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THE WEEKLY MINNESOTIAN.
OWENS, Sc MOORE VOLUME 5. ®!]t Dailg Utimtesaftan. Published every Morning, (Sunday* excepted) and delivered to subscribers in St. P*al at FIFTEEN CENTS PER WEEK, Payable to the carrier weekly. Weekly Minnesotian, $2 per annnm. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. IOWXST KATES OF CASH ADVERTISING IN DAILY. [Twelve Knee or lee* constitute* a tquttre.] square, 1 Insertion, $ .76 1 square, 1 rear, $16.00 “ each additional, .35 M column, S mos., 15.06 << One week, 1.60 “ C « 32.00 If T*o weeks, 2.26 « 1 year, SO.OO « One month, 8.60 X cslumn, S mos., 20.00 »• Two months, 4.00 “ 6 “ 28.00 “ Three months, 6.00 “ 1 year, 45.00 « Six months, 8.00 1 column, 1 year, 75.00 Advertisements inserted lu both Dally and Weekly,one •alf price additional. - Business Cards, not exceeding dr* lines, Inserted at $5 per annum. Transient advertisements to be paid tor In advance. „ Leaded advertisements,placed Immediately beto^ no tices of marriages and deaths, will be charged double the above rates when not changed; and 60 cents per 1000 terns for eaeh change. All advertisements, unless the time Is specified, will be nserted till forbid, and charged accordingly. *•* Job Printing of every description, done in the best style and at the lowest rates. MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 24, 1856 Opening of Navigation the Past Four Years. A great mistake exists in the minds of some of our citizens in supposing that we are having dn unusually late spring and that nav igation must necessarily be postponed till somewhere about the first of May. To qui et all fears on this head, we have examined our files for the past four years, and are ena bled to extract therefrom the following in formation upon the subject: tn 1852, the ice broke up in front of St. Paul on the 29th of March, and the Nomi nee, the first boat from below Lake Pepin, arrived April 16th in the evening. ißs3—lce broke at St. Paul April Ist; first boat, West Netvton, April 11th, in the morning. 1854 Ice broke on the 15tli of March, river clear at St. Paul on the 17th; first boat, Nominee, morning of the Bth of April. 1855 Ice broke on the 31st of March, clear at St. Paul April 6th; first boat, War Eagle, April 17th in the evening. It will thus be 6een there is no reason to be discouraged in 1856, provided, at least, the present favorable weather continues a tfeek or ten days longer. Dull Wit.— Old Mister Smith, of the Cheese Press, makes the following’pointed remark in regard to a news item which ap peared in thfe MhtncSotian a day or two ago : We think Owens must be now occupying the position spoken of in his article, when he “guesses” the height of Himloo-ism in New Hampshire— the position is nothing but the locus in quo of the brain in a Barom cz-ical point of view is everything. , . Whether the editor obtained his leading ideas, as expressed in the above, from the original source of “The Pacific Railroad*’ ar ticle, we cannot positively assert; but we must ask the assistance of Smith’s son, or some other person, more intelligent than himself, to inform us where the [laughter] comes in. As an appropriate answer to the a Sort of the Press we insert the following, believing that the wit add sarcasm therein will be quite as apparent to the reader, as that in the paragraph inserted above:— “peltslpsoen.miyimehnoh hlgonAVVpcl hwiievtosn/rhsat\v4nTbtceaotihdioh,cbeif iitueetase/suttuhagbrli V eitgloeciraiiasanti sdcixaoheaitrtiinmaipneisthliaii.' 5 County Treasurer. — The County Com missioners on Saturday appointed R. A. Smith, Esq., to fill the vacancy in the office of County Treasurer of Ramsey County,.oc casioned by the non-residence of Mr. Stim son, late Treasurer. Mr. Smith has filled the office of Territorial Librarian the past three years, and is a gentleman every way qualified for his new post. Mr. George M. Watson, editor and proprietor of the Lake Superior Journal, published at Marquette, died suddenly of an apoplectic fit in that place on the 21st ult. The Journal, which is an excellent paper, will probably be suspended, for the present at least. Edward Coburn has been sentenced to ten months imprisonment and a fine of $5250, and Benjamin Dalton to five months impris onment and a fine of §250, at Boston, for the assault upon young Sumner, of which they were convicted when tried for his mur der. Two engines and a snow plow ran off the track dll the Grand Trunk Railway, one day last week, about twenty miles above Mon treal. One man was killed and two persons badly injured. The Eiglltii District.— We have before referred to the probability, says the Galena Advertiser, now that the Senate has admit ted Mr. Trumbull to his seat, that Gov. Mat teSdn will soon issue his proclamation for an election of Representative to Congress in the Eigth District. The election has uncommon interest from the fact that the delegation in Congress from this State is equally divided on the question of slavery or no slavery in Kansas, four for and four against it; and should the next election of President fell on the House, the vote of that District would turn the scale of the State, if not of the re sult in the Union. Hon. Robert Smith is in the field as the Nebraska candidate, and it is probable*that Lieut. Gov. Koeroor will be that of the Republicans. The State Cradle, for the expected heir of Louis Napoleon and Eugene, will cost 5120,000. The Wiaaebage Treaty, Agala. Editors of the Miwwesottah : —With ( permission in your columns, the undersigned would respectfully beg leave to show the unfairness of the report of the .honorable Committee in the House of Representatives on the petition of Isaac Andrus, in relation to the late Winnebago Treaty, in order that, the people may understand this question in its true light, and the difference of opinion between the House of Representatives and the petitioner, in regard to said petition, and compare the Constitution and laws of Con gress with the garbled extracts of this Hon. Committee, that they may be enable to judge of the merits of the report! “ The Committee to which was referred the petition of Isaac Andrus, tvould res pectfully submit the following report.—Your Committee Lave examined the petition of Isaac Andrus, and the Laws of the United States referred to in said petition, and while the}' believe that those persons who occupied the lands in question previous to the con summation of the Treaty between the United States and the Winnebago Indians, whereby said lands were ceded to said tribe of In dians, have suffered great inconvenience from the effect of said Treaty; yet your Com mittee cannot concur in the statement made by the said Isaac Andrus, that the late Win nebago Treaty conflicts with the rules and regulations of Congress, stipulated in the Organic Law and laws of 1841 and of 1854, respecting the Territory of Minnesota.- “ The 6ixth section of the Organic Act of Minnesota declares that ‘no law shall be passed by the Legislative power of said Ter ritory interfering with the primary disposal of the soil.’ ” Now, from the above quota tion, so relevant to the point, is it not possi ble that the Hon. members of the House were beguiled into the belief that they were listening to the report of a road petition. But the Committee proceed to 6ay, “ Gov ernment still retaining the right to dispose of her own soil.” Now why this unfairness in the Committee to use so vague a term— the Government. Who is the Government? Would the Committee be understood as affirming that the President and Senate is the Government, and cim dispose of the Territory or other property belonging to the United States contrary to the Constitution. If not, why not quote that very relevant passage in the third section of the fourtli article in the Constitution, which says, “The Congress shall have power to dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations res pecting the Territory or other property be longing to. the Unllfcd Slates.’’ Now the Committee have sufficient evi dence before them to show that the Terri tory embraced in tlite late Winnebago Treaty was not disposed of by Congress to the In dians, nor has Congress made any rules or regulations in regard to the occupancy of said territory by tbe Indians. But the laws of Congress of 1841 and of 1854, are posi tive oouapiAa that Congress has made rules and regulations whereby said Territory may be occupied by citizens of the United States. And the disposal of said territory to the Winnebago Indians by the President and Senatfc, ahd ousting citizens who entered upon said lands in pursuance of the rules and regulations of Congress, must be a pal pably evident violation of the rules and re gulations of Congress, to all except “the wise and prudent.” The Act of Congress, approved by the President the 4th day of August, 1854, as quoted by the Committee, is so contradic tory in its terms, and so unintelligible to me, if it contains any arguments in favor of the report, lam unable to see it. But tbe Committee proceed to say, “It cannot be denied then, but that those persons who located on said reserve after the 4th day of August, 1854, and before the Indian title attached under the treaty of February 1855 had secured rights that cannot be affected or destroyed.” That’s consoling in this Com mittee, really, for people to be told that they have rights that can not be affected or des troyed, when the liberty to exercise those rights has been taken away. This doctrine would be consoling to the poor slaves, to be told that they had rights that could not be affected or destroyed, when they have no liberty or power to exercise them. But the Committee say “ rights that cannot be af ected.” This is not so. Rights are made valueless when you take away the liberty or power to exercise them. The claimants that entered upon the lands embraced in said treaty, in pursuance of the laws of Congress, had the liberty to remain on their claims, cut timber and improve their claims, and were not trespassers, ac cording to ‘the latwS of Congress. But according to the law of this Treaty they are found on Indian lands, they have no liberty by the law of the Treaty to remain a mo ment, or to cut a stick of timber, or improve their claims; yet the Committee say this Treaty does not conflict with the rules and regulations of Congress respecting the Ter ritory of Minnesota. What keen percep tion ! The Committee proceed further and say, “ But the Constitution of the United States delares that ‘ private property Bhall not be taken for public use, except upon just com pensation.’ ” Now why this unfair, garbled and untrue quotation of the Committee ? The committee proceed and say: “And when it becomes necessary for the authori thorities in the administration of this Gov ernment to appropriate private property to SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, MARCH 29, 1856. public uses, that right cannot be denied them, provided the required compensation is made.” Mark the language—is made.”— ‘‘Your committee-are informed that the prop er department at Washington are ready to make”—what? w ßeady to make compensa tion.” Does this committee know the differ ence between a thing being done and finished and being ready to do it a year after it should have been performed. Here again the com mittee whip themselves with their own ar guments, but don’t know it; and like Gen. Taylor’s soldiers, keep fighting on as if vic tory was in might instead of right. But to go on; the committee were saying; “to make just compensation to those who were injured by said Winnebago treaty;”—were injured! Who has been injured ? Why, those who bould hold their claims and enjoy their liber ty under the lawk of Congress, are disseized of. their claims, and the money and labor ex pended upon them are all taken by the law of this treaty, and the claimants themselves are become trespassers, and liable to fine and imprisonment without being convicted of any crime, or without due process of law. This I is what has injured them. How does this | committee fail at every step, yet they blun der ahead with the report. The committee should have said “ great inconvenience.”— They now admit an injury done; or trespass committed by the law of this treaty, and have clearly proved its unconstitutionally.— For the “proper department,” nor the treaty making power, nor the Government, cannot lawfully or constitutionally injure anybody. Once more, the committee say “ that Gov ernor Gorman has recommended that the Government pay the settlers on said reserve for their improvements.” Pay them for their improvements ! Oh I bless such a Governor for his disinterested benevolence! Oh, bless the Governor, all ye claimants upon Indian lands ; and bless General Fletcher, too; and bless all w4io aided in concocting this treaty; yea, let them be blessed with the same bles sings wherewith they have blessed us. Let them be blessed with disseizure of claims on Indian lands. Let them live separate and detached. Yea, let them be blessed with fear of trespass, theft and plunder; fire and strychnine; and when all they possess is gone, aad poverty and adversity force admittance into their dwellings. Oh ! let them be bless ed with insults from Government officials ; by offering to pay them one cent on every hundred dollars they have lost, by being ous ted from their claims, or paying for the im provements. Have patience, Mr. Editor, once more, and i will be done with the report. As there arc some other things that may be taken under our constitution as well as private property, I wish to make a fair and true quotation from the constitution, and endeavor to show that the late Winnebago treaty is hot one of the justifiable cases under the Constitution, in taking either life, liberty, or property. In the Fifth Article of the constitution, read:—- “Nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of lavr.” The Supreme Ruler of the Univbf’se conforms to the laws lie enjoins on us; and all civilized Govern ments, as well as our own, are bound by their constitutions and laws, to conform to the laws prescribed for their subjects. Now, the taking of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, is a crimiminal act in all civilized Governments, whether done by the Government or their subjects ; and the quo tation above, shows what shall not be done to any individual in our Government. How does this doctrine compare with the law of the treaty 1 But as the United States can not be sued or prosecuted, the constitution in order to provide for every possible contin gency which might happen, and to make it impossible for the Government to become a trespasser, provides that private property shall not be taken for public use without a just compensation being madfe before, or at the time of taking the property. Not one moment of credit shall be given; not one mo ment of time for credit shall be asked for by the Government. Now our claims are em braced in the treaty and recorded at Wash ington. Our property has been taken in pur suance of the law of this treaty—but with out due process of law, and no compensation has been made; and I submit it to the peo ple now to say whether it has been constitu tionally done. ISAAC ANDRUS. Winnebago Reserve, March 15. What Proportion of Merchants are Successful.— The Boston Traveller refers to a circular drawn in 1808, by Nathan Apple ton, and signed by 109 business men, com posing sixty-four firms, then doing business in that city, to show the incorrectness of a popular theory, that few people in commer cial business succeed. Of these signers, whose names are given, the Traveler says, fifty of the 109 were unsuccessful, and only six of fifty are now living. 59 of the 109 may be considered as having been in a great er or less degree, Successful in business, as they acquired property and never failed. Of this nirthber, twenty are now living. Thirty two of the number acquired sufficient prop erty to be independent and comfortable, va lying in amounts; but none supposed to ex ceed one hundred thousand dollars. Thir teen acquired fortunes varying from one hun dred thousand to three hundred thousand dollars. Seven acquired fortunes of between three hundred and five hundred thousand dollars. Seven acquired fortunes supposed to be at least one million of dollars, four of whom are now living. Officer-Third Street, below Cedar. Eiam Stele LefMatui'a. Mt. Louis, ijarch 12. The Republican’s Lexington ; .correspon dent telegraphs that the Kansafc St&te Legis lature-met at Topeka on the sd, aiid organ ized by the election of. officers.- Gov. Robinson’s message is published. It is mostly devoted to a review ofKansas his tory and a justification of the action of'the Free State party. One of the concluding clauses reads as follows : “It is understood that the Deputy Mar shall has private instructions to arrest the members of the Legislature and Statue offi oers for treason, as soon as this address is received by 3 r ou. In such an event no resis tance will be offered to the officers; let what will come, not a finger aliould .be raised against the Federal authority. There shall be no hope of relief but in revolution.” Another paragraph reads that.: “Exposed as our citizen*are to the scalp ing knife on the west, and the revolver on the east, a thorough sSutßrly organization of the militia is called for.” An Independence correspondent telegraphs that the Free State Legislature had adjourn ed to Lawrence City, and was in session there on Saturday, and seemed determined to carry out their measures. Gov. Shannon had gone thebe to What was being done. No violence is apprehended, and there is but little excitement along the border. One hundred Sharp’s rifles and two can non were intercepted at Lexington, and held by the citizens, subject to the order of Gov. Shannon. Mr. Greeley, of the Tribune, writes from Washington that Mr. James, from the select committee, appointed by the last Senate will soon report a bill to prevent frauds in the invoicing and valuation of duitable imports, which will at the same thne be an attempt to ibniodei the tariff, and adopt the views of Mr. Guthrie, who is part author of the bill. It is understood that under it liquors are to pay 80 per cent, instead of 100 per cent.) that the 40 per cent, list is to be merged into the 30 per cent., and that surgar is to be reduced from 40 to 20 per cent. Iron is to be left untouched, and that the lower rates are to be maintained or wholly merged into the free list. Republican Convention of Connecticut The Republican State Convention which met here to-day nominated the following ticket, viz : For Governor Gideon Wells, of Hartford; Lieut. Gov. H. D. Harrison, of New Haven; Treasurer, J. D. Gray ; Secre tary, Jno. Boyd, of Winstead ; Comptroller, Jno. P. Adams, of Norwich; Reform in Turkey It is stated that on the 29 th of January the Grand Council of Turkey, and the Sultnn, adopted the ele ments of a free constitution, as proposed to them by tbe ambassadors of England, France and Austria. Subsequently the Sultan, to the surprise of all trhe believers in Constan tinople, attended tiVo balls, given one at the French and the other at the English Em bassy. His Highness entered the room in State, was introduced to all the ladies, to whom he was very gallant, witnessed the dance, and retired from the House walking and leaning on the arm of one of the foreign ministers, when it was observed that the “ old Turkish system of rule was now dead in Turkey.” The Czar Nicholas —lt is said that tbe Paris Conferences will be carried on as though Nicholas still lived. The Allies not having been officially infortried of the death of Nicholas and the accession of Alexander, are supposed, diplomatically, to be ignorant of the change ; and should a treaty of peace be signed, one of the first acts of the Rus sian Government will be, on resuming diplo matic intercourse with England, France and Turkey, to inform those governments that His Imperial Majesty tbe Czar Nicholas is no more, and his august son, Alexander, reigns in his 6tcdd over all the Russia.?. Humbug! Americans on the Amazon.— Many 1 of the disappointed American gold-seekers on the Amazon are said to have joined the In dian tribes, and become the terror of the Peruvians, upon whom they make excursions. A party of twelve of these Americans hav ing robbed the villages on their way down tbe Aiaazon, shot a sentinel on the Brazilian border, and were followed by the guard, who killed eleven of them. The twelfth man es caped. Chisago Citt. —New towns and cities are springing up in Minnesota so very fast, that it iB impossible to keep note of them. We have just heard, for the first time, of Chisa go City—already a thriving place in our neighboring county of Chisago. It is situa ted in one of the best farming regions of E .stern Minnesota, and good roads have been opened therefrom to Marine Mills and Taylor’s Falls, also to a point on the St. Paul and Kettle River Boad south of the “Com fort Settlement.” By this last named road, the distance from St. Pauf to Chisago City is only 28 miles. Nortliw&rd, a good road is opened to the Territorial road named Shove* hftersectiftg the same at the crossing of Sun rise river. A hotel, two stories high, a store and several dwelling houses are already com pleted in Chisago City; and a saw and grist mill are now being bilitt and will be in ope ration some time during the ensuing season. A map of the town is now in process of be ing lithographed. Chisago City is already “a place.” Those wishing further information than is here giv en, can obtain it by calling upon Mr. C. C. P. Meyer at the corner of Broadway and Seventh streets, St. Paul. New York, March 13. Hartford, March 12. TUESDAY MORING, MARCH 25, 185 G . Bad Blood. Bjr „a ort telegraphic sketch of a recent debate which occurred in the' U. S. Senate, it will be seen that. Senator Douglas has again been making a blackguard and a bully of himself, It appears that he cannot brook the presence of his new colleague, Judge Trumbull—a man every way -his superior. The Judge, it must be remembered, ranges with the Republican side of the Senate, and is prepared to take issue with his colleague on the Nebraska question at all proper times and in all proper places. Douglas did his best to deprive Judge Trumbull of his legal right to his seat as Senator, but could mus ter only some five or six of his most abject todies to vote on his side; while be him self—seeing perhaps how things were going— was absent when the vote was taken. • We should deem it best for Stephen to keep cool these times, for his own sake. He is not going to make any capital for the cause of Slavery extention just now by be coming rabid and frothing at the mouth in the Senate, even If Ike Cook & Co., have carried Chicago for him by the importation of 2,000 illegal voters from the interior of Illinois and elsewhere: The Cincinnati Fugitive Slave Case. —Gov. Chase, of Ohio, made a prompt re quisition upon dov. Morchead, of Ky., for the slave woman, Margaret, who murdered her child at Cincinnati some weeks ago, but who was afterwards remanded to her master in Kentucky by the U. S. authorities. The requisition, which wa3 founded upon an in dictment of the Grand Jury of Hamilton County, Ohio, also called for the two slave men, old and young Simon, as accessories to the murder before the fact. The Governor of Kentucky took immediate measures tU obey the requisition; but lo! Mr. Gaines had already shipped his “property,” the Ohio criminals, to Arkansas. They were passengers on the ill-fated Henry Lewis—a boat, singular to say, named after one of the leading Abolitionists of Cincinnati—and the other child of Margaret was lost by the sinking of the boat. One report says Mar garet threw her child overboard, and was only restrained by a great effort on the part of those having her in charge from following it herself. Destruction of Prult Trc?« by Frost. Our Western exchanges are teeming with paragraphs noting the destruction of young fruit trees by the severe weather of the past winter. The peach trees—even those of a somewhat large growth—are killed in or chard and nursery. And we also hear of immense destruction of young apple, pear plum and cherry trees throughout Ohio, In diana, Hlinois, lowa, &c. As far south as the latitude of Cincinnati, vbe ieaTn of whole nurseries of these varieties of trees being frozen to death. At Davenport, lowa, we 6ee that Mr. Finley has lost many thousands of his apple-trees; and the owner of the nur sery at Lena, Illinois, on the railroad the next station west of Freeport, has suffered In a like fnanner. Now, we wish to state a singular fact iu connection with our own climate. Of course, we have had at times during the past winter a temperature in Minnesota varying from five to ten degrees lower than at any of the points just named, south of us, where fruit trees weje killed. And yet we find, by enquiring of Mr. Huganin, of the Groveland Nursery, that exceedingly few trees were destroyed at that establishment, and at the old St. Paul Nursery, now also owned by Messrs. Ford & Huganin, scarcely a tree was injured by the frost. "NYe further learn by ' the same gen tleman, that so far as he has been enabled to make enquiry, non* of the young orchards planted with trees from their nursery last season Lave suffered in the least. Here is another evidence to prove the fact which we stated some days since, that the cold of Minnesota is a “ peculiar kind of cold.” Forty degrees below Zero is not nearly so trying upoh animal and vegetable life in Minnesota, as the temperature of twen ty below is in Southern Ohio, or thirty in Northern Illinois. This must all be owing to the entire absence of dampness or mois ture in our atmosphere during these periods of extreme cold. New Drug Firm.— Our old neighbor, Dr. Jarvis, has quit the Drug and Provision bus iness down on Fifth street, and has also absolutely quit town—moved out into the country upon a farm. But he is succeeded, it will be seen, by our clever young neigh bor, Mr. Schroeder, so long and favorably known as a clerk in Messrs. Day A Jenks Drug Store. Mr. S. will, as did his “ illus trious predecessor, keep every thing in the Drug and Medicine line, as well as a well selected stock of family groceries and pro visions. He has now a full assortment of substantial groceries, and delicacies, as well as some of the finest wines and liquors to be found in the City. We wish our young friend all success in this, his first advent into business for himself. A Correction.— Gov. Wise, of Virginia, has denied with great promptness that he ever pronounced the administration of Mil lard Fillmore “Washington-like.” He is al ready the father of too many absurd sayings and does not please to have the j afemity of any illegitimate nonsense assigned to him. The Northern Bee, published at St. Pe tersburg, says:—“ If God grant us peace, we shall take advantage of it to provide Rus sia with Railways” The Atteaipt lo Mob the Steals Zdiuiij Frus trated. Faith can remove mountains, but the Ne braskals do more, they remove Territories. Yesterday a mob transplanted the Territory of Kansas to Chicago, and a notorious loafer undertook to play Stringfcllow. A low fel low, why we. are told answers to the name of WVihe, had agitated himself as election runner in such a Dyer-spirit, that, to speak with G'ethe, he felt as well as “five hun dred swine.” In this state of Douglasitic inspiration, said creature resolved to throw down his glove to the “contury, the Stoats Zeitung and the surrounding villages.” Lpon the stairs of the Court House the fellow stood and inspired his audience to an act of revenge against.the “ malicious Staats Zeitung,” because this paper hud committed the crime of playing rather hard on the Nebraskals, and of calling the dirty election runners “hogs,”- (ferkekteller.) With song and tune the mob law moved to our office; at tbe head, Wcibe I. by the grace of Dyer, well paid elect.on runner,, surrounded by a staff of obedient black guards. After the “grunt,” so natural to the “sweet mob” was over, solemn silence prevailed, and Weihc the full-spirited com menced to speak. He “speached,” Weihe “speached.” Has one of our leaders, per haps, had the honor of hearing Weihe “speach?” He who has not should thank God for it. After Weihe, not the’ great, but the long, had folded himself up some thirty times liks a pocket-knife, after the ends of his mouth had touched his ears it few times, and his bone telegraphs had sawed holes in the air, the crowd made preparations for destroying the Zeitung,” which under the tune of a death march was to be deliv ered to the flames by these cannibals. “Hor rid ! ” ’Tis beyond honor, ’tis most horri bie. In the meantime several Turners had made their appearance in our office, who consider ed the harmless enjoyment of the mob in an other light, and told us that their rifles were prepared to teach the mock musicians better manners if they should actually commence to play “Kansas.” We thanked the brave Turners, but did not uccept of their offer, not considering it necessary to trouble honest men on account of such visitors, for Whom we had several things in attendance, which might prevent them from calling again, for we had fully remembered the bandit cry of the Times, “beware of the dagger.” Notwithstanding, one of the Turners went to the door with a revolver in his hand, and invited the gay Ne braskals to “mob,” provided thej' should in t nd to digest the leaden contents of his six shooter, But the “bruisers” did not seem to be 60 curious, and in spite of the frantic gestures of “Rinaldo Rinaldini Weihe,” they departed with the usual grunt which they probably have exercised since their child hood. This is a short account of the fillibuster campaign which Indiana Weihe undertook against the Staats Zeitung. The time, 5 o’clock, P. M.; the rostrum of the orator, a wagon, which, broken as it was, yet stood firmer than the staggering being who gave himself airs upon it —Chicago S'.cuits Zeitvng. Cool Tteatment. —ln the late Pennsyl vania Democratic Convention, says the Bos ton Atlas, the faithful gave Mr. Pierce the compliments, and Mr. Buchanan the dele gates to the National Convention, a division which assigns the oj’ster to “Old Buck” and the shells to the President. They say to Mr. Pierce that he has been the best boy, but on the whole they have concluded to be stow the medal upon Master Buchanan What possible reason there can be for refu sing to re-blect a President who has covered himself and the country with glory is more than we can divine, and Mr. Pierce must be as much in the dark about it as we are. We have here a brilliant illustration of the prov erb that “service is no inheritance,” to say nothing of tbe additional proof that repub lics are invariably ungrateful. We could al most weep to think how 1 fbr three j'ears Mr Pierce has been exhibiting virtue, integrity, patriotism, mind, heart, and sagacity—and all to so little purpose! Cavforxia. — An exchange says: “It seems to be settled that the present Legisla ture of this State will not be able to elect a IT. S. Senator to succeed Mr. Gwin. In the Senate it was well known that parties were close, and it was doubtful whether the Amer ican party had an actual majority. When the subject of the Senatorial election came up in the Senate, a motion to indefinitely postpone the whole subject was carried by a vote of 19 to 14. The affirmative vote com prised 15 Democrats, 1 Whig, and 2 Ameri cans. The two Americans voted for the postponement because they foresaw the elec tion of a pro-slavery Nebraskaite, to which they preferred no election, in the hope of a better selection next time. An attempt to reconsider this motion failed to prevail, and the postponement was finally carried, 17 to 16. This will prevent a convention of the Legislature for the election of a U. S. Sena tor, but will not preclude the Senate fiom electing by a concurrent vote, If it see fit.— The American caucus, so long as there was a chance for electing a Senator, wereuWAblp* to agree upon a candidate, but aS tMn kfe it was ascertained that thftre Was no prospect of an election, the members united without difficulty in giving the empty honor of a nomination 1 to the great Union-saver, Henry S. Foote, sometimes called Hangman Foote. It is probable that his chance of having the SIB,OOO mileage of California is exceedingly slim. A Terrible Winter in Tenerifee.— La Alborada, of Villa Clara, publishes ex tracts from letters from Vera Cruz, Teneriffe, January 2Qtb, stating that the winter there was terrible; rain had fallen incessantly for more than a month, and on the 7th of Janu ary there was a fearful hurricane, which did much damage to the buildings and shipping. At Garachico the waves were so high that the sea encroached upon the land and swept through the streets; a monastery was de stroyed, and two of the monks were buried in the ruins. A bark from Gamera was lost, with ten men. ' EDITORS and publishers. Congressional. Washington, March 14. Senate —Petitions were presented from merchants and importers of Boston, New Philadelphia fora revision-of the . iarm, * .. 4 . 1 ‘?i^Arn^°^” SOn re f orte< i favor of printing 31,000 copies of the Majority and Minority Reports of the lemtory Committee on Kan sas, being 500. copies for each. << „ Mr. Trumbull opposed the motion. He thought the minority reported the slavery question in a masterly manner, its positions being unanswerable, and it was not written as a reply to the details of the majority re port. He was unwilling to send, out with the endorsement of the Senate, a document , containing so many unanswerable assump | tions, erroneous deductions, and inconsisten -1 cies. Mr. Wade asked Mr. Trumbull to yield the floor for adjournment. Mr. Douglas—l hope the courtesies of the Senate have not been taken advantage, of in my absence to make an assault on me. Mr. Trumbull—No, sir, I know not who-- ther you were present or absent, when I was commenting on the report. I did not intro duce the subject or know that it Would come up tc-day. Mr. Douglas—My colleague dares to say iu the face of the fact that , I was absent, ho acted with unfairness i n attacking the re port wheii I was detained from theSenata by ill health. I would ask him within what reasonable time his speech will be printed. Mr. T.—l think it will be published by Monday. Messrs. Douglas and TruefthidJ had a. sharp personal debate coiicernipg the soundness of their respective political seniiments. Mr. Crittenden and Mr. Jumner also took a part in it. Mr. Douglas said—lf I can ask a post ponement till Monday* I will reply to Mr. Trumbull’s speech on Tuesday. Mr. Seward—Take your own time. Mr* Douglas, (quickly,)—l understand, that mime of take your time. The Senator from Massachusetts took his own time to circulate a libel on me when the Nebraska bill Was reported. I understand my col league to say he came here as a Democrat. That will be news to the Democracy of Il linois, and is a libel on the Democracy of the State. . Mr. Crittenden interposed and said that the debate had transcended the rules of de corum ; the Senator had charged a libel on Mr. Trumbull. [Sensation.] ,_, , Mr. Douglas—l should have been better satisfied of the Senator from Kentucky had he, when the Black Republicans denounced us in coarse. terms, rebuked them for Want of courtesy. _ .. .v Mr. Crittenden—To what do you allude ? Mr. Douglas—When they made coarse and vulgar partizan assaults on the Demo cratic side of the Senate. Mr. Crittenden—lt was not my business nor that of others to call Senators to order for personalities. This was not the place.for. vituperation. Such matters should be set tled elsewhefe. - " ' f> ' \ Mr. Douglas—l do hot regard the Sena tor as good authority in Illinois politics* X was speaking of events of which I am better capable of judging than he. After further colloquy the Chair decided Mr. Douglas’remarks as not personal. House —Mr. Matteson continued to de fend the Emigrant Aid Societies, and severe ly criticised the . positions of the minority report. Ite condemned Squatter Sovereign ty, and expressed the opinion that the diffi culty in .Kansas was attributable to the let-alone policy, of .1850 on the slavery ques». tion; but for this there would have been no flaming proclamation by the President nor any order by the Secretary.of War to enforce the law. Mr. Washburne argued that the Com mittee has plenary power in order to give impartial hearing and an honest judgment. He moved the previous qnestion—which was disagreed to by 76 against 94. Mr. Bennett, of Miss., contended that Mr. Reeder sets up an extraordinaiy claim with out a shadow of law or justice. Adjourned till to-morrow. USST" The New York Herald takes a com mon sense view of the difficulties between the English and American governments, worth, in our opinion, a hundred yards of telegraphic surmises, speculations and inge niously fabricated gammon. If the Admin istration by an holiest announcement to the people, that it does not intend or expect war, would calm fears which are now fatal to en terprise and disastrous to commerce, it would in some degree compensate for the infinite evils which it has brought upon the country; The Herald justly says: “Pierce finding that the chances for anom-> ination are rapidly lading away, has appealed to Congress to give him three millions to ex pend in buriiisning up old guns, or in other words, in getting up a sham war excitement for the Cincinnati Convention. “Having exhausted all the means In his power to plunge us into a qarrel with Spain, he now hopes to turn to more profitable ac count our differences with England; -but there can be no war between countries which are joint proprietors in commercial, agricul tural and financial enterprises to the extent of hundrcds*of millions, merely to aid the prospects ofSfr* IJiprcq Ab- treaty. It shpqlq •povfej* tuurft. Jbeen nokde. • If your of ended, dignity, thrpugk* wyear of. pcj-sonal ejvjlijies, wjcpptefi arid- retiirnetJi ftvtaigefl/Bead *Mi\ Orampton liis passports, and leave onr merchant*, ag riculturists and moneyed men free from your diplomatic quackery, till a ne# and more competent administration finds rn*An* to ef face your blunders, and restore harmony be tween two nations which should he the last to quarrel with each other. Neither the one nor the other of the measures now pending can by any possibility endanger the' peace of the two countries.” ■. - •' <> 'f *< A Crumb or Comfort.— lt is stated that Banks, of Virginia, who w&s Democratic candidate for the Clerkship of the House, and who did not get quite votes enough to elect him, is to have, his pain assuaged by the mission to Sardinia, vice Daniel, ecsrttng home disgusted with the manners and cus toms of that country. The cost of a ship canaloverithe Isthmus of Darien is estimated at only f 145^07,049 NUMBER 28. — ~JL*?