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Mdb-wax-an-ton Lodge I. O. of S. M.—
▲ lodge of the Independent Ordor of the Sons of Malt*, bearing this jaw-breaking pre fix was instituted in SL Paul, on Monday, by M. W. G. 0., Daniel W. Boss, of Chicago, who has been on a visit to Minnesota on mat ters connected with the interests of the Or der. Although not conversant with the pur poses of this Society, we are assured that chanty to the poor and good will to all men, are among its leading objects. A member informs us that it is of very ancient origin, having been founded by the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, at a period cotempora neous with the early crusades. The Prince of Prussia (who married Queen Victoria’s daughter) is the principal officer of the Order in Europe, and Hon. b. A. Douglas in the United States. —Pioneer of the 23 d. The local of the Pioneer had better have held his jaw about the “jaw-breaking prefix ’ of the above referred to lodge. If he had any /adianuity about him, he would have known how to pronounce it without fractur ing his maxilliary bones ; and it he had any lexicographical research in his composition, the meaning of the word could have been made apparent to his benighted perceptive faculties Mde (pronounced meday) means lake ; wa (an (pronounced waukon) means tpirit or supernatural ; and ton, (pronounced loan) is an abbreviation of ton-wan, signifying dwelling or village. The whole might be interpreted to mean “ the Village or People of a Super natural Lake'' The name itself, is that of the band, or sub-tribe of the Sioux or Dakotas, of which Shakopee, Eagle Head, Grey Cloud, Little Grow, Wakuotay and Wabashaw, were the Chiefs ; and who at the first settlement of Minnesota occupied the west side of the Mississippi, and both sides of the Minnesota river up as far as the present town of Shako pee. In the olden time, they lived on the shores of Mille Lac, the large lake of which Rum river is the outlet. The lake is termed by them Meday waukon, or Supernatural Lake ; and when they left there and spread south ward, those Sioux who were descended from that band, retained the name of the “ Peo ple of the Enchanted Lake.” Why Mi He Lac was so designated, they themselves cannot now tell. Probably some trifling incident, or fright, or scare, which they could not understand, made them pronounce it waukon —which is a name they bestow in differently on anything they cannot compre hend, or that is mysterious, or peculiar. For instance, a gun is makzah waukon or enchan ted iron; a silver pencil case is mahzaska waukon or enchanted or (mysterious silver ; and to a lake whose waters were impregna ted with mineral salts, they would apply the same generic term of waukon. The great Devil’s Lake in the noith-west. in Dakota Territory, towards Pembina, they call Minne Waukon Meday, or Lake of the Enchanted Water—its waters being quite brackish lrom chloride of soda and other mineral salts held in solution. Properly, it should be called Mineral Lake. Illegal Voting.— The illegal voting on Thursday was both shameless and shameful. Wag n loads of Irish were driven from one polls to another, depositing votes in all of them. Some instances occurred at the First Ward polls, which would be amusing, were it not for the humiliating fact that we are ruled by a lawless, brutal, and revolutionary mob at every election. f I I A big Mickey offered his vote to the Judges there, who being saspicious of his right to vote, asked his name, &c., which he gave; some more questioning, it was asked again, when he hesitated a moment and gave a different one. The imposture was •o apparent, the Judges and Clerks burst into a laughter, when the Milesian moved off with a disappointed look. A wagon load of these citizens drove up in the afternoon, when the spokesman ad vanced to the window and offered to vote. Being questioned, he turned away, saying: “Sure, yez ought to let us vote here too, for, we've voted in all the other wards and nobody disputed it.” It becomes worse and worse at every elec tion, and it seems strange that such things can be winked at—nay, encouraged—by in fluential citizens of St. Paul. But by and by they will reap the bitter fruits of this corruption and encouragement to villainy. The Arrest of Stekle a Humbug Offi. cer Brackett, who returned yesterday on the steamboat Ocean Wave, from Chicago, whither he had gone on intimation of the re capture of Sylvester Steele, —handed us a Chicago Union of the 14tb, in which we find the following : A Slight Mistake. —On Friday evening last as a young man named Hayes, was seat ed quietly witnessing the performance at North’s Amphitheatre, he was tapped on the shoulder by a Chicago Detective and request ed to come 'out. Hays complied, whtn the officer's companion, » red headed spotter, broke forth in loud rejoicings, at having “ nabbed’’ the right man. He supposed Hays to be the notorious land swindler, Syl vester Steele, who has recently escaped from the jail at St. Anthony, Min. They sent off post-haste for Mr. Brackett, the Sheriff, who was staying at the Metropolitan Hotel; but judge the latter’s surprise, when he recogniz ed in Mr. Hays, instead of the notorious Steele, a much respected acquaintance. The police left suddenly. Suicide By Drowning —attempted I—A Celtic lady, given to bibulous excesses, unfor tunately, attempted to drown herself on Thursday evening, at the foot of Sibley street. She actually did throw herself into the river, and would probably have accomplished the rash object, had not a couple of humane po licemen pulled her out On finding that she was merely in a drunken fit the M. P.’s ducked her several times more, which she re sisted. Being then nearly sobered off, she was gallantly taken to the Station House. The Election Fraud Advocate, T. Mug gins Newson, Esq., of the Times , has success fully curried favor with the Milesians. Seve ral of these gentry were heard to declare, yesterday, that he was “araleGlN-tleman!” We endorse that. It has since been ascer tained that he denies his name is T. Muggins Newson, but T. McNewson. This wont do. The Micks are bound to claim you for a fel low countryman—since your endorsement of their quadruple voting—so you need’nt take the trouble yourself. Revival Items through Minnesota. - Daily Prayer meetings are held every morn ing at sunrise, in Crump’s Hall, Farribault. Also at Hastings, Winona and Red Wing* daily prayer meetings are still carried on ’ and so far as we can learn through the pa pers, are doing much good. Rev. Theodore Parker preached a revi val sermon in Boston, on Sunday week, to an •adianos of over <OOO persons. THE CITY. Annual Conferenc* or tun M. E. Church.—Fourth Dat.— The Conference assembled at 8 o’clock, on Monday morning. The Committee on Slavery made a report, which was adopted by a large vote, as fol lows : American Slavenr, as well as all other slave ry, is subversive oI all natural rights, contra ry to the word of God and blight upon the minds and morals of slaves, masters, and all other citizens of slave States. Slaverv has no feature, which we could, with a good con science, defend, and as a system must be ex tirpated before the Kingdom of God can be triumphant in our land. Therefore resolved, 1. That the Methodist Episcopal Church openly and avowedly seeks the extirpation of slavery, and as free citizens and ministers of Christ, we record our determination to carry out the spirit of the Gospel, and of our church, in steadfast opposition to this great evil. 2. That we look with sorrow and disgust on anv attempt to extend, propagate and de fend the system of slavery. 3. That while we do not admit slavery as constitutionally protected by the General Rules of the M. E. Church, we regret that it does not explicitly prohibit the buying, sell ing, or holding a human being as a slave, and will labor to secure such a change of the Gen eral Rule on Slaverv as will effectually ex clude from the Church every wilful slave holder. 4. That we do not hold ourselves respon sible for the errors or fanaticism of Anti- Slavery or Pro-Slavery men, and deem it unjust to depreciate any good cause on account of the indiscretions of its friends or enemies. We take our stand boldly on the ground of the truth which commends itself to the con sciousness of all. Some unimportant business was then trans acted, after which the conference proceeded to select the place for its next meeting. St. Anthony was finally selected as the place for holding the next Conference, daring April of next year. The Committee on Education made a re port : There are three institutions under the care of the Conference, viz: The Oce ola Seminary, on the St. Croix River ; the Bello Prairie Seminary, four miles above Little Falls, on the Mississippi River; and Hamliue University at Red Wing, in Good hue County. The condition of these various Institutions was then considered, and various recommen dations made in reference to them, com mittees appointed, &c. The Methodist Annual Conference.— This body adjourned on Tuesday, after hav ing been in session five days. The meeting was a full one, over sixty ministers being in attendance, embracing as much ministerial talent of that enterprising, pioneering, mis sionary work required to evangelize the great field of their operations, as could well be collected. That their efforts so far, have been successful, no one can doubt who regards the unexampled advancement and prosperity of that branch of the church in Minnesota. Methodist service is held in nearly every town and village of our new State, by means of their itinerant system. We give below a list of the appointments, as we find them in the Pioneer of yesterday: Monticello District. —S. T. Sterrett, Presiding Elder. Monticello—J. D. Rich. Sauk River—Olias. D. Bowdish. Fremont—C. C. Ridder. Belle Prairie—A. J. Nelion. Richland—B. Blain. Minneapolis—T. M. Gossard. Otsego—O. P. Light. Princeton—John Hooper. St. Paul District —S. Bolles, Presiding Elder. St. Paul 9th Street Church—o} rus Brooks. Market Street Charch—W. S. Edwards. West St Paul—L. D. Brown. Lakeville—J. O. Rich and Anthony Wil ford. St. Anthony—J. F. Chaffee. Hastings—John Pugh. Shakopee—W. H. St. Clair. Carver—G. S. Stevenson. St. Paul Scand. Misson—J. Tidland. St. Peter District —J. Kernes, P. E. Belle Plainc—Ezra Smith. Glencce and New Auburn—A. McWright. Lc Sueur—Jacob Myers. Traverse and St. Peter—J. D. Perkins. Kasota—Theo. Drew. Mankato—T. S. Gunn. Shelbyville—R. A. Judd. Welsh Mission—R. D. Price. Garden City—J. W. Powell. Enreka—Abiel 11. Abbott. Minnesota Scandinavian Mission—Wesson Berg. Edward Eggleston, agent of tho Bible So ciety. Red Wing District. —T. M. Kirkpatrick, P • E. Red Wing—J. W. Stogdill. Red Wing Circuit—Samuel Spates. Cannon Falls—A. V. Hiscock. North field—Thot. D »y. Faribault—J. If. White. Morristown—Sol. Wetzcll. Owatonna—Aarou Matson. Mantorville—E. L. Lathrop. Kenyon—Robert Hoover. Oronoco and Pine Island— G. W. T. Wright. Concord—J. L. Rodgers. B. F. Crary, President, and J. Brooks, ag’t of Hamline University. Winona District —D. Cobb, P. E. Winona—Geo. E. Phoebus. Rochester—S. N. Forest. Chatfield—Ezra Tucker. Marion—J. 11. Leard. Pleasant Grove—Nahum Tainter. Spring Valley—G. W. Richardson. Saint Charles—Benj. Crist. Preston—Z. C. Norton. Caledonia—Elijah Fate. Hokah—Wm. McKinley. Wabushaw and Lake City—James Gurlay- Austin—J. L. Dyer. Prkscott District C. Ilobart, P. E. Prescott—A. D. Cunningham. Hudson—W. Hamilton. Oceola—N. Nathrop. Eau Claire—L. N. Phelps. Bear Creek—L. D. Darnold. G. F. Hilton, Ag’t of Oceola Seminary. Lakk Superior District D. Brooks, Presiding Elder. Superior—D. Brooks. La Pointe—Jas. Peet T. Muggins, Esq., Editor of the Times, and author of the “slippery boots” item last fall, which created a great sensation at the time, has eclipsed all former efforts in the nonsense line, by a new lnminous joke in his Sunday issue. The funny man of the Times daren’t be half as funny as he can. We pres* nt the above referred to paragraph. Tmzbvcb fibs mzvqcc waneeche ml< :vuuw mini! bulvvulx vvxv vnvx mv vrimv vu xuqcx Rclz!? fficum vuvutu bpium lvuxvbn h.mluz I bxlox uunt mzv Hiatndido Ginslingnm qxllra omued jSWrsttftrum rat to rum rinol lquv, mlxz lvmqlv ? The Times still persists in uphoWEsg elec tion frauds perpetrated at any electiM in our city. Its next move will be to encourage robbery, arson, mnrder, &c. It says it is upheld in this, by 6ome “influential citizen* of St. Paul!” Such a paper as this, is a libel upon the good sense and integrity of our cit izens. W e observe that the sidewalk builders in the First Ward are progressing with their work in the neighborhood of the School House and Church—an improvement looked on with much favor by the residents of that ward during this muddy weather Shade and Ornamental Trees.— We ob serve that several of our citizens are now engaged in planting shade trees about their premises. This is an excellent idoa, as there is nothing that adds so much to make a home delightful, pleasant and attractive as well ar ranged shade and shrubbery. A house not surrounded by them, no matter how fine or large, seeins bare and unadorned—there is an air of something wanting. There are thousands, almost, of homes about our city, that only want a neat fence or if they have it, a few shade trees, to ren der them real tasteful and pleasant home-like dwellings. Such improvements cost almost nothing, and yet add to the real value, of the place, as well as the beauty of the property, and of the city. Then spend a day or two in fixing up your places, citizens,—ornament your front yards with a few forest trees—you can got them anywhere; put a neat fence around it, if you have’nt one already, and our word for it, you will think the additional charms it will have will doubly repay all trouble and expense. We have bouses enough in St. Paul, but too few tasty and comforta ble homes. Western House.— This Hotel and Board ing House has recently been removed to the new building on the corner of Roberts and Fourth Streets, which the worthy Proprie tors, Martin & Kapahn, have spared no pains in fitting up in a style to suit the most fastidious, and is now open and ready to receive and solicit their share of public pat ronage. Those wishing a good and cheap House to stop at will do well to give them a call, where they will always find the gentle* manly Olerk, Mr. Kapahn, ready to accom modate them in a la mode style. Quickest Trip on Record 1 The Steam boat Giey Gagle arrived at our Levee yester day noon, having made the trip from Dunleith here in less than twenty Jtcurs, running time, —being the quickest trip on record, r. The State Scrip.— ln noticing our article of Monday, the Pioneer adds : —We say yesterday a letter addressed by one of the heaviest firms in New York to a business establishment in the city, offering to receive the scrip at par, to the amount of $,5000. Let every mechanic, merchant and laborer recollect that Minnesota State Scrip is now being sold at New York and Washington at par. Miss Sallie St. Glair. —We learn from the Albany Journal, that this talented actress is now in that city. The Journal says: “ This young lady is delighting those who visit the theatre by her admirable per-ona tion of ‘ The Bride of an Evening.’ Her con ception of the part is excellent, and we think we have never seen the earnestness of a wife’s devotion and affection more truthfully de picted. In some scenes she is really thrilling, carrying the audience by storm. In the scene with her uncle, where she declares the marriage of Godfrey Dulaney with herself was solemnized in Heaven, she acted as though all was a reality, and the audience seemed to consider it so.” We learn by a private letter addressed to a relative of a former member of her compa ny here, that Miss St. Clair is anxious to come west once more. We are sure she has many friends here in St. Paul A good comment on the state of our streets was observed yesterday, on Third Street, where “no bottom” has been reported by navigators for some time. A gentleman and lady desired to cross, but that task seem ed such a hazardous one for the lady, her companion accomplished the gallant feat of carrying her ever, thereby saving her feet from the mud. Is there no prospects of ever hav ing any good crossing places laid ? The present state of the Lecompton and Kansas Question in Congress. The New York Tribune of the 15th thus states the case as it now stands in Congress, with the agreement by the House too, and the appointment of a Joint Committee of Con ference, on the disagreement between the two Houses. It says: “The Senate demands the admission of Kansas as State under the Lecompton Con stitution j the House responds—“ Not with out a fresh and fair submission of that Con stitution to the people of Kansas.” There is the whole case—who can mistake it? We hold that the Lecompton Constitution is the offspring of fraud, usurpation, villainy—that it is not really the Constitution of Kansas, bot the device of her enemies and oppressors, countenanced by a small minority only of her people. Ve appeal to the people themselves in support of our position, and dare our ad versaries to refer the whole matter in contro versy to that tribunal. This they will not, and dare not do—they dare do anything else rather—and herein they confes#that they know we are right on the main question The whole matter in dispute is involved in this question—“ Shall the people of Kansas be permitted to say, in a free and fair election, whether they will or will not have the Le compton Constitution ?” and our adversaries struggle to the death against us on this point, because (as they say when pressed to the wall) they know the people of Kansas will reject the Lecompton contrivance by an over whelming vote. And this, which is their reason for refusing a submission, is our reason likewise for insisting on it. As to the pretense that they deprecate de lay and wish tho question settled at once, wo say, “ Then submit the two Constitutions Slave and Free, Lecompton and Leavenworth, side by side, and let the people of Kansas say by their votes which they will have, and let them come into the Union under which ever they vote for.” This will end the whole controversy within sixty days—end it not only in Congress but in Kansas and every where else. The other side only pretend that their success will “ localize” the question of Slavery in Kansas, wbile ours will as speedily and surely terminate and extinguish it. How, then, is it possible that one who has sustained the position of the House should now vote to recede? What fear need be entertained that aught but unblushing treachery can ever compromise or undermine the impregnable position taken by the Rep resentatives of the American People ? Progress of Trade. The Custom House returns show remark able evidence of the power of our people to retrench and recuperate. In the last three months at this port the reduction in our im portations amounts to the enormous aum of thirty-aix millions. In March. 1858, we took nine and a half millions less of foreign goods thah we did in March, 1857. In the first six months of the present fiscal year, including the three months prior to the revulsion, our imports at this port were four and a half mil lions in excess of those of the previous year; now, our imports for the nice months ending 31st March are actually thirty-two millions in arrear of la*t year. All this indicates a tremendous amount of contraction and retrenchment spreading throughout the conntry ; and it must lead, before we expect it, to a sudden revival of business, increase of trade, and restoration of commercial activity. Calms beget storms. -JV. Y. Herald, The N. Y. Tribune says it should condemn the proposed masquerade balls in that city, on the score of detriment to morals, if it sup posed persons who have any morals were likely to attend such balls. NEWS ITEMS. On Monday, which is the visiting day at the Rochester House of Refuge, a Mrs. Ange, whose son, a boy of fourteen years, was con fined there for being engaged in a series of burglaries, brought him a new suit of clothes —disguised in which he made his escape with his mother, walking by the keepers without being suspected, who were not very familiar with his face. The boy is now in Canada.— The mother is in custody, and says she does not care what is done with her, now the boy is safe. The offense is punishable by a fine of SSOO, or imprisonment for a year. Senator Johnson, of Tennessee, says in his last speech that he has not got many slaves ; that he has got a fqw; and that he has made them by his own industry. Some thing like the boy’s fiddle, which his admir ing mamma stated he made out of his head, and had wood enough for another. Lord Palmerston, in reply to the address of his Tiverton constituents, says that “he cares n„t on which side of the House he sits, if the present Ministry adept the measures and carry out the intentions of their imme diate predecessors.’’ He intimates his inten tion not to give the Derby Government un necessary trouble. Thre is a little boy in Ayersville,Defiance county, Ohio, by the name of Empire Stiles j who is 6aid to be a musical wonder of the first order. He is only eight years old, and performs the most difficult pieces on the v;o --lin with the greatest ease. Those who have heard him, pronounce his natural talent for this instrument to be of an extraordinary character. A man named Roderigne, deputy Post master at Lecouipton, Kansas, was killed in that place on the 3d inst., by a young man named William Thompson, of Ohio. It seems that the young men of the place had been in the habit of making game of Thomp son, on account of some transaction in which he played an unfortunate part; and on Satur day, the 3d inst., Roderigne with thiee others having met him commenced to ridicule him, when Thompson drawing his bowie knife, made an attack on the party and stabbed Rederigue to the heart. Thompson fled and has not been arrested. Roderigue was from Pennsylvania. Among the latest telegraphic accounts from the Continent brought by the last English mail is one from Madrid, of March 23, to the effect that “ the Go vernment has presented a project of law for the abolition of Slavery in the Spanish colonies.” The colonies referred to in this dispatch can be no other than those of Cuba and Porto Rico, all that remains to Spain, with the exception of the Philippines, of the vast colonial empire which she once possessed, and the only part of the Spanish possessions in which Slavery exists. Crinoline has got into court in Detroit. A suit is now pending before a magistrate’s court in that city, by the husband of a lady who was refused admission to a public lec ture, the price cf which was twenty-five cents, which being duly tendered by her, was refus ed, aud fifty cents demanded, upon the ground that she would occupy two seats. The American Association for the Advance ment of the Science, will convene at Balti more on the 28th of the present month, and continue in session about a week. The man agers of the Maryland lostitute have tendered the use of their building for its meetings, and the Historical Society will entertain them. The membership of the Association is about 900, and comprises most of the savans of this country, as well as many European celebri ties. The Huntsville (Ala.) Advocate states that an old silver mine has been discovered in Hancock county. It was walled up with solid masonry, which had to be removed by blasting before the mines could be re-opened. Large trees are growing over and around it, showing that it cannot have been opened for centuries. The ore is said to be very rich. Mr. Henderson, of the once celebrated firm of Fox, Henderson & Co., the builders of tho exhibition- of 1851, in Hyde Park, and of the Crystal Palace at Sydenham, died the other day, so pennyless that his bereaved wife had not the means to bury him or save herself from starvation. A committee has been formed in London to collect subscrip tion. The delegation of Pawnee Indians, lately at Washington, have ceded to the govern ment 12.000,000 acres of land, reserving to themselves 12,000. They are to receive an annuity of $40,000. The land is in Nc fjfaska. An extensive steam flouring mill, near Evansville, Ind., owned by parties in Ken tucky, was struck by lightning on Thursday of last week, and bnmed to the ground.— Loss about 12,000, and no insurance. Mr. Samuel Wright, a farmer who re sides in Washington County, Pennsylvania, has eighteen children, 111 grand children, and 174 great grand children. His better half, too, is still living. One of the Washington papers accuse* Senator Douglas of recently selling all the slaves which he held in the South—Kir which he held as trustee for his first wife’s children. Chevreau, in his history of the world, in forms ns that it was created on the sixth day of September, on a Friday, a little after 4 o’clock in the afternoon. An attempt is on foot in the Pennsylvania Legislature to legislate David Wilmot out of h.s judicial office. This is to be done by swamping his district, and attaching to other districts the counties of which it is com posed. About as curious a case in politics, as was ever presented, is th-*t of the Washington Union accusing J. W. Forney of being the inventor of the frauds which carried Penn sylvania for Bncbanan. The editor of the Bor .ton Bee, Z. K. Pang born, has bad presented to him a silver enp as a testimonial from some personal friends tor his devotion to ’the party of freedom in 1857. Gov. Banks is among the contribu tors. Gregg, the Lecompton Democrat in Con gress from Indiana, ge ts rather cold comfort from home. He is a candidate for re-election. At a meeting of his party in his own county, to express their choice for a successor, there were none so poor as to do him reverence. He didn’t get the first vote. The oldest married couple living, are sup posed to be Jacob Snyder and his wife, who reside at Burnside, Pa. He is 111 years old, and she is 107, and they have been married about 93 years. The Washington Slates says that it is currently rumored in the streets and in pub lic places that $200,000 have been sub scribed to carry Lecompton through the , House. From Waalalufften. Special Dispatch to the N. Y. Tribune. Washington, April IC. The Committee of Conference met this morning, but, in consequence of the absence of Mr. Hunter and the sickness of Mr. Ste phens, nothing was done or attempted. Mr. English has taken his stand upon tho first part of the Crittenden amendment,which provides for submitting Lecompton. This the Administration side cannot accept. The name of Mr. Kilgore of Indiana does not appear among the Nays in the Tribune on the Conference vote on Wednesday. He is too sterling a Representative to be so slighted. The Committee of Conference will meet at 11 to-morrow to hear propositions and compare opinions. If Mr. English adheres to his preser t purpose of requiring a submis sion of Lecompton, then no compromise can be effect,notwithstanding Mr. Hunter’s strong inclination to yield subordinate points. The extreme South in the House will not sustain any such concession, and the majority in the Senate is clearly committed adversely. The Administration is less satisfied with indications to-day, and 13 by no means sangu ine, if even hopeful of final success. Mr. Hall’s vote is claimed openly, but no confidence is professed as to the accession of others. The Anti-Lecompton side is much cheered by all the signs of the time, and have assur ances warranting the belief that if this Con ference fails on an agreement, there will be no second attempt, no matter how urged.— Some regret having yielded it now,on account of the prejudicial interences toward them that are drawn. Washington, April 16. Mr. Stcaben’s illness continues, and it is doubtful if the Conference Committee does anything to morrow. It will meet at 11 o’clock, in the Vice President’s room in the Capitol.and may adjourn to meet immediatj ly at Mr. Stephen’s house. There seems to be no prospect of any agreement.. Mr. English said to-day, after a conference with Mr. Howard, than whom there is no firmer or mere through going Anti-Lecomp ton man in the House, that Howard and he agreed on all points. If this be so and English acts in good faith, all will be well. The Administration can carry Lecompton only by the basest treachery and double dealing on the part of Mr. English and his associates. Such baseness is not to be im puted until it is clearly shown. Mr. Dimm ckis very ill, and it is feared will not recover. The Washington Police bill is likely to be lost in the House from want of confidence in the President, to whom the bill gives the power of appointment. Mr. Buchanan is distrusted, even by many of the Southern Lecompton Democrats. From the Nation*! Intelligencer, April 16. The Territories of the Union. We observe in the proceedings of the Sen ate on Thursday that the Committee on Ter ritories reported against the organization of the Territory of Arizona, and in lieu of it submitted an amendment to the organic act of New Mexico, which provides for a new judicial circuit, to include the Gadsden Pur chase, aud for a new census and apportion ment in the Territory, with a view to giving a fair and equal representatiou in the Territo rial Legislature. It is presumed that these provisions will remedy the evils now com plained of, without creating any more Terri torial Governments at present. We have long been impressed with the in expediency as well as the impropriety of form ing new Territories with but few inhabitants, and the evil of forcing new States into the Union before they have the requisite popula tion. We feel much confidence that the pro visions of the bill reported by the Senate committee, will have the effect to prevent the recurrence of the Lecompton contest. It provides, as will be seen, that no new State t-hall be formed until it has the requisite pop ulation for a member of Congress, which, ac cording to the present ratio, is 93,520 i: habi tants, and will probably be more than a hun dred thousand after 1860 ; and, further, that no constitution shall be sent to Congress un til it shall have been submitted to and rati fied by the people—to the end that Congress may have the best evidence the nature of the case admits of that is the act of the people and embodies their will. As this provision applies to all the Territories except Utah, which is an anomalous case and must be se parately provided for, it is believed that it will have a wholesome effect in preventing a repetition of the evils which have arisen out of the Lecompton controversy. These pro visions seems so fair and just, and at the same time so important, that we venture to express the hope that they may meet the ap proval of Congress and become law. A Substitute for Wheat. In answer to the great question, What shall be substituted for wheat ? we will say that no single crop can take its place. As soon as any one crop is cultivated generally as a substitute for wheat, the market will become flooded, and as a necessary conse quence the price will depreciate. Many in Orleans, Niagara and other counties la«t season raised large quantities of bcar.s. At this time last year the price ranged from $1 to $1.25, now from 63 to 83 cents. They have not sold for less than sl, we think, for many years. A greater quantity have been consumed, no doubt, the present winter, than ever before, especially by the poor in cities, as they are really the cheapest food that can be used. Barley was substituted for wheat very gene rail} - , in this section, the season, and the consequence is, it now sells at from 50 to 55 cents, though bringing $1 and over for many years previous. The depression, in part, may have been occasioned by the ‘hard times, 7 but in our opinion, it is in a great de gree owing to die large quantities raised as a substitute lor wheat. We are fully satis fied that no one crop can be grown generally to take the place of wheat. We must de pend upon a diversity, and the more diversi fied the better for the producers. Flaxseed now sells at $1.50 per bushel.— There is a great scarcity of seed, very little being grown in this part of the State, and onr oil mills obtain their stock from Ohio. The paper mills are glad to obtain the stalks without any preparation, thrown on the rack like hay, at $5 a ton. Twenty bushels of seed and one ton of stalks can be grown on a fair soil. If the ground was smooth and well prepared, perhaps the reaping machine might be used in harvesting flax. Some of onr oil manufactures are anxious to have the farmers of this section engage in the produc tion of flaxseed, and offer some inducements, as will be seen by reference to our advertis ing columns. A few are giving some attention to tobac co, and where persons have experience, so as to succeed in curing the crop well, it is very profitable. The Chinese sugar-cane and the production of syrup and sugar is well worthy of attention. The raising of stock anJ the food for stock, in the cheapest and best man ner, is an all-important subject, upon which the wisest may exhanst their wisdom, and the most experienced add very profitably to their stock of knowledge. We are please that this question is attract ing such marked attention. Few of us know on how small a space of land, and with what an amount of labor, one hundred head of cattle can be kept. The late discussion on roots and corn, and their comparative value, have been interesting, and must result in good. Let the motto be, “Try all things, and hold fast that which is good.”— Moore's Rural JYtw Yorker, Match 8. Ws make the following extract from a let ter received by a gentleman in Covington from a friend in San Francisco : “This city looks desolate and deserted. In all my life I have never seen such a change in a place. Sonora and Arizona are now the pass words. Every one that can go is going. If our Government does not buy Sonora our people will take it. They say they mnst have Guyamas, and will have it. Some of ..nr first men have gone to Arizona, and oth ers are going. The Atlantic Telegraph. The London Times of the 11th ult., gives some additional information in relation to the Atlantic Telegraph. The four hundred milts of wire required to replace what was lost last year is being rapidly manufactured, and ex periments are being prosecuted to test the rapidity with which communications can be transmitted through the entire line. The Times says: In the dockyard at Keyham (Plymouth) the main bulk of the cable, to tho length of 2,200 miles, has been stowed aw ay iu gigantic* coil during the winter, and a full staff of electricians, under the directions of Mr. Whitehouse, have been engaged in working messages throughout its entire length, and generally proving the electrical fitness of the cable to the fullest extent. The result of these experiment we are informed, has been in the highest degree satisfactory. Most of those acquainted with the fust efforts which were made to send messages thiough the en tire length of the cable know that tho retar ding influence, or whatever other name elec tricians many choose to call it, which exists in a long conductor, exercised a most serious influence upon the rapidity with which it was found possible to transmit words through the full extent of the wire. Constant experi ments, joined with practical skill in working the wire daily, have enabled Mr. Whitehouse to overcome so much of his resistance that 5 words per minute can now be sent through the 2,200 miles of cable at present at Key ham, and it is fully expected that before the time comes for a second submergement,B words will be transmitted with ease and cer tainty. To many of our readers unacquainted with the practical working af submarine lines, on ly eight words per minute may appear to be but a poor result after all, though we can as sure them that, if ever attained, it is such an improvement in the rate of transmission as not many ventured to anticipate who saw the cable worked for the first time last summer. At the same time such a result seems to show with most convincing clearness that, though 489 words per hour through this line, if i' is successfully laid down, might doubtless am ply remunerate the company, it would still be almost as far as ever from accommodating the business messages between Europe and the New World. If, therefore, this lino is submerged this simmer, it will follow as a matter of course that three or four others must belaid as well, and theie seems no reason why if one can be laid down there should not be as many tele graphs under the Atlantic as there are now under the Channel. With regard to the time and mode of lay ing the cable, the Times remarks : The attempt to lay down the cable will be made this year at a much earlier period than on the last occasion. As soon as the coils, with all the necessary apparatus and appoint ments, are stowed away on board the Agamemnon and Niagara—which will be about the beginning of May—both vessels will leave for a short trip into deep water, when a number of experiments will be made with the paying out machinery, and to ascer tain practically if any difficulties exist in the proposed plan for submerging the wire from the centre of the Atlantic. These experi ments will be brought to an end in a few day 9 and any alterations which their results may suggest in the machinery or manner of pay it g out the wire having been adopted os soon as possible, the expedition will finally 6tart about the beginning of June. All the best authorities and most experienced seamen have been consulted on behalf of the com pany as to the state of the weather in the Atlantic in the month of June, and we be lieve that the result of an immense amount of testimony goes to prove that there is five or six consecutive days in that month during which a gale in the Atlantic was seldom or never known to occur. The expedition will, leave these shores so as to arrive in the cen tre of tho Atlantic at about the commence ment of these halycon days, and the object will be, of course, to get over the deep sea part of the undertaking, before the weather changes. The line will be joined and laid from the centre of the ocean, the Niagara bringing her end to England and tho Agam emnon conveying hers to America. Com munication by electric signal will, of course, if the wire holds, be kept up between the two vessels the whole way. All these new arrangements and precau tions are the result of the experience of last year’s attempt, and, of course, all improve ments conduce towards the chances of ulti mate success. But it is no exaggeration to say that there is one portion of the apparatus upon the fitness and proper management ol which the successor non-success of the whole plan must ultimately depend, and this is up on the paying out machinery. That this ma chinery was bad last year, and that it was made still worse by the most absurd mis management, no one denies; but we trust and believe that there is no chance for a re petition this year of such blunders. llow the new machinery is constructed we cannot at present say, further than that a new self acting break lias been devised, which is said to bef-cifect; that all the alterations have been made under the superintendence of Mr. Everett, the Chief Engineer of the Niagara, and Mr. Appold, and that Mr. Penn, Mr. LI yd and Mr. Field have, we believe, been from time to t me consulted about it. The United State* Sending Powdcrto the mormons. A correspondent of the Ciucinnati Inquirer, writing from Camp Scott, in Utah Territory, makes some curious disclosures as to the pro ceedings of Messrs. Russel & Waddell, the great Border-Ruffian Government contractors for transporting the supplies of the Utah ar my. This correspondent states that in ex amining the wagons packet by their agent at Fort Bridger, there were found in one of the interior ones, a thousand pounds of powder and other merchandise, directed to an agent of the Mormon Church ! No wonder the cost of the Utah expedition runs up at such a rap id rate. It is a pretty serious affair, at least for the United States Treasury—transport ing for one side only, at the prices paid to these favored contractors. The correspond ent whom we quote is inclined to hope that this supplying of the Mormons with powder is a private transaction of the agent of Messrs. Rusell & Waddell, and that they were not personally cognizant of it. This is doubtless a matter of some interests, as be tween Messrs. Russell & Waddell and their agent, but to the United States it makes but little difference whether they be bamboozled at first or second hand. Another of Nature’* Vagaries. The Louisville Journal has the following from Henderson, Kentucky : I have just returned from a visit to one of the most extraordinary curiositiesever known in the history of the human race. A negro woman, belonging to Mr. Samuel Stites, of this place, gave birth, eight days ago, to four living children joined together by pairs in a still mure peculiar manner than the Sim ese Twins. The two boys are counected at the shoulder, and from the hip to the knee joint, leaving the lower joint of the legs and feet of each perfectly free. The girls are joined at the shoulder, with this difference from the boys, that they have but one arm issuing from the junction of their shoulders. They are joined from the hip down to the foot—the two legs ending in one foot In regard to the color of the children, na ture seems to have been quite as eccentric as in their formation,one of the boys being black and the other as white as the child of a white woman ; and so with the girls. They all seem to be perfectly healthy, and the mother is doing uncommonly well. Mr. Stites, who is a man of wealth, takes great pleasure in showing the twins to his friends, and their “levees’’ have been greatly crowded for the last day cr two. ° The anti-Lecompton victory in Cincinnati is even greater than the telegraph reported it. On Supreme Judge the majority is 3,892. On the other city officers it ranges from 1,800 to 4,800. The City Councillors elected stand, Citizen’s Ticket 12, Democrats 5. Light upon Several Dark Transactions. The New Bedford, Fort Schuyler, and Fort Snelling Land Sales- Evidence of a Oraud Plunder Combination of New York Politician*. Washington, April 12. A recent letter in New York Herald, pur porting to be written here, and pretending to give a history of the sale, to Government, of some land in the vicinity of New Bedford, for war purposes, has, most unfortunately for the ap; arent objects of the writer, excited in quiries which have resulted in exposing a clue to some very important and interesting developments. This letter undertook to ex plain how property .estimated by good judges to lie worth at most no more than s2uo per acre, should, upon being wanted by the Gov ernment, have sud Jenly appreciated to the value of $1,300 per acre, without implicating anybody in particular in a fraud upon the Secretary of War; butasingle inquiry has thrown a wonderful amount of light upon the subject, thus involved in hopeless mystery by the Herald writer. It appears from an enquiry diree'ed to the proper quarter, that the person of whom the Secretary of War made that purchase of pro perty at New Bedford was a Mr. Bizby, ot New York, who conveyed the land and re ceived the exceedingly handsome sum of $780,000 therefor. This instantly affords a probable clue to the whole transaction. Mr. Bixby is the head ol a firm of which the Hon. John C. Mather and W. McTntrye are sup posed to be silent members, and whose busi ness as bonded warehousemen,under the lavor oi Mr. Collector Schell, is rightly supposed to be of quite u lucrative character. The additional circumstance that sothe time pre vious to the sale, Mr. Mather visited New Bedford to take a look at the property iu question, serves to confirm the suspicion al ready excited ; in 9hort,there are the strong est reasons to believe that the same parties who will appear to be involved in the Fort Schuyler speculation, when the report of the Investigating Committee in communicated to the House, also invented and practiced upon the Secretary of War the second, and, it is believed still grosser “game of speculation” at New Bedford. It has been discovered, in addition, that these bold and successful plot ters were also at the bottom of tho Fort Snelling transaction; in fact, the same thread runs through each of these swindling perfor mances, and in each case it comes home to a clique ol about seven men, prominent as poli ticians, and having official position to back them, in New York. The Custom House is the head quarters of this nest of speculators, and the influence of Mr. Collector Schell’s position appears to have been the leading circumstance which gave them their good luck in disposing of tlieir property to Govern ment at such telling rates. The sum of $115,000 was paid Mr. Rich ard Schell for the Fort Schuyler property ; of this, at lea*-t $70,000 is safely estimated to have been clear profit to Mr. Schell and the parties interested with him ; the Collec tor being the man upon whose appraisement, as a commissioner appointed by Government to ascertain the value of the property, it was purchased as that enormous price. It is an interesting tact that Mr. Richard Schell was not the owner of the property until after the commission to appraise it came to his brother, and that the Collector did not appraise its value until after the original owner had part ed with it for a small sum to Mr. Schell and his associates. All these facts do not merely look like collusion to cheat the Government, but tliev prove it. The Fort Snelling prooerty v as purchased ostensibly by Franklin R. Steele of Minneso ta, but bands of the New York Custom House speculators appear when the purchase money comes to be paid. The sum of $90,000 was paid into the treasury by Mr. Steele for this property, which consisted of a fraction short of 9,000 acres, situated at the confluence of Minnesota and Mississippi rivers,s miles above St. Paul. Opinions differ greatly as to the success of this speculation ; the Hon. Robert Smith of Illinois, who moved the Committee of Inves tigation, testifying that the property was worth double or treble the sum paid for it ; others saying that they would not take it now at the price given. There was a motive, however, for Mr. Smith’s action in the case, since he owns a large amount of land joining this reservation on the north, including the water power at St. Anthony’s Falls ; but whatever may be the success of the bargain, Mr. Steele raised a large portion of the pur chase money among the parties in New York who effected the F >rt Schuyler sale; it being soid that $20,000 of the $115,000 paid out of the Treasury to Mr. Schell was paid hack aga non the Fort Snelling property. Other gentlemen, whose names I know, were inter esled in this affair, bnt as there is a contrarie ty of opinion as to its character, and it may turn out to be merely a fair business transac tion with no elements of fraud about it, I refrain from connecting them publicly wi»h the parties to the disgraceful operations ol New* Bedford and Willett’s Point. Tn the two latter cases, there appears to be little doubt that the Government lias been most extensively ami shamefully defrauded by somebody'. The report of the Investigating Commit tee, of which Hon. John B. Haskin is Chair man, cannot fail to show how and by whom this was done in the Fort Schuyler c ise ; and if their powers are enlarged so as to enable ihcm to inv stijratc the New Bedford affaii, the}* have already a clue wh cli will lead them to correct conclusions in that also. Col. Benton’s Funeral and Will. From the Tribune, The funeral service will be performed on Monday, when the body will be conveyed to St. Louis for interment, with his mother, wife, and kindred. Mr. Buchanan called jast evening to pay a visit of condolence to the family, having had a brief and gratifying interview with Col. Ben ton, on Friday afternoon, in which the latter assure 1 the President that he died at peace with all the woild. Col. Benton’s will was opened yesterday to ascertain if any wishes had been expressed by him regarding his funeral. None were found. It was drawn in September, just be fore the surgical operation, which involved the hazard of death, was performed. Ilis residence here is bequeathed to Mrs. Jones and bis library to Cary Jones, as literary le gatee. The residue of the estate is distrib uted among their children. The executors, are Messrs. William Carey Jones, John C. Fremont, and Richard Taylor Jacob, sons-in law, Montgomery Blair, and Phillips Lee, brother-in-law of Mr. Blair, as friends. Coat of Living In the Utah Expedition. A private letter from an officer of the 2nd Dragoons, on servicj in Utah, has been com municated to the Boston Journal. The writer gives a statement of army prices-current. The cost of supplies, other than regular ra tions, seems to be respectably heavy. Salt was selling at S 3 per pound ; coarse boots were sl2 per pair; green tea was $2.50, and black $2 a pound ; whiskey, $3 a gallon; common felt hats, $5; buttons, 5c apiece; tobacco, $2 a pound ; brandy, $6 a gallon, and cigars 20c each. Cutlery of all kinds wus very scarce and high; pistols not to be had at any price ; while Hour was SSO a bbl., or $25 per cwt. The force does not indulge largely in luxuries. Two Important Harbors Discovered.— The Russian naval expedition under Count Putiatin whieh was last summer cotnmission ed to make explorations betwf*en the mouth of the Amoor and the Japanese and Chinese seas, reports having discovered <>n the coast of Manchooria, opposite the island of Mads inai, (Jesseo.) two harbors, capable ol affird ing protection at all seasons to the largest fleets in the world. They were named fit. Vladimir and St. Olga. A river which emp ties into one of these harbors was named Avvacum, after the interpreter to the expedi tion, a priest who was many years attached to the mission in Pekin. At Nai gasski, Pu tiantin negotiated a supplementary treaty with the Japannese, which allows, among other privileges, the residence in Japan of a Rus sian consul, with his family. The eX|>cdi tion was at last accounts in the Chinese wa ters, watchiDg the progress of events beicre Canto o. LATEST NEWS. Concrenalonal. Washington, April 19. Senate.— -The Secretary of War trans mitted, in reply to a recent resolution, infor mation of the Utah contracts entered into without the special authorization of Coogress. Mr. Slidell presented memorials from the citizens at New Orleans, asking the Govern ment to aid the Collins steamers; also to aid the steamers between New Orleans and Bor deaux. Mr. Bigler presented similar memorials from Philadelphia. Mr. Mason, from the Committee on For eign Relations, submitted a bill for the relief of the claimants in case of the private brig of-war Gen. Armstrong, accompanied by a report. A request by Mr. Trumbull that the Secre tary be directed to furnish a certified copy of the resolutions and evidence in the Indiana contested election ca-e, cave an opportunity to Messrs. Bright and Fitch to say that they wished the matter investigated and settled as soon as possible. Mr. Houston announced that he did not wish to bring up bis Mexican protectorate bill to-day, and, on motion of Mr. Hunter, the Deficiency bill was considered. The section respecting extra allowance to extra officers of the House was debated but not stricken out as the committee recommended. Mr. Hale spoke in support of his amend ment. The Senat• aejourned. House.— The House went into Committee ■ n the Washington Police bill. The bill was debated and amended but no final action taken. Messrs. Florence, Phillips and Sandy pre sented memorial- 1 of the citizens ol Philadel phia for the establishment of an oc- anic steam mail route between Philadelphia and South ampton, England. Mr. Florence of Pennsylvania, gave notice of the introduction of a bill to establish cer tain oceanic post routes between the United States and Europe, and to regulate the trans portation of the mails and to reduce the expenses thereof. Important from Washington. Washington, April 19. The House Committee on Foreign Affairs this A. M. directed Mr. Clingman, its chair man, to report a resolution abrogating the Clayton-Bulwer treaty, condemning both its American as well as British construction, and authorizing the President to take immediate steps for its abrogation. The report that the Senate Committee on Territories had unanimously agreed to sup port against ull appropriations for river and harbor improvements, is incorrect. Mr. Hamlin did not agree to the proposition. The Joint Committee of Conference on tne Kansas bill, met this morning, all being present. Mr. Green, on behalf of the majority of the Senate Committee, submitted several proposed modifications of the Senate bill, none of which proved acceptable to the House Committee. Propositions were then received from the House Committee. Mr. English responded that at the next meeting he would submit a new bill, the pre cise character of which has not transpired, but it is understood to be on a new line, pro posing a substitute for the Lecompton ordi nance, and that the qnestion of admission under the Lecompton Constitution be referred to a fair vote of the people of Kansas at an early day. If the majority vote for Kansas to come into the Union at once under the President’s proclamation ; if against it, then the bill pro vides for the formation of a new constitution whenever the population there equals the number required for a member in the United States House of Representatives. The com mittee adjourned till to-morrow. There is some reason to believe that Mr. English’s bill will be agreed to by both bou ses. The meeting of the Conference Committee on Saturday resulted only in obtaining from the Senate side, the promise of offering a plan of compromise. Mr. English, on the House side, said they would await propositions from the S« ate; but unless something was done Monday, they would report their inability to agree. In this contingency it is the intention of the Senate to ask another committee. Gen. Cushing supercedes Judge Hughes ag counsel for Judge Watrous, in the impeach ment case. Senator Biggs is to be immediately made District Judge of North Carolina, and will be succeeded iu the Senate by Mi. Cliiigman, by the Governor’s appointment. A letter has been received at the Stato Department from our Charge d’Affaires at Constantinople, inclosing one to him from the Grand Vizier, showing that Amin Bey was accredited as an agent to this Government, thus setting at rest all doubts in relation to l hat subject. A letter fro m Lieut. Ives, dated the 18tb of February, states that he had a-cemlcd above iie Moiiava village on the Colorado of tie West, and had not been m >L-s cd by the Indians who have heretofore been trouble some. The surveys were progressing finely. Capt. John Build has been ordered up the Washington Navy Yard vice Commander Lavalette, who is to command the Mediter ranean squadron. Commodore G. Tilten has been ordered on duty on the Light House Board, vice Capt. Samuel Barron, wl.o takes command of the steam frigate Waba*li. The Senate to-day confirmed Jno. J. Cad wallader as Judge of the Eastern District Court of Pennsylvania, vice Judge Kane, deceased, and Mr. Norton of Nebraska, as Secretary of that Territory. The Senate also, niter discussing, confirmed Messis. Tur ner, Kip and Ciaig, Lieutenants of the army. These nominations have been jiending since the commencement of the session. The Secretary of the Treasury, in an appeal, has decided that m< tal and silk guitar strings, the former being the component material of cheap value, are liable to a duty of 15 per cent.; the following 15 per cent.: Pulu, pre pared from the fibre of a plant for beds, cushions and mattresses ; white rope and hemp, reduced to pulp for manufacturing paper, roofing and felt, and sulphate of Am monia. The following officers are ordered to tho sloop-of-war Macedonia, preparing for tho Mediterranean; Capt. W. P. Levy, Lieuts. Harrell, Morgan, Hopkins, Poe and Badger; Surgeon, Palmer; Ist Assistant Surgeon, Steele ; Assistant Surgeon, Lowns; Purser, Bleeker. Purser Taylor has been ordered to the receiving ship at Boston, in place of Bleeker. The First Arrival* at Collingwood. Col j.ingwood, C. W., April 19. The brig Mahoning, from Milwaukee, arri ved Saturday night with a cargo of fb*ur con signed to Montreal and Boston. This is the first arrival of the season. The steamer Ca nadian, from Owen Sound, arrived to-day. Bank Statement. New York, April 19. Increase in loan, $497,275. In specie, $1,160,103. Nominal depots, $1,874,356. Undrawn deposits, $1,882,356. Decrease in ,-pecie, $55,659. Total, specie largest ever held, .$33,196,449. Stocks. New York, April 19. Tenn. 6’s, 88$; Mich. 6’s, 99; 111. Central bonds, 88; Pacific Mail S. S. Co., 78; P«-nn. Coal, 71; Canton, 21 ; X. Y. Cei.tra l , 87| ; M. & M., 30; Erie, 27J; Gal. ami Chi., Harlem, 11 J; Reading, 455; M. S., 235; do preferred, 48; Panama, luGs. Alter tho Board prices were b< tier. Family Poteoned. Albany, April 19. Pat’k Carey, his wife and 4 children resid ing on Dalius street in this city, are n<>w la boring under the effects of poison taken into their stomachs through po sonous limbs put ulo soup by mistake, by the mother. Pby icians think the children may recover, but the situation of the parents is very critical.