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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWEXB Ac MOORE, 4 p VOLUME 2. THE MINNESOTIAN, PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY J.P. OWENS Sf G. W. MOORE , Saint Pant, Minnesota Territory. TERMS:-Two Dollars per annum in advance. Three Dollars if not in ad vance. RATES OF ADVERTISING, [nOKfAREIL TYPE OR I Tl EQUIVALENT.] Transient Advertisements, $1 00per square oi twelve Hues, lor the ttr»i insertion, anU filly cents per square for each subsequent insertion. YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. One column, - SSO 00 Half a column, - 30 00 One-fourth of a column, - - - CO 00 Business Cards not over six lines, - 6 00 Over six Hues and under ten lines, - 760 Over ten lines and under fifteen lines, 10 00 For all change* ordered in advertisements, a charge will be made of thirty cents per 1,000 eins composition. We agree to charge the above prices, uniformly for ad vertising. James M. Goodhue, Pioneer, D. A. Kodertson, Democrat, Owens fit Moore, Minnesotlan. St. Paul March 24th, 1852. M* E. AMES. R. R- NELSON. AMES & NELSON, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY WILL .ttetid With i>romptne«s »nd fidelity to all law business liitrusledJo their care In Minnesota, and the adjoining counties otwlsconsiu. Particular attention wil be given to the collection of debts, and the location of land warrants. y W. P. MURRAY, ATTORNEY AXOCOUKSELO R AT LAW, St. Paul, Minn. Terr. WILL attend promptly and diligently to all business intrusted to him. llaivng made himself acquaint ed with the quality and situation of the surveyed lands In the territory, he 1* prepared to locate laud warrant* to the best advantage. Persons at a distance may send their warrant* here and their imere>ts will be attended to a* if they were present. Office on Third sreet. September 17, 1851. H. L. MOSS, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT il Law, Stillwater, Min. Ter., will attend to pro fessional business in all the courts of the Territory , will attend to the location of 1 .and Warrants, &e. XT’ Laud Warrant* for sale. A. VAN VORHES, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT ii. Law and Solicitor In Chancery, will attend to all professional business intrusted to his care, in thfc different courts of the Territory. [Stillwater, 1852. Isaac Atwater, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT \X. Law and Solicitor in Chancery. Will give prompt attention to any business Intrusted him In the line of his profession, in any part of the Territory. Particular at tention paid to locating l*an<l Warrants, Payment oi Tax es, sale of Patents when issued, and Real Estate in gen eral. Office at St. Anthony, on Main street, opposite the Falls. W. Richardson, TVTOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer, and li Land Agent. Office, opposite the St. Charles House, St. Anthony Falls. WSIvK.IV & VAV ETTEV. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, OFFICE over Farrington’s Brick Store, St Paul. Ur. It, BIBBITI'. HAS hi, "(lice in the renr of Levi Sloan’s store, where he will be ready to attend to professional cells. Saint Paul, Xov '2o —min y Dr. C. L. Vicchcrs, PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND AC COUCIIRR—WiII practice his profession in Saint Paul and vlcin ty. Office, corner of Fourth and Roberts Streets, orerCa*heart be Tyson’a Stote. 40y John Bradley, Carpenter and Builder, Point Prescott and Willow River, Wisconsin. WILL attend promptly to all business Intrusted to Ids charge. References.— Th - houses he has built during the past yeJir iu the towns above named. 43y W. H. Senimeg, Attorney at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery, Willow River,Wis. Will practice In the counties of St. Croix and La Crosse, Wisconsin, and In the District Court of Washington coun ty, Minnesota, rj- Valuable town lots in the village of Willow River for sale. 38y IY. H. €. Folsom, Taylor’s Falls, Min. Ter. TYEALER in Dry Goods, Groceries, -L/ Provisions, Hardware, Cutlery, Crockery, Queens wsre, Heady-Made Clothing, Hoots and Shoes, R.C. 43y IF dr. j. h. day, 1 ‘IKTILL practice hi? profession in Saint Paul and vl \V ciniiy% Office ou Beuch street, nov ‘2'j mm y L. A. BABCOCK, M.S. WILKINSON. LAW FIRM, TIABCOCK 6l WILKINSON Attornlea and Counsellors Jj at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, &c. Office near the corner of Third and Roberts streets, St. \ P»cl Min. Ter. Ik ill attend to business of their profession in all the i Courts of the Territory. \ nov. 22, 1851. BRECK & WILLIAMS, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW. i OFFICE on Tuird St. Saint Paul. DANIEL BRECK. a. L. WILLIAMS, dec. €• w«* WOOD, A TTOKNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Notary XjL Public, and Land Agent. Sauk Rapidb, Miuncsota Territory. * jJcob 'j . NOAH, I A TTORNEY AT LAW and Justice I A of the Peace —Commissioner for the Slates of Maine, 1 / Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama and Louisiana, omce on Third St., St. Paul. DR. T. R. POTTS, \ Corse. Roberts and Sixth streets, St. Paul, WILL attend to the duties of his profession in St. Paul and vicinity, September 17. ) bills of exchange, A ND DRAFTS on all parts of the United States, at the A office of the Minnesota outfit, by CIIAS. W. BOUUP. _____ BOOT AND SHOEMAKER—Corner of Third and Minnesota Sts.—Gentlemen’s boots «n 4 shoes; also Ladies’ and Children’s shoes, made to order In the neatest and most durable manner, and of the best materials. i J. R. BREWSTER, ft House, Sign, and Ornamental Painter. £ St. i'aul, Minnesota Territory. s INSURANCE! THE undesigned is agent for, and will insure buildings and goods in the following Companies: Utica Insurance Company. JEtna insurance Company of Utica. Orleans Insurance Company. Jackson County MuMal insurance Company. m New York Protection Company. —ALSO— Will insure lives in the Connecticut Mutual Life Hum* faue« Company. ALKY. WILKIN. J gL Paul, November 5,1851 8 t TISONEY TO LOAN—In sums to . IVI sett borrowers. Call at ibe Office of I *tf WILKIN k VAN ETTEN. ■) St. Paul, Minn. Central House, SI. Caul. CAVE Sl BURTON have taken this old and well known house. They have fitted it up anew, and are now prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with comfortable quarters. No paint will be spaVed to make the Central House one of ths best Hotels iu the West. November, 1851. wmsmst mmaL RODNEY PARK.br, late of the American House Low ell, Mass., having a lease or the large hotel at the upp*r end of St. Paul, with everything in proper order for the convenience of travelers, boarders, or families de siring furnished apartments, respectfully invites his friends and the public to give him a call, believing that he can do as much for their comfort as can be expected in a new country, not yet supplied with regular markets. m St. Charles Hotel. J. C. CLARK, Proprietor, St. Anthony Falla, Minnesota. This Tlouie has been thoroughly repaired and renovated, and will be kept In a manner equal to the best Hotels in the West. The Falls of St. Anthony, with the fine fishing and hunting grounds adjacent, together with a climate unsur passed on the American continent for health and loveli ness, render this the place of all others to enjoy the hot season. 44tf Temperance House, T OT MOFFET, Proprietor,—Corner -1-J of Fourth and Jackson St>., Saint Paul. Perma nent and transient boarders furnished with good and com fortable apartments. Charge* moderate. Half-Way House. TOHN MORGAN, (mid-way between •J st* Paul and Stillwater,) begs leave to say to stran gers visiting Minnesota, and fhe public generally, that having made his arrangements complete for the accom modation of the public, and being situated in the midst of the most delightrul scenery, surrounded by lakes that abound with fish, and in an atmosphere of unsurpassed purity, he hopes to see company from abroad, as well as from the neighboring village*. They will find the charges moderate. Minnesota Boarding-House. SC- McCRAY would inform the pub • He—residents and strangers—that he has taken the large house on Eagle Street, opposite D. L. Fuller’s brick Store, where he is prepared to accommodate his customers with the Lest style of boarding. The house has been thoroughly repaired and painted. His table will be furnished with every thlug the market affords; and those who come prepared to plauk up the Ca*h every Saturday night, will find the “Minnesota boarding Houst*” a comfortable and pleasant home. None others are de sired. [April 17—6 m. Emmett Ac Moss, Attorneys and Solicitors. tXJ ILL attend to professional business V V in the various Courts of the Territory. Particu lar attention given to the location of Land Warrants, buying and selling of lands, Ac. Land warrants for sale f..r cash or on time. Office on the corner of Wabashaw and Third streets, St. Paul Minnesota. L. EMMETT, July 1, 1852. HENRY L. MOSS. OAK HILL -CEMETERY. \ LL persons desiring burial lots can XX. obtain information by calling upon the Secretary, J. W. Selby, or the President, C. W. Borup. 29yl P. CHOUTEAU, JR. JAS. HARRISON, FELIX VALLE CHOUTEAU. HAHKISON & VALUE. Commission Merchants and Proprietors of the St. Louis Hulling Mill. A ND manufactures of bar iron in all its -LjL various shapes, Sheet Iron ami Boiler Plate, Nalls and Spikes from the ore of the Iron Mountain. Iron Store, No. 129 North Second street, St. Louis. September 1, 1861. Nathan Spicer, TEWELER AND WATCHMAKER, at the sign of the Big Watch, Third street, A next door to the St. Paul Drug .Store, Is prepared to make gold and Mlvcr watches, rings, spoon?, jj£T &.C., on short notice. Also to repair the sam**, (isttiflo well as music b»k<, ‘•hell comb*, or linger rings, brace lets and tar drops. He also keeps for sale a great variety of rings, perfumery, and whatever goods are usually en quired for at a Jeweler’s. W. H. FORBES, PUR COMPANY—St. Paul Outfit— X. Also Dry Goods and Groceries, corner of Third and Jackson streets. J. W. BABCOCK, 170RWARDING and Commission Mer- X/ chant, Upper Landing, Saint Paul, Minnesota Ter ritory* SPENCER, KIRKPATRICK Sc. MARKLEY, Forwarding and Commission Merchants, LEVEE, LOWER LANDING, ST. PAUL* S. P. FOLSOM, County Surveyor. May be found at office of of Register of Deeds, on Third street, one door below Minnesota Outfit. 17 —y E. M’LAG AX, STORAGE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, Jacksoa street, Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota. IjROMPT attention given to all consignments, and char ges moderate. St Paul, October 19, 1851 7 THEODORE E. PARKER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. To niy old friends, AXD THE “REST OF MANKIND,” I wottlil say, that I can be found during the winter, at the old stand of Charley Cave, on Third Street, where I will al ways be happy to wait upon them. Bar and house fur nished with the best of every thing. uov. 22. tt. Wil. It ARTS HORNE. Painting. SHERMAN &. MOREY, on Fourth street,St. Paul,near the middle of town, in the building of Mr. Knox, up stairs, may be round, ready to attend to Painting in all its departments. House painting, sigh painting, carriage and ornamental painting, all done up promptly, olid .with paints of the best quality. If we do our work In a slov enly, unworkman like tnannner we do not expect to get business In the enlightened town of St. Paul. Dec. 13, 1851. SHERMAN & MOREY. BOOKBINDING ’T'HE subscriber would respectfully lufojni the citizens of St. Paul and Us vicinity, that he is nuw carrying on the above business in the 2d story of Spencer’s new build ing, on the corner of Full and Roberts street. Ej- Particular attention paid to rebinding old books and periodicals. JaMES MACKINTOSH, feb 1 21—tf J C Burbank k co. SI. Paul ] (W L Pawcette k co. St. Louis NORTH-WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANY, CONNECTING AT GALENA AND ST. LOUIS WITH TIIE American and other Express Companies. rpo and from all the principal cities in the United States, k California and Europe, for the speedy transportation of money and valuable packages, col ection of draft*, notes, bills, accounts, kc., purchase and sale of all kinds oi merchandize. C. R. Rice ic Co-. St. Paul, Otis West, St. Louis, J. Brookes, Galena. X. B.—Particular attention paid to forwarding and commission business generally, may 1. 2Z-lt AMERICAN SALOON. I?RED. HARDY now keeps this well-known cstabllsh : ment ‘*on his own book.” lie hopes by a continued attention to the wants of his customers, to merit their patronage as heretofore. SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY. FIHIK subscriber solicits the patronage of the public, JL and assures all purchasers In his line, that he will e II for cash, saddles, harness of all kinds, and trunks, of a better quality, and cheaper than any other establish ment iu Minnesota. Pur hasers will do well to call at bis shop, on Third street, St. Paul, next door east of S. 11. gergeni’s and Judge for themselves. A. R. FRENCH. SKETCHES OF MINNESOTA, the O New England of the West, by E. S. Seymour. For sale by J.EDUC & RoIIRKR. ~ FIRE fc MARINE INSURANCE, BY the undersigned agent for the Protection Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn. Policies issued upon the most favorable terms by W. P. MURRAY, Agent, Minnesota. St. Pan!, February 28, 18W Sl-lm SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1852. THE MINNESOTIAN. Peculiarities of the Shaker.. A correspondent of the New York Times re cently visited Lebanon Springs and the Shaker Village near by. The writer thus pleasantly describes what he saw and heard during the Sabbath spent with this “family'’ of six hund red : We attended their religious service on Sal>- bath. About three hundred spectators— “ world’s people"—were present, and witnessed their singular ceremonies without the slightest indecorum. To do this required no small de gree of self-command. It was amusing to see gentlemen with their wives, ascending the church steps with alacrity, anti find for one or the other a “ taboo its upon one door is in scribed admission for “ Males," upon the other, Females.” For the time being, all must be, to this extent, “Shakers.” It was an interesting moment, alien, at the extreme end of the spacious audience-room, (some 70 by DO feet,) a door opened, and w ith the stillness of the grave, one and another fe male—robed in what we readily would mistake for the habiliaments of the “narrow-house,” — glided oil tip-toe into the room. Simultaneous ly, Irom an opposite door, as distant as possible, entered with measured tread, the opposite sex. Soon the two bodies were brought up in col umns, face to face, like two contending armies. An old man of dignified mein and noble brow, called to their remembrance their indebtedness to the preserving hand of a Heavenly Father. Another speaker came forward and addressed a few words to their “ intelligent and sober-mind ed visitors,” and the two armies were in mo tion. The men. to facilitate their movements, had taken off their coats. We were looking for disastrous results from their determined “ charge,” when, before coming in actual con tact, they suddenly halted, and, still facing each other, they receded a few paces, and so again advanced, stamping in time to a wild and peculiar melody. Occasionally, with all the precision of the images on the hand-organ, they turned upon the heel, marched back with a rapid step or hop, marking the time heavily with the palms of the bauds as well as feet.— After a pause, and a brief sensible address, they again formed circles within circles, marching and counter-marching through intricate figures, singing hymns vociferously as before. “ Happy day; happy hour; Blessed work ; blessed power.” All extended their hads before them, moving or shaking them up and down. Their palms were held upwards, with care, as if making an off, ring. Upon the arm of every female was the snow-white kerchief. The preacher came forward and directed to us a long and aide discourse, lie was evident ly well-read, and quoted repeatedly from many of the best writers in our language. The verse was quoted, “ 1 am the rcsurection and the life;” and another, (entirely disregard ing the context,) “in the rcsurection they arc neither married, nor given iu marriage ; ergo, those who are " iu Christ" are unmarried, in other words are Shakers.' That many or most of his arguments were fallacious, need not be said ; yet there was an ability there which will make an occasional convert among the listening “ world's people.” The scrupulous neatness of their buildings, and indeed of everything pertaining to these people, need not be mentioned. Life is New York. —The editor of the New York Times gives the following graphic picture of life in New York ; “Where do they live—this ever moving throng of human livings? This woman, covered with rags and filth, with a sick child in each arm, so sad and hopelessly miserable, docs not live any where in particular. Last night her home was in an open cart in Canal street. When the rain descended so copiously on Saturday night, she crept under a piazza in Crosby street, Where she will sleep to-night, she knows no better than you. If her little ones could go with her, she would thankfully receive orders to Ik; at home in the burying place on Ward's Island. “That wretched ruffian's home is in a loft over a stable. He don't know any of his fellow lodgers except the one he met on Blackwell's Island, and they have not spoken together.— Last night he gave a sixpence to the woman w hose child was moaning for a piece of bread ; that furnished the first gleam of comfort she has seen for a month. “That newsboy lives in water street. He pays rent for a room on the fifth floor, and they have Croton in the room. His mother goes’out to washing, and so they live in comfort, until the father returns from sea to abuse his wife, and drink up the little balance she has saved to give hint on returning. “That man with the hairy upper lip. and the general exterior of a musician, has a parlor in a genteel neighborhood. Fine engravings adorn its walls, and some little dirt defiles the hand some carpet. In his stew-pan lie stews his meat, boils his coffee, and heats the water where with to shave his lower lip. He keeps bachelor's hall, is independent and lonesome, a good deal envied, and a good deal wondered about. -That dandy lives at a boarding-house. He drinks water out of goblets, and for the elegant crockery pays several dollars more a week, al though it does not make the chicken tender or the beef sweet. He discusses the morning news with heartless acquaintances, and gets on well enough until he falls sick. We must not con template that contingency.” New .Suspension Bridge at Niagara. —II is designed to construct u new Suspension Bridge over the present one at Niagara Falls, to be a railroad bridge capable of carrying heavy trains. The bridge will form a single span of eight hundred feet iu length. It is to serve as a con necting link between the railroads of Canada and New York State, and to accommodate the common travel of the two countries. The upper floor, which supports the railroad, will be 24 feet. The anchorage will be formed by sinking eight shafts in the rock 25 feet deep, at the bot tom of which will be massive east iron plates, lirmly held down by solid mason work. Saddles of cast iron will support the cables on the tow - ers, capable of supporting the pressure of (i,OOO tons. The towers are to be CO feet high, lli feet wide at the base, and Bat the top. Weight of timber in the bridge, 910.150 pounds; wrought iron and suspenders, 115.120 pounds; castings, 44,333 pounds; rails, 66,770 pounds; cables be tween the towers, 335,400 pounds. When the whole is covered with a locomotive and train ol cars, it is estimated that it will have to sus tain a weight of 1.273 tons, which amount of burden though not likely often to occur, is less than is provided for. It will lie the longest railroad bridge between the points of support in the world.— Scientific American. The New York Day Book, a warm opponent of Scott ? s election, says: Everybody knows, who knows anything, that the Whigs out West have gone to work ener getically, of late, for Gen. Scott, while the Democrats are turning their attention almost entirely to the local elections. In this city they are a great deal more anxious to secure their Aldermen and members of Congress than the election of Gen. Pierce, and the few who do work for him are left to bear the burden alone. Another thing that has increased Scott's prospeects is the silly and ridiculous abuse of him by the democratic papers. The attacks upon his religion, the talk about his pay, and the charge of cowardice, have done him more good than all the Whig speeches and Whig pa pers in the country can ever do him. Office—Corner of* Jackson and Fifth Streets. A closely printed volume of five hundred and sixty-four pages, just issued from the press of Mr. Rediield, bears the above title. The men of our time according to this publication, num ber four hundred and fifty, of whom short bio- 1 graphical sketches are given. The women of our time have no mention in this work, nor the I children of our time : not even such a remarka-! ble child as Paul Julien, the Bateman’s and ' Tom Thumb. Several gentlemen, also, who j consider themsclveß men of our time, and a few j who are so considered by others, have been ac cidentally omitted. With these drawbacks, the compilation is a useful one*and future revised editions will, doubtless be more so. We have a few facts from the four hundred and fifty biog raphies for our readers’ illumination. Running our finger down the A column of contents, we light upon FMftpso* Agassiz, who we find is the son of a Swiss clergyman, and is now forty five years old. The historian, Alli son is iu his sixtieth year; his father was also a clergyman : Allison holds the lucrative place of j Sheriff of Glasgow. Bailey, the author of “ Fes-: tus,” now in his thirty-sixth year, is the son of j a Nottingham editor.’ Bancroft whose father 1 was a doctor of divinity, is as old as the nine- j teeth century—fifty-two years. Of Bryant, j aged fifty-eight, the father, grand-father and great-grand-fUther were physicians. Ole Bull! was originally destined for the church, but would • be a musician :he is forty-two years old. Bui-; wer. the son of General Bulwer, has written about thirty-five novels and plays : age not far from fifty. Boker, the poet, is’ only twenty eight years of age. Benton, the politician, is sixty-nine. Carlyle, the son of a small farmer ill Soctlund, is fifty-eight years old ; his first passion was mathematics—not literature. Cass is seventy years of age. Choate is fifty-three. Cruikshank, aged fifty-eight, is the son of an engraver and caricaturist: he was converted to teetotalism by “ The Bottle.” Dana, the poet, is sixty five years of age : his father was the dis tinguished Francis Dana, who was minister to Russia, etc.; his son is the celebrated author of “ Two Years Before the Mast.” Charles Dick ens is in his fortieth year; “Pickwick,” says our book, “ made the author’s reputation and the publisher’s fomtnel” DTsracli, the Right . Hon., is forty-seven ; he wrote “ Vivian Grey ” while yet a minor. Dumas, aged forty-nine, was first drawn to literature by hearing an En glish company perform “ Hamlet." Dr. Dewey, aged fifty-eight, is the son of a Berkshire far- j mer; he took the first honor at graduating.— Ralph Waldo Emerson is described as an •• A merienn Metaphysician he is forty nine years old ; his father is a Unitarian clergyman, and he was himself for a short time, of the same pro fession and denomination. Edward Everett is fifty-eight; his father was a clergyman of Bos ton. President Fillmore's father was and is a farmer in Erie county, New York, where “ he cultivates a small farm with his own hands;” the President and the century are of the same age. Greenough is forty-seven ; while in col- j lege he furnished the design of the Bunker Hill ! Monument. Guizot, son of an advocate who 1 lost his head in the French Revolution, is sixty-1 live years of age. Horace Greeley is forty-one; j he aas a lover of newspapers and politics from j childhood. Poter Parley Goodrich is only fifty two, after all. Hawthorn is about forty-three j years of age he was “educated” at Bowdoin : College; Salem, Mass., is his birth-place. Ilallam is seventy-four ; to him was given one of the j fifty-guinea gold medals struck by George IV.. I to reward merit in historical composition ; the i other was assigned to Washington Irving. O. W. Holmes, the gentleman that never “dares to write as funny as he can,” is forty-three. Wil liam Howitt, is fifty-seven : he published verses at the age of thirteen. Humboldt is eighty three. Leigh Hunt is sixty-eight. Fitz Greene llalleck is fifty-seven. Washington Irving, son of an eminent New York Merchant, is sixty-nine years of age; in his nineteenth year he began to contribute to his brother’s paper, the Morn ing Chronicle. Douglass Jerold, forty-seven years of age, is a son of the manager* of the Sherness theatre ; the sea was his first love, and for a short time he served as a midshipman on board of a man-of-war. G. I’. R. James is about fifty years old ; it was Washington Irving that first recommended him to a career of author ship. Sheridan Knowles, sixty-eight years of age, is the son of a famous Irish schoolmaster, who was a cousin of Richard Brinsley Sheridan ; Mr. Knowles wrote his lirst play iu'liis twenty first year;his plays are thirteen in number ; he now enjoys a government pension of two hun dred pounds a year. Lamartine is sixty-two: his father was a Major iu the French cavalry, under Louis XVI. Abbot Lawrence is in his sixtieth year. Longfellow, forty-five years of age, is the son of Hon. Stephen Longfellow ; Portland, Maine, is the birth place of the poet; lie was appointed professor at Cambridge, in his twenty-eighth year. Macauley, the son of a wealthy African merchant, is lil'ty-two years of age; his essay on Milton was written in his twenty sixth year for the Kdinburgh Review. Macready is fifty-nine ; his father was a theatri cal manager. Herman Melville is the son of an importing merchant of this city ; he is thirty three years of age; his Grand-father was one of the Boston tea party; he began his wanderings in his eighteenth year, as a sailor before the mast; lie is the author of seven popular works. Mcttemich is seventy-nine. Ik Marvel, is thir ty years of age, is a native of Norwich, Connec ticut, a graduate of Yale, and a resident of New York. J. K. Paulding, whose collected works fill twenty-five volumes, is seventy-three years of age; he is a native of Dutchess county, in this State. Prentice is a Yankee, born at Pres ton. Connecticut, forty-eight years old. He lias been editor of the Louisville Journal since 1831; may he live to joke ten more Presidents into the white house. Prescott, the historian, is in his fifty-seventh year. Powers, the sculptor, is fif ty-seven—his parents “ acre plain country people, who cultivated a small farm ’’ in Ver mont. Seward is fifty years old. Talford fifty seven. Tennyson, son of a Clergyman, is forty two. Thackeray, born at Calcutta, is forty one. Ticknor. sixtv-one. 11. T. Tuckerman, thirty nine. Victoria is thirty-three years of age: “ she has,” says our author, “ a large and rap idly increasing family, which seems the distin guishing mark of the Hanoverian dynasty.”— Home Journal. Canadian- Affairs. —The indications are that the new commercial policy of the Government will be pretty generally sustained in Upper Canada. So fur, a majority of the Upper Cana da newspapers that have taken a decided view on the question, sustain the Government policy. The Finance Minister has refused to lay before the House any correspondence of the subject of reciprocity, or of the navigation of the St. Lawrence. The address of the House praying the Home Government not to concede anything on the Fishery question, or to conclude any ne gotiations that do not embrace the Fisheries, shows that the Canadian authorities are deter mined to leave no stone unturned to bring about the desired reciprocity. Mr. Chabot has been appointed Commissioner of Public Works in the place of Mr. Young. Death ok Senator Whitcomb. — James Whit comb, U. S. Senator of Indiana, died in New York. Monday evening, at 10 minutes after 9 o'clock, after a tedious and protracted illness. Mr. Whitcomb became first known out of the State of his residence by his election by the Op position party in 1843 to the office of Governor. He was re-elected in 1846, and near the close of his term, was chosen as a Free Soiler—though he never acted in the Senate as such—to fill the seat previously occupied by Mr. Hannegan in the Senate of tne United States. He was among the number of the new members who were qual ified at the extra session called, for Executive business immediately after the inauguration of Gen. Tavlor. The “ Men of Onr Time. Nebraska Territory “ Westward the Star of Empire takes its way.” Another Territory is about to be added to the United States, by the organization of a local government, and the election of a Delegate to Congress. The people of the Territory of Ne braska. feeling that their interests would be better attended to, if represented in the Con gress of the United States, have determined, we understand, to elect a delegate, probably in time to take his seat iu the next House of Repre sentatives. We have for some time anticipated that this would be done. The settlers have been anxious that a territorial government should be extend ed oyer them. Their population is increasing, and if the Indian title to a portion of the land on our border was extinguished, or the Indians themselves were incorporated into the Union as citizens, there ought to be no difficulty in ar ranging the boundaries of the new Territory.— But whether the Indians arc to be embraced or not, there is territory enough belonging to the United States, to sustain a large population.— Much of it is the finest laud anywhere to be found, and all that is necessary to secure its early settlement is to have the requisite survey made, and the pre-emption guaranteed. As tosomeofthe Indian tribes, many of those who compose them are already better prepared to exercise the rights which "belong to citizen ship than the Mexicans. They are educated, own large farms, are wealthy, and understand our theory of government quite as well as many who attempt to expound it. No one can object to their immediate admission as citizens, if they should desire to give up their primitive form's of government for one which will embrace pro tection to the whole population. Precedents arc not wanting for this action of the people of a new territory. The first official notice of the organization of a territory in Min nesota, was the appearance of a Delegate to Congress, asking admission to a scat iu the House. New Mexico and L'tah elected Dele gates before any action of Congress was had in relation to those territories, and the Delegates were received. So, we presume, it will be with Nebraska territory, if the people should deter mine upon the election of a Delegate. There is no stopping thi- rush of people to the West, and Congress will lie only acting a wise part if they should, at an early day, provide for the protec tion of the Indians in Nebraska territory—guar anteeing to them their rights in the land owned by them, if they should determine to identify themselves as citizens of the Union, or make provision for the purchase of so much of the soil as they may desire to alienate.— Sl. Louis Hip. W hat is Said. —The Ohio Cultivator, whose editor is familiar with State Fairs and their management, pronounces the recent Fair at Cleveland a display of which every Ohioan may justly be proud, and estimates the number of persons who entered the grounds at from CO.tHM) to 70.000. He adds: The arrangement of the grounds and build ings, and the police regulations, were better than we ever before saw at a State Fair, and re flect the highest credit on Mr. Case and his wor thy associates. We hope the example they have set will not lie lost on those who may undertake like duties at subsequent Fairs. The ordinance of the City Council by which the sale of intoxi cating liquor was prohibited in the vicinity of the show grounds, no doubt had much influence in preventing drunkenness and disorder. It was universally remarked that for so large a multi tude it was surprising to witness so little intem perance or oilier forms office. Great praise is also due to the citizens of Cleveland generally for their successful efforts to accommodate the tens of thousands of strangers with shelter and food. Never have we seen private hospitality so severely taxed and so cheerfully bestowed, and at no State Fair of late years have we heard so few persons complain of not finding comfort able accommodations. All honor we say to the “Forest Citv.” May the people where our next State Fair is held emulate the example of her citizens. Scott's Old Soldier at Kalamazoo. —The follow ing incident is related by the Kalamazoo Telegraph, as having occurred at the meeting which Mr. Chandler and George Dawson ad dressed in that village last week: At the early gathering of the meeting around the speaker's stand, among the crowd wo noticed an Irishman advanced in years, w ho had obtain ed a seat at one end of the platform. Our at tention hail been drawn more particularly to wards him from the fact of a partial acquaint ance arising from a circumstance not necessary to repeat here, which had occurred a day or two previous. He appeared to lie deeply interested in the remarks of the Speaker, and more especi ally as any allusion was made to Gen. Scott.— While Mr. C. w as speaking of the noble conduct ol'Gen. Scott in saving the lives of the twenty three Irish prisoners, he was suddenly inter rupted by the person alluded to, with "J am one of those same men, and 1 propose three cheers for the gallant Hero who saved us.'' Three cheers were accordingly given lor Old Chippe wa, and three more for the gallant old fellow who had fought under him. Mr. Chandler had living evidence of his statement. The Irishman has proof of what he represents himself to be.— Detroit Advertiser. Obstructions in the Upper Mississippi.— Whether the Convention at Burlington, a year ago. had any effect in determining the legisla tion of Congress, or not, it is gratifying to know that their wishes have been consulted by Con gress, and that an appropriation of one hundred thousand dollars lias been made to be expended in the removal of the obstructions at the Dcs- Moines and Ilock liiver Rapids—fifty thousand dollars for each place. The next object is to secure its early and proper expenditure. Not a day should be lost in determining upon the plan to be adopted, nor in securing the commence ment of operations. Much may be done this fall, and until the winter fairly sets in. Practi cal men —those who have followed the rtver for vears, and know every rock and turning point of the rapids—arc of opinion that every obstruc tion to safe navigation can be removed by this appropriation. They are also of opinion, that the plan recommended by Lieut, now Maj. Lee, is entirely practicable, The work, w e presume, will have to be entrusted to United States offi cers, and we hope no unnecessary delay will be interposed to its early commencement. Tlie removal of these obstructions, rendering the channel safe and deep enough for navigation at all seasons of the year, except when closed by ice. will be of immense advantage to St. Louis. It must secure to us all the valuable trade of the Upper Mississippi, because lead and heavy articles can be transported by this route upon cheaper terms than can tic afforded on railroads. Our citizens should watch this work ; their in terest is intimately connected with its early completion, and a little attention to the matter now, mny be the means of advancing the work many months. — St. Ijtuis Intel. Valuable Invention. —The Tribune has seen draw ings of an invention for preventing great damage by railroad collisions. The idea is to have the ends of the ears and platforms built with one corner projecting far beyond the other, diagonally instead of square. Accordingly, when they come together with great violence, the force of the shock will be relieved, and the cars, instead of breakiug to pieces, will simply shove each other off the track. In the project ing corner the breakman is to stand, where, in a collision, his position will be comparatively free from danger. The inventor is Mr. Scleck, Greenwich, Connecticut. Mr. Crittenden delivered a eulogy on Mr. Clav, before a large audience, at Louisville, Kv.‘ The eloquence of the orator is reported to" have drawn tears from nearly all present. EDITORS ANfD PIBEISHEKS. The Sabbath at Sa.v Francisco.— A great change has taken place in San Trancis-co during the past year, in relation to the observances of the Sabbath. Many will recollect when that day would till the gambling houses, crowd the i bar-rnoms to suffocation, and gave an impetus j to trade generally. Furious riding and driving were considf red aslegitimate and proper amuse- 1 inents. and that holy day was desecrated at ov-! cry street-corner, bv the’ eternal cataract of dis- ‘ cord emanating from a cracked bugle or afflict-, ing trombone. It was a day set apart by many [ for trying their luck in bucking against faro and monte ; the sporting men took a drive, the rumsellers dealt out Jersey lightning by the gallon ; the idlers weut to bull lights ; the mer chants drove a brisk trade, white some few paid a decent respect to the day. either by going to church or remaining quietly at home.' But time has changed the aspect of affairs and smoothed down the rough and uncouth usages of a disor ganized community. Public opinion, the great regulator, has done away with most of those un civilized practices, and society is now ruled by an excellent code of morals. A marked change is to be seen by the most casual observer.— Churches of all denominations have been erect ed in all parts of the city: religious societies have been organized, gambling houses closed by municipal regulations, and the city now pre sents that quiet and orderly spectacle which characterizes our Eastern cities. The eniigra [ tion of women, leas, in a great measure, tended to bring about this change and force the ma.scu [ line portion to be governed by the rules that i influence all civilized people. ’ The city is now fast assuming the appearance of those in the Atlantic States in proportion to the increase of population. On Sabbath day the tolling of the church bell is a summons for many families who have honestly toiled through the week, to don their best apparel and with cheerful countenan ces wend their way to the place of worship.— The cares, troubles and vexations, incident to daily labor and things of the world, are forgot j ten. and the day is welcomed as one free from I physical labor and devoted to mental improve ■ inent. Hundreds now go to Contra Costa, the I I’rcsidio, or the Mission, to spend the day, and j enjoy themselves in breathing fresh air, and j rambling over the green hills and culling flow | < j rs from nature's own beautiful garden. Many j are glad to obtain a little rest from the bustle i ami excitement of a city. The Sabbath day is j now rationally enjoyed, and is hailed with great | pleasure by all as a day of recreation and en- Ijuvmeut. Many differ as to the manner in I which such a day should he spent, and upon [ such matters we would not pretend to advise: i tint it is a satisfaction tokuow that the tendency ; of the community seeks rather sensible recrca j tion in preference to the barbarous usages of I uncivilized communities. —.ilia Californian. French Cavalry and American Horsemen-. —A very interesting anecdote has been commu nicated to us, by a letter recently received from Rome. Italy. It appears that Mr. Cass, our Charge d'affaires to Rome, was one day dining with several others, in company of a French Colonel of dragoons. The conversation turned upon the French army, and Cass remarked that the French infantry was justly celebrated, but that the cavalry was no better than that of oth er countries. The Frenchman, piqued, a-ked what he meant by it : to which Cass replied, that they were not so well drilled, and were not such good horsemen. The Colonel further per sisted in asking what he (Cass) meant, by “not being such good horsemen 7” Cass coolly an swered, that he meant, for instance, that none of them would dare to follow him, where he would go. The Colonel offered him a bet of 500 francs upon that, which Cass accepted. On the following day, Cass called at the Colonel’s on horseback, for a ride, he having his usual horse, of no remarkable qualities, while the Colonel had an Arabian horse of well-known qualities. They rode together an hour's dis tance from Rome, Cass conversing on indiffer ent subjects, but never alluding to the conver sation of the previous day. It was toward ev ening when they again entered the city, and the Colonel began to think that (.'ass had for gotten the wager. Cass led the way to the Place Civita, where pedestrians and riders fre quent at that hour. It leads up a graded, slop ing hill, and on the side there is- a parapet of 2 1-2 feet in width. When Cass arrived there, he spurred his horse up to, and got on this par apet, proceeding on it calmly, several hundred paces, without turning round. The Colonel, when he arrived at the parapet with his Arabian steed, hesitated, and finally concluded, that it was best not to follow. Cass returned to him, simply saying. “You see I told you yesterday, that you would not follow where I should dare to ride. ” and then spoke again on indifferent subjects. The Frenchman sent him, on the fol lowing day. 50U francs, which Ca->sat once made over to an Hospital. Not a Party Qiestiox. —A friend, who has i travelled a great deal through Indiana and Illi nois since the nomination of Gen Scott, brings i ns the mo.-t encouraging accounts of the wav “thing's are working” in those States. He tells ; an amusing incident which occurred iu a stage -1 coach in Illinois. A Whig and Democrat had j been discussing the Free Trade question until | both got pretty warm, when the Whig became I satisfied that his opponent was an obstinate fel low, who would not lie convicted of his error, ami put an end to the dispute by proposing a vote on the Presidency. “Gentlemen,” said the Whig, “ you, who are Whigs will say aye, and vou, who are Democrats will say no.”— -Stop.” says the Democrat, -that's not the way to put it. You must lake the vote Iwtween •Scott and Fierce, for I'm a Democrat, but I'm going for Scott; my neighbor, here, is a Demo | crat, and lie's going for Scott, too : and the fact is. w e've concluded in our section, not to make !it a party question It is hardly necessary to say that the vote of that stage-load was unani mously for Scott. — Cin. G'az. The Methodist Church Case. —The N. Y. Times publishes the report in the great Metho dist Church, North and South, controversy, made to the United States Supreme Court, by Mr. John W. Nelson, who was directed to ascer tain the value of the Church Property, know n as the ’’Methodist Book Concern, ' w ith a view to a partition of the same between the parties to the memorable suit. The plaintiffs in the suit—representing the Church South—contend ed that the Trustees of the Book Concern must lie held as defaulters, for having failed since the division of the Church, to allow the beneficiaries South to receive their share of the profits.— The Referee rejects this proposition. The trus tees erred in law, but did so in good faith, and should not be charged with fraud. If the North ern beneficiaries buve received more than they are entitled to, (which does not appear) the only consequence is, that they must refund. These points are argued briefly, but with much clear ness and force. The aggregate value of the property in dispute, at the time of the Church division in May, 1845, is estimated at $562,235 76. The increase in value since 1845 is set down at $46,171 78. Ikon I’ai’f.r. —At the Prussian Industrial Ex hibition, Count Bernard, a large proprietor of Iron works, exhibited sheet-iron to such a de gree of tenuity, that the leaves can be used for paper. One of the finest sort, the machine rolls 7,040 square feet, of w hat may be called leaf iron, from an cwt. of metal. A book-binder, of Breslau, has made an album of nothing else, the page of w hich turns as flexibly as the finest l'a)>- ric of linen rags. Pin relation to the New York Crystal Palace, the Herald remarks that the work is going steadily forward—that the mason work is more than half done—the iron contracts principally made, and that the chief part of the castings will be delivered by the 15th of November. NUMBER 6. ArrorNTMEXT.—We learn with pleasure that Commander Cadwallader Ringgold, U. 8. Navy, hus been appointed commander of the expedi- . tion “to explore and surrey the China and • Japan Sens, Bheritig Straits, the route to and ' from California and Chin#,” and which Is in ac tual course of organization and equipment, un- . dcr the auspices of the Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Kennedy. Commander Ringgold took a very active part in command of one of the ves- • sels of the expedition under charge of Com mander Wilkes ; and with substantial vessels, and good outfits, and the support of young and adventurous officers, many important results to commerce and our country generally may be expected from the measure recently adopted by Congress.— JCutiunal lnl. It is a singular fact that the Duke of Wel lington never visited Scotland. He is said to have entertained a superstition that a visit to that country would fatal to him. The coffins iu which he is to he interred, four in number, including one of lead, of unusual solidity, are in hand. The inner cotfiu is of Spanish mahoga ny. French polished, lined with white satin; the lead coffin, when the body is enclosed, will he hermetrically sealed : the third coffin will be similar to the inner one. with the exception of the lining; and the outer, or State coffin, manufactured of the finest Spanish mahogonv, will be covered with rich Genoa velvet, thickly studded with gilt nails, armorial hearings, anil ornaments. Canine Sagacity. —“ I was traveling,” says M. Blaze, “in a diligence. Ai the place where we changed horses. I -:tw a good looking poodle dog, w hich came to the coach door and sat upon his two hind legs, witli the air of one begging for something. -Give him a sous,’ said the postillion to me, ‘and yon will see what he will do with it.’ 1 threw him the coin; he picked it up, ran to the baker's, and brought back a piece of bread, w hich he ate. The dog had belonged to a poor bliud man, lately dead; lie had no master, and hogged alms on his own account.” A Congress of German stenographers has just been held at Munich, which was attended by sixty members of tiie profession. One of the members, M. Baumgartner, of Vienna, dcs cribt (1 a system of musical stenography invent ed by him, by means of which, ns lie said, the most complicated musical compositions can be written down during their execution. Trials of the system were made in presence of the members and of many musical artists, and they are said to have succeeded perfectly. Several months ago a scientific expedition was sent out from Copenhagen to explore the hills of Greenland, and report on their mineral resources. This expedition has just returned to Denmark, with a cargo of minerals as tie fruits of its industry. The explorers have fail ed to find any of the more precious metals; but they have brought hack iron, lend, nickel, tin, and copper mixed with a little silver—the whole valued at nearly tw o thousand pounds. The society appears to be encouraged by these first fruits of its enterprise to renewed exer tions; but the rigors of the climate of Green land deter even Norwegian miners from em barking in the adventure. The Cai se or the Pike of IVEu.rxGTOx’a Death. —lt has been stated that the Duke of Wellington died of an apoplectic tit. The im mediate cause of this attack appears to have been an over-indulgence in venison steaks.— The London Times says, the Duke of Welling ton, the day previous to his death, exhibited his usual bodily activity. He took his customary walk In the grounds attached to the Castle, in spected the stables, made many minute inqui ries there, and gave directions with reference to a journey to Dover on the following day. Hi# appetite was observed to be keener than usual, and he dined heartily of venison. The next day, when his valet went to aw aken him, he refused to rise, and sent for the apothecary. A surgeon came, and found the Duke, to nil appearance, suffering from indigestion, and complaining of pains in the chest and stomach. lle was in ths full possession of his faculties, and described hi# ailment very clearly. Some dry toast and tea was prescribed. Subsequently, several other attacks ensued, and, though emetics were ad ministered, his death ensued speedily. Great Railroad Convention. —The Syracuse Journal says : “There is a movement on foot for the holding of a National Railroad Convention, somewhere in the great West, at a time to be named hereafter. The Railroad interest of the country is becoming extensive : reaching from the rock-bound shores of New England, far to ward the Rocky Mountains. The States of Indi ana, Illinois, Missouri and lowa, are alive to this means of intercommunication, and links and extending lines of railroads are in contem plation and under contract, which will soon send the iron horse in every direction through out these new, but fertile and flourishing states. The object of the projected Convention is, to bring the people of the East, West, North and South together, for the purpose of consultation and the acquisition of necessary intelligence re lating to the interests of the country. Mr. Win. M. Hull, who was somewhat instrumental in getting up the great River and HarborConvcn tion at Chicago in 1817, is now engaged in this enterprise, and is on a trip to the Northern and Eastern States to awaken an interest upon the subject. Great good must accrue to the Rail road interest by bolding the proposed Con vention.” The Boston Courier, in speaking of the death of the Duke of Wellington, says : • “It is somewhat remarkable that the year hCO should have seen the birth of several of the most distinguished men of the century past—Napole on, the Duke of Wellington, Louis l’hillippc, Sir Walter Scott and Marshall Soult being among them.” The Cotton Crop. —The New Orleans Price Current of the 18th, thus speaks of the present prospect of the crop :—“ The accounts from the interior, respecting the crops, are not generally of a very favorable character, continued com plaints being made of damage by the boll worm; the blight or rot, which is said to be quite de structive, excessive rains in some sections, Ac., and it seems now to be the general impression that the prospects for a largo yield in this region are much less flattering than they were at the close of last month.” Col. Colt, the pistol man, is aliout to sail for Europe to make arrangements to employ 400 men manufacturing his articles for the Europe an market. The Locofoco paper in Hartford, Conn., where Colt has a large manufactory, re grets he did not make arrangements to employ this additional force there, as it would be of great advantage to the city. Yet thi* paper opposes the policy which would employ several thousand men in this country instead of work ing them in Europe! Would not the some poli cy that would benefit Hartford, if fully carried out, benefit the nation? —State Journal. Rich. —An Irishman in distress asked a gen tleman for relief. He was, however, repulsed with a “go to h 11!” Pat looked at him in such a way as to fix his attention, and then re plied, “God bless your honor for your civility ; for you're the first gintlemao that s invited me to his father's house since I came to Ameriky. Gen. Scott is the only surviving Major-Gen eral of the war of 1812, and lie was promoted to the rank of Major-Genera by / Bret,-et,by President Madison, for his distinguished servi ces in that remarkable contest. During the recent election in Montgomery countv Ala-, there were forty-two dollars col lected'in the box labeled “One dime to the mem ory of Washington,” w hich is to be applied to the cacction of the Washington monument.