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Tk« ( urmrr af nut Kurr^ilkim
t on'lie gen YaraTnxum - < *>" »l ioxmeotablc a.* our misfortune is id being rcduoxl to an irndixtuable currency. it i* ut least uo new tiling in American experience. As to an exclusive specie currvney, that never existed atuoug us. it is well ‘kuown . that sitnulUuieou»ly with the settlement at Virginia. tobacco. the staple product of that colony, was ramie a lawful tender for the payment of all debts. By an act of the first Virginia Assembly, which met in lfilft. purporting to confirm the instruction* pre viously given by the Treasurer, Council and Company in hnglaod. to the Governor of the Colony, which instructions hail hitherto served as laws, the rate at which tobacco was to Is received in iiayment was fixed at ■ three shillings for the best. and half as much fir the • second sort.” But as the price deelineil in Kngland, its value us a medium of payment had to be modified. By 1 fill'd, it had fallen t" sixpence the |tnnnd. and six yean after, in 1 fi.'t'J it was ixxlueed to half that amount. HulMpt|ticntly, at diffiTent tines, its market value ranktxj ns low as a penny a pound. It finally settled ut two }icticf, ami during the whole course of the eighteenth century, down lo the Revolution, tobacco was a lawful tender in Virginia and Maryland, id payment of debts, at that rate. It t veil became necessary ut times to find a substitute f>r tobacco. By an act of I lido, the Governor's .-alan, to pay which two shillings was levied on every tithabie—that is, every male is rson abo.e six Usui —was made payable in Indian corn, wheat, malt. Iswf. pork, butter, cheese, turkeys, heus and pigs, at prices named in tiie act and not materially different from those which, previously to the .ushiince.neivt. of prices during tlie last four or five years, prevailed in the New York market, lly an act of lli.'ft, |M)or jargons who Imd no to baeco might tender other gissls in payment of their debts: and in lfifo grum and other jinsluce were made a tender for all debts, the provisions uppear to have Item tem porary. but tobacco remained a lawful tender down to the adoption of the Federal Con stitution. N or did the I’uritan fathers of New Kug land. any more than the toliucco planters of Virginia and Maryland, enjoy thu benefit o| a s|s*eie currency. As they had no staple like tobacco, grain (at various priei's and dif ferent sons) was made u lawful tender.— Taxi's were payuble in corn and rattle. Jleaver skills also passed as a currency at ten shillings the pound, and licing available as a remittance to Kngland. held the next ruuk I" coin. For Miiall change musket bulls, at a farthing each, were at the time a legal ten der lo the amount of a shilling. The Indian wampum, the use of which the New hug landers learned from their Dutch neighbors of New Amsterdam, having been first eni plows I in the Indian trade, came presently to l.e used as a general medium of traffic, till the increase of the quantity and the de ciiiie of lie* Indian bade led to its deprecia turn and Minify to its abandonment. Fven lunds and houses were made a legal tender for tie payment of judgment debt*. When j taken in execution, they were not to be sold and »n made into money, but were to !*■ de hVi i* dto the creditor in full satisfaction of his debt, it such value lis they might lie u|e praised at by "three understanding and indif ieri nt men.'' one i hoseu by the creditor, u see ,iii| tv the debtor, and the thiol I* y the officer executing the process. This method ol employing real estate for the discharge of debts lias Ins n perpetliatid in New Fnglainl to this day. and constitutes a remarkable p i uliaritv in the law of that section of the t 'num. This process might vx - m to D- in Conflict with that provision of the federal Constitution which forbids the States to make anything but gold ulid silver a tender for the jiayiii' nt of debts, but that question, we fielicve, has never bwn raised. In the Duti h colony of New Netherlands out oi which sprung New Y ork, wampum and ts-aver skin* app-ur to have constituted the chief circulating mi-dium. It is out to t»e understood, however, that coin was ah solutely di“us»s|, Knglish coin was seldi m oi never s*rn in the colonies ; but same silver and cvi n goal !’• "iinl its way ihitber from the WiMt Indies. Tbraejiiiiss.however.latver circulated long. if. indeed they got into cir culation at ull. I'lieir value as a n mUtum-e caused them to lie collect id by the merchants to ls» sent to Knglaml. In eons)H|uemv>. they bore n ptemium in the colonies, and paved a', a nominal value greater than their real one Thence onginatisl the distinction betwis-n the pound currem y and the jemml sterling Massachusetts. alter the wampum tiad become discredited. umlcrtnnk to snppfx small change by a coinage of her own —the pine-tree*hilling*,»i\ petiora and three-pene»*. S') pri/ni by anli(|imries ; but these, to |ire » nt their following the foreign coin out of the colony, wire, on the suin' principle re cently adopt'd in our silver coinage, debase,) one-fourth below the Knglish stand rd. the current premium on silver t* - mg about that amount. Maryland also bad a similar com age of her own. -u< h continued to Is- the eurr iwy f the American colonies for the first two or three generations after tia ir settlement. 'I he in trislurtion of pap r money—not bank j*p'r, payable on demand. hot pa|s-r prom ..-ra to pay .it some future time, iseiesl a,id gtiarau t-xxl by tie* <Jovemiie-nt— in tact, treasury noli-- gradually sujwrwdMl all other kmd of eurreney, and fornieil. for three quart* r> Ol a eenlnry. during the middle p res] of our historv. the chief nadium of traffic Mix* Msneii'v Hihtm « - .xix Tie lb fast Mrt'ury I lie public may Iw prcpar.xj to ls-ar an asto indn,/ di-s lo»iire. in » law days, in con ne. .« With lb*- care of MJW Ma.leite- Hrnith. We has. le»ti informed by a rivet re iaioe .uiiismty that ooe of tie- arrant* ir, tie- h-cisc at Blyti.wi»»l Square in Mari I, In.** uml just dad ralb>r *u klen . »vl tna> on iier death bed. *ei»xj with remorse die mate a coobwsion of tiie unpiftant fact, th .i arsenic was mixed with the enffra given lo I'A ngefier on the night of his last visit to Mims firaith. Oa the trial it failed to i»- proved that I Angeler was at the lem«* \ ms le-tro'fssf on the u.ght in quest ova a' a'h alth .ugh tbt servant win ha* now made th* j . »ur* was examined for the [Csw cut itt a' t.V fr»al Important UrniwcraUc VlrwiCsarirnlng Kawaaa. S'rou. C.* l hiosgall ns, ■ Sans,or IX.ui li' Or*»a Thu t'em cut ion which was eluded in K.u.sii* to frame a State Coustitutitm for that Territory, will soon meet again. They cannot fail to have observed wnat all tlic rest of the world have observed, that the voice of the p'ople of Kansas is in favor of a Free Slate. Wo know not what may be the pmjHjM.‘ or the feelings of the delegates ii|k>ii the i (nest inn of slavery, but the recent election has demoustratwd that noMing rlv I'uiii 11 foiufifufiiw if fin A y'uill ejrclwlf awl jii n'uhil duceiy l nil hr uicrfitr’l lift the pen file nf llu Tei rilm ft. The fad is St> patent that no man can shut his eyes to it. It was said that the Convention when dieted was unanimously pro slavery. That wv know to lie untrue. We know there were many delegates who were in favor ol olieyiiig the wishes of the puple ; and u majority in favor of suhmitlting their ue tion. no matter wluit it was. to pmalar np prora! or rejection ut the pills. What the Convention will do, or what it will not do, we have not the means of knowing But we know that any attempt to fan e a pro shivery Constitution upon the people, with out the opportunity of voting it down ut the ]>o!ls, will lie regarded, ufter the recent ex pres.-ion of sentiment, ns so dividodlv un ju-t. otiprjssive. and unworthy of a free p-o --pi*-, that the p*ople of the Vnited States will not sanction it. It would add thou sand- to the vote of the Republican party in every State of the Union, mid give to that organization wlmt it Ims never had yet a show of justice and truth. To the Democratic members of that Convention, tlw course.. U plain. . The jasmin has a dec’T tsl in favor ol a free State . though they have nit vobd on the nak'sl issue of ‘ Free Slute." or •• Skive State," fAry have vntnl prirtiral/y in favor nt n Fire Stall. I'wo tliirds of tlie Democratic party iu Kansas have voltnl with tin •• Free Stale party ut the recent election, in on It r to make th [Kipulnr diK'lsion more emphatic. As Kansas must be a fn - * State, even those |K - r-on.s in the Territory wh - - an- know* as "I’ro-Shiverv" men, must reeugni/e in the late election a decision which must not U slighted nor put at deflanre. To that ex pression of the popular will I -- rc should Is* a gr.ieelui, it not eheerful *ul>uiissi"u. Kan sas is to lie u free Stale I That fad being ascertaini'd, let the Convention Irani - ’u Con stitution to suit her lust interests tijion at! other quest ions, and let the fiihiliitnni 'J Slain i/ l>e pul min it. dearly and without ijnibble, plainly. without disguisi - .rxpli - .tfy broadly and firmly. I.i' tin Coni> utiem iiei submit that Coast .tut mn to th* people. !f it lie udopt'sl, K unsas w ill ihmip int" the I ’ni - n ut tin - next wssion. mid the lb-publican par ty will expire for want of sustenance. If any members of the Convention desire to prolong ti e eoiitrovi rsy. or I" have u regu lar, direct vote up»n Slave State and Free State, let a Free State Constitution the Top'ka Constitution, divestisl of such of its pruvisKiiM us time has shown to tie iiu<iiita ide—und a Slave Slute Constitution Is - pri'- laiml. I>-t them botli U - submitted to the psiple—the vote to lie "Fr - 'e State Consti tution. Yi*.' or "Free State t.'onstitution. No; "S'ave State Constitution. Yes or “Slave State <’(institution. No." I. t them, if they di-sire to vote in favor ol a Sla* e State have the opportunity, but let tin- Coiistitu tiun be submitted to the jiopuiur vote, and ut un early day. F t the present Convention submit tins matter to tlie people without deluy, so l have the long controversy set tied finally and in the only effectual manner that is pswiblc.— Iu six months after the admission of Kun-a-. Black Republicanism will be no nn - r -- Karlg Marrtngi ». Among the ancient Herman*, than wh en a finer ra - - never existed, it was death be a woman to marry Indore sin- was twenty years old. in this country, >vry I - w ladies are fit. either physically or mentally, to lie mine mothers, lidore they reach the ng - - of twenty-on* - , twenty-two. or one or two year* older. The nnsoand condition and eoristitu t <>n ol the par - iit is usually transmittixi. with iner - iis'sl intensity t - i the offspring By the laws ot I.yeurg'ls, the lu"st sj* < lint t - -nti‘ - n wu« pnnl to the physical education ot women; un - i no delicate or sickly w >men were, on any account, uliowed to rnairy.— Dr. .fohtison. in hi.* work on the K - ouotny of lii-alth. says that matrimony should not b entra - te,| Is fore the firs? y ar (>f ft. - f> - :'th I 'titenniel on tie-|>art of the lady, nor Is top - the last year of tic -.st.s - m the cue of t! - ' gentleman. In other word- tt«- t -ina -h'Hlhi is at least twenty on - years ofag" .ual lire msle twenty ( ght years Tie - doc tor-avs that th r -- * esihl te - a difference of sen - , >i *r- I t aisii tiie s - X* - at whatever jsri'sl of!: 1 ' - tti* eouts-etum Is eo|itra*;l*sl I f,er - - i* a difference of -■ veti y - * *. no' in the actual duration < i i.‘- i tie - two *<•..«, but io th -- “'.ifiiina of ti. coostitiit: -- n. tf,e - m metrvof tie- !brm r.nd *'»• .it.* aments of tb* - •;*cc. In re*|s r - to exriv (oaTisg* . *(, far a* it e»it!**'rn* die s ,f'er • x for every year at which marrcige is enter>st ujeeiUr ire the age of l went vans- there will ta - -n u aver .ig-', thr c yo-ar- of jm-malsre T ray more or t -- »« iij-farent of the 'siris.rai f iorc VlsrsQls)'* Htlssr) A Isif.doii wr.ter givra tie- fo..*w rig h 'ration o' Bar.*, Mai *i i.x • * t. r.a sms mcße ry and I aj.py turn for apt i, lo »t; >n \I x or.akf.ist rreidiy t .-n u' the tiouw of a dist.figuislied author's- !/■•! t'ar'.isle and V| r Macaulay were pr'—u; The cofinrsalem hup|srv-l to turnon tv ca'ustrephe wl ch tssuirred s-inc i:Hd • ago in 'I ottingham * Vogt rojd i,y 'be fall .og ilown 'if tor- bo«*»w. wt.u b mrisoi the mni.ile* in ttar ruin- fhe lady who m ><«• youth pr ge*s»si Is *m hit »!»•• m ..ef n • liny l;a- d*-g‘ is .afi’l c •'» » sort of Alia .»t tuik ocea«;o;i to t* • i.u a m»>»t r- pr-het«eb> straw* in r>. r>to t!..-pa , ’i''u arev.'T,t to tie - great d.se. Bieirt if ted d.su ■' I histiwiati. lie endurtsl tie- ir.f' c.on l - ,r a »hik but at last, turning to i>rd ( ar -ic. with a ladier omy piteo is • xp'esa on coontcnanw, ia> repeateil tiw in*— lisrs faJang b.csaai t*u« sr ut, yo .; i.e»4 AM **fs a Kails talk- <' • <•»»/! I ia- ii'ssi i" n Johoa-ns fssra •«. l/<. I dor. TIIE WEEKLY PIONEER AM) DEMOCRAT. Thr Interview Between Ilia Kaa)»>-»i» of Kram-e and Itu-sla. STi rruvar. Sept ‘.’f - . My narrative of yesterday put you in pn -ot--k'mi only of the outliiM of the meeting of the two Kiujierors : to-day I can fill m that outline with some particulars, which if not of highly exciting interest, have at least the merit of being authentic Immediately after the King had conduct-’ tsl tlie Kmjieror larnis Napoleou to his own palace and intr'sluced him to the (jueen uad tlie rest of the Royal family, he present's I to the Kmperor the members of the household and the court officials. The Kmts - ror be stowed (Mi each a few affable words, us lar as this was possible, where the great num ber of the persons addressed was totally mi known to htm.nn<l the household then w ith drew into the side-room* and corridors, w hile the Kiug and the Ftnpfor ott their pari ro timl “ifaii'/rti'i iiitfiieuis.' Almost un mediately ntterwards, and while the retimie of tin 1 French Kmperor was improving its acquaintance with the ncntlKirs of the M ur teml»erg household, the folding door* ucar where they were standing were thrown opui. and the Kmp - ri - r of Rn-*iu wu» atmouueisl us close at hand. The Kmjs*ror. I."ttis Napoleon, imuiediati ly on Is-iog niforuHxi of the vicinity of the Kiujktoi Alexiutder, left thr ujiiirtmeut ii, all haste, an I met the Kmjieror Alexander just i»- It -- had udvuiu'ixl but a lew stej - * in the r<s>nt. They shook hands very cordially, anti their fountenamv* were made to exjirev* the greutoat gratification ut their mivtuig, and tiny thus witlulr -- w tnt - i a private room, remote from eyes prnfiui -1 W hen they jiartixl, nlli r this first mid uot very lenjiUtviiui ysb.-rvw.w. the Iviiivror l.ouis Niip - u ou, who ut tliv inonienl ol ins hastening to inis't the I'.mp ror Alexander still wore the red riband ol thu Wurb til burg Or - ler of til -- Crown, was to hme ob m t veil to have on the bluv hand ol tin - Rus sian Order of St. Andrew. From tli*< above you w ill p-rceivc that, huwi ver much thought und eu eulation have becu bestuwisl iipiu this mix tii.g. the iietuiil ixmtuet und gra.-p of tie- hand, the very act of nnvting, took I'lu'X - under very diflennt eircntu stance- titan doubtless hud Isxtt rei koledon. Huving givn vou the above, which, though mi authetitie m emint, is not very auiuseing. I w ill tuiw ti jiort to wlmt "|s r feetly well-iulortiied |m rsons relate to each other and their friends us having taken phicc ut the puliiix'. und, like all fables, it is h gissl deni more amusing tlimi mere history. It was carefully arrungixi ut tin - jiiiln'e. you must kii"i>. that tie Kmg was to occupy n • irg -- ro mi ad| lining tin upirtjis-uts oi llie Freni'h KnijMi'or, und it was into the next room lo tit" lx in.' ■ "u the other side, that th ■ Kinjtei'ur Al*'xur. - |er *as shown ou oe ea.-i 'ti "I tins lev vi*it. On a signal given by tin lx: g tie d -- or.s w- re o|s - uixl on cueli side, util t!.i two Kuijsrorx wit bout ii«'< - >r*l iug to (ic'li otlirr a moment, or nn inch of jMvcixlcnce, udvaiKxvl into the ini.l<lS** ot the room and made each oiler's acquaintance in Ih - ' King * prrhenre. From un equally ex (X'l.eiit authority, which is th scarce of u I modern history, viz »u/ ilistmil "well inform cd p rsoii*," I have learned tin real and true ivason wiiv the two KinpTor* have agrixsl to meet at this court rather tlwu any other; it i* because tie Ixiug is very deal, and mi ivutilil !»• ii liable to cat' hull they might suy in hi* i-rescuee. If this weru really meant lor a joke, it would not la - so bad. lo return, however, t - - the region of sim tde history. At ■- o'clock yi'st<rd»y even ing, soon ult* r dinner was over, the emjs'- r - >r Alexander left tli*- Royal I’nlin *. mid re pa n*! with the frown I’ritieeand l’riiieess to their villa ut Berg. They were mhiii fol h wixl fiv the IjiO'en mid Friuit-ssea of Wurtcuibi ig mid the tjinvu of the Nether kind'. nliout Io o> lock, thu King join id tti - - jm ty wi' i the KmpTor, i/niin Nb pohort There were present nt tliis [mrtv not only the memlier* ol the royal family, their ilu|» ri:il H lexts Had resjsctirg suites, but a •■> 'ln irtem i rg .Mui.sti m,| Mat* •h" ii‘gh ,- -t mUitaiy odieem, and the t.'orjM Diplomntiqm It ka not titiiwwaifj fat nn in add the follow ng', which has Ison ' "Uiui in i jtixl in in • a* aiitiintitic sin'’' any one < ui, imagine it l - r hituseif without any »i|eh In p. v / : that tin - I.nijs'ror l/iui* Na pib" 'i - on - ers*d -everat tiinen in the course of the (. iitng with the Kinpcor Alexan der and wus I'Vt'lentiy unpin* in hi* man n - ■ both t .»ar - l* him a*si tin - Ri|«nian Di jih.ina’ *t« who w - re u utb-ndatiix* on the Kmoeror I Mi>l,ii" ins Itis 1 Hll*flr*li, Tlie following acn«ib. -- and rnueli ni<s|**l paragraph i> from Blaekw.esls Magazine : A child of thr<- years of age. w tli a ineok n its iefsnt leilidv iv a fearful sight It is ton often the d - -ath warrant, whi< h the coish’imevJ stujmby Inn -i at -fatal, yet in - - yond i l .- eouijir - iieiis.-m What sho fid a child ti.r - •• vxir- old lie tau/ 1 t ' .Strong neats for w*aV digestions inak -- not tiodily •trengtl. I/t ther - ' b* tinfsery t*l<w and ettr-a ry rhvnss *ad 'inun i would «ay to every j«rent, esjs-i lailjr ev»Ty laotiier. sing ’o y -/ijr children, t* il in iu pleasant storms an - 1 if in the *•<■ tr.try f>e not to»ear - ful lest they get a litth- di-t up*n tiie r hand* and clot I*** - earth i* very much akn to us all .'tei in rhit'ib’iis o*it-of >ioof |>iay aid* timm not inwardly Titer - .* In it a k• d of rot ** - ,g - iinity - tween a! i reatur - -* by it w*» touch npm •he niroori sym'«thy ol oar ',r»t suiwtar, - «• aid i*ev* - 1 a kuaiimMi lor - air pe>. relations, th" brutiw fs t r h,. - ! - -' u l,s v u fre* ojien a,* *;*>rt, ,in - I fear n* - t th' ugh tDy make H' j ai'daii'ea with the jng* th*er>w* a - ,d < k*na—ttiey may Inrm worse frieudsifip w.th tic w - sor looking one . eriCourage a 1 'rarity with ak who lo •to *oiirt tls m t in,', animals love children and ch;hlri - n ' x. 'I Vre s a lang’iag* - among » - k tiie »orld s lariguageolfiitiTates it. ester- It .»of move i'.,is,r.«nee ti-aat ir ehildron loving, than !'.*• •• . •! oe'd ' s'* 'h'-rn w sc 'h.*‘ . * » * • A( - i •li'iik-s m*. - tf .-rri ■ ,vr» t "T. * ttsy (»• gen* la an - ! «>»*>• d' : ' a - . ! ' e, a*. |ssretits \i, Is oin-' i>.l * - .| p r these s.ii l» lettii 'iwii ffietsla—th*y s.l. v.-r i*g!*--'t you *'l . •Ir - * hrcig .* .r* v Ing'y *• y r }.r - -* a | cesef shut - r .* <i*s*r orsfi lyi and pn - ‘ w r»- tbev «*, - 1 have v*yi t<, g > llrsatrr XX mlml »u t.ak» Ml - tilgau— I'm*il> •*"»* l.tivi tsiu. ■ r,■ y. ...:•. , . s, 0.. lutelligemx - txxvehed hv'n - yxwterday nooil by tbt* mate of tlie Si hr Alwilile, wlm < ante jiassettger on the pro|s - lk>r f. Me«r», that ilh* Canadian stem wheel stixinver Raiudis-r was wrecked eight miles mirth of Big Point Sun blc. during tlie gale of Mmiday night, and only two liroiticu. out "flier ervw of IT I men, were saved ! Tlie Ramder was lad - ti with tallow from this city and wheat from St. .lo.« - |ih lor .Montreal, shippxl by Mr. lot Due of thi* city. She ia rvjsirted to have j made well down the lake, when she encoun tered the stiiriu. und pat back, cither with the intenti.Mi of nnikiug some |s>rt. or not being able to head the gale ; the sea washixl over her, extinguishing the fire, und the suit , made was iuimixlialelv washed away, carry iug the nra>t o*erliounl. In tier then he!|>- liws (xmiiition, about '.tneliN'k Mntidu uiirlit she struck heavily ou a bold, rocky slmre. and went to pieet-s iu u few mimiti * The first luMvt lowered was carried away empty, utid the sixmml tilled ui:d sunk. 'llie two men that were saved wore washixl ashore in 1 tv senseless eomlition, ami the weivtlsr Ik mg very stormy and cold, their l - x'l wen* badly j fror.Mi; lint they made their way for eight mile* this aide, wls re lay the wrvx'kixl Sehr. Alwilile, The Raiudixr was commuiHlixl by v'apt. I’altersou. and owmxl bv Hender son ami llolcomlH' of Montreal where sbi* is j | jirobalily in-iinsl. sin - was old. and vulued only at tMfidOU. Her cargo ol tallow, Ac., is strewn along the M irhigiinshore for miles. A purlion may |Hissiblv lie saved. Tlie lUui'lcr was formerly ealhsl the (auiimenx'. Sin - was run into nml sunk In Dike Krie some eight years ago «lieu lian» jiiu ting some eoiu)iauies of British troojis. A great many lives were lost in that eutas ! trojihe. Origin ol file I’nwt Imllo f Now that all eyes are turmxl towanl British lmliu, a brief historical notice of the gigantic corjiorati'Ht that controls the des tiniea of an many million* of |sx>jilt! m that lur distant country will be interesting. \Ve di|i tin: following from the I'utiadian Mil ihant'i Jt/iiitn;no : “ Two huislntl ami fifty thri*' y*wrs ago some traders in I/at - 1 - ill ull unitivl lo raise eapital of t.'KMKMI, vvlterewitli to trade Vo the Fuat Indies- They olitaiisxl a charter, under which the management ol th< ir nfr.ilrs was entrusted to u comniittie of twenty four of their members, chosen by tlieinxi'lves In llilft authority was grandd to the com |MUiy, by the King, to punish it* servants übioail, either by - nil or military law In I lit.l. a new charier was granted, by which the eomjMiny wh* allowed to make pemv or war with or against jienplc or piiiices, not I liristians. and to aci/e all iinlieeiiMxl m e. siiti*. and Mini tln-in to Kngland Ollier parliet att' iiijited to get into the trade liy lirilnng the viirioiis governments nt the day At uni - Inn -- , when th" old comjMny "fibred to loan to tie government tVniMino at tour |ht cent, their Ural* olh nil A'J (MlO.lttlfl at eight js-r * > nl. In I 70s the rival eotn|Niiiies "iiibil. atsl by u hxiti of Cl 'Jtmntnt tithe government, without mtcre-t, |iiitibiiMs| farther piivilcgcs, wlm li luive Issn tin: inisi* of tin ir subsequent charters. In I7e| a liew I uturc was llllrodil 'd into the system thill of the Mould of ('oil trol, by which, m efl" t, the political power i though under the name of the govetumentj. was vested ill tla - Diif'lor.* Iu IM.'t tlie trude to India vva* thrown "iH - n, uiui in 1 fill.'l the triuli - to l'lima wax not only luicli lux-, lint Ihv eomjiany was pie, uded from ( "nimcreiai o|s'rali< - ns . uml thus we fiml tiiiit the functions lot which it was origin ally organize d, cchk d altogether and by n combination of eirriinistance* it had grailu ally assumed otlars of a 1110*1 nunmahihs description, wlten, in I sffit, a lommitt'* - of twenty lour jirivato giniticmen were slwo lul" son reigi • nl I (ill,l int).l It 111 ui j- ,p|,. Ill* IlnullH Nr|N>) «, Tho Kuroprwn 'limn starts a li'w idea 1 1 sugg'-sts that the revolted Sejsiys should lx? mads to labor for tia: r*wt ol their liviw. iu raising sugar mid other tropical products. The following is one of its parugrajiha : Wi are so stunted of tropical produce in tin* country that without a rermxly the Steam* figilte must Is* put on half time, and the ineaus of feeding our ojsTative |ropula t iota may necessitate what ii great stuteuum once described a* the Wildest incentive t * revolution a reliellion of tiie slomaeh." It seems to la* nn ordinalt«ai of I’roviibnca that tli<- severest of immau ilia shall Is - a*' cotnj»iiii*l with a qualifying I,aim. ar.d ut* hs-ki'd fir and liorritfie as this Indian Imsi m-sS ha* been—with - sjro ad a* tlie moiirr, mg is will'll it has scat tend throughout the luici -there i« some in insolation in tie - re fh'etion that when tlw worst is over our jsiwer m tlie Iraat will la* find on a more and secure basis tbau ever, ami tlmt tlx miscreant who lian disgrae**! tin* profinsion (>f arm* liy act* unworthy even of savag'-s t rill be route to uniti ihoJe i/hi u>p the iiiniiiin ilei .Ji'iei untiiiol Inis tinranli the in/iets of that oitieli/ vhost kiwtiosA they have ii liiineil nilbe ifnrit of tie mein l. Tax I'uo'svsii Mixes- \V*siao' -W* ts,j. i - » II is b,rn*' in mmd in tla-** - ' hard times that tiie Galena lead Mines ar< among th* - reheat and ne«t productive mines m tli" worhl -that tie *|uantity of ! -- ad - >f - i* ine*h*u*tal»l - ' and only want* the later to "hring it into sight ' that mineral is worth thirty dollars |»-r thousand in sov- i cr< .gri* as ssshi as it is o>- t/ pof the ground. The MizjxusHir, of work on all tie- ItaiJf'-a'i* in tie - - zmtrv. amj the general (I>press' mof i all tie /oral mrlustiial it,t."f - st<, must tlirowr te*,« of tbmisaod* of men "U* ot employment. M av to tbem all, rome to (sir u-.ul mows i —take yrair *jset - s, jueks ami ga*]s. ami go to tie tigging*.' M ithm till'ell Mil!*-* of 1 Ga rni 'i t 'noesa'sl m* n Clin (Miub'l hi 'ti-tiiM-lv's in tuning tins eotning w io 1 •* (h* - prices ill living will I* - down te, - i ,"*v*t p .nt. and a mim ra outfit for the , it wil, i jet oill at'itle. 1/t tiO man lotnpi. a se t em,fi - ymet*’ so long a* IT 1, ■ vl v*l|*-y * ate,U , I 111 les t ore on i iv wnt ; the - >f iiwins'rv to i*e <"<fe i Vertoi . .'" go ■) i A-lveitiee. 1 Ham*, ill* xiWHiiiallsi. Mr. Hume.tlu - eeleliratnl Aniixii'iiuspirit ualist, has lsx - ii M'louriiieg at ihiden Badcu, tic ix - lebraUd Girtnau watering pUc', wliiclt i* resortixl to iw great numhimi l»y wixkly traveler* of all nutious. ltussisuis Is'mg .the most numerous the pnweut muison. His performatKxxi have ereutid uutiouudvd ustemdimeat ami reudertsi him tla - lion of tin - seaimn, iHwidr* wx-nring lor hint the I'lsTal patronage of the nnhle.ssc who ix n gregste llier". Such is ins reputation, according to the Fans cot respondent of the New Orleans Fuuyime, that whetmvir lie gifis to the gaming tutde and stakes on n color, there is an nvnlunehn of Najvnl",>nx oil that color, for the i itiwd think that lie can read tin - tulare course of chutex'. ami si - leel the color which is min - to win. 11 -- has nreivixl u fortune iu jmsent* Ihmt the Russian ami ti<:man nobles, vrim have showered on him rings breast pm*, watch I'lmiti*. ruble*. dium -- U - !* and opal*. I'lin Frimx'M Buber a gave him thus' jsarl shill buttons worth ttfitut. which sin - gave him for an *veiiing's entcilammcut at h -- t lious - Mr 11 time is very i'iijii ieious in tvgard to the dis| - !ay of Ins juiweis, and ivliimxl iiii o|) - i Irvin the I'rinre of Frussia of five thousand florins l -- r a single evening's display. When in Kngland the Duke ol Sutherland olli txxl him a Ihoustuid dollars tor nn ex liihition. which lie refus'd. M hen he is not in the humor money cannot tempt linn. One day at Baden Badcu he gave gruluit "Italy and tltisolieittxl, in the rooms of M Dnllfiis a display of his astonishing gilts The Inlluwmg are some of his ie|Hirtis| sehievemeuts : lie wound ti|> his watch and placed it Ufson (fl&Vfi.V rt"' 7(oisf tiTgoe (iy"i'i’ie iv'i It 1 7 r 11: lastixl ten minnliw after Mr. Hume took the key out of it ami pluixsl it ou the liihlc. Y'ou may think, sinif he. that my Wall'll wus pii'|iarxd for the iscasion, wind your* up mid jiiit it on tic table M Dolfits wniiud (ip his watch, and it also continued to make a noise, like tlmt jirisluixxl when ii watch is Wound uji. M. Dolfiis put Ins wall'll iu Ins picket. M lieu you last loolod at your wnteh. said Mr.llume.it Imd its iivsluls nml liiiniD, hadn't it T See if it still Ins Horn. M Dolbis pnlhxl the watch nut of his jiaekrt ; it Imd licit!" i crystal nor hand*, und hi* waistcoat pocket whs tilled with Iragnii nts of glass crystals, it' d tlie ininds which were broken into five or six jiiixx's Mr. Hituia rarely af«|Hsr« except in Itussimi or I'olish MK'iety , lie is very load ot Imlli lliese nations. Th" fust itxlobitum he gave was in a ftusi-iaii la 'Us* ; lint r Him was lull of iner'slulous lull'* s mid geiitlcman. .ludge of their astonislmient when the first thing In - did was to make an immense talile in tin middle of tlie tl'K.r ri - e ja-rjm'ihli*' daily on two nl its Icel (it Imd four legs; until its slab was iilmnst |K - r(M'iidii'ular with tin floor, two large carixl lumps were on the table, uml m a horixnutal position, but tli"v did uot move! After one or two ex|s - rimenls quite as inexplicable ns tliis Imd Iks ii made s -u till I,ulus uskol liiiii to js rloim one ol his wonders lor them in jinrtii'iilar lie m-tmitly coinpliixl with their re - |ii -- st Th. I'riinxvs Obolenski tried in vain lo retain h< - r fan ill Ist lihihls it was snatched (min lc r by invisible hands, uml thrown w ith violence against thebre isl of I’rinee To|*i« y The tdountess Fsi'hiito ff wore verv light glove they were draw ii off. she knew not now. 'I Iff** \ Minli m>i • Vinil* I iiu Siiu<ii4) June* ol Ilit’VVlh hejiteiiils r, noln ie tin - challenge put forth by gentlemen neidmg in Savannah in the follow mg terms: " The result of th" Gm*lwo - *l lan- bus "xi it'il tie - turfmen iu Hnvanimh, Georgia, nod they |ii"|mh«' to g, | up a match mix - for ffDKI (MKI a side, bi'twn'ii tli United Mtalcs ami I'ioglHiid. lo lie run in tlmt country, mi ller sui'li terms of agreement us rimy fully ti-sl the sujs'rionty ol the horse* of the two eouulrie*. They theref'iie inuke the follow mg I'imllenge. wliieh is ojs o to the woild : •To run a irml' h ra<« of four miles n il rc |s-at, at such tins as may Is - ngnxxl ii|ion, |*s«t entries for one li'imlnxl tbousmid dol Ia rs a side, the horses to entry wight for age, to ire run over the Ten Jlrorck eourae at havamiah In order to induce their Knglish friends lo in ix pt the bsnter, they also | wop are to al ow tin m flvx is i ixnl, up on the momy sukisl. or llu - tliousund dol lars to pay the * - xjs'iiMx, of their horses, in ease they low - the race. The rvlitor of the Hivanoali tiempom says.that the gi i,tl*men by whose authority tin* rlmlleuge is publish ed are all inert of rxwp-etability and wealth: sr*d the money is ready to Is - cover'd by a similar amount from Kngland, or i-Im* wlr re .'iiooki tliis challenge is- marie in oftieial form, we trust that it will la- no'epled. A ('oinjatoy slroald Is: forrtml to eitriy out the prmxxxluig* und |srh«ps. f/inl At land might In- jirevuihxl utem to fi t Ifitrisi II tie the champion of lis British turf. Biid send out .“‘kirm sle r to do Ictlle against the Arm nean ix u bn lira We hop- isir Georgia friend* who au tiioriz'xl the " timepin•> to put lorth tl«- sister rhallenge, will take immediate ur au to pit tbs affair in I fa* iiriijs-r form The money iso easily Is: rained. IjC's have a ra* " I'orler • Spnit. At tl<e late ehxition in I’eimaylvaD'a the following luiH'iuluwfit* t*> the ritate v/nstitu lion four in number —w re voted upm aisl iwi*>j>bd "One limits the Hlate in (lie amount of debt it may c*«traet to H- at/'isi, except to ri j* I invasioD or lo lepras domra tic insur rection, and also prohibit* the lending of the ertxlit of the Fimmntiwealtb to any iteli vi()ua! or rorjs.ratioi, *f*t die Common wealth from >+'• tiling a joint owner or atis’kholder in any a**oomtmn <»r corp<ra turn. 'I lie cecois! une rsluM-nt <l*'j*rives tin legislature of tl*e jxiwcf to divwle ixiuntira without lie: ae*eiit (*f tie votim of such ixeil.tas I l*e third |>rovi<|ixi for th* apjsir lionnent of repriMDtative* throughout tia*- hlate, «(el 1 1**» division of tla - city of Philadelphia igto senatorial aisl ripesent* live districts . an»l tie- f»sjCh givis jsraer to the legislature to alu-r. revoke, or annul anv rliarter of ir»corpiratin*i witeuever it w d*x*i i**l inj'trious t»* tf>« citizsms.' 'luir M.UlirlMSrM. ' » • , s V*'- ■ .il i*« Sat, Vrsw'sss Hsrsld I .os Ax'ini.os, Hcpt. 18.Y7. Ain - >ug the most iuijMuiuut items 1 have ui ioninnitne.il ■ at tliiswrfting.isonetoiieh mg the kingdom of sin at Suit Dike. Thu facts wliii h are ilevelojHxl seem ton incredible lor belief, Imt Min e learning tltatu frum the mouth ol one who wa* six year* ago a Humt uml I'rcxid nt ii Mormon city, and who i* still in enrrex|sidt'n<x - with Himloiii, where they yet Iwliev'liiiii to be "ne of the faith ful. 1 have also leurnivl from Col J. G , lift ter iu law el lien. V. K. How ard. that my iulnrmutiim is eonnlmratod by the imaitli* ot several ether witnesses, wlm trelieve in its truth. My informant, w ith whom 1 became ac l iJi'iitailv ti. .|ii iiatcd through a bpsiness in- Iroiluetion. and whom I *h I! lor prudential iviisons i|es 11 it* - ax Mr. B. re I'd vis hi* letti is liy pi ix.tie hand, no letters being ett ti irstixi bv the Murnious Ur ilia Fniled Stalra Mail, lie tells me that bn knows the ob ject nl their leader*, of whom litijghntu Young I* the supreme power llul il is to 'Xtnqner the wni'ld. nml bring every nation under their dominion, physically and moral ly, which will I* - 11n- ntvuniplndimrut "f a millenueiun and |«'aix' universal. But (lie I menus ot this in'ivmj’lishment art' startling. I very spring mid liill.miys my informant, a cimijMiuy ol seventy an ordatuixl and sent out to difich - ut pat t* of the globe. Tlirae seventies, oi whom sixty have already gone lorth are missionarti’*', making iu ull forty two liunilr d—are known a* "Destroy ing Angels." und the) go into all tin - world without "purse or sci i|*," and are diri*etix| . Jo-xui'k. wu'h.ru'picJ'twait, iu will Im»i ewaHa them t" fseilitste t)ie great work of tlicir r< - ligion. A gixuxt mtmls r arcengaged in the fields of 4 Inna, and espx'islly m the manu faetmx'of tea, into whieli.iluriug their Inbora. • iln - y ini'orp>rnte an Insliluous but fatal p>i i son Ollier* are cngagixi in the same giwl like work, iu the msnulsetureof liquore and tobacco, wltieli articlus, together with amne others, arc guurdixl against by tlie faithful, who receive wlmt are callixl by Briglnuu thu t "word of wisdom,” nml "I ixmrse abstain from the use of the mUrdietixl article*. These iioisans are id various kinds. Some are so slow t lint long p'riod* cla|xw< before they take vffert, while u! the same time their fatality may Is' precipitated bv the admit tine of other pifsons. Oiai |Niison within the knowlixlgeaisl ps» session of Brigham, pussess<xi qualities that ix - .naiii inert hi the human system fur yean before Its fatal oonsi'qiiencea are devclojied, This may wxun to jsirtake largely of hum bug ill tlie O|illilon of M il'll!ifie und medical men. uml its possibility may In) himled. Brighnm, imlixxl. may b<‘ l "inpliim nlixl upnn hi* skill til some grand tea and whisky ami tobacco s|M - riilutinu ; or in the working out of lb" great winking problem of the tenijs ranee rel - wniatimt. Imlixxl he snya that the publii will not believe such a storv Imxhusc nl its iui|irolmbility : tlmt be ilon't care whether they Is'lieva it or not ; that he don t care if thr** - fourths ol his jieojile at Halt Dike should leave him. otic finirth of thvm urn sulhciuut (o cuusamuiaU: Ins work when- ever In - rIoHMOH to pul his power ill ois ta 11*in : nml that th" I nited Htutc* will lie the first to feel, and most severely, its ef fl'l'tS. Mr If tells im - also that Uncle Ham's tronjis will Im - nxx'tvisl with ojs - n arms und with the grixilfil hospitality and kindnesa b;, the Mormon'* lit Salt Dike , bul not one of them will ever get away from there llrlg hum iiilcihls to treat them, each with n homestead, six lixt by two, iu In* mutautii) valley. Hiv year* ago Mr It. entered tlm suburb* of that lieailien metropolis, uml tla-day !«• fore tin - arrival then - of his com|>any be met twelve mmsnrtiarii*. somnot whom went lux personal acquaintance* bum tlw Atlan tic Htates, and it was front lliciu lie Inarm <1 tin iiiissi"ii nt lis' "Destroying Angela" uml the "Dsnelles." Inun - diiitely ijjmxi entering tin - city which wa* alioiit In o'clock iu tlie rveiimg Briglmm Young came out to tla: st mt iu liis inglft dnxis. wear mg a broad .brimmed lilai k hat . to oliairve tin - c«in|mny newly arrived. There wh* at this moment a man nuiiKxl llyeil Saviige, from Ketftuekv or Missouri, walking up und down tlie stnx - l, cursing uml smiting hi* fists together, unying that only siv ivix - ks ago lie had coiih* to this pi* - *: with a young wife ami two children, uml tlmt d d Brigham Young Imd made her one of In* struui|s - ts , that he was going to leave th* - ciiimxl ploix - lor flallforiiia - Brigham Young. p<* - ring out from under his hat, observ'd hun and hading him. said : "Thus saith its - laird, Ir■fore whom the huii *h»ll rise aisl set thru- tunes, thou slmlt lot lying uniter tie - »<«l " Mr. 8., hearing tins prophecy, thought he would watch for it* fulfilment, when, sure enough, ou th* - very mvt day, tie - young mart. Kavagn, wtia dead uml bured fits (Ksly in rvy jmrt. was sw'illen Ii it* (idlest evtent. Mr. H. looklxl up>n the corjsw uml drew bis own inferi nix - . 'I ho "Dam lira are a sort of “uiinute men. ’ who are at oil turns in readiia-ss. at an in ►tauts untie* - , to fulfill U> th* letter tlie projih ix ie* of Brigham. It ix said that in eonoetiueiiea of tlie reform brought alsiut by tlw \ igtlanou Uomtml t--e in Han |- ram-iseo. ti.nl city Ima lsx-n guvcrmxj during Ilie pasi yenr nt an r-spetiae ofatsart ff'/.'i'GgH), against tfi.Mm.iHMi ibu previous year, si* tirias ns much as it now C'Slts. n* report j - übli*b*xl in the New Y'ork 1 ribime. tlmt several ennipunica of Hurvey or« Imd Iswn tnunbuxxl by tire (‘huyents - ami Hi iiit Imbaris or the north western part of Nebraska, i* nuth'irftively i irntrad" ted by ,f. f Htci a, Uuilerl Hiatus Hurvoyor, iu a • tier jaiMislat) m a Ht. Dmi* |mper! Mrs. H. Yocso, of Isowrll, a strong tiiiislvsl'woman, reumtiy paid iwr tax under a lexvvy jirou-nt. Him maintairm that to tax a damsel ami then m>t allow her to vote, K left altogether tlw thing. Tho whole pro gramme of "disabilities" are recited. Nev artiukw, the olidurate codectors took her 0100*7.