WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY K, 1855.
UliaeU Central Bnilread—Sanl Among the Preph-
Ever elnee the magnificent ‘-turn table”
bridge of the Illinois Central Railroad was
finished across Fevre rher at Galena, the
prophets of that city—and there are several
there resident—have been predicting that the
Central Company would be bankrupt ‘-now in .
a few days.” These wisc-acres know a great
deal more about the affairs of the Central than ;
do Mr. Griswold, the active and energetic'
President of the Company ; Morris Ketchum,
the financial colossus of the directory ; or Col.
Mason, the builder of the road and the Engi
neer King of the American Railway system.—
These prophetic gentlemen are of a class to be
found in all communities where interest pulls
in one direction, and any one well concerted
and successful plan of improvement in the oth
er. All these Galena prophets, when sounded,
are found to be “sore-headed,” on account oi
the utter failure and subsequent death and bur*
ial of the noted “Air Line” project, which fig
ures so prominently in the celebrated “investi
gations” of a committee of the House of Rep
resentatives at Washington, raised some nine
month’s since at the instigation of the worthy
member of the Ilause from Galena. Had that
much-talked of SSOOO draft of Billings’ been
paid, perhaps the honorable member, and his
friend, Alvah Hunt, of the “Air Line,” would
have had no cause of complaint. It is possi
ble, under that contingency, that the “Air
Line” might have been built, as far as Galena
at least, even if it had never entered the “jaws
of death ’-—Tete des Morts—on its way around
Dubuque to St. Paul. But the draft of Billings
went by the board ; the Air Line is a 3 dead as
an old rusty mackerel; and whenever the Ga
lena Stockholders and dry nurses of the Moon
shine Air Line think of this sad historical fact,
they are beset with a spirit of evil and fal ;e
prophesy against the Central Company, th e
predictions of which are trumpeted forth to
the world in the earnest and zealous manner
we are taught by Holy Writ to expect in these
These gentlemen are apparently honest, well
meaning men, and no doubt many of them are.
They are at least sufficiently “smart” to catch
a “sucker” occasionally in the shape of a live
editor from some important point abroad. They
“pitched into” us some three or four weeks since
the whole squad of them—in about five min
utes after we set foot upon their landing, and
tried hard to give convincing evidence of the
faith that was in them in regard to the speedy
failure of the Central Company. We thought
them rather a greedy set of monopolists, see
ing that they had a faithful organist already in
St. Paul—the Times—to be thus striving to
subsidize another of the presses of our six year
old city which, by the way, contains a larger
population than Galena itself. Finally, we
were compelled to tell an old and good-natured
Galena friend of ours, that he had mistaken
the particular St. Paul editor in his purpose in re
gard to this matter—that Newson, of the Times,
was his man; and if he happened down that
way, just let him know all about the critical
condition of the Central Company, and he
would give the “cussed monopoly” the finish
It appears we were not mistaken, as we knew
we would not be. Neighbor Newson has jour
neyed as far as Galena—perhaps to get his re
ward for faithfully advocating Galena interests
the past year, to the detriment of St. Paul;—
and under date of May 10th, he writes from
that busy little city to his paper as follows :
“The cars on the Illinois Central Railroad
passed over the new bridge for the first time
on Tuesday, for the purpose of testing its
strength. Ihe bridge appears to answer the
purposes for which it was designed.”
Of course, the passage of the first train over
the bridge on the way to Dunleith, would set
the Galena prophets freshly agog. They doubt
less essayed to speak aloud at that particular
moment; and the spirit also entered into New
son, and brought forth the following audible
“By the way, a great deal has been said about
the ‘wealth’ of the Illinois Railroad Company.
We have heard it surmised that- this Company
MO not now, nor have they been paying their
expenses for some time past. As soon as this
fact is known and it must be made known soon,
as the stockholders are getting uneasy, the
stock will depreciate. What then becomes of
our magnificent bubble of a Railroad ? Stand
from under, you who have been duped into the
belief that men who commit and sanction fraud,
will build you a railroad—we say stand from
under, for the whole gigantic swindle will yet
tumble to the ground. ‘There is a God in Is
rael !’ ”
Tremble, oh Wall Street! The mighty Times
of St. Paul ha 3 spoken! The great Illinois
Central Railroad, which is not yet finished,has
not paid expenses “for some time.” Its seven
hundred miles of iron track is about to “bust”
—the iron will be beaten into horse-shoes and
ten-penny nails, and its 2,500,000 acres of as
good farming lands as are spread forth in the
broad West—now selling rapidly at the aver
age rate of twelve dollars per acre, and going
of in parcels amounting in the aggregate to
200,000 acres per month—are to be “hove
overboard,” we suppose, into the middle of
the Pacific Ocean. Dire calamity, that, when
the Stockholders— who are the directors and
scarcely nobody else-come to learn from the
St. Paul Times the condition of the corpora
tion. Stand from under, Wall Street. We
telegraph you in advance, that the Times of
May 15th will reach New York in due course of
Mail, and in that Times—horrible to relate—
the immacculate Newson knocks the Illinois
Central clear beyond all the space of time that
is to happen betwixt now and eternity. We
shall keep an eye to the stock market with un
ceasing anxiety until the arrival of the crisis.
Seventeen thousand boxes of oranges
arrived in Boston last week. Since last Sep
tember, 70,000 boxes oranges, 30,000 boxes le
mons, and nearly 30,000 drums of figs have ar
There is a stringent law in Vermont
against extrajudicial oaths. Under that law,
the President of the Know Nothing Council of
Walden has been bound over to answer to the
charge of having administered such oaths.
The population of Quincy, says the
Herald, is now above 15,000. In 1850 it was
The Sisters of Sacred Heart have pur
chased eighty or ninety acres of land 8 miles
aorth of St. Louis, where they are about to
erect buildings for the purpose of establishing
as academy for young ladies.
Important—The Sant St. Marie Canal Opened!
We learn from the Cleveland Herald of the
7th Inst., that a letter had been received in
that city from Charles T. Harvey, Esq., dated
at the Saut, April 18, containing the gratify
ing intelligence that the ship canal into Lake
Superior was so far completed as to permit the
passage of vessels through it. The following
extract from the letter will interest our road-
“Uemarkably fine weather since April came
in is enabling me to make up for time lost by
the hard month* of March, February and Jan
uary. I improve the opportunity of an extra
mail sent over the ice to Detoua, to meet a
boat expected there, to inform you that we can
to-day pass any venae’ you may bring on into
Lake Superior. Our excavation work was
completed on the Bth inst. We let in the wa
ter from Lake Superior ou Tuesday, the 10th
inst., and have made a channel through both
cotfer dams sufficient to pass a vessel.
I had the pleasure of wheeling out the fhj-t
barrow of dirt, on the Sth or 9th of June, 1853,
aud I had the pleasure of weeding out the last
on the last of April, 1855. So you see, Seript
turc, in this instance, is fulfilled—" The first
shall be last.”
I expect to finish up ibe surface work of the
canal by the first proximo, and have already
commenced discharging men. The dredging
—which will then be the only thing in the way
of a finished canal—could no doubt be done
about the same time, but the State authorities
choose to delay it a little for the benefit of 'ho
work ; bu!, as before intimated, it need uot in
terfere with the passing of vessels.”
Another Resurrection. —Tbe Times of Mon
day, contained an alarming rumor, without a
shadow of foundation, that our friend. Dr. Da
vid Day, had died at Chicago a few days since
of Cholera. The Doc. stepped into the city
from aboad tbe Lady Franklin about twelve
o’clock tbe same uight, and contradicted the
falsehood in propria persona:—in most excel
lent health, and looking better than we ever
saw him. He brings with him the largest
stock of good.- in his line of business that ever
floated above Galena. We are glad to find
the Doctor still alive and well, but i egret that
that other report about biin is also untrue.
River Items. —Tbe arrivals Monday night
and yesterday were the Lady Franklin and
Hamburg from Galena, the Sparhawk from St.
Louis, and tlicßlackhawk from the Minnesota
The Minnesota is fulling, as is also the Mis
sissippi at this point. We must have rain soon,
and plenty of it, or else practical navigation
will speedily be at an end.
Heavy Stock. —Tyson & Co., have just re
ceived $40,000 worth of Groceries and I’rovis
ions—direct from the Southern and Eastern
markets. Roberts street, in front of their store,
has been almost impassible for two days.
“A Human Man.’’-Col. Allen, the new Land
lord of the Merchant’s Hotel, is a gentleman
who besides keeping an excellent house, is p s
scssed of a heart and soul far above most of his
species. Wc have bad occasion duri g the past
week to frequently visit at that establish
ment the chamber of sickness and death;
and wc do but an act of simple justice in
saying that never, in a public house have we
known so much kindness aud attention paid to
the wants of sick strangers. St. Paul must keep
Col. A. as a landlord. He is an honor to her
and to the cause of humanity.
Copious rains fell last week through
out Georgia, South Carolina and Alabama.
Captain J. K. Lewis, one of the celebra
ted Mier prisoners, who saved his life by draw
ing a white bean, was recently killed in Texas
by a man named Tarrington, whose wife Lewis
had aided in getting a divorce.
There arc now in the United Stutes
thirty-two insane hospitals in active operation,
and nine others in construction. Twenty-eight
are State institutions, and the number of the
insane is 20.000.
The bill before the Massachusetts Leg
irlature to exclude all adopted citizens from
office in that State was lost in the House. It
required a two-thirds vote, aud it received 153
The Free Masons oflvalamazoo, Mich.,
are breaking ground for the erection ofa fine
block of brick buildings. Tbe Gazette says
it will be one of the finest structures in tbe
The Massachusetts House of Represen
tatives voted on the Ist iust. (I3t> to 110) to
abolish the death penalty.
The total amount of currency in Wis
consin is estimated at Iruin §3,000,000 to $3.-
The earnings of the Milwaukee and
Mississippi Railroad for April were $33,000 ;
same mouth last year, 518.315.
At an attraction at the Chesuut-street thea
tre, this week, an actor was advertised to ap
pear in three pieces .'— Phil. Cuur.
The whole number of applications for land
warrants up to May fitb was 120,800.
ISIS- Iu R chmoud. Va., there is a Baptist
church for negroes, which numbers 2,700 com
The Presbyterian General Assembly
(new school) is to meet iu St. Louison the 17lh
Swedenborg iax Funeral.- —The funeral ser
vices of Miss Grey, adopted daughter of Mrs.
Mowatt Ritchie, of Richmond, Virginia, were
arranged after the very appropriate and beau
tiful manner of the Swedenborgians. The cof
fin was borne into the church by six geutlemen
with white crape tied around their arms with
white ribbon. It was entirely covered with wbite
merino; at the head and foot were wreaths of
evergreen and white flowers, and in the center
a boquet of the same, and a kind of drapery
was looped up round the lids with evergreen
and white blossoms. The hearse was drawn by
white horses, and draped with white, instead
of the usual array of black. Mrs. Mowatt Ritch
ie, as chief mourner, was clad entirely in white,
and thus paid the last tribute of love to this
otherwise friendless orphan girl, whose short
life she had rendered comfortable and happy,
and whose last moments were fall of beautiful
Gov. Gardiner, of Massachusetts, re
fuses to remove Judge Loving. as advised by
The Cunard steatn.-hip Asia reached her
dock at half-past 5 o’clock this A. M., making
the run from Halifax in 39J hours. The mails
were sent through by the early train.
Tue Cholera.—A despatch from the Crimea
dated April 17th, report the cholera raging
fearfully in the French camp.
The London Times of Saturday, attributes
the decline in the funds in part to the withhold
ing, by tbe Government, of the latest news
from the srat of war.
The cholera continues its ravages in St. Pe
tersburg. The overflowing of the river Neva
had occurred, causing much destruction of
Outlie lit!) of April, Broussa. in Asiatic
Turkey, was visited with another earthquake,
which destroyed most of the stone buildings,
while the wooden ones were burned up. The
Jewish quarter of the city was buried under
bilge masses of earth and rock. The village of
Lickt-ndge. one league from Broussa, was uear
ly destroyed. The eat thquakc seemed to be
continuous; 150 shocks having occurred with
in 24 hours. Loss of life unknown.
We learn that Ex-Governor Seabury Ford
died at his residence in Burton, Ohio, last ove
The Stale Temperance Convention assembled
at Trcmont Temple today. About nine hun
dred people were present at the opening of the
ceremonies. Gov. Gardner was chosen Presi
dent, and in accepting tbe office made a brief
The lliss Investigating Committee made quite
a lengthy report to-day. They find nothing in
the conduct of Mr. Iliss. at Roxbury or Wor
cester deserving of censure, but are quite se
vere cm hisconduct with Mrs. Patterson at Low
ell. and recommend his resignation.
The report was copied and will be acted up
on to morrow.
The Know Nothing State Convention organ
ized to-day and will continue in session two or
three days. The proceedings are strictly pri
Syracuse has been agreed upon as the place
for holding future meetings.
A Know Nothing daily called the American
Organ makes its first appearance on to mor
Dan’l S. Dickinson has been here and left for
home last night.
llaurisbcruu, May 8.
The Legislature adjourned sine (lie this fore
The House passed unanimously a resolution
thanking Gov. Reeder, of Kanzas, for his faith
ful adherence to the old landmarks of Republi
can liberty, and defending tbe purity of the
ballot-box against a lawless and ruffianly tnob.
bidding him cordial welcome to his friends and
The powder mills, about live miles from this
city, exploded about 6 o’clock this morning,
killing fifteen men. This is the fourth time
these mills have blown up in the period of five
The buildings around them were blown to
atoms. They were owned by J. Connells & Co.
PrrrsßLUoH, May 8.
The river is now standing at six feel in the
channel. Weather clear and mild.
Hazleton. Pa., May 9.
Teu inches of snow fell here this morning.
Macon, Georgia, .May 7.
lion. Walter P. Colquitt died this morning.
The Anniversaries—. Senator Wilson on Slavery.
At the anniversary of the American and Fo
reign Bible Society to-day. it was reported that
the embarassmeut of the times had both hin
dered the sale of the Scriptures and lessened
the amount of contributions to the treasury,
which were some §lO 000 short of last year.—
Other accounts show that it is larger than any
other year except the last.
The American and Foreign Christian Union
made a somewhat similar report in a financial
point of view, their receipts only amounting to
$(>3,877, while their expenses are SC6,4(il.
Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, lectured
here last evening before a large audience, des
pite the inclement weather, at the Metropoli
tan Theater. His subject was Anti-Slavery in
1835 and 1855. He contrasted and embraced
the whole history of slavery, and delared him
self in favor of the immediate and uncondition
al abolition of slavery wherever it exists under
the Constitution of United States. He pledges
himself now and evermore in favor of blotting
out at once and forever from the Republic eve
ry act that recognizes or gives its sanction to
The Arkansas Gold Mines.
We stated some days since that gold had
been discovered upon the head waters of the
Arkansas River, four or five hundred miles
west of the Missouri boundary line, and that
great excitement prevailed in Western Missou
ri and Arkansas iu consequence. Later dates
represent the excitement as not being in the
least diminished. A letter was received in St.
Louis, recently, from a gentleman in Spring
field, Missouri, which says :—“A day or two
since, fiftecu or twenty of our citizens started
for Neosho, where they are to join a company
of near one thousand persons—all bound for
the Whitchfctaw Mountains, about four hundred
miles from this place—and up the Arkansas
River. Seven persons, residents of the county
of New ton. have recently returned, some of
whom are said to have realized three thousand
dollars in fifty days’ digging and washing.—
Quite an cxciiemeut prevails here, and another
company is to go out as soon as the guides and
Strong Gale at the Saut,
A terrible gale took place at the Saut St.
Marie on April 28, which destroyed three ten
ements as our informant states and injured
two persons seriously.
The steamer Sam Ward lying at the dock,
lost her upper works.and and one of Col. Ale
Knight's boats lost her smoke stacks, &c.—De
The Liquor Law in Boston.— The Mayor of
Boston proclaimed recently that be had no
discretionary power in the enforcement of the
prohibitory liqnor law ; that the city authori
ties are bound to enforce it to the fullest ex
tent ; that the only appeal against its rigor
ous provisions is to the law-making power, the
Legislature ; consequently, all who are en
gaged in the traffic are requested to abandon
it on or before the 20th inst., the day on which
the amended law takes effect.
Fort Pierre and Fort Laramie.— The West
port News, of the 3d inst.. alludes to the report
of the destruction of Fort Pierre by fire, com
municated by the liidiaos, and the capture of
Fort Laramie by the Sioux Indians. We al
lude to these reports merely to say, that we
do not believe either of these incidents. With
three companies of United States troops at
Fort t Laramie, it was out of the power of the
Sioux Indians to capture that tort ; and the
report of the burning of Fort Pierre has no
foundation whatever.— St. Louis Republican.
Thakksqiniko. —The Gov. of Missouri, Ster
ling Price,has appointed Thursday 31st of May,
to be observed as a day of public thanksgiving
by the people of that State.
ig®. Doctor Elizabeth Blackwell, at her res
idence ia the city of New York, gave a soiree
to the wedding party of Lacy Stohe and Hen
ry Blackwell, on Wad n—day of last week.
THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 17, 1856
Boston, May 9.
So, it appears by the Democrat of Tuesday,
that the troubled spirit which has arrayed its
undue bitterness against the Republican move
ment in Minnesota, turns out to be some aspi
rant or other who would supersede Mr. Rice in
Congress. Our Ueighbor winds up a column
of personal tirade, consisting in tbe main of
“garbled extracts” from street conversation,
which of course it is not our place to even al
lnde to except by way of introductory; and
finally shows his cloven foot in the concluding
line of this last demonstration of his, in this
“ Owens’ favorite for Delegate must be
It is not a matter ■ f the least particle of
doubt on the part of any of those who sustain
the political views of tbe Minnesotian. that its
editors—“ Owens” or auy one else who arc or
may be connected with the business of conduct
ing its editorial columns—will fail to render a
cordial and hearty support -to the right man
for Delegate, when he is placed properly before
the people. Wc have no favorite so far as men
are concerned. This avowal we would wish
known at his early day, so that there need be
no embarrassments with either our political
friends or opponents on this head. The man
whom the Minnesotian will support for Con
gross next October, must be one mortby to take
a p’ace ia that body alongside the leaders and
eminent men of the party who have succeeded,
on the principles of freedom and justice, in sup
planting the dynasty of Franklin Fierce. Our
choice is not yet made. The people w ill attend
to that matter in due time. Wc care not
whether his former predilections and associa
tions were “ Whig” or “Democrat,” under the
old parly acceptation of these t'.rms; but who
ever he may be, he must be right on the Great
Questions of the Day, before he can go to Con
gress with our support. We have never en
tered upon a political campaign with more in
difference as to the man —so he be a man—
to be chosen as tbe leader in the conflict, Ilian
at shis moment. Who the Democrat refers to
as our favorite, we have not the slightest con
Clevelami. May 9
Boston, May 8.
/Syracuse, May 9
Tl.o successor of Mr. Rice, whoever he tuny
be, will have hands and head busily occupied
if he fills the place of that gentleman, so far as
local interests to the Territory are concerned-
But as Mr. Rice peremptorily declines being a
candidate for re-election, we should like to
know who the Democrat would wish as his suc
cess')!? Hie jealous eye of the editor lias con
jured up some imaginary candidate whom he
supposes the Minntsotian would desire to see
elected to Congress, but he is careful to keep
in the back ground any allusion as to who lie
would entrust at Washington for the next two
years with the destinies of Minnesota. This is
unfair. It is au act unworthy even of men who
claim a lower position than the orgaushipof
Frank Fierce; and that is getting about as far
into subterranean dominions as human live
stock is usually found. II there was the least
probability that Mr. Rice would again be a can
didate, there might be some reason for this sud
den and premature anxiety on the part of our
neighbor; but as Mr. R. most positively refuses
to be regarded in that position, we are at a
great loss to understand precisely where the
Democrat expects to land, taking into consid
eration the present ship-wrecked condition of
its party in all parts of the country.
Rochester, May 8.
New York, May f)
Tiik Millionaires ok New York.- The New
York correspondent of the Charlestown Cour
ier makes the following mention of the million
aires of that city: ‘William B. Astor is our
richest man; he inherited his wealth. Stephen
Whitney, five millions; owes his fortune to
speculation in cotton and the rise in real es
tate. W. 11. Aspinwall four millious; came
from a rich family, and gained vast increase of
wealth ia the shipping business. James Len
ox, three millions, which he inherited. The
late Peter Harmony, two millions; came to the
city a cabin boy, and grew rich by commerce
The Lorillards, two millions; came from France
poor, and made their huge fortun; in the
tobacco aud snufl business. The late Anson
G. Phelps, two millions; learned the trade of
tinner, and made a fortune in iron and copper.
Alexander T. Stewart, J,wo millions; now in
the dry goods palace; began business in a little
fancy store. Of those who are put down for a
million and a half. George Law began life as a
farm laborer, Cornel.us Vanderbilt as a boat
man, and John Lafarge as steward to Joseph
Bonaparte. Of the millionaires, James Chest
erman began life as a journeyman tailor, and
Peter Cooper as a glue maker. George Ban
croft, Henry James, Professor Anthon, Thomas
McElrath aud Dr. Francis are each stated to
possess a hundred thousand dollars. Edwin
Forrest is rated a quarter of a million; so is
Sidney E. Morse, of the New York Observer.—
William Niblo, it appears, has four hundred
thousand dollars; and Dr. Mott two hundred
thousand. Barnuin is put down at eight hun
dred and fifty thousand. But perhaps the most
remarkable statement of all is, that Mrs. Okell.
of Now York, has made a quattcr of a million
by keeping school.”
The Legislative Excursion.— The Galena
Advertiser of Saturday says : "Yesterday we
had the pleasure of seeing a number of mem
bers of the Legislature, who had improved the
offer of a free ride on the Illinois Central Rail
road to Cairo and hence to Galena. They in
form us that the party consisted of about three
hundred persons, aud that the trip was a de
lightful one. (July about half of the members
of the Legislature were present. The party left
Cairo at 8 o'clock. Thursday moruing, and ar
riving here at f) o'clock, Friday morning, mak
ing the time leisurely in twenty-five hours.—
They represent the prospect of good crops in
the State as fine, as far as they could judge.—
The peach and apple trees in the lower part of
the Stale particularly, give promise of a most
abundant yield. We notieed, that our part of
the State bad not snffered in the comparison, in
the minds Qf those who had examined other
parts, on the line of the excursion.”
The Know Nothings have carried the
elections in Providence and Mobile, by large
A Bale ol 20,000 bushels of barley, of
the new crop, was made at Albany a few days
since,NU Si. oo per bushel. This is a pretty good
indication thht the brewers there mean to con
tinue their business notwithstanding the new
Washington Irving bss entirely recov
ered from bis lnte accident. Mrs. Webster, the
widow of Daniel Webster, who was recently in
jured by being thrown from a carriage, has also
Tile Cause of the TrettMe.
A Nephew of Kossuth Killed. — A distress
ing and fatal aocident occurred about half-past
eight o'clock, on Monday morning, in Snowden
township. It appears that a Hungarian, named
Kossuth, in the employment of Tbos. Kiddoo,
as a coal digger, went into that pit to assist
one of the hands, and while there a large mass
of what miners call “horse back,” fell upon
him, fracturing bis spine and crushing him in
a horrid manner, killing him almost instantly.
The deceased, if his statements can be relied
on as correct, was a nephew of the illustrious
Louis Kossuth, ex-Governor of Hungary,and is
said to have resembled in a striking degree, the
great Magyar. He took part in the Hungarian
revolution for freedom, and bad many hair
breadth escapes during that memorable strug
Steamboat Candidates. —John Law and Com
modore Vanderbilt having been spoken of as
candidates for the Presidency, it is proposed to
rate the several candidates by horse power—
thus, George Law. say a hundred horse power,
CornelivS Vanderbilt, seventy-five horse power,
more or less.
Larue Aurivai-s of Mormons.— The N. T.
Herald of 7th inst., says : From all accounts
the missionaries of the Mormons arc prosely
ting vigorously in Europe just now. We are
informed that more than five-hundred Latter-
Day-Saints arrived at Philadelphia,from Liver
pool, on Saturday. in the ship Juvcnta;and
four hundred and twenty-four other zealots
reached the same port a few days previous, all
bound direct for Great Salt Lake City.
Cholera in St. Louis. —The St. Louis Dem
ocrat of Tuesday last, says that during the
previous week there were seventy deaths in that
city from cholera. This is a large increase
upon the deaths from the same disease for the
week before, and indicates its existence in St.
Louis as an epidemic.
In the House to-day. a message was received
from Gov. Gardiuer, respectfully declining to
remove Judge Loring in accordance with the
address of the two branches of the Legislature.
The House refused to refer the message to the
Committee on Federal Resolutions, but laid it
on the table and ordered 5000 copies to be
£=£)" Professor Agassiz, Professor of natural
history in Harvard College, has had the offer
of a position in the University of Edin
burgh, Scotland, at a salary of SIO,OOO. He
declines the offer, prefering to remain at Har
vard, fr#m his desire to mould anil develop
scientific learning in this country.
_£3EJ~Thc Montpelier, Vt,. people are talking
about lighting their village with gas. Some
one offers to put in works for them for $30,000.
to take himself one third or one half stock ;
and give a good guarantee that the stock, after
paying all expenses, will pay six per cent, an
nually to the stock holders for three or five
years, or longer, as the other stock holders
A gentleman from the State of Maine
is owner in fee of about one and a half miles,
of water frontage of the entire harbor of New
York, viz : Communipaw. opposite the battery
and running down the shore to aud including
Cavern Point ; having, by the law of New
Jersey, the right to build docks and wharves,
so far as not to impede navigation, thus giving
900 acres of flats, as well as the upland, from
which a most magnificent view of New Yoik
and Brooklyn, as well as the whole harbor is
to be seen. This entire property has remained
in the family of the original proprietors for
more than one hundred and fifty yeaas. unim
It is stated that Mr. Tuck, in New
Hampshire, has witbdran from the contest for
Senator, and that the prospect is clear that
Hon. John P. Hale, and Mr. Bell, the unsuc
cessful Whig candidate for Governor, will he
The Ericsson.”' —This once hot-air, but
now. after .lie usual fashion, steamer, made a
trial trip down the bay yesterday, and appear
ed to traval very lively. She returned to the
city in the afternoon, having made a Very sat
isfactory trip.—.V. V. Express, May 4th.
Kossuth announces, by advertisement
that he has formed a permanent engagement
with the London Atlas, aud solicits subscrip
tions for that (weekly) paper.
A wag observes that he looks under
the marriage head for the news of the weak.
A Remedy i'ou Contagious Diseases. —lt is
said that when a Lake Superior Indian gets the
small pox, he closes the door of his but, kills
his dog, and then shoots himself. In arrest
ing a contagion, wc can imagine no plan more
simple or effectual.
The Annual Meeting of the Minnesota
Bible Society, will be held in the basement of
the Central Presbyterian Church, in St. Paul,
on Saturday the 2Gth of May, at 3 o’clock, P.
On the following day—the Sabbath, there
will be a general meeting in the above men
tioned Church, at o’clock, P. M., at which,
the Rev. George Bent, agent of the American
Bible Society, will make a statement ot opera
tions. and several addresses may be expected.
It is hoped that this meeting will be fully at
tended, and that auxiliary societies throughout
the Territory will be represented.
MS' A proposition is on foot to consolidate
the city of Pittsburgh and her neighbors,
Alleghany, Manchester, Duquesne, I.awranci
ville. Miucrsville, Birmingham, <scc. The
consolidated city would have a population of
about 200,000 souls.
jZS3rIn the Book and Stationery line. Dahl
has about as fine a stock as we usually come
across, even in the oldest cities of the West.—
It is not at all out of the way to give Dahl a
call as you pass along Roberts street.
*r-®~ A new objection to the use of wine at
communion is raised by the St. Albans, (Vt.,)
Tribune, which makes the estimate that com
munion wine in the United States costs the
churches $690,000 per year, and asks how many
missionaries this sum w-ould maintain. Every
thing is judged by the money standard, even
pgr A bill as been introduced in Ibe Mas
sachusetts Legis'ature, providing that in crim
inal trial the prisoner's counsel shall have the
closing argument, instead of the p osecuting
Hon. E. B. Washbubxe.— This gentleman
left last Wednesday morning, with the inten
tion of visiting Europe. He expeets to be ab
sent two or three month*.— Galma Adcerti
Present—The Mayor, and Aid. Bazil, Cave,
Becker, Fuller, Knox, Irvine, Nobles and Schur
The Comptroller returned the following bills
duly audited, viz:
Joseph Powers, work on Watch nousc, Ac.,
James F. Jackson, folding doors, Ac-. $23,00.
William R. Miller, repairing Council room,
Same for removing nuisances, $17.00.
William Murphy, for work on Third street,
in Second Ward, $6,00.
All ordered paid.
Aid. Fuller made the foliowing report
The Committee to whom was referred that
portion of the Mayor's message relating to the
levee, report that in their opinion the levee is
entirely inadequate to the amount of business
done thereat, and would recommend the open
ing aud grading of Levee and Water St., as
foflows:—From Broadway to Minnesota St., six
ty feet in width; from Minnesota St. to St. Pe
ters St., Twenty-five feet in width; from St. Pe
ters St. to Chestnut St., sixty feet in width, and
would earnestly recommend that the above
work from Broadway to Chestnut street be
commenced and completed as soon as possible.
R. C. KNOX.
A. G. FULLER,
St. Paul, \'ay 15, 1855.
Report accepted, and
On motion of Aid. Becker, it was
Resolved, That the Report of the Committee
on Streets be referred to the City Attorney
with instructions to ascertain whether there is
a street in this city fro ting on the river, known
as Water street, extending from Broadway in
Kittson s addition to Chestnut street in Rice A
Irvine's additiou to St. Paul, and if so, what
m y be the width of the same, and generally as
to what control the City Government has under
the Charter, of the banks of the Mississippi
within the city limits.
The following communication was read and
laid on the tab'c :
Boston, Mat 10.
St. Paul, May Bth, 1855.
To the Hon. the Mayor and Common Council
of the City of St. Paul:
On the 11th ult. you were pleased
to confer upon me the appointment of City
Surveyor and Engineer. The duties of this
office, l have, up to this time, been wholly una
ble to perforin ; and circumstances beyond my
control may prevent my giving, for some time
to come, that atlcntinn to the duties of the of
fice their importance demands. 1 accordingly
tender you my resignation, trusting it may”be
accepted by your honorable body.
A. C. Dunn, Clerk of Election 1855. $4 00
Referred to Comptroller.
J. C. Burbank A Co.. Seal for City. $26 00
Referred to Committee on Claims and Ac
By Aid. Becker.
Resolved, That orders to the amount of six
hundred dollars be drawn on the City Treasury
and delivered to the Street Commissioners of
the 3d Ward, in such sums, and at such times
as said Commissioners may direct, the same to
be chargeable to the ward fund of said ward.
By Aid. Nobles.
Resolved, That all accounts or claims against
the city, which are hereafter presented to the
Common Council, be verified,.by the oath or
affirmation of the person in whose favor such
claim or account may exist, before the same be
acted on by the Common Council.
On motion of Aid. Knox, it was
Resolved, That the City Surveyor be request
ed to accompany the Special Committc to ex
amine the work of City Survey, as made by S
P. Folsom, Esq., late City Surveyor.
Aid. Cave introduced
Au Ordinance to license Carts, Drays and
Said ordnance passed its first reading.
On motion the Council adjourned.
ALEX. RAMSEY, Mayor.
Sherwood Hough, Clerk.
Clorinda Cordial, says the Cincinnati
Commercial, is the name ol a beverage that has
been introduced in that city, since the passage
of the prohibitory liquor law. It looks, tastes
and smells so much like brandy ns to deceive
the best judges. Another article, known as na
tive Kentucky Wine, has a marvellous resem
blance to whiskey.
Barnum writes to the New York Tri
bune that his Baby Show business is beautifully
going ahead. He thinks there is strong proba
bility that the full number of one hundred cra
dles will be occupied. It is suggested, howev
er, that he will have to hire the babies of the
poor of the city of New York, and dress them
up for the occasion.
2&T* One of the famous steamboat compan
ies in New York, is getting up a grand excur
sion to the Black Sea. to start, say the first of
Ju’y. and return home by the first of Novem
ber. Price of tickets five hundred dollars each.
Passengers will have an excellent opportunity
to sec how tilings are going on at Sebastopol.
Mr. Longworth, of Cincinnati, says the
Charter Oak grape, scut to hir.t from Connecti
cut, is of no value unless for bullets in time of
war. when lead is scarce, yet the roots arc sold
from $2 to $5.
New Hampshire Politics.— The New Hamp
shire Legislature, elected in March, will assem
ble at Concord in June. The most important
subject to come before that body will be the
election of two United States Senators. It
seems to lie understood that John P. Hal will
be nominated for the full term of sfx years.
The choice of a candidate for the short term
will probably fall upon Daniel Clarke, of .Man
chester, or Mr. Bell, the Whig candidate for
Governor in the recent contest. Both are Anti
Nebraska. The Nebraska Democrats arc talk
ing o - Paul R. George as their candidate.
The New York Tribune makes a singular mis
take in in its article on the Senatorial question
in New Hampshire, when it says that “ the
Hunker Democrats are talking of Paul R.
George as their candidate.” Paul is looking
for the Know Nothing nomination, if any, hav
ing joined that party long ago.
at Memphis, Tenn., has given
$25,000 damages to a man named Severs, who
sued the town for injuries he received while he
was imprisoned in what is called the ‘‘chain
gang.” By consent of the plaintiff, the Judge
reduced the verdict to SIO,OOO.
The Democrat justifies the Missouri out
rage in Kansas on the ground that there have
been mobs in Bostoa and Chicago! What ab
surdity next ?
Tuesday, May 15.
Aailrtrury «f the Anti-Slmrery Society.
New York, Wednesday, May 9.
The weather to-day has been anything bat
favorable to the anniversaries, bnt notwith
standing the pelting of the north-easter, the
audience at the Metropolitan Theatre was quite
large, and the anti-slavery folks bad a very
good time. The occasion was marked by unu
sual harmony, and must have proved signally
gratifying to the participators.
It appears by a report of the Treasurer
that the receipts of the Society for the past'
year have been $354,666, aud expenditures
The following resolutions were offered by
the President, Win. L. Garrison, and discussed
by Rev. Antoinette Brown, Theodore Par’.-er,
Wendell Phillips. Mr. Garrison, and others:
Resolved, That in all systems existing in tho
world. American slavery is the most merciless
towards its victims, and most murderous and
demoralizing in its features, and calamitous in
Resolved, That its immediate aud uncondi
tional abolition is the pecuniary and paramount
duty of this nation, before which all other ques
tions fade into insignificance, and all other is
sues are as dust in the balance.
Resolved. That, for the continuance and ex
tension of slavery on our soil, the American
Church and Clergy, with honorable but rare
exceptions, are prominently guilty, in that they
have thrown over it the mantle of Christianity
decleard it to be in accordance with the Will
and Word of God, denounced the anti-slavery
movement as infidel in its spirit and objects,
and admitted to the Communion table, such as
made merchandise of human bodies and immor
Rceo/ved, That such a churcb. Is. in the*
graphic language of the Scriptures, “ a cage of
unclean birds, and a synagogue of Satan.” and
that such religious teachers arc wolves in
sheep s eioiuitig, watchmen that are blinded,
shepherds that cannot understand, and that
all look to their own, nay every one to bis own
gain, from his quarter.
Resolved, That in the language of Patrick
Henry, “ It is a duty we owe the purity of our
religion,” to show that it is at variance with
tnai law which warrants slavery.
The American Tract Society held its thir
teenth anniversary in the Tabernacle.
Life in Texas.— Mr. G. W. Kendall, editor of
the N. O. Picayune, who has retired to a sheep
farm, in Texas, thus writes to his paper:
So far, although my place at the Post Oak
Spring is within a lew miles of where depreda
tions have been committed, the Indians have
been kind enough not to molest me; yet all my
good fortune 1 altri nte to the fact that at that
particular locality I keep neither horses nor
catiie, and I do not believe that the red ratcals
care much about sheep. I hope they may nev
er get up an appetite for mutton.
•• But if they have not meddled with my
sheep, they have pestered me in another way ;
they have kept up a stampede among the men
in iny employ, and rendered some ot them con
stantly uneasy. One negro man in particular,
who was at work cutting and splitting rails,
was in such continual fear for several days that
he declared he could not half woik. To use
h s own words:--* Every lick I gib dc tree wid
dc axe I hab to look round to see if some Irijun
don't gib me lick in de back ob my head wid a
tomahawk.' A man with such a scare upon
him is ot little service.
Slavery in Kaxzas.—How often must we
learn, over and over again, the lesson that
Slavery can never lx- satisfied ? When the gov
ernment was tirst framed, it. begged and prayed
to be suffered to exist—only exist—for a few
years. If that were granted, it would never
ask or claim another privilege. It was grant
ed. And in less than twenty years it stole half
the territory that we had bought from Franco
and dedicated to Freedom.
We remonstrated. But Slavery plead and
threatened and reasoned us into the belief that
if we would only let it have what it had got,
and draw a line between us and it, it would
never—ncvci —never cross that line nor beg
another favor as long as it should live—which
with hypocritical resignation,it remarked w ould
not be long. We granted this boon also. And
in return it picked our pockets of Texas, which
came to us free from Mexico-made it into Slave
Territory and then swore till all was blue, that
if we did not give it California also, it would
shatter the Union to a.oms.
We appeased the monster by promising that
our Courts should perform the duties which, till
then, had devolved upon its blood-hounds. It
ratified a solemn agreement with us, that there
should be another claim put forward on its
part, forever. Four years afterward, it broke
down the line for which it had begged and blus
tered in 1820. and declared that where it should
go was a question not for us but for the “set
tlers” to decide.
Forced into reluctant compliance, we stood
by to await the issue. The issue comes and
Slavery shirks it! It now tramples on the
‘•popular sovereignty” in Kanzas for which it
was so clamorous, ten months ago. First pray
ers, then entreaties, then argument, then bar
gaining. then usurpation, then fraud, and now
force. What next? When it has taken Kan
zas, shall we make another compromise with it
—to last until it feels strong enough to
break it—to be observed by us with religious
devotion, and to be tossed by it to the winds.
Protection of Emigrants.— The Legislature
of New York, at its last session, having made
it incumbent upon the Commissioners of Emi
gration to provide a dock where all emigrants
are to be landed, with a view to their protec
tion against the brood of land sharks who re
gard them as their legitimate prey, the Com
missioners, says the Post, have leased Castle
Garden, and intend to shut out all runners and
boarding house keepers until, through their of
ficers, they shall have an opportunity of cau
tioning and advising these unsuspicious stran
gers against the impositions which will be at
tempted upon them. No sick or diseased are
to be landed there; but those only who are
healthy and fit to mingle with citizens with
out endangering the health of city or ccuntry.
All who arrived affected with disease w 11 be
removed from the ships at Quarantine, where
arrangements have been made for an even more
rigid examination of the passengers than has
Castle Garden, it will be remembered by
those familiar with New York, lies off the Bat
tery, and while isolated from the city, is admi
rably situated with respect to health, and of
easy access to all parts of the city and to the
public conveyances leading < ut of it all direc
Gov. Renter at Wa*blu£loa.
Washington, May 11
i lie Union of ibis morning says Gov. Reeder
is not in Washington for the purpose of invok
ing the action of the General Government in
regard to the administration of his duties in
Kauzas. but simply preparatory to his return
to the Territory, which he purposes making hia
The Union praises the Governor as a firm ami
conservative democrat, siding with neither
arty in relation to the existing excitement in
Application for clerkships in the Court of
Claims nre very numerous. The clerk will prob
ably be appointed this week and the rulea
adopted next week.
J&r The Washington Union denies the re
port that Mr. Wise of Virginia has appealed to
the President to remove Gov. Reeder.
',s®, Larpenteur has his new goods on band,
and store crowded full of them, at that.—
Particulars in the way of advertisments, in %
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