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AMERICAN CITIZEN. THE AMERICAN Official Joaraal City f Cutoa. MBS. AUGUSTA 8, BOSWOKTH, Proprietor. CITIZEN. Ha tlm t,aroet ciitct7l,ATiO!f of any paper la Madiauu County, aul in consequently THE BEST ADYERTISIXJ MEDIUM. Tei RATES OP ADVEBTIKI7IU. 1 ol. one year.. flflO 00 H eol. 1 month. $15 00 1 eol. Smonlba.... mo 00 X cot. 1 year 4ft 00 1 eol. SraoDtte.., AO oj tf eol. tf niootha ..M (io 1 ool. 1 iconUi..... SS 00 col. 3 months ..15 00 H col- yr o col. 1 month ... 10 00 H eol. 6 months.... 60 0O 1 squa e. I vear..l5 uo cn. Smooth at (MS aquarcM, 1 yrar.25 00 Transient advrttsmentft 91.An mt quare first insertion, and 75 oenW for each bubttequent insertion. Legal advertisements at the same rates ant 1.00 adti Clonal for proof of publication . JOI3 PRINTING ! All order for Job Printing of any descrip tion, such as BILL IIKAPS, . I.KTTRR HKAnS, ClmTLARS, CAK1S, nsrULKfH, "OSTEUS, feTC, Will be promptly attended to at the CJITIZJCIST .JOIt OFPICK. Published by MR!. AUGUSTA 8. BOSWOKTH. Be just and fear not; Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy Cod's, thy Country's, and Truth's." TERMS: 92.00 per Annum VOLUME XXX. CANTON, MISS., SATURDAY, JUNE 5, 1880. NUMBER 23. NEWS TN BRIEF. CompQefl from Various Sources. Thb Ways and Means Committee hare Instructed Representative Wood to re port favorably to the House the liill to abol ish the Freedmen's Bank Commission, and to cover funds in their hands into the United States Treasury. A ctclone struck the village of Mitchell, Dakota Territory, on the evening of the 25th, doing much damage to life and property. Jacob I.uther, formerly of New Alamakee, Iowa, and Henry Smith, former ly of Kane County, III., were killed. Fred Francis, Mr. Phelps, Frit Badd and Win. H. Moth were badly injured. A number of buildings were blown down. Gov. St. John of Kansas held a con ference with a numler of prominent citizens at Topeka, on the 25tb, to determine upon some course of action to relieve the great destitution that prevails In some of the weatera counties of the State, caused by drouth and loss of crops. It was estimated by those present that fully 20,000 people In the locality designated are iu immediate need of provisions to keep them from actual starvation. It was agreed that Kansas can and should take care of its own poor without calling upon other States for assistance. It was determined to form a State Central Re lief organization, and a committee was ap pointed to carry out the plan proposed. An anti-Grant Republican meeting was held at Chicago on the night of the 2Gth, In pursuance of a call issued by the ninety- two delegates from the Farwell Hall Con vention to Springfield. Central Music Hall where the meeting was called, was crowded at an early hour, and another meeting was organized at Farwell Hall. An address waa adonted In the nature of statement to be presented to the National Convention, setting forth the alleged unjust and arbitrary action of the State Convention at Springfield, and asking that the so-called disfranchised districts be permitted a repre sentatton in the National Convention by del egates of their own selection. Thb Kansas Democratic State Con' vention, to select delegates to the National Convention, waa held on the 26th. Col Thomas Moonlight was chosen Chairman The Convention refused to instruct In favor of any candidate. Thi Colorado Republican State Con vention, held at Denver on the 35th, instruct' ed iu delegates to Chicago to vote as a unit for Gen. Grant. At Piqna, O., on the morning of the SSth, a barrel of gasoline exploded In the cellar of the residence of Mrs. Dr. Jones canning a conflagration by whichthe house waa soon consumed. Two boys, Charles and John Perdue, brothers, aged respectively tea and fourteen years, perished in the names, and Miss Kate Newland and Mr, Fred Amendt were badly burned. The bouse, with it furniture, which was com pletely destroyed, was valued at from $5,000 to fio.ooo. A portion of Gen. Hatch's command bad another light with Victorio's band on the 24th, at the headwaters of the Polorao River, New Mexico, sbout thirty miles south of OJo Caliente. The Indian loss is variously stated at from thirty to fifty. Several Nava- joes and Comancbes were found in the camp, bowing that the bostUes had received rein' foreements from those tribes. There is no mention of any casualties among the troops engaged. T Tbb West Virginia Greenback-Labor State Convention was held at Charleston on the zttth. Delegates to the National Con. vention were selected and a State ticket nom inated, beaded by Col. N. B. French, of Mercer County, for Governor. Tux Missouri Democratic State Con vention waa held at Moberly on the 26th. Ex-Got. B. Grata Brown presided. The delegates to Cincinnati are uninstructed,and are divided tn their Presidential preferences as between Tilden, Morrison, Seymour and JIancock. The St. Louis Republican claims nineteen out of the thirty delegates for Til den; the St. Louis Time figures out twelve for Tilden and eighteen anti-Tilden dele gates. Thb National Woman Suffrage Asso ciation, at its recent session m Indianafplis, appointed a delegation to visit Chicago and present their claims before the National Re publican Convention. Thi Wisconsin and Minnesota Green- backers both held State Conventions on the 27th and chose delegates to the National Convention. Thx Mississippi Democratic State Convention, held on the 27th, chose an un instructed delegation to Cincinnati. Thb friends of Bon. William R. Mor rison, of Illinois, held an informal meeting at Washington the other evening, and re solved to further his candidacy for the Pres idency by holding meetings, organizing clubs, etc. Among those present were Rep resentatives Reagan, of Texas; Chalmers, of Mississippi; Eppa Hunton and Harris, of Virginia; Taylor and Atkins, of Tennessee; Phillips, Clardy, Clark and Waddell, of Mis souri; Thompson, Blackburn and Knott, of Kentucky; and Townahend, Springer and Singleton, of Illinois. Thi. Cincinnati Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church was formally closed oa the 28th. Episcopal residences were fixed at New York, Boston, Philadel phia, Baltimore, Syracuse, Cincinnati, Chi cago, St. Louis, Atlanta or Chattanooga, St. Paul, Minn.; Austin, Texas; Des Moines and San Francisco. An Italian Mission Con ference waa authorized. Western Missions were authorized in Nebraska, Utah, Black Hills, Dakota, Indian Territory, and Mon tana outside of the Montana Conference and the Black Hills Mission. PERSONAL AND GENERAL. Thb Whittaker trial at West Point terminated on the 23th. In summing up Recorder Sears argued that all the testi mony went to show that Whittaker was the author of his own assault; that he was of a morbid temperament, which was aggravated by the fear that he would not graduate, by an unrequited love affair, and by other causes. Wbittaker's counsel maintained, on the other hand, that the Cadet was of a cheerful temperament, that be had no reasonable cause for anxiety as to bis passing examination, and no conceivable motive for the perpetration of the fraud with which he was charged. Brackbttsville, in Southwestern Texas, waa Inundated by a rain storm on the 2Kth. The water In the main street was from five to eight feet In depth, and rushed through the town with the velocity of a tor rent. A number of houses were swept away and their inmates drowned. Thb Texas and Pacific Railroad is to .be opened for business to Weatherford, Tex., on June 1. A convention has been arranged be tween the United States and Canada by which exchange of postal money -orders ha been simplified and the cost reduced. The Staffordshire (England) coal miners have struck work, and the collieries are Hosed. The Communists of Paris, to tie number of several hundred, made a demon stration on Sunday, the 23d, by endeavoring to decorate with flowers the spot where the Communists were shot in 1871. The police Interfered and arretted several of the lead ers. Their friends attempted their rescue and blows were exchanged. The American Society of Civil En gineers met in annual convention at St. Louis on the 25th, for a session of four days. Between 300 and 400 delegates were in attendance from various sections of the country. At Rochester, N. Y., on the 25th, Mary O'Connor, a servant, aged forty-five, attempted to kindle the kitchen fire with kerosene. An explosion occurred, covering her with the burning oil, and she ran wildly into the street, fanning it into flames. The flesh was literally roasted upon her lower limbs and dropped off in shreds. An extensive oil fire occurred in Brooklyn, N. V., on tbe morning of the 26th. Several men were badly injured by the ex plosion of an oil tank. Joel Ferguson, Town Marshal of Murray, Calloway County, Ky., -was shot and killed on the 24th by Dan F. Jones, a saloon-keeper. A duel has been fought at Pesth, Hungary, between Count Zinchy and Count Stephen Karolyi, in which the former was wounded, it was thought fatally. The Peruvians have recaptured Mo- quequa and Areqtiipa. A. H. Littlekield has been elected Governor, and H. H. Fay Lieutenant-Governor, of Rhode Island, by the General As sembly. A railway line is projected from Matamoras to Monterey and thence to Sal tillo in Mexico. The boat-race between Hanlan and Riley, which was rowed on the Potomac at Washington on the 20th, was easily won by tbe former. Thomas O. Thurston, who shot and killed his partner, W. W. Embry, at Leav enworth, Kas., on last New Y ear's Day, and who was acquitted on the ground of self defense, on the SSth attempted to shoot Mr. D. R. Anthony, editor of the Timet, as the latter was passing along the crowded street at noonday. Thurston fired twice, both shots missing bis intended victim, but both taking effect upon other parties. Lucien Baker, a young attorney, was pierced through the body by one of the bullets, and very dangerously, if not fatally, wounded, and John P. Douglas, advertising solicitor of the Timet, was slightly wounded in the head. Thurston was arrested, and for fear that be would bo lynched was taken to Fort Leavenworth and thence to Atchi son, where he is now imprisoned. - Baker was attorney for Thurston in bis recent trial and secured bis discharge. George W. Pickens, an old settler of Butler County, Kas., on tbe 23d was suf focated in a well which he had been blasting on bis farm in Benton Township. Frank Waite, a neighbor's son, went down in the well to the assistance of Pickens, and he too was overcome by the deadly gas and fell from the bucket to the bottom, fracturing his skull. Robert T. Gray, a commercial trav eler from St. Joseph, Mo., committed suicide in Kansas City on the 26th. His parents re side at Normal, 111. John Eichbero, a prominent citizen of Memphis, either Jumped or fell overboard from the steamer Hard Cash and was drowned, on the 25th. The employees of the Philadelphia Rolling-mill, 1,200 In number, have struck for higher wages. A season of most intense heat, ac eompanied by long-continued drouth, has prevailed throughout New York, New Jer sey and the New England States. Un May the thermometer in New York City and vicinity ranged from ninety-two degrees to one hundred degrees in the shade. Tbe police report for twenty four hours showed thirty-two cases of sun stroke tn New York and Brooklyn, six of which were fatal. Vegetation of all kinds was nearly burned up. On the 23th there were twelve deaths from sunstroke in New York and Brooklyn. Some 2,700 miners bave struck work at Leadvllle, demanding an advance from three dollars to four dollars per day. They have compelled miners who did not volun tarily join in the strike to quit work Trouble is apprehended. The spring meeting of the St. LouL Jockey Club will open on Tuesday, June 8, continuing until me iouowing Monday, the 14th. On each of the six days there will be numlicr of spirited races, commencing promptly at 2 p. m. All railroad and steam boat lines give reduced rates of fare to St. Louis during the races. Mr. H. Plems, an ex-Alderman of Dubuque, Iowa, committed suicide on the 2llth by shooting himself through the head. Family troubles. Dennis Kearney has been released from the San Francisco House of Correction. The President has signed the Carlisle bill, amending the Internal Revenue "law in reference to distilled spirits. The Nevada delegates to the Cincin nati Convention are said to stand three for Tilden, two for Tburman and one for Field. Tae Convention adopted a resolution in favor of Tilden. The Senate has rejected tile nomina tion of S. Newton Pettis, of Pennsylvania, to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court for the Territory of New Mexico. Two executions took place in Ar kansas on the 28th. Thomas B. Edwards was hanged at Ozark, Franklin County, for tbe murder of Julia Alsobrooks, bis para mour, in Johnson County, in July, 1H78, and L. L. Ford was hanged at Marion, Crit tenden County, for complicity in the mur der of John Broadway, in October last. On the same day Peter King was hanged at Woodsticld, O., for the murder of David Trembly in September last; Charles Balling. colored youth of sixteen, was hanged at Hanover C. IL, Vs., for an assault upon a white woman; and Henry Hamlin was hanged at Hartford, Conn., for shooting Watchman Khlpman while the latter was trying to prevent his escape from the State prison in September, 1H77. At Buena Vista, Colo., on the 28th, James I teed and James Edwards had a shoot ing bout in which both were killed. Bill Dklancv, a noted desperado of Farley, Dubuque County, Iowa, was shot and killed on the 20th by Byron Reynolds, with whom he had provoked a quarrel. Ie- ancy had leen arrested for horse-stealing. arson. Incendiarism and murder, but always escaped any Bevere punishment. The Vulcan Iron and Nail Works of ' at the hattanooga, Tenn., have been thrown Into bankruptcy. There will be no immediate stoppage of the works. The Delaware Democratic State Con vention Instructed its deb-gates to the Cin cinnati Convention to present the name of Senator Itayard as a candidate for President. Mr. Hkai Constantinople, reports that be has received a dispatch from Massoul, dated April ", which states that the inhabitants of that and neighboring villages are suffering from famine. The dispatch, which is signed by the Archbishop of the Syrians, savs: "Their sufferings are indescribable. Finding no cereals at all, some are eating corpses and become ill in consequence. Their lamenta tions are. heartrending. Most of them are dying, as they bave nothing to eat. Those of the inhabitants who have been until now between life and death, pray you to give them such assistance as will enable them to live." A letter from Cimarron, New Mex ico, says in regard to the reported massacre of the Bradbury party: "A party passed my place some time since, and asked ad vice aloiit going on the north fork of tbe Gunnison to prospect. They were advised not to go, as it is very dangerous, as tbe White River Utcs were camped from South Cedar to the mouth of the Uncoinpahgrc. They paid no attention, but went on. The Indians got after them, and Ouray and Chepeta interfered in person and prevented a massacre." Another letter says the loca tion of the rumored Bradbury massacre is at least one hundred and forty miles from the town of Gunnison, and nearly if not quite as far from the mining camps of the Gunnison country, and states, further, that it is not positively known that Bradbury was murdered, and that the Gunnison min ing country is not on the reservation, and is open to settlement. Canada voted $100,000 for the relief of Ireland, and now, as the result of negotia tions between the Secretary for Ireland and the committee entrusted with the expendi ture of the money, it has been resolved, in stead of expending it in the purchase of food, to devote it to procuring a supply of seed for planting; the construction of piers and harbors; providing fishing-tackle, and other productive works, such as the draining of land. Leon Sat has been elected President of the French Senate. FACTS AM) FIGURES. FORTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. Mat 25. Senate A number of pension eases were disposed of. The President pro tern, litld ltcfore the Semite a communication from the Secretary of the Treasury in response to a resolution of inquiry, stating the amount due Kansas as five per cent, of the sales of public lands in that State is fWO.ass. The Agricultural Appropriation bill was placed upon the calendar. The Supervisors bill was taken up by n party vote, and a long debate followed, participated in by Messrs. Conkling, Bayard, lloar, Voor hees, Kdmunds, McDonald and others. The bill went over Haute The Sundrv Civil Appropriation bill was further considered in Committee of the Whole. After a long dis. cussion the committee rose, twentv of the tifty-two pages ot the bill having been dis posed of. May 2)!. Senate .Joseph E. Brown pre sented his credentials and was sworn in as Senator from Oeorgia. tn plaeo of Senator Gordon, resigned. The Pension Deficiency bill passed. The amount appropriated for pensions is ).240,ou. The House bill for the relief of homestead settlers in Kansas and Nebraska who lost their crops by the drouth, extending for one year the ttofb in which to complete their payments, passed. The morning- hour having expired the senate resumed cousifleration ot tiie bill defining the terms of the Chief Supervisor of Kh-ction. Mr. Win dom moved tohiy the bill aside informally to consider the Agricultural Appropriation hill. Mr. Bayard objected. A long political discus sion followed, nt t lie close of which the bill passed bya party vote...... House The Sieak- er pro tern, presented a message from the l'resident, urging ulon Congress the neces sity of actlfm upon the tic agreement. The Sundrv Civil Appropriation bill was further considered in Committee of tbe Whole. May 27. Senate Mr. Eaton's bill to pro vide for the appointment by the President of a commission of citizens to Investigate tbe question of the tariff was taken up and amendments were reported by the Finance Committee. The bill was temporarily laid asi4e and the Agricultural Appropriation bill taken up. A numlwr of amendments were agreed to and the bill passed Rintte The Sundrv civil Appropriation bill was further considered in Comiiiiitee of the Whole. Con siderable discussion arose over the clause au thorizing the Secretary of War to negotiate with the legal representatives of the Confed erate ticncrals Bragg and Poik for the pur chase of their private papers relating to the late'war. An amendment to strike out this provision was rejected. The General lleli ciency Appropriation bill was reported Just prior to aujouriiiiieiii. May 2S. Senate The hill granting pen sions to certain soldiers of the Mexican and other wars was placed on the calendar. The committee report was not unanimous. The River and IlarlMir Appropriation bill and amendments wen- reported, and Senator Ran som announced tnat ne would call the bill up Monday Howne The Sundrv Civil Annro- printion bill was further considered in Com mittee of Wie Whole. Saturday being Decora tion Day, both houses adjourned, over till Monday. NewOrleans has shipped to France and Italy within a year 2, 400,000 gallons of cotton-seed oil. Mr. Sliarb, of California, in 1878 received .fs.iiofor seven acres of or anges. He says the profit that year was over $1,000 per acre. The pear trees of the old Mission gardens of .Santa Cruz, Cal., planted by the Spanish priests ninety years ago, yielded an immense crop last year. Philadelphia contains 103 distinct iron factories, giving employment to nearly 12,000 hands, without including those employed at the Baldwin Locomo tivo Works. There are in the United States 380 theaters and 120 concert halls, 1.50 reg ular traveling companies, fifty variety coinpanies.sixty-eight compan les formed to support stars and seven resilient stock conipauics. Two years ago not more than 800 head of cattle were owned along the en tire valley of the Upper Gila River. To-day there are at least 25.000 head grazing over the same ground, and twenty-six good ranches being farmed. The estimated value of the prop erty of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is 4,300,000.000 that of Franee and the United States, eacn 54.ipoo,ooo,000; that of Germany. $:t,62o,000,0O0; that of Austria-Hunga ry, ;j,uuo,uij,uoo, ana that ot Russia, Z,.'0O,00O,0UO. There are 50,000,000 acres of land In California lit for cultivation, but not over 6.000,000 are in actual use for that purpose, and not over 8,000,000 are in closed. Over 20,000,000 acres are held by land rings or individual monopolists for speculative purposes, in tracts of izo.oou to aw.ooo acres. According to an official statement, the eflective strength of the Swiss rederai Army on the 1st of January, iooo, amounted to ii,9i men, as against 11!). 748 in the Drevious venr. The numbers required by the existing law are 105,388 men in the regular army, and 97.012 in the Landwehr; or altogether 212,400. The actual total at present is 215,063. According to Le Technologiste, the churches in Europe which will contain the largest number of persons are as follows: St. Peter's, at Rome, 54,000: Milan Cathedral. 37.000; St. Paul's, at Home, z.000; St. Sophia, at Constanti nople, 23,000; Notre Dame, at Paris, 21,000; Cathedral of Ph-a, 13,000; St. Marks, at Venice. 7,000. Evidently naiy is 1110 countrv 01 the lanrest churches. 11 an tne heart-beats of one ner son in good health during twenty-four nours count 00 concentrated and weld ed into one great impulse, it would be jMiwenui enougn to raise a ton of iron izoieet in the air. A health v heart Keeps sieamiy at worn without weary ing; but this it is enabled to do because It takes a rest after each beat: or to ex press it more clearly, if the contraction (emptying) and expansion frehllincl occupy two-thirds of a second of tinie. the period of rest takes a third of a sec ond before contraction again occurs. -It seems that oysters mav bo arti ficially propagated bv chonninr nn thn iiiij nuu icuiaiu oysters logemer. Dr. w. d. tsrace savs that the vounr oysters thereupon immediatelv bec-in fnrmino-. In a few hours the embryo can swim In the water. Its shells, at first small and apart, soon grow down over the edges ami nnauy iorm tne ninge. In twenty- four hours it is able to take food, and it grows to a size sufficient for food in about three years. An average oyster cuuuuiai irom six to nine million eggs. A large oyster contains fifty million eggs: SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. LATE NEWS ITE243L The village of Savoy, Fannin County, Texas, on the Transcontinental Railroad, was almost literally wiped away by a tornado on the night of tbe 2Sth. Nine persons were almost instantly kiiicd and. over sixty were injured, some ten or twelve of the latter having died within a few hours afterward. The village contained a population of ab.mt 400. The only buildings of any account left standing are the Houston Methodist Church and the Academy, the latter of which was transformed into a hospital for the wounded. Some nineteen liusiness buildings, including the Railroad Depot were almost totally demolished. The list of the killed is as follows: Dr. Joseph Kearns, Wm. Sudduth, E. L. Andrews and child, Sara Gill, Ellie Gilla gher, T. J. Cox, Miss Mattie Best Miss Pantha Johnson. The more seriously wounded are Mrs. McKce, Edna, Itoliert and Sam McKee, Erne John, Ollord Horn, Mrs. Ir. Kerns,-, w. rostcr,Pror.Holland's daughter, Hattie Johnson, Itoliert Johnsos, Robert Gallagher aud wife, Mrs. Suddutft, Mrs. Dennis Horn, Mrs. M. L. Taylor. A number of these have since died. The Court of Inquiry in the case of Cadet Whittaker, at West Point, have ren dered a decision in effect that Whittakcr's wounds were self-inflicted. Upon the pro mulgation of tbe report Gen. suhoncld at once ordered the arrest of Whittaker, who will remain under surveillance until his case is disposed of. Frank Jones, Sidney McQuinn and S. Williams, employees on the Keoh Mail route, were recently killed by the Indians on the Little Missouri, and there are re ports of other massacres. The Indians are thought to have been from the Standing Rock Agency, on their way to Join . Sitting Hull. At Tex.irkana, Ark., on the night of the Stith, a party of white men surrounded the Jail for the purpose of lynching a negro prisoner, named Cromwell, who had com mitted an assault upon a white woman. A number of negroes collected about the Jail and attempted to thwart the move ment. Koth parties were well armed and a fusilade occurred between them, lasting for some time. A number were wounded on each side, three negroes fatally. It was subsequently ascertained that the negro Cromwell was not in Ihc Jail hue of the melee, having been pre- vioii-ly removed in anticipation of mob vio lence. The Apaches recently massacred a parly of whites in Cook's Canyon, N. Mexi co. Five bodies were recovered and brought Into Fort Ciimmings on the .'SOIIi. The only ons recognized were those of Samuel .1. United States Consul at I Lyons aud a young m.m, bis companion. wit asp nisooa. It is a srood deal of a bore to Imv otners love us more than we love them. Josn Milling. People always svmnathizn with t.b under dog in the light, but they bet their money 011 the other animal.- -Boa- ton fosl. Americans are the most inventive race on t he globe, and it seems singular mat 110 pian ior making Hies stay in bed until the entire household is un has yet been patented. thilmlelphia Chron icle. - -The recent cold snaps have had no injurious effect on the apples. Now, if they can only ect safclv nast thn hovs. there is a splendid prospect for lots of orchard fruit this yeas. Burlington jjfiwKcte. When the enterprising truants not a swim- mimr not n Rvimmln.- ne loves to lie a basking in tbe sun in tbe sun. ImoroviBing lies to save him from the trim ming from the trimming. Which he deserves for that which he has done wmcn no nas aone. Somebody who appears to know how fashionable schools are managed says: "To educate young ladies is to let them know all about the ogies, the omenies, the itics, the tics and the mistics; but nothing about the ings, such as sewing, darning, washing, baking and making pudding." Scene breakfast table. Mother reads from morning paper What is vinegar without a mother?" Little M. inquires: "What does that mean?" Mother " It means there's what is called mother in vinegar." Child re marks: "There's vinegar in mothers, sometimes." Boston Transcript. ' Never, when traveling, be over boastful of your Nation, State or coun try," says a philosopher. We would like to emphasize that word never. A New York man on his way to Oshkosh began to boast of his biceps and a little bit of a creasy chap hang-ins on the end of a car scat popped up aud lent him one on tho nose that started a stream as crimson as tho Red Sea. And when the New Yorker travels again he will wear a muzzle. N. Y. Express. now fresh and innocent the breezo Thai skims the morning milk, and lneads! It hovers now numng the trees. And then to other spots proceeds. 1 love the air, so e:ilm, so cool. Tout breathe upon my fevered brow. It wakes my appetite ihuit fool! 1 u break my last, but don t know how. For, ah! the wind I love so well, Cnfeeling, mocks me while I praise It, Because I i.-an not can not tell What means 1 can adopt to raise it! UnA'noicii Intfiectmimut Pttet. An agent of an accident insurance company entered a smoking car on a Wcitcrn railroad train a few days ago, and approaching an exceedingly gruff old mail, asked liini if he did not want to take out a policy. He was told to get out with his policy nnd passed on. A few minutes afterward an accident occurred to tho train, causing a fearful shaking to thn cars. Thu old man jumped 1 and, seizing a hook at the side of the car to steady himself, called out, "Where is that insurance man?" The following particulars are given of a recent most horrible murder near Edinburgt Tex. : About midnight a party of men, sup posed to lie Mexicans, arrived at Bishop's store, and said they wanted to buy goods. Bishop, who was asleep in the upper story of the building, put on bis pants and went down stairs. As soon as he began waiting on tbe gang one of them drew an immense bowie- Kiiue and struck his victim over the head, tearing the scalp open from the forehead to the back of the head. Bishop fell and was then dis patched with eleven stabs, literally pinning hnn to the floor. The murder was accom pushed so quietly that Mrs. Bishop, who was up-stairs, knew nothing of it until the assassins entered her apartment, after rob bing the store of $300 in coin. Mrs. Bishop and her colored servant were most horribly maltreated by the scoundrels. Bishop, the murdered man, was from Tennessee. He bad been married but a short time. Prof. II. M. Gathright, Principal of the Henderson (Texas) College, died at his home on the 24th. He was one of the most promi nent educators in the South, having been at the head of the State Agricultural and Me chanical College at Bryan, from which he was deposed recently in a disagreement among the faculty of that institution. He was a Mississippian, and had filled prominent edu cational positions in that State. At Abingdon, Va., on the 24th, Wm Rife and S. A. Jackson, well known citizens and business men, bad a shooting affray, growing out of a business quarrel. Rife was shot four times, causing death in a short time. Jackson was arrested. A man named Waggaman, who, with another named Bennett, was engaged driv ing a large herd northward, camped three miles from Cleburne, Tex. They had quar reled about hours of relieving each other, and finally Bennett stabbed his companion. killing him almost instantly. The murderer escaped. The Southern Presbyterian General As sembly at its recent session at Charleston, S. C, in answer to the overture on the sub ject of women preaching, took decided ground against this innovation, but refused to take steps toward so amending the Book of Church Order as to make its language more distinct. The next meeting will be held at Covington, Ky. Mrs. Hannah Green, aged fifty-five, liv ing with her brother in Louisville, Ky., on the 24th committed suicide with arsenic The cause of the deed is enveloped in mys tery, and the only theory advanced is that she sold a cottage some time ago and went to New York, where it is thought she lost the money, causing alierration of the mind. Col. Blanton Duncan has entered suit against tbe Louisville Courier-Journal Company for $25,000 for slander, the cause of tbe suit being an article published lately by that paper charging Col. Duncan with being connected with the "Bloody Monday" affair of 1855. The Colonel claims to be damaged to the above amount. -At Hampton, Ga., thirty miles from At lanta, on the 26th, Dr. D. F. Knott, in a dif ficulty with George Lee, fired at him, and Col. B. F. McCollum, rushing in, took Knott's pistol from him. John McKneely, Town Marshal, soon came up and demanded the pistol of McCollum, who refused to give it up. A tight ensued. Finally they were separated, and McKneely went away. Soon he returned with a double-barreled shot-gun and started to where McCollum stood. Mc Collum picked up a rock, and said : " Are you going to shoot?" McKneely said, " Yes, you," and fired both barrels. McCol lum was literally riddled with shot, and fell dying to the ground. The murderer fled and Gov. Colquitt has offered a reward for his apprehension. W. S. Parkes, better known as "uncle Buck," of Vanceburg, Ky., for many years a Justice of the Peace, committed suicide by drowning in the Ohio River. Deceased was eighty-one years of age. A Maysville (Ky.) dispatch of the 25th says the regulators have cut the telephone wires between Catlettsburg and Louisa, and have posted notices all over the county. warning the civil authorities not to attempt to hold Court. Several of the Lawrence Grand Jury are In Louisa, guarded by the Sheriff's posse, afraid to venture to their homes. The excitement in Catlettsburg is intense, and troops were momentarily ex pected. Mrs. B. M. Davis, the wife of a promi nent citizen of Bryan, Texas, had it given out last September that she was drowned in the bay. Her husband and friends mourned her as dead, held funeral services, etc It now transpires that she eloped to New York with a man named Met; raw, who has re cently become conscience-smitten and in formed Mrs. Davis' father of the whole af fair. Tbe development creates a sensation throughout the State, as the parties are all widely known. Ed. Nelms, the negro who assassinated Rufus Armisted by shooting him in the dark some time ago, near Hernando, Miss., was captured on the 24th in Tunica County, Miss., by three colored men, who secure the J830 reward offered for bis body dead or alive. The assassin was lodged in Jail at Hernando, but it was generally believed he would be strung up without trial. Stonewall Jackson's widow and her daughter, Miss Julia Jackson, will unveil tho Winchester, Va., monument to Stonewall on June 0. During a recent rain storm the family of . M. Rountree, living near San Saba, Texas, took refuge in a cave which soon became in undated, and two little boys were drowned. The remainder of the family were rescued in a perishing condition. W. Paramore, President of the Texas and St. Louis Railroad Company, has closed contracts with II. M. Landeville for the last of the uncompleted portion of the road, between Tyler and Corslcana, a dis tance of seventy-live miles, to be completed October 1. The Louisiana Republicans have nomin ated for Congress Taylor Beattle, George Williamson, James S. Matthews, and Charles B. Anderson, for the Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Districts respectively. Colonel Tom Scott, who retires from the. Presidency of the IVmiKylvunia Kaih'o.id a man of immense wealth, went to housekeeping in 1817 011 lifty dollars a mout h. Fungoid Origin of Whooping Cough. It is worthy of note that the fungoid origin of whooping cough, as serted some years since by M. Svet- zerich, seems to be contirnied by the researches of M. Ysehniar, who states that he has found certain lower organ isms in the spittle of whooping-cough patients- organisms not met wiin 111 any other disease accompanied by cough and ex pectoration. He asserts, furl her, that the organisms in question are identical with those which, by their aggloniiiieration, form the black points 011 the skins of oranges and the paring of certain fruits, especially apples. Thus, M. Ysehniar, by innoculating rabbits with this dark matter, or even causing it to bo inhaled by men, pro duced lits of coughing several days in dunit ion, and presenting in every re spect tho peculiar characteristics of the convulsive whooping cough. The engine of the train which went down with the Tay bridge has been raised, and the reversing bar shows that the engineer had no t'me to reverse his engine before ho went over. The recent evidence shows that the train ami bridge fell together, and before the former had left the track. The Recent Ye to. Mr. Hayes has occasionally been de scribed as a weak man. It very often happens that a man who knows or sus pects that his neighbors regard him as a weak man takes pains to convince them of his real strength by adhering with peculiar obstinacy to some scheme he has formed or some opinion he has announced, in the face of evidence that the scheme is crazy or the opinion aDsurti. The President's course in regard to the Immediate Deticicncy bill will seem to many persons a fresh illustration of this trite truth. It is reported that his veto was received with disappointment even by the Kepublicans in the House who had voted and spoken against the bill on the same grounds as those alleged by the President for his veto. They were perfectly aware. nowever, tnat tneir objections were sil ly, and they had excuses which the President had hot. Many of them were men of no sort of political standing or responsibility, ana nobody would think of holding the Republican party to ac count ior wnat tnev said or did. Mr. Garfield, who is recognized by the coun try as tne lea'ter 01 tne minority in the House, is so far from sharing the aver sion of less responsible persons for the Clause on account ot which the Presi dent has voted the Deficiency bill. that he is himself the author of that clause, which he drew, no doubt, in the hope that the Democrats would put tnemscive8 in tne wrong dv reiectine it. but which the Democrats promptly ac- eepieu anu put air. oarneiu sown party in the wrong, as factious opponents of iair measures. Another excuse the Ke publican members of Congress had which the President has not. They did not bring forward their objections be cause they themselves were so foolish as to believe in them, but only in the hope that they could make irritating speeches about them, and " worry the Democrats" into indiscreet replies, which mitrht be effectively used before the country in the coming canvass. It is a noble work for a " grand old party," no doubt, to stake its hopes upon its success in taunting Southern men to say something which can be used to excite sectional prejudice in the North. What ever its character, the attempt did not succeed, and the men who made it must be surprised as well as disgusted to see the President taking up aimlessly tbe tae' ics which they had adopted for a definite object which they had decidedly failed to attain. But for the curious condition of mind which it shows in its author, the mes sage has neither interest nor value. A State paper cannot be a very effective "campaign document" when it only tempts people to discuss what could nave induced its author to deliver it. In point of fact Mr. Hayes1 last message is worse than worthless to "tho party," as tho representatives of tho party in the House had sense enough to see. The people of this country are not particularly scrupulous, not as scru pulous as very likely they ought to be, in the means they adopt for the attain ment of what seem to them desirable political ends. If Mr. Hayes had pitched into the brigadiers aud drawn a picture ot tne horrors which would be let loose on the enfranchised nesrroes if the Democrats were allowed half of the election officers, he would not have lacked for applause from his own par ty. Hut to try to fire the Northern with the proposition that riders on ap propriations bills are always objection able, so objectionable that the Presi dent is justified in depriving public of ficers of their pay rather than pass them, is a prepostei ous attempt. There is not a man in the country, of course excepting Mr. Hayes, who would not vote with cheerfulness for a rider on an appropriation bill if it would give him anything he much wanted and saw no other way of getting. Much less is there any party or any faction of any party which would hesitate to use all the means which the control of t he leg islature put into their hands to coerce an executive officer of an opposite par ty or faction, even if tbe legislators thought that riders on appropriation bills were in the abstract improper. Nobody except Mr. Hayes does think so or pretends to think so. Everybody else knows that the President would be the absolute ruler of the country if Con gress could be made to pass all the appropriations. It is the power to withhold supplies that gives Congress its control over the Government, and if Congress should relinquish this power C-ongress would deserve and incur the contempt of the country. The radical mistake of Mr. Hayes' message is the assumption that the stoppage of appro priations is more to be deprecated than any use which can be mado of the ap--propriations. This is altogether un true. It would be much better for the public that there should be no Federal supervision of elections than that the tcdcral supervisors ot elections should be unscrupulous Civil-Service Reform ers bent only upon securing by hook or crook the nomination of the Admin istration candidate and his election, or upon counting him in if he failed to be elected. Congress has taken the ground that deputy marshals shall not bo so appointed or so used. If Mr. Hayes chooses to insist that in that case deputy marshals shall not be paid, Con gress is apparently powerless to pre vent mm irom stopping tneir pay. mit POLITICAL POINTS. The St. Louis (J lobe-Democrat, which, it is needless to say, is a Grant paper, remarks: "If Zach Chandler were alive now, littlo 'Genie' Halo would take the precaution to put iron plates in his pantaloons before talking against Grant. The old man wouldu!t stand any nonsense." The Republicans are eettimr no more harmonious very fast. If onlt colored people. He was after money, and, no doubt, his failure to get as much as he thought he ought to have is the real reason why he proved to be so good a witness for the Democrats, and so poor s one for tbe Republicans. In fact, Conway gave the whole scheme completely away. He told the Com mittee how President Hayes and the late Zach Chandler arranged to colonize the colored people in Indiana in Allfnn.ient numhpni to mnlra it . it.. publican State. Conway was the agent one-half of what the Sherman papers employed to carry out the scheme. He 8ay of R'aine, and the Blaine papers say went to Indiana and fixed up matters 9rant n,d tna Grant papers say of wnn tno leading Republican politicians "" ouormau is at nu true, an there. When everything was ready for 'hose distinguished Republicans should nuttinw the. scbnmn in nnoniinn f be candidates for at least three terms way stationed his aerents alone- the "-P'ece in the penal institutions of the route which the colored nennlo took to country. if. . World. reach Kansas, and they, by lies of one -The action of tbe House of Repre kind or another noreiiswlod tho omi. sentativeg, under Demoora tic control. grants to change their destination to '? refusing to unseat Yocum, prompts Indiana. One of the lies told by these lne "asnington correspondent of tbe agents was that the Kansas people were New York Herald to say that the Dem determined that no more colored neo. oeniM are not as unscrupulous as the Die should noma into thnir Sita nd Republicans used to be when they had that they were keeping them out with the majority, and when tbe rule was shot-o-uns. This ia how. oeenrUno- tn laid down by tbe late Tbaddeus Stevens. Conwav. the colored people were forced who being asked on one occasion how he wa? going to vote, replied: "Which is our rascal t I'll vote to seat him, of course." Detroit Free Press. Does anybody imagine that Mr. Blaine's first Administration would be to go to Indiana. Cunwav explains his share in the business by saying that he thought it was for the good of the country that the Republican party should remain in power because that party was in a higher state of civiliza- any improvement on the second Admin tion than the Democratic. There is no istration of General Grant? Certainly reason to doubt Conway's story. It is not. General Grant as a President per- hardlv probable, however, that ha mitted and encouraired oxeat acand-ila. would have told it if he had been paid and there is no reason to doubt that he to keep silent. It seems that he claims would permit and encourage them that there are still due him $700 for again. But if he has permitted crimes his services in this exodus business, and protected criminals, he has not lhe refusal of the Republicans to satis- committed crimes nor is he a criminal. ty tnis claim is, perhaps, the reason ne is not a very sensitive nor a very why he deserted his friends in their scrupulous man, perhaps, but he has time of need. It is hardly creditable given nobody the right to say that he is to the President to be mixed up in such not an honest man. Can anybody say a disreputable affair. It is not consist- as much of Mr. Blaine? N. Y. World. ent with the dignity of the Chief Magis- When a few weeks ago, in some iraie 01 tne country to engage in engi- ot tne southern Btates, .Republican neering political schemes such as this Conventions were marked by brawls wuicn ine senate mouus committee ana Dy other disgraceful proceedings. has exposed. N. O. Times. the general tone of the press and of the .. " country was apologetic. But when the invest gating Republican Rascalities, tactics and conduct of the ignorant col- The flinims of thn .nn:ri rom th. ored men of the South were transferred Senate Contingent Fund illustrate the so- to Ohicftfo. and the Cook Countv R- -"" 4 " jr. ouruai nublican Convention was conducted in largo number of small Southern Democrats manner that indicated a mixture of Wilh the means of makino-a trio to Washing- ! io-nomic hnnriahnnu ohililiah fnllv ion, ana Ol.l utt le else, cost ia,SUU. The Kel- i,d Hominooeinl- HormmtUm IhAn-u logg Investigation, which supplied the rare and domineering aogmattfm, tnere was mass of perjury on which the present move- nothing to relieve the affair and its, ?-ei2nfoirhi!o?.t!2fiI; Kel";" based- eoet proceedings from bald disgrace, or the 1.000. The investigation off charges against r .. . . .1. . .? . . Senator Ingalls, which seem to have fallen to participants therein from the charge of megrounn, cost cu.4011. Mr. Davis committee outrageous lolly. ?iovJi-ikrX!,nfi.rJlt.A?2 -Mr. Blaine declines the second ous sensational chanres made br him In Ben- place on the Grant ticket, even in ad- ate speech, cost s Vs- Tbe Committee to in-1 vance of any offer of it to him. We are clam-bake, otherwise known as tbe commit- sorry for the gifted boomer of Maine, ice on civu service anu ifetrencnment in Kbode Island, cost almost exactly tbe same to say that each of these inquiiles was wholly bining against him we have feared that unnecessary, and that the money spent upon he might take some such discouraging ,ir4f I i'1'.iin, - .... " w but since the indications in the Western States that Sherman and Grant are co n- them was utterly wasted. New Y'trk TrUnmc In every instance the Committees re ferred to were necessary to unearth Re publican rascalities. As to the Exodus Committee, more Republicans than Democrats were provided with means to make a trip to Washington, and in pre8idential than one uisiaucu 11, is reporteu tnat non. John C. New, a distinguished Republi can of Indiana, and Chairman of the Republican State Central Committee, made the trip, pocketed the - means," and did not swear at alL He went again, and ' we presume pocketed the "means ' a second time. During the not be satisfied till he is invited into 1 emu w uuiuuuce was engageu m the parIor instcad of ,ho kitchen of the ... .u. C,KUU, 'r-"u"- white man, when be is his equal in in uaus asaeuio 1 oe caueu to v asningion. telligence and in wealth. Poverty is just to make the trip, for they admitted not he . of wealth. nor ignorance that they were not in possession of the equai,( intelligence: but when the important information. The Exo- nmrlmntf.h nnd thn ionnrant dus Committee has been of great service to the state of Indiana, and to the country, for it has been proven that the leaders of the Repub- view of the Drospects of his partv. And yet he would do well to think twice aoout it. a vice-rresiuential nomina tion in the hand is worth two Presiden tial nominations in the bush; and it is much better to be beaten on a Vice- on a Presidential nomination. If. Y. World. At the conference of the colored Methodist Kpiscopal Church in St. Louis recently. Dr. Turner, the editor of a newspaper for colored readers, printed at Philadelphia, said in the course of a speech: "The negro will poor man grows rich and the ignorant man intelligent, then an barriers to social equality on account of color should give way, and social equality be established between those in wealth and intelligence equal." Dr. Turner's remarks were loudly applauded. The irrepressible Blaine partisans are pursuing their object with an un scrupulous disregard for the august claims of the ex-Presidential chief cora- iican party in Indiana and elsewhere went'into it deliberately to import pau per negroes for the purpose of voting the Republican ticket. In the Kellogg case it has been shown that he owes his place in the Senate to frauds and Mated Hayes. The Davis Committee Ix has demonstrated that the most as- SLSSJSSL wh.i founding frauds have been perpetrated om districts m Pennsylvania where in the freasury Department, to cover te-1' ledeT Rfl "f"-? TV II IV. 11 icgumuuiu 1 u jimmu ius.iui.ir ing the delegates to vote for Mr. Blaine. It is assumed that these direct instruc tions from a delegate's immediate con- ud which, erasures, alterations and mu tilations were resorted to. One item of $240,000,000 cannot be accounted for. In the Ingalls case, it was a Republican tight throughout, ne was cnargea wiin bribery. It was shown that he owed his place in the Senate to bribery, but technically it was not shown that the money came through his hands, and so the Kansas man escaped by the skin of Ins teeth, that he was guilty, a large per cent, of his constituents be lieve. 10 raise investigating commit tees to uneartn Republican scoundrel- ism has been in order for a number of years, and a good many villains nave stituents will outweigh the prior in structions of the State Convention and warrant him in disregarding the latter. It is bold playing; but Mr. Blaine is a bold man, and he recognizes that if he fails to break the solid Grant line of instructions at Chicago, his cause ia lost. St. Louis Repuldican. . . The Republican Grievance. The Republican grievance against the Southerner, as we gather from an ex- been compelled to take back seats, change of that faith, is that he will not 1 . 1 ...-11 . 1 : . : . : I ..: -..! 1 I ... 1. a.,llv,i;n.n. All 1. : ... J1IJI1 BL1J1 llll V LI 1 CI JllveSllgilllUg WIU- I DI.DIU1 nuu let t.v. j,n i,v..iiu v.1.11 ' mittee is demanded to overhaul the hard names. " If a Republican even crookedness of another distinguished refers to tne southern people 01 sixteen lie 11 u uiiu.wi uaiuiau 11113 uuits iu ia 1 111 ciehwcu the late Seoretary of War McCrary, who left thn Cabinet of the Presidential fraud to take upon himself the honors and responsibilities of a Judge. He is is now charged by the Chattanooga 2'imes with the villainy of being direct- ago as rebels in arms, says this cheerful commentator with more force than grammatical or even physiological accuracy, "lhe spinal column of these Southern mem bers 11 v up in a cat-like curvature. We will not stop to discuss the iniprob- lv interested in a fraud of $100,000 upon ability of the suggestion that the mem- the Government. A Chattanooga dis- bers referred to have but one spinal patch of a late date savs: column to their collective backs or the The lYmot of this cltr will to-morrow morn- physical impossibility of the " cat-like Ing charge, upon documentary and k other curvature." If the Southern members ri 011 , iiiaicitriviary iniAjfart paiu a.iMr,iMM wis i... .,,.,;. ... b bia rfi.iut I. r,T,;,i, ,i... ci,., At won... l ...rmcr were to do anything liko that, even to oass the armronriation for their pay- ; &!?.!VJLT. JFll?''? "P? metaphorically, it would be veryjad. ment on the ground that he personally . thatho " tne trouble seems to be they don't. objects to the practice of all parties in I ',";"; of too engineer in charge, after the ... . . . , , . I.tiict ot hnumppM hail ilisMnnrovcn the claim. nnd that he paid It on a trumped-up report of three engineers, who were virtually direct eil by McCrary to approve the claim. The Times oirers to make each and all of these allegations good before a competent committee of Con gress, and designate some of the witnesses and documents It wishes to nave examinea. this country, which is and always has been the practice also of all parties in all countries where representative gov ernment has been established. N. Y. World. The Story of the Great Exoduster. At last the labors of the Senate Ex odus Committee have been crowned with success. It sought long and faith fully to discover why the colored em igrants from the South suddenly turned aside from the beaten path which led towards Kansas and directed their steps towards Indiana. Senator Voorhees felt sure that the new direction which the exodus had taken was not suggested and advised by the colored people. He saw in this movement a deep-laid scheme to change the political complex ion of his Slate and ho determined to expose it. It must bo admitted that his efforts at first were not very promis ing. Indeed, until the Committee was about to close its work very little that was important was discovered. The Republicans were shrewd, and managed very skillfully to cover up their tracks, iu an evil moment for them, however, they called to the witness stand General Thomas W. Conway. This Conway is not an unknown individual. His deeds while a resident of this State have given him a reputation that an honest man would not care to have. In this exodus business he has been a very prominent ligure. It must not be sup posed, however, that his interest in it grew out of nny desire to assist the Tho statement is a true one so far as the reference to " rebels in arms" is concerned. Thore is scarcely a Repub lican in Congress who dares to trust his standing in the party for more than forty-eight hours at a time without some such reference. And what vexns He further alleges a belleflhat Met Vary was ... - ,. ,iw, ,u- ...:. i i a partner in the law firm which worked the '-u claim through ine ucpariniciii. i ictniim as a imc no uuiuiiu pun i hum nuu bellicose feeling here end all along the river on this subject, biit circumstances have so far combined to kiep the matter quiet. The occa sion of the initial ventilation now is a Wash ington telegram in the Cincinnati papers of Ihc llh. which admits that the claim and its payment were parts of one nnd the same Job, and charges the onus of the theft on the Knginccr's Department, which is purely slan derous. Just what it will cost to investigate tli is -charge of rascality it would be dif ficult to name, but the investigation ought to be had, and if McCrary is guilty, as he doubtless is, he should be punished to the extent of having his judicial ermine stripped from him. It is still in order to investigate Republi can rascalities, and if tho people would be relieved of the burden, they must keep rascally Republicans out of office. Indiana State Sentinel. The Republican Convention of Florida, the samo body that sent a solid Grant delegation, has distinguished it self by nominating ex-Senator Conover for Governor by acclamation. Cono ver's career as a Senator, and its dis graceful ending, is still fresh in tho memory of tho public, anil to our es teemed Republican contemporaries, is left tho delightful task of eulogizing him. Elmira CV. Y.) Gazette. exhibits no cuivattire, "cat-like ' or otherwise. In point of fact, the Repub licans have found the Southern spinal column altogether too free from curva ture to suit their fancy, or their hope of continuance in power. It would not be strange if the South ern members were to take more notice of the perpetual nagging and name calling to which they are subjected, by partisans, who can in no other way show themselves useful to their party. Of course it is undoniable that there were "rebels in arms" sixteen or eigh teen years ago; but even of so undenia ble a truth one becomes partially wearied when it has been iterated and reiterated for sixteen or eighteen years, for no other purpose than to stir up strife and resentment. Undoubtedly the Southern members have wearied of it; and it is greatly to their credit that instead of resenting it, as the Republi cans would like lo have them, they have tho wisdom and the self-restraint to refrain. Thereby they show that they believe in that reconstruction and restoration of the Union which the Re publican party boasts of as its worjc, even if Republican members of Con gress do not believe in it. Detroit Free Fress.