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The weekly Minnesotian. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. Territory) 1852-1858, May 29, 1852, Image 2

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THE MINNESOTIAN.
St. Paul, Minnesota.
SATURDAY, MAY 29, 1852.
THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS.
Next Tuesday, the great Democratic
Sanhedrim assembles at Baltimore. It is
to be a medley afluir, composed of Union
men, States’ Right men. Finality men,
“Higher Law” men, Nullifiers, Aboli
tionists, Anti-Abolitionists, &c. Rlictt
and Butler, of South Carolina ; Preston
King and John Van Bprcn, of New
York; Rantoul, of Massachusetts, and
Jefl'. Davis, of Mississippi, will meet to
gether upon common ground, and endeav
or to construct a platform sufficiently
broad to accommodate all the various sub
divisions of the party which they respect
ively represent. How fur they will suc
ceed remains to be seen. We look for
some sort of harmonious patching up of the
old rickety concern of 18-44 and ’4B; but in
the melee it is highly probable the great
question which forms the main dividing
line by which the party is split up into
factions, will be dodged. Nor should we
be at all surprised if Gen. Cass, although
now far ahead of all his competitors,
comes out in the end as did Van Buren
*n '44. The attentive correspondent of
the St. Louis Intelligencer, in a recent
letter has the following :
Mr. Borland, of Arkansas, declared in
a speech to-day, that the Democratic par
ty had been betrayed, defeated and de
stroyed. This is a change of tone within
a week or two; for not long ago, lie de
clared that his party—the great demo
cratic party —was certainly coming into
power. Now he begins to despair o' it,
notwithstanding the retirement of Major
Donelson from the Union.
Major Donclsou’s retirement was, as
he explains, a self-sacrifice for the har
mony of the party. He was objected to
by the Nullifiers and Abolitionisis. and
he was an obstacle to the co-operation of
those two chief elements in the great
Democratic party, for he had made war
against both.
Still it is not to be supposed that the
Democratic party will become harmoni
ous. They will have trouble enough in
their Convention at Baltimore.
It is confidently asserted, and, indeed,
demonstrated, that neidier Cass nor Buch
anan can be nominated, though the former
may begin with 106 votes, and the latter
with 96. There are at least fifty thou
sand Democratic votes in New York that
General Ciss cannot cirrv.
Gen. Rusk, of Texas, is now much
talked of as a candidate to betaken up by
the Democrats. Y. Z.
SPIRIT OF THE EOtOFOCO PRESS.
The Democrat of this week has an ex
cellent article upon the settlement of the
Territory, and the character of people who
are desired to locate in this new land, and
who, as the editor truly remarks, will in
a few years be the rich and influential
citizens of Minnesota. “They will be the
principal business men and property hold
ers in the towns, and the independent
farmers of the country.” The drones and
croakers are reminded that this is no place
for them.
But our neighbor’s propensity to mix up
gross acts of political turpitude with a few
words devoted to the good of the Territo
ry, could not be foregone. lie next
launches forth into a wholesale charge that
it is the Whigs of the U. S. Senate who
are the only opponents of the Sioux Treat
ies, and that “Whiggery, under all its
phases, from federalism to people’s party
ism, has ever been the enemy of Western
progress. Now, for this to coine from
a man who has bellowed himself hoarse
upon every stump in the State of Ohio in
justification of James K. Polk’s vetoes of
Western river and harbor bills; who en
dorsed, and still endorses, the Chicago
letter and the “ noise and confusion ”
•peech of Gen. Cass; and who would
swallow, as his candidate for President,
even so blue a Federalist and enemy of
the West as James Buchanan—we say
for such a charge as this to come from a
man holding and endorsing the views of
such party leaders, exhibits either a de
gree of political mendacity, or blind and
enthusiastic fanaticism for party , that
candid men have no patience or desire to
waste time upon. The Democrat bases
this reckless charge upon what he terms
the opposition of Senators Bell and More
head to the treaties. Our readers will
know’ with what degree of careful and
candid investigation he has arrived at this
conclusion, when it is recollected that no
person of the name of Morchead has been
a member of the Senate since the fourth
of March, 1849! And further; the Dem
ocrat has “no doubt but every Democrat
in the Senate, whether from the North
or South, East or West, will vote for the
Sioux treaties.” Now we, and every
man in Minnesota who is at all conver
■ant with the state of this question in the
Senate, have great doubts about this mat
ter. Said a Democratic Senator, from
one of the Mew England States, to a Dem
ocrat from Minnesota not very long since
“Your people are a set of trespassers and
land pirates, and I intend to have the
military committee look to the matter, and
»ee that the vagabonds are driven off the
Sioux lands at the point of the bayonet.”
And it was a fact, notoriously known at
Washington at last accounts, that Downs,
of Louisiana, Butler, of South Carolina,
and perhaps Mason, of Virginia, all Demo
crats, were opposed to the treaties. Every
Whig from the free States is in favor of
them; also Messrs. Gcyer, Jones, Morton,
Brooks, Badger, and two or three others
from the slave States. James Cooper, the
Whig Senator from Pennsylvania, has ta
ken more interest in, and worked harder
for the treaties than any other man on the
committee to which they were referred.
These ar e fads we have gathered from
quarters which the Democrat can also
have access to, and which we would ad
vise him to consult before he makes any
more such wholesale charges against the
Whig side of the Senate as those contain
ed in his last issue.
The Pioneer gives some home truths
to the South and South-west, which it
would be well for Senators from these
quarters to ponder before they vote against
our treaties. After summing up a few
of the advantages which must result from
the interchange of friendly commercial
and social feelings between our people
and those at the lower end of the Valley,
and upon the South-eastern Atlantic
coast, Ihe editor asks:
“Yet what do we behold? when the
North-west asks the South to aid in
opening and extending her settlement
a-ks, that at a trifling expense, 30.000,-
000 of acres more of line lands shall be
opened lor settlement, by the extinguish
ment of the title of the’Sioux Indians
when we ask for these measures, calcu
late I to benefit and enlarge the trade of
the Sou'h. by giving her more customers,
more produce, more steamboats, what
does the Northwest behold? Opposition
Irotn the South'-' We pause to see if it
1-e so. The great Northwest, anxiously
waits to know, if the South really intends
to spurn us, with haughty contumc’v.—
We await in silence the ac'ion of" the
Senate upon the treaties of Minnesota;
and well will the Northwest note and re
member who are their friend s.”
There is nothing jarlisan in this, as
there should not be, and therefore good to
the treaties may come of it, instead of
evil, which must be the inevitable effect
of the Democrat’s article, if it lias any
effect whatever.
Ihe Pioneer contains its usual amount
of “Minnesota Afluirs,” interspersed with
sharp witticisms, but this week no “hard
licks” upon any one that docs not de
serve them.
HOMESTEAD RILL.
The following is an abstract of the
Homestead Bill as it passed the House of
Representatives. It has not come up in
the Senate:
The bill as now presented provides
that any person who is the head of a
family and a citizen of the United States,
or any person who is the head of a fami
ly and had become a citizen prior to the
Ist clay of January. 1552, as required by
j the naturalization laws of the United
| States, shall, from and after the passage
of this act be entitled to enter, free of
cost, one quarter section of vacant and
unappropriated public lands, or a quanti
ty equal thereto, to be located in a body,
in conformity w ith the legal subdivisions
of the public lands, and after the same
shall have been surveyed.
2d. The person app'ying for the bene
fit of the act, to make an affiidavit that
he or she is the head of a family, and is
not the owner of any estate in land at the
time of such application, and has not dis
posed ot any estate in land to obtain the
benefit of the act.
3d section refers to the duties of the
Land Register.
4th. All lands acquired under the pro
visions ol the act shall in no event be
come liable to the satisfaction of any
debt or debts contracted prior to the is"-
stiing of the patent therefor.
sth. If at any time after filing Ihe affi
davit required, and before the expiration
of five jears, it shall he proven that the
person locating on such lands shall have
changed his or her residence, or abandon
ed the said entry for more than six
months at any one time, the land to re
vert back to the Government, and be dis
posed of as other public lands are now by
law.
(>th. Ii any individual, now a resident
of any State or Territory, and not a citi
zen ot the United States, but at the time
of making application for the benefit of
tile act shall have filed a declaration of
intention so to do, as required bv the
Naturalization laws of the United Slates,
and shall become a citizen of the same
be'ore the issuing of the patent, as made
and provided for in this act, he shall be
placed upon an equal footing with the na
tive-born citizens.
7 h. No individual is permitted to make
more than one entry under this act.
in the Street.— A man some
45 years of age. supposed to he named
Baker, and to be from Beaver Dam. Wis.,
died Saturday morning near the lower
bridge from the effects of exposure and
continued excess of the use of intoxica
ting drinks. He had, it is said, been up
and down the river on steamboat decks
once or twice lately, in search of a trunk
that he had lost. It is thought he was
landed from the Nominee on Friday even
ing.— Galena Ji ff.
The ravages of the yellow fever at
Rio Janeiro are described as heart-rend
ing. On an average, 50 cases are re
ported daily among the crews of foreign
vessels. Twenty-three entire Sweedish
crews have been swept away.
Mr. Clay. —The Washington Tele
graph of the 12th, says, “Our report is
still favorable. Mr. Clay is free from
pain, very tranquil, and the only citizen
of this great Repub'ic who regards his
approaching dissolution without anxiety
or regret.” J
oa IS r tf T g j\ Gen ’ Scolt will have 28
or 29 of the delegates in the Whig Na-
Vr a l Gonvent,on ’ (rom New York, and
Mr. Fillmore 6 or 7.
Facts and Fancies.
1
We copy in another part of this day’s |
issue, an editorial from the columns of our 1
excellent neighbor, the Dubuque Herald. ,
We do not do this for the purpose of re- j ]
commending our people to heed its sug- 1 (
gestions, for they can and will do as they j '
p’ease about that; and we wish them to t
go wherever they can buy the cheapest, ;
and trade to the best advantage in other j
respects. The love complained of, which , ]
we of St. Paul have for Galena is a very | i
natural love; and we would desire to see - ■
it perpetuated so long as Galena treats us -
in the affectionate manner she ever has! ,
and still continues to. But this docs not. (
prevent us also from respecting other pla- ,
ccs, and being friendly with them, if ,
they will give us the same reasons to 1 ,
cultivate these feelings that Galena lias, j
In the days when B. 11. Campbell & Co., ,
the Corw hhs, Harrises, McCloskey, Lo-
i rains, &c., were first sending out their (
steamboats, laden with their goods, sold i
lo St. Paul merchants—entire strangers ! ,
to these enterprising Galenians —on cred- j j
it, in order to help us get a start in the j
world, and without which w e never ' (
cou'd have had the start we have. Da- [ j
bnqiie snubbed us—turned up her nose |
at us in contempt. We know this from
experience. When a Minneso'a editor
would go to Dubuque, and step into a (
stoic to ask for an advertisement, he was
very apt to be insulted by being told that j ,
his mercantile neighbors at home were a ,
set of twopenny dealers, unworthy the at- (
tention of Dubuque—that St. Paul was (
no place and never would be. Now it (
appears they are courting our custom, ]
good and strong ! Well, we have no ob- ]
jection ; but as we remarked last week, ,
wc would like to know what they keep 1 ,
for sale dow n there. Our people can't ,
find out by reading our home papers. |
We are to have a great time the com- 1
ing week in welcoming new steamboats. ,
Cap! Ludwiek will probably be here with i
his superb new craft, the Ben Campbell, (
early in the week. From the pains and ]
expense that have been lavished upon her,
we judge she will make a better show- .
than any bo.it we have ever had in the •
trade. She left Pittsburgh on Thursday
ot last week, and ought to be at Galena i
by to-day. Capl. D. S. Harris is in St.
Louis attending to the fitting up of the
West Newton. The Republican of the !
21st says : “The West Newton is under
going repairs at the duoh pros lons t„ pn . !
I ing into the St. Paul trade. She will be
! thoroughly repaired, painted and fitted tip
i before starting.” The gentlemen coin
i posing the company that has purchased
| this crack steamer, in addition to the
Messrs. Harris, are stated liv the Galet a
j Advertiser to he: James Carter & Co.,
H. F. McCloskey, G. W. Fuller, S. 1
j Crawford &, Co., Mr. Burrichter and D
IA. Barrow s. Pierre Chouteau, Jr. & Co.
I have also taken slock. The sum paid for
, the West New ton was $9,500. We hav e
j !li| d hut two arrivals, the Dr. Franklin and
Nominee, so far this week, which will
probably be the extent, unless some of the
(St. Louis boats should come in to-dav.
I Both packets were, as usual, punctual to
j their time, and came full. The Nominee.
; particularly, had one of the largest crowds
of the season, alter stringing scores of
passengers all along shore below. She
came up under charge of Capt. Brooks,
late of the Cope, w hich renowned steam
er has retired iruin the trade togive place
! for the Ben Campbell. The “old Doctor”
is quite as popu’ar as ev*r this season,
I Capt. Blakely being as much at home in
his new | osition as lie was of old in the
e’erk's office; and his former place is
well supplied.
The new hotel at the upper landing,
w e learn Ircm Mr. W, . sson, is near!v com
pleted, and will he opened lor visitors in
a few weeks. It will he a great a qui
sition to the facilities for accommodating
strangers in St. Pul. Notwithstanding
the dullness of business consequent upon
the state of betweenity which the non
j ratification of the treaties throws us into
|at this moment, improvements arc start
ing forth in all parts of town. The gra
ding of streets in our neighborhood is
rapidly going forward; and it will not be
long before the rugged end of Third street
will present one of the most beautiful and
business-like avenues in the place. Some
gentlemen recently from the East have
just purchased a site for a new steam
saw-mill at the mouth of Dayton’s Creek,
and we understand they contemplate
building immediately. A new and pow
erful mill is also to be erected by the
owners of the one now in operation upon
Kittson s addition, which will contain an
engine as large as any in use upon the
steamboats running in our trade, and three
boilers as large as those of the Nominee.
People down this way are beginning to
awake to the importance of the facilities
of position their property occupies.
IN e have had very few steamboat arri
vals this weik, but some arrivals of quite
as much importance we can chronicle in- 1
stead. We refer lo rafts of sawed lum- :
ber from St. Anthony, which are at length
beginning to come down. This will set <
many people to work, who have been idle, i
waiting for lumber. This lumber goes to
Mr. Bass’ yard for sale. 1 1
We were heartily glad to welcome
home, by the Nominee on Thursday, our
popular Secretary of the Territory, Capt.
Wilkin, after an absence at Washington
of nearly two months, where he has been
laboring with all his might, night and day,
to secure the ratification of our treaties.
The Captain has fulfilled the mission en
trusted to his charge with fidelity and
ability, and has his reward (all he asks)
in the unanimous and heartfelt thanks of
his fellow-citizens. He feels certain the
ratification is a sure thing, but when it
will take place he cannot possibly tell.
The Old School Presbyterian congrega
tion have completed their arrangements
for building their new church, on Cedar
s reet near the Capitol. We hace seen
the plan, and have no hesitancy in saying,
that when completed, it will be the most
imposing structure in St. Paul. The di
minsions are 75 feet by 45; elevation
from base to cornice, 46 feet; from base
to fop of spire, 130 feet. The basement
will contain a commodious lecture room,
library room, and pastor’s study. The
interior will be finished with front gal
lery, and will also embrace all the mod
ern improvements and conveniences of the
latest style of church edifices. The
building will be of stone, and when com
pleted will probably cost something in
the neighborhood of #IO,OOO. We like
this idea of erecting at nnee a large and
permanent church edifice, instead of
wasting time and money in the construc
tion of temporary buildings. It is much
cheaper in the end, and when once finish
ed the job is over with for the next half
century at least. Mr. Riheldaffer and
his as yet small congregation deserve the
highest regards of the community,for the
zeal and energy they have manifested in
the undertaking. Mr. It. is a sound,
untiring and popular minister of that
branch of the church in which he has
been called to labor, and merits the warm
consideration of his brethren in all parts
of the country. That lie will do good—
great good in the new field to which he
has been assigned, wc have no doubt
whatever; and we trust his efforts will
so be regarded by those at home an 1
abroad, who arc able, and should be wil
ling, to lend him a helping hand now at
the beginning.
The Locomotive is a democrat.—Kos
suth.
The Railroad is a democrat and dis
tributer of benefits.— D.Jl. Robertson.
Barring this piece of very small but
unmitigated plngalrls,,, „ n tho p , ir « n f our
neighbor, we would like to ask of which
parly is the members of the present
Board of Public Works in Ohio, who re
cently gave orders to tear down all the
bridges at the railroad crossings on the
canals of that Slate? Which party has
been the strongest advocate, and which
the strongest opponent of railroads and
other improvements in the United States ?
And whose energy and capital have been,
anil arc most enlisted in these magnificent
enterprises ?
The Galena Jeffersonian recently had
a i .article referring to the settlement a'
Rolling Stone, which concluded with the
following just remarks in regard to Gov.
Ramsey’s recent visit (o that place :
“IVe have had so frequent occasion to
speak in condemnation of the official acts
of Gov. Ramsey, that it affords us a
gre. ter pleasure to praise him when we
nmy. He record then with gratification
the fact of his visit fo these itnigranls.
his inquiries into their wants—his gener
ous offers of aid, pecuniary or otherwise;
and we trust that the honorable example
lie has set, may not he lost upon those
over whom his influence extends.”
The Democrat copies the article, but
alters the word condemnation in the sec
ond line of this paragraph to commenda
tion, (which makes nonsense of the sen
tence) and credits it to the Galena ad
vertiser. Is he afraid to let his readers
here know, that his Galena friend has for
once possessed the magnanimity to do the
Governor justice ? It looks so.
Phospect or Summer. —The Spring
field, Mass , Republican of M y 7th,
says that the stage from Brattleboro’.Vt ,
to Wilmington, went through on wheels
lor the first time since last November,
last Tuesday. The snow is still several
(cel deep on the mountain. The Brattle
boro’ Eagle says, that in Stratton and
some ol the neighboring towns, the fence
tops are just beginning to be visible.
Now, how does this contrast with the
stale ol the season in Minnesota on this
same seventh day of May ? We had no
snow here at the time we are sure. And
at tins time, three weeks later, nature is
clothed in her full summer livery. Those
farmers who are settled and at home in
the country have nearly finished planting;
and we learn to-day from one of them in
the Cottage Grove neighborhood that he
had a field of corn up and growing. It
sounds well after reading the above para
graph, to hear people coming to Minne
sota from New England, and inveighing
against our climate. People who came
through Northern Illinois last week, say
the season is much more forward here
than there
The Winnebago payment has been
postponed two or three weeks, owing
partly to the absence of many of the In
dians, who are putting in their crops. \
Other causes operated to induce Maj.
Fridley, very wisely, we think, to defer
the time of payment.
We have not been disappointed, high
as our expectations were raised, upon
witnessing the performances of the the
atrical company now playing at Mazourka
Hall. Such difficult pieces as the Stran
ger, Lady of Lyons, &c., have been en
acted to full and delighted audiences, and
with a precision throughout that renders
criticism entirely out of place here.—
Mrs. Langrishe is an .actress in the higher
walks of the Drama, who would do cred
it to the “ leading business” upon any
boards in the country. The other ladies
are excellent in their respective spheres ;
and we can also say the gentlemen, one
and all, acquit themselves exceedingly
well. Messrs. Langrishe and Atwater
would pass for actors in any country.
Pesiguacomik. —We do not believe
there ever was invented, a medicine equal
to Chippewa medicine, of the above
name, for any summer complaint. It is
preparad solely by Mr. Ely of St. Paul;
and may be bought at the book store of
LeDitc Si Rohrer. It is a very agreeable
medicine; being the extract of a root,
prepared with syrup; and it will actually
put a stop to the disease.— Pioneer.
Having had recent occasion to test
the efficacy of this medicine in breaking
up a distressing disease, which had kept
us close company from the time we com
menced imbibingthe sand and mud of the
Missouri river, five or six weeks ago,
we can fully endorse the above. Only
three or four doses were required to cure
us thoroughly. It lias operated with
like effect upon some of the printers in
our office.
The temperance people in Massachu
setts have had their hopes blasted by the
interference of the Locofoco Governor.
Bout well. Such things remind us ol
whisky politicians of smaller calibre
nearer borne. A late telegraphic despatch
in our exchanges runs as follows:
Boston, May 19, P. M.
The liquor bill was vetoed by the Gov
ernor. Great rejoicing on the part o:
the citizens ; 500 guns are to be tired on
the occasion.
The following, from the St. Louis (
News of the 21st, will be interesting to
our provision dealers. We presume the
estimates are very nearly correct:
Stock or Pork. &c. —As the market
is again looking up, and the last advices
Irotn New Orleans give information of an
advance there, it may not be out of place
to give the probable stock now on hand
in this city and at points above. From
the best information, we do not think
there is to exceed 500 to6oo bids, yet on
the Illinois, and probably not to exceed
1500 oil t e Upper Mississippi. Of the
latter.about 1000 lib’s, is still at Quincy,:
and held by a party there. The remain
ing 400 nr 500 bbls. may be at Oquawka
and Hannibal ; we know of none at any
odier points. The stock in this city rm
hraces 5500 to 6000 hbls.. about 5000 of
which is held by one party, who refuses
to sell mess at the present time for less
than sl6 50f/16 75. At this time last
year the slock numbered over 10,000
hbls., and it was then considered very
light. The stock of lard we think about
in proportion lo that of pork, but there is
more of bacon, particularly ot shoulders
and hams, and the rpinion now prevails
that there will be no very great scarcity
of smoked meats alter all. We have
heard the total stock of bacon estimated
by dealers to be 2800 to 3COO casks. j
There is always a scarcity of sacks
along the Upper Mississippi in the fall ol
the year, when grain and potatoes are
ready for the market. Gunnies are quick
sale at high prices on such occasions.—
IV e have known them to sell here lor 151
and 20 cents. There isa chance now for
a speculation in this article, which at
present seems to be a drug in all the
principal markets of the Union. The
last quotations in Boston were lal l-4c.
New Orleans 7 1-2 to Bc., and 40,000
new 2 1-2 bushels sold last week in St.
Louis for Be., cash. This is the lowest
sale for many years. The stock is large, ;
with little or no demand.
“ The hill to ai 1 Collins’ line of steam
ers passed the Senate on the 20th. On
Ihe s.une day, in the House, the bill for
the completion of the public buildings in
Minnesota, was laid on the table.”
The above is a paragraph of la'c news
from Washington. We are glad Mr.
Collins has succeeded. He is running
his steamers in opposition to what was
before he commenced a lore gn inonopo'y,
and as Americans we feel a national
pride in his success. But the bill refer
red to in the latter sentence contemplates
a small apptopriation for something l Veil
ern, and of course it must go to “ that
bourne from whence no bill returns”—
the lab'e ol the House. This is charac
teristic, and not to be wondered at.
Once in a while we find a “ case in
point, illustrative of men’s good sense
in regard to the matter of advertising.—
The old fellow mentioned below is “one of
them.” If more fathers were thus par
ticular in settling their daughters in life,
we would have fewer instances of family
poverty and distress, domestic ruptures,
and eventually expensive divorce suits.
The subject is worth looking to by
> oung merchants and business men every
where. The incident here narrated is
given by the New York correspondent of
the Burlington Hawk-Eye:
I heard an old gentleman say, in the
Astor House, this morning, that lie would
never consent to allow his daughter to
marry a man that did not advertise. This
appeared a little strong, at first; but the I
gentleman, who has himself become a
millionare by extensive advertising and
close attention to business, explained him
self by saying that his experience had
taught him that chances are not one in a
hundred, that a man will succeed in New
York, now-a-days, without advertising.
Perhaps we carry the thing farther in
New I ork than any other people. Doc
tors, Lawyers. Clergymen, and the most
eminent and successful men of all sta
tions, advertise habitually. Silas C. Her
r'ng, the manufacturer of the celebrated
Salamander Safes, was present at the
conversation above alluded 10, and he
confirmed the position of the first speak
er, by staling that whenever he has any
more money than he wants to use imme
diately, he at once invests it in the ad
vertising columns of newspapers, “and,”
added lie, “it is mainly by advertising,
that I now carry on a business from
which over one thousand persons drew
their support, and which enables me to
supply ihe four quarters of (lie globe
with my safes. For my part. I cannot
waste money by advertising. The more
I advertise, the more money I make; and
I advise you all to beware of endorsing
for a man who does not advertise, and
who has not got one of ; Herring’s Sala
mander Safes.’ Such a man is necessa
rily careless and improvident.” This
last remark of Herring about his safes,
created a good deal of laughter.
IVe see by our exchanges that the
Printer’s National Convention, at Cincin
nati, adopted a resolution abolishing Sun
day work. This slavish and heathenish
practice, we trust, is soon to be abolished
in our craft. It has been pleaded, that
the public good demands the violation.—
Ihe public good is made up of individual
good, and your individual good is not at all
.promoted by my individual evil. There
may- be exceptions to ibis general rule in
relation to Sunday- work in printing offi
ces, hot they rare'y occur. IVe arc g'ad
our friends in the Convention took a right
stand on the subject. Seli'-rcspcct is the
first duty in relation to character.
Effect will follow cause, —and all the
gold in California cannot bring about a
contrary result. Here is the first faint
glimmerings of the dreadful tidings which
will be continually reaching us from the
plains this summer. IVe copy from a
late St. Louis paper:
Reported Sickness ox the Plains.
—1 he officers ol the Clara, down this
morning, inform us thaf it was reported
at IVeston and St. Joseph that there was
considerable sickness among the Califor
nia trains now out on the plains. The
disease has every appearance of elio’era,
: and its appearance lias driven a goodly
number of adventurers back. The Clara
brought down some six or eight emigrants
who have abandoneiUhe trip. It was re
ported that eight or nine persons had
died in Holliday’s train, and it was also
current that the cholera had m ule its ap
pearance among Ma jor Steins’ command
so in a ter leaving Fort Leavenworth, and
up t>> Grass-hnpper creek nine or ten
deaths had taken place, and there was
quite a number still down with the epi
demic. These reports had created con
siderable excitement among the few re
maining emigrants at IVeston and St. Jo
seph, and numbers had delayed their de
parture or entirely given up the trip.—
St. Joseph, IVeston, and Fort Leaven
worth were comparatively healthy, and
there were only a few scattering emi
grants yet reinaing at either point, the
great mass having started on their long
and tedious journey.
We find the following in the St. Louis
Intelligencer of the 21st. IVhal docs it
meah ? So far as St. Paul is concerned,
we can see no wit nor point to it :
New Banking Institution. —We
are gratified to announce to our citizens
that the hanking capital of our city has
been augmented during the past week to
the amount of $1,000,000. the capital of
the Bank of Duncan's Island. We sub
join a copy of one of the issues of the
I ns: it ut ion to the amount of one dollar.—
If the current of the river does not wash
too much against the securities of the
concern, we see no good icason why it
lias not a good foundation on which to
test, hut the river has already commenced
a run on the Bank, and it is feared that
by June next the whole concern will cave
“ONE. No. I‘sß. B. 1.
mi: banking house of duxcax’s island.
Will pay One Dollar
in Bank-notes to the Bearer, on demand,
at their Branch Banking llou>c in ST.
I ALL, MINNESOTA, but only during
the winter, when the river is" frozen.
Capital $1 000,000. guaranteed bv Dun
can’s Island.
General Charles Arm buster,
Democratic Sausage Maker, and ’ ropric
tor o! Dime in’s Island, Pres.
Thomas Simple. Cashier.
[Anzcigcr Print.”]
At Rochester, last year, the sale of
fruit trees from the nurseries, amounted
'/ Ihree hundred and fifty thousand dot
• ars. Il eny one will compare the proba
ble cost of raising this amount in fruit
trees, with that of raising the same
amount in wheat or lead, they will have
an idea ol the profitableness of the busi
ness.— Galena Jldo.
We fear the season has passed without
the general attention to the planting of
fruit trees being paid by the Minnesota
fanners, that their own interests and the
interest of the country demand. How
ever, it will soon be full, which perhaps
is as favorable a season of the year for
planting as the spring. The best assort
ment of choice trees, and the best system
o packing, that we noticed anywhere
along the river between here and St.
Louis, can be seen at the nursery of Mr.
H. S. Finley, Davenport, lowa. The
climate, also, in which these trees are
reared, undoubtedly renders them suita
ble for Minnesota,
| The Excelsior arrived early this morn
ing, from St. Louis. Our fellow-citizens,
Maj. M’Lean, F. E. Collins and IV. S.
Combs and lady were passengers. We
are indebted to the Excelsior, for St.
Louis and Galena papers in advance of
,of the mail. The St. Paul and Dr. Frank
lin No. 2 were in port at St. Louis, and
up for St. Paul.
The IV bigs of the St. Louis Congres
sional District have nominated Sam’l
Caruthers, of Madison county, as their
candidate for Congress. Benton and Bo
gey are the Democratic candidates.
The Keokuk packets, it is stated, in
tend to pul a stop to the sale of spiritu
ous liquors on hoard, and dispense en
tirely with their bars. The new packet
will be a temperance boat, and the others
will follow her example. Good!
Strangers wishing to read something
interesting about Minnesota, will call at
one of the book-stores, and procure a
copy of the “ Annals o'' the Minnesota
Historical Society” for 1852.
We are again indebted fo Messrs. Mel
vill, of the Doctor Franklin, Parker, of
the Nominee, and Daw ley, of the Golden
Era, for late favors. These gentlemen
always manage to keep ahead of McCune
&. Co.’s mail from St. Louis.
One of the deck hands <x r the steamer
Martha No. 2, on a recent trip from St.
Louis to Galena, attempted an outrage
upon the wife of a deck passenger. A
bloody tight ensued, during which two of
the hands arc said to have been killed,
and two of the passengers mortally wound
ed. Others were badly hurt. The af
fray happened just below Louisiana,Mo.,
on Tuesday morning of last week.
CONGRESS.
II ashington, May 21
In the Senate the Chair presented for
the P. O. Department a communication
answering Mr. Sumner, which contains a
variety of information Mr. Sumner
moved to print 5060 copies. Motion re
ferred. Mr. Sumuer moved to postpone
consideration of private hills. He also
gave notice that lie would then call up
the Deficiency bill.
Mr. Atchison moved that the Senate
go into executive session, to consider an
important Indian Treaty. He said there
were 5.000 Ind ians waiting its passage,
Mr. Sumner’s motion was carried.
Mr. Berrien said lie was obliged to
leave for Georgia in a few days ; he ask
ed the consideration of the hill for the
removal of obstructions in the Savannah
river. Agreed to. After some debate
the li 11 was ordered to be engrossed.
Tlie bill to increase the salary of the
District Judges is now pending.
Washington, May 21.
The friends of the Tariff, especially
from Pennsylvania, are mustering quite
strong in favor of Coal and Iron, for the
movement to take place in the House on
Monday next.
A large number of Delegates to the
Baltimore Convention are here. Whi<*
Delegates appear to be mostly for Scott!
House.— lmmediately after‘the organi
zation, the House resumed tin* considera
tion of the bill relating to the salaries of
Ten iloriul officers.
The llashington Telegraph publishes
the following in reference lo the revolu
tion in New Mexico:
Sc\er*il despatches wore yesterday rc
ccived in this city from New Mexico,
via St. Louis, to the effect that a revolu
tion was anticipated, and that Gov. Cal
houn. who is better, had availed himself
of such military assistance as could be
procured to resist and quell whatever on
position to the law might be manifested.
Gov. C. says, that the Revolution porl
tends serious trouble; volunteers are be
ing raised to subdue the revolutionists.
The President, it is said, is willing to
withdraw from the Convention, bul his
Irirnds refuse to allow it.
None of the Foreign Ministers were
invited to the funeral of Mrs. Adams,
and none were present. This causes
some surprise.
Mail Line.— By an advertisement in
our columns, it will he seen that McCune
& Co., of the Keokuk and St. Louis
I acket Line, propose to run their boats
to Ga en.a tour times a week, until fur
ther notice.
Though this determination of the Com
pany will add much to the tonnage of
this port, and will give our levee the ap
pearance ol life and intense activity, we
arc sorry that at this time, this step lias
hecn taken, for we understand it is the
boasted intention of those interested in
the movement, to take possession of the
trade - and so long as <>ur own boats are
so a Imirably managed by prudent, care
ful and worthy men who have won the
confidence of the entire community, by
'heir years of good conduct ; and as'their
boats are of the proper size, capacity and
draught, lor the trade in which they are
engaged, and as they are comfortable for
travellers, (some of them are really luxu
rious ) we should, were our counsel ask
ed, advise all who are interested in the
prosperity of the city, to rely upon the
old stand-bys that have served us so
faithfully heretofore. We have no hos
tility to McCune & Co.; but as they aie
said to seek a monopoly of what should
not be monopolized, we have no hesita
tion in saying that others have prior
claims upon this community for a liberal
and generous support. Did a combina
tion between the different owners here,
already exist—had the anything to com-’
plain of in the way of cxo'rbitent charges
for freight or passage—were the officers
crabbed and unaccommodating—the as
pect of the case would be different; hut
nothing of that kind is even alledged. —
There is no room for complaint. To de
sert our old favorites then, for a new
friend, without reason, would be both un
generous and unjust.— Galena Jeff.

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