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The weekly pioneer and Democrat. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. Territory) 1855-1865, April 01, 1858, Image 4

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Ipioneer & flnnocrat.
Tk*n4n)> *ptll •• !*•'»•••
at U»* •• rioQ'rr buildings, corner Third and
Jaikaon street*. by
oommictf, HOMKItH* Co.
JAM** MII.IM *** ' KlliroH
HKKKI.Y HI(I*I!KH*»WI* k,,,m hat
TO ■* arNT TO <>»■ AVl'****’-
On* copy, no* year 1 ?■ '
Three copies, one year “• "J
Kite copies, one year
Ten coplea, one year,... '
Twenty coplea, one y r, to one addreaa, JO,HO
Twenty eoplea, where each copy la
directed, <ll,Wench,).. •• **>*
And ii \*tK*r mini bur, nt th* mn* of 9 i.w
per year, with a copy gratl* to tne peraon (jet
tinu up the Club, or each copy directed II.W.
• ‘All aiili* Option* innat be paid In advance.
No *pa|>er aent uutil the money la received.—
Vuhltahera of PIONKKK ANI> I»KMO< HAT,
Ht. I'aul. Minneaota.
Tbr llallroarf l.eml liranU-- Mr. lien
ilrli a*' Miter,
We publiah today, (ctnlealiiel in n com
inunicatioii Iroui (Joy. (ioKNAB) a hitler
from the U'oinuiimioiirr of the General Isuid
'Ofliee, ujem tlie" tuaimiT'tirfctiiCh'rtßf fXid
grunt'd to an! the conatruction of ruilromln.
muy lie disponed of. Mr. llkhumukm letter
in dated January 26, I h 57, wiie addressed to
1.. U. Crookkk, and relates to an lowa rail
road grant. It is the <>|iiniofi ol a Mubordi
nute officer of the Ifejmrtinent of the
rior, ami in by no tueann eonelunive, although
entitled to respectful consideration. The
land grunt railroud eoui|iaiiien will, ofeourne,
•ulniiit the ijueetion to the Secretary of the
Interior, liy whom it will be referred to the
Attorney General.
We propose, in advance of any diaeumion
of tho time and iiiuiiiht in wliieli the ruilnaid
luudn may be Hold, to (|Uote u letter Irom
the Attorney General, drawn out by tliu
Hecndury ol Uie Interior, ujioti the gciicrul
question of the title of tbcHtalea,and thence
of list coiii|wnien, to the liuidn. The earn*
applii* to the Minnenota Kraut, tho tirnt
words of which are "That then I* ami n
hereby granted to tho Territory of Minne
sota," Ac., Ac.
ArTOHNKT UlKhHil.'H Drill I, I
June 7, IH.Y7. (
Hib—l lia ti t of t'oiigrcaa. |-*»*.il K«-I»ru»ry it,
1 H.i.t, glvaa ait'l grant* in Ilia Stale* ot Hiaanun
anil Alkalis**. natum laiut* lor the |iur|>imn nl
making a rallruatl frum tli« luuulli ui ilia Ohio,
by way uf l.illla lloek, to t'ulluu, uii Ilia lev**
llna, with brauclira. Tina art v*»t* tlia fra aim
pla till* In tlia Stale* tu wliirh ilia lamia ara
f[lvtn. A kgialaliaa grant by I'ongrc** iloaauf
laalf, |Niipi w I-agora, |iaaa to tin- granlra all the
aatata wfairli tin- I'uilail State* bail in tha null
inrt mailer nl tha grant, e»i'a|it wbal la«*|ire«a
ly e*i aul*i|.
The point la ttritily aattlad, II tlia highest jmll
rial authnrlly ran tattle anytlnug, ami run If
Ultra bail bean nn itccisiuri nl it, I tlmulil think
It tun plain, uu original prinriplra, to ailiult of
a doubt.
Whan f'ongraM aaya that a rartain pm lion uf
tlia public domain of ihr I’m tad Htalaa --la
hereby granted "toaHlalr,what liaad can tlu-in
ba of any further aaaurancaa 111 order to glra tha
Slate a perfect title In lea ?
Tha definite hiratlon of tba road will loeate
tlia grant upon tha proper nuniherof even (mid
•ectlona In Mlnnoaota) aartlmia on each »lde
with wliirh tha t'lilted Htateaaball not previous
ly bare parted with the title, and the seleetlon
of the Governor* agent will drterailna what
aertlona or partaof aoctlona are to he tato-n in
alead of thou# aold or aubjert to pre emplion.
Then the title to earb particular parrel will
be aa complete *a If it had hern granted hy
name, number, or deerrlpt'on.
The •urvry reipilred hy the lira! aectlon of the
law, will enable you tu know what land* am
appropriated hy the mere locaUun of the route
tor tha railroad, and, I preeume, you*,will aUo
be Informed, In »ome autbantle way, of the
choice made by the Governor* agent*.
I can nee no objection toyour luruiehlng ImU
of thoee lande to any person who daairea to
make a proper u*a of tbrlu, Inal aa you would
Sire other Information from rue recorda of your
epartment. Hut aucli llata can hare no iiillti
• nee on the title of the Htatee.
The Htatee of Miaaourl and Arhatma* will
hold theee lamia in tru»t for certain purpoaea,
and the mode m which the Irual ahall be ear
cuted, t* preacrlbed in the act making the
What thoae Htatea can rlghtlully do with the
landa, or what remedy tba Tinted Htatea will
hate If they do wrong, are uol i|ueato>na fur yuu
or me to declda at preeent.
I hare the honor to ba
Very reapeatful y
V our obed't eert ant,
(Signed) J H. Iti.»<k
lion. J Tinmrson, Hec'y of lha lutarior.
The title of our railroad eompounw is «!*■-
rived from the not of the I * gialalivc Am-hi
biy of Minueaotn. Approved Mnrrli 22d
That not contain* tin- follow mg language
aa to each rond
"for tba pnrpoaa ol aiding m the eonetruc
tioti of tha rallruada which, by tine act, the aer
era! railroada meiitn-ued m ilna act, ara author
laed to eonatruct, all tha mUtesl and eatatr.
preeaut and prospective, ol the *aid larnloir
and future State, in or to any and all tha landa
granted by tha Government of the I nited Htatea
to lha Territory of Minnesota for the purpoee ol
aldiag in the cunalraotiou of toada herein aal
forth by virtue of the Act of Congreca, entitled
Ac.. a a a together with all aad
•mgular. the righta. pnvilagaa, and miuumtiea
cunlerrad, or intended to be conferred, apou
aaul Territory, by the »aul ad of t ongreaa are
hereby granted to, and * rated In, aaid railroad
compeaiaa raapeclively . '
Hy the propena-d l*mn of Stnle Credit,
n Sinking Fund for tbo payment of pnnei
pnl ir provided aa 1011.-w-:
•• The'.overnor ahall demand and receive
from each uf aaid t xmpaaiee, before Any (
eald bonde are tasu.-d * * a conveyance to the
State of the drat two hundred and forty eee
Uona of lead, free from prior lacumbraacee.
which each Company w or *4y he aulhorued
to aell, lA truat lor the better aecurily of the
Treaeury of the Htate frum to** ,>a aaid bonda.
which naid dead of tru»t *b*ll antbori/.e the
fioveraor andSacetary of Slate to maka eon
vayance* of title to all or any of aa< h land* to
pnrrhaaeri agraelng with the reapectlre Hall
road Oompanle* llmrefor, HrwuUd, That be
fore releaoog t/i» mtereat of the State to •utli
landa *u- h *alc »h»ll be approved by the Gov
ernor, but the proceed* of all *uch aale*
•hall l<* applied *o the payment of mtereat ac
r ruing upon the bond* In < a*e of default of the
payment of the tame, and a* a *mklng fund to
meet any future default In the payment of in
tcrevt, and the principal thereof when due."
Cwli-r thin language, tig! first two hun
dred and forty section* which n Gom part
is now, or may become, authorized to anil
arc act ajuirt nn<l conveyed to the State, for
tig- purpuric of a kinking luml for principal
or to meet actual ik-fault by a company in
tin- payiin-nt of interval. The object in ol>-
tuiricil, if, by tin: time a good price can be
had for them (Huy 810 ja r aerej, the right to
acli ik vmUtl. At Uie outaet, the right to
w-ll the first 120 wetionk wag suggested a.-*
a uii-uiw of providing accruing puymciitk of
interest: tint, uh the hill wan amended, the
lamia are relied upon to provide lor the State
Isindg at matin ity.
Hence, it in not ho important, whether the
right to nell and convey the land ik made ui>-
koluti! immediately or in a reukoriable pcriisl
h'reufb r, and in this reaped the opponent*
of the loan attach tar more importance than
it demundk, to the letter in ipieation.
Section -1 ol tin- Minmwota land grant act
ia in the following word* :
"Sat. 1. And be it further enacted, That
the laud* hereby granted tll_Hiil Tvrntory »r
future Si»ie,‘*li*]f i* >/i*j>6a«<n>f by iiiiT Terri
tory or luture Htate, only ill th-- ui*nm-r follow
lug,.that i* to »»y, lhal a t|u*iilily of land nut
i* v ceding our hundred and twenty aectlon* lor
each of said road* and branches, and included
within a continiKiua length of each of aaid road*
uud tranche*, rnuy he eutd ; ami when the Gov
ernor of aaid Territory or future State ahall
certify to the Secretary ol tint Interior, that
any twenty coulllioou* mile* ol any ol aaid
roada or hraaehea i* < uliipleted, then anulhn
ipiautily ol laud heiuhy grunted, nottu exceed
one humlied and twenty *eclioiiH for eai h of
■aid road* and hi am Ire* having twenty t outiu
non* mile*compleled a* aforesaid, uruf initiated
within ii rimtmuvue /eng th nj tweidi/ miles nj tiuh
nj nruf unite m bianehte, maybe *rdd ; and *u
Irulu time to time until aaid road*and branches
are completed , and il any of said roada or
hranche* i* not oolopleted within ten year* no
fill thei -ale ahall be made,,and the land" unsold
ahall revert to the United htatea,"
'I he right tu rat-11 the first out; humlriel ami
twenty w-clionk m advance of couktruction
ia no evident from the flrnt elaune, that Cul.
I>. A. UoHUKTrOk, iiutwithktunditig liim
ktridig biaa, lately used the follow mg tun
guitge in our pa|N-r. " ( port u fair const rui
linn of the /.urn/ t hunt, the State it pi ninthly
rnlilleii to receive for mrh until 120 tec t unit,
upon /cxitf run, and in advance of completion."
Such waa the construction of the Miiiih-molu
Ik-gikluturc, when they ilik)>oM.'i| of lire (irant.
Hy Section 111 of thik Act, it ia proviib-rl,
that “ whem-ver twenty or more rontinuouk
liiilca of road khall have bei u hunted, the
(lovernor shall certify the Mine to the Sec
retary of the Interior anil thcreupoo the ti
tle to ooc hundred und twenty Mictions of
Haul landa khall vent in the kuid Company."
Ac In Wisconsin, the Is-gislature required
twenty miles of ctmthuchon, instead of lo
eation , but allowed the Companies, when
*Hid twenty inilea wan completed, fo tell two
hundred and forty sections of land —thiik re-
n-ginning the law of Congra* to provide as I
the Is-gialature uf Minnesota lias directed.
The lUilriatd Companies will claim, ami j I
take the opinion of Attorney General Bla< k j '
upon the point, that Section 4 above ipioled 1
givr-k to the Slate, and thenee to the Coin ,
punier), the right to sell 150 sections at the | I
start, ami an equal quantity thereallop—
anothrr 120 section*—ou the construction of
every twenty miles, und thin with only one
•|iiali(ieatioti. namely, that the lands shall he
"niclwlfd within a cimtmmu denyth of t went it
mi let of the und. It would have Isvn
eusy to say “ if adjaeent to the |sirtion
completed," but language ik earvliilly ent
ployed which nn-rv ly impliiri that the hinds
must In- located in a body rnding on a "coo
tiuuoua length of twenty miloa." It is in
kikterl that no otlier construction would car
ry the object of the (irant into ellK t, nor
will the jaunt t>c ya-hied until the Supreme 1
Court of the I'nited Statea has determined
The error of Mr. Hkm-ai- »'* lumty note '
ik. that he assumra--dhinkk it " j-lain, ' that
the lands authoring to sold mimt be "ojw
jswite tint completed portion." 1 ’Hh- In-gi-la
lure* of W iseonsin ami M iimeaota eowtrued
tlui exprvmiiui *• include)! within a continu
ous length of twenty miles of each of such
roatl* or branches." as intsodid to carry out
the manilist object ot Congress, namely, to
i allow the kale of 7»‘>,SOO aens for every
- twenty tnihwof entnpk-ted road, ami we have i
i b»vn mfbnaed. and have n-cu n«w*jia|w-r
«tati-merits to the eflkvt. that tin- right of
i the l*t Crouse am! Milwaukee R. It Co., to
! w-ll M\* *eetions. on the construrtioo of forty
miles, has Iwn allowed, although tls tv w. n
i mi lauds, of a small quantity, adjacent to
| tls- forty miles of ttuiidsd rvstd
Hut, as we have alrvssly rvmarktvl, we do
1 i not regard the questiott as having much
! practical importance. Cmler Attorney <J»-n
-; erai Hi.si-k's opinion, tts- title to the lands
|is in the Companies. lVv can i-oowy in
- trust at this time 240 sections, subject to be
I divrstid if the combtii-us of tire land Grant
• are md complied with The State will hold
the lands, bat without power to *4l. until
J the need it cumpdetnl 6*you.i them, according
, 'to Mr llssnst- ti letter. Thw might N-
the weekly pioneer and democrat.
an objection, if it wa« projrcwed or -leeir-d
to sell the lands sooner, bat it is not. Tle-y |
are exprawly set afkirt, as a Kinking Fund
fig- princifial, nncl the longer they are held j
without mlt, the Utitr for the Stale. Under j
Mr. HutnstcK * theory, tbs l>eed of Trust -
will designate the land* by Necti<g)H and th- y ’
will Ire the first on tin- lines of ri>a<l until .
the whole quantitity of 153,000 aerm 1614.- i
(»0<) ac-ri* in all) Isobtaitierl. As against the j
Gbvcmineut ami the Companies, tie- lands ,
are firmly and necurely held; but tie y can !
not Is- sold—they are locked up from vale 1
—for a lon jer |k-riod than was expected.—
Well, what of that Y 'Ho much the better
for the Htate, according to our impression.
They »re conveyed and l« ld to provide for
the leuulk whin they mature fifteen or tw<-n
-jty years hence—to secure a Sinking Fund,
i No kale ol them khould take place, uiilchh
tlk-y bring 810 p* r acre ; and that cannot
lie exj» etcd until thi- road* are in ojk-ration
lk-yond them.
Ak for interist payments, they arc other 1
wine secured hy the right to sell first inert
gage bomb- to tlx; lull amount of Htate bonds
I**lll*l—Bl2 of railroad bond* to 81 of an
nual payments for interest—with the [mwer
of selling out every couijiatiy, ou foreclosur--.
with all their franchise, on any default.—
Itesides thik nummary remedy, aik-quiitc at
all tiim-s to prevent advancen from the
Htutc Treasury for interest, Ahchett protits
of any portion constructed, are specifically
plulged ; and if the ilefault occur* while tin
issue of Htute bonds continues, then the fur
ther issue to a defaulting company ceases.
While, therefore, the right to sell the land*
dedicat'd to a future sinking fund may Is
post[Kku dto a period when higher price*
[ will Ik- realised—thus really be-nelitting the
State,'and securing the very object propemd
I by tin ctmvtynntt in trust ; yet we hope and
| iK-licve that the Secretary of the Interior
and the Attormy General will promptly
overrule Mr. llkshhuks. It would eer
tuinly faeilitate our railroad interests to
, adopt such a construction us will enable the
companies to sell Tf'-.sOO acres for every con
struction of tweuty mill*. If a narrow uml
illiberal policy is adopted in this resjiect, it j
constitutes, to our mind, a [kiwerful urgu
ment—one- which we hud not anticipated— 1
in lavor of the loan of Htate credit. Such
a loan, in that case, will Is- seen to Is- more
nectscary, and Nccesaity—the value of rail
risuls under all circumstancee and the value
of tlieir sjkisly construction at this time—is
the controlling argument in favor of the
measure. The late publication will be very
i likely to charge to friends of tls- loan,
tiuttiy who had hitherto suppomd the land
grant to be an ample provision for their
commencement and peosecutiou ; and who
now, wring an ofiicial determination to im
pair its prm-nt value, will, on tliat account
alone, I*! disposed to advance the Htate
credit for the pur|*iw of making the lands
at ailable.
Tbr U*n Unrilt**. i (
We have exhibited our confidence in the I ,
(Hisition which wo have assumed on thi* |
question, by giving considerable space- in -
otir columns to ail verse communications front
Messrs. Koiibrthoh and (lokwas. We liave
no disposition to make any formal rejoinder ;
but after di*|»singof a few p'itits suggested
by tliiao- communications, we |>ropti«c to add
—it may be to reiterate—some further con
siderations in favor of an nlfirtuativc vote by
tlie people
1. We have discuss'd, at some h-ngth
the wi<ie distinction between the direct con
itruction by a State of canals and railroa»lk
involving taxation, and the policy which has !
grown up since 1850, of loaning its public ]
credit to aid such works, devolving upon
[Ktrtu* managing them, the duty of provid- '
iog for [vayinenta of interest and principal, i
' All the State debts for internal improve- j
ment* ts-long to the former class ; and among I
these we include every instance wliere a State
' has oubscriUsl to capital stock or advanced i
ntooey from h*-r Tnasary for such a pur
[Hise. We arw informed that New York, j
Ohio uml Iruliana were always direct parti)-*
to their railroad enterprm-* -advancing
tmus-y in the first instance II so, these
State* are not illustration* i-f a loan ot •
State credit. In Massachusetts, Tennessee
Missouri, ami evi-ry Htate making such l-an*. |
no advame >4 tuom-y has ever is curresl and
) no tax has ever been im|s**>t in connection
with th*- loan. In other wonlx, private eo
terpriss is the prioeipa! thi- State is a
surety ! ** k» v »-‘ J 1 '* to l.arn of a sne
gle lustame where there ha< teen a public -
loss in the United States fr m saeh a tran
2. The letter of Mr. Ilonniecs we hare
c-msiik-nsl tu aiK>thcr article. If its cow
itructuin is not revs-rare! by the l>«partisent
of the Interior, it will const.tute an argu-
BK'ut to many mind* in fare-r of the loan
while the object of the «)>cvcyance in trust
to the State of 240 wclton* of laisl is not
impairesl A postponena-rt of the power t>-
•eli Uusis held to [iruvide a «mkmg fund cun
only lend to menusr tbeir value for such a j
3. We regard the denial t-y tb*- memt-er*
of the Is-giaUture of an article in the Mtn
net',turn, as an explicit statement tiiat a
Htate tax was never intended by tbi-m as a
msta-ary part of a loan of State credit; and
in this re*i*ft they are fully sustained by
Uie legislation of other Statin. The Minne
udian had charged tliat it was their " pur
pose and intention" to levy such a tax at the
Jow session, and that this was the •* main,
the moving object” of the adjournment.—
These assertions, claimed to be “upon the
lent authority," the ra*-mbers pronounced
unqualifiedly fahe,” and in the same con
nection, tlK'y enumerated the securities,
which rendered it imneciasary for the Legis
lature to levy u tux for interest or principal.
Their denial, of course, only related to their
own action, and effectually refuted a gross
misrepresentation, not only of themselves,
bat of the proponed umcn.lmcnt. There cun
and will lie no taxation, unh-ss the compa
nies are in default, and all the securities held
by the State an exhausted.
The press of news will oblige us to post
jsme to our next is-ue some furtlicr con
sidentious, which, in our judgment, far out
weigh everything advanced in our columns,
or elsewhere, against this measure.
Further C uattlfleratlnu lu Favor of Hi
Wc resume the argument in favor of the
ratification by the people of the railroad
We cannot see for our life, how, under
this jiropOHition, a Kailroud Company could
make expenses in any attempt at a swindle.
It would certainly cost 810,000 per mile to
jirejiare ten miles of rood for the superstruc
ture ; or another 810,01)0 to fully complete
and ojsTatc ten miles. As construction
must, in ull cam-s, precede the issue of State
luinitri, what is to be gained by dishonesty
Hut it may lie denied, thut the Conijianies
will lie obliged to ruise and exjs nd equal
amounts in the first instance—that these re
adit can be accomplished with one half the
amount of State aid. If 85,000 per mile
will prepare u road-bed for the iron, or fully
complete a road-lied with cars running there
on. then we are called ufmn to believe that
these Companies will go into insolvency
surrender their lntnl grants—be dishonored
in the persons of all connected with them'
for the sum of 8’50,0(i0 ettch ! Hut we re.
jieat, there is no possibility that tlie condi
tions of this loan can be complied with and
h ave any such amount—there is, on the other
hand, a great probability that the Compa
nies will be? compelled, over and above the
State aid, to raise uiul cxjiend full fifty per
cent, before entitling themselves to the State
This city has lately voted with remarka
ble unanimity for the Hridge Ixiun: and yet,
tijsin this theory of seoundrelism without
motive or object, it would have been easy
to cry “swindle!" ami impute conduct to
the gentlemen connected with that enterprise
which would have qualified them lor a lunatic
asylum! Why not attribute to Messrs.
Cut tk.Kick.lUMHKY.HTKKi.K.andothcrscon
nected with the Railrisuls what all cheerfully
eoneisle to Messrs. ILhikrtson. Maisiiaix,
Hakrh and others connected with the Hridge
improvement — namely, some regard for per
sonal character aud the public welfure?—
We have hitherto had little to say to this
jNiint, because we wished the projmeed
amendment to lie made so secure that then'
would be safety to the State if every ltail
road Director was a fugitive from justice:
but believing that result to have been ob
tained, we think it high time that the com
munity should express tlieir disgust with
that opjioaition to tlie hum bill which assmes
tliat Minnesota is below the level of ltotany
i Hay. ami that our first citizens will sacrifice
1 their interests, any time, under a mama for
i tlu commission of crime.
Ni>r do we think it necessary to further
argue the question of securities. We have
fully jiresenteil the grounds of our belief,
that they are sufficiently ample to exonerate
tlie State Treasury from all advances on ac
count of the loan, and hence we concur with
the members of the legislature in tlieir pub
lished determination to levy no tax, now or
herenfb r. in advance of an actual default ot
(Niyment by tlie companies. As such a de
fault is unlikely to occur, or, il it occur*, as
the State holds the mums of indemnity to
her Treasury, the bugbear of taxation ut
terly disapjwars—is “ gone up 'in Western
parlance. Fitteen or twenty year* hence,
jiwtenty, with a populous and pruajNjrous
state frir an inheritance, must look to the
principal for the discharge "I which we ind
icate 614.400 acres of land, ami which, when
sold, will constitute an abumlant sinking
hind And as for interest on the** Htate
tnuds—our only concern alter the above
legacy to posterity—tbc peremptory sale of
first mortgage bonds of the companies, held
by the Treaiatrer in the proportion of 814
Ui 81 of annual inti-rest payment* (8100.000
to provide for $7000). with a further reme
dy to dwpoae of .and* and rood* on foreclo
sure. will completi-lT prefect the State, with
out reference to the exclusive lien upon nett
profit* for interest payments. We cannot
imagine a case where rich a sale of boo,is
specially when the total amount UNuabie »
always limited by Trust Deeds to the sates- j 1
fit turn of bond-hotilers, and never at the dis- *
trthon of railroad officers, can fail to (Tone
rate the State Treasury from low.
The emigration argument in favor of the ‘
railroad loan—its value in stimulating labor ‘
and attracting capital—and, as a const- 1
qucnce of the general prosperity, the in- 1
creased rates which the State Scrip and 1
the $250,000 loan will command in the *
market, have never been set forth more eon- 1
clnsively, than in the following article from
Monroe’s Journal of Finance and Bank Re
porter of March 20. The Journal is pub
lished in Wall street, New York, and we 1
are informed stands as high as any publiea- <
tion of the kind. It will be seen that “A
Mirmcsotian" spoke of the loon, as its oppo
nents are accustomed to do, and put the case (
far more strongly than the tact* justify ; but i
this makes the testimony of the Wall street (
paper more satisfactory. We quote as above
stated :
J AMKH UIINKOR. Es<J.. I'KAH SIK I— The bill to
so amend the Constitution of Minnesota so as <
to allow the MMie of five Millions of State
Ootids to the railroad companies of our State. '
has passed the l/-gi»l»ture, making the debt of I
our State in all ♦'i.loO.OOO. What effect will
this have on the value of State icrip in your
city? A reply through your Hejmrier would
oblige A Miknkhotiin.
We do not consider that this issue of A'i.(SM).-
0414) of State Hoods will in the least diminish the *
value of any hunnJutr evidence of debt standing
against Minnesota. The great improvements
which this sum will promote will amply coin- j
peuate the peiyile lor the nulls ■’ by re opeuing
the £ute“to lße“rtßTgrati*on"dl all i lasses, he
sides which the enormous ejpenditures required
in building the»e roads will greatly add to the
working capital of the State, ami thus encour
age great enterprise. If those bonds are judi
ciously put into the market, it will create ade .
mand for scrip which did not exist before, add- I
ing greatly to its value, besides which the new 1
banking law which your Legislature has just
enacted will furnish the means of absorbing all
State stocks issued by your State, whether
bonds or scrip.
What can atld to the force of this brief
paragraph on every [stint referred to Ob
serve the lunguugc— “rc-open Minnesota to ■
emigration."—recognising the fact that we
had not our share last year, utsl that the
louu measure is of vital importance in giving
us our share for the coining season.
In a former review of this subject, we al
luded briefly to a Senate amendment, re.
([Hiring each company to complete fifty miles
of road before the expiration of the year
Isfil, undone hundred milet) before 1864,
and four fifths of the entire length before
18GG. with a penalty for the non-compli
ance with these requirements, that all the
lunds and franchises pertaining to the por
tions not thus constructed, shall be abso-,
lutely forfeited to the State. The aeleet
committee of the House of Representatives.
| explained the object and effect of this provi
j sion ns follows :
“ The ebarters granted to th# companies
at the extra seseiun of the Territorial l-eg
| idature last nututner, for some reasons not (led
, nitely known to your committee, fsiled to coin !
pel the companies to progress with the work
j on their respective roads front year to year, or
forfeit their charters. By the provisions of this j
proposed loan of credit, we secure to the State
I what should have been done by a previous leg
islature, thereby securing to the State the vigor
ous prosecution ol the work on all the roads
from year to year uulil completed, or a for
feitnre of their charter in season for the State
to dispose of the remaining portion of the land
i grant to such companies a* will complete
| them."
When it is considered that unless these
, roads are completed before March ft, 1867,
the lands pertaining to the unfinished por
! lions of road, will revert to the United
States, the right above secured to the State
is, of itself, a sufficient ground to vote for
the loan. At present, the companies have
‘ vested rights of which they cannot be do
-1 prived against their consent, and extending
; over the whole period of bn years By the
; terms of the loan, and which the companies
; accept as conditions of securing the aid of
the State, there must be 200 miles of road
i io operation before the close of I*6l. or the
! Stnti takes hark the land grant. So in 1864,
if 400 miles are not completed—so by 184>6
1 fourteen months before the lands revert
to the United States—if 1200 miles (four
( fifths of the whole) are not completed. As
: we have already‘remarked. liere are three
I opportunities (trfiuA vill he lost by voting
aeamst the /ram) for throwing off these com
panies if they do not faithfully discharge
their trust. If they do. and give the people
twelve hundred miles of railroad before 1866
increasing the value of property hundreds of
millions of dollars, there will be few willing
to «ilmit that they voted in 185(4 against
I the means necessary to eipedit* railroad
I There is but one further suggestion which
we tkwire to make now. It is. that the de
feat of the lawn Bill will exhibit as to the
world, as a people, lacking confident's in each
other and in the advanUgts of Minnesota.
Of what avail all oar effiTts, by newspaper*,
j pamphlets, and correspondence, to draw
population and capital here, if the response
is to come than. Wring back. “ You, by your
1 votes have given the lie to your statements.
You conks* your inferiority to Wisconsin
and Illinois, where railroads have been sue
cesslul—you announce that Minnesota, nei
ther in soil, climate or position, is equal to
Uwt and Missouri, tor thow States are ra
pidly pushing forward their am.ues between
tV farmer and hw market. Missouri loaning
State credit tor the purpose— no otherwise
can your c«r* be explained and tbere
f. re. to other State* aritnatid by a bo d y
and more enterprising spirit, will we, the
emigrant sof both worlds, bend our footsteps!’
It will never do to incur this hazard 1 Al
ready—by the vote in the Legislature—has
a most favorable impression gone over the
country. Every citizen who has returned
from the East, has seen and heard enough to
make-him a firm friend of the- Loan : and its
ratification by a triumphant majority of
the people, will u-sher a new era of emigra
tion and prosperity b> Minnesota.
Minnesota In tfce Senate.
The following dispatch was received yes
terday, and kiudly furnished us for publica
tion :
Washinuton, March 25, 1858.
Hon. H. 11. Sisi.tv, Governor of Minnesota:
Minnesota will pass the-Senate next Monday
(29th.) The only tiouble is about our three
members. H. M. Rica.
Passage ot tlie l.riomploii Hill Ihruugh
the (Senate,
It will lie seen by the news published in
another portion of today's paper, that the
Bdilute,8 dilute, on Tuesday last, passed the bill ad
mitting Kansas under the Ijecoinpton Con
stitution, by a vote of 3d ayes to 25 nays.
l or the benefit of men of all parties we
give the annexed analysis of the political
elements comprising the forces on both sides:
son LECourroN.
Northern Dcnux-rat* s
i Southern li«niorra(s. -J-J
Boothita. Americana,. .3.
Northern Democrats, 4
Southern Americans, 2
Republicans 19
Two Senators, Messrs. Baths, ol Del., and
Ueid, of N. C., both ijeconiptouites. were
übsent. Mr. Cameron, anti, of Pennsyl
vania, parrtri off with Senator Davis.
'Hie bill was received in the House on
Thursday, but no day has yet been set for
taking a vote upon it.
The correspondent of the Philadelphia
Brest, states confidently and positively that
if the vote upon ijecoinpton lie taken in the
House within the next thirty days, it will
not exhibit any stronger affirmative than is
given in the following classification ;
Republicans 92
American—Davis, Harris,.Kicaud of Md..
Gilmer of North Carolina, Marshall and
Cnderwuod of Kentucky 0
Democrats—Adrian of N. J., Clark and
Haskins of N. Y., Chapman, Hickman,
Owen, Jones, and Montgomery of l’a.,
Hums, Cockeril, Cox, Urosebeck, Hale,
l.awrence and Pendleton of Ohio. Davis,
Knglish and Foley of Ind., Harris, Morris,
Marshall, Shaw and Smith of 111., and
McKibben of Cal., 25
Total 123
Democrats -including Speaker and Ca
ruthera (absent) 107
Americana—Hill and Tripp of Ga., Ready
Maynard and Zollicofler of Tenu., 5
Majority against the bill 10
The House ci insists of 234 mem tiers, in
cluding the Speaker. One hundred and
eighteen is a majority of the entire House ;
Mr, Caritiiehx of Missouri, being absent,
the total number is reduced to 233. The
Speaker ran only vote on a tic or when his
vote can make the division. In ease of Car
ctheru’ continued absenci', 117 would be a
clear mujority of the entire House, as the
Speaker's vote included in the other side
would only make 116.
How faf the amendments made by the
Si nate to the l/pcompton bill will modify
the existing feeling in the House, remain.* to
be seen. These amendments were designed
to change the votes of Kbourh of Indiana
Birrs and Pkkdi.kton of Ohio, and Dkr
, rant of Pennsylvania. Even if these change,
which is extremely doubtful, the vote will
then stand—for the bill including the Speak
er, 115: against it 118.
CamioiVs declaration, that he hus given
certificates to the free Slate Legislature. will
it is said, strengthen the hostility of the six
( Southern Americans against the bill, and
may induce others of the same ftarty to take
, a like course.
Shakoper luilmm fur the Railroad
; KiuKorn, March 28.1*5«.
To ih« K4iu»cs of th** Ptoorer 4 Ivmocrv
, lait evening a large aisl enthusiastic
j meeting was held here-. The Hal! was
I crowded, and at the else resolutions in favor
of the loon were adopted. The Hon. Tao*.
( liALBEAt-ni presided, Speaking briefly but
mist effectively lor the measure. Speeches
were- also made by Misers. Mi rput, Batrn
( Cowan. Whiteuat ami Bradley. The
Valley will do its full share to the majority
tor the loan. ♦
r We very mm h regret to state, says the
Cincinnati Commercial, that the majority •>f
horticulturists in this region are deploring
the sad •aiamity that has befallen the pach
crop. We are informed that the last warm
•pell, succeeded by sharp frosty weather.
’ chilled a large portion of the buds of the
irc hards hereabouts. We have met several
fruit raiirrs, however, who exprere a hope
1 that the orchards have partially escaped.
t A legislative prayit meeting iu instito
■ ted on Friday last. at the room J the Court
r of Appals. Albany.

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