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WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1850. The Pfew Vork Herald on the ( Campaign **■ The Pioneer says we are “ fond of quoting from the New York Herald ” to prove that the Pioneer’s friends—the slave-driving de-. mocracy—are in bad odor with the people of the Northern States. It is but a few days since the Pioneer ohuckled wonderfully otfcr h little scrap of consolation it found in the columns of the Herald, going to show that unless the opponents of negro Slave Labor, as placed by the Cincinnati Platform in opposi tion to Free White Labor, united upon one man for the Presidency, the white men would be very apt to bo defeated by the ne gro forces, now marshalled under that noted old Fogy Federalist, James Buchanan. We have before us the Herald of the 30th ult., from which it appears the editor has come to the conclusion that the bone and sinew of the opposition to the spread of niggerdom will be united. We make a few from the leading editorial, for the especial benefit of the Pioneer. The article is headed “ The Campaign—Symptoms of a Great Popular Revolution.” It starts off thus: Tho trials and tribulations of the old party hacks all over the country—the family jars among the wrangling democracy—the last feeble kicks of Know-Nothingism—the ridiculous pretensions of would-be Presi dents and party leaders and the tremendous popular furore with which the name of Fre mont is everywhere received, are acts among the “ signs of the times ” foretelling an im pending revolution in our political affairs, ra dical, overwhelming and complete. Here in New York the old feud between the Ilards and Softs,-which it was supposed had been patched up at Cincinnati strong 1 •enough to hold like au old pair of breeches until after tho election, has been ripped open again at Albany. The Hards wish to be masters, and the Softs stick to their divine right to rule. Meantime, disgusted with the Cincinnati “ ipecac platform,” mam' of the old Jackson Van Buren Hour bous have not only thrown it up, but have gone over with all their worldly goods and hopes of salvation to Fremont. Others will follow—insubordination rages in the Soft di vision of the democratic camp, and all the efforts in this metropolis of Fernando Wood, of the Ilards, and John Cochrane, of the Softs, to restore the two factions to their ancient condition of brotherly love, at the “ Pewter Mug,” will probably be “ love’s labor lost.” It is already high time to call out Captain Rynders, with his harmonizing six-pounder, for the purpose of firing signal guns of distress, until Governor Wise, of Virginia, shall come up to the rescue. If an}' man can reconcile the Van Buren fac tion to a full surrender to the implacable Dickinson faction, it is Mr. W isc. The cx- President at Kinderhook, for certain Con gressional services heretofore rendered by Mr. Wise, is under everlasting obligation to him, and can deny him nothing. The case is now urgent, and Mr. Wise should be sent for without further loss of time. Perhaps his estimates of the astounding rise in the price of niggers with the election of Mr. Buchanan may exert a wholsome inllucncc among our rebellious Soft Shells, who are still read}', however, for an}' speculation whereby to turn an honest penny. Some thing must be done for the New York dc ruo<£acy or their case will be past praying for before the expiration of the dog-days. The editor then reviews tbe whole field of Presidential conflict, and Concludes as fol lows: We call the Pioneer’s particular at tention to the Herald’s “ suniing up: ” But there are other causes than slavery, and other sentiments, broader and deeper than the Kansas question, now at work among the Northern masses, as they would be among the Southern masses, in behalf of Fremont, were this war of extermination be tween the abolition squatters and the Kan sas border ruffians out of the way. Our old fogy politicians are behind the movements, exigencies and impulses of the age. New men, new measures, new reforms and new -retrenchments—in a word, a new and sweep ing reformation of all the existing party . abuses of the day—arc demanded, and the people are in motion to effect it. Mr. Fill more, just returned from the echoes of the “Miserere ” in the church of St. Peter at Rome, and from the smoke of Mount Ve suvius, is not expected as yet to see through this thing. But he is already getting a glimpse of his situation, and will compre hend it pretty thoroughly after a week’s rest and study of the newspapers at Buffalo. * The new man, however, for the crisis, ap pears to have been hit upon by a sort of popular spontaneous combustion with the nomination of Fremont. As John Van Buren would say, in his graphic style of delivery, “he runs like the cholera.” To the old stagers this is a mystery. They cannot com prehend it. The old Martinets of Europe would have it that the “Little Corporal” was a poor Captain, because his system of fighting was in violation of all the rules of war. Yet he codtinued to beat them as they were never beat before. So with Fremont, lie is as much an enigma to all our party Martinets and backroom committees. Fill more is incredulous—Stockton is disgusted and the “old liners” among the democracy [excepting, perhaps, “old Buck,” quietly smoking his segar at Wheatland,] look upon this young colt from the Rocky Mountains with murderous suspicion. They are said to be concocting a lot of affidavits at Wash ington, which will crush him as effectually as “the Coffin Handbills” settled the busi ness for General Jackson. Considering all these things, and the pop ular revolutionary movements of tLe last three years, which exhibit the democratic party in the startling minority of nearly ‘half a million votes, we cannot shut our eyes to the fact that a comprehensive revolution has been, continues, and will continue at work, until its work is completed. We want this revolution ; we must have this re volution ; we shall have this revolution car ried out—not only to the establishment of a new set of men in power at Washington, but extended , to-the reformation of all those vil lanous party corruptions—stealings,, thimble-* rigging, bullying, swindling and murdering— which have driven the people of San Fran cisco to the last resort of arms and open war. Kansas and the slavery issue, we repeat, form but a part of this Presidential agita tion. Ihe elementary principles of an honest administration of public affairs; a general spirit of revolt against the unblush ing rascalities of parties and party hucksters and managers as they now exist; a general loathing of the worn out old party hacks of the day, and a general desire for something new, clean, fresh, and uncontaminatcd by the tricks of the party cabals and the thieving spoilsmen, are all visible in this spontaneous popular movement for Fremont. At such a tune there is no room for any of those whimpering old grannies, with their humbugging cry of “ Save the Union.” Let thorn clear the track, aud save themselves. ■ Kansas In Ihc House. Bdltorlal Correspondence of the N. T. Tribune. Washington, June 30. Free Kansas in the House was most unex pectedly put under the feet of the Border Ruffians to-day by one majority. All the Buchananitcs but Mr. Hickman of Penn sylvania, and all the Fillmorites but Mr. Moore of Ohio, voting together against her, and making 107 nays to 106 yeas on the final passage of the bill to admit her under her Topeka constitution. Our friends triumphed on five or six preliminary vote-, Messrs. Barclay and Packer voting with them awhile and then turning against them. Mr. Packer is understood to have observed that the Republicans were making too much capital out of Kansas. Messrs. Bayard, Clarke, Edwards, Mil ward and Scott sustained Free Kansas throughout. Messrs. Haven, Whitney, .John Wheeler and John Williams of New York, Broome of Pennsylvania, Scott Harrison and Dunn went with Messrs. Herbert, Brooks, Rust, and their Pro-Slavery party, throughout. Messrs. Dunn and Douglas took sweet counsel together by the hour, and were the twin consuls of the Border Ruffian forces. There were but sixteen absentees, waving sick and paired ; two pairs voted at first,but fell off to dinner before the final trial. Had all been present the result would not have been improved. There is an effort to recon sider to-morrow, but I fear without success. There is no remaining hope for Kansas from Congress. Her lust reliance must be o” the generous hearts and votes of American free men. SECOND DESPATCH. The Slave Democracy are firing cannon and parading the. streets this evening, in ex ultation over the defeat of Free Kansas. Mr. Douglas has adopted Mr. Toombs’ bill in lieu of his own, and means to put it through the Senate on Wedesdav. I think he mu6t wait a little. His report to-day was monstrous in the audacity of its misre presentations. Mr. Wade will speak. Washington, July 1 In the House this morning Mr. Barclay of Pennsylvania moved a reconsideration of the Kansas bill, declaring that he should now support it. Mr. Houston, of Ala., pitched into Mr. Barclay savagely. Mr. Benton of N. Y. called Mr. Houston to order. Mr. Barclay appealed to Mr. Bennett to withdraw his motion, which Mr. B. did. Mr. Howard of Mich., presented the re port of the Kansas Investigating Committee. Objection was made by the Pro-Slavery side, and a wild uproar of motions, ques tions of order, appeals from the Speaker, and motions to adjourn consumed some three hours. Of twenty appeals from the Speaker, not one was pressed to the yeas and nays. The report was finally got in, when half a dozen Buchananitcs continued to filibuster to prevent its being read. Mr. Florence, of Penn., persisted in talk ing out of order, defying the Speaker, until Mr. Dunn, of Ind. insisted that the Speaker should put him in custody of the Seargant at-Arms. The Speaker announced that he should call Mr. Florence to order by name. Mr. Florence then hushed, and Mr. Sher man commenced reading the Kansas report, lie read for half an hour, and was followed by the Deputy Clerk as long, when the Bu chananites fillibustercd again until they forced the House to adjourn. The reading will be resumed in the morn ing, but will probably not be pressed much farther. The slaveholders gave notic • that that they should insist on having the entire three thousand pages of testimony read a' the clerk’s desk. The leading Pro-Slavery men. like Messrs Howell Cobb, Stephens, Glancey Jones and George Jones took little part in fighting the report, leaving the task to such as Messrs. Florence, McMullen of Va., Houston and Oliver. * Several on that side condemned the whole proceeding, and steadily sustained the Speaker. Banks evinced eminent ability and knowl of the rules, and increased his towering re putation as a presiding officer. The House was very full to-day, £ls mem bers being present. I led it .reached a vote onsrecoEsidcring the Kansas bill, it would have prevailed by the casting vote ot the Speaker. •Several have paired to leave to-morrow, so the total vote will fail off, but our friends are sanguine of reconsidering and passing and passing the Free Kansas bill. Several opponents yesterday are reported as shaken by popular demonstrations and the Investi gating Committee’s developments. Judge Collumer made the admirable mi nority report against Douglas on the Kansas bill. Though written last evening at a few hours’ notice, it is most effective and con vincing. Mr. Stunner is worse, and is declared in danger of softening of the brain by his med ical friends. lie is enjoined to avoid all ex citement, and will hardly be permitted to resume his seat this session, lie will never fully recover. Certain pro-slavery notables W Kansasare here, says to arrest Gov. Reeder and take lam to Lecompton, on a charge of high treason. Reeder does not appear. 11. G. Another Editor in Town. —Ad. San ders, of the Evansville [lndiana] Journal, came up with his family on board the Ga lena, and will spend a few days looking about St. Paul and its environs, Mr. S. is one of those “Western boys” who has earn ed his own way, with Lis ready pen, up to the position where lie now stands—in the front rank of journalists in the West. Min nesota will hear a good account of herself through the columns of the Evansville Jour nal, we venture to predict. Trouble in Ti'.xsa - —The New York Herald of the 21 has accounts from Texas of serious disturbances on the Louisiana bor der. The free negroes, mulatqcs and white men, to the number of forty, with the Sheriff at their head, who had been ordered to leave the country, have refused to do so, and have fortified themselves some four miles above Madison. They are reported to have a hun dred guns, besides pistols an l bowie knives, and to bid defiance to their opponents. Al most every man is armed, aud all arc in con tinual apprehension from enemies. The high grass in the prairie affords Jading places everywhere, and.no man can leave his home with safety. >j S3T The Canadian llou§cof Assembly, on Wednesday passed the resolutions appro priating four million acres of land to aid in the construction of a railroad from Quebec to Lake Huron. The vote stood yeas 56, nays 33. This road is to be constructed on the north shore of the St. Lawrence. Several slight amendments were adopted during the night; others rejected. [This re fers to Mr. Douglas’ bill to authorize Kan sas to come in as a State, and provides for the appointment of five Commissioners, to, be selected by the Ptesident from different sections of the Union, to represent fairly all political portions [parties ?] They shall take a census of all the voters in the Territory, and make a fair apportionment of Delegates, to be elected by each county, to form a Con stitution and institute a state of government. When the apportionment shall be made, the Commissioners are to remain in session every day except Sunday, at the place most con venient for the inhabitants of said Territory, to hear all complaints, examine witnesses and correct all errors in said list of voters, which list shall l.e previously printed and generally circulated through the Territory, and posted in at least three of the most pub lic places of each election district; and, sa soon as all the errors have been thus correct ed in said lists, the Commissioners are re quested to cause a corrected list of the legal •voters to he printed, and copies furnished to each Judge of election, to be put up at the places of voting, and circulated in every county in the Territory before the day of election—no person to be allowed to vote whose name does not appear on the list as a legal voter; the e’ection for Delegates to take place on the day of the Presidential election, and the Convention lo assemble on the first Monday in December to decide, first, whether it be expedient for Kansas to come into the Union at that time, and if so decided, to proceed to form a constitution ami State Government which shall be of re publican form, Kansas then to be admitted under such constitution on an equal footing with the original States. The bill provides further that no law shall be enforced in the Territory infringing the liberty of speech or of the press, or the right of the people to bear arms, &c. It also provides punishment for illegal voting or fraud and violence at elections, and authorizes the use of the mili tary for that purpose. The main point is that the persons designated by the census as the present inhabitants of the Territory shall decide all points in dispute at a fair election without fraud or violence, or any other improper influence, All white male inhabitants over 21 years of pge ace to be allowed to vote, if they have resided in the Territory three months previous to the day of election, and no other test shall be re quired ; no oath to support the Fugitive Slave law, or any other law, nor any other condition whatever] Mr. Geyer offered an amendment to the effect that no law shall be made to have force or effect which shall require a test oath or any oath to support; any act of Con gress or other legislative body as qualifica tion for any civil office or public trust, or for any employment or profession, or to serve as a juror, or vote at election, or which shall impose any tax upon, or condition to exercise the right of suffrage by any quali fied voter or which shall "restrain or pro hibit ti e free discussion of any law or sub ject of legislation in the territory, of the free exercise of opinion thereon by the people of the territory. This gave rise to a debate involving the questions of.soil, sov ereignty, and whether Congress ought to interfere, as proposed, it having le t the people free to settle their own affairs. 11. G. Gen. Cass said some of the acts passed by the assembly of Kansas were disgraceful to the age. llow could the people pro|>crly pass laws unless they had the right of free discussion. Geycr’s amendment was adopted ; only three nays, namely : Brown. Fitzpatrick and Mason. Mr. Wilson’s amendment to form a part of the proceedings was rejected. Nays* 25: Yeas 8. Mr. Seward offered a substitute admitting Kansas with the Topeka Constitution. Re jected. eas—Bell of N. 11., Collamer, Durkec, Fessenden, Foote, Ilale, Seward, Trumbull, Wade, Wilson. Nays 30. The bill as amended by Cieyer was finally passed. Yeas 33; Nays’) 2. Namely: Bell, of N. 11., Collamer, Dodge, Durkec, Fessen den, Foote, Foster, llale, Seward, Trumbull, Wade, Mason. 10,000 cojlies of llio bill were ordered to be printed. Adjourned at 12 o’clock. The President pro km took the Chair at noon. No Senator present besides himself. The onjy persons on the floor were the Se cretary, Sergeant at-arms, one door-deeper, and two pages in tl;o gallery, one reporter and two spectators. The Chair announced ihq signing of several.enrolled bills includ ing the Kansas bill, then in accordance with a previous understanding declared flie Senate adjourned till Monday. • HOUSE. A message was received from the Senate announcing the passage of the Kansas bill. Mr. Campbell in response to a question of Mr. Kimball’s, said he intended to call up the report of the select committee relative to the assault on Mr. Sumner on Tuesday next, but that he would not then move the previous question. The friends of the par ties involved desire a discussion. Mr. Clinginan said there would be a dis cussion. Mr. Campbell said he would move the pre vious questi<» on Thursday next. Men may Change, but Principles are Immutable. —The following resolution was adopted unanimously by the Congressional Convention of the Pemocr die party held at Joliet, Illinois, September lltli, 1850: “Resolved, That we are uncompromising ly opposed to the extension of slavery ; and while we would not make sucli opposition a ground of interference with the interests of the States where it exists, yet we moderate ly but firmly insist that it is the duty of Congress to oppose its extension to Territory now free, by all moans compatible with the obligations of the Constitution, and with good faith to our sister States ; that these princi ples were recognized by the Ordinance of 1787, which received the sanct ion of Thomas Jefferson who is acknowledged by all to be the great oracle and expounder of our faith.” The New’ Orleans Picayune says that it is in contemplation to run a line of five large screw’ steamers between that port and Liverpool which will commence opera tions very soon. Chilly ! — The “ratification” of the sham Democracy on Thursday night, got up after a week’s notice, was the most unmitigated fizzle know n here since the first Cass meeting’ in 1848. Nearl}- the same men were the actors in both. Senator Sickles goes back to New York with a sorry talc.— lloch. Dcm. James Buchanan There is an Arab pro verb that no man can be called great, until he has either “ written a book, built a house, or begotten a son.” The nominee of the Democracy has done neither, and being past his seventieth year, it is in vain to hope that he will merit the appellation. —Buckeye State. Out of two hundred students at Williams College (Mass.,) all are for Fre mont but seventeen. Congressional. Washington, July 3. senate. M From tbe Sf,T. Tribune. Col. Fremont and the North Americano. We subjoin the letter which Col. Fremont lias addressed to the Committee of the late American Convention, held in this City, in reply to the announcement of his nomina tion by that Convention. It is distinct and appropriate in its language,and puts the mat ter upon the right ground. The spirit which it breathes, of union for the cdftmion cause, and which indeed animates the people every where, is the sure, pledge of our triumph : New York, June 30, 1850. “ Gentlemen : I received with deep sen sibility your communication, informing me that a convention of my fellow citizens, re cently assembled in this City,hf.ye nominat ed me their candidate for the highest office in the gift of the American people ; and I de sire through yon to offer to the members of that body, and to their respective constitu encies, my grateful acknowledgment for this distinguished expression of confidence. In common with all who are interested ir. the welfare of the country, I had been stronglv impressed by the generous spirit of concilia tion which influenced the action of your as sembly and characterizes your note. A dis position to avoid all special questions tend ing to defeat unanimity in the great cause, for the sake of which it was conceded that differences of opinion on less eventful ques tions should be held in abeyance, was evinced alike in the proceedings of your convention in reference to tru\ and in the manner by which you have communicated the result.— In this course no sacrifice of opinion on any side becomes necessary. “ I shall in a few days be able to transmit you a paper, desgned for all parties engaged in our cause in which I present to the conn try niy views of the leading subjects which are now put in issue in the contest for the Presidency. My confidence in the success of our cause is greatly strengthened by the belief that these views will meet the appro bation of your constituents. “ 1 rusting that the national and patriotic feelings evinced by the tender of your coope ration in the work of regenerating the Gov ernment, may increase the glow of enthusiasm which pervades the country, and harmonize all elements in our truly great and common cause, 1 accept the nomination with which you have honored me, and am, gentlemen, very respectfully, Your fellow-pi tizen, J. C. FREMONT. “Messrs. Thomas 11. Ford, Ambose Ste phens, \V. A. Howard, Stephen M. Allen, Simon P. Kase, Thos. Shankland, J. A. Tunham, M. C. Geer a Committee of the National American party.” murder and Oulrage In Missouri The following is an extract from a private letter received in this city. We see in this, recital what is reserved for Kansas if the ruffians are allowed to subjugate it to the will of the slave Power: — Chicago Press. Savannah, Mo., June 15, 1856. Yesterday the Northern Methodists Leld a meeting at Rochester, a place about seven miles from here. Some of the slaveholding rowdies gave them notice to leave the State a few days before. But instead of paying any attention to it they commenced their meeting. A band of ruffians entered, took the preacher, tarred awl frail,end him, and killed one man in cold blood. Sonic of those that helped and were at the head of lliis, were from this town. A few days before, a drunken pro-slavery fellow got after a man from the East (of course he was called an Abolitionist)—in sulted and finally attacked him with a club, and the man lo save l.is own Ife turned round and shot him, which almost any man would have done. They have the man in jail here in Savannah, if the the man that was shot dies, it is thought that the one that shot him will be hung by a mob. It is stated in all the papers round here that the fuss was caused by abolitionism.— And so it goes. The man that was killed at the meeting was a very old man—a very line man, too—and lie was doing nothing but at tending his own church. Don’t you think it is shameful ? 'J hings are going on at such a rate that this State will soon be like Mexicy. The widow of Keating, the servant at Willard’s Hotel, Washington, who was shot down by Mr. Herbert, the representa tive in Congress from California, is dead, leaving behind her several orphan children. The shock of grief at her husband’s death, and the preying of grief at his loss, have hurried her into an untimely grave. Thus the double murder iscompletc, and the mur derer, shielded from the penalty of liiscrime by the votes of the administration members of Congress, still e:ts in the House to make l-uvs for the republic. Extract of a letter io the Philadelphia dated Washington, June 20th, 1856 : It is understood here that every ef fort will be made to defer the trial of flic lion. Mr. Herbert for the killing of Keating, until after the Presidential election ; for, as it is determined that he shall nut be con victed, the democratic politicians fear the result of his acquittal upon the Irish voters of the country. And well they may, for, as the Germans appear to be leaving that part}' everywhere, and joining the Republicans, it the Irish follow their example what becomes of Buchanan and the party.” F. 0. J. Smith. —Like tlie New York Herald, this Portland Yankee lias a’way6 been with the winning party in Federal Poli tics. At a Republican meeting last week, lie made a speech in which he said—“ Yo.u may think me uncertain in my political career, but you can rely upon it that I am always' certain to be on the strongest side; and if I support John C. Fremont, which is my pre sent intention, you can be assured that lie will occupy the White House after the 4th of March next.” The Boston Bee, speaking of Mr. Buchanan, says : He is a bachelor, but not in the matrimonial market. Ladies who are ambitious to preside over the White House, need not make any extra exertions, for there are two strong arguments against it. The first is, Mr. Buchanan won’t marry ; and the second, he never will be President. JS3T The Border Ruffiap papers are calling upon the people to “kindle the watch fires of Democracy.” Jones & Co. com menced the work at Lawrence. Hotels, printing offices and private dwellings fur nished the fuel^ JC3T Marble of the finest quality has been discovered near Marquette, on Lake Superior. THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 10, 185 G. ST. PAUL AND A FOOfe. Some “ one liorse ” land speculator from the “big village” of Philadelphia, has been venting his spleen in a most unmannerly way, in the Philadelphia Ledger of June 25th, in pretending to give his opinion of St. Paul.— Had he, however, been content to give his mere opinion of the place, he would certainly have been entitled to it; and also to give it as much publicity as he saw fit to do. But he writes as though he had been here, and attempts to convey the impression that what he states are facts; when the truth is—every statement he makes is a downright malicious falsehood of the most unmitigated stupidity. We give his article entire. lie commences his description as foil wS: St. Paul’s, Minnesota.— This village is situated on a bluff on the east bank of the Missouri, 400 miles above Dubuque, lowa. It is a rough place, with an extensive collec tion of rude wooden shops huddled together chiefly in one thoroughfare, though they ex tend two blocks in another, forming an L. This is perhaps nearer the truth than any thing that can be found in tho whole article of Anthrax. lie locates St. Paul on the Missouri River, which is about five hundred miles from where it is. lie spells Paul with an s and puts it in the possessive case, just as though the Apostle of that name was the Town proprietor. Saint Paul, described above, is in fact a young city of seven years growth of a pop ulation of near fen thousand, aud doing more business than any city in the East of double its population. One Banking House in this plaee does a business of eight millions annual ly, and they do about one fifth of the Bank ing business of St. Paul. At the foot of the town extends a wide swamp, which at high water forms what they call a sloo of the main river. The as cent from the river is precipitous. Naviga tion is troublesome in the usual dry sea son for thirty miles below, and often for much greater distance ; in late years this evil increases. St. Paul’s has some l ouses of brick lately finished, and a few stone warehouses. The bluff is full of springs. There arc two good hotels, considering the rudeness of the place and the scantiness of the market. The writer above has the asscninc stupid ity to say that “at the foot of the town ex tends a wide swamp, which at high water forms what they call a u sloo' J of the main river.” And in very next paragraph says the ascent from the liver is precipitous. It certainly is not very r precipitous to the he speaks of. It has long been known that the Mississippi Raj ids at Keokuk have been difficult, and had it not been for such dead heads as Anthrax, they would long since have been improved, but it is exceed ingly stupid to say “in late years this evil increases.” . There were Brick stores and dwellings erected in St. Paul as early as 1852, since when the number has increased with truly astonishing rapidity. A great deal of Philadelphia capital has been sent there, by peisons who never saw the place, with discretion to invest in shav ing notes at four to six cents per month, and in speculating in lots at Chestnut street prices. These investments will bear looking after, while they may yet be visible. A great city there is talked of as some day sure, in all the papers. But we were unable to see the base of such a hope. Nor could we find any one to give us one idea to justify it. The only reply is. “ We are at the head of navi gation, and the Falls of St. Anthony must always keep us so.” But the Falls are cheaply cannalled around through a flat prai rie, with steamboat locks ; and a triflingex pense will make the navigation to the Fal s as good as it is now to St. Paul’s, ten miles below. At the Falls is a water power of great prospective value in that flat country' ; and the river is navigable for ninety miles above, to a fine timber country. If a town of any manufacturing and commercial im-, porfance is to be sustained, it will not be at St. Paul’s, where there is not one thing to justify it, but at the Falls of St. Anthony. There is quite a town at this latter jdace, place, and the people confide in the future. Their prices for lots show a fifteen years’ an ticipation of bills to mature ahead, while at St. Paul’s it struck us that sixty days after doomsday would not honor the bills they discount upon futurity. We looked in at every shop there on a fine sunny Saturday afternoon in May\ and we found no business doing. We inquired of a Philadelphian who iiad been a year there with a stock of mer chandise. His story is one of sorrow and disappointment. Great fuss and no sales. For a rude shell of a shop he pays $1,200 per annum, and has not realized any such sum since lie has been there. He oilers to sell out at a heavy discount, but every one else wants to do likewise. The above paragraph is the most insult ing of the whole straj' of falsehood and ma lignant representation. Philadelphia has too nearly followed the narrow and contracted policy of “ Anthrax,” and lias sentloo little of its surplus -capital West, where money well used, or properly invested fias univer sally yielded such large profits. It is far behind New York and Boston in this respect, nor have they until lately offered to stretch forth their hand to reap the rich commerce of the West, which is being rapidly absorbed by their more enterprising neighbors. Were they possessed of p. few more such men as John Ci riggj there certainly could never have been heard in one of her public Journals, such a monument of malicious stupidity as “Anthrax.” Anthrax cautions his neighbors, who have investments in St. Paul, to look after them while they are yet visible. Is thisagame my dear sir to cheat your neighbors out of their nrojierty in St. Paul ? or, are you really in earnest? If you are, and know any Pliili delpliian who will take fifty percent, advance on any real Estate bought here two years ago, we are authorized to pay you that amount in gold. We heard of Anthrax at Madison, Wis., where .we arc informed he boasted, that he controlled the Press of Philadelphia, and could write down any Town in the West. Where upon certain town-lots went into his posses sion. We begin to suspect that you are something more than a fool. Anthrax speaks of cheaply canalling around the falls through a ffrt Prairie. There is no flat prairie between St. Paul and the falls, INTENTIONAL DUPLICATE EXPOSURE nor anywhere else in Minnesota; all tho ground between the places being a hundred feet or more above the river, and solid Rock at that. It would cost many millions tocon structa canal navigable fursteamboats around the falls. He speaks facetiously of sixty days after doomsday as tho time for honor ing the bills of St. Paul, discounts upon fu turity, being, doubtlessly just the time he hopes to get in the settlement of the lies he has been telling about St. Paul. He also says he was unable to see the base of a hope that Saint Paul would be a large city. Now this is not in' the least sur prising, for any one who is stupid enough to travel 300 miles on the Mississijipi River and think he was on the Missouri all the time, is not in this country supposed to kimo enough to see anything. For the Mlnnesotian. Had lie, however, looked about liim or travelled over the" Territory, he might have seen a scope of country' as large as Pennsyl vania and Nevv York together, of a richness and fertility of soil far surpassing those states; and with a climate, jironomwed by' those who have spent many years in it, far superior to them, with forests ofinexhahstable pine, and abundantly' supplied with minerals, all dependent on Saint Paul for its com merce. He tells a pitiful story of a Philadelphian who, like himself, has not made a fortune here, and who wants to sell out his merchan dise at a discount. But when you assert, Mr. Anthrax, that all the business men of Saint Paul are desirous of closing out their business at a discount, you assert what you ought to know to be a positive lie —a lie that is calculated to do you no good, and might, were it not so enormous, do them harm. It is not becoming in you sir, to at tempt to injure the business of y r our fellow Townsmen in such a scurvey manner as this. You say you looked in at every shop l ere on a fine sunny afternoon in May' and found no business doing. Now this certainly' is a most unmitigated falsehood, told with malice prepense. We have been here during each May for seven years, and can bring at least a thousand witnesses to prove that there has been no Saturday in May, or any other time, when there has been no business done. St. Paul’s is subject to frightful storms with wicked looking lightning. The wind always is fresh. The shops being of very flimsy frame-work, a fire would almqst cer tainly' sweep tluc whole away. This would make a consumption of merchandize, which else will lie sufficient for many' years’ wants of the small settlement it commands. We are not surjirised that the lightning of St. Paul was “ wicked looking” to y r ou,Mr. Anthrax,” for the wrath of Gqd sometimes descends in lightning upon those who so wil fully' vi late the Ninth Commandment. We would advise you to keep clear of St. Paul in the future else you may have a more inti mate acquaintance with the lightning than merely looking at it. How could you know that the “ wind always is fresh ” when you were only' in St. Paul about sixteen hours ? Do you suppose that because you were here during a windy' day' all the year round is the same 1 It is unfortunate for a place like St. Paul’s to be so lie-puffed, that a writer is necessari ly’ greatly disappointed. You call yourself “ a writertruly, sir, you are a nr iter, (but, shade of Webster, how you do spell Paul and slough !) byt a wr ter most certainly’ you are, of the Dogbcrrian school—an ass, a veritable ass, a jackass with long pendent ears. But reliance seems to be placed in pcojile of capital, who will not endure the long voy age to look for themselves; but who get ex cited by florid representations, and who con stitutionally think luck and happiness, like heaven, must be away off somewhere, any' place but at home. A deal of money has been sent there by such people, and a deal of merchandize, and we hope they are good at whistling. Not so, sir; no such reliance has ever been placed on capitalists of the East. The re liance of St. Paul is jtlaccd on its position, and its advantages for commerce ; on the energy’, intelligence, industry and enter prize of its citizens. A deal of money and a deal of merchandise has been sent here, has it ? Now I venture to say r that those who sent it here arc amply repaid for doing so, and are willing to send more. You hope they are good at whistling, do you ? Why’, sir, if they are only half as good at whist ling as you are at lying, they will not have the least trouble. The whole country, for fen miles, out to the Falls of St. Anthony, has been laid out in city lots, and out lots of five acres. The few farms are neglected, and ft2oo per acre is the asking figure. The general feature is a dead ilat. The soil is a black sandy loam, like the whole western prairie lands. Tim ber is scarce, and before you get a piece of land fenced and fit for a home, you will find its cost to exceed what would purchase, out and out, a ready-made farm home In Penn sylvania, where you would make double the money, with less toil and an immeasurable deal more of comfort and happiness. Not true again. The whole country from St. Paul to St. Anthony is not laid out into town lots and out lots, nor any great portion of it. Land, however, sells for ft2oo per acre between the places, and increases in value more rapidly as you approach St. Paul. If you have any land adjoining St. Paul, you can get from one to two thousand dollars an acre for it, in gold coin, and that which has been coined at the Mint in Philadelphia if you wish it. It is true that the soil of the Minnesota prairies needs no manure for many years; but simply an underturning of clover every fewyears. This may seeni to make a grea*t saving of labor and expense ; but there are drawbacks more than equivalent. Labor is not to be had for hire, which confines one’s farming to one’s own ability to work. Sick ness is also a certain element of calculation. In these flat, undrained lands every raki spell must have extra time to fit the ground for agricultural dressing. Earlj- and late frosts make destruction, and winter grain cannot be raised. Spring wheat onfy is raised, which is inferior. Insects of every kind are innu merable, and nothing is so scarce as insectiv erous birds. i: “ Sickness is a certain clement of calcula tion !” Wrong and worse than wrong Min nesota is proverbially one of the healthiest locations in the United States. Being above the malaria districts, it has blotted froth its catalogue of diseases tho billious, autumnal, intermittent and remittent fevers, which alone is immensely in favor of its liealthful pess. Frosts, late or early, have never, for the last thirty years, injured anything in Minnesota. Corn and other vegetation for the last seven years has, to our knonjfcdgc» matured and dried upon the stalk before there were any frosts to injure it. Winter is a long and dreary season, and fuel is so dear and houses so leaky, that the suffering, which cannot be cscajied, leaves its mark upon the constitution. Add to this the vast distance from market, and to our view the counterbalance is vastly against St. Paul’s and its surroundings, in Minnesota Territory. - Anthrax. What do y'ou know of winter in this place Mr. “Anthrax ?” Perhaps y’ou refer to St. Paul’.S!, “ on the Eastbankof the Missouri.” We cannot say much of the climate of that place, as we never knew there was such a place until the light of your tallow candle revealed it to us. But it certainly would re quire but a meagre amount of knowledge to know as much about it as you do about St. Paul. Whose constitution did you see injured by the winters of St. Paul ? I dare say, sir, you were not in ten houses in St. Paul, and are not a very comjietent judge of their tightness. The balance is vastly' against St. Paul, on account of its distance from market, is it ? How, then, thou luminous dead light, is St. Anthony going to get along so well ? Why', sir, your foresight is perfectly astounding. It is needless to comment further on the above. It is only one of the ravings of the many eight by ten land speculators who annually flock here with a view to get rich from other peoj>le’s labor, and find to their chagrin the ground occupied by men of more foresight and energy than themselves. We have not the pleasure of Mr. “ An thrax’s” acquaintance, hut lie shows his ears too plainly not to know flat lie is, if we are debarred from knowing who lie is. We should set him down as some Philadel phia snob or gambler, or a dealer in small wares in a very small way, who, in order to secure a bad debt, had, once upon a time, been forced to take some lands in the state of Pennsylvania, which lands others afterwards discovered to be full of coal and iron, which made him a rich man. Ilis neighbors puff him into the belief that it wap his business foresight and shrewdness that gained liis fortune for him, and he be lieves it. He, as many others before him. .takes it into his head that it would be a grand speculation to come to St. Paul and enter for a dollar and a quarter nu acre, all the land adjoining the town plot, wait for it I to rise in value, sell out, and realise a for tune. For this purpose he takes his cafpet bag and a hundred dollars, and journeys hither with a determination, that if he likes the country he will buy' it, but finds the lands that his imagination had speculated m so freely, and the'fortune that lie hal cut out for himself in the hands of others who know its value, and ate not to be cheated out of it. He then, to vent his spleen makes a sil.y jack of himself, as “ Anthrax” docs. Nitrate of Silver. New Building Material. About one y’car ago, we bad occasion to allude to a new building material, in the shape of brick—if we may so call the article —manufactured from lime and sand. The comjiosition consists of nine-tenths of the latter cheap commodity to one-tenth of lime. Machines have been invented to mould and press this new kind of bricks, by' which they can be manufactured with great rapidity. The sun and weather hardens them into a perfect cement, and the more exjio sure they are subjected to, the more inqier vious they' become. We tested thjs matter thoroughly lasi year, by' keeping one qf these bricks—left with us by Mr. Ilemiup of Si. Anthony—-in an exposed position for several week-. A building made of this material is not only’ equally if not more, endurable than ono of the common brick, but at least one-half cheaper and certainly a hundred per cent, more beautiful. The discovery was made by Ambrose Foster, Esq., of Wisconsin. A machine the munufacture of the article has been set up in St. Paid, by Mr. Albert Knight, who holds the right for the Territory of Minneso ta. The machine he uses is the invention of Mr. S. Parshley, of New Haven, (Conn.) and it cei tainly “ works to a charm.” Those who are still credulous as to the practica bility of this new and cheap building mate rial, should call at Mr. Knight’s yard, near the residence of J. C. Burbank, Esq., where they can see the machine in full operation, and judge of the general facts we lia\e stated above. \\ e think the uay of red burned brick is about passed. ki ' Puorable Suicide. —The body of Geo. it. McKenzie, the late keeper of the public house on Bench street, known as the Mansion House, was found in the river yesterday, near the up per Landing. A report prevailed about the city during the day, that lie had been foully dealt with. But upon investigation by a Coronor’s jury, no marks of violence were found upon bis person. The only verdict that could be rendered was, that be was found drowned in the Mississippi river. He had not been at home since last. “ Nitrate ok Silver,”— Mr. Silver, of Philadelphia, will find himself chemically an al} sed in the Mikne&qtian of this morning. All the poisonous suustancc is abstracted from the metal, leaving nothing but the ori ginal dross. ' liie We —Mr. Smith Las commenced work on .the Levee, between Jackson and Minnesota streets. The Capitol Fence. —Tho fencing of tho Capitol grounds is to be finished forthwith. Mr. Delano, tho contractor, was in town yesterday upon that business.