OCR Interpretation


American citizen. [volume] (Canton, Miss.) 1864-1890, November 12, 1881, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016739/1881-11-12/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

AMERICAN CITIZEN,
OtBeial Joaraal City ef Caatoa.
ICES. AUGUSTA S. BOSWOKTH, Proprietor.
Tarns, $3 m l'urf in Advance.
KIT ICS OF ADYEBTISMB.
I sol. One year.. 1.10 00 ool. 1 month. aisoo
1 ool. Omuatn.... do 00 oul. 1 year 45 oo
1 col. 1 months.... 60 Oi J ool. months ..as to
1 oul. 1 month UW V col. S month ..15 00
)i eol. 1 year Wlv col. 1 month . . 10 08
3j col. months 00001 aqua e. 1 year.. 15 00
Jb eol. Smooth -.0" squares, 1 year. 2S 00
' Transient advrtitjrmcDtrt tl.ao per Mjuare
first insertion, and 75 cent for each subsequent
insertion.
Legal advertisements at the same rates and
1.00 i--HiliT-nni lor proof of pubueaooa.
NEWS IN BRIEF.
Compiled from Various Sources.
PERSONAL AND POLITICAlt.
Ix mediately following the adjourn
ment of the Senate the President appointed
Strmtham Postmaster at Lynchburg, Va., in
place of WiUoo, suspended.
Mr. Brady assumes to be so confident
of establishing his Innocence of any com
plicity In the alleged Star-route frauds that
he is said to be preparing to brine suits for
libel against Postmaster -General James and
Attorney-General MacYeagh, whom he
charges with erring out much of the def
amatory matter that has been published re
carding- him.
Jacob Eckhekdt, ex-member of the
Wisconsin Assembly, dropped dead in the
street at Milwaukee.
President Abthcr went to New
Tork on the 3d, to remain until after the
Mate election.
" t"" late Governor Wilts, of Louisi
ana, left his widow and five children In pov
erty, and a committee of leading citizens has
appealed to the people of the State to pro
Tide a fund forthem.
Charles J. Folder, the newly-appointed
Secretary of the Treasury, was born
in .Massachusetts In 1818. His first office
was that of Judge of Ontario County, New
Tork. He served eight years in the Slate
.senate, was Sub-Treasurer of Sew York,
and now holds the position of Chief -Justice
of the Court of Appeals.
The State of Guatemala sent a special
envoy to Washington to personally convey
to our people and Government the sympathy
and condolence of that Government upon
the death of President Garfield.
Mr. J. P. Lin usa r, Chief Head Clerk,
has been placed in charge of all mail routes
la Texas.
Herr J. Von Schoener, at present
Diplomatic Agent and Consul-General of
Austria at Alexandria, has been appointed
Austrian Minister at Washington.
The argument on the motion to set
aside the criminal Information In the star
route eases began In the District Court at
Washington on the Sd. The Government
was represented by District-Attorney
Corkhlll; Brewster, of Philadelphia; Bliss,
of New York, and Cook, of Washington ;
the defense by Totten, Wilaon.Sheilaharger,
Robert 6. Ingersoll, Sypher, and Jefferson
Chandler, of St. Louis.
COHMEKCE AID IfTDUlTRY.
Later developments regarding the
failure of the Mechanics' National Bank
of Newark, N. J., confirm the report that
the Institution Is hopelessly wrecked. Stock
holders will be called upon to pay dollar for
dollar for the full amount of stock held by
them. Depositors will get about fifty cents
on the dollar. It has been ascertained that
Baldwin, the Cashier, speculated some la
Wall Street, but it Is not known that be met
with any serious losses there. The firm of
Nugent Co. protest against being made
the scapegoat for Baldwin's deficiency.
They claim that Baldwin was their paid
financial manager, receiving one per cent,
commission for negotiating their paper, and
leir indebtedness to the bank la noth
ing like the amount claimed by Baldwin.
W. S. Brooks, a well-known, mer
chant of Wheetley, Ark., has suspended
with liabilities of $60,000, placed chiefly in
Bt. Louis and Memphis.
Decrease of the public debt during
October, $1S2,4S8.
The Executive Committee of the
Missouri River Improvement Association
have called a Convention to be held at St.
Joseph on the 29th of November.
The London Timet in its financial
article saye that purchases of Confederate ,
bonds are believed tobe entirely due to the
action of a clique prepared to run no the
price of any rubbish If they think there is
the faintest chance of alluring the public in
to Joining in the venture. There has been
a decline In the prices offered.
A movement is on foot among the
leading millers of the country to shut down
all operations for thirty days. It is claimed
that wheat la now held at speculative prices;
and also that the supply of flour on band
largely exceeds the demand, both of which
wrongs, in the views of the millers, can be
righted by the temporary suspension of
milling operations.
The annual report of United States
Treasurer Gilfillan shows an increase In re
eeipta over the previous year as follows:
Customs, (11,637,611; Internal revenue, $lf,
295,110; sales of public lands, $1,185,356;
miscellaneous sources, 3,177,702; increase In
surplus revenue, $34,186,'i5l.
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
Rurus McPhersob- walked into the .
Kimball House, at Atlanta, Ga,, on the" Sd,
and after talking a short time with a number
of gentlemen, moved to the middle of the
floor, drew a pistol, and raising It over bis
bead, saldy-" It's there now, and now It's
here," with which exclamation be placed the
barrel against his right temple and fired,
dying In an hour. McPherson was about 23
years of age, and was as well connected as
any young man in Georgia, being the grand
son of Campbell Wallace, one of the Bail
road Commissioners and President of the
Mechanic's Bank of Atlanta.
Miss Jessie Bice, of Newark, Ohio,
driving across the track In a buggy, was
killed by a Panhandle express train.
Johbt Davis was fatally and David
Griffith seriously Injured by the explosion
of a boiler near Cotton, Jackson County, O. ;
Col. J. M. Morpht, a leading attor
ney of Hot Springs, Ark., ibet George Sad
ler four times, Inflicting fatal wounds.
Morpby was one of the principal attorneys
hi the prosecution of Sadler in bis recent
trial for the murder of Dr. Lyon in Decem
ber last, which is said to have aroused la
bim great antipathy toward Murphy, and it
Is alleged he had threatened to kill hint.
Fred. MixiaTQKA.an estimable young
farmer residing near Clifton, Washington
County, Kans., was shot and killed the other
night by Fred. Niphnoo, with whom he bad
previously had some difficulty, growing out
of Niphnon's attention to Mlningka's sis
ter. The murderer then committed suicide.
Nipbnon was a yonng man of bad habits,
and bad sworn to have vengeance for Mln
ingka's Interference In behalf of his sister.
The murdered man leaves a wife and one
ohild.
Charles Madden shot and killed
Miss P bos be Bernard at Tiffin, O., because
the would not marry him. Both were young
people of the best standing in the communi
ty. The murderer was arrested, and there
were strong threats made of lynehing bim.
Mrs. Sarah Wolcott, of Brown
Township. Madison County, O., lost her life
by the explosion of a can of coal oil which
was accidentally overturned and ignited.
A fire at Olean, N. Y., destroyed
the Americatf 'tiouie and five small build
ings. George Brooks and wife, in Jumping
from one of the buildings, each bad a leg
broken, and Mrs. Brooks was injured in
ternally, and It is thought fatally.
Heitrt Kino, who murdered Michael
Hugelin In Clinton Crlson last Joly, wss
banged at Plsttsburg, X. Y., on the 4tb.
Henry LoveU and Tom Bet ts were legally
Published by MBS. AUGUSTA 8. BOSWOKTH.
VOLUME XXXI.
strangled on the same day the former at
Wilmington, N. C, and the latter at Jones -
boro, Ga.
Sahcel Kenton, a well-to-do farmer
residing near Blsek River Fall. Wis., was
shot down the other night w&tle returning
from the well with a pail of water. There is
no rlew to the assassin.
Charles Jones, colored, who com
mitted an indecent assault upon a resnecta
ble white married ladv, was hanged by a
mob near Spadra, Johnson County, Ark.
A ioikq man named Edward Dough
erty, employed by a farmer near Dubuque,
Iowa, was shot through the heart and killed
Instantly by Mi's Daly. He had been out
shooting, and returned with a rifle loaded
The girl picked up the rifle and playfully
snapped It at him, supposing it to be un
loaded..
Bridget Murray and .Thomas Ma
lone died from burns received at a fire in
Lowell, Mass. Polioeman O'Donnell, who
Jumped from a window, is thought to be
fatally Injured.
The new limited express on the Penn
sylvania Road, running at high speed near
East Liberty. Pa., crushed the "life out of
two men on the track.
W. II. Gurnet, a prominent attorney
yf Buffalo, N. i., committed suicide by
drowning. He had been for some weeks in
an unsound state of mind.
Emma Beckman, aged twenty-five
years, Jumped from a fourth -story window,
in Columbus, Ohio, and sustained injuries
which will no doubt prove fatal.
Chris. Prtor, a farmer and stock-
raiser, was' killed in a saloon brawl at Web
ster, O.
MISCICLLANKOTJft.
Several Danville (HI.) firemen are
under arrest charged with incendiarism.
There have been many mysterious fires
there recently, and it Is now confessed by
one of tbe malefactors that they were kin
dled for the purpose of wakiog the authori
ties up to tbe necessity of having a paid fire
department.
The Kentucky authorities were in
formed some time ago that the James boys
bad taken up their quarters In Logan Coun
ty and had planned the capture of a train
on tbe Louisville & Nashville Railroad. A
well armed posse were dispatched to the al
leged rendezvous of the famous bandits, but
no trace of them could be found.
Late Irish news : A troop-ship with
600 men has been dispatched from Ports
mouth to reinforce the various regiments in
Ireland. Orders nave been received at
Athlone to have a firing column in readi
ness to proceed immediately to any part of
Westmeath and' Roscommon.' A -crowd of
700 persons attacked tbe police while serv
ing a summons at Belmullet, County
Mayo. The police fired upon the peo
ple,: several of whom were wounded.
Parnell Is forbidden to see bis solicitor for
tbe purpose of Instructing him to take steps
to test the validity of his arrest, unless a
warden is present. A protest was lodged
with tbe Governor of the Prison. Father
Conway, of Skreen, County Sligo, is sus
pended for advanced Land League views.
The people of the parish have built up
the doors and windows of the chapel
and declared no priest but Conway shall
officiate therein. Anthony McHale, Catho
lic curate, Labardane diocese, Killala, has
been arrested for holding a Land League
meeting in the chapel. Among recent ar
rests are tbe Secretaries of Castle, Dermot
and. Atbey branches of the Land League,
the President of the Newmarket branch,
and Hefferman, League organizer, Kildare.
The farm premises and several stacks of
wheat and hay belonging to Dr. Thompson,
which had been recently harvested by the
emergency men, were burned at Bally Duff,
Waterford County. A large crowd looked
on, but made no attempt to save the prop
erty. Archbishop MeC'abe, In a postaf let-
ery denounees the League manifesto. Over
ft00 eases era before the Land Court, and
several decisions have been returned.
Five workmen were seriously injured
by a boiler explosion at Stephen's Branch,
Ky. r
Daniel H. Gerci, a postal clerk run
ning between Kearney and Sydney on tbe
Uaion Padfio Railway, is under arrest for
stealing a registered money package con-
taing $2,000. He has confessed and turned
over $1,580. all be bad left of the stolen
money. Robert Rich, mail messenger be
tween tbe Post-office and railway station at
Burnslde, Ky., baa also been arrested for
stealing and rilling registered letters. His
depredations amount to over $100,000 in the
last six months.
. The police al St. Petersburg have ar
rested a man and woman who were prepar
ing dangerous explosives. Socialist pamph
lets were found in tbe rooms. The man Is a
student in tbe School of Mines. Nihilist
proclamations have been distributed about
the city and several copies thrown into tbe
barracks of tbe Imperial Guard. Tbe Czar
has lately received many threatening mis
sives. a
A passenger train or the Missouri
Pacific struck a broken Tail about four miles
west of Jefferson City on tbe 2d, and seven
coaches and the engine were derailed. One
car tumbled a complete somersault. No in
juries except a few slight bruises were sus
tained by any of the passengers.
The annual report of the Pension Bu
reau shows that on the 80th of June, 1861,
there were 308,830 pensioners; net Increase
during tbe year, 18028; aggregate annual
value of all pensions, $38,760,967. Tbe an
nual disbursements of the office, however,
largely exceed this sum. , For instance, the
total amount paid for pensions during the
year (exclusive ol certain arrears in claims
allowed prior to January 25, 1879), was $49,
723,147, tbe difference being accounted fur in
arrears of pensions, or "accrued pensions,"
covering a period dating back to the dis
cbarge. In each case, of soldiers still living
and soldiers' deaths in tbe cla I ma of widow
or minor children.
Governor Sheldon is preparing to
break up tbe eowboy and "rustler" element
in Southern New Mexico. Tbis lawless
element is said to number about ISO persons.
Tbey Infest the southern part of Grant
County, and have their principal camps at
san simon, tuioveraaie and Can-seal ino
Springs. Their leaders are Russian Bill,
Curly Bill and Chris Moesner. Something
like 000 bones and 1,000 head of cattle have
been stolen during tbe last nine months
and driven to Texas and Arizona, and
then sold. Horses and cattle stolen in
Arlzon and Texas are run to New Mexico
and sold. The southeastern portion of Ari
zona is completely under the heel of these
"rustlers." Governor Sheldon Intends to
procure Indictments, offer rewards, and
then send armed and mounted militia com
panies, from fifty to one hnndred men
strong, with the Sheriffs of Dona Ana, Lin
coln and Grant Counties, to execute the
writs. Matters are now being put Into
shape for the movement.
The Wabash will put on a limited ex
press between St. Louis and New York,
time 33 hours and 40 minutes.
Eureka Springs, Ark., has been de
clared by Governor Churchill a city of the
first-class. This grade has been reached In
two years and three months from the date
of the erection of the first cabin.
England has been visited by a severe
snow-storm, which was accompanied by a
THE AMEEICAN
1 Be just and fear
rather brisk gale. In some of the midland
counties the snow fell to a depth of two feet.
An order has been issued by the Pres
ident, directing that the 1'ension Agency at
St. Louis be removed on the list of January
to Tope ka, Kans., and Nathaniel Adams, of
Manhattan, Kins., has been appointed
Agent, vice Hufus Campion, whose term has
expired.
It is estimated that the recent over
flow of the Mississippi has caused damages
between Keokuk, la., and Louisiana, Mo.,
on both sides of the river, amounting to
$2,930,000.
Floods in Delmatia and Croatia
caused the River Keika to burst its bounds.
Houses arc inundated, crops damaged, roads
submerged and postal communication sus
pended. The Nihilists threaten to prevent the
Czar's coronation unless he grants specific
concessions.
Investigation into the affairs of the
Mechanics National Bank of Newark, N.
J., so hopelessly wrecked by Cashier Itald
v in, discloses the fact that some two years
ago Henry P. Marchbank, at that time en
gaged as corresponding clerk of the bank,
got away with $50,000 of its funds, which
has never been recovered. Marchbank was
retired, but the matter was not made pub
lic, it is supposed on account of the clerk's
too intimate knowledge of the Cashier's
own and much more extensive defalcation.
Marchbanks has now been arrested. He 1,
a man of some property, and like Baldwin,
has heretofore been esteemed as an estima
ble and upright citizen.
The steamer War Eagle, of the Up
per Mississippi line, bound down from St.
Paul with a large list of passengers and
freight, on the night of the 4th came into
collision with the drawbridge at Keokuk
and was hopelessly disabled. As the boat
struck the bridge pier the latter
gave way, and then with a terrific
crash, an entire span toppled over on the
stricken vessel, crushing a large hole In her
side, through which the water poured in a
vast flood. The passengers were hastily
gathered together upon the hurricane deck,
and many climbed from the boat upon tbe
bridge. Tbe boat soon afterward swunj
clear from the bridge pier and floated down
stream with the current a few hundred
yards, when she rounded to and was made
fast te tbe bank, and the passengers were
safely transferred to terra flrma. First re
ports regarding loss of life were contradic
tory, but it was thought at least two or three
were drowned.
During a storm at Manzanillo, Mex
ico, recently, four large vessels and all small
craft In the harbor were wrecked, and sev
eral stores, tbe Custom-house, and other
buildings were demolished.
Both houses of the Minnesota Legis
lature bave passed the bill for the readjust
ment of the old bonded debt of the State, at
an interest not to exceed 5 per cent.
Small-pox is epidemic in Stearns
County, Minn., and the physicians of the
State Board of Health are bending all their
energies to confine it to the districts now
infected, and to eventually root It out alto
gether. Tbey encounter considerable diffi
culty on account of the ignorance of the in
habitants, who look on tbe disease as a visi
tation of Providonoe.
Governor Churchill, of Arkan
sas, granted a reprieve in the cases of two
colored murderers, Jackson and Hill, sen
tenced to be hanged at Hamburg, Jackson
County, on the 22d ult. All preparations
bad been made 'for the execution, and a
crowd of several thousand persons, mostly
colored, had gathered to witness the affair.
Tbelr disgust was so great at being cheated
out of the ghastly spectacle, that many
wanted to lynch tbe prisoners.
John F. Kerratt, formerly Assistant
Postmaster at Little Rock, Ark. , bas been
sentenced to. thirty months' Imprisonment
at hard labor at the Detroit House of Cor
rection, for embezzling nearly $3,0OMn Gov
ernment funds. He made a written state
ment in 'the court-room acknowledging that
he bad stolen the money, but asserting that
parties who had been instrumental In pros
ecuting him were equally guilty. Tbe con
fession has produced a genuine sensation.
President Arthur has designated
November 24 as a day of national thanks
giving and prayer.
Pin knit M. Kino, aged 20, has been
convicted at Little Rock, Ark., of counter
feiting, and sentenced to two years' im
prisonment at Detroit and to pay a fine of
$1,000.
C05DE5SED TELEGRAMS.
Col. Watson B. Smn, Clerk of the
U. S. Circuit Court, Omaha, was found dead
outside his office door on tbe morning of the
Sth, with a bullet through his bead. Col.
Smith has been very prominent in enforcing
the new liquor law, and the opinion Is uni
versal that ho was assassinated Just as he
was leaving his office. His body was cold
when found.
Miss Ella Judd, aged 18 years, a
popular and handsome young lady, of Mon
roe, Wis., was fatally burned by tbe explo
sion of a kerosene lamp. Her clothing was
set on fire, and before assistance could reach
her she was actually roasted by the flames.
Advices from the West Indies report
many lives lost by the recent floods there,
and the loss of live stock, damage to tbe
fni't Interests and railroads, is estimated at
$20,000,000.
Lieut. Com. A. II. Wbioiit died at
Key West, Fla., of yellow fever.
A dispatch from Kankakee, 111.,
says: Ludwig Benke and Peter Kohner,
laborers in the employ of the Illinois Cen
tral Railroad bridge department, were car
ried over a dam on a flatboat and drowned.
A. Stein, a prominent figure in po
lice circles at Iowa City, Iowa, cut his wife's
throat, chopped up bis mother-in-law, and
killed himself by poison. Stein and his wife
are dead, but the mother-in-law may recov
er. Jealousy, insanity, and liquor are the
cause.
The cotton statistics for the present
season show a falling off in the receipts at
every Southern port, except New Orleans,
from last year, the decrease in some cases
being considerable. The estimates of the
total crop made by members of the New
York Cotton Exchange vary from 5,175,000
to 6,500,000 bales. Ilradstreet's reports
would indicate the smaller estimate as being
the nearer correct.
Charles Hebden, a wealthy farmer
residing near Copse, St. Clair County, Mich.,
made a will on the 4th and next morning
killed his three-year-old boy, cutting bis
own throat soon after and dying in a few
moments. He bad been considered insane
for some time.
Up to the 6th the number of lives lost
by t he War Eagle disaster at Keokuk was
still undetermined, but It was believed at
least four persons were drowned. The body
of C. F. llenning, of Ootids, Iowa, was the
only one so far recovered and Identified.
The Opera-house building at Joplin,
Mo., burned on tbe night ol the 5th. Two
stores occupying the lower floor were de
stroyed with all their contents. Total loss
about $50,000, partially Insured.
Enoch Emort, formerly editor of the
Peoria (III.) Transcript, was stricken down
on the Olh by an apoplectic stroke and not
exoecled to live.
not ; Let all the ends thou
CANTON, MISS., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER
A FIXAXCIAL CRASH.
Tbe lVIertianlca' National Hank of
Newark. N. J., Ilutuad by (lie Oprra
tioua or Its laablor Ilia Lows by
I'usceured Loan and Speculations
Not Far from si, 500,000 -The cul
prit A rreated -Arrest or an Alleged
Abettor of tbe KrabecAlsmenU
New York, October St.
The Mcchanics'National Bank of Newark,
N. J., closed to-day. The announcement
excited universal surprise and astonishment.
The Bfechanics' Bank has been the
leading financial Institution of Newark for
the past fifty years, and in all that time no
whisper to its discredit had been heard. It
was tbe heaviest bank In the State of New
Jersey, and its transactions were of a mag
nitude andVimportance known to no o&het
suburban bank. Tbe story of the ruin, so far
as It can bs given at present, was obtained
from one of the Directors, a gentleman
whose whole fortune Is swallowed by the
catastrophe: "Sunday morning," be said,
" Oscar L. Baldwin,the Cashier of the bank,
sent for Stephen 11. Condict, one of the Di
rectors, and asked him to call at the bank
building at eleven o'clock. Mr. Condict
called at the hour fixed, and Bald
win Informed bim that the bank
was ruined. It seems that the Bank
Examiner, E. P. Shelley, who has been
in town for the past ten days, examining
National Banks, bad notified Baldwin
Thursday that tbe bank would be examined
Monday, and this precipitated the dis
closure. At seven o'clock last evening a
meeting of the Directors was held at the
residence of Joseph A. Halsey, in Park
Place, at which there was a full attendance.
Mr. Condict told the other Directors what
Baldwin bad said to him, adding that the
shortage of the institution would probably
amount to $2,000,000 or $2,500,000. When
the astonishment ri-ing from this startling
announcement had subsided. Mr. Baldwin
was called before the Board and made a
statement of financial operations for the
past twelve years, such as perhaps has no
parallel In the history of banking. He said
that the whole amount, say $2,500,000, bad
gone Into tbe hands of a single firm, Messrs.
C Nugent A Co., morocco manufacturers,
of Newark, and that be bad never benefited
by tbe defalcation to the amount of a dollar.
He had loaned money to N ugeat A Co. some
twelve years ago, without authority from
the Board of Directors and without the
customary collateral, and had ever since
been trying to cover his tracks. Nugent, ac
cording to his story, said that he owned Val
uable property and would be able to take up
ail his notes, provided a little time was
given him. 1 Whenever a note became due
Nugent would pay a portion of it and then
give another note and borrow an additional
sum of money. At length Baldwin protest
ed, but Nugent quickly shut him up by say
ing: 'You and I are both in the bole. If
tbis thing Is exposed it will ruin you as well
as me. You have been lending me money
without collateral and without the consent
of your Board of Directors. Say nothing
about it, and I will be able before long to
pull through.' Powerless to resist, tbe un
fortunate Cashier continued to advance
money to Nugent A Co. until ths amount
became appallingly large. How Mr. Bald
win kept a knowledge of these transactions
from the Directors I cannot tell you) but I
presume that be used our balance at the
Mechanics' Bank of New York for that put
pose. We have had aa average daily bal
ance of from $1,500,000 to $2,000,000 at that
Institution for several years, and It wot
very easy for our Cashier to make use
of It without our knowledge, since he
could keep his books in such a way as to
seemingly preserve that balance Intact. Be
sides, ail of us had the most perfect confi
dence in his integrity, and knewthat he was
a business man of rare shrewdnesaand abil
ity. My theory Is that when B tldwin found
himself Involved to the amount of $200,000
or $300,000 by his note transactions with
Nugent, he went into Wall street with more
of the bank's money, in the hope of recoup
ing himself. Bad luck or bad Judgment
dragged him deeper and deeper Into the
mire, and tbe result was bis disclosure of
last evening. He told me that every dollar
of tbe missing money had gone into Nu
gent's business; but this I can not believe.
I should have said that the notes given by
Nugent to Baldwin for the money of the
bank were never seen or heard of by the
Directors. In fact, they knew nothing of
the transaction. How the Bank Examiner
was hoodwinked I can not say; but at every
annual examination our bank came out with
a clean record. For myself, I bad such un
limited confidence in Baldwin that I never
thought of looking very closely into bis ac
counts. "After bearing Baldwin's statement,"
the Director continued, "we called In Fred
erick T. Frelinghuyssn as counsel, and ap
pointed Messrs. George A. Halsey and Hen
ry Howell as a committee to visit Washing
ton and consult with the Comptroller of the
Currency aa to the situation of tbe bank.
We also appointed Stephen H. Condict and
James F. Bond as a committee to consult
John C Emory, our counsel, as to the ad
visability of arresting Baldwin. The com
mittee roused Mr. Emory from his bed, and
after a short consultation were advised to
cause Baldwin's arrest. Early this morn
ing thev called upon A. Q. Keasby, United
Slates District Attorney, and James F. Bond
made an affidavit embodying substantially
tbe facts above nsirrnted.'.'
Balwin was arrested in bed at seven this
morninsr. He showed no surprise, and was
evidently expecting arrest. He ssid .be
would not give bail, and he was content to
pass his life In prison. " I shall never be
seen on Uroad street again." he exclaimed.
" When Baldwin was before us," said a
dire, tor to a reporter, "he appeared to be
anxious to make a clean breast of the mat
ter. He said be fully realized the grave na
ture of the offense, and admitted that he
ought to be dealt with in the severest man
ner the law would allow. There Is no ex
cuse for my misdeeds' he said, 'and I now
see what I ought to have seen years ago. I
stand before you to-night a perjurer, a for
ger, a falsifier and a criminal. I think, gen
tlemen,' he said, in conclusion, 'that you
ought to send for officer and put me under
arrest for misappropriating your money and
money belonging to other persons. It is
your duty to send me to Jail, and I only ask
the one privilege of going home to inform
my wife and family of my misdeeds. They
know nothing about this affsir. I never ex
pect to go to the bank srain, but instead I
expect to go to Jail and from there to State
prison, and there I will have to end my
davs. If I had not been ton much of a coward
I would not have been here to tell yon this
story to-night. 1 should bave shot myself.
Since I have chosen to live, I must suf
fer."' Newark, N. J October 31.
Christopher Nutcent, a wealthy morocco
manufacturer of the firm of C Nugent A
Co., was arrested this evening at his house
by a Deputy United Slates Marshal, on a
charge of aiding and abetting Cashier Bald
win in embezzling funds from the Me
chanics' National Bank. He gave bail in
$25,000 to answer tbe charjre. Tbe arrest
was based on the voluntary statement of ths
Cashier in regard to the loans to Nugent.
An old fellow whoso daughter had
failed to secure a position as teacher, in
consequence of not pussing nn examina
tion, said: "They asked her lots of
things she didn'tTknow. Look at the
history 1l"'",jf"2r "1y asked her
about thi - lsrliappciied beforo she
was born! How was .-hegoinjr to know
about them? Why, they asked her
about old tieorgo Washington and other
men she never knew! That was a
pretty sort of examination!"
Bonanza Flood intends to build a
house in Fifth avenue. New York, be
side which Vanderbilt'i hut will look
like a prairie-doo- house.
aim'st at be thy Cod's, thy Country's, and Truth's."
Report of the I'ni'.ed Slates Treasurer.
WASnlNCToW. November 3.
The report of United Slates Treasure!
Gilfillan for the fiscal year ended June :V1,
11, shows an increa.c in the receipts over
those for 18S0 from every source. Increase
III customs, $ll,637,;ii; internal revenuei
$ll,'iV,011t sale of public lands, $!,lS5,3.it;
miscellaneous sources, $3,177,702; total in
crease, $27,255,11, which, added to the net
reduction of $'i,!KJ,070 in expenditures,
makes an increase in the surplus revenue ol
$34,185,751.
Tbe net revenues were $3G0,782,2!2. and
the net expenditures, $200,712,887. The ex
cess of the receipts over payments was
$100,069,404, of which $90,872,201 was ex
pended In the redemption of the puUlk
debt. - - '
The balance In the Treasury Increased
$18,667,603 from $203,791,321 at the begin
ning to $252,45S,!25 at the end of the fiscal
year. The amount expended on account oi
interest and premium on the public debt
ran down from ris,;52,Sii5 in 1HS" to $83,
fsW.'jS!), a reduction of 14,H82,9iJft. The
balance standiugto tiie credit of disbursing
officers and agents of the United Stales with
Various officers of the Treasury, June 30
1881, was 24,!3,3'I7.
1 be receipts for the fiscal year on account
of the Post-office Department was $39,757,
664. and the expenditures, 38,r44,(i3.", ol
which amounts ?24,702.7o3 were received
and expended directly by Postmasters.
Tbe unavailable funds in tbe Treasury
amount to $2!',521,32, an increase since l lie
last report, by reason of taking up certain
items previously carried in cash. At the
close of the year thcre-washeld by the Treas
urer in United States bonds, 9o4io..t5,!KH)
as security for tbe circulation of National
banks, and $15,295,500 as seeurily for pubjic
deposits in National Bank deposit tries.
During the vear 276,8!I9,700 in bonus was
deposited for these purposes, and 3277,527,
350 withdrawn, exceeding by far the trans
actions of any former year.
The amount of United States currency
ouutandmx at the close of theyeur was -t.162,-639,4:17;
redeemed during Iheyear, a71,lMi9,
974. Total redemptions since first issue of
currency, $2,30,141,73.
lini'ed States bonds amounting to$85,
804,050 have been retired during the year.
The aggregate retired by purcha-e, redump
tion, conversion and excuunre, from March
11, l4i9, to the close of the fiscal year, was
$1.H3U144,8U). Coupons from United
Stales bonds of the value of $22,797,6117 were
paid during the year, and quarterly interest
on registered stock of funded loans, auiouut
ine to $44,455,790, was paid by means of 3
105 checks.
National Bank notes received for redemp
tion during the year, 59,U5 ,25. Tbe ag
grtgatcredemptions, under act of June 20,
1674, bas been 1,099,634,772.
Comparing the eondition of tbe Treasury
Septemtier 30, 1881, with the'eondition tbe
same day last year, the most striking
changea are the increase in gold coin and
bullion and standard silver dollars on band,
and in silver certificates outstanding. De
ducting cold certificates actually outstand
ing, tbe gold belonging to the Government
September 30, the last four years, was $112,
'2,622 in 1878, I54, 987,371 in 1879, 128,
160,085 in 1MS0, and $109, 552,746 in 1881.
The gross amount of gold and silver coin
and bullion held by the Treasury, without
regard to obligations outstanding against it
ranged from $163, 969,444 in 1878 to $222,
807,368 in 1879, to $214,3o3,215 in lt-S0, and
$2t9,7U0,!t9S in 1861. '1 he increase last year
was $55,400,000. of which $39,150,000 was in
gold, and $16,250,000 in silver. The Increase
iu gold was greater and in silver less last
year than any year since the cwinage of the
standard silver dollar began.
The United State notes on band slightly
Increased last year, notwithstanding the
urgent public demand for notes for circula
tion. The amount on hand above the
amount required for payment of clearing
house certificates is $20,000,000 against $18,
900,000 a year ago.
Tbe practice the past year has been to
make 10 per cent, of all payments In silvei
dollars or certificates. 4'J per cent, in
gold coin and fiu per cent, in notes. To
this rule there Is one important exception
Under an arraneenMnt between the T-reas
ii ry and the New York Clearing House all
payments by the Treasury to this institu
tion, aggregating $7f,UOo,D0O a year, must
be made in gold coin or United States notes,
standard sliver dollars not being receivable
under its rules, although silver certiiicates
are now being paid it by tbe Treasury li
some extent in Urge denominations, in lieu
of gold $o1a, for.use iu payment of cMstnm
dues. A'side from any personal views as te
the expediency of reviving the sttver dollar,
tbe Treasurer says It would seem unwise for
any branch of the Government to encourage
an arrangement by which coin, which the
law Das mauo tuu legal tender, is uiscrea
lied. The gross assets of tbe Government, In
cluding funds held for redemption of gold,
silver and currency certificates, are $331,-
881, 210,baving Increased more than aot.OOO,
000 last vear.and being larger than on tbe cor
responding date in any yusr since 1S7S. The
increase is due in chief part to deposits on
account of silver certificates, which amount
ed to $40,600,000.
In referring to tbe reserve held for the re
domption of United Ststes notes the Treas
urer says! " There is no provision In the law
requiring specie reserve for redemption of
United States notes. In the preparation
for the resumption of specie payments a
fund was created in tbeTreasury,uuder sec
tion 8. Resumption act of 1675, by the sale
el $00,000,000 in oonas, anu me accumula
tion of surplus revenue to protect outslaiMl'
ing notes. Tbe amount of this fund has
never been definitely fixed, but it has been
maintained at about 40 per cent, ef United
Slates notes outstanding.
"It bas usually been assumed that areserve
of 40 percent, is sufficient for the protection
of United States notes, but under the
method of computation the reserve is not
merely 40 per cent, of liability represented
by United States notes, but also 100 per
cent, of all other liabilities. So tar aa gold,
silver and clearing-house certificates are
concerned, it is necessary, under the laws
authorizing their issue, that their full
amount should be set aside in gold, silver
and United States notes, respectively, as
funds for tbeir redemption, but as to the
other liabilities there Is no such obligation
as this, and it is submitted that no higher re
serve is required for their protection than is
required for the protection of United States
notes. In the changed condition of trade
and commerce, unless some calamity shall
overtake the Nation, there seems to be no
probability of a run upon the reserve of the
Treasury. The total demand for coin in the
redemption ef United states notes aggre
gated since resumption but $12,029,086, and
no notes whatever have been presented for
redemption since r ebruary, isei.
"Should there ever be a run en the sDeele
reserves of the Treasury, United States notes
will be made the bssis of demand, and not
the ether matured obligations, which com
pose the very varied current liabilities of
the Government. Tbe excess of assets over
demand for liabilities of the Government,
other than United States notes. Is shown by
atauulatea statement. 10 ne $i4b,-3,4Wl.
Considering these liabilities aa a whole, the
Treasurer says: "It is clear that what
ever percentage tbe reserve will protect.
United States notes will protect the
other liabilities." The Treasurer does
not attempt te say what this
percentage should be, but is of opinion
that a uniform percentage should be fixed
for aH current liabilities other than the
three classes of certificates, and tbe excess
of cash in tbe Treasury should be expended,
from time te time, in tbe purchase or re
demption of the public debt, according to
some uenmie anu pnouciv announcea plan.
Should this be done tbe policy of the De
partment would cease to be subject to
speculation, and the influence of the 'treasury
on the money market would be reduced to
a minimum. LHtring tbe last two years
there has been a steady increase in out
standing notes of denominations of $20 and
uuder, and a proportionate decrease in notes
of bigner denominations, hundreds alone
excepted.
The total amount of standard silver dol
lars coined to September 30, 1NS1, under tiie
act of February 28, 1878, is $08,322, 705, of
which nearly 34 per cent, is in cir
culation and the remainder in the Treasury.
The amount coined last year was $27,753,
865, of which $9,589,420 went into circula
tion, and the remainder is in the Treasury.
The product ot the gold, silver and
coppcrmines of the Southern States for
this year promises to be nbovc the
startling figures of $20,000,000.
A Methodist lay college lias been
opened at Boston to prepare young er
tons for religious work.
CITIZEN.
12, 1881.
An Interesting; paper Brought to Light.
On the 5th of May last J. F. Meline. John
Walker and W. II. Hiiis were appointed a
eomnilttei; to examine tbo disbursements of
the contingent expenses account of the
Treasury Department. On Juno It tne PJec
retnry called for a report covering tho Inves
tiirtition up to ami including that date. The
reiHjrt was called for by resolution offered In
tbe Senate by Senator i?herniau, which was
adopted on the 21st of Octotier, and the report
was submitted to the Senate on the 2ttb. The
committee cays that, "owuir to statements
mart to us by the Chief Clerk, we have not
mad an examination of aecouuts for station
ery, but have conlined our inquiries to ac
counts and expenditures imir appropriar
tiona for other contingent expenses." The
attention of tho Secreta.y Is called to tarlous
sections of the Kovised Statutes preseribinir
tne powers and duties of certain niheers of the
Department in relation to accounts untler ex
amination, alt of which are uuotert in detail.
'1 he organisation of the lepartuient, officers
and salaries are noted, and tho report eoii
tinilos: " tor several years there has been -in
the Department a ouasi otlicer called Ousti
diati, who has, undor tlic direction of the
Chief Clerk, conducted most of tbe business
connected with tho contliisront expenses of
the Treasury Department and tne cus
tody and disposition out of appro
priaiions for contingent expenses, 'the
present - 'Cu-to'Jian.' O. L. Pitney."
was appointed by the Secretary of tne
Treasury in June, lsTfi, with eonipensat .on at
thor.teof 2.4n0 per annum. Coinpc n-slion
was increased to $.:i0 per annum from .Inly
1, 177. and is paid out of the approp. iatioil
for the p-iy of custodians and jauiursf-ir nil
EublicbuildiiiKS under C'-ntrolol the Treasury
apartment.' Y.ur coinm.ttee are of ODinion
that there is no authority of law for cither the
appointment orthe payincutof tbisCustodian.
'ilio leouireracnts of aeciiin 3.7011 of the Re
vised Statutes He-m to have been observed
only in the purchase of l uel. leo and carpets,
tn making purclKtscs and ic.curring expenses
to lie puiil out of uppropiations for other con
tintrcnt expenses ot the Department, the ordi
nary precautions ndoptei by bus ncss men
(lenonilly bave b-en nwzlected. and m muuy
cases t'Xoi bitant prices p.iid. Tbe first step in
niaklng the ex am in at ion was lo take an in
ventory of all property in the storeroom be-longrintt-
to the t'nited Stat. Wo called for
books showing the amount of stock on hand,
ami were intormed that no such books were
kept. We were also informed ibat no inven
tory of this property h-d ever b en mado.
1 he committee find that, durinjrthe fiscal year
lKstl, 1KV4 yarns of w ilton earpoi nil border,
and the cost of making and laying tbe same,
were twice paid for, once out of the appropri
ation for contingent expenses of the Treas
ury Department, and onoe out of thcappio-
prim ions tor pnuiic oiiiiuinirs. n. or itros.
repaid the amount of the duplicate payment.
A sbortugc-e of 151 yards of carpet wns found
in the storeroom, which t"o Storekeeper
claimed was in the hands of W. II. Moses, of
this city. It was discovered that Moses bad
been paid for 637'4 yards of carpet which at
leady teloni?ed to the United States, and he,
being notified of the fact, sent the Depart
ment K37L4 yards of carpet of interior quality
to make a-tod the amount."
The committee rienounee as illegal the pay
ment of the cabinct-makeis department out
of tbe appropriation for fuel, llKhts and wnter
for public buildings. Continuing, tbe report
says: "Your committee find that in Fobruaiy,
March, April, May and Juno, 18S.I, bills were
presented to this Department by J. Dradley
tams. of this city, for tlfty-two do?en Wood
ruff flu-holders, whloh bills $502 wee paid
out of the appropriation for fee. etc, but that
the tiieaolders have never been delivered.
Attention 6f the Custodian has been called to
this matter, and he has refused to furnish any
explanation, stutiuo that a personal explana
tion will be made to you. we also find that
in Auiru.t and octobor. 1X8 ), t wo bills amount
ing to n; were presented by Breed's cons,
of this city, for twenty-two boxes of cahdles,
which bills were paid out of the appropri
ation for a:-is. etc, 181: but the candles
were not furnished. We have been informed
by the Custodian that these bills cover lemon
and suirar used tor lemonade for the ts-cre-tary.
Ass stant Secretary, and Chief Clerk, and
also'acertnta-luncb furnished in this bui;dinir
last summer about the time of th- Chicago
Convention.' Both I'pton. the Assistant Sec
retary, and Power, the Chief Clerk, stated un
der oath that tbey hud no knowledge that the
lunch was paid for out of tbe public lutiris.
They contributed out of their own means
towards the cost of tl.e iunch, aa reported to
tbcra. and believed it was ail paid by private
contribution. I'pton also stated that he at one
timo pave the Custodian $20 to pay for lemon
ade lurnished his room. Your committee tur
ther hod that in Novemlier, PiSO, and Januaiy,
lest, three bills, axgregatina- SUH..SI, forover
eoats furnished drivers of tho Department
carriatrus and waa-ons. were presented to too
Department in blank, asd, by direction of the
Custodian,' were made up as billiard cloth for
covering desks, anl were pa a out or tne ap
propriation for -furniture, etc., issl;' a'so.
that some t-mo in February the 'Custodian'
ordered of N. W. Burcriell. for the Treasury
Department, one barrel containing fVHi iral-
lons of b ty rum at $3.50 per gallon, which was
putea as aeouon.cu atconoi.
llurchell.-who appeared before tbe rnm-
mlttee, stated that the mutter,so far as be was
concerned, was an ordinary business transac
tion, and that the bay rum was sold at tbe low
est Doesihle tlffure. Wo found In stock 5W.
iralli ins of this rum, and It was used only for
toilet purposes. We believe the purchase to
have been ill-iuivised and unnecessary.
Your Committee in mired why this course
was pursued, and wero Informed by the -Ous-
touian tnat it was none so tnat tne accounting
officers would not question the bills.
- We further find that from July 1. lSTSs to
May 4. 161, waste paper and pasteboard of tbe
licpartment were sold lo the amount of f.v
o.c'.iiU: that during said period no doposit was
made in tbe Treasury on account of said sales,
hut the money received thoref rom was paid to
the Custodian, who s:atcsthat he paid the cost
of assorting out of the proceeds end kept the
balance in hisafo awaiting instructions as tn
what disposition should bo made of it. Very
soon after this fact was discovered by the
committee the attention or tne -unter i,ieric
was called to tbe matter, and it was suggested
that tho monev in the bands of tbeCustoliau
ouffht to tie deposited in tbe Treasury without
further delay. This was not done, however,
uutil after the assorters were paid for their
sorviees durinar the month of Mav. lHsl. when
the f2.17ti.77 balance stated as on hand wa
ficposeu witn tne Treasurer ot tne unitea
' jus other detnils of a loss Important
r .cter are cited In the report,, and in con
.on the committee say :
We are not at present prepared to submit
i.ny recommendations relative to changes we
think necessary iu tho svstem of making pur
chases aud disposing of tbo same. We will
say, however, that we think tho system at pres
ent in voirue very loose and liable to gie..t
abuse, and in our opinion it should be mate
rially chan-red.
Appended to the report are exhibits sbow-In-r
that tbe prioes paid for Ule-holders, direc
tories, dictionaries, aliases aud miscellaneous
"books were iu excess of what they might have
been bought for. All tl.e foregoin--; articles
wore purchased of J Bradley Aduuis, of tbis
city, who seems to have received nearly all
the orders for KOods of this description. The
Department has been paying at tho rate of
$2.50 per day for a horse, cart aud driver.
Tho usual price in the District is S1.75. Tbo
person to whom paymeut is made is employed
In tbe Treasury Department. Thirty cents
per ton was paid for stowing conl. when the
actual cost was much less; the difference be
tween tbe amount paid and tbe actual cost
being paid to tho engineer of the Department
because his compensation is inadeuuate for
bis services. During May, June and Au
gust, lack-, 17 copies of United States
Government,' by l.ampbere, were bought
of George N. Larapbere at $3 each, when,
as we are informed by a bookseller of
the city, tbey could have bought for 2.5 1
each, with twenty per cent, discount- Com
nuinieHtionn from Assistant Secretary Upton.
covering the period duriugwbtcb he was Chief
Clerk of the Department, and Major Power,
the present Chief Clerk, accompany the re
port. Each ot theso communications refers
in detail to various statemcuts of the commit
tee, an I maintains that there was no neglect
during their respective terms relative to mak
ing purobases after proper advertisements
bad been made and proposals received. They
maintain that the records ot the Department
bear thorn out in this statement. In connec
tion with charges that exorbitant rates have
been paid Upton says: -It should be remem
bered that a detailed statcmiit of all expendi
tures made from the contingent fund of tbe
Department is annually presented to Congress
anu published. No complaints of Improper or
excessive expenditure of tbeso accounts have
been made by that b;dy, or by any of Its com
mittees charged witn supervision of appro
priations therefor, or by any ot tho dealers
competing for this trade: and 1 atn -confident
that for many years the Department bus, on
the whole, obtained carpets, furniture and
supplies at much lower 'ratos than private
parties have been able to obtain lor like ar
ticles.' The office of Custodian, which the commit
tee refer to as boing illegal. Is mentioned by
Upton as an oHioe which bad been leoognl.cd
through thtt a'lniitilatralionof tour Secretaries
as having a lawful existence. Minor irregu
larities to wbic the report devotes considera
ble space, t tfbnld. bave 1 een signed by the
respective CBlef Clerks in tho regular course
of business, without suspicion that the Custo
dian or his subordinates, who weie trusted
employes, violated the faith which other offi
cers of tbe Department had in them.
The letter of the Secretary transmitting the
Meltne report says: .-oon niter assuming
the duties of Seeroiary or the Treasury, mv
attention was called to alleged abuses of th
disbursement of the contingent fund of tbe
Department, which was under the immediate
charge of the Custodian, Hnd under tho gen
eral supervision of the Chief Clerk ot the
Department, and I appointed a comniitteeto
look Into the matter, as hud been the custom
of the Department in such cases. I became
oonvlnoed that certain irregulnrities and
abusos existed in that branch of the service,
end, OS I bad some doubts of the legality of
tho appointment of the Oust diaii. 1 estab
lished the olheo on June 17, 1SSI, and by gen
eral order July 1, P-Hl, reorsnnieed Ihe office,
it was my Intention, so boon as my -more
pressing public duties would permit, to havo
TERMS : S2.00 per Annum.
NUMBER 4G.
pursued this genrra' policy in other branehrs
of tbe 'Irensury Department by tiie appoint
ment of competent committees to collect
n ee-sary diiia on which to base proer action
to securi' public eeonomv and p omote tho
best Interests of tho pub If service but tho
ass-usination of the Pres dent suspended
further action In that direction-
Free Trade.
By free trade, the Democratic party
does not expect or intend the immedi
ate abolition of customs duties. That
may become desirable in time, but pub
lic opinion is not prepared for it As
between radical aud conservative
thought, tho people of this country
have always been inclined to move
slowly and gradually. Butthn -Democratic
party in all the Slates is agreed
that a thorough revision of the present
tariff is called for by every consideration
of justice, and by every motive of pub
lic interest.
A law is wanted which will benefit
all both consumers and manufacturers
by admitting raw materials substan
tially free of duty and by making a
corresponding reduction in the duties
on articles manufactured from these
raw materials.
ISrietlv, we want a tariff which shall
no longer tax all the people in America
who work in brass or copper, and the
still larger nnmber who use the prod
ucts of their work, to enlarge the gains
of a few rich men who own the copper
mines of Michigan. We would admit
eopper ore free of duty.
We.want a tariff which shall not tax
every carpenter and builder in America,
and consequently every man who lives
in a house for the benefit of the owners
of the forests which cover the hills of
Maine, Verniont, Michigan and North
ern Wisconsin. We would admit tim
ber free of duty. We want a tariff
which shall not tax every man who has
a child's carriage, or a plated spoon, or
a bicycle, for the benefit of the owners
of one or two nickel mines. We would
admit nickel free of duty.
We want a tariff which shall not tax
every man who lives in a house, or
builds one, lor tne Denenc oi iue mo
nopolists who make American screws,
and realize enormous prolits by the ex
clusion of foreign screws. We would
reduce the duty on screws.
We want a tariff which shall not tax
every man who rides on a railroad for
the bene lit of a few men who monopo
lize tbe manufacture of rails in this
country. Wo would reduce the duty on
steel rails.
We want a tariff which Will not tax
every man, whose child goes to school
and writes on a slate, for the benefit of
a few owners of the slate quarries of
Vermont. We would repeal the duty
on unmanufactured slate.
We want a tariff which wilh not tax
even' man who reads a newspaper, or
a book, or writes a letter, for the bene
fit of a few who monopolize the manu
facture of wood pulp. Wt would admit
rags, paper stock, bichromate of potash,
free of duty.
The list is endless. The present tariff
is a bundle of jobs, conceived in sin and
brought forth in iniquity. To revise it,
to simplify It, to make it fair and just,
is what, here and bow, we mean by free
trade. thnaha Herald.
The Ta'ne of Mental Tension.
A certain degree of tension is indis
pensable to the easy and healthful dis
charge of mental functions. Like the
national instrument of Scotland, the
mind drones wcfully and will discourse
most dolorous music, unless an expan
sive and resilient force within supplies
the basis of quickly responsive action.
No good, great or enduring work can
be safely aecomplishe.l by brain-force
without a reserve of strength sufficient
to give buoyancy to tho exercise, and.
If I may so say, rhythm to the opera
tions of the mind. Working at high
pressure may be bad. but working at
low-pressure is incomparably worse.
As a matter of experience, a sense of
weariness commonly precedes collapse
from "overwork)" not mere bodily or
nervous fatigue, but a more or less con
scious d:staste for the business in hand,
or perhaps for some other subject of
thought or anxiety which obtrudes
itself. It is the offensive or irritating
burden that breaks the back- Thor
oughly agreeable employment, how
ever engrossing, stimulates the recu
perative faculty while it taxes the
strength, andthe supply of nerve-force
seldom falls short of tbe demand. When
a feeling of disgust or weariness is not
experienced, this may be because the
compelling sense of duty has crushed
self out of thought. Nevertheless, if
the will is not pleasurably excited, if
it rules like a martinet without affec
tion or interest, there is no verve, and,
like a complex piece of machinery
working with friction and heated bear
ings, the mind wears itself away and a
breakdown ensues. Dr. J. Mortimer
Granville, in Popular (Science MonllUy.
An Englishman was bragging of the
speed on English railroads toTa Yankee
traveler seated at his side in one of
the cars of a fast train" in England.
The engine bell was rung as the train
neared a station. It suggested to the
Yankeean opportunity of "taking down
his companion a peg or two." "What's
that noise?" innocently inquired the
Yankee. "We are "approaching a
town," said the Englishman; "they
have to commence riuging about ten
miles before they "get to a station, or
else the train would run by it before the
bell could be heard! Wonderful, isn't
it? I suppose they haven't, invented
bells in America yet? "Why, yes,"
replied the Yankee, "we've got bells,
but can't use them on our railroads.
We run so 'tarnal fast that the train
always keens ahead of the sound. No
use whatever, the sound never reaches
the village till after the train gets by."
"Indeed!" exclaimed the Englishman.
" Fact," said the Yankee; "had to give
up bells." Glasgow Evening 'Jimcs,
The steamers started on tne Grand
Canal of Venice by the enterprise of a
French Company are not, it seems, at
tracting much custom. All well-to-do
Venetians have gondolas of their own,
and the steam craft carry at each trip
only a poor half dozen of Austrian
priests, tourists and other despicable
folk.
A tailor in New Jersey who had a
rase in court lately undertook to bribe
the Judge by pretending to him that
there was a wager regarding his size,
and, after measuring him, leaving at
his house a vest which was an exact fit.
But it didn't work, ami the ingenious
tailor was openly reprimanded iu court.
The canal around the Muscle
Shoals, Tennessee, will be completed
within two years, when the Tennessee
will be navigable from Paducah to
Knoxville, some 680 miles.
A firm at Augusta, Ga., received
cablegram from Loudon for a bottle of
medicine. The message cost $7.50, the
medicine $2 and the express charge to
London is $2.50,
AMERICAN CITIZEN.
Haulm- i.vnuKsT rnirt i.ATiiiv of any paper
in Mit'li.Mju Comity, and is consequently
TII2 15 EST ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
All orders for Job Printing of uny descrlp.
lioll, SUCll us
ltll.1. Itt-U'S, l.l'TTI'lt HKAIJH, :llir'Vt.AltH,
cuius, AMI-Ul.ei, osTElts-, ivrti.
Will bo promptly attended to at tho
J IT I 55 SHIS' JOl OFFICE,
FACTS A'I FK.TItES. ,
Over 100,000 Frunclimen have com
mitted suicide since the opening of the
present century.
It is found that the effect of tho
tlectric light in conservatories is stim
ulating to the vitality of the plants.
Los Angeles County, Cat, claims
6,500,000 grape-vines bear.ng. and
3,000,000 planted last winter; mid C0,
000 bearing orange trees, and 100,000 to
begin next year.
Notwithstanding the terrible power
of the electric eel, equal to fifteen Ley-cli.-n
jars, there is a little parasite fish,
two or three inches in length, that
preys .upon it, utterly oblivious of iu
shock.
Opium consumption in this country
is increasing at an alarming rate. It i
estimated that 4.000 Americans at least
are victims to the baleful habit of opium
smoking, while over 10,000 Chinese in
the country pursue the same vicious
practice. The use of opium in other
forms, however, far exceeds this. The
importation of opium iu 1880 was 77,196
pounds, an increase of 17,000 pounds in
one year.
According to calculations made by
the Medical Academy of Paris, there
are at the present time 189,000 doctors
scattered over the world. Of theso
there are 6.,000 in the United States.
20,000 in France, 82.000 in Germany
and Austria, 35,000 in Great Britain
and its colonies, 10,000 in Italy, and
6,000 in Spain. Putting aside pamphlets
and memoirs innumerable, it is esti
mated that 120,000 works have been
published on medical subjects. Of the
writers 2,800 are American, 2,600
French, 2, 800 German and Austrian, aid
2,100 English.
The largest steam hammer in the
United States was recently placed in
position in the Black Diamond Steel
Works of Park Brothers & Co., at Pitts
burgh. The hammer weighs seventeen
tons, while the anvil-block nnder it
weighs 160 tons. With a full head of
steam it will strike a blow of ninety
tons, but, as tbis tremendous weight is
not always necessary in hammering, it
can be made to strike as light as do
sired. It has a thirty-eight-inch cylin
der and nine-foot stroke. The ponder
ous blows make the earth quake for a
radius of nearly 200 yards.
There is at present in round num
bers 25,000,000 barrels of crude petro
leum stored in the iron tanks in tbe oil
regions of Pennsylvania. It is an in
land lake of oil that may be described
as having reached its highest ebb, inas
much as indications now point unmis
takably to a failing oft in the daily pro
duction of the wells and a consequent
decline in the amount tanked. Not tho
least striking feature of the oil regions
are the clusters of these enormous iron
reservoirs, located on hill and valley,
and whose construction keeps actively
employed great work-shops and an army
of men in Pittsburgh, Titusville, Oil
City and elsewhere. The oil held by
the 1,800 tanks dotting the oil regions
would fill to a depth of ten feet a square
reservoir or lake measuring 8,747 feet
each way. '
WIT A3iD WISDOM.
The concern that always makes
money tho mint. Lowell Courier.
It's pretty bad but we're going to
spring it on you. An undertaker U
really a bug-hunter an entomb-ologist.
Boston tost.
Although early in the season, we
announce, at tbe request of .Mr. Ven
nor, that during the coming winter wa
ter will as usual freeze with its slippery
side up. Chronicle-Herald.
The remark made by a St. Louis
firl when she first saw Forepaugb's
eauty was: "Well, if I couldn't peel
the socks ofTn her ingood-lookinessl'd
sell out an' go to Chicago!" Detroit
Free Press.
Literary: Wanted A story of a
burglary or ghosts in wnich the night is
not very dark without, and the- wind
does not blow in fitful gusts and the old
oak in front of the house does not groan
dismally. On receipt of such we agree
to return the manuscript. Lowell Citi
zen. The people down East need not
laugh at our Western ways of doing
business. It amounts to about the
same thing all round, after all. We
rob railroad trains and mountain stages
and our neighbors down East keep sum
mer, hotels. And, dearly beloved, al-j
low us to say that the difference in
methods doesn't make a continental bit
of difference to the traveler. Burling
ton Hawkeye.
Very few people have any idea of
the slowness the Austin street-car is
capable of. Only yesterday a lady with
a two-year-old boy got in the car. Sho
paid her own fare and asked what was
the charge for the infant. "Nocharge.
madame. We only charge adults."
" Then I might as well pay. He will
be grown up before be gets there. I'm
going five blocks." Texas Sijtings.
Several wagon loads of leather
have been dug out of the ground pear
Sandwich. Ont., and the people have
no recollection how it came there. The'
mystery is easily explained. A rail
road restaurant once stood on the spot,
and what is supposed to be leather is
merely the remains of thousands of
ham sandwiches, which passengers
threw around promiscuously after vain
ly endeavoring to insert their teeth into
them. Hence the name of tbe adjacent
town Sandwich. Korristown Herald.
The politest man in Boston has
been discovered. He was hurrying
along a street the other night, wheu
another man, also in violent haste,
rushed out of an alley-way, and the
two ' collided with great force. The
second man looked mad, while the po
lite man, taking off his hat, said: " My
dear sir, I don't know which of us is to
blame for this violent encounter, but I
am in too great a hurry to investigate
If I ran into you, I beg your pardon; if
yon ran into me, don't mention it"
and he tore away at redoubled speed.
Boston Journal. "
The Modest Father.
"Father," began a young Detroiter
the other evening, "were you in the
war?"
" Yes, my son."
Was it awful?"
"Yes."
"Lots of dead and wounded men P"
Yes."
' Did you kill many P'
"Well, I shouldn't like to answer that
question."
Are yon very modest, pa?"
" I hope I am too modest to brag."
That was what Mr. Smith meant,
then, when he was telling the men down
at the drug store that jou hadn't any
war record to brag of."
He did, eh? Nnith is a liar!"
" 'that's what 1 thought. He told
the men that you run so fast he couldn't
catch you on horseback, and any boy
knows that a horse can catch a man
with a stiff knee." Ditroit Free Press,

xml | txt