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iaint Jteal, latartaj, /rbrnat? It, IBs*. The New Emigrant Rente. By tat the most important public meeting •rtr held in Minnesota, took place at the capi tol on Wednesday evening. The proceedings will be found in the Miunesotian of to-day. We ■ay it is the most important ever held, because If the project which it contemplated prove suc cessful, it will do for Minnesota in two years what could not otherwise l>e accomblisbed in t«n or twenty. Aside from the vast amount of money which it will throw into the pockets of our farmers, merchants and mechanics, it will result iu what is of far more importance to our happiness as individuals and our prosperity sta a State. It will develop speedily the vast resources of that portion of our country lying between the Mississippi and Missouri, and peo ple it, as if by magic, with tons of tbousauds of happy and cuergetic yeomen. It would be en tirely absurd for us to even attempt tlic con templation of the immense benefits which would result to this north-western country, were this emigrant route to the Pacific once opened to the world. That tho route is entirely feasible and prac ticable—that it is shorter, more healthy, over a country more fertile, better w ooded and bet ter watered than the route by St. Joseph and the Platte, there is not the slightest room of doubt. We have the fuc'.s from honest, sensible men, thoroughly aequaiuted with the couutry, whose verbal assurances are as good as their bond. All we ask is to give our route a fair trial, and none of us arc afraid to risk the re mit. It will be seen that a committee was appoint ed to raise funds to facilitate the great object contemplated by the meeting. We have no doubt the committee will attend to their duty ; and we hope there will be no manifestations of a niggardly or half-way business on the part of citizens. But the enterprise and liberality of our people are too provervial to admit of tho entertainment of such an idea for a moment. The trifling sum named to be raised, expended In the manner contemplated, will yield an enor mous interest if the measure succeed, and our men are sufficiently shrewd to see it all. We have no fears that Mr. Nobles will not do all that mortal man can do in connection w ith his mission. lie is thoroughly conversant with the business he enters upon, aud withal sanguine almost to a fault of success. Take an cuergetic and untiriug man with these attributes, aud there is no knowing what he will accomplish. He should be invested, as we believe he is, with the entire confidence of the community, and thus sent forth, we have great faith in hisentire success. The SUiupleilcr War. Thepublic prints of St. Paul this week show i clearly that we still have shinplasters among us. It appears that our denunciations, last summer, of the St. Anthony and Central Amer ican frauds—for the performance of which pa triotic duty the citizens of St. Paul, in public j meeting, through Chas. 11. Parker, thanked the I Minnesota Democrat, which bad never opened j its mouth upon the subject—have done but lit tie good ; aud that the eagerness of mankind to get hold of any thing that can bo palmed oil" as money, arrests entirely in our midst all at tempts to drive hence a large quantity of the most worthless trash that ever a community was eursed with. Our OpilUOQ upon all operations i* of recortl. We have not changed it, nor do we intend to, let Borup & Oakes and all the most wealthy and responsible men on earth, go into the business. But so considerable a number of our people have not the moral fortitude, or the business independence, to staud up against the pressing tide of sbinplasterdom, that our disap probation amounts scarcely to the weight of a hair. One man resolves to take a certain spe cies of sbinplaster in business; his neighbor says he must also take it for self-protection ; and so the matter runs all over the country. And in view of these fact3—this practical state of things —we would a thousand times prefer the circulation of certificates of deposit, where men of the means and business integrity of Bornp & Oakes, doing business immediately here in our midst, are held responsible for tbc'.r redemption, than to encourage the flood of trash from abroad which other gentlemen bankers have helped to scatter broadcast over the Territory. If wc arc to have sbinplartcrs —and we consider that matter decided—let 11s. for heaven’s sake, lie allowed to know the men. and their business standing, who issue them. We give place to a communication from Mr. C. H. Parker, touching ihis matter. With the merits of the controversy—which wc consider purely a matter of personal business with him —we have nothing to do. Mr. P. is as much to us at Borup & Oakes. He and they nre bank ers and money dealers—respectable and honor ble men iu all their transactions, so far as we know— but all of them striving their best to ‘ make money’out of the community. This is natural and not improper, in a business sense, among men. The Borup Arm will therefore ex cuse us if we do not admit—and they have not asked us to— that they issue their certificates j purely for the public good ; and the other if wc deny that he is actuated in his war upon them by an entirely disinterested zeal for the people’s welfare. Mr. P. defends himself well from the Issue made in this week's Pioneer ; but scarcely escapes the charge of having violated the prin ciple be denounces others for having forfeited -5 JS2S?«-? ear Sir :—I am under great obligation to “a subscriber’’ who nrn pounds to the editor of the Pioneer certain 10 a r tificatcof Sit rffn J- 7 . ’ , d b - v a relation of a few tacts the character* P !'' ,lic miD,l in Nation to , .* r * Cttr . of transaction, and show to t? ’ that frbmtb « time I waschair committee appointed by a public R ?wr*T, l ? c cour « of action ot Messrs. Richards A Clark, of Central American Bank notoriety, to the present moment I have *’ and bim - ‘be impotence of the y^‘ < *"F*®* ntwb 'e h be fancied the display °f Baid certificate would furnish I tobeHevetl i* Cbar ‘ ta,,lu towards him, and Of the slmi h h * ~ UP,)O 1 bavc been guilty •dootedTbv o^h mp *f ter at,empt - which, when !w« hU intern"’ 1 ? 0n,1,lm ‘- I will first an what be was doubtleMawur./'to i “no* the ••unKite Which I referred, and which the people consigned toa wall-merited and timely oblivion,’’ and which’™" 0 OD * ° f my Cheat!ng device « with T« the fact*. A month or so after the indie nation meeting referred to, a gentlemen in bu nnew in thin city came into my office and in formed me that he bad on band a lot of 25 and f® blank certificates of deposit, which he had obtained in New York city, and remarking • ** WM ver 7 ecarce - Proposed that Ithoiihl sign and let him hare $lO of them *° “W’ * n part, what he conceived to be a business want. I did bo. and he paid iu the money for them at the time. One other indi-1 vidual came in and de]>osited $5,00 in gold and took the same amount in certificates. Will any one contend that t...s conduct is it all anala goua to the conduct I condemn in others. I never offered one to any person at my counter or elsewhere, as the representative and substitute j of money, or in the place of money, nor did I ever offer to loan them and take individual pa per, with or without interest, in exchange there for. But on the other hand I issued them at the special instance and request of the party I receiving them, and for his own business con venience, and as the evidence in his bands of! au actual and bona fide deposit of an equal i amount made at the time. Now. sir, the system I condemn is this: and 1 to illustrate it, I will take a home cxetnplilica- 1 tion of it. viz : the cirtilicates issued on the de- i posit of Theodore Borup, (and I do not refer to them in any offensive sense.) I will suppose that he deposits with Messrs. Borup A Oakes i SI,OOO. and received such certificates as we see ! in circulation, and then deliver them back to i Messrs. B. A ().. and they put them in circula- 1 tion as money ; is the community benefitted ; by the substitution of such certificates for the i gold on deposit in their safe! Has any want been supplied that would not have been satis fied with the gold, had that been out instead of the certificates! Is there any more money in I circulation! Is the community relieved! If; they are careful and prudent men they have : fortified themselves by withdrawingjnst as much gold from circulation as they have shinplasters out, which are to be redeemed. But some one answers that when they get the confidence of the community, they can issue more than they have gold in their safe to re deem : and if they have $50,000 in circulation and only $5,000 in the sate, it is all right, the overplus is made debtor to confidence. Then of course, says this financier, we have increased our money $15,000 : and for this $15,000, which cost them nbout two cents on the dollar, they have obtained our citizen's notes drawing in terest at tlie rate of two pet cent, per month. And this is all through confidence. That fellow Confidence, surely, is a clever chap, when he can be duped into a scheme whereby one man. for bis fancy pictures in the similitude of dol lars, but in fact costing only two cents, and without giving any security or guaranty to the community tiiat they will be redeemed, can ask and obtain of his fellow citizens their promises for bona tide dollars, backed by good endorsers, or their farms and homesteads in exchange for such trasli! But I will not prolong this article i further. More anon. C. 11. I*. FACTS A>D FANCIES There have been several arrivals from Lake Superior since our last, including Mr. Bullcn and Capt. Pettys, formerly of St. Paul, and Mr. Emmett, father of Lafayette Emmett, Esq., of this place, a gentleman of extraordinary vigor for one of bis age. lie having performed the jour ney on foot at this inclement season. Incsea.se or Representation. —Mr. Brown : has introduced into the Council a bill to increase ' the representation in the Legislature, by adding 1 three to the Council and six to the House. It provides that this additional representation shall all be taken from the west side of the Mis- i sissippi; thus: Hennepin and Sibley counties shall, at the next election, elect one Councillor ’ and two Representatives; Dakota and Scott, one Councillor and two Representatives: and Nicollet, Pierce, Blue Karth, LeSueur, Rice, Goodhue, Wabasha and Fillmore, one Council lor and two Representatives. As we under- • stand the bill, it provides, in short, that the next Legislature shall consist of twelve Coun cillors and twonty-oue Representatives, After | that period, the old sixth council district which 1 Mr. Brown now represents, will die by limita tion of existence, leaving the Council a body : I of eleven, or rather test and the head and body 1 I of an eleventh—the legs, feet, Ac, of the pres- • ■ ent fourth district (Freeborn’s) being cut off and tacked to the loins of one of the new dis- 1 trteta. In -slew of the alrendj comparatively large and rapidly increasing population west of the river, it is certainly right and proper to increase the representation : and if the present bill does entire justice to all interested, it should by all means become a law. The rapidly set tling county of Fillmore, however, being re mote from central influence and central prolec- I tion, should look out that she is not ‘skinned’ in the operation. We know the other counties have strong influences here, which will take care of their affairs: and Fillmore should remem ber the great game is, “to take care of number one.” Christening of the Sintomine. —On Thurs day evening the proprietors of this spacious hotel—which is entirely finished—threw open the lower apartments to the enjoyment of their friends, who had been invited to participate in the pleasures of a dance. Although the hotel is not yet furnished, temporary arrangements were made for the full and and entire aceommo* dation of the company. About one hundred ladies and gentlemen assembled in the large dining hall at an early hour, aud proceeded to make themselves and those around them, happy and agreeable, after the St. Paul fashion. The dance was kept up til! the usual hour of retir ing. when the company separated with many hearty wishes for the future success and long prosperity of the Sintomine and the enterpris ing gentlemen who have added so elegant and useful a structure to the public buildings of our city. It was one of the parties of the sea son. Ax Emigrant Agent. —We are ])leased to ! learn there is talk in influential quarters ofnp j pointing an Emigrant Agent for Minnesota. | whose duty it shall be to reside in New York and other Eastern cities, and see that emigrants are duly informed in regard to the advantages our Territory affords to those seeking new homes in the West. We have long been in fa vor of this measure : and can see no way in which twelve or fifteen hundred dollars per an num could be more judiciousiy expended than for this purpose. If our people generally are too poor to be taxed therefor, there are men who are abundantly able to pay voluntarily the salary of such an agent, and gain largely by the investment. Wisconsin, as a single in stance, has experimented in this way. and finds that the numbers added thereby to her popula tion annually, compensates her a thousand times over for all that the agency costs her. A person should be selected for this purpose who is thoroughly acquainted with the leading Con tinental languages of Europe, and the manners and customs ot the people there, and one who is a gentleman of good address and scholarship in other respects. Such we hat e full bcliefcau be found among our citizens; and tt e hope be fore the Legislature adjourns measures will be taken to carry out this suggestion. Le Scecr. —Our Lc Sueur correspondent gives a flattering account of the progress and future prospects of that flourishing town. We understand Mr. Myrick contemplates building an extensive saw-mill at Le Sueur the coming season. A good mill stream runs near the town, and plenty of excellent timber for sawing is found close at hand. The place will make extensive headway In all kinds of improvement i next summer. Mixvesota in Coxo&ess. —We are under obli gations to Hon. 11. M. Rice, from time to time, for documents and valuable information touch ing our Territorial affairs in Congress. lie is actively engaged, and appears determined to have all his measures liefore the two Houses at a day sufficiently early to ensure their delibe rate consideration long before the rush and confusion incident to the last moments of the session. This remark is particularly applicable to the early introduction in both Houses of his important and highly satisfactory bill for Rail road grants, which we published in full two weeks since. Mr. Rice appears to have been equally fortunate with his predecessor in secu ring the hearty co-operation of members of both Houses, and botli parties, from llie West and Northwest in aiding him through with his important local measures. Among other dis tinguished names, wo uro happy to find that of Senator Shields, of llliuois, who has assumed charge oi our land bill in the Senate, and will devote the whole of h'ts influence and energies to secure its passage. We copy from the pro j ceedings of ‘bills introduced’ oa the 17th ult., i the following: Mr. SHIELDS asked and obtained the unani mous consent of the Senate to introduce a bill ! (S. 138) to aid the Territory of Minnesota in ; constructing a railroad for military, postal and i other purposes; which was read the first and | second times by unanimous consent, and re ' ferred to the Committee on Territories, In the House, By Mr. RICE : a bill making further appro priations for continuing the construction of roads in the Territory of Minnesota, in accord ance with the estimates made by the War De partment. Also, a bill to purchase the Sioux half-breed reservation on Lake Pepin, in the Territory cf Minnesota. Also, a bill to establish additional land dis tricts in tho Territory of Minnesota. By Mr. LAMB : A bill grantiug lands to the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri and lowa, and to Minnesota Territory, in aid of the construction of a road from New Orleans to St. Paul. The same day. Mr. Douglas introduced a bill providing for the early sale of the lands lately included iu the Fort Snclling Reserve, which was referred to the committee on Military Af fairs. Low Dresses axi> Chivalry. —The dilapidated 1 old capital of Spain has recently been the scene ' of several duels between certain of the‘nobility and gentry’ thereof, on one side, and our Amor iean Minister, Pierre Soule, and liis son, on the : other. Ten days since it was reported that the • elder Soule had fallen in a third contest, but : the report is not sustained. The affair raises a doubtful point,for tlie first time in that country since old Cervantes proclaimed ‘-the days of chivalry were gone.’’ These affairs all grew out of the indiscretion of some minx of a French '■ milliner, who cut and manufactured one of Mrs. i Soule's evening dresses the breadth of two or three threads too high in the neck to suit the iliiitante of Queen Isabella’s court. A friend suggests, that as Secretary Marey is ‘some’ in all matters o( wardrobe, even to tlie patching of the same, and inasmuch as he has already | given orders concerning the style our gentle man diplomats shall dress in abroad, it may not be improper, in order to prevent further diffi culties, that the female portion of Young Amer -1 ica’s court household lie also brought within a prescribed standard touching the cut of their ‘dry goods.’ If our taste in the matter be worth auy thing to the Secretary, ’ u » can bars the benefit of it. It will be proper, we think, to make a physical discrimination in regard to the . propriety of different ladies’ dress in the par \ ticular out or which grew these Madridian con ! tests. It should firs;t be decided whether the in dividual lady appears best with bare neck and | shoulders, or whether she is less attractive in j this style than would she he with tlie upward : addition of a few inches to her dressing iuate • rial, outwardly extended by the concealment underneath of a few pounds of the great raw sta i pic ofMr. Soule’s State, vulgarly known as—cot ton. Experience teaches us all Hint some do, and some do not. Methodist Suiter.— The ladies of the Metho dist church acted wisely. They waited until the other churches had given their entertain ments, took items meantime, and introduced sundry improvements, w hich must have left the happiebt impression upon the large company present. The entertainment came off at the City ltall, on Thursday evening: notwithstand ing the large party elsewhere, the spacious room was crowded almost to suffocation. At least three hundred ladies and gentlemen were pres ent, w ho appeared in the most happy and social mood imaginable. How could it be otherwise, while seated at a board literally overflowing with the good things of tlie land 4 It wasagrand time, and w e trust a profitable one to the church under whose nuspices it was given. Some ex cellent music tended greatly to enliven the fes tivities of the evening. Col. D. A. Robert son returned from Wash ington Thursday evening. We understand he considers the success of the Northern Pacific Railroad ‘a sure thing.’ —Me find the following paragraph in the W all street N. Y. Journal of 21st ult: The-Etna Insurance Company of I'tica lias issued a notice, stating that owing to numerous and severe losses during the last ninety days it will be impossible for it to meet its liabilities, at present. I. O. O. F.—At the session of the Grand Lodge I. O. O. F. yesterday morning, the fol lowing officers were elected : A. J. Batlin, Grand Master. L. 11. Barron, Dcp. Grand Master. I>. 8. Curran., Grand Warden, S. A. lliedma, Grand Treas. J. B. Kellogg, Grand Sec'y. C. Billinghurst, Grand Rep. h. Metcalf, Grand Chaplin. The session will probably close this evening. —Milwaukee Sent. 20 th ult. Bisi.vkss Change. —A. 11. Cathcart hag as sumed the entire responsibility of business at the establishment on Roberts street known as the Crystal Palace. lie expects to receive a continucnce of old friends and customers* pat ronage, and will keep up his sloek upon the old level. Industry, gentlcmenly department to cus tomers, honorblc dealing and cheap goods, are characterises of the Crystal Palace. Vermont. —The Vermonters are justly proud of their State. The Rutland Herald breaks out as follows: i b “‘ ?ne city in the Slate and not v e have nw theatres or mobs. S n<l no * R murdcr has been in tbm State within the last ten years, n e ha\ eno museums, opera-houses nor hL ' s U ‘ We have homes, genuine homes, that are the centre of the world to its inmates, for which the father works, votes and talks—where the mother controls, educates la bor* and loves—where she rears men, scholars and patriots. Downer has opened a branch of bis family grocery in Winslow's Hotel. Tn« Late Wat.vb Treaty.— Were anything else wanting to prove the disagreeable dilem ma in which his present Excellency has gotten himself, through his twisting and turning i touching his first great Indian measure, it can he found in the disparity of agreement between I bis two St. Paul organs, the Democrat and the j Pioneer. We have charged the Governor of ; falsely accusing his predecessor and the former j Winnebago Agent with attempting to bring about a treaty of the same character, and wish- ( ing to cede to tlie Indians tlie same lands. The | Democrat attempted to prove the Governor , correct iu this accusation, but it fizzled out with the treaty, while, on tlie other hand, the Pio neer asserts that he —Gov. Gorman—has never made sucli accusation, and defies us to the proof us follows : “ There is not the slightest evidence that Gov. Gorman ever intimated that those gentle men [Ramsey ami Fridley] did contemplate giving the Winnehagoes ‘ a home on the .Mis sissippi brloic their old location,' and we defy the Minnesotian to show anything upon the re cord, even hinting at such an intimation.’’ Now, persons who do not understand this game of brazen, impudent falsehood which the Pioneer has been indulging iu since it took up the cudgels for tlie sinking cause of Germanism >u Minnesota, will be surprised to find in his Excellency's noted report of the 14th of Sep tember, 1853, wherein he “ knows what he says and means what lie says,’’ the following rc ( marks upon the Watab treaty : | “In the annual report of the Winnebago agent, for 1852, ho strongly recommends ttiis exchange of country, and appeals to the pledg -1 ed faith of our government, made iu the ;id ar ticle of the treaty of 1840 : depicts the calami ties and difficulties consequent upon its not be ing done before thou : but now, uuder a new jantl different administration, be and some friends affect to oppose it. Gov. Ramsey re , commended it strongly.” ; This is about the strongest “ hint at an intim ation" wc ever saw. The Pioneer had as well : give up. It flounders about, week after week, in its new vocation, very much after the fash ion of a blind puppy in a frog-pond. Railroad Matters. —Tlie Great Western Rail way, extending from tlie Detroit river, imme diately opposite the city of that name, to Nia gara Fall", was opened on the 17th ult. There were appropriate celebrations and ceremonies on tho occasion at Detroit and Hamilton, C. W., where Yankees and Canadians vied in doing the agreeable toward each other. This route through Canada is the one which will he tra veled most by people goiug East from Chicago, especially while the Erie interruptions con tinue. It is not. however, the shortest route to New York, as has generally been supposed. The following comparative figures of the dis tances upon the two great routes, are from tlie New York Times, aud are doubtless correct:— Mile*. < Jersey to Dunkirk is . . . . 4.58] Lake Shore Road to Cleveland is . 112 Cleveland and Toledo R.R. to Toledo is 112 Michigan Southern aud Northern In diana R. It. to Chicago is . . . 242$ Total 955$ Hudson River Railroad to Albany . 144 j New York Central Railroad to Niagara 305] I Great Western Railroad to Detroit . 228 Michigan Central Railroad to Chicago 283 Total 900] The following paragraph from a late number of the Chicago Journal, gives but a single in ; stance from numerous others in regard to what railroads are doing for that city : i Foil Cincinnati. —We are informed by the | Superintendent of the New Albany and Salem It. R.. that arrangements are soon to l»o mado whereby passengers will lie enabled to proceed ■ from this city to Cincinnati iu the short space | of fifteen hours. Leaving here in the moving j and taking tea in the Queen City. The New ! Albany and Salem R. R. extends in almost an air line from Michigan City to New Albany on j the Ohio river. It is finished and in use about ; 150 miles on the north portion, and some dis- I tance on the south section. On the first of May i next the whole road will be completed. It is i built in the most substantial manner and nian ] aged admirably. I’pon a recent trip over ibis | road, on our way from Cincinnati, we met seve ! ral gentlemen from Louisville, Kentucky, aud J many from Cincinnati, who were bound for St. ! Louis, ami found that much time was saved by i coming around by R. R. through Chicago. | Our ncighbors'ovi rat Green Bay are moving jin the matter of a railroad to St. l’aul. The j following is an extract of a letter from a citizen ! of that place to the editor of the Galena Adver ; tiser : V e are making an effort to out off your Min nesota trade, by tin* construction of a railroad from here to St. I’aul or Stillwater. Present indications favor the hope that something will lie done in that direction before long. The Bos ton and Canadian railroad interests are w ith us, and we have now the promise of substantial aid from both quarters, sufficient to carry the project through immediately. The misfortune for the country is, that the charter is in the hands of speculators, who expect a donation of lands from the Government to enable them to make a grand speculation out of it. The work upon our river improvement is progressing slowly. In one year we confidently expect to lie in communication with the Mississippi, by steam. The high price and increased demand for lumber, has stimulated that interest in this quarter to an unprecedented degree. Prepara tion* are making to manufacture ami send for ward. the coining season, a greatly increased amount over previous shipments. At the pre scut prices, this vast interest is in a most pros perous condition.*’ Latest from Ei rope. —The New York Herald of the 25th, received yesterday contains the follow ing: The European intelligence received by the steamship Niagara, which arrived at Halifax yesterday morning, is of the highest importance. It fully confirms the impression that a general European war is inevitable. The different na tions on the continent are evidently preparing for the struggle. In England the utmost indig nation Ims been aroused against Prince Albert, who is openly accused of betraying the secrets of the Ministry to the Czar of Russia. In France it is officially announced that seventy thousand soldiers are ready to proceed to Turkey, and that in case of necessity one million and a quar ter of men are in readiness to enter the (field should a general war take place. Austria de sires a new loan, w hich is another ominous fore boding, and Sweden and Denmark have given | notice of their intention to remain neutral. The ! report received by the Europe, that Minister Soule had been killed in a duel with the Duke de Ailia, proves to have been eroncous. There is now. however, another rumor that a duel be tween Mr.Soulc and Lord Ilowdcu, the British Minister, who acted as second to the French Minister, waaonly deferred by a death in the ! family of the latter. England. France, and the | other countries had been visited by the heaviest snow storms experienced for years, and, as a consequence, the railroads were blocked up and travelling almost entirely suspended. The increased prospect of war had caused a great decline in consols. Breadstuff* lind run up be yond precedent since the Irish famine. Flour ! advanced during the week prior to the Niaga ra's sailing, two or three shillings per barrel, and wheat and corn in like ratio. The cotton markets continued firm, but without change in quotations. The matrimonial market has been brisk the past ten days. A large trade is shown by reference to the proper corner of our paper. New Emigrant Rant* to the Pacific—Large 4 Meeting of the Citizen* of Minnesota. At a large and respectable meeting cf the cit izen* of the Territory, held in the Hall of the Hoiihe of Representatives, in St. Raul, on Wed nesdfrr evening, February, 7, 1854, The meeting was called to order by Mr. E. Rice, and on his motion. Hon. Judge Chatfield was appointed President of the meeting. Joseph R. Brown was then appointed Secre tary of the meeting. Hon. W. R. Murray and Hon. N. C. D. Taylor were appointed Vice Presidents. S. R. Fulsoui, Esq., was then appointed Asst. Secretary. Mr. Rice, in a few brief and pertinent re marks, explained tlie object of the meeting, and then called upon Hou. Wm. 11. Nobles, who gaiea full explanation of the feasibility and advantages of an emigrant route through Min nesota aud by way of the South Pass, and No- Ides’ route to California and Oregon. During his remarks the utmost interest was manifested by tlie audience. Mr. Nobles having resumed bis seat, On motion of Mr. Wilkinson, a Committee, consisting of Messrs. Wilkinson, I*. Olmsted, Owens. Rice and Marshall, was appointed hv the Chair, to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of this meeting. During (lie absence of the Committee. Messrs. I.e Due, Masterson and Ames severally spoke with much eloquence upon the subject of the different routes for railroad and emigrant tra vel between Minnesota and tlie Pacific, and the general advantages which these routes would confer upon the commercial prosperity ol this Territory. Mr. Wilkinson, from the Committee appoint ed to draft Resolutions, reported the following preamble ami resolutions: — IVhereas. The vast emigration which is con tinually pouring into that portion of our Repub lic lying on the Pacific ocean, is constantly sub jected to the most unexampled hardship and suffering, from the want of a well-defined, direct i and easy emigrant route from the Mississippi ; river westward across the plains, and through the vast mountain ranges over which they are i obliged to pass. Anil tchereas. Tlie several | routes which have l»ecn traversed by emigrants ! heretofore, present obstacles of an almost in surmountable character, having been located ; more with reference to the cupidity of those j who seek to profit by the great tide of cmigra , tion than to the comfort and advantage of the | emigrants themselves. Amt whereas, it appears that a route leading from tlie head of naviga tion on tlie Mississippi river, to Fort Laramie 1 and across tlie plains, would furnish greater fa j eililies to emigration to California than any i route now known : therefore be it resolved. Ist. That this meeting humbly solicits tlie aid of the Government of the United States in establishing an emigrant route in Minnesota, by tlie way of Fort Ridgely, Fort Laramie. Soda Springs. Nobles' Pass, the Ilumbolt Valley and the Willamette Valley to the Pacific ocean. 2d. That by rendering aid to this enterprizc the Government itself w ould greatly promote its own interests by establishing a military road between important military posts, and by greatly facilitating travel between points now deemed remote from each other and extremely difficult of access. 3d. That tlie great tide of emigration which is continually flowing from the United States across the great American plains, in justice de mands, anil has a right to expect that some feeble effort at least will be made on the part of the Government, to render their emigration to the distant Pacific as easy and direct as pos sible. 4th. That should any railroad communication be effected between the two great Oceans, the great length of time which .must necessarily elapse belore its completion, still leaves it ne cessary that something should lie done to open a wagon road route for the lieuefit of (lie gov ernment anil lor the protection of the emi grant. 5. That tlie route known as the Nobles' emi grant route, leading from Saint Paul, on the Mississippi river by I lie most direct and eligible line to Fort Laramie, and from thence via No bles' Pass of the Sierra Nevada mountains to the Pacific, presents inducements to emigrants and travellers pa-sing from the valley ol tlie Mississippi to California and Oregon, on ac count of the facilities afforded on tlie route, the healthfulncss of the climate, and tlie short nrss of tlio ilistn oo *’? " liivli arc unrivalled by any other known line, and deserves the especial attention and patronage of tlie citizens ot Min nesota and the inhabitants of tlie valley of tlie Mississippi generally. Mil. That for the purpose of carrying out the objects of these resolutions the Hon. Will iam If. Nobles is hereby appointed as tlie agent of liiis meeting to proceed to the city of Wash ington. and to take such steps as to him shall seem advisable to effect the objects and purpo ses herein contemplated. 7th. That W. G. f.ellnc. Edmund Rice, Benj. Thompson, Charles ll.Oakes, It. F. Hoyt. Louis M. Oliver, R. P. Russell, and John Rollins be appointed a committee to raise SSOO, to defray the expenses of Win. li. Nobles in carrying out the objects of this meeting. The question then recurring on the adoption of the preamble and resolutions reported by the Committee, Messrs. Wilkinson and Rice, in eloquent language, advocated the measures contained in the resolutions, as having unim portant hearing upon the prosperity of this Territory. Hon. Martin McLeod also made a few very pertinent remarks, during which he gave a very flattering description of that portion of the route lying between St. Paul and the Missouri river, over which he had frequently traveled. Tlie preamble and resolutions were then unanimously adopted. On motion, tlie proceedings of tlie meeting were ordered to lie signed by the officers, and published in the several newspapers of the Ter ritory. and also that a copy lie forwarded to Hon. 11. M. Rice, our Delegate in Congress. On motion, the meeting then adjourned, sine die. A. G. CHATFIELD, President. W. P. MURRAY. N. C. D. TAYLOR. Vice Presidents. JosEm R. Brown. Secretary. S. P. Folsom. Asst. Secretary. Cou Mitrs, Jan. 21. At a Railroad Convention held at Columbus ; on the 18th inst.. twenty-eight Companies were '■ represented. The following resolutions were passed w ith hilt one dissenting vote, Gen. Rob | inson. or A. & P. R. it. ! Resolved, That this Convention regards the j recent proceedings of the citizens of Erie, as a gross violation of the privileges of the Railroad Companies and eminently injurious to the rights and accommodations of the public: and that in the opinion of this Convention, the interposition of the executive of the United States is indis pcnsihlc to secure the necessary protection. Resolved. That the President of this Conven tion communicate this resolution to the Presi dent of the United States and to the Ohio dele gation in Congress. Qr vu.s.—These delicious birds arc now serv ed up at our eating houses. Calder, who is never behind in such matters, has a supplv bv every arrival. Goons nr Express.— llecnan of .the World's Fair received a consignment of the latest styles by the last Express. His advertisement tells the whole story. Mr. Murray has a bill licfore the Legisla ture confining the right of suffrage in the Ter ritory to citizens of the United States. Methodist Chcrch in Georgia. —In the Macon Citizen we lind some interesting statistics of the Georgia Methodist Conference. From them we learn that the Church is increasing very rap idly in that State. The present nunilierjof white members is 40,8f>9;0f block do. 19,589—lieingan increase, during the past year, of nearly 4.000 members. The number of preachers is 522—an increase of 14 since the last annual report. James Clapp, Esq., who studied law in the office of Aaron Burr, and was his confidential clerk at the time of his duel with Gen. Hamil ton, died on the 9th ult., at his residence in Ox- j ford.Chenangocounty,New York.aged 88 years ' (Correspondence of tlie Minnesotian.) Items a boat Le Sueur. Le Sceir I'rrr, Feb. 1, 1854, Mu. Editor:— We have recently been carried by the Birds of Paradise, viz.. Eureka and Slmkopee correepondents, toMaliomedan heav ens.—each presuming to control the hoc that dipt the “ head of navigation.” Now, reader, the Eureka family being out. and the old lady not anticipating the results of this sad occur rence, when suddenly the head, hoe and hair slipped from her fond embrace, and the head lias since been apprehended at Le Sueur City. It w ill tie duly embalmed and placed in the care of Capt. Dana, in the month of May next, at Fort Ridgely. We earnestly request that some poet may volunteer his services to write a re quiem for the deceased. No reward was offer ed for its arrest, yet your Shakopee correspond ant has made a desperate attempt, and I think there should be a small appropriation made for liis services. Now. Mr. Editor. I will make a few brief re- 1 marks for the benefit of the readers of your val- \ liable paper, who intend to emigrate to this beautiful valley during tlie coming season. 11 you (I address the reader) should think l>est to come to Le Sueur, you will find this point cn- ' tirely übpve high water-mark. In addition, we ' have a lengthy lauding, a well graded levee. ! and thousands of all kinds of the best quality of timber adjoining the town plat, for present use I and for centuries to come. It is a county seat, situated on the neck of a beautiful prairie, of excellent soil. In addition we have an excel lent mill stream running broad side of our tow n plat, with at least three valuable mill privi leges, aud with a sufficiency of water at all times, and not under the necessity of using a particle of gas from the fountains of Eureka. The traveler will find here a flourishing town situated on tlie Minnesota river, about eighty miles from our great commercial emporium, 1 St. Paul—a suitable distance not to have the interests of one conflict with the other; also a suitable distance up the river to avoid tlie streams that make to the Mississippi. Ten months ago, nothing save tlie Indian tepee and one log cabin graced our city,—now a number of business bouses and dwellings till their place. The buildings as vet are tw o story frames, neat- • lv got up of the best of material and painted, j We last season had forty-eight arrivals of steam-! boats, comprising ten different boats, all of which landed at our levee, and not yet near enough to do the business. Mechanics of all kinds will find this a good point. A good plow manufacturer, to make prairie plows, will find sale for his work to any amount; a fanning mill maker may here become rich by industry ; j a good brick maker can find at this place good clay, sand, water and timber at hand, and could find ready sale for more tliau could be reason ably made, at good prices. A” blacksmith is much needed : cabinet makers, carpenters by tlie dozen, stone and brick masons, plasterers, , merchants, grocers J-e., can here find one of ! the best openings for future wealth that can he found in the whole Territory of Minnesota. | But perhaps it would not be amiss for me to ! point out the course to pursue : —First, secure j I a lot or two while they can he afforded at rea- j j smiable prices, and when you can’t get work to i suit for others, work for yourselves on your ' lots, in that way you will soon have you a i good home. If I thought it advisable to call , names. I could point you to two or even three ’ carpenters now resident in this town, who had not fifty cents in money when they arrived at our place. They have since paid board, pur-; chased two or three lots each, and each have i built a tw o story frame building on their lots and worked it ail out ; and tlie buildings and lots they stand on are now worth at least fifteen | hundred dollars. All this has been done the past year, and their property is still improving. Others may do likewise if they are of the pro j per materials. As regards roads, wo have done much. The I ! Le Sueur boys are good for what they under- I take. They have cut a good road around the Big Hill, which leaves us an excellent road through the woods some fifteen miles. This wood is composed of all kiudsof timber natural to a timbered country. About three milesfrom this place, on this new road, is a small prairii of excellent soil, and plow land sufficient for a colony of forty families. Each eau have eighty 1 acres of prairie and eighty of excellent timber adjoining: and to tin-best of my judgment, a j depth of fifteen feet will bring abundance of water at any place on said prairie. I We have al-o looked out, marked and cut several miles o r the T.ake Pepin and Fort Ridglev road. This line runs east of Le Sueur City, touching Alexander FarribaultV trading post. 1 cannot here explain to you the beau ties of this route, passing through the best coun try I ever saw. with excellent watering sta tion? once in four and five miles; excellent tim ber and tho best foundation for a road for tlie ; distance I ever saw. I would suggest the pro-; prioly of putting on a stage line even this sum- , mer from St. Paul to Traverse des Sioux or Mankato: also another from Reed’s Landing, j i Cannon River. Le Sueur City and Fort Itidg-! ley. A good terry will be found at tills place. I Travelers w ish to see some land as well as j water. One.word more to the agriculturist touching the line of this Cannon River Road. About two miles from this city there are yet as good claims to lie made as the United States nfjbrd, and any amount of them on the entire line. This line 1 consider an important one, as it runs the entire length of our county, and shows to the traveler the material it is composed of. The traveler w ill observe on this entire line tluit the country is excellent for a railroad, w ith not the first obstacle in the way : a grade only of about five feet in eighteen "miles, and excellent timber on the track to build the road. Arc you a farmer, and desire to suddenly tum ble into a fortune? Bring plenty of cows and yearlings, one hundred or more, and if they don't soon make your purse swell, I will stand arraigned for high misdemeanor. I speak from experience, having brought a small stock of cattle from below : paid Sfi.2s for yearlings, sl2 to S3O for cows, two years ago : and fatter cattle 1 never saw than they are at this time. The heifers are now worth to me S4O. 1 killed a cow tin other day that gave me lti3 lbs. of tal low : ami in truth 1 now assert that I have not fed anything but salt. Where now is your New England, Arkansas, or Texas that can beat that ? As for grain of all kinds, we can raise a bet ter quality. The ■ nine w ith all kinds of fruit, save peaches. This is alsoan excellent country for hogs. Plenty offish lakes, cranberry marsh es, plumb groves, crab apples, grapes, Ac., abound here. Finally, we all live up here at home. Come and see, and we will endeavor to ' show you all we hate written. ’! Cou Washington.— The New York Times 1 ! thus notices Brevet Lieut. Col. Washington 1 who was lost from the San Francisco : ’ - : Major and Brevet Lieut. Colonel John Mar shall V\ ushingtoii of the United States Army. ’ i was swept from the deck of the San Fran ‘ . cisco soon after her troubles commenced, was ' | one of the most useful, as he had made himself | one of the most distinguished artillery officers . j belonging to the service. He was a native of . ; \ irginia, and must have attained the age of fifty-eight nr sixty years. He graduated as a cadet at West Point in the class of 1813; was commissioned Third Lieutenant in the Artillery | in 1817. and rose rank by rank, to i is majority iiiii the lhird Artillery, in 1847. February lti. > 11 "eck from this promotion lie won his* lire- , i as Lieutenant Colonel, by gallant and mer | itorious conduct on the hotly-contested field of lot Buena \ ista.—lie wasa thorough tactician in | the Artilery service, and as early as 18<4 , vas made instructor in the Artillery School fur - i practice at lurt Monroe. After the battle of Buena Vista, and at the I close of the Mexican War, in 1848. Major Wa-li mgUm was appointed to command an expeli tum across the plains of Mexico, via El Paso to the l ? Cl J ail, ‘.which he accomplished amid-t' of the d‘mat? IJ ir" diffic " ltie, ‘’ “"•» tl »‘ rigors I militarv e, »M ~B. C mT “ ,Kl *« to the ninth . ii i‘i “ o l >ar,nu ' r >t, and from October 1848 to October, 1849, he acted as the Military Gov beeuVhieflv" Ile has * in ce, we believe cifir ■; attac, '«l to the service on the Pa i ArtillcrvfL WftS , C 1" cllar K'‘ ofanaildtional ihni i destined for that distnnt region I, ~ e l°st his life, on an clement and by a ca | lamity sc> diflerent from the scene* of danger in hicb it had been hi* pride as a soldier to risk. (treat Exclteiaaat la New Y*rk—M. Bedial New York, Jan. 21. Considerable excitement attended the de parture of the Baltic to-day, owing to a rumor that M. Bedini was going out in her. Several thousands assembled at the dock, hut nothing was seen or heard of the Nuncio. It was sup posed that he had gone to Boston, hut a des patch from Baltimore says it is reported that he is in that city, and will preach at the Cathedral to-morrow. A meeting of the committee having iu charge the funds collected to aid the San Francisco rescuers, was held this morning, when the Trea surer announced that the total amount sub scribed was $17,000. The following disposition was made ofit: —To the captains of the Three Belle, Kilby and Antarctic, $2,500 each and a gold medal, and silver pitcher, or tea service. To each of the mates. $250 and a gold medal ; to the 2d mates, S2OO each and a gold medal; to the petty officers, SIOO each and gold medal ; to the seamen, SSO each and silver medals. The captain of the Lucy Thompson, a service of plate, valued at SIOOO and a gold medal; to the officers and crew of the L. Thompson, each a gold medal and sums varying from 250 to 25 dollars. Lieut. Murray, a service of plate; to Capt. Watkins, a service of plate valued at SIOOO and gold medal ; to Mr. Marshal, chief engineer of the San Francisco. SSOO and medal; to assistant engineer, $250 and gold medal; to 2d mates, S2OO and gold medal. A resolution was adopted that the committco would continue to receive contributions to meet similar cases, to be appointed to the Benevolent Associations. The Committee was instructed to pay the award to the sailors and to call a pnblic meet ing for the presentation of the testimonials to tlie officers. The Committee of the Common Council ten dered to Capt. Creighton the thanks of the city and invited him to meet the citizens in the Go vernor's room. The invitation was accepted, and Capt. C. appointed Thursday next. Horace Greeley's Onxiox of Chicago.— Horace Greeley writes as follows to the N. Y. Tribune : Chicago I had seen but once before, wlien at tending the River aud Harbor Convention held there in 1847, w hen “ circumstances” were more propitious to several thousands of ns than to Gen. Cass. Six years and a half have sinca elapsed, and Chicago is not quite four times as large now as it was then. I lielieve its first ci vilian’s house was built in 1532 : and in 1837 it was still so insignificant that the President of the United States (Mr. Van Boren) did not know where to locate it, hut addressed a letter to “ Chicago. .Michigan.’’ Its first census was taken in 184(1—thirteen years ago—and its growth since that time has distanced all par allel. And, if it meet no drawback, it is likely to add 15,000 to 20,000 per annum for the next se ven years, and to have a population of at least 150,000 in 1800, When I was there in 1847, no railroad whistle had ever been heard within a hundred miles of the place ; two years ago a single track of thirty miles was all on which ears ran into Chicago, now nine run daily freight and passenger trains (74 in all, I lic lieve) into the city, connecting her with De troit and Toledo on the East, while these and others will soon connect her with with Milwau kee and Green Bay on the North. Madison and St. Paul on the North-West, Galena and Du buque on tlie West, Springfield. St. Louis and Cairo in the South-West and South, Lafayette. Indianapolis, Peru, Columbus, Dayton and Cin cinnati in the South-East. Two years more of reasonable prosperity will probably see all these connections completed, and though some of them might perhaps have waited a little, l think they will all pay an average of eight cent net auuual income oil their actual cash cost. The Railways of the Workd. —The Boston American Railway Times, of the sth inst., con tains a list of all the railways in the United ! States compiled by a gentleman of that city, from w hich it appear? that the number of miles of railway now in opperation on t lie surface ot the glolie is 55.201, of which lli, 180 arc in the ! eastern heniisplu re. aud 1G.084 are in the west ern—and w hich are distributed as follows : In the United State? 17.811 miles—in tlie British Provinces 823 miles—in the Island of Cuba 358 miles—iu Panama 51 miles—in South America ; OOiniles—iu Great Brittain 0,975 miles—in Ger many 5.310 miles—in France 4,480 miles—in Belgium 552 miles—in Russia 432 miles—in ; Sweden 75 miles—in Italy 190 ntih-s—in Spain 00 miles—in Africa 25 miles—and in India 100 : miles. The longest railway in tlie world is the New j York Central, w hich with its branches is 021 ; utiles in length. T lie number of miles of rail way in tlie l nited States exceeds the rcstofthe : wnrhl by 358 miles. The total number of railways completed in the L nited States is 204—number iti course of construction 134—number of miles in operation 17.811. constructed at a cost of $308,588,038 number of miles in course of construction 12. 898. It is the opinion of one of the most disting ’l'shed physicians ol New England, that the fear ful increase of cases of paralysis is owing to tlie use of stoves in closed rooms, particuinrlv in sleeping apartments. There is reason in this opinion. Compliment to the President.— Ex-Senator I*oot. of Mississippi, made tiie following remarks in relation to the President in his recent speech at W ashington : *‘My friends will not charge the President with bail motives. Let others judge of the mo tives—we know the acts. I don't think he's a fool. I think lie is a man of keen sense and nice discernment. God grant that hisoncc generous heart may open itself to ail the noble impulses of his nature. < «od grunt that he may see in time the misehiet into which he lias plunged the peo ple. God grant that lie tnaT not slc'op in the Presidential mansion as James the Second slept in the monarchial palace of London, till the population drove him forth to some distant cor ner of tiie land. This is niv desire. I have spo ken plainly about this matter The W’ilmot roviso is not settled—it will come up in tiie lull tor the organization of the Nebraska Terri tory during this session of Congress. I dare to say tlmt tin* present course of proceedings be < arr.eil on till lßofi tiie election will be carried on that question, anil some Free Soiler elected I resident, and that will be the death blow of the confederacy.” 1 resident Pierce avd the Fii.ijßr.sTEtts. The President lias very properly issued the fol lowin proclamation against the filliliustcring expeditions in California and elsewhere. It should have appeared sooner, however : K. K. P. W herons, information has been received bv me. that an unlawful expedition has been fitted | out in the State of California, with a view to j invade Mexico—a nation maintaining friendly ! relations with the United States—and that oth er expeditions are organizing within the Unit ul States, for the same unlawful purpose. And whereas certain citizens— inhabitant* of this country—unmindful of their obligations and duties, and of the right* of a friendly power— ! ,a 'f participated, and are about to participate in the enterprises so derogatory to our national character, and so threatening to our tranquilli ty. and are thereby incurring the severe penal ties imposed by law against such offenders. i •" L Franklin Pierce,President of the l luted States, have issued this my procla mation, warning all persons who shall*conduct themselves witli any such enterprise or expedi tion that the penalties of the law denounced against sucli criminal conduct will be rigidly enforced. And 1 exhort all good citizens, as they regard our national character, as they re spect our laws, or the law of nations; as they value the blessing* of peace and the welfare of their country, to discountenance, and, bv nil law ful means prevent such criminal enterprises. And I call upon all officers of government, ci vil or military, to use any efforts in their power to arrest for triul and punishment everv such offender. Given under my hand and the seal of the United Slates, at Washington, this eighteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and the seventy-eighth of the Independence of the Unit ed .states. t * be Preftidont - FRANKLIN PIERCE. L. Marcv. Secretary of State.