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over our flourishing Territory ; that if those
rays are to continue shedding their lustre over a free and happy people, that people must be. a moral, upright and temperate people ; and that only such men are safe to be chosen as our rU Are you a daughter ? Perhaps thy father's firmness has not been sufficient to withstand all the temptations and allurements of the “wine when it is red in the cup.’’ Go to him and with that kiss of affection, which only a father can fully appreciate—say, behold tbv daughter, whom thou lovest, and who will never forsake thee though all men do! Persuade him to as sist in removing the temptation from our Terri tory which he is not able to resist, when it is continually presented to his vision in so many attractive forms. Aud to the Members of the Legislature ; w bat shall be said to you. on this occasion?—you, who have the power directly in your own hand s, for the present at least.’ It is for you to say whether this beautiful Territory shall forfeit the high claims which she eo uohly won, when she was the first—after Maine—to declare her independence, and say to the world that she would no lougcr have the “Old King” to rule over her. It is for vou to say whether the wishes of a decided majority in 'every county in the Terri tory, shall be carried out or not. Can.you doubt as to the course you should pursue? Can you doubt as to the wishes of a majority of our citizens, both as respects num bers and respectability ? Can you lie in any doubt respecting the course you should pursue for the ultimate benefit of the country aud her citizens? You may say the late elections have decided in favor of continuing the sale of liquor in the country. We have no assurance of that. If we take the tickets formed in this county as a spe cimen of those selected to defend the Mnine Law, we will at once conclude that the result was just as every trpe advocate of the law might have seen. Out of the five candidates on our ticket, we had one strictly temperate man ; two that had been, but are not now, and two who never professed to lie—one of whom was elected. Now, this compromising our principles for the sake of availability, is the cause of our de feat. When good and true temperance men saw the names of the temperance candidates, they very naturally concluded to vote for men, anil one in particular, (Mr. Murray) who opposed the law with a zeal and perseverance worthy any statesman, but with a manly independence which should characterize every politician. But enough of this. The matter must now be settled in another way; and the law cannot be submitted to the people for their sanction.— Let us call another Territorial Convention ; let our talented men assemble ; let committees be appointed in every precinct, and let petitions be circulated, and long before the close of the present session we will see a majority of the voters names enrolled in the good cause, and such a demonstration as will entirely relieve the minds of the present members as to the course to lie pursued. I understand our neigh bors at the Falls are up and doiug something already in the good cause. Let us act with them ; let us all act with one accord, and move on slowly but surely, ami we will have nothing to fear: for the people are now prepared to act, and will not think we are acting prematurely. ' Respectfully Ac., THE MIMESOTIAN. Saint JSail, latnin!;. Snimarfl 1. iRi3 The Sioux Tntliea and Disbarscinoitu. By the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux between Hie Cnited States and the Sccseetoan and Wah payloan bands of Siouxinduing,,the flatter sell a large body of lands in .this Territory; and the Swmer agree to pay them therefor,one mil lion six hundred aud sixty-five thousand dol lars: —"At the several times, in the manner, and for the purposes following to wit; ‘‘lst. To the chiefs of the hf.ntS, io ena - , bit them to settle their effairs end to comply I tcith their present just engagements," anil to 1 remote ami sulisist them foronc year—“the! autn-of $275,000. Provided, That said-sum shall be paid tr, tin* chiefs ir. sus/t manner as they hereafter in open emmeil'shdilrepuestt” —And the balance of the purchase money. I $1,300,000, is invested at 5 per cent..'yielding for 50 years $40,000 cash annuities ; $12,000 annually for a general agricultural improve ment and civilization fund ; s(S,oflo annually for educational purposes ; and SIO,OOO annual ly for goods and .provisions. That.thiswas providing hKnus'Tmidy for these Indians, all must admit; and'the manner in •which the money is invested in different funds, 'extended over so long a period, must be con ceded a wise and judicious arrangement on the part of the U. S. Commissioners, by every man who is acquainted with the recklessness and improvidence of the Indians. But there recurs the question— why was so iarge a sum as $275,000 subtracted from the general aggregate—why was the well-known judicious policy of the government not to pay the purchase money to the Indians in bulk—de parted from in regard to this amount? Why was this sum set apart in so peculiar and marked a manner? Was it at some future pe riod to hand over to the Indians for them to squander in one grand frolic ? This is a suppo sition no man will for one moment entertain. What then was the money designed for ? The query can have but one answer. It was. in plain English, to pay their debts, and for no other purpose whatever. This intent of the treaty—of both IT. S. commissioners and Indians —is manifest in the peculiar wording of the Ist clause of the 4th article. What else can mean the phraseology “to settle their affairs and com ply w ith their present just engagements?" The very words arc the same as have been used in treaties with other Indian tribes, when setting apart money to pay their debts—as, for in stance, in the Winnebago treaty of 1840. Is there anything novel or extraordinary in thus providing for the payment or Indian debts? The roll of Indian treaties is full of precedents. Nor does our recollection now furnish us with a single case in which where a treaty was ne gotiated with Indians, they did not owe debts that the treaty provided for paying. Yet Sweetser, Robertson A Co. would delude the public mind into thinking the 4th clause of the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux to be a new kind of stipulation, unsustained by precedent or pro priety. How was it with other tribes now in our Territory? Did not the Winnebagoes. a i small tribe, in 1837, recognize by treaty, debts I ito the amount of $200,000? and did they not I *g*in. only nine years after, stipulate to pav s4*,#oo to their traders, in the very words, -to ' . enable them to comply with their just engage-! tneutsr’ Did not the Chippcwas in leay, a | so 1 set aside the sum of $70,000 to liquidate their : debts ; and in 1842, again give by treaty $75 . I 000 for a like purpose ? Did not likewise the : Medaywakattuan Sioux, provide by the treuty of 1837, to pay $90,000 to clear off their debts* . Did not the Meqomoiiees in the treaty of 183 C, set apart $99,700 for their traders ; and again • its 1848, the similar sum of $30,000 ? Now, is it strange that these two bands of Sioux, each Of them more numerous than either of the oth er tribes above enumerated—having traders living among them beyond the memory of the present generation—in no respects more provi dent or less extravagant than other Indians— and without annuities for fifteen years longer time than their brother Medaywakantoans—is it strange we say. that those two bands should have large debts to pay, or strange that those debts should be provided for by the express terms of their Treaty ? Fifteen years ago, the Medaywakantoans cleared otf debts to the amount of §90.000. The two upper hands, numbering over 1000 souls. have now paid in : the same manner aud for the same purposes, j §210,000, or 5105.000 each—hut a thousand a year for the 15 years interval between their own treaty and lhat of their lower brethren! It being shown, therefore, that all Indian tribes accumulate heavy debts, and ordinarily liquidate them when they make treaties with government, there is no occasion for holy hor ror that these Indians should have made heavy debts in a long series of years, nor anything surprising that by a stipulation they should he cancelled. But did the Indians understand that the sum set apart in the Ist clause of the 4th article— to wit: the $275,000 —was mainly for the pur pose of wiping out their debts 7 most unques tionably ! The Rev. S. R. Riggs, and Alexan der Farribault, Esq., who on that occasion were Interpreters for government, will both boar witness to this. The intent to pay their debts being borne on the face of the treaty, it was clearly so explained bv these gentlemen ; anil that the Indians comprehended this, fully, will likwise appear from an examination of the de bates between the Chiefs and Commissioners, as reported in Mr. Le line’s Year Book. But we need not dwell on this point. However the validity of other documents may have been ' questioned, no one lias yet assailed the treaty j as not fairly made, nor that any provision in . it iVus not explained to the Indians in the most , satisfactory manner. j That being proved, therefore, which is also prima facie, —that both Indians and l\ S.Com j missioners knowingly set aside this money for a certain purpose explained in the treaty,—does it not inevitably follow, that neither hail any j power over it, to wrest it from being applied to | that purpose ? Congress even could not pre sent its being so applied ; for along with the Constitution a •• treaty is the supreme law of the land : and any law sof Congress conflicting with its intent and meaning, must fall before it. The “ intent and meaning’’ of the Ist clause of the 4th article of this treaty was, that the j " present just engagements " of the Indians should he met, or in other words that their then ju«t debts should lie paid ; aud we accordingly have taken the broad position, the Indians had no right whatever to enjoy or receive any bene fit from this money, except only in the way : designated by the terms of the treaty! It is true, that -‘to the chiefs in open council , hereafter,’’ is reserved a limited directory pow er as to the “manner’’ in which the money shall l>o paid, so as best to carry out the purpose for which it was appropriated. But beyond this it is evident the Indians hail no rights in it any more than they would have to insist upon the : §O,OOO animal School Fund being diverted to j buy guns, or that the $ 12,000 Civilization Fund should be handed over to honest and veracious M. Sweetser, “ during the term of his natural life.” The words of the law, in all these in stances, control the distribution of the respect i ivc fumls. G. 11. S. U 1 11. then, as to this limited directory power reserved •• to the chiefs," Ac. Have they ever exercised it? Have they in open council made a request as to the manner in which the fund should be applied in liquidation of their debts? V e answer they have twice done so—and have consequently exhausted all their limited rights in the premises. First, on the same day tlic treaty was signed, the chiefs in open council solemnly acknowl edged that their people owed certain traders who are named, debts to a large amount, aud they -request" that $210,000 shall lie paid to their creditors in several specified proportions; that their half-breeds should receive $40,000 : and that $25,000 should lie reserved for their removal and subsistence for one year. Second, a? if to cover all defects which idle clamor, and designing roguery had alleged to exist in this first "request,” the chiefs again in September last, in open council, at St. Paul, at Mr. Rice’s store, in the presence of Agent M’- Lcan, llenry M. Rice, and two interpreters, sign and seal an instrument of writing in which, after reciting the language of the treaty, they express their entire confidence in Alex. Ram sey, and empower him to go on to Washington, and receive and receipt for their money, par ticularly for the $275,000 fund ; and the docu ment then proceeds as follows: •‘.And we also authorize, empower and re quest him, (the paid Alexander Ramsey,) to do or cause to lie done, all the arts contemplated by the saiil 4 th article for and by us to lie done, to appropriate the said money in accordance irith, and for the purpose of carrying out the equitable and true intent thereof; all such acts when done to be final and binding upon us, and to have the same force and effect us if done bv us. } “And we do hereby revoke and annul all for mer or other powers of attorney, executed or given by us with reference to tlic receipt or col lection of the said sum of money or any part thereof.’’ The foregoing document, the validity of which is undisputed and indisputable, is not merely a power of attorney—it is a great deal more. It is the final exercise of the advising power vested by the treaty in the chiefs to di rect the “ manner " of disposing of the money set apart for the liquidation of debts and for remo val and subsistence. Taken in connection with the paper executed at Traverse des Sioux, in 1851, it exhausts the power of the chiefs in the premises; and in stead of them, Governor Ramsey— not as Su perintendent of Indian Affairs, but as Alexan der Ramsey—ln comes invested with authority to act for them in all cases in • earn ing out the equitable and true intent” of the 4th article of the treaty. Thus, Alexander Ramsey, as the Agent of the Indians, cum treaty annexo ! had the right to go aud did go on to Washington, and then aud there, in virtue of the atiovc document, did demand, receive and receipt for the fund of s27s,ooo—the 3d section of (lie Indian Appro priation Act being not only no obstacle, but facilitating his operations, inasmuch as he was acting as attorney and agent for the Indiuns. \ to carry out “a treaty stipulation," and there- j tore presented the very case that Congress ap- j parently designed by the exception in the sec tiou, to meet and favor. Thus also, simply as Alexander Ramsey. Agent for the Indians, he may have chosen to deposit the money, when received, in certain banks in New-York ; chosen to exchange a por tion of this gold for more convenient paper. drafts and checks for the accommodation of the businessmen in the Territory : may have cho sen likewise, as the Agent of the Indians for removing and subsisting themselves, to pay a contractor for provisions in good par paper, with the option of gold if he had wanted it— j aud all this, without treading on the corns of that bug-bear, the Sub-Treasury Law! Does the Democrat's legal stupidity comprehend? It w as while at Washington ou this business, lhat the Traverse des isioux paper that distrib utes their debt-fund, was first brought to his notice—was first seen by him, cither in original or copy ! He was surprised to find how con clusive it was in its solemn acknowledgements of debts due and owing to various individuals, and how strongly expressed was the desire of the Indians to pay them. He found it duly signed by at! the chiefs and head men, and witnessed l»y a number of the most respectable of our citizens. He did not find it to lie an “agreement or contract with traders” merely ; but a declara tion, under the 4th article of the treaty, that certain sums of money, were u justly due," and requesting the I'uited States “topay the per sons designated ’’—and “solemnly pledging themselves and the faith of their nation” to see them so paid. Thus, it was neither “agreement, contract,” nor power of attorney ; and lie felt that he could not disregard the paper, nor with safety change its specific arrangements. lie knew that the Indians had set apart the §27.'),000 fund mainly to pay their debts—as Treaty Commissioner he knew that; as Super intendent of Indian affairs he was instructed to see it so applied—and as the agent aud attorney for the Indians he was bound to “appropriate the money” according “lo the equitable and true intent” of the treaty. What other course could he have taken than he did ? True, a portion of the Indians, acting under the lead of Sweetser, had professed to have been deceived into signing the Traverse des Siotix paper. But in the comprehensive docu ment executed by them alt, at Mr. Rice’s store, on the Bth of September, they say nothing about this—they do not revoke it— though they do specially “ revoke and annuli all former or other powers of attorney " in reference to the receipt or collection of the said sum of monev or any part thereof. But that paper is no “ pow er ot attorney for the •• receipt aud collection ” ol the money in question; and therefore stands unimpeached by the only regular anil proper Indian council held subsequent to that at Trav erse des Sioux, in 1851. lo make assurance doubly sure, however. Alexander Ramsey, acting under full powers granted lum by the Bth of September paper, resolved that the individuals claiming under the paper ot Traverse des Sioux, should trove their ACCOIXTS UNDER OATH!! and accor dingly such claimants made affidavit that the sum set down in the paper aforesaid, was justly due and owing them by the Indians, and more besides The aggregate of the accounts sworn to amounted to over §400,000! for w hich the In dians pay 5200.00 U. anil receive an acquittance in fait! Will Sweetser, Robertson A Co., have the hardihood to assail those gentlemen.—men of standing and high character as there are in the Territory—as perjured villains, who have taken wliat did not honestly belong to them? We Shull see. It was upon this strong chain of circumstan ces, that Governor Ramsey paid •• to the chiefs,” through their creditors, the money which had been set apart by the treaty for no other pur pose than to clear off their debts and start them afresh in the world. —Suppose, for a moment, that the paper exe cuted at Traverse des Sioux, was informal and invalid—yet under the powers entrusted to him by the Rice Indian council, he hud the right to take it as a guide in ascertaining and pay ing the Indian debts—if only as an arrange ment among the traders themselves, as to the sums which they were respectively willing to take, and give the Indians a full acquittance from their debts. Our space warns us to close. The facts and the argument, fairly stated, justify Gov. Ramsey in this whole matter; anil this a jury of law yers, a bench of judges, a church full or divines, viewing it without prejudice or interest, would unite in declaring. His course is right legally, and right morally the treaty has been fulfilled according to the “equitable and true intent thereof;" and all the parties are satisfied. 3 he man has yet to cotnc forward as a credi tor of the upper Indians, and say that he lias been left out or neglected in the distribution ot the debt tuiid. ,\ of one was neglected or omitted ! —Rut it is not merely tlic creditors who are content—the I shuns themselves. arc fully and completely satisfied tcith what has been done. though interested and mendacious individuals may falsely represent to the contrary ! They were tampered with and partially de moralized by M. Sweetser; but that has all re-acted, and even Red Iron declares that he “badly advised them." —And so we dismiss the subject for the pres ent. So Backing Out S-Lrt us have the Proof: The last Democrat comes to us freighted with the usual seven or eight columns of “forcibly feeble stuff concerning the disbursements un der the I pper Sioux Treaty. Gov. Ramsey con tinues to lie charged with “fraud," “villainy,” and sundry other dreadful things ; but notwith standing the general tone of the paper is a deal more subdued, (he abuse and falsehoods are still sufficiently venomous, but they are not pitched in so high or vigorous a key ; and it begins to be evident, that the confidence of the Sweetser gang of disappointed would-be public money-grabbers in tlic success of their base conspiracy against the character and reputation of Gov. R., is oozing, like Roll Acres* courage, out at their fingers' end. Abandoning in a great measure, tlic only charges—those of moral obliquity—which Gov. R. s friends or himself regarded as of material consequence, they now full back upon the legal male s nest they think they have discovered : and it is amusing to behold the warlike gravity with which Robertson, Sweetser A Go., dilate upon the Governor’s alledgod violation of the 1 Sub-Treasury law. and what they call his • crim inal malfeasance in office"—which, on their own showing, if their premises he eorieet, is but a technical offence—involving no mural wrong or injury to any body ! The real point was and is, did Gov. Ramsev as they at first insinuated, engage in the hux tering speculation of trading off the gold for a •‘consideration," for paper worth b> than gob], I or in any nay make money out of such a trans action? Ibis wag the first imputation thrown out by the Sweetser gang—the one most odious to a man of Gov. U.'s elevated stamp of character —and the one most likely lo injure him in the estimation of the community, and deservedly, if it was true. To this allegation we have given the broad est kind of denial—we have challenged, nay, demanded the evidence on which such a reflec tion upon the integrity and honesty of Gov. R. was made—and we have dared them to put upon the witness stand the officers of the hanks by whom the exchanges are said to have been effected ! What is the answer of these slanderers? It is silence!— ■•mum's the word!” They virtually abandon the charge—to sus tain which they had not a particle of evidence when they first made it, but threw it out reck lessly to injure Gov. R. ami prejudice the com munity against him, thinking the falsehood would travel fast and far, and do its defamatory work, before the truth could overtake and stran gle it. —But we will not permit them—the commu nity will not suffer them—to crawl out of the dilemma in this sneaking manner. They have abused the public mind and insulted the com munity, by a false and slanderous charge against a public officer and citizen of high character— and they are bound to adduce the proof or else retract the allegation in an open, manlv wav, and not skulk the issue by a contemptible si lence, or evade it by the“littlc-end-of-the-horn" issue of a technical criminality ! We congratulate the friends of Gov. R. upon litis strait to which the slanderers have been reduced. It is one triumph already achieved ; anil ere long we shall drive them completely to the wall on every hand. rcrsonnl. We have a little personal affair to settle with the editor of the Democrat this week—one ma ! terially disconnected with the Siotix payment, 1 although growing out of the controversy in rc ; lation thereto. Daniel Webster, on ouc occa ' sion when lie was villainously assailed by a crowd of just such reckless detainers as arc now ! besetting Gov. Ramsey, took occasion, while vindicating himself in the Senate, to say of one of them, that his head was a miserable, crazy, rickety, worn-out old machine—that we often said in speaking of some men's intellects, “there was a screw loose ; ” but here all the screws were loose—there was nothing at all right about it —not a screw, nor a wheel, nor the most diminutive compartment, but was entire ly disconcerted, and unlit for all useful purpos es. As an editor and politician, no phrenolo gist could give a more correct chart of the Democrat editor's head than this. It is never right—w as never known to be right—and per haps never will be. lie forgets one day what he has said or done the previous—he denies his own Jilts —his own oilspring—just because he is so constituted that he cannot help it. What he writes in June lie forswears in December, ns we are now about to prove conclusively. His issue I of this week lias the following paragraph : “TheMinnesotian says that the Democrat ‘on one occasion, endorsed Mr. Sibley's democracy to the fullest extent.’ That is a point blank lie, ami we challenge the Minnesotian to quote such ail endorsement from our columns.” Vou “challenge," do you! Well, in your number dated June 9, 1852, speaking of some remarks made by Mr. .Sibley in the House, you said : “It will be seen that Mr. Sibley has abax ooneo THE xo-r.\!:TV lMsiTiox which he had pre viously occupied, and classes himself among partisan Democrats, lx this, HE acts wisely, lor a no-party, or neutral position, can never have weight, or command respect in Congress, or elsew here. Mr. Sibley has heretofore acted in concert with Governor Ramsev, and other leading AMiigs of the Territory. *lf, like Gen. Joe Lane, lie acts the part of a decided Demo crat at home for the future, and gives his voice ami influence, to the Democratic party in the Territory, without regard to fear or favor, he will entitle himself to full communion in the Democratic church. We hope that .Mr. S., and every triend ot his, of democratic predilections and sympathies, will so act —and that all invid ious comparisons and distinctions trill be for borne ; und that misunderstanding and recrim ination übout the accidents, errors, and mis takes of the past, may be buried in oblivion.'’ “Mr. Sibley has abandoned the no-parlv po sition." Good! “In this he acts wisely.”— Good again!! AVe take you in now, as a full church member, and are entirely willing, on our part, that “misunderstanding, and recrimi nation about the acccidents, errors and mis takes of the past, may lie buried in oblivion!" This is no endorsement, \vc suppose! Could language make it stronger? Mr. Sibley is a good democrat now, although previously lie had surrounded himself with contaminating in fluences, which your delicate democratic nose could not endure! The endorsement is full thorough—entirely complete—no language could make it more so. All Mr. Sibley bail to do was to accept the draft thus drawn upon him and properly endorsed, anil the negotiation was effected. This, it appears, he didn’t do— anil when (lie paper comes back, with a protest at tached, the editor repudiates—pint as he want ed the Indians to do in regard to their old debts. Now, sir, you may take whichever horn of the dilemma you choose. Your head is all out of order—crazed and rickety, after the manner we have described, anil consequently, entirely unlit to control a public journal, pretending to be the organ of a respectable party, and week ly making grave charges touching the acts ol honorable citizens and faithful officers: or, you have wilfully and maliciously “lied’’ about us in saying you never endorsed Mr. Sibley's de mocracy. Anil if yon are not too good to “lie’’ in this wholesale and sweeping manner about us, it is quite certain you are equally ready to perpetrate the same black deed upon : Gov. Ramsey, or any one else that stands in 1 your way. AVe have the charity, however, to ; let you oil' under (he first head. Fbesii Ktuawueiiuies in December! —On the Cth of December, Mr. 11. N. AA'illiams brought to the office of the Cincinnati Commercial a sample of ripe straw berries, of tlic second crop this season, which grew in the open air in his garden, in Kenton county, Kentucky, near Cin cinnati. These lierries were of good size, and were picked on the sth of December. The edi tor says he had the pleasure of presenting them to a very young lady, w hose rosy cheeks almost vied with the crimson berries. New Honors to Gen. Scott. —ln the Sen ate. Dec. Bth, Mr. Clemmons, of Alabama, a leading Democrat, introduced a joint resolu tion authorizing the President of the Cnited States to confer the rank of Lieutenant Gener al by brevet, upon Major General AVinficld Scott, for meritorious services. FACTS AND FANCIES. TflE New Yeah ! —This 'l3 the day when the world wipes out old scores and commences anew. A joyous time we hope all creation will hare of it—particularly all Miuncsotians—more particularly the patrons and readers of Me Min nesotian. Go it, with due moderation : and in your hilarities do not forget to cast a few seri ous reflections back upon old 1852, and sec wherein you can make a tletter year of this young 1853. A happy NEW YEAR’S to all! Ax Original Pater. —We come this week as near presenting au entirely original paper to our readers as is possible without dispensing with our usual summary of news. The Thanks giving sermon of Rev. Mr. Crcssev, on the first page will, of course, attract attention. To Correspondents. —The communication in regard to the liquor question we had pat in type “ou sight unseen,” as the boys say,—rather a careless act, we admit—having full confidence in the discretion of the writer, and never read it until the proof-sheet was handed us. Of course, an editor is not supposed to endorse all his correspondents may choose to say, unless he does so specially. And while we are ever ready to admit respectful communications upon any anil all subjects which may lie of interest to the public, whether we agree with the senti ments of the writer or not, we do not, and will not allow in these columns the motives of our friends, in authority or out of authority, or our own political course, to be impugned without entering our protest against any such breach of propriety. The fling at Judge Ilavncr, and at the action of the Whigs last fall, contained in the communication here sHuded to, we regard as entirely gratuitous. Vtrbum sap! Dn. Potts, acting surgeon at Fort Selling, informs us, that lie now makes his daily trips to and from the fort by the river; lint from the unusual quantity of snow upon the ice, we should imagine the traveling by that route to he somewhat dangerous as yet, for more than one-horse power. One year ago this day, the officers and citizens of the fort visited .St. Paul, by way of the river, drawn by six beasts of burthen—horses or nmlcs, we forget which. They will hardly be able to repeat the operation to-day ; anil yet navigation closed this season some fifteen or twenty days earlier than last. All are anxious that the weather should stop snowing and go to freezing. We have had no severe cold as yet—the lowest point attained by the mercury being but 24 degrees below zero, uml that but upon 011 c occasion. —We notice Captain Monfort is putting an other story to his wbarf boat. The Captain is a great man for stories —generally of the funni est ami most interesting character : but we pre sume the one he Is now engaged upon is to be of the useful rather than the amusing class. Heavy Fall ok Snow. —We believe there were not three consecutive days during (lie 1 last month that did not bring a snow storm, j Th'' theory is now generally believed, that the ble.-.-ings which were withheld from us last sum mer in the shape of rain, are now being show ered down in a congclated form. The snow is now between two and three feet deep in the ad jacent woods, and north of here it must be of much greater depth. Some say it is ten feet at Crow Wing; but we presume the measure ment in this case must have liven made length wise. The storm of Monday of the present week was the most severe we have had. It lasted some sixteen hours, and was accompan ied by wind, which has drifted it to nearly the height of the fences about town. Traveling, without great difficulty, is impeded all over the country, and will he until the roads are broken. —We trust our fair correspondent in the “ Queen City,” will not cease with the “city news and scenes’’ she favors us with to-dav.— AA e hope to hear from her at intervals during the winter, as no doubt will a goodly number of our subscribers in and about St. Paul, who hail from that pleasant metropolis, and take a home-like interest in what is going on in soeial circles thereabout. AVhat have become of the promises for similar favors made ns by the good folks of Cleveland, Chicago and Galena? U.NFORTUNATE PERVERSION. —A fellow ill New A'ork, who is eternally getting things “wrong end foremost,” visited the studio of an artist recently, who was engaged upon a picture of a Roy anil Dog. “Ah!" says the I'nfortunate, “how do you get along w ith the Doynnd liog?’’ Then he lets the “Rat out of the Cag," for the “Cat out of the Rag," and then he read “The Pilgrim’s Runyan, by John Progress." Quite as bad, that, as the disconcerted chap, in St. Paul, on Christinas day, w horn wc met on Third street, going down to C ’s after a glass of “Jom and Terry;” then another we have here who enquired the other day at Hichcox A Ax tell’s if they had any “Perry Chectoral!’’ Professor Daniels, the eminent Geologist, has been lecturing upon bis favorite science in Galena. No community is more interested in possessing a practical knowledge of geology than theGalcnians, and yet it would seem they are unwilling to pay for what they learn. This is something too little for Galena. At a recent free lecture, the Church was crowded. It would ' be so in St. Paul, were Professor Daniels here.! with a liberal admittance tec attached. The Jeffersonian truly thinks it is a poor comment ary on the liberality of Galena, that when his lectures are free, the benches are crow ded, and that when admittance is gained only by the purchase of a ticket, he speaks to a “ beggarly account of empty boxes.” From “the Banks ok the Bj.ce Moselle."— | AA’e see it stated in our exchanges, that all the I villagers of “Moselle,” near Coblcntz, a 111111- | tired and twenty in number, are on their wav en masse to Boston. Their Burgomaster ac companied them to Liverpool, and placed $3,000 in the hands of Messrs. Train A Company, to be paid over to them on their arrival in this coun try to defray their expenses to the Far AVest.— This is a class of immigrants that wc would be very glad to welcome to Minnesota next spring. No part of Europe furnishes a more industrious, frugal and honest population than the locality from which they come. Rut what a sad re (lec tion for the Old AA'orhl! A whole village de serted. Is there 110 Goldsmith living torender this "Deserted A'illage” immortal? ‘ John Anderson, my Jo."— The Cincinnati Commercial states that John Anderson, aged ’ 103 years, died in that city on the 4th inst.— j lie was born at Belfast, Ireland, in 1749, and ' came to the I'nitcd States in 1800, and resided in AA’estmoreland county, Pennsylvania, until 1832. when he moved to Cincinnati. lie was the father of twelve children, seven living anil : five dead, lie must certainly have lielonged to the ;-auic family made immortal in i.ong by Burns. J ! SotTHERx Ladies' Book.— We have bad upon our table for several weeks, and been compelled to neglect to notice from a press of other duties, the first number of this new monthly, politely forwarded, it seems, by the lady editor, Miss L. Virginia Smith. It is published at New Or leans, by W. T. Leonard & Co., —L. Virginia Smith and W. T. Leonard editors. We men tioned, incidentally, some months since the in ception of this enterprise ; and have made fre quent notice of the rising star in American lit erature who now makes her debut in a new and more extended scene. The number before us exhibits all the elements of permanent success. The mechanical execution is of the first order; the charueter and ability of the articles equal to those of the best magazines of the day ; and the general appearance throughout indicative of a determination on the part of all concerned to work with a will, and know “no such word as fail ” in the enterprise. It is eminently worthy the patronage of the South and West, and we wish it all success. Scott and Co.'s Repi bucatioxs. —No other source within reach of the great mass of Ameri can readers nffords so complete a reflex of European politics and literature as Leonard Scott A Co.’s republications. The prospectus of these works will lie found in our advertising columns to-day. The reputation of Blackwood as well as the Quarterlies and other Monthlies comprised in this series, is so world-wide that anything we might say in commendation would be entirely superarugatory. The begining of the year is a most excellent time to commence a subscription for these periodicals; and we trust that all of our readers who wish to keep thoroughly “ posted up”—and what man of Intelligence aud correct taste does not?—in (he literary and political afi'airs of the old world, will embrace the opportunity afforded at this present season. Blackwood is at this time un usually attractive from the serial works of Bul wer and of other distinguished writers, which grace its pages as original contributions, ap pearing first in this Magazine, both in the Brit ish and American editions. By an arrange ment witli the British publishers early sheets of the Magazine arc regularly forwarded to this country so as to enable the American pub lishers to issue their re-print before the original edition arrives. Notwithstanding they are thus sure to lie iu the market before any of its contents can be published in other forms, still the popularity of these serial works is so great that several of the leading publishers in this country are content to issue other re-prints of them copied from the re-print of Blackwood after it has already been placed in the hands of its numerous subscribers. “ Tbe Caxtous,” and “My New Novel,” by Bulwer; “My I’er ninsular Medal,” “The Green Hand,” and oth er serials of a similar stamp are among the j works alluded to. The same arrangement in regard to an early procurement of sheets has | been made for the Westminster Review. The i postage upon these works, under the new law, ! is a mere trifle. The Democrat recently remarked that it had been sold in connection with the Sioux pay ment. That’s not so. It only offered itself— as per its endorsement of Mr. Sibley's democra cy last June—but being considered entirely worthless, no one except the Sweetser gang would take it as a gift; and, like the Arkansas landholder, poor are they oil' at that. The more any one possesses of such property, the worse lie is off. Ri.oo.mers. —The Bloomer costume is again itching for a “rage.” AA'ithin a week past some half-dozen ambitious females have pautalnoni-d it in silk anil satin, in Boston. All creation’s a stage ami some of the interesting actresses are Bloomers.— Ualena Jeffersonian. “Not if we can help it!" Just strike out the ‘interesting." if yon please, anil insert “brazen, immodest, notoriety-seeking,” or any other fit ting epithet. AA’hv, even the Sioux squaws up this way, who inherited Bloomers from their mothers to the remotest generation, arc begin ning to discard them, now that they have learned what class of white women wear them down in the States. “Herr Alexanoeu."— A bogus Herr Alex ander lias been performing feats of legerdemain over the country, generally ending in showing the printers and hotel-keepers how easy it was to leave town without paying his bills. The editors generally have been very severe upon tlic rascal; still, we judge by our exchanges, that his brazen impudence stops at nothing.— Since Aitkcnside, he is decidedly the hardest case we have heard of. The Cleveland Herald, however, thinks that Dunkirk can “take the hat." for it has beat the bogus Herr Alexander, who has beat every other town in the Lake re gion. A package of posters for Smith the ma gician, and announcing that “ The Great AA'iz ard is coming,” arrived at the Express office in Dunkirk. Alexander was there and claiming them as his own, posted a portion of them and gave a performance. It was a humbug, of course, and the audience rushed to the door keeper secured their money ; anil then locking Herr in the room, prepared to entertain him with a chestnut horse and tar and feathers.— At lengtli an acquaintance of his in the crowd, begged him oft', and he was allowed to mizzle. One of the best managed railroads we traveled over last fall is the Cincinnati, Hamil ton and Dayton. The President of the Compa ny is one of the most thorough business men in the AA'est, and one of the few, who in former days managed a printing office successfully, and amassed a fortune thereby. Of course, after that, lie can manage a railroad, even through a country that many thought would not pay i three years ago. This road is now a part of the : great line between the Northwest anil the South. The receipts for the month of November, were I $27,015 82. For the same month last year, they were $12,441 23, showing an increase of i $15,174 59. or 122 percent. The road is less than 00 miles in length. | —AA'e understand the Democrat will give a ; liberal price for that blanket which so graceful j lv fell from “Red-Iron's" shoulders, when that j “injured prince" (!!!) was brought before Gov. j Ramsey. The blanket w ill bo taken either with |or w ithout the “live stock " attached. Pavraent 1 when .Sweetser's “irrevocable” power-of-attor noy is made available ! I California Items.— The last arrival at New A ork, brings news that another disastrous tire' took place at Sacramento on the loth of Nov., j destroying property valued at $10,000,000.1 Subscriptions for the relief of the sufferers were immediately opened in all the principal towns in the State. San Francisco raised in one day $300,000, anil the total subscriptions were up wards of $2,500,000. One account states that over 1000 buildings were burned —another says 2500 and puts the loss at 5,000.000. The wind was blnwinga gab' and the fire .-pread with fearful rapidity. Every pnblic building in the city, except the Court House, was burned. De structive fires had also occurred at San Fran cisco and Marysville—loss In the former city, $150,000 or $200,000; in the latter, SIOO,OOO. There were more than 70,000 votes polled at the Presidential election, and the majority for Pierce and King is 9,000. The entire Demo cratic State ticket is elected. The same party have 20 of the 27 Senators and two-thirds of the Assembly. Mines were yielding their usu al abundance, and miners, of course, reaping a rich harvest. The last of the overland emi grants were coming in. The ship City of Pitts burgh was burned in Valparaiso, and ICO pas sengers and crew were left without a change of clothing. Subscriptions amounting to s4ooff were raised for the relief of the passengers and crew and arrangements made to procurer for them a free passage to San Francisco. The Ball at Mazourka Hall on Tuesday nigbt passed off with much credit to the Mana gers, with one exception: The fires were not kept up; consequently suffering on the part of the ladies—who will dress lightly on such occa sions—was inevitable. Otherwise, all present speak of the occasion as one of uninterrupted social enjoyment—one of the best parties ever given in St. Paul. It was largely attended. Calls. —Although not officially authorized to announce the fact, still we infer from what we see about town, that our ladies are going to con tinue the time-honored custom of receiving calls to-day. To see husbands, and other male house hold appendages, enquiring about the grocery stores for certain fruits, confectionaries and liquids, and tuggiug home large baskets, filled with various suspicious looking packages, cer tainly indicates that a departure from the eve ry-day course of domestic economy is going to prevail about these times. IVe know how the per centage was divided, but our informant, in this particular, whose testimony is conclusive, will not permit us at present, unless it becomes necessary to sustain us, to make public use of the facts in his poscs sion.—Democrat. Out with it! No mincing, or dark cut-throat insinuations! We dare you to the proof that any of this “ fifteen per cent.” has gone into the hands yon here so basely would infer. Out with it, we say! Railroad Gah.es. —But for the different gauges, a train of cars, without change, could be now run from Chicago to New York. The railroad from Buffalo to Cleveland is owned by four separate companies, who have built on as many different gauges, which prevents the cars of 011 c company running on the road of another. Give it to Him! —The editor of the Mt. Gil ead (O.) Whig Standard thus “hits back "at the Cleveland True Democrat, the Abolition “big gun' of that State. Onrold friend Vaughan, the editor of the Democrat, ever since the election has lieen driveling out his cant about the Whig party being ilt ad, and such like nonsense. Re cently he commented upon an article in the Sentinel. Here is a part of the Sentinel's re joinder. It is what onr neighbor Robertson would call “a clincher :’’ “The party is now dead,” is it? If a party that can poll 153,000 votes in Ohio is “ dead,'" pray tell ns in what condition that party is which can only poll 32,000 votes? Which gives the most palpable signs of dying—a party that gains 14.170 votes in four years, or one that loses 3,600 votes in the same time? An an swer is respectfully solicited to the above. Vou object to onr saying that it is too late to pre vent the annexation nfCuba. If you come to anv other conclusion, wc would like tq gee the pro cess of reasoning by which you arrive at it. ir there is any use in making a fuss about the horse after yon have given the stable door kev to the thief, wc would like to be shown it.— I’lease enlighten us with regard to this point. H liether Old Nick over uses us, depends alto gether uiHin whether the supply of Free Soil Editors he has on hand holds out. We don't think we'll be faughan-icA just yet! Hon. John AA. Crockett. —The Southern pa pers announce the death of this gentleman. * The sail event occurred at Memphis on the 24th of November. He was a son of the celebrated Col. David Crockett, who ended his eventful ca reer w ithin the w alls of the Alamo, Texas, in April, 1830— a victim of Mexican butcherv. 1 lie late Mr. C. was an excellent and amiable gentleman, of fine talents anil some distinction. He was a lawyer by profession, anil stood very high at the liar, though ultimately compelled by a bronchial affection to abandon the prac tice. He served live years—from 1837 to 1842 —in Congress; removing in 1843 to New Or leans, where he was several years engaged in the commission business, anil afterwards con nected with the press, having founded the New Oilcans ( rescent iff 1850. Ho was a member of the AA'hig National Convention, at Baltimore last June, and received several votes for Vice President, but withdrew his name. He had removed to Memphis to reside, in February last, anil the high character he had already gained there calls forth warm tributes to his * memorv. The Scott .States— The four States carried by General Scott are four of the finest States in this country. AVhat better land, asks an East ern cotemporary, than Massachusetts, Vermont, Tennessee and Kentucky, the homes of Valor! i Intelligence and Freedom? Who were tlic men who went up to Bunker llill one night, and laid in freemen’s blood, the foundation of a nation’s existence and independence? Who but Massa chusetts men! AA bo rallied round their chief at Bennington, and drove the Britishers from 1 A ennont, w hen Molly Stark was in danger of tieing a widow? AYIIO but the Green Mountain Boys! AA’lio stood with Jackson, the Tennes seean, at New Orleans, and drove back five times tl.eir number? AVIIO but the sons of the “Dark and Bloody Ground,” the brethren of Boone, from Tennessee and Kentucky! “Tte led us dow n t.l Cyprus Swamp, Thcround wm low anil mucky; Thcr** stood John Bull In martial pomp, And he-e waa old Kentucky.” lour such States arc a phalanx to l>o proud of—brave, liigh-souled, indomitable. As in keeping w ith these remarks we add the follow ing Irom the Memphis AA'hig. “The Old Gunrtl never falters," says the editor, und adds: All hail Tennessee! glorious, and more glori ous than tin* whole band who but lately would have doubted her fidelity ! .More noble, more splendidly glorious in lier loneliness Ilian when surrounded by a host of doubting swaggerers, whose recreant lethargy has brought upon us : ruin. Even as the solitary pillar of the Parthe non looms up more grandly beautiful amidst the crumbled anil crumbling ruins w hich sur ! rounded it. so Tennessee stands up n stately and exalted column, of the once splendid edifice of conservatism w hich now lies in heaps around her. Let not the exalted foe imagine that the AA bigs of Tennessee w ill ever yield, though the whole phalanx may desert her! AA'hig in prin ciple—AYhig in feeling—with a AA’hig Governor —she glories in her AVhiggery. anil at every opportunity which presents itself of casting one more shot into the rotten hulk of Locofoeoism ! Then let it now anil forever l>c understood that lbi«, the reserve State, nei <> r teller-!