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The weekly Minnesotian. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. Territory) 1852-1858, November 13, 1852, Image 1

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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWENS & no ORE,
VOLUME 2.
THE MINNESOTIAN,
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY,
BY J.P. OWENS £>■ G. W. MOORE,
Saint Paul, Mmneaota Territory.
TERM ’• :-Two Dollars per annum!
in advance. Three Dollars if not in ad
vance.
RATES OF ADVERTISING,
(MOKI AKEIL TYPE OR ITS EQUIVALENT.)
Transient Advertisements, $1 00per square o( ,
twelve Hues, for the tirst insertion, and fifty cents per
square for each subsequent insertion.
YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS.
One column, - SSO 00
Half a column, - .... 30 00
One-fourth of a column, - - 20 00
Business Cards not over six lines, - 6 00
Over six lines and under ten lines, - 760
Over ten lines and under fifteen lines, 10 00
For all changes ordered in advertisemunts, a charge will
be made of thirty cents per 1,000 eras composition-
We agree to charge the above prices, uniformly for ad
vtrtblaf.
jamu X. Goodhue, pioneer,
D. A. Robertson, Democrat,
OWENS Sl Moore, Mianesotlan.
81. Paul Maich 24th, 1862.
M. E. AMES* R- R* NELSON.
AMES & NELSON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY.
St. Paul, Minn.
WILL Attend with prumptnesa And fidelity to all law
buslm-s* minuted lo their care In Minnenota, and
the aiyolnln* countlemd Wldcooslu.
Particular attention nil be given to the collection
of debts, and the location of land warrants. y
W. P. MURRAY,
ATTORNBV AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
ST. Taul, Minn. Terr.
WILL attend promptly and diligently to all business
Intrusted to him. Ilatvug made liimselt acquaint
ed with the quality and situation of the surveyed lauds
In the territory, he is prepared to locate land warrants
to the best advantage. Persons at a distance may send
th.ir warrants here and Ibeir Interests will be attended
lo as If they were preseut. %3~ Oliice on Third sleet.
September 17, IN6I.
H. LT MOSS,
A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT
Xl- Law, Stillwater, Min. Tvr., will attend to pro
fessional business in all the courts of the Territory » will
attend to the location of Land Warrants, &c.
Ur Land Warrants for sale.
A. VAnTvORHES,
A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT
A u. and Solicitor In Chancery, will attend lo all
professional business intrusted to his care, In the dlrterent
courts of the Territory. [Stillwater, lSs*d.
Isaac Atwater,
A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT
tl. Law and Solicitor in Chancery. Will give prompt
attention to any business intrusted him in the line of his
profession, in any part of the Territory. Particular at
tention paid to locating Land Warrants, Payment of rax
es, sale of Patents when issued, and Heal Estate in gen
eral. Office at St. Anthony, on Main street, opposite the
Falla.
W. Richardson,
ATOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer,and j
J.\ Laud A rent. Office, opposite the St. Charles
House, St. Anthony Kalis.
WILKIN & VAX ETTES.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OrrtvE over Farrington’s Brick Store, St Paul.
llr.lt, BABBIT 11-I 1 -
HAS his office in the r.-ar of Levi Sloan’s store, where
he will be ready to attend to professional calls.
Saint Paul, Nov 29—mm y
Dr. C. L. Yicchcrs,
PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND AC
COUCHKK —Will practice his profession In Saint
Paul and Vlcln ty. Office, enter of Fourth and Roberts
Streets, over C*« heart At Ty-on*s Store.
"" John Bradley,
Carpenter and lluilder. Point Prescott and Willow
■liver, Wisconsin.
TT7ILL attend promptly to all business
VV Intruded to bis charge. .
RcrtßENcrs.-The houses he has built during thepa-t
year in the towns above named. 43y
W. H. Seinmes,
Attorney at Law, and Solicitor is
Chancery, Willow River,Wis.
Will nweliec ill the counties of St. Croix and LaCrosse,
Wisconsin, and In the District Court of Washington coun
ty, Minnesota. £3” Valuable town Ms in the village ol
Willow River tor sale. 38y
IVII. C.FoISOMI,
Taylor’s Falla, Min. Ter.
YIEALER in Dry Goods, Groceries,
U Provisions, Hardware, Cutlery, Crockery, Queens
srarc, Ready-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Ac. 43y
drTTThTday,
WILL practice his profession in Saint Paul and vi
cinity. Office on Bench street,
nor 29 mm y
L. A. BABCOCK, M. S. WILKINSON.
LAW FIRM,
BABCOCK 4t WILKIXSOX Attornle* and counsellors
at Law, Solicitor?, in Chancery, tcc.
Office near the corner of Third and Roberts streets, at.
Paid Min. Ter. .
Ik !*.» attend fo business of their profession In all the
Com ti of the Territory,
nov. 22,1861.
BRECK & WILLIAMS,
attorneys and counsellors at law.
office on Tuird St. saint Paul.
Daniel Breck. A. l. Williams.
dec. ۥ
W'l. H EAR V WOOD,
ATTOkNKY k COPNSBLEOR AT LAW. Notary
public, and Land Agent. Saul Rapids, Minnesota
Territory.
JACOB J. NOAH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW and Justice!
AM- of the Peace —Commissioner for the States of Maine,
Connecticut, Rhode Island. New York, Pennsylvania,
Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama and Louisiana.
Office on Third St., St. Paul.
DR- T. R. POTTS,
Corner Roberts and Sixth streets, St. Favl,
WILL attend to the duties of his profession In St. Paul
and vicinity. September 17.
BILLS or EXCHANGE,
AND DRAFTS on all parts of the United States,at the
office of the Minnesota outfit, bv
Cl IAS. W. BORCP.
" ~ J. QUINN,
T)OOT AND SHOEMAKER—Corner
JD of Third and Minnesota Sts.—Gentlemen’* boot*
4Qd cfeoeu; also Ladle*’ and Children’* shoes, made to
«rder In the neatest and most durable manner, and of the
best materials.
J. R. BREWSTER,
House, Sign, and Ornamental Painter.
St. l'aul, Minnesota Territory.
INSURANCE!
XHE undersigned is agent for, and will insure buildings
and goods In the following Companies:
Utica Insurance Company.
iEtna Insurance Company of Utica.
Orleans Insurance Company.
Jackson County Mutual Insurance Company.
JJew Tork Protection Company.
—ALSO—
Will insure lives In the Connecticut Mutual Life Insn
ramce Company. ALEX. WiLKIX.
St. Paul, November 6,1861 8
rpHE Queen of the Forest, an elevated
J- oven Move pleasing to all who uae It by the satls
lactory manner work Is done and the ease attending it
to Mot* and for sale by P. s. NEWELL.
Central House, SI. Paul.
CAVE BURTON have taken this old and well known
house. They have fitted it up anew, and are now
prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with
comfortable quarters. Xo pains will be spared io make
the Centrsl House one of ths best Hotels iu the West.
November, 1861.
RODNEY PARKER, late of the American House Low
ell, Mass., having a lease of the large hotel at the
upper end of St. Paul, with everything in proper order
for the convenience of travelers, boarders, or families de
siring furnlNbed apartments, ropcctfnlly invites his
friends and the public to give him a call, believing that
he can do as much for their comfort as can l*e expected
in a new country, not yet supplied with regular markets.
m
St. Charles Hotel.
J. C. CLARK, Proprietor,
Si. Anthony Falls, Minnesota.
This House has been thoroughly repaired and renovated,
and will be kept in a manner equal to the best Hotels In the
West. The Kalis of St. Anthony, with the fine fishing and
taunting grounds adjacent, together with a climate unsur
poaacd on the American continent for health and level I
ne*a, render this the place of all others t-i enjoy the hot
season. 44tf
Temperance House,
T OT MOFFET, Proprietor, —Corner
JLi of Fourth and Jackson St>., Saint Paul. Perma
nent anl transient boarder* furnished with good and com
fortable apartments. Charges moderate.
Hair-Way House.
JOHN MORGAN, (mid-way between
•J St. Paul and Stillwater,) begs leave to say to stran
gers visiting Minnesota, and the public generally, that
having made his arrangements complete for the accom
modation of the public, and being situated in the midst
of the most delightful scenery, surrounded by lakes that
abound with tisli, and in an atmosphere or unsurpassed
purity, he hopes to see company from abroad, as well as
from the neighboring villages. They will find the charges
moderate.
Emmett & Moss,
Attorneys and Solicitors.
YVJ ILL attend to professional business
W in the various Courts of the Territory. Particu
lar attention given to the location of Land Warrants,
buying and selling of lauds, Ac. Land warrants for sale
for cash or on time. Office on the corner of Wabashaw
and Third streets, St. Paul Minnesota.
L. EMMETT,
July 1, 1852. HENRY L. MOSS.
OAK HILL CEMETERY
\ LL persons desiring bilrial lots can
•tY obtain information by callim: noon the Secretary,
J. w. Selbv, or the President, C. W. liorjp. 29yl
P. CHOUTEAU, JR. JAS. HARRISON, FELIX VALLE.
CHOUTEAU, HAUIUSON & VALLE.
Commission Merchants and Proprietors of the St.
Louis Kolling Mill.
A ND manufactures of bar iron in all its
-Ujl various shapes, Sheet Iron and Boiler Plate, Nails
and Spikes from the ore of the iron Mountain. Iron Store,
No. 129 North Second street, St. Louis.
September 1,1861.
Nathan Spicer,
JEWELER AND WATCHMAKER,
J St the sign of the Bis Watch, Third street,
next door to the St. Paul Pniß Slore, Is prepared
to make sold and silver watches, rings, spoons, lip J
Ac., on short notice. Also to repair the same, asGSUHn
; well as music books, shell combs, or Unset rings brace
; lets anil eat drops. He also keeps for sale a great variety
of rings, perfumery, and whatever goods are usually en
quired for at a Jeweler’s.
wThTforbes,
Fur COMPANY—St. Paul Outfit—
Also Dry Goods and Groceries, corner of Third and
Jackson streets.
J7W. BABCOCK, ~
J7ORWARDING and Commission Mer
-1 chant, Upper Lauding, Saint Paul, Minnesota Ter
ritory.
SPENCER, KIRKPATRICK k MARKLEY,
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
LEVEE, LOWEn LANDING, ST. PAUL.
fob 14
S. P. FOLSOM,
County Surveyor.
Mav be found at office of of Register o! Deeds, on Third
I street, one door below Mtuuesota Outfit. 17—y
J E. M’ LAGAN,
I STORAGE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
j Jackson street. Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota.
IiROMPT attention given to allconsignments, and char
ges tniMlerate.
] St Paul, October 19,1851 f
THEODORE E. PARKER,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITORY.
To my old friends,
AND TUB “REST or MANKIND.” 1 would say,
that 1 can be found during the winter, at the old
stand of Charley Cave, on Third SireM, where 1 will al
ways be happy to wait upon them. Bar and house fur
nished with the best of every thing,
uov. 22. tt. WM. IIARTSIIORNE.
faiktiag.
SHERMAN Sc MOREY,on Fourth street,St. Paul,near
the middle of town, in the building of Mr. Knox, up
>tair*, may be f.iufid, ready to attend to Painting in all its
departments. House painting, sigh painting, carriage
and ornamental painting, all dune up promptly, ond .with
paints of the best quality* If we do our work in a slov
enly, unworkman like niannner we do not expect to get
business in the enlightened town of St. Paul,
j Dec. 13, 1851. SHERM AN & MORE*.
HOOK BINDING.
TIIE subscriber would respectfully Infojm the citizens
or St. Paul and its vicinity, that he is now carrying on
1 the above business in the 2d story of Spencer’s new build
j mg, on the corner of Kttb and Roberts street,
j Particular attention paid to rebinding old books and
periodicals. JaMKS MACKINTOSH,
feb 7 «i-tf
J C Burbank &co. St. Paul) fW L Fawcette & co. St.Louls
NORTH-WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANY,
CONSULTING AT GALENA AND ST. LOUIS WITH TIIE
American and other Express Companies.
rpo and from all the principal cities in the United States,
A Ca l.orn.a and Europe, for the speedy transportation
of money and valuable packages, col ecilon of drafts, notes,
bills, accounts, kc. } purchase and sale of all kiuds of
merchandize.
agents.
C. R. Rice Me Co-, St. Pan), Otis West, St. Louis,
J. Brookes, Galena.
N. B.—Particular attention paid to forwarding and
commission business generally.
may 1. 33-tf
AMERICAN SALOON.
FRED. HARDY now keeps this well-known establish
ment “on his own hook.” lie hopes by a continued
attention to the wants of his customers, to merit their
patronage as heretofore. I9y
SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY.
r I*HK subscriber solicits the patronage of the public,
JL and assures all purchasers in his line, that he will
e ll for cash, saddles, harness of all kinds, and trunks, of
a better qualify, and cheaper than any other establish
ment in Minnesota. Pur. hasers will do well to call at
his shop, on Third street, St. Paul, oext door east of S.
11. Sergent’s and Judge for themselves.
A. R. FRENCH.
SKETCHES OF MINNESOTA, the
O xe-w England of th« West, by E. S. Seymour. For
sale by J.eDLC k ROHRER.
FIRE k MARINE INSURANCE,
TJY the undersigned agent for the Protection Insurauce
13 Company ot Hartford, Conn. Policies isaued upon the
most favorable terms by
W. P. Murray, Agent, Minnesota.
St. Paul, February 28 1882 24-lm
NORTH-WESTERN BOOK STORE.
Joseph Jf. Wa--oner,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BOOKSELLER AND
STATIONER,
IVo. 93 .Vain Street, four story Brick Corner,
Galena, lIL
r>-Agency for the sale of superior Priming Paper..O
Galena, May 22.
J - EFFEL’S Double Oven, the neatest
i-J of the Cincinnati castings with extra oval cast Iron
hollers, can be seen at F. S. NEWELL’S.
SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1852.
THE MINNESOTIAN.
Daniel Webster.
The following sketch of the early history o
Mr. Webster, from the Tribune, will be read
with interest :
Mr. Webster’s has been a lofty though not
entirely successful career. Descended from an
ancestry originally Scotch, but for a time resi
dent in England, which migrated to this coun
try very soon after the Landing at Plymouth,
he was born in Salisbury, (now Bos'cawen.)
New Hampshire, on the 18th of January, 1782.
His life has therefore been extended over
nine months beyond the seventy years allotted
to man. His earliest known projenitor was
Thomas Webster, who settled at Hampton, near
the sea-coast of New Hampshire, as early as
1630. The Websters were generally farmers
and (on occasion) soldiers, were fair-haired, of
light complexion, and slender frame. The
Statesman inherited his sturdy frame, dark fea
tures. black hair, Ac.. from his father's mother,
daughter of Rev. Stephen Batchelder. and a
woman of remarkable force of character. His
own mother was also a woman of rare intellec
tual powers. Ilis father after fighting well for
his King and country in the French and Indian
Wars, obtained, after the Peace of 1763. a grant
of land in Salisbury, at the head of the Merri
mac river, and there built his log cabin and
commenced his clearing in 1761—the fartherest
north of any British subject in New England.—
The log house long since vanished, as did the
frame one built beside it, in which Daniel Web
ster was born ; Out the farm remains in the
family, and the trees which shaded his boyhood
and the well whence he quenched his thirst,
still wooed him with their well-remembered at
tractions. on each recurring visit, to the last.
Young Webster received his education in the
common schools of his native town, in the fa
mous Phillips' Academy, at Exeter, in the
family of Rev. Samuel Woods, of Boseawen,
and at Darmouth College, to which his father
resolved unsolicited to send him—a great un
dertaking for a poor farmer, in what was still
almost a pioneer settlement. His brother
Ezekiel was also sent a little later to Dart
mouth, imposing ott them both, as well as on
their parents, the necessity of observing a most
rigorous economy. But they were both carried
creditably through, and more than justified the
fond hopes of their parents. Ezekiel became a
lawyer of eminence, but fell dead (of disease of
the heart) while arguing a cause in Concord.
N. H., in 182!>.
Daniel entered college in 1797, and gradua
ted in 1801, spending the next year as Princi
pal of an Academy at Frveburg, Maine, (or
8330 per annum, which he saved entire, earn
ing his livelihood by copying legal records.—
After spending a few months in the law office
of a Mr. Thompson, in Salisbury, he went to
Boston, and entered as a student the office of
Christopher Gore, an eminent lawyer and
statesman, #hcre he made rapid proficiency,
and was admitted to the bar in March 1805.
Returning to New Hampshire, he declined a
proffered Clerkship in the Court of which his
father was now a Judge ; and as his father was
visibly declining, lie settled beside him at Bos
cawen. till the old man’s death, which occurred
in April. 1801. The next year, Daniel relin
quished his business to his brother Ezekiel and
removed to Portsmouth, and was married the
following summer to Grace Fletcher, daughter
of Rev. Mr. Fletcher, of Hopkinton, N. 11. By
her he had four children—Grace, Fletcher,
Julia and Edward—of whom Fletcher alone
survives. Edward died in Mexico, in 18-17.
while serving as a Major of the Massachusetts
Volunteers. Julia became Mrs. Appleton, and
died in Boston some years ago.
Mr. Webster lived nine years in Portsmouth,
and was thence elected to Congress in Novem
ber, 1812, and re-elected in 1814. New Hamp
shire then elected by General Ticket, and we
believe Mr. Webster uniformly led the Federal
Ticket. His talents were widely known to be
extraordinary, though he had tilled no public
station, when he was first elected at thirty
years of age.
In 1816. Mr. Webster removed to Boston, and
devoted himself to the practice of law. In
1820 he served as a Presidential elector, and as
a member of the Convention which revised the
Constitution of Massachusetts in 1821. He was
elected to Congress from Boston in 1822, and
was re-elected in 1824 and 1836. with scarcely
a show of opposition. Mr. Webster was in the
latter year chosen a Senator of the l uited
States. He continued to serve in the Senate
until 1840, when he was called to the tirst place
in Gen. Harrison s Cabinet, where he remained
until 1842. On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr.
Webster returned to the Senate, and July 11th.
1830, he was called by Mr. Fillmore to fill once
more the tirst place in the Cabinet, which he
retained to the last.
In closing the sketch, condensed as above
from the Tribune, Mr. Greeley thus speaks of
Death's doings :
“ Clay, Calhoun, Webster —tlie mighty trio
who for forty years have tilled so large a space
in the eye and in the heart of the Nation—have
all departed. It seems but yesterday that we
saw them sitting together in the Senate, vigor
ous in mind, apparently firm in health—and
now they have passed from among us forever.
When siiall our country look upon their like
again?”
Postal Convention between tiie United
States and Pkissia. —We are authorized to say
that a Postal Convention has been concluded
between the United States and Prussia, by
which a closed mail is hereafter to be regularly
exchanged lietween the offices of New York
and Aix-la-Chapelle, and Boston and Aix-la-
Chapelle, via London and Ostend, the most ex
peditious route to the Continent. A uniform
postage rate of thirty cents, pre-payment is to
lie optional in both countries, has been agreed
upon as regards all letters addressed from any
part of the United States to any part of the
Gcrmnn-Austrian Postal Union, (embracing
Prussia, and all the other German States, anil
the whole of the Austrian Empire,) and from
any part of the German-Anstrian Postal Union
to any part of the United States. Newspapers
sent in this mail from one country to the other
ore to be pre-pnid six cents each, this being
also the full postage. Provision is likewise
made for correspondence to anil from countries
beyond the Postal Union, and the rates of post
age established, pre-payment ot which, in most
cases, is also to be optional on either side; and
it is expected the arrangement will go fully
into effect on or about the first of next month.
In the meantime, postage tables, containing
particular instruction on the subject, are to be
sent to the postmasters generally throughout
the United States.
This Convention between the United States
and Prussia bears the signature of the late
Postmaster General Ilall. to whose energy and
devotion to duty, joined to the unfaltering per
severance and attention of the enlightened and
much-esteemed Prussian Minister, Baron Gcrolt,
the public is mainly endebted for this important
improvement in the postal communication be
tween the United States and the Continent of
Europe. —.Yationat lutelligencer.
Miss Elizabeth Duvall has been appointed by
the Postmaster-General postmistress at David
sonville, Anne Arundel county, Maryland, vice
N. D. Duvall, deceased. The lady appointed
performed the duties of the office for several
months previous to the death of her father with
such acceptability that the whole neighborhood
unites —and another candidate declines—in fa
vor of her permanent appointment. —*Yational
Intelligencer.
Office—Corner of Jackson and Fifth Streets.
Startling Revelations In Counterfeiting.
An old bank plate engraver, has been per
mitted to examine the twenty one bank note
plates recently recovered from a gang of coun
terfeiters. and gives the New 1 ork~Express the
result of his observation as follows:
The great majority of counterfeit money is ori
ginal engraving. The time is fast approaching
when our beautiful paper money will be regard
ed with contempt, and disgust. If the same
hands that are employed in engraving the ori
ginal. can, by any trick, be employed in produ
cing the counterfeit, how can we tell the genu
ine from the spurious? A man may be well ac
quainted with the work of Ilawdou, Wright A
Hatch, and may take a five hundred dollar Trea
sury note with him. their genuine work upon it.
and' yet, it may be a counterfeit! . A man may
be familiar with the works of Casilear, of Dan
fortb & Co., and may take counterfeit notes with
their identical icork upon them, and yet no
blame can be attached to any of these gentle
men, because the patch-work and die system of
manufacturing them, renders it perfectly easy
for counterfeiters to obtain the work of any man
who engraves a die or transfirs a bank-plate.—
In my late publication, I have sounded the first
alarm, aud all the modes of fraud there revealed
are proved to have been in practice by couuter
fe.ters in Philadelphia.
Through the kindness of Mayor Gilpin, I have
been permitted to examine the twenty-one coun
terfeit plates lately recovered ; togethi r with a
vast amount of counterfeit materials which has
accumulated there in the course of a few years
past. By far the largest portion of them proved
to be genuine works of our best artists! Casi
lear, Durand. Burton A: Edmonds. Danfortb. Un
derwood & Co., Murray. Draper. Fairman A Co.,
A., B. A C., Durand, Wright A Co., and other
firms are represented among these implements
of fraud. The case with which a bank-plate
can be altered to represent one bank, after an
other, through the entire country, is plainly il
lustrated there. The vast amount of spurious
money which can be manufactured by very sim
ple means, is truly alarming. The counterfeit
ers had obtained one steel-plate of the Burton
A Edmonds, and had erased the title in order to
print the blank. They had a small copper plate
which was engraved by a master hand the titles
of eight banks in Wall street. Phoenix Bank,
Union Bank. Manhattan Company. Ac. Now,
by means of these two plates, they might have
manufactured, by the process of printing above,
counterfeit money to the amount of three hun
dred thousand dollars, on eight dificrent banks
—all the engraving upon which, would have
been executed by our best artists! The twenty
one plates recovered from the counterfeiters,
were capable, with a trifling addition, of manu
facturing spurious money to the amount of mill
ions. The electrotype process of multiplying
vignettes, and all engraved plates had been re
sorted to. One copper plate twenty dollar note
on the Merchant’s Bank. Providence, had been
composed of separate pieces, soldered together.
Thus, the counterfeiters vary the relative posi
tions of the detached pictures at pleasure ; and
make a solution of sulphate of copper which
might be contained in a quart measure, take
the plate of our engravers’ transfer press, and
other expressive machinery. What uow is to be
done ?
By the present method of engraving bank
notes, an ordinary mechanic stamps the plates
by means of dies. It is thereiore for tlie inter
act of the engravers to continue the use of those
dies, and the more onr notes are counterfeited
and altered the more their business will be ex
tended. Our new banks are eager to get into
operation—the dies facilitate the engraving—
and though the notes as soon as issued, are al
tered, or counterfeited, to the great annoyance
and loss of community, the banks themselves
seldom lose anything. Indeed, some of them do
not scruple to declare that they made money by
it. What then is to be done ? F’irst let the Le
gislature appoint a committee to enquire into
this matter—let them determine the best meth
od of engraving a note to prevent these frauds;
anil then let the necessary law be added to our
model General Banking Law. compelling all
bank notes to be engraved in future according
to the best method, without regard to the time
required or the cost of the work. Let an in
spector l>e appointed, who is a thorough practi
cal artist, to carry the law ito effect, anil give
the people the protection which they need. —
When our State has once set the example, other
States will follow ; and in the course of a veri
few years, we shall seldom hear of counterfeit
notes, and never hear of alterations in the de
nomination, which is a species of fraud against
which all our counterfeit detectors say 'no gen
uine bill is exempt.’ But I fear lam trespass
ing too much upon your columns at this season
of political interest. At some future period. I
will, u ith your permission, endeavor to explain
the rules by which to engrave a bank note, in
order to give the greatest amount of protection
against forgery. There is a laiv governing this
matter, which is no less certain than the law of
gravitation.—A'. Y. Express.
Woman's Affection.— Conrad Schill enlisted
as a German soldi) r. and served the term of
years required by the laws ot that land to qual
ify him for promotion. He gradually mounted
the ladder of fame and honor, and imbibing from
nature, as he advanced, the doctrine of Equali
ty, readily espoused the cause of the Liberal
Party in the recent Revolutions that have con
vulsed Europe. Owing to this course, he was
compelled to flee his native land and find a home
in America. II)' chose onr city as his abiding
place, but alas! the sudden retorsion of his for
tunes weighed heavily on his mind, and ere
long he was a subject for the Lunatic Asylum.
He had formed an attachment in his native
laud, for a young and accomplished lady, and
that love was reciprocated ; but to save his life
his haste had prevented him from bidding her
good-bye, or advising her to follow him. But
she. who had found “a foe worthy of her steel,”
was true to her affianced, and on learning of his
arrival in this country, immediately followed
him. Her anticipations of their meeting were
most rapturous, and oh! imagine her horror on
learning that he was insane! But she forsook
him not, and for many long months she has
watched for the return of his reason. She was
often permitted to see him while confined at
Columbus—the physicians hoping that such a
course would aid his recovery, but in vain.—
Some two months since he was returned to this
city as incurable, yet his guardian angel forsook
him not. At her earnest solicitation a friend
signed the necessary papers to keep him out of
the Commercial Hospital, and she administered
to his wants. A few days since, the friend saw
fit to deliver him up again to the authorities,
but she is yet with him, visiting frequently, en
deavoring to speak ami look consciousness into
him, aud is about having him permanently re
moved. Her love is undying, and if Abelard
aud Heloise deserved a monument of stone,
this unhappy couple should have one of solid
gold. —Cincinnati Gazette.
A Cake as is a Cake. —Gilmour's Mammoth
Cake, now on exhibition in the Refreshment
Saloon of the Maryland Institute, weighs about
four thousand pounds , and contains one hun
dred elegant gold rings, of the best manufac
ture, a large number of which are set with Em
eralds, Rubies, Pearls, Opals, JTurquoise, Cor
nelians, Amethysts, Ac., Ac.; 7 kegs of butter,
2 barrels of sugar, 2 barrels of flour, 50 pounds
of spice, 12 gallons of brandy, 250 dozen of eggs,
4 barrels of currants. 40 boxes of raisins, and 16
boxes of citron. It is now retailing at 50 cents
per pound to visitors.
John G. Saxe, Esq., the poet editor and ac
complished lawyer, is reported to be so ill at
Burlington, that but slight hopes of his recovery
are entertained by his friends.
Fortunes made by Advertising,
From a small pamphlet, entitled “The Art of
making Money.” an extract has been taken, and
is going the rounds of the provincial press,
pointing out the facility of making immense
sums, by the simple process of continuous ad
vertising. Doubtless large sums have been. are.
and will be made by such a system by certain
persons of ability, who no doubt would make
their way in the w orld, if called upon lo pl?.y
different parts on the great stage oflife ; but to
suppose that men in general must, as a matter
of course, acquire wealth by such means, is as
absurd as to imagine that all the penniless and
shoeless of London are capable of rising to the
dignity and wealth of an alderman or the Lord
Mayor of London simply by reading the “Young
Man's Best Companion.” Money in not so easi
ly made as the writer of the article referred to
would lead people to suppose; if it be so, few
need be poor. But to our text: fortunes made
by advertising. Undoubtedly the greatest man
of the day as an advertiser is Hollow ay, who
expends the enormous sum of twenty thousand
pounds annually in advertisements alone ; his
name is not only to be seen in every paper and
periodical published in the British Isle, but as
if this country was too small for this individu
al's exploits, he stretches over the whole of In
dia, having agents in all the different parts of
the upper, central, and lower provinces of that
immense country, publishing his medicaments
in the Hindoo, Oordoo. Goozralee, and other
native languages, so that the Indian public can
take the pills and use his ointment according to
geiural directions, as a Cockney w ould do with
in the sound of Bow Bells. We find him again
at Hong Kong and Canton, making his medi
cines known to the Celestials by means of a
Chinese translation. We trace him from thence
to the Sandwich and I’hillippine Islands, win re
he is circulating his preparation in the native
languages. At Singapore he has a large depot;
his agents there supply all the islands in the
Indian Seas. His advertisements are published
in most of the papers at Si dney, Hobart Town,
Launceston, Adelaide, l’ort 1 'Lilip. and indeed
in almost every tow n of that vast portion of tbe
Br.tisli Empire. Returning homewards, we find
his Fills and Ointment selling at Valparaiso,
Lima. Callao, aud other ports in the Pacific.—
Doubling the Horn, we track bim in the Atlan
tic—Mont Video, Buenos Ayres, Santos, Rio de
Janeiro, Ilabia, and Pernambuco ; he is adver
tising in those parts in Spanish and Portuguese.
In all the British West India Islands, as also in
the Upper and Lower Canadas, and the neigh
boring provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brun
swick, his medicines are sis familiarly known
and sold by every druggist, as they are at homo.
In the Mediterranean, we find them selling at
Malta, Corfu, Athens, and Alexandria, besides
at Tunis and other portions ot the Barbary
Stales. Any one taking the trouble lo look at
the Journal and Courier of Constantinople may
find in these, as well as other papers, that Hol
loway's medicines are regularly advertised and
selling throughout the Turkish Empire ; and
even in Russia, where an almost insurmounta
ble barrier exists, the laws there prohibiting the
entree of patent medicines, Holloway's ingenu
ity has been at work, and obviates this difficul
ty by forwarding supplies to his agent at Odes
sa, a port situated on the Black Sea, where they
filter themselves surreptitiously by various
channels into the very heart of the Empire.—
Africa has not been forgotten by this indefati
gable man. w ho has an ageul on the river Gam
bia : and also at Sierra Leone, the plague spot
of the world, the inhabitants readily avail them
selves of tbe Ointment anil Pills ; thus we can
show our readers that Holloway has made the
complete circuit of the globe, commencing with
India, and ending, as wo do. with the Cape of
Good Hope, where his medicines arc puU,shed
in the Dutch and English languages; and while
speaking of Dutch, we have heard that he has
made large shipments fo Holland, and is about
advertising in every paper or periodical pub
lished in that kingdom ; we might add that he
has also started bis medicines in some ports of
France; in some portions of Germany; as also
in some of the Italian states. —London Pictorial
Times.
Remarkable Feat of an Engine Man.—A
Paris correspondent of the Washington Repub
lic, relates the following occurrence as having
taken place on the French Northern Railroad.
It is an example of the advantages that some
times arise from meeting opposition with a bold
front :
The passengers upon the Northern Railroad
narrowly escaped destruction some days ago.—
A large cart, laden down by the weight of an
enormous block of stone, bail become fastened
in among the rails, and the efforts of the throe
horses to disengage it were perfectly unavail
ing. The whistle of the express train was heard
in the distance. The wagoner, determined to
save his horses at least, cut the reins and har
ness and made off.
The engineer saw the obstacle, reversed the
steam and gave the signal lor the brakes. But
the engine, which was a Crumpton, refused to
obey, and the machinist saw the utter impossi
bility of stopping it in time, so he put on the
steam again, and drove the train with full force
upon the terrible obstacle. The wagon was
shivered to atoms, and the stone sent Hying in
splinters for roils in all directions. The train
was not thrown off'the track, aud the passenger*
were unaware of any shock. They did not hear
of the danger they hail run till they stopped at
the next station. The engine was battered, but
its vitality ivas not decreased. The engineer,
whose coolness and decision saved the passen
gers, is a Pole, anil will be the object of some
tribute of gratitude from the company.
If the poor house has any terrors for you nev
er buy what you don't need. Before you pay
throe cents for a jewsharp. ascertain whether
you can't make just as pleasant a noise by
whistling, for which nature furnishes the ma
chinery. And, before yon pay seven dollars for
a figured vest, young man, find out whether
your lady love would not be just as glad to see
you in a plain one, that cost just half the money.
If she wouldn't, let her crack her own walnuts,
and buy her own clothes. When you see a man
paying five dollars for a Frenchified toy that a
philosophic Yankee baby will pull to pieces in
live minutes, ten chances to one that he will
live long enough to realize hoiv many cents
there are in a dollar ; and if he don't, lie's sure
to bequeath that privilege to his widow. When
a man nsks you to buy that for which you have
no use, (no matter how cheap it is,) don't sal
ves, until you are sure that some one else w ants
it at an advance. Money burns in some folks’
pockets, and makes such a pesky bole, that ev
ery thing that is put in. drops through past find
ing.—Clinton Courant.
Fire in Bridgeport, Conn. —Mr. P. T. Bar
num's celebrated mansion took lire on Tucsdav
afternoon last, during the wedding ceremony of
Mr. B.'s eldest daughter, and for a time threat
ened to make the superb building a mass of ru
ins. As it was. the lire destroyed the roof, Ac.
to the extent of about a thousand dollars. The
Fire Annihilator, and the new water works put
up by Mr. 8.. alone saved the valuable proper
ty from total destruction. There were over
1,000 guests present at the time, and the confu
sion may be imagined.—A’or York Express.
The Western “Texan,” of the latest date gives
an account of a fight between a party of Indians
and a scout of the United States Rifles, tinder
Lieut. Frost. The Indians were completely
routed, though it is not certain that any were
killed. All their camp utensils were captured,
together with a number of stolen horses. In
their camp was found tbe mail from Corpus
Christi to Laredo, which led to the belief that
the mail-rider had been murdered by them.—
Motional Intel.
Tbe Gold Dl-coverie. In Canada.
The recent discoveries of gold in Canada are
making some noise in the newspapers. We met
yesterday an intelligent gentleman, recently
from the mines, who exhibited about two dollars’
worth of coarse gold, which he said was the re
sult of the washings from two pans of dirt. Our
informant is not engaged in gold digging, but
had visited the mines from Yankee curiosity.
He states that quite a large number of persons,
in the employ ot the proprietor oft he mines, are
successfuly engaged in surface washing. These
mines are situated on the river Dupont, near
the junction with the Chaudiere. some forty
miles from Quebec, and near the Kennebec
Road. About five miles from this place, ot the
Rapids of the Chaudiere River, there is said to
be a very rich vein of gold-bearing quartz.
Our informant states that sixty dollars worth
of gold w as recently broken from the surface of
a piece of rock in this vein weighing only thirty
eight pounds. He alto states that some 50or!»l)
years ago a lump of pure gold, worth about
6300, was picked up in the vicinity of these dis
coveries. and that two or three years ago seve
eral small lumps wue found, some of which were
exhibited at the Worlds Fair in Loudon. It has
been known for several mouths, that there were
rich deposits of gold on the banks of the Chau
dicre and its tributaries, but negotiations for
the sale ol the mining priveleges there have de
layed active mining till within two or three
weeks past.
Pittsbcrgii, Oct. 26. —From passengers who '
arrived here last evening, ive learn that a seri
ous accident occurred at Portage, on the Rail
road. As Adams A Co.'s Express car, heavily
laden, was ascending plane number 8, and had
arrived just at the top of the plane, which is
twelve hundred yards long, the car unhitched
and descended with frightful rapidity.
Alarm was given at the loot of the plane, in
time for the passengers in two cars below to es
cape ; the third car was filled with ladies, who
became so alarmed that tin y could not get out.
but before the descending car reached them, the
engine to w hich the cars were attached, was re
versed, aud the train started back at a Hying
rate; but the engineer became alarmed and
jumped ott; and left the train to dash on ungui
ded to plane number 9. Fortunately the car in
w hich the ladies were, became detached, and the
i locomotive dashed on alone, and down the plane.
I w here it was smashed to pieces.
I When the Express car struck the cars from
j w hich the passengers bad escaped, the force of
the crash was so great, that both the Express
aud baggage cars were completely demolished,
and goods scattered in every direction, and
crushed the passenger cars very much.
One person had his ankle broken. Col. Van
Swartwout jumped from the Express train and
was much injured.
Tf.iuiirle Sinrwr.ECK.—We regret to have to
j record the total loss of the ship Mobile, Captain
Tarbox, of Bath, Maine, and for New Orleans
from Liverpool, 27th ultimo, with a crew of
twenty-lhree hands and sixty passengn s, ull of
whom, with the exception of nine, perished. —
The Mobile sailed from the Mersey, Tuesday
morning, with a fair wind, and made good pro
gress throughout the day. At midnight the
captain went below, leaving the second mate in
charge, with orders to steer ivest-south-west,
and to cail him (the captain) at two o'clock, or
sooner, if the weather became threatening.
At midnight tbe w ind was blowing a fresh
breeze from east-north-cast, with a heavy sea,
which soon increased to a violent gale. On
the Captain’s coming on deck at two o'clock,
lie found the ship on a lee-shore, from which it
was impossible to extricate her, the second mate
having, it is said, mistaken his orders, and kept
the ship on a west-north-west course. At half
past two she struck heavily on Arkloiv Bank,
and shortly afterward* commenced to break up.
j Efforts were made to launch the boats, but iu
: consequence of the high sea they were fruitless,
j A few hours after the vessel struck the weather
i moderated, and at eleven o'clock oil Thursday
morning, two schooners hove in sight, and im
mediately bore down to the wreck. One of them
bound to Glasgow, took off four sailors, and the ]
only surviving passengi r, and the other took ;
the remaining four sailors, and landed them at ;
Wexford, whence they have been forwarded to j
Liverpool.
Captain Tarbox and all hands exerted them
selves to the utmost to save the ship, until one j
after another they were washed aw ay and per-!
ished.
A Straxok Playmate.—A few days since, a 1
hulv of our town narrated to us the following
curious incident, w hich she derived from a near
relative, the mother of a bright little boy not a
year old. Tbe child was one day seated near
the edge of a porch, a table-spoon with which
to amuse itself being placed in its hand. After
a short time the luotlu r happened to look to
wards the babe, and perceived tliat it was lean-;
ing over the porch, and cautiously extending
the spoon towards the ground, tin u suddenly
withdrawing it with a hearty laugh each time
it drew its hand back. This lnaneuvre the in
fant repeated frequently ; its mother supposing 1
it to be playing with a kitten, paid no particn- \
lar attention to it for the moment. At length !
the child's frequent burst* of laughter, and its I
prolonged enjoyment of the sport in which it j
was engaged, induced the mother to approach j
and look over its should) r to see w hat it was
that excited its glee so much. Great was -her |
astonishment and horror on observing that the
playmate of her little boy. during nil this time, |
bail been a large anil dangerous Snake, which,
with mouth gaped widely open, aud protruding j
tongue, was coiled up in the attitude peculiar j
to that reptile when about to strike, and had
been darting at the spoon, (it is supposed in
play) each time when extended towards it.—
The mirth of the infant was created by success
in baffling the attempt of the reptile to reach its
plaything. The alarmed mother, not daring to
leave the spot, hurriedly called her husband,
who succeeded in approaching the serpent and i
despatching it with an axe. —.Madison County j
(Mo.) liecord.
Virginia Fins. — We find in the I’arkersburgh •
Gazette the following interesting statement tf
the Fur Trade of Western Virginia :
“ Last year, we are told, furs and skins were
shipped from our wharf to the amount of Slfi.- ]
000 or upwards in value. This year's collec- 1
tion greatly exceeds tliat amount." Six or seven !
large wagons came, this week, loaded to the |
bows with peltries, and others have gone to i
other points. As showing the extent of his op-1
orations within the last season, in the tier of
counties lying between tlie Ohio river and Allc-:
gliony mountains, Mr. Taylor has furnished us
with the following list of shipping furs aud skins
collected by him, and now mu route’ to the sea
board :—Raccoon, about 27.000; Mink. 4.500:
Bed Fox. 1,000; Grey Fox, 5.300; Wild Cat,
3.000 ; Otter and Fisher, 400; Opossum, 0.500 ;
Bear. 500; Deer, 6.000.
Considering that ours is the oldest State of
the Union, we regard this list as pivingevidencc
of a pretty fair crop of -varmints' for one year.
Among the trophies of hi* campaign, Mr. Tay
lor has the hide and skull of a panther, which,
tor size, must bear the palm. This animal was
shot by Ellis Houchin. l’ocohontas county, we
believe. When killed it measured infect and 4
inches from tip to tip. and w hen stuffed the skin
held seven bushel* of bran!”
A Wreck. —The schooner J.W. Brow n, bound
to this port with a full cargo of merchandise
and railroad iron, was struck by a squall on
Monday, w hen al>out 40 miles S. W. of the Man
itous. and lost her bowsprit, foremast, and the
upper half of her mainmast, leaving her totally
unmanageable. Some 30 tons of the iron was
thrown overboard. She was overtaken and
towed into port by the propeller Buffalo. Capt.
Conkey. The Captain entered a protest.— Mil.
Sentinel.
EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS.
Trial fcb ABDrorrox- Singular Case.~- The
October Term of tbe Court of Over and Termi
ner commenced its session on the 4th inst, at
Genesee, the Hon. T. A. Johnson presiding.
The case of The People agt. Reuben Lee wag
tried. This was a singular case, the circum
stances of which, as wc hove been informed,
arc as follows;
It seems that Lee resided at a house of a Mr.
Murray, who lives in the town of Nnnda, and
was attending school with Elizabeth, an only
child of Mr. M.’s, who was then a few days un
der fourteen years of age. That on the 21st of
December, 1850, Lee and Elizabeth started for
school together, ns usual, but instead of going
to school, they proceeded to Bushrille, a dis
tance of some six miles, ond a-ere there marri
ed. Their absence was not discovered until
late in the afternoon, w hen they were pursued
by Mr. Murray and a hired man. Thev were
found at tlie bouse of a sister of Lee. Mr. Mur
ray attempted to take his daughter by force,
but Lee resisted, alledging that she was his
wife, aud he had a right to her. After a long
altercation Lee consented that she should be ta
ken under the charge of a third person, for a
few days until matters could be arranged. Ac
cordingly she was taken away, and the next
day she was surrendered to her father by the
man who had charge of her.
Soon after Lee was arrested on a charge of
abduction, which was made out by tbe oath of
Elizabeth, who represented that Lee had com
pelled her by threats and menaces to leave
home with biin by force and compulsion, against
her will. An indictment was accordingly
found again.-i him for unlawfully taking her
against her will, and by force compelling her
to marry him, and also for taking her away
from her father w ithout his consent, for tbe pur
pose of marriage, she being under tbe age of
fourteen years. The first charge would subject
him to imprisonment in the State prison for not
less than ten years. The other subjects him to
a much more lenient punishment, being impris
onment in the County Jail not exceeding one
year, or a fine not exceeding one thousand dol
lars or both such fine and imprisonment. There
were many strange and singular circumstances
connected with tlie case.
The defence set up was that the girl was
very fond of Lee. and went with him of her
own consent, that she even proposed tlie elope
ment herself, that there was no force or menace
used to compel her to go : that the girl was
compelled by her father to testify against Lee.
This defence so far succeeded tliat he was dis
charged from the first count in the indictment,
but as he could not prove tlie consent of the
father or mother, the jury found him guilty of
taking her away from her father for the pur
pose of marriage without his consent, she being
under the age of fourteen years. —Albany Reg.
A Young Emigrant. —Not long since we
w itnessed at the steamboat dock in this city, a
little incident worthy of passing notice, and il
lustrating the familiaradage that “truth is of
ten stranger than fiction.” An anxious moth
er had for several days been eagerly await
ing the arrival of a little daughter about five
years of age. from the “Emerald Isle.” where,
for some reason, this her youngest child had
been left when an infant. The little giri had
been put on board a ship at Liverpool, in
charge of the Captain, who on his arrival at
Quebec, procured her passage on a St. Law
rence steamer to Montreal. A kind-hearted
gentleman of this city, knowing the circum
stances, made arrangements with an obliging
officer on one of tbe Lake Ontario steamers, to
j see the little lone emigrant safe to Oswego.—
' After being disappointed several times, the
foml mouther was again at tlie boat, and the
moment the plank was thrown out. she rushed
: on board and soon bad her darling child in her
arm-'. She was a tidy, smart. red-clie< ked girl,
and seemed to have enjoy* d her long voyage
remarkably well. At fir*t >he looked wildly at
her mother, but a few endearing words and tond
kisses made tlie little pilgrim recognize her
best and truest earthly friend. But strange to
tell, her little brother, who wept for joy as he
embraced hi- long lost sister, she did not know!
What is more beautiful, potent and holy than a
mother's love I—Oswego Journal.
FRic.nTi.ur. Railroad Accident. —A despatch
from llarrisburgh, Oct. 25. says:—
“ Passengers who arrived last evening give
tee following particulars of the crash on the
Portage Bailroad :—Adams A Co.’s Express
car. heavily freighted, ascended plane 8. and
on arriving at the crest of the plane, which is
LOO yards long, a car unhitched and descended
with fearful rapidity. The alarm was commu
nicated to the foot of the plane in time for the
passengers iu two of the cars I cloiv to escape
the collision, but the third car was filled with
ladies, who were unable to gft out before the
descending car reached the foot.
The engineer of the locomotive was ordered
to reverse the engine, which he did promptly,
thus starting at a flying rate the car containing
the bulios. The engineer now becoming alarm
ed himself, jumped off. leaving the locomotive
and passenger car dashing along the level to
wards plane 9. Fortunately, the car became
detached, permitting the locomotive to plunge
down No. 9. by which it was demolished. When
the express car struck the baggage car. the
force was to great as to demolish both, and the
goods were scattered in every direction, lint
one person was materially injured, he bad his
ancle broken. Col. Van Swartwout jumped
from the express and was much injured. The
accident occurred at 9 o'clock yesterday morn
ing.
Moving Wfst! —ln portions of this great
country, “ movers’ wagons” are still familiar
things. The editor of the Cincinnati Times,
writing from Indianapolis, thus speaks of what
he saw:
Nearly nil the day long, emigrant wagons—
“ movers”—are passing westward in squads of
three, six, and eight—white-headed children,
split-bottomed chairs, old rickety bed-steads,
pot-njetnl cooking tools. Ac.. Ac., making up
the freight. We arc informed that every fall,
not less than five hundred of these “ movers”
pass on to some imiginory Goshen out west;
nearly all from Ohio. It was the only thing
we saw of the “primitive” times, and it gave
us a feeling of all-overishness. Pass on, simple
hearted souls—for ye are the salt of the earth ;
and in ye there is no guile—'cept in a horse
swap, or in ensnaring and captivating var
mints. Go thy ways—go thy ways in peace,
fellow critters!
Marshal O. Rice.— The City Marshal, Mr.
Rice, was arrested yesterday and taken before
Mavor Follctt on a charge of assault and bat
tery iu unlawfully seizing the alleged fugitive
slaves on Wednesday evening. Numerous wit
ne«ses were examined yesterday afternoon and
this morning.
The substance of the proof, wc understand,
w as that he seized on one or more of the blacks
and dragged them along, preventing them by
force from leaving on the boat, and that he had
no legal authority in the premises.— Sandusky
Mirror.
It is announced from Washington that the
first meeting of the Inspectors appointed under
the new law for the Inspection of steamboats, la
to be held in that city on Monday next, when
the board will be organized. 11 e have not yet
seen any notice of appointments in tlie place of
those Inspectors, originally named ivho declin
ed to serve, as it was the case with the gentle
man nominated in this city. Bvff. t am.
“ Well, wife. I don’t see, for my part, how
thev send letters on them 'ere wires, without
tearing em all to bits.”
“Ivi, me. they don't send the paper, they
just send the writia’ in a fluid state.”
NUMBER 9.

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