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FOSTER & MOORE,
VOLUME 7. INSKEN SHI KITS. Tin 1 »h*Jow» lay alnit*? Broailway, 'T ms near the twilijrhi title, An l sl.iwiv there a la.ly fair Was waiWinj: in her priile— ALnie walked she, yet view lesaly Walked spirits at her aide. I’eaee eh irtaed the street beneath her feet. And honor chartin'.! the air. Vtt I ill astir looked kiml at her And called her good and fair— For all tied ever cave to her, She kept with chary care. She kept with care her beauties rare, ‘ p r ,,.„ |,u t is warm and true. For her heart w as cold for all but gold, An ; the rich came not to woo. Ah. honored well arc charms to sell When priests the selling do! Now , walking there was oue more fair— \ *1 gh« girl, lUf pale— And see had unseen company I'o make the spirit quail; ’Tw vt want and scorn she walked forlorn, Atul nothing could avail. No mercy nowr can clear her brow For Hi a world’s peace to pray— For. as love’s wild prayer dissolved In air, Her w oman's heart gave way; And the sin forgiven by Christ in Heaven, By man is cursed alway. North-U'tMcrn Grower* Couveu- The Convention of northern growers of the Sorjk .t or Chinese Sugar Cane, was iiclil at Springfield. Illinois, on the 7th inst. Judge if. I>. C.vTox, i>f the Supreme Court, presi ded ; with Ex-Gov. Reynolds and Wrikl Mills, Ksq.. as Vice Presidents : and I rank W. Kki ly, J. W. Kktciiell, and Charles Kennicraft, as Secretary*. A number of I.adies were present, who participated in the proceedings. The dear rate which Sugar has attained in latter years make it important to the north ern States, to see if we cannot raise the ar ticle upon our own soil ; and thus become in dependent of both Louisiana and Cuba.— Quite a number of fanners in Minnesota are experimentin'! with the Northern Sugar Cane; and the experience in its cultivation and man ufacture developed at this Convention is as important to them as to the farmers of Illi nois. A great many specimens of Sorghum Syr up were exhibited to the Convention ; and some of Sorghum granulated Sugar. Nume rous letters wore presented and read detailing experience on the subject. Among them wa< one from a Judge Skin ner. detailing his process of manufacturing, and expressing a confident belief that the su gar would granulate. Some of the thickest of his syrup, which he had laid away for use, actually granulated of its own accord. John Lawrence Smith, of Louisville, Kv., sent a specimen of Sugar, and says : ‘•T "e is about ten per cent, of crystaliz abie sugar iu the cane grown in this neigh borhood ; in can be crystalized only in part. Rut I doubt very much if the plant will be as go. d r.s the beet root for making sugar.— My investigations were executed on a small scale ; but sugar of all degrees of purity was obtained. 7 ’ Joseph. S. Lovering, of Philadelphia, (a su gar manufacturer and refiner.) scut a box containing samples of the ditferent qualities of sorghum sugar and molasses. He writes : I wifi, however, hrielly slate, for their en couragement that the actual yield I have pro duced per acre is, brown su rar 122,185 lbs, molasses 7L’.'J gallons, and I have no doubt but that with proper apparotus and good cultivation, from I,GOO to I,bOO pouuds of such brown sugar, aid from Ik* to 110 gallons of such molasses, per acre can be obtained without difficulty. "1 am pleased to hear of so much enthu siasm in your State in regard to this new and valuable acquisition} to our list of agricultu ral products, and hope next year to hear more about sugar ami less about syrup. I am. however, not surprised that our farmers have not succeeded in making sugar at this early staire of the experiment, as they have uot as yet the requisite knowledge and ex perience, but 1 am somewhat disappointed to find that ou; scientific experimentalists have entirely failed to produce any useful results, or, indeed, any results at all. “ I can, however, assure you that there is no difficulty whatever in producing such su gar as the samples sent herewith, which I hope to demonstrate in my report. JosF.ru S. Loveuing.” John C. Depu, of Gallipolis, Oliio, sent a report of bis operations ami success with the Chinese sugar cane. He says : “ My experiments were made when entire ly destitute of the necessary implements to give a precise result. The cane which I cultivated occupied a piece of ground 54 by 47 lcet. drilled three leet apart and the seed in the drill eight inches apart. The product was 2,582 stalks, averaging, when ready for this mill, about seven feet in length, and of a light yellow color when cut. The yield of this piece was ".2.1 gallons of syrup, or about 512 gallons per acre. In quality, thickness and color, it was equal to the best New Or leans molasses. “ The time of planting was the 27th of April, and it came up about the lOtli ol May; appeared sickly until the middle of June, when it was suckered and scraped with a hoc. alter the manner of hoeing the Southern -ugar cane—no further cultivation was given it, except to scrape the weeds out once i;i the latter part of August, wheu the seed heads began to appear. We cut and manufactured it from the Ist to the 7th of October. The seeds were all ripe when cut. The soil was a heavy loam, slightly sandy, and did not raise an average crop of potatoes —as I planted potatoes and white field beans as a test, in the same ground. 1 ground 140 lbs. of this cane, and obtained I*2 gallons of juice, from which I made two gallons of syr up, being a yield of one gallon of syrup to six cf juice. “ I will now proceed to description of the products of other lots ground in my mill and boiled in the same apparatus—the preceding being considered as lot No. 1. No. 2, now to be considered, consists of a lot of cane raised upon close black loam—the washings of a hillside, situated on a south-west decliv ity. ami rather dry. It yielded one gallon of svrup to gallons of juice. It was cultivat ed in hills about feet apart, with very lit tle dressing, and planted about the same time as No. 1. No. 3 was planted on a rich bottom—soil, loam muck, with sandy inclination, and with a south-east declina tion. It was planted about the Ist of May, and cultivated with irore care thau either of the previous lots ; the stalks were large, and the baga-sc heavy. Yield, one gallon of syr up to bl, gallons of juice. No. 4 was planted upon a re u river bottom, and pretty heavily dres.-ot with old stable manure. It was planted m hills four feet apart on the 12th of May, and was not sucorcd, but cultivated and dressed in the best in-nner as far as hilling and hoeing were concerned. The stalks led down about the time the seed j made its appearance, and were very much wounded. Yield, one gallon of syrup to 13 gallons of juice. The ground was exposed to the sun throughout the entire day. as was No. 1. Nos. 2 and 3 were exposed about six or e ight hours per day to the sun, and all vould have raised the best potatoes, and did produce as good corn as there is in the State, except No. 1, as before stated—it being the poorest soil, yet producing the best and rich THE WEEKLY >ll \ \ ESOTI .VN BY S. E- WILLIS. SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 23, 1858. ost cane, and No. 4, the richest ground, the poorest cane. John 0. Dkpu. P. S.—l have so far experimented with Sorgho as to produce distinct and perfect crystals of sugar in color and general ap jiearance equal to that of the best Cuban.— My experience and general knowledge ot the plaut goes to prove beyond a doubt, that, an excellent article of sugar will in a short time be produced which will vie with the best Southern productions. In niv trial l select ed such cane as was perfectly round stalks, green ami seed ripe. 1 cut off the tops and used four or five joints ol the butt, owiug to size, adding three table spoons full of cream to every six gallons of juice. I clarified with the whole of an egg and a half-u-gill of new milk, strained through two thicknesses of flannel ; set it away, from G o’clock in the evening, using the milk and egg the second time, and then boiled rapidly until thick enough. I put away six pounds of syrup in a pan, stirring in it about one-fourth of a pound of good New Orleans sugar. It gran ulated iu about three or four weeks. 1 ob tained, after straining, about three pounds of sugar, the balance is as good sugar molasses as is obtained iu the Southern market. lam under the impression, that if uot disturbed I would have obtained more sugar. After drip ping, l took the molasses and set it again, but without further developments. In con clusion. I have proved to my own satisfaction, that the Sorgho justifies the high expecta tions entertained of it by its most sanguiue friends. J. C. D. Brutus 0. Clay, of Paris Ky., thus writes in regard to the other variety of cane called Imphee ; and contrasts its growth and pro duct with the Sorgho : ‘T planted the linphee on the 23d of May, broke the ground twice, and planted fully three by four feet apart, putting two and three seeds in a hill. About three-fourths grew ; hence it was rather thiu upon the ground. It did not all mature before frosts— the middle of October. I thiuk the average growth of stalks was no more than eight feet. They were, however, one-third larger than the Sorgho, and contained much more juice, of a quality very similar to that of t'ne latter. ' It stands up well, being large at the bottom ! and tapering to the top, and is not liable to i be blown down by the wind.” •‘The Sorgho, 1 planted about the 13th of #May. It came up well, and presented stalks small ami slender, ten to twelve feet high, | verv liable to fall and be blown down by the i wind. Roth this and tile Imphee require a little more care and attention than corn ; are longer starting and more delicate, and require more labor in cultivating.’’ ‘ Of the two varieties of cane, 1 think the Imphee will prove the most valuable plant. If planted early upon good soil with a south ern exposure. I thiuk it will ripen before frosts. The past season has been a bail one for a fair experiment. Even our corn is not yet dry enough to grind for bread.” Win. E. White, of .Aurora, Dearborn Co., Indiana, gives his experience of the Sorgum especially a forage plant: “As a forage plant, it Is invaluable to the farmer. Horses cat it with avidity, both stalk and seed, whether green or dry, and as vet,with two months experience, I have found no evil effects from it, save my horses have become sleek and frisky under its free use. ! For hogs, I know of no esculent its equal.— I Before corn is in a state for profitable fccd ' ing, the clover pasture has been resorted to by most good farmers to give their hogs a good start in the fall; this is well, but 1 be lieve that in ten acres of Sorgho, fed green af ter the seed has formed, is better tli n twen ty-live of clover ; and for milch cows, 1 am satisfied that nothing has yet been found to excel it. In the fall our pastures are gene rally close, and the grass in great measure deprived of its nutritive qualities ; hence, our cows soon fail to give us even a fair yield of milk or butter. A resort to the cane will soon put all tilings right. Fed rough, or cut up, it very soon produces a change,“the res ult is a more abundant supply of milk,cream ami butter, and the latter equal to that of j May, either fiom the Western Reserve or New York.” “Its seed, I am satisfied, is of great value for food, either for “man or beast,” and its yield being about 25 bushels per acre, will go far toward the expense of cultivation, and, I believe, will produce a Hour as nutritive and healthy as the best Pennsylvania Buck wheat, and in quantity fully equal to it.— The resnlt of our exjierinnnts in this county have been so favorable that it is now believed that one thousand acres of land will be ap propriated within this county alone, the com ing year to its cultivation.” A Report was made from the Mechanical Committee touching the mode of expressing the juice of the cane. We make an ex tract : “They would state it as their opinion that an approved machine should be made of three smooth cast iron rollers, which may be placed horizontally or vertically, and moved with a slow motion, not exceeding sixteen leet a minute, but whether it is preferable to use steam or horse power, or what particular mill should be used, this committee docs not feel prepared to decide.” The report however was not adopted ; but the whole question was referred back to the people at large, in the hope that inventive genius would be stimulated to devise better machines than any now known. The report cf the Agricultural Commit tee was then introduced, embodying a num ber of awards and opinions some of which we copy : Your committee would report as follows : —Mr. I). T. Nichols, of Logan Count}', shows sugar from Chinese cane, mixed with molas ses, having a very gummy appearance, fine grained, syrup boiled on the 9tli of October. Some portions boiled more thoroughly, pro duced sugar as above stated, after steaming throe or four days. J. 11. Smith, of Adams Co., shows a speci men of syrup boiled thick and crystalized almost in a mass ; crystals are destitute of rhumbic under the microscope. Specimens exhibited by Mr. Pearsons, of Springfield ; syrup very fair color and tlavor; ripe cane, made in a copper kettle, clarified with milk and eggs ; no alkali used; does not believe it necessary. Second specimen, boiled thick ; showed fair crystals after stan ding six hours. Small specimen clarified with blood, considered rather preferable. Specimen of several gallons by C. G. Tay lor, of Rock Island county ; color dark and shows evidence of too much lime ; unpleas ant, bitter taste. Specimen of new rum made by Ingram k Son, of Cincinnati, Ohio, color entirely clear; tlavor good, lacks age ; yield one gallon from eight of cane juice of which a fair average is 1800 gallons per acre. Specimen of Vinegar by Mr. Hedges, of Cincinnati ; fioni the simple juice by add ing about one pint of brewers yeast to the barrel, and keeping it in a warm place ; will be good vinegar iu about lour weeks. Specimen of meal from the sorgo seed pre sented by Mr. Hedges; when made into bread had no unpleasant taste; somewhat resembling buck-wheat mixed with aye. Specimen of Sugar from Mr. Belcher of St. Louis, and made by J. Lawrence Smith, of Louisville, Ky., consiting of two specimens of brown, white and clarified, is all good, and crystals line. Committee submit the letter published above of Messrs. Lovering, of Philadelphia, I sugar refiners; which accompanied beautiful loaf crushed or clarified, and two qualities of brown sugar-house molasses, all excellent. experience of sir. iionc.ES. At this period Mr. Hodges was called up on for his experience in syrup nnd sugar making, and in cane raising. He commenced by saying that a thiu soil grew the best and most productive plant; that is, it would pro duce more syrup, and a better quallity, from the same weight of cane. That raised in Clermont Co., Ohio, a county which pro duced white beans and small potatoes under favorable circumstances, was of a better qual ity than the product of the world-renowned Miami Valley. He produced a letter from au Ohio farmer, who tried an experiment by plantiug cane on four kinds of soil—poor, average, fertile and extraordinary rich. Ou the first, six gallons of juice made oue gallon of syrup; on the second, seven and-a-half ; on the third nine ; and on the fourth, thir teen. The speaker recommended farmers to raise their pn poor soil, and to plant in rows rune ing north and south, and of irregu lar width, so as to allow wagons to pass through at convenient intervals. The closest rows should be about three-and-a-half feet apart. This plan also exposed the cane, while growing, to the full effect of both sun and wind, In cutting off, the operator should seize the cane low, so as not to let the butt end touch the ground, as the oozing sap would cause the dirt to adhere to it, and this dirt would remain in the s\*rup or sugar. Frost would not seriously injure the cane after cut ting ; but it would injure the standing crop. In standing it up in shocks, great care should be taken not to allow the butts to touch the ground. A grassy lence corner was a good place. He recommended the use of blood as a clarifier; one pint being enough for a large kettle full of juice. As a skimmer, be would recommend a fine brass sieve, with a heavy wire as a rim, and a handle attached. Such an apparatus was far preferable to one made of punched tin, copper or sheet iron. He would recommend litmus paper as a test.— When it turned blue, after being dipped into the boiling syrup, the article might be set down as too sour. When it broke off short grained on the edge of a ladle, it was done, and the fires should be immediately put out; they should never be drowned by water, as that destroys the walls of the furnace ; but the bagassa, or pressed cane, ought to be thrown in. It would instantly extinguish the fire, and at the same time become so dry as to answer for kindling when operations were renewed. All surplus bagasse should be used as manure, as it was a most excel lent composition. In cutting off the seed heads, about fifteen inches of the top of the stalk, or thirty inches iu all, should be taken. The report of the Agricuctural Committee was then adopted. From the Bouton Post , Dec. ‘29. Spicy Correspondence—-A (True Wife. We are assured by a friend who is person ally cognizant of what he states, that the fol lowing piquant correspondence is genuine.— A gentleman whose business calls him a good deal from home, is accustomed to give the custody of his correspondence to his wife, an intelligent lady, who, in obedience to instruc tions, opens all letters that come in her hus band’s absence ; answers such of them as she can, like a confidential clerk, and forwards the rest to her liege lord at such places as he may have designated at his departure. Dur ing a recent absence of the husband, the lady received a letter, of which the following (omitting names, dates and places) is a true copy : “My Dear Sir : I saw a fine picture of you yesterday, and fell in love with it, as I did with the original in W last winter, when I saw you more than au hour, though 1 suppose you did not see me among so many. I fear you will think me forward in thus addressing you; but I trust you are as noble and unsuspecting as you are handsome and brilliant. Perhaps you would like to know something about me—your ardent ad mirer. Well, lam not very good at descrip tion, but I will say lam not married (though you are, lam told). My friends tell me I have not a pretty face, but only a good fig ure. I am rather jjetite, have black eyes, black hair, and a dark complexion—that is, I am what is called a “brunette.” lam stopping lor a few weeks with my brother-in-law and sister iu this town, and I dearly wish you would meet me there before I return to W—. At any rate, do not fail to write me at least a few words to tell me whether I shall ever see you again, and know you more intimate ly. Forgive my boldness and believe me, Your friend, To this letter the wife, who, by the by, has not the least knowledge of the person to whom she was writing, made the following answer: “Mademoiselle : Your letter of the inst., addressed to Mr. , was duly receiv ed. Mr. ,wlio :s my husband, directed me, when lie left home some days ago, to open all his letters, and to answer any of them that I conveniently could. As you seem to be rather impatient, I will answer your letter myself. I do not think your description of yourself will please Mr. I happeu to know that he dislikes black eyes, and hates brunettes most decidedly. It is quite true (as you seem to suppose) that he judges of women, as he does of horses ; bu t Ido not think your inventory of your ‘points’ is com plete enough to be satisfactory to him. You omit to mention your hight, weight, wind, speed, and [here the word is illegible.]— Taking your charms at your own estimate.— 1 doubt whether they will prove sufficiently attractive to draw him so far as B mere ly for the satisfaction of comparing them with the schedule. You say you trust my husband is •unsuspecting.’ I think that is his nature ; but yet he is used to drawing inferences,which are sometimes as unkind as suspicious. You say you are unmarried. My advice to you is that you marry somebody as soon as pos sible. In most cases, I would not recom mend haste : but in yours I am convinced there is truth in the proverb which speaks of the danger of delay. Should you be so for tunate as to get a husband (which may God mercifully grant!.) my opinion is that you will consider any woman who should write him such a letter as this of yours impertin ent and perhaps immodest. “I will deliver your note to Mr. when he returns, and also a copy of my reply, which I am sure he will approve. “I am, with as much respect as yon permit. This was the end of the correspondence. Eleven years ago the wife of a farmer liv ing in the neighborhood of this place, named Kasper Lorenzc, carried dinner to her hus band who was at work in a field, in a napkin in one corner ol which she had tied a five franc piece. She laid the parcel on the ground, and before she or her husband could drive her away, their cow made herself famil iar with the dinner. When the farmer came rushing upon the cow to chase her away, she in a hurry swallowed the napkin containing the five fi-anc piece. Recently the farmer sold the cow to a neighbor who intended to kill the same, but stipulated that all money found inside the cow should be delivered back to himself. The was killed, and the five franc piece discovered in the intestines, bright and shining. He now intends paying his taxes with the same. —Ozaukee Adz. “ Did the defendant approach the plaintiffs seriatim ?” inquired an attorney in a case of assault aud battery the other day. “No sir-ee,” was the reply, “he went at 'em with a poker.’’ (OFFICE OIST THIRD ST., BELOW CEDAR.) MINNESOTA LEGISLATURE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, ISSB. SENATE.—The Senate was called to order at usual hour, and opened by prayer. After roll call, and reading the journal, came RESOLUTIONS. By Mr. HALL: That the Senate meet the House iu joint convention at o’clock, on the 18th inst, to elect Lumber Surveyors. Carried. By Mr. COOK: That a committee, con sisting of Messrs. Reiner, Somers and Hall, be appointed to procure from the Governor’s office copies of all election returns, &c., and employ assistants to copy them. Ar it gave rise to debate, it was laid over one day. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. HALL: A bill to provide for the election of a Superintendent of Public In struction. An act to provide for the management and disposition of school funds. An act to provide for the election of School Fund Commissioners. The above bills were read a first and second time, and referred to the Committee on Education. A memorial to Congress to establish a mail route from Winona to Winnebago City. Au act to provide for the issuing of com missions to take testimony before Justices of Peace. An act regulating the filing of chattel mortgages. A bill to provide for the location of a State road from Mankato to Faribault. A bill creating a Forwarding and Com mission Merchants Lien. A bill to create a homestead exemption. A memorial to Congress to establish a mail route from La Crosse to Winnebago City. REPORTS. From the Committee on Judiciary, to whom was referred a bill creating a Forward ing and Commission Merchants Lien, report ing a substitute therefor. From the Committee to whom was refer red the Homestead Bill, reporting a substi tute therefor, which was accepted, by one vote in the affirmative, (Mr. Skinner,) and 200 copies ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate. THE RETRENCHMENT QUESTION' AGAIN. Mr. SMITH renewed his appeal from the decision of the Chair two days ago, i. e. that his motion “ to dispense with the daily jour nal for ninety days,” had beeu decided against in another form. The PRESIDENT cited authorities. He saitl he tried to be fair in his decisions, and not to ring in party feelings. He would not take it hard, even, should his party friends vote against him on an appeal, lie knew he was human and liable to err, but thought the charge from the minority that he had lieen unjust in his rulings towards them was un giounded. He asked lor any one to offer authority*. Mr. SMITH supported his appeal by nu merous authorities, and stated that the mat ter presented in his motion was different from any other thought of. Mr. LINDSLEY declared that the journal was of no use. He had ascertained that the expense for both Houses would amount to $4,000 during the session. Do gentlemen suppose such reckless expenditure is not in juring our State ? I could cite them instan ces and facts, sir, to sustain my declaration, but will not urge them now. Mr. RIDPATII also spoke much in the same strain, but. said he would like to have the points at issue on the President’s decis ion settled. On calling the roll, there were in favor of sustaining the Chairyeas 14, nays IG. So the decision of the Chair was reversed. The resolution then coming up for adop tion, Mr. BAILLY moved a call of the Senate. Several members absent. Mr. BATES moved all further proceedings under the call lie dispensed with. Yeas 15, nays 10. The Sergeant at-arms was despatched for absent members, and in about an hour re porting the absentees as not being in town. On motion of Mr. SMITH further pro ceedings under the call were dispensed with. Mr. ItIDPATH moved that the vote set ting aside the decision of the Chair be re considered, yeas 18, nays 14. Mr. RID PAT II moved that the two reso lutions be considered in Committee of the Whole, to ascertain and determine whether they arc one aud the same. A discussion arose on this motion, which was argued by Messrs. Bates, Lindsley and Van Etten, about points of order, rules of order, <fcc. Mr. STREETER wanted to know whether there were any rules of order or not. If so, every one who had spoken was out of order. Mr. BEM AN asked whether the motion, having occasioned debate, should not lie over. Mr. STREETER moved the previous ques tion. An excited and disorderly debate ensued. Mr. HALL moved an indefinite postpone ment of the whole matter. Mr. FOLSOM urgedjtliat according to rule 55 the motion would have to lie on the table one day. He insisted on the enforcement of the rule. Mr. WATSON moved to take up Senate bill No. 32, and go on with the business. The discussion continued some time. [lt was impossible for our reporter to get a correct sketch of the proceedings, or ascer tain what business was before the Senate.— Several of the members themselves declared they did not.J Mr. FOLSOM moved to adjourn—yeas 6, nays 24. Mr. McKUNE rose to a point of order. The CHAIR—I don’t want no more than six pints of order at once ! Mr. McKUNE sat down. Mr. RIDPATH’S motion coming up, was passed. The Senate thereupon went into COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE. to consider a point of order, Mr. Cave in the Chair. Mr. HALL moved that the committee rise and report the resolutions back to the Senate recommending that they be indefinitely post poned. A debate ensued between Messrs. Bates, Van Etten and Beman. Mr. BEMAN was particularly sarcastic on the Democratic side of the house, and show ed up the weak points urged by some of the orators in that direction. Mr. SMITH—Mr. Chairman, I have en quired of sundry printers since we last discus sed this question, and disinterested men, of the expense of the Daily Journal. They de clare that its cost will amount to about one fourth of the whole expense of the Senate. In one day, though I admit that it was rather unusual, the cost of our Daily Journal was $54,00 ! Is this State so rich, Sir, that we can afford to waste money at those rates on matters which are wholly useless to us ? An estimate was made a few days ago in regard to the expenses of our session. It was §IBO,OOO. If the daily Journals are not dispensed with, these expenses, from a close calculation, will amount to §205,000 ! To mpet this, ourown state will be taxed for the enormous amount of §300,000. I ask again, sir, are our resources so great, that we can persist in having these journals that older States have iong ago dispensed with ? Can you, Senators, persist in reck less expeuditures, pile up an enormous State debt, create an onerous and unjust tax on our citizens, discourage emigration,and injure our common prosperity, and then say you have protected the interests of the people ? I ask you before you pass this matter by, to look earnestly and calmly on it. While Sena tors are urging forward measures in this very body to relieve the people, to extend the time for the payment of last year’s taxes, in order to save many of their constituents from having their homes sold over their heads, others—nay the same ones, are op posing by every means in their power, a measure fair, honest, impartizau and neces sary, to decrease the burden they have to bear. Mr. LINDSLEY —I represent, Mr. Chair man, when 1 am at home, the business inter ests of a company of Boston capitalists. — They have expended in improvements in this Territory, some $33,000, and their taxa ble property is assessed at $142,000. The County and State taxes on this, amounted last year to 8192 ; the school taxes to SB2 moro.amounting in total to nearly to $275 ! I wasVrritten to, when I stated to them the amount, to know what unusual had occasion ed a tax of nearly 3 per cent, and on my re plying'that nothing extraordinary had caused it, one of them said, “If your taxes are going to be such, I have invested my last dollar in Minnesota!” This, sir, is but one instance that came un der my own notice; I could state more, to show that the outrageous taxation saddled on us is injuring us abroad as well as at home, and discouraging emigration. How then, can we refuse, sir, to pass a resolution dispensing with an unnecessary expense, amounting, even by the low estimate I made this moruiug. to 84000. Do the people who pay for it derive any benefit for it? Shall we put our hands into their almost drained pockets, and take what we want for this scheme for supporting “a bankrupt Demo cratic concern,” as another member said ! I must reply to the charge, that we who are urging retrenchment are wasting time in advocating it, that will consume the amount saved. Our business goes on as usual; when the Senate adjourns, the committees go to work. Our sessions are but a small part of our work—they are merely incidental to the end of legislation. Such arguments arc babyish—thoy may answer the service of pot-house politicians, but they are dishonest and unworthy of even any notice now. This question has been so fully discussed, I have no disposition to detain you any lon ger. But I will say that if every Senator here acts in justice to his positiou, and in justice to his constituency, he will vote to abolish the printing of this useless and ex pensive daily Journal. Mr. HALL withdrew his motion, to give place to Mr. VAN ETTEN, who moved that the Committee rise and report two questions back to the Senate, recommending that they be rejected because one and identically the same in substance. Mr. RIDPATII said that was just his ob ject in making the motion originally, &c. Messrs. Van Etten, Bates, Smith, Reiner, and Be man continued the debate, which as sumed a wide latitude, and consumed about two hours. Mr. VAN ETTEN’S motion coming up, was carried by a strict party vote 1 The Committee thereupon rose, and re ported the two resolutions back, with the recommendationa hove noted. On motion, the report of the Committee was adopted, and the recommendation com plied with. Yeas 15, nays, 13, as follows: Yeas—Banlil, Bailly, Carlton, Cave, Cow an, Day, Dunwell, Jones, Mixer, Moreland, Rolette, Skinner, Streeter, Van Etten, Mr. President Nays—Bates, Beman, Chase, Cook, Fol som, Lindsley, llciner, Ridpath, Smith, Som ers, Thomas, and Watson. Mr. BATES moved to adjourn until Mon day. Lost. On motion, the Senate adjourned. HOUSE.—The House was called to order by the Speaker pro tem. REPORTS. Mr. OTIS from the committee of the Ju diciary reported back House bills Nos. 7 and 12 for the revision of the Statutes with the recommendation that bill No. 12 be substitu ted for No. 7, and passed ; and also that Wm. Hollinshead, 11. R. Bigelow and J. W. Tay lor be appointed to make the revision. On motion of Mr. STARKEY, the report was referred to the select committee to whom was referred the subject matter a few days since. Mr. DOW, from the committee of Ways and Means, reported a substitute for the bill providing for the compensation of members and officers of the Legislature. Adopted. NOTICE OF BILLS. By Mr. RANDALL: To establish and maintain a ferry across St. Louis Bay. By Mr. STEVENS : Providing for the compensation of members of the Constitu tional Convention. By Mr. TEFFT: Memorial to the Presi dent relating to the interests of the settlers on the Half-Breed Reservations. By Mr. MACKINTIRE: To establish the rate of interest in this State. By Mr. DAVERN : To amend the act to grant the right to establish ferries and main tain the same to certain persons in this Ter ritory. DILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. KINGIIORN : To lay out a State road from West St. Paul to Shakopee. By Mr. CHASE: To establish the county of Toombs. By Mr. RUTAN: To fix the rate of Toll for Grinding. SECOND READING OF BILLS. A bill granting to Samuel Goodrich, Allen L. Goodrich and Wm. Chambers, the right to establish and maintain a ferry across the Minnesota River at Bloomington. Referred to the select Committee on Ferry Charters. A bill to authorize the Commissioners of Hennepin County to issue and 6Cll bonds for the purpose of paying the indebtedness in curred in erecting buildings for said county. Referred to Committee on Towns and Coun ties. A bill to provide for the disposition of the University and Primary School Lands. Re ferred to Committee on Education and Sci ence. STATE BONDS. Mr. BEARCE moved that the House now take up House Bill No. 20—the bill author izing the issuing of State Bonds. Carried— ayes 40, nays 30. Mr. DOW moved that the House go into Committee of the Whole.—Carried—yeas 40, nays 30. The Committee of the Whole, Mr. SHEETZ iu the Chair, proceeded to the bill. Mr. DOW moved that the sum of $205,- 000 be stricked out and §250,000 be insert ed. Mr. DOW said he made this motion be cause subsequent information from the re ports of the Territorial officers showed that $205,000 would not be enough. He also wished to pay the expenses of the Constitu tional Convention last summer. Mr. SI FA ENS advocated tha amendment for tue same reasons. The amendment was carried. Mr. KEITH moved to strike out the 12 percent, interest and insert “at a rate not ex ceeding 8 per cent, per annum, payable semi annually in New York.” Mr. DOW moved to amend the amend ment by inserting 10 per cent, per annum, payable semi annually in the city of New York. Lost. Mr. DO \V moved to amend the amend ment by inserting a rate not to exceed 10 per. cent. Lost—ayes 30, noes 33. Mr. BEARCE moved to insert 9 per cent. The question was then taken on Mr. Keith’s amendment, and carried. Mr. DOW, that when the committee rise they report the bill back and recommend its Indefinite postponement. He did this be cause he did not wish to see it remain a dead letter on the statute book. Mr. STARKEY thought Mr. Dow was pre mature. Mr. BRADLEY hoped the motion to in definitely postpone would not prevail. If a sufficient time was given for the considera tion of the matter, he had no doubt the members could all agree as to the rate of in terest. The motion was lost. Mr. KEITH moved that the committee rise and ask leave to sit again two weeks from to-day. COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE. The Committee of the Whole, Mr. PIERCE in the Chair, proceeded to the con sideration of House bills, aud made the fol lowing recommendations: Memorial to Congress for a donation of land for an Agricultural College. To be en grossed. A bill to establish the county of Mongalie. Re-referred to committee of towns and coun ties. Granting to Isaac N. Button and Francis Bunker the right to establisn a ferry across the Miuuesota River. To committee on fer ry charters. An act to lay out and establish a State road from Glencoe, via Paynesville, to St. Cloud. To be engrossed. An act to incorporate the town of Acton. To committee on towns and counties. To extend the time for the collection of taxes in counties of Stearns and Wright.— To committee on towns and counties. To authorize the Commissioners of Hen nepin County to levy a tax to build a bridge. To committee on roads and bridges. Granting to Samuel A. Goodrich and Wm. Chambers the right to establish a ferry across the Minnesota river at Bloomington. To special committee on ferries. Authorizing school district No. 21, to bor row money to the erection of school build ings. To committee on education and science. To lay out and establish a Sta'e road from Shakopee to Kasota. To committee on roads and bridges. The Committee of the Whole then rose and the recommendations were adopted. Adjourued. SATURDAY, JANUARY 16,1865. SENATE.—Senate was called to order,and the preliminaries gone through with. RESOLUTIONS, By Mr. STREETER: That the rules anil joint rules of the Senate be referred to a se lect committee who shall make such amend ments as they may deem proper. By Mr. NORTON : Proposing an amend ment to the rules, and an addition to several of the committees. By Mr. SMITH: That the Committee on Ways and Means are hereby instructed in auditing the accounts for printiug of the Journal of this Senate to estimate the meas urement of the composition of the same, by the bound volume, in accordance with the practice heretofore' adopted by the Comp troller ol the United States Treasury, in au diting the accounts of the late Territorial Legislatures, and in no event to allow pay for more than one composition. On motion of Mr. HALL, a committee was appointed to confer with a similar com mittee from the House, in reference to hav ing all bills originating in each house laid on the tables of members of the other house.— The Chair appointed Messrs. Streeter and Hall such committee. By Mr. M’KUNE : That the proceedings had in Committee of the Whole on Friday, be considered null and void. Laid over one day. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. MORELAND : An act to estab lish a State road from Fort Ridgely via Mankato to the lowa line. By Mr. JONES: A memorial to Congress relative to public lands. By Mr. VAN ETTEN : An act regulat ing limited partnerships. Ordered to lie on the table and be printed. By Mr. VAN ETTEN : Mr. Bates’ bank bill which was referred to the Committee ou Banking, recommending that it be printed. By Mr. SKINNER: An act amending an act relative to public roads. H. of R, : Au act to vacate a portion of the public square ol Mantorville. H. ofR.: An act to locate a road from the St. Anthony Suspension Bridge to the west lino of the State. 11. of R.: An act relative to the Territo rial prison. H. of R. : An act authorizing the Com missioners of Wabashaw Count)’ to borrow money on the bonds of the county, to erect certain public buildings. By Mr. MURPHY : (Mr. Watson in the Chair,) resolutions in reference to the Judi ciary. Also, resolutions providing for the future number of Senators and Representatives. One hundred and fifty copies ordered to be printed of each. J3y Mr. SKINNER: A bill to authorize the banking business. BILLS READ A SECOND TIME. 11. of R. No. 15: A bill to authorize the Commissioners of Wab&shaw County to bor row money on the bonds of that couuty, to erect certain public buildings. Joint resolutions providing for the future number of Senators and Representatives. Also, in reference to the Judiciary. S. F. No. 44: For creating a Forwardiug and Commission Merchants Lien. A bill granting to N. F. Taylor a ferry charter at Nashua. A bill to authorize the business of bank ing. A memorial to Congress to establish a mail route from La Crosse to Winnebago City. Several other bills which were introduced yesterday were read by their titles, and or dered to lie on the table and be printed. REPORTS From select committee on banking bills, recommending the printing of the bill intro duced by Mr. Bates; which was ordered to be done —150 copies. IN COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE. S. F. No. 20, a bill for the relief of the State creditors—[a bill introduced by Mr. Cowan, providing for the issue of State Or ders,] amended, and referred to Committee on Judiciary. S. F. No. 39, a bill providing for the ap praisal of the School Lands. Referred to committee on Education and Sciences. S. F. No. 10, a bill to provide for the con struction of a State Road from Farribault to Wilton. Senate Memorial No. 4, a memorial to the Post Oflice Department, to increase the mail service on route 13,848, between Hudson, VYis., and St. Paul, to a daily mail. Joint Resolution relative to the number of Senators and Representatives hereafter. Re ferred to committee on State affairs. A memorial to Congress to repeal the sec ond section of an act granting lands to Min nesota for Railroad purposes. After a long debate, during which Messrs Cowan, Jones, Streeter, and others address ed the Senate, the memorial was referred to the Committee on Public Lanus. n' kill t° locate a State road from Cannon Falls to St. Paul. Also, a bill authorising the Register of Deeds of Chisago County to transcribe froiq the Records of Washington County. EDITORS AND PUBLIS Also, a bill to locate a road from Farribault to Wilton. S. F. No. 20, a bill to locate a State Road from St. Paul, via Lake Como, to Lake Su perior. Also, S. F. No. 22, a bill to locate a road from Brownsville to Winnebago City. On motion, it was ordered that when the Commiitee rise, the above bills be reported back, with the recommendation that they pass. A bill to extend the jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace. S. F. No. 24, a bill to allow Justices of the Peace to enter J udgment on confession. Both the above bills were referred to com mittee on Judiciary. S. F. No. 25, a memorial to Congress rela tive to Public Lands. Referred to Commit tee on Public Lands. S. F. No. 2G, a bill to organize the Coun ties of Pierson and Holmes. Referred to committee on Towns and counties. An act to amend an act entitled an act to incorporate the town of La Crescent. Pas sage recommended. S. F. No. 31, an act to provide for a law ful lence. Referred to Committee on Agri culture. 11. ol 11. No. 35, a bill to authorize the Board of Commissioners of Wabashaw Co. to borrow money to erect- certain county buildings. To be engrossed. On motion, the Committee rose and repor ted the bills back with the various recom mendations. The report was accepted, and the amend ments concurred in, with the exception of the reference of the bill for the relief of the State creditors, which was, after a long de bate, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. Oil motion the Senate then adjourned HOUSE.—The House was called to order by the Speaker pro tem. PETITION PRESENTED. From the Mayor and common Council of the City of St. Paul, remonstrating against the passage of an act extending the time for the collection of municipal taxes in said city. REPORTS. Mr. TALBOT, from the committee on Towns and counties, reported back the bill for the extension of time iu the collection of taxes in the counties ol Stearns and Wright and recommended Sherburne county to be also included and the bill passed. On motion of Mr. CRUTTENDEN, Morri son county was also included, and the bill ordered to be engrossed. Mr. KINGSLEY, from the committee on lloads and Bridges reported back the bill for a State road from Red Wing to Albert Lea’s with a recommendation that the bill pass.— Report concured in. Air. STARKEY, from the committee on Banks made the following report: They have carefully examined the provi sions of said bills, and in lieu thereof oiler the following substitute : Your Committee would further say that in view of the prostrate condition of our finan ces, and the attempt made by designing per sons to flood the State with a worthless cur rency, to the ultimate injury of the whole people, it is the boundeu duty of this Legis lature to at once mature and pass a General IJauking Law that will drive out these abom inable frauds and swindles. Your Commit tee are not prepared to report whether Hanks could be dispensed with or uat; that subject more properly belongs to the ‘-political econ omist,” but your Committee are prepared to sny that only two or three States in the Un ion have refused to allow any Hank notes to be circulated, and the inevitable cousequeuce has been they were inundated with every de scription of shinplastcrs, from the Nebraska Hank to the Dubuque Harbor Currency, and such is the ruinous effect upon those States that Louisiana and Missouri are now hastily retracing their steps, and have passed bank ing laws; and the people of lowa have, in their amended Constitution, voted to create a Hanking Law. Shall Minnesota, with ex amples such as these, slaud aloof and allow the wild cat issues of every State or Territo ry, from the Atlantic to the Pacific seaboard, to come into our young State and devour the substance of our toiliug fellow-oitizens, drive out whatever good money there may be here, and destroy the energy and industry of the jieople 1 Your Committee believe not; as the Representatives of the people, they de mand a law at our hands. Your Committee anxiously labored to perfect one. They may not have succeeded, but present it for your consideration, and respectfully ask the “imme diate” and attentive consideration of the same that its importance demands. James Starkey, Chairman. NOTICE OF BILL& By Mr. BACON: To locate a State road from the town of Leroy, in Mower County, to Clcrinontt, in Dodge County, via Brouns dale and Oak Glen. Also, to establish a road from the town of Leroy to Forestville in Fillmore County. By Mr. M. THOMPSON: Memorial to Congress for an appropriation for the further completion of the Big Sioux ltoad, west of Mankato and Blue Barth Rivers. By Mr. KINGSLY: For a State road from Mankato to the lowa State line. By Mr. TALBOT: Fora ferry across the Mississippi River near the mouth of Silver Creek. By Mr. S. R. JOHNSON : For a State road from the lowa Stato line to the city of Winona. Also, rnemorial for the establishment of a mail route from Brounsvillc to the city of Winona. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. TEFFT: A memorial to the Pres ident of the United States relative to the Half Breed Tract. By Mr. BUTTERS : To amend chapter G 2 of the session laws of the extra session of 1857. By Mr. DAVERX: To amend an act graining the right to certain persons to es tablish ferries in this Territory. RESOLUTIONS. By Mr. TALBO T : That all bills for fer ries lie referred to the Committee on Ferries, after their first reading, without printing. Also, That all bills for acts of incorpora tion be referred to the Committee on Incor p rations, after the first reading, without printing. Also, that the Committee on Incorpora tions be requested to report a goneral Incor poration Law. Adopted. COMMITTEE OS' THE WHOLE. The Committee of the Whole, Mr. Chase in the Chair, proceeded to the consideration of the Senate file of hill. On motion of Mr. PIERCE the Commit tee rose and reported the bills back with the recommendation that they bo indefinitely postponed, for the reason that the Senate had not furnished the House with printed copies of the bills. The report was adopted. Some discussion was then had in relafion to the discourtesy of the Senate in gettin.' a sufficient number of their bills printed f rtho use of the House. After which the vote by which the bills were indcfflnitcly postpones ( was re-considercd, and On motion of Mr. TATTERS ALL, the , Senate file of bills was ordered printed for the use of the House. House bili No. 49, fixing tho of toll for grinding, was considered in Committee of the Whole, and referred to the Commit tee on Agriculture and Science. On motion of Mr. RUTAN, the annual re port of the Territorial Warden was referred to the Committee on State Prisons, and the Treasurer’s and Auditor’s report referred to the Committee cm Ways and Means. NUMBER ki * <j * ' »;| On motion of Mr. GROVER, the report of the Surveyor Genial of Lumber for the Ist district, was referred to a select .committee of five. Adjourned. MONDAY, JANUARY 19, 1858. SENATE.—After the usual prelimina ries,— notice of bills. By Mr. COWAN ; several bills relating \ to Judical officers and their'salaries. By Mr. FOLSOM: of a bill authorizing the commissioners of Chisago county to bro row money on bonds for certain purposes. By Mr. HULL: a bill for the prohibition of gambling and betting. By Mr. DAY : a bill to extend the time for collection of municipal taxes of the town of La. Crescent RESOLUTIONS. By Mr. MORELAND : to fix up a room for the Enrolling and Engrossing clerk. Car ried. By Mr. RIDPATH: that the Sergeant-at- Arms have two copies of the rules, &c., bound, for each member. PETITIONS AND REMONSTRANCE. By Mr. HALL: a petition from 190 citi zens’ ladies and children : praying the Legis lature to pass a stringent License Law. Re ferred to a select committee of Messrs. Hull, Jones, Bates, Day, and Ridpath. By Mr. LINDSLEY : a remonstrance from the citizens of Olmsted and Fillmore Co., re monstrating against alteration in the route of a certain road. Referred to Committee on roads and bridges. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. NORTON: a bill to amend an Act entitled an Act to incorporate the Wino na Ferry Company. By Mr. CAVE: a bill to authorize the City of St. Paul to loan her bonds to the Samt Paul Bridge Co. [Here the clerk of the House appeared, with a message that.the House was ready to meet the Senate in joint Convention. The Senate thereupon adjourned to the Hall of the Representatives and after some time there in, returned and took up the order of busi ness again.] BILLS ETC. ON SECOND READING. IL of R. No. 23 : Bill to locate a State road from St. Anthony to the west bounda ry of the State. H. of R. No. 23: A bill to vacate the part of the public square of Mantorville. BILLS READ A THIRD TIME, AND PASSED. A bill to locate a road from Cannon Falls to St. Paul. A bill to authorize the Commissioners of V abashaw County to borrow money on tluA* bonds to erect public buildings. A bill to authorize the inhabitants of Far ibault County to vote to change their coun ty seat. A memorial to Congress relative to pub lic lands. A bill to locate a State road from Br&wns viHe, via High Forest, Caromona and Albert Lea to Winnebago City. A memorial to Postmaster General for the increase of mail service from St. Paul to Hudson, Wis. A bill to authorize the Register of Deeds of Chisago County to copy from the records of Washington County. A bill for an act to relieve the creditors of the State was read a third time. Mr. NORTON opposed the passage of the act in a long speech. He quoted much authority and precedent to sustain his posi tion, and declared the proposed issue of the State scrip would not afford more than tem porary relief—would not lesssen the State debt, but would rather increase it bv so much as the expense of the issue. It might permanently injure our credit, too. and would be of little use to us out of the limits of the State, even if it were legal and constitution al. Mr. COWAN replied, taking a different view of the matters mentioned, and advocat ed the legality of the issue. Pending action on the bill, On motion of Mr. SMITH, the Senate ad journed. House. —The Ilonse met pursuant to ad journment and was called to order by the Speaker pro tern. reports. » Mr. TALBOT, from the Committee on Towns and Counties to whom was referred the bill for the incorporation of the Town of Acton reported the same back without am endment and recommended its passage. Mr. Kingsbury from the Committee on Roads and Bridges, reported back the bill for the location of a State Road from Browns ville to Shell llock City and recommended its passage. NOTICE OF BILLS. By Mr. T. A. THOMPSON: A bill rcla< ting to the County seat of Wabash?*;- Coun- ,? tv. < ! -l -i > By Mr. LOCKE: A bill to Lncorwizate the; City of West St Paul. BILLS INTRODUCED. * ' ' ’ £ By Mr. LIBBY : To establish an v inatitu-| tion of learning at Zumbrota. i ' - f By Mr. BACON : T 5 establish a State. * Road from Leroy, MoWer County, to Clare mont iu Dodge County. SECOND READINO OF HILLS. House Memorial, No. 6, introduced ly Mr. Telft, to the President, in relation to th; citizens of the Sioux Half Breed Reservation on Lake Pepin for the passage of a pre-emt tion law. House bill No. 50, to authorize the busi ness of Banking. House bill to amend chapter 02 of the session laws of 1857, in relation to Public Roads. Referred to Committee pn Roads and Bridges. r IN COMMITTED OF THE WHOLE. The Committee of the Whole, Mr. BAL COMBE in the Chair, had under considera tion the Senate file of bills, and made the fol lowing recommendations: No. 1, a memorial to the President against the policy of putting large bodies of the pub lic lands in market. To be read a third tima No. 2, an act authorizing the Clerks of Courts to grant orders of publication. To bo read a third time. No. 6, to amend the Session Laws of 1857 in relation to the incorporation of the town of Buffalo. To be read a third time. No. 8, for the location of a State road from Brownsville, in Houston county, to Shell Rock City, in Freeborn county. To Com. Roads and Bridges. Mr. STARKEY in the Chair, the Commit tee had under consideration the nouso file aud made the following recommendations : Tho memorial in relation to the settlers on the Half-Breed Tract at Lake Pepin. To special committee of five. An act to authorize the business of bank ing. 'To be made the special order at 11 to morrow. An act to fix the compensation of mem bers and officers of the Legislature. Ren uest leave to sit again. 1 JOINT CONVENTION. In accordance with previous resolution tho Senate and House of Representatives meet in Joint Convention at 11 o’clock, for the pur pose of electing Surveyor Generals for the 3d and 4th districts. The Convention then went into an elec tion for the 3d district. nominated John Wallcy. Mr. BE VANS nominated J. M. Petti bone. Ihe vote was taken with the following re sult : Mr. Walley received 51. Mr. Pettibone “ 43.