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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWENS & MOORE, VOLUME 1. THE MINNESOTIAN, PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY J.P. OWENS Sr G. W. MOORE, Saint Paul, Minnesota Territory. TERMB:-Two Dollars per annum in advance. Three Dollars if not in ad vance. RATES OF ADVERTISING, [NONPAREIL TV PE OR ITS EQUIVALENT.] Transient Advertisements, $1 oo per square of twelve lines, fur the first insertion, ami fifty cents per square for each subsequent insertion. YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. One column, - - - - - SSO 00 Half a column, - 30 00 One-fourth of a column, - - 20 00 Business Cards not over six lines, - 600 Over six Hues and under ten lines, - 750 Over ten lines and under fifteeu lines, 10 00 For all changes ordered in advertisements, a charge will he made of thirty cents per 1,000 erns composition. , We agree to charge the above prices, uniformly for ad ▼ertisiug. James M. Goodhue, Pioneer, D. A. Robertson, Democrat, I OWENS At Moore, Minnesotian. St. Paul March 24th, UH» M, E. AMES. R. R. NELSON. AMES & NELSON, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY. St. Paul, Minn, WILL attend with promptness and fidelity to all law business Intrusted to their care In Minnesota, and the adjoining counties ol Wlsconsiu. Sj" Particular attention will be given to the collection of debts, and the location of land warrants. y PIERSE & MURRAY, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LAW, St. Paul, Minn. Terr. WILL attend promptly and diligently to all business intrusted to them. Having made themselves ac quaints with the quality and situation of the surveyed amis in the territory, they are prepared to locate land warrants to the best advantage. Persons at a distance may send their warrants here and their interests will be tended to a> if they were present. £Jr* Office on Third reel. September 17. A. VAN VOIUIES, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and So licitor in Chancery. Will attend to all professional business in trusted to his care, in the different courts in the Territory. Stillwater 1851. 11. L. MOSS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TER., Will attend to professional business in nil the courts of the Territory: will attend to the location of Land Warrants, &c. 'ft* Land Warrants for sale. THUS. P. WATSON. Attorney, Counsellor Solicitor. (avocat francais.) Office over Spencer’s store, Third st., St. Paul. mtf H!I,KIV & VAS ETTE.V ATTORN EYSATLAW, Office over Farrington’s Brick Store, St Paul. 1 Or. It, 8188 ITT* HAS his office in the rear of Levi Sloan’s store, where In* will l»e ready to attend to professional calls. Saint Paul, Nov 29—mm y Ur, 11. DAY. WILL practice his profession in Saint Paul and vl ciniiy. Office on Bench street, nov 29 linn y W. ItICIIARDSON. NOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer, and Land Agent. Office opposite the St. Charles House, St. Aanthony Falls. L. A. BABCOCK, L VW FIRM, BABCOCK & WILKINSON Attornies a»»l Counsellors at Law, Solicitor* in Chancery, Ate. Office near the corner of Third and Roberts streets* St. Min. Ter. \V ill attend to business of their profession in all the o<*uru of the Territory, nov. 22, 1351. BRECK & WILLIAMS, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW OFFH e on Tuird St. Saint Paul. Daniel Brel k. A. l. Williams. dec. 6. \\n. HUNKY HOOD, Attorney &. counsellor at law. Notary Public, and Laud Agent. Sauk Rapid*, Miuncsota Territory. JACOB J. NOAH, Attorney at law and justice of the Peace —Commissioner for the States of Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama and Louisiana. Office ou Third St., St. Paul. ISAAC ATWATER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery. WILL give prompt attention to any business intrusted him in the line of his profession, in any part of the Territo ry. Particular attention paid to locating Land Warrants, Payment of Taxes, sale of Patents when issued, and Real Estate in general. Office at St. Anthony, on Main street, opposite the falls. DU. T. U. POTTS, Corner Roberts and Sixth streets, St. Paul, WILL attend to the duties of his profession in St. Paul and vicinity. September 17. RILLS OF EXCHANGE, And DRAFTS uu ail parts of the United States,at the "dice ut the Minnesota uuttil, by CIIAS. VY. BORt'P. J. R. BREWSTER, House, Sign, and Ornamental l’ainter. St. Paul, Minnesota Territory. J. BOOT AND SHOEMAKER, CORNER of Third and pn Minnesota Sts., Gentle- _ \ j men’s boots and shoes; Ladies’ and children’s shoes, made to order in the neatest and most du rable manner, and of the best materials. JUHK FARRINGTON, Corner St. Anthony and Franklin Streets, Saint Paul. WHOLESALE and Retail dealer in Groceries, Provisions, Hardware Boots and Shoes, Clothing, Hats and Cap NEW GROCERY ANO PROVISION STORE, O* SA IST ANTHONY STREET, TWO DOORS BELOW THE AMERICAN HOUSE, THE undersigned would respectfully invitethe attention of the public* to their larn«* and well selected stock of Groceries ami Provisions. Also, Ready-Made Ciothin?, Boot*, Shoes, Wines, Liquors, Nails, Glass, Hardware, 6c. c, all of which will he bold cheap for cash. ter Please call and examine before purchasing else where. IRVINE tc BRO. St Paul, October 29, 1881 7 Central House, St. Paul. CAVE BURTON have taken this old and well known house. They have fitted it up anew, and are now prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with comfortable quarters. No pains will be spared to make the Central House one of tht best Hotels In the West. November, 1851. RODNEY - PARKER, late of the American House Low ell, Mass., having a lease or the large hotel at the upper end of St. Paul, with everything in proper order for the convenience of travelers, hoarders, or families de siring furnished apartments, respectfully invites his friends and the public to give him a call, believing that he can do as much for their comfort ft> can be expected In a new country, not yet supplied with regular markets. TE VI PGII A ACE HOUSE. CORNER FOURTH AND JACKSON STS., BAIKT PAUL. I.OTT jMOFFET, PROPRIETOR. PERMANENT and transient boarders furnished with good and comfortable apartments. Charges moderate. Minnesota Boarding-House. O C. McCRAY would inform the pub lie—residents and strangers—that he has taken the large house on Eagle Street, opposite 1). L. Fuller’s Brick Store, where he is prepared to accommodate his customers with the best style of boarding. The house has been thoroughly repaired and painted. His table will be furnished with every thing the market affords; and those who come prepared to plank up the Cash every Saturday night, will find the ‘‘Minnesota Boarding House” a Comfortable and plea>aut home. None others are de sired. [April 17—6 m. OAK HILL CEMETERY. A LL persons desiring burial lots can -ca. obtain information by calling upon the Secretary, J. W. Selby, or the President, C. \v. Bornp. 29yl NATHAN SPICER, JEWELLER AND WATCH-MAKER, at the sign of the Big Watch, Third street, next door to the St. Paul Drug Store, is prepared to make | L > jwXa gold and siiver watches, \V* \ | rings, spoons, etc., on short notice. Also to re- pair the same, as well as music bo shell combs, or finger rings, bracelets, ear drops. N. S. also keeps for sale a great variety of rings, perfumery, and whatever goods are usually enquired for at a Jeweller’s. EXCHANGE AND DEPOSITE OFFICE OF Geo. W. Farrington, & Co. St. Anthony St., Saint Paul. MONEYS on rieposlte, and interest allowed on all sums deposited for three months and over. Exchanges on all the principal cities, east and south, for sale. Collections In any of the States promptly attended to. Investments made in Real Estate, or otherwise, for persons living out of the Territory* in the most advanta geous manner. Office hours from 10 toll o’clock, and from 3 to 4 O’clock. nov 29—uf SPENCER, KIRKPATRICK Jr M.IRKLEY, Forwarding and Commission Merchants, LEVEE, LOWER LANDING, ST. PAUL. feb 14 _ _ 22-tf S. P. FOLSOM, County Surveyor . May be found at office* of of Register of Deeds, on Third street, one door below Minnesota Outfit. 17 —y E. M’LAGAN, STORAGE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, Jackson street, Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota. I)ROMPT attention given to all consignments, andchar . ges moderate. St Paul, October 19, 1351 7 THEODORE E. PARKER, Attorney ami Counsellor at I>a\v, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITOP.Y f. CHOUTEAU, JR. JAS, HARRISON, FELIX VALLE. CHOUTEAU, HARRISON AND VALLE. Commission Merchants and Proprietors of the St Louis Rolling Mill. iND MANUFACTURERS OF BAR IRON in iV all its variaus shapc e > Sheet Iron and Boiler Plate,Nails and Spikes, from the ore of the Iron Mountain. Iron Store No. 129. North Second St St. Louis. Sep. 1. M.S. WILKIXSOX To my old IViends, AND THE “REST OK MANKIND” l would say, that 1 can be found during tin* winter, at tie* obi stand of Charley Cave, on Third Street, where I will al ways be happy to wait upon them. Bar and house fur nished with the best of every tiling, nov. 22. tt. WM. IIARTSIIORXE. S HERMAN & MOREY,on Fourth street,St. Paul,near the middle of town, in the building ot Mr. Knox, up stairs, may be fouthl, ready to attend to Painting in all its departments. House painting, sigh painting, carriage and ornamental painting, all done up promptly, ond .with paints of the best quality. If we do our work in a slov enly, unworkuian like mannner we do not expect to get business In the enlightened town of St. Paul. Dec. 13, 1351. SHERMAN MOREY. rpnE subscriber would respectfully infojm the citizens of St. Paul ami its vicinity, that he is now carrying on the above business In the 2d story of Spencer’s new build ing, on the corner of Ffth and Roberts street. jrf=» Particular attention paid to rebinding old books and periodicals. JaMES MACKINTOSH, feb 7 21—tf J C Burbank A co. St. Paul) [W L Fawcette ts. co. St.l.ouis NORTH-WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANY, CONNECTING AT GALENA AND ST. LOUIS WITH THE American and other Express Companies, r FO ami from all the principal cities IntheUnited States, California ami Europe, for the speedy transportation of money and valuable packages, collection of drafts, notes, bills, accounts, Ac., purchase and sale of all kinds ot merchandize, AGENTS. C. R. Rice ic Co., St. Paul, Otis West, St. Louis, J. Brookes, Galena. X. B.—Particular attention paid to forwarding ami commission business generally, may 1. 33-tf W. 11. FORBES, COMPANY, St. Paul Outfit, also - Dry Goods and Groceries, Third st. AMERICAN SALOON. I?RKD. HARDY now keeps this well-known establisli -1 ment “on his own hook. 5 ’ He hopes by a continued attention to the wants of bis customers, to merit their patronage as heretofore. 19y J. W. BABCOCK, FORD WARDING and Commission Merchant, Upper Landing, St. Paul. ST. PAUL DRUG STORE. HICHCOX & KELLOGG, Comer of Third and Cedar sts., opposite Judge Lamberts. WILL keep constantly on hand a general supply of the best unadulterated drugs and medicines, and articles usuallv kept for sale in drug stores. Physicians’ prescriptions put up with the greatest care. Medicines may be procured at all hours ot the night, without extra charge. 23“ Profits small, and terms cash. SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY. riYHK subscriber solicits the patronage of the public, J. and assures alt purchasers In his line, that he will e 11 for cash, saddles, harness of all kinds, and trunks, of a better <iua!ttv, and cheaper than any other establish ment in Minnesota. Pur hasers will do well to call at bis shop, on Third street, St. Paul, next door cast of 8. 11. Sergent’s and Judge for themselves. A. R. FRENCH. SKETCHES OF MINNESOTA, the L? New England of the West, by E. S. Seymour. For sale by I.aDUC A KOHRER. FIRE k MARINE INSURANCE, BY the undersigned ageut for the Protection Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn. Policies Issued 111" 111 the most favorable terms by W. P. Murray, Agent, Minnesota. St. Paul, February 28, 1862 2i-lm PAINTING. llOOk 111 \I>I \(. SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1852 The Dying tVilf BY “IK MARVEL.” That wife over whom your love broods, is fading. Not beauty fading ; that, now that your heart is wrapped up in her be ing, would be nothing. She sees with quick eye your dawning apprehension, and she tries hard to make that step of her’s elastic. Your trials and your loves together have centered vour affections. They are not now’ as when you were a lone man, wide spread and superficial. They have caught from domestic attachments a finer tone and touch. They cannot shoot out tendrils into barren world soil and suck up thence strengthening nutriment. They have grown under the forcing glass of the home roof, they will not now bear expo sure. You do not now look men in the face as if a heart bond was linking you —as if a community of feeling lay between. There is a heart bond that absorbs all other ; there is a community that monop olizes your feeling. When the heart lay wide open, before it had growm upon and closed around particular objects, it could take strength and cheer from a hundred connections that now seem colder than ic e. And now those particular objects—alas for you!—are failing. What anxiety pursues you ! How you struggle to fancy there is no danger! How it grates now on your ear—the toil and turmoil of the city ! It was mu sic when you w’ere alone; it was pleasant even w hen from the din you were elab orating comforts for the cherished objects —when you had such sweet escape when evening drew near. How it maddens you to see the world careless while you are steeped in care. They hustle you in the street; they smile at you across the table; they bow care lessly over the way; they do not know what canker is at your heart. The undertaker comes with his bill for the dead boy’s funeral. lie knows your grief; he is respectful. You bless him in your soul. You wish the laughing street goers were all undertakers. Your eye follows the physician as lie leaves your house; is he wise you ask yourself? is he prudent? is he the best? did he ever fail ? is he never forgetful ? You are early home—mid afternoon. Y’our step is not light; it is heavy, terri ble. They have sent for you. She is lying down ; her eyes half closed; her breathing long and interrupted. She hears you; her eyes are open ; you put your hand in hers ; yours trembles— hers does not. Her lips move; it is your name. ‘ Be strong,” she says, “God will Help you!” She presses harder your hand,“Adieu!” A long breath—another ; you arc alone again. No tears now ; poor man! You cannot find them! Again home early. There is a smell of varnish in your house. A coffin is there; they have clothed the body in de cent grave clothes, and the undertaker is screwing down the lid, slipping round on tip-toe. Does lie fear to waken her ! He asks you a single question about the inscription upon the plate, rubbing it with his coat cuff. You look him straight in the eye; you motion to the door, you dare not speak. He takes up his hat and glides out stealthily like a eat. The man has done his work well for all that. It is a nice coffin—a very nice coffin! Pass your hand over it—how smooth! Some sprigs of mignionette arc lying carelessly in a little gilt edged saucer. She loved mignionette. It is a good staunch table the coffin rests on—it is your table—you are a housekeeper—a man of family ! Ay, of family. Keep down the out cry, or the nurse will lie in. Look over at the pinched features; it is all that is left of her! And where is your heart now ? No, don’t thrust your hands, nor mangle your lips, nor grate your teeth together. If you could only weep! Another day. The coffin is gone. The stupid mourners have wept—what idle tears! She, with your crushed heart, has gone. Will you have pleasant evenings at your home how ! Arrival of the Europa. New York, May 6. The Royal Mail Steamer Europa arri ved at New York last evening, bringing 52 passengers and Liverpool dates to the 25th ult. The general news is unimpor tant. The Patrie announces officially that the President has no intention of proclaiming the Empire. Fergus O'Conner, member of Parlia ment, came passenger in the Europa. We learn from Vienna that the perse cutions against the mother and sisters of Kossuth have been stopped, and they are to be allowed to come to America. The ship Brilliant has arrived in the Downs from Australia, with two and a half tons of gold dust. A Puzzled Irishman. —Mr. O'Flagh erty undertook to tell how many were at the party. ‘-The two Crogans was one, meself was two, Mike Finn was three, and—and—who the devil was four? Let me see (counting his fingers)—the two Crogans was one, Mike Finn was two, meself was three, and—bedad! there was four of us, hut St. Patrick couldn’t tell the name of the other. Now it’s me self that has it: Mike Finn was one, the two Crogans was two, meself was three, and—and—by my sowl, I think there was but three of us, afther all.” Office—Corner of Jackson and Fifth Streets. The Homestead Bill in Congress. The following proceedings took place in the House of Representatives on the b’th inst: The Homestead bill w'as then taken up, in Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. The first section, as orig inally reported, provided that every man or widow who is the head of a family, and a citizen of the United States, shall, from and after the passage of the act, be enti tled to enter free of cost, one quarter sec tion of vacant and unappropriated land, or a quantity equal thereto, to be located in a body, in conformity with the legal sub divisions of the public lands, and after the same shall have been surveyed. The Committee on Agriculture, to which the bill was referred, reported an amend ment to this section, confining the provis ion to those who were citizens on the Ist of January, 1802, and who severally were not the owners of any land worth SSO0 — who had not disposed of his or her land for the purpose of obtaining the benefit of the privileges of this act. Mr. Moore (of La.) moved to strike out the words, “nor worth $500,” believ ing that it would, if retained, be a strong temptation to perjury, and create an in vidious distinction. Besides, the poorest class of men are not the most beneficial to new settlements. Mr. Johnson (of Tenn.) made an earn est appeal to the friends of the bill, not to embarrass it with amendments. Every man could not have his own particular views carried out. The object should now be to commit the government to the great policy, and remedy the defeets hereafter. Mr. Moore’s amendmet was adopted. Mr. Beale expressed himself against tlie bill, viewing it as unconstitutional, and opposed to the doctrines of the polit ical school of 1799, and the strict con struction of the constitution. Mr. Sweetser was for giving lands, not only to our own citizens, but to the agri culturists who may come hither from all parts of the world. Mr. Stevens (of Pa.) moved to strike out the words, “and who has not disposed of his or her lands for the purpose of ob taining the benefit of this act.” He re marked that Ihe country would be inabad condition, if settled altogether by pau pers. Mr. McMullen opposed the amendment, saying that this hill was for the benefit of the poor. The rich h JIVP enough ill ready. Mr. Stevens’ amendment was adopted. Mr. Parker (of la.) moved to strike out the words, “who is not the owner of any land,” which was agreed to. Thus the entiremendment of the Committee on Agriculture was stricken out. Mr. Campbell (of HI.) ofiered an amend ment to the original first section, in clfect to give a homestead to all residents, stri king out the word “citizens.” This was debated and finally rejected. Mr. Allison proposed to amend, by not confining the benefits to the heads of fam ilies, because this would preclude bache lors ; but the amendment was rejected. Mr. Clingman offered an amendment to give land warrants to all citizens, whether they settle on the soil or not. This would put all on an equality. They who did not choose to cultivate, the soil can sell their warrants, or keep them for their children. He proposed to exclude members of the present Congress. Mr. Carter said that the gentleman from North Carolina had gotten up this diver sion with a view of killing the bill. Some had said that the measure is unconstitu tional, but this, in his opinion was pure gammon. Mr. Clingman's amendment was rejec ted —Ayes 28, Noes 89. Mr. Sackett moved to strike out all lim itations, and give lands to every citizen of the age of 21 years. This, alter debate was rejected. Other amendments were offered, and, without disposing of the first section, the Committea rose. Mr. Stanley moved that the Homestead bill and the proposed amendment be prin ted. which was objected to. Mr. Gorman said that, as the House, to-day, has ordered the printing to be giv en out to the lowest bidder, the Commit tee on Printing would obey the order.— In the meantime, therefore, it was al most unnecessary to order any more prin ting. Mr. Meade said, in view of the fact, that in a few days the Hall will have to be put in a summer trim, lie proposed to introduce a resolution that the Clerk cause to be removed and sold all the chairs now used by the members, and that he pro cure in in lieu of them cane seats, without arms. Objected to. Mr. Johnson (Ark.) introduced a res olution to adjourn from the 13th to the 17th May, in order to make summer ar rangements in the Hall. Mr. Stanley wanted the resolution a mended to suit the time of holding either the Whig or Democratic Conventions. Mr. Johnson accordingly changed the time to Ist of June and the Friday follow ing. Mr. Gaylord moved the previous reso- lution Pending the motion for the previous question the House adjourned. OgDENS BURG 11, May 7. At a place called Pierrepoint, on the Watertown and Rome Railroad, u party of ladies were this morning amusing them selves with a hand-car on the track, after the regular passenger train had passed, not knowing that a freight train was soon to follow. The freight train consequent ly came suddenly upon them, running over the hand-car and instantly killing four of the ladies, mangling them in a shocking manner. Others were also much hurt. FLAX. The following is an extract from an article to the Edinburgh Mercury, lately copied into the Chicago Tribune : “ Wandering along the luxuriant hanks of one of the Brazilian rivers, M. Claus sen’s attention was attracted to a white, downlike substance adhering to the branch es of trees, overhanging and touching the stream. On obtaining a quantity of it, lie was so pleased with its character, that, thinking he had discovered some vegeta ble product heretofore, unknown, deter mined to trace it, if possible, to its source and to ascertain the plant which produced it. Pursuing his task with great ardor, he eventually found that the substance had been washed from a bed of flax straw, the produce of some of his own land, and which, long before, he had caused to be thrown, as useless, near the bank of the river. As swollen waters had occasional access to this heap, fermentation and the decomposition of a portion of the plant had taken place; and in time the influ ence of natural chemistry had so satura ted the filaments of the flax fibre as to give the mass a cotton like appearance; and some of it having been washed by the riv er, had been arrested by the overhanging! brandies. On the fact thus brought before him, M. Claussen proceeded carefully to sea son, and the processes now to be described arc, therefore, the result not of mere ac cident, hut of inductive research. The flax brought from the “ breaker,” is boiled for four hours in hot caustic so da, or steeped in a cold solution of it for 24 hours. It is afterwards washed in water containing 1 per cent, of sulphuric acid, and then in pure water, when it is dried and subsequently treated by scutch ing, heckling, &c., according to the uni versal practice in the linen manufactures. Here, then, we have an immense improve ment by the long'and difficult process of fermentation, which occupied six weeks, being entirely avoided. Yet the process is most effective and profitable, as 20 per cent, of long flax may be obtained instead of 17, while the substance is far more silky and soft. It is a popular error that Claussen’s process is merely to turn flax into cotton, which, people say is like turn ing gold into lead; whereas he obtains by it a large proportion of the long and val uable flax, and renders the refuse ordina- I rily considered comparatively worthless, j by a poocesj now to be explained, capa- ! hie of being worked info cotton, wool, or silk fabrics. According to the mode long adopted in the linen manufactures, an immense quan tity of tow is made, which can only be used for twine and similar coarse purpo ses. But the chemical process employed by M. Claussen, effects a change which is highly important. A series of vats are put in requisition. The first vat holds a solution of corbonate of soda, and in this the fibres, previously boiled and washed, are saturated for a quarter of an hour.— It is then removed to the next vat, in which there is 5 per cent, of sulphuric acid, the ell’ervescence causing the car bonic acid gas to seperate and divide the fibres, thus rendering them more floccu lent, and completely altering their specific gravity, as they rise now to the top of the vat, while before they sank to the bottom. The next process is to place them in an other vat of soda, to neutralize any re maining acid, and this being effected! they are transferred to the bleaching water of the fourth vat, composed of a solution of chloride of lime and sulphrate of magne sia, thus forming a hyper-chloride of mag nesia. In this preparation they remain for two hours, during which they are per fectly bleached, requiring only to be trans ferred to a hath of sulphuric acid, and then to pure water. The fibres on being with drawn from the vat, are dried by atmos pheric or steam heat. They arc then ta ken to a machine similar to that used in chaff-cutting, where they are cut into lengths adapted for spinning or cotton ma chinery. To specify all to advantages secured by these processes would far exceed our lim its. It must, therefore, suffice to observe, that the following arc a few out of many : Any cloth made from the flax cotton-yarn may be readily printed, dyed and bleached by the ordinary cotton processes. The flax fibre from its milling properties, is capable of being made into common felt hats with or without any admixture of wool. Cloth in which flax is mixed with wool, is reduced in price frem 25 to 30 per cent. Flax may be spun with silk on the existing silk machinery ; and any use less flax can be converted into a first rate article for the paper maker. Spiritual Rappers. —We have not yet been troubled with the spirits in our city, but they may be looked for in a few days. The citizens of Hamburgh and vi cinity, in Clark county, have been kept in a state of wonder and excitement for several days past. The spirit of Wash ington has been raised and interrogated. In answer to the enquiries, he stated that he thought that the affairs of Government were very well conducted at present, and that the modus operandi was satisfactory to him in every respect. In regard to Presidential matters, he stated that the next occupant of the White House would be a Whig. He also answered the sev eral other questions which were doubt less satisfactory to his hearers. The ques tion of who will be the next President, is now, ol’ course settled.—[N. Albany Tri bune. At the sale of Louis Philippe's library, a romance of chivalry, called “Pearcefor est,” in six volumes, in vellum paper and elegantly bound, was bought for the Duke d’Aumale for $2,210. The rival bidder was an agent for the British Museum. It is the only copy in the world. [From the I/OuUville Journal May 4. Dtaih ol Mr*. Amelia B. Welby. j It is with sad feelings we announce Ihe decease of Mrs. Amelia B. Wei by, the celebrated poetess. She died in this city ! yesterday morning, at the residence of her j husband, Mr. George Welhy. ! Mrs. \\ elby was a woman of true gen ius. Indeed, we never knew of one to whom nature had been more partial in the gifts of song. At a very early period of j her life—a period when the mind is gen ' crally very immature—she produced poems that have everywhere been received with delight, and which will never fade from our country’s literature. It is now about fifteen years since the public first I became acquainted will her name and her productions through the columns of this paper. Poem followed poem in bright ! succession, each one teeming with fresh wild thoughts expressed in verse of the most delicious harmony. These poems came from the heart of the gifted girl, and were ail very beautiful—so beautiful and so perfect indeed, that they have scarcely been equalled by the productions of any other American poetess. Such an extraordinary series of poems, all expressive of unworn feelings and glowing with genius, could not fail to at tract attention. “Amelia” bccameagreat favorite with all the lovers of poetry throughout the Union. As poem follow ed poem, they were eagerly caught up by the conductors of the public press in all sections and published until every reader in the Union became familiar with them. Nor was their fame confined to the Uni ted States, lor many of them were repub lished in England and created in that country a deep interes' in the welfare of the young minstrel girl from whose harp strings floated harmonies of thought and expression (hat charmed all hearts. For two years she continued to sing, making this paper the medium of her communica tions with the public. That her poems were unequal in their merits, it is true, I hut yet what was considered her poorest efforts were sweeter titan the best of those of other people. Important Decision. At the recent session of the U. S. Supreme Court at Washington, a decision was made in a case growing out of a col lision between the Propeller Genesee Chief and a sail vessel on Lake Ontario, which settles some important points of Admiralty and Maratime jurisdiction. Wc are indebted to his honor, Judge Mil ler, for a copy of the syllabus of this de cision, taken by Mr. Benjamin C. How ard, the reporter to the Court. The opinion itself, which is long and argu mentative, will he published in the Wes tern Law Journal of Cincinnati, for this month. The points decided are as fol lows : The Act of Congress, passed on (he 26th of February. 1815, (5 Statutes at large, 726) extending the jurisdiction of the District Courts to cer'ain cases upon the Lukes and navigable waters connect ing the same, is consistent with the Con stitution of the U. S. It does not rest upon the power granted to Congress to regulate Commerce. But it rests upon the ground that the Lakes and navigable waters connecting them, are within the scope of Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction as known and understood in the U. S., when the Con stitution was adopted. The Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdic tion granted to the Federal Government, by the Constitution of the U. S., is not limited to tide-water, bill extends to all public navigable lakes and rivers, where Commerce is carried on between different States, or with a foreign nation. In the present case of collision between a vessel navigated by steam and a sailing vessel, the evidence shows that the for mer was in fault. It is the duty of every Steamboat to keep a trustworthy person employed as a look-out, and if there be none such addi tional to the helmsman, or if he was not stationed at a proper place, or not vigi lantly employed in his duty, it must be regarded as priina jacie evidence that the collision was the fault of the Steam boat. public lamm. The following shows the amount of un sold Public Lands on the 30lh of June, 1851, in each State and Territory in the United States. This is another of those tables that is well worth preserving: States and Territories. .\rros undi«]>o6cri of. Ohio, - - - 302.105 ’62 Indiana, - - - 1 .049,680 ’9l Illinois, - - - 8,219,628 ’72 Missouri, - - 26.625.589 ’32 Alabama, - - - K>,586,849 ’23 Mississippi. - - 8,849,165 ’ll Louisiana, - 13,579,384 ’47 Michigan, - - 20,011,143 ’77 Arkansas. - - - 25,303,746 ’72 Florida, - - 32,863,518 ’66 lowa, ... 25,661,550 "27 Wisconsin, - - 21,506,294 ’B3 California,- - - 120.447,810 ’OO Minnesota Ter. - 50.075,931 ’BS Oregon Ter. - - 216,349,333 ’OO New Mexico Ter. - 127,383,040 ’OO Utah Ter. - - - 113,589,010 ’OO North-West Ter. - 376,040,060 'OO Nebraska Ter. - - 87,489.000 00 Indian Ter. •- - 118,789,440*00 1,400,632,405 ’4B This divided by 160 would give each family out of 87.503,852, a quarter sec tion of land. Allowing five persons to each family, there is land enough left at that rate for 437.519,260 persons, in ad dition to the population which can be sus tained on the land already occupied—suf ficient we presume for as many more. — [Dubuque Herald. EDITORS AND I*l BLIKIIERS. THE MAELSTROM WHIRLPOOL The following description of this great phenomenon is from a letter to Judge Woodward, of Florida, from a friend travelling in Europe: “ This wonderful phenomenon, that lias excited the wonder of the world, I have seen. There are few of iny countrymen who have had the opportunity, in conse quence of the situation of it being re mote from any point of commerce. Its latitude and longitude I do not exactly re collect. It is situated between two is lands, belonging to a group off the coast of Norway, called the Low-in-stafl" Is lands, between Dortheim—being tip? most southern point of commerce—and the North Cape. .1 suppose the latitude to he about 69 north, hut will not be cer tain. “ I had occasion, some years ago, to navigate a ship from North Cape to Dor thciin, nearly all the way between the is lands and rocks, and the main. On in quiring of iny Norway pilot, about tha practicability of running near the whirl pool, he told ine that with a good breeze it could he approached near enough for examination without danger. I at once determined to satisfy myself. We began to near it about 10 o’clock A. M., in the month of September, with a line north wester. Two good seamen were placed at the helm, and the mate on the quarter deck, all hands at their stations for work ing the ship, and the pilot standing on the bowsprits between the night heads. I went on the maintopsail yard, with a good glass. I had been seated but a few mo ments when my ship entered the dish of ihe whirlpool, the velocity of the water altered her course three points towards the centre; although going eight knots through the water. This alarmed me extremely ; for a mo ment I thought destruction was ineveta* hie. She, however, answered her helm sweetly, and we ran along the edge, the waves foaming around us in every form, while she was dancing gaily over them. The sensations I experienced are difficult to describe Imagine to yourself an im mense circle, running around a diameter of one and a half miles, the velocity in creasing as it approximated towards the centre, and gradually changing its dark blue color to white—foaming, tumbling, rushing to the vortex, very much concave, as much so as the water in a funnel when half run out ; the noise, too, hissing roar ing, dashing—all pressed on the mind at once, presented the most awful, grand, solemn sight, 1 ever experienced. AY e were near it about eighteen min utes, and in sight of it about two hours. It is evidently a subterranean passage, that leads—the Lord knows where.— From its magnitude I should not doubt that instant destruction would be the fate of a dozen of our largest ships. The pi lot says that several vessels have been sucked down, and that whales also have been destroyed. The first I think proba ble enough, but I rather doubt the lalter. Burning of a Hi ndoo Wife. —The Caleutfa Englishman says: Th.c night of the first of this year wit nessed one of those fearful tragedies, to the suppression of which the pliilanthro pi>fs, both in England and India, proudly point as one of Lord William Bcntick's crowning acts in the cause of humanity. The following is pretty near the truth: The Rajah died at Pachete on the first of January, at 4P. M.; a wild cry was rais ed by the women of the zenana, that the Rajah was dead ; this was soon silenced, and a guard placed at some distance round the rajbarry. On the death of the Rajali being made known to the heir, he pro ceeded to the apartments of his mother, received the ticca, and was told to enjoy his dignity, for that her mind was made up. The present Rajah left his mother and saw her no more. A pile was hur riedly made within the precincts of the rajbarry. At about 10 o'clock volumes of smoke told that the horrid custom of that house was being carried out. Tho Ranee walked seven times round the pyre, and then threw herself from some blocks of wood into the flames Avhich had been lighted for that propose. After a few convulsive struggles to escape, her ashes mingled with those of her idiotic husband, who detested her in life. The Calf Case Decided. —Tho pa pers East have made the city of Burling ton the origina'ing point of this famous law suit. Mistake entirely. The case arose in West Point, Lee county, a thriv ing village on the route of the Dubuque and Keokuk railroad—and was commen ced about a year ago by an action of re plevin before a justice of the peace of that place. The difficulty was to identity the calf claimed. The witnesses of one party, some twenty or thirty in num ber, swore that the tail was entirely black, and those of the other party, about equal in number, swore that it was partly white, The jury returned a verdict from which an appeal was taken to the District Court of Lee county. The appeal was tried at the last term of that court, but the jury disagreed. The legal costs had then a inounted to S3OO. The case was contin ued to the present term, and tried again last week at Fort Madison. The jury this time decided in the case, finding for the plaintiff, or that the tail was “ partly white.” The cost has now reached SSOO. Upon the final trial, four members of the bar were arrayed on the side of the plain tiff, and three on the side of the defend ant. Counsel lees and other expenses are of course to be added to the costs, in es timating the amount expended upon this litigation about a calf worth s3.—[lowa State Gazette. NUMBER