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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWE AS & MOORE, VOLUME 2. THE MINNESOTIAN, PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY J.P. OIVEJYS <S* G. W. MOORE , Saint Paul, Minnesota Territory. TERMS:-Two Dollars per annum in advance. Three Dollars if not in ad vance. RATES OF ADVERTISING, l»0«r AREIL TYPE OH ITS EQUIVALENT*] transient Advertisements, $i 00 per square vt twelve lines, for tin* first Insertion, and fifty cents per Square for each subsequent insertion. YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. One column, - ... SSO 00 Half a column, - - - - - 30 00 One-fourth of a column, - - 20 00 Business Cards not over six lines, - 6 00 Over six lines and under ten lines, - 750 Over ten lines and under fifteen lines, 10 00 For all changes ordered In advertlsemants, a charge will be made of thirty cents per 1,000 etna composition. We agree to charge the above prices, uniformly for ad vertising. James M. Goodhue, Pioneer, L>. A. Robertson, Democrat, Owens & Moore, Mlnncsotian. SU Paul March 24th, 1852. SI. E. AMES. R. It. NELSON. AMES h NELSON, ATTORNEVS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, St. Paul, Minn. W 11.1, attend with promptness and fidelity to all law business Intrusted to their care in Minnesota, and the adjoining counties of Whconslu. £s* Particular attention will be given to the collection of debts, and the location of land warrants. y W. P. MURRAY, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, St. Paul, Terr. WILL attend promptly and diligently to all business intrusted to him. Haivng made himself acquaint ed with flic quality and situation of the surveyed lands In the territory, he is prepared to locate land warrants to the best advantage. Persons at a distance may send their warrants here and their interests will be attended to as if they were present. Office on Third sreet. September 17, 1851. 11. L. MOSS, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT XX l,w, Stillwater. Min. Ter., will attend to pro fessional business in all the courts of the Territory ; will attend to the location «»f Land Warrants &>»'• Und Warrants for sale. A. VAN VORHES, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT il. Uw and Solicitor in Chancery, will attend to all professional business intrusted to his care, in the different court* of the Territory. [Stillwater, 1852. Isaac Atwater, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT U. Law and Solicitor in Chancery. Will give prompt attention to any business intrusted him in the line of his profession, In any part <*f the Territory. Particular at tention paid to locating Land Warrants, Payment of Tax es, sale of Patents when issued, and Real Estate In gen eral. Omce at St. Anthony, on Main street, opposite the Falls. W. Richardson, TVTOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer, and ll I And Agent. Office* opposite the St. Charles House, St. Antlmny Falls. WILKIN & VAX ETTEX. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office over Farrington's Brick Store, St Paul. Dr. It, BkBBITT. HAS hi# office In the rear ••t Levi Sloan’s store, where he will be rea»ly to atteml to professional cal’. . Saint Paul, Xov 29—nun y Dr. C. L. VlccUcrs, PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND AC- I'OUCHKU—WiII practice his profession In Saint Paul ami vicinity. Office, rorm-r of Fuurth and It.. Sens Streets, over Cat heart Ac Tyson’s Store. Vt>> John Bradley, Carpenter and Builder. Point Prescott aud Willow River, Wisconsin. YX7ILL attend promptly to all business » ? Intrusted tu Ills charge. KcnsiscEs The houses he hss built during the past year 111 the towns als.ve named. 4Ty W. H. Semmes, Attorney at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery, Willow River,Wis. Will practice In the counties of si. Croix and La Crosse, Wisconsin, and In the District Court of Washington coun ty. Minnesota. ftp'Valuable town lots in the village of Willow River for sale. 38y \V. H. C. F«l*om, Taylor's Falls, Min. Ter. Healer in Dry Goods, Groceries, JLe Provisions, Hanltt.ro, Cutlery, Crockery, CJuoons vrarr, ltoulv-Ua'le Clothing, B—la »ixl Slio.-s,kc. «> DR. J. H. DAY, WIU practice hi* profeaslon In Saint Paul and vi cinity. Ortlce on Bench street, tiov 21* nun y L. A. BABCOCK, M. S.WILKINSOX. LAW FIRM, BABCOCK a WILKINSON Attornic* aiol Counsellors At j.a», Solicitors In Chancery, Ac. Ofttce near the corner of Third and Huberts streets, St. Pacl -Mill. Ter. Will attend to buslnesa of their profession In all the Courts of the Territory, nov. 22, 1851. BRECK & WILLIAMS, attorneys and counsellors at law. oirirt on Tulrd St. Satnt Paul. Daniel Breck. A. l. Williams. dec. C. Wn. Hlv\KY WOOD, ArroANKV A COCNSELKOR AT LAW. Notary Public, and Land Agent. Sauk Rapid.-, Minnesota Territory. JACOB J. NOAH, ATTORNEY AT LAW and Justice •IX. of the Peace —Commissioner for the States of Maine, Connecticut, Rlnwle Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama and Louisiana. Ortlce on Third St., St. Paul. DU. T. U. POTTS, Corner Roberts and Sixth streets, St. Paul, WILL attend t<» the duties of Ills profession In St. Paul and vicinity. September 17. BILLS OF EXCHANGE, A HD DRAFTS on all parts of the United States, at the urtlce of the Minnesota outilt, by CIIAS. W. BORCP. J. QUINN, BOOT AND SHOEMAKER—Comer of Third and Minnesota St*.—Gentlemen’s bools *nd shoe*; also ladies’ and i hlldren’s shoes, made to order in the neatest and most durable mauner, and of the l>est materials. J. R. BREWSTER, House, Sign, and Ornamental Painter. St. Paul, Minnesota Territory. INSURANCE! fTHE undersigned is agent for, and will Insure buildings X and goods in the following Companies: Utica Insurance Company. JCtiia Insurance Company of Utica. Orleans Insurance Company. Jackson County Mutual Insurance Companr. Hew York Protection Company. —ALSO— Will Insure lives In the Connecticut Mutual Life Indi ra n* Company. ALKX. WILKIN, ttt. Paul, November 5,1851 g Tl/IONEY TO LOAN—In sums to jMX suit borrowers. Call at the Office of 491 f WILKIN Sc VAN RTTEN. Central House, St. Paul. CAVE &. BURTON have taken this old and well known house. They have fitted It up anew, and are now prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with comfortable quarters. No pains will be spa'red to make the Central House one of ths best Hotels in the West. November, 1851. mauioAH wmsak RODNEY PARKER, late of the American nouse Low ell, Mass., having a lease of the large hotel at the upper end of St. Paul, with everything in proper order for the convenience of travelers, boarders, or families de siring furnished apartments, respectfully invites his friends and the public to give him a call, believing that he can do as much for their comfort as can be expected in a new country, not yet supplied with regular markets. St. Charles Hotel. J. C. CLARK, Proprietor, SI. Anthony Fall,, Minnesota. This House has been thoroughly repaired and renovated, an<l will be kept in a manner equal to the best Hotels in the West. The Falls of St. AutAony, with the fine fishing and hunting grounds adjacent, together with a climate unsur passed on the American continent for health and loveli ness, render this the place of all others to enjoy the hot season. 44tf Temperance House, T OT MOFFET, Proprietor,—Corner JLi of Fourth and Jackson Sts., Saint Paul. Perma nent and transient boarders furnished with good and com fortable apartments. Charges moderate. Hall-Way House. JOHN MORGAN, (mid-way between St. Paul and Stillwater.) begs leave to say to stran gers visiting Minnesota, and the public generally, that having made his arrangements complete for the accom modation of the public, and being situated in the midst of the most delightful scenery, surrounded by lakes that abound with fish, and In an atmosphere of unsurpassed purity, he hopes to see company from abroad, as well as rrom the neighboring villages. They will find the charges moderate. Minnesota Boarding-House, SC. McCRAY would inform the pub • lie—residents and strangers—that he has taken the large house on Eagle Street, opposite D. L. Fuller’s Brick Store, where he is prepared to accommodate his customers with the best style of boarding. The house has been thoroughly repaired and painted. Ills table will be furnished with every thing the market affords; and those who come prepared to plank up the Ua*h every Saturday night, will find the “Minnesota Hoarding House” a comfortable and pleasant home. None others are de sired. [April 17 —Cm. Emmett A Moss, Attorneys and Solicitors. YVJ ILL attend to professional business in the various Courts of the Territory. Particu lar attention given to the location of Land Warrants, buying and selling of lands, &c. Land warrants for sale for cash or on time. Office on the comer of Wabasha w and Third streets, St. Paul Minnesota. L. EMMETT, July 1, 1852. HENRY L. MOSS. OAK HILL CEMETERY. A LL persons desiring burial lots can il- obtain information by calling upon the Secretary, J. \V. Selby, or the President, C. W. Borap. 29yl I*. CHOUTEAU,JR. JAS. HARRISON, FELIX VALLE CHOUTEAU, HAKKISON & VALLE. Commission Merchants and Proprietors of the St. Louis Rolling Mill. A ND manufactures of bar iron in all its .xJI various shapes, sheet Iron and Boiler Plate, Nails and Spikes from the ore of the Iron Mountain. Iron Store, No. 129 North Second street, St. Liuis. September 1, 1851. Natlami Spicer, JEWELER AND WATCHMAKER, J at the sign of the Big Watch, Third street, next door to the St. Paul Drug Store, is prepared to make g-dd and silver watches, rings, spoons, J K.C., on short notice. Also to repair the same, asCffiiiaffip well as music books, -liell combs, or finger rings, brace lets and ear drops, lie also keeps for sale a great variety of rings, perfumery, and whatever gotnls are usually en quired for at a Jeweler’s. \V. H. FORBES, FUR COMPANY—St. Paul Outfit— Also Dry Goods and Groceries, corner of Third and Jackson streets. JTW. BABCOCK, FORWARDING and Commission Mer chant, Upper Landing, Saint Paul, Minnesota Ter- I ritorv. SPENCER, KIRKPATRICK Ac MARKLEY, Forwarding mid Commission Merchant,, LEVCE, LOWER LANDING, ST. PAI L. M> 11 2 --tf S. P. FOLSOM, County Surveyor. May he found at office of of Register of Deeds, on Third street, one door below Minnesota Outttt. I'—y E. M’LAGAN, STORAGE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, Jackson street. Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota. lIItOMPT attention given to all consignment.*, anti char ges im*derate. St Paul, October 19, 1851 7 THEODORE E. PARKER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. To my old friends, AND THE “BEST OF MANKIND,” I would say, that I can Im* found during the winter, at the old stand of Charley Cave, on Third Street, where 1 will al ways be happy to wait upon them. Bar and house fur nished with the best of every thing, uov. 22. tt. WM. IIARTSIIOKNE. PAINTING. SHERMAN & MOREY,on Fourth street,St. Paul,near the middle <*f town, in the building of Mr. Knox, up >talrs, may be fouffd, ready to attend to Painting in all Us department*. House painting, sigh painting, carriage and ornamental painting, all done up promptly, ond .with paints of the best quality. If we do our work in a slov enly, unworkman like mannner we do not expect to get business in the enlightened town or St. Paul. Dec. 13, 1851. SHERMAN 6c MOREY. BOOKBINDING THE subscriber would respectfully iufoJm the citizens of St. Paul and its vicinity, that he is now carrying on the above business in the 2d story of Spencer’s new build ing, on the corner of Ftth and Roberts street. JTf» particular attention paid to rebinding old books and periodicals. JaMKS MACKINTOSH, feb 7 21—tf J C Burbank & co. St.Paul] [W L Fawcette be co. St. Louis EXPRESS COMPANY, CONNECTING AT GALENA AND ST- LOUIS WITH THE American and other Express Companies. TO and from all the principal cities in the United States, California and Europe, for the speedy transportation of money and valuable packages, col cciion of drafts, notes, bills, accounts, See., purchase and sale of all kinds or merchandize. AGENTS, C. R. Rice Sc Co* St. Paul, Otis West, St. Louis, J. Brookes, Galena. j\. Particular attention paid to forwarding and commission business generally. may 1. 33 ‘ ir AMERICAN SAIAMJV FRED. HARDY now keeps this well-known establish ment “on his own hook.” He hopes by a continued attention to the wants of his customers, to merit their patronage as heretofore. SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY. r |MIE subscriber solicits the patronage of the public, JL and assures all purchasers lu his line, that he will e 11 for cash, saddles, harness of ail kinds, and trunks, of a better quality, and cheaper than anv other establish ment in Minnesota. Pur hasers will do well to call at his shop, on Third street, St. Paul, next door east of S. 11. SergeuCs and Judge lor themselves. SKETCHES OF MINNESOTA, the O New England of the West, by K. S. Seymour. For sale by I.EDCC A ROIIRER. FIRE Sc MARINE INSURANCE, BY the undersigned agent for the Protection Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn. Policies Issued upon the meed favorable terms by W. P. Murray, Ageni. Minnesota. St. Paul, February 28 1852 il-lm SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER C, 1852. THE MINNESOTIAN. From a Foreign Corrripondrnt. Liverpool, October G, 1852. The talk excited by the death of the Duke of Wellington has pretty much subsided ; and many, who acknowledge his high military qual ities, have few regrets for his removal to anoth er stage of action. He was the greatest barrier in England to the progress of liberal principles. He held GO proxies in the House of Lords, and of course could always oppose every measure of reform hy G 1 unanswerable arguments. His death clears the path, and Lord John Russell, the Whig leader, shows a disposition to tread in it. He has declared himself in favor of a more extended suffrage. The successful construction of great steam projH-llers at Cherbourg has aroused the appre hensions of the English. The Austerlitz is 21J feet long, carries GO guns, and makes ten miles an hour ; the Jean Bart carries 100 guns ; the Napoleon St, and both of them make fifteen miles an hour. The English Admiralty long treated the scheme of building fast steam propel lers for war purposes, as a vision, while the French naval officers have solved the problem in a way which frightens John Bull not a little. •The avowed object of the French/ says the cor respondent of the Times, ‘is, in case of war, to make a flying bridge of their steamers, to trans port an army over the channel, and try a cam. paign on English soil. The stupendous works at Cherbourg, and the activity displayed to complete a fleet on the new principle, bespeak the intentiousof the French Government. This is a grave subject to meditate ou ; may the eyes of the nation be open in time to avert the dan gers which await her.’ On most reliable French authority, I can as sure you that the I’resident has had an exami nation made of the southern coast of England ; that at Brest and L‘Orient the same activity prevails as at Cherbourg ; and that the French naval officers speak openly about an expedition against England. The plan is to concentrate by railway on a given day a large force of troops on the coast, to put an embargo on all the ships, and to transport forty or fifty thous and men on screw propellers and tugs to a point between Dover and Southampton, to march without delay on London, and, under the pre text of taking back the war contributions of 1815, to plunder the Bank of England. This is the language of the French officers, and extrav agant as such a piratical expedition seems, it is not impossible. Emigration from Ireland to America, from Britain to Australia, is in continued, if not in creasing flow: and while there is an increasing influx into Ireland of farmers from Britain there is no diminution of the Irish seeking and getting employment in England and .Scotland. The Exodus, from England, gives rise to a curious article in the Times. After mentioning that 14,000 new operatives were at work in Lan cashire, (how many mills were shut up in the United States to accommodate them '!) and speaking of the want of laborers, it says the want can be supplied from the Continent —Ger- mans. French, can take their places. This is consolatory ; British born citizens are driven away by their inferior comforts, and millions of strangers may take their places. Is this what England is coming to? The French I’resident, when last heard from, was in Marseilles and the vicinity. He pub lished a decree giving tw o millions five hundred thousand francs, two hundred and fifty thous and a year, during ten years, to build a cathe dral in that city. Aline thing totax all France for a Cathedral to placate the clergy, when the masses live in hovels. He laid the corner stone of an Exchange in addition to the cathedral.— So used to do the Emperor. The aspect of I’aris is lively, owing to a great number of strangers and immense activity in various public buildings. We have just got through some elections here—much increase of majority against the Government candidates.— I’aris is Democratic. Arrivals of gold from Australia arc recorded daily. The ship Medway lias just reached Lon don with 01,500 ounces, valued at £270,000. Kossuth is residing in privacy at Kensington terrace. Broinpton, London. M. A. Lemny. his late Secretary, lias just l»ecn expelled from Mal ta by order of Gov. Read, who assigns no reason for tliis high act of l’olice. One Sunday afternoon lately, a number of persons, belonging to the sect known as the Latter-day Saints, were baptized in the River Mersey, at Egremont. Several bathing ma chines. engaged for the occasion, were put in requisition to convey the saints into the water. The candidates for baptism consisted of men. women and children, of nearly all ages, some of the adults l>eing far advanced in life: they amounted in numlier to between fifty and sixty. Tiie ceremony was performed by two of the Mormon priests or elders. The novelty of the scene excited considerable curiosity among those resident at Egremont and the neighbor hood. and a great numlier of spectators were drawn together to witness the ceremony. “Uncle Tom's Cabin.-’— Anything in such universal demand has never before been known in the history of literature. Many booksellers aver that they are selling nothing else, the trade for the time, having seemingly centered in this one i>ook; which, unlike almost all others, pre sents equal attractions to both old and young. Of the work probably not less than twenty dif ferent editions, ranging in price from 6d. to 7s. tid., are floating over the country, and others are advertised as in preparation. The total sale of these different issues must be something enormous and unparalleled, even in times when we are accustomed to bear of some periodicals circulating to the extent of 120,000 copies. One edition is stated to be at its 112th thousand. Of the total extent of the circulation in this coun try we can form no idea—it may amount to half a million or a whole million of copies ; but a single fact will suffice to show that it must be something altogether unknown even to our most popular novelists. One bookseller in Glasgow assures ns that his sales of the book in diflerent forms will in a few days amount to 20,- 000 copies; aod we learn from two of the larg est agents in Edinburgh that their joint sales have already reached more than 12.000. Here is a cheering fact for the philanthropist. The details of the President of France's jour ney present no grand novelty. Everything tends toward the Empire as heretofore. The enthusiasm which began with living indescriba ble and unbounded, is, we may say, indescriba bler and unbonndeder. The telegraph has late ly found another adjective which it “improves" frequently the past week—the acclamations that used to be ardent, eager, “redoubled, if possi ble,” Ac., are now spoken of as “frantic.”— Among the Prince's political dodges, (the word is not classic, but apt,) I think I have mention ed that of issuing decrees en route, the aim of which is to set off his business facility and his constant interest in the public welfare. He has ingeniously heightened this effect in two recent instances by the charm of novelty and scenic relief—issuing one from the deck of the war steamer Napoleon, and proclaiming another at the theatre in Toulon. A. R. FRENCH, The near approach of the Empire gives rise daily to new rumors as to the time and manner of its advent. They give but very little light Office—Corner of Jackson and Fifth Streets. on an unimportant question—the important be ing. and being settled, that the Empire will come. Other questions are : Will Napoleon be a Republican Emperor or a Monarchical Empe ror? Will lie entirely abrogate bis Constitu tion of last January ? Will the plebitehtm that shall acclaim the Empire, also contain a clause delegating anew to the Emperor the constituent powers which were voted last December to the Chief of the State? M ill it then lie the last tri al of universal suffrage—no longer in-place un der an hereditary Empire—the abdication of the people by its own act ? Will the future sovereign make himself the first of a line, or name himself Napoleon 111, and date his dynas ty from 1804 ? This last question brings up a long list of questions about the treaties of 1815, and the Foreign Powers. It is well enough to know that the treaties to which these powers were parties, expressly excluded members of the Bonaparte family from supreme power i| France, and additionally agreed to maintain thiit power in the hands of the elder branch of tie Bour bons. Since 1815, there have l>een 1830 and 1848 and 1851 ; it is not, therefore, at >ll prob able that the treaties or the ‘Powers’ IpiU offer any obstacle to 1852, though it bringiknperor Napoleon with it—first or third, as the case may lie. These treaties are. what history tells us all other treaties have been, good only as they serve the interests of the great signers. They are good against Northern Italy ; they are good for nothing in favor of that poor crownless, nameless Henry V.: they were good for noth ing in favor of the King of Holland. A Marseilles paper mentions the discovery at the Observatory in that city of a new planet in the constellation Pisces. This is the twentieth of the new small planets, and the first discovered in France. A number of placards, particularly offensive to the Prince President, have been posted at Lille, the authors of which are, of course, being diligently sought after hy the Police. Here is a specimen of the most atrocious : “MEASURE OF GENERAL SAFETY—DECREE OF THE PRESIDENT. “ In consequence of the ordinary loquacity of women, and the mischief which results from it, we have, after mature deliberation, decreed as follows: “ Art. 1. That all women shall be muzzled. Given at St. Cloud, Ac. Louts Napoleon.’’ Field-Marshal Kadetzky is about to retire from active service. It is' said that the death of the Duke of Wellington has impressed him un pleasantly with the fact that, occasionally. Field Marshals die. Intelligence has been received at Vienna from Syria that the Druses are everywhere j arming, and that an insurrection in Palestine is i apprehended. Travelers from Germany are prohibited from 1 entering Denmark and Sweden unless they are j provided with clean bills of health. The mens- ] ure is in consequence of the appearance of chol- ; era in Pomerania. No quarantine, however, is established. The Eruption ok .Etna.—Wc have been fa vored with the perusal of a private letter as late as the lGth Sept., announcing the lava to have taken another direction, and is fast approach ing Milo, the inhabitants of which, to save the wood are cutting down their chesnut trees, and of course, emptying their houses. A coasting vessel, tbe.Montibello, when lying at anchor mar Catania, has lieen covered with sal ammoniac, the issue from the mountain. A specimen has been sent to the island and lias been pronounced of the very best quality. The mountain sent it forth in vast clouds. We find the following graphic acconnt of the lava, in a letter dated Catania, Aug. 30 : “Yesterday after breakfast we reached Zafl'a rania; from the last house in the village we saw the lava at gunshot distance, and at that dis tance, the heat was very great. “The manner in which the extraordinarv and frightful torrent advanced is not to he deserile ed—it must be seen. It moves slow ly and un interruptedly; the first waves, ifl may so ex press myself, rise and fall at the least obstacle they encounter ; then send forth streamlets here and there, recede, extend themselves, and again advance. Now it is heard as a continued sound of glass breaking in fire—nothing more—and now immense damage succeeds. Every now and then it is arrested, denoting the presence of greater obstacles, or of water. “By 'lav all this grand mass presents an ap pearance between red and yellow—sometimes dull, sometimes brighter. I can ill describe the spectacle by night—that dull stream of fire —those clouds ot ashes and sulphureous vapors —are beyond description, and most sublimely horrible. “The streams of lava are much higher than the surrounding land, for as the former bed.-, have become solid, the new lava flows over them. “In truth, nothing can lie more picturesque, could we divest ourselves of the feeling of mis ery and grief which pervades this hapless re gion. “The lava flows over the richest and most cul tivated part of the country, destroying vine yards, all sorts of fruit trees and some houses. Conceive the misery that has fallen on many I proprietors and colonists.” Since writing the above, w e have accounts from Catania to the 24th Sept., up to which date the eruption continued, but without having de stroyed any village, though rich vineyards, woods, Ac., have been devastated. Nile Discovery.— A Mr. Rolle, who earlv in the last winter had gained a point on the White Nile within 4 1-2 degrees of the equator, has sent back an account of his discoveries, with a map, which has reached the French Geographi cal Society. It appears from his account that the upper part of the Nile channel is surrounded by great mountains, which extend eastwardlv from the southern Abyssinian range far toward the centre of the Continent in a line curving to the south. In these mountains are nourished the many streams whose reservoirs supply the inundations of the Nile, continuing as they do for months. Mr. Rolle finds in that country the tradition of a white people who formerly brought merchandise from the south; he supposes that these traders were Portuguese, and that they crossed the mountains by some pass which is yet to he discovered. At about the same date with this communi cation, a Missionary, named Don Angelo Vico, was at a place which he calls Bellenia, on an eastern branch of the White Nile, between 4 and .5 degrees N. latitude. What with these travel ers, and with others who are scattered over that continent, it must soon be thoroughly explored. Mr. Rolle speaks of the practice of the Egyptian Turks, who kidnap and enslave the natives of these remote regions, as hindering greatly the progress of both scientific investigation and of commerce. An Old Copcer Mine. —An old copper mine of extraordinary richness has recently been dis covered on what is called the Hill Vein in the Lake Superior country. Certain circumstances recently brought to light by its discovery, indi cate that it was worked long before the discov ery of America by Columbus. The richness of the mine may be" imagined from the fact that Mr. Mendlebaum, the manager, in causing it to be explored, had a mass of copper, which weigh ed 2.390 pounds, removed from the surface of the vein. There is certainly much mystery connected with these ancient traces of mining operations discovered from time to time in tin' copper region of Lake Superior.— Louisville Journal. The Governor of Ohio has appointed Novem ber 25th Thanksgiving for that State. Caught In a Water Spool A Trinidad ( W. I.) paper relates the following: The schooner President Jeremie, lying at this port, got under weigh for Vincent, but had onl v got as far as opposite the Five Islands, (a few miles from the anchorage ground of Port Spain.) when an accident of the most unusual and ter rifying nature occurred to her. The master of the vessel had observed some threatening weath er coming on, and had prudently taken in all sail, when he suddenly found his vessel envel oped in the vortex of what is commonly known as a waterspout—of water, however." he saw none : but of the wind, or whirlwind, more than, in all probability, he would like to see again, or seeing, he lucky enough to survive to tell the tale. The little vessel as he describes it, was'carri ed down into a kind of well or vortex, and there thrown on her beams end. She recovered her position, was again thrown down in the same way. recovered herself, a third time prostrated. In the course of these three upsets, seven of the eleven persons on board were thrown off the deck into the water; the master himself was thrown overboard a second time, after once get ting on board out of the vortex. Finally the whirlwind passed over, and of the seven overboard, live succeeded in getting oil board again, but two, unfortunately were drown ed—they were both sailors of the vessel ; one of the two men drowned was an elderly man ; a passenger w ho was supporting himself oil a hen coop he had been lucky enough to find floating about, gallantly gave it up to him, seeing his age and infirmity, and swam oil' to a w ater cask floating at a great distance : but the poor man could not keep liis hold of the coop, and was drowned. The other man who perished was not seen from the moment he fell from the deck into the sea. The deck cargo fell, or was swept overboard —the long boat was partially stove in—and the mainsail, although it had been previously low ered, was much rent. The vessel returned to town to repair and report damage. A brigantine coming into the harbor, very narrowly escaped being involved in the same catastrophe. Tremendous Excitement along the Wisconsin River.— We learn that upon the recent deepen ing of the canal connecting the Fox and Wiscon sin rivers, a large share of the Upper Wisconsin waters passed through the canal into Fox river. It is said that the volume of water which has ever since flown into the latter river, is equal to sixty feet in width by three feet in depth ; and consequently the Wisconsin waters have been drawn off to an equal extent. Some time elapsed before the inhabitants discovered the cause of the unprecedented fall; but the facts were at length discovered, and ever since the excitement has scarcely lieen confined to reas onable bounds. Meetings are being held at the villages to organize for resisting the outrage of the Board of Public Works, in permitting the Wisconsin waters to lie thus plundered for the benefit of Fox river. The Wisconsin river, we believe, washing ago declared by an act of Congress to lie a public highway, and navigable for 200 miles up. This fact, we presume, was never taken into consid eration by the Board, else they would not thus have indirectly violated a law- so essential to the trade and commerce of that river. If, how ever, it can lie established, as some law yers con tend, that the Wisconsin waters are fugitives from servitude, and the offence cognizable un der the fugitive slave act, and consequently the Board, the aiders of such escape, then govern ment will be bound to arrest the offenders, even though the bottom of Lake Michigan lie the asylum. The matter is a serious one, involv ing grave questions for future litigation.— Grant Co. Herald. Interesting Facts. —l’aris expends nearly SIOO.OOO on every republican May fete; or near ly half as much oil a day's amusement as on her primary schools for a year ; w hile four theatres actually receive an equal sum. The annual cost of the Legion of Honor, which gives 50, null persons the privilege of wearing red ribbons in their button-holes, $1,<100,000. The yearly cost of the Paris Prefecture of Police is $ 1 .(ist),ooo. Upwards of $11,000,000 are dis pensed every year in pensions. The yearly ex penses of the army and navy are nearly 100.000.000 dollars: for public buildings, Ac.. S 15,000,000. and for public institutions for the 13.000,000 youth of France, 53.100.000. Louis Napoleon, since he has assumed the su preme power, has increased the expenses of the army, public building, and his own disburse ments as Chief of the State, upward of $7,000,- 000, while the budget for public instruction has decreased nearly 2.000,000 of francs. He has appropriated 50,000 for the purchase of busts of himself. These sums show the relative impor tance of the objects in the eyes of the govern ment. No expense is spared in the education of a soldier in the art of war. The present army of France is perhaps the most efficient in the world. The army is, however, considered more necessary as a protection to the government against its own citizens than against a foreign powers. It affords the exclusive evidence, that the people of France who are not the friends of monarchy are ranged under the banner of revo lution. This will ever be the case where au thority relies upon force to control, rather than education to enlighten ignorance. Another fact speaks volumes. The entire number ot the youth of France receiving edu cation in 1350, above that of elementary knowl edge, was but a fraction over 92.000, while 394 prisons contained (>(>.000 prisoners, or one three-hundredth part of the adult population. Idleness and the want of some regular em ployment often pave the way to the depths of crime and misery. The idle are generally dis solute. It is an old maxim, as true as it is old, and not at all too simple and undignified for those who would be wise to hear, that “ Satan flnds some mischief still For Idle hands to do.” Farents can in no way so easily and infallibly rear their sons to be profligates, and the in mates of brothels, and proficients in all popular vice, as by teaching them not to work, and per mitting them to command their own time. Let the parent but regard labor as dishonorable, let him teach his son that gentility consists in leis ure and amusement; let him furnish him with no absorbing business for cither head or bands; let the son choose his own companions, and spend his time without question, where he pleases; let him pass his evenings away from the parental fireside, and especially let him have a full supply of money to demonstrate his respectability, and display his generosity, and command the various sensual indulgences that solicit his senses, and with almost infallible cer tainty. such a course will secure the prostitution of his virtue and send him forth beggared of all respect, and all peace, and all hope into the midnight darkness of eternity. The Menomonee Payment. —The payment of the Menomonee Tril>e of Indians, takes place this season at Lake Shawnow—over one hun dred miles up the Wolf river. There is to be some $30,000 paid at the payment, and $20,000 yearly thereafter for twele years. It will be made sometime between the sth and 12th of November. There is usually great excitement upon these occasions. We noticed large quan tities of goods on the docks, destined for the pay ground.— Oshkosh Courier. A worthy gentleman of Cincinnati, while In church, not long since, fell asleep, and began dreaming that he was on a hunting excursion. On a sudden, and to the surprise of every body, he bellowed out—“ Fetch him out. Dash', a glo rious shot—three woodcocks with one barrel! hurrah for me!” and he rose up from his halloo ing and immediately seized his hat and walked out. blushing like a popper-pod. EDITORS AJfD PUBLISHERS. Tnr Doudle-Sighted Y<*i til —A correspond- j '•i;t of the New 1 ork Herald, in describing the various notabilities on board of the steamship j Arctic, makes the following mention of a my - j terious youth, who must beat the spiritual rap j pers all hollow. if the description is correct: • The last, but by no means the least, of the army of professionals on board, is Ernest Heller. ’ known more familiarly throughout Europe, a? j the ‘Mysterious Double-sighted Youth.' His ■ performance is what is called the ‘second sight,'' the most wonderful and incomprehensible affair i extant, of which we had several opportunities of judging during the trip. He w ill allow himself to be blindfolded and placed at one end of the room, and his companion, a cousin or brother, i believe, will go round and collect articles from the audience, and on the youth’s being asked, will describe most minutely everything tender ed for description—coins, rings,* seals, crests, bills, cards, letters, signatures, notes, gloves, handkerchiefs, and, in short, the most unlocked for curiosities, were handed out and all most correctly descrilied. All sorts of conjectures were, of course, on tiptoe as to his power of discrimination, but all failed to come at even a shadow of certainty on the subject. It is said to be animal magnetism; if so, it is the clearest illusion yet seen, and w ill go far to show up the fallacy' of the spiritual rapping doctrine. One of the passengers, Mr. A. T. Stewart, thought he could puzzle the youth, and very quietly showed his brother a letter he bad received from a house in England the day he sailed, and asked if Mr. Ernest could tell who wrote it. - 0, certainly,’ was the reply, •ask him yourself.’ which was no sooner done than replied to. and the name ill full given, to the utter astonishment of our friend Stew art. of Broadway celebrity. This novel entertainment will contrast well with the great events of this miracle-working age.” Rail-Road. —We are gratified to learn that Mr. John Corby, one of the Directors of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company, has negotiated at par, the County Bonds issued to the Company, with the Banking House of Sitnonds A Lucas, of St. Louis. By this arrange ment, together with the assessments upon shares taken by individuals. theCompanv can command the funds necessary to pay all demands against it, defray all expenses for surveying, and meet promptly any engagements the Directors may enter into. There can be no better test of the confidence in State and County Bonds, and the estimation in which this Company is held by capitalists, than the readiness w ith which they take County Bonds at par. and State Bonds at 10 per cent. al>ove par, endorsed by the Company. The lands granted by Congress to the Company, if properly managed, and there is no doubt but they will be. will pay for a large portion of the expense of building the road ; this, with the amount of business the road will do when com pleted, will make it one of the richest Railroad companies in the United States, and the stock will be sought for investment at rates great Ir above par. The engineers are prosecuting the survey with all possible dispatch, and it is confidently expected that the contractors will commence operations this fall or early in the winter.—Sl. Joseph Adventure. Utah Territory. —The Polar Star arrived yesterday evening, bringing among her passen gers Mr. Stephen Rose, Indian Agent for the tribes in Salt Lake Valley. Mr. Row* left Utah the last of August, and reached Independence on the 17th ult. The Government train, with annuities for the Indians, had reached Fort Laramie. The Sioux were already assembled, and were waiting for Major Fitzpatrick, who vvould distribute the annuities. The Snake. Ncz I’erces and Flat Head tribco were at Foil Bridgcr. expecting presents from the govern ment. Treaties were made by the Snakes and Yampauoos. and negotiations' for a treaty be tween the Snakes ami Utah had been commen ced. Buffalo were uncommonly abundant.-- The new ly appointed officers of the Territory were met not far out ou tie’ plains. Before his departure, the Mormons had completed their Tabernacle, and were preparing to build their immense Temple. Crops in the Valley were good, and the city was growing rapidly.— St. Louis J\iws. Curious Matrimonial Incident —The Preston Chronicle tells a comical story of an Irishman who visited C'horlev lair lately—without bis wife. After a copious sacrifice at (lie shrine of Bacchus, Pat was accosted by a female, who. with many witcheries, allured" him into a cellar, of which she boasted the proprietorship. Here, i at the request ofthe charmer, the mellow Mile sian gave her his purse, which contained five sovereigns and some silver. No sooner had the money touched her palm than she disappeared, not, however, before Pat, in a fog of beer and suspicion, attempted to detain her. Alas! the substance lied, and he giaspnl only a bonnet and shawl. Partially sobered by his disaster, he sought the police office, and, alter considera ble hunting, it was found that the shawl and bonnet belonged to the wife of Patrick himself, and that she alone had adopted the rute at the fiiir, in order to get possession of the purse, and to punish him for his want of gallantry in not taking her with him. Newspaper Reaping. —lt is a universal fact, that those scholars of both sexes and all ages, who have had access to newspapers at home, when compared to those who have not, are— -Ist. Better readers, excellent in pronunciation and emphasis, and consequently read more un derstandingly. 2nd. They are better spellers, and define words with greater ease, and accura cy. 3rd. They obtain a practical knowledge of geography iu almost half the time it requires others, as the newspaper has made them famil iar with the location of all the important places, nations, the governments, and doings on the globe. 4th. They are better grammarians, using better language, containing more thoughts more clearly and connectedly expressed. stb. They exhibit more extensive Views on a Variety of subjects, and express their views with a great er fluency, clearness and correctness in the use of language. AxTtQnTY. —Recent discoveries in Hercula neum, Nineveh, and elsewhere, are conclusively proving that the people of antiquity were ac quainted with many things in the arts of which the moderns thought they bad no knowledge.— On the contrary, every year is furnishing evi dence, not that the ancients were ignorant of what we know, but that we are ignorant of the ancients and what they knew. They are like the Bible, the oldest record of the early time, with which the more we become acquainted the lietter we shall like, and the more we shall re vere it.— JVewark Advertiser. Madame Biscaecianti, (who has been reaping laurels and lumps of gold, in El Dorado,) inspi red by patriotic feeling, lias lately forwarded to Washington the handsome sum of $503. being the net proceeds of one of her musical entertain ments in that far-off State, as a donation toward the erection of the Washington National Monu ment. Madame B. is of “Yankee” birth, and a lady of great vocal talent. In Dauphin county, Virginia, are probably the smallest specimens of humanity in two brothers, perfect in erery respect, the elder three years old, seventeen inches in height, and weighing only six pounds, the younger, six months old weighing only thre pounds. The parents are very large persons, the father weigh ing 204 pounds and the mother 196. Artificial noses, ears, and consciences, aiv now being manufactured at the East, from India Rubber, and the demand for them is very large. The closer we follow nature, the longer we shall live; the farther we deviate from it the sooner we shall die. NUMBER 8. j The Proposed National Snip Race.—The challenge offered by the American Navigation • Tub to all Eugluud. is not yet accepted. The j conditions of the contest wer.*. that the two ships i should be modeled, commanded, and officered entirely by citizens of the United States and I Great Britain respectively, and that they should j sail, w ith cargo on board, from a port In Eng- I land ,0 a port in China aud tack to the English ; port, the prize to the winning vessel to be £lO,- 1 000, and to be paid without regard to accidents, or to any exceptions. It was also a stipulation that the vessels were not to be under 800 tons, nor oyer 1200 tons. American Register. The Americans reserved the privilege of withdraw ing the challenge if it was uot accepted within thirty days. That time is nearly up. but as a sort of incitement to British builders, the l’resi dent of the American Navigation Club, Mr. D.‘ D. Bacon, is authorized, should the present chal lenge not be accepted within the thirty days, to allow the British vessel a start of lourteen'dava before the departure of the American craft, and also to allow a crew packed from seamen expe rienced in voyaging between English and Chi nese ports, w hile their crew is to lie composed of American seamen and officers w hose experience is limited to sailing between American aud Eng- B/b ports. The Americans, under the new con ditions. are willing to augment the stake to £20.000, or to any higher sum than the £IO.OOO of the present conditions most agreeable to the English, but the last uamed amount to be the minimum. The Wreck of tiie Atuntic.— The wreck of the Atlantic, on Lake Erie, has not yet been raised. The Oswego Journal says (hat Mr. Green is now constructing in Buffalo, a new sub-marine armor, which will enable him, if necessary, to remain under water two hours, at the depth of the wreck. IGOi feet, which will avoid the repetition of frequent ascents. The tame paper adds the following interesting ftets: “Mons. Maillcfort bas made some curious ex periments to ascertain the pressure of the water at the depth of IGO feet. An empty juuk bottle, corked and scaled air-tight, sunk beneath the surface at the above depth for seven minutes, takes in. by some phenomena unexplained, a large quantity of water. A piece of iron, at tached to a scale by a piece of wire, weighing 18 pounds, sunk the same depth loses 3 pounds and 1 ounce. One may judge from this, the pressure sustained by a human being at the same depth. Mr. G. is sanguine that he can at tach fastenings to the wreck by which it can )>e raised. The diving of 160 j feet below the sur face is the greatest performance ou record by 20 feet.” The Norfolk (Va.) Herald gives the follow ing incident relative loan old house recently pulled down in that city: •• In this house a shocking tragedy occurred in 180 G. Tw o gamblers, broth ers. of the name of Having, rented the third story for the purpose of keeping a faro table.— One night, an Italian, whose name we believe was Coliuiiii. (Coalminer, as he was commonly called,) visited the establishment, and meeting with extraordinary luck, finally broke the hank. The Davings, and’ another of their fraternity, charged him with cheating ; he protested bis in nocence, but it was to no purpose. They at tempted to seize him, but he broke from them, and fled dow n the narrow dark stairway, all three in close pursuit. On the second landing, he stepped aside linperceived, and as each pass ed him on the right, in the dark, he gave them a fatal stall with a stileto on the left side, and a push down the next flight. The two Davings were mortally wounded, and died within twen ty-four hours : their companion lingered sever al weeks, aud died also. The Italian escaped.” Polish Heroism —At the storming of War saw- the principal iovttovy wns only rlefomlo.l by two battalions, but with such bravery as his tory can hardly paralel. When it was evident that it could no longer hold out. several privates ofthe artillery scatet themselves on powder liar rels and blew themselves up. But the conduct of Gen. Sowinski was truly heroic; having lost one foot, he was at his earnest request, seated on a chair and placed on the alter ofthe desper ately defended church, where be continued to give orders until the last of his comrades wore cut down, when drawing forth two pistols he with one shot a Rusian who was rushing upon him and w ith the exclamation—•• So dies a Po lish General!” fired the other into his own heart. (’apt. William K. Latimer, of the U. S. Navy, Maj. William 11. Chase, Brevet Major J. G. Bar nard and Brevet Major P. G. T. Beauregard, of the Corps of Engineers, have been constituted a Board by the War Department to make an ex amination of the mouth of the Mississippi, with a view to determine the most convenient pass leading into the Gulf of Mexico, through which a ship canal of sufficient capacity to accommo date the wants of commerce can be opened, and to report upon other wants in relation thereto. It is expected that five hundred laborer* will arrive here by the first proximo, to commence grading the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad. Tue surveying party have extended some dis tance beyond Palmyra, and arc pushing ahead finely.— Hannibal Messenger. A Contribution from the Turks. —His Impe rial Majesty. Sultan Abdal Mijid, intimates, through the U. S. Legation at Constantinople, a wish to contribute a block of marble to the Washington Monument, from Byzantium, the most ancient of Republics, and from the city of Constantine, as an offering from the successor of the Mahomedan caliphs and the Ottoman sul tans. The offer of the Sultan, it is said, will be accepted. A great scarcity of printing paper prevails in California, and has lasted several months. The papers are printed on all sorts of material, some of it mere brown wrapping paper. Great Speed. —The new Milwaukee built lo comotive Menononee was put toits paces yester day morning on the track between here and wau kesha, and ran fourteen miles in twelve minute*. That will do! Seventy miles an Honr is pretty good trav eling Milwaukee Sentinal. The Washington Monument. —The block of marble from Texas has been received. Califor nia is about to send three blocks, the one pre viously sent not being deemed of sufficient mag nitude and beauty. The one from Texas com pletes the States of the Union. A Bonaparte in Luck. —Prince Lueien Bona parte has just had the good fortune to break the hank at the noted German gaming place, llom berg. He won 480,000 francs, or $95,000 rather a weak bank. Gov Hunt has appointed Nov. 25th, (Evacu ation Day) as Thanksgiving Day for the Empire State. Alexander Von Humbolt who has accom panied the King of Prusia to the sea coast, sur prises people by the bodily vigor which he dis plays, in spite of an age of 83 years. After walking and driving about for the greater part ofthe day, and partaking of all sorts of public festivities he reads aloud in the evening to the royal party, without showing sings of fatigue. Orson Pratt, one of the Mormon prophets,has put forth a proclamation to the Spanish Ameri cans in California and elsewhere, invitng them to look into the mysteries of the newrevelation, and assuring them that they are the descen dants of the original Mormons, Nephi *nd Laman, two brothers / h Jerusalem two thousand four hundred yearsago and settled upon the American contimeni. Smith o'Esie.n- —It is feared that this noble patriot and martyr if pot destined long for thi» life. He is slowly away, oppressed by ill health and melancholy.