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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWENS A MOORE, > VOLUME 2. \ THE MINNESOTIAN, j PUBLISHED EVERY' SATURDAY, BY J. P. OWENS ft G. W. MOORE, j Saint Paul, Minnesota Territory. TERM 5 :-Two Dollars per annum In advance. Three Dollars if not in ad vance. RATES OF ADVERTISING, |KOKrA»t!tTmO»IT»I(ItIt*LISt.) Transient Advertisements, $1 00 per nquare of twelve lines, for the ttrst Insertion, and fllty cents per •quare (or each subsequent insertion. YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. One column, ----- SSO 00 , Half * column, - - - - - 30 00 One-fourth of a column, - * 20 00 Business Cards not over six lines, - 600 j Over six Hues auU under ten lines, - 760 Ovct ten Hues and under fifteen lines, 10 00 I For all changes ordered in advertisements, a charge will ! Be made of thirty cents per 1,000 enu composition. Ys agroe to charge ihe above prices, uniformly for ad- T * rtlltn *' JAMES M. GooutltrE, Pioneer, D. A. Robertson, Democrat, OWENS at Moore, Mlnueaotlan. St. Paul March i ltli, 1852. M* I. AMES. R - R * NELSON. AMES & NELSON, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY. St. Pavl, Minn. WILL attend with promptness and adellty to all law , business intrusted to their car* la Minnesota, and the adjoining counties of Wiscon&lu. £}- particular attention all he given to the collection ot debts, mid the location of land warrants, y j W. P. fIIBBAY, attorney and counselor at law, St. Paul, Minn. Terr. WILL attend promptly and diligently to all business tnlTUsted to him. Halve* male himself acquaint ed with the quality and situation of the surveyed lands tn the territory, he Is prepared to locate land warrants to the be»t advautage. Persons at a distance may send their warrants here and their interests will be attended to as If they were present. V3T t> mce oU ****** #rtfeU September 17, IS6I. CV% W. Borup. Oakea. BOBIP & OAKES, HAVING formed a Co-Partnership fur uausacilng an Exchange and Banking Business In alt Its various branches, will be prepared to furnish tight and time exchange on the East, and principal cities ol the West. Remittances to Great Britain, Ireland aud Continent of Europe made In sums to suit purchasers. Sight aud home bills and European Kschanges pur chased. Collections made aud proceeds remitted at usual rates of Exchange. Ail other business committed to our Punctually attended to. & St. Paul, Minnesota Territory, June it, 1852. Ofilc* at th« Outfit building* *7' SMITH, NEWELL & CO., \T T ILL attend to the locating of Land W Warrants, payment of Taxes and ail other busl new entrusted t«» tlielr rar«*. November -7, 1^- —11H A. VAN VORHES, A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT Jtx. law and Solicitor In Chancery, will attend to all professional Uustn -ss Intrusted to his care,.l" d |*J£ n courts of the Territory. tStillwater, tap-- j Isaac Atwater, | A TTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT j OL Law aud Solicitor In Obauccry. WU * e ' BttVntlo“«o“y business intrusted him In the ne of h. , lYTftfrssiun lu auv part of tiie Territory. iMriiunar ai Kmmnpaldm rncalh.g Land warranty payment Of fax- PAii-iits when and Real E»ute in i,tu eral. Ofl:t ai St. Anthony, on -Main street, opposite the i Falls. w. Richardson, ATOTARY PUBLIC, Conveyancer, and i\ Land Agent. Office, opposite the St. Charles House, St. Aulheliy Falls. _ WILKIN & VAX ETTEX. ATTORNEYS AT LA W. | OrrtuE over Farrington's Brick Store, St Paul. JDr. IL B IBBITI. HAS his office in the rear of Levi Sloan’s store, where he .ll " ready to attend to professional culls. Saint Paul, N. v 23—mm y ~Dr. C. L. Vicchers, PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND AC COCCUUIt—WiII practice his profession in Saint Paul and vie in ly. Office, corner of Fourth aud Heberts Streets, over Ca-heart b Tyson’. Store. *>y John Bradley, Carpenter and Builder. Point Prescott and-Willow Hiver, Wisconsin. \T'ILL attend promptly to all business VV intru-ted to his charge. REFEBUNcES. —The homes he lias brnll during the past year in the towns above named. «r W. H. Scnnncs, Attorney at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery, Willow River,Wis. will practice in the counties 0 SL Croix and LaCrosse, Wisconsin, aud In the District Court of Washington coun ty, Minnesota. tj~ Valuable town lots in the village of i ■Willow River for sale. W. H. C. Folsom, Taylor’s Falls, Min. Ter. TAE-VLER in Dry Goods, Groceries, U Provisions, Hardware, Cutlery, Crockery, Queens- ■ ware, ResJy-M.ido Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Ac. • j DR. J. H.DAY, WILL practice hts profession In Saint Paul and sl clnlty. Office on Bench street. nov 29 mm y L. A. BABCOCK, M. 3. WILKIN SON. LAW FIIUI, Babcock & WILKINSON Attornles and Counsellors at Law* Solicitor* lo Chancery, &c. Office near the corner of Third and Roberts streets, at. attend to bu(*lne.-a A their profession in xll the Courts of the Territory* nov. 22,1851. cTiTitLLDmT M. ». MASSON, JR. KELLUM & MASSON, LARD OIL AND CANDLE MANUFACTURERS, —ALSO— Produce and Commission Merchants, Xo. 21 South Levee, ?/. Louli. RLITRLNtES J E. M. Ryland it Co., J y, B. Chamberlain* >SL Louli. R. M. Wither*, ) St# Louis, May ‘22. 35-y Jacob j7~noah, • \ TTORNEY AT LAW and Justice Jt\ - of the Peace —Commissioner for the States of Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Jtentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama aud Louisiana. Office on Third St., St. Paul. DR. T. R. POTTS, CORNER ROBERTS AND SIXTH STREETS, ST. PAUL, WILL attend to the duties of his profession In SL Paul anti September 17. HILLS OF EXCHA.'GE, AND DRAFTS on all parts of Ihe United States, at the office el the Minnesota outffi.J* ~ J QUINN, BOOT AND SHOEMAKER—Corner of Third and Minnesota Sts.—Gentlemen’* boots and shoeb; also aud Children’s shoes, made to .order in the neatest aud most durable manner, and of the £>eat materials. ~~ jT R. BREWSTER, Bouse, Sign, and Ornamental Painter. St. Paul, Minnesota Territory. ONEY TO LOAN, at the Exchange Office of Smith, NeweJl A Co., on Third uroct, uttr Jaekaon, St. Paul, M. T. November 27, 1852—11 tf Ventral House, SI. Paul CAVK 3t BURTON have taken this old and well known house. They have fitted it up anew, and are now prepared to accommodate boarders and travellers with comfortable quarters. No pains will be spared to make the Central House one of tbs best Hotels In the West. November, 1861. IKGUS3S, RODNEY PARKER, late of the American House Low ell, Mass., having a lease of the large hotel at the upper end of St. Paul, with everything In proper onler for the convenience of travelers, boarders, or families de siring furnished apartments, respectfully invites his fTlends and the public to give him a call, believing that he can do as much for their comfort as can be expected in a new country* n«t yet supplied with regular markets. m St. Charles Hotel. J. C. CLARK, Proprietor, St. Aath.ny Falls, Minnesota. This nouse has been thoroughly repaired and renovated, and will be kept in a manner equal to the best Hotels In the West. The Falls of St. Anthony, with the fine fishing and bunting grounds adjacent, together with a climate unsur passed on the American continent for health and loveli ness, render this the place of all others to eujoy the hot season. 44tf Temperance House, T OT MOFFET, Proprietor,—Corner JLi of Fourth and Jackson St*., Saint Paul. Perma nent an i transient boarder* furnished with good and com fortable apartments. Charges moderate. Half-Way House. TOHN MORGAN, (mid-way between St. Paul and Stillwater,) begs leave to say to stran gers vlsdtlng Minnesota, and the public generally, thAt having made his arrangements complete for the accom modation of the public, and being situated In the midst of the most delightful scenery, surrounded by lakes that abound with fish, and In an atmosphere of unsurpassed purity, he hopes to sea company from abroad, as well as from the neighboring villages. They will find the charges moderate. Emmett & Moss, Attorneys and Solicitors. TT? ILL attend to professional business V V in the various Courts of the Territory. Particu lar attention given to the location of Land Warrants, buying and selling of lands, Ac. Land warrants for sale for cash or on time. Office on the corner of Wabashaw and Third streets, St. Paul Minnesota. L. KMMETT, July l, 1862. HENRY L. MOSS. JOHN ESAIAS WARREN, ATTORNEY ASD COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Office In Thlnl street, over SanfurJs Store, St. Paul, ST. WILL devote his exclusive attention Vi to the .tulles of hi*office—to the maintenance of the laws.am! the establishment of contest.*] rights. The drawing of Mortgages, Deeds, contracts and other Instru ments, will be executed with neatness aud care. OAK HILL CEMETERY. A LL persons desiring burial lots can LX. obtain Information by calling upon the Secretary, J. W. Selby, or the President, C. W. Borup. 29yl P. CHOUTEAU, JR. JAS. HARRISON, FELIX VALLE< CHOUTEAU. HAKRISON & VALLE. Commission Merchants and Proprietors of the St. Louis Rolling Mill. A ND manufactures of bar iron in all its LX. various shapes, Sheet Iron and Boiler Plate, Nalls and Spik-s from the ore of the Iron Mountain, iron Store, No. 129 North Second street, St. Louis. September 1, 1851. Nathan Spicer, JEWELER AND WATCHMAKER, J at the sign uf the Big Watch, Third street, next door to the St. Paul Drug Store, is prepared to make gold and silver watches, rings, siwons, Ac., on short notice. Also to repair the same, n-ahfffi well as music leioks, shell combs, or linger rings, brace lets and eat drops, lie also keeps tor sale a great variety of rings, perfumery, and whatever goods are usually en quired for at a Jeweler’s. ~ W. 11. FORBES, 17UR COMPANY—St. Paul Outfit— A Also Dry Goods and Groceries, corner of Third and Jackson streets. jTw. BABCOCK, J7ORWARDING and Commission Mer- Jc chant, Upper Landing, Saint Paul, Mluuesota Ter ritory* SPENCER, KIRKPATRICK & MARKLEY, Forwarding and Commission Merchants, LEVEE, LOWER LANDING, ST. PAUL. feb 14 "~ tt . S. P. FOLSOM, County Surveyor. May be found at office of of Register of Deeds, on Third street, one door below' Minnesota outfit. 17--J E M’ LAGAN, STORAGE AND CO3I3HSSION MERCHANT, Jackson street, Lower Landing, St Paul, Minnesota. lIROMPT attention given to all consignments, and char ges moderate. St Paul, October 19, ISSI " THEODORE E. PARKER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, STILLWATER, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. To my old friends, AND TIIE “REST OF MANKIND,” 1 wonld say, that l can be found during the winter. »t the old stand of Charley Cave, on Third Street, \there I wlllal ways be ha|>pv to wait up n them. Bar and house fur “ “ beSt 6VCry th WM. HARTSIIORNE. Painting. SIIERMAN & MOltEY,on Fourth street,Si. Paul, near the middle of tow n, In the building ot Mr. Knox, up stair-, may be found, ready to attend to Painting iu all its departments. House painting, sigh painting, carnage amt ornamental painting, all done up promptly, ond Ainu paints of the best quality. If we do our work In a slo\- enly, unworkmau like ntannner we do not expect to get business lu the euligbtened town of St. Paul. Dec. 13, 1851. SHERMAN K MOREY. BOOKBINDING THE subscriber would respectfully Infuam the citizens of St. Paul and Its vicinity, that he Is now carrying on the above business tn the 2d story of Spencer’s new build ing, on the corner of Flth and Roberts street. rrV- Particular attention paid to rebinding old books and periodicals. JaMES MACKINTOSH, feb 7 J C Burbank A co. St-Paul] [\V L Fawcette b. co. St.Louls NORTH-WESTERN EXPRESS COMPANY, CONNECTING AT GALENA AND ST. LOVIS WITH TIIE American and other Express Companies. rpo and from alt the principal cities iu the United States, Ca liorn a and Europe, for the speedy transportation of motiey and valuable packages, col ection of drafts, notes, bills, accounts, See., purchase and sale of all kinds ci merchandize. C. R. Rice A Co.. St. Paul, Otis West, St. Lonitt. J. Brookes, Galena. Particular attention paid to forwarding and commission business generally, may 1. AMERICAN' SALOON cm iiARDY now keeps this well-known establish ment “on his own hook” lie hopes by a continued attention to the wants of hi* customers, to merlttheir patronage as heretofore. IJy SKETCHES OF MINNESOTA, the 8J New England of the West, by B. S. Seymour. For sale by J.EDUC fit ROIIKKR* FIRE Ic MARINE INSURANCE, DY the undersigned ageut for Ihe Protection inauraucc ot Hartford, Conn. Policies issued upon the most favorable terms by W. 1\ Murray, Agent, Minnesota. St. Paul, February 28 1b62 14-1 m NORTH-WESTERN BOOK-STORE. Joseph N. Waggoner, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER, Ko. 93 Main Street, four Uory Brick Comer, Galena, Xll. ,r-y-Agenvy for the 6&lc of Euperlor Printing Paper.. 43 Galena, May 22. *->' T EFFEL’S Double Oven, the neatest X-J of the Cincinnati castings with extra oval casMron boilers, can be seen at f* 8- NEWELL'S. SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1852. Truman H. Smith, CoUector, General Agent and Notary Public, Office on Third street, St. Paul, Min. Tor. Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to his care. Conveyancing done on short notice. St. Paul House. r PHIS House, formerly kept by J. W. X Bass, b«*ing the original hotel of St. Paul, at the comer of Third and Jackson sta., opposite the Minnesota Outfit, Is thoroughly repaired, and remodeled, and with the addi tions now made to it, Is one of the most spacious and con venient hotels In town. Having taken a lease of It, and fitted It up throughout with new furniture, I Invite the traveling public to call upon me; believing they will find this house equal to the best, in all respects. The charges will be very moderate. GEOItGK WELLS. St. Paul, July 31, 1852. 46y Franklin Marine and Fire Insurance Company of Rev, York. Capital, §300,000. All paid In cash, and safely invested In Bonds and Mort gages, and other good securities according to law. CADY HOLLISTER, Pres’L Wm. L. AVERY, Sec»y. Policies will be issued on application to H. L. MOSS, Agent, Office, comer of Third and Wabasha streets. Lloyd & Co., pLAIM & GENERAL AGENTS V J In all kinds of property—negotiators In Loans for large and small sums. Office, opposite the Treasury, Washington. Claims that have been abandoned by other agents as worthless have been successfully prosecuted by the above agents. Advances made on good claims. All communications addressed as above, post paid, will be attended to. Otficc open from 9 A. M., to 6 P. M. Land Warrant* tor sale. 2t6 Contracting and Building. ED W A R D STEWART, Bricklayer and Architect, thankful to the citizens of St. Paul, for favors since he commenced business, would respectful ly Inft fm them that he Is prepared to contract for and e rect stone or Brick buildings, and furnish materials If re quired, on fair terms, having permanently settled in Saint Paul, he solicits a share of public patronage. Drafts and specifications furnished on reasonable terms. X. B« Orders for work left at the store of H. C. Sand ford, near the Post Oifice will receive prompt attention. 42/ EDWARD STEWART. 1,. B. Wait & Co., Wholesale and Retail Grocers and Commission Merchants, TJTAVE opened at the store lately oe- XX cupied by C. F. Tracy, on Third street, a general assortment of Family Groceries and Provisions; which they will sell at low prices for cash or In exchange for country produce. They respect!ullv solicit a share of patronage. CHARLES MILBfKN, Sf. Paul, June 21, »52—10 yL. B. WAIT. Joseph Wakefield, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, \Y7ILL attend punctually and faithfully » * to all business that may be intrusted to his pro fessional care. Particular attention paid to Conveyancing. Office on Third st., over L. B. Wait St CVs store, Saint Paul Minnesota. 2-Jy DOAN, KING & Co., Wholesale Dry-Goods Dealers, 123 AND 125 MAIN STREET, ST. LOUIS. ARE constantly receiving new and de sirable styles of STAPLE AND FANCY GOODS which are offered at a very small advance for Cash, or to Mer chants who pay their notes when due. Country Merchants will find a decided advantage by an examination of the lar gest stock of goods west of the mountains. DOAN, KING & CO. St. Louis, May 22. 35-y JOHN* SQUIRE, Squire & Reed, Eagle Iron and Nail Store, 23 Water sf., Between Olive and Pine, St. Louis, Mo., T"»EALERS in Iron, Nails. Hollow Ware, Coatings, ateel, Iron Axles, Eliptic springs, Fireproof safes, smiths’ Tools, &c., agents for the sale of Hope Cotton Yarn*, ami Pittsburgh manufactures gener ally* 61 y WHITNEY’S GALLERY awsrantaa, Cor. Third and Cedar sis., St. Paul. •THIS Gallery was built expressly for A- Daguerreotvping, and is furnished with the VERY REST ot Apparatus. The light is arranged upon the most approved scientillc principles. The proprietor uses his best endeavors to please those who favor Idm with tlielr patrouage. .All are respectfully Invited to call and ex amine specimens. 49 F. E. COLLINS, AUC TI ON &. COM MIS Sl O K HOUSE TIIE undersigned having received on Auctioneer’s Com mission from the Governor of Minnesota, has opened an Auction ami Commission House, in St. Paul, where he will sell on commission, Groceries, Dry Goods, Furniture, &c. lie believes that the superior advantages of St. Paul as a market, will be a sufficient inducement for business men aud manufacturers at a distance, to send their goods, 61c., to be sold on commission at private sale, or at auction. His charges will be moderate. K. D. Particular attention will be paid to the sale of real estate, In or about St. Paul, St* Anthony, or Stillwa ter. March 6 F. E. COLLINS. REFERENCES: Gov. Alev. Ramsey, St. Paul, llon. 11. 11. Sibley, Mendota, u David Olmsted, Merchant, Benton Ct., “ J. 0. Ramsey, St. Paul, “ Wm. 11. Forbes, j Klfelt & Brothers* f c* J. W. SIMPSON, } Merchants, bt. John Farrington, \ lauu D. L* Fuller, j Franklin Steele, Mcr. St. Anthony, Wm. Holcombe,Esq., Stillwater. NEW STOKE. FOR THE ST. CROIX RIVER TRADE. ON HAND—A selected assortment of groceries, pro visions, dry giHxls and ready-made clothing, hard ware and tin-ware, boots and shoes. A general assort ment selected particularly for the lumber trade--‘heap for cash. On time, term.*, agreed to suit parties. W. 11. c. FOLSOM. Taylor's Falls, Minn., Sept. 23,1851. y MANKY 5c WELD. WHOLESALE DEALERS IX BOOTS AXD SHOES. 156 Main Street, St. Louis, WOULD respectfully call the attention of dealers In Minnesota, to the largest and most varied assort ment of Boots and Shoes ever offered in St* Louis— Believing that they can offer better inducements to pur chaser>, than any othv*r establishment; which they are willing to demonstrate upon an examination of their goods and prices. September 24, ISsl—y WILLIAM TAYLOR, BARBER and Hair Dresser—lias fitted up a saloon on Third Street, next door west of the Po.-t Office in Saint Paul, up to the Increasing luxury, style and elegance of the growing metropolis of Minne sota, where be will be happy to serve citizens and stran gers in St. Paul, in every branch of his business, accord ing to the best of his ability. SEW GROCERY AXD PROVISION STORE, ON SAINT ANTHONY STREET, TWO DOORS BELOW THE AMERICAN HOUSE. TIIF. undersigned would respect fully invite the attention of the public, to their large and well selected stock of Groceries and Provisions. Also, Heady-Made Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Wines, Liquors, Xails, Glass, Hardware, &c, all of which will be sold cheap for cash. Please call mud examine before purchasing else where* IRVINE fit BRO. St Paul, October 29, 1861 7 ANNALS OF THE Minnesota Historical Society FOR 1839. A FEW copies of this interesting An nual, containing more about tbe discovery and early history ol Minnesota; It* geographical aspect, and mineral and peol<«lca! resources than any work heretofore issued, are still on baud, and for sale at the Boukaton* of Messrs LeDuc Sc Rohrcr and Comlw’; also at this office. Price, Thlrtv Cents* OWENS Sl MOORE, Publisher*. OUGAR—2O hhds. sugar—so bbls. O clarified'-Belcher*', by REY k FARMER- Oifice—Corner of Jackson and Fifth Streets. THE MINNESOTIAN. EDITORIAL CORRESPOADmcc. Galena, Jfov. 22d. I send you herewith an advertisen»ent show ing the winter arrangement for travel over the N. I. and S. M. Railroad. On my josrncy East I was a passenger over this road ; and although not so fully “underway” in every particular as the Central road, yet everything |i done up with great care and attention, aud Ae time is as good as upon the roads gencrapy in the West. Until the road through Canada, from opposite Detroit to Xiagara Falls, is finished, the Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan must, from its connection with the lines around the southern shore of Lake Erie, take all or most of the winter travel from the Xorth-Weai. The Canada road will not be completed for a year yet; and consequently all of our folks go ing East thiß winter will find it to their advant age to take the Southern road from Chicago.— In the Galena Advertiser of one day last week, you will find a paragraph giving correct infor mation as to how the connections are formed at the present time around the Lake shore, which I presume you will publish for the benefit of our citizens who intend going East this win ter. When the East can be reached in this safe and comfortable manner, the man is a fool who will trust himself upon Lake Erie after the middle of October. I have enough of November Lake navigation to last me the remainder of my days ; and I think the hundreds who came over about the time I did have come to the same conclusion. I know of one old gentle man, at least, who you never again will catch upon those waters during this month. It was on the good steamer Ohio, comiug up from Cleveland, on the 29th inst. The gale was ter rific ; and it was the general opinion of all on board that they were about as near eternity as people generally get without really arriving at that final bourne. The old gentleman alluded to, very deliberately called for writing materi als, and during a momentary cessation of the storm, time up his will in as legible characters as the fury of the elements would admit. As serious a time as all on board felt it to be. no one could repress a secret laugii at the old fel low, when the difficulty of getting the will ashore, and safe on its journey to the probate judge of the proper county, flashed upon his mind. It was suggested to him that he adopt the expedient of one of Willis Gaylord Clark's heroes, who was caught in a somewhat similar predicament upon this very lake. He said he “ saw how things was a goin'— so he just took his hat and walked ashore!" The weather continues in the “ melting mood,” although we had some live inches of snow last mgtit. Tito stroots this atternoon are sloppy, and the sleighing bad. We expect a mail from Minnesota to-night, which will decide as to the time of my leaving. Mr. Anderson, of Willow River, leaves for home in the morn ing, with his own team. Sergent arrived this afternoon from Rockford. He says he will push his goods through by laud to St. Paul. Yours truly. S. G. REED Being engaged yesterday with some business operations out-doors, I failed to write you. To tell the truth, one who has been so long from a home and a business that he loves as I have, gets his mind on a continual wear with anxiety, aud hardly knows what to think of. or w hat to write about. The close of the business season here at Gale na gives food for reflection to those, like us of Minnesota, who arc so closely allied with her in trade, as well as to her own people. It is a well-known fact, that no town in the West, of its size, has so large a trade as Galena. Leav ing out her mineral trade, and yet she is far ahead of any other town north of Quincy, and, perhaps, north of St. Louis. With her export of lead, which in value is more than one-half of all she sells, she occupies a commercial stand ing and position that can never be taken away from her, if she is but true to herself. I have no correct data by which to estimate the value of exports the past season out of Galena; but it is very evident that they have increased over last year considerably. Galena has partaken of the general prosperity that has overspread the country, with the additional advantage that through the enterprise of her citizens in con trolling the carrying trade above here, she has reaped a small harvest from the rapidly in creasing emigration to Minnesota and northern lowa and Wisconsin. All the business men here join in saying that this has been “an ex cellent season ;” and, even if some ot our up country folks are a little behind in their pay ments, they have confidence in them generally, and appear in good humor with us, and anx ious to extend their business in that quarter next year. We hope this good feeling is recip rocated thoroughly by our people ; for In truth has Galena been a nursing mother to us in the days of our infancy. We cannot, without in gratitude, forget her to the last day of our ex istence. Her enterprising merchants (Galena has merchants, which is more than some towns not a hundred miles off can say,) have from the start sent us their boats, their goods and their good will; and no true Miunesotian can forget these things, even now when the day of our prosperity and comparative independence is about to arrive. When I get home, I may have something to say of Galena and her future destiny, as con nected with the great railroad enterprises of the day. At present, 1 have neither the time nor space to go into details. But the right kind of people are here, if they only address themselves properly to the task of building up and holding the trade naturally incident to this point. And socially, too, the Galenians arc among the very best people I ever mingled with. Free, generous, amiable, polite and re fined—no ill-bred exclusiveness or miserable aping after something which weak minds call gentility and aristocratic bearing—they greet the stranger who may be tarrying among them with a hearty good will, and receive you into their midst with a welcome that you know means something— that you arc made to feci comes from the heart. Of all things to be dep recated on earth, is an unmeaning man or an unmeaning woman; and a town made up of unmeaning people is less to be desired as an abode than a residence among a community of Dakotas. Galena is not of this class. I have remained here longer this time than upon any former occasion, and have thus had abundant opportunities to speak knowingly of the kindly and hospitable character of the Galenians. Ko stranger, with the soul of a man in him, after becoming even partially acquainted with the good folks of this city, can leave them without many regrets. We were welcomed this morning with a full Minnesota mail—the first that has come through by land since the close of navigation. It came through in exact time, at least so far as getting down to Prairie du Chieu was concerned. iu fact, passengers who came through say that Willoughby & Powers are doing things up in grand style, and that it is less aunoying and perplexing to make the journey between Prairie du Chien and St. Paul than between here and Rockford. But I will have au opportunity of judging for myself in a few days. Mr. Whitall, father-in-law of Mr. Rice, came down the trip here alluded to, bringing the welcome news that Mr. R. was convalescent.— Ilis numerous friends here are, of course, all heartily rejoiced at this. At such a time as this, Minnesota and the North-West has no such men to lose; and all who love and wish well to the country, whatever may have been tbeir personal feelings heretofore, cannot but feel thankful to Providence that this blow has been averted. Mr. W. also brought tidings that Mr. Oakes and others of our citizens who were compelled to leave the Nominee at La Crosse, were getting along towards home comfortably and conveniently. Until this morning, I had seen but one copy of the Minncsotian since 1 left home. It looks as natural and familiar as an old boot; and the sight of it makes me more anxious to get to St. Paul. I see confirmed what I had previously an inkling of in Ohio, that our friend Babcock lias ‘ followed iu the footsteps of his illustrious predecessors,” and taken back with him a— wife Well, the rule established early in the season has been very generally followed up.— Let us see—there's Murray, and Van Etten, and my humble self alone have violated it. I see we are also to have an Indian hanging one of these days. Captains Blakely and Lodwick, with the oth er officers of the Dr. Franklin and Black Ilawk, have returned from Rock Island, where they have laid up their boats. Capt. B. thinks of procuring a new boat for next season. Yours truly. A notable career has just ended in Germany with the death ot Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. lie was born in 1778, at Lanz, in Pomerania, and studied at Berlin aud Jena. He cordially ha ted the French, and after the battle of Jena sought to enlist in the Prussian army, but was arrested as a spy. Afterward, in 1811, be be came a teacher of Cologne, and there, smarting under the humiliation of Germany by Bona parte. he resolved to devote himself to rousing and developing the national spirit of the Ger man people, lie was prominent in the effort which proved to so large a degree successful, to purge the language of the foreign impurities which had crept into it and becomefashionable. At the same time he found in gymnastic cexcr cises the means of physically preparing the German youth for the coming struggle, and of uniting them in friendly’ and patriotic associa tions. It is universally admitted that his servi ces iu making ready for the rising in 1813 were very great. Whan the contest began he enter ed the famous corps of Lutzotv, with which, and as commander of a battalion of volunteers, he made the campaigns of 1813 and 1814. He was also employed by the Kiug of Prussia on several confidential missions. In 1815 he en tered Paris with the allied army. After the peace ho gave lectures at Berlin on the nature and peculiarities of the German people, but bis ardent spirit, and the love of liberty, which had been convenient in shaking oil' a foreign yoke, were not thought favorable to the perma nence ot a domestic one. and Jahn and the po litical societies over which he exercised a great influence, fell under suspicion as demagogues and conspirators. The Turners’ piacas of meeting were closed, and in 1819 Jahn himself was arrested. After having been live years in prison he was tried afld condemned to two years more for having endeavored fo excite dis satisfaction and discontent with the existing government. However, next year, on a final examination, be was acquitted of that charge, and was released, but not allowed to reside in any town where there was a high school or col lege, nor within ten miles of Berlin. In 1829, he was again accused of demagogic doings, and was ordered to leave Freiburg-on-the-Uustrut, where he had taken up his abode. Subsequent ly, he was allowed to return there, and when the present King of I'russiacame to the throne, Jahn was again allowed to reside where he chose, and was afterwards decorated with the order of the Iron Cross. In 1844, being in dan ger of losing bis little property at Freiburg, he published an appeal to the German people, which caused a great sensation, and brought him the desired aid. In 1848, he was chosen a meffiber of the Frankfort Parliament, and at first was welcomed with great enthusiasm, by the progressive professors of that body. But he was not up to the democracy which prevail ed there, and presently became one of the most unpopular of men with the members of the Democratic party. Them he charged with all sorts of criminal and disorderly tendencies, and him they treated as an old renegade and blockhead. He was a quaint and patriarchal figure as we saw him in St. Paul’s Church in 1848, —a tall, vigorous old man, dressed in a singular tunic, with a black velvet skull cap, a broad shirt collar of rather dubious whiteness, turned over his shoulders, and a heavy white beard falling low upon his bosom. His speech es were a short, jerking, queer, full of droll suggestions and rude personalities. In the Parliament he was a supporter of the scheme for making Germany a hereditary Empire with the Hohenzollerns at its head. Since 1848 he has not been heard of. Our German papers do not state where he died, but we presume it was at Freiburg.—-V. Y. Tribune. Galena, Xov. 24. A Prediction. —The Natchez Free Trader makes the following prediction, the truth or falsity of which will be demonstrated in two months:— We predict that by the first of January , 1853, a revolution will be in successful operation in tbe States of Zachtacas, Tamaulipas and Chi huahua, and all the northern States of Mexico. The object will be to establish an independent confederated Republic, similar to tbe United States. It will be under the lead of Americans, though nominally under that of Mexicans. It will be successful, and will have a materi al bearing on the destiny of the South, of the United States, and of this conti nent. The following, although calculated for the parallel aud latitude of New York city, will, perhaps. “ with very slight variations,” as the almanacs say, do for Minnesota. We have, at least, no hesitancy in endorsing it from A to Z. From the New York Tribune. T* Whig Office-Holder*. Boys! the signs of the times clearly indicate that your time is short—that you will very soon be ‘ outand if your mothers do not al ready realize that interesting fact it is evident, that they very aoon will. Whether your pla ces pertain to the Federal, State or City Gov ernment, the W'olves are fierce on your track, and must very soon overhaul nearly the last man of you. Bear with us, then, while we of fer a few hints suggested by your delicate and rather peculiar position. 1. lion V try to propitiate the new masters of your official destiny. Trying to bunt up some second cousin who is an influential Locofoco, and who iu«y ho p yo* in if he really tries, is a very mean business. If he does it. be there fore subjects himself to detestation and the loss of bis legitimate influence in bis own party; and what right have you to impose such a load upon him? Men in your situation can't well afford to despise themselves. You have no right to forget that there was once a high-ton ed Whig party, whose prosperity you shared, whose success you claimed to have* promoted, and whose name you were proud to bear. Don't sneak away from* sharing its adversity as well, but wrap your robes around you and die, if not with dignity, at least with decency. 2. Don’t claim exemption from the common lot on the assumption that you secretly worked and voted for Pierce. Some of you were base enough to do it, but why should you be so silly as to avow it ? You will not be more than half believed, while you will in any case be thor oughly despised, by the new dispensers of pat ronage. They know full well that you would have kept very shady about all this if Scott had been elected, and shouted over the Whig victory as loud as any of us. l’laces they must and will have, and the official cushions of the new dignitaries must be stuffed from your hides —there is no alternative. If you have helped tear down the only house that could have repu tably sheltered you, be wise enough to keep the fact to yourselves, and not, by au avowal that you are knaves, justify the conviction that you are also fools. 3. Don't solicit compassion for your misfor tune in losing office. That only brings you down to the level ot the rest of us; and why should you be more pitied for losing the office? you have enjoyed for three or four years, than the rest of us for never having had any to lose 1 If it is hard to go out, must it not have been comfortable to get in aud stay in so long ? Some of you are very worthy aud well qualifi ed ; for the country's sake, we regret that they are to be displaced—often, we apprehend, bv men less competent and deserving—but we can’t shed the first bucket of tears in pity for the losers. If a mau is fit to hold an office of any account, he is abundantly qualified to live without office. He who says that he knows not how he shall support his family if turned out. shows good reason why he should never have been put in. If an office is worth having, the incumbent should have saved something from three or four years’ enjoyment of its salary : if he might have saved and did not. he must face the consequences of his improvidence. There is no belli for that. 4. Finally, Set your hotises in order. Many of you have twenty dollars or over per week, anil should save at least half of their earnings henceforth till they shall be called to their ‘ taking off.’ The Custom House incumbents can hardly be started before April, and proba bly will not be till May, by w hich time each should have his nest-egg laid carefully by. A couple ofhundred dollars is a sum by uo means to be despised by a man in a quandary, as many of you are or soon will be. Look out employ ment ahead, and be ready, whenever the axe , shall fall, to pick up your respective heads out ] of the basket and carry them forthwith to the j scenes of your future effort. There is nothing' in decapitation after you get fairly used to it. •It is the first step that cost?.’ 5. Iteso/ce not to hang idly about the Cities. | If there be employment and business attainable j here, you can surely ascertain the fact by next March*. If there be none such, why loiter here ? j The Great West has still room for you, and Mother Nature never discards and rarely dis appoints those who rightly seek her bounties. She has not turned oft the first batch of reject ed suitors for hrr favor since Adam. If no suitable employment can be found here, remem that there is boundless wealth in the bosom of the earth, and only labor is needed to bring it out. Men and brethren! help us to secure the adoption by Congress of the pinciple of Free Homes tor All, from the unappropriated Pub lic Domain, and then the loss of office will cease to be terrible to men willing to earn their mon ey by honest work. There is ‘a good time coming’ yet for those who deserve it, but it wont come soon enough to keep you honorably in office—rest assured of that! Ho for Free Land and unfailing opportunity for every man to live by honest sweat, regardless of great men’s favor and the mutabilities of Politics! Independence forever! From the Lake Superior Journal o( Nov. 3d. From the Far North W est. Rev. Peter Jacobs Ojibway Missionary, re turned to this place yesterday on his way to Montreal, from York Factory, situated on Hud son’s Bay, a short distance this side of the North Pole. He came to the Saut on his way to that place on the first boat last spring, and that time, wiih the exception of some tw o weeks spent at the Bay, he has l»cen traveling to and from that truly* hyperborean region. During this period of about six months he has travers ed this vast extent of country between Lake Superior and Hudson's Bay, a journey going and coming not less than 4,000 miles in Icnghth, in bark canoes, on foot, and in small vessels. This route lies by way of the Red River of the North, Lake Winne|»eg, Lake of the Woods, and other small lakes in that region ; where there was water be traveled in his canoe, where there was none, his canoe was carried over por tages on the shoulders of his voyageurs. On his return, in passing across Lake Winnepeg, he had the misfortune to be shipwrecked in his frail birchen vessel, and of losing five hundred dollars iu specie, together with all his clothes, equipment and valuables, his men and himself escaping barely with their lives. Lake Winnepeg, or the “muddy water,” is quite a large sheet of water, being about 300 miles in length and CO in width, or about as latge as Lake Erie. One solitary schooner of some fifty tuns burden is all the vessel that sails over its broad surface, if we except the bark canoes of the voyageurs. This sail vessel belongs to the Hudson Bay Fur Company, and is employed in transporting furs and supplies on their way to and from Hudson's Bay, tbe chief factory of this great Company. Little as is known of this great northern lake, with its solitary vessel and its limited business, it is what Lake Superior was to the world twenty five years ago, and it is not unreasonable to suppose that, as in the case of this lake, un resourccs and unforeseen circumstances will, in twenty-five years more, surround its shores with civilization, and cover its waters with steam and sail vessels. That it is a region rich in minerals there is no doubt (tom the testimo ny of many travelers. Tbe time may come when Lake* Superior will be but the half-way place for busineea and travel to the North- West We learn from Mr. Jacob* that Mr. McTavisb. Chief Factor, and formerly stationed at this EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS. place, remains at the Bay ; that Mr. Ballenden, also for several years Agent of the Hudson’s Bay’s post here, bus recored his health aud h'ua gone this season over the mouutaius to Colum bia on the Pacific; aud ibat the-season has been pleasant and a favorable one for the busi ness of the Company. Mr. Law’* Purchase of Arm*. The Baltimore Patriot the other day referred to Mr. George Law’s purchase of Government muskets, and suggested that a desire to realize profit upon them might partially explain hi* apparent anxiety to hurry the country into war against Spain in behalf of Cuba. The Patriot, after alluding to the failure of Mr. Law’s nego tions with Kossuth, remarked : “Now, as these muskets cost Mr. Law some where about eighty thousand dollars—or he a greed to pay for them—Ac has not paid all yet —it is a very losing business to keep them on hand. The Kossuth affair has blown over—the expectation of a fight in South America, which would ...... a donna nd fio* Hi..,, has Hiod aa-ny —and there is no hope more favorable for get ting up a demand for them than a filibuster movement on Cuba. This hope is desperate, as the accounts show; but would it be strange that, as the muskets were bought in the expec tation of a row. that the row should now l,e got up in the expectation of selling the mus kets ?It must be heart-sickening—or pocket sickening— to have only so desperate a ease, as this getting up a row in Cuba seems to be, in the hope of selliug the muskets?” The I’utriot under-estimates the amount of Mr. Law’s investment considerably. -Ion,” writing to yesterday's Sun, states the true a mouut thus: ••An inquiry has recently been made at the War Department concerning the state ot Mr. George Law’s contract with the Government for tlic purchase of arms : “The follow ing is an authentic statement of Mr. Law's purchase of muskets : 94,399 muskets at $2 40. S 154,557 CO 05,023 do at 2 00, 131,240 00 14,331 do at 2 00, 28,662 00 $314,459 U 0 -These muskets are in excellent condition, and well packed in excellent boxes. They are only a small part of Mr. Law's collection of warlike munitions. The invaders will find no difficulty, therefore, in procuring arms, and at a reasonable price, for all their objects.” The closing sentence has reference to the threatened filibuster expedition against Cuba, which, according to the same writer, is contem plated by parties possessing numbers, resources and “discretion.” The statement is made in significant connection with the reference to Mr. Law’s gundowder enterprise: “ The promoters of the contemplated expedi tion against Cuba here openly proclaim their purposes and objects, and they have no fear of any interference by this Government, for they will not, as they say, do anything that Is ille gal. They can accomplish all their objects, and yet commit r.o act in violation of the neutrali ty of the United States. Their numbers are great, and their resources are probably in creasing, aud their plaus are managed with dis cretion. “In New York, the number of men who could lie marshalled in a filibuster procession ex ceeds ten thousand. They intended to make a great display on the occasion of the reported removal by the Government of Lieut- Porter ironi me man steamer service, on some etn ly occasion they will make a public exhibition of tbeir “Order” in the streets of New York, and probably of other cities. It appears that the remit zvous of the invaders and the depository of their arms and munitions of war is to be without the limits of the United States.”— Washington Republic. Mr. Webster was fond of anecdotes ; he used to relate such ones as the following as no one but himself could do: A few years since, but before the great North ern Railroad passed through his farm, Mr. Web ster was on his way to the old homestead ; he took (he stage at Concord, New Hampshire, and had, for his companion, a very old man.— After some conversation, he ascertained that the old man was from the neighboring town of Salisbury, and asked him if he ever knew Cap tain Webster? “Surely, I did,” said the old mar.; -and the Captain was a brave and good man, sir: and nobly did he fight for us. with General Stark, at Bennington.” "Did he leave any children ?" inquired Mr. Webster. “O yes, there was Ezekiel, and 1 think, Daniel.” “And what has become of them?” asked Mr. Webster. “Why, Ezekiel—and he was a powerful man, sir; I have heard him plead iu Court often : yes, sir. he was a powerful man, and fell dead while pleading in Concord.” “Well,” said Mr. Webster, “and what became of Daniel?”— "Daniel, Daniel,” repeated the old man thought fully ; “w hy, Daniel, I believe , is a lawyer about Boston somewhere.” A Boi,n Trick. —The “swell mob" of London, do perpetrate robberies with the most singular ingenuity and address, and appear never to be at fault. * A lady alighted at the bank, ascend ed the steps, and entered the vestibule, and presenting a check to the paying teller, receiv ed a very large amount of bank notes, which she deposited in her purse, and returned to the carriage. Just as she had taken her seat, a gentleman came dowu the steps of the Itauk without his hat, wearing spectacles, and hav ing a pen behind his ear, said : “Madam, we have forgotten to take the number of those notes, you w ill allow me to take them oft'. — She handed the notes to him, and he ascended the steps of the bank and entered the building. The lady having waited some time, finally re turned to the bank arid soon ascertained that no person had been authorized to ask for the notes. Cairo City. —G. P. Gamer, Esq., Surveyor of Alexander county, in a letter from Cairo dated October 25tb, to the Jonesboro’ Gazette, states that the survey of the first Division of that city would be completed by the first of December,— It contains about three thousand lots. On the levee and road in that vicinity between ten and twelve hundred hands are employed, and every thing is progressing finely for an early sale of lots. —Alton Telegraph. Washinoton Monument Contributions. — At the late election, the voters of the Borough of York, Pa., contributed 340 for the National Monument to Washington ; the city of Mobile, 3301 75; Caroline connty, Md.. 317 87i ; Chat ham county, Ga., 33C0; Frederick, Md., $26 30; New Albany, Ind., $lO6 84 ; Wilmington, N.C., 323 00. Cueapentno Paints.—There is a company in New York city, called “ The New York Paint Company,” which professes to have discovered a mode of reducing the cost of paints of all kinds from 25 to 50 per cent. This is effected by mixing some 50 or 100 per cent of an unex pensive fluid with the paint when ready for use. The district of St. Mary's, in Elk county, Pennsylvania, gave 173 votes for President, and all for Pierce and King. Tbe New York Express says it is some consolation to know that the Whigs got 42 majority in "Jerusalem, and 1 majority in “Helltown. ’ two precincts in Virginia. The district of "Nowhere,” in Geor gia, voted 49 for Fillmore. 1 for Webster, 2 for Southern Rights, and none for Scott or Fierce. Sixty thousand houses were builtin the dtr of London, during the year past. We can hard ly peat this in our American cities. Extorts or Srhcre.— The amount of specie exported from New York to Earope in the month of October, was 32.151,300. NUMBER 13.