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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTI A TV.
_ . . _ "fa*. OWENS, HOOKE & PRATT, VOLUME 4. satljr Uiiuifsotiait. Published every Morning. (Sundays excepted) and delivered to subscribers in St. Paul at FIFTEEN CENTS TER WEEK, Payable to the carrier weekly. Weekly Minncsotian, $2 per annum. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. lOWEIT RATES OF CASH ADVERTISING IN DAILY. r f Ttcelvt lince or leu* constitute! a square .] squares 1 insertion, $ .75| 1 square, 1 year, SIO.OO “ each additional, .25 J» column, 3 mos., 16.00 “ Ons week, 1.50 “ 6 « 22.00 “ Two weeks, 2.26 “ 1 year, 30.00 “ One month, 3.50 X celumn, 3 oios., 20.00 Two months, 4.00 « 6 “ 28.00 Three mouths, 6.00 « i year, tsloo “ Six months, 8.00 I column, 1 year, 76.00 Advertisements Inserted In both Dally and Weekly,one I»lf price additional. KvsiNEss Cards, not exceeding live lines, inserted at $5 per aunntn. Tran-lent advertiscmentslo be paid for In advance. Leaded advertisements,placed Imnieiliately before no tices of marriages and deaths, will be charged double the af“*ve rates when not changed j and 60 cents per 1000 mb' for eaeh change. All advertisements, unless the time isspeclfled, will be twserted till forbid, and charged accordingly. Job Printing or every - description, done in the best Style and at the lowest rates. MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20, 1855 The Minnesota Land Sales Tlio St. Paul papers complain of the Gov ernment for the step taken, iu bring so large a body of the public lauds ol Minnesota— -5,286,974 —into the market the next Fall. They say, few of the actual settlers are prepared to purchase, and that as a consequeuce, a large portion of these lands will be entered up by speculators. AH this may be true. We have never yet kuowu a laud sale to take place when any but a small part of the settlers were prepared, three moths before, to enter their claims.yct somehow, when the day came most of them had requisite provision made for se curing their homes. Such will be the case row. As for the speculators, they will no donbt purchase large quantities; but is Dot the policy the best which scatters their forces over a large surface, rather than that which, by biiugiug iu small districts at a time, induces them te concentrate their power, and take the w hole in detail ? A new country may begin to date its substantial prosperity from the time the public lauds pass out of the hands of the Government into those of private individuals. Unt 1 that takes place, the people will be prac t e illy poc r,’ however rieli they may be in bro.td acres, claimed or actually owned. When a settler has bought his land and paid for it, he feels secure in his title, and sets seriously ab.mt JBak’ng a home ; but, until that is done, the f*'ar that he is not quite secure in bis posses ticr. int’.ines him to be restive and suspicious* w hich partially unfits him for the formation of extensive plans and tor their execution. The execution of these very plans enhances the v alue of his domain, and he soon acquires wealth, directly from the product ol his labor, and indirectly from tlie rise of his real estate. J'tot while I lie one idea exists of buying mure land, the settler seldom docs little else, and is "land poor.” In our opinion, the people of Minnesota may date the couimenc ment of their great and actual prosperity from the date of the land sales, soon to transpire. As lor spe bulators, we presume their principal harvest will be gathered by locating laud-warrants for oilu-rs at a largo profit to themselves, but at a still larger protit usually to others. About lS3i*or’37, til*; public lands in this vicinity were "i d -red into the market by proclamation- Und withdrawn on the petition of the people. They were not sold for about ten years there, alter, and the advance of the country Was re tarded at least fine years in consequence. Few permanent improvements were made until the settlers became bona lide owners of the soil.— Cafena .ideertiser. (*ur Galena neighbor, though generally very tareftil irt forming, and correct in bis conclu sions, wc think could not have written an arti cle more fallacious than the above. Let us take it for granted, for instance, that most ol the settlers will be able to raise the money to enter their homes, by the time of the sale, it is the fatrt of compelling them to do this that is Complained of, and which will prove so oppres sive. Money cannot now be obtained for lc>B than thirty per cent, a year, and if the sale takes place it will be increased to sixty per cent., for the demand for one million dollars in gold to supply the necessities ol five thousand borrowers which the I’rcsident has Created, Will raise it to that amount. And all for what? Simply to put money in the Treasury of the United States, which the government has no need for—which she does not want —and there by loading our people with a burdensome debt. As for the speculators,our neighbor concedes that they w ill get a large share, but thinks the policy of cloying them all ;it once to be better than by feeding them a piece at a time, make them only the more hungry for the next mor sel. There is some plausibility in the manner !n which our neighbor has put the question. But our plan we consider a much better one ; and that is not to let them have any of it. This can be easily done by keeping the lauds out of market for a few years, when the w hole country will be settled by men who want the land, w ho have a right to the land because they Want it for tin; purpose of a home, and who otherwise w ill be cheated out ol their rights to satisfy the rapacity of the speculators. It is all true that “ a new country may be gin to date its substantial prosperity from the time the public lands pass out of fhe hands of the government into those of private individu als provided, they pass into the bauds of the occupants ol the soil ; but w hen they go into the hands of non-residents, instead of a bless ing, it is a curse. Now by keeping the lands out of niaikct for a shorttime, it will all go t into the hands of those who will develop its wealth. And why is it that the couutry does not begin to be prosperous till the lands are out ol the hands of the government? Because the government never improves them. And when the lauds pass into the hands of uou-rcs idculs, it only passes from the hands of one speculator to that of another, rendering it as much more difficult for the settler to get hold of them as the price which is asked is greater than the price of the government. The editor of the Advertiser seems to think that the settler cannot acquire a title to his home till the lands are thrown into market. This is a great mistake. The settler can at any time after the land is surveyed and the plats returned to the land office of his district, prove up his pre-emption and enter his claim t and thus could the whole country be entered if it was settled. Thus falls to the gi ound the argument that the settlers and the country must remain poor because the title to the land is in the hands of the government. It is very true that a man gay become “land poor” by haring too much land, but it is the legitimate result of the carrying out of your policy, not ourt. By our plan no man can get more than 160 acres ; you would allow him to have all that his money will buy. and hare no thing left to make improvements. Again we say, keep out the speculators, and allow the land to be entered only under the pre-emption act, and in five years’ time the country abont to be put in market will have been selt'.ed by at least 150,000 people. But if the sale takes place,three-fourths of the land will at that time be in the hands of that class, and by them held at from twelve to twenty dollars per acre. The Advertiser speaks of the country around Galena being put back in consequence of the land being withheld from market. Of course we do not pretend to know what the effect was there, but we think if our neighbor will look more closely into the doctrine of cause and ef fect, he will find the effects which he speaks more clearly traceable to other causes than the one set forth. Tucrlow Weed. —This gentleman, remarks the Galena Advertiser, the telegraph announ ces, retires from the Albany Evcniug Journal, and is to be suciyeded by Mr. Samuel Wilke sonf»of"lhe Buffalo Democracy, which last pitper is to be discontinued. The withdrawal of Mr. W. is an event of some momeut in po litical affairs, as no single individual, perhaps, has wielded so much power as he has for many years in New York. lie obtained his power as an editor iu the face of the most violent op position, and having a constitution to bear the onset, his strength grew with the exertion, and now at the age of 58, he retires in honor from a field which he has defended with a shrewdness and valor seldom equalled in the United States. His forte is that of a political journalist, and like most of those who have ever distinguished themselves as such, he has always steadily rejected other honors than those connected with his profession. lie has won his fame by ever holding himself in read iuess, to throw his soul, with undivided pur pose, without any selfish entanglements, into the cause of others, and this has been one great cause of his success. Mr. Weed is not known as a writer of many words; but he knows bow to use those words to the best ad vantage. In the management of his cause, no earthly power could make him speak till the right time arrived, and then, nothing could keep him silent till the time for action was over. From the ranks of journalism he will be greatly missed. The New York Tribune notices the following events in Mr. Weed’s history: Mr. Weed was born in Catskill. in 171)7. aiul commenced life as a cabin-boy on the North River. He afterwards learned the trade of a printer, in the ollice of a small newspaper con ducted by the late Col. Stone. In the war of ISI2 lie served as a drummer. He became a jornalist ;n Onondaga county, where lie started a newspaper, which was not successful. His first prominent appearance in politics, was in the Presidential canvass of 1824, when John Quincy Adams was elected. He afterwards conducted a daily paper at Rochester, and during the auti-niasonic excitement lie was repeatedly chosen to the Legislature—the only public office, so far as we are aware, which he could ever be induced to accept. In 1830 the Evening Journal was founded, and as its edi tor, Mr. Weed has achieved results which few men can hope to emulate, lie has carried into its columns the vigor, courage, independence and ardor which form prominent elements in his character. As a writer, lie is surpassed by many in facility and grace, but by none in point, force and conciseness. His articles are usually short, but they are always pithy, strik ing and effective. In that difficult part of Journalism, the selection from books and pe riodicals of interesting miscellaneous reading for fireside amusement and instruction, we do not know his superior. The Ball in Motion. The canvass for the coming election is being opened in earnest. It will be seen by the no tice of the Central Republican Committee that Mass Meetings arc to be held during this and the ensuing week, in Winona and Fillmore Counties, which arc to be addressed by Messrs. Marshall and Wilkinson, of St. Paul. In addition wc learn from the St. Anthony Republican that there will be meetings held during the month at Chauhasscn, Excelsior, Wayzata, Marshall Precinct, Elm Creek, Mon ticello, Sauk Rapids, Little Falls, Elm River and Anoka, wliitih will be addressed by J. W. North, Esq., of St. Anthony. Mr. Mars all will accompany Mr. North to Chauhasscn. Ex celsior, and Wayzala, and will then leave to fulfil his engagements in the Southern part of the Tetritory. Meetings will also be held during this month at I'M on Prairie, Sbakopee, Le Sueur, Traverse des Sioux, Mankato, Farribault, Alexander and Mendota, which will be addressed by Dr. Charles Jewett, an exceedingly entertaining speaker. In all parts Of the Territory there is a general w aking up among the friends of the Republican movement. The time for action lias arrival; and wc are gratified to see this disposition to make such thorough work of it. Collece of St. Paul. —It will be seen, by notice in another column, that the Trustees of the institution have secured the services of Rev. Mr. Williams, of Galena, as Principal ; and that the Academic Department will be opened for the fall terra in about four weeks. Alsr>, that tnc fall term of the Baldwin School will commence in about two weeks, under the charge of an accomplished instructress. gSr Will the Democrat inform us upon what ••formtjr occasion” was Mr. Olmsted the nominee of the Whig parly for Congress. We pause for a reply. £-8* Wilson Shannon has accepted the Gov ernorship of Kansas, and departs forthwith for that Territory. corespondent of the Missouri Repub lican gives an account of the ravages of Chol era at Fort Riley, which carried away in the course of 48 hours, some fifty persons, includ ing Maj. Ogden, the wife and two children of Maj. Woods, and the wife of Maj. Armistead of the Gth infantry, together with some forty-six Citizens. SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, 1855. Correspondence of the lllnnesotlan. Rumblings. Lowell Island, Aug. 5, 1859. Dear Mdcnksotiax :—Your humble, servant has at last found a cool,- pleasant place. The sea breeze of this evening imparts vigor to the system, and for once, to-day everybody seems wide awake. Though it is Sunday, there is a low hum of joyous converse floating through the halls and along the corridors of this large and comfortable hotel, which bespeaks happiness, though not positive irrever ence. The clergyman did not come to-day, so the Islanders keep the Sabbath each after his own liking. Some lounged, aud fished, and smoked and loafed, while others retired to their rooms to read and meditate to their heart’s content. This is human nature the world over; some find enjoyment in one thing aud some in another. Lowell Island, five miles off Salem, and about the same distance from Nahaut, is a “summer resort,” much visited and justly re commended by the searcher for pleasure. It is no more the resort of only the rich and the gay, than those of more moderate means and modest attire. Therefore, to the man of truly “Republican” ideas, it is the place for real free and easy enjoyment. My companions say, to-morrow wc must tempt the “finny tribe” with clams a few hours, and then make a “ten-strike” in yonder alley ; and then, if the time permits, stroll to the water’s edge, and, with the usual crowd of both sexes, enjoy a bath on the surf. Were it not for the sport afforded, it would hardly pay to destroy the illusion which always gives to the woman a graceful figure and perfection of person. Surely, bathing dresses do not contribute to show her off to the best advan tage. The illusion may be resumed, however, when she is again seen more gaily attired and presiding in a more appropriate sphere. After atrip to the White Mountains, first in my thoughts will be my adopted home in the West. lam tired of railroads and steamboats, and tired of visiting and answering the thou sand questions about Minnesota. In fact, I have got a string of replies on hand, as fol lows:—Live in St. Paul—like the country healthy, 6ir, —well, yes, a lit tle cholera—good water —plenty of timber — wages high—board high—good churches—go 3d schools —yes, some Indians, very peaceable, though, Ac., Ac. Sound policy, however, would suggest a placard, of the above, at tached to the person. But I must not close this without an allusion to your politics. The coming election of Delegate is looked forward to with great iu tcrcst. The Republican feeling was never stronger around here, ami the success of your candidate is confidently hoped for. Yours, in haste, 11. W. P. Correspondence of the Minncsotian. WKVhniiHJE, Vt.. Aug. 3, 1855. Dear Mlnnesotiax .-—From the position I occupy amid the branches of an ancient wil low, having attained it by a flight of stairs at the terminus of which a floor and seats have been nicely arranged, I have a view of Silas Wright’s monument, erected by the citizens ol this town, near the spot where his childhood and youth were passed. His was a happy il lustration of the triumphs of genius over ob stacles ; rising, as he did, from a country plow boy to become one of our nation’s mightiest sons. What slate is more renowned for men of genius and talent? There is much food for thought in the reply of the Green Mountain eer to the Englishman’s interrogatory as to “what could be raised on such poor soil?” *' Why, sir,” said he, “we have schools and raise MEN !” and a better class of men, Ver monters being judges, the world has never produced. The spirit inhaled with the morning dew in this free mountain air by young Silas had a direct and important tearing upon the brilliant career of the illustrious statesman. History records of Gov. Chittenden, first Governor of Vermont, that it was his custom to sit at fable with his workmen, and serve them with his own hands, his wife presiding. The cus tom of Course became popular. lion. Silas Wright, in later years, when free from Con gressional duties, was accustomed to work with his men, to wash from the same “trough,” and with his wife to sit at the same board. And so it is still. I have watched it in every department of life, men of most dignity of cha racter, the true aristocrats of the country.have no greater pride than to assemble guests and workmen around the Weil filled board. The parents of the great statesman died not long since, in the dwelling now owned by Mr. Leon ard Wright, but a short distance from where I write. A few years since there was a remarkable “ land slide” near bore, on the bank of Otter Creek ; the bed of the river was removed, a dwelling, with its contents, sunk twenty or thirty feet, and yet all the inmates escaped un hurt ; a willow tri e is growing where it halted iu its course, the only relic of the part remain ing upon the spot. A little distance from the above is marked a theatre of Revolutionary scenes. I:: 1778 a marauding party of British lndiaus and Tories invaded the quiet homes of the four families in this vicinity, burnt their houses* killed their animals, and took the four men and three lads prisoners. The four wives and smaller chil dren for eight or ten days occupied an out door cellar in the vicinity, on the farm now owned by Mr. Samuel Wright, until our troops came to their rescue. On this spot there is proposed aud soon to be built a monument to the memory of those noble patriots whose deeds have hitherto been unrecorded, save in private memorandums belonging to their dccendants. One of these died in prison, at Quebec, three escaped, and after long wandering reached their homes ; the rest, after extreme suffering, were discharged in 1781. “ Donor to the illus trious dead 1” The snowy mansion in front of me, with its spacious piazzas, has supcrsceded the roomy old red farmhouse of my grandfather Wright, who, with the wife of his youth, the solace of his life, sleeps in tb« small enclosure a little Office—Third Street, below Cedar* : to the right. SnaAe mountain rise* abruptly in ttie rear, behind which the son has already 6Unk, although twa hours high. From its base the country stretches forth in every direction as beautiful and letel as the finest prairies of Minnesota. The reader may fancy a sign ifican cy in the name, and year* ago it would not have been amiss, as It originated from the ma ny rattlesnakes which found a retreat thereon. But something like thirty years since, a “ vil lainous serpent” bit a fair young daughter of my grandfather,* when the citzens rose en masse , surrounded and marched on to the mountain, searched Otat the den, and thus suc ceeded in exterminating them. Beneath its shadows rural joys are sweetly blended in a a country home. A tiny brook sings a cheerful lay as it dances from the mountain side, paus ing a moment in Hkj yard to create a fountain, and hastens on totHtcr Greek, where, like “ A tine of silver ’arid a fringe of green,*’ it silently courscs ils way to Champlain. Fruit trees of all kinds embower the dwelling iu their rich foliage aud fruit, lutd here and there, ar ranged in admirable irregularity, is the smoke house, woodhouse, milkhouse, hen house and carriage- house, with horse-barn and hay-barns and all other appurtenances, denoting the highest degree of thrift and comfort. The broad, rich acres cf my sainted ancestors st. etch far to the cast and south, and his chil dren’s children arc now raking the fragrant hay and conveying the abundant harvest into the garner. lam greeted, while I write, with its sweet fragrance and the cheerful [voice of the tired haymakers. Surely there is a charm in life, and earth is rich in beauties, for it is filled with manifold tokens Of God’s glory, and the glad sun sheds his most potent ray on all. The “ western fever” is becoming very con tagious. and such is its prevalence that strong fears are entertained that the cast will soon be almost depopulated. I shall most assuredly be faithful to the interests of Minnesota, and if there is not a general rush there another season from the Green Mountains, it will not be because I have not done my duty. fUT- Marshall A Co. have fitted up the first floor of Judge Lambert’s new building on the corner of Third aud Cedar streets, and moved their Bauking House into it ou Saturday after noon. Gov. Reeder at Home. —The New York Evening Post says: “Therv: will be a mass meeting at Easlon, the residence of Governor Reeder, on the 20th inst., when suitable notice will probably be taken of the indignity which Pennsylvania has sustained iu the time and manner ol his removal.” The Census of Milwaukee bus been completed, and show* a population of 50,143, and an increase within the past five years oi 10,08 S. The Wheat Crop in Wisconsin. —Speaking of the wheat crop, the Appleton Crescent says: Call on Wisconsin for 20.000,000 bushels, and she will honor the draft if you pay enough ; if not, she will export to Minnesota, Nebraska and the rest of mankind. Uniformed Coxdcctous. —The Conductors ou the Nett' York and Eric Railroad have adopted a uniform. It is appropriate and becoming* not unlike that of the New York Police. The buttons bear the cmblcth of a miniature loco motive, and the word ‘‘Conductor.” Will not the example be followed on other roads ? Apples arc very abundant in Ohio. On tile Western Reserve, Ohio, farmers have made contracts to sell them on the trees, the buyers to pick them, at six to tcu Cents a bushel. The eastern tunnel on the Blue Ridge Rai’- road has been cut 1,555 leet. It is sixteen feet wide and twenty five leet high. The whole is of solid rock. The western tunucl has been cut 1,704 feet. During the last mouth 77 leet have been cut in both tunnels. There arc a 1,000 feet to finish, when daylight will shine through the Blue Ridge. New York State Fair. —The annual Fair of the New York State Agricultural Society is to be hold at Eiinira, Chemung county, on the 2d, 3d, 4th and sth of October next—the same days on which the Michigau State Fair takes place. The amouut of premiums offered is about SS,OOO. Gov. Wright, of Indiana, will deliver the annual address. The iron rails of the Grand Trunk Railroad, from Toronto west to Stratford, 110 miles, are now being laid. The castings for the tubular bridges on the road have mostly arrived from England. The road is to be in operation in November. American Congress of Dentists.—Puila delfuia, Aug. 2.— The American Congress of Dentists assembled here to-day, and delega tions fibm all parts ot the world arc attending it. The sessions thus far have been private’ and devoted to business maiuly, bat the future sessions will be open to the public. Among the subjects offered for discussion is the pro priety of administering chloroform to patients. JfL*3r- The people of Central Illinois, those disgusted and weary of the old political or ganizations, are rapidly coming into the Re publican movement, and arc forming a vital power for the spread and triumphant vindica tion of free pr nciples on the immediate bor ders ot Egypt. Census of Illinois. —The population of Il linois in 1850 was 846,034. Some of the news papers now estimate it at 1,200,000. So far, we have seen no sufficient returns on which to base an estimate. The law gives the census takers two mouths in which to make their re turns. We find the following item in the Port land Advertiser: The Mayor of St. Anthony, Minnesota, has ordered 59 Buffaloes to be turned into the pub lic park for ornament. DEFECTIVE PAGE Florilla Fx.eetwood. TUESDAY MORNING, AUG. 11, I*6o Editorial Cwrroo^oateace. Winona, August 15, 1855. In the month of .fane, 1852, 1 v Ist tod this spot, then known as Wabasha Prairie, and had occasion to pass the night here. There was then but ooe inhabitable house upon the prai rie, which was occupied by Parson Ely, who I believe is still a resident of the village or coonty. The only inhabitant of that period who I have seen here to-day, however* is Dr. Childs, who at the time of my former visit was boarding, (with bis family) with Mr. Ely. I was compelled te occupy as a lodging place, on that occasion, the floor of a shanty which was the only part of the “ building” then com pleted, save its two sides—cuds aud roof were minus. I landed here this morning from the Lady Franklin—the first time I have been in Winona, save occasionally for a moment when passing up and down the river, from that day to this. And now I find it a thriving, bustling village of 800 inhabitants! Stores and shops are here ; warehouses and offices; schools and churches ; commodious residences elegantly furnished ; the streets filled with busy, iutclli gent men, and the houses with agreeable, well dressed, handsome women. Education aud re finement must grace the homes of the Wino nians, and it is no uncommon thing to find pianos in the parlors of the “well-to-do” citi zens. This where but three years since the only music that was heard on the prairie was the war song of the savage and the howl of the wolf. Winona must be one of the most important towns in Minnesota below St. Paul—perhaps the very first. With an eligible location, and a country back of her unsurpassed in the uni verse iu agricultural facilities, she must cer tainly go ahead. Within four year 3 she will be as large as St. Paul now is. Court is now iu session—his Honor. Judge Welch, presiding. Considerable business is before the Court and several lawyers in atten dance, of course. Besides the Winona Bar, which is a very credital le body of young gen tlemen, I uoticc our frieud and neighbor, M. S. Wilkinson, and Messrs. Irwin A Eddy, of St. Paul. Others of the St. Paul Bar were here but have returned. The Grand Jury—about as intelligent a body of men as I ever saw upon a jury in any country —arc engaged in “putting through” the liquor dealers who have transgressed the provisions ol the Sioux Treaties of 1851. I suppose our readers will wish to learn something in regard to political movements down this way. The new Olmsted Democratic paper—the Winona Express—made its ap pearance yesterday, and has created quite a sensation, it is well edited and neatly printed, and has all the apparent elements of success about it. It “walks into” Rice and the Ne braskaites, “hammer and tongs.” You will rcc*;ivc it by mail. But in regard to Republicanism : lam most agreeably disappointed in finding our friends so numerous here and so wide awake. We can rest assured that the principle has taken deep hold in the hearts of the" people. The party here is organizing thoroughly, and those who are best informed in regard to the matter are certain that Marshal will carry the County by a large majority. As has been stated in our columns heretofore, there arc scarcely no Rice men here, save the Land Office hangers-on and the few spoilsmen who are connected with the Argus office. The rest of the Democrats who still adhere to the parly are going for Olmsted. His running will not halt Marshall here. There is to be a rousing Republican ma*s meeting here next Saturday week, w hich will be addfessbd by Mr. Wilkinson, Mr. Marshall, and others. I tell you, things arc working just right. To-morrow I go to Fillmore Cbunty, front where you will again hear from me. O. Hon. Charles Slmner. —This gentleman is still in Lake Superior country, posting himself up iu all that concerns the great industrial in terests of that portion of the Northwest. We are happy to hear that he has recovered from the effect of his late injury, and that he is gen erally in the enjoyment of such health as an Anti-Slavery Ajax should be endowed with. Quick Work. —Wc received on Saturday, l>y the Alhambra, several packages of type, Ac., that were shipped in New York by the “ Mer chants’ Despatch” on the 7th inst., being only eleven days inclusive on the route. This is quicker than wc have ever before kuoun freight to come to St. Paul. It was only three or four days behind the invoice which came by mail. Messrs. Burbank A Co. are the agents of this line, to whom oar rdaders are recom mended, when they want things put through in a hurry. The Minnesota Land Sales.—Mr. Marshall, the Republican candidate for Delegate to Con gress from Minnesota, was in town yesterday, in good health. lie informs us, that the feeling in the Territory is almost unanimous in favor of a postponement of the Land Sales ordered there by the Government. The principal rea son he gives for this is, that by the present ex isting process, if the lands were withheld, in two years, all the choice tracts there would be entered by pre-emption and occupied by nc tuul seltlcrsj whereas, if brought into market now, large portions of them would pass at once into the hands of speculators, alio would with hold them from market for high prices, and thus retard settlement. The argument, of course, has weighs and may possibly have suf ficient weight to counterbalance the objections to a postponement. The rapidity with which that country is filling up appears almost like magic. The population, too, is of the most substantial kind, and it would be a misfortune should auy thing transpire to iuterrupt the present healthy current of things.— Gal. Ado. lowa Elections. —As near as we can judge by the returns received of the late County Elections in lowa, it seems that the aggregate result has been decidedly in favor of the Re publicans. In a few counties they have lost, while in others they have gained largely. yrtf A heavy rain visited our City yester day, which continued to a late hour in the evening. SsaTexck of Dennhioa the Chicago Post OSes thief, was brought out for sentence, be looked pole and was agitated, says the Tribilne, although he managed to ton trol Us emotion until the conclusion of the sen tence, when he shed tears. The prisoner was told to stand np.whea Judge Dratnnfond, after some preliminary remarks, said : The indictment upon whiab yen are convict ed. charges you, in its third coant. with having stolen from a certain letter in the Chicago poet office the sum of $37. To this couut you have pleaded guilty. The pnuisbraeot prescribed by the law for this offence is a severe one, but it i» just. You committed a breach of trust voluti tarily taken upon yourself. You have done so repeatedly and deliberately. Your situation in the post office was a subordinate one, but it was one of responsibility and trust. The pun ishment which your breach of this trust entails upon yoM, although just, iff much to be Idtneut ed. You are in the dawn of manhood, and bad before yon the promise of a bright and honor able career. But this crime cuts you off from all political and social privileges. It debars you from the society of your frieuds,aud makes yon an isolated and disgraced man. DennistOn was then sentenced to ten years confinement in prison. • • An Avalanche ok Bread. —An itcuf with this hcadiug has been recently published rtla' live to an arrival of 36,000 bushels of wheat at one of the Southern seaports, by way of the Nashville and Cbattanoga Railroad. The Chi cago Tribune says, that if this be called an avalanche, some new term must be found for the vast quantities of wheat in store in that city, there having been at one time during the present season 420,f 00 bushels in one ware house. Machinery is used for storing and ship ping it. v. The Ben West Sunk.— The old Ben West, whose couutcnancc is familiar to many and whose name to all, was sunk a few days since near Washington, on the Missouri, in ten feet of water. Illinois Central Stocks —At the New York Stock Exchange on Saturday, Illinois Central shares stood at 974- Llinois Central bonds stood firmer and- with transactions of $90,00, closed at SBj for Construction, and 934 for Freeland. The Kokaii Teleoraiti.— We have received the prospectus of a paper of the above name, to be published at llokab, Fillmore Co., M. T. Uokab is situated upon a commanding emin ence, overlooking Root River, and by its course, six miles above its confluence with the Mississippi. Root River, and its tributar'cs, water the fairest portion of Southern Minne sota. Its water, timber, soil and Climate is unsurpassed in the North-West. The Tele graph will be a Republican paper, of fair size* and is to be published by 11. Ostrander. Loci ville. — The Louisville journals are still loaded with accounts of the late disgrace ful disturbances iu that city, from all of which wc can only gather that each party charges all the criminality upon the other ; between the two criminations and re-criminations fly thick and fast. The Journal (K. N.) has ar rived at the stage iu which affidavits come in play, and hence its columns groan beneath their weight ; while the Courier, on the other side, has gotten no further than “statements,” whifch fill Its sheet day after day. May we not suggest that the legal authorities arc the proper persons to determine the guilt or inno cence of those engaged ? Death op Cait. Titcs.—Wc regret to learn that while going ashore at Kalamazoo in a yawl on Thursday last, Capt. Titus and two other men of the Fropcllor Montezuma, were washed overboard by a heavy sea aud drowned. The body of Capt. T. was brought to Chicago, and taken by the cars on Saturday evening to Buffalo. Capt. Titus was about 45 years of age, was formerly captain of the steamer*Erie, and came near being drowned at the time that vessel was burned many years since on Lake Erie. The Republicans of Maiuc met in Mass Convention at Portland an the 14th inst., to the number of front 10,000 to 20,000. There was great unanimity of feeling manifested, as well as determined cuthusiasm. High Water in the Wisconsin. —The Bara boo Democrat says : “The Wisconsin River is now tip at high wa ter mark aud vast quantities of lumber is run ning out. The last of 150 rafts, containing over 8,000.- 000 feet and the property of one company, pass ed the Dells on the 2nd inst. It is contracted at St. Louis for $2*2,60 per 1,000. The Upper Mississippi is lull of lumber, and on Black liivcr alone there are 20,000,000, of logs running out.’, Another Kansas Removal. A late Washington dispatch announces the removal from ofiioe of Rush Elmore, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Kansas Ter ritory, and the appointment of Judge Moore, of Alabama, as bis successor. The reasons assigned for this removal are the same as those given in the case of Gov. Reeder, namely, un satisfactory explanations relative to the re cent charges of speculations in land. In the removal of Gov. Reeder and Judge Elmore—supposing the avowed reasons lor their removal be true ones—tbe President, if be means to be consistent and impartial, lias laid out for himself an abundance of work to keep him occupied night and day during the balance of bis term. Let him appoint spies to watch the private transactions of all the office holders throughout the country, as Governor Reeder has been watched in Kansas, with or dors to report their land speculations, to him as evidence of disqualification for office, and the probability is that be would have to be father busy iu selecting their successors. The course ot the President with regard to Gov. Reeder and Judge Elmore, may have been prompted by a very high-toned morality, on his part, but the public at large will infer quite the contrary. —Chicago Press. Two Ter sons Drowned. Philadelphia, Monday, Aug. 13. As a party of four persons, belonging to Maucbcbuuk,were bathing inrtbc surf at Atlan tic City, Sunday morning, they were carried out beyond their depth, and*wo of them, a lady uamed Andrus aud a Mr. Boyd, accompa nying her, were drowned. EDITORS AND PtfeJurstafifet, t *:;■ r , , Gov. Reeder— Wuxi they SUy in rfiv... _ A telegraph di “patch from Washington to St. attrsa £ y«t. Ii aiay. prove false, -or may prove that some Other man thaa Dawson itappotete! Yfte fad the pleasure of *n tntervfcnririSi the Governor the next morning after theffiaDatch came, and as to the report of pro-slavert men that he was very ranch aggrieved and Dfc *° eaa «ay that it hi wboHr false. On tfa contrary, he was in high strtrft* sad shfemed ib be greatly relieved, perfect!? wUlin# to fcive up bis office to MlEw/ ksdiDg that he was a mao highly capable oT performing the duties of that important office. Gov. Reeder feels conscious that be has |>er formefl tiis fltftics bs well in iCnnsss &s soy other man in the SnMc feifcometltnCCS Could have done, and that Jhe grounds of his removal are perfchtly frivolous. We have no doubt that his removal was dohd simply to gratify the continued demands of Ifa stave power, and especially the personal foehsg of CoL Manypenny, who declared that either Reeder or himself would lose his office. Though we bttrt honestly differed #fth Gov* Reeder in some of his policy as Governor, yet we should be highly pleased to have him re main With us arid help us to fight the contest through, and the Free State men of the Ter ritory will send him as Delegate to Congress next foil, as we arc determined to have a fair election neat time, or a civil war, and we are not -\cry particular which. — Kansas Free Stale. ’ Gentlemen editors of the 3t.Paul Democrat, \\ tnona Argus, St. Croix Union, St. Anthony Express, and North-Western Democrat, the people arc in want of light on the following point: b Does If. M. Rice approve of disapprove the repeal of the Missouri Compromise ?—Should be be elected, would or would not his election claimed as an endorsement of the Kansas Nebraska Act by the people of Minnesota? r * .7 W ' Ki 9 e . sta nd by the Compromises of lbso. the t ugitive Slave Law included, as a fair .and dual adj^stllle^t ?, of the slavery qticshon ? Does he abide by, or discard the Baltimore Platform ? .°. r ft gainsl a Congressional prohibition of all Slavery outside of Slave suites .—and is he for or against the admission of any more Slave States into the Union’ lou will perceive, gentlemen, that these questions arc propounded b cause the proceed ings ol the Convention which nominated Mr. luce gave us no insight into the views of pub lic policy entertained by the candidate. These questions relate to matters which are being discussed and thought <ff by the tens of thou* sands of our citizens, and by millions of peo ple all over the United States, North and South. That which is regarded as absorbing question to be settled by the Federal Govern ment, cannot be a matter of indifference to the people of a Territory which may soon become a member of the American confederacy ; and a candidate whose character, influence and conduct may have something to do with moul ding the future politics of our Territory should by all ineuus deal frankly and openly with tho people. Any information wc may be able to procure respecting Mr. Rice’s position on tho aforesaid points we shall cheerfully help to spread be fore the people, w r ho await an answer.— St. Anthony Republican. The Atlanta Republican states that a een e“a“cal>ed at the Atlanta Bank on Monday, the JOth nit., and presented notes of the said Bank to the amount of one hundred and forty ?»n«x n /k ousa .nd nine hundred dollars ($147,- J 00) for which the specie was immediately counted out.—A'", Y. Tribune, Aug. 10/A. This draft upon the Atlanta Bank is but tho first senes that will be made, week after week by the wealthy and independent parties who , m tlc *! un - Their arrangements arc ‘Uch, we learn, that while drawing out tho coin from that concern, they will constantly bo ™ ha £ ds ? me Per centage by the opera tio.i. lhe Bank of Galena, owned by the Messrs. Cor with of Galena, and the Mineral 1 oint Bank, controlled by Washburn & Wood man of that place, are the principal capitalists engaged, and they are so wealthy and so tho roughly con vinced of the justice and expedien cy of what they are doing that there will be no laying down of arms on their side until the Northwestern Country is cleared of the dozen varities of Georgia ciirrency with which it is otcrrun. The; difficulty between the parties had its ongin in that attempt of the managers nnnn C „n M K ag , cncjr here to 'oree their money upon all the banks and brokers of the State n? *!* r hat their objections to dealing in hut k.nd of paper. The Bank of Galena and the Mineral Point Bank refused to come into c arrangement; and as a consequence every dollar ol their notes received here was sent home for redemption—a matter of little conse quence to cither of those institutions, as, from lhe peculiarity of the Lead trade in which they are engaged, they always have on hand an amount of coin by far greater than their circu lation ; but it of course prevented them from deriving any profits from the legitimate and legal way in which their business was done.— The present attempt to reduce the circulation of the principal one of the Georgia concerns, and to employ it in defending itself, is an ex pected result from the intolerant and over bearing spirit in which it has up to this time deported itself towards its less wealthy neigh hois. For our part we are quite free to con fess that we shall be anxious to see the war go Oi, until the Atlanta is forced to succumb. At the outcome of the fight, if that result is attain ed, money will be more plenty here and at low er rates than ever before,and exchange on New Fork will be reduced to one half the figure at which it is now quoted—two most desirable results to all classes in the way of which the Atlanta Bank is the only obstacle. — Chi. Tri bune. Stand from Under. —lt is currently reported that demands to a large amount are being con stantly made upon the Atlanta Bank for a re demption of its present bi’ls in specie. Thns far the requisitions have been promptly met, we learn, by this Institution.which we presume has the means at command to sustain itself against a more extended run upon its circula tion, though there are but few who can tell how far its distance is to the end of the rope. Of course, this parent of all the Georgian wild cats will endeavor to sustain its own ex* istcnce, though it be at the expense of the en tire litter of the younger brood, and hence we consider it sane advice to suggest to ear friends to keep as clear as possible from entangling alliances with this species of moneyed repre sentation. It may do to pass, but we do not consider it over safe to keep.— Chi. Journal. interesting discovery has been in France in regard to engrafting fruit trees. Instead of making use of a graft, a slip is taken from an apple tree, for instance, and planted in a potatoc, so that a couple of inches of the slip remain visible. It soon takes root, develops itself, and finally becomes a handsome fruit trqe, bearing fine fruit. This method is due to a Bohemian gardner. NUMBER 49. Light Wanted. Atlanta Bank.