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faint fail, fatntian, U, 1853 Pacific Kailnad Schcmet-Whig Prticy. There will be three, and perhaps four routes reconnoitred this season, between the line of settlements in the Mississippi valley and the Pacific coast, with a view to the construction of a railroad at the expense of the national government. The great Northern route, start ing from this point, appears at this time to be attracting the most attention. One of the en gineers, as we have already mentioned, Mr. Lander, is upon the ground, and has been for some days. He has been engaged in an ex amination with especial view to an eligible crossing of the Mississippi, and has proceeded over the country from St. Paul to Sauk Rapids. Before the arrival of Maj. Stevens, he contem plates an examination as far up as Swan river. The views of Mr. Lander in reference to the most feasible point to cross the river, arc not a proper subject of newspaper comment at this time; consequently our readers, if they wish to know what they are, will have to find out the best way they can. There is no doubt but this Northern line is the favorite route with all that portion of the Union comprised within the basin of the Great leases, as well as me wnoie or Kew Tork and New England. This, added to the outside pressure from British interests in Canada and the Colonies east thereof, with no inconsidera ble interest felt and exercised even by English capitalists on the other side of the Atlantic, will make our route a more formidable rival when the contest comes ofi' at Washington, than our Central and Southern friends may now dream of. Its superior advantages will be duly enlarged upon as the survey progresses.— We prefer, to use a homely phrase—“not to crow till we arc out of the woods,but merely to keep note of the fact that there is a North ern route for the main trunk of this great road, running through the heart of Minnesota, with an arm diverging to Lake Superior, and anoth er to St. Paul, and thence on south-east to Chi cago, by the nearest and most direct course.— It is also a fact not to be lost sight of, that in the course of two or three years, through the Sault Ste. Marie ship canal, there will be an un interrupted water communication from ail the lake cities, and Montreal, and Quebec, and Boston, and New York, and the whole world in fact, to the head of Lake Superior, within the borders of Minnesota, and within six or eight hours’ railroad distance of St. Paul and St. Anthony, and five hours of our settlements and towns on the St. Croix. Neither should we neglect to mention, that when once at the head of Lake Superior, coming from the East, you are half way across the continent by water, which makes a vast and material difference in the transportation of all the heavy articles of commerce. These facts and advantages have not been lost sight of by our friends of Chicago and elsewhere. They are setting them afioat across the world, and they cannot fail to leave their full impression wherever they travel. Perhaps the head of the present administration, owing to the very pressure of local influences by his immediate friends near bis home, may have had his mind more suddenly impressed with the im portance of authorizing a preliminary survey of this route at an early day. Certain it is, the authorities at Washington have acted with Commendable alacrit j in the pieiulscn. Tlltl noit of preparation has been sounded for the rccon noisance of this line in advance of all others.— j We see among the despatches and letters from Washington many such paragraphs as the fol lowing : “Major Stevens has nearly completed the ar rangements for the survey of the northern route for a railway to the Pacific. Lieut. Dun can and sixteen others have been sent to Ore gon, by way of the Isthmus, to start from Pu get’s Sound aud meet the exploring party in the mountains. A person has been in Canada for some time collecting information from the Hudson Bay Company.’’ The contemplation of all these facts and in cidents, going to show the almost positive cer tainty that a Pacific railroad will be construct ed, and that within a very few years, is one of the grandest themes for reflection that has ever •welled the bosom of the American citizen. The consummation of this work will be a deed of national glory greater than any yet achieved, in peace or war, since the attainment of our in dependence. And more especially is the adop tion of this national internal improvement pol icy by the present political party in power—or at least by its executive head and nine-tenths of its leading members and leading presses—a matter of self-gratulation to the party of which we have the honor of being an humble member. The policy which calls upon the General Gov ernment to build this road is Whig policy, and nothing else. When President Pierce sends out his subordinates to survey these national routes, he is but pursuing a line of policy advo cated by Clay and Webster, and all the Whigs, twenty years ago, and opposed by Gen. Jack son and all his party, including the now great Pacific Railroad enthusiast, Thos.llart Benton. The Democratic Congress, when it appropriates money for the survey and examination of the several routes across the continent, and after a while, when millions are voted to construct the national highway, is but practising that which Mr. Clay preached in regard to the Cumberland road and other public works, and which was opposed by -Old Hickory’ and his party. This is called the age of progress, and the party self-styled Democratic is known as the progressive party, par excellence. Perhaps this is so in the main ; but they must have the credit of reversing the wheels of their locomo tive in this one essential particular, and run ning back some twenty years to load upon their car a good old Whig measure, which at that time they threw overboard. Whigs, of course, are not disposed to cavil and find fault at this. They will go with the dominant party, heart and hand, in helping to consummate the great measure. They feel proud that time, which proves all things, has proven the wisdom of their policy in developing the resources of the country ; and they are pleased that their old opponents have the magnanimity to adopt their measures with so good a grace. It all goes to show that the vast resources of a new country may remain unproductive forever, when beset by the stringent and narrow metes and bounds of modern American Democracy. Why then 1 should the Whigs feel otherwise than rejoiced ? It is a matter of small moment to them as to who are in power, so long as their measures re ceive the sanction and approval of the whole people, and through the people of those en- i trusted to administer the government. Men i and measures would be preferable; but separa- i ted, measures before men, of course. t FACTS AMB FANCIES. “Under the administration of Gov. Ramsey, the Indian affairs of the Territory have been conducted in the most wretched manner. His conduct has been such as to deprive him of all influence over the Indians.” The above is from the Democrat of this week. Were it read only by those who have resided here during the administration of Gov. Ramsey, it might well be passed with the silent contempt the unblushing falsehood it contains undoubt edly merits. But there are strangers among us, and we must state one or two facts, proba bly unknown to them : The man who framed and published to the world this paragraph, has never, since he occupied the position of editor in Minnesota, let an opportunity slip that he did not lend bis personal and editorial influence to stir up dissensions among the Indians, and throw obstacles in the way of the proper offi cers, when in the execution of their several du ties and the mandates of the authorities at Washington. He has colleagued with every migrating loafer and petty villain who has at tempted to gain an influence with the Indians, in order that the ends of Government might be thwarted. He has beslobbered the most wily and refractory of the Indian Chiefs with fulsome laudations through his columns, taking care al ways that his miserable stuff should come to their attention, and be translated to them by some of his minions. These laudations have generally been accompanied by instalments of the pestiferous offal, which have weekly flown from his polluted pen, abusive of Gov. Ramsey. This was also administered to the Indian.— This has been done at limes when there were delicate matters of public business in process of trausaction with the Indians. In short, he has, almost continually, been a ‘mover of sedition' among the red men, the consequences and re sult of which would long since have been a general Indian war, and the indiscriminate slaughter of the frontier settlers, had he pos sessed any influence whatever in the quarter where his energies were directed. All this is a part of his political tactics—a wicked and high-handed determination to ‘crush’ those who oppose him, let the consequences lie what they may—let his way lay through public or private suffering aud ruin. Amid all this stormy and villainous opposition, Gov. Ram sey has managed the Indian affairs with entire satisfaction to his superiors in office, to the people at large, (honest, decent people, we mean—not Indian whisky sellers and loafers) and to the Indians themselves. With two of the most powerful and warlike tribes of the continent on our borders, an unceasing heredi tary feud existing between them, and living within striking distance of each other, there has been comparatively very little bloodshed during the past four years. The Governor has been un tiriug in his efforts to check every aggression of either tribe, and has been remarkably suc cessful in every instance. No unprejudiced old citizen who has been an observer of Indian matters, will fail to bear us out in what we have here written in regard to the editor of the Democrat, as well as in reference to the offi cial acts of Gov. Ramsey. Mails ox the Mississippi.—A Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune, says it has heretofore been the custom of the De partment to pay §5 for the delivery of each way mail on the Mississippi; [the Lower Mis sissippi. w-e presume.] If this rule were applied to the Galena and St. Paul mail, the price to the Department for the round trip would be $ll5. Galena Adv. \es, but'thc Lower Mississippi is not out in | the woods—away off, beyond the bounds of I civilization, where people are rude and igno rant, and don't need any mails. The facts in relation to the mail contract between here and Galena are not understood by the public. We will state them : The late officers of the Post office Department advertised in the month of February last, for proposals to carry mails six times a week between Galena and St. Paul, and to serve the intermediate post offices along the riier amounting to over twenty, if our memo ry serves us—the bids to state the price per round trip, Ac. The Galena and Minnesota Packet Company, the only persons having the facilities at the time to execute the contract promptly-, made their bid at fifty- dollars per round trip—t\vcnty--five dollars each wav. Any one acquainted with the distance, and the num ber of landings—many of which it would be unnecessary to make scarcely once a season but for the mails—will be compelled to ac knowledge that the bid was meritoriously reas onable. None of our packets can make a land ■nSb particularly on their downward trip, at a less actual expense than two or three dollars. Tetthe present Postmaster General thought the bid extravagant, and set it aside. It is evi dent he knows nothing whatever aliout the matter, or if he does, is not disposed to do jus tice to the region of country above Galena— The matter still hangs in just this wav, the boats carrying mails semi-occasionally, without compensation, merely for the accommodation of the public. We are not the especial apolo gists or eulogisers of the Galena Packet Line, no more than ti e are of any other boats or indi viduals ; and the record will show that we hat e cultit ated no captious feelings or angry manifestations toward this administration since it came into power. Neither do we intend to, feeling it a public duty to give all its official acts a fair trial, and all its measures a fair chance of success. But no one can deny that this mail business of ours has been most bung lingly- managed. We hear it rumored that a company at Dubuque, Rock Island, Chicago, or some where else, has procured the contract, but we cannot trace the fact authentically. If so, we are content. If the mails come regularly, six times a week, as advertised by the late Postmaster General, the people of Minnesota care not who carries them. Lead in Minnesota.— The La Crosse Demo crat has been presented, by Mr. J. S. Looney, of Root river, with a very fine specimen of lead ore taken from the ridge of hills near where he resides. Mr. L., who is an old miner, states that the indications are very favorable for ex tensive deposites of mineral in that neighbor hood. Ail the appointments for Minnesota are now made, save the Marshal and District At torney. We wish the editor of tbe Democrat would let out a little of his bottled knowledge, and tell us who they are to be. He certainly must know, as according to his own showing all the appointments yet made were after due consultation with him.' First impressions are everything. There fore if our young gents expect to receive favor in the eyes of the lovely and beautiful who are now daily arriving by the boats from below, they must step up to Ritchie’s, corner of Waba sha and Third, and procure a fashionable cov ering for the top of their countenances A.vxals for 1853.—We have for sale at our office a few copies of the Annals of the Minne sota Historical Society for the current year. This is the most interesting volume yet issued— got up in good style and neatly printed. The contents are: Secretary's Report; Sketch of the life of Jean N. Nicollet, by H. 11. Sibley; Sketch of Joseph Renville, aVoyageurand ear ly Trader of Minnesota; Notes on the Indian Tribes of the Department of Hudson’s Bay, by Rev. G. A. Belcourt, Missionary Priest at Pem bina; Obituary Notice of James M. Goodhue, late Editor of the Minnesota Pioneer; Notes Supplementary to an Article on the Early Trade of Minnesota, published in the Annals of last year; Description of Mille Lacs, by J. G. Norwood, M. D.; Dakota Laud and Dakota Life, by Rev. Edward D. Neill; Meteorology of Minnesota, by John W. Bond. Price twenty five cents. We have also on hand copies of the Annals of last year—the two forming a very in teresting fund of information concerning Min nesota. Ora Longitudinal Railroad. —lowa and Mis souri are moving in the preliminary work of starting the great line ot railroad which is to traverse those States north and south, and eventually pass into Minnesota. A vote of the people of St. Louis city and county, recently authorized by a decided majority a large sub scription to the slock of this railroad, and we also see Dubuque county, lowa, is about to do likewise. The St. Louis papers are alive to the subject. In a late number of the Republican we find this paragraph : North Missouri Railroad. —We are informed that the books for subscriptions to the capital stock of the Company arc now open, and will be kept open, at the Merchants' Exchange, in this city, until further notice. Some one or more of the Commissioners appointed lor that purpose, will attend at said place every week day, from eleven to twelve o'clock, for the pur pose of receiving subscriptions. As a consid erable amount of private subscriptions (in ad dition to the county subscriptions) will be needed, we hope our public spirited citizens will not sutler so important an undertaking to languish; but that every one, in proportion to his means, will take a greater or less number of shares. Ax Incident. —The point where the West Newton passed the Tiger going up the Minneso ta week before last, was in one of the acute an gles of the river, aud was named by our crew, by way of distinction, -Tiger Bend.’ The Ti ger had rested there during the night, and some of those aboard cut their names on the trees by way of making a ‘ claim.’ The New ton on coming down, in order to make the an gle, was compelled to throw her stern immedi ately [into the tops of the overhanging trees where said claim marks were blazed. Our chambermaid had her washing hung out upon the guards of the ladies'cabin, and a large por tion of it, including sheets and eertian articles of personal clothing, was left hanging high and dry upon the top-most twigs, fluttering in the breeze like Midshipman Easy's peculiar flag of truce from the mast-head of his felucca. A desperate attempt at wit was perpetrated on the occasion by one of our company, who re marked that the chambermaid had made a shift to jump the Tiger's claim. The bend was forth with christened with a name indicative of a near feminine relationship to a well-known crook in the Lower Mississippi. “ Mr. Editor ; —A few days since I met with some of the Northampton colony on their way to Minnetonka. They had previously been out to explore and had made a selection which pleased them well. They are intelligent men and will make vnlunlilo eitizonc Rut. the man ner in wcich they were treated at St. Paul was anything but neighborly. They tvere there stopped and told that the Cannon river country was the best part in the Territory. They were taken fifteen miles across a sandy prairie and left in a cold rain-storm, where there was not wood enough to kindle a fire. They remained without fire or shelter, and returned on foot with their baggage. Some of the party were so disgusted that they took the next boat down the river. The others I met at the Minnetonka mill on their way to their new home. These men will write to their friends at the East some facts in the case. (>ur Territory will lose nothing in the end by such maneuvering ; nor will St. Paul gain anything by it.” This is the last St. Anthonyism. The illib eral feeling and caviling spirit still displayed by some ot the St. Anthony people towards St. Paul is much to be regretted. The Territory should be a unit in matters pertaining to the early settlement of her rich lands and the de velopment of her resources, and such a result we have endeavored to bring about. The fore going appears in the shape of a communication in last week's Express. IVe feel well as sured had our neighbors of the Express known the facts of the case, they would not have pub lished this wholesale sweeping charge against the people of St. Paul. So far as we are indi vidually concerned, we can point with perfect safety to the columns of the Minnesotian for the past year, to prove our good feelings in favor of the Minnetonka region and Hennepin coun ty at large. And the great mass of the people of St. Paul have no inclination w hatever other than to induce all the settlers they can to lo cate above here—no great matter where, so they go above. A man selfishly interested here who does not act upon this plan when endeav oring to select homes for immigrants must be a stupid dunce, and more blind to his own inter est than even the worst hater of St. Paul will gh e our people credit (or rather discredit) for. It may lie that one or two individuals in and about St. Paul expressed to the Northampton people a preference for the Cannon river coun try, and induced them to make a visit thereto upon a very inclement day, but for that our town is not to blame certainly. The very ab surdity of the thing carricg the refutation of the ridiculous story with it. As editors, we shall always endeavor to do justice to all parts of the Territory, but at the same time we wish not to see our immediate neighbors wrongfully accused of an act of narrow and short-sighted policy which, were it true, should consign them to the mercies of the fool-killer upon his next visit this way. St. Paul and St. Anthony have within the past few weeks received several substantial ac quisitions in the way of new citizens, —men of means and influence from the States—who have come with their families to remain. Among them we have the pleasure of knowing that Pennsylvania, Maryland, New York, Mississip pi, Ohio, Massachusetts, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and several other States arc well resented. They appear well pleased with Min nesota, and are investing their means quietly and in a business-like manner, at the locations and in the transactions which suit them best. Mr. Bass, of the Wharf Boat, informs us that no one can judge of the large amount of immigrants coming in, unless they watch the landing closely. They land and are off to the country before our citizens are aware of their presence. A letter from Hon. J. P. Hoge, late of Ga lena, addressed to his father-in-law, Judge Brown, and dated at San Francisco, states that Maj. Hixon, a gentleman who was wont afore time to commit dreadful havoc among the finny tribes of Minnesota, was one of the passengers on board the ill-fated Independence, and was so fortunate as to be saved. This will be sad news to the trout, bass and croppy of our lakes, if the Major ever contemplates returning to Minnesota. He made a narrow escape of being drowned. Thus, he who has in his lifetime taken and eaten so many thousands of fish, came very nearly being food for fishes him self! Rev. H. M. Nichols, late oi Massachusetts, has been appointed Home Missionary and Gen eral Agent for the Territory, of the Western Home and Foreign Missionary Association, and of the American Reform Tract and Book Society. He is authorized to preach at large through the Territory, to organize churches, and through the Missionary Association, to pro vide with regular preaching, the communities and new settlements now distitute of the same. His post office address will be St. Anthony Falls. Recent Appointments. —Since the Senate adjourned, the following appointments have been made for locations in Minnesota and adjacent points in Wisconsin; Francis Iluebsch man, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, North ern Superintendency; J. E. Fletcher, Winne bago Agent; R. G. Murphy, Sioux Agent; D. F. F. Herriman, Chippewa Agent; Otis Hoyt, Receiver, and J.O. Henning, Register, of Land Office at Willow River ; Theodore Rodolph, Receiver, and Cyrus Lord, Register of Land Office at La Crosse. —One of two things is true : Robertson of the Democrat either betrayed the oyster-supper candidates when at Washington, and secretly worked dead against them, or he now puts forth the most unblushing falsehoods in assert ing that the appointment of other men through out is all as he wished and precisely to his lik ing. How is it with Gen. Fletcher for instance, whom lie now claims as his man ? Did he be tray Mr. Lowry and go for the General, or is he following up his old miserable trade of in discriminate lying, in asserting that he is en tirely satisfied and pleased with the General’s appointment. Mrs. Emily R. llooc has been appointed Post mistress at this place, vice B. W. Brisbois, re moved.—Prairie du Chien Courier. Now. that rather ‘knocks us!’ This Yankee administration has a sly way of ‘taking the wind out oi the sails’ of Whig editors that is somewhat annoying. Who on earth can we hammer at now, when the mails fail in winter time, and the whole town is stopping us of a cold day in the streets to know the why and the wherefore thereof? We can't lay the blame to the Prairie du Chien postmaster any more, for —lrishly speaking—he is a lady, and a very clever and competent one at that. But we look for better times in the way of winter mails here after. On more occasions than one have irreg ular males been brought to a sense of their duty by the prompt and careful attention of well-dis posed females. We have no doubt such will be the case in the present instance, and if it is not, we will surely do right to look overand beyond Mrs. llooc to attach the blame. Mrs. H. is the widow of a brave and gallant officer of the ar my', and we honor the patriotic and chivalric spirit which has dictated this appointment. She is also n sinter of Hon. Joseph Rolette, the able representative in our Legislature from the Pembina district the past two sessions. Settling in Colonies. —l'pon this head the Galena Advertiser has the following remarks in regard to our “Yankee Coi.ony. —The Colony of one hun dred families from Massachusetts, many- of whom went up to Minnesota a few weeks since on tlie Clarion, we are informed after surveying the ground of their intended residence, concluded to separate. In this, we have no doubt what ever, they acted wisely. It is an easy matter to imagine one hundred farms of an equal size— all lying contiguous—each with good soil— abundance of wood, and a fine clear spring of pure water in the very place where you would build a house from choice: but it is impossible to find such a spot on the face of the whole earth.” Speaking of those of this Colony who have settled in Hennepin county, the St. Anthony Express says: “We are informed that those of the Massa chusetts Colony who have visited Lake Minne tonka. are generally well pleased with the country, and are making locations. Their “ heads are right.” There is no doubt but there are more desirable locations in that vicinity, than in any other part of the Territory. The county commissioners have located a road through from this place to the settlement on the lake. A saw mill is already, or soon will lie in operation at the outlet of the lake. We presume a hundred farms will be opened there the coming season. From this year onward Minnesota is bound to make more rapid pro gress than she has ever yet done.” In regard to this colony matter, tve will state for the information of all concerned, that it is not possible for one hundred farms, well water ed and wooded, and of equal value, to lie laid off immediately adjoining, in any part of Min nesota no more than it is in other parts of the West. At no place along any of our rivers can any thing like that amount of tillable land be found skirting the water’s edge in one body, and every farm lying in an accessible position, But along the large lakes, such as Minnetonka, you can come about as near it as in any other portion of creation. There is scarcely a spot along the entire lake shore of sixty or a hun dred miles, that you cannot drive a loaded team from the water ns far back into the country as you may wish. Reuses Office. —Our fellow-citizen, John E. Warren, Esq., has returned home, having declined the comfortable and respectable sta tion to which he was appointed by the Presi dent. The Troy Post, (Whig,) published in the city of Mr. W.’s former residence, speaks as fol lows of this event : John E. Warren, Esq., who'received the ap pointment of Secretary to the Central Ameri can Mission, has resigned that post, and will in a few days return to his new home in St. Paul, Minnesota Territory. It is no less a compli ment to Mr. Warren than commendable in the Administration, that another and similar ap pointment has been tendered to him—both of them without solicitation, —and both of which he has declined for a more congenial life in the West. No doubt the result will prove the wis dom of his choice. We learn with pleasure that our friend Bowman, of the St. Anthony Express, who recently started East, will return in a very few weeks with material aid for the house hold department of the Express. Don’t know yet whether or not prudence, under the cir cumstances, dictates armed intervention or masterly inactivity on the part of the other Whig editors of the Territory. Who had we better consult about the matter I Minnesota River Packets. —The Tiger and Clarion have returned from the New Agency since our last, safe and well. The Black Hawk started lor the same point on Monday, heavily laden. R. M. Spencer, clerk of the Clarion, has kindly furnished us with the following ex tract from her log: Arrived in safety at Red Wood on Wednes day morning, at 7 o’clock, May 4th, 1853. — Passed Tiger on yesterday, near mouth of Bea ver river, in a lake. Saw suow in different places this morning. River very high, with from 15 to 20 feet in channel all the way up.— The river has fallen at this point about 5 feet; the Red Wood has fallen about 10 feet; the Minnesota still appears to be navigable above the mouth, and probably is to Patterson’s Rap ids. It is very crooked, but can be navigated successfully with a small, side wheel boat.— Had to stop twice yesterday and cut wood. Found a beautiful site for the Agency, one-half mile above mouth of Red Wood, with a good mill seat on the latter, one-half mile above its month, with plenty of good timber and excel lent prairies for farming purposes. Springs on the hill, 200 feet high. Shot a large adder near one of them. Plenty of buffalo bones on the plains, but no meat on them. Tiger arrived at mouth of Red Wood in one hour after us. She came up howling. Physic for the Million.— Mr. Hunt, one of the engineers of the West Newton, informs us that when the boat returned to Galena after her trip up the Minnesota, and her boilers were cold, a heavy incrustation of sulphate of mag nesia (Epsom salts) had crystalizcd upon the lower plates and about the gauge cocks. We have no doubt from the appearance of the country and the waters near the Cotton-Wood river, that this mineral impregnation was taken into the boilers at that point. The Fklit Chop. —lnasmuch as we of Minne sota do not yet produce our own fruit, we are interested in knowing the prospects of the crop outside the Territory. We see by our exchang es, unless there have been severe May frosts, which is not an unusual occurrence in the West as far south as the interior of Kentucky, the promise of an abundant yield through the central and northern region of the West is good. The Cleveland Ilcrald of a late date says : “The fruit prospects in the Lake region were never more flattering the Ist of May. It is thought little or no injury has occurred from the April frosts. Several frosts occurred dur ing the past week in the central portions of the State, but the Ohio Cultivator thinks they were not sufficient to injure the fruit prospects, which were never better in the central region. Sharp frosts were experienced at Maysville, K3’., aud Nashville, Teun., last week.” Some parts of Indiana appear to have suffered by the frosts last mentioned. The Terre Haute Express notes the fact as follows: “Hard on Fruit. —We had a white frost on Monday night last, which, it is probable, has destroyed all the fruit in this quarter, as usual. We hardly know how any could have escaped, as house-tops and fences on Tuesday morning, were covered with a crisp crust of frost. Such is tlie mutability of our climate. Prospects early in the season may be bright, but it wont do to make any calculations until about the time of harvesting.” Cow-ardly. —Under the head of “A strange Visitor,” the spicy city editor of the St. Louis Republican notices the following quadrupedal incident: A few evenings since, about 12 o’clock, a cow who had been out in the rain, took a strange fancy for the comfortable lodging quarters of a well known Restaurant and Coffee House on Fourth street, and without any invitation walked slowly and deliberately in. Several gentlemen were standing at the counter taking a “night cap,” and were very much astonished upon turning round to observe the horned vis itor. One gentleman being slightly inebriated, in the generosity of bis nature immediately proposed to treat the beastess; but the appear ance of the cow indicated decidedly that she was not dry, while a very speculative young gentleman considered it as a voluntary ottering for the absence of beef, or any other'meats on the lunch table. Putnam's Monthly.— LeDuc A Rohrcr have the May- number of this sterling American pub lication. It is a well filled number, the leading article being an original sketch, entitled “Old Ironsides," from the pen of the late Jas. Fenni more Cooper. We are pleased to learn the en terprizc of establishing this magazine promises to be entirely successful. We are grutified at this not only- 011 account of its intrinsic merits, but because the principle upon which tbe puls lisheracts is honorable and honest—opposed to literary piracy and wholesale robbery. Should the contemplated copyright treaty prove suc cessful, it will give a great impetus to the suc cessful career of periodicals such as this, and at the same time compel the publishers of certain other magazines to become honest, or quit the business. Mr. C. P. Scott, of this city, lias contracted to do the brick work of tlie Winslow House, an ex tensive hotel now in course of construction at St. Paul. Mr. S. is a superior workman.— Gal. Advertiser. We are pleased to welcome Mr. Scott back to St. Paul. He was one of the pioneer mechanics of the town, and left his durable mark upon the walls of many of the buildings erected here in 1849. Tbe Madison Banner says that Senator Bright “fiercely- objected" to the appointment of Col. Gorman, as Governor of Minnesota ; also “the appointment recently given to Finley Bigger, as Register of the Treasury.” It is also stated that Lieut. Gov. Willard went to Washington to “head off” Col. Gorman from the General Land Office. So much for harmony. If many more appointments from this State are made over tlie veto of tlie Senator from Madison, we presume he will not puli well in the harness hereafter.— Terre Haute Express. We used to know something about Indiana local polities and politicians. Wc have gener ally noticed, tliat those men of the Democratic party whom Bright opposed were very apt to reach high positions and enjoy a great share of the confidence of the people. The Bright Dem ocracy of Indiana and the Robertson Democra cy of Minnesota arc near of kin in this respect. Bad Streets. —The streets are in a most hor rible condition. Third street from Jackson to Roberts, and St. Anthony street above the American House, are almost impassable. Had we any influence with the Town Council, wc would suggest to the members that their repu tation is suffering greatly in the eyes of stran gers as well as citizens. His Excellency, Gov. Gorman, arrived by the Nominee yesterday, and wag cordially greet ed by our citizens. Doo-matical—A man going to the country the other day, tied his dog to his wagon, hut the self-willed animal so strongly persisted in remaining in town, that he pulled by the rope till he choked himself to death. The buffala which those passing up the Falls road see tied in Mr. Selby’s barn-yard, is going to Ohio, consigned to a celebrated stock raiser of that State. Starr, who was shot by Kingsley at Trav erse des Sioux on Monday of last week, has since died of his wounds. The Kingsleys and Fuller, we understand, have left the place. Another Railroad SMAsn-up and Terrible destruction of Human Life. —We are indebted to Mr. Fawcett, clerk of the West Newton, for the following, in the form of a slip from the Ga lena Jeffersonian office. It is but another aw ful result of criminal carelessness on the part of those having charge of railroads : Norwich, May 7th. An awful accident occurred on the New York and New Haven Railroad this morning. The train, at 7 A. M., run off the draw-bridge at this place, owing to the bridge being carelessly left open. Fifty lives are reported lost, and one car now entirely submerged, full of passen gers. One car was completely submerged and two others entirely demolished. There has been a terrible loss of life. Report says there has been 50 killed and drowned. The conduc tor, Mr. Comstock, is badly injured. The en gine and two baggage cars went over, and the smoking cars. It is impossible to say bow many were in them. The draw-bridge was up to let a schooner through. When the train came up the cars were going so slow that the breakman was able to start couplings aud stop the rear cars. The train consisted of six passenger cars, two baggage cars and a tender. The following names, not on the list of saved, were registered in Boston: Dr. Woodward Chambure and daughter, of Racine, Wis., Dr. Bush, of Boston. About 45 dead bodies have been found up to 3 o'clock. The employees of the company es caped unhurt. The blame, it is said, rests with the engineer, as it is stated the usual signals were given by the bridge tender. There are, however, many conflicting statements. The engineer and firemen were arrested. Since our last, the Black Hawk, Tiger and Clarion have all departed for the Minnesota river, all heavily laden and having many pas sengers aboard. Tbe trade and emigration up this river is immense—beyond all expectation. Two or three cargoes are now in the warehouses awaiting transportation. The steam saw mill at Stillwater, belong ing to Messrs. Sawyer, Heaton A Setzer, was destroyed by fire on Monday morning last —loss about $6,000, with no insurance. It is not known how the fire originated. We under stand the enterprising proprietors contemplate rebuilding immediately. George H. Oakes lias started on ‘his own hook,' and opened a grocery and provision store opposite the post office. Glad to see our St. Paul l>oys—any of them—doing something for themselves. Day Boarding. —Gentlemen who desire to be accommodated with comfortable and agreea ble day boarding, will find'things suited to their taste by applying at Mrs. Ford’s on Fifth street, near the Baptist church. The St. Paul crockery store is doing a brisk business this season to up river customers. Marvin is determined to take the business in that line, as he will keep at all times a good assortment, and will sell below Galena prices. Railroad Iron. —The Galena Advertiser says: “ Last Friday, the steamer Pawnee laud ed opposite Dubuque, 2,418 bars and 252 kegs spikes, railroad iron, for the Central Rail road.” Those wishing to make investments in real estate, are referred to the advertisement of John R. Irvine. Correspondence of the Minnesotian. Clarion's Shingle, Half a Mile above the Month of Red Wood river, Minnesota, 4th May, IS>3. Messrs. Editors :—The Minnesota river is all bustle. The arrival of tlie West Newton at the new Fort, 30 miles below this place, and now ol the Clarion, followed by tbe Tiger, at this the new Sioux Agency, lias commenced a rev olution, which for tlie present is principally marked by the terror of the ducks and gulls.— Ambitious men are blazing trees and scribbling their names to catch a chance of renown—per haps their only one. I hasten to inform you for the benefit of your readers, that the Minne sota from tlie town of Maukato to the com mencement of the Indinn Reserve, far surpasses any expcction of those on board this boat and elicited frequent exclamations of delight. The whole distance is admirably adapted for settle ment. _ There is an abundance of timber; the land lies beautiful and sloping to the river, with landings the whole distance, and as far as our observation went, it cannot be surpassed for fertility. One very important tiling we also noticed : that the springs are numerous and meadow lands every where in tlie low lands.— It is certainly important that all the immigrants should see it. And notv it becomes of serious importance to your town of St. Paul that good land commu nication should lie formed as eavlv as possible. Capt. Dodd and his men were heard of with a perfect road 25 miles out from Traverse des Sioux. It is more than probable that a few miles from there he would strike the road from St. Paul to Farribault's settlement, at tlie Forks of Cannon river, which intersects with Capt. Simpson's surveyed road from Wabasha to Mendota, and that again has a branch well marked, leading to St. Paul by way of the set tlement below Crow's village. * This road might now be extended to the Blue-Earth river, about six miles up from which place there is an east road on the prairie (skirting the timber ail the way) to this place, one day and a hairs travel. All hands arc busy securing the Indian goods and provisions and preparing to establish the Agency under the auspices of Major M'Lcan. Yours Ac. Buffauj. Buying the Sandwich Islands.— The Wash ington correspondent of the New York National Democrat gives currency to a somewhat won derful revelation, according to w hich a number of wealthy Californians have entered into a ne gotiation to buy out the Sandwich Island from their present sovereign with the view of having T™*"" 0 ™* 1 t 0 thp United states as a County ol California. The negotiation, it is asserted had been brought to a successful termination, but tlie weak-minded king was afterwards in duced to withdraw his assent. The Californi ans have not given the project up, but arc en deavoring to bring the king back to bis bar gam. \i, R n rr i'? NAKE . n,TE Cl,tEr >—The Southern cat bv t'tT ‘ he of a case by Dr. T. A. Atchison, m which a girl seventeen years of age, bitten on the left instep by a rat esnake, was cured by being placed in a hot bath, and whisky and carbonate* amonia administered to her, until she had taken about three pints of the former and eighty grain* of he ifite th»t l M Wa l ,Wo h0 “ r " half’after the bite that l>r. A. visited his patient, when he found her sightless, her face swollen, and her T,IP 1i,, " 0r cause < l n <> intoxi cation, and the cure was complete. Some Grain.—A few days since, Mr. Clark had in his warehouse, at Clavton. lowa, 37,000 bushels of grain, mostly wheat of superior qual ity.—Galena Adv. Gold—From the 24th to the 27th nit., three days, there arrived at New Orleans and New gold k ’ ni>wanls of threc naillions of dollars, in Lead in Rock Island.— —The Rock island i> . publican says, that a valuable lead mine was urdav ° Cean lat- ’7’ her to Ogdensburgh. Of fif sLe^ThL'h’ 1 ". 1 Crew twtnt y-two only were shore whnn iK one mile and a half from deck t , h n fir , e Was Covered. The upper thehnl? V?« a y 'l'l 1 ™* 0 ' 1 in fiftccn minutes; the hull drifted off from shore and went down. n?* «. vc<l *’ erc picked up in boats. The Ocean H ave belonged to the Northern Railroad Company, and was fully insured. Land Office, Stillwater, ) May 6,1853. ) The following i* a list of the land warrants returned from the General Land Office, and now in this office for return to the owners, or for correction, os the case may be. But the address of those interested being unknown to the Register, this method is taken tocail atten tion to them: Warrants the loeation of which has been cancelled, Act of 1847.—N0. 12,351. drawn in the name of Erastus Bates, and located by Henry T. Sweet, June 11, 1851, (No. 400) can celled —the tracts located are not contiguous. No. 44,573, in favor of Ernst G. Homickie, located by Milford K. Morgan, Sept. 15, 1851, (No. 420) cancelled —the warrantee died before the issue of tbe warrant and no proof is offered of power on the part of the heirs to sell. No. 6.873, in favor of Franklin B. Clarkson, located by Win. 11. Johnson, Oct. 3, 1849, (No. 87) cancelled —conflicts with previous location and covers part of school section. Dtt. 72,140, in favor of Joseph W. Babcock, located by Stanislaus Bielanskie, March 24, 1851, (No. 380) cancelled —conflicts with others. Act of 1850. No. 3,315. in favor of Asa Wormwood, located by James H. Brown, Feb. 26, 1842, (No. 58) cancelled —conflicts with others. No. 3,067, in favor of Edward K. Thomas, lo cated by W. 11. Randall, June 20, 1851, (No. 14) cancelled —land not contiguous ; confusion in description. Warrants suspended, Act of 1850. —No. 44, 666, in favor of Nathan Lord, located by Neil I). Shaw, Sept. 1, 1852, (No. 203) certificate of Magistracy wanted. No. 40,003, in favor of William F. Berry, lo cated by R. W. Kirkliam, (No. 318) his first name wanted. R. W. Kirkhuni wont enter land! No. 71,893, in favor of Morris Dooley, located by Bernerd Rogers, (No. 414) —better ortho graphy wanted ; his name is s]>clled in tbe pa pers Barnard Rodgers, Barnard Rogers and Bernerd Rogers. No. 11,890, in favor of Philip Dock, located by self. (No. 97) —oath of personal identity wanted. No. 21,346, in favor of William Templer, lo cated by George W. Hal lock, June 25, 1852, (No. 131) —certificate of Magistracy wanted. No. 28,664, in favor of Samuel K. Maltbic, located by George W. Few, Aug. 24, 1852, (No. 196) —assigned by the widow, while there is no proof nor existence of minor heirs or outstand ing debts. No. 37,416, in favor of Nancy Bermott. locat ed by Mary P. Wilson, July 31, 1852, (No. 180) —no evidence of authority of Executor to sell. No. 2,735, in favor of Samuel Thompson, lo cated by his attorney, Socrates Thompson, July 12, 1852, (No. 147) —errors in spelling names, in description of the tract, Ac.; a complicated case. No. 40,523, in favor of Elliott Staples, located by John Henry Hurneberg, Feb. 10, 1853, (No. 339) —improper erasures without proof. If those interested will give immediate at tention to these suspended warrants, they will confer a favor on tlie officers of the Land Office. T. M. FULLERTON, Register. The Stock, Loan and Sub-Treasury transac tions which we noticed some days ago are at tracting, we see, attention in other quarters as well as in this city, and the Secretary of the Treasury, it is reported, has sent on so'mebody to investigate them. The law authorizing—indeed, now compel ling—the Secretary of the Treasury to buy U. S. Stocks out of the large surplus revenue we are unnecessarily collecting, the question is how can he do it ? Mr. Corwin here employed two parties; one, the Merchants’ Bank ; 'the other. Mr. Simeon Draper. To supply them with the means of purchase, he drew upon the Sub-Treasurers here and in Boston. This is objected to as in violation of the Suit-Treasury Law, and it probably is; but the question re turns—what is a Secretary to do, directed by law to buy U. S. Stocks, and having no other means but the money in the Sub-Treasuries. The Sub-Treasury Law never lias l»ecn exe cuted, and is never likely to la', for in practice it is inexecutable. Wlic’n the Sub-Treasuries run over, the Secretaries let (lie disbursing of ficers largely overdraw, and they deposit in bank, using bank money to pay the debts of the Government. During the Mexican war, under Mr. Walker, there was the freest sort of pro ceeding in this way. The Members of Congress are paid, not in gold, unless they specially de mand it, but in cheeks. Corcoran A Riggs and Selden A Withers, brokers and bankers in Wash ington. have long been paymasters. The Pres ident himself, no doubt,* gets his $25,000 in checks. Mr. Corw in could not come on himself from Washington to execute the law directing him to purchase L. S. Stocks. 11c must hire agents and he did hire them. He took over a million of dollars out of tlie Siib-Tvca>iirv. and employ ed these agents to buy these Stocks at the mar ket price. If Mr. Guthrie goes on buying them lie will have to do exactly the same tiling, un less he comes into Wall street and turns .Stock broker. Wc do not approve of any of these practices, per se —but what is to Is* done under conflicting laws? 7lie Democracy in Congress refused to reduce the revenue when an otter was made them by the Whigs; ami as long as the surplus accumulates in the Suit-Treasuries, L. S. Stocks must be bought by somebody to to get that surplus out.— jY. Y. 'Express, 15</i. Meat Biscuit.— The Grinncll Arctic Expedi tion, now on the point of sailing on their voy age, have adopted the meat biscuit as food for their sledge journeys. This food is found, ltv experiment, to combine tlie essential elements of flour and beef, and six ounces a dar have heen proved to lie sufficient to sustain life, while in active exercise. Woodworth’s Plaining Machine.—The patent right to this machine expires in ls.it;. and it is thought the same will not be renewed— This machine is said to have excited more liti gation and made more money for its owner than any other machine in existence. UxDF.RGROUNn Railroad.— Twenty-nine fugi tive slaves, men and women, from Kentucky and the Carolina*, who arrived in this city by the underground railroad, passed over the riv or into Canada, yesterday morning, about 3 o clock.— l)et. Free Press,' 2o/A. Mr. King's Will—Last winter, before leav ing \\ ashington, Mr. King made bis will, giving the largest portion of his estate to liis poor relatives. Capt. 11. L. Scott, Son-in-law of Gen. Scott, has been appointed Inspector General of the Army. It is rumored that Ilarrodsbiirgh Springs, iit Kentucky, will be the site fixed upon for the National Military Hospital. Beef. —ln consequence of large purchases for shipment to California, this article has sold as high in the city of New 1 ork a* 10sc. tier pound on hoof, this Spring. The Presbyterian church, at Burlington. la., was struck by lightning on the 23d ult., hut no great damage w as done. Lot lsiaxa Senator. —A despatch from Ncw- Urleans states that Hon. John Slidell lias been elected 1 nited States Senator bv the Legisla ture of Louisianna in tbe place of Hon. Pierre Soule, lie received a majority of 33 votes over Hon. Randall Hunt. The Des Moines— The steamers Globe am) Jenny Lind, have ascended the Des Moines riv er as high as Kosauqua, and are still going ahead.— Mo. Rep. Fro* Fort Laravik. —Lieut. L. C. Bootes, of the sixth Regiment I'nited States Infantry, who has been stationed forseveral years at this Fort arrived in this city yesterday." lie left the Fort in March last, and came over the Plains in a very cold season, lie informs us that the win ter in the West has been one of remarkable se venty. The snow in the mountains is unusual ly deep. No mail had been received from Salt Lake for several months, owing to the snow in o!!. 1 ?. 0 31 ™- So l ‘ everL “ Iwd been the winter hat the game especially the Buffalo bad come into the immediate vicinity of the Fort. Many of them had perished on the Plains. Lieut. B. came iu with a party of destitute emigrants and a prisoner to Fort Fort Leavenworth. SI. bouts Republican.