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The weekly pioneer and Democrat. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. Territory) 1855-1865, September 30, 1859, Image 1

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VOL. XI—NO. 23
Tlic Departure of the Great Eastern.
Krom the Lmdon Times.
Xoke Light, Thursday, Sept. 8.
After her first short run the Great East
ern remained at her anchor ofi Purfleet for
the rest of the night, and slowly resumed
her progress down the river at a quarter to
0 o'clock this morning. Her stoppage at
Purfieet was a sad disappointment to many
thousands who had been collecting at
Gravesend all day in the firm belief that
she could or would stop nowhere else. Hor
slight detention at Biackwall point, how
ever, prevented this, and it became abso
lutely necessary from the state of the tide
to bring up at once at Long Reach. The
distinguished arrival threw Purfleet into a
state of uncommon excitement. Every one
within moderate reach ol it by road or rail
hurried to the little village till it was
thronged to the water’s edge. Gravesend,
also, seemed most unwilling to yield up its
share iu the great occasion without an
effort, and before long crowded boats steered
round an I rouud the ship, the passengers
cheering themselves till they were hoarse
again, while the bauds played “See the
Conquering Hero Comes,” “Rule Britan
nia,’’ and ail sorts of musical welcomes.
For the rest of the evening there was a
constaut repetition of such visits. Not a
vessel passed that did not turn up hands to
cheer, while many, as they came down the
river, dressed iu flags lrom stem to stern
It was not till night had fallen that the
ureat ship was fairly left alone, and began
swinging round to her anchor with the
rising tide. The night was a little puffy,
and seemed inclined to come more so, but
the wind fell as the moon rose, and the
weather eventually settled down into a dead
calm, it took upwards of an hour for the
tide to turn the ship fully round, and at low
water, as she lay across the river for a short
time in turning, she might almost be said
to have stopped the navigation with her
colossal bulk. During the night she swung
twice again, and by daylight was lying with
her head fair for*the resumption of her
course down the river.
It seems almost incredible that a ship of
such size could have swung in any part of
the Thames, but only nautical meu can ap
preciate the fact ot her doing so in a strong
tide way with a single six-ton anchor,
which was crossed and recrossed no less than
three times without the chain fouling it or
the anchor being disturbed iu its hold. At
halt-past eight tliis morning the vesssl was
again under way. The Marquis ot Stafford
had joined during the night, having traveled
all the way from ticotiaud to witness the
great ship's first efforts. Lord Alfred
Fagot also came on board before starting.
One turn a little below Long Reach required
to be careiuily rounded, but with the depth
ol the water and greater breadth ol the riv
er this was accomplished with comparative
ease. Just after passing it, a little brig,
which was quite sale when she was sailing
up, appeared frightened at tbe sight of the
the huge vessel, and, altering her course,
stood almost across the path ot the Great
Eastern, and was within an ace of being run
down. As the vessel approached Gravesend
multitudes of people could be distinguished
along the shore. Gradually as she came
nearer and nearer the air rung with their
cheers, and the river was covered with
boats of every shape and size crowded with
people, all shouting or waving hats and
handkerchiefs. There was something al
most affecting in the spontaneous enthusi
asm aud delight with which ail seemed to
hail the release of the noble tliip from her
long thraldom iu the river. No matter
whether it was a Hamburgh or Rotterdam
steamer with half loreigners oil board, or a
fishiug smack with a few meu iu the bows,
none seemed too high or too low to do her
honor, and her voyage down the river was
one continued scence of vociferous welcome.
Off Gravesend aud in front of'the thronging
piers aud terraces were several large troop
ships with detachments on board for India.
The crews were in the shrouds of these ; the
soldiers, grouped in picturesque masses,
stood on deck. From all, the great ship
got a welcome which was worth a long jour
ney to sie, and which, triumphant as may
be her reception in the States, is never like
ly to be surpassed, nor even equalled. With
the parting cheers still floating across tbe
water Gravesend was left behind, and the
two dugs ahead began to go at greater
speed as the Lower Hope was passed.
Soon the water began to change its tiut
from dirty black to muddy green, aud cool
air came fresher across the reaches, and those
on board rejoiced at last at the long wished
for approach of sea water. The transition
was marked in the usual disagreeable mau
ner by the the boilers “ priming,” as it is
termed, and throwing showers of muddy
water from the steam pipes over all the
deck. This unpleasant inauguration, how
ever, was soon over as sea water was fairly
gained, aud preparations were made for
casting off the tugs aud leaving the Great
Eastern for once aud for all upon her own
The change, as may be readily imagined,
made no difference, the wanderer thus cast
adrift being better able to take care of her
shlf than any vessel that has ever yet floated
or the world seen. Still, as the event
marked the commencement of what we be
lieve will be a long and triumphant career,
and one which will inaugurate a new era in
ocean steamships ar.d ocean navigation, it
deserved to be marked. The tugs were cast
off the Chapman's Head, at the top of Sea
Reach, the passengers with the ship’s band
being assembled aft and the crew forward.
The National Anthem was played as the
smoky auxiliaries left her head to her own
control—the passengers cheering from one
end of the vessel, while the crew swarmed
into the shrouds forward to return the com
pliment. Thus the tugs were let go, after
having performed their arduous duty under
the most difficult circumstances hi a way
that commanded the admiration of the most
experienced pilots on board. As soon as
the vessel was left to herself an increased
amount of speed was got on her. This was
done, not in the least with a view of testing
her power, but literally only to give her
good steerage way and move her engines
easily. Throughout the whole course down
the river the paddle engines had never been
moved at a greater speed than lrom four to
six revolutions per minute, and the screw at
rom 12 to 18. In fact, neither engine was
moved till it became actually necessary to
assist the tugs. Yesterday, however, when
our valuable little aids, which had realized
the table of the Mouse and the Lion, and
freed the Great Eastern from all her river
toils, were cast adrift at Chapman’s head,
more speed was put upon the vessel, and in
10 minutes she set at rest forever all doubt
as to her being the fastest vessel beyond
comparison in the world. It has already
been stated that the proper seagoing trim of
the Great Eastern is a little over four feet
down by the stern. Instead of this she is
at present six inches down by the head,
while her whole draught of water is too light
to allow the proper immersion to her paddle
floats, and no less than four feet of her screw
blades are out of water.
Any one at all acquainted with steamships
will see that an attempt at the real speed
under such circumstauces was out of the
question. Yet even in this trim, enough
was done to show the marvellous power
which this vessel will possess when fully
ready for sea. At sea the Great Eastern
is intended to work at 251 b. of steam, the
paddles going 14 revolutions and the screw
53. To-day the pressure of steam was under
lTlb., the paddles never actually reached
nine revolutions, and the screw only 27.
Yet, even when not employing two-thirds
of her power, and in the worst trim against
a strong tide, she ran from the Lower Hope
point to the Is ore light ship, a distance of
15 statute miles, in two minutes under the
hour. Calculating from this data, it will
be found that working to her ordinary sea
going power will give her, even in her pres
eut trim, an average of from 18 to 1!) miles
an hour. During the time that the vessel
was going at this speed of 13 knots, or 15
miles, the engines worked with an ease that,
when their size and power are considered,
was perfectly astounding. There was scarce
ly any vibration on the vessel, and, as far as
could be gathered from outward objects,
one might much easier have imagined one’s
self writing in a Parisian salon than in the
state cabin of the Great Eastern Hying down
to the Nore. One thing connected with the
vessel is as remarkable as her other charac
teristics. Even when going 13 knots an
hour, there was an utter absence of “ swell ”
in her wake—even less, as far as could be
judged from the deck, than is made by the
ordinary penny steamers, and not one-half
as much as was thrown up by our own tugs.
The Nore Light was reached at half past
12 o’clock to-day, and the anchor let go in
8 fathoms, with 45 fathoms from the horse
hole. Before anchoring the vessel was put
about, and went completely round under
steam in less than three quarters of a mile.
In a lew minutes afterwards Admiral Har
vey came alongside in his yacht, dipping his
eusign as he approached, as every single
vessel, man of war or merchantman,
which has yet met met the Great Eastern
has hitherto done. In an hour afterwards
the ship was surrounded with yachts and
sailing boats of all kinds. During the run
down from Gravesend, the fixing of Mr.
Langley’s steering apparatus was comple
ted, and worked to perfection. Captain
Comstock was on the previous day, at his
post on the bridge, directing the steering by
the signal indicator. Capt. Harrison and
the pilot were on the starboard paddlebox,
and Mr. Scott Russell directed the engines.
Mr. Campbell, the indefatigable managing
director, as usual, was everywhere. Among
the passengers who started with the vessel
were Mr. Penn, jr., Mr. H. Ingram, M. P.,
Sir R. W. Carden, Mr. Appold, Mr. Oak
ford, Mr. Hobbs, Mr. Ayrton, M. P., Mr.
Smith (the originator of the screw propeller),
Mr. John Dilion, Sir John Burke, and two
of the ablest of the company’s officers, Mr.
Leverson the solicitor, and Mr. John Yates,
the secretary.
It is arranged that the Great Eastern is
to leave her present moorings at 7 o’clock
to-morrow and steam away easily to sea. It
is probable, if the weather permits, that she
may swing at the Foreland to adjust com
passes, but Mr. Gray, has already effected
so much towards rectifying their slight
deviation that it is scarcely necessary for the
run to Portland. As matters are arranged
at present, it is expected that the Great
Eastern will enter Portland harbor between
seven and eight o’clock on Saturday morn
Another Interesting Young Man Collapsed
Mr. William J. Lane, Jr., transfer and
foreign-note clerk of the Fulton Bank, New
York city, has suddenly been transplanted
from a gorgeous establishment in West Nine
teenth street to the police court, on a charge
of embezzlement, preferred by Mr. Kernoch
an, the President of the bank. This young
man (the accused) is 28 years of age, and
has held his clerkship in the bank tor the
past four years, at an annual salary of S9OO.
He is married, but childless. The deficit, the
bank officers assert, amounts to $60,442.13.
Lane’s mode of operation is said to have
been very ingenious. Pretending to be the
agent of A. B. Dean & Co. of New Jersey,
he would collect in his father’s name bills
receivable in Boston, Philadelphia, and Bal
timore, which are supposed to have been all
fictitious. Entering these to the credit of his
father upon the books of the bank, when the
bills were supposed to be realized he would
receive his father’s check on the Fulton Bank
for the proceeds. That no discrepancy in the
accounts with corresponding banks should
appear, Lane would leave uncharged for a
few days actual bills receivable sufficient to
cover the deficiency which would otherwise
be shown. It is supposed, also, that when
the general bookkeeper of the institution
made out his account-current to be sent to
each of the bauks’ correspondents, Line
would make a fictitious one and forward it in
its place—his position in the bank affording
him facilities for so doing.
The fraud was detected by Mr. Lane, Sr.,
the father of the prisoner anu cashier of
the bank. Mr. Lane, Sr., has been con
nected with the institution almost from its
organization, is well known and much re
spected, and upon him falls with full force
the effect of the delinquent’s conduct. It is
stated that about two months ago, young
Lane was met on Bloomingdale road driving
a very fast team, by one of the Bank d.rec
tors, who took occasion to remark that the
young man was spending more money than
his salary would warrant. His friends,
however, explained it satisfactorily. Imme
diately upon suspicion being aroused, the
matter was placed iu the hands of a detect
ive to “ work up,” and the consequence was
a revelation of the whole transaction.
After his arrest on Tuesday last, he ac
companied the officers to a house which he
had hired at No. 280 West Nineteenth
street, at an annual rent of SI,OOO. Here
they were introduced to a young woman
about nineteen years of age, with whom the
prisoner stated he had been living on terms
of most familiar intimacy. This establish
ment, which was magnificently furnished,
had cost him a vast sum, and his yearly
expenditure for its support had amounted to
$2,000. The officers recovered from the
young lady jewels valued at six thousand
dollars, one diamond cross which had cost
$1,000; gold bracelets, worth $475; five
diamond rings, diamond ear-rings, and a
gold watch set with diamonds. At his
private stables on Lexington Avenue, were
four valuable horses, worth $6,000, and a
splendid variety of equipage, double and
single carriages, cutters, and expensive har
This young gentleman had dabbled con
siderably in lottery tickets. He told the
officers that he had invested in one day,
SI,OOO, and upon other occasions, for two
weeks every day he had bought tickets to
the amount of $250. He drew a prize of
$3,000, and that was all the return the spec
ulation had made him.
He is now confined in the “ Toombs,”
awaiting an examination on the charge,—a
painful example of the consequences of that
maddening desire for display which pervades
so many of the would-be fast young men of
Tilt Occupation of San Juan Island—
From the San Francisco Bulletin.
We have obtained, from a reliable source,
an interesting statement of the facts to
which Gen. Harney briefly alludes. It
seems that Mr. Griffin, Hudson’s Bay Co.’s
employee and Justice of the Peace at San
Juan Island, had a lot of Sandwich Island
hogs—animals noted for their predatory
habits and a peculiar faculty of getting
through almost any kind of hedge or fence.
Some of these quadrupeds had trespassed
upon the farm of Mr. Cutler, an American
settler, and rooted up his potatoes. He no
tified their owner of the fact, and announced
his intention of shooting any of them that
might repeat the offence. Mr. Griffin paid
no heed to the warning, and the consequence
was that Mr. Cutler shot a boar. He im
mediately informed Mr. Griffin what he had
done, and offered to pay a fair price for the
animal; but Griffin refused, saying the
matter would be otherwise settled.
The next step was the arrival of two
members of the Executive Council of Van
couver on the island (Messrs. Fraser and
Dallas) who called on Mr. Cutler, and in
formed him that he committed a heinous
offence, for which he was liable to transpor
tation ; but, after some talk offered to com
promise the matter for a SIOO. This Cutler
declined. Subsequently a man of war was
sent on the island, with orders to arrest
Cutler, and bring him to Victoria for trial;
but he evaded seizure by keeping out of the
way. He then drew up a petition to Gen.
Harney, which, being signed by other resi
dents on the island, caused the occupation.
It is disputed at Victoria that a vessel of
war to seize Mr. Cutler was sen t, but not
denied that the Hudson’s Bay Company’s
vessel was. If this story is true, and we do
not doubt it,|it pla n es the Bellevue matter
in a new light, by making British authorities
the firs* to violate the neutrality ot the isl
We learn further, that it is due alone to
the wise, conciliatory and sensible course of
the British admiral Baines, that Gov. Doug
lass was not permitted to precipitate a
collision between the two Governments con
nected with this affair. It is currently
reported, and generally believed in Victoria,
that on the day when the Governor presented
his address to the Assembly, in which he
declared that the British troops should be
landed upon San Juan Island, he had al
ready given orders for this warlike demon
stration. Fortunately, Admiral Baines
arrived the next day in the Ganges with
700 men. Upon being acquainted with the
facts in the case he proceeded to inform the
Governor that his title to Vice-Admiral
was honorary merely, and gave him no right
nor power to direct the movements of her
Britannic Majesty’s fleet in a case of such
character and importance as this.
The Admiral also took the ground that
San Juan Island could not be held to be
British ‘Territory, the invasion of which
could and should be resisted by the Colonial
Government. He maintained that it was a
Territory in dispute, and that therefore the
question which Gen. Harney had raised was
an international question, to be settled by
the two Governments. In this view of the
subject, the Admiral emphatically refused
to interfere, declaring that he would wait
orders from his Government, and not rashly
perpetrate an act of war. Rumor also at
tributes to him the declaration that a single
broadside lrom his ship, directed against the
United States force on the island, would cost
more than the whole country is worth.
Thus it will be seen that, notwithstand
ing the intense bitterness of feelings which
prevails between the adherents of the two
parties to the dispute nearest to the scene
of difficulties, there is no danger that an
armed struggle will be precipitated on us.
Letter from Senator Rice in Regard to
the Land Sales.
The following is a copy of a letter ad
dressed to President Buchanan by Hon.
Henry M. Rice, on the recently announced
laud sale :
Bayfield, Lake Superior, )
September Ist, 1859. j
Sir : —The policy adopted by your ad
ministration of “ reserving for actual set
tlers as much of the public lands as possible
and at moderate prices gave a new life to
thousands of landless citizens, who saw, in
the future, a prospect of being able, by long
suffering and almost ceaseless labor, to pro
vide a home for their children, and iuduced
them to emigrate and settle upon the “ rich
public lands ” within the limits of Minne
sota. Their arrival there was hailed with
joy by those who had preceded them, as
their united strength would soon build up a
state of hardy, independent and honest citi
zeus. Most of them were poor indeed, but
few had the means necessary to make a be
ginning that promised even a competency
for the future, and nearly all depended upon
their labor to make from the land the
means to enable them to secure from the
government a title thereto. Hardly had
they reached the country of their choice,
before one of the severest financial storms
that ha 9 been known for years, swept over
the land, as your Excellency well knows,
carried into the gulf of ruin thousands of
the oldest and best established business men
ot the East and West; and, Sir, when you
saw the mo3t solid and permanent monied
labrics of the East thus swept away, what
did you suppose the effect of the storm was
upon the destitute, helpless and homeless,
who had abandoned everything but life and
honor, in the hope that through the foster
ing care of their government, they would
eventually be able to leave an abiding place
to their children ? That storm, as it re
ceded from the centre, increased in strength
and velocity. Upon the poor of the West
its effects were overwhelming, and now but
one more blow is necessary to crush out the
little hope that remains, and cause hundreds
to curse their own government and yield
their honest manliness in despair to a hope
less future. Cause the public lands upon
which they have settled and are now unable
to purchase, to be sold, and that blow is
To you, Sir, alone, do the sufferers look
for aid; that you will grant it I cannot
doubt, for I know you will avert whatever
of misery that may lie in your power.
Prior to my departure from Washington
last spring, it was believed that the finan
cial crisis bad passed, and with the ensaiDg
summer gladness would greet with others,
the husbandman. Bat how fall acious has
that belief proven; since then bank affer
bank has fallen, failures have been of daily
occurence, western commerce has been al
most suspended, all works of internal im
provement have ceased, and to add to all,
there has been no sale for the produce ot the
far off settlers. I well know the condition
of the Federal Treasury, and many believed
that it would be releived by the sale of the
lands, but of that number I was not one.
Millions of acres have since been offered—
has the desired end been accomplished ?
No ; hardly a dollar has been paid into the
Treasury, but thousands of poor men have
been ruined, and hundreds of speculators are
now enjoying the profits made upon land
warrants sold, or the wealth acquired by
purchasing or entering after the sale at gov
ernment prices, improved lands made valua
able by the labor of those who have been
compelled to yield to the damnable results.
Permit the lands that are now proclaimed
within the State of Minnesota to be offered
at the times specified ; and many genera
tions will not be able to make amends for
the misery inflicted. The result to the State
will be injurious, but for that I do not plead
until the honest poor man shall have had
the protecting arm of his country thrown
around him. Could your eye but behold
for a moment the ruin that will be brought
upon a portion of your countrymen if the
sales be permitted to go on, you would not
hesitate for an instant to postpone them in
definately, even if by thus doing, much
should be sacrificed, but Sir, by granting
the prayer that has been offered by those
who look to you to save them, the govern
ment makes no sacrifice, it yields no princi
ple, it will cause no suffering, will do injus
tice to none, but will carry out, to the ful
lest extent of its ability, the policy foreshad
owed in your “ Inaugural Address.”
To the prayers of my fellow-citizens for
the withdrawal of your proclamation are
added those of your friend and obedient ser
vant, Henry M. Rice.
James Buchanan, President of the Uni
ted States.
The Germans Bolt.
From th<“ Chicago Times.
In Wisconsin the Germans who have
acted with the Republicans, and who have
given to the Republican party its triumphs
the last four years, have gone as far as they
will in support of men who, while pretend
ing to be friendly to them in the West, are
doing every thing they can in the East to
humiliate and crush them. These Germans
have been induced to believe that in Carl
Schurz they had a man whose services in
the ranks were of great account to the
Republican party, and they naturally wanted
him as a candidate. He has been praised
and petted extravagantly, and his followers
have been made to feel a pride iu the splen
did qualities of their leader. All this for a
purpose. The Republicans perfectly know
that without the aid of the Germans they
could not carry a county in the West—and
to get their votes, which naturally should go
to the Democrats, they have practiced every
kiud of unworthy trickery. Two years ago,
in Wisconsin, the Germans clamored to be
recognized by the majority of the party, and
Carl Schurz was placed in the second posi
tion on the ticket. But Randall, the head
ot the ticket—Randall who was a Know
Nothing—was elected, and poor Schurz
defeated. And at the recent convention the
Republican Germans presented the name of
their leader and asked to have it adopted on
the ticket for Governor. They were outvoted.
When Randall uttered this speech accepting
the nomination, he alluded contemptuously
to the German party, as a faction bent on
disorganization ; and what is more, he in
sulted every caudid man, of whatever na
tionality, in the State. It is not, therefore,
surprising that Carl Schurz is disappointed,
and the German Republicans bolt outright
the ticket presented to them.
This they are doing. In Milwaukee there
are three German Republican clubs with
three separate and vigorous organizations.
We learn that on Thursday night last all of
these clubs met at their respective headquar
ters, and very freely discussed State politics
and considered what it is their duty to do
in the present condition of their relations
with the majority of the Republican party.
The result of these deliberations was the
adoption, by each club, of a resolution
declaring that they will not support Randall.
The consequence of this resolution was the
drawing up of an address for circulation
throughout the State, advising all German
Republicans to withhold likewise their
support from Randall. Dropping the head,
we understand it is their recommendation to
support the balance of the ticket; but the
intelligent Germans, we apprehend, will drop
the entire thing as unclean. The German
Republicans will never be at home—will
never be treated with deserved courtesy and
be allowed dne consideration—until they
return into the Democratic household.
Walking on the Water.
From the Toronto Globe, 19:h.
The announcement, although made by a
well-known resident* of Toronto, that he bad
invented an apparatus whereby he has ena
bled to walk upon the water, was received
with some caution. Since then, in the pre
sence of several members of the press, Mr.
Hickok has given evidence of his ability to do
all that he promised. On Saturday afternoon,
the party invited proceeded to the Don
Station, with some amount of doubt upon
their minds as to the result of the trial.
None of them expected that Mr. Hickok
would travel at a great Bpeed, or that his
new fangled invention would enable him to
dance to the music of the waves, had there
been any wherewith to dance to. But on
arriving at the spot indicated, the best
possible evidence was furnished that it would
enable him to walk upon the water, for there
he was in the middle of the Don, making his
way against the current which at this place
runs rather quickly. He soon neared the
party, and when within speaking distance,
turned round with the greatest possible ease.
He had in his hand a small pole, scarcely
large enough to afford him any assistance,
so far a 3 preserving his balance was con
cerned. That he could do without it was
soon proved for he threw it from him,
receiving in lieu thereof, from a man who
accompanied him in a boat, a walking stick
of ordinary size. He eommenced his return
down the, river proceeding very steadily,
and almost as quickly as a pedestrian on
dry land when walking at a moderate pace.
Before going far, he threw the stick from
him, but shortly afterwards resumed the
pole. To the onlookers lie appeard to do
quite as well without it. When nearly out
of sight, he retraced his steps, and again
came opposite the party. In reply to a ques
tion asked, he said he was not at all fatigued.
After promenading for a few minutes more,
having been on tbe water at least half an
hour, he got into the boat, and was rowed
to land.
The apparatus used by Mr. Hickok is the
first he has made, so that, as in all new things,
there is room for improvement. The fact is
established that a man may, with this inven
tion, walk upon the water, and there is
nothing to indicate that the feat is attended
with any peculiar difficulty. It appears
quite as easy as walking on snow shoes, the
motion of which it somewhat resembles.
Anybody can doit. The shoes are of tin,
we understand, about four feet long, and can
be easily packed into small space.
Jutlge Douglas at Wooster.
On the 16th, Judge Douglas addressed
one of the largest meetings ever held in the
Union, at Wooster, Ohio. Iu the course of
his speech, he made the following reference
to Judge Black’s reply to the Popular Sov
ereignty article in Hitrper :
After discussing at a considerable length
the question of popular soverignty and rights
of the people of a territory, Judge Douglas
took up the reply to his recent article in
Harpers Magazine, which has been attribu
ted to Judge Black, and asserted that if he
was the author of that reply that it came
from a man who wrote to the Democrats of
Illinois to support Abolitionists for Congres
in preference to the regular Democratic can
Whether Judge Black was the author or
not, the copy which he (Judge Douglas)
had in his hand came to the gentleman who
handed it to him in the cars under tbe frank
of that gentleman. ■
It asserted that the article in Harper con
tained an assault upon the federal courts, but
the author of this reply, no matter who he
was, kuew that he uttered a falsehood.
During the last year’s canvass in Illinois
he (Judge Douglas) made one hundred and
thirty speeches, and in every one of them he
defended that conrt. What then could be
thought of a man who would prostitute a
high office to deceive the American peo
Whoever the author of that reply was, he
was a base caluminator. He knew it was a
tissue of falsehoods from beginning to end.
It was a falsehood and the writer knew it to
be such, that he (Judge Douglas) had ever
advocated the doctrine that private proper
ty could be confiscated by any power on
earth except by due process of law. The
author of that pamphlet asserts a double
fasehood. It was a deliberate attempt to
misrepresent his position unworthy of any
man who claimed any respect for himself.
It was a misrepresentation made for the pur
pose of attacking him, and weakening the
force of the Democratic party.
He would not have noticed this attack
but that it was aimed at the friends of pop
ular sovereignty. It was intended to reach
Judge Ranny, the noble standard-bearer of
the Democratic party of Ohio ; it was in
tended for the gallant Becker, the candidate
for Governor of Minnesota ; it was intended
to strike at the eloquent Dodge, who was
leading the Democratic hosts in lowa ; it
was a stroke at the candidates of the Dem
ocracy throughout the country, who stand
on the same platform of popular soverignty.
When the author of that pamphlet attempt
ed to strike at that doctrine, he made a blow
at the entire Democratic party of the North
Judge Douglas quoted some further state
ments in the article of Judge Black, aud
pronounced them insidious falsehoods, put
forth willfully and with bad intent.
A Michigan judge recently started to
hold the Fall terms of his circuit in the
Northern counties. The place at which the
first court was to be held could only be
reached by traveling ninety miles through
woods. The judge and his companions lost
their way, and wandered through swamps
and marshes for five days, andi camped out
six nights—and all on three days’ allowance
of provisions. They finally reached the
place whence they set out, and took a fresh

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