party. The uncompromising hostility of Carl Schurz to the re-election of Grant is well understood ami his opinions are potential with a largo class of German citizens. The other tlay the Hon. Sigismund Katiflinan, a distinguished German Kcpubliean, of Jtew York city, published a letter in which he declared that "a Third Term is at once a dangerous excess of reward and a dangerous confession of weakness." "Such a confession," continues Mr. Katifl'man, "will not be made with out its inevitable sequence, and we shall have a king iu fact long before we have one iu name. If we must have a strong man and a strong Government, let us return to Uismarck and his iron rule." This is the language of a man who was the Kcpubliean candidate for Lieutenant-Governor of New York in 1870, and who supported Grant for I'residcut in 18C8 and 1872. The nnll Conkling Republicans of New York, under the lead of George William Cur tis, also are organizing ill opposition to the Third Term. These constitute a powerful factor in the politics of that State. Conkling's candidate for Gov ernor, Cornell, lost the vote of this cle ment at the late election, and its defec tion would have insured his defeat by an immense majority had not the Dem ocratic vote been divided between two candidates, Robinson and Kelly. Some of the ablest Hejmblican journals are also speaking out in most emphatic style against the Third Term. Tho Cincinnati Coininerciult the Springlicld (Mass.) Jteimbliran and the Philadel phia Evcnitig Telegraph are notable among these. The last named had an editorial the other tlay on the subject of Gran Usui which ought to be read by every voter in the Union. We make the following extract: It is the truth of history that the Govern ment was never so debauched by political cor ruption as during the time he was President; it is part of the truth of history that the coun try was never, except in time of war, in so dis turbed a condition: it is part of the same his torical truth that political poandids were nev er before or since so rife, and pait of the same historical truth that the faults and crimes of our (joverumctit were never beloreor since so conspicuous. It was an era of political Injus tice, of polilical blunders, of political corrup tion, of Kifl-tJkiiig, tirilie taking. iieftism. of usurpation, of const it ut ionnl me) hods set aside ami personal nie;hods set up in their place. The men who made thut Administration the Fhame of I he country that it was are the men who come in General Grant's train on the l'ltn instant the Babcocks, the llelknaps, the ltol csons, the Camerons. They came as the vultures come when the scent of prey is in the air. They tsime to shape the new Administra tion as they had shaped the old. Is it any wonder that the great soldier, whom thepiro ple honored for his soldiery deeds, and who wanted to forget forever his civil record, was received so coldly by them when they recog nized his ambition to again till the place he had so illy tilled, and when they sawabout him sgaiti the same rapacious crowd of political adventurers? If the great ovation was intend ed to lest the popular feeling, it was a great success: it did that, and, despite nil the ellorts of its authors to the contrary, it has shown that the leaders of the Republican party could do uo more suicidal thing than to insist upon the nomination of (leneinl Grant for the third term. The voice of the people bas been heard UDon that quest Ion. and its voice is potential." An opposition so earnest and vigor ous cannot fail to make a profound im pression on the minds of delegates .to the Kcpubliean National Convention. We grant that it is not likely that either the Pennsylvania or the New York delegation to Chicago will be in fluenced to any appreciable extent by such arguments as are employed iu tho article above quoted. The creatures who are made delegates to Kcpubliean conventions by Conkling aud Cameron understand no logic except their mas ters' will. Beside they are usually per sons who want nothing better than the revival of that licentious "rule which gave the country during the Adminis tration of Grant a Saturnalian riot of political corruption. lint the repre sentatives of the party in other States, especially in the West, will pause and consider before they give their approval to a candidate whose record will put the Kepubliean party on the defensive from the very Hour ol uis nomination. It may be that these too will be seized with the fetichism which seems to have made slaves of .the Republicans of New York aud Pennsylvania. We can only wait and see. Ihirrisbarg Pa.) Pa triot. Kcpubliean Courts. One of the " stalwart" organs, in its head-lines describingthe latest phase of the Maine business, says in triumphant capital letters: "The" Supreme Court again decide every point in favor of the Republicans." Which is equivalent, to the familiar remark that "the Dutch have taken Holland." If the head-line statement had been accompanied by a slight allusion to the political complex ion of the Supreme Court, the sensation might have been spoiled, but the pub lio could have traced the connection between effect and cause. That a He publican tribunal should decide in favor of the Republicans at all times and under all circumstances, regardless of law, evidence, or anything else is what everybody nowadays expects. The opponents of Republicans, whether Democrats, "Fusionists," or "Green backers," are as sure of losing their case no matter how good it may be as if the decision were rendered in ad vance. They have absolutely no chance of success. Their polities virtually throw them out of court. This new feature in our political sys tem was first clearly revealed in the notorious Klcctoral Commission, where every Republican judgo voted the Re publican ticket from the bench with as little hesitation as he would have shown at the pulls. The Maine performance is only a copy of that great original, emphasized a little by the fact that all the judges were Republicans, and not one ventured to go contrary to his party's wishes. The ouly wontler is that Gar celon and his followers should have played a game in which they knew or might have known that the cards were stocked against them. It is quite safe to predict that hereafter this game will catch nobody. " Cut and dried" deci sions on polilical questions will not be asked for. There arc some lessons that do not need to be repeated more than twice. at. Louis Republican. m . . A Lonion paper, in tracing the mode in which VJ-J of the titled families of Kngland have required lands, states that scarcely a dozen of the number got them by professional or c-immerrial pursuits. The writer asserts that not one-tenth of the 5,5U0,JOO acres pos, sessed by the 122 was Required for value vceivt?d. The Heffro Exodo. The investigation of the causes of the negro exodus by the Senate commiuoC brings out a filltutior in important I act bearing on this remarkable movement. Yesterday Mr. Charles Ottty, a colored man. tho editor of the Washington Ar gus, a weekly paper deyoted to the in terests of the colored .people, toul attune remrtrknblo story, lie is a native of North Carolina, at graduate of OberliH College and the principal ft the How ard University School; and he was offrt of the founder! of the National Emi grant Aid Society, whose object it was to assist the poor emigrants who were accumulating itt great numbers nt St. Louis on the Way to Kansas and other States, and were in a destitute and suf fering condit ion. It seems that scarce ly was this benevolent society formed, when Kcpubliean politicians tried to get control of it and use it to further their own partisan ends. A Mr. Mcndcnhall wantetl to divert the emigrants from Kansas and "send about 5,000 to Indi ana, as that was a doubtful State in the coining election.' Mr. Otny opposed this plan on the ground that the colored people ' had been used long enough as tools." They had supported the Republican party in the South as one man, but got no re turn for it. He opposed the migration to Indiana to help the Republicans car ry the State, because the colored perM pie could have homesteads in Kansas, where they had been invited, but could not have them in Indiana, where they were not wanted. After the exodus from North Carolina began he ad dressed letters to prominent colored men in all parts of the State, inquiring the cause of this sudden movement. He says: A 1 1 answers were that there was no cause for it : that the mote Ignorant vere deluded by three men named Perry, Williams and Taylor, who had been North, und returned with such plow ing news tbnt the people cou Id not resist them. An investigation revealed thefaet that these three men had been among tho most ignorant of the country people, and bad told them that the United Ktatirs Government wanted them to go to Indiana, and would give them money to begin with: that they would receive one dollar and a half per day during the winter, and from two dollars to twodoltars and a half duriitgthe spring, summer and fall. Some who hesitated were told that they would leceive new suits of clothing at Washington. These men registered the nami of those consent tug to go, charging-them from twenty-live cents to two dollars, according to their ability to pay. They called meetings In country churches, held with closed doors, and bound to seerecy those whom they had delml-ed- The first batch that went, being few in number, were well received and immediately employed. These wrote back to their friends, advising them to come, and hence, said the witnc :s, it is easy to understand the great ex odus li-oin North Carolina." This plain statement of facts floods the subject with light. It shows that the secret spring of this migration is political, aud that Republican politi cians are using it to get power in States they cannot now control. This intelli gent witness states that the condition of the colored people, although suscept ible of improvement, is on tho whole highly favorable. They have no ade quate motive for quitting the State. " Kvery intelligent colored man is op posed to it," and " although an exodus from the Southern States may be a blessing, the exodus from North Caro lina is a fraud and a curse." This is the testimony of an educated colored Republican, and it puts the contluct of the managers of that party in its true light. They are the real enemies of the colored people they pretend to defend only that they may use them for politi cal aggrandizement. If. Y. Express. Weather Wisdom. The falling of the barometer in the interior, reported on the 29th ult., seems to illustrate the tendency of cer tain types of weather when once fairly set in, as noted by Blauford, Glaisher and other weather students, to produce themselves and impress their peculiari ties on a whole season. The barometric depression which has prevailed more or less in the west and northwest since last October, though small, ought not to es cape tho notice of our meteorologist as its continuance will have great m ilucnce in determining the winter rain fall over the trans-Mississippi grain- growing region, and consequently of the agricultural yield next summer. The IJerald'haa already pointed out the pow erful agency of this meteorological phenomenon in connection with the mild winter, but it is of the greatest mo ment that its possible effect on the pre cipitation of the country and the crop prospects be carefully studied, for it is iu winter that the moisture needed for summer vegetation must in large meas ure, either in the shape of rain or snow, be deposited on the soil. The winds of winter which cross the Rocky Mountains bring but little moist uro to the northwest, their value to the agriculturist consisting only in their power to condense vapor borne thither by southerly winds, which scarcely reached this region in December. By comparing the rain and snowfall data it appears that in October the rainfall was below the normal from Minnesota westward to the plateau districts; in November there was a small deficiency in the upper Missouri V alley and Min nesota, while in December there was a slight deficiency from the upper Missis sippi Valley northwestwardly for some distance. These deficiencies, trilling as they appear to be, are worthy of vigi lant attention. But as they result from the general distribution of continental pressure, the latter feature of our winter meteorology must be diligently investi gated. The Smithsonian researches have strikingly established "a certain tend ency to an arrangement of groups of years of drought followed by unusually wet years." Although in the East the Allcghanics will, as it now appears, have no great snow accumulations to be liqui fied in the spring and discharged into the livers flowing from them, the rain supply to the present date is in excess. But if the meteorological status under goes no change in the interior, the case may be otherwise in the northwest. N. Y. Herald. . . Geou'sf. Mr Kits was an athlete and a remarkably hearty cater. He was sent to prison in Philadelphia for two years, and the fare there was too scant anil plain to suit him. On getting out he determined to gratify his appetite for a while at any risk. Every night he broke into some pretentious bouse, and regaled himself on choice viands and wine, often spending four or live hours at it. Nino of the?e burglaries were commit. ed in a? many nights before h wtj OUight. HERE AND THERE. Illinois farm products amounted to 5M),000,0(XI last year, which is double the product ol all the gold and silver mines n the United StaCPs. A HAILIIOAD doing :ltt ordinary busi ness requires for its current operatins snpplies to the extent of $1,000 per mile pin- year, exclusive of rails, locomotives and cars. A flkasant evening game in Detroit is for each player to oil his hands and then try to turn a door-knob. The one who succeeds first gets a hunk of taffy on a string. Society belles in AVashington now afflict the banjo, which they are learn. tig to play. There are many costly ones will! ebony handles ana silver mountings. Cuabi.es Jones, a third owner of a Leadville niino worth $1,000,000, died without making a will. A lawyer, tak ing advantage of a small mortgage, got fraudulent possession of the property; but some miners discovered the scheme, and found hclra In a poverty-stricken Vermont family. Randolph, N. Y., has been the scene of a romance which, in point of faith fulness ott the part of the woman, is equal to that of Longfellow's Evange line. Miss Betsey Knight, Who died a few clays ago at (lie age of eighty-five was in her girlhood betrothed to a young man in Ohio, and shortly beforo the day of the nuptials he died. Miss Knight refused to believe it, and remained-faith ful to him all these years in the hope that he would return and claim her. The Scranton (Pa.) Republican as serts that the following story is true: "Mr. John Merchant came to this country from England some ten years ago, and settled in this city. Ills sister preceded him some nine years, and un til last Saturday they did not know of each other's whereabouts, and yet they have lxth been living in Hyde Park dur ing this time, and have attended the same church. They spent last Sabbath together at his residence, anil were as happy a couple undoubtedly as could be found within the city." Frederick Hetler, a farmer of Marion, O., was approached the other day by a well dressed man who wanted to buy a team of fine horses. As the stranger's credentials were good, Hetler sold the horses, taking in pay a Lnited States bond for $500 and giving the stranger his note for $300. The pur chaser of the horses drove away with the team, stopped at the next bank, dis posed of the note, and disappeared. A few hour's after the sharper's departure Hetler found that the bond was bogus, a counterfeit, and utterly worthless. Rev. William M. Barrt, an ec centric clergyman of AVorcester, Mass., left a will which is characteristically otld. What is left of his estate is to be applied to the support of service in hi former church. He left directions for all his papers to be burned, that no no tice of his death was to be published in the papers, that his collin should be a mere plain box, that he should be buried n his poorest clothes, an express wagon to be used in the place of a hearse, that his grave was to be dug anywhere and entirely unmarked, and that the only service at his funeral consist of the read ing of two psalms. It often happens that two women claim the same man for a husband, but it is rare that one woman claims two men, neither of whom wants her. But such is tho condition of a divorce suit in New York, originally begun by the second husband, with the connivance of the first, to show that the second mar riage was undertaken before the divorce from the first husband was granted. A decree in favor would havo left her married to her first husband. He changed his mind and resisted the de cree, but the Court had decreed that the divorce was invalid, which leaves the second husband free, but binds tho first. The San Francisco Call, referring to William A. Beck and the late Miss Nel lie Crocker of Sacramento, says : " The lady, who is well known in this city being related to one of the railroad magnates, her father having been also one of tho originators of the Central Pacific, was engaged to be married to the son of an ex-Secretary of State, now in this city. A few days before she died, in New York, the young lady made her will, disposing of $000,000, which was in her own right. Remembering her comparatively poor friend in this State, she inserted a clause in the will sivine the young man $100,000 in gold coin as a parting gift." Olive Logan writes that every clay during her stay in Madrid she saw the King and his new wife, together or alone. They drive in Itoyal state; in deed, with outriders and escort of cav alry, and open carriages drawn by four horses. Alfonso is a dark-eyed, dark skinned Spanish boy of 28, generally dressed in a light-gray overcoat, primrose-colored gloves, and tall black hat. Marie Christine is far from being a beauty. Thin to the verge of scrawni ness, with high cheek-bones and a great hook nose, she 'is as jdain a young girl as one would see in a day's walk. Olive Logan feels convinced that this second marriage, so hastily contracted, is not liked in Spain. A vineyard proprietor of the Haute Garonne, France, while recently en gaged in tasting his wine, came to a large vat of the last vintage, and was shock ed at what he described as its "fantastic flavor," He accordingly allowed it to run off into other vessels, and proceed ed to examine tho bottom of the re ceptacle, when, to his horror, ho dis covered tho bodv of one of his own workmen, who had mysteriously disap peared last October. Tho comforting piece of intelligence is added thnt the authorities have forbidden the sale of the wine, but the sequel is less satisfac tory to brandy drinkers, who learn thut tho fluid, which has been undergoing such unusual treatment, will be handed over to the distiller. WIT AND WISD0B1. A stuck-up thing A show-bill. The God of Lawyers More-fee-us. Motto for beehives " God bless our hum." A cold wave The adieu of the iceman. The Boston Transrrripl thinks that Indian.? are not so red as they are painted. Two souls with but a single thought A married couple. Each wants to boss the other. A man stabbed another with a scis sors yesterday in Brooklyn. It is always ilangcrous to interrupt a person who is writing editorials. Jluffalo Courier. This being leap-year, any wife is privileged to go down town after 10 o'clock and hunt up her hnsband and read him a lecture on larks and other birds. Detroit Free Press. Sub may dress in silk, or dress in Mttln, May Know the Inngnages, Greek and Latin, May know fine art, nmy love nnd sigli ilut she ain't no good if she can't make pie. b'leubenrllle Herald. A Chicago man went to a dentist to have a lost tooth replaced. The dentist grafted a woman's tooth in his gum. Since then his jaw has been working like a saw-mill. A new liook is entitled "A Manual of Etiquette and Dress of the Best Ameri can Society." Any one at all curious to know how editors dress and behave . should have a copy of this work. Nor ristown Herald. A member of a School Board, not a thousand miles from Boston, visited a school under his jurisdiction. When asked to make some remarks, he said : "Well, children, you spells well and reads well, but yon haint sot still." The Burlington fawAieve says: "Did you ever notice, brethren, tho bigger the woman tho smaller tho hat? It's only your delicate little fairy, whose lightly falling tread scarce bends the daisy that , t falls upon, that wears a hat as broad as a cool-barge. A Justice at Albia, Ohio, performed a marriage ceremony, ana was asuea how much ho charged for the service. " The law of this State allows me two dollars," he replied. " Well, here's 50 cents," said the bridegroom, "and that. with what the State allows, will make two dollars and a half." An Appalling Picture of the Distress in Ireland. A letter from Clifden, in the extreme west of Galway County, written on the 23d of January, has been published at Dublin, which gives a terrible picture of the position to which things have al ready come all through that region: " Last evening Clifden presented an ap palling picture. Crowds of ragged, famished men and women thronged around the doors of the meat-shops clam oring for food. Many had waited up all through the night in the bitter frost be sieging the houses of tho Relief Com mittee. Several thousands flocked into town during the day, demanding relief. Several men seized members of the committee, crying : 'Wo are starving; we must have food ! ' The police had to bo called in to clear the meat-shops of the mob. They gathered threateningly around tbe houso where the Relief Com mitteo wore sitting. Tho Rev. Mr. Cor coran had to address them from the window, imploring them to give tho committee two hours to arrange. The crowd dispersed for a time. Five hun dred relief tickets for a half bag of meal each were issued the previous day. There were still applications unpro vided for. Knots of men and women remained in tho street until midnight, though the air was intensely cold. The committee's resources are now ex hausted. They are 50 in debt for meal. Tho demoralizing influence of relief in charity instead of work is al ready making itself painfully felt. Charity has more than enough to do in feeding and clothing school children and helping the sick nnd aged. The first day tho new industrial school at Ardbear opened over 300 children applied for their breakfast. Owing to the want of funds only seventy can now be fed. The Sisters of Mercy are giv ing breakfast daily to 120 children, nnd are doing wonders in the way of cloth ing and nourishing the sick. Fever has broken out at Carna. Four families are stricken down in ono villiage. They have no food but what tho neighbors give for charity." Tho writer added that "unless employment is provided in a fortnight, deaths and disturbances are inevitable." A very serious acci dent is also reported. The Liverpool Committee of Relief had forwarded ten tons of Indian meal for Clifden, which were being conveyed around the coast from Galway in a " hooker," or fishing smack. When passing Slyno Head, off Errismore, the hooker was boarded by a crowd of men who came out in boats. They declared they were starving, and demanded the relief meal. Tho pilot said he had but one life to lose, and would lose it in defense of his vessel. The raiders tried Ut drag the hooker on the rocks, but were daunted by the dis play of firearms. They broke open tho hatches, saying they wanted nothing but the relief meal. Tho master said it was at the bottom of the boat, and that the bags of meal on the top belonged to Clifden merchants, and had their names on them, and that it would be piracy to touch them. They were finally per suaded to leave without taking any thing. The hooker arrived safely at Clifden. It is rumored that a gun-boat will bo sent to cruiso in Galway waters for tho protection of provisions arriv ing by sea. Four pounds and 14 ounces of fine white powder wits all that was left of tho remains of Mis Dolly Hart man af ter passing through tbe crematory pro cess at Dr. i.o Moync's furnace in Wash ington, Pa. It is said to have been tlio most suive?sful crematicm yet acorn. plishd.