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The weekly Minnesotian. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. Territory) 1852-1858, April 24, 1858, Image 1

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Our Special SUnueapolla and St. An-
Ikoujr Correspondence.
To the Editors a/ the Hinnssotian
The excitement which baa existed here for
some time | ast, attained its acme last night.
The fever of those in favor of the I>oan Bill
reached its crisis, and while Üboring under
the delirium, consequent upon the morbid
condition of their systems, they treated the
inhabitants to a Grand Swindle Carnival,the
principal pageant of which was a torchlight
procession. I watched the procession as it
passed by me. They who composed it were
radiant with joy, jubiliant in their confidence
of the ultimate success of their frenzied
scheme As I gazed on their elated features
and marked their prancing chargers, I was
forced mentally to exclaim, ‘ Falstaff march
eth to Shrewsbury.” The procession was
gorgeous in the extreme. I will attempt to
give you a description of it, but it should be
le t for a more powerful peu than mine. The
firing of cannon and ringing of bells were to
announce the moving of the procession. On
both sides the cannon was or'itted. The
two divisiors, i.e., St. Anthony anil Minnea
polis, were to join at the Nicollet House, in
Minneapolis. The cavalcade moved down
Helen street to Fiist. and cutting acoss lots
•truck Washington Avenue above the Catar
act House, down Washington Avenue to
Ames street, up Ames street 10 Four 1 h, thence
along Fourtu to the residence of Chas. Hoag,
Esq., through that gentleman's grounds to
Itaska street; thence to Second; along Sec
ond street to Bridge street; down Bridge
street ; across the Suspension Bridge to St.
Anthony. Upon reaching St. Anthony it
proceeded down Main to Maple ; up Maple
to Fourth ; thence to Bay street, thence to
Wood street; thence to Rollins street;
thence to Bay street ; Fence to the foot of
the Winslow House, * hen a grand display
of file works took place, consisting of the
throwing of fire-balls by several small boys.
Now for the procession. First and fore
most came a dozen of small boys; then, the
Chief Marshal mounted on a charger, wnich
he c* uld with difficulty hold—hold up I mean-
Next following were the horsemen and horse
hoys, all mounted on highly caparisoned and
prancing steeds ; next in turn tor what was
intended for a locomotive, but bore as much
resemblance to a locomotive as a New York
alderman does to a Mississippi steamboat;
next a drum and fife ; next what I was in
formed was intended for a passenger car;
next two men holding a transparent ball;
next the band wagon, and then came the
boys with torches and transparencies—about
a dozen torches and the remainder trans
parencies, on which were painted some ab
surd mottoes, which were as follows : ‘‘Pop
goes the Weaseh” “Can’t Stay’ in the Wil
derness," and one ‘‘Railroads Encourage
Several buildings were illuminated in each
city, aud spearing of them I must frankly
confess, that they were nearly all creditable.
The most magnificent scene I ever beheld
in the way of illumination, was that present
ed by the Wiuslow House of Saint Anthony;
every window in the immense edifice was
brilliantly illuminated. Through each of the
sixty large windows in the front; through the
twenty four fronting the river; and through
every opening in the cupola shone a dazzel
ingly brilliant light. The entire building
from the base to the topmost tile was brought
oat in bold relief. Viewed from the Minne
apolis side of the river, the Winslow House
presented a scene of bright, shining,•fairy
like beauty—l cannot describe it fairly, paint
the picture yourself and take this as a basis
—a large massy building, with a cupola full
of openings, standing on an eminence, take
out all the floors and partitions and fill the
interior with Drummond light. Standing at
a distance and viewing this building, it seem"
ed to be filled to bursting with a strongly
brilliant supernatural smokeless fire. [The
question arises here, who paid expenses ?|
Among the many Marshals who officiated,
we noticed our friend the Local of the Gazette.
We also noticed am ug the assistants, the
Hono able desired to be P. M. who wrote the
Lecompton letter Shave-Tail-I—s.
We have thus far heard of no accidents,
aud although there were some horses out, we
believe no person was thrown, owing no
doubt to the fact, that during the entire af
ternoon Marshals and aids were out with the
rses which they rode in the evening, riding
about town to accustom themselves to the
thing: tning to wear off the novelty of being
on horse-back two hours later. We learn
that several men wore -hot in the neck by A.
Saloon; hopes are entertained of their recove
ry, though some were so badly wounded that
they could scarcely utter, distinctly, the sim
plest words in the English language. 1 close
here, as I must attend to the election.
Oar Stillwater Correspondence.
Stillwater, April 15, 1858.
Tv the Editort of the Jiinneeotian
As was expected, the loan men have car
ried this precinct by a large majority—the
vote being 890 for, to 78 against.
Within a few days past, a singular fanati
cism has seized upon the public mind ; and
hundreds who a few days ago opposed the
measure, to-day voted for it They did so,
however, under protest; acknowledging the
iniquity of the scheme, but hoping that in
adopting the measure temporary good would
result—excusing themselves by trying to be
lieve there would be a chance for improve
ment in present embarrassments and declar
ing themselves willing to take the chances.
I believe it a mistaken, suicidal policy,
which will call lorth a bitter repentauce here
len days ago we could have given them
an even race. Ihe little remnant of anties
left, made uo active opposition. They voted
quietly and went about their business, while
the friends of the measure conducted every
thing in the highest state of noise and wh s
ky. Tell Muggins, <*f the Times, he had
better break a fresh bottle of “ medicated’ l
on the strength of this result.
There was a great deal of illegal voting
which may be the subject of legal instigation
hereafter. Vindicator.
The Henry Clay and Dew Drop left for
below yesterday.
Some years ago the House of Delegates of
Virginia passed a bill to ereate a new county
to be called Clay. The Senate struck out
Clay and inserted Ritchie as the name of the
county. The House concurred, so the county
of Ritchie was accordingly created. At the
present session the Senate passed a bill to
make another new county, to be called Clay,
and the House unanimously concurred. And
so Virginia is now honored with a county
bearing that great name.
April, 15, 1858.
One of three profane and dissolute young
men in Boston was converted at a prayer
meeting, and going borne to the hotel where
he boarded, found his associates engaged in
card-playing; ho immediately addressed them
on the subject of religion, and the three now
attend prayer meetings together, and appear
to be alike interested in personal religion.
In Washington City, on Saturday, Mar
cellus Stoops, a messenger in the Treasury
Department, while walking leisurely along in
company with another young man, was shot
with a pistol. He died a few minutes after.
Eight or ten men of the fighting club there*
called “Swipers,” have been arrested.
It is stated that the largest room that was
ever constructed, is that in which the tobac
co stores are kept at the London docks. The
room is said to cover nearly six acres, being,
of course, under one roof! It is a curiou ß
circumstance, that this enormous apartment
should be devoted to an article of mere lux
The trial of Mrs. Julia M. De-vey, alias
Lewis, came ofif the other day at Oswego, N.
Y. The prisoner was convicted and senten
ced to three years and two months imprison
ment in Sing Sing Prison for horse-stealing.
The beauty of the fair criminal had no effect
upon the stony hearts of the jury.
The Canton (Mo.) Repository states that
the Legislature of Missouri, at the session of
1856-7, passed an act instructing the “State
Librarian to furnish each member of the
Legislature with a copy of the Holy Bible>
St. James's Revision /”
A book was published in England during
the protectorated of Cromwell, with the fol
lowing title —“Egg* of Charity, laid by the
chickens of the Covenant, and boiled by the
waters of Divine Grace, take ye and eat.”
Mr. Samuel Wright, a farmer, who resides
in Washington couuty, Pa., has eighteen chil
dren, 110 grand children,and 175 great-grand
children. His wife, too, is still living.
An illustration of the fury of the gale
which visited the eastern counties of England
is supplied by the fact that two empty bul
lock trucks were blown along the rails from
the Mareh railway station to Fly, a distance
of 17 miles.
During the winter, 3,500 loaves of bread,
3,900 pounds of meat and 140 bushels of
vegetables were disposed of at the St. James
Soup house of Chicag >. 13,150 dinners were
given to the poor andneedy.
David A. Neal late Vice President of the
Illinois Central Road, has commenced suit
against the company ia the U. S. Circuit
Court for §25,000 for service rendered to the
company while in its employ. David must
have rendered some valuable services.
A Prussian named Edward Desling was
recently arrested at Paducha, Ky., under the
extradition treaty with foreign powers,charg
ed with forgery in Prussia. His case is un
der advisement, and there seems to be strong
opposition where ho was arrested to his ex
It is estimated that 20,000 people attend
ed a charity ball at the Crystal Palace, N.
Y., and that from §B,OOO to 9,000 would be
realized as the result for the benefit of the
Chinese coolies are arriving at Havana in
great numbers. In one week 3,000 were
landed. They command twenty-two ounces
a head, as there is a steady demand for their
The Clay Festival Association of New
York will celebrate the anniversary of Mr
Clay’s birth by a dinner at the Metropolitan
Hotel, next Monday evening, the 12th inst.
Tue receipts at New York Crystal Palace
Festival on Thursday night, in behalf of
Hunter Wood’s Benevolent Society, amount
ed to $26,000.
A Letter from China estimates the loss of
lives by the bombardment of Canton, at from
5,000 to 10.000. The bombardment lasted
about thirty hours.
Two horses and a cart were lately swept
over the Genessee Falls, at Rochester, N. Y.,
the driver, ou a drunken spree, having reck
lessly driven them too far into the river.
Francis Cardinal is on his trial in Clinton
county, Mich., for incest committed with his
own daughter. We can conceive of nopun
ishmeut adequate to such an offence.
It is said that no less than 27 persons have
died of sickness contracted la3t year at the
National Hotel, Washington. Out of a to*
tal of 3000 sufferers, nearly one-half continue
in a state of decrepitude.
Texas has 257 miles of graded railroad,
of which 132 arc completed and the track
Col. Benton was about 75 years of age at
the time of his decease. He was born in
North Carolina in 1783.
Ova eastern exchanges state, that the cot
ton mills, which were almost every where
closed during the winter, are now starting
again on full time.
The house of Daniel Comstock in Le Roy
Jefferson county, N. Y. was burned a short
time since, and himself and four children,
the eldest ten years old, had perished in the
flamt s.
The Democracy in a largo number of the
counties in Pennsylvania have already ex
pressed their hostility to the Lecompton busi
We see it stated that a National Conven
tion of the Young Men’s Christian Associa
tions in the United States assemble at
Charleston, S. S., on the 17th inst.
A jury at Taunton, Mass., the other day,
being unable to agree in a certain case where
a man was accused of stealing $2 50 worth
of nailg, reported that they were willing to
pay for the nails and let the prisoner go.
I*o.. JO
Great Excitement.-— Seventeen carts are
reported to have arrived on Friday last, pre
sumed to be intended to work on the Rail
road, which, as the Timet learns on tho ‘‘best
authority,” is to bo commenced at once, now
that the Loan Bill is ratified ! The rumor of
the cart arrival, is creating 6ome little excite
ment through town. Ed. Rice is expected
daily, with that money which he wrote he
had negotiated, and would obtain the mo
ment the news of the ratification of the Loan
was received in New York 1 Great times are
coming—we are all going to be rich immedi
ately, if not sooner—so hurrah for the Loan
—the grand panacea for all the ills that flesh
is heir to, such as: “ Asthma, Bowel Com
plaints, Coughs, Colds, Chest Diseases, Cos
tiveness, Dyspepsia, Diarrhoea, Dropsy, Debi
lity, Fever and Ague, Headaches, Indiges
tion, Influenza, Inflammation, Inward Weak
ness, Liver Complaints, Lowness of Spirits ,
Piles, Stone and Gravel, Worms of all kinds,"
and the “ Shorts” generally.
The pro-Loan men aro talking about the
ratification of the measure by the people.
This RAT-ification must refer to the Times
office in some way. Rats and Gophers both
belong to the road-e nt genus.
The Emigration seems to be on the in
crease since Friday— of course, because the
loan swindle passed ! The Northern Light,
Capt. Lodwick informs us, brought up by
tar the largest lot of emigrants of any trip
so far, and left over 200 at points below.—
The Itaska had a refreshing appearance, also*
as she reached our levee, her guards and roof
being black with passengers. Sho had about
175 names on her cabin list alone.
Minutes or the Annual Methodist Epis
copal Conference of Minnesota.— As we
stated in Friday’s paper, this body met on
Thursday April 15, at tho Jackson street M.
E. Church, in this city, Bishop Morris, Pre
The following members were found pre
sent :
Peter Akers, Lewis Bell, David Brooks
Cyrus Brooks, Jabez Brooks, Silas Belles, D.
Cobb, Benj. F. Crary, Benj. Christ, J. F.
Chaffee, John L. Dyer, W. S. Edwards, S.
N. Forest, T. M. Gossard, C. Hobart, John
Hooper, Wm. Hamilton, George F. Ililton*
John Kaines, Thos. M. Kirkpatrick, Oliver
P. Light, J. 11. Leard, E. R. Lathrop, A. J.
Nelson, Z. C. Norton, A. C. Pennock, John
W . Powell, John Pugh, A. G. Perkins, Geo.
A. Phabus, J. D. Rich, Sami. Spates, S. F.
Sterrett, J. Slogdil), W. 11. St. Clair.
Tb» following members from other Confer
ences presented their certificates of transfer,
and were received into the Conference, viz.:
B. F. Crary, W S. Edwards,
Geo. A. Phabus, G. W. T. Wright,
J. F. Chaffee.
Jabez Brooks was then elected Secretary,
and A. C. Pennock, and A. J. Nelson, As
The regular Standing Committees were
then appointed.
A Committee was appointed to prepare
the sentiments of the Conference on the
death ol Bishop YYaugh.
The Conference then proceeded to the exa
mination of the character and standing of su
perauuated Ministers and effective Elders, af
ter which, the Conference adjourned to meet
at 8£ o’clock on Friday morning.
second DAT.
Alter the opening exercises, the order of
business of the General Minutes was taken
C. N. Whitney, N. Lathrop, Solomon
Wetzell, A. Matson, Edward i Eggleston
Thos. Day, Barclay Blain Anthony Wilford
J. 11. White and A. 11. Abbott were con
tinued on trial. J. Burdsell, and Theophilus
Drew were discontinued.
Ezdra Smith, W. McKinley, Sylvester N.
Phelps aud Alfred V. Hiscock, were admit
ted into lull connection, and elected to Dea
con’s orders. Geo. S. Stevenson, S.
Edwards, and Lorenzo D. Brown were ad
mitted into full connection. James Peet was
On motion, the Bishop was requested to
transler A .D. Cunningham, a probationer,
to the Minnesota Conference.
The fourth question was then taken up:-
It ho are the Deacons? S. Sallisburg was
granted a location. A. J. Nelson, C. F. Hil
ton and G. W. T. Wright were passed. Sev
eral ministers were granted superannuated
Reports from conference institutions were
Louis Gleason, Ezra Tucker and Ransom
A. Judd were admitted on recommendation.
Justice O. Rich Naturm Tantor, C. C. Kid
der and Jacob Myers were admitted on trial
on certificate of location.
The Conference then adjourned, until eight
o’clock on Saturday.
Minnesota M.E. Annual Conference.—
Third Day. —Conference met at 9 o’clock,
Bishop Morris in the chair.
John Fidland and Anderson, from the
Scandinavian Mission, were announced by the
Bishop as transferred to this Conference.
Rev. Agrelius was granted a superannuated
relation. The filth question of the General
Minutes was taken up —Who are elected and
ordained Elders? B. Crist, Robt. Hoover and
G. W. Richardson were elected to Elder’s
Orders. John Hooper and E. R. Lathrop
were passed as Deacons. T. M. Fullerton
was elected to Elder’s Orders. John Fid
land was caller, and answering the usual
questions, w.is admitted and elected into full
connection. Wessing Berg was admitted on
trial, and elected to Deacon’s orders.
The Conference adjourned until 8 o’clock,
on Monday morning.
The Times mentions having seen an Auro
ra Borealis, the night of the election, after he
supposed “ The Senior of the Minnesotian
had retired.” We have our private doubts
as to whether it was not a ray from
“ The itrnggling (Gas Lamp’s) misty light,"
multiplied by the in-GIN-uity of his abfusca
ted vision into an Aurora Borealis. The only
Northern Light that any sober man has wit
nessed in these parts lately, is Capt. Lod
wick's splendid steamer, which came in on
Friday night.
£ * .*••*•* - . . ,
Washington, April 14, 1858.
At one o’clock, on motion of Mr. Mont)
mery, the Houso took up the Kansas bill.
A message from the Senate, insisting
the disagreement and asking for a Commit
of Conference was read.
Mr. Montgomery moved that the Hou»
insist on its adherence, and demanded the pre
vious question.
Mr. English, of Indiana, inquired whether,
if the committee of conference be ordered by
the House, parliamentary law aud practice
require the majority of the committee to be
composed of gentlemen representing the ma
jority of those in favor of the House bill.
Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, said that if it was
not out of order he would object to the ques
tion, because it wonld provoke interrogatories
on the other side.
Mr. English gave notice that if the motion
befoie the House was voted down, he would
move for a committee of conference.
The House voted on seconding the demand
for the previous question, with the following
result; yeas 108, nays 107. The speaker
then voted in the negative. Question lost.
Mr. English, that he might not be misun
derstood, said he was opposed to the Senate
bill in its present shape, but notwithstanding
he was willing to hear what the Senate had
to sav, and was in favor of the appointment
of a committee of conference, he could not see
that any harm would result from it and there
fore he moved that the House agree to a com.
of conference on the subject matter of the
disagreeing votes, and that three members be
appointed on the part of the House ; on this
proposition he called the previous question.
Mr. Washburne, of Maine, raised the ques
tion that it was not in order for Mr. English
to make that motion. The House has adhered
and until it reconsiders that action it was not
in order to make that motion.
Mr. Harnett wished to make an explana
tion of his vote ; objections were made, Mr.
English repeated that he made the motion in
accordance with general usage in all parlia
mentary bodies.
The previous question was seconded, when
the House proceeded to vote on Mr English’s
motion for a committee. The vote stood
yeas 108, nays 108. The chair then voted
in the affirmative; and the announcement
of the vote was greeted with applause.
Speaker Orr has pledged himself, in case
the opposition consent to a committee, to
appoint Messrs. Stephens, Montgomery, and
some leading Republican.
It has transpired, that the Anti-Lecomp
ton Democrats held a caucus last week, aud
decided to vote for a committee of confer
ence, if asked for by the Senate, but against
the llouse asking for one.
The Lecomptonites firmly calculate on a
joint arrangement to admit Kansas under the
Lecompton Constitution, if not in tho pre
cise words of the Senate bill, with such
modifications as will not sacrifice the prin
ciple of that measure.
Later from Europe—Arrival of the City
of Washington.
The steamship City of Washington has
arrived with Liverpool dates to the 31st ult.
Parliament adjourned over Easter holi
India adv ; ces from Bombay to March 9.
Sir Colin Cambell was before Lucknow, at
the head of 60,000 troops. An attack would
be made about the 10th. Several scattering
encounters with the rebels had taken place,
in which the rebels were defeated with great
The King of Delhi’s trial was still in pro
The statement that he had been convicted
and sentenced is not true.
English ladies, prisoners at Lucknow, are
respected ai d well treated.
Nothing later from China, but interesting
details of last advices.
The frigate Mississippi was at Shanghae,
and the Minnesota in the Canton river.
Martial law is proclaimed in Canton.
Commissioner Read was going to Manilla.
Liverpool, March 31.— Cotton has been
very freely supplied and with a limited de
mand. Prices are very irregular, and have
declined \d per lb. since the departure of the
Sales past days 24,000 bales—9,ooo to
speculators and expoiters. Market closing
quiet with drooping tendency.
London money market without change
Business of the stock exchange has been
dull, and consols had exhibited a drooping
tendency. Closing quotations on the 30th.
97£ m >noy, and 97£ for account.
Messrs. Wakefield &Nash reporta decline
of 6d per bbl. on flour. Beef inactive and
nominally unchanged. Pork—little more
doing at 50s lor prime lots. Wheat declined
la2s, and flour Is.
Further Foreign Intelligence.
The Bombay mails of the 9th of March
had arrived at Suez, and telegraphed to Lon
Advices from Lucknow are to the Gth of
March. Sir Colin Campbell had reached to
within a mile of Lucknow on the Ist of
March. Gen. Outram was attacked Febru
ary 21st, at Alumbagh by a large body of
rebels, and again on the 27th, defeating them
on both occasions with great slaughter. He
crossed the Goompta on the Gth of March,
with 6,000 troops, and took position within
rai ge of Lucknow, where he was again at
tacked, but repulsed his assailants. Gen.
Franks had joined him with 4,000 troops.—
The army now before Lucknow amounts to
50,000 men with 120 guns, and 1,000 cav
General Franks had an engagement near
Lhondioa, with a large rebel force, killing and
wounding nearly 3,000, and capturing all
their guns. The Punjaub was quiet.
Further intelligence from Lucknow by tel
egraph had been received, bringiog dates
from the Bth of March. The rebels had en
tered a strong hold line of defence along the
canal, which requires a siege of artill. ry.
Advices from China say the allied Embas
sadors, together with the American Com
missioners, were busy at Canton, settling the
details of Custom House establishment.
Tho Hong Kong correspondent of the Lon
don Times says hopes are entertained of a
speedy settlement of affairs, as papeis have
been found which indicate that the Emperor
is not averse to an amicable adjustment.
The American Minister had an interview
with Lord Elgin at Canton, after which he
returned to Canton, deferring his projected
journey North, aod sent the Minnesota up
the river. At about the same time a special
courier arrived from the Russian Ambassa
dor, whereupon the Times correspondence
arrives at the conclusion that certain over
tures made by the English and French Am
bassadors had been accepted, and the four
powers would act in concert.
France. —Trade in the departments was
still unfavorable, and shipping interests suf
fering severely. Military preparations were
being urgently pressed in all parts of France.
Switzerland. —The government of Basle
had refused to admit the new Consulate,
which the French Government desires to es
tablish there.
Lecompton Again.
Washington, April 13.
The Senate, by yeas 30, nays 27, voted to
insist on the disagreement of the House on
the Kansas bill, and to appoint a committee
of conference.
Messrs. Green, Hunter and Seward were
appointed said committee.
The bill for a telegraph to the army in
Utah was postponed to Dec. next
New York, April 13,
From Utah an* Kaunas.
St. Louis, April 13.
The Tieavenworth correspondent of the
Republican says :
Messrs- Russell, Mayors & Waddell have
orders to start one hundred and ten
taains, of twenty-six wagons each. Each of
these trains takes upwards of 3,000 teamsters
and 11,000 mules. .
A company of sappers and miners, from
West Point, had reached the fort. The en
tire force at the fort dn the 19th consisted of
12 companies of artillery, three of infantry,
t** two of dragoons. Horses and mules
iNere arriving rapidly , 206 teams are report
id ready for service. Hoffman’s command
passed fort Kearney, and were rapidly push
ing onward.
A movement of the troops to take ppst
in the new district of Platte, to guard the
route, will take place in a few days.
The same correspondent says a letter was
in circulation for signatures,assuring Calhoun
of safety from personal violence, in tho case
he shall return and re-open the Surveyor
General’s office. Mayor Adams is among the
The Free State Central Committee have is
sued a call for a delegate convention to nomi
nate officers under the Leavenworth conven
tion, to be held at Topeka on the 25th inst.,
when the sense of the people will be taken
as to. who shall be U. S. Senator. The con
vention is to consist of 100 delegates appor
tioned among the counties, on the basis of
21.000 to ihe State.
The Santa Fe mail, with dates to the 13th
ult., has arrived. Richard H. Thompkins has
been appointed Attorney General, vice The
odor Wheaton,resigned.
Washington, April 15.
Senate. —The Pacific Railroad bill was
taken up.
Mr. Polk moved to substitute the words
“ on the western boundary line of Missouri
and Arkansas, between the mouth of the Big
Sioux and Ft. Smith on the Arkansas river.”
Mr. Polk of Missouri, spoke in favor of
his amendment of the bill in relation to its
eastern terminus. He said that if the mouth
of the Big Sioux be the terminus, twenty-two
States would be entirely south of that paral
lel carried to the Atlantic would intersect
pirc of Canada, and bo as near Montreal as
Baltimore. He elaborated at great length
upon the advantages of the 25th parallel over
all other routes. There is no tunnelling to
be done, and no grade so steep as on the Bal
timore and Ohio Railroad. A thousand miles
of grade is at the rate of twenty feet to the
mile, and the average grade of the whole
road is only 33J feet per mile. There is tim
ber, water, and probably coal for the route.
He believed that the completion of this work
would tax the utmost energies of the country.
It transceuds in magnitude the Chinese Wall.
The entire country wants it, and believes that
the fullness of time lias now come for its com
Mr. Mason argued against the government
inaugurating a new system of bounties paya
ble in advance, with the view of inciting la
bor and capital to undertake the work. The
expectations held out to the contractors are
illus- ry. The road will cost from §100,000,-
000 to §200,000,000 of which the government
give* §25.000,000 and 215,000,000 acres of
land. Will any substantial contractor take
such a risk ? He was forcibly impressed
with the conviction that if the government
could be induced to touch this thing with its
little finger it will have to pay for it all in
time. It is fortunate, however, that these
lands are worthless, else a sj*Btem of fraudu
lent credit would be built on them that would
result in another national bankruptcy. He
would oppose every bill in every shape that
propo es to bring in an insatiable swarm of
speculators to the doors of the treasury by
donations of money or land.
Mr. Hale was in favor of a Pacific R. R.
without saying when or how it shall be con
structed. He had learned that there will
soon be a bill offered to borrow thirty or
forty millions dollars at the least. It was
also mentioned in Mr. Slidell’s recent speech,
that Cuba may be had by negotiation. He
wished to know if this is the settled purpose
of the administration, because after paying
twenty millions of dollars for Cuba, it may
not have enough to pay one hundred million
dollars for the Pacific Railroad. Although
he admitted the energy of the country, he
did not think it was competent for both.
Mr. Polk—-Not at once.
Mr. Hale wanted to know which would be
done ?
Mr. Doolittle moved to amend Mr. Polk’s
amendment by substituting that tho north
ern point be at Breckenridge, at the confi
ence of the Bois Des Sioux, with the Red
River of the north on the northern boundary
of Minnesota. This route was surveyed by
Mr. Stevens and is capable of being settled
aoross the continent.
Mr. Fessenden added to his original amend
ment, that all the iron used in the R. R. shall
be of American manufacture.
The bill was then postponed .till to-mor
The private calendar was then considered,
alter which the Clerk of the House notified
the Senate of the appointment of Messrs.
Eoglish, Stephens and Howard as the Com
mittee of Conference of that branch on the
Kansas bill.
House.— Mr. Millson, of Va., from the
Committee on Commerce, reported a bill fix
ing the compensation of Captains of Reve
nue Cutlers at $1,500. Ist i ieulenants sl,-
200, 2d do $l,lOO, 3d do SI,OOO, Engineers
$1,200, nud Assistant Engineers SI,OOO per
Jas. Cochrane, from the Committee on
Commerce, reported a bill making appropria
tions for the improvement of certain rivers
and harbors. He remarked that it was
formed with a view to economy, considering
the present condition of the treasury.
Mr. Washburne, of 111., also reported a
River and Harbor bill.
Mr. Cochrane wanted to make these bills
the special order of some day, but Mr. Clem
ent objected.
Mr. Cochrane reported a bill to amend the
act of 1855 regulating the carriage of pas
sengers in steamships and other vessels.—
Also, a bill for the modification of the reve
nue laws of the United States, with snch ad
ditions as are necessary to supply'the defects
on the present system. He said that this
bill differs very materially from that of Fuller
in thi last Congress, it has been subjected to
the closest scrutiny at the Treasury Depart
ment, and which meets with the approbation
ot the Secretary. It does not affect the col
lection districts and ports of entry and de
livery, nor the salary of officers of customs,
but merely proposes to modification and im
provement of the present laws.
The consideration of the bill was postponed
till the second Monday in May.
Mr. Stephens made an ineffectual motion
to take up the bill for the admission of Min
Funeral of Col. Benton.
Washington, April 12.
The funeral services of Col. Benton was
attended, among others, by the President,
members of the Cabinet, foreign Ministers
and members of Congress. The corpse was
conveyed to the cars for transmission to Mis
Money Recovered.
Boston, April 14.
The $12,000 stolen from the Grafton Bank
has been recovered, through the confessions
of a young man named Stockwell, who was
arrested for the robbery.
From California, , .
New York, April 12.
The steamship Star of the West with
§135,000 in specie, including Wells, Fargo &
Vo., §44.000. Also 113 passengers, and Cal
ifornia mads of March 22. She left Aspin
wall on the evening of April 4.
Anti-Lecompton Democratic meeting had
been held at various places, at which Doug
las was fully endorsed.
The California Chronicle says that out of
sixty papers in the State, of which twenty
eight are Democrats, only five support the
President on the Lccomptin issue.
Mr. McC’orkle, ex-member of Congress,
and other leading Democrats, are in favor of
the position of Douglas and Walker.
The Supreme Court had rendered a deci
sion adverse to Fremont’s claim to gold taken
from bis Mariposa land.
The Panama Herald contains a card signed
by nearly 300. steerage passengers who ar
rived at Asp'nwall on the opposition North
ern Light, but finding no connecting boat at
Panama had been left at that place in the
greatest distress for want of food and shelter.
Their wants had been relieved by the Pacific
Mail Steamship Company.
The Senate passed the resolutions previ
ously adopted by the Assembly in favor of
Lecompton. The Senate had tefused to pro
vide for a Constitutional Convention. The
Assembly had passed a bill to provide for
funding the floating debt of San Francisco.
A large number of cattle had been carried
away on the Upper Sacramento by tbo high
Lieutenant Allen, who was reported to
have perished in the snow, had arrived at
Portland, Oregon, with only one attendant,
all the rest of his party haviug abandoned
From Washington.
Washington, April 15.
The Daily Times says Benjamin G. Heriot
has been nominated Navy Agent at Charles
The Douglas Anti-Lecompton Democrats
held a caucus on Wednesday evening, when
they stood fourteen for adhering and six for a
Mr. Harris, of Illinois, had the chairman
ship of the committee offered him, but de
clined any connection with the committee.
The Senate yesterday, confirmed the fol
lowing appointments:
C. C. Jackson, of Michigan, and S. B. Ban
forth, ol 111., Purser, in the Navy; J. R.
Brown, agent for the Sioux in Minnesota.
It appears from the report of lion. 11. M.
Rice, made to the War Department, that the
several hundred claimants to the Fort Craw
ford reservation, west of the Mississippi, had
possession given them by the court nearly a
year ago, and that 507 acres of the Govern
ment reserve opposite Fort Crawford, was
6old at §l2O per ncre and 25 cents per acre
additional to cover the expenses, which are
The Ll:tle murder Case.
Rochester, April 15.
A second panel, consisting of nearly 100
men, was examiued to day, in the Little
murder case, but only eight were accepted as
jurymen. The court annouuced that Mrs.
Little’s trial for the same offence would come
on this term.
St. Lonis Items.
St. Louis. April 14.
The remains of Col. Benton arrived at 4
o’clock this afternoon. They were escorted
to the residence of Col. Brandt, by the mili
tary and a large concourse of citizens.
Frigbttu! consequences are likely to ensue
along the lower Mississippi which is now
higher in some places thau ever before known
by acc ssion of combined floods now coming
from upper rivers.
The Missouri and Illinois arc both high and
rising; ail their tributaries are at flood heiglrt.
High water is occasioned by heavy rains ex
tending throughout the whole western coun
try not tho usual spring mountain rise.—
Should that follow befoie the present flood
subsides,the whole lower country will doubt
less be inundated.
From Nicaragua.
New York, April 14.
Private advices from Nicaragua states that
Gen. Jarez is in arms against the Government
of Martinez, and that affairs in that country
a;e in great confusion.
The steamer Sam Carlos had been sunk by
the Nicaraguans, the Costa Rica guard hav
ing been driven oft'.
Cincinnati, April 14.
The block of buildings on the corner of
Western Row and Canal streets, occupied as
a coffee house. Wood’s feed store, Fisher’s
mahogany und chair store, and others, was
destroyed by fire last i igbt. Root & Co.,
ajo nmg was considerably damaged. Loss
§35,000 —partially insured.
Portions of the building were occupied by
a large number of poor families, who arc ren
dered houseless.
A fireman was fatally injured by a falling
Root & Co.’s building was owned by Ni
cholas Longworth. Insurance not ascertain
Celebration of Henry Clay’s Birthday.
Philadelphia, April 13.
A mass meeting of the friends of Henry
Clay and the opponents of the Administra
tion was held this evening at the National
Hall, for the purp sc of celebrating h<s birth
day, and moving for the establishment of a
National party. The meeting was not very
large, the weather being inclement.
The eminent gentlemen who were promised
to address the meeting were absent.
Roche Mer murder Trial.
Rochester, April 16,
In the Littles murder case a full jury was
empaneled at 1 o’clock to-day, when the
District Attorney, Mr. Hughson, opened for
the prosecution. He proposes to prove the
former bad reputation of Stout and his fam
ily, and the time of the murder by the watch
in Littles’ pocket, which stopped at 20 min
utes of 9 on the night of the 19ih of Decem
ber, at which time it is supposed he was
thrown from the bank, and dragged to the
The Coroner was the first witness called.
He described the grounds of the scene of the
murder, and the appearance of Littles when
found. A second witness gave the nature
and extent of the wounds on Littles, and at
the conclusion of his testimony the court ad
Tbe Troubles In Venezuela.
New York, April 16,
Advices from Caraccas of the 31st March
are received.
A Provincial Government has been inaug
urated, which had demanded of the French
Consul the surrender of the Monagas family,
who had taken refuge with him. They were
surrendered and are in confinement It is
said they had deposited at the French lega
tion one million dollars in gold.
Gen. Castro had decreed the removal of
all employees of the late Government
_ It ' 3 the the American Consul nailed
his flag over the door of tlie French Consul,
in connection with that of Spain, Denmark
and Brazil themselves, treatening tu haul it
down and demand hi* passport any at
tempts were made to arrest the Monagas
then at the legation.
Washington, April 10.
llousr.—The House is engaged in private
The Committee of Conference on the Kan
sas bill met at 11 o’clock this morning. Mr.
Stephens was ab*er t in consequence of illness,
and the Committee adjourned to meet at 11-
o’clock to-morrow.
Nothing has transpired to indicate that
any agreement can be effected.
Senate. —The morning hour was consumed
in consideration of private bills.
The Senate passed twenty-two private bills
to-day, and then adjourned.
The House is engaged on private bills to
Mr. Clingman, of North Carolina, is res
ponding to a former remark of Mr. Lei ter,
explained that he left the Whig party because
it became abohtionized and since then he had
found Capt. Rynders to bo an honorable man
who bad been badly slandered,
Mr. Giddings, of Ohio, recollected when he
and Mr. Clingman stood side by side, and
added that his leaving that party was for his
own good.
Mr. Clingman replied that the gentleman’s
party had been beaten ever since he left it!
and their vote on the Crittenden substitute
was again proof of their penitence. The col
loquy caused mucli merriment. Adjourned.
Washington, April 17.
Senate. —The Pacific railroad bill was
taken up.
Mr. Benjamin, of La., considered it obvi
ous that the Senate can not agree on any
route with a diminished treasury loan and
prospective expense. He could not think
that Senators imagine they cm pass the bill.
He would move a test vote, that the fur
ther consideration of the subject be postpon
ed till December.
Mr. Gwin of Cal., considered such a vote
an indication that Administration does not
intend to give any aid to connect the Atlan
tic with the Pacific, and as a violation of all
pledges of 1856.
Mr. Johnson of Arkansas, said the spirit of
sectionalism is so strong, there is no hope of
a route ottering justice to the South. He
would therefore vote to postpone the bill till
Mr. Houston of Texas, moved that the
eastern terminus of the road be in Arkansas,
opposite Memphis, Tenn., and spoke in favor
of the El Paso route.
Mr. Broderick reminded the Administra
tion opponents of the bill that the vote of
California was given to Mr. BuchanaD, on
faith of a Pacific Railroad as to an extreme
southern route. We might as well have a
railroad to the moon ; it would cost an equal
amount to carry the road from South Caro
lina to San Francisco.
Mr. Iverson was in favor of construction
of the road, and believed it constitutional to
make such a contract. The Government
now pays one million three hundred thou
sand dollars annually for carrying mails from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, thus, before thir
ty years it will have expended at present
rates fifty millions, while the Railroad will
cost only twenty-five millions, which is more
Mr. Iverson then explained his plan which
had been voted down. It was the compro
mise line, the Big Sioux being on the paral
lel of Chicago, the middle of the line being
within reach of St. Louis, and the South
crossing on the Rio Grande, somewhere at
Albyquerque, might connect witli the Texan
lints, thus giving connection with all the
Railroad system of the country, but as the
numerical strength of the North offers but
slight chance for justice to the Southern in
terest, he would vote for the postponement
of the matter until December.
Mr. Given did not- like to hear the issue
raised on this question of the North and
S'uth, for the reason that it the load wa*
built, it would be for the interest of all. He
believed tho public sentiment of the North
would do justice though the heavens fall. —
We can have but one road, hence the central
route offers nearly equal justice to the North
and South. The course of the trunk line is
comparatively unimportant to the public,but
the location of the terminus is important.—
This bill locates tho terminus at San Francis
co, but leaves a floating margin for the East
After a long debate the matter was post
poned till December, and the Senate adjourn
House. —The greater part of the session
was consumed iu consideration of private
The bill to refund duties on merchandise in
unbroken and original packages destroyed by
the fire in New York, July, 1845, and appro
priating §300,000 for the purpose was advo
cated by Mr. John Cochrane, of New York,
and opposed by Clemens, of Virginia, and
Stanton, of Ohio. Without coming to a con
clusion thereon the House adjourned.
Benton’* Funeral.
St. Louis, April 16.
Yesterday morning the lemains of Col.
Benton were conducted by a military escort
from the residence of Col. Brant to the Mer
cantile Library Hall which had been draped
in black, where thev lay in state till ten
o’clock last night. The final rites of Sepul
ture takes place this morning and will be par
ticipated in by the various military compa
nies, benevolent soceties, firemen, and the
members of the city government, and the
citizens generally. Business generally sus
pended, and stoics and houses draped in
mourning. The streets are already densely
crowded with thousands of spectators. It is
estimated that 25,000 persons visited the Hall
ves'erday to gaze upon the features of the
illustiious dead.
At 10 o’clock this morning the remains of
Col. Benton was taken from the Mercantile
Library Hall to the Second Presbyterian
Church, where the funeral ceremonies were
pcrlormed by Rev. Mr. Cowan, assisted by
Revs. Dr. Anderson and Mr. Brooks. Af
ter tbe services were concluded the body was
placed in a hearse, which was followed to
Bellefontaine Cemetery by the most impos
ing procession ever for ned in St. Louis, con
sisting of relatives and friends of the family,
ail the military companies of the city, and
th*» 7th Regiment of U. S. Infantry, under
command ot Col. Morrison, Judges of the
Courts, members of the bar, members of city
gove nment, a large majority ot the benevo
lent societies of the city, Turners and an im
mense concourse of citizens in carriages and
a-foot. The cortege was forty-five minutes
passing a given point.
The body ol McDowell Jone 3, grand-child
of Col. Benton was conveyed to the tomb at
the same time.
Tbe Conference Committee.
Washington, April 16.
Mr. Toombs has nearly completed his bank
rupt law bill.
The conference committee of the two boos
es he'd an informal meeting last evening »o
exchange views. They adjourned till this
tnotning. Mr. English declares that he will
c >nsent to nothing short of the submission
of the Lecompton constitution to a fair vote
of the people. A final disagreement of tbe
committee is regarded as nearly certain.
Major McKay lias been ordered to Cincin
nati to hold himself in readiness to muster
into service two regiments of Yolnntcers.
Peace Commlealonera for Utah,
St. Louis, April 16.
Capt. Simpson, Topographical Engineer,
Governor Powell and Major Collough, Utah
Peace Commissioners, arrived yesterday.
<)c . ,
Henry Clay’* Birth-Day in PMiladel-
Philadelphia, April 12,1858.
A mass mcetiDg of the friends of Henry
Clay, and opponents of the Administration,
was held at the National Hall, this evening,
ior the purpose of celebrating bis birthday,
and moving for. the establishment of a Na
tional party.
The meeting was not very large, the weath
er. being extremely inclement. The eminent
gentlemen, who it was promised would address
the meeting, were not present.
The following preamble and resolutions
were adopted:
Whereas, The principles that led to the
assertion and maintenance of freedom by
the patriots of tko Revolution, arc, in their
nature, as lasting as time, and are no less
precious in the American heart at thiß day
than they were' when they were upheld at
the sacrifioe of life and fortune; and, whereas,
these principles, and the duty of cherishing
them, have been lost sight of by the present
Executive power of the country, and a vigor
ous and united effort is necessary to restore
them in their integrity, and to identify them
once more with the government of the Re
public, and is especially proper on the anni
versary of the birth-day of Henry Clay.
Resolved , That the friends and supporters
of the rights of the People be, and they are
hereby invited to join in a great “National
Party,” the object of which shall be to watch
over "and defend them—a Party which shall
embrace, according to its name, the combined
energies of the country, without regard to
minor subjects of difference, whether of a
It cal or personal character, and with a firm
determination to maintain, against all en
croachments, the privileges of freedom.
Resolved, That the Constitution of the
United States is the great Charter of Ameri
can liberty, and the Union of the States is
the political bond which secures the enjoy
ment of it. A “National Party,” which de
clares its fidelity to both, after they have
been tried for generations, lays down a broad
and substantial platform, which appeals for
its support to the proof of long-tried experi
ence, and the almost magical growth and
prosperity of the country, and admonishes us
that we should be unwilling to change our
fundamental laws.
Resolved, That offic ; al dictation and tyran
ny have reached a point which requires
prompt, disinterested and unequivocal resist
ance. Thi s Executive oppression overshad
ows, and is so denounced up n the floor of
Congress, not only the independence of all
subordinate officers, but threatens the liberty
of thought, speech and action in the recesses
of professional and private life.
Resolved, That the policy of the country
requires a due encouragement, support and
protection of labor, which is the right hand
of in lustry, and the true wealth of a free
people—expulsive beyond the capacity of
gold, and always consistent with virtue and
Resolved, That a steadv and discriminating
Tariff is necessary to give efficiency to indus
try, through the exercise of manufactures,
vrhicb are the life of labor, and the due reg
ulation of commerce, which is the source of
civilization; a tariff not subject to capricious
alterations, which lead to inflation or con
traction, with the perils of exposure to ex
travagance or distress.
Resolved , That evil has arisen from the in
terference of office-holders with public affairs,
both in primary a-semblies and legislative
proceedings, to the exclusion of a purer action
by the people, in their individual sovereign
capacity; and these pernicious influences
must be discountenanced and corrected.
Resolved, That selections lor office, from
the highest to the lowest, must be made
among those who arc honest and capable,
with a view to measures rather than men,
neither for the profit of the person, nor the
success of a party, hut for the support and
enforcement of the laws in universal harmony.
Resolved, That the American System, as it
was supported by Henry Clay, consisting of
a regard to the national interests of the whole
country, without any interference with the
right of State Governments, or their exclu
sive care of their own institutions—of a con
servative policy and a due protection
of labor—will secure the respect of foreign
nations, and prosperity within our borders
Resolved , That, in a Republic, tbe will of a
majority of citizens, honestly sought, and
fairly expressed in popular sovereignty, is
entitled to respect and obedience, and a dis
regard of this prerogative of freedom, or a
suppression by fraud or violence of the ex
pression of it, will confer power over the
many on the few; will invite to usurpation,
encourage oppression, and destroy the whole
ftame of Government.
At daybreak a national salute of eight guns
in honor of the day was fired here, and at
noon a national salute of eight guns was fired
in Southwark, and a like number in Kensing
National Democracy.
Senator Hammond, of South Carolina, in
the recent debate in the Senate of the United
States, tells us that oil laboring men are
“slaves.” This is one of the -‘points’’ of na
tional democracy. Hero is another “point,”
which has been put forth by Senator Clay,
of Alabama, in hi< recent speech :
“Establish as a principle, that to give sanc
tion to law it must be approved by the ma
jority at the ballot-box , and you take away this
security and surrender those rights to the
most capricious, rapacious and cruel of tyrants.
I regret to see the growing spirit in Congress,
and througho.it the country, to democratize
our government —to submit every question,
whether pertaining to organic or municipal laws,
to the vote of the people .”
Hr. Buchanan at the Death-Bed of
Col. Benton.
On the evening previous to the death of
Col. Benton, Mr Buchanan pa'd him a visit,
which is thus referred to by the Union:
The President, hearing of the extreme ill
i.ess of his ancient comjieer, called upon him
•>n Fridaj r evening. The dying statesman
declared afterwards his exceeding gratifica
tion at the visit. The interview is -aid to
have beeu protracted. Mr. Benton is said
to have expressed his extreme solicitude f r
the condition of public affairs, and a painful
sense of the imminent dangers which threaten
the country. He is said to have exhorted the
President to rely upon Divine s pport and
guidance, and not upon that of men, who
would deceive him.
The Detroit •Advertiser, having been led by
an error ol the telegraphic reporter to sup-
I ose that the Hon. VVm. A. Howard, M.
C. from that district, had paired oft' with a
Lecomptonite in tbe important division in the
House of Representatives on the first inst.,
Mr. Howard makes the following state
“I never ‘pair’ on any such vote, nor shall
I lose any such vote from sickness. I am
not doing that kind «f business. During the
time I have been here my record is full— no
vote lost or paired, except the time I was in
Kansas. fcoon the final struggle on l>ecomp
ton will come, perhaps to-day or to-morrow,
and if my name should be left out, as usual,
you will please contradict the report, or an
nounce my death. Don’t say sick or pair
The New Orleans Crescent thinks Missouri
will become a free State in a ten years.

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