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faint fatnrtaii, £rtabrr 18, 1852 tor president of the united states, GEN. WINFIELD SCOTT, or NEW JERSEY. FOR VICE PRESIDENT. WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, or NORTH CAROLINA. Crime. We have, as a public journalist, a solemn, pain ful, yet a necessary duty to perform. The evi dence taken before a Coroner’s jury, which we publish, shows that-ibe life of a fellow-citizen was taken at a grocery on Third street on Tues day evening last. Dalton died of his wound some twenty-four hours after its infliction. There has been a crime committed—a monstrous crime. If the act was done in self-defence, then the poor unfortunate man who has gone to the bar of his God, there to answer, was the criminal. If the contrary, those who live, and did the deed, must not only answer at an earthly tribunal, but meet the victim at the place where all hearts searched. There is no use mincing matters one way or the other. There must be a rigid yet impartial investigation of this matter, and the line of guilt and innocence firmly drawn. We have had frequent occasion to speak of the ten dency to a base administration of the law here on our frontier. We must stop this or we are gone. The end must be some time, and that soon, or the end of Minnesota will be arrived at first. We hope and believe there is enough in this community to see justice meted out in this case, legally and impartially. We trust in heaven it may be so—it must be so. If no man present at the drunken row on Tuesday night, had carried about his person a concealed and deadly weapon, in all human probability no one would have been killed. What a solemn protest is here against this hor rible practice ! What need has any man with a knife or a pistol in St. Paul ? And more par ticularly, when that man has not an enemy in the community 1 We believe this occurrence strikes home to the feelings of every citizen, and says to him, if you have a murderous knife, throw it in the river—if you have a pistol, do any thing with it except carrying it loaded about your person. “O, reform it altogether,” and save our prosperous land and happy homes from becoming a field of blood and houses of mourn ing. The Election. We have the following returns from the elec tion for members of the Legislature : St. Paul and Little Canada. Justus C. Ramsey, Whig. Louis M. Oliver, 1 W Voot° tf ’ [ Organization Democrats. \V\ P. Murray, J Dakota and Hennepin. B.H. Randall, j Anti-Organization Dents. St. Anthony. R. P. Russell. ) „ ... Dutteu, l Organization Dems. Marine. J. D. Luddcn, Whig. Stillwater. Stimpson, Auti-Organization Democrat. N. G. Wilcox, Whig, claims the other seat, but is not certain of getting it. Cottage Grove and Point Douglas. Tie between Truax, Whig, and Colby, Or ganization Democrat. Benton. John McKee, Whig, elected. Wabasha. Wells, Anti-Organization Democrat, suppos ed to be elected. The editor of the Democrat makes a grand crow over this result, and calls it a great vic tory. When the news of the battle of Guilford Court House reached England, it was claimed by the Ministry as a great victory ; but said Fox on the floor of the House of Commons. “Another such a victory u-ill ruin the British Army. ’ So it did. for Yorktown was next.— Our neighbor will readily see the application and the moral in the present case. Election Returns. —We have only received returns of the late election from this Council District, which we give below. We have seen no returns of the election for county officers, except from one precinct, but we presume that the whole Democratic ticket is elected, with the exception, possibly, of one Assessor. Louts M. Olivier, Michael Cummings, MUllam No.it, William P. Murray, BnahroU W. Lott, Joseph R. Brown, Justus C- Ramsey, Benjamin L. Sellers, Daniel F. Brawler, Yllleroy B. Barnum, 187 168 40 395 169 142 42 354 169 183 41 363 189 147 39 35;, 174 169 29 312 190 99 12 301 919 140 14 366 ISS 108 13 306 184 121 12 317 178 106 16 301 Justices of the Peace—Trumau M. Smith was elected Justice of the Peace in St. Paul precinct No. 1. by 78 majority over his compet- TVm. H. Welch was elected in precinct School Notice.— The trustees of the two rchool districts in St. Paul, have decided on opening a Union Grammer School, and have renW a room for that purpose in the brick building of Messrs. Stees & Hunt. Mr. G. H. Spencer has been employed to teach, and will open the school on Wednesday of next week— The trustees of the lower district have employ ed Miss Bishop to teach a primary school in the lower school house, and she will commence her school early next week. A Good Threshing Machine—A threshing machine built at the Winnebago Agency by Messjs. Fletcher, carpenter, and Ady, black smith for the Indians, threshed in one hour 211 ushels of oats, with seven horses; this is at the rate of 2532 bushels in 12 hours, which it is per if there were hands tost £ threshed' * Dd * rain ftwa J » 8 haVC had « uite ■ crowd of steamboats here during the past week On Monday last the Enterprise and Luella came The Bnterprise started for Traverse dee Sioux on Wednesday, and will continue to run in the Minnesota river trade the rest of the season— The LucHa is a light-draught boat, has been ebarteoed by the Harrises, and will continue to run for the rest of the season under the com mand of Capt. Smith Harris, between Galena and St. Paul. The Regulator, a new boat in this trade, and the Dr. Franklin came up on Tuesday. On Thursday the Greek Slave, and on Friday the Nominee came fiom Galena. The Late Homicide—lnvestigation of the Coroner. Enquiry of A. H. Cavender, Coroner, Oct. 14, 1852, upon the body of Simon Dalton, deceased. Jury, J. C. Ramsey. Stephen Wood, William Freeborn, George Wells, P. R. Winue, Robt. Kennedy. TEnitiTORT of Minnesota, ) County of Ramsey. J Deposition of Simon Dalton taken upon his bed, lying in the House of Thomas Calder, in Third street, Saint Paul, by Jacob J. A'oah. Jus tice of the Peace. Simon Dalton being duly sworn according to law deposeth and says: All the man that done anything to me was James Breck. Ilestruck me with a knife. James Winters and Colonel Breck hod hold of one an other, and I went up and caught hold of Colonel Breck in my arms, when James Breck run for ward and stuck me with a knife behind Mr. Cal der's bar. I saw the knife in his hauds. I\\ a« looking at him. It was a big knife. I had hold of Colonel Breck when I was struck. Don’t think the Colonel Struck me, for I was looking at James Breck with my two eyes. I had hold of Colonel Breck by the coat collar, but never struck him. I was intoxicated at the time, but I know what I was about. I don’t know the cause of the difficulty amongst the crowd. There was quite a crowd in the room. Ido not know the cause of the difficulty with James Breck. I and the Brocks were always good friends. This occurred last night. October Pith. 1852. I had no difficulty with any body else that I know of. Both the Brocks ran out tiie back kitchen. Did not threaten to strike Col. Breck or James Breck. Do not remember that Col. Breck ask ed me to let go of him. Neither of the Brocks threatened me. Luke Dalton saw Jim Breck pull out the knife and told him to put it up, for there mas no occasion for it there. Did not see a knife taken away from Col. Breck. Did not see Col. Breck with any Unite. Do not remem ber any talk with any body at the time. I took a knife away from James Breck one evening when I was with him and he was going to stick Mike Cummings. I had hold of Col. Breck by the breast when I was stuck. Col. Breck was standing up behind the bar. He was standing up; him and me contending, but no blows were passed between us. Did not hear the Col. tell James Breck not to stick me. James Breck run round the corner of the bar, and came up behind me and stuck me. SIMON X DALTON, his mark. Sworn to and subscribed before me. October 13, 1852. Thomas 11. Calder being sworn, says Simon Dalton and Daniel Breck were sitting upon a table in my saloon, with their arms around each other's neck, apparently friendly. James Breck and said Dalton got into some difficulty, to which Daniel Breck interfered and quieted the difficulty for a few minutes: but soon after Simon Daltou threw his coat and handkerchief oft' and threw them on the floor : just at the same time I was endeavoring to get Daniel Breck out of the back door. Said Dalton ap peared to be perfectly crazy at the time. At the distance I was, I could not get to him: it took all the strength Dalton's friends had to hold him. as he was kicking and yelling. I did not succeed in getting 1). Breck out of the house. S. Dalton says, let me at him, I will take his heart out: Breck was at the door and turned and said he would lie damned if he would run like a dog. I said to gentlemen hold him, (D. Breck) and I will put Dalton out; but he pushed me bnck, and Breck hollows out to keep him away from me: saw him (D. Breck) flourishing a knife over his head: his eyes were furious: caught his hands and pressed them down to his side, with a kuife in his hands, and carried towards the back door. Before I reach ed the partition, Simon Dolton rushed from his friends crying he has a knife, and the crowd with him: they rushed on to D. Breck and my- : self, and pushed us back on the table, with Breck in my arms; struck my head on the ta ble, and Breck got away from me, and I was stunned bv the blow. I was so stupified. and the crowd tremendous, that I saw nothing more. The first thing I discovered, after recov ering. I saw D. Breck inside the bar; he was standing in a leaning position against the bav. with a man, I think S. Dalton, choaking him by the neck, and Breck had the knife over Dalton's head: then I grasped at Brock’s wrist, for the knife, from the corner of counter: at that mo ment I brought Breck's arm down to the count er. and called to wrest the knife, and James Winters did so. At the same moment the per son who had him by the throat pushed him fur ther back and Brook hallowed "O, God,” as quick as the knife was out of his hand. I got the Daltons away and took Breck to the back door, pushed him out, locked the door aud throwed the key away. James Breck was got out at the same moment by some one else. S. Dalton was inside of the counter with some of his friends, and I could see blood on the lower shelf inside the counter just as I got up to the three: Dalton says I am cut: this was after I had got both Brocks out doors. At the same time with his friend", one of them says Simon you are stabbed, and Simon saw the blood and "hollowed out and says by God I am stabbed, where is he, meaning the man that stabbed him: in an instant there were several running to the door to find them. Just at the time that he discovered he was stabbed, he mourned till the Doctor was called to dress the wound: they then took him into the kitchen. Dalton's friends are two Winters and others. I called on Doctor Vitchers and Charles Bazill to take him into the kitchen till I could get the crowd out of the saloon. The said Simon Dalton is the same man now lying deceased iu the other room. Total. | Little Canada, j St. Paul, p. No. 2. | St. Paol> p. No. 1. 1 J. J. Xoah sworn, says he is Justice of the Peace in and for this county. I was in Mr. Caldera saloon the night of the affray. There was a great crowd in there, and all pretty well intoxicated. A good deal of quarreling goiug on between every body almost. The crowd was so thick I could hardly discover any one. Mr. Calder called on me to command the peace. I turned around and saw a man, I think Jim W inters, trying to strike a Mr. Ward; some wanted to part them, others were anxious that they should light, as they did not appear anx ious to quiet them, I caught this man Jim, by the waist and threw him about ten feet. I then quited Mr. W ard. James Bell and myself then quieted this man Jim, and he promised to keep the peace; this was about 8 o clock in the evening ; as quick as my hack was turned he made three or four efforts to strike Mr. "a™ i Mr. 11 ard went around behind me and went out of the door. Afterwards some of the crowd went up to the bar to get liquor. Col Breck was sitting oil the counter; he (Brock) said Mr. Calder told him not to give anybody any liquor, and no one should have any: and 1 came up to the Col., asked him if he would not let the ’Squire have some, and he says no, not even you. Afterwards, news coming of the election returns. Col. Breck got upon the count er and commenced making a speech. I think Dalton, the deceased, was there making quite a loud noise hurrahing. I think the voice of Dalton I heard among the crowd; and there was much excitement about the deieat of M. Cummings. Seeing that it was impossible to quiet the excitement that the whole crowd was i P tbc , P***’ bearing Col. Breck’s speakmg, 1 went into my office. I probably staid in my office an hour or an hour and a talking wMi M hl | h Vn* 1 heard thu deceased talking with Micheal Cummings in a very ex cited manner. It appeared to me that Cum mings was trying to quiet him but could not— Afterwards u Mr. Shleik, a shoemaker, came to ray room and wanted to know if I had anv . e ? d j to sow up a man s wound that had been stabbed; gave him some: went into Mr. Calder'e kitchen, lound the deceased there, and found the Doc-tog there sowing up the wound. The deceased was saying he did not know why Jim Breck stabbed him; at the time young Winters pulled out Col. Breck’s knife (I know it) out of his pocket, said he had taken it from the Col., and that he would not give it up to anybody.— i asked him to keep it, he said he would. I r**. cal,ed on takg depositions, which I* now tekhJT ‘V he Coroner; at which time of excited lhe was very much times durin» U t h 80 that he vonlited several Vicb.ioijSnSS'fojli.'fS lo * Of. JACOB J. NOAH. Justice of the P»acc. Henry Jackson being sworn, says: He was in the saloon of Mr. Calder at the time Simon Dal ton received the wound : Save there seemed to be some difficulty between Siman Dalton and James and Col. Breck. They were quarreling. Language of Dalton very abusive. Tried to put him out of doors but could not keep him out. He had Col. Breck by the throat or collar of his coat across the counter. Thinks that James Breck tried to stab the deceased. I saw no knife in the hands of J. Breck. Col. Breck said to his brother, for God’s sake don’t; this was at the time that Dalton had hold of Col. Breck — says he saw Col. Breck and Simon Dalton at the end of the counter: they were clinched; Breck said they must take Dalton away or he would hurt him or cut him. Thought at the time he (Col. Breck) was drawing a weapon, and made a motion, but did not see any weapon ; Dalton said immediately: I am cut and murdered. Thinks that James Breck did not injure Dalton at the time he attempted to stab him, and is sure that he did not. Thomas Wall being sworn says, he was at Mr. Calder's on the night that Simon Dalton w as stablied ; he saw James Breck with a knife in his hand, open, at about eight or nine o'clock in the evening ; he saw Col. Breck run to Dalton and another man and then heard Dalton say that lie was stabbed ; he did not see Col. Breck have a knife ; the two Brecks left the house withiu aliout three minutes of the time that Dalton said he w as stabbed ; he did not see Dalton aud Col. Breck have any difficulty. THOMAS WALL. James Brown, being sworn, says: he was at the saloon at Mr. Calder on the night of the 12th October, 1852; saw Dalton take hold of Col. Breck and put him on the counter; after that they fell on the floor; the next I saw was Mr. Calder in the act of drawing a knife from the body of Simon Daitou. and then Col. Breck and James Breck left the house immediately; when they were out of the house, they said they would kill any man that would attack them ; I saw the knife in the body of Dalton ; Did not see the Brccks have any knife in the house. JAMES BROWN. S. Martindale being sworn, says he was pres ent at the time of this affray. I saw a motion made to strike the deceased ; I saw knives, but don’t know who had them, could not tell w hose iiands they were in : I saw more than one knife; I don't know the person who gave the blow with the knife ; I saw a motion ; it was about two minutes after the fuss had stopped, that I knew the man was stabbed. I know the man that made the motion, it was Col. Breck; I saw knives in the hands of others, shaking them round ; I saw Breck make the motion, and then the kuife taken from him; can't tell whether the motion made by Breck inflicted the wound on the deceased or not. SAYLES MARTINDALE. JACOB J. NOAH. Justice of the Peace. Patrick Mullain being sworn, says he was here on the night of the 12th inst; at about 9 o'clock, saw Col. Breck's brother w ith a knife in his hand ; did not see him use it. but saw him have the knife in his hand ; saw Col. L’rcck and Simon Dalton together, they were collared ; did not sec James Breck try to assist the Col. in getting relief; don't know who stabbed Dalton, the deceased; thinks it was from five to ten minutes from the time he saw the knife in the hands of J. Breck, that Dalton found he was stabbed, but did not see Col. Breck have a knife at the same time; was in the saloon from the time of the beginning of the quarrel to the end. and at no time saw a knife taken from Colonel Breck. We the undersigned Physicians having this day examined the body of Simon Dalton, by or der of the Coroner, do report: That we found immediately below the last rib on the left side, an incised wound some inch and a half in length. Upon further examination of the body, we found that the instrument making said external wound had passed through the integuments. Ac., into the peritoneal cavity, (or cavity of the bowels) through the upper portion of the descending colon and left kidney, on the vertebra, (or back bone.) In the peritoneal cavitv and penal sack were larke quantities of coagulated blood, —the peri toneum highly inflamed, and we are ofthc opin ion that the said Simon Dalton came to his death bv the wound thus described. JAMES D. GOODRICH, M. D. CHARLES YICCHERS. M. 11. Territory of Minnesota, > County of Ramsey ) An inquisition taken this 14th day of October. 1852, at the House of Thomas 11. Calder, before Abram H. Cavcnder, Coroner of said county of Ramsey, upon the view of the body of Simon Dalton, or person lying then dead, by the oaths of the jurors whose names are hereunto sub scribed, who being sworn to inquire how the said Simon Dalton came to his death upon their oaths, do say : That the deceased came to his death by a wound inflicted by the hands of some person or persons unknown, on the 12th of Octolier, 1852, supposed to have been done with a dirk knife at the saloon of Thomas 11. Calder. In testimony whereof the said Coroner and jurors of this inquest have hereunto set their hands the day and year aforesaid. A. 11. CAVENDER, Coroner. P. R. WINNE, ROBERT KENNEDY, STEPHEN WOOD, WM. FREFBORN, GEORGE WELLS, J. C. RAMSEY. THOS. 11. CALDER Messrs. Editors :—Many persons, I presume, besides myself, who contemplate making their future home in your young and interesting Territory, will have to leai e behind them, among others of the comforts and advantages of the older settlements, •• Their trees of pleas ant fruit;” and would feel no common interest in any information which could be obtained, with regard to the prospects and actual reali zation of fruit-growing in Minnesota. As I do not know of any agricultural journal published in your part of the country, through which to make inquiry. I would ask, if you think the subject of sufficient impor tance to merit a place in your columns, that yourselves or some of your readers, who have positive and specific information, would com municate eo much, at least, of what they poss ess, that we at a distance may form some opin ion with regard to how much we must expect to deny ourselves, and how much we may reas onably hope concerning those luxuries of the temperate latitudes, —the apple, pear, plum and cherry, particularly. The peach, I suppose, no one need think of growing in the open air in a latitude of 45“ north. But of the others I would like to know. Whether nurseries of any or all of them have been planted in Minnesota, and where ? Have seedlings or grafts been raised from the ground and carried through one or more winters in the open air, and with what success? Is it possible, or certain, that young fruit trees from Michigan, New York, or New Eng land will endure your winters? Are the wild crab apple, wild plums, and wild cherries common, and generally diffused ? I have noticed that where these are found na tive, their congeners of the domesticated and improved varieties also flourish, although the rule may not be invariable. It would lie an easy matter for immigrants to take along with them a few, at least, of the choice varieties of fruit cultivated in the States they come from, and have them on hand, they would be likely to plant and take care of them, and thus, if the trees would live and flourish, they would toon have a supply of a healthy ar » dlct ’. "hich no one thinks “bad to take. Now if you or some of your readers can truly assure us that it would be a safe in vestment, I would suggest to every settler to take along the trees, unless they can be had on the ground in abundance and variety. I shall do so for one. The above, although a subject of great im portance. comes to us at a moment when we have not time to investigate all his queries; but will take occasion to say, that all kinds of fruit trees, peaches not excepted, lived through last winter, one of the coldest on record. HENRY JACKSON. PATRICK MULLAM For the Mimiceotl.m Northern Spt. —The Pioneer of this week appears to be very indignant at the publication in our last number of the statement of 148 of the Cath olic citizens of Concord, Noshau and Nashville in New Hampshire, as to which political party is responsible for maintaining the odious reli gious test in that State of religious and political bigotry. It attempts to induce its readers to believe that they are fictitious names, gotten up for the put pose of humbugging people at the M est. Now it was with no view of injuring Gen. Pierce, or directly or indirectly affecting the Presidential election, that v.e published these docments in the Minnesotian ; it was for purpose of showing to adopted citizens in Min nesota, that it was the Democratic party in New Hampshire who have ever been opposed to the nliolition of a religious test that would deprive a great majority of them, if they lived in that State, from holding offices of trust; that the Democratic party of the United States had se leeted a man for their candidate for President from this State, and that thus they in a measure endorsed the actions of their political brethren there. We wished to show to our adopted citi zens which of the tw o great political parties held principles akiu to those of the Native Americans. But, as the pioneer pretends to treat the w hole as a fabrication, we will merely remark that it was first published in the New Hampshire Gazette, and that we have since secu it in New York, Cleveland, Chicago, Gale na and other papers; moreover, that it is a com plete refutation of the statement of the 36 Cath olics of Concord, which the Pioneer of this week publishes—the statement of the 36 which the Pioneer publishes, being dated on the 13th of August last, while the statement of the 148 which we published was dated Sept. 23d. Also, that three of the names which appear in the list which the Pioneer publishes, viz : Messrs. Hal pin, Gallagher and Lynch, have made affidavit that they never signed, nor authorized any per son to sign their names to the statement. For the benefit of the Pioneer we republish the affi i davit above referred to : \Ye the undersigned, Catholic citizens of Con cord. N. H.. having seen our names affixed to a letter dated Concord. N. 11., Aug. 13, 1852, to J. 1\ bite, Esq., Milwaukie, Wis., representing that we and other Catholics of New Hampshire feel under great obligation to Gin. Pierc» for his efforts in the Convention and in other places to remove the intolerant test that exists iu the Constitution of this State, positively and sol emnly declare that we never signed said letter, nor gave any person liberty to" sign it for us ; that our names are there without our know ledge or consent, and that so far as we arc concerned the w hole is a base forgery, and its statements false. miLir HALPiN, JOHN GALLAIIER, JOHN LYNCH. Merrimack, ss., Sept. 23. 1852. Then personally appearing the above named Philip lialpin and made solemn oath that the foregoing statement by him subscribed is true. Before me, ASA FOWLER, Justice of the Peace, Merrimack, ss., Sept. 23, 1852. Then personally appearing the above named John Gallaher and John Lynch, and made oath that the foregoing statement by them subscrib ed is true. Before me, X. 11. SAXHORN, Justice of the Peace. Arch-Bishop Hughes and the Presidential Election Tlioi.ini' J: Scmnies Esq., of Louisiana, says the Cleveland Herald, recently addressed a long letter to Bishop Hughes in relation to the reli gious Test of New Hampshire. The letter is an especial plea for the election of Gen. Pierce, by Catholic votes, and the influence of the Catholic Clergy, of which the Archbishop is the head in this country. In framing his letter, Mr. Femmes intended to be very adroit. lie manufactured a rumor that the Archbishop had declared against Pierce. This he thought would bring out a most emphatic denial, and might betray the Arch bishop into some expression in favor of Pierce, or at least the utterance of an opinion that Pierce really was opposed to the religious Test- But Archbishop Hughes is not so dull and inex perienced as Mr. Scuimes supposed. Ilis reply is about as cutting a rebuke of the attempt to make a tool of him, as could have been written. Here it is entire : New- York, September 17, 1552. Dear Sir : — I have read through, and care fully. the letter which you addressed to me, un der date 11th inst., in regard to the impending election of President of the United States, and the part which you think the Catholic citizens of the Republic ought to take in it. The two candidates presented are Gen. Scott and Gen. Pierce. The entire American people appear to be nearly equally divided in opinion as to which of these two will make the better Cbicl Magis trate. This fact seems to intimate a general opinion that the country will be safe under the four years’ presidency of either. As to the Catholics, they have never been consulted as to the limited choice between these two. The probability is, like their fellow-citizens of other denominations, they will be divided—some vot ing for one candidate, and some for another.— Like others they are liable to err in theirchoicc. But, under all circumstances, I should prefer that, voting honestly, each according to his own judgment, they should irrwith the minority, or (what is equally possible,) with the majority of their fellow-citizens, of all denominations, rather than see them guarded against such danger of erring in their choice of President by ecclesias tical influence. I am sure with your enlightened mind and large Catholic education, you will appreciate the reasons on which this my humble opinion is founded, whether or not you will agree w ith me in regard to its justice aud expediency. In any event, however, I beg leave to subscribe myself Your sincere and devoted servant in Xt, tJOIIX, Archbishop of New Y ork. Thomas J. Semmes, Esq. It is probable, remarks the Pittsburg Journal, that if the Archbishop had been convinced that Pierce had ever seriously opposed the religious Test, he would have allowed that conviction to appear in some expression, in this brief letter. But there is no hint of the kind : and from this we infer that Mr. Semmes' elaborate arguments, and the strenuous efforts of the Democratic party throughout the Union to clear Pierce of all par ticipation in the illiberal prejudices of his fei low-citizens of New Hampshire, have failed to convince the acute and far-seeing Archbishop. Which Party do the Native Americans Sip fort ?—Peter Skcn Smith, the great Philadel phia Nativist, has announced his adhesion to Pierce and King; and the Hon. L. C. Levin, another celebrated Nativeist, supports the same candidates. Birds of a feather flock together. These men know Scott, and they have heard o f Pierce, and they go for a man whose principles are most in accordance with their own. They are genuine Native Americans, and their actions show that Pierce is more in favor of their views than Scott is ; so they vote for Pierce. Dahl & Doull have received at the Book Store an extensive assortment of Goods in their line. For particulars, see advertisement. The Irish and their Friends. The Irish are celebrated the world over, for their keen wit, impulsive natures, warm hospi tality and love of liberty. These characteris tics are seized upon in this country by unmiti gated demagogues, and the warm-hearted Irish man is decoyed into the meshes of Locofocoism, thinking all the while that he has enlisted under the flag of pure Democracy. He is caught by the sweet sound of Democrat , and unknown to himself, he is made to vote against his truest friends, and his own best interests. How was it in 1847, when Ireland was suffering all the hor rors of famine, and her perishing population were calling upon us for bread ? Who were then the truest friends of Irishmen, and of fam ishing Ireland ? Let the public record speak, and we challenge the severest scrutiny into the facts of the case. Look at the action of Con gress on this subject, and see where the parties stood. THE IRISH RELIEF DILL. Senate, February 25, 1817., —Mr. Crittenden (Whig) introduced a bill appropriating $500,- 000, to be expended in provisions under the di rection of the President, and transporting the same to the famishing poor of Ireland and Scot land in a national vessel. Mr. Crittenden supported the bill with great eloquence and force. Messrs. J. M. Clayton (Whig) and Cass (Dom.) followed on the same side. Mr. Miles (Dein.) opposed the bill, as setting a dangerous precedent, when, on motion of Mr. Bagby (I)ern.) it was postponed until to morrow. Senate, February 20- —Mr. Crittenden moved to take up the bill reported by him yesterday, for the relief of the suffering poor of Ireland and Scotland. Mr. Sevier (Dem.) opposed the motion, and it was disagreed 23, (all Democrats, except Mr. Davis.) Subsequently, during the same day, the bill for the relief of Ireland passed the Senate by a vote of Yeas 27, Nays 13—nil voting in the neg ative being Democrats. Now, bear in mind that the bill passed the Senate on Saturday, the 27th of February, but three business days before the close of the ses sion. Immediately it became known that Pres ident Polk was opposed to it, and that lie would veto it, if it passed the House. On Monday, the bill was reported to the House, and the follow ing proceedings had : House of Retoesentativer, March 1. The bill from the Senate for the relief of Ire land and Scotland was read, and a motion made to lay it on the table was negatived—Yeas 75, Nays 82. Mr. Carroll (Whig) moved to go into Commit tee of the Whole lor its consideration, which was negatived—Yeas fiO, Nays 110. The bill was then referred to the Committee of Ways and Means. The object of the Democratic majority, in sending the bill to the Committee of Ways and Means, at this stage of the session, must be ole vious to every man of ordinary observation.— That it was sent there for the purpose of smoth ering it in Committee, is clearly evident from the proceedings which follow : House, March 2.. —Mr. Carrol moved a resolu tion to instruct the Committee of Ways and Means to report to the House the Senate bill for the relief of Ireland. The motion was declared out of order. Mr. Carrol appealed. The Yeas and Nays were taken and the Chair sustained. The Speaker's Chair was filled by John W. Davis, of Indiana, President of the late Demo cratic National Convention, a very pliant instru ment of an unscrupulous majority, who had de termined at all hazards to stave off a vote on the bill upon its merits. No marvel, then, that he should rule it out of order to require the Committee to report it back to the House. But they could not be permitted to skulk the issue in this w ay. Mr. Winthrop, of Massachusetts, a sterling Whig, and an excellent Parliamentari an, forced them to show their hands upon the question in the following form : Mr. Winthrop (Whig) moved to suspend the rules, to enable him to offer a resolution to in struct the Committee of Ways and Means to re port back to the House the Senate bill appropri ating $500,000 for the relief of the sufferers by famine in Ireland, which was rejected by the follow ing vote : Yeas (we omit the names) 45 Whigs. 11 Dem ocrats ; Nays 14 Whigs, 88 Democrats. Here we have it in black and white, and no dodging. Only eleven Democrats out of 100 voted to save the Irish from starvation, while eighty-eight recorded their totes against the Irish. Had that appropriation, so nobly fought for by Gov. Crittenden, passed, it would have saved thousands of famine-stricken men. women and children from the grave. Here was a great opportunity for the brawling leaders of the Democratic party to show their love and regard for the dear Irishmen whom they so fondly treat and hug just before each election. See Bote. —The rumor noticed a few days ago, that this influential German paper at Mil waukee had come out for Scott, is fully confirm ed. The following is an extract from a late ar ticle, translated for the Milwaukee Sentinel.— It will be seen that it is tolerable plain talk : “ Politicians of all parties are to be suspected when they make loud boasts of being our friends, but when they combine with their flat tery glowing “ words of warning,” if w e dare lie guided by our religious convictions to use our right of suffrage against themselves, and would disfranchise our clergy and prevent their using the rights which belong to them in common with all other citizens, we can trace their smiles and lies to a common, interested motive, and turn with disgust from the noon day exposure of such a machinery of depravi- Democrats tell us that the transfer of our votes to the support of Gen. Scott will engend er bitterness of feeling and procure us Catholics the enmity of the Democratic party. God be praised that this fact is out at last! You ac | knowcledge, then, that our Votes were the only basis of friendship, tolerance and “protection . Endless is the mischief which Catholics have done themselves by this claim of demagogues to be our •• protectors.” We tell politicians, once for all, that we neither ask nor desire their “ protection. ’ Oil the contrary, we es chew and execrate it. Thank God. we can pro tect ourselves. We ask favors from no man and no party. When Whigs put up rascals for public office, we shall set our face against them, just as we protest now against the rotten ness of Wisconsin Democracy. If our consci entiousness procure the enmity, instead of the respect of any portion of the’community, not we, but that portion of the community is* to be despised and repudiated. We know that by far the majority of Ger man Catholics share our views. We’solemnly declare that as Christians, Catholics ami Patri ots, we feel bound to support WINFIELD SCOTT, and to do our utmost to aid his cause. Franklin Bierce is doubtltss a good hearted, honest man, but the Democratic party, of which he is put forward as the chief, is undciiiablv responsibie for the Blue Laws of New Hamp shire, and we do not care to sustain a leader of bigots, even though he may not subscribe to all their opinions. I’rankliu Fierce, whatever merits his friends may claim for him, is. com pared with Winfield Scott, whose fame and in tegrity are blazoned over the whole world, an obscure individual, and wo can be under no conceivable obligation to assist in his eleva tion to a dignity, for which chi n -e made him a candidate, at the expense of a Hero who owes his nomination solely to his deserts. Rail away then, ye Democratic demogogues, because wc cast oft your shackles! Your taunts and praise affect us equally little, and when you tell us we mutt not forsake your party, because it is sinking into decay, through roguery and infidelity, we answer, we will forsake it! Whig Gain. —Mr. Shewaringer, a Whig, has been elected to. the Mississippi Legislature from Anote county, in place of a Democrat, deceas ed. Neighbor Buel has received an extensive assortment of Boots and Shoes, which, as will appear by his advertisement in another column he is anxious that all citizens, and particularly the ladiea. should call and examine. The Regular Baptists and Temperance In Minnesota. At the recent Session of the Preachers and Lay Delegates of the churches of this denomi nation in our Territory, held in St. Paul, to form an Association, and to transact such other business as the occasion might call for, the fol lowing Preamble and Resolutions were unani mously passed by a rising vote : H hereas, intemperance is the great source of crime, poverty and wretchedness, in ever)’ form, intellectual, moral, social and civil:. therefore : Resolved, That it is the imperious duty of every lover of good order and sound moral principles to oppose, in every honorable way. the manufacture, sale and use, as a t leverage, except for medical purposes, of all intoxicating drinks. Resolved, That we highly approve of the Maine Liquor Law, as passed by our Territorial Legislature last winter, and pledge ourselves to its support. Resolved. That the principles assumed and carried out by the Maine Law, that spirituous and intoxicating liquors, kept for sale as a bev erage, should be destroyed by the State, as a public evil, meets the approbation of this Asso ciation, as consonant with the destruction of the implements of gambling and counterfeiting, of poisonous food, infectious hides, and weapons of war in the hands of an enemy. Resolved, That if the liquor destroyed is pri vate property, it is only so, as are the imple ments of the counterfeiter, dangerous and dead ly to the best interests of community ; that its destruction is no waste of the bounties of l’rovi dence more than the destruction of noxious weeds, while its very destruction enriches the State, exceeding the amount for which it could have been sold. It tends to put an end to all subterfuges, fraud and secret sales, and the de mand for it in the community. It makes our beloved Territory a perfect asylum for the ine briate. It is a solemn manifestation to the world of the vile and worthless nature of the article destroyed, and an unmistakeablc token to the vender, of the end to which a righteous public sentiment will ultimately bring his busi ness. For these and other reasons, this Associ ation give this excellent law tlieir hearty ap probation. and strongly recommend to all Un friends of humanity to cherish it as the sure and only sure triumph of the Temperance Cause, and to withhold no honorable means to sustain it. T. R. CRESSY, Ch’n. In behalf of the Committee. The Greatest Living Captain. —The death of the Duke of Wellington, we have remarked, leaves Gen. Winfield Scott, beyond all question, the greatest living Captain of the age. The comparison of the two veterans, even w hile both were on the scene of life, was not one from which the countrymen of Scott was disposod to shrink. The parallel was not wholly unequal. The quick military sagacity and thorough train ing to the art of war. in command ; the sound head, practical diplomacy and ardent devotion to the peace and prosperity of the country, which distinguished them in Council, are not unlike. And so of their battles. If the theatre of the one was wider, the triumphs of the other, in proportion to his theatre, were not less bril liant. And what has been their comparative rewards from their respective Governments. To Wel lington all that unnumbered titles, annuities, perquisites and pay, could bestow, and these failing to swell his fortune to princely munifi cence. as a grateful county desin d to swell it. direct gifts to over three and a half millions of dollars were superadded. To Scott, the scant pay prescribed to his rank, and the occasional perquisites attached to his ex-officio and extra ordinary services. Of titles, beyond General in-Chief. won, rank by rank, and in many a well fought and victorious field, he has, as yet, had none. But the time rapidly approaches when this, we trust, can no longer be said. We will not doubt it, indeed. The National Election rapidly approaches, and each day and hour cofirm the ardent hope that President oj the United States will be the proud title added to the lionorsand just rewards of Winfield Scott. —-V. I'. Times. The New Fork and Erie Railroad Company have purchased the Ramapoand Patterson road, aud will alter it to the wide guage immediately, so that there will be no change of cars from Dunkirk to Jersey City. The same company are also laying a double track from Jersey to Delaware, and from Xarrowsburg to Iloriicls ville. Emigration. —There arrived at the port of New York, between Jan. Ist to Sept. 22d. 226,- 976 emigrants from foreign countries. Of these, Holland sent 88,665; Germany, 92,686 : all oth er countries, 45,626. A letter from California says: “A man from Illinois has just arrived from Independence, hav ing driven the entire distance uvo thousand turkeys, all hale and hearty. They cost him about fifty cents apiece in the States, and the cost of feeding them on the way has been noth ing, they fed themselves ; he 'lias been offered eight dollars apiece.” An net was passed at the last session of Con gress providing for the making and distribution of letter envelopes, bearing postage stamps, which are to be supplied to the public at tin cost of procuring them, as near asuiay tie. The advantage of this is obvious, and the public have long demanded it. All postmasters arc to l*o furnished with them tor sale, and as “other persons ” may buy them by the quantity of the government agents, doubtless the bookstores w ill be supplied with them. Rale of Mr. Flat’s Property at Ashland. A sale of a portion of ilie personal property of the late lion. Henry Clay took place at Ash land. on the 15th inst.. and embraced about twenty head of thorough bred cattle, several tine horses, and a quantity of wine, put up sev eral years ago by Mr. Clay himself. The sale took place under the direction of his execu tors. The Steamer Atlantic.—Mr. Wells, of the American Express Company, returned to Buffa lo on Monday, from the wreck of the Atlantx accompanied by Mr. Maillefert and his nssist ants. Mr. John Green, the famous diver, had descended to the wreck eight different times, but was unable to find the state room in which the Express Company’s Safe is lodged, nor could he determine his exact position on the boat.— Several lines and chains have lieen made fast to the boat, with buoys nttachcd, preparatorv to raising the wreck. Gov. Ramsey. —Mr. Gatlin, of the Willow Riv er Land Office, was in town yesterday, on his return from Washington. He brings word that Gov. Ramsey had succeeded in getting the mon ey promised the Sioux Indians, and is now on his w ay back to Minnesota.—Go/. .It/p Georgia Coming Right.—The Washington Republic of October 2d, announces that Hon. James 11. Johnson, a prominent Union I)emo erat ot Georgia, has declared for Scott and Scott m Gcorg,a ma y J' et "heel into line for M m. L. Rorixson is out with a scathing rebuke to his traclucers. It is an open and candid refu tation of the calumny heaped upon him by the l.ocofoco prsss, because he dared to show Mr. I lerce in his true character; and will bring lint little comfort to his party, who cannot prove his assertion false. His slanderers have aroused him to retalialion. and it is probable w ill get enough of him before next November. The Difference.— The resolution of inquiry into the amount of money paid by Government to Gen. Scott Ims not turned out particularly ?b»??«r f' T thc Picrce P ar ‘J- has shown that U>\ forty-four years of hard service, during which he has won many brilliant victories for his country, and served it nobly in a civil capa sVtln om"' h ,“ B I T ceive< t something over --00,000. But it also shows that for one year’s services, suc h as they wt re, Gen. Fierce reciev^d Gen* s Scott s2 °u°i? ! Such a ratc of P a ? for Gen. Scott w ould have given him near $900,000. ,4‘ th ° recent general convcntton of Univcr . B ts, held in New York, a proposition was aaopted to erect a monument to the memory of ne late Rev. Hosea Ballou. A committee of one from each State was appointed to receive contribution for this purpose. California Item*. The Steamers United States and Prometheus, which arrived at New York on the 3d inst., bring two weeks later news from California. The Steamer Pioneer, of Vanderbilt’s line, was lost at St. Simons on the 17th August.— She experienced a severe gale on the 15th, and being in a crippled condition, put into St. Si mons’ Bay on the following day, and was run ashore on the 17th to prevent ncr sinking, when she bilged in 17 feet water. The California steamer from San Francisco, toconnect with the Ohio at Panama, had aboard $2,130,849 in gold as freight, making total ship ment since January of $20,195,965. A San Francisco Whig had bet SIO,OOO that the State would go for Scott. The reported discovery of new and valuable gold mines on the east range of the Sierra Ne vada, is confirmed. The mining news is generally very encour aging. The Cholera, or a disease resembling it, had appeared among the emigrants. A fire at Necka, consumed about $50,000 worth of property. Mike W ai.sh is one of the Congressional nom inees of the Democrats in New York city. The Express says, •- he is likely to make a good run among the B hoys, and if. by any extraordinary possibility, the great Subterranean should be elected, the National Councils will have an ori ginal contribution from New York, for the next session. ‘-Mike’’ is, or was once, a Hunker, and if there was one thing he coveted more than an other, it was a reputation for hating Barnburn erism in all its forms and phases. No man more bitterly denounced the defection of that faction from the regular ranks, in the last Presidential campaign, than Mike, and there were none in the camp who more grievously lamented the defeat of Gen. Cass. Now, as Mike has not gone much out of his way to recant or mollify his former objurgations, it is by no means certain that the Barnburners will come up to his sup port. Mike is not their man. as they certainly are not, and never were, his men."— Albany Register. The people of Dubuque, by a vote of 429 to 9* have determined to lend the credit of that city to the amount of SIUO,OOO, to aid in the con struction of the Dubuque and Janesville rail road. Citizens of Dubuque, in their individual capacity, have pledged themselves for $50,000 more. In the city of Boston, (Mass.) there are at least 400 dwelling houses appraised at above $1.0.000. There are several at $50,000 and up ward, and one house, with the land connected with it, is taxed for upwards of SIOO,OOO. The valuation of property in the city of Chi cago, as assessed, shows an increase over last year, of $2,800,000. We think the assessors must have been men of enlarged views. Hogs. —The rapid decline in prices of pork in New York, and bacon in the South and West, with the last week, it seems, has affected the views of operators in hogs. One of our city packers assures us that the orders they have re ceived for the past few days are limited to $3- 50 gross, and $4 75 nett. This is a decline of full 50c. per 100 pounds, upon the price of hogs two and three weeks ago. A dispatch from Cincinnati of yesterday, the 28th, to an operator in this city, says, •* Ilogs dull and declining: do not buy."— Louisville Courier, 30 th u/t. Improving ax Accident.—A story is told of Mr. Van Buren. that while on a tour through the West, in 1840, he was overset in a stage coach, and as he stood up to his knees in mud, he asked the driver how the accident happened, and was told by that personage that lie had al ready upset eleven Members of Congress, and by so doing had secured the vote of every one of them for appropriations to the National Road ; and as he never befure had a President for a passenger, he thought he would improve the opportunity by doing his duty to the West, in end« avoring to prevent a veto, in case another appropriation should pass. California. —A correspondent writes:—“l pledge my word for it. that the city and county of San Francisco alone will give a majority for •Scott of from two to three thousand .*’ Indiana Election.— liy the death of Senator Whitcomb, of Indiana; the Legislature to be chosen next Tuesday will elect a U. S. Senator to fill the vacancv. There are in the United States, eishtv-onc women holding the office of postmaster, (?) thirty-one ol whom are in Pennsylvania. We wish, says the Savannah News, the Post master General would appoint a few females in Georgia. They never tolerate ijregularities iu the males. Mrs. Partington, upon reading in the Post, that the Boston Light Guards appeared in un dressed uniform, said : “ Well, if soldiers will go naked, I m glad that they don't train in the day time—l am!” The blowing down of a pine tree in the town ship of Nelson, (C. W.) has revealed the skele ton ot a man of great stature, a stone image, two copper vessels, and some large sea shells. Mhy was it? —W hen Gen. Scott was only 28 years of age, Fresidont Madison offered him the post of Secretary of War, w hich he declined to accept ou account of his youth. He was the youngest man to whom a cabinet office has ever been proffered. Mr. Madison was a shrewd and sagacious statesman, and a good Democrat, and the fact speaks volumes. I’ublish it, Mr. Eagle. —Lancaster Gazette. M c learn from the Houston Telegraph that a very large quantity of wine has been made in Texas, this season, from native grapes. Most of this wine has been made from the mustang grape, which yields a wine of a lieautiful claret color, and seems to combine some of thc quali ties of claret and port. The Expedition to Japan. —Wc learn from Washington that the Japanese expedition will consist of three superior war steamers, viz : the U. S. steamer Mississippi, Captain Long, which will leave New York from Ist to 10th November; the l. R. steamship Princeton, Commodore Per ry. which will accompany the Mississippi as flag ship, and is now at Baltimore receiving her boilers. The third steamer is the Allegheny, w-hlch is now undergoing repairs at the Gosport Navy \ ard. Thc arrangement for thc equip ment and departure of the above steamers is progressing favorably. According to the returns made to the Secre tary of the Treasury, it appears that the stcarn lwat tonnage connected with thc American lakes, exceeds that of Great Britain and all her dependencies. The steamers on Lake Erie alone, measure more tons than nil the steam boats in Europe. Asia and Africa, inclusive, pro vided von leave out those which belong to Great Britain. What a comment are such facts on the boundless resources of our soil, and thc go-ahead tendency of free institutions. I xci.E Tom in England.— An advertisement appears in the English papers, announcing the republicatiou ot Uncle Tom’s Cabin, in London, in six numbers, nt a penny a number! Hon. Thos. 11. Benton left Washington a day or two ago for Missouri. The Intelligencer says it is Col. Benton's intention to return early in December, and remain during the session of Congress. The engineers of the several railways termi nating at Albany, met Sept. 21st, to’consider the feasibility of the various projects for a tun nel under the Hudson River. Nothing was done, and they adjourned. There have been more thunder storms in Great Britain during the past summer than at any summer before within remembrance. Many of them have been terriffic and destructive. The widow of King Louis Philippe is residing permanently near the lake of Como, where she nas purchased a chateau. Miss Catharine Hayes, accompanied by her mother, will sail from New Y'ork, in the steam ship Illinois, for California, on the 20th of Octo ber. to fulfil her engagement with Mr. Barnum, who has already despatched an agent thither with a letter of credit for $20,000, to make the necessary arrangements for her concerts.