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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWENS & MOORE, VOLUME 1. THE MINNESOTIAN, PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY J.P. O WENS G. W. MOORE, Saint Paul, Minnesota Territory. TERM J:-Two Dollars per annum in advance. Three Dollars if not in ad vance. RATES of advertising, [SOKPAP. EIL TYPE OR ITS EQUIVALENT.] Transient Auvertisements, 00 per square 01 twelve luies, for tUe Rest insertion, and titty cvuts per *i i **‘ e for each subsequent insertion. YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. One column, SSO 00 Half a column, - «... 30 00 One-fourth of a column, - - 20 00 Business Cards not over six lines, - 600 Over six lines and under teu lines, - 760 Over ten lines and under fifteen lines, 10 00 Fur all changes ordered in advcrtlseuunts, a charge will be male of thirty cents per 1,000 enu composition. We agree to charge the above prices, uniformly for ad urtWag. James M. Goodhue, Pioneer, D. A. Robertson, Democrat, Owens & Moore, Mmuc&otian. St. Paul March 24th, 1852. M« E. AMES* R. R. NELSON* AMES & NELSON, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY. St. Paul, Minn. WILL attend with promptness and fidelity to all law business intruded to their care iti Minnesota, and the adjoiuitig coutitles «»f H’lscotislu. Particular attention wil. be given to the collection of debts, and the location of land warrants* y PI ERSE * MURRAY, ATTORNEYS AN D COUNSELORS AT LAW, St. Paul, Minn. Terr. WILL attend promptly ai d diligently to all business iiiiru?ted to them. ll.Yi igiuade themselves ac quainted with »he quality ami situation ot the surveyed auds in the territory, they are prepared to locate laud warrants to the be.-t advantage. Persons at a distance may send lhaii' warrants here and their interests will be tended to as if they were present. Ofiico on Third reel. September 17. A. VAN VO It 11KS, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and So licitor in Chancery. Will attend to all professional business in trusted to his care, in the different courts in the Territory. Siillwater ISSI. 11. L. MOSS, ATTORN El' AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TER., Will attend to professional business in all the courts of the Territory: will attend to the location of Land Warrants, &c. I r~* Laud Warrants for sale. THOS. P. WATSON. Attorney, Counsellor Jj- .Solicitor. (avocat francais.) Office over Spencer’s store, Third st., St. Paul. mtf WILRIS A V.A* ETITS. ATTORNEY S A T L A W, Office over Farringtou’s Brick Store, St Paul. Ur. It, UIBBITI. HAS his office in the rear of Levi Sloan’s store, where he wiii he ready to attend to professional calls, saint Paul, Nov 2if—mm y Dr, 11. DAY WILL praci-ce his profwsion in Saint Paul and vi cinity. Oaice ou Bench street* nov 29 tutu y W. RICHARDSON. NOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer, and Land Agent. Office opposite the St. Charles House, St. Aanthony Falls. L. A. BABCOCK, LAW FIRM, BABCOCK A WILKINSON Attornle. »nd Counsellors at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, Ate* i/tUce near the corner ot Third and Roberts streets, St. P*l.:• Min. Ter. H l!i attend to business of their profession in all the Quuttt of the Territory* nov. 22,1651. BRECK & WILLIAMS, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, office ou Tuird St. saim Paul. Daniel Breuk* A* l* Williams. dec. 6. WM- H i:\ky woo./ Attorney x cousseleor at law. Notary P.ionc, and Laud Agent. Suuk Rapidt-, Minnesota Territory. JACOB J. NOAH, A TTORNEY AT LAW and Justice ./"a. of the Peace—Commissioner for the Stateso? Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Yora, Penn ylvatua, Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama aud Louisiana. OtUce uti Third St., St. Paul. ISAAC ATUAILIt, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery. WILL give prompt attention to any business intrusted turn in the line ot hu profession, in any part of the territo ry. Particular attention paid to locating Land Warrants, Payment of Taxes, sale of Pateuts when issued, aud Real Estate iu general. Office at St. Anthony, on Main street, opposite the falls. JOIIX RANDALL & CO. STORAGE & COMMISSION MER- CHANTS. LOWER LANDING ST, PAUL. Will make liberal advances upon all kinds ot’produce and grain. mtl DU. T. R. POTTS, Corner. Roberts and Sixth streets, St. Paul, \\J ILL Attend to the duties of his proiession in St. Paul aud vicinity. September 17. BILLS OF EXCHANGE, AND DRAFTS on all parts of the United States, at the olllce vl the Minnesota outfit, by LILAS. W. BOR UP. J. R. BREWSTER, House) Sign) and Ornamental Painter. St. Paul, Minnesota Territory. J. <tlJl*iV, BOOT AND SHOEMAKER, CORNER of Third and |Trt Minnesota Sis., men’s boots and shoes; Ladies’ and children’s shoes, made to order in the neatest and most du rable manner, and of the best materials. JDHX l \UU|\<;iO\, Corner St. Anthony and Franklin Streets, Saint Paul. WHOLESALE and Retail dealer in Groceries, Provisions, Hardware Boots and Shoes, Clothing, Hats and Cap Central House, St. Paul. CA\ E X BURTON have taken this old and well known house. They have fitted It up anew, and are now prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with cointortable quarters. No pains will be spared to make the Central House one of tits best Hotels in the West. November, 1851. toemms r ssMcrsa RODNEY PARKER, late of the American House Low ell, Mass., havitig a lease of the large hotel at the upper end of St. Paul, with everything in proper order for the convenience of travelers, boarders, or families de siring furnished apartments, respectfully invites his friends and the public to give him a call, believing that he can do as much for their comfort as can be expected in a uew country, not yet supplied with regular markets. m St. Croix Hotel. At Steamboat Landing, Willow River, Wisconsin above house, formerly kept by X .obn G. Putnam, under the name of “Buckeye House,” h: s changed hands.— The St. Croix Hotel has undergone thor ough repairs and is now kept by the sub scriber, who is at all times ready to ac commodate customers on short notice. C. BELLOWS. COON CREEK HOUSE. CT C. JEN’KS, formerly or the Kails Boarding a 0 House,” having taken the above well known vTn tavern stand, is prepared to accommodate all who ■!« may favor him with a call. October -’9, 1851 7 TEBPttItAXCE HOUSE. CORNER FOURTH AND JACKSON STS., SAINT PAUL. 1.0 IT MOt'FE U, PROPRIETOR. PERM ANENT and transient boarders furnished with good and comfortable apartments. Chartres moderate. OAK HILL CEMETERY. A LL persons desiring burial lots can obtain information by calling upon the Secretary, J. W. Selby, or lhe President, C. W. Borup. 29yl > ATI I A Hi S PIC Kit, JEWELLER AND WATCIt-MAKER, at the sign of the Big Watch, Third street, next door to the Si. Paul Drug . Store,isprepared to make Uw x, -lluS gold and silver watches, \ rings, spoons, etc., on short notice. Also to re- pair the same, as well as music bo shell combs, or huger rings, bracelets ear- drops. N. S. also keeps for sale a great variety of rings, perfumery, and whatever goods are usually enquired for at a Jeweller’s. EXCHANGE AXD BEPOSITE OFFICE OF Geo. W. Farrington,. & Co. St. Anthony St., Saint Paul. MONEYS on <leiH*sUe, and interest allowed on all sums deposited for three mouths and over. Exchanges on all the principal cities, east and south, for sale. Collections In any of the States promptly attended to. Investment* made in Real Estate, or otherwise, for persona living out of the Territory, lit the most advanta geous manner. Office hours from 10 toll o’clock, and from 3 to 4 o’clock. iiov 29—uf SI’EXf ER, KIRKPATRICK Sc MARKLEV, Forwarding and Commission Merchants, LEVEE, LOWER LANDING, ST. PAUL* feb 14 22-tf S. P. FOLSOM, County Surveyor. May be found at office of of Register of Deeds, on Third street, one door below Minnesota Outfit. 17—y E. M’LAGAN, STORAGE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, Jackson street, Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota I)ROMPT attention given to all consignments, and char ges moderate. St Paul, October 19, 1851 7 THEODORE E. PARKER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. M.S. WILKINSON F. CHOUTEAU, JR. JtS. HARRISON, FELIX VALLE. CHOUTEAU. IIARHI'ON AND VALLE. Commission Merchants and Proprietors of the St Louis Rolling Mill. A ND MANUFACTURERS OF BAR IRON in xX all iis vapaus shape** Sheel Iron and Boili*» Plate, Nails and Spikes, fiom the oie of the lion M oin'ain. lion Sloic No. 129. North Second St Si. Louis. Sep. I* To my old friends, AND THE “REST OF MANKIND,” I Would say, that 1 can be found during the winter, at the old stand of Charley Cave, on Third Street, where l will al ways be happy to wait upon them. Bar and house fur nished with the best of every thing. uov. 22. tt. WM. HARTSIIOKXE. SHERMAN & MOREY,on Fourth street,St. Paul,near the middle of town, in the building of Mr. Knox, up stairs, may be foulld, ready to attend to Painting in ail its departments* House paiuting, sigh painting, carriage and ornamental painting, all done up promptly, ond .uiili paints of the best quality. If we do our work in a slov enly, unwurkinan like mannner we do not expect to get business iu the enlightened town of St. Paul. Dec. 13, 1851. SHKRMAn X MOREY. r T , nE subscriber would respectfully infoini the citizens of St. Paul and its vicinity, that be is now carrying on the above business in the 2d story ot Spencer’s new build ing, «»n the corner of Ftth and Roberts street. Particular attention paid to rebinding old books and periodicals. JaMES MACKINTOSH, feb 7 21—If J C Burbank &,co. St.Paul] [W L Fawcette &co. St.Luuis NORTH-WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANY, CONNECTING AT GALENA AND ST. LOUIS WITH THE American aud other Express Companies. T'O and from all the principal citl» » in the United States, * California aud Europe, lor the speedy transportation oi money and valuable packages, coi eciiou of drafts, notes, bills, accounts, fee., purchase and sale of all kiuds oi merch&uUlze* AGENTS. C. R. Rice Ac Co, St. Paul, o:is West, St. Louis, J. Brookes. Galena. N. B. —Particular attention paid to forwarding and connn.ssiou business generally. may 1. 33-tf W. 111 ORBES, FUR COMPANY, St. Paul Outfit, also Dry Goods aud Groceries, Tnird at. AMERICAN SALOON. IMIED. lIARliy now ke. |i« this well-known establish ; ment ‘*ott his own hook.” He hopes by a continued attention to the wants of his customers, to merit their patrouage as heretofore. 19> J. W. BABCOCK, FORDWARDING ami Commission Merchant, Upper Landing, St. Paul. ST. PAUL DRUG STORE. HICHCOX & KELLOGG, Corner of Third and Cedar sts., opposite Judge Lamberts. WILL keep constantly on hand a general supply of the best unadulterated drugs and medicines, and articles usually kept for \ n drug stores. prescriptions put tip with tbe greatest care. Medicines may be procured at ail hours of the night, without extra charge. JC?* Profits small, aud terms cash. SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY. # |MIE subscriber solicits the patronage of the public, 1 and assures all purchasers hi his line, that he will e II for cash, saddles, harness of all kinds, and trunks, of a better quality, and cheaper than any other establish ment in Minnesota. Pur hasers will do well to call at his shop, on Third street, St. Paul, next door east of S. 11. Sergem’s aud Judge for themselves. OF MINNESOTA, the New England of the West, by E. S. Seymour. For •ale by MDI’C & ROBBER. painting. BOOKBINDING.^ A. R. FRENCH. [OFFICE, CORNER OF JACKSON AND FIFTH STREETS.] SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1852. From the Albany State Register, 24th ult. Death of Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer, of Al bany. It will pain the hearts of all our citi zens to hear that that pure patriot, that brave and distinguished soldier, that emi nent civilian and good citizen, Gen. Solo mon Van Rensselaer, is dead. He clos ed his long, brilliant and eventful career at about one o’clock P. M., yesterday, at his residence on Cherry Hill, near this oily, at the ripe old age of about seventy eight years. The manner of his death was sudden and unheralded. Through the past severe winter lie had felt, much more than usual, the infirmities of that life that had far passed the point of three score years and ten, and had re mained more in the house than he was wont to. He arose yesterday morning in his usual health, and about 11 o’clock in the morning left the house temporarily. His absence was so long protracted as to occasion some apprehension on the part of his lamily, and his son-in-law, Dr. Elmendorf, going out to seek him, found him in an out-house, alive, but insensi ble. He was borne in, and in a short time breathed his last, without recovering speech or consciousness. He was strick en with apoplexy. This heavy blow has fallen with start ling suddenness upon his family and friends, and the whole community. To the former he was endeared by all the holiest and strongest affections of the human heart—for those who knew him best, loved him most for those noble finali ties of head and heart which so eminent ly distinguished him in all his domestic relations ; and the latter remember him for all bis brilliant civil and military ser vices, and sincerely mourn his loss as a public calamity. Here, bis worth as a man lias long been known and apprecia ted; but his military deeds are a part of the imperishable history of the country he loved so well, served long and defend ed so heroically. We have only time this morning to sketch, in the briefest and most cursory manner, and imperfect record of portions of his life. Some older hand will doubt less ere long perform this “ labor of love.” Gen. Solomon Van Renaselaer was born in the town of Greenbush, and in the old Genet Mansion, at the foot of the bill, half a mile back from the river, and about three miles from this city. His father was Gen. 11. K. Van Rensselaer, who fought with great ardor and distinc tion in the Revolutionary War, and was desperately wounded at the battle of Fort Ann, Washington Co., in this State.— This action has never occupied the place in the history of that war which its im portance entitles it to. It occurred sev eral days before the great battle which resulted in the defeat and surrender of Burgoyne, on Bemis Heights, and was swallowed up and forgo'tjn in the supe rior brilliance and importance of that de cisive conflict. It was maintained for an entire day, by a force of about 1,000 men against an advance brigade of Burgoyne’s army, and was a series of desperate and bloody skirmishes. It was fought by or der of Gen. Schuyler, who felt the im portance of checking the enemy’s ad vance at that point. General, then Col. Henry K. Van Rensselaer commanded a regiment of 500 men, which was entirely mustered on the Van Rensselaer manor. The stand taken by them held Burgoyne in cheek an entire day, and enabled Schuyler to remove artillery and stores from Fort George, strengthen his posi tion on Bemis Heights, and gain invalua ble lime. But it nearly cost the brave Van Rensselaer his life. As he was ris ing from a kneeling position, after firing a lusee, he received a musket ball in his thigh, which passed down to his knee.— The ball was afterwards removed by a surgeon, by a most frightful operation, and he never entirely recovered from the terrible wound. So close and desperate was the encounter, that belay many hours after he fell, within hearing of the groans of Col. Armstrong, of the British army, who was also badly wounded. Gen. H. K. Van Rensselaer afterwards lived for many years in this city, and died here some 28 years since, at the age of about 76 years. Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer inherit ed the military disposition and dauntless heroism of his father. At the early age of eighteen, he was appointed a coronet in a company of dragoons, mustered in Greenbush, and joined the army under the command of Gen. Anthony Wayne. Before he was twenty lie was promoted to the command of a troop. In the battle of Miami. August, 1794, under “ Mad Anthony,” he received a terrible wound through the lungs, which was supposed to he mortal, but which his youth and vigorous constitution enabled him to sur mount. How he acquitted himself, the despatches of Gen. Wayne hear ample and conclusive testimony. He suffered greatly from the effects of this wound until 1797, when he was commissioned by Gen. Wilkinson, at Philadelphia, to perform a delicate and dangerous military duty, which he promptly and satisfactori ly discharged. He was also particularly noticed by Gen. Washington, and raised by him to the command of a squadron of cavelry, alter a personal interview with that great inan. After the disbanding of portions of the army took place, Gen. Van Rensselaer was appointed Adjutant General of this State, under Gov. John Jay. This ap pointment he held during the respective administrations of his successors, Govs. Geo. Clinton and Morgan Lewis, for nine years during Gov. Tompkin’s admin istration, and for nearly the whole period of Gov. De Witt Clinton's, which latter period was subsequent to the time he rendered such important and brilliant ser vice in his country’s behalf, in thecapaci ty of aid to Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer, (the late Patroon) who was appointed by Gov. Tompkins to take command of the forces raised for the defence of the north ern and western frontiers of this State in 1812. The history of that campaign is well known to every reader familiar with the events of the “ Lost War,” as it is still called. The brilliant but unfortu nate battle of Queenstown was fought on the 13th of October. The plan of it was simple and soldier-like, and if it had been carried out in full, would have re sulted in a brilliant and decisive victory. As it was, the force under Col. Solomon V an Rensselaer, contending with greatly superior numbers, stormed and carried the fort. The gallant Col. fell, riddled with wounds, and bleeding profusely, but cheered with the shouts of victory. But the reinforcements neglecting to cross the river at the proper time, the enemy caine up in superior force, and the fort was retaken, and Van Rensselaer’s troops were obliged to retreat. Ensign Morris was killed, and Cap tains Malcolm, Armstrong and Wood were wounded in the action. Col. Solo mon Van Rensselaer received a hall in his hip, which passed out at his spine, two in his thigh, one of which lodged— and which he carried to the day of his death—two in his leg. and a sixth contus ed his heel. With all these, he kept his feet until the enemy fled towards town; and Captain Wool, by his orders, ascend ed the mountain, and carried the battery. During this time he had concealed his wounds under a great coat, borrowed from Major Lush; and when the party tiled off before him, unable any longer to stand, he fell to the ground, about day light, among the dying and dead, and was only prevented from fainting by a crust of bread and a cup of water, furnished by one of the former. While in this situation the shouts of victory reached him from the hill, and remunerated him for all his sufferings. This closed his active military life; and we have cnly room to just glance at his subsequent career. He was elected to Congress from this District—the year we do not recollect— and served his term faithfully and ably. At its close he received—we believe un der Monroe’s administration—the com mission of Post Master of this city, which he held under the successive ad ministrations oi Adams and Jackson.— He was removed by Van Burcn. In 1839, he was the Albany District Dele gate to the Whig National Convention at Harrisburgh, Pa., and was one of the delegates from this State, who cast his vote for his old companion in arms, Gen. Harrison. He had the satisfaction to see that gallant soldier and pure statesman nominated for, and elected to the Presi dency, and from him received again the appointment of Postmaster of this city, which he held until removed by Tyler. Since that time, he has not been in public life, and lias resided with his family at Cherry Hill. Such is a hastily thrown together re cord of the life and services of Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer, whose loss is a public calamity, and whose departure all must solemnly lament. He was one of the brightest ornaments, and most cherish ed and highly prized citizens of Albany, which will not fail to honor and perpetu ate his memory. Mysterious Conduct of a Dog The editor of the Green Mountain Free man, published at Montpelier, Vt., fur nishes the following item of personal ex perience : To the many remarkable anecdotes re lated of the dog, we have one to add from our own personal experience.— When just starting in our profession, we slept, for a short time, alone in our office, though much disliking to do so, because we were occasionally subject to severe tits of the ineubus, or night more, from which we used to depend on others to arouse us. One day, our door was beset by a small, red, stranger dog, that seemed singularly intent on entering. We drove him away twice ; hut he as often return ed, and manifested the same earnest de sire to come in. Being somewhat sur prised at this, knowing that no one, who could he his master, had been there that day, we at length opened the door, and, by words and gestures, invited him to come in. Joyfully availing himself of the liberty, he entered, snd, without seeming to look round for any one, quiet ly lay down under the table, where he re mained till bed-time, when we tried to make him go out. But he absolutely re fused, and, being struck with the singu larity of the animal’s conduct throughout, we concluded to let him remain for the night, and after procuring some food for him, retired to our bed, which was in a small adjoining room, the entrance to which from the office we always, for the sake of better air, left open. Some time during that night, we were visited by a frightful fit of the nightmare, from which, though perfectly conscious, we probably should never have come out, without as sistance. At our first groan, the dog bounded to our bedside, and commenced harking. Finding this did no good, he mounted the bed, and harked in our face. Failing in this, also, he stripped down the bed clothes, and fell to pawing on our chest, more and more furiously, till he tore the skin, which instantly broke the horrid spell; and we arose with a feeling of gratitude for the interposition, as we never could help viewing it, more intense than we remember ever to have experi enced. We would have gladly always kept the dog, but the next morning, when we opened the door, he passed out, and, as if his mission was ended, trotted away, never to be seen by us again. A Monster Forgery. —The National Bank at Buenos Ayres recently paid out two millions of dollars on a forged or der. It appears that late in the evening a man named Andres Villegras, of a re spectable family, presented an order pur porting to be from the Governor, for two millions of dollars. The forgery was so admirably perpetrated that none of the officers for a moment suspected it, and promptly paid him the money. Subse quently they sent word to the Gov ernor that they had cashed his order, when to their amazement they were told it was a forgery. The police and other authorities were immediately called into requisition and the whole city sacked: and on the next day the forger was found at the Globe Hotel, with the bank notes (some of which he had exchanged for gold) in his possession. The evidence of his guilt was so overwhelming that he made a prompt confession, and on the next morning he was taken to the court yard of the public prison and summarily executed. Lite or ax Editor. —The editor of u paper published at Canton, Ohio, gives the following description of a partner of his : “ Mr. Pike and I published a pa per in 1837, among the Miami Indians, in the State of Indiana. It was a great partnership that. We had two advance paying subscribers, one who liqudaled his subscription with beans and the other with saw logs. Godfrey, the chief, took five papers and could not read a word.— Our paper was called the 1 Peru Forest er,’ and, being printed in the woods, that name was appropriate. The town of Peru had many magnificent names for its streets, such as Pearl, Broadway, &.C., which- streets exhibited the animating and bustling spectacle of slumps of trees as high as a man’s bead. The stirring events which transpired in that city im periously demanded a couple of chroni cles, and Pike and I were at hand to dis charge that important function. Pike wrote poetry, and I dipped considerably into state politics and discussed in a learn ed manner every question of interest to the few settlers and Indians. Besides being an editor and a printer, he kept the Broadway Hotel, was postmaster, justice of the peace, land agent, pettiloger, canal contractor, merchant, overseer of the poor, painter, had been a schoolmaster and day laborer, was twice a widower, was brought up a Quaker, and the last time I saw him he was a preacher, had married a third wife, and was an auction eer, and what more I know not.” City of Cairo. —Cairo is looking a very fair future in the face. The Illinois Central Railroad, some three hundred miles of which will soon be under con tract, is soon to have its terminus at that point, directly at the mouth of the Ohio. A site for a depot has been selected within the proper city limits, and the company or the city trustees have deter mined to unite in extending the present levees to a total width of one hundred and thirty feet, also raising the whole embankment above the highest water mark, and building an immense stone wall outside the Mississippi embank ment, with a foundation at least ten feet below the surface, at least as an effectual guard against the encroachment of the current. The track will be laid upon the levee coming down the bank of the river, turning the point one iu a wide curve, and returning up the stream. The embankment will also admit, and be de voted to the erection of warehouses, stores, hotels, See.— . Mo. Rep. Jonah’s Position in tiie Whale.— In the cavity of the whale, a safe and practical asylum is afforded—not indeed in the stomach but in another cavity of the whale; the throat is large, and is provided with a hay, so considerable in size, that whales frequently take into it one of their young ones when weak, es pecially during a tempest. In this vessel arc two vents, which serve for inspira tion; and here, in all probability, Jonah was preserved, not, indeed, without mi racle, but with that economy of miracle so frequently exemplified in the Scrip tures. News Boy Wit. —A gentleman cross ing one of the New York ferries was ac costed by one of those peripatetic vend ers of cheap literature and weekly news papers, who are to be found in shoals all about our public places, with “Buy Bul wer’s last work, sir ? Only two shillin.” The gentleman, willing to have a laugh with the urchin, said, “ Why I am Bul wer myself.” Off went the lad, and whispered to another, at a little distance, exciting his wonderment at the informa tion he had to impart. Eyeing the pre tended author of Pelham with a kind of awe, he approached him timidly, and holding out a pamphlet, said, modestly, “ Buy the Women of England, sir ? You’re not Mrs. Ellis, are you ?” Of course the proposed sale was effected. Parson-Green is still in the habit some times drawing upon a barrel of sermons bequeated him by his father, who was also a minister. Upon one occasion he got hold of a sermon by mistake, which the old gentleman had once preached to the State Prison convicts. It opened well, and the congregation were becom ing deeply interested, when all at once the Parson surprised them with the infor mation that “had it not been for the clemency of the Governor, every one of them would have been hung a long time ago !”—Newport News. A SHIPWRECK OX THE ItHIXE A correspondent of the New York Post gives the following amusing anecdote of a shipwreck on the Rhine: I must tell you of a shipwreck—yes a shipwreck upon the Rhine, a little stream about fifty yards wide, and only two or three feet deep! We had made tolerable progress up to one o’clock, when the machinery came to stop, and the French hands went to shouting and run ning about the little deck, like so many monkeys stark mad. What they said, or what happened, it was impossible for the best scholar and most sagacious man on board to divine; but after the most dili gent inquiries we at last discovered that the main shaft of the engine was broken. The wind was sweeping down the gorge of the river in a perfect gale; the current was extremely rapid, while there was, directly in front of us, a stone bridge, with sharp, projecting abutments. It was seen by all at a glance, that if the long, frail Lout, with her hea.vy cargo, should dash broadside against the bridge, she must inevitably break into bits, like a pipe stem, and the passengers looked earnest and terrified. The captain drop ped his anchor astern to check her head way, but the force of the wind and cur rent together, enabled the vessel to drag j it after her as if it had been a mere chip jin the water. What was then to be done no one seemed to know, when a tall fel low from Kentucky, that I had not before observed, rose straight from bis seat, like the blade of a jacknifc springing out of the handle, and shouted in one of the most unquestionable western dialects, * Why, in hell’s name, don't you send that boat out with a rope and hitch on to one of them trees tliar Y which, and bc interpreted to the captain, gave him the first practical idea he seemed to have had for a considerable length of time. He adopted the suggestion, and in less than five minutes the boat swung quietly around to one shore, with her nose, how- ! ever, smelling suspiciously at the bridge. The Fox and the Pics.— Much has been written to show the reasoning pow ers of the brute creation; but nothing that I have ever read of the dog, the horse, the elephant, the spider, the ant, or the bee, seems to prove more clearly that brutes or insects think and form con clusions, than that which I am about to relate of the action of foxes. On a certain day, many years ago, a farmer, in the northern part of Connecti cut, was a witness to the following pro ceeding on the part of a fox, that had somewhere secured for himself a small pig, and was taking it on his back to his burrow. On coming to a small, rapid stream, he seemed to hesitate for a while on the bank, and then laid down the dead pig, and went on into a piece of woods near by, from which he soon re turned, with a slick of wood in his mouth. He laid the wood down, and took up the pig, and then again laid the pig down, and took up the wood. Not seeming to be satisfied with the trial, he went again to the woods and brought back a larger stipk than before. He made the same trial again, by taking up the pig and comparing it with the wood he had brought. Being apparently satis fied with the trial, he took the wood in his mouth and swam across the stream and then returned with it to the side where the pig was lying on the bank, and laying it down, lie took up the pig and crossed the stream with it in safety and bore it away for his own breakfast or that of his cubs. Let any one explain the action of the fox as he may, the truth of the story may he relied on. At another time, a fox made his way into a pen, which was built of rails, in which was a fine family of pigs along with their natural protector, the mother. The fox was afraid to attempt taking one of the pigs, until he was sure that lie could make his cseape from the pen with it in safety. So he took a stick of wood in his mouth, and sprung through the opening between the rails with it, and then sprung back again, and repeated the operation of springing backward and for ward with the stick in his tnculh, until he was satisfied that it would be a safe prize. But he was mistaken. He had not made the proper calculation for the difference between a straight stick and a living, struggling pig; and before he could get through the aperture, he found himself in the jaws of the mother; and instead of making his breakfast from a young pig, he was himself devoured.— Nat. Era. The Boston Times says that a man eats up a pound of sugar, and the pleas ure he has enjoyed is ended ; but the in formation he gets from a newspaper is treasured up in the mind to he enjoyed anew, and to be used whenever occasion or inclination calls for it. A newspaper is not the wisdom of one man or two men ; it is the wisdom of the age and the past ages too. A family without a news paper is always half an age behind the times in general information, besides they never think of much, or find much to talk about. And then there are little ones growing up in ignorance without any taste for reading. The following will apply to any sec tion. We take it from a St. Louis pa per : “ We understand that a gentleman who occupied one of the three dollar scats at Miss Hayes’ concert last night, having been observed by a creditor who was en joying a one dollar position in the gallery, received from the latter a very polite in vitation to settle a very long standing debt. This is one of tbe social missives to which gentlemen are subjected who wish to figure in fashionable circles. EDITORS AXD PUBLISHERS. . r NUMBER ' Aristocracy. —lt is always a perilous thing for haughty people to look back along the line of their ancestry : Twen ty years ago, says the Merchants Maga zine, this one butchered, that one made candles, another sold cheese and butter, a fourth carried on a distiller}', and was a contractor on canals; others were mer chants or mechanics. They are acquaint ed with both ends of society—as their children will he after them, though it will not do to say so out loud. For often you will find that those toiling worms hatch butterflies, and they live about a year. Death brings division of proper ty ; and it brings new financiers; the young gentleman takes revenues, and be gins to travel—towards poverty, which he reaches before death—or his children do, if he do not. So that, iri fact, though there is a moneyed rank, if not heredity, it is accessible to all: three good seasons of cotton will send a generation of men up ; a score of years will bring them all down, and send their children again to la bor. The father grubs and grows rich ; his children strut and use the money; their children inherit their pride and go to shiftless poverty ; their children, rein* vigorated by fresh plebian blood, and by the smell of the clod, come up again.— Thus society, like a tree, draws its sap from the earth, changes it into leaves and blossoms, spreads them abroad in great glory, sheds them off to fall back to the earth, again to mingle with the soil, and at length to appear in new trees and fresh garniture. A Queer Mistake. —The new “pa tent metalic burial cases,” as all who have seen them know, are a curiously j shaped affair—as much unlike an ordina !ry coffin as anything else. Not long since a buggy was driven up to an estab lishment in this city, where these newly ; invented articles are sold, (which, by the ! way, are coming into pretty general use,) I out of which stepped a young country gentleman, who, “ by the cut of his jib,” bad the appearauce of being a being a physician. He walked into the store, which was filled with the new invention of all sizes, and taking out his pocket handkerchief he measured one about three feet long, and after paying for it, directed the seller to put it in his wagon. The young doctor then started to go. when the seller, who had an eye to fur ther profits, having an “ undertaking” es tablishment also, observed to the purchas er : “Sir, we are well prepared with hearses, earrioges and every thing neces sary in the management of funerals, and if you have made no other arrangement, we will, if you employ us, give you en tire satisfaction.” “ Employ you for what ?” asked the M. D. “ Why, sir,” was the reply, “to con duct the funeral.” “ Funeral, sir ?—I have no funeral.” “ What in the name of thunder, then,” continued the seller, “ did you buy that coffin for ?” ‘•Collin? my stars! Is that a coffin? Why, I thought it was a fiddle case." We forthwith wended our way down town, thinking of anything else but a grave subject. Tiie Eloquence of Motion. —Every one lias read, says the Col. State Rights Register, of the “ action,” “ action “ acti,n” of Demosthenes, and of what variety of emotion and passions Roscius could express by mere gestures; let it not be supposed that such perfections of art belonged to the ancients only. The following anecdote of IVm. C. Preston, is illustrative of our remarks : Some years ago, among a thousand others, we were listening to one of his splendid harangues, from the slup. Be side us was one as deaf as a post, in breathless attention, catching, apparently, every word that fell from the orator’s lips. Now the tears of delight would roll down his cheeks, and now in an un governable ecstacy, he would shout ap plause which might have been mistaken for the noise of a small thunder storm. At length Preston launched out into one of those passages of massive decla mation, which those who have heard him well know him to be so capable of utter ing. In magnificent splendor it was what Byron has described the mountain storms of Jura; its effect upon the mul titude was like whirlwind. Our deaf friend could contain himself no longer, but bawling into our ear, as if he would blow open with a tempest, he cried: “ W no’s that a speakin ?” “ W. C. Preston,” replied we, as loud as our lungs would let us. “ Who r' inquired he still louder than before. “ William C. Preston, of South Caro lina,” replied we, now almost splitting our throat in the effort. “ Well, well,” continued he, “ I can’t hear a word he or you are saying, but, great Jericho, don’t he do the motions splendid ?” The Circulating Medium in Ore gon.—The only money they use in the back part of Oregon consists of live stock—a hog paying for a dollar, a sheep paying fifty cents, turkeys twenty-five cents, and young dogs for a shilling each. If Smith owes Jones $4 12 1-2, he sends him five hogs, and receives for change one sheep, one turkey, and one pup. “ Sambo, whar you get dat watch yott wear to meetin’ lass Sunday ?” “ How you know I hab a watch ?” “ Bekase I seed de chain hang out de ! pocket in front.” j << Go way, nigger!—’spose you see I halter ’round my neck, you tiuk dar is ' horse inside cb me ?”