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The weekly pioneer and Democrat. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. Territory) 1855-1865, September 17, 1857, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016751/1857-09-17/ed-1/seq-2/

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PH— NtltavalH.
from U» K<mum Trftvftir.
Home of the paper* mention that Priooi*
MctUmicb compet'd his eighty fourth yc»r
on the loth of Miy. lie wa* born in I <73
wfa-n Marin Thertia wax Kmprivw Queen ol
Henuany and Hungary, Ixxifa XV, King "I
Franc. nc<»rgc 111 In tlx- thirtieth year!
of bix kingship of Kugland, and Catharine
11 wax Czarina of Husain. The United
State* were then llntixh ('olonietl, Holland
wax a Ilciiublic, Vrniee re-iwied ov<-r ami
from her hundred isle*, and I'ofand wax at ill
an extensive kingdom, (tin- partition treaty
waa itgiinl in 1772.1 Tlx: old French mon
arrhy wax apparently ax flourishing ax it
luul born at nny time sineetfa; dayxof Hugh
Capri. and the gaillotnr- wax uii unknown
name to tin 1 nut ion*. Of those eminent I tux
xiun sovt reigns, whom wo have awn muke
the wnrkl tremble, neither Alexander nor
Nicbolaa wax born mxl faith are now in
their graves—tfa! former dying more than
thirty year* »ince. Najxileon wax a little
boy M four or five year*, "toddling" aboil
on t 'oraican ground, and wax ax final of eon
fectiom-ry ax If la’ were not dentimxj to invi rit
lieet Migar. Tlie American Ileclaratioii wax
not draaiued of. Hpain waa Hpain with tie-
Imiiea, ami viceroy* ruled iu both the conn
triea of Mexico and Lima. Ktatcximii who
liavc been dead for half a century were boys
or young muo—for example, the younger
Pitt and Charles Jans* Fox. “Kvelina
had not been written. Scott wax only
twmty-omi nionthx okl, llyrim wax not born
until aouie fifteen year* later, atal even Sam
linger* wax but a child. Ycf "Fvulina" i*
now an old liook, Scott and Hymn long
xince ranixluxl. and even Huger* ix dead,
while Metternich in alive and in jpxxl pltyxi
cal comlition, though I* liax iiix full xliure of
trie Wand perplex itic*. amt never, a mir.
aide ol continence. I'raetically lie ix a Mor
monite.
Ax Hailet/ky OMioert* military profex
xion xof the age of Frixleriek ami I faun with
thut of I’elexaier ami Tixllelx'ii, and'**
Metternich connect modern diplomacy and
xtatexmiinxliip with tlnxa' of the ugc of
Kaumtx and Vergemu"*. They are both
Aaxtriimx, mid each one held tlie world's
fate in liix linmlx -Metternich. in I*l3,
when he induced hi* maater to isle with the
Allie* again*! Najioleon and Itudet/.ky; in
|m|n ft, when he turned tin* tide in favor of
Aiwtiia in Italy. It i* noteworthy, howev
er, that Metternich failed at the very time
when Hud'-Uky xuceneded. the xoldier prov
ing him* If to fa' ax good a man at eighty
ax the stahwmaii at forty.
Mctteruieh x life synchronize* with the
new age that cumincm-ed in 17711. lie ix
the note survivor of the actor* in the great
eveutx of that age Of all thoxe who sign
ed the infainoiix act of uutluwry againxt
Napoleon, adopleil hy the Congress
of Vieutia. March 13. I*ls- an act
that gave tla- Kmpcror up to the dagger of
the arxaxxm he und Nmaclrode, no far ax
wu know, alone live, and Newadrode wax
not oik'of tie' hint nii'n of those day*. If
any of the other sigiwr* are liv iag. their
inixlea of lifr are stieh ax to keep them frix
from public observation. Metternich hax
outli.nl, with tin- exception nlrcudy iianitxl.
all lie**' reactiomu v stuUwinen who triumph
mi in l»12 l.’» Wellington, t'axtlereagli.
Ilanlonfarg, laverjionl, Cat hear f, t 'bateau
briaud, Stailion, ami the rest All the men
of the iilln r xiile. too. re gone Hu-sumi.
• ’au'aiiieourt, Carnot, Thtliewudean, and all
the other* of llioxc ITciicliDK'U who were
identified with the fortune*of their country,
uiml it* illiMtriiai*chief. Ixml faatlrreaglTs
brother. tlx late Maripi a of l<ondomk‘rry,
xnw Metternich at Vienna, in I H|it, and the
old I'iiiicv lie wax tb ti t»7 coniiNtred
hiui*ll ton ioral fixed to a nH'k -both
mint move together , a forcible figure, to
wfcicb the eveutx of lHtn gave a lively in
teriiretation.
In the note that euiitaimxl tlii* remark, he
ulluded to the share which hr and tie Mar
■pii* had Ihiiik' iii tlm* war which Ini to Na
poleon*overthrow a war. he said, "whieh
ix now iH'eomiiig a part o| thoae liman which
liixtorv itself names heroic yet we now find
him aiive, ami likely I" live much longer,
seventeenyearn after having written ton*
C unplaeen'tly the K.iiglbdiiiinii who ix no
more. TIh 1 most diitinguislicd of lex predo
(vaxora. Kami it/., dint to liix eighty fifth year
whieh ix Mettcllilrli x agr.
We have xaid that Metternieli is a prae
tieal MoriU"iiit >. and it the reader wixln* to
• x> the pr xif of the I'orm'lixwx of the awr
tion, we refer him to x-.i ii.pp 4.11 ot l*r
V» l«'« .Wrxi 'llj if!« C' Ult I nhx rrt' V
a.of H'ftlom iV of .fn.fr ie. T|:c F.tlglixll
translation of that work, however, atfordx
but an nimh'iput. idrn of the xnbyx t Om
must go to the or ginal to get all tlx tart.x
that ate arUu.xxl try the plain tponking Ibv
ter " Many pretty little ft>ol» the Prince
einv *.ihl," haveximvrely hmxl me although
I am eonxriou* of never having meant hon
eatly by any of them : at '< axf, what thex,
iii pivxiimptien. call hom>f What I lm\>
xiiltenxl, iwjxs ially at Pnvxk'ii, front ail the
Kleetorx. (fraud l»m hexx and Ibn li
NM, would fill a g«w»l ni-nxl novel, ter the
tiem'fit of chronic mvalidx in their xlcepliwx
night*." A charming notion tlie old tso
nmxt have of the l<vt «»y of kilhng off the
hours of xieknew
Vlr«« «f I«•••!• \ «»i'
The New Or lean* / irnrr giro, a >k< t< li
of Um hero** of Furope I. V Houa|>*rt<
i« touched up thu*:
The hero** of Furope are not very pi,-as
ant to They are. fortmiatclv
few in uunilH-r ami. we think, might twxoid
cheap, l/aii*\u|*>l.s'n ix the nn«t eonxpic
uonx of the ugly group, lie ix a l*'ln*wr
in Je*' iny. When hix frail mother gaxv
tiirth to him. after far connection with a
lienuan Jew Itaron. tlie fa>v. ax xoon ax
thought came to him rexolvetl to |<wxx for a
trie hero, though a rhaiu Honapaite. |li*
niotfar humored the whim, ami wmild oft<n
•petal hour* in veeking to i^i ittiani;t hi*
tear, but in vain, far it remain* ajrw x beak
to the prew-nt ilay. Hi* ekhv brother *tood
in hi* way. but I<Xl i« induexxl Inin to join
hiß in an Italian r< v >lt.aml one dark night,
when the two ivlatiria were |air*mng llxur
(light frxn tha xevm- ~f miamlventure. tb •
elder one du*l. I min tha* fa came the *1 a n
chWfUiu of the Houapar'.* *ml liegan to
Nifcfc, V
talk fretiy of tin; revival of tl*#; #*frij>irf».—
Hut Mraxfanirg and Houlogm- exploit*
l/rought hix narm: prominently bejiiae Franc*',
which «till ■ln.-aim*] of Waterloo and Ht.
I Men* *
It i* perfectly authentic thatwlen the
iirixnl I/mix, after thew d* f'utx, axked an
‘lngliab young lady for her hand amt fa-art
ami xbe refnarel tfa- arlventurer, that he re
plied—" You do not know that you have re
laxed a throne.” It i* al*o fully •ulmtan
tiated that he tokl hi* friend*, in hi* d.iy* of
i xiks, that he wm ihutinrl to nveng" Water
100. ami tfan die by u muxket ball in the
strix'tx of Ixmdon. A* we have *ai<l, tlie
living hero ix a rnyxtery but half reveulcd ,
xlubborn will uml monatroux dii|>licity have
enablixl Is,nix Na|xdcon to traiixform him- •
K'lr into the hui|* ror and the xume uu unx
may urge him to fulfil tfai rext of hix proph
ecy. Wfa'ii Count II t Irxny and other list
l<-xx invn of faxhion iu IximJon, huwkixl
about tfa- club* t'i share* iu the Houlogtie
adventure, uml in a laughing wood pur
rhioxxl a lame old eagle, well known in tlx 1
Kritixfi metrojHilia, to repre*eut tfa' Kuipir*-,
how few ever thought that there Imtt wuxto {
las an Itnfx-rial tyrant! Verily, a man ol
iron will, with hix diwtiny hut hull fulfilled
. ami the magnificent army ami navy ol i'runi c
at hix i|ix|xwal. ix an unpleasant neighbor for )
! (/turn Victoria
(irtifftal llnnc).
In periumai appmrance (Jineral liamey
i ix iinpremivc. lie i* eon* di ratdy ovei *ix
feet tall, uml ix large homd and inuxcular
llm hair wax nil, Imt ix now thickly mixed
1 with white, lie wear* it abort, ami Ix-ginx
1 to fa' bald on th * crown of hix laud. Mix
rrjuxtuehe* imd l* aid are nearly white, end 1
; are alao thick and elip|xd abort. Ilia eye* ,
i are blue ami dull, for lie uxea x|a etai'li*. !
! In younger year* lie muat have Ireen a model I
I of iihyaie*| vigor and strength, but he now
look* ofiler than he really ix, for liix age. I
fa'lleve, thaw not exceed fifty five. While in !
St. Ixniia. I heard an am cdote illustrative!
of hix eharaeter, whieh I have never taxai m
print. Iteing in New York many year*
ago, he pusseil a stoic in one of the prinei
pal ftreefa iu which an auctioneer wbx aolie
King bids lor an engraving of lien, dark
■on, Hotli the seller und the crowd were
IK) political frit ml* of the subject of the pie
lure, and were ridiculing it in every mwaible
manner. “ How much am I offered for the
fa-ro of New Orleana ?" crinl the man on
theatand. “ (Inly half a lent ' Why, In'x
worth a cent, surely, after robbing the bank.
Make it a cent, won’t you, gentlenn ii?
Now, then, how much am I offered t"
'•t tne hundred dollars, ' said a voice cm- 1
phatieally, ax Col. Ilarm'y entered the dmir;
"oik' hundred dollars, air/' he re peatul. muk
ing hi* way through the crowd, half a fa tal
taller thuu any other man in the room. Tfa'
auetioimer, naturally aatniuxbrel, impiirexl if
tfa' gentleman waa in earnest, and atartixl
' again on hi* witticism*.'“Sir, Tin incurmut.
j ami I claim my bid," interrupted the Col.,
‘‘and if no one bid* more I claim tlie pic
! tore." No one bidding more, he hamhxl
the aiietioneer the money and Ins add re as
"Ami now, air, ’ he reniurkixl, seizing him
by the collar and dragging him to thu tloor.
"I claim the privilege of applying the bux
tiuailo to your faslv for iluinnable imperU
iieotx-. Aml having caned turn to bis sat
isluetioii, no one ill the crowd venturing to
j interfere*, he strode out of tin' store ami con
j tininxl hix walk down the street. Analyze
: tfa'quality of eharaeter ncci's.xarv to a man
| to lie the actor in such a set lie, ami I think
you will diacover the trails which luilitarv
tin'll consider to fit tiemnal llaim'y cm!
nently ax tfa- leudcr of tla> I'lah ex|sx|ition
Kit CarvoM.
* • U» r*» ' "rr. |««|. ,i| ihre W 4*hlt*** i*mi
I this day had the pleasure of seeing uml
conversing with the lur famed Kit farson. ,
He i* a mild, plea**nt man in the expression
of In* face, and one would never siis|ax't him
of haring Ini the life of during and udveii
tnre which ilixlimrui.xheM him He ix reflmxl
in liix manner, and very polite in his inter
course ; his conversation i* marked by gn at
rai iimtmux. ami liix language is appropriate
uml well eluau n. though not pronounml
with corrertiHV*. He ha* a strong muni
ami everything lie «ayx w |nuntixl ami prac
tical. cxivpt when indulging in a vein of
hunv-' which fa not ucfn'ipient. No on.'
can converse with him an hour without lie
ing favorably irnprewscd . he box a jovial
homvt, oi*'ii countenance, and a kindness
of heart alnnet feminine. He is universally
Moved here, and a favorite with all claw**'.
Indian* mclmUxl. He never alludes to hix
inner ax m. adventurer uulew ipuwtioned
relative to it. Although fa>i* I'nvamlVa-r
in liix conversation, everything he xay* in
regard to liiinxi If |*irtakiw ol a diyreo of
imshwly uliuoat menxlible in om* wlior*- life
has Iseu an unbroken xticeiiwion of hard
slupe and dangvi*. You may have mvii a
small |*malical flouting alsiut Washington
valhxl •• Kit Carson, tfa' Hold Hunter. I
had read it. ami iu the course ,g our couvit
tion I a»ked him it it were true. Ileaa.d
it wax not . every statement made i* false
He is re pi<w> uteri m this pamphlet ax a col
ox.xal figure', win ii fa* is not over five fis t
eight unfa* iii height. H>' is heavy framed
■ml weighs about 170 |<om*lx. He is forty
eight year* old but ihss not look more than
thirty tire, lit came to tin* country in
I*'J7, having run isf from lu*t ni|>loycr mar
Ikamn le. Mo., to whom he waxapprentasil
to lewiu the saddler* trade. Ihe f*e'» of
his lifa are now in tfa> powu xsion ol \\ ash I
mgtoii Irving, amt will doubtless la* thrown
into tfa- form of a faadt dm mg tfa' coming
winter. He is a strong state right* I tene*
crat
Tt»s Ktuptrar •( Kwxala.
The pre-s ilt F.inp ror i.x afa>ut six kx t
imm' .in h ill fa'ight a fine eri'ct ami nnlibiry
figure, with a <ki'p and full cheat, a nn.tl
and noble countenance, blue eves ami fair
complexion, fan raying hi* Herman origin,
being a d< »t ndant of tfa' I'rim-u of Hoi
stein Hot tori', war «!v a drop ot the b!<ssl
of Homenofi the founder of this dynasty,
flowing in kia veins. Ilia hair and misuv
taebo* are light brown, the lattiT a. ru
THE VVEEKIxV PIONEER AND DEMOCRAT
/« mihtmrt —that is, turned op at the ends:
very courteous to strangely, particularly
American*; hi* face, like hix father *, once
seen, ixapt never to be forgotten. Witness
the following; It wa* tfa- day after tfa
christening of the Neva. In conversation
with the landlord, I wa* xtamTng at the
dixir of the Hotel de Ku.vtie, Nrv*ki Protptk.
a groom was holding tuy horse; there living
a tight fall of snow, I bad thrown my mili
tary cloak over the saddle, the peculiar
color of which, it being an American one,
might have marked me for a foreigner.
An officer iu a simple yellow sleigh, with a
large brown liorae, driven by a single serv
ant, rapidly drove by. In paasing, lie
gave me u military salute, which I ha I
scarcely returned, when he turned tfa;
corner. ‘ I certainly have seen that offi"'r
la-fore, but do not remember where,” ofa
scrvixl I. "It i* tfa' F.mperor of Uunxia.”
exelairmd the landlord; "you xuw him yes
terday.' “'He must have taken me for some
one eUr,''said I. "Not so,” observed uii
eliler officer, who stmxl at my aluaildcr. ami
hail not till tfan spoken in Kngli.xb. “fa' has
alremly been duly informed who you are by
the secre t |x>liee, who regularly inform him
of any arrival not in the course of ordinary
buxine** or pleasure." I afterward found out
that the officer who had just ‘i|s>k' , n wax a
Hem rah of Police, Such is the system of
espionage in that country.
The Kniis ror usually wvurx u Field Mar
slial's uniform and helmet, und fre<|Heiitly
rides like a private gentleman, with one ut
b ndant, hi* coachman—it la iiig liix ambi
tiou to show the implicit confidence he
plitixs in the loyalty und love of his people.-
I himnnj.
Ilf Car ll. .1 Ml Ik 9oll.
Tfa* Mobile Mur uri/ relates the following
anecdote* which we do not remember to
have read before ;
In oik; of the Indian eainpaigix. which
ix not rccollcebxl or material to our story,
while tlirarmy was on its march, still in
Tanmssix', oti its way to the scene of war
in Alabumu, a ilraltnl eonipany wu* ex
|s'etixl daily to overtake tfa* main fasly of
tresijis. Ttiix eoinpuny at length reaehnl
tfa> rear of the train. Inlorumtion of tfa'ir
approach wax iiiiniediutely carried to the
front, where Jackson wax at the time. Ax
the misxenger [niswxl from rear to front, the
fact that this company hud come without
arms, having left their guns at home, wax
mail'' known ulong the entire line. It whs
known to tfa- whole army before it reached
Jackson's earx. Furiosity wax on tiptoe to
know how tfa' irascible commander would
act under such circumstance*. A storm
wax anticiitttcd. Soon theHenerul wa* ob
served making hix way rapidly to the reur.
and to the surprise of all parties, seemingly
in a smiling mood. Finally he niet tfa*
cotii|>any. He saluted them. They hsikixl
for a volley of curse* ami immediate disnnx
sioii h'inß'—the very thing they desirexl.
Not so. however, old Hickory pulled o(T
hi* hat, and with the politest and lowest
fa>w. expressed hix gratification at their ur
rival, uml esjs'ciully at the fact that they
had no gmia. The very men he wanted,
just a* he dexirexl it, without arms. Form
ing them fer rapid motion, at double
ipiick step, under liix own lead, they mare h
«xt on mil it a baggage wagon wax reached,
then hutted ami each wax furnished with an
axe. Forward march again was the word,
A* they |iaxx4il along the lin« of march, tin
Ueiieralx object wax xren. and laughter,
fond amt uproarious, with many a hearty
saluted them ax tfay made tfa ir way to the
front. Tfa'ti! these axemen were at once in
itiatixl into their campaign duties. Tfay
clear'd the romlx, they tiriilged the creeks,
or earrnxl tfa- wagons, piece bv piece, the
baggage, aminuiiilion. Ac., over on their
backs, when bridges wen 1 impassible. They
were- ever in a post of danger, liearing the
burdens of the campaign, xharing none of
its honors-uml the laughingstock of the
whole army
Anotiikk. Ohl Hickory iTiwarel the
\\ arrior river at the close of u eam|Hvigti.
at Carthage, in Tu*ralms« county. ’There
he linlhxl and rested for tfa* recruit ami re
freshiuent of the sick and woumhxl for a few
day* Tfa' citizens of Tuscaloosa, then a
small village, got up a public dinner to the
Hencrul. A deputation of militia officer*.
irimil •'(!!> •( *■•* went to I'ur'jvigv to “X
tend the invitation to Jackson. They found
him In is v on foot, near the main road, dis
moonti d. uml with well set phrase tfay in
vitrei him to dinner. " For how many nave
yon made provision," uaktxl Jackson. " for
all of my men 7” • No, only for youraelf
and officers." "Hy the . then.” replirel
the old hero. "I, nor an offi.rr of mine,
will eat a dinm r not providrel for all eui
'»>yv ' Then turning on hix fax l abruptly,
he left tfa ni. 'The poor militia tu*n were
xaillv dixeotnfitre] and mortifirel at this re
bull. Hut worse wu.x in store 1 for them. A
i(Harter master, of liix assistant, hail laid
liarxlx on every horse of the delegation and
elaiimxl them for public service Furious
tfay u|i|x'u!"l to the Hem ral He lire' iiwl
interfering . could make no distinctions.—
Other wro* fa exes were* taken, why not
tfa’irx -wi»s xnrprixrel at tfa'ir want of |>at
not ism not willing to give up tfa'ir horses
for tfa' transportation of the sick ami
wounded soldier* ! Tfa'case was hopeless
the weatfa'r warm—tfa' military trap
ping* coat, sword, Ixvotx, Ac . all uivxuitret
fora long march in tla' hot and dusty wcuth
er No coovvyanre'. however remld l>e had
Uemralx. I'olomls. Major*, ami Captain*, of
tne Tu*cahH*a til'liba walkrel to I'uxi a
lovwa.
" Aikl that is the reason na.vely mklrel
IUV tnlvu uiant. " why 'Tureaioxwa, I own. a'-
wav* voted against tfa' old Henrral
Ui x»i vi Fa;x*s lb kivi tii* I aw \V «*
—There were captured bv tfa' 1 Irtish enn -
i n* during the late war '}tfr> v>-ss< Is *gaiij>t
whi< h pruned ing* were- takiei in tfa- High
(*ourt of the Admiralty t*f tfa-xe 7* were'
Husian. I llanoVl nan. ' Swedish '.b'> I •»ir»h.
t Norwegian. A Ibiteh. 4 Moldavian, t W*l
laehian. 2 Servian. I Turkish. 2 Itrit sh 2
l.itbvf. 3 Hamburg 2 Titf.-an, 3 tlreek.'J
lonian.
Mwxmjt Market.
The New York Tribunt, of Monday, tla*
7tli, nay* :
Mumy continues very utringent in buxi- ‘
ness circles, hut in tha street, with an active
demand, there ix more quiet. Thu feeling
at tfa: close of tfa' week is much more cheer
ful and encouraging than at tfa 1 opening,
but the actual relief in money matters ix
not very marked. Tfa* banks are still con
tracting, and ulitici|*tte a continuance of
that movement lor some seeks to come.
Their specie reserve ho* probably increased
daring the week to over $12,000,000, but
any imjKirtarit relief in the money market
would caujc an inimidiate resumption ol
the foreign «|xeie druiu 'The interior has
sent about ($2,000,000 of gold this week, the
KufaTreaxury xouie 8700,000. ami Califor
nia 81.fi00.tton.
The »u*penxion ol the highly res()ectable
firm of Htillman. Allen A Co., wax un
■louuced to-di.y. '1 iny have faun, we be
lieve, fur some time past in li (uidation
'This firm must not I*' confounded with the
Novelty Works, which ix now u stock com
pany.
Tfa’ New York llnuhl of the same date
Httvs :
We frequently alluded to the dangerous
condition of tie banks, and urgtd tli* in to
commeiire u contraction lie-fore it wax too
late. In Heir blind folly they heeded no
om*, and continued their course* until sud
denly brought up by events they could not
control. ’The result xo far ix seen in the
failure of two of them, in the daily difficul
ties experienced among the rest at tlie clear
ing house.
On Friday, there wax all sort* ol trouble,
and eleven banks h d to Iw helped through.
One-bank had to aid ;inxrlj a dozen othvrx
in adjusting their luilauces. The Wall xt.
pu|x'rx would cover up ami disguise this
state of tilings. Tiny would leave the pub
lic in ignorance of thu condition of <ur
banks, to lose largely l,y tfa* failure ol more
of them.
'The Hullulo Cumin*rrml -ays, s|x uking of
the failure of Messrs. Nn.nt Kissk :
'This house has extended connections w ith
;he West. 'Two years since they held grain
enough to materially control the market, and
realised Inrga profits. Ixixt year, in the vi
eixxitudesot ttiix liraneh of ceninierce, they
were faiivy loners, ami have since been car
rying along an immense imlebtrelnex*.—
Tfa'ir low* nre mostly duo to purchases on
joint account with Western buyers who
proved irre*js>n*ible, and the present strin
gency in the money murket has precipitated
their failure.
Thi* luttcr cttiw is tlie source of serious
etnbiirraxsmeut to produce ihwlerx generally,
ami even houses intrinsically sound may fa*
conijielicd to miecuinb under th*' refusal of
the banks to afford any assistance.
Messrs. Willium Fixite A Co., of No. 111,
Central Wharf, a well known firm, have also
liuilreJ.
Dirhiir In Muv;mi.
From the latest report* of the principal
sugar markets in the world, it will lie seen
thut there* ix a material falling off' iu rab-x
and a continued downward movement. Kv
erywhere there is hope of an abundant yield
in the countries producing this staple. !*>u
isiuna promises .'tOO.tHMI hogsheads uguin*t
less than om'-third of that amount last year
Culm will come up to the lull limit ot her
(out production, if she d<s>. not xorpuss it.
under the stimulus of the late high prices ;
Hru/il sliowx no railing off', Mauritius con
time's the tali"of increasing production tha!
has iloubksl her crop in seven years, and it
is doubtful whether India will not yield as
large a supply its ever
The New York /foiu/fr. in thi- coimec
tiou. say*
“ In tlie fact" of tin* state of affairs, we
«hall not be at all surprised to see prices of
tlii* necessary staple go to a very low |«>int.
and every housewife rejoicing over cheap
sugar and u lull sugar faiwl Iu fart, that
is the natural law of trade. I'riciv ot this
article have favn so far afaive its cost of
pmduction. that consiuuption hits favn di
iniuislied. sm eulatioii exeitul. ami stocks
•ceumiilat'xl. until the |Nimt of re-action
lux !«< u reatJe d. and .-(« culuiion must aj-i
and prices declim l , until eouxumption is
ug-.iin stimulated aiel xtiwks dimiiiixfa-d.—
The recent high prices of sugar have fai n
owing as much to artificial m to natural
causes. It licgun with the failure* of the
crop iu Ixniisiana. bat received a large ini
pulse from the banking < xpunsinu thalt s.k
place iu Havana, stimulating a< it did.*|»v
ulati'Si to an evtruorelinary i|<'gr»' at one "!
the princqial xourtvs of supply. The revul
sion in Havana has eoninieneeil It is true
that an attempt i.x fa-ing made tfa re 1 to xo
tain price* by infiating the eurrenev with
[wiper issues. Imt this i* a violation'of tit*'
law* of finance nod trade that w ill bring it*
own punishment, a I eanm>t save the prio
ot -tigar in tfa font ,*t the falling mark' t» ’
ti '- w I Let it . • W i have pawl t.
much for our -iigwr for «'*m«' time Iso k
t bie humlrxil |* r ceM. jr. >tir to tie* siigxr
plant' r tx out ot all reusoti and the w.ald i*
tire*! of |>avu gi» 1/ tus ha'.i a cheaper
sugar
I lie trial "t Mr*. H.\ot>*Bß for poinming
far has bam I at It ngham Massachuwtts.
has resultixl ti a 1 - igrevnn nt "f tlie jurv
A mot.»>• pi vii :,-t h-r -
fession of in,‘tv connectioo with amAh t
man, so wo the p .reh »e of ixtss-m on her
fahaJf. and tLe d> ath ol ti e hushumi front
tfa' eff'Ctx of ai-xcnir wa- made quite plain
Hut tfarr wa- no more direct * vidnuv ol
far guilt, and far conduit Canned an acquit
tal. on tfa- ground tlut t wax n>t proven
that «fa' admm.x'crexl the poison. Tb- ir
theory. *o far a- tie v had .*ie, w.ts that fa
ti»‘k the (»' -*'ll of h s own mot far
A C'-wm h xlearrsr hxxtsxn invented
ami » in ."n»tant employnwnt ,n I’hiladi-I
|*li!a \\ dh a ti tan to fix>| it, another to
tt ia) to th - engine, ami a thipl to emt tj th
fa»i it jxrfortn*. ipiietly and cheaply, tfa
work of tw.ntv met
A Happy Coi.cliuaUm to •
At the banquet ffiven by the Knight of
Kerry, at Valeotia, to the I>>ril Lieutenant
of Ireland ami the gentlemen connected with
the Atlantic Telegraph, the «'atholic Bishop
of Kerry made a brief speech, ol which the
following is the eloquent and appropriate
conclusion:
I am here, the last and leant ofßt. Bren
dan's descendants, to invoke Uod s blessing
upon this glorious enterprise, the greatest
effort tliat was ever made to re-conquer the
forfeited dominion of the mir.d of man over
th<- material world. [Cheers.]
“In this old world of ours we are last
growing old. hut we are yet strong. We
know not the duration of power which
Providence may accord to us. but certain it
is that the future destinies of the human
raiv are wrapped up to a large extent in the
future history of that great nation which
sprung from us, and is now growing up be
yond the waters of the Atlantic.
“He-cchoing the sentiments of his Lxcii
leney, I w ill only ext-rcas tlie ho|>e that this
cable which is to link the old world and the
new together, and which, realized the legeisl
of St. Brerslan. has found its sturt ing [joint
on the coast of Kerry, may be the symbol
ill’s, fraternal and an eternal peace; that our
intercourse and exchange of thought may in
tlie future not lie confined to the angry stir
luce of the sea, which is lashed by storms or
traversed by icebergs, but that we speak
mind to mind and heart to heart, through
the clear calm depths of the ocean, where
there reigns p-rptiml p ace."—| Isiud chi’ r
ing.J
Tlir < mimlliii * uml lltelr l-’rt t \« v;rol*o|v
wIMtUfH,
Public opinion in Kngland and her colo
nial possessions lues mulergnnt such a radi
cal change within a ft w months in regard
ta the slavery question, und the negro race
in general, that the probabilities are that
the •■underground ruilrood" will soon get
into disfavor with our Canadian neighbors.
The Indiana Stale Sentinel of a late day
says:
"The < anada government are determined
to get rid of their free negro population. A
propjsitinn was made some time since to
isolate them in the northern portion of Can
ada. but this project failed. Now p-titinns
are la iug forwarded to tlie home govern
ment to send the entire negro pinulation in
Canada to some of the Kngli-li tropical
Islands From this it will upp-ar that the
Canadians are rapidly getting over their
sickly sympathy for the negro, und are de
termined not only to drive them out of this
northern refuge, but debar them from seek
ing that asylum in the future. Where will
the pan negro go? It would not be at all
surprising if thousands of runaway negroes
should wend their way buck to their masters
to escape transportation.”
l*lthl|<- N«lHllra,
The Philadelphia I’revi has uu elalioratc
article ujioii [mblic salaries, in which it con
trast- the sums paid by the Unittxl States to
its executive officers with those paid by
tireat Britain to officials of like rank. From
this article we learn that “the annual allow
ance to the ijue n of Kngland, including
what she receives from the Duchy of Ism
caster, is al«mt S'i.tMtO.OOO. I lull as much
more is istid to her mother. tinel<‘ and cous
ins making a total of 83,000,000 p-r an
num the very least) ‘ for the support of
the honor and dignity of the Crown,’against
8-0.0(H) |iaid to the President of the United
States. It is true that the White House is
also appropriated as the insalubrious resi
dence of tin’ President. But the *jtmcii ot
Kngland has Windsor Castle, worthy, in
deed, to Iw the residence of a monarch, with
Buckingham. St. .lames, Kensington anil
Kew P.dacis. Her residences in Scotland
ami tlie Die of Wight are h* r private prm
l«|v"
The Lxccutive Itovernment, or Cabinet
of Kngland, consists of the First Lord of the
Treasury whose duties and powers ure in
some resjiccts coequal with, and in others
superior t tle**e of the American Presi
denthis salary being also 835,000 a year.
His colleagues, arbitrarily varing f r ,,in ten
to •• uto tuibcr.h officoi
of State. The following are invariably
tm miters of the British Cabinet : Tlie Chan
cellor of the Exchequer ; the four Secn.-ta
rie-of State <». e. for the Home, Foreign.
Colonial and War Ih-partmentsi . the First
Lord of tli - Admiralty: the laird Chancel
lor who presides in tfii House ol lairds, as
our own Vice President ihss in the Senate);
the la>rd Presi.lent of the Council; the
Privy Seal; the t' aneellor of the Duchy
of laneusfer. the Chief Commissioner iif
Woods ami Founts ; the Pn-sident of the
Board ot I'radc; Postniusti r I•• mml, and
President of the Board ot Control Oeca
-tiHi.il y sonic public man ha- a M-at in the
Cubits t w ithout notary or office. The
Marquis of laadotra baa at prwnii.
I'lw aggregate animal salary of these of
ti rr- is vi-'.'.'.i khi. whiic the sum pm I att
uua'iv to the American Cabinet, including
the Pti-odent and Vnv I’nsi.knt - but
8*3,000.
Ihe i also publish** in ik toii the
nauM-s at.d representative -aiarus of ail the
other officers ot the kingdom which oece**..-
ri’y become* vacant upon a change of Brit
ish ministry. It ’hen aihls:
hr l un the list that is here given, it will he
-*> n that the p rvuis emuituting what may
!«■ ialksi the politica government of Kttg
iand annually receive salarwa to t!ie aggro
gate amount of 81 L'm.iHjo, that the I a bi
net ministers, sixteen in mtmticr neeixe
B„’'.i.i ihni of this payment; that ninety-five
p rs. ns ar tin- recipient* of the full amount
h rv giv-nuid-t.il. that sixteen of th*i»-
who hold th- ir office* during good conduct
literally lor ine receive 81 65,000 a year
and a.- Holder* ot offiee. are as secure as the
pTsvns who necessarily go out effiiv, on
a i liangv ot ministry, ami .mly 69 while
the spul* thus transferred to their succea
•urs amount to #993.000 per annum The
, '"ntrs-t 1s t worn the rcunpar.it veiv snull
nuiulier ami amount cannot fail to astouish
our own noble array of office-seekers. Oik*
thing is certain— there is very little agita
tion in Kngland at any time for a change of
ministers. The “spoils” of office are not
great, tlie wealth of the country considered;
and the content for position ami is limited
to lew leading politicians, most of them too
rich to make mere salary much of an object,
who seem to hold power, in alternate occu
pancy. aa hereditary or oligarchical ruler* of
the country. That, which rcullv excludes
talent, mile* backed up by wealth, is tin
blot on tl« English system, ami would never
be tolerated with us, or in any country
really free.
lliiflsoira llay T«*rrlfo»*y
One of the largest meeting* ever held in
Canada, recently took place in the .St. laiw
rence Hall. Toronto, to take into considera
tion the Hudson's Buy Territory question
The meeting was more than ordinarily re
spectable, being largely made up of the
merchants, business people ami chief prop
erty owner* of the city, and seemed unani
mously in luvor of Cunadu possessing the
territory, planting her institutions in it, and
gradually developing it* resources.
The speeches were characterized by ex
pression* of attachment to the imperial
government; but the uudienc ■ hud mani
festly made up their mind* that British
America must ahd ought to lie controlled
by British Americans: that foreign born
monopilhs are bad in principle, and inju
ri'tieUu jcj.y.c.i.utility, uud tl»a lhe.llmLiu.uV
Bay Company neither civilize nor promote
civilization ; und that they ought not longer
to have it in their power literally to push
back advancing humanity. This was the
unmistakable tone of the entire meeting :
und i*. in fact, the universal feeling in Can
ada.
Ktlnit nt'the MitKiitflr Tclr^ra|>li,
The Buthtlo Commirrial has been at the
trouble to condense the New York Herald '
elaborate and carefully prepared account--
ueeonipunicd by illustrations, and occupying
four closely printed columns—of the various
telegraphic lines in all [juris of the world.
This exposition is wonderfully suggestive.—
The win* of the magnetic telegraph have
lieeti happily compared to the nerve* of the
human body, conveying to the centres of
sensation intelligence from the remobst e.v
tnullities. It appears from tlie statements
in the Herald tliat of overland and subma
rine telegraphs there are completed and in
progress of construction at the present
time—
United Slates (overland) 33,000 miles.
.South America (overland) 1,500 do.
Europe (overland) 5,000 do.
Indiu (overland; 37.500 do.
Submarine (Europe und Amer) 950 do.
Total 78,350 do.
This aggregate would have been increased
I,7*M) miles by the completion of the Atlan
tic telegraph. Of the Kuropean and Indian
teiegmphs n<it more (ban six or seven thou
sand milt* of the lint* commenced an unfin
ished, and the next six month* will probably
s<v them ull in op-ration.
In the estimate ol the American tele
graphs, none but the line* actually completed
are ineimled. The nine hundred and
fifty miles of submarine lint* are also
finished. This statement will enable us to
form some idea of the immediate as well ns
prospective results to which the successful
completion of the Atlantic telegraph would
have led.
i ii l're*hytrrian ( liun h
Kit tivo.M). Va„ Sept. 1, 1857
I In 1 I‘rtsljyterian ( (invention, which Im.,
I >een in session since Thursday lag-’, bar this
moment adjourned— so marly at the hour
of midnight that your eorresjiondeiit hartllv
knows whether to say ■ Sept. I, "or "Sept.
3d.' The meeting of thig evening was not
prolonged by reason of any excitement of
debate, but front a general desire to com hide
the husitie* without taxing the Convention
with another day's time, Tlie meeting was
well attend<vl even to dose ; and tlw result
ol the live 'lays deliberations, a* embodied
iu the final rtaolution, seems to lie generallv
satisfactory to the house.
1 1*' final action of the Convention, taken
a few moments ugu, is as was [iredietid hv
your eiirrespondent in a former letter, -f
Anr Si ml Item Churth m to l*e organiz'd.—
Ibe itfiject for which tls- Convention wa
originally called w as to recommend tlii> plan
to the l’n*byterit* atsl t ’liureht s ; and this
object ha* new been carried out, in the adop
tion t-I a series of reaolutiouv, which, aft-,
t \[io**ing the view* of this Convention on
the subject *.f Slavery uppiint anotlw r I 'on
vention to be ht Id at Knoxville, Tutu., on
tlie first Thursday of April next, for the
pirpose of organizing a (iem-ral Syn «l. un
r '!«• name id “ The United Symsl of the
Urabucran Churth of the United Suti
->f Anariea. rhus, the late secession from
tlie New School (.eneral Assembly, ha- ls
tstme a prtmanent -chirm. There is but
little expectation ord*wire. that the two dis
agneing Indies, now s»-[*»r»tr«l. will evtr
agaiu be uniteal; at I-a*t, go long a« the
• jU<>ti(Hi on which they split continues to
agitate the Church anil tn-' State.
A (»<H'D Hit.— We take tlie following
srond hit from the CgWir Tt/egm/A ef
Cincinnati ;
Then is scarcely an editor in tiic country
who dors not see exactly liow the Atlantic
telegraj-h cable might have been kept from
■capping. It is a pity tbeeompany l.atl m-t
engaged a few of them as enginee*-
!

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