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THE MINN E SOT IAN.
Itritl, 8 ATI’S Vi T, SUCH 4, M 54. TLe Railroad BUI. The time of the Council Las Lota principally occupied thin week, up to the time we write, (Thursday momiug) in considering and perfect-! ing the important bill to incorporate the Min nesota North-Western Railroad Company, ; Since our last, opposition to the measure in in fluential quarter has materially diminished, and there appears to lie very generally a sin-, cere de6ire to sec the bill pass in a form that i will make it practicable and acceptable to all . partiea interested. Most of our citizens and le- j gislators who at first opposed it, are beginning , to understand its merits more thoroughly, and ; to feel a deep anxiety for its passage. It will in all probability go through the Council this (Tburfdsy) morning, thus leaving the greater ' part of the yet remaining three days of the scs- • aion for its passage through the IIou:-,e. The great difficulty has been that sufficient j time was not allowed, owing to the late period in the session at which the measure was brought ( forward, to compare Ticws and thoroughly de liberate, by a candid interchange of senticc-at,, upon the necessary practical detail a of a men rare of such magnitude. The result has conse quently been, that wrong ideas and wrong con clusions. deduced from these mong ideas, have made men fee! acrimonious toward each other; and bitter words and bitter feelings Lure to j some extent, tended to retard the object we all appear to be aiming to accomplish. What will be its fate iu the House we cannot at this moment with certainty predict: hut " e have strong hcq-cs that it will pass. The most exciting interest is felt for its success by those 1 members of the House who favor it. and we think they comprise a majority. As an instance of their deep feeling, we will came the fact that Mr. Nobles, who was ready, aud considered it requisite, to depart for Washington ft week ago upon the important mission entrusted to him by the people of Minnesota —the procurement of an emigrant route bcuce to the Pacific—has consented to remain until the fate of this im portant measure is determined. We do not believe there is a man in Minne sota who docs not feel the necessity of having a rsilroad over the contemplated route at as ear ly a day as practicable. Nor can we licEc-ve there is any valid objection to its being built and controlled by the combination of capital ists whose names appear iu this charter. They represent companies cast and south of us, that control at least one-half of the railroad stock , in the United States, and very nearly all <m ploycd in the roads betweeu the Mississippi and the Atlantic. A mutual interest thus arises between them and our people to have this great central line through Minnesota completed utan early day, and renders it entirely certain that they will go farther and do more to accomplish 1 this important end than any other combination of railroad men that can be formed in the bread universe. Even the editor of the Democrat— who we conceive, from the way he writes, still retains in his composition a little of the old im practicable leaven of the doctrines held by Li.-' party some years since, but long ago abandon ed in Illinois, Michigan, aud other strongly Democratie States—takes one of the railroad companies with which some of these gentlemen are connected (the Illinois Central) as a sample and says :—“The line of road already con structed by them is unsurpassed. It is just •• ueh a company as this that we want to build our railroad, aud we confess to a partiality for the Illinois Central/’ We arc pleased to have this admission from this quarter: and feci w ell as sured that if our neighbor will, during the com iug summer, take a trip down among the Illi nois Democracy : consult with Gov. Matteson-, Gen. Shields, aud other Democratic statesmen there, who have larored this company with their influence from the start and learn how many thousand fold the construction of that great work has enhanced the value of property in the State, he will dispense with any imprac ticable crotchets of a past day, aud become a convert to our side of the question. i But be this as it may. we want it understood abroad, that the great m»ss of our people are sound upon this question. It is not their sent!- : ment that they do not want railroad:, because foreign eapitai must he called in for the purpose of building them : and the politician who preaches this absurd doctrine I adore them will meet the fate he deserves. If the great mea sure now before our Legislature should fail.let its friends in Washington and elsewhere not re gard the act as the final judgment of Minnesota. And in case the proposed grant o‘ lands suc ceed the present session of Congress, we have so mere doubt that at the next session of our Legislature, the present proposition failing at this, will then be practicably and satisfac torily consummated,than we have that the time will rod. round when if must again be brought forward. Minnesota does not by any means, let this present Legislature do what it may. iu tend to give the cold shoulder to the proposed connection with the Illinois Central, and •Iso to secure that connection through the aid, financial standing and capital of men connected therewith, and with the leading roads east of Chicago. This is greatly a favorite measure W ith our people, and the linal result we have regarded as a ■ fixed fact" for many months. The question then merely resolves itself into 4B«of time—(which is everything to Minnesota just now) —provided we can secure the grant of lands. In giving these v iows we know we •re reflecting the sentiments entertained by every man «f influence and practical sense in Minnesota, who lias at all examined the subject. We hope our remarks will be to regarded and acted upon by those abroad feeling an interest In the subject. Later. —As we predicted above, the charter passed the Council on Thursday morning. The vote stood five to three—one absent: yeas, Messrs. Brown, Freeborn, Mower, Murray and Steams; nays, Messrs. Olmstead, Stimson, aud Van Etten. The conduct of the friends of the bill during its tedious passage through the Council is commendable i a the highest degree. Their forbearance was taxed to the utmost by all manner of tactics imaginable lo defeat the mea sure, without coming to a direct vote ; but they have been patient and persevering, appearing to be fnlly impressed with the vast importance Of the great work before them. Whatever may ba the fate of the bill, we must ever regard tkose firo Councillors a* men who deserve we'l of their constituents. While the bill has been araepd *d in many par tlcu.ars, none of the amendments comprise any radical change of its main features and prinei-1 pies. We feel certain that should it pass the I House in its present shape, it will be acceptable j I j to the corporators and the work will go on. ; ; It may not be improper to remark in this cor.- j uection, that mil the points of objection raised , j by the editor of the Democrat, so far as we can ' : under, uml thepurpoit of his review of the hill, \ have been removed, and if he intends at all lo bo consistent upon the subject, we expect now ; that Lis opposition will cease. i FACTS AJfD FANCIES. ! ! The New Pickets.— The Galena Advertiser statea, and we also learu l.y private source j I from Cincinnati, that the names of the two new i i bouts now bnilding at the latter city for the j ' Galena and Minnesota Packet Company, are j Minnesota and Minnetonka, and not as stated : ' heretofore. They are to be splendid structures, ! and will be ready for delivery between the I2tli and 20th of March. The names arc approprl- j ate and in good la-tc. Capt. Alford, formerly j of the Martha No. 2, is building at Pittsburgh ! for the upper Mississippi, and calls his craft the ! Grey Cloud. He got ahead of Capt. Orin i 1 Smith in appropriating that beautiful name, ' after a large island in the Mississippi a few miles below St. Paul. ' W.,iTnKK.—The last weeks of February with ! us were very warm for this region and time of j year—bright sunny days, which entirely de- 1 : strayed the sleighing, and materially affected the constitution of the river ice. March set iu with a warm rain, but Thursday the wind chop ped round to the west, and Friday morning n , were having a snow, und a Idow, and a freeze. Wild ducks have made their appearance, but ' we think a little too early for the comfortable repose of the soles of their feet. However, leading indications are that we will have an earlier spring than usual. Cocut Rei-outre. —The Governor has appoint ed J. B. Brisbin, Esq., reporter of the Supreme ; Court. A good selection. —Vue members of the Illinois Legislature have been dining at the Tremont House, Chi cago, as the guests of the city. They had a good time of it. The Galena Advertiser says : j The Legislature of Illinois has returned from its travels, wo conclude, wiser with regard to Chicago Cut Oifr, and essentially mollified and modified, in various ways. Last year the Leg islature visited Alton, this year they paid their compliments to Chicago, next year Galena ex- 1 poets a visit from them, which we hope will prove mutually agreeable and profitable. —Our Merchants arc now mostly absent at the East, procuring their spring supplies ot goods, and we expect to see St. Paul shine w ith new lioxes and bah .- upon the “pening of nav igation. Wi want to make the company, or stockhold ers. [of the North-Western Railroad] individu ally liable for all labor done and performed ii; this Territory.— democrat. We want the editor of the Democrat to show . us n single instance along the 2000 miles of railroad which one and another of the gentle -1 men named in this charter have helped to build l and manage, wherein a laborer has been cheated - out of his wages through the dishonesty of any 1 of the directors or stockholders, and then we ' : w ill agree to go with him in support of this ' provision. Death ok an old Tvro. — Connelly .Tunes, a practical printer, died a few days since in Ga lena, aged upwards of 80years. We learn from toe Advertiser that he was a native of Droghe da. Ireland, and was perhaps the oldest of our craft in the State of Illinois at the time of ids death. For som n twelve or fifteen years, be worked cn the Loudon Tun s, and was there engaged during the trial of Warren Hastings, and assisted to set up the testimony originally taken in the case. He leaves an aged widow and a respectable family of children behind hint. Mr. Rice appears to be attending to tlie in terests of Minnesota in Congress, with all the energy and success his most sanguine friends and the people generally would de.-ire. The following appropriations, amounting to 660,00(1 iu the aggregate, have been agreed to by the Committees on Territories in the two Houses- The fir-t appropriation named has passed both branches, according to our understanding o; , the matter : i SIO,OOO to fence aud grade Capitol and Prison (j rounds. 20.00 U for Point Douglas and Lake Superior l.’oad. Id,ooo for Point Douglas an.l f ort Rlnlev Road, 1.i.000 for Menduia ami \\ abasha Road. 5.000 for Long Prairie and Swan River Road. SbO.UUU Tun Chippewa Treaty.—How any one in Minnesota interested (and who is not';) in a speedy treaty with the Chippewa Indians for the country north and west of Lake Superior, can oppose the railroad charter now before the ( Legislature, v,e are at u loss to imagine. Let ! those more particularly interested look to it. end see they do not stand in their own light. Rock Island Railroad.—The Galena Adver tiser, of the 21st ult. says : “ * he Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, wo conclude, will be opened through to morrow, tile 22d. according lo arrangement. When last heard from, the track was laid within three ! mills of Moline and six of Rock Maud, and the work was going on night and day. ' fhe Moxr.T Market. —The following has been ; handed ns for publication, by Messrs. Wm. Brewster A Co., bankers of St. Paul. We give piace to it with pl:-atere although we do not adopt the conclusion which they arrive at iu ! regard to future money operations in St. Paul, i in case this Legislature docs its duty before it ! adjourns:— Dm mg the past two moDilis the monetary i e rcles have been quite active. The very unex- J Pected rise ,n real estate, not only for spccula j non, but far permanent investment, has given an impetus to business, and consequently an j activcness in the money market, i '', e fca r e Titqucnt oilers upon mortgage se ■ " n - - at . rat |- 3 varying from one and a half to | three and a hair per cent, per month, and for ; first-class paper from two to four and five per , cent, per month. These rates doubtless will j contiuue for some time to come. The Eastern market, however, remains comparatively easy, and perhaps we may expect some considerable j change by the opeutug of navigation. The operations in real estate, during the month just closed, have been quite active, at : higher prices than have ever yet been known iat this season ot the year; large investments 1 have been made, aud we may confidently' look j forward to lue contiug spring as one of great advantage and importance to our community. Me are pleased to Lear of the arrival of ; sundry citizens at the end of the railroad, in | Illinois, on their nay East, including our old friend Judge Twills, late of the firm of B. F. | d> * s o. The Judge will return by the first 1 ,oat w . ltb > aj bc *ayg. the best stock of family ; groceries ever brought to St. Paul. His old ; customers may look oat for him, as. he is a man ! of it is word—always. j Ocu Land Bili.—The following is • copy of j j Gen. Shields’ bill granting lands to Minnesota | j for railroad purinwts, as it passed the United L 1 States Senate. If it passes the House at alt, * | Mr. Rice tbiuks it will pass without amend- ■ t meut : ; 1 i ; i A Bill !• aid the Terri lory ot Minnes-ita ia con- ! , otructing a Railroad lor military, postal and | , I other purposes. I Be it enacted by tlie Senate and House of! 1 I Representatives of the United States of Amer- j ica in Congress Assembled : That for facilita j ting the transportation of the mails, men and ! ’ munitions of war, and otb'-rpurposes, there be, 1 1 i ar.d hereby is, granted to the Territory of Min- j ; ncsota, for a railroad from the mouth of Left | Hand River, at the head of Lake Superior, via. i St. Paul, to the southern line of said Territory, | with the privilege of extending the same to the ! northern terminus of the Tlliuois Central rail- , 1 road on the Mississippi river, every alternate i i section of land designated bv odd numbers, for ! six sections in width on each side of said road ; i but in case it shall appear that the United States have, when the line or route of said 1 I road is definitely fixed by the authority afore- 1 ! said, told any section or part thereof granted as aforesaid, or that the right of pre-ernption ! has attached to the same, then it shall be law- 1 ful for any agent or agents, to be appointed by i the governor of said Territory, to select, sub ject to the approval of the Secretary of the In- ; j terior, from the lands of the Uuited States 'j nearest to the tier of sections above specified, jso much land in alternate sections or parts of J sections as shall be equal to such land as the United Stales have sold or otherwise appropri ated. or to which the right of pre-emption has : attached a 3 aforesaid: which laud (thus se lected in lieu of those sold, and to which pre emption rights Lave attached, as aforesaid, to gether with the sections and parts of sections designated by odd numbers aforesaid, and ap- I propriated as aforesaid) shall be held l>v the Territory of Minnesota fur the use and purpose aforesaid: Provided. That the lands to be so located shall in no case he fuither than fifteen mile 9 from the line of the road, and selected for and on account of said road : Provided fur ther, That the lands hereby granted shall be exclusively applied to the construction of said road, and slmll be disposed of only as the work progresses, and the same shall be applied to no other purpose whatsoever : And provided fur ther, That any and all lauds heretofore reserv , c-d to the United States by any set of Congress, , or 'many other manner by competent authori ty, for the purpose of aiding iu any object of internal improvement, or for any other pur i pose whatsoever, be, and the same arc hereby, reserved to the United States from the opera tion of this act, except so far as it may be ne cessary to locate the route of the said railroad through such reserved lands, in which ease tlie ! right of way ouly shall bo granted, subject to ; the approval of the President of the United States. Sec. 2. Andie it further enacted. That the sections ami parts of sections of land which, by j such graut, shall remain to the United States, within six miles on each side of said road, shall 1 not tie sold for less than double the minimum ■ price ot the public lands when sold, nor shall any of such lands become subject to private en try until the same have been first offend at , public sale at the increased price. Sec. 11. And le it further enacted. That the ! said lands, hereby granted to the said Territory shall be subject to the disposal of the legisla r tore thereof, for the purposes aforesaid and no f other; and the said railroad shall be arid re main a public highway, for the use ot the gov ernment of the United States, free from toiler , * other charge upon the transportation of any 1 property or troops of the Uuiied States. t | SkC. 4. And be it further enacted, That tlie . j lands, hereby granted to said Territory, shall t be disposed of by said Territory ouly in man ner following, that is to say : that a quantity of land not exceeding one hundred and twenty j sections, and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of said road may be ‘, sold ; and when tlie governor of said Territory a shall certify to the Secretary of the: Interior - that any continuous twenty miles of said road is completed, then another like quantity of laud hereby granted may be sold ; and so from time to time until said road is completed ; and if said road is not completed in ten years, no fur ther sales shall lie made, and the land unsold shall revert to the United States. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted. That the United States mail shall lie transported over said railroad, under the direction of the l’ost j Office Department, at such price as Congress i may by law direct: Provided, That until such j price is fixed by law the Postmaster General | ! shall have the power to determine the same. lt will be recollected that some four or six weeks ago, we announced that an industri ous and worthy man had frozen to death, near the Half-way House on the Stillwater road. The St. Anthony Democrat and St. Paul Pio neer. in their zeal to encourage temperance— which is commendable only in so far as it is practised judiciously, and with due reference to I the ends of truth and justice—took occasion to speak ill of the memory of the dead by publishing to the world that the unfortunate man was drunk when the sad casualty overtook him. A reliable friend of his. nlio had known him long, wrote and offered to the Pioneer for publica tion the following contradiction of the false ac j cusatiou. That paper having refused to pub lish the communication, we feel it our duty to ;comply with a request to do so:— Editor of*he Pioneer—Sir: —ln your issue |of last week I find tlie above article, copied | from the North-Western Democrat, and take | the liberty ot asking you to allow me a small : space in correcting or disproving the assertions therein. If true, it is as yon nay deplorable : if, , on the contrary, false, [ think it is equally de plorable that there should be found a man so | lost to all sense of shame as to villify and slan der the character ot the dead : and under the ■ garb of sympathy to the living, to open anew the flood-gates of sorrow in the hearts of the , widow and orphan : and that, too. without the j shadow of proof in support of the assertions j made by the w riter of the above. As to the | motive, any one that is not blind can see, that l for the sake of making an item in support of the Maine Law, he is w illing to traduce the charac i ter of one whom be never knew, and as a tnat ; ter ofcourse, whom he had no right to treat as he has done. But to the facts in support of | these remarks. I have known the deceased anil worked with him both in England and thiscoun -1 try for eight years, aud therefore I think lam better able to judge as to his industry and also his temperance, than a man who never knew him. 1 therefore testify that he was a temper ate and industrious man, a good husband and father, and a sincere friend. At the time he lost his life, he had been two weeks at work in St. Paul, at Mr. Warren’s house, and during that time the snow came and lay from two to ■ five feet, and there was not tlie least track, as I j was the only settler out there, and 1 had not been on the road for three weeks, —rather trust ! ing to my compass than the road, even iu the i day time. Add to this, he had 18 pounds of | meat and a bag of salt, also Gibbons' Roman | Hist ory. And I can bring witnesses to prove i that ho tiiii-t hare walked from eight to ten i hours before he laid down the meat, and then ; strove again to find his home. Now I ask any jiuancf common sense to read this, and then j judge w bother they would sit down and see a j * r . le ®d- n ho though dead still lives in memory, villifieO. and that, too, by one who never knew I u‘ m i and whose name I request, as then we can ; remember in after years. Hoping you. sir, and all other papers that gave publicity to the i above, will allow this a place also. I remain yours. WM. COLEMAN, j j Bt. Paul, Feb. 26,1851. j A goodly lot of St. Paul and St. Anthony i citizens started for below on Monday, including j Winns and Kern, of Robert street. Winnc will I bring back the ‘ fixiru' to make us all appear i drstsed respectably during the next six months;! jß«*r« »*nd Mark ley „re going into the hardware t buriacii. j Land Acenct. —We invite attention to the : • card of Messrs. Olivier, Sioue A Folsom, who ; | have lately opened a general land agency in i the Coart House. These gentlemen have op-lj ' portunities which few possess for the prosecu- ] | tion ot their business. Mr. Olivier is the Ke- 1 : gister of Deeds for Ramsey County, aud is of : j course familiar with the records; Mr. Stone, Judge of Probate and general land matters, 1 ‘ whilst Mr. Folsom is Survey or, and has, in this i capacity, acquired acquaintance with most of j the surveyed lands in the Territory. In addi ! tion to these advantages, the firm haa the ta j lent, integrity, and industry requisite to insure i success. We visited their office, a day or two ! since, and were much interested in examining | their collection of maps, p'ats. abstracts, Ac., w hich have been completed with great care, ex pense. and labor, and are invaluable for the 1 purpose of reference in the examination of the location and titles of land. Such industry de i serves success.— Democrat. Iu the absence of anything we could write touching the ability and capacity of this firm more proper and to the point than the above, : we copy it, and endorse what our neighbor says I> n 'ls fullest purport. We also owe the gentle men of this new firm an apology for failing to j cull attention to their card last week. Great Time i p at Ei.kei.t's —All caused by ; | the rush to obtaiu goods at his reduced prices. | A. H. Elfelt has gone East for the new spring ; ’stock—meantime the bid oue is going off at' rates much lower than formerly, i Judge Gale, of La Crosse, and sundry cit • izens from Southern Minnesota, have been spending some days in St. Paul, attending to | legislative matters. A free interchange of opin- I ion with our people has done no harm to the in terests they represent. , What has Happened I —The mail due to-day as we calculate, arrived here on Thursday. Filmbcstkrivo in Minnesota.— A few of our , friends of Hennepin county got together the other day at Minneapolis, aud made a drive to capture all the public sentiment in the sixth council district and annex it to their town. Our friend Atwater led off, and appeared to be , the Walker of the expedition. We had thought j, him opposed to all such doings. —Franklin Steele, Esq., informs ns that his , name was used in the Minneapolis anti-railroad - meeting without his knowledge or consent. I Legwi-ative.— 'This is the last day of the • Legislature. The session has been, all ia aib | the most harmonious v.e liat e ever hud, so far. What to-night will bring forth we know not, . but are disposed to think the business will be ■ done up and finished iu good order and in good i tinK ‘' ! —Tlie Supreme Court convened on Monday i Inst. There is a considerable number of cases ‘ to be heard during the term. Railroad to Minnesota. Davenport, lowa, Feb. 10, 'sl. Messrs. Editors :—1 believe you are advo cates of a route for a railroad from Dubuque to Minnesota ; and if we are to judge from the edi torial that appeared in the Minncsotian on the subject, you are inclined lo give it the prefer ence over every other. You may be correct in : yonr opinion, yet I have come to the conclu sion that our Territory can be reached by a road from this place sooner than from any oth er point, if the people of Minnesota will but go in for it and co-operate w ith the company that lias already laid out a road soma 70 or SO miles in the direction ot the Blue Earth. This fact may not be very generally known by our citizens, and for this reason I write to call attention to the subject. You have proba bly noticed tlie energy with which the railroad from Chicago to Rock Island has been con structed. Having been commenced a longtime after the Chicago and Galena road, it is some what surprising that it should be completed so much sooner to the Father of Waters. In about tw o weeks we expect to see the iron horse rushing into Rock Island. The bridge across tlie Mississippi is already begun and will be ; finished during the present year, notwithstand ing the noire about an “injunction.' 7 From | Davenport to lo a a City the road is already ! graded in part, and in due time v.ii: be contiii ! ued to the Missouri Iliver. Front Muscatine to | Cedar Rapids a road has been laid out with a I view to ils continuation up the Red Cedar Val ; ley to Central Minnesota. I have great coe.fi ! deuce in this project from the fact that whatever i the Southern Michigan and Northern Indiana i Company undertake, they accomplish : there ! fore we may expect that a road to Minnesota i will certainly be built, if they take hold of it, I and that, too, within a few years. They re- I quire those living on any of these new routes to j take only one-third of the stock, the Company taking tw o thirds. Our citizens doubtless would tie able to contribute their share of stock to wards building a road from St. Paul to the lowa | line. I would respectfully call the attention of all in our Territory who arc anxious for a railroad to this route. It is very evident that aconncc . tion between Minnesota aud the East, and not | only the East, but the entire South and South j East, can be effected ia less time by this route j than any other, if it is taken hold of in earnest. Ofcourse it is some farther to Chicago by this point than b_\ way of Dubuque : the connection, however, will be more complete on account of the bridge across the Mississippi at this place. It is quite uncertain that the river will be bridged very scon at Dubuque, and I think, on the whole, it would be decidedly for the intev : est of Minnesota to co-operate with any compa ' ny that w ill build a road to our Territory' in the shortest time. I have been informed that a number of the stockholders of this route hat e proposed to vi ■ sit Minnesota, in June or July, for the purpose of consulting our citizens in regard to the Cc | dar Valley route, and if possible to secure aco i operation in the work. If it were well under stood that a railroad would, in a few years, be constructed to the Minnesota Valley, it would be settled with an astonishing rapidity. As a matter of necessity, tlie road would be contin i ued to St. Paul. I hope tube able ere long to write you more iof the particulars connected with this route, j and iu the meantime please “keep it before the I people.” Respectfully yours. L. M. F. | The Language or a Trek Rkitblicax.—lt is : j refreshing, in these degeaerate days, to meet! I to meet with one “ wiio dares be honest in the worst of times.” lion. Joseph Cable, a mem- j ber of the last Congress, aud now editor of the 1 Sandusky Mirror, the organ of the Democratic ! party in that district, holds the following lan- ■ guage respecting Mr. Douglas's Nebraska Bill. 1 Honor to an editor who dares hold sentiments | not dictated bv party nor controlled by hope of : patronage or preferment:— We have voted the Democratic ticket at each annual election for thirty-one years—during that entire time we have mingled with the po- : litical excitements of the State—have contend- j ed for and with the Democratic party, learned I ' their sentiments, understood their impulses, aue we have no hesitation in saying, that no ! tnan ran be sustained by the Dernorratit rote of i any t'ongrcfsiona/ Districs in Ohio, who will I vote for any bill having the above clause there- j in. Mark the declaration I The Democratic ; party w ill rqjcct any mcmlier of Congress who I w ill be so reckless in principle and inconsistent \ j in practice as to overturn all these settled j ■ questions, and involve the country in such ruth- j j less agitation. I Tub Nebraska Swindle.— -The Watertown; Register (independent) comes out strong against, i Senator Douglas's bill to permit the introduc- i , tion of Slavery' in Nebraska. Thns far every ' newspaper in this State, of whatever party, that lias taken ground on this question, is opposed ; to tlie bill, with the single exception of ourcon ; temporary the Morning News. Our Legislature I should lose no time in uttering their protest cgninst thie iniquity. —Milwaukee Sentinel. Fot the Wnnesotlsn. “Give Wows Profession*!” My dear Mesdamcs de Stael. what more of a 1 professional education do they require 1 They profess to do everything, bring up their chil- j drea in the way they should go, and hold the , reins for their husbands, too. Is there any motherly body that has not stu died medicine to a tiresome degree ; that does not! understand the diagnosis of croups, spasms, fe vers, colds and cbolics ; and the number of i drops, to an iota, of squills, anodynes, magne sia, and Godfrey's cordial that should be ad-1 ministered? Does she not sew up all the knife j gashes, and dress the burns, scalds, and boot- j rubs with admirable dexterity? Don't she 1 know that onions soothe the ear-ache, and a; waxed string cures the toothe-acbe? Can't she make coats, pants and vests equal ’ to any first-rate tailor? Hasn't she mended ] boots and shoes enough to drive any sensible 1 shoemaker starl; mad? Is she not constantly exercising her eloquence and pow ers of lan- j guage on as inveterate an auditory of young I gentlemen, hourly, as ever crowded a lecture room ? As to her being a “ capital whip,” I should like to know if all her little progeny cannot at test to it, when orders have been disobeyed? And if many a husband, on “ proper occasions," cannot remember the word—lash, w hose echo i still rings in his ears? Is she not frequently improving her artistic taste by sculpturing little images of rags for ; Mary, and drawing rare specimens of natural ' history on the slate for Tommy? And as for her musical ear, it is regaled by some of the most impassioned, imploring, sense-erasing rou lades, trills and quavers of operatic bijous that ever sprung from the cradle of art ? And who will compete with her in the car ' pen ter's trade ? What would become of the tailless horses, legless dogs, trunkless ele . phants and all the maimed animals of Noah's ark, did she not substitute others, •• maist as gude as new,” on the dilapidated creatures? Who spins tops, and lectures on their hum ming propensities? Who is locksmith to the toy-guns and mimic trunks? Who is banker, baker, shopkeeper, and Jane of all trades, but : this same terribly abused woman ? She sits iu judgment daily, and with blind folded eyes, deals out justice with a stern im-' partiality to the little w ranglers. Nightly does she plead the cases for her little clients before llis throne, w ith fervor, sincerity and truth ? Aud what divine, in pulpit rich enthroned, could with a purer love and higher sense of du ty amid his congregation exhort and pray than the mother, surrounded by her little throng, kneeling at her side, follow ing with their lisp ing accents the voice that says •• Our Father" ? What higher duties should a woman fulfil?, On what more golden pedestal should we place the idol ? llow lovely does she now appear veiled in the home-cloud, crowned with a halo ofdomest'r virtues—“ set apart" from tile per plexing cares, duties and conflicts of the rude, buffeting world, with which her delicate organ ization could but ill contend ! Woman is professor of all arts —let her then profess to do her duty. JEANNIE DEANS. Stoekbridgc, Mass., Jan. 51st, ’54. Temperance Meetiag. At a large and enthusiastic meeting of the citizens o’ St. Raul, at the Court House on the ! evening of Friday. February 24, 1854, convened for the purpose of giving an expression of opin ion iu reference to the bill now before the Leg islature of the Territory, for the suppression of the traffic in intoxicating drinks, on motion, Nathaniel McLean, Esq., was appointed Chair ! mau. and R. Marvin Secretary <4 siad meeting. The handbill calling the meetingliavingbeen read By the Chairman: on motion, a committee of three was appointed by the Chair, to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meet ing. Rev. Mr. Ames, of St. Anthony, Rev. Mr- Hihcldaffer, aud Mr. I.tike Marvin oi' St. Raul, constituting said committe. After addresses from Rev. Mr. Ames of St. Anthony, and—Day, Esq., of Milwaukee, de monstrating the strong necessity for a stringent prohibitory liquor law, the utter futility of a license law. und the constitutionality of the pro hibitory law now before the Council, the com mittee presented the following Resolutions which were enthusiastically received ami adop ted by the meeting. IVheras. Tlie past experience of our Territo ry has abundantly shown that the traffic in in toxicating drinks is a fruitful source of immor ality and i lee, frequently resulting in disturb ances of the peace—street rowdyism—domestic suffering, and horrible murder —working im mense evil and no good to society; and Whereas, Because laws have been shown to be insufficient to abate these evils, while the ex perience of several States exhibits evidence en tirely sati.-factory that a prohibitory law is the most successful means yet resorted to for ac complishing that object; und fVherras. The Supreme Courts of Maine, Ver mont and Michigan, have affirmed the constitu tionality of the prohibitory law. of these seve ral States, where the highest judicial authority in the nation has declared the right of arty state to suppress entirely this detestable traffic; and Whereas, A large majority of the people of this Territory have repetcdly expressed at the ballot liox, through their petitions, their earn est desire for adequate legal protection from said traffic, therefore Resolved, Thai as citizens of Minnesota, we respectfully ask ofthe Territorial Council, and of his Excellency, the Governor, their sanction for the Anti-Liquor Bill, which has recently passed the House of Representatives. Revolved, That we cordially exhort our fid citizens who are engaged in ’ the liquor trade, and those who are their habitual patrons to consider whether they will not do greater hon or to their own manhood, and contribute most effectually to the highest glory and prosperity, of our young Commonwealth, by co-operating with us iu the effort to remove the gigantic evils resulting from flic sale of intoxicating drinks: it was further Resolved. That a copy <4 the proceedings of this meeting be sent to’the papers ofSt. Raul for publication, and that a copy thereof be re spcctfully presnted to the Council now assem bled. N. McLEAN, Chairman. K. Marvin. Secretary. Of M. Bodisso. the late Russian Minister, the New York Tribune says:—“A few years after his arrival here, lie married Miss Williams, of Georgetown, a young American lady, of re markable beauty. By her lie leaves seven small children, besides three grow n up nephews and a niece, of whom he always took a paternal eara." The Augusta (Me.) Journal thinks that Madame Bodisco must tic a truly remarkable woman, to bear her husband not only sons and daughters, but also nephews and a niece. JtSTtCE brought to a full stop. —The J udges of the Supreme Court of this State have here tofore travelled about to hold sessions at four different points. They are fatigued with this vagabond life and ask to lte permitted to come to a stand still at Harrisburg. One or their complaints is, that they err in opinion because they are judges errant. The opponents of Ibeir request allege that justice already halts too much. We would commend to the Judges Mo hammed's example : he went to the mountain, when the mountain did not come to him. Let them go to the suitors and witnesses: it costs less for five to travel than for live thousand. Phila. Register. Washington, Feb. 15. George M. Sanders, —nominated as Consul to London, was rejected yesterday, 29 to 10. J. L. O'Sullivan nominated as Charge to Portugal was confirmed by a vote of 26 to 19. A mo tion to reconsider O'Sullivan's nomination is pending. Gen. Cass spoke strongly in favor of O'Sullivan's confirmation, while Seward and Douglas advocated it. Douglas and Broad head are said to be the only Democratic Sena tors who voted for the confirmation. Baltimore. Feb. 15. The Maryland Legislature yesterday re elected Pierce. United States Senator for six years The vote stood Pieree 7fi, Constable 35 —all the Temperance delegates from Baltimore, voted for Pierce. The Liquor Law has been amended in the House, so as to prevent its go ing into operation until May 1856, and not un til after its direct approval by the vote of the people. ! KeptrteC expressly for the <;*len» Dally Advertise*. ' Arrival of the Canada—lmportant Siew»--Fre paration* for War—Assembling of Farlta meat —Ministers demanding their Passports New York, Feb. 17. I Per Canada at Halifax, Liverpool 3d. Mar- j j ket was dull the first three days of the week. ; Decline to fid a 8d on wheat, aud Is 2d on Hour; Is on corn. Since that, Richardson and Bro- j \ there quote M. S. white wheat tt 12s fid a 13s :; } secondary do 12s fid : Canadian. 12s fid : West j ern Canal flour, 42s a 42s fid Philadelphia and : I Baltimore, 345. Indian corn, 50s asls. j The news is omiDous of war. | The answer from England and France to the j Russian inquiries, respecting the entry of the 1 fleets, was delivered on the Ist to the Ministers : in Loudon and l’aris, and the Minister was to | leave London on the sth. England is sending \ a detachment of small steamers to take sound -1 ing of the entrance to the Baltic for the fleets. A courier is said to have been sent to the English and French Ministers at St. Petersburg ; ! to demand their passports. | At a council held at the Tuilleries, on the j 30th ult., the question of sending an extraordin ary large land force to Turkey was fully dis cussed. It is proposed to send 100,000 men. England will send only a small force, but will pay half the expense. The British army to be increased by eleven i thousand men. regulars, and the navy eleven thousand men. No change had occurred at Kalefat since last i report. On the Danube, although abstaining from ■ great operations, the Turks give the Russians no rest. Parliament was opened on the 31st. The crowd was much greater than usual. ('n the route to the House, the Queen was greatly j | cheered, but Prince Albert was occasionally hissed. > The Turkish Minister was loudly cheered, i The House was unusually full of people In splendid costumes. No members of the Amer ican Legation were present. Tlie master of ceremonies sent a noticetoall diplomatic tncm , bers to appear in full costume. Tlie following is from the Queen's speech : •• The hopes which 1 expressed at the close of the last session, that a speedy settlement would be effected of the difficulties existing between : Russia and the Ottoman Porte, have not been i realized, and 1 regret to say that a stage of war has ensued. I have continued to act iu cordial , co-operation with the Emperor of the French in my endeavors, iu conjunction w ith my allies, to i prevent war and restore peace between the con- j , tending powers. “ Although unsuccessful, 1 have been nnre : mining. I will not fail to persevere in those I. endeavors, but as the continuation of war i may deeply affect tlie interests of this country ' i and Europe. I think ii requisite to make a fur i ther augmentation of my naval and military ■ force, with the view of supporting my repre , sentative and more effectually contribute to - the restoration of peace. I have desired that the papers explanatory of the negotiations i which have taken place, shall be laid before you. Upon this, my objects shall be commitni-; catcd without delay. 1 recommend to your I , consideration a bill which I have ordered to be ! framed tor opening the coasting trade of the ■ United Kingdom to the ships of all friendly ua ; tioiis, and I look forward with satisfaction t» i the reward of the legislative restrictions to the 1 me of foreign shipping for the benefit of mv i -1 people. 77 The remainder of the speech was of a local r character. , I.ATEST BY T ELEGRAi’U — VIKXXA.— Count Buol \ - has drawn out a declaration of neutrality with . a strong leaning tow ards the views of the West- j i ern powers,and has given this to Count Orloff as i t as a final answer. Orloff' ’s mission has there t fore failed. The Czar proposed to form a defensive league I with the German powers, and if the Western 1 powers attack any of them. Russia would make common cause with them, and would not con clude any peace without consulting their inter ests. The German powers through Austria, definitely refused. Russia is therefore isolated. The Western powers are immediately to de mand the evacuation of the i’rincipalif'cs, and arc to command it forthwith. The Russian Minister in London has paid a formal and final visit to the Foreign Depart ment. Death ok Ovid F. Johxxtox — A Sad Story. —We see it announced in the newspapers that ; Ovid F. Johnston, formerly Attorney General of Pennsylvania, and a brother, we 1 elieve. of , the late Governor of that State, died a few days ago in Washington, a most melancholy death. He iiad lieen picked up from the gutter in a state of intoxication, and sent to the vagrant department of the work-house, where lie ended liis sad career. Lately he was an active coad jutor with Caravajal. in liis filibustering opera tions along the Rio Grande, and conducted for , some time a “manifest dt stiny" newspaper at Brownsville, in Texas, opposite Matamoras. Attracted to Washington, like thousands of others, by the chances of making money out of his party, be attempted a monthly Democratic Review, the first number of which, full of fili bustering odds and ends, was the last. But tin re. among the fatal temptations of Washing ton, he remained a l’enusylvahia politician and a Pennsylvania drunkard: and his fate is but the fate of hundreds of others destroyed among the hells and dens of Pennsylvania Avenue. I’oor Johnson! A man of talents, education and society—a man who might have been the pride of liis family and an ornament to his state, carried off by the fast principles of a loose dem ocracy, has perished as a drunken vagrant. What a blessing the Maine Liquor Law would j be to the city of Washington I — A'. J'. At ra/d. The Tr.rcE at Erik. —Our Cleveland ex changes of Tuesday give some further particu lars of tlie truce patched up at Erie, a brief an nouncement of w hich appeared among the tele graphic items in Wednesday's Sentinel. The j passenger trains on tl>e Lake Shore road arc , now permitted, by an amicable arrangement, to j go through on the narrow guage, with a single ' change only, but that, of course, at Erie. The two tracks from East and West, kail into the same station, and the change is made from one side of a platform to the other, at not much cost !of time or trouble. Since Eric insists upon upon keeping upa break of guage at that point this arrangement is the best, we presume, that ■ can be made for passengers and their baggage: but it don't help the freight trains, and is an an noyance and hindrance to tlie whole traveling i public. Nor will Erie, or Philadelphia, take anything by their various motions in this affair and least of all by this last compromise. The i narrow-minded selfishness which has prompted their conduct throughout will be long remem | bered against them, and they will have abuml i ant leisure and occasion to repent the folly of j the attempt to tax the business anil travel of the West for their profit, or compel it to seek indi ! rect and circuitous channels to and from the , sea-board. 1 liis whole Erie business, indeed, | l |as not only left an indelible stigina upon that ' miserly and mean-spirited Imrongh. butliascast , a reproach upon the commonwealth of Pennsyl vania, ami the “City of Brotherlv Love," (I) which it will take a long time to efface from the memory of the West .—Milwaukee Sentinel. Rotted. —Last Saturday evening, a meeting ’ of the friends of Judge Douglas and the Xe braska bill was called at Chicago, to manufac i lure some public opinion for the measure, and , to show off against the demonstration of the previous meeting on the subject. The Democ racy. however, spoiled their calculation bv i crowding in, voting dow n their resolutions and ; re-affirming those which we published some I days ago, urging that Douglas himself be in i structed to vote against his own offspring Galena Adv. Sending Money rt STvir— An important de cision has lately been made by Chief Justice Taney of the Supreme Court of the United j e < l uest ' on ' va * w hether money re ■ltted from a debtor to a creditor by mail, and lost in the transit, released the debtor from the ; obligations of the debt. The Chict Justice de-! Clued that the plaintiff having requested the 1 debtor to remit the money, without specifying or directing how, and tiic defendant having complied with the request by remit ting through the mail, as was the custom with others to do, ] the debtor would not be held liable to make good the loss. The Judge held that all prevl-1 ous decisions to the contrary were erroneous. Letter from Hov. Jer. Cerumens.— The fol lowing letter from Hon. Jer. Clemmens of Ala bama, expresses in strong terms the views of : Southern men relative to the attempt to repeal ; the Missouri Compromise : Washington, Feb. 4, 1854. I To Hon. John Van Bvren : My Dear Sir : Your letter of yesterday bo* just been received, and I agree with you iu most of its suggestions. The less that is said ■ upon the subject of slavery the better will it be j for all parties, and such 1 am sure is the grne | ral sentiment of the South. We want nothing but to be let alone. We do not expect or de sire that the people of the North should fall »u love with slavery. We believe the institution to be a good one—yon think differently. Let each enjoy his own opinion, and refrain from ! interference with the rights or prejudices of the other.---The sentiments which you have heard ; me express on the stump are not mine only, bn t those of the Southern people, almost without | exception. Agitation in any form is what we object to: and the politician who re-animates a subject which we fondly hoped was buried for ever, miscalculates sadly if he expects to be re : ceived with favor by us. All that I considered necessary iu the Ne braska bill, was that it should be an exact copy ofthe New Mexico bill, except of course, the name and description of boundaries. You are aware that l am fully committed against tlie doctrines of General Cass 7 Nicholson letter, yet we both voted cheerfully for the New Mex- I I ico bill. It seemed to me to be common ground upon which all reasonable men might stand, it I left the subject of slavery where the Constitu tion left it, and did not invade the province jof the Courts to decide in advance what that Constitution meant. 1 am too much engaged with professional du ties to pay much attention to politics, but I think 1 have seen enough to be certain that the Nebraska bill, as reported by Mr. Douglas, will • pass, and I tbink 1 can see the consequences. That they will be anything but agreeable seems too clear to admit ofu doubt. A floodgate will be opened, and a torrent turned loose upon the country which will sweep away in its del su ing course every vestige ot the compromise of 1830. Ido not speak of immediate Affects—l look beyond. For the present it may be looked ' upon at the South as a boon, and by a portion of the Nortli as a triumph over fanaticism. The word peace will be upon the lips of its advo -1 cates everywhere. Like the angel of the Lord who stood'amoilg the myrtle trees and said, ••We have passed to and fro through the earth, aud behold all the earth sitteth still and is at rest' 7 —even so we shall have it proclaimed that the country is at rest—that all is peace—. but 1 greatly foar that they have raised a spirit which will wing its way through storm and tempest to the funeral pyre of the republic. To abide in good faith by the compromise of 1 1850, and the platform of Baltimore is both the post of safety ami the post of honor. I repeat we ofthe .South ask nothing but to be left alone. We have not moved in this matter, but it is ive who must suffer, unless North) rn men who see ! ami appreciate our position, will do us justice ; before your own people. You can do this, per haps, more effectually than any man at the North, and if it did not imply an unkind suspi ’ cion, 1 would ask you to do it. As it is, I do ' not doubt von, and consiierthe riqucst unne jcessary. Hoping to have the pleasure of meeting you i very soon, 1 remain, very truly, yours Ac. Jer. Clemens. , The Nebraska Bju. in the Hctse. —Some . I anxiety is felt, says the Galena Advertiser, to ,' learn the probability of the passage of the Ne braska till I through Congress. When such men as Mr. Badger advocate it, its passage through , the Senate is rendered certain, by a decided ' majority. With the large Administration ma . joritv in the House, the chance for ifs defeat . there must be small. A correspondent of tlm Boston Atlas writes : “I think the Whig North , in Congress will be a unit. Many Southern [' Whigs, it is believed, will oppose the the bill, j some ou grounds independent of slavery amt j some on this account. They are mostly opposed to this breach of faith, at least 1 do not see but , that the Administration, Cass, Douglas, aud all _ must be broken down by it. They may. I fear will, put the bill through, but tlie bill will not fail, in tlie end, to put them through by the ex • press train, without chaDge of baggage.' 7 Ano t ther correspondent writes : “I have only time I now to say, that villainy runs rampant here i 4 Tlie Missouri Compromise will be nullified! s Tlie agitation is renewed by those who are sol i. cmnly pledged against it. ' For the first time a in my public career. Ido think the Vnion is in t j danger.-' A correspondent ofthe Boston Jour -1 nal writes: “Every man I see regrets the in -: traduction of this bill. The Indiana delegation ■-1 met yesterday, ami will oppose it uuaniinouslv. r The opposition to thu bill is gaining ground 1 j daily now, against the whole intluer.ee of the '• I Administration." That a large majority ofthe 4” people are opposed to this bill, we have no 4 doubt whatever: but, it is not certain that they c i will be able to make their power known and - ! felt soon enough. The editor of the Canton (O) I»eniorratic ] i ranscript puts the case With a fairness and t directness which is very honorable to his intel " ligence and liis courage. Di bis paper of last week says: "\\ list shall w e say of the man who, for a j brief hour of title ami circumscribed power, t would enclave u State! —would hind in remorse | less chains o r bondage unborn generations, in hopeless servitude and degradation, millions of : human beings, for the selfish enjoyment of ;t I seat in the Tinted States Presidential chair ? Such a man is Senator Douglas!” A writer in the St. Louis Republican, w bo de clares be has no sympathy with the Woman'* Rights movements, says “ Till our children are ten or twelve years of age. both girls and , boys, a competent female teacher is far better ( suited to train their intellects and hearts than the male teacher. And yet the salary of the female teacher is not more than half what is re ceived by the male teacher ? Why is this? It coats as much to live in the one case as the other ; or. if there is any difference, the lady's board and clothing is the most expensive." How THE CoXTINKXTAU STOOD IS Arms.—To a maii they wore small-clothes,coming down and fastening just below the knee, and long stock ings with eow-liide shoes, ornamented with I buckles: while not a pair of boots graced j the company. The coats and waistcoats were loose and of huge dimensions, with color* as I various as the barks of oak. sumach, and other trees of our hills and swamps could make them: aud their shirts were all made of flax, and, like 1 ever y other part of the dress, were homespun, j <>n their heads was worn a large round-top and broad-brimmed hat. Their arms were as va rious as tln ir co.-tmne. Here an old soldier carried a Queen Anne, which had doue service in the conquest of Canada, twenty years previ ous. while by his side walked a stripling bov | with a Spanish fu/.ee. not half its weight «»r cai due. which his grandfather may have taken at ; the Havana ; while not a few had old French piece* that dated back to the reduction of I.ou isburg. Instead of the cartridge-box, a large powder-horn was slung under the arm, and oc j casionally a bayonet might be seen bristling in i the ranks. Some of the swords of the officers had been made by our province blacksmiths. 1 perhaps of some fanting utensils ; fbey looked serviceable hut heavy and uncouth. Such wa* the appearance of the Continentals, to whom a well appointed army was soon to lay down their arms. After a little exercising ou the old Com mon, and performing the then popular exploit i of - whipping the snake,’-' they briskly filed up | the road by the foot of the Kidder Mountain, and throngh the Spafford Gap, towards Peter i boro', to the tune of “Over the hills and far j away.”— History of A"eic Iptwieh. MARRIED, j On Tuesday, Feb. 28th, by Rev. Mr. Kerns, JAMRS T. CALDWELL, to FRANCES W. daughter of A. T. C. Pierson, all of St. Paul. DIED, j At Crew Wing, Benton county, on the 17th Feb-, 1661, I at the residence of Allan Morrlaon, JOHN PARIES, at the a?» ’ t -"J year-. aft-r an Illnessol six tn-flths.