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T n E MINNESOTIAN.
£aintsail, Satnriflij, Hlartji 13, 1853 Brraktnx ap of a Minnesota Winter—Arrival of Frank Pierce’s Inaugural—Great Excitement among the St. Paul Quid Nunes. The “privations'" of a Minnesota winter are ever depicted in gloomy, dismal colors by our friends, uncles, aunts and cousins-in-law down Bast and South. Its glories of scenery and at mosphere—its health, gaycties, excitements and social enjoyments—its moonlit fields and forests of Tirgin snow—its ice-mirrored lakes —its sleighing and slaying—(deer, elk and bear, we lastly allude to)—its political tempests in tea pots—its balls and dances, In dazzling halls of fashion, in the stalwart ••logger's" rude shanty, and at the “dog feast" in the skin lodge of the Dakota—its institutions for higher mental and moral culture, comprising churches, lyceums, literary unions, tea parties, sewing circles, Ac. —talk about all these till your tongue is worn out, and you are met by “How dreadful cold it must be up there !” “llow horribly long your winters are!” “It makes inc shudder to think bow long it will be ere spring scuds you one balmy breath!" Well, we suppose it will he so until they all come up and try it once. Then, if they arc not satisfied, and content to acknowledge them selves mistaken, it will lie owing to the fact that they are suited neither to the enjoyment of the ne plus ultra of life—socially, morally, physically and every other way—or cannot appreciate the droll and ludicrous, standing out so prominently, periodically, that Pickwick and his companions would be considered “tame characters” in the scene, and driven from the stage with scalding hisses and' nervc rending > cat-calls. But wc were about to talk of the breaking up Of a Minnesota winter. This is the time to en joy the rich scenes lastly alluded to above.— The winter sets in the first of December, say. All are busy closing up the affair* busi ness season just past. The merchant looks over his freight bills, to see that all is right; the Indian trader parcels his outfits for the dis tant post; the lumberman prepares for his win ter’s residence in the woods; the politician lays bis plans for “carrying his points’’ iu the Legis lature ; and the ladies (Heaven smile on them ever!) prepare for their little social fetes, which are to drown for the hour the thoughts of world ly care aud disappointment incident to the ev ery day vocation of the sterner sex. So winter starts off. Every mind and body is hourly em ployed, with either business, pleasure, or mis chief Soon the Legislature is in session, r.nd the strange antics of our “ rulers" give gos-ip for the busy-body and food for sage speculation to the quid nunc. Busiuess is lively in all departments. The body and mind are kept active from sunrise till midnight. People who go it in this wise, and inhale the most bra cing aud pure atmosphere upon the continent, must have a voracious appetite—so the farmer, the provision dealer and the grocer prospers. People w ho “go it ’ iu this wise, must dress up to the standard of their means, and often be yond it—so the milliner, the tailor, the hat ter, the bootmaker aud the dry goods merchant prospers. So the winter wears away. All things be come old, so does Winter. All exciting enjoy-! menls become stale and cloyed, so do winter parties and winter pleasures—winter sleigh rides and winter re-unions. About the first of March the mercantile establishments present almost a beggarly account of empty boxes and shelves. Madam examines the household stores and thinks there is enough sugar and tea to last until the “first boat” arrives, when grocer- j ics will be cheaper. Miss, after having piled j upon the counter in pyramids higher than her j head the remnants of last fall's invoice, lielievcs f she will wait until Mr. 8., or Mr. C., or Mr. K, ' returns with his new stock. Dealers know the March symptoms, become careless of business. I and watch the weather. The Legislature has ' adjourned, and politicians have uolhing to in cite them to daily deeds of self-sacrificing pa triotism. Editors almost “ spile” for want of j something to fight at,out. Idlers (there are a 1 few here) loaf about the streets aud public re sorts, and make bets as to the time of arrival of the “ first boat.” The “ grand rounds" have been encircled in the way of parties: the streets are becoming sloppy and impassable for deli cate feet, (excuse us) and the ladies lock their front doors and prepare for renovating. And. in short, the town sways itself, to and fro, with a sort of leaden, dull, carc-for-nothing gait nothing to do—nothing to talk about— nothing to excite until “the opening of navigation." All applause to the Harlequin who then steps Torth to break the monotony of a Minnesota March 1 Whether he come in the blood-thirsty form of mock tragedy, with his parti-colored habiliments concealed beneath the robes of Death and Carnage—furious for “ indignation meetings, and all that; or capers lightly out upon the stage, in propria persona?, brandish ing fantastically his magic wooden sword—all applause to him we say ! He is our true and faithful ennui killer for a thousand pounds, come in what form he may. And w hat is most beautiful and enchanting about it, he never dis appoints us; hut on the contrary is sure to come In some shape or other. He is St. Paul's guar dian angel—her attending spirit, who needs no “ me diums" to summon him at the proper sea son-her attending fairy—unlike, iu one respect, our old friend Puck, as it takes him a whole year to “girdle the earth" instead of merely a min ute or two. A week ago the town was puzzled to know in a hat shape he would come this year. that is, one week ago this Saturday moruing. Towards evening the veil was lifted and the mystery dispelled. The indefatigable Powers of the firm of Willoughby & Powers, mail con tractors, had been East, and arrived at three o clock, P. IL, eight days from New Vork, five from Chicago, four from Galena and three from ”7' Chlen ~ the quickest w inter trip, by E CVet “ ,a,k ‘- liut alth0lI « h trav s? rr Miy 10 ~ world’’ in the ■ We are not “out of the vet BCason ’ by an y ® a ™er of means yet the arrival of Powers, of itself i„ such haste, would probably have fnnjid gossip for only one passing hour. That w hich he brought with him was the great strike— the St. Taul Harlequin of March, 1853. n c hurried along the mail, not due till the follow ing evening, and in that mail was— frank Pierce'» Inaugural Address ! Now we are getting to the point. The prompter 8 bell tinkles—stop the orchestra and let the show begin. The distinguished Tisitor enters, and close at his heels Miss Aunt Nancy of the Democrat, followed by a full deputation pf the St Paul quid nuncs. The old lady. though well stricken (in years, is green—very green, about inaugural addresses, as well as Minnesota matters and things in general. She puts on her specs and reads: “It is a relief to know that no heart but mine can know ,” Ac.— [Jehu O'Cataract! “Frank must have been drunk when lie wrote this—or else he never did write it.” Fhe reads a little further on:— Every American citizen, conscious that lie has me, Frank Pierce, as “an agent behind him." shall claim it, as his acknowledged right to “ stand unalterable, even in the presence of princes!” [“Gas."] Still further on: “ Hav ing no implied engagements to supply—no re wards to bestow—no resentments to remember, aud no personal wishes to consult in selections for official stations,” Ac. “‘Flat burglary,' as Dogberry would say: a rehashing of ‘Old ZacltY ‘ no friends to reward—no enemies to punish.’ Oh! gentlemen, I tell you this is a base forgery—a vile Whig forgery—or else— or else, linbertson teas not consulted about the matter, which you know is just as bad.” Here then was cause of great perplexity and commotion. The “ Pioneer” branch of the Democracy—more credulous or more discern ing, wc don’t know which—concluded to receive the bantling and pronounce it orthodox, just as it came, after the fashion the negro received the streak of lightning, “wliorober him hah mind to strike dis child." Extras were issued early next morning from both the “ Democrat ic' 1 * offices—the Democrat doing the deed atnid many misgivings, doubts,fears and uncertainties; w hile the Pioneer boldly sent the missive forth, relying firmly, we presume, upon their “agent behind" to back them up and stand by them in the act. During the ensuing two days and nights the show went on. The little flock who style them selves the exclusive “faithful,” were in dire perplexity; the great bell-weather, the editor of the Democrat, being absent, no one could settle the “ vexed question" ns to the authen ticity of “ Frank's noggcral," as some of them styled it. Was it genuine or was it a Whig forgery ? That was the question. Some argued vehemently in the affirmative, others rctrn nstrated stoutly in the negative; while a third and very respectable class, both in point of numbers aud judgment, thought that even if it was the genuine, simon pure document, they could sec nothing very “ darnatiou smart" about it. Well, the fun went on, and the Whigs enjoy ed it hugely, of course. The exhibition appear ed to have been gotten up expressly for their benefit and amusement, in this their supposed hour ot trial and despondency. In the very hey-day of their prosperity ami power we have never known them in such a flow of spirits.— But, as already remarked, every thing must have an end—monkey shows as well as monkey's tails—mirtli-nioving farces as well as dull sermons. By the time the Democrat was ready to come out on Wednesday, a change had come over the mind of the present presid ing genius thereof, and the following faint praise-damning paragraph was the result: “It is an able and well considered document, and the views of the Executive therein set forth, we believe will lie highlv satisfactorily to a large majority of the American people." ! This is perhaps an attempt to arrive at what! the bona Jide editor would have said had he been at home, rather than the honest opinion of tlie writer. It must be so. considering the ; contrary noise we heard about town from that quarter. But it had the effect to settle the dis pute between the quid mines of the party: and ! so endeth the fun provided for the dull season jof this year of grace. Well, so be it! We | and the rest of the Whigs had our full share of it, and can now afford to rest in good spirits till Lake Pepin thaws out. From California. A friend has permitted us to copy the follow ing, written by a former well-known citizen of St. I’anl. It will be seen he is in no wise par tial to the “diggings,” when placed beside the solid attractions and home comforts of Minne sota. IVe hope soon to welcome him back to his “first love:” Condemned Bar, Yuba ltivcr, ) California, Nov. 29, 1852. J i * **ltisa great speculation. I [assure von, to come to this country to make i money, and thousands have found it out to their j sorrow, by personal observation and experience. | an 'l thousands more probably will not lie satis ! fled till they come and see for themselves. i Well, if men find themselves discontented and i unhappy, anti do not know bow to appreciate I ll “-‘ privileges and blessings of a quiet home, j then let them come to California—it inav do I them good—atul they will soon learn the value !of what they had before. It costs a little for tune to come to this countrv. and another to live when one gets here—board sl6 per week ami not very good at that. I’rovisions are more or less injured by tlie time they reach the mines and flour now is to cts. per lb.; pork and ham 45 cts. per Hi.: rice, 50 cts ; potatoes, 25 : beef 30; candles, S* cents, and every thing else iii like proportion. Now sir, if I was at home— : away down East, in the State of Maine—and I wished to leave and spend two years where I j would be the likeliest to enjov good health and I make the most money, I should direct mv course back to Minnesota. 1 have traveled in nearly all the States and Territories in the Union, and am now in the great Eldorado, and what a hum bug! I would prefer one half acre in a cran berry marsh 1 know of in your Territory, than run my chance of finding a fortune in the? gold mines ot California that is not taken up, that will more than pay for working it, and one's expenses here and back. California is no place for a man to come to reside. It is not heulthv, except high up in the mountains. Last summer the cholera followed ♦be river up to w ithin a few miles of this place, taking oir many of the miners. From April to November, we hav’nt hardly a sprinkling of ram, so that every thing is parched and dried up ; now it rains at least half the time, and sometimes it does not stop to rain, for it pours down so that every little ravine sends a mill stream foamingdown tiieside of the mountains T hus the river rose yesterday ami last night about eight feet, and took away about 15,000 feet of lumber in a Hume which 1 bought last rriday, the day before the rain commenced. 1 however, have saved most of the tools, w hich are worth more than I gave for the whole : for I ga\e only &1U for what cost about $8 000 I was urged a few- days since to buy one-third of a saw-mill winch cost last spring about 80000 and was oflered tor sale for S3OO. It was too big a speculation for me. as I could buvfor silo halt as much lumber ready-sawed, as ‘the mill would cut in one season. ‘This is the way with property in the mines, and it is not much bet ter in the valleys and cities below. During the i dry season tlieir cities are burned up in a few hours, as Sacramento was a short time since and now they are drowned with floods of water.’ There is hut little good fanning land in the State. Farms that have been valued at from 5.)000 to SIO,OOO can now he bought for SIOO or *2OO. When I get my pile, which w iil prob n„! y , 4 prctty smal *> I'm coming hack to Min ma,ke a selection of some of your best . l l - make ni y«Tf a home. Iwill a truelCrer '' T y farm ’ 1 " iU haiminoss- «»n i Carn wh . at 1 eat » env J no man’s 1 our ’ trul y. C. M. FREEMAN. j - The River is slightly on the rise. FACTS AND FANCIES. Tiie Law. —We commence to-day to fulfil that clause of the Statute which requires us to publish acts of a general nature passed du ring the late session of the Legislature. We commence with such as require immediate at tention: and those who wish to know the bound aries of the new counties, times of holding courts, Ac., can read ami learn accordingly. We will finish up the business in two or three weeks. The present editor pro tern, of the Demo crat is great on snakes. He appears to have a terrible dread of them. Toads generally have. All accounts from Washington represent that Robertson's “right bower,” the Sioux plumlt ring Sweetser, is in a terrible way at the slow journeying of the editor. It took the latter almost as long to get his “ Democracy” re-branded in Ohio as it would to put a new bottom upon a ship of heavy calibre. But perhaps this is owing to the fact, that the old hulk is so thoroughly worthless and rotten. Spring is now approaching its gradually, but with certainty. The weather is clear and wann, and the snow rapidly disappearing be fore the sun’s onward march to the north. The chances for any further supply of hard freezing weather are about run out, so has the sleigh ing. at least in town and upon the frequently traveled roads adjacent. Let it rest in peace until next winter! Wc had four months aud upwards to enjoy it in (his time—enough to satisfy any reasonable people. The ice is still lirnt in the river: but live or six days’ rain to demolish the deep snows and raise the streams, would send it to climes less congenial to its welfare. Notwithstanding the immense quan tity of snow in all this upper country, if the season passes oil' with merely a “ sun thaw ” the high water predicted during the winter will not come to pass, go say all the “ old set tlers." Groping ix Ignorant::. —Our neighbor Pow ers. who has just returned from a rapid flight over all down Eastdom—journeying as far South as Washington, and back home after only five weeks absence—verifies the state of things we witnessed in the States last fall, that there is prevalent throughout the land a most de plorable ignorance in regard to the situation, extent, resources, Ac.,of Minnesota. One wish es to know what State Minnesota is iu: anoth er if St. Paul is situated upon some large lake or river, or immediately upon the shores of the 1 actfic; another if the snow continues upon the ground all summer; and another if we have any white women out here. Now, this is an unwar ranted state of paganish ignorance which should not be allowed to exist, and which it is our du ty to demolish so far as is in our power. We should set to work to enlighten the heathen. This we can do—making the act a matter of in terest as well as the fulfilment of a Christian duty. Minnesota can produce any quantity of missionaries to send forth in this good cause. We issue some six or eight hundred every week, and would he glad to quadruple the liumlier. Our editorial neighbors, no doubt, feel in the same vein. Let our citizens take the matter in hand. St. Patrick's Dav was duly and appropri ately celebrated by our fellow-citizens of Irish birth, on Thursday. A procession, numbering some two hundred, with appropriate banners, music, Ac., marched through the principal streets, making a very handsome and imposing appearance. In the evening a large company sat down to a sumptuous repast, prepared by Joint Rogers. A scene of great social enjoy ment ensued, seasoned bv speech, song and sentiment, and characterized by perfect harmo ny and good feeling. The company separated at an early hour, all highly delighted with the entertainment. Nothing stronger than hot cof fee was allowed to make its appearance about the festive board. In this our Irish friends per sist. from year to year, at their celebrations of St. Patrick's day. and we hope it will not be without its effect in other quarters. JolinG. Potts, Esq., (Whig) has been elect ed Mayor of Galena. The Whigs have also carried Buffalo and L'tiea at the late charter elections. Milwaukee and Detroit have each elected the independent ticket, the latter by a very large majority. It is considered a great triumph of the common school system as it is. Not Drowned. —Our neighbor Curran, of the “World’s Fair,” had the misfortune to go through the ice, on his way down a few weeks since, and we are sorry to add lost his team. 11c saved himself with difficulty, and proceed ed forthwith to forward by express some of the most choice goods that have arrived in St. Paul this season. See adv. ! Tiie members of the new Cabinet w*cre j confirmed on the fifth, and entered upon the discharge of tlieir duties the next day. The axe is at work vigorously ere this. Home MAXiPACTriiEs.—So far as is in our power, and consistent with absolute conven ience and necessity, we should go a little out of flic way to encourage home manufactures. U'e have just as good and beautiful timber in Minnesota for the manufacture of all kinds of cabinet ware, chairs, Ac., as can lx* found in the i nited States, and Stecs A Hunt know just as well how to work it up as any other artisans in tlieir line that may he found any where. They ha\ o an advertisement in to-day’s Minnesotian which more fully explains the whole matter. Branchixo Oit. —During the coming season Willoughby A Powers will run a daily line of four-liorse Concord coaclics to Stillwater, in addition to tlieir daily line of the same charac ter to SI. Anthony. They have recently pur chased all the necessary materials to carry out these enterprises fully, as well as several ele gant carriages of other descriptions. “A Fire ix the Rear.” —We understand the Pioneer folks arc about building a new office upon the back part of the lot belonging to the ‘•Sons,” in the rear of the Democrat office. Jonx W. North, with all his dignity (!!) dare not deny a single one of the allegations we made against him last week, or the addi tional fact, that when he first arrived in the Territory he declared to a prominent Whig citizen that he was an out-and-out Whig, and upon the same day proclaimed to an equally prominent Democrat, that lie was a Democrat. The St. Louis merchants and manufactur ers are after our dealers with a keenly pointed piece of timber this spring, as will he seen by our advertising columns. They are sensible ill this particular. Scarritt A Mason, extensive dealers in furniture and upholstery, are the latest who wish to he heard in this market. Ice Moving. —Wc are indebted to Mr. Sweet the gentlemanly telegraph operator, for the in formation, that the ice commeuced running in the Mississippi, opposite Dubuque, yesterday. Ualena Advertiser, B lh inst. St. Patl Stock Market. —We are getting “up in the pictures" here in St. Paul. Over on Third street during “ ’change hours” every day, there is almost as much bustle and excite ment as one would find in Wall street. Our stocks, however, are all, as yet, somewhat of the fancy order. They consist of shares in towns and cities prospective, over in Siouxland. We hope all these paper emporiumswill “come out" in due time, aud grow to lie something— we arc sure some of them will; but at the same time wc would advise all “ green ’uns” to be ware they do not get “ taken iu—likewise bad ly fooled.” One day the “ bulls" of Mankato have it all their own way; the next, the “ bears” interested in Traverse des Sioux pounce upon them, and up goes Traverse stock. Then, in turn, the bears ot Le Sueur attack the hulls of Traverse—then comes “ a lire iu the rear" upon the hulls of Le Sueur from the bears of Shokopc, and so they go. The modest, unassuming “ towns” below, Hastings, Red Wing, Ac., have not yet entered the melee, so far as wc have been informed, but we expect every day when they will. Great times in this line now, until the opening of navigation. But let it lie borne in mind, that no communi ty ever yet became rich “ skinning” each other. Those wishing mill machinery, or those desiring cheap, fashionable and durable fronts for buildings, will please note the advertise ments, in our columns, of LcClaire, Davenport A Co. Their foundry and machine shops nre among the most extensive and best conducted manufacturing establishments in the West, and their facilities enable them to turn out work fully equal, in quality and price, to that which may be procured at St. Louis. Then the ad vantages of time and freight are much in their favor, so far as regards customers in all the country above them. Ix Darkness. —“ Have you any candles?” is now the great cry of customers at the grocery stores. As a natural consequence to advance ment, St. Paul has made more use of light dur ing this than upon any previous winter; conse quently the supply of candles has failed. None of our dealers, save one or two, have any left. They should have thought of this iu time. We have, however, plenty of everything else to carry us through. Death os a noted Actor.— Mr. C. A. I.ogan, an actor well aud favorably known throughout the country, diedot apoplexy on hoard a steam er at l\ heeling, on the 23d ult. He was on his way from Cincinnati to Pittsburgh, with his daughter, a much admired actress and estima ble lady. Mr. L. was a gentleman of education and refinement; and aside from being a come dian having lint few equals upon the American stage, was a dramatic author and humorous w riter of no mean ability. He was, withal, a warm and generous hearted man and a good citizen in the broadest sense of the term. It was our fortune to enjoy his friendship and con fidence for many years: and we add hut a just tribute to his memory in saying, that a more generous man or firmer friend never lived. Proof given ixhkk Dikehti.tiks. —A “distin guished Statesman" of New York now at Wash ington, lias visited the Misses Fox, the original spiritual rappers, and gives the following evi dence iu the Tribune, of “the faith which is in him,” relative thereto. Wc submit it to the most unscrupulous believer in the “spirits,” wbother that man, is a competent aud dispas sionate witness under the circumstances? We allude more particularly to the “ raps on the pillow," when, of course, the “distinguished Statesman” must have been kneeling or lying upon the floor, near the feet ot the lovely and interesting Miss Fox: “To-day (Feb. 21) I called on the Misses Fox, who are now at Washington, and showed them the communication in the Tribune. They said they had been tested in this way, and in all other ways that could be invented. To satisfy ine they got two pillows, took seats in the mid dle of a large parlor, far away from the table or anything else, except the chairs on which they sat; placed their feet, heels and all, so that they rested entirely on the pillows, as I know from personal observation, and immedi ately the raps came just as loin!, and were as distinctly heard, as I ever heard them, (and I have heard them very often.) when they were sitting at the table. They then asked the spir its to rap on the pillow. Forthwith the raps were made on the pillow, and sounded precise ly the same as if a person himself should rap on a pillow. I placed my hand upon the pillow, and could feel the jar of it, the same as if I my self had been it.” Democrats who have the good fortune to hold office under a Whig Administration, says the Washington Republic, are likely to compre hend the force of the saying, that “a man's worst foes are sometimes those of his own household.” Tlie Union lias pounced upon them with savage vehemence. It insinuates that the coming Frcsident will regard them as spies in tlie Democratic camp, and tells them beforehand that they will be swept out without mercy. It avers, infercntially, that the circum stances of being at present an incumbent of office will lie construed into evidence of Demo cratic infidelity, and, consequently, of fitnessfor condign punishment. The Administration* Analyzed. —The follow ing is the new cabinet. “ Boh,’’ one 'of Mr. Greeley's sharp observers at Washington, hits upon the following analysis of the new Admin istration, and adds: “Young America is no where, and the Whigs may prepare for brilliant success at the Fall Elections.’’ The classifica tion is very fair, and we think the result pre dicted is very likely to follow: Franklin Pierce, N. 11., (fast man.) Presi dent. Wm. R. King, Ala., (old Fogy,) Vice Presi dent. Win. L. Marcy, N. Y.. (oiilfcst Fogy,) State Department. James Guthrie, Ky., (stubborn Conservative,) Treasury. Robert McClelland, Mich., (feeble Conserva tive,) Interior. Jefferson Davis, Miss., (Cltra States Rights.) War. John C. Dobbins, N. C., (dull Fogy,) Navy. James Campbell, Pa., (Jesuit,) Post Office. Caleb Cushing, Mass., (Conservative Jesuit.) Attorney General. A Vkxai. Jciige. —“ lion.” Levi Hubhell, one °f the Supreme Judges of Wisconson, lias been impeached by the Legislature of that State, as guilty of the high crimes Rnd misdemeanors enu merated below. Some of the specifications, particularly those under the Bth charge, are revolting in the extreme, and show u state of depravity scarcely paralleled. Wc ex tract from late proceedings in the Wisconsin Assembly; Mr. Simpson, from Select Committee on charges of W. K. W ilson against the lion. Levi Iluhhcll. reported that they had taken testimo n% in the case, and find that he has been guiltv ot nigh crimes and misdemeanors in office anil recommend his removal from oflice by address of both Houses of the Legislature, as provided m See. 13, Art. 7, of the Constitution. ‘ J ! Ou motion the charges were read. Ist—Of receiving a bribe in the case of suit against Comstock and Sanderson. 2nd—Adjudicating cases where he was pecu niarily interested, —with three specifications. iird—wilfully and partially passing illegal sentences upon persons convicted—with two specifications. •Hh—Presiding incases in which lie had ac ted as solicitor and counsel—six specifications. sth—Taking for his ow n use moneys paid into Couvt—three specifications. 6th—Giving advice in cases before him, in his official capacity—three specifications. 7th—Conducting himself with partiality to wards suitors—eight specifications. 6th—Using his oliiciul station to induce fe males to submit themselves to lie debauched by him—four specifications. 9lh—Arbitrarily using his office to the lienc (it of particular parties—six specifications. 10th—Allowing himself to tie approached and advised with its to suits before him—twen ty-two specifications. 11th—Interfering in matters in suits before him—thirteen specifications. Dodging Them.— The correspondent of the New Fork Tribune gives the following version of Gen. Pierce's advent into Washington. If lie continues to be able thus successfully to dodge all unwaranted approaches of improper intpor iuners for place, he will get through “right side up,” otherwise we have little hopes for him. The letter is dated Feb. 22d, and among other things says: "Gen. Pierce is keeping very close to-day, though half a dozen of the Democratic leaders have visited him on his invitation, I under stand. He is dodging the office seekers, and manages to keep them at bay. so far. with com mendable and remarkable skill. The excuse alleged by him for denying them access to his presence, is indisposition. His looks bear out this declaration. Those who were his old friends here, who have managed to catch a glimpse ot his coimtnance, say he looks greatly broken. Last night lie penetrated a cruel cut upon the horde of office-seekers, who had assembled at the Depot to lie first to take him by the hand; not even stopping to acknowledge'the presence and intended compliments of the Corporation and Democratic Association's Committees of Recep tion, so as to be sure to trap him as he alighted from the cars. It is presumed that lie got wind some how or other that most of these gentlemen were hoping for fat offices, and was indisposed to afford them precedence over the common herd of office-seekers who hnd not been able to work themselves on either side of these committees, lie rode from Baltimore in the ioggage ear, by way of preserving his incognito, and on the in stant the train stopped, lie sprung out upon the platform, in such disguise, an old coat, lmt,and tace mottling handkerchief, as enabled him to pass through the crowd of eager expectants, who thronged the doors, without being recog nized, though many ofhis personal and intimate friends were there keenly looking for him. The Committee did not discover that the game had eluded until the seedy looking back, in which he had seated mimself, was on the way to the City Hotel. 11 hen the secret became known, a shout of ridicule went up from the outside office scekers, standing around; of course at the ex pense of the more important Committee-men, who looked unutterable things, if they did not dare insinuate in words that the President elect had treated them shabbily. He spoke to but one individual in the car house—a spoil-seeking patriot, who in rushing to get into the front rank of the crowd, almost run hiin( Fierce )down. F. on recovering from the staggering force of the big office-seeker’s body, remarked to him that lie “did not perceive the necessity for knocking a quiet man down" and then vanished. His entrance into the City Hotel—Willard's— was as profoundly secret: for lie managed to reach and remain some time in his rooms before proprietor, clerks, servants, office-seekers, loaf ers or any one else, making a part of the dense crowd assembled to receive and inspect him. were aware that he had set foot iu the house." Ax Obsolete lof.a. —The name of /■< vre liivcr. The alteration to the name of Galena river gives general satisfaction. The old name, we acknowledge, never kept its awake of nights, hut it was ill chosen, and like an old habit, it was none the better because we got used to it. If nervous strangers were thus made to imag ine while here, that they were next door to a doctor's dissecting-room, it was all right to mollify their feelings, —Galena jldv. We suppose this settles the matter definitely. Wc shall obey the mandate “and be governed accordingly.” —Mr. Elisha Tyler, of Detroit, agent for Hol der's l’atent I’laning Machine, writes us that lie will lie here to dispose of Rights for tlie same early the coming season. Those who have tried these machines award them preference over all others. We give this item for tlie benefit of our millers and manufacturers. Robertson finally arrived in Washington on the Ist, to the great joy ot his friend Sweet ser, and nobody else iu particular. Dakota Claim Association. A numerous meeting of the members of the above Association took place at the house of j A. R. McLeod, on the west side of the Mississ ippi river, for tlie purpose of electing officers for the next six months. The following gentle men were unanimously chosen such officers. S viz: President —L. M. Oliver. Secretary —A. K. McLeod. Committee —James Starkey, Henry Billong, : W. H. Bell, Joseph Roberts, James Locke, j Several gentlemen addressed the meeting and urged the necsssity of union and harmony lining paramount to every- other consideration, and earnestly- called upon every settler upon that side of the river to step forward and cn i rol their names in the books of tin’ Associa-1 ! tion, as the only guarantee of securing the I peaceful occupation of that portion of our beau- j tiful Territory; which its beautiful prairies, lakes and woodlands so invitingly- offers to the 1 ; hardy sons of labor. I Those wishing to join tlie Association can do j so by leaving their names at the residence of A. li. McLeod, the Secretary. JAMES STARKE 1. Sec'y pro tern, j Saying* and Doings at Washington. A friend, looking on at the Capital during these exciting times among the hordes of “ pa triots" who are desirous of sen ing tlieir coun try, sends us the following, under date of Washington, Feu. 2fi, 1853. * * * * You can better imagine than ] j can tell you the crowds which cverv train of i cars dumps down, daily and hourly, into this city of magnificent distances. The number of individuals who are willing to serve their country without shedding a tear, is astonishing, j Poor Mr. Pierce ! lie’ll have a hard time of it | among the legion who will surround him with J tlieir importunities for oflice. 1 ou ask me to ‘-post you up" in regard to the progress of affairs connected with your re gion. This it is impossible for me todoofficial i ty. seeing that I. of course, cannot he let into | the secrets of the incoming party, and being very little acquainted with men and things ' in Minnesota—all my information upon these heads having been acquired by reading the | pai>ers," and not from jiersonnl observation. I gather, however, from a “ free circulation" about the city, that quite a number of office [ seekers are here from Minnesota. I have be come slightly acquainted with some of them, and gathered, a few days since, that one ol your •• Democratic” editors, a Col. Itoliertson. is hourly expected, if lie has not already ar rived. Some of your folks, now on the ground, expect him to cut quite a conspicuous figure iu the disposition of the spoils incident to your Territorial government; but the more know ing ones say he is hound to •• flat out, ’ as your Delegate and all the leading Democratic mem bers from the North-west are agaiust him—re garding him ns a mere adventurer,and factious fonientcr of discord in the ranks of the faithful. His most noisy and active hacker is a some what notorious personage named Sweetser, an ♦ndian trader, I believe, brother of the present representative of that name from Ohio— Roliertson is said to be after the Governorship of Minnesota, and is strongly pushed by .Sweet ser and his brother. The trader Sweetser, on the other hand, having, since the late Presiden tial election, abjured the errors of Whiggery, is to be pressed, it is understood, for the office of Sioux Agent. I very much doubt the cbnn ees of either from what I learn among the Democratic leaders. Sweetser and Robertson are regarded by them as a couple of political scamps, deserving a situation anywhere else than in official station. I have never seen Roliertson. but the appearance of Sweetser does not at all recommend him to favorable notice. A gentleman they name as Mr. Frank lin Steele has, I think, a better chance for the Sioux Agency, if lie wishes it. Ido not know, however, that he is an applicant. A Mr. Wm. Warren, it is expected, will come in for the Chippewa Agency; and the Rev. Mr. Lowry,— some years since the occupant of the place—be assigned Agent for tlie Winuebagoes.* You shall hear from me again, after matters become more settled and definite. Yours truly, I. S. O. • Tliero must be some mistake In regard to the It/rer end.although It is a natural one under the circumstances. We don’t knuu* whether “Van’’ will feet himself Halter ed or not, by being taken (or his good otd father.—Eus. Mmnesotiam. From another Correspondent. Washington, March 3,1853. Eds. Mixxesotiax —To-morrow is now the all absorbing topic here, both in private aud pub lic ; to many a source of joy, to others of pain aud disappointment. Congress is hard at work night and day to make up for lost time. The biils, as passed by the Senate, come back to the House w ith many amendments, tr> which the House is very unwilling to agree. The old dif ferences between Whigs and Democrats are not the points at issue, and no one can tell the fate of a bill front tlie favor it might be expected to meet from either of the old parties. An intel ligent Whig who is well posted up in these mat ters, told mo that as a general thing the Whigs feel disposed to sustain Gen. Fierce. He cer tainly acts with a great deal of caution and prudence. He is very unostentatious in his manner and daily walk. While lie keeps no one away, lie shows in all his actions that lie is determined to stay a private citizen until after his inauguration. 1 hail mi introduction yes terday. lie made a few questions about Slin nesota, and seemed much interested in the an swers. A beautiful carriage was presented to him yesterday by citizens from Boston—the whole American workmanship—and it is said that 70 days ago every part of it was yet in tlie raw material. He left to-night tor Baltimore to meet his lady who lias arrived there, lie looks very young, rather pale, but not feeble. President Fillmore held his last levee on Fri day. It was crowded beyond measure. Every body of all parties seemed anxious to pay their last respects to him. On the Ist inst., the cor porate authorities took their leave of him as per enclosed extract. lam sure he feels happy in the prospect of retirement, and unanimously it is allowed to tlie satisfaction and honor of the nation. I enclose you a proposal for the “Sant" canal. Surely, our citizens will not )k? bchind-hnnd iu making tlie connecting link with the Mississip pi—tlie railroad from Fon du Lac to St. Paul. A railroad will immediately be finished be tween l’ontiac and Grandhaven (mouth of Grand river) Michigan, connecting with boats to Milwaukee. From that city two roads are now being worked, viz : one to l’rairie duChien and one to Lacrosse. A few years, not over three, w ill see them completed. Another road, having its terminus at Point Douglass, is seri ou.-ly talked about. It is true, mo tof this lias got to be done, but who that lias noticed the past, can doubt that it trill lie done. Capital is pouring in on the seaboard, and must reek in vestment west. Go w here you may. Minnesota is looked upon witli as much interest as Cali fornia. How careful its citizens ought to lie, to sustain its fair reputation. The foul charges against Gov. Ramsey meet w itli much disapprobation. 1 doubt w liether they make tlie least unfavorable impression on any body, though for political purposes it may an swer for some to appear doubting. A gentleman w ho aided Gov. Ramsey in get ting notes for gold told me that the banks were very reluctant to do it. and did it only as a fa vor. The officers of the bank are ready to tes tify in this respect to the committee of investi gation. None of the New York hanks will now exchange their notes for gold. Yours, in haste, * An Act to nulliorize Ihr exercise of nil equity fn risdietion in the form of civil actions, anti for other purpose*. Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Legislative As sembly of the Territory of Minnesota: That all equity and chancery jurisdiction, authorized by the organic act of the Territory,shall lie ex ercised. and all suits or proceedings to be insti tuted tor that purpose are to lie commenced, prosecuted, and conducted to a final decision and judgment, by the like process, pleadings, trial, and proceedings as in civil actions, and “list 11 lie called civil actions, j Ni.c. 2. All suits, applications and procecd ! ings. now authorized by a statute to lie com i inenceil, prosecuted, and conducted in chau- J eery , or enforced by- chancery jurisdiction, in : eluding the foreclosure and satisfaction of j mortgages, shall hereafter be commenced, prosc- I ented, and conducted to a final decision and judgment, by- the like process, pleadings, trial I and proceedings, as iu civil actions. Ski - . 3. The district court, or any- judge thereof, may grant writs of ne exeat, and in junction in ail civil actions, on complaint, and when a counter claim or equities in the nature of a counter claim are set up in an answer, then on such answer, and in such case there may be annexed to the duly verified complaint or answer, affidavits of persons other than the party, tending to show the truth of the facts, and allegations relied upon for the allowance of such applications. Sec. 4. Such writs of ne exeat and injunc tion may be granted in the progress of any ac tion, at any time before the final decision, judgment or decree therein, either by petition duly verified, or on affidavits, or both,'provided ! that no injunction shall issue to stay proceed- ‘ ings in any civil actions before limil decision therein. I _ Sec. 5. All equities existing at the time of the commencement of any action, in favor of a defendant therein, or discovered to exist after such commencement or intervening before a fi- I nal decision, in such action,shall lie interposed it at all by way of defence to the action by ans i wer or supplemental answer in the nature of a I counter claim, and issue taken thereon by a re : ply or supplemental reply thcieto aud lie de- \ | termined as oilier issues iu said actions. ; Sec. (i. In all civil actions commenced after ! this act shall take effect, when the party prose-| ! cnted has equities, claims, or demands which j I could heretofore only be enforced by cross ac-! [ tion or cross hill, the same shall lie interposed by w ay of answer in the nature of a counter claim, and the plaintiff may reply thereto, and put the same in issue. And il' the same lie ad- ! mitted by the plaintiff; or the issue thereon Ih determined in favor of the defendant, he shall ! be entitled to such relief, equitable or other- 1 wise, as tiie nature of the case demands, by I judgment, or decree or otherwise. Sec. 7. Whenever equity and justice re-; quires a discovery which could before this act took effect lie enforced by a bill or cross hill, such discovery may lie compelled to he made under the oath of ihe parties of whom tiie dis covery is sought, either by a verified complaint! or answer, setting forth therein specifically the ! matters upon which a discovery is required I and the party seeking such discovery may have 1 the answer or reply stricken out for insuffi- I cicncv. and compel a further answer, or reply I in case such pledge does not contain the lull I and complete discovery sought, or give a good, sufficient reason for not making such discov-! ery .’ . . .. .ec. 8. In all cases wherein chancery suits and proceedings were authorized before this act took effect, and in which bonds, undertak ings, or other securities were or might lie re quired, tiie same may be hereafter required iu tiie civil actions substituted therefor by virtue of tliis act. Sec. 9. In all civil actions wherein receiv ers may lie necessary, or where in chancery suits or proceedings they were authorized to lie appointed previous to this act taking effect, they may hereafter be appointed, if neciywary, and' they may he required to give such securi ties for the faithful performance of their duties, and the discharge of their trusts, as by law, rule of court, or former practice, were author ized. Sec. 10. In all cases where in chancery be fore this act took effect, masters and examiners were required to act, or might have acted, the like acts and duties shall and may hereafter be performed when necessary by a referee or referees appointed as in civil actions. Sec. 11- The Supreme Court shall have power to provide general rules for ita own con duct, and the conduct of the District Courts of the Territory, and the Judges thereof and other officers of said courts, and to carry into effect legal rules and statutory provisions; and also to supply defects or omissions in practice, ii» respect to the commencement, prosecution and conducting all civil actions, special proceed ings, appeals, writs of error and certiorari, and all other writs and statutory proceedings: Pro vided always, That no legal rule or statutory provision is to lie violated or abrogated there by. "Sec. 12. All statutory provisions authoriz ing appeals in civil actions, and appeals in chancery existing before the passage of this act, which arc necessary and applicable, may be applied and used in appealing causes which under this act are intended to lie conformed to and are called civil actions. Sec.-13. All the provisions respecting fees, costs, and disbursements, in civil actions and appeals, in force at the time of the passage of ! this act, shall he applicable to the civil actions, '• proceedings and appeals authorized by this act, and all provisions for fees, costs, and dis bursements in chancery and proceedings arc hereby abolished: Provided, That in ac tions for the foreclosure of mortgages and for the partition of real property, where no issue is joined, the costs of the plaintiff shall lie the same as if issue had been joined therein. Sec. 14. The court of chancery and the right to commence or institute chancery suits and proceedings, and all statutes and statutory provisions inconsistent with this act, shall be, and are hereby abrogated and abolished: Pro vided however, That this net shall not apply to suits and proceedings commenced before this act takes effect, which shall lie prosecuted and conducted to a final determination under the j laws as they existed previous to the existence j of this act. j Sec. 15. This act shall take effect from arid I after its passage. DAVID DAY, Speaker of the House of llepresentatives. MARTIN McLEOD, President of the Council. ! Approved March fifth, one thousand eight 1 hundred and fifty-three. ALEX. RAMSEY. 1 Aii act to rttlahlish the terms of the Supreme and District Courts of the Territory, and for other purposes. j Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Legislative As , sembly of the Territory of Minnesota : That : there shall lie two terms of the Supreme Court i annually at the seat of Government of said Ter ; ritory,to be held on the last Monday of Febru ary and the first Monday of September in each I year, and such other special terms thereof as the Judges of said Court may deem necessary, i and shall from time to time order. ! Sec. 2. The terms of tlie District Court of tlie 1 Territory shall lie held at the times aud places following, to wit: In the County of Ramsey on 1 the third Monday of April and the third Mon day of October in each year ; In the Countv of | Washington oil the first Monday of April and on the first Monday of October in each year ; In the County of Chisago on the first Monday in J une in each year: In the County of Benton on the second Monday of June and second Monday ;of December iu each year ; In the County of Hennepin on the first Monday of April and the first Monday of September in each year ; In the j County of Dakota on the second Monday of | September in each year: In the County of 1 Scott on the third Monday of September in j each year: In the County of Le Sueur on the I foil rill Monday of September in each year : In j the County of Blue Earth on the firs't Mondav of October in each year; In the County of I Nicollet on the second Moudav of October in j eacli year : In the County of Wabasha on the second Monday in June in each year ; In the County or Fillmore on the fourth Monday in i June iu each year. j Sec. 3. The Counties of Ramsev. Washington 1 and Chisago shall constitute the'First Judicial ■ District, and the lloii. 11. Z. llayner. or anv [ Judge appointed in his place, is hereby assign ed to the same, as District Judge thereof— The ( aunties west of tin* Mississippi river, cx | cept tlie Counties of Feniliiua and Cass, shall constitute the Second Judicial District, and the lion. David Cooper, or any Judge appointed in his place, is hereby assigned to the same, a* District Judge thereof. And the Counties or Benton. Cass and Fembina, shall constitute the 1 Third Judicial District, aud the Hon. B. 11. • Meeker, or any Judge appointed in ),is place* is hereby assigned as District Judge thereof. ’ Sec. 4. Either of tlie District Judges are hereby authorized and empowered to hold any ; of tlie District Courts assigned to anv of tlie ; o, * lcr District Judges, or any of the special trims appointed to be held, not w ithin his own District, or any of the chamber duties w ithin i t ' ac * l District at the request of the District Judge to whom such District is assign* d. Sec. 5. For judicial and oilier purposes, to enforce civil rights and criminal justice the j County of Itasca is hereby attached to’and made a part of Chisago, and for that purpose all the officers necessary to effect the same be longing to the County of Chisago, shall have ; and exercise full jurisdiction, power and au i thoritv over, and net in and for the County of Itasca as fully as if they were a part of‘the same. And for like purposes, and to the same extent, the Counties of Cass and Femliina are hereby attached to the Conntv of Benton Iml lor the like purposes and to‘ the same extent the County of .Sibley is hereby attached to the County o Hennepin. And for the like pur poses anil to tlie same extent, the Countv of I lerce is hereby attached to the County of Nic ollet. And for the like purposes and to the same extent, the County of Rice is hereby at tached to the ( minty of Dakota. And for like purposes and to the same extent, the County ot Goodhue is hereby attached to the Countv ot \\ aliasha. Provided. That this act shall not interfere w ith the legal exercise of authority by the officers of the Counties attached. Sec 6. All laws and parts of acts inconsistent with tins net. are hereby repealed, nml this act is to take ellect from its passage. DAVID DAY, Speaker of the House of Representatives MARTIN McI.EOD, | , ' , , President of the Council. Approved March fifth, one thousand eielit \ hundred and fifty-three. ® ALEX. RAMSEY. Secretary’s Office, ) ~ , St. I’aul. March 15, 1853. < enn 7i ' y CP . r ‘. lf y , the ‘** re 8 ,,in P to V a true copy of the original on file iu this office ~ , , , ALEX. WILKIN, ; Secretary of the Territory of Minnesota. An Act to Organize Certain Couuties ond for other purposes, ; enacted by (he I.e*islatire Assembly of the Territory of Minnesota: Sec. 1. That so much territory a» is contain ed m the following boundaries be, and Ihe saum I w Hereby created into the county of Dakota, to \ wit: Beginning at a point in the .Minnesota river | at the mouth ol Credit river, thence on a direct ; line to the upper branch of Cannon river, thence dnw-n said river to its lower fork, as laid down on j Nicolet's map, thence on a direct lir.e to a point ; on the Mississippi river opposite the mouth of St. ; Croix I.ake, thence upthe Mississippi river to the mouth of the Minnesota river, thence npthe Min nesota river to the place of beginning. Sec. 2. That so much territory as is contain, ed within the following boundaries be, and the same is hereby created inlo Ihe County of Good hue to-w il: Beginning at the southwest corned of Dakota county, thence due southeast on a line twenty-five miles, thence on a due line to Lake Pepin, at a point on said Lake seven miles below Sand 1 omt, thence up to Ihe middle of said lake and the Mississippi river, to the bnsndary line of Dakota county, thence along the line or said county to the place of beginning. Sec. 3. That so much territory as is contain