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■in* » r.,.uioi.,i Au|>|>*r.
ft (>'*!«• i :>»r <».• I' Wi«r *n4 I >*»«'*•»%» Wlc were the manager* of tlx? late New y i ;!un<l Festival ' Hom< two week* »Iwd v suggithat whoever they were, they ought to t« about their biudnexx, if th* y pro [, i-.-d lf> nir.nl* Mx! Pilgrims Istudlng. On Monday 'I but wick a notify ill lii" 1 1 ni/‘, that linn wouM I* u Nrw KngluixJ Supper, Mu lx i Tuesday I'ti'imn! in m cnniiaxi with the notice given, a tfi**<*Jly liiiml* I av* | 1 1»!<-tl ul tin Will*low House to parti' i|Mtti' in a *'i[i|* r, uml appropriate obi rvunc* -of tin- hi.invcr ary. AUout nino o'clock, lie I'oinjiany wi re mardialed into Hie fiiij.ji, r ri* in uiml the tolile wax rapidly Rlieil with luds'-H nn<l geliMoilH'li ; mnl it wax very evident linil uioru tick"!* weie di»|io—d of than tin rn w< n mu’* ut the Utile I here u|i|H‘urti| to I*- no j* i 0,,i wlih liit‘l any iiiuh agi-nuut of the sfl.iir, uml thi on lift giiesl* were left to theif own |* r "-v ruin e atiil in genuity in -<i uring .- it- I hi* w.i* a want ul court'»y , hut u* wwi r>- u■/ <f llieii nuiti l»r nor i '.eu mi invite,l If"], ,rtnf, it did not i IT, i t onr i ipniiiiiiiit, We fouml u **uf, when- n, tv Ire eoliil ,i tntiie 'lnriinr the even Alter tgo were priqx-rly wilted ut tntile, I, V |t*ii(i.ii, Ii ulliil them to nnli r. when Uev Mr. MirrmK* uilijf *■*• ■ I the | hrouo of Uiuee. lion. Musks Hliitlittt tfie, the Pres'd'-nt of the Jiixiety, then niid the V.V.VI 11. A11K10.,-*. /.iolii v inn/ (unfb'iin ■ It i* well that we hliouU lie* t together frr in time to time, niel liy u review of the pa-l <mleuvor to learn something of the hitur*'. Them lire certain hull way Ihhih-s in time certain epoeli* in history, ut which the iiuinl piiUM* in it* onward 11, ur*■ for u moment uml luriM to th* past. li* i rrorx nf lil« may then !*• wen, nml tl*' better nvoiiliet in fu tur« tliirgoml work' liny then Im amn, anil more *u-bv lolloweil in utter time, 'f lie A till iVI T'liriev, ot groat victories, in whirli gisd iitlil hruve men have *|e*t their liltkhl uml loin Mown their live* lor their country a Iriidom . "I tin liirtlahiv of men win me vir Ini'- in life have iiuml" |*i*lerity grateful, of our own hirtliduv, our niuM'iugc Mnv. uml numerous oilier*. Ini' ■ Ix-en |hi|iil<*l out hy the i isloiii of eivill/. M nutiun*, a.- uppropri llte s'B*on* to he m t 0 1.11 rt foi relb-c’tioii uml thanksgiving. festivily mi l rejoicing. The Hr t liitnlui.r of tj* Plymouth ('ninny Im* long la*-n Mi* iui*l no ini|Mirtant epoch in lh« history ul New FngUixi, uml its an niversary i* iinti' i d with |** uliar veneration in every eoiintry umi i liiiiutf wh re their de scendant* hnve kvutid tin it’ liorm*. It may luipi mi that by ,i glam « n|*m the aetimi and actor* id tho pu-t, we may learn tint only the in,mi. i uml 10111 lof i- I larging mu Mule -, hut ill*.i somethin'.' "f vvlint those Mu lie* ut* While the in«linet* nf man and In* vieea uml virtm - i>. nru inking like in *-in every MMT ient . .nmlry. uml every Miller fit ilgl thi y Ilf still hog'll liii|.|i!|,*l Ulnl UmulMvM hy temporary Ilgl lici.i, uml ue, identul elreullllt’im* th.it enll (e ver he fullv controlled Ihe pimver* of tin* we*( ini e,,ntlnmif, unit e*|«'OH:ly 'hut portion of 1 1 Ml il ol wleoe uMventiii i ■ u.M In ime I'leir lie er, we ii e , nil- -I il j - i I-- «|* iik tin* even mg, l.*ve hi iglit li> u , u vvtiieti i* Ini! ot Invtruetion -.iM whi* • il properly -t.in |> I upon the inioM* "l then po*terity, wotiiJ iruiMe *on t" *n, h out mini! grandeur > wn m-i.r nnnv i *>y h wilili-t iuiagilii tiou Il will net he ’til 1 et i t the rein 11 niii'h- 'ip- lithe 'i*ii||i to umunifl tha* ti e I‘ilgrim* . citileM. wie , lutntmg ill tl, * t coililtl V on til. l 11 eeiilta r. I' .0 1* iii iik -.I ut e'e I'ounti v < l.iatory, w, (,• w.tl; out Iwull I heir own II .liell* of lie, 'III* iik ot wmi. i hit', uiaM ' them atilt greater i.o,' u whom th y hll 1 <1 I'lteir liutolv. .'till til, ill '"IV of th"**’ who i-iiiuw nlo-r tia i .ri ninny yeir». *how 'it > they liioJ\>i v I ni' M.of tne fnvlom •[ o*i* '"I e, Illl'l lure he.* u with the 1 ovnJrtiev tlint even w!, •. mimiiiti * ure mil' ll mole illtlueliei ; ,y , I. lleil uti l ’ ei.iiilpk' nmk i which th . ii.ive livevl, th in In .inv ratioiul prm iph ih. Ii Wo I «epu rule the lal-e Iroiu tlw tl-n , tlx* light •iu a wrong In th aifc, a I with • • iiMimliui:* Min' inllueiii* u ! *. ir tuitrl,*, it I* illlUeuit to coiut'ile Mint tie little luoM ot uMventnrvr* who M- *n M tle.ir country iml 11* n home* w ,o ainlliM "t M everything Iml lio|“ ter the fiil'in . mainly to ivi >v th<- lit" it v of worMnpm. I iml u.corMmg to the Mlv tut' * of tle if lilllleim- ii iii-IW. Woulil Illl'l' pre.*enl"'M ruh- lor the g.. litlliCC (>f Miev "! «vi« i.e.v, ol otw- allot Ik T. ami of all lie* -piitc ,i* ngi,| ..u l i-fclti»ii aa lie"*' from wliich May l.uM lleM. Ami yet WO are "IM g,*l to foul'ii* ihn 1.i.-’.ory piove* very littk m voi ,-t ih ir ehurity towaril- tle*U' who M f f>iv,l with t! ’ii i rvligimi* opinion* un i that ilk > " r* i v,- .w- remly to furtimh a roaii to tie Inline, ami compel all ni n to travel ui it. ii* wi n the "iiuoliouH ehuri!. me* Irmn vln-.e p w-r'.hvy had »afrit'."l ail hut ilk*, ami i ..,*1 iv- a life it*clf to *‘*> cape. I lay h‘M I* n"i ifa'ej in the gvue ral ellilivin ilia’, the! lie twit "lie I owl t"I happoiv** up|K,ltll"i -V t , • 'upmiK- ruler of the l ull»r*e. amt t " h who purwuol an 0i1,,! w.m ol.i|o\i, *t- punUhmrnt in tin* wn ,i a* w -.‘il a* iu tie uevt. *1 hey ha-l iui ii la a.ut to U iim. ami Miii la iwve, that cvrUill rviik'imv* tin* -* I'M "pinion, were true, ninl ah 'tie r* lain'. M.it he who «M im-a'ol the m.w- iv u-'t < utitkvl to lie '.r favor, ami ti nt l« M ea.'.ul u|khi them to •xoiativhimfn atipaopla. ih -»v wax a eruua ofM" un"t heuavu* chara.-ter. aiiii th> y la-Jn-vni that Iwrvwv eiwiai*ti*l iu nit) aifcl ru*>^tl- !i*f wUd*w '•u.* inoou* •nitviit w ith then own religiolia vi«'» * It i* iniif. .-«f.iry to cite lu*t"i iv'ai fact* wjH'n tin* wihj'vt. 'He y aie well kuowu imi it may U a i* rtmiiil enipury, wliaf would I lave La:, u Mk pr-«. it aitoat. >n of thi* v* win try if the j*. aliai i*-iigimv* notion.* "f Me I’iigriui iuUki* i.iai prvvl-nuinattd to th'* day I'li In inn were liauidud from the la,rvh r* , I tl ,r .eUleiiii nt* on aefmiit of tin rug "1* ' -a. and the kaith |* o ally wa* annexed to a return (rom auch hate tail Wilt JVr*H ution for opinion *»kc icrvcr reigncl more triumphanily, and hiuiutn rcanon wo never more eompieU-iy le MgeM in hy cruel ami hl<H*ty law*, than dnriiig the early prm grin* and guvernment of our I‘nrilan fatlxT*. Aml yet no man who ha* taken inhg oon-id- I rat "in th« eofidition in which they were placed, the oppr>-*ion from which tla-y hwi H'»l, the print>ar m<*lei> of thinking ami act ing, and whi' h had control over th'-ehriatinn world ut the age in whk li they lived, will i nU rtain a doubt that they act«l in tin: full iH-lief that they were advancing the inter, *l* of mankind, and obeying the law* of their Maker In the haniahlmiit of a heretic nriewt ami in llw-exeintion of a tf laker, th'-y U-lieveM that an inviritite fimi pr«wiil*»l over their action, ami wa* well pk-aned with the rigid timin'*, with which Miry executed hi* will. rerha[w a |*-o|»le ha* never lived who hud utronger faith in the direct iutcrmaiition of tlie jiower of overruling providence in their tempiral ufTaini Following to hook extent the eirnlom lit the ancient .few*, reli g'im* womhip wa* mingled with tlieir pa.* time*, if r»u*tmi'*i thi-y had. nml made lip a purl of the every day bimimiwH of life, .xt til" prment day we wtand, or at I'-ant ittlieve we *tan<l. ii|mn a high je <lc*tal, ami *ean tie work* ol I ho*** who havegone before u» with tig* *ariK! critical eye that enahlet the tutor to gui'k- tie- n-aearrheaof hi* pupil. We do know that the little bund of noble spirit.* that forineif the riuckna of a N'-w Knglnnd Colony and tin addition* to their nuiiilx r« for many yur* alterward*. were governed hv error* which *** ni to u* ho gr«»i*. that th'-v (•n*e to iiivok- our rwmoo. And only excite our ridirtila. We would not *t,,p thi* evening to r*-a*on. if one of thitaudienn wn* to lx- himg'-il or hurw*l, tx-eauai- he did not exactly agree with tlx- mujorily in tie manner and form "I worvlnpping UmJ. Iho time ha* come when the majority Iwlicvu that dial ha* Home n-aaon arxl coincionw! u.* well a* man. The time ha* come in Un*>ry nt lu*t, if tint in practice, when a man rail utti-r hi* opinion* ii|xin all auhjeeta with IK-rt- et impunity, providivl lie taken care that In' inflict* no private injury. itot let ti* not Ih- too much inlhitcd with the iil'n that w" have at lca.*t arriv*l at perfn tiiui. Ix-t ii* iml truat that wu have eacaf»*l from the error* of the pant, and are xtuti'ling ii|* ui truth a* the fouu'lalion uml I Mini* of a moral and political government. It may hap|*ui that thnae who nhall write I onr hrtory and live a century hence, may ‘ (eel that tii'-y ul*" in their turn look tioin iheir high pnd'ntal and dixeover a* many error* in mtr aetlnn* «* we now ace in tho-,e who have goix’ before u*. huch generation look* from » different point ot view, haeli generation look* through it* own gla** *, and it take* year* after to learn wlieliu r they were true or fal«\ Kach period of time Han It* own error* and prejudice*, and iMMterity ulono can u-|x'rat» tlxi rhafl from the wheat. Men are not prone to admit their own want of judgment, and rarely do *o eM-ept in t ho*,* nuitters which pertain to their temporal pro*i»’rity. In *uch. however, tiny do i * lei li'-artdy re|x-nt when repentumv i t'Hilate Not a thinking man in the liearing ot my voice who d'* * not cHuiemn hi* lolly In tin- Conduct of the bu*inei*«of In* lilt' He #vi how lie might have enriclx*! hiim-df hy early ptircha*e* "I property. Ile /cf* how roe' ll h< would have done for himxelf by wiling what he had puri-hawd ut the proper time lie blame* lunivell fm want •if iicxight. lie ei'iahimi* the iguoiaiice which ha* controlhul hi* action, arid firmly Ix I.evS'* that I,' 1 can never ngaili lx' guilty of xue'.i injuxtlct to hinmelf And yet ml diti'Vial tune may ahow him that at the very moment "f «ueli retle' tioiix lie inav he mi.limiting Mill greater error* than tleixe which Ik i* pawing upon It i« verv t'.ivv win'll we tilid O'trv l't* 'll the vv• iiv road to »■*• how we neght have taken the tight one It i* Very cihv to point out Me 11 lor* ft t’ t> poet, hot t" avoid them in ftp ir < a ue ru important tu-h. And again it < trai true that w are prone to |i»,i, with eitleli more xcverity npou (Mi-t er ror* than w Mi lav,ir upon pi*t virtue).— Ihe l.ittei ho dd engage onr atleution a* well ,i< the former, and while we are ~ ,| »i.■ ng to avoid tl on. uu iqu.il ef fort a' ii .i*t then Id l<c made to pitmue tlx I i lii-d an I thirty aevxn y ir« thi* l.i lO'le huixl if |»..ple la lilt'l n|xin •’ of New Kn aa i Hh Iu i ! illwv ji lrein cut at a *i-u*on when that rigormi* i iimate ;* a terror to the hrave*t heart*, without 'h' iter. u'i'l xurtvilUilevi by <av eg < t'h' wetv ti' i wnek'ul tin re I In v were not duven there by unfonween in-, d'-n* tin', voluntarily tiny mat them -elv * np->" that n »hoiv, to e>vu|V what they eoiKiili i*l *lill greater evil*— Tlk t wa* character in tho*- iu* i. Ih n wa* nln hi till ae-xirav' > wdl. a deternnna tiou to roll- "Vt-r then own d. .tuvi> *lie|i a* th> world had n-' »*-n It wax it in tie- provid-tn* id tied that *uch men ah* il l I ,i baea tin rounder* of New Km m 1 h'-'i w ,* wanting the x-lfxk>n:.ih the I. , dy in F :’rv 'li watchful ceoo-xni tla- un- Ivnding ii - -ai will ot 4'iignUr in--i, ( to tame the wild' >■*•* of a tv*w work) to eib due it* fore-t< »ikl r igged hill* aixi !av the lomeUti'in ot u nation of !n**m. l.ux rv atid wealth wer p overleu lot the purpow* of tl" Pilgrim-, and gold ght *.* well have Lmm u th.- iron bar* of the Spar tan* in aff'rdinjf title ora! ami materia! ai-l Ne, ,vty the 'lmage** f a eaua>*. m irk i*| out thieir cswir*e ard x *r* >.( tidl atid [kivertv »tam|*Hl upon the- eirlv p .-i.irt a character of patie, til am* under pri vati-in* and il meultie*. wh-eh to mik ex tri i ha- In ti-d to th- pr<>» • dav The mi! of New ling and ha* never pnx diced th- iKivwMrkw t« *u*tain human ,i:i. *j*'titan * - i*!v Th> skill of the heod a.,,l tie lalo- o' the haral. have lai n loai*! u ili-jx-iKih'i to th. exi*tema'of tluit p«* an-l Mu* • o **!ty ti’te«l Mw-rn for great' r aixl more enduring, and heller dir»Tt*dexert -u» than lu* eve- found an origin in th*- lap of ea* and luxury 1 t.eo- ha* I**ll. it fc true a retro; rid mne t.t ev. n in New fag land, laiuxh etpe-ditare has to aorag ev> tint taken th. pUe "f ceon-iwy ami that "iixtant it»lu*try whi.-h can a line* make a go-at man or a great peopk » t>*' own m !v la>h< vi*l to|» i x i«,i' vto <l*uw Til K VVKKKLV PIONEER AND DEMOCRAT ami servant*. I bit yet that original fouml atimi laid by our puritan fathers, consisting of patient, erxturing lat>or amt economy, may lot anen by it* reaulta, especially in New Knglaiyl, amt to a greater or lens • xtent. in all |*rta ot the Fniteil Htatea. The littk barren mnn-r of our country when: our Pil grim fatlx-r* plant'd themneh.**, amt due trihute«l their [xi«terity, guided by Ux ir own princinhw ami habits, k to-,lay a living wit ix hs to tlx: magic jxiwer riaulting Irmn a well order'd industry am] xnitable economy With all tfx- drawloicks of modem i-xtrava gunce, New Knglaml still retain* no mu- h ol the *tern virtue* ol it* founders, that even to-day. with itx old crowded cities and towns, it ix uixibtful if there is a place U|xin tiod s earth where tlx: muaxia are so well 6*l, *o well clothed, and *o well pr"O cU*l against every day and ordinary want. 4* a [x-ople, they are fouml in every place where geuiu* and learning, or eatcrprixeand em rgy can find honorable employim ut. <>r bumhle lalxir can earn an hone.-t ixuiny.— Wamiering away from hi* native hill*, the genuine de-eendant of tlx: I'iintanx i* found a xluvn driver, or a Magi: driver, a school master or |*»r*on,u lawyer or legislator, ever at work, pushing on nix fortunes, with a hope never forxaking him, and un energy liiat ix a |*irl of Id* nature. If he fad* to day iu orx- hrarn hof huximw, In will lx; fouml swimming to-morrow ujkui the current of another Hi: ix found raising cotton iu Isndsiana, digging gold in California, cov* ering every ocean with tlai xhi|i* tliat In: liuiklx ujxm the New Kngland eoaxt, uml Mn- waterfall* of liix native land, w ith every dmcription of uiillxuml machinery, lie pro jects and build* railrixuls, puts the lightning teli grnnhi iu operation, uml every where place* himself in tin von of hucli early Hiter prisex uk raiw man in the xeale of existence uml t<-nd to ailvame liix improvement amt liix hnpninexx. In Id* nature he i* u Utilita rian. (to conceives no idea of spending the tn-uxure and bkxxl of hix race in building Fgyj'tuvn moniiments to the memory of him who hns ruled over him, nor of curving Iroin Mu- solid rock an i-vcrlaxling toinb tor hi* reinuuiH. He kxiks to the every day want* nml neetswitioa of life. In plaiv of a king like egpnndituro for the Imiix'Hi of one. lie la-k* hin lx«lv uml mind in sileli labor- us result in the benefit of all. The resnltxof his lulxirx are. |x-rlui|M, diiuiuutivn in their de tails, Iml enormous in tlieir groan amount. The domestic detail* of every-day life de monstrates Id* energy iu almost everything that add* In our comfort aixl convenience. The cooking department of onr hotel* and private houxi«, the shop* of our machinists. Mu- burns upon our lurms. the immense and innuinerahle establishments which are called fui-toriex, our colleges* nml other seats of hlirning, all prove, uml conclusively provo, that wherever is found the *«*sl of the pio neers of onr continent, you wi.l find in act ive iijs-nition all thut energy all that mind, that desire for progress, which has rnaile ns what we are, and which, if continued with mvlimintshcd force, w ill I'-iul us on to whut no Imnmii mind can fore-si lt is true that we have in onr midst u crowd ol laruroni, gn at riniiilxT* of diseoie ti nted spirits, uml quite a* many ambitious scoundrels. The foundation of all lasting good government i* employment and labor. If is said that all idle brain i* the devil's work shop. Men who really labor with iniud ami body lor their daily bread.ami tlie bread of their families, are always thut elusx who can Ih: truxtixl in all the relation* ol Kfc. I have no comparison* to make la'twecn the ditlcn-nt eoloiiii-s and piom* r* who make up the early history of our country, but I would Ix- plaiixcd to run through a coni pari son of the early colonies iqwin tlw Atlantic const, and the new colonies upon tlx l upjier waters of the Mississippi river. Tho com parison would furnish a li **on that, would t>e valuable il it would lx> I'.n-disl: but the time ha* not yet come when tlx' eyes ofne n will be opemil to the facts that guide the fortunes uml advance or retard tin pro-|s-r --itv of anew Territory. The I’ilgriuix land .*) on a ban* n soil, ill deri-e forests, in the Mi ad of winter. We, a-piomvrs, came here when the wh-'ie country was a wries of hirin' made by tlx- hand of Uml himsi 11, had a-k- d for nothing hut tlie plough, the * e<l and common industry. We lmi<l<*i here in summer, fall or spring, us we pliutstd, and went ami cam*' in pula-vs driven by steam The Pilgrim.* were surri'Und«*i by *ai iigi* and were renxivml from mortal aid to tlx extent of a six month* voyage. We liaiiid a lew hum hid I savage* here, and we had Fort >m'llin-g and nn army within an luMir of us. They wer- alone, ilcpcnding - •lily u|N>n theiii*elvi-s and their <»ml we were * irroumhil by a world of civilized jieople. and I think also, diqx-iuleil very mueh on ourselvex, but very little, however, upon any other power, human or divine.— They [mid their own e\|<-ns»-s and taxes, uinl were own ealled upon to contribute to the aid e! their parent home We have boil a large circulatii -g goki eurivin v whicli "ur pai* nt goviwtinx-nt has lan-n tlirowinc into onr m 'lst with a liberal ami unsparing haixl. They thunkcl tlml that they had landed -defy and were fnv. We have thmikod our- I '<*• that we could *•»• furth»-r ami ck ar er than othi r pisqvle, and hud pluml our f*vt upon n soil thut could m-ver t»' subji* t to the vicissitudes which have overtaken the people of every otln r latitmk- ami loogitniie. They smtaiixil lifr njion th«* moxt humbie and xi-anty fan ami were grateful to tin ir Maker even 'or tliat. Tl -y lived in a achiml which has never t-.i’k-i) to give power and en ergv to ui.io ami while human nature lasts, wn!! never foil to vl«> -*> I. tus look at tlx colony of >*int Paul. It uiay. in awin' scute Ih so caiud. Il wa* oiitvagreat d.* taixv from rui and I well n iueuiber wheu it xs'Uiixl a hundred t mi- farther nway thoi. tl.eold Itritith 14aml How have we liv'd* Mow haw »e tuffimlf How • ueh have we m*vihl by ixtr’ine eevunany ’ 'IV sin id* ot our grocer*, and tl* tank-sof our Ixite!- and private tx-um have two ! a-kvl w Mi vtgvtabV-s put up in nice jar-, in Massa- h vu-tts. Th- fo imlation of our r eh soup* have been, to a greater or less rxu-nt. purrha-eii in KoainHirv and other VtUiiiu cities and trai spiorti'luiourdoort. A i onimoo iuiury id lil'de fish ae hare hod ad tlw way from Fran-v Our etioaifangTi which h.s< t><* • drank in luitaraarqnantili** at two or three dolian a txittle, we import from, not France, but Ponuecticat. For these and many otlxr articles, which constitute an iU-m of expense* that would startle us if we know tlx: gross amount, we have given our not"* at three or five per cent, a mouth, secured by real e-tutc. Dur ing this period we have eclipsed tlx* city of New York, in the elegance and ri' linesx of •lrem. in the *piendor ol ixir fi|uipage. ami in aristocratic hauteur. Perhaps no pian os tlie earth of the name age ol onr own. ever taxwl iUeff so severely in aping the extravagancies, fashions and follii* of over grown and corrupt citiex. The best of all fortune wbieh could have overtaken us. wax tl* check iu the wlsU.tii flow of eastern money. Tlx* people have hecu taught a short k-wson from necessity, aixl they will ktiru a longer one from re duction. Very few, indeed, have taken upon themselves the latter task for years: hut threatening dubtx ami imps-nding bonkrnptcy uud |xiwrty, have done what tlx- eloqucotv of the world eouki not have doix 1 , and Bober sense i* taking the plan: of the imagination. This is not. however, tlx:day for repining. This is not the hour when we should doubt the riehm-sx of the future. We arc now to some extent txing dressed in the garments of oar Pilgrim Fathers. It is well that ne cessity has driven us to adopgsome of the idea* which gave to our common country the prominence which u|>|H.-urs not only in our own estimation hut iu that of the natiors of the earth. I have liojs-s uml confidence iu the fortunes of Minneso ta at this time to u larger extent than dur ing the uuat exalted js-riod ol land spx-cu lation. Kvery country must maintain itself hy its internal production* am! legitimate trade or commerce. We have advantages which should give us a more important pie si turn in the rank "I States than occurs to the mind ii|miii tir*t imjiression. It is not to he forgotten that we have a tnnpi*rate cli mate, neither so cold us to freeze the ener gies of human Ix-ing*, nor so warm as to paralyze them. We have that degree of latitude which will ulways furnish and sus tain the largiot degree <>f physical energy aud mental endurance. This is imlispen-a hie to the building up of a great State. W e have a soil tliat is unsurpassed in its fertility —fitted by nature lor immediate u*<'. We iiave an inexhaustible water power, which the energy of our |xwple will put in iminc diatc requisition to the ext nt of our wants. V*'e arc so situated that we are placed in communication with the immense pine le gions und mineral beds of the North, and, during a large portion of the year, have u constant and cheap transportation for the products of our industry to all parts of the earth. Toil, labor, energy and mind alone are wanted to lead or drive us along, and I do honestly believe that we have th<- .-le ni'-ntx in our midst. We must miserably disgrace our ancestry if we fail to surmount our momentary embarrassment* and give brilliancy uud largely increased character to our future. It is to Is- hoped and exjiectcil that we have sown our wild oat*, mid that upon the ample lortunes remaining, we will form the foundation of tin enduring pros pvrily. Wrh the industry and correct virtuous habits of the curly puritan* for our gover nors aixl guides, during a few year* past, our condition would have been far different from tho present. A moderate degree of expenditure would have undoubtedly pre vented the enormous udvan -e wliieli we have ceil iu Mie price* of real estate, but it would lmvc such an atlviimr a* would eon- left the exchanges upon the Hast in our favor, and made ns creditor*, instead "t debtors. It would have saved that suspension in sides, and um’crtainty in value, wnich is now eri-ating terror in the hearts of liuiHit nx'ti. Hut the reflection is only useful as it ti-aehes us u lesson lor the tuturc. It is folly to l.iment. Now i* the time to go to work and rc|>air the damages. There is only wanting a tenth part, of the sell denial of those "Id pioneer* of the -ast ern shore. I Kith north and south ; there is only wanting a tenth part of their energy .to place our new .State iu a position mm Ii in advance of many of tin- old States ot the Union. It 1 1. is been Slid that the <arlv settler* of New Kngland cntcrtaiiail rigid notions of government, and this is well known to have Ihs-ii so. as well in temporal as in spiritual utTairs. It is a subject well worth onr in vestigation. and th*- enquiry immediately suggests itself how did it Impjs'n that the most Ids ml institutions should have ri-**n njHui a fouixlation of bigotry and supersti tion. Il may lx- said that those who hold the |Hiwi r, Uvume 'vi- r from year to year, and ix'laxevl their authority over men'* thought* und actions. It tn iy lx-said that they grew KiikMit under the ix's-s'ity ol uniting tlx- exertions of all in making com un ui can.* against a com men eacuiy In qmstioii.ioly the**- eaust-x were not without tlieir influenoe in bringing al'-stt thi' result which follow'd. It nquired » ot causes, however, to lay the fouudati'ti'" govtrnuuiil and mslitutaNm likx- onr*. and su-lain them as they have Isvn *u-tain«»l by our people to tin pre*> nt day. One glut cause wnich ha-1 and lux* cotitinutd to have, a more commanding influi nee than any nth r. save the energy aixl intelligence of our • ar!y pi'Mieers, was the abundance and « lieapiKi* ' I land. Then; was an attempt, it i* true, to give tlie control of the countrv to the few. aixl delude tlx' mass*' and the tm-tn bers even of the colony of Plymouth them selves, set off taixls t" one another as grudg ttiglv. a* if all the land upon the continent ovxriookcd Plymouth haris'r. Hut the couutrv at l'«> large to !*■ ciwitrond. The UtxD wen' prmtiealiy boii.ula'sa aixl unlim it'd in amount, arxl without cultivation. C'<•uiakhi men 1* an to to'l th** right of oc cupancy amt ownership. When they a etc n tustd in one plac , it wa* osv to hn*l an other. tYbcu an "intiiiate had hi* ears cropped aixl was waruixl to kuvi- New Ply niouth or Maamchu*'tts Hay. he trav. Usl along upon the coast either north or -<»uth aixl wilt hv* fellow malconbnt*. foumled a coloni on hi* own account. IV' irntn- ns«' extent iff the uaoctupxxl ciwntry ma.le it iniptvS'bie to prevent them from *«> d >tng Soon it Iwyaa to U sc n by even hunibb' m n. tliat it was j>h'|ht that llwy sb<»od t» protc t.xl ia their occupatx .v of the soil. - Living upon what they taxi come to believe tbi'ir owu soil, enjoyi’ng homes that they calleil tie ir own. these men entered upon ! new habits of thinking. They thought out new ideas of political right-, aixl ma.le up tin ir minds to protect and improve them. The man who lives upon his own broad j acres, and rejoices in his own fields and pas , turo, his own herds and Hocks, very soon le gins to feel that he is not the creature of an accidental king, or of a manufacturer of religious laws, lie begins to walk the earth proudly, and feel* tliat he has a right to think for himself and acts as he thinks.— He may not ba a nobleman, but his farm is i an empire where he reigns supreme. Such j men begat) to feel at that Cay that they lunl armies in public opiuiou and would be sustained by a majority situated like them se've*. This claw of men increases! in a ratio which was startling to the rulers of tliat age, and their rigorous laws were re laxed very nearly if not unite in an equal proportion. The tiller of the soil did not work in t hat suppliant spirit which h.d controlled him in his foreign land, but lie ujittinxd his own ground, ne livid in the , house which be had built with his own hunds, und a spirit of indepemk-nce and ev en defiance hail grown up in his heart, i Neither the tools of u Spanish inquisition, i tbo police of a French Kmperor or king, nor the magistrates and constables of our father land, hail power to terrify his mind or make inroad u]miii his courage and his hopes. L’n to this time the world hod known lit tle or the idea, that a common man should have an exclusive right to u portion of ghe earth of tiisl. It came upotf them by de grees. It i- doubtful if they ever knew the manliness, the independence, the character which it eonferred upon them. It is for us to look and learn a k , sson from their history. It is for us to enquire whether the |x*nnu nenee of our institution-, the stability of our government, and the continuance of our union and nation, do not depend in a great measure upon a principle which ahull allow to every man. so far as practicable, a little 1 spot of eurlli which lie may cull his own : when* he may sustuin himself and rear his family, in defiance of every power but that | of Hint who rules over all. The principle is not new, but practice upon that principle is unknown. It has indeed been attempted to | lie put in force, but eramnd and restricted in u manner which hus destroyed its energy und its law fits. We are now adopting the incipient meas ures which are to make tin foundation of a new State. We occupy u prominent posi tion in the Tcrritoric* in our tbivernment. Is]it not now in our power to tnakconr new State a Paradise for men. so t<« speak, even beyond our ordinary anticipation*'.' Why I should not our liegislature now in session give to the head of a family hisjfurm. his home- i -bad beyond nil the contingencies of mis : take, of debtor misfortune? Why should 1 not the mother who trains, together, her | children and the vines upon the walls of j her humble dwelling, and ornaments the one with her precept*and example.and the other with her industry, feel nu assurance that she 1 may enjoy the reward of her late.r and toil, | in spite of the merrile** oppression of cold and heartless law. It is an old idea that the debtor should contribute to the la-t farthing to the payment of his debt. It is not strange 1 tliat such a principle should have liv.si long i and triumphantly. It seems honest upon tlx- 1 * face of it, ami an honest man will always fig! that while In has property it belongs to his creditor. Hut I would pro|iose that the stmt of ground upon which a man or woman lives with his or her family, and which they 1 own. should never lie considered a part of the estate upon which a creditor lias aright to rely. I would have it as sacred as the graves of the dead. For a moment let us enquire what would Ik; the result of -itch a provision in otir own new State. It would afford an asylum where neither the richest nor the poorest would fl>**, but where man. he who is n tile and generous in his instincts, who has lost by his kindtn-ss who has dwindled dow n hi* fortune by his benevolence, who hus Uni mim'd by his faith in tliefalse hearted.would And a home where he could spend the re mainder of his days in quietnes*. and plant his family in comparative competence. Ihe man of rntiTprise who has in the change of times, or for other rau-*-e found his sjßgo lations advor*. . would turn w ith hope to a prairie home, which lie could not lose, before lie again embarked upon the un tain sea of speculation. The young man mm i* rich in good health, and a good wife that he loves, would rejoice at the ooperl mity of forded him. of placing her in that home from which neither misfortune nor rascality could cj|*| her. F.very man wln> is worthy te-ing call' d a man, ilvsire* of all things a home, and an owuranee that lx* will Ik‘ able to transmit it to his family, tiive such a li'gal ! protection to homes and farms, ami my opinion is thrv will be taken up w ith a ra pidity which would astonish even the people of M mnesota. But it is not the temporary advan tage of emigration npou which I would base ilie proposition sugg.wted. I believe it w ndd stand th*' ttsit of experiment or ar gument. in an old .'ountry, or in a n. For alth-sigh it wems to (*■ more directly applicable to tlx* immense event of ixir al m,»t uninhabited State, it cauM not fail, if I am orrect in my theory, to prove benefi cial to tlx* olikwl State in tlx* world. It .-ou Id not fail toadd to tlx stability of wealth | ami government. If woukl operate favora ble both in a bn«ine*i ami a ]«>lilical v.ew. 'l'm* laws for the collection <>t .febt* have in this and all civilised countries. operwt.-I as a curse to th*' debtor and creditor. They start by abstracting from the .lebtor the trx-sns of payment, arxl tlx-n send him n*»cd into the world or -hut him up in pri*on It is true that in th* State*. th«' extreme rigor of tlie old !a»* ha* been soni- what modified. In some instai*-* the meehanic* fix>l* are i x>'m|*ted :in some th. farmers c*.w arxl i»Tbapa the bed of the eh ..Iren | arxl tix ir mother, aixl other exemptions of a Similar . hanacter hav*. from time to time, tern grudgmgfv m»k*. But >xwx- of tl,em go to to*- fi*itxlatioo <*f the evil attempt'd to be arerted The nx-* bam. i„»dx a shop, the bed requires a house, and ’h»- cow want a pasture I have known oxen exempted upon the plea of benefiting the farmer, but yet hi* farm could be sold under the ham mer for debt. If the principle of exempting from attachment is good for anything at all, it is good to the extent of allowing him a home, a place where he may shelter his fam ily, a piece of tliat earth in which nature* intended every tnau should feliar*-. There should, of coarse, be a limit to the exemp tion. But in the agricultural districts, ex empt enough that tlie farmer may produce hi* bread and meat, and something to spare. If he tenatifk-s and adonis it, so much the better : let him have it. If lx- puts on good fences and neat, comfortable buildings, let ter still; let him keep them. Kncourage him to continue in hi* improvements, and add to the wealth and beauty of your State, und to the mean- for the support of your government. In the meantime, he will be increasing his wunts, and at the same time, enlarging his means to pay for whut he wants. He is not fearful that his farm is to Ik* turned over to u stranger, and he labor* with an industrious hand and a -trong heart. The future of his life has no terrors fur him, and he bi-comes more ele vated in his own estimation, and a more faithful citizen, and an honester man. Such a man will pay it he can. Having the means to pay, he will do so. Is it not in the long run better lor all, debtor, creditor und everybody else, to allow a man so situ atid to remain as he is, accountable to his creditors lor the surplus of his earning* only. Imagine, if you please, that each ICO a.-ies of land in Dakota county, outside of the vil lages, is fashioned into a productive farm by a man who reside* upon it with his family. .Sup|H>-c each farm, so cultivated, to have a g,x»l -.-t of building*, with *uch modern im provements as add to convenience und -ave expense. Suppose each farm to I*- worth eight or ten thousand dollars. Now. I ad mit it these men have incurred debts upon tlx; credit which these lurnis gave them, il it was mutually under-tood that the credi tor hu.l a lien u|xin the farm for payment of kis dues, it should b - carried out in good faith. But let us suppose once more tl.ut each and every one of the farms referred to uro exempt from attachment, and tliat the law Iras no powvr to arrest them from their owners. 'Vhut would be tic condition of that county? How would it* credit.-fund t What would its County Orders be worth on the dollar? How would tin merchants and mechanics be paid, und how would they pay? It seems to in.' that su.-li a county would In a pattern for the world. It seem* to me, and I have DO doubt that dents in such a county, wliether public or private, would lie more promptly paid than they can ever lx*, when every man under adverse cireura stance.* is liable to be turn'd in the street. Fxempt front attachment to*lay, the amount of land mentioned, and you w ill ere long find iu your whole State sou*- approxi mation to the slate of things which 1 have supposed ir. a -ingle county. I -ay approx imation because it cuiuiot be -apposed that every individual will turn out to he a man. Some would luck the sense and some would lack the industry to do aught lor themselves. Such men must always lx- servants. Hut that the aiuoutit ol wealth ill our State would, by sueli a law. lie tie imoti-ly increased, und especially that iiidividuul haj»- pinesx would lx greativ extended. I have no manner of doubt. Again, it would add to tlie stability of government. That portion of tie people who own the real 'state and arc secure iu it. ure never the ne n who desire to disturb the existing liovermuent. Their safety .|,- pends t.pon gix*l order and tliev may al ways lx' relied upon in their -up|xitt of the law* under which they live. Unsure a man u home tliat will utf.r.i him refuge in the day o| need, and yon w ill find iw ver him a traitor to his country inn a violator of its laws. You would by -uch l.w* inerca* * tin; number and add to the perlection ofyuiir seln*4 house*, and then bv enlarge the gen eral intelligence of the |x..pk. You woulij take large number* ol good men from the strong arm wliii h governs |*i\vr:y and make t in-in independent voter*: in a w you would do much liv such a law 1 1 in crea-e the property, th • p .wrer und the luje pirns*, of the people of your .-late, and w hat i* of far more coUsW-quenoe in tlx; long lapse of time, you would do much to equal ize them. It has Olten been said that iegi-ution ir. favor ol exemption from attachment is alone for tla Ix-netit of tb«* disbene-t. While public "pinion shall oblige a man to pay a debt with the roof that covers hi# wile aixl children, and the little spot of ground which ha* furnished them with nour ishment, there may be sinxtiiiiig in toe charge. Hut public opinion will changi upon this subject i-tter reasonable exf-eri ment. With as much certainty a* that truth wiil prevail over error. Ail agree that something belong ng to a man and bis lain ily should tx- waved iroin e.'-eution. \i.oi*- would dream of taking per-mai nothing aixl other nevv*-arv article* ol (tropert an exempt. aini'Wt by common <*ins».i'. Wlxr. shall (k* tie dividing lux* ix-tweeti what -hull be subject to execute <i and wliataba.i te exempt : The tmth is not often found in the extreme*. ar*i my opinion n* tra' tb tune will c. uie when tv-ry i ad of a fomi ly raa v f femaie. wih *• entitkil bv law t* hold *110)1 a home, in -; itc of d* bt. as with corn moo inducry *!.. mwiniain tbein.*e|ve* and tlx-ir <4&pring. If tin* is a levelling doctrine, it L* a level ling up. I' ,s such a icVeililig a* i.a* tx-et g> mg >*l iu thic gov'-mment *:n.« the la: d mg of the A’lanli' * olome- and such a* I hope w-,4 ontinuc til! men. a* awL i :mV' aseuuxsl the nujoty which shall inspire mu tual r.-iiKH l. au-1 inn, a.lopte.l -uch habits atxl such laws as sha ! c.isure m itua! protec tion and liappiiß-s-. Tl.e p .rpus. is not t raise th* ignorant to high place*— tie pr»« tx*e 1* quite Ux>ct>u.m'>n now. Tl* purjx*. is not to take from the strength ol our gov eminent -it is a-ready t.«' waik. It t > make men ir>lxpen«i.-t,t and happv aoi thereby inere-ao t.,.. ,r vent rat is, ",r ocr laws. tr.. g"*rriimen # . un*! the.r loTe for ixir common country, W« want t increase th. n .inte r* >f ttut c!a*s o! nev: who wdl at ad time* stan>2 a living wad it. <»ur mxUt. aga nsl tyranny arxl r* v utrOr. upon lh>' ix'»i'ie, a 1 v*;ida’i*rr. upon th*