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fatirtan, Sasrmbti 12,1853 Steamboat Arrival* for 1843. As navigation on the Mississippi is probably suspended for the next five months, we have been to some trouble to look over the number of steamboat arrivals at the port of St. Paul during the past season, and comparing them with the previous years. The following is the result of our labors >— Arrivals in 1850..% 104 “ 1861 HO " 171 « 1853 229 In 1850, navigation commenced on the 19tb day of April, and closed on the 18th November. In 1851, on the 4th of April, and closed the 20th of November; in 1852, on the 16th of April, and closed the 10th November ; and in 1853, the West Newton, the first boat that arrived from below, came on the 11th April, and it will probably be three or four days before the • last boat ’ leaves. In 1850, there were 60 arrivals from Galena, 40 from St. Louis, and 4 from points on the Minnesota River. In 1851, there were 75 from Galena, 35 from St. Louis ; 3 from Minnesota River ; and 6 from other points. In 1852 there were 131 from Galena, 22 from St. Louis, 13 from Minnesota River, and 4 from other points. In 1853, there has been 99 arrivals from Ga lena, 65 from St. Louis, 49 from Minnesota Ri ver, and 20 from other points. There have been, in all, 22 different boats here during the season just closed ; last year there were 17. The West Newton has made 27 trips, Greek Slave 17, Mary C. 2, Luella 7, Nominee 29, Clarion 22, Franklin No. 2,8, Excelsior 13, Tiger 13, Dr. Franklin 28, Ben Campbell 9, Asia 12, Blackhawk 9, Shenandoah 5, Grand Prairie 3, Die Vernon 1, Hindoo 2, Humboldt 11, Lunette 1, lola 5, lone 4, and Henrietta 1. It will be seen that while compared with last year, the number of arrivals from Galena have decreased 30 per cent., the number from St. Louis have increased nearly 300 per cent., and from the Minnesota River, nearly 400 per cent. The number of arrivals from other points show a still greater increase. The fulling off in the number from Galena is attributable to the fact, that last year there were rival lines from that place, and being consolidated this year, there were a less number of boats in the trade. The Carrying trade, however, between Galena and St. Paul has not diminished, but, on the con trary, has materially increased. Lvaiiiana and Minnesota Railroad. A company was chartered at the last session of our Legislature under the name of Louisiana ' and Minnesota Railroad Company for the pur-1 pose of. to the extent of our power, co-operat ing with the citizens of St. Louis and New Or leans in their efforts to build a railroad from the latter place to the sources of the Mississip pi on the west side of that stream. It was not expected that beyond the chartering of a com pany, and the passage of a memorial to Con gress for a grant of land in aid of the above en terprise, our Legislature or our citizens would do much. This much, however, was done in ac cordance with the wishes of merchants and oth er capitalists of St. Louis aud New Orleans, who •ee in the efforts now making by Eastern capi talists, to extend their roads to the Upper Mis sissippi, a probably successful attempt to diver l the trade of that region from its legitimate channel the Eastern seaboard. This road is known in Missouri as the “North Missouri Railroad,” in which State active efforts have beeu made to get the road started. To show the interest felt in the above work at St_ Louis, we extract a portion of a very able arti cle on the subject from the St. Louis Republi can of Oct. 22. The Republican says that this road is the favorite of the West and South, and that when completed will be one of the most “important and profitable in the United States.’’ It continues: “ There is every inducement to push forward this Road to the Mate line. That it will be pro ductive of profit anil wealth to St. Louis, aiul the owners of its stock, and to tbecountry along the line, is beyond all question, even if it were to terminate at the boundary of Missouri. But that will not be its termination. “ This road is. in due time, destined not only to drain the confluents of the mighty Father of AYaters ("the Upper Mississippi.) but more than that, to penetrate and bring to us the trade and commerce of the rivers aud lakes that discharge their waters into Hudson's Bay. Few persons, we fear, have consulted the matter with refer ence to the extension of this road ; if they will do so, they will see some astounding facts' Let us call a few ot them as they present themselves to us. “ From tlie State boundary of Missouri, as the road is now projected, it may, at a compar atively small cost, be extended up the \ alley of the Desmoines river. This volley is the lon gest, most fertile and exuberant of all the trib utaries of tbe Upper Mississippi. There is not on tbs Continent a richer or so exteusive a bo dy of fine land as is embraced iu this valley.— At present, it is contemplated to extend'this North Missouri road through the length of this valley, and strike the Mississippi river iu the vicinity of St. Paul, in Minnesota Territory.— This is all right, aud in the existing condition of the country, its present wealth, population and productiveness, this may be all tbut prud ence and clear judgement would anticipate. But there is a country for the extension of this road far beyond that to w hich the attention has been directed—to which the white settlements have not yet gone. It is our firm conviction, that in duo process of time, this North Missouri railroad will, tak- l ng ,L *, cster 'y direction, be constructed *° the h r ea * i of navigation on the St. Peters riv- Traverse, or thereabouts ; thence to the head of navigation, or at least to tlie w a ters of the Red River of the North, and from Whence to the Lake of the Woods amt Lake Win- i nipegaad thus drain the w hole of the interior British Canadian possessions, even extending ■down to the head of Hudson's Bay. “ These may be, and perhaps will seem to ma ny, very extravagant speculations. Yet we ut tered them years ago, when this road was not snooted; and now there is a certainty of itscon •traction, at least for a portion of the distance. It will be buitv trum this city to the State line; beyond that its construction must greatly de pend upon the legislation and popular feeling of the people ot other States and Territories. IT constructed through lowa and Minnesota to ? ha . ve K°°d reason to hope and believe it will be, it at once crosses, intersects, Mid cuts off/or St, Louis her legitimate por tion of the commerce and business of ail the projected roads that are intended to divert the trade of these sections directly to tbe East Iu • word, it will maintain for St. Louis the com mercial pre-eminence and position u<hich iod assigned her, when lie formed the risers and “ Eastern projects may, for the time, seem to be antagonistic to our interests, aud calculated .to divert trade and busiuess from us, and some .of their works, as they now are, may have this effect; hut we have still tbe channels under our control, and at a comparatively small expense, may bring it all back increased and facilitated by the efforts that have been made to it away from us. We believe that tbe Almighty, •who “ divided the waters from the land,” laid out the channels of the riven in the course that trade and commerce and business must follow. As easily may man make the Mississippi roll its current upwards, as divert the mass or the com merce that floats upon its waters across the rid ges and mountains that separate us from the At lantic. But the people of the valley of the Mis sissippi, and especially of St. Louis, have a high duty to perform. We must not stand with fold ed hands in this age of progress. We have a duty to fulfil, and to accomplish it we must act with promptness and energy.” In continuation of the same subject, the Re publican says that the people of lowa, keenly alive to its importance, are taking hold of thi g work with much spirit and determination, as the following extract from a letter from Eddy ville in that State fully establishes : *• As Railroads and Railroad projects are the all-absorbing topics of the day, we lowa folks arc getting our ideas awakened on the subject of the Northern Missouri Railroad. The East ern capitalists and men connected with such en terprises, are running roads to us from the East and asking the good people of the valley to lay hold with them and aid in the construction of different roads. But there is a feeling among them which strongly indicates to them that this road is of more importance to us than any oth er project on foot, and in consideration of which there has been n call made for a mass conven tion, to be held at this place on Wednesday. Nov. 16, 1853, to be represented by all the coun ties lying on the line of said road, from where the Missouri survey strikes the lowa line north ward to St. l’aul in Minnesota. “ It is the intention to organize a company and put the survey right through, from the point where the Missouri survey strikes the lo wa State line. It is the feeling of the people in this part of the State, that St. Louis is and must be the business place for us, despite of any effort of eastern capital to turn it townrd the East, by this Northern chain of roads. This work must lie regarded by the St. Louis folks as a matter of vital importance to them, as the road will pass through the best parts of both Missouri and lowa, tor it not only brings tbe whole North in close communication with St. Louis, but it will tend to divert trade and bus iness, and bring the same through St. Louis, which otherwise would go by the north road.” FACTS AtVD FANCIES. Tue Minnesotian Office.' —Both of us being now at home for the winter, and with a full quantum of stock and material to do everything in the printing line that would be required any where, we have felt it due to the community as well as ourselves, to renew our business card. We call especial aiul general attention to it. Close of Navigation'. —We have just emerged from the exciting pleasures of a six day's trip on board the steamer Blackhawk, from Galena to a point on Lake St. Croix opposite Hudson. The officers and crew did all in their power to render their passengers happy and comfortable but the boat and the river were against them. The Hawk is a worthless old tub, and the Mis sissippi is turned bottom lip. We can safely say that navigation is closed for the season—not so much by ice as by sand-bars. Boats. —lt is probable that the last boats of the season have made their appearance at our Levee. On Sunday evening last, the Dr. Frank lin arrived, having been detained on l’ig's Eye Bar for more than half a day. The Nominee, after several ineffectual attempts to cross it on the same day,turned back and landed her freight at Rod Rock. There was considerable floating ice in the river, but not sufficient to prevent the boats from getting here, had not the river fall en so much in the last few days. We learn that the Clarion unloaded her freight at Point Dou glass on Tuesday last, and that the Blackhawk and Greek Slave were at Prescott on Thursday. The Blackhawk started up the lake, and would probably reach Stillwater. The river has fall en unaccountably during the last ten days, and none hut the “oldest inhabitants" have ever seen it at its present low stage. The weather is now warm and pleasant, aud if there wassuf ticicnt water, there is no reason why naviga tion should close for several days. The Black hawk and Greek Slave are at tbe Levee this morning. ,Sxow.—Tlu-y have had a great snow storm all through the East, falling in some places to the depth of six inches. Passengers iu the ears from Albany to Cleveland, say that it was a continual storm ull the way, and that the for ests resembled the middle of winter. Near New York city, the snow was so deep that when it finally turned to rain, it did not disappear for several hours. The papers from the East all bring accounts of this heavy storm. W e saw a letter the other day from a friend at the East to a friend in St. Paul, who, after giving an ac count of this heavy storm, inquires if wc can beat it iu Minnesota. Wo beg leave to reply that we canuut. Your storm was about the 25th of October, at which time we had not seen snow enough scarcely to touch the ground. On the morning of the sth of November, w e found just snow enough to cover the ground, say about one-fourth of an inch in depth, which hassince disappeared. We may have snow enough to make sleighing before our paper is issued, and we may not have it for two weeks ; but when it does come, wc beg leave to assure our Eastern friends, it will not melt away like theirs, so that our dealers willdo a brisk business in the “um brella anil India-rubber trade," as an Albany paper says is the case in that city. “ Off with his head ; so much for Aronson, ” as Frank Pierce said when he read the ex-col lector's letter to Secretary Guthrie. The Adamantines. —This section of the Dem ocratic party iu New York, are receiving “ aid and comfort" from the Democratic party in the South. The Washington Sentinel has a power" ful article in defence of Mr. Bronson, and in condemnation of the policy of tlie Administra tion, anil it calls on the National Democrats’ North and South to oppose it. The Richmond Enquirer is also out against the removal of Brouson, saying that “the Administration is taking sides where there is the least political purity and patriotism, and with men that will betray them and the South.” " e wou ld call the attention of our read ers to the “Notice to Lumbermen,” to be found in another column. In view of the fact that the Government agent and Marshal have com menced a vigorous onslaught upon the numer ous class of our citizens who are engaged in lumbering, we cannot but look upon it as for tunate that these lands have gone into the hands of individuals with whom the rights of parties will not remain in tbe state of uncertainty as heretofore, and as the small amount that may be required in the way of stumpage will ulti mately fall on the consumer, the interests of the Territory as well as the lumbermen will no doubt be promoted by a change of ownership. —Our friend Morris has started a Dry Goods and Ladies’ Fancy store on the corner of Third and Cedar, under the Dagucrrean gallery. From the favorable reputation which Mr. M. bears in this community, we have no doubt that his store will be a favorite resort of the Ladies of St. Paul and St. Anthony. Tut Mails.—We dUlike very much to lay anything on this robject, or to offer any re marks that may be construed into fault-Gnding < with the “ power* that be,” [as we render our selves liable to be charged by some ‘ hard head’ who goes in for the party “ right or wrong,” with making complaints because we are not friendly to the Administration. But “we must say what we must say,” and will say, that ever since the Distributing Post-Oflicc has been re moved from Galena to Dubuque, our whole Sou thern mail has continually been from two days to a week behind the time it should have been received. Sometimes a portion of it has, dur ing the past summer, found its way to Prairie duChien. and been carried from thence to Still water in this Territory, on horseback over the mail route between those places. Why the D. i P. O. was ever removed from Galena to Du-: buque we have never been able to discover, and 1 Post-master General Campbell has failed to give a single satisfactory reason. It may be. and wc \ hope it will be, seeing that the Post-master Gen eral persists in keeping this office at Dubuque, j that when the Illinois Central Railroad shall have been completed to the latter point, Du. ! buque will be lull as good a place for that office for the convenience of the Upper Mississippi as 1 Galena. But all this does not excuse Mr. Camp-, bell from moving it a year to soon, if it was ne- , cessary at all. Then again the Department has not paid scarcely any attention to the wants of tbe ditTerent places in the Territory, especially places along the Mississippi above St. Paul.— For several months past there has been no mail service at all north of St. Paul, and the people of St. Anthony and Benton County have been obliged to get their mail matter the best way they could. Lately we learn there has been ! service ordered to Fort Ripley once a week, and permission is given to supply the offices along the route. Tbe N. W. Democrat may well re joice that St. Anthony is on the aforesaid route, because they are now sure of getting a maij once a tceelc. It seems that all argument with the Department about the wants of the people i of St. Anthony and Benton had failed, and un til it was discovered that there was a Fort near the head of the Mississippi that the Government was not in communication with, the Department paid no sort of attention to their just demands. ! Now the idea that St. Anthony, a town of 2000 j inhabitants, situated only eight miles from St. ! Paul, the seat of government of the Territory,: a place of great importance in the Northwest, can only have her mail once a week, when it shall please the Government to hold communi cation with its post in the northern part of the settled portion of the Territory, is ridicu- j lous, and we cannot see how they have borne it so patiently. Post Offices were established on ' tbe west side of the river more than a year ! since, but not till within a few weeks has Uncle i Sam ever given them a mail, and only then when it was found necessary to have communi- j cation with the new fort oil the Minnesota riv- j er. The people of the west side have the same cause of congratulation that the people of St. Anthony and Benton have, that Uncle Sam has a Fort beyond them. A Life Picttke.—The following beautiful sketch of the birth and growth of Civilization in the West, is from the pen of Frederika Bre- j mer's new work, entitled “Homes of the New World.” It will be recollected by our old citi zens that Miss Bremer spent some ten days in ’ St. Paul in 1850, as the guest of Ex-Gov. Ram- ' scy, and visited the Falls of St. Anthony and | other places of interest iu the neighborhood.— She w;as highly delighted with the picturesque beauties of tbe place, and was often observed w alking out alone, along the bluffs of the Mis- ' sissippi, contemplating its natural scenery.— Who does not see in the following picture the rise and progress of many of the great cities of the West, but more particularly of our own St. 1 Paul, the future Metropolis of the North-west ? “Your majesty has certainly often read de scriptions of the wonderful waterfall. Niagara: of the almost miraculous prairies of the West, : where the sun mirrors his image in an ocean of | sunflowers waving in the wind ; of the rapid ; growtli of States and cities in the Great West; i : of the great river, Mississippi; and the gold [ mines of California, and many other lions of j the Great West. But less known are the first ■ steps of cultivation, its first impress on tliewil- j : derness; and this it was together with the great spectacle of Nature, which most attracted my earliest attention ; for it is amusing to observe 1 the first steps of the child, aud how he advanc es and grows to man's estnte. It is an image worthy the regards of a motherly queen. The trees fall before tbe axe along the banks of the 1 river—and rivers everywhere abound in North America—a little log-house is erected on the i skirts of the forest anil hanks of the river; a 1 woman stands in the door-way with a little chub by child in her arms. Th>“ husband lias dug up tbe eartli around the lioilv anil planted maize : tieyond graze a couple of tat cows, and some sheep in the free, uninclosed meadow-land.— The husliand tills the land and mites the cows, ; and performs the whole out of door. The wife remains in the house, and takes care of child and home : nor can any woman do it better. — The cleanliness and order of her person are re- • fleeted by everything within the house. No neater nor more excellent home can be found ! on the face of the earth than that of the Amor- \ ( ican woman, even of the poorest. No wonder that the husband is happy within it—that the ; American knows few other pleasures than those j which he finds iu his home, no other goal of bliss : on eartli than that of possessing a good wife , a good home. The log house lias been erected ' in the forest, and not far from it are erected, in , the same way, two or three other log-houses;! they are all furnished with excellent beds, and j' there always lies on the shelf a Bible, a hymn-:' book, and some other religious books. A little further off stands a somewhat larger log-house, j where a dozen or two children—the half w ild offspring of the wilderness—are assembled. — \ This is the school. The room is poor and with-), out furniture ; but the walls are covered w ith maps of all parts of the globe, and in the hands i of the children are books which present them with views over the whole world, and reading ; books which contain the noblest pearls of lite-1 rature, in paragraphs, short essays, narratives,! poems, Ac. Anon other houses spring up : some j of framed timber, sonic of stone ; they become | more and more ornamental; they surround 1 themselves with fruit-trees and flowers ; you j see a chapel of wood arising at the same time ; with the wooden houses; hut when the stone ! i houses come, there come also a stone church 1 1 and a state-house. The fields around are cov-1 ered with harvests; flocks and herds increase ;!; and before long you behold one or two steam- j boats advancing up the river; they lie to at j the new buildings ; they purchase wares and ! i cattle, and leave newspapers behind them : in ! two or three years there is here a little citv of ! two thousand souls ; motherly women institute i Sunday schools in the church, and assemble the j ] mtle children to instruct them in C’hrtstianitv,' i and establish an asylum for orphaned little 1 1 “'‘, pps JPjjnK “P at the same time with i fnl!Tw L-T 1 ,K hP e !’ urcI '' "nil ‘hey constitute together with the printing press and the state house, theensign of the Anglo-American : and ' wherever he plants this, thence retreats the red man, now almost without resistance, with his ! wigwam and his subjected women and goes to I light his fires ftirthcr off in the wilderness He knows, by experience, that the new erections i which he beholds will, within a quarter of a century, become a great city, with its fifty thou- j' sand Inhabltanrs or more, and that the whole ' • region round about will be full of a people al-1J ike potent in war as in peaceful civilization." |, Jap ax Expedition*. —The accounts brought by the steamer Arctic state that the Japan Expe dition returned from Jeddo, August 17th, hav ing met with a friendly reception. Commo dore Perry had had an interview with the Im perial Princess, had delivered the President’s letter, and agreed to call next spring for a re ply. The Americans and Japanese parted with mutual presents and expressions of good will. The Pioneer says that “ the carrying trade of St. Paul, in 1850, did not employ a steam boat force sufficient to secure an average of one arrival per week.” Now the account, as pub lished in the Pioneer, in the year above refer red to, of the number of arrivals during that season, shows that there were over one hun dred. At the rate of one arrival per week, wasn’t that a long season? Mr. Owens, of the Minnesotian, is in town, on his return from the East, where, moreover, the happy aud fortunate fellow has been getting married. He returns, with his lady, to St. Paul, on the Blackhawk. A happy home may they long find there. —Galena Adv. We are not in the habit of copying personal camplimcnts from tbe columns of our neigh bors, but we have merely thought the above might be somewhat suggestive to our delin quent subscribers. Relief Meeting. —At a meeting of the citi zens belli last evening at the Court House, a committee was appointed to act independently of the town council, to solicit means and re lieve the distressed condition of the suffering family at the corner of Fifth and Robert street. We have no doubt the pec pie of St. Paul will generously respond as becomes a Christian com munity. —At a party a few evenings since in this city, the genteel manner in which the gentlemen were dressed, was a subject of universal observation ami comment; but upon comparing notes, it was found that they had all passed through the gent's furnishing establishment of Messrs. Win ne & Cooley, only a few days before. —We learn that a project is on foot for num bering Third street, commencing at Wabasha. This is agood idea, will be a great convenience to business men on that street and citizens gen erally ; and wc hope to see the project carried out. Elfki.t A Bkotiiek.— lt may lie considered a work of supererogation for us to call attention to the establishment of the above firm. But wc cannot refain from mentioning again and again that which it is discreditable for any one not to know—that they have the largest and best se lected stock of goods iu town. The beau may get something fashionable, r thc solid man some thing substantial and the economical man some thin.!; reasonable. The Ladies also can be suit, ed in their different tastes. There is no excuse for any one who avoids the store of Elfelt A Brother. —Mr. Ritchie desires us to say that his pic tures of St. Paul, which we noticed a few weeks since, have arrived, and that the public can be supplied by calling upon him at No. 3, Third street. Wanted Immediately.— Mr. Brewster, corner 3rd and Wabasha streets, says he will buy halfdimes, dimes, quarters, and half dollars. Wc have a great curiosity to know if lie would not take a few dollars also, if he could get them cheap.— Pioneer. Some men’s wants are never at an end, and when they are, they remain still discontented. Wc think our friend is quite reasonable in bis wish ; he asks only for what he wants, anil is willing to pay fur what lie obtains. Business men arc ever ready to countenance a project at which something is to be made, when directly interested, anil wc doubt not the public are per fectly willing to sell any article at a profit, and allow our neighbor to sell his dollars. —The Luella arrived yesterday afternoon from St. Louis. Transcendental Democracy. —This is the name which the Cincinnati Gazette gives to the peculiar views of Democracy, set forth by Gov. Johnson, the newly inaugurated Governor of Tennessee. IN e will not dispute the assertion there made of the ultimate tendencies of Dcm- oeracy. but we may venture the assertion that he that believes them docs so more from faith than from any practical results yet developed either in communities or individuals. He says: “ I hold that the Democratic party proper, of the whole world, and especially of the United , States, has undertaken the political redemption of man. and sooner or later, the great work will |be accomplished. In the political world, itcor , responds to that of Christianity in the moral. They are going along, not in divergent.-!, nor in ' parallels, but in converging lines—the one pu rifying and elevating man religiously, the other politically. Democracy progressive, corres ponds also to the Church Militant: both fight ing against error—one in the moral, the other in the political field. At what period of time they will have finished the work of progress and elevation, i« not now for me to determine, but which finished, these two lines will have ap proximated each other—man being perfected, both in a religious and in a political point of view. At this point of view it is that the Church Militant will give way and cease to ex ist, and the Church Triumphant begin: at the same poiut. Democracy progressive will give way and cease to exist, and Theocracy begin.” We are of opinion that this is correct, so far as the Democratic party of New York is con cerned. Butli branches of the party in that i State now in arms against each other, are un-1 doubtedly “ fighting against error.'’ We make i one more extract without comment:— “The divinity of man bcingnow fully (level- j oped—it may now be confidently and exulting-1 ly asserted, that the voice of the people is the j voice of God : and proclamation lie made, that ■ the millenial morning has dawned, and that the time has come when the lion and the lamb shall lie down together : when the ‘ voice of the tur-; tie” shall be‘heard in our land,’ when 4 the I sucking child shall play upon the hole of the asp,' and the ‘weaned child put his hand upon ! the cockatrice's den,' and the glad tidings shall [ lie proclaimed throughout the land, of man's i political and religious redemption, and that i there is ‘on earth, peace, good will toward | men.’ It will tie readily perceived by all dis- j cerning young men, that Democracy is a ladder , corresponding in politics to the one spiritual j which Jacob saw in his vision ; one up which I all. in proportion to their merit, may ascend, j While it extends to the humblest of all created ) beings here on earth below, it reaches to God i on high ; and it would seem that the class of young men to which I have alluded, might find a position somewhere between the lower and I upper extremes ofthis ladder, commensurate at I least, with their virtues and merit, if not equal to their inflated ambition, which they could oc- 1 copy with honor to themselves and advantage to their country.” Printers with nine children are to be exempt- ■ ed from taxation in the State of New York. Very safe legislation that. We would like to see the printer who bad anything to tax after feeding nine children. The Last Bro Livr—The wonderful lump j lately discovered somewhere in the California miues, described as weighing 12 lbs., and what was stranger, in shape much like a human be ing, for which the owner would not lake SIO,OOO turns out to be a plump boy of 12 lbs. presented a miner by his wife. L»t«*t Nawa fram Tnrkay, By the arrival of the steamship Niagara, at Halifax, on tbe 27 th ot October, we find tbe fol lowing warlike intelligence:— The Sultan has appealed to the moral, and, if necessary, to the materiales, of France and England, by demanding the presence of their fleets before Constantinople. A Trieste letter, of the 12th instant, says the declaration of war was published in all the Im perial manifestos, and was posted on the walls of all the mosques. Omar Pacha, on the 9th iustant, formally sum moned Gortschakoff to evacuate the Ottoman territory. If Gortschakoff refers to his govern ment. Omar Pacha will allow fifteen days ; but if Russia definitely refuses, he will commence hostilities at once, but, in the meantime, will not cross the Danube. This would delay ope rations till the 24th October. A corps of 150.000 additional Turkish troops had been ordered. The navigation of the Danube and Black Sea is guaranteed to neutral flags. Tbe elergy bail offered to place 200,000.000 piastres of church property at the Sultan's dis posal. The Sultan had represented to the ambassa dors of foreign governments that lie desired to settle the difficulties witli Russia peaceably : but as his ancestors had gained their empire by tbe sword, the Turks would perish in its sup port ; or if fate ordained that their country should fall to another master, they would quit Europe as they entered it—sword in hand. The opinion is, that the Frcuch and English will allow the Turks and Russians to fight their own battles, but if the Turks are defeated, will prevent the Russians from marching on Con stantinople. With this view a protecting force might occupy a strong position between Broosa on the Danube, and Kestendge, on the Black Sea. or they might perhaps occupy Rodosto, on the sea of Marmora, or Riestchaut. Neither France or England are arming open ly, but the forces of both countries are iu a very effective condition. The Russians on their part arc active. Gen. Ludays had arrived at the camp. The troops were in motion up the river. Fifteen batta lions of infantry, with thirty-two pieces of ar tillery, had inarched through Bucharest. Prince Gortschakoff. it was reported, hail in effect an nexed the Principalities, having formally noti fied the Ilospodars that Prince Menschikoff will in future administer the government. The remaining Russian officials had left Tur key. Thirty thousand Redifs, under the French Colonel Magnan. had been pushed forward to tlie Bosnian frontier, to watch the movements of Prince Daniel, of Montenegro, who is again arming. There was a rumor, (lint it was disbelieved,) that the Porte had appointed Dcmhinski and Ivlapka, the Hungarians, to high commands. Conflicting reports were received from Per sia. The latest advices say the Shall, acting on the advice of the British Minister, had rejected the request of Russia to take arms against the Turks. We have also received late intelligence by the arrival of the Arctic in New York. By this steamer wc have received dates from Constan tinople to October sth. The news received is a confirmation of the warlike intelligence here tofore received. It is as follows : A part of the Russian army will go into win ter quarters at Bucharest and Odessa. The Turkish declaration of war had been received. The corps of General Ludlcr is still in that vi cinity, expecting marching orders. The chole ra had subsided. The Times says the Turkish manifesto is one of the strongest and most unanswerable state papers issued during the present century. The Post declares that, morally. Russia is al ready defeated, and that sin; will lie so mate rially. Hostilities on the Danube, and on the shores of the Caspian Sea, are inevitable. A despatch Irom Vienna, on the 17th. says that Gortchakoff had replied to the Turkish summons, that he lias no authority cither to commence hostilities, make peace, or evacuate the Principalities. He refuses to take any ac tion in the premises. Here the matter rests. The Russian subjects in Turkey are placed under Austrian protection. The Turks will al low neutral flags to sail on the Danube until the 25th, and no longer. Austria and Prussia have recalled their subjects from Turkish ser vice. Agitation begins to manifest itself in Italy. Two hundred political arrests were made on the 16tli; among them. Moncbeva. Minister of Florence, under the Provisional Government. He was, however, speedily liberated. The Turk ish declaration of war, published in full, is a temperate and high-spirited document. It docs not lay a:i embargo oil Russian ships, and pro tects ail the rights of commerce. When the Czar heard that Turkey had declared w ar. he swore lie would wage a war of extermination. The fleets were observed preparing to advance to Constantinople. A battle was fought on the 29th Sept, between Kicliwill and tlie Russians. Heavy loss on both sides ; the Circassians re turned into the mountains. No action in France. No shipment of troops, but great activity in the navy yards. Prussia and Austria both give indication, though not formally, that they will take neutral positions in the war. French and English diplomatists think, there fore. that the war will be confined to the Turk ish frontiers. Oilier Pasha had notified Rus sian commanders to clear out of the Principali ties before the 25th. or he would commence lios tilitie’s. General Paskeweitch. of Polish noto riety, is chief commander of the Russian army in the Principalities. The London correspondent of tiie Cincinnati Gazette, gives tlie following account of tlie movements of tlie Senator from Illinois: — Mr. Douglas has just returned from an exten sive tour, which embraced Italy. Greece. Syria, Turkey, Russia. Prussia. Belgium anil France. He leaves here Thursday, and after travelling through Scotland and Ireland, will take steam er at Liverpool, on tlie 19th of tiiis month, for the United States. He looks well, lias enjoyed his trip, and is “chok full” of good stories, startling adventures, and intervention argu ments, with which to astonish the natives in the I next sitting of Congress. He has had a long conference with Rescind Pacha at Constantin ople, with Count Nesselrode at St. Petersburg, and with many other great men : and lie lias come to the conclusion that Louis Napoleon is tlie greatest man in Europe, that France is the best governed country, and that her people are the most enlightened. Mr. Douglas traveled overthe principal parts of Russia in a long carriage, w hich traveled night and day, at the rate of eight anil ten miles an hour. It contained a sleeping-room and kitchen, so that he seldom left it. lie pene trated to the confines of Tartary. w here a grand annual fair was going on. at w hich there were 300.000 persons, Siberians. Russians, Austrians, Calmuck Tartars,Circassians, Georgians, Turks and Persians. The Middletown (Conn.) News has some in- i foresting statistics compiled from the census of 1850, showing tlie influence of railroads upon the population of the State. There were aliout 500 miles of railroad completed in Connecticut in 1850. The News says : —The increase of po pulation in the State during the ten years pre ceding 1850, was 61.967. or 19 9 10 per cent., and greater by nearly 3000 tlian during the 40 years preceding. Tbe average gain of 30 towns situated on tlie New York and New Haven, Hartford anil New Haven, Ilousatonic, Nor wich and NYorcester, and Stonington Railroads, was 25 4-10 per cent. The average gain of all the other towns in tbe State w as only 13 93-100 per cent. Miss Bremer, in her new work, in speaking af some women she met in Boston, says;— “People who are arrogant on account of their wealth, arc aliout equal to our Laplanders, who measure a mau’s worth by the number of his reindeer.” Labor Fire at PROVinEXCE.—On the night of the 26th ult., a fire broke out in the Howard Block, which was entirely destroyed. This block was composed of ten buildings, and was the fin est in the State. The Museum and several oth er buildings were destroyed. Total loss about $.100,000. Caaklag aad Warming Room* with flu. We published a paragraph among our new* items, last week, in relation to an invention that had recently been brought out in New York, which will make a revolution in the kitchen and parlor. No details of the in vention were given in the notice ; but we have seen them in the New York Mirror, which wc copy as follows : “ Wc believe we have seen a device that ob viates all objections, overcomes all difficulties, and that will cause this application to come in to general use. It is the invention of Mr. John Power, an Englishman, of the firm of Messrs. Skinner A Power, of Brooklyn, who are the pro prietors of the patent, aud who are so overrun with curious and interested visitors that they have not yet found time to put up their heating apparatus iu our office. In a few days we hope to be able to show our friends wiio mny favor us with a call, that ours is the ne plus ultra of stoves—occupying but little space—portable, that is to say, to the extent of the india-rubber tube that connects it with our gas-pipe—emit ting light as well as heat—more economical than coal—neat, clean, and serviceable—in short a perfect wonder and bijou of a stove, that might be put into a quart pot. “ Tbe modus operandi is perfectly simple. The common gas pipe is tapped at any point, an india-rubber tube is attached by means of an ingenious coupling, composed in part of the same material, (for which Mr. Power has nl.-o a patent) through which the gas is conducted to a small iron plate—not much larger than one's hand—that forms what may be called the stove. This plate is tilled with perforations.containing asbestos, which concentrate anil diffuses all the heat. The computation made by the inventor goes to show that a small office might lie heated for tlie trifling sum of fifteen cents a day. In credibly small as this may appear, we confi dently believe that it will cover the whole ex pense, though we hare not demonstrated this by actual experiment. Admitting, however, that a much larger ex pense w ill come nearer the truth, the advan tages of tlie invention are obvious. For law yers, and similar offices, where it is desirable to avoid the dust, dirt, and trouble of a coal fire, to say nothing of the expense of keeping an attendant, it is peculiarly adapted. A man can enter his office in the morning, turn on the gas. apply a match thereto, and the lire is in stantly started, and by the time he gets com fortably settled down at hisdesk, tlie room will lie warmed. We shall soon be able to give our testimony as to the economy and utility of the heating part of the invention. “Of its complete success in cooking we can speak with a confidence founded upon a careful observation and repeated experiments. We have eaten meats cooked by this new process, and can vouch for their line flavor; as for the expense, we can speak with mathematical pre cision, having carefully computed tlie cost w ith Mr. Power and the President of the Brooklyn Gas Co. To cook 3 lbs. of mutton chops takes just ten minutes of time, and costs only i of a cent ; to boil a kettle containing half a gallon of water, occupies exactly 12 minutes, and con sumes less than a cubic foot of gas. To get up a breakfast of four dishes, say one for meats, a second for coffee, a third for potatoes. Ac., and the fourth for eggs, or whatever else you please, will cost only 3 cents, andean all be done with in 15 minutes. •• '1 he gas pipes are tapped, and the conn c tion with the cooking apparatus made in the same way that we have described for heating. Fifty dishes can be cooked at the same time if desired. A line large turkey was roasted at t ho Aster House, the ol’m r day. by tiiis process, and those princes of caterers. Messrs. Coleman A Stetson, pronounced tills mode ol cooking the most complete and successful in its results that they had ever witnessed. The days of stoves and cooking ranges arc numbered. The use of gas is to form a part of oar domestic economy, and tlie kitchen will become an attractive place. Mr. P. lias apparatus for every ramification of the kitchen—even to heating a fiat iron— that is ever required. An ironing day will soon cease to be dreaded by housewives, lie lias a smoothing-iron constructed in such a manner that it will be heated nearly as soon as the gas is turned on : the gas is conducted into its body in the manner we have described, and can be graduated at pleasure : the wooden handle through which the gas passes before ig nition, is a non conductor of heat, and the fiat can tie used all dav without a bidder. N\ e cannot go into the minute description of tiie various cooking utensils but will say. in brief, that they are made on the same principle. Tlie gas of one of our ordinary burners supplies aliout fifty jets—forming a distributed and at tenuated liame —resembling in appearance the bluish alcoholic liame. and saving every par ticle of the heat. The cooking is all done bv downwani radiation i the lire is brought to life meats, not the meats to tlie lire*, in roasting, the fire keeps basting the meat all the time, thereby saving the cook all that trouble which he is: now compelled to take. The various jets unite and form a splendid siiect of flame, the heat of w hich increases in in tensity the longer it burns, and which accounts for the great economy of the invention. Eve ry particle of tlie heat generated is used—none of it tiling lost as is the case now when the fire is not cribbed and confined. “One of our average gas burners eost about 35 cents for every 100 cubic feet of gas. and as it burns only aliout -1 feet per hour, and as one burner of tiie ordinary size w ill keep the pot a boiling, or most any of the ilisbes going, the economy will lie apparent to every reader. A company of capitalists have taken* hold r,f the matter and will soon erect a large factory for making tlie cooking utensils, Ac., so that the public will soon enjoy a participation in the benefits of this new and valuable invention. Washington Goss if.— I Tbe Star thinks Ben nett's advice to the President will not be fol lowed, and that the Cabinet will not be dismis sed. Tlie guess is a very good, if not a very shrewd one. Things would not be improved by a change of men. and a change of policy, if im mediate. would be too open an acknowledgment of weakness : anil if not immediate, would lie utterly useless. The Star intimates that it is the opinion in official circles, that the Democra cy are aliout to lie broken in New Jersey. Rod man M. Price, the Democratic candidate for Governor, is a very popular man personally, but the “party" in that State having sold out to the Camden and Amboy monopoly, a deserv edly odious combination to plunder the public, it is feared bis popularity will not save him. ’ Bayard Taylor writes to the New York Tri bune quite despairingly in relation to the Chi nese rebellion. He thinks it not at all probable that the rebels will succeed in overthrowing the Tartar dynasty. Boston Boot and Suoe Trade.—Since tlie first of January there have been shipped from Boston 181,000 cases of boots anil shoes, lining 20,489 cases more than during tlie correspond ing period of last year. The stock is said to be light and the market firm. Mr. Calhoun proclaimed during tlie Adminis tration of Martin Yan Burcn, that the Locofoco party was kept together only by tiie cohesive power of public plunder. The Democratic or gans have always professed to regard that rem ark as a libel uttered by the distinguished Car olinian in a moment of violent exasperation Tlie present Administration, however assumes that the remark, whether true of the party at that time or not. is strictly true of it now The whole letter to Air. Bronson rests upon the as sumption that tlie different sections of tlie New \ ork Democracy cannot possibly l, c kept to gether except by the careful and judiciou^dt TI m 7 • of . t . he s .* >ollH °* ° n ice among them all. The Administration, however, has not, like the great Nulhner, embodied the sentiment in a aon Tn'ig"* 1 ' 0 P 'V raw ' f,t for general quo- W« a / 1 tH “ 18 pprha P s "mart —Louisville (a ,L J l M, ';'iv K ?,!! TB ' -So " le,KK ly ask * Hugh llas tsngs of the Albany Knickerliocker, the reason why editors live so much cheaper than other lolks. As our answer,” says Adjutant Hugh, • might not be complimentary to some of our subscribers, we give his own : Because they of tcu get bored for nothing.” J From tb« Phll*utvh>* Rorchant. Saint Fall, M. T., Sept. 19, 1853. Ekiexd Torret :—ln looking through the col umns of the “ Minnesotian,” the leading paper of this great North-Western country, I saw. the other day. an article copied from the “ Phila delphia Merchant,” and credit duly given.— Here is the evidence that your valuable paper comes even to this remote region, with its hea vy burden of commercial intelligence and gen eral news. Through your columns the people of Minnesota are posted up as to the places for getting cheap supplies of foreign and domestic manufactures, and the prices current, in your beautiful city ; but I have never seen there a letter or an i tem to Inform your readers in town and through the States, that away here, between the parallels of 434 and 49 degrees, at tbe bead waters of the Mississippi River, there is a land of unsurpassed fertility, where prairie and for est, lakes and rivers are so arranged that every man can have a farm with the advantages of all; where the climate is more healthy than in any other place on tbe Continent, and where towns and cities are being “ born in a day," that the prophets vision might lie fulfilled. Nevertheless, this is every word true, and I propose to call the attention of your readers to some of the prominent features of this country and at least let them know w hat Minnesota is, and what she will be. I will not dose them too hard at once, but give them here a little anil there a little. The Territory of Minnesota was organised in 1849, anil is consequently, only four years old. Since that time its prosperity has been uninter rupted anil unexampled. Its capital, St. Paul, then a mere hamlet, is now a place of tour thou sand inhabitants, with many of the luxuries, fashions and vices of Eastern cities. Nature lias well adapted its site fora large and beauti ful town, anil its position is such, commercially, that it is sure to be-, in a few years, the third city in size on tlie Mississippi River. It is at tbJ head ot navigation on the Mississippi Riv er : the foot of navigation of the Minnesota, or St. Peters, and is the capital of a future great State. Nothing can stop the onward progress of St. Paul in population mid wealth, uutil it shall be known the world over, that, up here, on tlie last bluff of the Mississippi, and midway between the eastern anil western Oceans, is a city unrivalled in beauty by any other of an cient or modern times. Then the burlesque in the July number of Harpers'.Magazine, entitled an engraving of St. Paul, will be a thing to be laughed at even more than it is now. with all who have been here. But there are and will lie other towns and cities, beside St. Paul, in Minnesota. They are springing up, as by en chantment, all over tlie Territory, and one can easily believe that she has found in some of her rich copper mines, or in the recesses of her in exhaustible pine forests, the w onderful lamp of Aladdin, ill some future litter I will mention a few of them by name, and give some inform ation as to their location and advantages, pres ent and prospective. The opinion in regard to this country isquitc general in the Mates, that our climate is too northern and cold to permit ot successful agri culture here. I w ish, if possible, to correct this very great mistake, and then close for this time. 1 came here myself with this delusion sticking fast to me, but in one senson it is all gone, and I am ashamed to own how widely I erred. The soil of Minnesota is light and warm —made on purpose for the climate. In fact, soil and climate are so adapted to each other, that better crops can lie raised, and more easi ly, than in any place w here I have seen farmiug done. I have seen the best of winter and spring wheat raised here, and better oats, corn, vines of all kinds, and vegetables of every descrip tion. than 1 ever saw growing in western New York, or northern Ohio. We have as yet had no frost lu re, while in lowa. Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, at points below this, severe ones have been cutting off' fruit and crops. This is no hyperborean region of eternal ice •and snow, as is believed by many, and as some who live and are interested in the growth of tlie country below- here would lie glad to make all belli vc. Beyond all doubt we have some cold weather in the winter, but we do not have ail the climates of all the zones in twenty-four hours. By the inhabitants the winter months : are looked upon ns the most pleasant of the year. Iho weather is dry and cold, the air clear and bracing ; snow in plenty, and for sev eral months there is good sleighing ; “and plea santly. under tlie silver moon, and under the si lent solemn stars, ring the steel shoes ot the skaters on the frozen lakes, and voices, and the sound of bolls.” DEAN. Indian Fight in Oregon. Tlie following are the particulars of an Indian figdit. which took place in Oregon Territory, on tlie 24th of September ; Colonel Alileii was badly wounded the first fire: also Pleaasnt Armstrong, of Yamhill, was shot through the breast, exclaiming as lie fell “.V dead centre shot. The battle continued raging with great fury the yells of the Indians, the howling ot dogs, and the sharp continued crack ot the rifles lasted about one hour, wheii our park train arrived, and furnishing ten more, —General Lane al the head of those ten.—fol lowed down the trail to tlie battle ground, and w ith a brave determination, ordered a charge leading himself. When he arrived near the camp, lie received a wound through the right arm. The battle continued for about Tour hours and tlie Indians called for quarters or a parley. \N lien finding that Gen. Lane was there, they insisted on his coming into their camp. The old hero suffering ranch, immediately went into tlie Indans camp, (or fortification, for it wns represented to bo a stronger place to charge than "Cliapultepee,")|aud had a talk with Sam. Joe, and Jim. An armistice was agreed upon for a short time. \\ e buried our dead, ami in a short time Col. Ross w ith liis comaiul arrived, and a gene ral treaty was talked of. and an armistice with Joe and Sain was agreed upon for seven days at which time they were to meet Gen. Lane and give up their rifles. < »ur loss-in the battle was three killed on tlie ground—Pleasant Armstrong. F. Bradley, ami one, name not known. Wounded—Col. Alden. Gen. Lane, Hays, aiul two, names not known. The Indians say twevc killed, and twenty wonmied— most all mortally Much talk of n continuous war. and many are anxious for pi ace. It there is not peace. Rogue River will a ic grave ami resting place of many a brave and good man. Demand fob Machinery.— l The Roston Trans er'pt says the demand for machinery in that vi cinity is as great as that lor stores ami dwel ling-houses Most, if not all, the principal workshops have orders for many months ahead. 1 lon. E. B. N\ asiiki iine. —This gentleman left yesterday for Maine, where his family are on a msR whence he will repair to Washington to henhl l " 8 d i Ut,eß as a Member 01 Congress. May health and success attend him.— Gal. Adv. * ® x P e,litio, i. t° revolutionize or steal the . tatc of Sonora, in Mexico, is cn foot at San h rancisco. 1 hey are recruiting men, a Consti tution has been trained for the new republic and some bonds have been issued P W ’ A gentleman near Cincinnati has a six-acre lot, the yield of which in grape juice will be one thousand gallons in the acre. J The juice is north one dollar a gallon. iJi rl?. ! V X ™ TI Tinner.— Mansfield's rnlroad Record publishes some interesting par ' , ar ;, COncpr, ' ln K thc Kreat tunnel at Cincin- V' e . * ork '» now in rapid progress, and w ill be rimshed early in 1855. The total length of thc tunnel is 10,011 feet, of which 965 have been completed. The next largest tunnel in the L nited States, which is on tbe Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, is 4180 feet long. width of cutters and their assistants, two hundred labor- carpenters, and seventy-oTc brkk- wUeTkeTn th fonJ m ‘! thcrs anJ frugal housc- L ' r pre . Uy d *"K h ‘«* tnd their preserves for some extra occasion, or for some big bug ’ or other, until both This teems to us marvellously poor economy.