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sl. Paul, Minnesota. SATURDAY, SEPT. 4,1852. rOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, GEN. WINFIELD SCOTT, or NEW JERIET. FOR VICE PRESIDENT. WILLIAM A. GRAUAM, Or NORTH CAROLINA. Pig’s Eye Bar. The citizens of St. Paul are requested to meet at the Court House, on Saturday evening, September 4th, to take measures for the improvement of navigation at “ Pig’s Eye’’ Bar. Cathcart & Tyson, Winne & Cooley, Rev &. Farmer, Curran & Lawler, S. H. Sergent, Wait & Milburn, A. L. Larpenteur, Wm. H. Forbes, C. W. Borup, F. B. Sibley, Chas. H. Oakes, F. Steele, J. W. Simpson, W. H. Stillman, L. Marvin, R. Marvin, John Dewey, N. Barber, B. Presley, Stees & Hunt, Hichcox Si Axtell, F. E. Collins, H. E. Buel, H. Bud, J. E. Fullerton, J. McCloud, Jr., R. O. Walker, LeDuc & Rolirer, Wm. R. Marshall, W. S. Combs, C. D. Elfelt, A. S. Elfelt, John Farrington, Geo. Irvine & Bro., C. R. Rice & Co., C. D. Bevans, Edmund Rice, Win. Heely, A. D. Robinson, D. A. Robertson, Owens & Moore, Alex. Ramsey, Alex. Wilkin, W. 11. Jarvis, Wm. D. Phillips, Alden Bryant, J. C. Ramsey, M. S. Wilkinson, B. W. Brunson, W. Freborn, Jos. R. Brown, L. A. Babcock, Thos. R. Potts, 11. A. Lambert, Spencer, Kirkpatrick & Markley. Navigation—-Low Water—Bara and Rapid, Grneralljr, and Plg’a Ere ” Bar Par ticularlf. The success of an infant commercial city depends much upon the good name it establishes at the outset of its career. Not only must the moral character of its people be good, and the integrity of its business men, like the chastity of Caesar’s wife, “above suspicion,” but its position •■ a commercial point—its facilities for ingress and egress—must be thoroughly established beyond the possibility of suc cessful controversy. This is a season of unusual low water all over the West and South. The foun tains of the great Father of Waters ap pear to have been almost dried up, and beds of streams, far interior toward the mountain sources, have become as arid as the sands of Arabia Deserla. This is nothing surprising to “an old settler,” or to a Western man not yet past the prime of life—or for that matter, to the boy of Bight or ten years. In us it excites no Unusual wonder. Born within fifty yards of the water’s edge of a considerable tributary of “La Belle Riviere,” and having spent our infant days in chasing ducks over its shallow ripples, and drag ging “suckers” and “mud cats” from its •haded pools, and having lived West and South all our life, low water in the Wes tern rivers is no stranger to us. But Minnesota, politically speaking, is only three years old. Nine-tenths of the “new comers” since its organization arc from the East, and know little of the uncertain character of navigation in the West, bound down as it has been for years with the contracted fetters of “Democracy” of the New Hampshire •nd Alabama creed. Since they have re sided here, the rivers, until now, have kept well up. They landed here upon a •welling spring or June tide, and think it awful that water will run out into the Gulf of Mexico in diminished quantities each day, at times when the supply is cut Off at the fountain heads. A boat is •ground at Pig’s Eye,—where, at this moment, pilots tell us there is one foot more water than on the Des Moines Rap ids, six hundred miles below us—and one of our worthy Eastern citizens (who we will suppose to reside at St. Anthony) comes down in the “yaller stage,” or the “red coach,” wishing to take passage be low. “Du tell! I want to know! Well, these pesky Minnesota editors have called this a navigable river—what a tarnation •et of liars they are! No use of living •hove Galena.” And off he goes with the idea that St. Paul, and Minnesota generally, are the only points on earth that are now suffering by low water. Again : Here comes an honest and thrifty German farmer, who, at the time of his migration from “Fatherland,” took the car* at New York, and made his way •traighl into Minnesota; and consequently know* nothing about the general character Western rivers for boats and naviga tion. He has purchased a farm in the vicinity of St. Paul at what he deems a high price, but expects to be remunerated in the unsurpassed fertility of the soil, and the high price of produce. “Mine Got! mine Got! how te. people, lied to me about der Mississip river!” Now, friends of all nations and coun tries, we’re going to prove to you that there ha* been no lying in the case. We (all the editors) have said that the por tion of the Mississippi above Galena was a* good a stream for navigation as the portion between Galena and Keokuk, or the Ohio river, from mouth to head. We are here prepared to show that it i* bet ter. From the “river news” of four or five daily numbers of the St. Louis Re publican of recent dates, (the most relia ble commercial paper on the river) we have extracted, promiscuously, the follow ing paragraphs. There is other news of interest blended with them, but the state of the rivers is the main item: The river opposite the city continues to fall slowly. Boats up yesterday, re port but six feet scant on the principal bars between this city and the mouth of the Ohio. The officers of the Dr. Franklin, No. 2, report the Ohio river low and falling, with but three feet water on the principal bars. Ohio River Items. —The Louisville Journal, of the 17th, says : On the Falls yesterday there were fifteen inches of water in the “eighteen feet pass,” which is just fifteen inches more water than wc had at the lowest stage of the river last year. The lowest point the water fell to last season, was “no water mark” on the Falls, on the 22d of Sept., and continued at the same stage until the Bih of the en suing month. The lowest water ever known in the Ohio river was in the years 1838 and ’39, in Sept., when the water on the Falls was eight inches below the water mark. The steamer Brunette arrived last night from Keokuk. She was detained several hours on her upward trip by get ting aground. The steamer Iroquois, from New Or leans, bound for this city, is reported hard aground at Buffalo Island. The Buena Vista, on her way to New Orleans, is also aground at the same place. We learn that she was compelled to drive a portion of her stock overboard in order to lighten her up. We learn that the steamers Dubuque and Wisconsin have been laid up. The latter at Montrose, and the former at Rock Island. A Light Boat. —lt is stated that Capt. Davis has recently completed a boat at Nashville for the Cumberland river trade, which draws but eight inches water. A few such boats could be profitably em ployed in the Illinois river at the present time. The Dr. Franklin, No. 2, lighted the Uncle Sam over the bar at Buffalo Island by taking ofT a portion of her cargo, con sisting of railroad iron. The officers of the Cumberland Valley report the steamer E. Howard still aground at Hat Island, and the Shelby at work a longside with a fair prospect of soon be ing able to get her afloat. Her cargo had nearly all been taken out. We are informed by Mr. Boardman, agent of the Keokuk packet company, that on the return of the steamer Belle Gould from Louisville, she will be placed in the line between this city and Keokuk, in place of the Regulator, now running in that trade. The Regulator will leave on Monday evening next and take her freight and passengers all the way through, and then continue in the trade' between the Rapids and Galena for the balance of the season in connection with the daily line below the Rapids, which will consis't ot three of the best passenger boats above this city, viz: the John Simpson, Belle Gould and Kate Kearney. The freight and passengers taken to'Keokuk by the steamer Golden Era will be transferred to the Keokuk packet company’s boats, the J. McKee and Regulator, on arrival at Keokuk. When this arrangement is completed, passengers can rely on going through without detention in the lowest stage of water. The steamer Regulator left Keokuk on the 18th inst. Met Greek Slave at La grange ; Brunette, below Louisiana; had been aground tor live hours; four feet scant on Louisiana and Cincinnati bars and river still falling; left Shenandoah aground on the Rapids. The steamer Planter is aground at the head of Piasa Island, with a large number of wood boats in tow. The Missouri river boats are compelled to coine out with very light cargoes, on account of the low and falling state of the ri\er. The J. M. Clendcnin. down yes terday morning, brought 70 bales of hemp and 125 lihds. of tobacco. We learn from the officers of the steam ers Regulator and Golden Era, in yester day from Keokuk,that the Shenandoah is still hard aground on the Lower Rapids, with but little hope of gelling off until a rise shall take place in the river. She is said to be in a dangerous condition. The officers 0 r the Cumberland Valley, in yesterday from Cincinnati, report the Ohio river still falling, wilh scant three feet water on New Albany and Rising Sun bars. The little steamer Movastar arrived last night from Liverpool, 111. river, with a cargo of 2,621 sacks of grain. Her of ficers report the river still falling, with twenty inches water on Beardstown bar. They left the little Missouri aground at that place ; Dan Hillman aground on Na ple’s flats; and Beardstown also aground at Little Blue. The steamers Gossamer and Yankee had got over Beardstown bar and were on their way up the river. The steamer Shenandoah, aground for several days on the Lower Rapids, ar freight^ mornin 8 wilh a large The Edward Howard.— When the Editor passed up, this boat was still on the bar at Hat Island, with the Shelby alongside taking off her freight. There appeared to be a fair prospect of relieving her speedily, and it was thought she would be set afloat without further in jury. The Edit or reports the Ohio still aground at Buffalo Island. Steameu Lamartine Sunk. —We learn trom the officers of the Brunette, down yesterday afternoon from Keokuk, •at they passed the Lamartine at Portage nevAn'f * w ' t h her stern in about a har • Wa, * r > an d her bow resting on the channel - Her offi cers, with the exception of the mate 'l*® Brunette, and rSi that on Sunday night, between 11 andl 2 o’clock, while heading down stream, she struck a snag or log some three hundred yards above where she now lies, and stove a hole in her bottom on the larboard side near the bow. which caused the water to rush in with such force that she immediately commenced sinking. She was immediately rounded to and run for a bar near the shore, but went down as soon as as her bow touched the ground. When they left she was lying with her bow up stream and resting on the bar, while her stern had settled down so as to allow the water to flow over her deck through the engine room. It is thought she will scarcely be raised. She had on board a heavy cargo, consisting princ pally of grain, nearly all of which will be lost The Lamartine was owned in Dubuque, hut by what parties we did not learn. Her passengers were brought down by the Brunette. The Lamartine was com manded by Capt. Harlow. The Upper Mississippi continues fall ing. The pilot of the Brunette reports about two feet water on the Lower Rap ids. The James Rood. —The officers of the Patrick Henry report that the James Robb was obliged to throw overboard a large quantity of freight, near 100 tons, while aground in Plum Point Bend on her down ward trip The Patrick Henry met her under way at Helena. The Robb left this port for New Orleans on Saturday wilhagood trip, and I hough shegrounded several times before reaching Cairo, met with no serious accident until she ran on a bar in Plum Point Bend, when she stuck fast, and being in imminent peril was obliged to lighten by throwing freight overboard in order to insure the safety of the boat. There you have, in full, a concise ac count of this perplexing incident of the year 1852. Wc will just remark that Plum Point, mentioned in the last para graph, is two hundred and fifty miles below the mouth of the Ohio. We will also state, that pilots on our packets in form us that the bar at Pig’s Eye is no worse than the one at Gultenburg, below Prairie du Cliicn, and that it (Pig’s Eye) is now better than it was when the West Newton and Ben Campbell stopped run ning. There was full three feet in the channel when the Martha came up Tues | day ; and bear in mind that you have just ! seen from the Republican, fifteen days ! ago there was but /wo feet on the Lower j Rapids. We think we have succeeded in estab lishing : Ist. That this is a season of unusual low water throughout the West. 2d. That wc have a better river be tween St. Paul and Galena than from Ga lena to Keokuk. 3d. That while wc arc suffering, Ga lena, St. Louis, New Orleans. Louisville, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, and every town and place on the Mississippi and its trib utaries, are suffering with us. As Rob Roy McGregor's wife said on a certain occasion, “If we wail, others must wail with us.” Let us hear no more against the unas suming bar at Pig’s Eye, which hides its modest head one foot beneath the jagged rocks of the Des Moines, and six inches under the sands of Guttcnbiirg. Thf late Col Goodlme and the Pioneer. In a beautiful tribute to the memory of Col. Goodhue in this week's Pioneer, from the pen of Rev. Mr. Neill, the fol lowing paragraph occurs: “ In looking back upon his life, lie saw much to regret. He acknowledged his unworlhiness in the sight of Heaven, and hoped that lie had placed his trust in his Redeemer. He was desirous to live in order that he might show to the world, that he had determined to act upon new resolutions. To the last he felt an inter est in Minnesota, and hoped the day would never arrive, when a majority of citizens could be found at the ballot-box. in favor of a repeal of that law in our Statute Book, which makes a groggery a public nuisance. During his sickness, he was patient, and freely forgave all his enemies.” The acting editor, I. N. Goodhue, Esq. makes the following announcement in re lation to the future course and disposition of the Pioneer: “ The Pioneer will be published, as heretofore, under the same motto, and with tho same devotion to the interests of Minnesota. The paper will be the pro perty of tfie heirs of the late proprietor. At ihe earliest opportunity, such editori al talent will be engaged, as will best sus tain the past reputation of the Pioneer .” “You come to fill Mr. Franklin’s place,” remarked the Prime Minister of France to Mr. Jefferson, when he was sent to that court as American Ambassa dor. “No, sir,” quickly replied the sage ol Monticcllo; “ I come to assume Mr. Franklin's place—not to Jill it.” So well may say the man who succeeds James M. Goodhue in the editorial chair of the Pi oneer ; not but there are plenty of men of equal talent, but where is the man of just such peculiar and suitable talent ? The Presidency. Baltimore, Aug. 12, 1852. Senator Dawson, of Georgia, has come out in favor of General Scott, and will address the Whig meeting at Cambridge, in this State, on Monday next. Messrs. Morehead and Stanly, ol North Carolina, will also speak. Congress. —A motion to go into the election o( public printer, was recently decided in the negative in the House by a tie vote. The Atlantic Disaster —The last accounts make it probable that not over 130 lives were lost by the above disas ter. Facts and Fancies. We publish the communication from the St. Anthony Express, signed Benton, as a matter of information concerning an im portant part of the Territory which we hove never visited, and not to please the writer, who is a man that would oppose and misrepresent us were wc a saint above. We hope he will not take the act as a personal compliment to himself or his talents as a writer or lawyer. We learn by telegraph from Mr. Sibley that Judge Allen Pierse, of St. Paul, and Jonathan E. McKusick, of Stillwater, have been appointed Register and Receiv er of the Land office at Stillwater, vice Messrs. VanVorhesnnd Wilcox, removed. These appointments will receive the ap probation of all branches of the Whig party in Minnesota, and the people generally. The attendance at Col. Goodhue’s fu neral on Sunday last was very large. We have never seen a more general feeling of gloom pervade a community than on this afflicting occasion. All appeared to feel that Minnesota had lost one of the best and most useful friends she ever had. An excellent and touching discourse was delivered on the occasion by Rev. Mr. Neill, who perhaps had seen and knew more of the deceased since his residence here than any other person outside his own family. Col. Goodhue came to Min nesota three years ago as poor a man as any of us. but by his energy and industry has left his family in comfortable circum stances. Mr. Sibley telegraphs that the Reserve bill lias passed the Senate in the shape it went from the House—that is. no provis ion giving claimants privileges over other people. Well, we rejoice that the Re serve is off at last, no matter in what shape. Claimants will take care of them selves. We regret to announce that there is scarcely a probability that Chief Justice Fuller will return to the Territory. The Senate being largely opposed to him po litically, wish the vacancy to remain until the Presidential contest is decided, hoping | there will then be a chance to fill it with i one of their own party. This is a small i business, but exactly to the taste of modern Democracy. The President, now that the j Senate has adjourned, will be compelled to appoint some other gentleman for liie , time being. He will probably be a New York or Minnesota man. If it is possible to prevail on Judge Fuller to accept a re appointment, Mr. Fillmore will do a great favor to the people of M nnesota bv en deavoring to do so. But we fear the Judge’s determination is peremptory to the contrary. Since our residence in Minnesota, litres steamboats have attempted to navigate , that portion of the Mississippi between Fort Snelling and St. Anthony. These ; boats were the Anthony Wayne, Lamur , tine and Dr. Franklin No. 2. A singular | fatality has attended the subsequent ca j reer of all of them. Neil her of them ever afterwards made money for their owners, although previously they had been profit able boats. They have all since sunk or blown up, causing more or less destruction of human lile. Really, it would appear it is death on a steamboat, and ruin to her owners, to attempt to “ navigate ” that rocky channel. The new sawmill at Prescott, Wis., is now in successful operation. The village gives unmislakeitblc signs of going ahead. The Greek Slave, the boat recently purchased by our enterprising fellow-cit izen, Captain Louis Roberts, arrived in port on Thursday morning. She is a good substantial craft, only two or three years old, and well calculated for this trade. During low water, she will run between here and Galena, making regular weekly trips. Capt. Roberts takes com mand of her himself, assisted by an effi cient and attentive set of officers, among whom wc are pleased to sec Jo. Arm strong, well known as one of the oldest and most skillful pilots on the river. It is perhaps not generally known among our citizens of more recent residence, that Capt. Roberts is an old river man, and no way* “green” at the business he has undertaken. Such is the fact, however. In this enterprise of owning th t first St Paul steamboat, we trust lie will be sus tained by our people. We hope he is but the pioneer of others who will find it to their advantage to invest in home steam boat stock. No town on the Western waters can ever amount to any “ great shakes ” unless she controls her own car rying business. We commend Captain Roberts and his boat to the attention of the traveling and shipping public. Passengers who have traveled upon the Martha, recommend her as one of the most comfortable of boats in every respect. The fare is excellent, and the officers at- j teutive and obliging- The Martha is very regular in making her weekly trips be tween Galena and St. Paul. Certain politicians here are already quarreling about the distribution of the loaves and fishes under Pierce's adminis tration ! Wait awhile, gentleman; old Chippewa may have a word to say about this matter. The removal of a public officer by his own political party always implies that he has not done his duty. It is rather hard in the case of Major Van Vorhes, the la<e Register of the land office at Stillwa ter, who is a gentleman advanced in life, not in easy circumstances, and with a family dependent upon him. We have known him for the last twelve years, and can say with (ruth that no man in the State o!' Ohio stood higher as an honora ble and upright citizen and devoted, working Whig. He was in the Legisla ture for six or eight successive years, serving wilh great credit in both the House and the Senate. In that capacity he was looked up to and consulted as a man of (he greatest discernment and judg ment, by his fellow-legislators, composed of such men as Alfred Kelley, Robt. C. Schenck, Jos. M. Root, David T. Disney, Edson B. Olds, and others whose names and fame are not cuinfincd within, (he boutularics,of Ohio. In his new home of Minnesota, by his upright character and fine social qualities he has “ won golden opinions from all sorts of people,” and surrounded himself, by no effort what ever, with troops of friends. How such a man can have an enemy on earth we are at a loss to imagine. We are well assur ed that no effort was made among mem bers of his party here at St. Paul to re : move him. In fact, we arc informed that the removal was entirely from considera tions immediately connected with the General Land Otlice : but what they were, wc have not the slightest knowledge. If one boat per week can get to St. Paul, so can a dozen or fifty. We don't exactly see the why* and wherefores of the matter; but ever since the West Newton was compelled to leave the trade on account of low water, there has been no regularity in the arrival of the mails from below. We have not complained of this as yet, but it can’t be expected we are to stand the grievance forev er. The company contracted to deliver three mails per week on certain days* which they can do as well as to deliver but one. The Dr. Franklin was here with a mail last Sunday. Until this morning at daylight, no other made its appearance this week. The whole com munity, so far as we have had an oppor tunity of hearing them, arc justly com plaining of the little interest the contrac tors appear to take in the matter. Wc do not wish to be considered captious or given to unnecessary fault finding; but we Jo think that Messrs. Campbell & Co. are not doing exactly the “fair thing” in allowing the important item of transport ing tlie mail to become so entirely subser vient to other business considerations. If wc had five or six thousand such women in Minnesota as the one who writes on our first page from Ilorieon, Wis., we would not exchange them for all the gold in California and Australia. We hear it rumored about (own that the Pioneer is to pass into the editorial charge of Major Jacob J. Noah. The Maj or is a spirited writer, and with prac tice and experience will inuke a good editor. Bio Melons.— Mr. S. P. Hop son, who lives on Muscatine Island, a mile below the city, has been feasting us on water melons and niuskmelons the past week. Two melons which he brought up Mon day measured ten inches in diameter and thirteen in length. He says lie has “many more of the same sort” and lar ger, too, in his patch.— .Muscatine Jour nal. Wc “lay over” your Mr. Hopson up I this way. Our friends of the Groveland settlement, Messrs. Mappa, Ford, Baker, Quinn, &c., have more melons than they can haul to market; and those of so small a size as yours they would leave to rot in the field. Mr. Ford had one, the other day which weighed twenty eight-pounds, and another delicious one which lie had the discrimination to present to the Min ncsotian office, weighed twenty-three and a half pounds. This latter is no uncom mon size for melons upon the soil oT that neighborhood. The dysentery has been prevailing as an epidemic at St. Paul, in many instan ces proving fatal. Mr. Goodhue, of the Pioneer, has been dangerously ill, but wc arc glad to learn, by late advices, that lie is somewhat convalescent.— Burlington Telegraph. The above is one of the thousand-and onc stories set afloat in regard to sickness here. Wc have enquired of our physi cians since the above met our eye, and can hear of no single case of dysentery that has proved fatal this season. Col. Goodhue did not die of dysentery, al though that was the cause of his first sickness, w'hich he contracted by expo sure to the heat of the weather and other unusual hardships in attending to his fer ry. Neither is there any other sickness or alarming epidemic of any kind prevail ing here—no cholera, no fever, or any thing of the sort. St. Paul and vicinity were never more healthy than at this pre sent moment. John Tapper, the Charon between Nic ollet Island and (whatis the new name?) has returned from his matrimo nial tour, and is at his post, ready to do the honors to travelers, parties of pleas ure. and the “ rest of mankind.” We are informed by letter, that sick- ( ness prevails to a most distressing extent; in Wabash county, in this state. The cholera prevails to some extent and all diseases prove alarmingly fatal. We hope ere this that the malady is arrested, and that old Wabash which up to this season has been justly termed one of the healthiest counties upon the Wabash river, has been relieved from the dreadful . scourge.— Shawneetown Volun/eer. Paragraphs of this kind meet our eye in Western papers by every mail. The cholera has this season left the large cities, and spread itself throughout the country, prevailing more or less in almost every j neighborhood in the States immediately , below us. How thankful should we all : feci, that the season has passed, and Min- ! nesota has again escaped the visitation of this blighting scourge! But it is amusing to hear an editor in the Wabash country j talking about the health of any portion of i that region. What they call healthy \ there, is when one person to a family is able to crawl to the sick bed of the oth ers, who are past moving, and hand them a cup of water. So long as one remains able to do this, it is not considered very sickly. We have seen quinine and calo mel hauled through that country in two horse peddling wagons, and fed to chil dren and adults at meal time instead of potatoes and bacon. Why don’t you all come to Minnesota, stop shaking, and get enough flesh on your bones to cast a shadow ? Steamer Greek Slave.— Another light drought steamer, about the same size as the West Newton, arrived here yester day afternoon, and is intended for the St. Paul trade. She was puchascd by Louis Roberts of St. Paul, who is to take com mand of her.— Galena Mv. Wc arc glad to learn tlie Slave is a “ light drought ” boat, having had other most positive evidence up here that the drought has been long and heavy. It is certain, however, that our Galena neigh bor is not far out of the way, for the drought ended, and we were visited by copious and refreshing showers, immedi ately upon the entrance of this boat into the Territory. Rev. Mr. Rihcldaffur has gone East on business connected with his church. lie expects to be absent some five or six weeks. We hope the editor of the Dubuque Spike will keep his nasty little “dirt c irt ” off our table. We exchange with no such a gross and libelous concern. A man that can deliberately call Gen. Scott a coward and a thief, can do almost any thing else. Will our Postmaster please put the Spike directed to the Minncsot ian, under the table, and not into our box? The finest potatoes we have seen this season were hauled through town on Thursday by John Bell. John himself never saw their equal this side the Green Isle. They were raised upon Gov. Ram sev’s farm near town. The Elephant “ have nrriv,” and in a few days a whole menagerie of seasona ble dry-goods will grace the shelves of the World’s Fair. Curran was warm's welcomed home by his lists of friends. A post-office has been established at Le Seur, and John W. Cathcart appointed Postmaster. Good all round ! The Guards meet Thursday evening at Spencer’s warehouse for drill. Mem bers should be impressed with the fact that they can never become good soldiers unless they are strictly attentive to their duty. Be on hand ! rivers and ii in non*. I Wc know nothing as yet whether or I not the “Democratic” Senate condc j scended to pass the River and Harbor bill before its adjournment. We care nothing about it politically, but commer cially wc care, and the people care, a great deal. If they have passed it, the act was owing to the people's indignation, and not to carry out a principle ; for their recorded principles at their late Baltimore Convention arc right in the lace and eyes of this measure— dead against it. If they have passed it, they knocked a plank from the centre of their platform in doing it. But let no one so lar stultify himself as to believe the poli cy will be continued hereafter, if Pierce is elected. Look at his votes upon great National measures of this kind while he was in Congress ; look at the votes of the New Hampshire delegation upon the present bill, and then judge whether the West can trust men of such narrow and bigoted views. Had even the policy of Gen. Jackson’s administration in regard to this question—which Mr. Pierce, on all occasions voted against—been carried out until this day, we would now have no Des Moines or Rock river Rapids—no snags, rocks or bars between here and St. Louis. The following remarks of the Galena Advertiser are sensible and ortho dox : It is contended for the democratic par ts', in localities where the doctrine of River and Harbor Improvement is popu lar, that that party is as friendly to such works as the Whig,. Then, why have they not in the last sixteen years passed the bills for such improvements? With but a trifling exception, they have had the control of one or the whole three branches of the government. The Whigs in Congress, as a party, have never placed themselves in the wav—thev have at wavs stood ready with a helping hand. No Whig President has snubbed the nose of the doctrine in his messages, nor had his veto ready to club it to death the moment a bill had passed both Houses and had a prospective existence. Those bills have not passed for this reason : It has become the settled policy of the Locofoco party to oppose the doctrine at all limes and in all places where public sentiment does not compel them to sustain it. And so it has been done. For this reason they con nived together to talk the River and Har bor Bill to death in the Senate last year, well knowing that Mr. Fillmore would sign it. If they pass the small bill be fore the Senate this year, it will be, be cause they dare not venture to brave and defy public opinion. We believe lull} - in jthe manly doctrine of the Land Reform ers, to hold the party in power fully res ponsible for its acts. When the majority 1 pass these bills they shall have full cred ;it for what they do. When they defeat I them they are opposed lo them. All pre ] tension to the contrary is miserable sophis i try, from whatever source. "While on this subject, the following analysis of the vote on the present River and Harbor Bill, as it passed the House, may not be uninteresting or inappropriate. The vote stood 103 to 75. Nearly every Whig Representative voted “aye.” Of the Democrats, every one from the South, except Penn and St. Martin, of Louisi ana, voted “nay.” Of the Northern and Western Democrats, about one half voted with the Whigs. Of the remaind er, some few bravely breasted the anger of their constituents and opposed the bill, but the majority were taken with a “ stampede,” and dodged the test. The “ayes” consist of about 70 Whigs and 33 | Democrats; the “nays” of about 70 Democrats and 5 Whigs. The latter arc Messrs. Cabell, Gentry, Williams, 11. Marshall and Clinginan. Latest! The Nominee arrive! this morning, bringing the mail. We find little of in terest. The Senate has extensively amended the River and Harbor bill. It had not passed at last accounts. The abominable Insane Land bill has passed botli Houses. Positive Saf-'ty of Capt. Marcy and Men. New Orleans, Aug. 17. The Picayune has received a dispatch, dated Memphis, Tcnn., 1(i h inst., con laining advices from Fort Smith to Aug. 3d, which brings the cheering news of the positive safe’y of Capt. Marcv and his command, and adds that the whole party have arrived at Fort Arbucklc. STEAMBOAT •• ACCIDENTS.** The chapter of accidents on the West ern lakes and rivers since our last, is un usually large. Wc give all tilt particu lars in our possession : From tli- <1 v. lind IKraM. Simmer Atlantic Slink-Some -JOO Llrcs Lout:! The O'Reilly Line brings us llic fol lowing account of a terrible catastrophe this morning on Lake Erie. The Og denshurgh left this port yesterday I'orOg densburgh. The Atlantic runs from Buf falo to Detroit, and was bound to Detroit. Erie, Pa., Aug. 20. Propeller Ogdensburgh run into the steamer Atlantic off Long Point, this morning about half past two o’clock.— Atlantic sunk soon afterwards. A large number of lives lost—perhaps two hun dred. Propeller Ogdensburgh just ar rived with Atlantic s small boats and pu t of her passengers who were saved.—■ More particulars soon. E.atrr-Fnrlhrr rortlmlara. At two o’clock this morning the steam er Atlantic came in collision with the propeller Ogdensburgh, about six miles above Long Point. The steamer ran across the bows of the propeller, striking her forward of the wheel on the larboard side. I lie propeller’s engine had been re versed some ten minutes before the col lision. 1 lie steamer continued on her course until she had run some three mi'es from the place of contact before her engine was stopped, which was caused hy the water extinguishing her tires. As soon as the damages of the propel ler were ascertained and fixed, she start ed lor the steamer, and found her sinking \cry last. The lake was covered for miles with floating fragments and persons clinging for life. Every exertion to save the suiferer* was resorted to, but we have no doubt a great many were drowned. The clerk ol the Atlantic did not save his trip sheet, and therefore cannot tell how many ;tfc lost. J He judges there were from 500 to (>CO p.issengeis on board, a large portion of whom were emigrants. The propeller picked up and look from the wreck some over 200. It is impossible to say liovv many are lost. Still I.ntcr and Further Particulars. Erie, Pa., Aug. 20—3 1-2 P. M The clerk of the Atlantic has saved null ing. He thinks there were from 500 to 600 person on board—a great part of which were emigrants and between decks. » cry nearly all the cabin passengers were saved, together with all the crew, except two or three waiters. The pro filer picked up nearly 300 persons from the wreck, but the exact number lost can not be ascertained. Below wc give the name* of a few of those saved: w u*’ 11 Harris, Detroit; D. S. VValbridge, Kalamazoo; Rich’d M. Smith, Icnn Yarn., N Y.; Walter Osborn, Montreal; A. Reed, Farmington. 111.; Abner C. Ellis, Sandwich, C. W. ; Mis, Myers, Utica; E. G. Everett,Greenfield, Mass.; Mr. Brockway, Kenosha ; Capt. Turner, Oswego; Alfred Clark. L. D. Crippen Cold Water ; Mrs. Lester Buek rJi’ .® altlc Creek, Mich.; A. Calkins, Belv.dere, 111 ; J. L. D. Bissel, Mobile; J ; J. Brown, do.; R. Graves and A. Col- Ha ™ b ":S h ’ N - Y.; J. Shawber, Clifton, N. Y.; James Ru.sell and lady, Strasburgh, N. Y.; Geo. Hortiey, ii !? e ’ JU* > White and wife, Orwell, V V, } W. J. Hall, Albany; G. E. Bush noil, Greene co.; N. Y.