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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
©WENS & JIOORG, VOLUME 1. THE MINNESOTIAN, PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BYJ. P. OWE.YS 4- G. W. MOORE, Saiat Paul, Minnesota Territory. TERM ':-Two Dollars per annum in advance. Three Dollars it not in ad vance- RATES OF ADVERTISING, [yONIAkCIL rtn OR ITS EQUIVALENT.] TRANSIENT Advertisements, $1 00 per square oi twelve Hues, for the drst Insertion, ami fifty cents per •quftre for each subsequent Insertion. YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. One column, ..... SSO 00 Hall a column, - .... 30 Ot) One-fourth oi a column, - - 20 00 Busin?** Cards not over six lines, - 500 Over six Hues and uii<l«r ten lines, - 750 Over ten Hne» and un-ler ilfteen lines, 10 00 For all changca ordered In ad. ertlseuunts, a charge will be made of thirty c< nu per 1,000 can composition. We agree to charge the above prices, uttUorutly for ad vertising. James M. Coodiiiie, Pioneer, D. A. Robertson, Democrat, Owens At Moore, MiuucsotUu. St. Paul March 74tlt, 135.’. M. E. AMES. AMES & NELSON, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY. St. Paul, Minn. WILL attend with promptne.-s and fidelity to all law business Intrusted to th dr care in Mlnucsota, and the adjoining comities •»( Wl»con»iu. rr Particular attention wil be given to the collection of debts, and the ImcaUoU of land warrants. y W. P. MURRAY, ATTORNEY AND COl KSKLOK AT LAW, St. Paul, Minn. Terr. WILL attend promptly and diligently to all business Intrusted to him. Ilalvng made himse f a qualnt ed with 'he quality and situation of the surveyed lands lu the territory, he is prepared to locate land warrant.- to the best advantage. Pcrxns a’ a distance may send Until' warrant* here and their Interest* will be attended to As If th»*y were present. £3~D!Uco ou Third sreet. September 17. 1-51. 11. L. MOSS, Attorney & counsellor at Law, S.ihwa.er, Mm. Ter., will attend to pro fessional bu»mc>s m i.i the c-uirts of the Territory > will *Ucud to the local hut of Land Warrants, £tr. Laud Warrants for sale. A. VAN VOHHES, A TTORNEY Si COUNSELLOR AT Xm. Uw and Solicitor ill Chancery, will attend to a!: professional httslu .■*> intrusted tolas eare, in the different court* of the Territory. (Stillwater, 1357. Isaac Atwater, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT A Law and Solicitor m Oau «<y. Will give prompt attention to a •> busin-a* intrusted him in the Hue of hi protessi-.u, in any part *>f tne Territory. Particular at tention paid to I »ca ing Land Warrants, Paymeiii ot Tax es, sale of Patents when issued, and Ileal K-luie in gen eral. Office at St. Anthony, ou Maiu street, opposite the Fall*. AY. Richardson, TVTOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer,and -Lx Land A-cut. Office* opposite the St. Charles House, Si. Auihoiiy Fal.s. TIIOS. P. WATSON. Attorney, Counsellor Solicitor. (avocai yrancais.) Office over Spencer’s store, Third st., St. Paul. mtf VTtLH.IV Ai, VAV KTI’E.Y. ATTO R N E Y S A T L A W, Offi* e over Farrington's Brick Store, St Paul. Or. It, U t KlllftT I'. HAS I.i* office m the r.ar of LeviSloau’* store, where he win b•• ready t * attend to professional calls. Saiut Paul, Nov 29—iuui y DR. J. 11. DAY, WILL pr»ct c.* his profession in Saint Paul and vi cinity. O.Uce on Bench street, l\ov 29 mm y L. A. BABCOCK, LVW Flint, BABCOCK &. WILKINSON Atturnles and Counsellors at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, Ac. Ofttce near the corner of Third aud Huberts streets, St. Paid- M in- Ter. U !*.. attend to business of their profession in all the Couiu >f the Territory, nov. 22,1851. BRECK & WILLIAMS, ATTOnSEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW office ou Tuird St. saint Paul. DAMILL B&LCK. a. L. WILLIAMS, dec. 4. \V I. 11 EAR Y WOO d, ATTOHNKY A. COUXSELKOR AT LAW. Notary Public, and Land A-vut. Sauk Uapul>, Minnesota Territory. JACOB J. JtTOAH, Attorney at law and justice of the Peace—Commissioner f »r the State* of Maine, Connectic u, Ka«**ie Island, N*-w York, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama and Louisiana. Office on Third St., St. Paul. DU. T. It. POTTS, Corner Roberts and Sixth strelis, St. Paul, \\f ILL attend to the duties of his profession in St. Paul VT aud vicinity. September 17. U11.1.S OF EXCHANGE, And DRAKrs »n all I>»ru> t»f tlie United Slates, at the uitue ol lUe Minuesul* ouiflt, by CHAS. W. lIORL'P. J. QULVJf, BOOT AND SHOEMAKER—Corner uf Third and Miime>ota St>.—4veutleiueu*» boXs and sho.***; al*o L*lin»’ and Children's *lio**a, made to order in the neatest aud uio»i durable manner, aud or (he bet materials. J. R. BRtWSTER, House, Sign, and Orn.iineuial Painter. St. Paul, Minnesota Territory. INSURANCE! THE undersigned Is agcut for, ami will Insure buildings and goods in the following Companies: Utica Insurance Company. JStna Insurance Company of Utica. Orient* Insurance Cotupaiiy. Jackson County Aim oat Company. New York Frotectiou Company. —Al^o— Will insure lives in the Connecticut Mutual Life In»u rsa■'•Company. ALEX.. WILKIN* Et. Paul, November 5, 1851 g F. E. COLLINS, AUCTIONS COMMISSION HOUSE TIIE utklersignefl having received an Auctioneer’s Com mission from the Governor of Minnesota, has opened an Auction and Commission House, in St* Paul, w here he will sell oil commission, Groceries, Dry Goods, Furniture, Sic. He believes that the superior advantages of St. Paul a* a market, will be a sufMcieut inducement for business men and manufacturers at a distance, to send their goods, &c., to !>'• sold on commission at private sale, or at auctiou. His charges will be m derate. N. B. Particular attention wijl be paid to the sale of teal estate, lu or about St. Paul, Su Anthony, or Still wa fer* P. E. COLLINS. March 6 REFERENCES: Gov. ally. Ramsey, St. Paul, lion. 11. 11. Sidlev, Hendutn, “ David Olmsteu, SI rchant, Benton Ct., “ J. 0. Hamsev. St. Paul, *• vt'ni. H. Foubes, j P.LEELT fc. IIKOI HERS, f „ e . ■ttii. W. SiMrsoN, > Mtrchants, St. Joint Fabbisuton, I Paul. D. L. Fuller, J F BARILIS STEELE, Mer. St. Anthnnr, vrji. HOfJOMIE.Esc-, S'Ul*atrr. Ventral noiisp, *t. Paul CAVE Sl BURTON' have taken this old and well known house. They have fitted It up anew, and are now prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with comfortable quarters. No pains will be spared to make the Central House one of lbs best Hotels lu the W'est. November, 1351. Msm&Aast usgvsSj RODNEY PARKER, late of the American House Low ell, Mass., having a lease of the large hotel at the upper end of St. Paul, with everything in proper order for the convenience or travelers, boarders, or families de siring furni-hed apartments, respectfully Invites his friends ami the public to give him a call, believing that he can do as much for their Comfort a- can be expected In a new country* not yet supplied with regular markets. Temperance House, LOT MOFFET, Proprietor,—Corner of Fourth and Jackson St>., Saint Paul. Perma nent an I transient hoarder- furnished with good and com fortable apartments. Charges moderate. Ha If-Way House. JOHN MORGAN, (mid-way between St. Paul and Stillwater,) begs leave to say t*> stran gers visiting Minnesota, and the public generally, that having made his arrangements complete for the accom modation of the public, and being situated in the midst of the most delightful scenery, surrounded by lakes that abound with Ash, and In an atmosphere of unsurpassed purity, he hopes to see company from abroad, as well as from the neighboring villages. They will And the charges moderate. R. R. NELSON Minnesota Boarding-House. SC McCRAY would inform the pub • lie —residents and strangers—rhat he ha* taken the large house on Eagle Street, opposite D. L. Fuller’s Brick Store, where he Is prepared to ajcomm slate his customers with the beat style of boarding. The house has been thoroughly repaired and paint* d. His table will be furnished with every tliiug the market a fiords; and th**M* who come prepared to plank up the Ca h every Saturday night, will tlud the ‘‘Minnesota Boarding House” a comfortable and plca.-ant home. None others are de sired. [April 17—6 in. Emmett A Moss, Attorneys and Solicitors. IT'ILL attend to professional business * * In the various Courts or the Territory. Particu lar attention given to the location of Land Warrants, buying and selling of lauds, &<•. Land warrants for sale for cash or on time, office on the corner of Wabasha* aiul Third streets, St. Paul Mlnnv*„ta. L. EMMETT, July 1, 1852. lIENItY L. MOSS. OAK HILL CEMETERY. V LL persons desiring burial lots can JA- obtain information by calling upou the Secretary. J. W. Selby, or the President, C. \V. liorup. 29yl P. CHOUTEAU, JR. JAS. HARRISON, FELIX VALLE* CHOUTEAU. HARK ISON & VALUE. Commission Alrrcha :tsand Proprietors of the St. Louis Koiling Mill. AND manufactures of bur iron in all its various shapes, Sheet Iron and Boiler Piat', Nails and Spik s from the ore of the Iron Mountain. Iron Store, No. 129 North Second street, St. Louis. September 1, l>dl. Nathan Spicer, JEWELER AND WATCHMAKER, •J at the sign of the Big Watch, Third street, next door to the St. Paul Drug Store, is prepared to make gold and .silver watches, rings, spootis.Jnl i Slc., on short notice. Also to r<-p*ir the same, a- WORkUd | well as music books, shell corahs, «*r linger rings, D.ac- I lets and ear drops. He also keeps for sale a great variety *of rings, perfumery, and whatever goods are usually en quired for at a Jeweler’s. W. II FORBES, PUR COMPANY—St. Paul Outfit— A Also Dry (roods and Groceries, corner of Third and Jackson directs. J. W .BA BCOCK^ FORWARDING and Commission Mer chant, Upper laiudiug, Saint Paul, Minnesota Ter ritory. Kittson’s Addition. T’IIIS desirable ground, lying in the most central and advantageous part « f the basin of St. Paul, where must inevitably he the principal river business of the town, and afford mg also the most choice and delightful lots in the rear, upon the bench for dwel ling houses; i» surveyed into lots and now offered for sale with titles undisputed and indisputable, at reasona bly |o«r prices, and upon liberal terms of credit, for most of the purchase money, and lumber for building ou bits sold in the addition, will he furnished at the rotary saw mill on easy terms. CHAS. 11. OAKES, Agent for Proprietors. SPEMER, KIRKPATRICK 4c MARKLEY, Forwarding aud Commission Merchants, LEVEE, LOWER LANDING, ST. PAUL. feb 14 T2 zll_ S. P. FOLSOM, County Surveyor. May be found at office of of Register of Deeds, on Third street, one door below Minnesota Outfit. 17—-y E. M’ LAG AN, STORAGE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, Jackson street, Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota 1) 11031 PT attention given to all consignments, and char ges moderate. St Paul, October 19, 1851 7 M.S. WILKINSON THEODORE E. PARKER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. To my old Friends, AND THE “REST OK MANKIND,” I would say, that 1 can be found during the winter, at tlio old stand of Charley Cave, on Third Street, where l will al ways be happy to wait upon them. Bar and house fur nished with the best of every tiling. uov. 22. tt. WM. IIARTSIIORXE. SIIERMAX 6s. MOREY,on Fourth street,St. Paul,near tlie middle of town, in tlie building of Mr. K.IIOX, up sfair>, may be fouffd, ready to attend to Painting in all its departments, llouae painting, sigh painting, carriage and ornamental painting, all done up promptly, onJ .with paints of tlie best quality. If we do our work in a slov enly, uuworkmaii like niatitiner we do not expect to gel business in the enlightened town or £t. Paul. Dec. 13, 1851. SUERAIAy K MOREY. HOOK BINDING. r pnE subscriber would respeetrully iufount the citizens ot St. Paul and Its vicinity, ihut be is now carrying on the above business in ih>* ~u story ot SueuceCs new build llie, on the corner or Full aiul Roberts street. U - Particular attention paid to rebinding old books and ■ periodicals. JaME3 MACKINTOSH, feb 7 21—tf J C Burbank fit co. Sl.Paul] [ W L Fawcette&co. St. Louis NORTH WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANY, CONNECTING AT GALENA AND ST. LOUIS WITH TIIE American and other Express Companies. TO and from ail the principal cities in tbe United States, Ca 1 orn a and Europe, for the speedy trau.*portatioii of money and valuable packages, coi eclion of draf ts, notes, bills, accounts, ku, purchase ami tale of all kinds oi merchandize. AGENTS. c. R. Rice Ac Co, St. Paul, OIU West, St. Louis, J. Brookes, Galena. I*. B.—Particular attention paid to forwarding ami commission business generally. may 1. 33-tf AMERICAN SALOON. FRED. HARDY now keeps tins well-known establish ment “on his own hook.” lie hopes by a continued aiteuiion to the wants of his customers, to merit their patronage as heretofore. SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY. I'UE subscriber solicits the patronage of the public, and assures all purchasers In his line, that he will e 11 for cash, saddles, harness ot a 1 Winds, and trunks, of a better <iuallty, and cheaper than any other establish ment In Minnesota. Pur ha>ers will do well to call at his shop, on Third street, St. Paul, next door east of S. U. Sergeut’s and judge lor themselves. A. R. FRENCH* SKETCHES OF MINNESOTA, the O New EngUuU of lb. West, by E. s. Sovmour. For rale by I.EDUC fc KOHKKK. ~ FIRE L MARINE INSURANCE, BY the undersigned nguut for the Froteciluu Insurance Company or Hartford, Conn. Folicie. Issued upon the most favorable term, by W. P. Muriuy, Af'nt. Mlnnesot.. St Pan!, Ftbru.ry “?8, 1542 f t-lm SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, AUGUST 7, 1852. painting. Office-Corner of Jackson and Fifth Streets. THE MINNESOTIAN. The Test in New Hampshire, A correspondent of the American Celt, an influential Democratic paper, issued at Buffalo, and devoted to the interests of the Irish Catholics, writes from Washing ton, under date of June 25th, an able let ter upon the New Hampshire Anti-Catho lic provision. As an index of the tem per of our foreign residents, we give it entire : 41 On the eve of every Presidential election, politicians and party men become extreme'}’ enraptured with Catholics and Irishmen—so much so, indeed, that if the lingers of the most incorrigible “foreign er” of that ilk, living in the neighbor hood of the Five Points, should pain him a little, all their sympathy, which had b >en bottled np for three years and six m >nths previous, becomes at once in a state of fermentation, and bursts its brit tle prison with a loud noise, similar in sound to ihut expressed by the exclama tion, “ Who will you ro'e for t" This is the gist of their love for Irish citizens, after all the blarney which they arc able to conjure up and cast upou them on those occasions. In the coming contest we shall witness much of such humbug, and with some success too, on the part of ilie practical wire-pullers. lam glad to see, by your last number, that you have denounced the practice of making our re ligious opinions parly tests, when there is not sufficient cause for it. In this I agree with you precisely. Bn*, sir, how stands the case between the Stale ot' New Hampshire and the Catholic population of the United States? Precisely as docs England to Ireland on the subject of reli gion. New Hampshire lias a religious test act on her statute book, excluding you and me, and every other Catholic from the exercise of our rights as Ameri can citizens; and England, with all her moral depravity and persecuting propen sity, has none worse against us. But you will ask, what has Franklin Pierce to do with that—for it is to that point lam coming ? I answer : person ally, perhaps, not much, but socially and politically as the representative of a per secuting and intolerant State, a great deal. I frankly acquit Mr. Pierce of all censure on the ground of sanctioning, or sustain ing the law complained of, and give him all credit for liberality on the subject in question. But that is not the true issue. It is one between the State of New Hampshire and four millions of Ameri can citizens whom sbo degrads, or at tempts to degrade below all other classes because of their religion. Why do I say that the issue lies between that State and the Catholic body of this country ? Be cause that State, in January last, in her sovereign capacity, in Convention, put Mr. Pierce forward as her representative an 1 choice for the Chief Magistracy of the Union, and in doing so, appealed all fads to those whom she degrades as un worthy of holding office within her limits, even tile most menial, to endorse by their votes, such sovereign recommendation.— The Baltimore Convention has responded to her call, and it will be seen whether the Catholic body of the country will honor her also, and add, by their act, a degree of self-abasement to this standing insult of New Hampshire, for which 1 am not prepared to give them credit. “ You have known my political partiali ties long sinee, and that this difficulty would not have occurred, had a different man been selected in the [ilace ot Air. Pierce ly the Baltimore Convention ; but I have determined as a citizen of these United States, not to sustain either by my vote or influence, any man—whether Whig or Democrat—put forward by that State for public favors, so long as she holds that infamous penal code on her statute books. The alternate be’ween non-action and positive oppositicn to Mr. Pierce’s claims for election, is not of our choosing; but circumstances not anticipa ted so soon by the sovereign lights of the State, have forced it reluctantly upon us. “ If you think that there is a difference between the moral depravity of Lord Jolm Russel’s attempt to degrade the Catholics of Ireland by his late penal code, and that of a similar penal code en grafted upon the Constitution of a sover eign State of this Union, Ido not. The act is the same—the object acted upon is identical, and the end in view in both ca ses is the political and religious degrada tion of the Catholic. CATHOLICUS.” A Curious Historical Fact.—Du ring the troubles in the reign of Charles 1., a country girl came to London in search of a place as servant maid, but not succeeding, she hired herself to carry out beer from a warehouse, and was one of those called tub women. The brewer observing a good-looking girl in this oc cupation, took her into his family ns a servant, and after a short time married her. He died while she was a young woman, and left the bulk of his fortune. The business of brewing dropped, and Mr. Hyde was recommended to the young woman as a skillful lawyer, to ar range her husband's affairs. Hyde, who was afterwards Earl of Clarendon, find ing the widow’s fortune considerable, married her. By this marriage there was no other issue than a daughter, who was afterwards the wife of James 11., and mother of Anne, Queen of England. Humphrey Marshall, backed by a con siderable force, is besieging the President for the vacant United States Judgeship. Certain New York members favor his pretensions—one or two from the city, and certainly one from the Western part of the State. General Scott In Mexico. We have at length a copy of the Order issued by Gen. Scott while Comrnander in-Chief of the American Army in Mex ico, with respect to the deportment of his soldiers in presence of ihe religious (Cath olic) observances of the Mexicans. We give the order entire, though part of it has no relation to the matter of religion. Here it is: Headquarters of the Army, 5 Mexico, Sept. 24, 1847. y general orders —no. 297. 1. Here, as in all Roman Catholic coun tries, there arc frequent religious proces sions, in the streets, as well as in church es—such as Ihe elevation of Ihe hosl, the viaticum , funerals, &c. 2. The interruption of such processions has already been prohibited in orders, and as no civilized person will ever wantonly do an act to burl the religious feelings of! others, it is earnestly requested of all j Protestant Americans either to keep out of j the way , or to pay to the Catholic religion \ and its ceremonies every decent mark of respect and deference. 3. In the case of the viaticum (visits of consolation to the sick and dying,)! commanders of corps are requested, when i called upon, to allow two Roman Catholic soldiers to perforin the usual functions on such occasions. 4. There is every reason to believe that a very large distribution of knives and dirks have been made to liberated convicts (thieves and murderers) for the purpose of assassinating American sol diers found drunk or otherwise off their guard. 5. Measures are in progress to search out and seize for execution the instiga tors and leaders of these assassins. In the meantime guards and patrols will search all suspicious persons, disarm, and, if necessary, confine them for trial and punishment. By command of Major General Scott. H. L. Scott, A. A. A. G. The Opinion or an Old Soldier.— A few days since, meeting an old soldier, who had served under Gen. Scott during his Mexican campaign, lie asked us il Scott was nominated ? We replied in the affirmative, and then he said that “ he had always been a Democrat, and had never voted for a Whig, but now lie should do all he could for the old Gener al. who had been so kind to his soldiers.” He stated, in substance, that he had served under the eye.of Gen. Scott in llie Mexi can campaign, and loved him for his kindness to his soldiers, and for his mer cy to the conquered Mexicans, in pro tecting them in their lives, and property, and religious worship. To use the sol dier’s own words—“ he kept us pretty straight, and would not let any one plun der or disturb the Mexicans, but he look good care of us and never exposed our lives uselessly.” He said that when the army in its march to the city of Mexico, approached the fortification of El Penon, Gen. Scott sent forward a corpse of en gineers to make recounuisance of the enemy’s works and position, who after inspection, reported to him that the posi tion was well fortified with many heavy batteries, and defended by a large body of troops, but that it could be carried by storm, with not a very great sacrifice of the lives of the troops. Gen. Scott ex claimed, “ No, gentlemen, it shall not be, while there is any other resource. The life of every soldier is precious to me— and should not be needlessly exposed. The army under my command / regard as my children, for whose comfort, welfare, and safe relurn to their country, I am responsible.” The old General then or dered a division of the army to make a long circuit and come, upon the enemy in the rear, and, said our informant, “we came upon the Mexicans before they knew it, and carried the place with but a trifling loss.” And in conclusion, the old soldier said—“ you will find that all ot us who served with Gen. Scott, and know his kindness and care for his sol diers, will remember him now.” Could anything belter attest the hu manity, the goodness of heart, and the sterling worth of the man, than these personal testimonials. — Troy Post. A Scott Club has been organized at Harrisburg, of which Captain Andrew Krause is President, who served under Gen. Scott in the last war with England. He has always been an active Democrat, having been lor a number ot years Ser geanl-at-Arms in the House of Repre sentatives, but like hundreds of others of Gen. Scott’s “ companions in arms,” he will stand by the Old Hero now, as lie did in 1814. Upon the list of officers will be found the names of several other gentlemen who have hitherto acted with the opposite party. Georgia Coming to the Rescue. —lt is now stated, on reliable authority, by the Georgia Citizen, that Judge Berrien and Judge Law, of Savannah, and Judge Warren, of Baker, have declared in favor of Gen. Scott. The people, too, are moving in every direction. At Macon, an enthusiastic meeting in favor of Scott has been held, which was addressed by Hon. J. J. Scarborough, G. T. P. Smith and Col. A. H. Kennan. The London Times, the organ of the British aristocracy, hopes that Pierce will be elected because it deems him favorable to British interests. It confesses, how ever, that it never heard of him till after his nomination, and it attributes the se lection of such obscure and inferior men to “ a natural defect in the system of re publicanism.” From tin- Milwaukee News, Death ot a Pioneer of Wisconsin, Messrs. Editors: I observed in your paper of lust Thursday, an account of the death ol old Jacques Vieau, extracted from a Green Bay paper. As there were several errors in that account, and as the public are interested in knowing accurate particulars concerning those whose names will pass into history as the pioneers of our young and rapidly growing State, I feel at liberty, from my long acquaintance with the deceased, to give you a correct statement. Jaques Vieau was of French extraction, and was born in Lower Canada. He came to Wisconsin in 178 G, and lias resi ded nearly the whole of the time at Green Bay, where he owned a farm, and was an Indian trader. I have known him for thirty-four years. He was fifty-six when I became acquiiiled with him, and conse quently was ninety years when he died. Mr. Vieau married at thirty-six, and lived happily with his wife to the day of his death. His amiab'e wife still survives him at the good old age of seventy-two. in the enjoyment of health and all l.er faculties. Mr. Vieau was an inuduslrious, up right and honorable man, and highly res pected for his many virtues by all who knew hi in. At one lime lie had accumu lated, by his industry, prudence and economy, a handsome property, but re verses came and swept it away, and at the time of his death he was poor. Ihe changes that hav? occurred in this Slate since I first became acquainted with Mr. Vieau, seem moie like a dream than reality. At that time Green Bay and Prairie dll Chien were the only pla ces in the State that boreany trace of civ ilized life. All the rest was an unbroken wilderness. Here and (here at great dis tances was a solitary hut, in which lived some restless pioneer, ever retreating as civilization advanced, and following the sports of Niinro 1 and the desciples of VValton, with a success that amateurs of the present day do not dream of. In 1836 Wi seonsin was organized as a Territory, having before that time been only known as a part of (hat tract desig nated as the North Western Territory. The only habitation where Milwauke now stands, was a log house, on the [ire sent site of Ludington’s store It was built by a man named Le Clair mam years—l remember not how long—ago. Indians belonging to the Chippewa, Pottawotamie, Ottawa and Menomonee tribes ranged through the vast forests, amt over the wide prairies. Now all is changed. The old settler is lost in tin progress of improvements. Cities, teem ing with a busy population, now stand where I have stood in what was then a solitary wilderness. The lake that now bears so many vessels upon its bosom, was then unruffled save by storms—the rivers that was then undisturbed, save by the light canoe, are now beaten into loam by the factory wheels. A younger gen eration occupy the Indian’s hunting grounds and cover them with yellow grain. The old settlers, like Vieau, have passed, long since, totheir homes. They were a brave, industrious and hardy race, and those who now occupy their ylace should not forget them. Yours, &c., Solomon Juneau, New Orleans, July 23d. Late accounts from Texas report that in reference to the firing into the steamer Camanche, Gen. Avalos had stated that the officers of said steamer had held court martial in the Ringgold barracks, and bad acquitted Majors Call and Garnclh of the 7lh Infantry. Colonel Harney has orders to seize and disband the Americans under Careava jul. Captain Lagarere of the steamer Paw nee, under arrest for the murder of a pas senger from St. Louis, has been dischar ged. The Picayune learns by an arrival from the City of Mexico, that the Minis ter of Foreign Affairs had appointed July 9lh for the closing of the contract with the parties making the best offer for tlie opening of the road across the Isthmus, at Tehauntepec. Telegraph communication between Mexico and Vera Cruz is now completed. Many restrictions have been imposed up on the press by the Government of Gau temala. A conspiracy bad been discov ered in one of the towns of Vera Cruz, which a body of their troops had been sent to put down. Boston, July 26. Mr. Webster’s reception at Marshfield was highly gratifying. He made an im portant speech on the fishing difficulties, which was of the right American stamp. He said that for the action of the consta bles and petty local tribunals of the Brit ish Provinces, in confiscating American fishing smack, seized within prohibited water in said Provinces, the British Gov ernment would be held responsible; also in reference to such American fishing vessels as may be captured by her Majes ty’s armed cruisers. Washington, July 26. Thomas Corwin, Secretary of the Treasury, and Hon. John P. Kennedy, recently appointed Secretary of the Navy, have both arrived in Washington. The documents relative to the Garay grant dispute with Mexico, will probably be sent to the Senate to-morrow. Louisville, July 25. We learn that Capt. Low, brother-in law of the late Gov. Calhoun, recently arrived in St. Louis with a parly of Pue blo Indians tn roult for Washington. He reports that the emigrants on the Plains are generally doing well. The Man who visits the Watering Places.— Dickens introduces in the char acter of Mr. Heavy drop, the man who may be found at any of the fashionable watering places during the summer, and in the winter in a conspicuous box at the opera, or at the corners of the most fash ionable streets, when ihe most fashionable people are abroad. Dickens lias found him, and taken a note in the following description: “ He was a fat old gentleman, with a false complexion, false teeth, false whisk ers, and a wig. lie had a fur collar, and he had a padded breast to his coat, which only wanted a star, or a broad blue rib bon, to be complete. He was pinched in and swelled out, and got up and strapped down, as much as lie could possibly bear. He hud sucli a neckcloth on, (pulling his very eyes out of their natural shape,) and his chin, and even his cars, so sunk into it, that it seemed as though lie must inevitably double up, if it were cast loose. He had under his arm a hat of great size and weight, shelving downward from the crown to the brim; and in his hand a pair of white gloves, with which he flapped it as lie stood poised on one le<r, in a high-shouldered, round-elbowed slate of elegance, not to be surpassed.— He had a c; nc, he had an eye-glass, he had a snuff-box, he had rings, he had waistbands, he had every thing but nnv touch of nature; he was not like voutlf; he was not like age; he was like nothing in tile world but a model of deportment.” The following we find in the Lebanon (Ky.) Post of the 21st. It is one of the most bloody rencounters we have ever read : A most terrific and bloody affrav oc curred oil Friday last,at or near the town of Willisburg, Washington comfy. As near as we cun glean, the particulars arc these : It seems that some eight or ten men were playing cards in a room, when several little altercations took place be tween different parties, w liich, however, were quieted down. At length two ol them got together, w hen the others taking sides, weapons were drawn, and the bloody work commenced. James Vest was shot through, his brains knocked out, and rumor says, his throat cut. He died instantly. J. L. Seay was shot and stabbed, but not dan gerously. Wat Shoemaker was shot twice ; one wound through the stomach thought to be mortal. Abraham Kelly had a bullet glanced off his forehead, do ing nothing more than stunning him.— Tom Farriss had the skin which covers tlie windpipe cut by :> Kali Twenty shots at least are said to have been fired. Lace.— Mr. Weed, in one of bis agreeable letters from Europe, gives the following notice of the mania for line lace, which is conspicuous among the forms of modern extravagance: “ The ladies visited the principal Lace Manufactory, where llie Brussels article is made and sold for sums of money that would frighten [undent people. What do you think, lor example, of trimming a dress with lace at $250 to S3CO a yard. But just now the rage is for old lace. In Florence, Rome, Naples, Venice, &e , traffic in old lace is very active. Ladies look lor it with more solicitude than for any other article of dress. Neither jew elry nor precious stones are so much prized as lace known to have been worn by a Cardinal or a Monk a century or two ago. No lady thiks of leaving Italy without securing some of their precious spoils. Of course the supply of old laces keeps pace with the rapidly increasing demand! llow much of it is genuine I will not undertake to say. Every lady is quite sure she can detect the antique from the modern. Freak or Nature. —We yesterday accepted the invitation extended to us by the proprietor, Mr. J. C. Pervis, of Che raw, S. C., and visited two children, (twins,) at Friends’ Hotel, Sycamore street. It is the most remarkable curi osity we have ever seen. They are per fect in all respects, but united just at the lower part of the vertebra. Tlie two spinal columns at the lower extremity merge into one, and they lay, generally, back to back, but experience no difficulty in turning as they please. They are now just twelve months old, well grown for their ages, appear lively, sprightly, and playful as kittens. —Pittsburgh Intelli gencer. Imporant Bill. —The bill introduced in the Senate of the United States, by Mr. Davis, of Massachusetts, to prevent steamboat accidents, has passed that body. It has been very carefully prepared, alter consultation with experienced comman ders and engineers. It is very minute in its details, and apparently neglects no precautions that can be of service. It provides for the appointment of inspec tors in all the principal ports, and also a general board of supervision. It also regulates the material and construction of boiler machinery, the qualifications of engineers, &c. There are forty-five sec tions in the bill.—[Chicago Trib. Tnu Menomonee Indians. —President Fillmore has extended the period allowed for the removal of this tribe of Indians until the first of October next, and they will then in all probability be sent to the headwaters of the Wolf, Lake Shawano, &c., instead of the Crow Wing country. This change is made in compliance with the request of the tribe, and is credita ble to the humane disposition of the President. Weak doses of washboard are now re commended by physicians for ladies who complain of dyspepsia. Young men troubled in the same way can be cured by a strong preparation of wood-saw. EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS. Famine in Germany. —The famine ia the mountain districts of southern Ger many has not yet abated. A letter to the New York Express, dated Prague, Juno 3d, says : “ Families, formerly in easy circum stances, are reduced to beggary and se vere sufferings front hunger. Bakers sell hre. dof rye and oat bran at high pri ces ; people gather common grass along the public roads and highways, and moss in the woods, and cook and eat it to ap pease their hunger, and thus prevent starvation. Such are a few of the many glaring features of the great famine, not in the least exaggerated, but authentica ted by the official report of the local au thorities ol their respective Governments, Truly, the wrath of God is upon the country!” Eastern Money Market. —Money is said to be nearly one per cent, higher in Boston than in New York, and large amounts go from the latter to the former city. A very large aggregate capitul is unemployed. The Chicago Trilune has the follow ing: It is said that since the tracks of the railroads around llie Lake were laid down, but one single wolf lias been seen or heard of south of them, and it is thought lie has never been north since their con struction. The farmers of Twenty Mile | Prairie, and ad jacent country, are no lon ; ger troubled about herding their sheep I in pens, during each night, as they were j lonncrly. The wolf is at all times ex ceedingly suspicious of traps, and is not [disposed to venture near iron or steel, | however tempting the bait may be that | lies near it; hence their fear of crossing the railroad track to commit depredations l on the flocks in the farming country south. At night, too, when they leavs ■heir dens, the locomotives pass, and their hideous noise is not calculated to inspire the varmints with any degree of confi dence and security from danger. There was an explosion of a powder magazine in Lafayette, Ind, last week. One hundred kegs of powder was in it. The damage is estimated at $50,000. Scarce a lu uie in town but was more or lc'S injured. Large buildings three or four squares from the explosion, wers moved from their foundations, doors buist open, windows broken, plaster knocked off, walls cracked, and other injuries sus tained. The wind*.w* of the Catholic church, over half a mile disiant, were nearly all broken in. Hon. John Petit’s residence, in tlie quarter not very distant from the magazine, was so badly injured that it cannot be repaired for less than the original cost of the bouse. The residence of Judge Ball, R. C. Gregory, J. Spears, and Mr, Patterson, among those most in jured, and that of Air. Petit. The explo sion, it is thought, must have been heard at a distance of fifty miles. Mr. Perry Hicks, of Milan, was last evening cimmitted to the county jail, on account of insanity of such a dangerous character that it is not deemed prudent by his frii lids that he should be at large. Mr. Hicks is an intelligent and enterpris ing citizen, but is said to be a victim to the “Spiritual” delusion, now, or lately, s i rife in some portions of this county.— It is intimated that fears arc entertained for the sanity of others, who have devo ted much of their time and attention to this hurnbugry. —Sandusky Register. The English elections have resulted In the complete triumph of the Liberalists, and must cause the overthrow of the Derby Ministry, whose policy has been repudiated. The triumph of the liberal party is received with much satisfaction on this side tlie Atlantic. Tlie last question discussed before the Shake-leg Debating Society was : Where does a candle go to when it goes out ? The question, after much discussion, was unanimously decided in the affirmative. Well Put. —The following is said of the distinguished Democrats, Benjamin F. Butler, of this State, and Gov. Wood, of Ohio, who chanced to meet since the Baltimore Convention. Wood is an ar t dent admirer and warm friend of Gen. Cass, and labored hard for his nomination, while Butler pushed his hostility to the General to the bitter end. After ex changing friendly salutations, Butler said to Wood rather sneeringly—“ Well, Gov ernor, I suppose the ‘ noise and confu sion’ was so great at Baltimore, that you couldn’t get Gen. Cass nominated.”— “ No,” responded the Governor coolly, “ I do not think that was the cause of it— I am of the opinion, Mr. Butler, that it was for the want of ‘Me staled preaching o f the Gospel! ’’’ Mr. Butler left— Buff . Jldvertiser. Presbyterian Foreign Missions.— We have received a copy of the 15th Annual Report of the Board of Foreign Missions of ihc Presbyterian Church of Ihe United States of Americans present ed to the Gtneral Assembly in May last. Total receipts during the year, then end ing,sll 7,882 90, of which the Presbyte ry of New York (city) contributed s9>- 736. The affairs of the Board appear to be in a most flourishing situation. The editor of the New Orleans Pica yune, has lately seen a handkerchief made from the silk-grass of Honduras, which, for fineness of texture and durability, far exceeds any linen he had ever seen. It was one of a number made in London from this very common grass in Honduras, Yucaton, &0.. sent there by the gentle man who exhibited it as an experiment. The grass i» a finer variety of that from which the hammocks in Central America are made, and. it is thought, can be made an article of considerable export. NUMBER 47.