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CAHUH, M-TTKIt IIKADS, CIKC1TI.ARS, 1'AUl'Iif.ETH, "OSTKRli, KTC, Will bo promptly attended to at the CITIZEN JOII OFFICE. VOLUME XXXI. CANTON, MISS., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1881. NUMBER 45. AMERICAN CITIZEN. T)T1 A 1V1 11 ti . tlCX II . l a NEWS IN BRIEF. Oompfltd from Various1 Source. VHITKn STATES SEVATR. Thb President pro tem. laid before the senate oa the alto a communication from the Secretary of The Trearary transmitting a eopy of the report of James F. Bf Aline to tb Trrs1- ary LJenarcmonc it wo lalu spoil tue came and ordered printed. Mr. Kdmunda, on be half of the Judiciary Committee, stated in an opinion that in the committee there waa aieat donbt whether the Ur warranted tlie method which ha I been followed for the disbnrsement of money for the expense of the Senate efnee the death of Sec retary llureh. Uo then offered as an individ uai act a resolution for the appointment of rtiief Clerk shot-tier as Acting secretary of the Senati untllthe vacancy caused bv the death of tsccrstarvilurefa "should he tl lied, and em power! n him to nevform all the offlolal du ties pertaining to tlie office of Secretary. Mr. I'emileton said he had been prepared to offer a similar resolution. The resolution -was adopt en I without a division. Tlie nomination of Kdwln U- Morgan for Secretary of the Treasury was received and conarmea witbaut pposituMs. lit the Senate, oa the 25th, the oath of office waa administered to Acting-Secretary Sbnrber. Mr. Shermaa'a resolution antbor-fsnna- the Librariao of Cone-rese so receive and preserve the paper, of the C junt de Kocbaui- oeau. to await tne action or t ougivss on a proposition to sell the sumTta the Govern ment, waa delated and adopted. M r. Sher man offered a twaolaUon, which wnslald over uailer tho rules, directing the Finance Com mittee to invent id tie the accounts for the ex penditure of sesrornl appropriations for con tingent exvnsSw. of "ttiu Treasury Depart roent since July I 171. Executive suasion followed. : V - - ' I.x the 3enate, on the SBlh, a resoljrtioa by Mr. Butler, directing; the Committee dn.Prtnt 1ns; to inquire why Tlie ajtjrricultnrol reports, for ISH0 hare not been distributed toOonrraas, . was adopted- Mr. Sherman called up a rose-' lutioa offered by blin the diiv previous, tor In -vestiirattoa lato the disbdr-ements of tho contingent fund of the Treasury lsspartraent. After bavf ng modified it somewhat it was adopted. The resolution reads: Revolted, That tlie Committee on Approprt atlona be directed to investigate theaovoants for expenditures fojrcoiitlnsent or other ex penses of the several departments, fnoludlna; the methods of making such dtsbnrsomenta, the character and disposition of the pur chases, the mode and employment of labor paid from such appropriations, and to report at as early a day as pracl icable what fnrtbor leaislattott is necessary to seenre tho proper disbursement of snob aDnroprtattona. and tuiatthe oommiuoe have leave to send for J persona ana papers ana to sit during the re oess of the Senate. Thk session of the 37th was eon fined mainly to the consideration of executive bus f neas. among the nominations received from the President were the following: Charles J. KoUrer, of Xw York, to be Secretary of the Treasury; Tbiinst f Jnmes. of Now York, Iostraaster-4icneral; Frank Hatron, Iowa, First Assistant Postmaster-General : Charles Favson. Massathusetta,U.S. Chaxre d Affairs. Xsenmark. Consnls-Oencral Ferdinand Vo- aeler, Ohio, Frankfort : Simon Wolf, UlHtrlct ol tjoranioiu, lialro. t onsuls lltu I . lliHi bell. New York. Sr. Johns, (Juebcc; Jse If. Moore, lllino-a, Callao- Volney V. Smith, Ar kansas, St. Thomas; wm. 1. Ftorce, t;corKia, Cienfuepie; t:miie! Kahto, litdinna, Sydney, Anstrslla; Geo. W. Koonovelt, Feniis-fvaiiiit, lEorucanx ; j. a. teonara, atiniiesots, iitn; John T. Kob-nsou. Tenm-a-we. Triiioll: Bevls- er of Will, for tho lUtrict cf Columbia, Hiram J. Ramedell; John I. Bevwiilge. Uli nois. AsMiatant TreflMuror oLtbe LsAWted State at Chicago; M'lton V. r.Tintte, Louisiana. At- Jact)ut s A. iilm, IxulaianM, Surveyt r-lieiieriu for I he District of Louisiana: John 8. Ilarrt, Jmlslana. Hurveror-teneral lor tlie Ulstnet of Motatuna. The nommatiou of Strathara for I'OMtmaater at f-aclibura;, Va.. was opfKMicd by the Democrat on the jrround that it was a tmrt of the so-called "Mahone bamin. and tliey succardod in furcinff an uUjourumtait, icavimr nun unoonorinou. TSS open session of the Senate on the 28th lasted only half an hour, when the doors were closed sad executive session followefU - The wnueeinocl oontest over the nomination for die i-ynciiDurir I'oex-omce was rcsumea. Jir. Hill (Ua.) spoke In opposition to coudrmation two hours. The debate waa then coiitinaed by Meters. Morfran, Hoar. Morrill. Sherman and others at (Treat lenirth, the political feat nteaof the ease and importanee attabed to its probable lkcarinfr upon the rettiilt of the p -nutne; i ction in l inrtma betnir oponlv ex pressed and distinctly emphasized, speeches were mtcrspersea witn a numuer ot roll-e.lM snd tntioni to adjourn ami other dllHtnry Itrocceilintris. The Democrats offered to irn oh aa i e miirm an oi tne nomntnttniiM nnnoKct. liI to. lAHVina the others to be sett e 1 af e- word. TliU tiie Itepubllcans ri-fueed to arccOe to, and tun contest was eontinnei bntl! t-Mt a. iu., wliea an adjournment waa caccftid. j chi lax iu tac4KU situ uuimkiuml rSBSOXAIi AND PGLITICAIi. Gnf. Fbarcis A. Walker, Superin tendent of the Census Bureau, has resbrned. The election of Shorber as Acting Secretary of the Senate is said to to safia, faiiory to both parlies, snd ma'nf 1m llcve it is a final disposition of the See retarjmblp until somo change In the' po lilical status of the Senate Rive one (arty or the other a decisive majority. Shorber was formerly a member of Congress from North Carolina. As Chief Clerk be has given tceaeral satisfaction. Thk official canvass of the vote for Governor In Ohio shows the following re sult: Foster (Hop.), S13,TO; Bookwaller (Uem.), 288,410; Ludlow (Pro.), 1,5HT r LelU (!.), B.330. Foster's plurality, 24,4U; majority, l.JWi. Thb eleventh annual meeting of -the American Woman Saffrafm Association was bttd at LoDisviHe, Ky., on the 25th. Eleven States were represented by forty-fonr dclo ftates. Dr. Mary J. Thomas, of Indiana, presided. The annual report was read by Mrs. Lucy Stone. Letters indorsing the movement were read from Governor Long, of Massachusetts, Governor St. John, af Kansas, and olher prominent gentlemen. . : Wiibox baa been returned to the United States Senate' from Minnesota, to fill his unexpired term. Mrs. Mart Bradford, sister of Jef ferson Davis, has recently died at the resi dence of her daughter, Mrs. K. L. Miles, at Sew nope, Nelson County, Ky. She was 81 years of sge.- It waa reported on the 25th that ex Gov. Edwin D. Morgan, of New York, the ncwly-sppolnted Secretary of the Treasury, had peremptorily declined to accept the position, on account of Ill-health and for other reasons of s private nature. Graf. Kilpatrick, Minister to Chili, is said lo be lying at the point ef death. . A Bloomijiotobt (111.) dispatch says Seastor David Davis expects to virtl.tbi South and remain a few weeks Immediately upon the adjournment of the present ses sion of the Senate. Ttkxk, First Assistant Postnuvster tleneral, has Anally tendered bis realfrna l.ou, la accordance. It la understood, with the clearly expressed wish of the I"resllent snd Postmaster-General. He at the fame time furnished the press with a statement declaring his in noee ace of any -com-plh-ltly, directly or indirectly. In the Star route frauds. He says his sup pressed report was read by both Presi dent Garfield and Postmaster-General James, who concurred In the opinion ft bad better not be made public; that It bad been kept from the files of the Department by Key's order, and wss a private paper. Post master-General James, In a letter to Judge Truer acknowledging receipt of his resigna tion, says: The request for your reslirna tloa was not based upon any reflection upon your personal or official Integrity." GciTsTAC's trial has been postponed until Nor. 14. It Is now said that Scovtlle, Otiitesu's attorney, will waive the nttesi inn of Juy isdiotlon, and base his defense solely upon the ground of Insanity. J urine Porter, of New York City, will asai.it In the prooe rutlon, and Messrs. Leigh Robinson, of Wasbingten, and Trade, of Chicago, will aid in the defense. Mb. C. O. Rockwell, of St. Louis, a relative of the late President Garfield, has been appointed by President Arthur an In spector of the Poat-oflkie Department, with Jteadquarters at 8t. Louis. - Representative Clark, of Missou ri, whose d imemlc infelicities have become matters of public notoriety through recent Washington dispatches, has begun proceed ings for divorce in the Howard County (Mo.) Circuit Court. Baron James Rothschild is dead Thb King and Queen of Italy were royally received at Vienna on the 27th. They were met at the railway station by the Em peror and Crown Prince Rudolph, and es corted to the royal palace at Hofburg, where a grand court supper wss partaken of. Ix explanation of the renomination of Poet master-General James, It Is said some doubt existed aa to his legal status under the Temtre-of-office law, and the President thought beat. to remove this by having him reappointed. It la understood Mr. James will continue at the bead of the Post-office Department long-enough to close up the 9tarroute prosecutions. It is reported that Judge Folger was only tad need to accept the position of Secre tary of ihe Treasury on condition, or with The understanding, that he shall be appoint' ed to the United States Supreme Bench, to succeed Hunt, who, it Is confidently believed. will be retired by Congress on account of physical disability. Folger did not really want the Secretaryship, but is ambitious to go upon the Supreme Bench. It is still I sorted by those who assume lo know that Conkllng will succeed Folger In the Treasu ry before Arthur's Administration grows very old. . The .nomination of Strathara, a Re- sdjusfer of .Democratie antecedents, for Postmaster at Lynchburg, Vs., in the place of Wilson, a Republican, who has opposed Mahoue, is taken as Indicating that Pre!- dent Arthur is. id hearty sympathy with- Ma- hone and will support him. Senator Johns ton says he will, oppose the confirmation of Stratuam, and that be will have tbe support of all tbe Democratic Senators In his oppo sit ion. Gen. Mjerriwether Lewis Clark, a soldier in tho Blaskhawk War, the Mexi can War, snd the late civil war, died at bis home lq Frankfort, Ky., on the 28th. aged 77. The deceased served under Lee during tbe whole of the late war, holding the rank of General at its close. In the Washington Criminal Court on tbe 28tb, Capt. Howgate was arraigned, snd pleaded not guilty to the Indictment for forgery. He was then formally surrendered by his bondsmen. - A procession in Bnenos Ayres in honor of the memory of President Garfield numbered over 10,000 persons. All along the west coast the demonstrations were sol earn and profound. COMMKKCE AND INDUSTRY.' An advance in railway rates, both passenger snd freight, has been inaugurated by the Pennsylvania Company, and other roads are expected to follow suit, with tbe evident hope of soon restoring rates to ante war tLturcs. Confederate -bonds are quoted at the Frankfort Exchange at from 2 to 2 1-2 per cent., the demand coming from Rotter dam. . ; - . Thb Mississippi River Improvement Convention at SU Louis was formally or ganized on the 26th. There was a large at tendance of delegates from various states, and the session promised to be of unusual interest and of paramount importanee to the great scheme of Western river improve ment. Nike Governors were Jn attendance upon tbe Atlanta Cotton Exposition on the 27th. The feature of the day was making two suits of clothes, one for Governor Col quitt, of Georgia, and one for Governor Uigelow, of Connecticut, from seed cotton picked at 7 in the morning. The suits were worn at the reception in the evening. CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.; A noRRiBLK accident is reported from Bloomfield Township, Iowa. At the farm-house of Wm. Parker a stovepipe fell on a lamp filled with patent " safety fluid." Tbe lamp exploded instantly, enveloping two IHtle-ehlklren, sitting at the table, with "Mil n lug liquid, setting their clothing on fire and horning them horribly before the names were subdued. Tho boy lived but a few hours. The girl will probably recover. The parents were badly burned In their endeav ors to save thoir children. The boilers in : Pinneo & Daniels' spoke and bub factory, at Dayton, O., ex ploded and scattered death and destruction around for a square. The scene was ono of Indescribable misery and desolation. Hun dreds .ofr -people flocked to the scene of tbe disaster, and it was found upon examina tion that there wore six persons buried In the ruins. ... Ucrglars entered a house in the town of Varpalanka, Hungary, and murder ed the whole family of nine persons, includ ing an infant and a man aged ninety. Albert Fletcher, an Adventtst minister of Potnero,' Iowa, blew out his brains while temporarily deranged. THE-'IAeamer Jennie Gilchrist, em ployed ddrfngtbe high water as a transfer, passenger and freight boat between Roek Island and Cordova, on tbe upper Mis sissippi River, became disabled hy the breaking of some of her nisctrinery during a trip on tbe night of the 27th, and was carneu uy vine i swu current helplessly down against tbe bridge at that point. .As she struck the bridge the steamer careened and partially filled with water; the safety-valve was at tbe same time throws . open and the steam escaped fronr1 'the- tooiler,' - seveiely scalding those In its Immediate vicinity. The wreck drifted down pst the bridge, and tbe alarm being given by this time, boats were sent out to succor the survivors. Of 23 persons on board, passengers and crew, only nine were (aken ott( alhr and most of these were' . bsJlr TaUiil .Sri blhorwlse In jured. Tbe ni.-lit being dark, with a strong wind blowing, the work of rescuing the passengers was most difficult and dan gerous, and it was liclfeved all on board ex omrtlng these nine, were lost. Dr. Hall, h prominent physician of Davisburg, Oakland County, Mich., has been found guilty of the erimeof murdering bis wife by poison last spring. Infatuation for another woman was tbe cause of the ter rible crime. Ezra P. Cook, and wife, an old couple living by themselves at Heliowi Falls, VL, were both found dead. Mrs. Conk was partially Insane, and It Is believed she poisoned her husband and then took ber own life. J. Hinckley, agent of the Union Pa cific Hallway .Company at Franklin, Utah, wassliotsand killed by two masked men, whose purpose. It la presumed, was to rob the station. They got frightened and ran. however, without accomplishing their de ign. MrNCiE BnRNs,a well-known St.Louis sneak -tblef, bnrglar and general desperado. was shot and killed by an onlcer the olher night while endeavoring to escape arrest. Allen Johnson, colored, was hanged at Charlotte, N. C. . on the 28th, for the murder of an old and blind negro named Crump, Jack Post, one of tbe murderers of 3. H. MV'Dcrigott, was executed at Gra ham, Texas, on the same day. The boiler of a steam thresher ex ploded t Norway Lake, near Wilmar, Minn., killing Aufin Strand and seriously injuring A. Everson and Christian Sol berg So complete was the destruction that no part of the engine or the boiler was loft where it stood before tho explosion. The cause of explosion Is unknown. Dell Lockhart, Kid Coulter and a man known as Slim," were lynched at Tlerra Amarilla, K. Mex., on the 27th. Lockhart and "Slim" were arrested a few weeks ago for horse-stealing. Coulter was imprisoned for a murder committed at Cbama, nine months ago. The Immediate cause of the lynching: was the discovery of Coulter's plan to kill tbe guard and escape. MISCELLANEOUS. Thb Crescent Brewery, at Aurora, Ind., valued at $175,000, was entirely de stroyed by lire. The wheat fields in Ohio are toeing devastated by tbe Hessian fly. So destruc tive is their work that many farmers are plowing up their fields. . The situation in Ireland : In conse quence of ihe proclamation against tbe Land League, the Freeman's Journal pub lishes an advertisement from the Lesgue advising people, while reraaininir' firm, to abandon for the present all projected meet ings which the Government could take ad vantage of. Among those arrested are Dr. Kenny, member of the Executive Committee of the Land League; O'Gorman, proprietor of tbe Imperial Hotel at Dublin, and Wall and Uaylon, editors of the Roscommon Her ald and Messenger. A priest near Clare Morris evaded police interference by hold ing the Land League meeting In his chapel. It is thought this plan will be generally re sorted to for future meetings. The police claim to have evidence of a plot to assassin ate Foster, and he is closely guarded in all his movements. There is also some apprehension felt concerning the personal safety of Glsdstone and Sir William Uareourt. It Is reported that explosive cartridges have been discov ered in cotton bales st Liverpool- The Land Commission are disposing of considerable business. Notices have been posted In va rious places threatening death to tenants who pay rent. Tbe clergy generally are said to approve of Archbishop Croke's letter protesting against tbe manifesto of the Land League, and a strong pressure is being ex erted to obtain a clear and strong condem nation from the Pope. . Thb Peoria (111.) Sngar Refinery, an immense seven-story brick building, burned on tbe 27th. It is supposed that the fire was caused by a hot journal, which Ignited the atmosphere of the house, filled as it was from the peculiar process of drying with in flammable material In small particles. Tho loss is estimated at if 400,000; insurance, $300,000. Two hundred and fifty men are thrown out of employment. Eighteen freight cars loaded with corn were burned also. The dry-goods house of Weschler & Abraham, Fulton Street, Brooklyn, L. I., was damaged by fl tmes and water to the ex tent of quarter of a million dollar; partly in sured. J as. Lynch, engineer, was badly burned, and Andrew McShane, fireman, fell through a hatchway and was very seriously injured. Spontaneous conibjisiion. TriK Adams Mill, Adnmsdalo, K. I., burned on the 2tith. Loss, $80,000. John Hyde, an employee, was killed... .. Dawson, Treasurer af Beaver Coun ty, Pa., was kpocked down in the Court house and robbed of $15,000. . Thb Warren Memorial Tabernacle, Presbyterian, at Fourth and Broadway, Louisville, was destroyed by fire on the night of the 28tb. This was the flneit church edi fice in the city. It was but recently com pleted and cost $100,000. It was insured for $50,000. -' Lord & Williams, a heavy banking and contrsctiug firm at Tucson, Nevada, have failed for a large' amount, liut profess their ability to meet all claims against them iu a little while. The British steamer Calliope,' from Odessa for Bremen, was totally lost on the Spanish coast. Only ono person saved. ' The Walaczyska "Court-martial at St. Petersburg sentenced two loaders of the snii-Jewlsli riots in June lastto fen years' exile In Siberia. Nelson T. Davis, late Tax Collector for Harris County, Texas, who got away with $230,000 belpnging to the State and county and was indicted by the Grand Jury for embezzlement, forgery and perjury, fled before he could be arrested. C0XDEKSFJ) TELEGRAMS. In the Senate, on the 29th, Mr. Hill, ef Georgia, offered the following:- - llesolretl. That appointments to offices under the Federal Government ought not to be mado to control or influence elections in the several States, and the appointments made with such intent are unwise, unpa triotic and contrary to the spirit of our po litical institutions, and if continued with out rebuke bv the people will become dan gerous to the perpetuity of our institutions. The resolution was laid over and execu tive session foHowed. While the doors were till closed, but after tbe transaction of ex ecutive business, a committee appointed to wait upon the President reported that he had nothing further to communicate, and a motion to adjourn sine din was agreed to. A vote of thanks was tendered Mr. Davis, responding to which be declared the Senate adjourned. . . For want of . a quorum the Republi cans of tbe Senate were forced to abandon the confirmation of Straibam as Postmas ter at Lynchburg, Ta. It was understood he would receive the appoint ment from the President as soon as the Sen ate adjourned, no confirmation being then required. The delegates of tho Woman's Chris tian Temperance" Convention called oa the President on the 2!)th. Mrs. Willard, Pres ident of the Convention, made a short ad dress, asking the political and moral aid of the President to the object of the conven tion. The PreMrientrcplied briefly that he was in earnest sympathy with the movement to rusuiic men from evil habits. At Halifax, N. S., while Mrs. Itethane was attending to a stove Iter dress caught fire. She rolled herself on the floor, at tending to extinguish the flames. A child crawling toward her caught fire from the burning carpets. Both were burned to death. A steam boiler connected with a threshing machine exploded at Marlville, N. Y., on thc?8th. Frank Millman was killed and eight other Injured. Millman was com pletely disembowb-'d, -and died in half- an hour. " The steamer Calcutta foundered .at sea during a gale. All on board, twenty two persons, perished. The British ship Omba, from Victoria for Melbourne, found ered. All hands lost. The basines? portion of Edgefield, S. C, has been destroyed by fire. Tbirty-fivo firms were burned out. Loss over iHOH.OOO; lnsuraneo small. Apaches have made their appear ance In Sonora, killing a family near Itancho Santa Cruz, beyond Magdalnna, and running off stock-. Gen. Ollero, In command of the. trordis, has sent a force to co-operate with American soldier-, who are supposed to be 'n pursuit of them. RIVER IMPROVEMENT CONVENTION rroreedlnfr or tho Mectlne- nt St, Louls " Resolutions Adopted. - The Mississippi River Improvement Cn vcntlon, which met at St. Louis on the 2Mb of October, continued in session three flays and was attended by about ouu regularly ap pointed delegates. - Michael McKuiiIj, President of the local Executive Committee, and also "President of tbe St. Louis Merchants' Exchange, called the convent Ion to order. George L. Wright, Secretary of the Executive Committee, then read the call for tbe convention, Issued by the St. Louis Merchants' Exchange. .. Governor Ctittendcn, of Missouri, wa made Temporary Chairman of the Conven tlon and made a brief address. -.; A preliminary discussion occurred as to whether this should be a convention ,Of the Mbuixsinni V.llev States or of all the Slat of the Union, which was decided by -the Chairman reading from the eall that ! all States were Included. ' : Tbe usual 'committees were then appoint ed, that on resolutions being composed as follows: 4 . ' : Alkalis:!-". tWtllinm M. Flshback: Alnbnma, Thomas Sayfcr; Iowa, Wi li-n II. Vaiiuoter; iveium-Ky. if. iittuon, jr. ; in tu, iv. i Ktraiuiit : faulty lanii. . r. Kcnner see. 11. 1 KIlTolt: Kiins-ls. J. P. Root : Minno 1 enues- sofa. It- K. Hlakestry; New Mexico, i( J. Kennedy; Nebraska, J. . Morton ; vtisdon sion. J. N. t;reiforv: West -Viwinia.- F. J. Heme; Michigan, An nco Sessions: Pennsyl vania, U. II. Anderson; Texas, .1. J. tiaiu inHee: Ohio. 8. V. Covinrton: Mississippi. Juduell. F. SlmnOl; Illinois. W. T. IKiwd.ill. The Committee on Permanent Organiza tion reported tbe following list of officers: Chairman Hon. Mark? H. Dannell, of Min nesota. . Secretary 43conre T- Wrleht. of St. Louts. Assistant SccretsT-ics Frank Gaiemile and Nichols M. Hull, of .St. Louis. Vice Presidents Thomas B. Tarlor. Ala bama; John O. Adninn, Arkansas : teo. W. Jones, Iowa; Kngone Underwood, Kentucky; M. M. flurley, Indiana; Geo. O. Wn.WflL JUu-i-dana: 11. 1. fcltett, Tennessee-; I. tl. Mock well, Kansas; O. C. Merriman, Minnesota; uovernor J.lonetl A. ejieiaon, sew siexico C 8. Chaae. Nebraska: J. T. Pettiirrew. Ilako ta; Wm. Wilson. Wisconsin; Alexairtle-r Campbell, West Virginia; Phllo Parsons, Michigan ; V. S, tlsboru, New York ; K. i.rny Pennsylvania : W. II. Flionin. Texas: s; K Covington, Ohio; If. Pullertoii. Illinois; li. F. Tiuuraii, aiusissippi ; uames o. itoimis, siis- soun. i Upon taking the chair Mr. Dunncll' re turned thanks for the honor conferred upon him, and in very brief and general remarks said as delegates they were here from twen ty States and Territories, extending from Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico, and from the Eastern seaboard to the Rocky Meun tains, to discuss the question and devise means of improving the great rivers of tbe Mississippi Valley, whose productions had given the balance of trade to tbe country. The question was not only of great interest to the Mississippi Valley, but to the whole Nation, and should be treated with deliber ation, and with a view to impress lis Impor tance upon Congress and inducing thai body to extend the aid so much desired. Communications on plans for tbe improve- ment of the rivers, etc., wen then hapded in and died for future reference. Letters were then read from Capt. James B. Bads, Hon. Randall L. Gibson, Senator James II. Jfeck, senator A. 1'. uorman, Hon. Ahrnm H. Hewitt. Poatmaster-Gencr. .. ai James, trll. re u. iiorr, senator teaaa, Senator llawley, and others.- " j ' There was also read a paper prepared by Gen. Gllinore, President of the River Com mission, in regard to the .operations. of that committee. ? . - - ' . The Committee on Resolutions reported as follows:. . KRPOttT OF THE COWXITTEB OX RBSOXJTTIOXS. Mlv'PreflhleirThe Oommittee on Resolu tions, nfter careful cons deration of the ob jects of tlie Couventlon as set forth in the call unuer wlilon It lias assembleu, ana of various resolutions -which have been submitted to the committee as exDnossimr the views not onlv of indivuuis.1 wtelcxiites,' but of delegations r'om wiaeiy lueutnc pairs Mil tne siu-aiseijiiu Vallev, touching these objects and the best nods of nromobinir theni. have instructed me on oennii oi Mie-unanimous committee so ru pprt to the Convention the preamble and res olutions herewith submitted, with the reeoin- mendatlon-that tlie-samo be adopted -by the tonveaiiou. (Signed) DCHCAH F. KBNinsR. The representatives of the commercial In terest slid airriciiltirral and other productive inuustnes oi 1119 si ississippi vaiiev, in con vention a-acniblcd-a 1-oui. lo.jlM.'liee- That the M kslaslnnt Hirer and naaavarablo rriuutniaea, tno grew mtaiia waterway, pie pared by tlie Canittor for the use of tho peo lile. are a moat lmuortunt and vainuhie uart of tho n&tioual douiain, freo Ui All, beyond the n-acn-ot -monopoly, ana asmrntng so tne whole people that competition in transporta llon which tienents pioducer and couaum -r alike; ana. further, ; - That chenn trnnsnortRtlon IS the areat ne cessity of an SsTrieuliural people, the Indis pensable condition of the easv oonrovan.ee to distant markets of their staplu products, bulky in proportion to vaine ; ana That the familiar, economical truth, that the cheapest transportation of such products Is bv water. 1s especially armlicabln to the frreat waterways ol this country, provid -d the sumo is kept freo from snaxs, sand-bars, treacherous banks and otherobstaclcs to nav igation, do, therefore, Rwtto and declare. That it la the manifest and imperative duty of theGovemnioiit of the 1-nKnil .lul ... hhui In Iim mud. siich tin. provement of the Mississippi Ulver and i's navutame inuutanesu snail peniiancmiy se cure tbe safe and easy navigation thereof, thereby cheapening freights, reducing insur ance and other burdens and expenses ; pro moting tbe vast inland commerce ot the na tion, and crcatiuu; new avenues of lonHn trade, aud thus not only inviting increased production and pomituttoti. but assurliiK irieater nrosnuritv to the whole Deotile. Kg- luciaiiy IS-luis uiiiy umtuux, niiu our uuuiaiiii ustincti. 111 view 01 sou uonauons mruituv nearly 3W,0O0,H)0 acres, and in bouds Issued or guarantees, nearly siuu.isu.maj more, 111 am 01 artldcial highways, tlie property of privuteln dividual., and necessarily furmffhiitg, even at lowest rates, the tfiost costly form of trans portation on a large scale as compared with appropriations not yet amounting to fi,ooo, (M10 in all for the improvement of 00u mil-s of nnturul waterways, whose freedom from tax imposed or monopoly is protected by con stitutional guarantee, while the cheap service snd unrestricted competition tliey -afford Is the most effi'ctual corrective of exorbitant charges by any route to tbe seaboarde That the nnm-onrlatiolis for such improvements should be separately made, with due provis ions lor assuring wie people 01 meir nullum unification to tlie same, and should be ado- filiate to tho continued prosecution ot wsrk once begun, until the same is finished, so aa to avoiil tne wusiciui iuinivunnin wors mi -tiullu . Mimnl.lMl hv rassott t4t tlif lflsv or stoppnee thorcof fur want of sunlcicnt ap propriations; anu oe 11 niniHir ftcmnireii. That this Convention recrfgnlzcs, vl.l. .. ....... ..litifufrinn u l -in. . . 1 1 I l.i u 1 . proval, In the passage of Mio-ex ot fSnngVcss of June 2H, ltiT.l, ' lor the appoliitiiient of a Mississippi Itivor Commission," and in the comprehensive and scientific surveys and important recommendations made by the distinguished engineers appointed on that Commission, an set forth in their reports of February 17, 1W, and January 8, 1881, tlie first wcH.constn.ered aad effectual ecep toward the. complete and permanent opening of the Mis sissippi Valley to She markets of tho world; but would also strongly express Its regret nt tbn refuse) of the jBist Congress, nittfr creating tuld Commission, 'and notwtthsTjrnding'the ilehlM-rate ants' emphatic approval of their plans bv tlie House Committee on Improve ment of the Mississippi, to apprqnriate the amount estimated and recommended bv said Commission for doing tho work by them carefully laid out and proposed ; and be it f uri niwr Resolved. That in the deliberate and earnest judgment of this Convention delegated to represent the ljitetestsin that behalf, of more han one4ialf '.the- (States and Territories of the fTnlon. inlmhlted by more thaa oue-half of it entire population, from whom Is col lected above 70 fxir eeut. of the emlee ltjtorna revenue of the nation, whose loterhta -om-merce is already one-hall that of ha whole United tates, innreshan twelve tiievs great er than the total ' foreign comiwrue rf the nation, and larger than the total forei-'ii commerce of the wrtrld, but upon whose Indus ry is this year li-vic'i, ny tne niisinries to tne snte ami qaav navigulion of the Mississippi Klver and Its navigable tributaries, a needless direct tax, bv way of lnci-ea.-cd treiirhts and insurance. dcmuri age, wre -ks snd repali-s, of not Joss than $111,010,0110 It is tbe Imperative duty of Congress mid the light oithe people for whom this i 'onvi-ur.ion is authorized to speak, that tbe lvUsbition thus wisely bemin be niailo ef -fec-tiial and permanent by enlarging the now -ei-rnil the Itivt-r Commission to ine'udi tlie active pro-e'iition of the works already la-cmitie-niled by tdi-m; and by tlie regular and pttpnriue appropriations irom year 10 year 01 such sums as said Commission, acting- under 1 the reasonable supervision of Conri e-is, shall report as necessary to that end, -o that this great and lnilispoiisiblo work, national iirev crv sense, should no longer bo delayed ; and be it furtl er Resolved, That tho scientific and compre hensive syslom of rier improvement by a coiiipe'ent Commission thus inaugurated should he applied to tbceouipletcaiid perma nent improvement and maintenance 01 all tho navigable tributaries oi the great rier; und be it further Resolved. That this Convention recognizes with great satisfaction the benefits already resulting to the navigation of the Mississippi River, aud its principal tributaries, by the ex tension of the lighthouse system thereto, and expresses the earnest hope that the purtial liglltin? of those rivers may bo speedily en larged by increasing the iiumhor of district and lights to such extent as the I.igrhthousu Board, In consultation with the kivcr Com mission, shall find necessary to render such service completely etllcient ; and be it f ur thor Resolved. That the President of this Conven tion be, and he is hereby, authorized uuil re quested, to appoint at his earliest conveniim:o a committee of twenty-one, who &iial be charged with the duty of propMiugi .a soon as practicable after the Convention aujoitms, a memorial tn the Congress of the United States on DehalFof tbe deicgntes eonrpoaiiig the Convention and the people wlmiii tliey represent, in support of, and iu accordance with, the foregoing resolutions, emliodving such statistics and information n said com mittee uuty deem expedient ; that they cause to be printed a sufficient number of copies of said resolutions and memorial, toirether alth the proceedings of this Convention, for wide distribution and that a copy thereof be placed 1 n the bandsxif each member of tho United States Senate and House of Itepttescntuttvcs as soon as practicable; and 4bat tmid-committee be, nnd they aro hereby, authorized to take such further action touching the proper presentation of said rosoiutlons and memo rial to CongreSsand procuring fho due c-ou-sideration-thereof us they may deem best. A SUPPUUIbKTAE. REPORT. - Mr. Kcnner also presented tlie following as a supplemental report of the Committee on R solutions: --- .. - Mb, Prehipknt: YourCommlttee on Reso lutions have also instructed t-ho undersigned, its Chairman, at t!ie request of the member of tlie committee from Iowa, to submit to the r-onvcntlon, without recommendation, the following resolution. Resolvent. That ia tho interest of cheap lr.insportatinn,and to afford a choice of water routes to tlie scalioM-d, we n-gerd connec tion between the navlpnhln waters of tho Upper Mississippi Itiver and the great lakes as of great iMifMirtancc; and tlmt t'otigri-s, in making appropiiat -ions to iniprcrvo the nav igation of tlie MisMissii pi l!ier and i's tribu taries, ought not to overlook i-r ilisng 11-d t!io e-ilablishiuent of freo water communication between tlieValloy of the great river ot the H est and t'-ie waters of the Kast, This resolution waa declared rejectcd,though in tbe confusion that existed thore were somo who declared that they did not understand the vote, and a motion to reconsider was sub sequently adopted.. - Mr. Geo. F. Shield!, of Missouri, then of fered an amendment to the resolution, strik ing out the words "to Improve the navigation of the Mississippi River and its tBibutaries." The amendment wasp tttoa vote and was adopted. Then thu r,:?olut:on as amended was adopted by a vote of 210 to 70. A RESOI.UTIilN ItEJKCTEP. Mr. Roberts, of Puktu, 111., offered as an amendment or addenda to tho committee's report tlie following: U RrsoJred, Tlmt it is the sense of this Conven tion that the future policy of f lie tioveriiineiit of the United States for tlie Improvement of the Mississippi lliver and its tributaries should embrace the enlargement and deciicnlnt; of tbe Illinois and Michigan Canal aud ibu iui- Srovcment 01 tne luinois iclvi-r.ao as to aftoru eep water navigstiou from Luke Mirliigan to the Jli-i.sisiii lli er. The resolution was rejected by a decisive majority.' ' Tbe Secretary produced the following dis- patcu irom secretary 01 state liiaine, wutcn was read: W8Hirt-,ToTr. I). C. October 27. 181. To Miehacl McKnnis, Presi.iimt: I sincerely re- Krct tlmt 1 can not visit rt. lentils at trtls t'ino nnd tuke part in the pi-oci c lings of yourCon vention. The measure- si ;ii vou assemble to oonsMor is one of great national importance. anil la entitled to prompt mi l lavornule con sideration by Congress. Oflleial engagements itiipcralively detain me here und tloprtvo ma oft lie privilege of euforeiug mv vicn-s by pub- lie address. James ti. Hlaink. Concluding addre?8-ss were made by Con gressmen Shellenberger, of Pennsylvania; Willeft, oTK'eiitueky-; Springer, ol Iitlnois.and other gentlemen,-af ret -vbiclt the Conrcnt'nn adjourned. 1 Chairman Dunncll announced hisdeternilua- titm not to appoint at once the twenty-one members of it permanent committee provided for iu the resolutions adopted by the Conven tion. He wilt prepare the list upon bis return home and forward the 'same to Secretary Wright. A barge excursion on tho river followed. dinner beingserved on board.with the usualac- compsnimcnt of toasts, af terdiuner spceolics. etc., etc. . . . A Curiosity in the Smithsonian. One sees many curious tinners whilo strolling throuh the Smithsonian Insti tution. In one of the cases there is a small, irregular piece of matting, about six inches long and two or three wido. It is made of the bark of the ' Southern cane, and although coarse when com pared with . the mattina: mnilo br the Chinese, it is well and neatly made. rhis small piece of man's handiwork: might form the basis for treatises and lectures innumerable. . It was found on Petit Anse Island, near Vermillion IJay, coast of Louisiana.- This island contains a mine of rock suit, which was discov ered during -the late war, and which seems to bo nnnmilea in depth anu ex tent. Not far from the surface of the salt the piece of matting was dicovered, and it was probably preserved by tho salt. ' .Two feet above the matting were fonnd the tusks and bones of an ele phant, and these bones were fourteen feet below the present surface of the soil. 'The question irresistibly arises, how many years has it been since ele phants lived "upon this "continent, and what race of men capable of manufac turing such matting, lived and flourished hundreds of years beiore tuem e rrcu-A- ington Republican. A Strong-Minded Lady. The' St. Jiirrics- Gazette prints the fol lowing reminiscence of indirect female suffrage three, ttenturies ago: Jane Dorothy l'akmgton, a famous liucking hamshire worthy, who owned the manor of Aylesbury in Queen Elizabeth's reign, ruled her voters with a rod of iron. To all intents and purposes she was the member for her own borough, the bur gesses she ' sent to Westminster being merely the spokesmen of her pleasure. This appears from a manifesto she issued after the- poniedy of an "election" for Aylesbury was concerned in 1572 : "To all Christian people -to whom this present writing shall como," she writes, " I, Dorothy rafcington, lord and owner of the town of Aylesbury, send greeting. Know ye, we, the said Dame Dorothy I'akinoton, to have chosen, named and appointed my trusty and well-beloved Thomas.Liohficld and George Roredon, bsquires, to be my IStirgesses of the said town of Aylesbury ; and whatever tho said Thomas and (leorge. Burgesses, shall do in tho- service of the Queen's Highness in that present Parliament to beliolden at Westminster the 3d day of May next ensuing tho date hereof, I, the same Dorothy Pakington, do rati tie and approve to be my own act as fully and wholly as if I were and might be present there. In witness whereof to these presents I have set my seal this 4 h day of May, , in tho 14th year of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth." In Norway, it is said, the erection of telegraph poles and wires scares all wolves away from tiie neighborhood, and many miles of lino have been put up for the double purpose of securinj; rapid communication and ' immunity from the wolves. Large districts havtt thus been cleared of the dangerous and troublesome brutes. A Dallonn Veyagc. Mr. na-hagen, of the Signal Service, who accompanied Prof. King oil his recent bal loon voyage, gives an account of their ad ventures, in which ho says: Before five minutes after leaving terra Anna we reached au altitude of 4,.'KI feet. moving southwest. A few minute later we rcacllea au upper current, moving slowly westwaru, so siowiy mat we barely movtu. lint, what a prosnect beneath us! Chicago. Which at best fa barelv endurable to the down-Easter, was now a thing of beautv. but not a joy forever, for we were shut out uy ni'til anu bad nothing but its myr iads of lights twinkling iu the distance. We remained there suaoended. neither rising nor falling, for several hours, but at last a pun 01 air sent us soumwcat, changing, be iore morning, to weal anil nortnwesr. While going southwest we remained be calmed about three hours, swinging in a circle over a small city tliat, irom its loca tion, I Judged to be l'eoria. III. Afler get ting tired of the earthly stars we turned in and look cat naps.' At 5:15 o'clock on r-riuay we passed over spring Valley, wis., startling the natives by dragging our drag- rope over their ruofs, aud one ambitious leiiow, probably thinking we were 'Old riick' with his legions, sent a shot after us Atterward we passed over the Platte Mounds, at 7:l-i a. in. As though dissatis fied with her late action and wishing to give us a heavenly view, our balloon took an up ward turn, carrying us four thousand feet above the strata of clouds and literally bury ing us in milk for an hour. In oassing Lit tle Falls, Monroe County, Wis., we came so near the ground that we came in contact with the trees and were compelled to take a large portion or one along as a souvenir. "At 12:45 p. ni. tho highest known elevation was reached, being U.tioU feet. From tbe last person spoken we found we were forty miles from St. Paul, and when we deseeiided at 2:30 p. m. on the west bank ot the river, one-half mile iuland, we coiieitiueu that we were in the state 01 Min nesota, probably forty miles south of St Paul, on the Mississippi ltivcr. With this supposition ill mind we stepped out of out car into about eighteen inches of ice-water; found we were iu a cranberry bog and had to get out. To relate our experience after that, for the succeeding live days, is too hor rible. How we walked live days, up to our knees in boggy swamps, without iood. ex cept a half-pint of berries; how tbe wolves and bearssnarled around us at iii.ht; how we Slept on the wet ground at night through heavy frosts, only to start again iu the moiuing through the swamp, with its ice water, and failing over muddy lugs at every step, 1 cannot put iu words. As a last re sort we built a raft, expecting to go over St. Anthony Falls. But ohl our joy when, at four o'clock on the evening 01 the fifth day, we reached Flambeau River, and were carried across by Cleramerc iicrtrand and Michael Miuer, woodmen, and here we arc, enjoying iue goou luinjsa ueiore us." The Panama Canal Question. W ASfiiNG-roif. -October 24. The President to-day sent to tbe Senate the report of tlie Secretary of State in an swer to tbe resolution of Uelober 11 inquir ing what steps the Government had taken to protect the rights of the United States in tbe Panama Canal. Secretary Blaine, in his communication to the President, reports that having learned since tbe adjournment of Congress of tbe rejection by Colombia of the protocal nego tiated by the representatives of the United States with that Republic, which it was hoped would secure a treaty satisfactory to bolh, and being informed by the Minister of the United States in Colombia that tbe Gov ernment of Colombia, by its public acts, was avowing its desire to terminate the treaty of 1810, and appeal to the powers ot Europe for a Joint guarantee of neutrality of the Isthmus and sovereignty of Colombia, the IJeparlment addressed a letter of instruction to tbe United States Minister at London. An identical note was sent to each of the Ameticati Ministers in Europe. Secretary Blaine, in his letter of instruction, says: ' It has fallen under the observation of the President, through the current state ments ot the European press anil-other usual channels of communication, that the great powers of Europe may possibly be con sidering the suldcct of guaranteeing the- neutrality of the Interoc-.-anio Canal now projected across the Isth mus of Panama. The United Stales - recognizes a proper guarantee of neutrality as essential to tbe construction and success ful operation of any highway across tbe Isthmus of Panama, and more than a Ihird of a century ago this Government took every step that is deemed requisite in the prem ises. The nece-sity was foreseen and abundantly provided for long in advance of any possible call for the actual exercise of power. InlSitia memorable and important treatv was negotiaicJ and signed between the United Slates of Ameiica and tbe Republic of New Grenads, now the United States of Colombia. By the forty fifth article of that treaty, in exchango for ccrlaill concessions made to the United States, we guaranteed ' positively aud effi caciously a perfect neutrality ef tiie isthmus of any interoceanic com 111 uuicat ions that might be eonstracted upon or overit for the maintenance of free transit from sea to sea,' and we also guaranteed Ills, rights of sover eignty and property of the United States of Colombia over the territory of the isthmus, as included within the holders of the State of Panama. In tbe Judgment of the President-, this guarantee given by the United States of America does not require rein forcement, or accession, or assciil irom any other power. In more thai one instance this Government has been -called upon to vindicate the neutrality thus guaranteed, and there Is no contingency now foreseen or apprehanded in which such vindication would not be within the power ot this Na tion. " If the foreshadowed action of the Euro pean powers should assume tangible shape, It would be well for you to bring to the notice of Lord Granville the provisions of the treaty of ISili, and especially its thirty fifth article, and to intimate to him that any movement in tlie sense of supplementing the guarantee contained therein would neces sarily be regarded by this Government as an uncalled for intrusion into a field where tbe local and generul interests of the United States of America must be considered before those of any other power save those of the United States of Colombia atone, which has already derived and will continuo to derive such eminent advantages from the guaran tee ot this Government. It is not the wish nor purpose of the United States to inter fere wilh any commercial enterprise in which the citizens or subjects of any for eign power mav see tit to embark under lawful privileges. The fact that the stock and franchises of the Panama Canal or Ihe Panama Railway is being owned in Europe, either in whole or principally, is no more a subject ol complaint on the part of the United States than is tbe circumstance that tlie stock of many of its own great lines of railway is largely held abroad. The pol icy of the United Mates is one of peace and friendly intercourse witli every government and people. This disposition is frankly avowed, and it is moreover abundantly shown in tlie fact that our armaments, by land and sea, are kept within such limits as to afford no ground for distrust or suspicion of menaee to other nations. The agreement entered into by this Government in IMo was manifestly In the interest of peace, and the necessity imposed by circumstances upon the United Slates of America to watch over a highway between its twocoasts was so im perative that the resultant guarantee was the simplest justice to tne ctnel interests concerned. Any attempt to supersede that guarantee by agreement between the European powers, whieli maintain vast armies and patrol the sea with Immense Heels, and whose interest in the canal and its operatiou can never be so vital aud su preme as ours, woilli partake of the nature of an alliance against the United Stales, and would bo regarded by this Government as au indication of unftiendly feeling, it would be hut an Inadequate response to the good will we bear them, ami to our cheerful and constant recognition of their own rights of domestic policy, as well as of those resulting from proximity, or springing from neigh borly interests. "'In his address upon taking the oath of oflieo, the President distinctly proclaimed the position the Government would hold upon this question, aud if the Kuropean Cabinets have failed to observe aud give due heed to the declarations then made, it may be well for you on some proper occasion to call the attention of Ihe Minister of Foreign Affairs to the language Used by the President," flic Itrpiililii'nn Succession. It is amusing to see the Republican papers bringing endless strings of worttfja-togetlier to explain why Mr. Hlaiujs) should not remain iu the Cabi net without telling tbe real reason. They attempt to assuro us that the President and Mr. hlaine are on the most all'cetionate terms; that Mr. Blaine can remain at the head of the State Department if he wants to; that the President has invited him to remain; that there is no necessary impediment to his resigning, and that if be should finally decide not to remain it will be for reasons entirely consistent with the most cordial good feeling between the Administration and himself. This is all nonsense, and the Repub lican papers know it. Mr. Blaine goes out because he c annot remain, ilia re tention is a political impossibility, un less Mr. Blaine becomes something else than Mr. Blaine. Ihe facts are too plain to be misconstrued. Mr. Blaine went into the Garl'eld Cabinet, as he has taken pains to let us know, with the purpose of shaping the succession of using his personal and official in fluence to secure the' re-election of President Garlield. This is what he told Mr. Garlield, and the letter in which he told him he has recent ly given to the public. How then can he occupy a place in a new Ad ministration which everybody knows will be engaged in scheming to make somebody else the next President? With what show of con sistency cou'd he take part in a plan td give the succession to General Grant, or Mr. Conkling, or Mr. Arthur, all of whom were opponents, and two of them personal opponents of President Gar- iiciu ana himself- it cannot bo said that ho might remain in tho Cabinet and have nothing; to do with the Ad ministration's Presidential scheming:, for between the President and his Sec retary of Statovthcre must exist the most friendly relations. The Secretary must know what his chief is about, and must approve it. Whether Grant, Conkling or Arthur is to be the recipient of the new Ad ministration's favor and influence for the succession we do not know as yet, but that it has its iavorite and will ex ert all the inllucnce it can brins to bear to make him President, all observers of politics know. And of this Mr. ISIame and the other friends of the lato Presi dent have no grounds to complain, see ing that it is only an imitation of thoir own example. X he Arthur Administra tion has as much right to labor to secure the succession lor Arthur as the Gar field Administration had to direct it toward Garlield, but as Mr. Blaine is fresh from participation in one scheme he can not be trusted to participate in the other, nor can he be allowed to re main in the Cabinet while mancuvring to secure the succession for himself. tU Louis Republican. Mr. TUden Spenks. The great leader who redeemed New York to honest government from tbe Tweed thra'Mom aud to complete Dem ocratic control, and who led tho Demo cratic party to overwhelming victory in the country five years ago, has been compelled to speak in reply to several letters Irom prominent Democrats in New York asking his advice as to their being candidates for ollice. The head nnd heart of the venerable statesman are as clear and sound as ever, as will be Been by reading the following letter: UitAVSTONP. October d, 1-SSl. Mv TlKAit 8ik: I should have written to you earlier except for an illness and the pres sure of claims upon my attention during my convalescence. In respect to your assiirauce tnat you wuui-i not oe a canaiaate lor nomina tion if your nomination would be disagree able to me.' I have to say that 1 cannot assume any sucn position. 1 nave neltner the right nor the wish to exclude vou from a leuitimnte and honorablo competition -for any public trust. My practice when 1 was at tbe head of the party organization as not to become a partisan or a'iy particular canoiaate. Due to conUue myself to such advisory guvgestintis as might seoin fit and usef ul during tbe delib erations of the Convention: to defer largely to the Judgment of the beat men of the counties tound at the Convention, In view of the immediate action on the complex con siderations which enter into iho formation of a collective ticket. I need not say that I have not undertaken any such function on the pres ent occasion, and have not possessed myself of tho information to make me conipettnt to such a work. I assumethut you have not giv en credit to tbe idle fiction of Republican and other newspapers, which ascribes to me a de sire to comroi tne nominations anu canvass for tbe present year, with a view to becoming a candidate for Governor next yenr. The truth is, 1 ran for Governor in 1S73 simply for tne purpose or sustaining tno reform move ment to which 1 bad given the threo precocd- lngyears, and I should not have continued in the ollice for a seialmi term in any oosslblo event, nor would 1 now entertain the idea of returning to It, even if I had nattered myself thnt 1 wouul receive a umiuimnus vote of the people. Ail 1 desh-o for tho Democrallc party In the coming canvass is that it shall makethe liest possible choic of candidates and do ev- ervthingto advance the principles of admin istration to wircn t nave dovotea so mauv er- iorts ana sacriuces. The Negroes and the Republ'can Party. There are symptoms at last of a real awakening of something like political life, in the Anglo-Saxon sense of that phrase, among the colored people of the united states, ami tneso symptoms are not favorablo to the continued sue cess of the original "stalwart" plan of using tne negro votes 01 the boutn in aid of the Republican party. as the Tory landlords of Great Britain so long used the votes of their oocket borouirhs. At a lato meeting of the Good Templars in London the Key. Dr. Tanner, editor of the Christian liecordcr, the official organ of the African Methodist Episco pal Churches, declared that his people stitlered not in the South alone but throughout the United States from the spirit of caste." lie said he did not believe "that of the 0,000, 000 of peo- pie in America there was an unbappier class than the better educated of the colored race. Nothing that they could do would admit them into society." Exactly the same spirit breathes through the recent official proclamation made by tbe organ of the colored population that "the colored man is not satisfied with his present status in the Republican party." that "whilo he is called upon to do his share of labor for the success of the party. when success is achieved, the fruits of victory are disposed of without consulting his wishes or his in terests;" that he "is preparing himself for other affiliations and for 111010 advantageous alliances," and that the lirst step in this direction is "the movement that recently gave the cohii de yracc to the Republican organ ization of Virginia." Tbeso views can not be called unreasonable. The Re publican party has been eminently tin just to the freednien at tho South. During tho era of reconstruction tho negroes were used to help the scala wags and carpet-baggers to accumulate fortunes, the scraps of the least being thrown to tho least respectable nnd representative of the colored mnn. Nothing was done to educate the negro to qualify him for tho tliscliargo of the duties suddenly thrust upon him, to enable liim to hold his own in the com petition with his white neighbors, and to conrpier their esteem and friend ship. To teach him the advantages of thrift and forethought the Republicans il.ive him th5 l'reedman's Bank. Whon the era of reconstruction closed, nnd the South was lost as a sourcu of posi tive strength, the Republicans, iusteitd of allowing the negro to settle into his jilaco in the new order of things and cultivate nmicablo and natural rela tions with the white man, encouraged race hatreds, preached incendiary and agrarian doctrine to the blacks, ma ligned the white population, and in such cases as the "Vicksburg mas sacre" incited race riots in which the Africans must stiller severely nil this to help tho party at the North. Even when economical self-government bad been established at tho South and that section was rejoic ing in an immense cotton crop, which meant for the laborer employment and prosperity, the Republicans had to start an "exodus", which meant for thousands of credulous negroes tho sacritico of thoir little property, tbe breaking up oi their homes and ultimate idleness nnd demoralization, if nothing worse. It is a sad and shameful pago in tho histoiy of the Republican party. The colored men lent the Republican party thoir votes and gave it all its cap ital and what was their reward? One negro Senator and two or three- negro Congressmen who were never admitted to social equality; appointments for such men as Fred Douglas and "Milt" Turner, who could render service on the stump and never were recognized as equals; ;t few clerkships or minor of fices, usually bestowed on tho least reputable oi the party workers that was all. When the Republican party had for years cracked the high vault of Heaven with its bellowing? that it was the Codlin of thu colored man, and would wade in bipod rather than see his rights to absolute equality tfrid full par ticipation n political life questioned in theory or in practice, it was only natural that the colored man should look to tint party for that share of the responsibilities and emoluments of pub lic admin ititration to which he was fully entitled. Failing tooblain such a share, . his natural course is to seek for better treatment in new associations. ' As Democrats and well-wishers of the Nation, we shall view such a move ment with more than equanimity. Tho same impulse which throws the ignorant and dishanest into the arms oi demagogues and repudiators will tend to array the intelligent, peace-loving and industrious of tho coloied men on the side of good, economical and stable government. The negro who finds that by attending to his business and" regarding his white neighbora as a -human being like himself, with the samo inteiests, living under the same conditions, he can accumulate properly in the enjoyment of which he will be protected, will have no sympathy with inceti diarism or repudiation or the perpetuation of race-hatreds. The ex ceptionally intelligent and industrious colored m;n of Georgia would not to day favor a robber regime such as that which once cursed South Carolina under Moses, any more than thoii while neighbors would. Good Demo crats can iitand "a break in the solid South," for it will break, right across both races. But can the Republicans? What de the Northern Republicans who have encouraged and excused the surrendet to Mahoneon the ground that it would benefit the party think of the declara tion that the negroes have gone over to Mahono to destroy the partv? This official declaration gives additional point to Tho WorUCs query the othoriluy "What will be the outcome in 1881, whether the Mahono experiment suc ceeds or fails?" And the whole subject revives the otornal and pregnant ques tion Why does the Republican party at the South make no progress? There were Whigs there before the war; where are the Whim and their descend ants and successors? Why is the white population ot tho south solidly Demo cratic? Why is the negro population no longer to be solidly Republican ' Ihere must be something in the principles 01 practices of tho dominant political par ty to account for sucb a state . ol things. What is it? N. X. World. The Election of Davis. The Republican movement, in un seating Senator Bttyard and electing senator Davis president pro tern. 01 me Senate, discloses the hollowness of the pretenses under which tbey have soughl to justify their whining and denuncia tion. There is but one ground upon which anyone of them has dared tc claim that the Democratic Senators ought to waive the responsibility thrasl , upon them. That ground is that the Government has been committed tc Republican control for tho four year, beirinniner in March last, arfd that no step should be taken which may by any Bossioiuty iiiteriere wiui sucu control nder certain circumstances, it wa( urged, the President pro tern, might be come, temporarily, acting President ol the United States; and, if ha were a Democrat, the will of tbe people would, while he remained in that position, be thwarted. It was upon this string that the whole partisan tune was played, from the thundering notes of the party organs to the pianissimo strain of Edmunds about the " lottery of assassination." Not a voice has been raised against Senator Bavard. Not an intimation has been given that npon any other ground than that named was the course pursued by the Democratic Senators any other than right, just and jiatriotie. ' - And now oy tneir election 01 iavis they confess their hypocrisy. They confess that it was partisanship of tho narrowest kind, and not patriotism or regard for the popular will, that ani mated them in their splenetic utter ances and opposition, liy elevating Senator Davis to the Presidency of the Senate thoy fly more directly in the face of the people than they possibly could by voting for Sena tor Bavard himself, if it is to bo re garded as a popular edict that the Ad ministration snail 00 liopiiijiican iiimi March 4, 188.5, the putting of Davis iu the lino of possible succession is the most llagraut disobedience of that edict, that he is not a Democrat wo are well aware; but it is- equally cer tain that ho is not a Republican. Po litically he is a nobody and represents nobody. It was hanllv necessary that this ac tion should be taken to convict the Re- mblican Senators of hypocrisy; but it does make their attitude a little more contemptible than it was before. De troit free I'rexs. -One of the most celebrated of mathematicians was also one of tho most absent-minded of men. On going out ono forenoon ho wrnto in chalk on his door: " I am not at homo. Soma time alter be returned, and, just as lie was about, to open 111s i'r, no was truck by the inscription which he had himself written. He read it as if tor tho first tinio. turned to tho right about, and reilcscciitlcd the stairs, mut tering: " I am i"t at home,"