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# VOL. XI—NO. 38. Written for the Pioneer and Democrat. THE STORY OF THE CHRIST CHILD. •• The streets are all deserted now ; The life is all with in ; And I alone do wander here. I have nor kith nor kin.” And the little child sobbed bitterly As he looked through windows bright, And saw the merry Christmas Trees Flash in the cheerful light. “ In all these bright and happy homes There is no home for me; Each child to-night has joy and light Around its Christmas Tree.” Each mother has her own loved flock Around the glowing hearth ; His pleading voice breaks not upon Their love, and warmth, and mirth. Up in the darkling night he looks His little hands afold ; •• Oh dear and holy Christ,” he sobbed, ** I’m hungry and I’m cold.” Orphan, friendless and forgotten, Be my father, mother, friend, Dear Christ, be thou my Christ, Lead me, Saviour, to the end. A little while and then the street Was gloriously alight, And now there came a white-robed child, With rippling ringlets bright. Then with a voice of melody, Unto the weary one, The White Child said: “lam the Christ, God's own and only son. “ And evermore on Christmas Eve I am a child again ; To smile upon the friendless ones And take away their pain.” Then suddenly there rose above A bright and glorious Tree, Hung with sweet stars, while angels sung The softest melody. They reached their white arms to the boy And wiped his tears away ; Then drew him up among the stars Into the Eternal Day. December 23, 18-59. ALROY. Tombstone Literature. Dr. McCaul, of Toronto, recently de livered in that city a very curious and in teresting lecture upon “ Tombstone Litera ture,” which we find concisely reported in the Colonist as follows : His principal object, however, in this lecture, was to suggest to those most inter ested iu the subject—and who was not ? certain points to be kept in view in epitaph writing, so that in this country we might guard against the gross want of taste and propriety that characterized too many of such inscriptions on the old country. An epitaph or inscription on a tombstone might be properly described, if not correctly de scribed, it not correctly defined, as an in script ion on a monument or tombstone intended to perpetuate the memory of the dead and to approve the living. In the first place, such au inscription should be simple ; there ought to be no affectation or extravagance. The first epitaph he would quote which violates that rule was that of Pope on Milton : “Nature anil Nature’s laws lay liid in night; GoJ said—‘Let Newton be—and all was light!” Such language as that was not fit to be applied to any mortal; it was applied by the Almighty to that light which was to illuminate the whole world. [Applause.] The next he would quote was that on Sir Cope D’Uyley in 1633 : "Ask not who is buried here. Go ask the Commons, ask the Shire; Go ask the Church—they’ll tell the who, As well as blubber’s eyes can do. Go ask the Heralds, ask the poor; Their ears shall have enough to ask no more. Then, if thine eyes bedew this sad urn, Each drop a pearl will turn, To adorn his tomb; or, if thoucans’t not vent, Thoubring’st more inarbieto his monument.” The seventeenth century was remarkable for bad taste in this respect; also tor ex travagance's the following would show. This was written on Samuel Ratanks, stew ard to the Earl of Donby, of Donby Hall, iu 1635, and evidently overshot the mark : “His life was an academy of virtue, llis couveisation a precedent of piety, His estate a storehouse for charity; His good name a place for innocency, llis death a passage to eternity, His eternity a perfecting of glory; Where he now sits, triumphs and sings With angels, archangels, chertibims, and seraphims. Holy. Holy, Holy, &c., Ac. Another characteristic of inscription is that they should be concise. The object we have in view on such inscriptions would suggest the propriety of having it neither too long nor too short. With regard to being too long, he had many examples, but they would be too tedious to read. Putten ham, in his “Arte of English Poesie,” says of these long epitaphs : “ They make long and tedious discourses and write them on long tables to be hanged up in churches and chancels over the tombs of the great men and others, which be so exceeding long as one must have halfe a day’s leisure to read one of them, and must be called away before he comes halfe to the end, or else must be locked into the church by the as I myself was served while reading an epitaph in a certain cathedral.” While it was plain that they should not be too long, they should not be too short. Of those he had many examples; all os which were selected from the church yardf and cemeteries in the mother country. He would quote a few. One in Slepheny read as follows : “ Here lies the body of Daniel Saul, Spitalfleld weaver—and that’s all.” [Laughter.] Another at St. Michael’s crooked lane ran thus: “ Here lieth wrapt in clay The body of William Wray; I have no more to say.” [Laughter.] Another essential requisite injsuch inscriptions are that they should be true. Nothing could justify adulation, falsity or satire. The following is to be found in Chesire, written in 1772, on Edward Peregrine Estrell: “Is this-his death bed ? no, it is his shrine, Behold him rising to an angel, Entering the harbor like a gallant, stately ves sle, He hoists his flag of hope Through the merits of our Blessed Redeemer, Riding before a stately gale ef Atonement Till he makes with all the sail of an assured Faith The happy port of a joyful resurrection, He lived in the fear and love of God, and died in Christ. Believe and look with triumph on his tomb.” In St. Edward’s, Salisbury,•.there was one on a Swedenborgian, which ends in the words: “ When a gracious refulgence bids the grave resign, The Creator’s nursing protection be thine So each perspiring H3then will joyfully rise, Transcendently good, supereminently wise.” But if it were true that there should be no flattery, there was no justification for their being directly false (an example of which the lecturer cited,) nor for being sati rical. There was an old maxim, “De mor tuts nil nisi bonum,” which should be ad hered to in this respect. There was an instance in the case of an old man named Chatters, on whom Dr. Arbuthnot wrote the following : “ 0, indignant reader ! Think not this life useless to mankind. Providence connived at his execrable designs, To give to after ages a oonspicuous proof and example of how small estimation is exorbitant wealth in the sight of God, By his bestowing it on the most unworthy of all mortals.” Among those unkind inscriptions he might quote the following, which was to be found n Old Grey Friars, Edinburgh : “ Here snug in her grave my wife doth lie ; Now, she’s at rest—and so am I.” “ Beneath this stone, and not above it, I ie the remains of Anua Lovett, Be pleased, good readers, not to shove it, Lest she should come again above it; For twixt you and I, no one does covet, To see this Anna Lovett.” Another in Steping runs thus : “ Whether he lives or whether he dies, Nobody laughs and nobody cries. Where lie’s gone and how he fares, Nobody knows and nobody cares.” Another characteristic of inscriptions was that they should be serious and solemn: no trifling with the subject as puns, or far-fetched allegories, or metaphors. He (the lecturer) thought puns very good things in their place notwithstanding Dr. Johnson; but there should be no trifling with death. The first he would notice ol this nature was in the time of Henry 111., on a person named John Calf. “Oh ! Almighty God, have mercy on John Calf, Whom premature death prevented from being an ox.” A very common thing in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries was punning on names. For example, the following, writ ten in 1589, on Sir Richard Worme : “ Does worm eat worm ? Knight Worme this truth confirms, For here with worms lies Worme, a dish of worms. Does worm eat Worme ? Sure Worme will this deny. For Worme with worms a dish of worms don’t lie ; ‘Tis so, and ‘tis not so, for free from worms ‘Tis certain Worme is blest without his worms.” Another was on Mr. Cave, in Leicester : “ Here in this grave there lies a Cave— We call a cave a grave. If Cave be grave and Grave be cave, Then, reader, judge, 1 crave, Whether doth Cave lie here in grave, Or doth grave lie here in Cave. If grave in Cave here bnried lie. Then, grave, where is thy victory ? Go, reader, and report here lies a Cave, Who conqures death and buries his own grave.” In this category he would quote an in scription which Dr. Fuller left to be placed on his tomb—an extraordinary thing for such a man: “ Hare lies Fuller’s earth.” Another : “ Here lies one blossom out of breath, Who lived a happy life and died a happy death.” It was also very much the practice to pun on professional callings and trades, (exam SAINT PAUL, FRIDAY DECEMBER, 30, 1859. pies of which were given.) Among the metaphors the Doctor quoted the follow ing: “ Here lies the dust of Margaret Gwin, Who was so very pure within, That she chipp’d the shell of her earthly skin, And hatch’d herself a cherubim.” In this matter the lecturer remarked, there ought certainly to be no levity as to the vices of the deceased, especially as to those which were the cause of their death. But such they found to be the case. For exam ple, the following is to be found in Win Chester: “ Here lies in peace a Hampshire grenadier, Who caught his death by drinking cold small beer, Soldiers! take heed from his untimely fall, And when you’re hot, drink strong, or not at all.” The last point he would refer to was with regard to ludicrous incongruities, putting things together that had no sort of affinity. He remembered, when a young man, geeing the following notice in a steamboat, which plied between England and Ireland : “No dogs, luggage or smoking allowed.” It was very good, but the mixture of words and ideas was extraordinary. But perhaps the most extraordinary incongruity of the kind was the following at Pewsey, in Weltshire : “ Here lies the body of Lady O’Looney, great niece to Burke, commonly called the sublime. She was bland, passionate, and deeply religious ; also she painted in water colors, and sent several pictures to the exhi tion. She was first cousin to Lady Jones— and of such is the Kingdom of Heaven.” Another characteristic of inscriptions was that they should be correct, both in syntax and in sense. Look at the following to be found at Montrose : “ Here lies the bodies of George Young and Isabella Guthrie, and all their posterity for more than fifty years backwards.” Another more ludicrous, when the posi tion of the deceased was considered, was this at Plymouth : “ Here lies the body of James Vernon, Esq., the only surviving son of Admiral Vernon.” Here the lecturer referred to the practice of the Romans in placing admonitory in scriptions on their tomb stones, such as “ Mors janua vita,” and then cited the following epitaph on the Earl of Devonshire, as showing how truly the scripture saying in regard to laying in store in Heaven by giving to the poor on earth, was recognized : “ Hoe ! hoe ! who lies here ? I the good Earl of Devonshire. With Maud, my wife, to me full dere We lived together fifty-five year What we gave we have What we spent we had What we left we lost.” The reverend Doctor then concluded by an eloquent peroration on the views held by the old Roman and Greek philosophers in regard to the soul, immortality aud a future state, as contrasted with the positive know ledge of the Christian in regard to these matters Religious News. Slavery in the M. E. Ciiurch. —An association entitled the “ Member’s and Laymen’s Union, of the M. E. Church,” has beeu established in New York, with the venerable Dr. Bangs as its President. The object of the Association is to combat the ultraists of the Church, in the Slavery question. This latter class insist that the General Conference next year, shall so amend the discipline as to expel all slave holders from church fellowship. This is opposed by the association of “ Members and Laymen,” and if insisted upon, will undoubtedly create another division in the church. The following is the platform of the society : We the subscribers, preachers and lay mem bers of the M. E. Church, holding fast to the testimony of our fathers against the great evil of Slavery, and the policy of our Church in relation thereto, and desiring to strengthen one another by mutual co-operation, do unite to gether on the basis of the following principles: First; We hold that while it is the duty of the Church to seek the extirpation of Slavery, she should do so by such measures only as Christian wisdom will justify, and should care fully guard against the destruction of her unity, or the endangering of her usefulness as an agency in spreading the kingdom of Christ- Second ; Inasmuch as Slavery in the M. E. Church is limited to the southern boundary of its territory, where, from the first, our breth ren as faithful sons of Wesley, have labored to meliorate its odious features and to secure its ultimate extirpation, and inasmuch as the ac tion of some of our conferences has only em barrassed our border brethren, we pledge to them our cordial sympathy, and with entire confidence in their wisdom and integrity, will sustain them in their efforts to elevate the con dition, and to secure the freedom of the slave. Third ; We hold that the policy of our church is, and never has been, to receive into her communion both slave-holders and slaves, whenever they have given evidence of conver sion, for the sake of a great and ultimate good, viz:—the bringing of slaveholding under the restrictions of Christian discipline, and prepar ingjthe way for emancipation, in a manner con sistent with the best interests of both masters and slaves. Fourth; In view therfore, of these facts, we are convinced, that instead of altering the Gen eral Rule on Slavery, and thereby making a new condition of membership,the true policy of our church in its legislation on this snbject is, to add to the chapter on Slavery, such provis ions as shall define more strictly the duties of masters to their slaves, and gradually fit the slave to assume the position of a freeman. Catholics in the United States. — The following summary is given of the state of Catholicity in the United States at the present time: Provinces 7 Dioceses 43 Vicariates 3 Bishops 49 Priests 2,235 Churches 2,385 Station- and Chapels 2,128 Ecclesiastical institutions 48 Estimated Catholic population of the United States, about three and a quarter millions. Methodist Centenary. —The true cen tenary of Methodism is the year 1860. Dr. Roberts, of Baltimore, has fully demonstra ted this fact from local as well as general documents, and other evidence. The late Local Preachers’ Convention at Baltimore, appointed a committee to consult the Gen eral Conference respecting measures for i's due observance. It is a happy coincidence that the General Conference meets in this grand epochal year. It will be, not indeed the General Conference, but it will be a Centenary General Conference. Its character should be impressed with the so lemnity and grandeur of the fact.— Chr. Adv. if Journal. Preaching to Slaves. —The Newport Advertiser contains a sermon delivered at Providence, October 30th, by Bishop Clark of Rhode Island. It is occupied chiefly with an account of the action of the Episco pal General Convention, recently held at Richmond, Ya. He says : Every State in the Union had its official deputies there ; hundreds of clergymen and thousands of laymen poured in, not only from the neighboring country, but from the most remote sections of the Union ; politicians of the most diverse ar.d opposite parties, grounded their arms and clasped hands to getlier under the banner of the Prince of Peace; rival candidates for the Senate, I might say for the Presidential chair, sat iu the same pew, and voted in the same way ; torrents of California eloquence dashed against the impassive granite of New Eng land argument; territories, not yet formed into States, asked to be recognized as duly organized Dioceses, sending as full a delega tion as our old Atlantic sections; and live new Bishops were added to the Episcopal order. It is, I believe, the first time that an ec clesiastic body ever met in one of our South ern States, in which every member of our great political confederacy had its represen tatives. And still further, there has never before been gathered in one country so many Protestant Bishops since the Reformation ; of all who hold jurisdiction within the Uni ted States, there were only two absent. I have not time to dwell at great length upon the general proceedings of the Con vention ; or speak, as I would like to do, of the gratification which I personally felt in preaching on the first Sunday morniDg of our service in the old Henrico Church, as it is called, which has a double sacredness, because it has not only resounded with prayer and song through many generations, but because within those ancient walls, Patrick Henry uttered the stirring words of eloquence which fired the hearts of the fathers of our Revolution, and nerved them to such daring deeds. I would also describe, if I knew how to do it, another scene, when it was my privilege to address in their own church, and that the largest in Virginia, a congregation of some fifteen hundred color ed persons, most of them slaves. I wish you could have heard their marvelous music, now soft and plaintive as the sighing of the wind at midnight, then breaking into a fierce jubilee of concord, thundering through the house as though it would lift the rafters, the whole audience becoming gradually magnetized by the harmony, until they swayed to and fro with a rhythmical move ment, like the slow heaving of a ground swell on the ocean when the storm has spent its force. After the sermon, learning that snch was the custom, I asked one of those sons of bondage to offer prayer. He poured forth such a petition to Almighty God, so full of unction, so scriptural, so comprehen sive, so simple and earnest, thanking the Saviour that we were born in a land where His blessed gospel is revealed to us, with no apparent consciousness as to the mode in which the congregition happened to be there, —that I was not surprised to hear the Bishop of one of our neighboring New England Dioceses, who was present, remark that he thought it would be worth while to transport that man to our own region, that he might teach our good citizens how to pray. The London Shipping Gazette says that in the first ten months of the present year, iron valued at £10,785,684 was exported from the United Kingdom. The average exports of China to Great Britain are about 345,000,000 a year; that s, the latter buys that amount Of the former. John Brown’s “Secretary of State” in Texas—He Offers to Surrender. Richard Realf, the “Secretary of State” to the Provisional Government of the late John Brown, has at length turned up in Austin, Texas, in which city he arrived some two mouths ago, and delivered a lec ture ; since when he has been studying in that place for the ministry, intending to en ter the Methodist Itineracy. Tnese facts we learn from the Austin Intelligencer of the 15th instant. The editor of that paper, upon seeing articles of the Mobile and New Orleans press relative to Realf, sent for him, and the following is the substance of the interview, premising by acknowledging his connection with Brown in Kansas and Canada, the article thus proceeds : He also entered into the history of Brown, himself, Cook, Stevens, Tidd, and Kagi, going to Chatham, in Canada ; says they were straitened for money ; that the Provisional Constitution was read there by Brown, and agreed to, and the officers elected, as stated. Mr. R. says that Brown then informed him that Forbes was in New York and in the possession of certain cor respondence between himself and Forbes, and that he feared Forbes would use the confidential correspondence “to an evil use,” and desired Realf to go to New York and get the correspondence. Mr. Realf says that finding himself implicated he went to New York, but did not find Forbes through Greeley, as he had been advised, but revealed the matter to Orlando Yeaton, managing book-keeper of Higgins & Bro thers, carpet manufacturers, Murray street, New York ; Mr. Butler Lawyer, Thaddeus Hyatt, W. F. McAnsey, of Kansas, then on a visit to New York, and the daughter of Wm. Henry Burleigh. He then left for England, and often spoke of the matter in England and France, telling it, among others, to Mr. Vezey, American Consul in Havre. Having renounced Abolitionism, he sailed from France to New Orleans, and from thence to Mobile iu April last. He says that as soon as he learned Brown’s purposes he renounced all notions of participation, and only acted with them because of his conviction that having learned their plans, he could not have escaped, though the pledge of secrecy only extended to the forfeiture of the protection which the society afforded. Mr. Realf assures us that his renunciation of Abolitionism is sincere, and that he has told his acquaintances here that should he remain out oi the pulpit, he intended to make speeches, giving his notions of the horrors of Abolitionism in the North, during the next Presidential election and if not, then publish letters. He assures us that he does not know that Gerrit Smith sent money to Brown, the latter saying that Smith was cognizant of all his plans ; that Dr. Howe and Theodore Parker, of Boston, Thomas Wentworth Higgenson, of Wor cester, and Sanborn, of Concord, were cog nizant of his plans, and would sustain him with money. He says that Brown was a very secretive man and able leader. Mr. Realf mentions stopping in Cedar County, midway between lowa City and Tipton, where he lectured on education and other subjects. He tells us that after leaving Cleveland for New York, he never had further correspondence with any of the par ties —this was in June, 1858. And when he returned to the United States he sup posed the whole expedition hau beeu broken up. He offers no defence or apology for the monstrous wickedness of the puposes of the association ; but professes a sincere con viction of the great moral wrong. We will add, that we yesterday suggested to the friends of Mr. Realf the propriety of his placing himself unconditionally at the disposition of the President of the United States. We are glad to say that he has done so, and has also offered to surrender himself to Governor Wise, and has notified these authorities that he shall remain here until their wishes are known. Realf has been sent for by the Senate Harper’s Ferry Committee. The Fundamental Question of Ame rican Politics. The New York Tribune of December 12, thus characterizes what it regards as the fundamental question of our politics: “ The fundamental, the initial, underlying .question affecting American politics, then is simply this —Is Human Slavery right or wrong ?” The italics are the Tribune’s and hence it would have every locality occupy itself with this initial question! Suppose John Adams had stood up in the 1774 Congress and said this is the initial question, that effects the whole of our poli tics —Is human slavery right or wrong? where would have been the united resistance to Great Btitain ? Suppose the same test had been made in 1776 ; where would have been the Decora tion oflndependence? Suppose this test had been put in the 1787 Convention; where would have been the deliberations of that noble body? and where would have been the result of the Constitution ? Had such utopianism prevailed in 1774, 1776, or in 1789, we should have had no UnioD, no Declaration, no Constitution 1 Are thmgs so changed as to make what then NEW SERIES-NO. 211. would have been a suicidal test, or initial question, to be a safe test now ? one thaj should be at the basis of American politics ? Should the basis of politics in Massachusetts be a snbject in which it had no right to act in fifteen States of this Union ? Suppose a majority of the States should look upon this as the fundamental question, and decide that slavery was right: how could such a decision aflect the politics of Massachusetts ? Suppose a majority of the States decide that slavery is wrong : how can their decision affect the politics of fif teen States that recognize slavery to be right ? The truth is, a question thus resolv ing itself into a question ol local account can never legitimately form the basis of a sys tem of national politics. This is, however, the basis of the great Northern geographical party.— Boston Post. Abolition! zing the Republican Party. The New York Times, in commenting upon some portion of a radical character assumed by the Tribune, says : If the next Presidential canvass is to be carried on upon such an issue as the Tribune here presents to the South, the slaveholding States of the Confederacy mu3t choose at once between a disgraceful and abject sur render of all the attributes of sovereignty and independence, and a definite rupture of the tie 3 which bind them to the North. They cannot consent even to open the dis cussion of such an issue without degradation. Possibly, the” Tribune, as those who think with it, count upon the cowardice or the commercial interests of the South, as sure to coerce it into submission to this invading insolence of Northern superiority. Possibly also they may look forward with complacen cy to the spectacle of a Union no longer cemented by the reciprocal justice and the unsullied self-respect of its members, but held together by the vulgar bonds of force and fear. We believe they will find them selves mistaken in their calculations. We are sure that no American who values the honor of his country, can wish to see these calculations crowned with cuccess. To rid icule the cry of disunion merely because it has been uttered a hundred times, and fold one’s hands in a sleek conviction that the South will suffer anything rather than spurn a dishonorable dominion, is the extreme of easy twaddle. If the Republican party is ready to endorse the Tribune's doctrine of anti-Slavery action, as thus set forth, the Union not only is, but ought to be, very seriously in danger. To suppose it safe, in such a case, is to suppose the population of the South a race of such time-servers and imbeciles as we are not disposed to believe the inhabitants of any American State to be. A Resolution Omitted. A Chicago correspondent of the Presby terian, a clergyman, relates the following pointed little fact: Before I close, let me relate an incident which occurred during the late sessions of synod, in Chicago. An anti slavery con vention of the Dr. Cheever stripe was sitting in Chicago at the same time. A gentleman of the city, with whom one of our professors was slightly acquainted, accosted him one morning, “ Well, Doctor, were you in the convention last evening ?” “No, sir ; Ido not belong to that stripe (here great sur prise was manifested by the gentleman ;) but if I had been there I should have offered one additional resolution.” “ Ah, indeed, what would that be ?” “ Resolved,” re sumed the Doctor, “ That when we get to the kingdom ol heaven, we will not sit down with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, for they were once slaveholders!’’ This was enough. The gentleman passed on, concluding, doubt less, that he had mistaken his man. The Hartford Press (colored) is surprised that N ortliern Democratic presses have not denounced “ southern disunion speeches ” in Congress. We regret to hear any maD, north or south, talk of disunion ; but when it is considered that the Southern members of Congress base their declarations on northern interference with their institutions, and profess a desire to remain in the Union if they can do so unmolested, it strikes us that northern Democrats haven’t much to say ! Suppose the South should attempt to force their peculiar opinions on the north. Would we suffer it? Not at all. If the North will cease its annoyance, we shall soon hear the last of disunion speeches.”—New Haven Reg. The Mining Journal says that, after a large number of experiments, Dr. Collyer has succeeded in manufacturing a paper from straw which is in every respect equal to rag paper, many reams Laving already been finished. By his mode of treating the straw, he splits it and separates the silicia and gluten without in any way injuring the fiber. Baron Liebig has pronounced a very favorable opinion of the invention. Oregon.—A Democratic Convention had been held at Oregon City. Sixteen dele gates withdrew, and those remaining select ed Gen. Lane, Lansing Stout and Judge Deady to the Charleston Convention.