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The Platform and State Ticket of the Min neeota Democracy. The MinnesotaDemocratie State Convention met t St. Paul on the 25th of September, and ww called to order bj P. H. Kelly, member of the State Central committee. John B. Brinbin of St. Paul waa made chairman, and Budd Reeve of Hennepin county and 0. H. Benediot of Wabanhaw aeoretariea. The following com mittee on platform waa adopted: 0. E. Flandrau, St. Paul. O. M. Hall, Goodhue county. George A. Perkins, Wabaahaw county. Judge Emmett, Bice county. Wm. Loohren, Minneapolis. Wm. Smith, Le Sueur county. L. E. Evans, St. Cloud. M. J. Severance, Blue Earth county. H. R. Wells, Fillmore county. Ed. O'Hara, Renville. A. K. Maynard. Kandiyohi county. G. W. Holland, Crow Wing county. R. A. Jonea, Olmsted county. THS DKUKUTES. The convention waa large, and the committee on credentials reported the following as en titled to seats: AnokaW O. Randolph, J. 0. Frost, Q. F. Fair tanks. BentonL. Mayo, A. J. Demeules. Ulne EarthM. J. Severance, George F. Hoerr, JTani' a Cannon, J. 0. Wise, L. Cook, J. F. Meagher, Ot. Graham, C. A. Wiswell, J. J. Thompson, Usu ry Fcater. BrownChas. Berry, Jacob Bniet, J. P. Bertrand, Henry Weyhe. Carver0. Merriman, H. MenwlBscn, W. H. Mills, John Sinclair, F. C. Beibe, L. L. Baxter, I. Blot ter, Q. Lejhart. CassReuben Gray. ChisagoL. A. Roberta. Crow WingG. W. Holland. Sako'aJohn T. Duffey, John Webber, M. Hints, MichaelHelman, James MoDonough, O. P. Adams, Jacob Morris, Thoa. Fox, Kiok Repleiger, James Oallan. DouglasMorris Hanft. FaribaultOarr Huntington, S. J. Abbott, Col. J. W. Polleys, M. B. Pratt, George Scheick. FillmoreN. B. Booth, D. A. Sullivan, I. F. O'TerraU, J. Ii. Jones, H. B. MoKenney, C. H. Bob bins, W. H. Roberts, M. Scanlan, W. M. Partington, F. E. Hall, H. B. Wells, 0. D. Sherwood, B. F. Til loteon, Gabriel Gabnelaon, John Thompson. GoodhueS. C. Holland, A. W. Pratt, Patrick Kelly, M. U. Malloy, Wm. Colville, J.O. Pierce, John Frederich, O. M. Hall, Peter Nelson. HennepinWm. Loohren, Seagrave Smith, Chas. Hoag, A. T. Ankeny, Baldwin Brown, Car] Thielan, F. Xi. Morse, Wm Messault, John T. West, F. G. MoFarlane, B. P. Dnnnington, T. H. Stevens, .August Seigman, Ed. A. StevenB, Henry Ghostly, A A. Ames, Jacob Forel, T. M. Babcock, Isaao Mc Mair, Budd Beeve. KandiyohiA. K. Maynard, Scott Ransom. KittsonSwan Swainson. Le SueurR. Butters, M. H. Warner, F. Cadwell, C. D. White, Wm. Smith, M. Doran, Frank Becker, F. A. Borer, A. Donate, J.J. Green. McLeod W. T.Bo.iniwell, A. P. Fetch, E. A. Child, Louis Brandt, William Shilling, W. W. Har rington, Rudolf Burgurode. MeekerA. 0. Smith, J. B. Atkinson, W. M. Campbell, Hamlet Stevens, T. 0. Jewett, M. J. Flynn. MorrisonA. Guernon, H. C. Stivers, Leon Hondo, Jonathan Simmons. MowerO. W. Gibson, John Anketell, A. E. Cox, J. M. Larrabee, J. M. Patch, Thomas Gibson, O. W. Case. NicolletCasper Baberich, A. L. Saokett, Z. S. GauU. NoblesB. N. Carrier. Olmsted- W. L. Breckenridge, B. A. Jones, Wm. Brown, Geo. Healey, Henry Schuster. L. E. Cowdry, Jay La Due, A. Bierman, C. P. Russell, Peter Burns. Otter TailRobert Miller (five votes.) PineFrank Morgai, A. G. Perkins. RamseyT. B. HnddleBton, William Lee, Henry F. Masterson, 0. E. Flandran, Hubert H. Miller, William Crooks, M. J. O'Connor, C. H. Lienau, O. Oppen heim, C. S. TJline, John X. Davidson, John Wagner, John Bell, James King, P.J. Dreis, Oscar Stephen son, J. W. McClnng, John Grace, Otto Dreher, John B. Brisbin, Henry G. HaaB, Albert Scheffer, P. H. Kelly, James Dillon, J. C. McCarthy, Geo. Wells, D. A. J. Baker, Wm. Leip. RenvilleEd O'Hara, F. X. Bowler, Jas. Grnley. BiceAra Barton, B. H. Downing, E. G. Ault, John M. Archibald, A. W. Pratt, George E. Skinner, Emmet. SoottHeDryHindfl, F. J. Whitlock, FrankNico lin, Wm. Henry, Peter Geyermann, John W. Callen dar, Henry S. Sisterman, E. Southworth, Otto Sei fert. SibleyHenryPoehler, M.E.Donahue, S. Kipp, F. O. Seavey, H. Beatty, 8. Linstrom, M. BOCK, Patrick Tierney. 8tearnsE. P. BarnwM, C. F. Macdonald, Joseph Capser, J. P. Hainmerel, H. Burner, B. Mueller, Carl Harberger, Michael Barrett, L. A. Evans, Dan. L. Elbert, O. Capser, W Merz, Lucas Kelle, H. Ot tensmeyer, M. Kobe, Wm. Barrett. SteeleE. M. Mor house, M. J. Toner, H. Schmidt, A. Flanders, H. M. Hastings, B. S. Cook. StevensJohn Landberd, Jacob Christiansen. SwiftC. H. Williams, Wm. Murphy. WabashawHorace F. Johns, M. B. Merrill, E. A. Paradis, C. H. Benedict, W. B. Lutz, G. A. Perkins, J. Deidrich, S. A. Campbell, S. Schram. WasecaFenton Keenan, Wm. Brisbane, Chas. Kattenberg, Godfred Buchler, B. O. Craig. WashingtonE. W. Durant, A. B. Easton, Matt Clark, John O'Brien, Wm. Schumley, Wm. Fowler, G. H. Fowler, F. 8 Mellike. WatonwanJames Glispin. WinonaH. W. Lamberton, D. A. Stewart, John Ludwig, C. F. Buck, J. B. McGaughey, W. Jay Whipple, C. F. 8croth, H. W. Hill, J. Cooper, A. B. McCarthy, H. M. Dixon, John A. Matthews, H. G. 0. Schmidt, A. N. Bentley, H. W. Jackson, W.H. Dill, E. V. Bogart WrightCharles Buckman, Hen. Mooers, T. Gt. Uealey, Dav.d Cochran, John Tracey, H. C. BulL J. J. Cullen. G. A. Bineholdt, W. H. Cochran. THE PLATFOBM. The report of the platform committee elicit ed a good deal of discussion, the following plank being the bone of contention FourthWe hold that gold and silver coin is the money of the constitution that all pa per currency should be at all times convertible) in coin at the option of the holder, and that its volume should he regulated by the business of the country. W. M. Campbell, of Meeker, offered the fol lowing amendment to the above plank: Rttolved, That we are in favor of the gradual substitution of national treasury notes for na tional bank notes, and making anch treasury notes the sole paper currency of the country and placed on auch basis as that the same shall be equal in value with coin and a legal tender the same aa coin. We are in favor of the free coinage of silver, and ita restitution to its original place as a metal, the same aa gold. Messrs. Campbell, H. W. Hill of Winona eounty, B. A. Jonen of Olmsted, and Mr. Sher wood of Fillmore, advocated the amendment! end O. H. Hall of Goodhue, Wm. Lochren and Segrave Smith of Hennepin, C. E. Flandran end Wm. Lee of Ramsey, and Judge A. K. Maynard of Kandiyohi opposed it The plat, form waa finally recommitted to the committee, Mr. Jonea resigning, and Messrs. W. M. Gamp bell, Meeker, 0. D. Sherwood, Fillmore, M. Doran, Le 8neur,andH. W. Hill, of Winona, being added to the committee. The result waa two reposes on that plank aa followst MUOBITY BBPOBT. We hold that gold and silver eoin ia the money of the constitution. That all paper oarrenoy should at all times be redeemable ia eoin at the option of the holder, and the volume thereof should be regulated by the business wants of the country. That we favor the un limited coinage of silver coin audits immedi ate restoration to its original place as money, the same as gold. auKOBrrr KBTOBT. We hold that gold and silver coin ia the money of the constitution. That all paper cur rency should at all times be redeemable in eoin, at the option of the holder, and the volume thereof regulated by the business wants of the country. That we favor the gradual substitution of United States treasury notes, for national bank notes, the free coinage of silver and its immediate restoration to its original place as money the same as gold. L. EMMKTT, WM. CAMPBELL, O. D. SHSBWOOD, H.W. HILL, ED. CHABA. G. W. HOLLAND. After another debate the majority report was adopted by 133 to 119. The whole platform ia sa follows: We, the Democracy of Minnesota, in convention assembled, pledge ourselves to the support of ins following principles of public policy: FirstThe United States is an indissoluble Union of indestructible states the federalto* government la supremewithin thenor limits denned by the constitu uon anditsuamendments the powers not thereby S2i^fr rohibteato ?1 S?n States are reserved to the States respectively or to the people the preservation in the'r separate integrity of the jnst powers of the Union and of the States as parts of an harmonious whole the maintenance of nation al authority and of local self-government as well, is essential to the perpetuity of our free institutions and we shall resist all attempts to dismember the Union by nullification or secession or to extinguish the States by centralization or usurpation as alike unconstitutional, revolutionary and treasonable. SeoondThe enormous tribute which the produc ers of the West are compelled to pay to the monopo lists of the East by the present system of protection is intolerable burden and a gross lnjustdoe. We demand as aright that our people shall be allowed to buy and sell in the markets or the world untram melled by vexatious and oppressive tariffs. We favor the speedy establishment of free trade as the per manent commercial policy of this country. ThirdWe demand the thorougu revision of our patent laws to the end that the innoceut purchasers of manufactured articles using the same in good faith shall be protected from harraasing and oppres sive suits for the infringement of patent rights. FourthWe hold that gold and silver win is tho money of the constitution. That all paper ourrenoy should at all times be redeemable in ooiu at the op tion of the holder, and the volume thereof should be regulated by the business wants of the country. That we favor the unlimited coinage of silver coin and its immediate restoration to its original pUoe as money the same as gold. FifthWe favor a genuine reform in the civil ser vice of the country to the end that honesty and ef ficiency shall alone be the testa of public employ ment. Such a reform to be permanent should not only be put into the form of law. but should also in clude the abolishment of superfluous offices and such a wholesome reduction of salaries that the expenses of partisan campaigns cannot be paid out of the pub lic funds by the indirect method of political esse s ments upon official incomes. SixthWe hold to the old Demooratio maxim, that that governn-entis best whioh governs leastwhich bestows upon the citizen the greatest personal liberty consistent with the publio pea*.* and welfare and while it affords full protection to life and property, leaves the creeds, habits, customs and business of the people unfettered by sum tuary laws, class legis lation or extortionate monopolies. SeventhWe demand a free ballot and an honest count of the votes cast at an election as the inaliena ble right of American citizens. The presence of armed troops at the polls upon election day, and of partisan officials clothed with arbitrary power to in timidate, arrest and imprison voters without legal process is Intolerable in a free country, a direoi blow at the rights of all adopted citizens, and suited only to the schemes of a desperate party determined to maintain its political power at all hazards. Never again by fraud or force shall the will of the people, constitutionally expressed, be nullified by the trea sonable conspiracy of unscrupulous partisans. Resolved, That the enormous expense attending the administration of the Slate government by the Republican party, demands the most serious consid eration of all thoughtful citizens and patriotic men, and that the policy established by that party wbich has rendered it necessary in the administration of the State government and the maintenance of the puhlio credit, to wring from the hands of the struggling settlers and producers of our hontier State more than $1,000,000 annually, for the purpose of govern ing less than 1,000,000 of the most orderly and law abiding people on earth, is unsound and cruel, and should receive at the ballot box such a rebuke as will prevent all political parties hereafter Irom any at empt to repeat the outrage. We demand that the railroads whioh the people have chartered and endowed with vast and profitable privileges, shall be operated for their benefit and not for their ruia. And we affirm it to be of the first importance, that the office of railroad commissioner in this State, should no longer be a political sinecure, but should be entrusted to a man of unchallenged capacity who is alliedto the interests of the people. That while we fully recognize and respect all the rights and privileges legally pertaining to the railroad and elevator corporations of this State, and would discou age any causeless or unnecessary agitation thereof, we nevertheless be lieve the time has come when the doctrine of the sovereignity of the people over corporations, as ex pounded by the supreme court of the United States, should find expression in such just and appropriate legislation as will fully protect indiv duals and locali ties from extortionate tariffs and injurious discrimi nations, and th.t the legislature of Minnesota should take such action in this behalf as will effectually re lieve the producing interest of the crushing burden uow imposed upon it. Resolved, That we condemn the manage ment of our public institutions, and especially the manner in which the public funds were squandered by the trustees and officers of the insane asylum at t. Peter, as well as the cowardice of Governor Pills bury in declining to remove those officers when then* incapacity and mismanagement was reported to him, and we also condemn the action of a partisan legisla ture in refusing to pass a bill for their removal. We further condemn the action of the partisan commit tee of the legislature in recommending a settlement of the deficiency of $4,000, reported by the Senate committee, on the payment of $300. THE OOVEBNOR. For Governor the only candidate named was Edmund Rice of Ramsey. The call of coun ties showed 202 votes for Rice and 14 for Mc Nair. The nomination was made unanimous, and later in the session he was brought in by a committee appointed to wait on him, and being introduced to the convention said: Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Conven tion: I cannot be, I am not, insensible to the dis tinguished honor yon have by your notion con ferred upon me, and if I have in the past and do now merit your confidence, and that of those you represent, it will be the highest gratifica tion of my ambition to deserve it in the future. I have not sought the nomination, I have not desired it nevertheless, I cheerfully accept it. Distrusting largely my own ability, if I am elected to the high office of Governor of this State, I shall strive to perform the duties and discharge the trusts it involves in such a man ner as to promote and protect the interests of all the people of the State. I hope to be able before the election closes to meet you all and become better acquainted with you, especially the young men here (the older ones are already pretty well acquainted with me) for the political destiny and material interests of onr yonng end vigorous common wealth are rapidly passing into the hands of the young men of the State and as rapidly passing from the hands of the older ones who are retiring from the stage of active life. Mr. President, I will detain the convention no longer. (Great applause.) LTCT/r. OOTKBHOB. For lieutenant governor, E. P. Barnum of Steams, H. B. Wellsof Fillmore, O. H. Lineau ef Ramsey, A. C. Smith of Meeker, and E. W. Durant of Washington, were named. The in formal ballot stood as follows: Wells i Lienau f$ Barnnm 47 Smith, Durant 8 Mr. Barnnm then withdrew, but Mr. Wells also declining, Mr. Bsxnnm's candidacy was again pressed, and the formal ballot stood: Barnnm, 142& Lineau, 129#. Mr. Barnum was loudly called. Ascending the rostrum, and after the cheers whioh greet ed him had subsided, he said: Gentlemen of the Convention: Language fails to express the sense of obli gation which I feel lor the honor yon have this day conferred upon me. This convention as sembled in the belief that the hitherto serried ranks of the Republican party were wavering, and that with the nomination of good men by the Democrats, our success waa assured. In view of this idea entertained by the Democ racy, 1 feel especially flattered by the honor which your convention has this day extended to me. I am further honored by being associated with the gentleman who hat Just left the standthe noblest Roman of us all. (Loud applause.) His nameisasynonym of all that is upright and honorable, and aa the front and head of onr ticket he will bring strength to the party. I give the assurance that Stearns county will contribute 1,500 ma jority towards his election. (Great applause.) Jnst here let me remark that O. A. Oilman claims that he waa helped to his election by Demooratio votes. We in Stearns oonnty will show him something different. I opine that after the day of election he will entertain a widely different opinion. In oonolnsion, gen tlemen, I again return yon my thanks. oTHn ifommas. The remainder of the tioket wse made bv acclamation, as follows: GovernorEdmund Bice, of Bamsey. Lieut. GovernorE. P. Barnnm, of Stearns. Secretary of ButeFelix A. Borer, of Le Suenr. State TreasurerLyman E. Oowdrey.of Olm sted. Attorney GeneralP. M. Baboook, of Hen nepin. Railroad CommissionerCoL Wm. Oolville, of Goodhue. "Is that an Alderny cow the young man from town asked old Mr. Thistlepod out on the agency road. The old man is a little near-sighted in his hearing, and he looked at the youth in amazement. "Wall," he replied, "she ain't so all-flred elderly, only two years last spring what might be your idea of an old cow, young mam?" A FUNERAL IN AUSTRALIA. The Burial Service Read Over the Body of a MinerAn Impressive Scene. We had been settled about a fortnight in this lead on tho Shootovor. when one day one of our party fell over a precipice and was killed. Previous to this our whereabouts had become known, and we were now surrounded by a large number of miners, who, when they heard of the accident, came in to sympathize with us, and to offer us any assistance that'we might need. Our first sad duty was to obtain a cof fin, if that was possible there was ro timber within ten miles, and no tools in the camp, except knives and tomahawks. With these, Tom Sanderson and myself set out to the timber hills we felled a tree, cut it off the proper length, and then set about finding means to split it. Wo made wedges out of hard wood, cut hard-wood wood branches for ham mers, and after much labor succeed ed in splitting the tree into rough, heavy planks. Notwithstanding the difficulties which confronted us in the absence of tools, we managed to form the materials for a coffin. Of course having no nails, we could not put it together there were no nails within two hundred miles. Hav ing made the coffin, we brought as much of it back to camp as we could carry, and sent a party out for the remainder, for the materials were very heavy. The only spot where we could find earth enough to form a grave was at a point about two miles from camp, on the side of a hill. Thither the coffin was car ried, and afterward, the body wrapped in a tent-cloth, the grave was dug aud the coffin placed within it. piece by piece then the body was placed in the coffin, and the rough, heavy lid placed over it. Men of every nationality and of every shade of religious opinion stood around the grave. It was a weird and solemn scene the crowd of wild-looking men with uncovered heads surrounding the grave on the hill-side the wild scenery, rough, rocky ridges, deep, yawning gorges and lonely peaks rising one above the other, standing like sentinels guarding the treasures of the lonely regions around them. I inquired it any one had a prayer book the inquiry was passed around the crowd, and it found an affirmative re sponse. It was an Episcopalian prayer book. I scarcely knew how to conduct the service, but, having found the place, I knew there could be no harm in asking all to kneel. They did so, and the scene grew even more impressive than- before. Englishmen, Scotchmen, Irishmen, Amer icans, and men from every nation of Con tinental Europe, Negroes, Chinamen, Maories, Catholics, Protestants and Dis senters, of every hue and shade of opinion, together with infidels and pagans, knelt reverently and listened in solemn silence to the grand language of the burial-ser vice of the Church of England: "Forasmuch as it hath pleased the Almighty God, in His wise providence, to take out of this world the soul of our deceased brother, we therefore commit his body to the ground, earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust." Then, when I came to the Lord's Prayer, I asked them to repeat it with me they did so, all who could. I shall never forget the scene. It was the most, impressive in which I had ever been, or have since been, a participator. The ceremony over, we filled up the grave, and left our dead mate to his everlasting sleep on the lonely hillside. The Use of Pain. The power which rules the universe, this great, tender power, uses pain as a signal of danger. Just} generous, beau tiful Nature never strikes a foul blow never attacks us behind our backs never digs pitfalls or lays ambuscades never wears smiles upon her face when there is vengeance in her heart. Patiently she teaches us her laws plainly she writes her warnings tenderly she graduates their force. Long before the fierce red danger-light of pain is flashed, she pleads with us, as if for her own sake, not ours, to be merciful to ourselves and to each other. She makes the overworked brain to wander from the subject of its labors she turns the over-indulged body against the delights of yesterday. These are her caution signals, "Go slow." She stands in the filthy courts and alleys that we pass daily, and beckons us to enter and realize with our senses what we allow to exist in the midst of the culture of which we brag. Ana what do we do for ourselves? We ply whip and epur on the jaded brain as though it were a jibing horseforce it back into the road which leads to mad ness, and go on full gallop. We drug the rebellious body with stimulants we hide the signal and think we have escaped the danger, and are very festive before night. We turn aside, as the Pharisee did of old, and pass on the other side with our hand kerchief to our nose. At last, having broken Nature's laws, and disregarded her warnings, forth she comes-drums beating, colors flying right in front to punish us. Then we go down on our knees and whimper about it having pleas ed God Almighty to send this affliction upon us, and pray him to work a mira cle in order to reverse the natural conse quences of our disobedience, or save us from the trouble of doing our duty. In other words, we put our Ingcr in the fire, and bag that it may not hurt. Hunting for a Word. An anecdote of Moore, the Irish poet, Bhows how much pains a writer will take, who does good work, to put the right word in the right place. Moore was on a visit to a literary friend in France, and while there wrote a short poem. One day while the guest was engaged in his literary labor the two took a stroll into an adjacent wood, and the host soon perceived that his companion was given up to his own thoughts he was silent and abstracted, noticing neither his friend and entertainer nor the beauties of the surrounding landscape. By-and-bye he began to gnaw the fing er-tips of his gloves pulling and twitch ing spasmodically, when this had gone on for a long time his friend ventured to ask him what was the trouble. "I'll tell you," said Moore. "I have left at home upon my table a poem in which is a word I do not like. The line is perfect save that one word, and that word is perfect save its inflection. Thus it is," and he repeated the line qnd asked his friend if he could, help him. It whs a delicate point. The friend saw the need, saw where and how the present word jarred just the slightest possible bit upon the exquisite harmony of the cadence: but he could not supply the want. The twain cudgeled their brains until thoy roached the house on their return, without avail. The rest of the day was spent as usual, as was the evening, save that ever and anon Moore would sink into silent fits in pursuit of the absent word. And so came on the night, and the poet went to bed in a deep study. The following morning was bright and beautiful, and Moore came down from his chamber with a bounding step, with a scrap of paper in his hand and a glorious light in his genial countenance. The word had come to him! He had awoke during the night, and the kind ge nius of inspiration had visited his pillow, and he had got up and torn a scrap from his note-book, and at the window, by the light of the moon, had made the thought secure. "There," he said, when he had incorpo rated it into the text "there it isonly a simple single word, a word as common as a, b, c, and yet it cost me twelve hours of unflagging labor to find it and put it where it is. Who could believe it!" SENTIMENT ON THE SANDS We wandered away from the crowd, The blare of the noisy band,l By the loving lips of the ocean, Over the golden sand Talking ridiculous nonsense, Inspecting preposterous shells, Flotsam and jetsam various. With singular maratime smells. A bottle, a barrel, some seaweed, Some muscular bivalves agape, The remains of their edible persons Shivered and dried out of shape. Past children interring each other In jocular tomblets of sand, Diging, and delving, and laughing A merry sepulchral band. "Might I smoke?" "As a matter of course," She liked the smell of the weed. A light from a SOP ef the soil, And back with impetuous speed. She was posed in a pensive pose As I noiselessly neared her stand, And I saw that she wrote witli her parasol, Lines on the golden sand. My heart it patted my ribs She's writing, no doubt, on the sly, The name that pleases her best "My own, I'll be bound," thought I. Over her shoulder I peeped Over her ruffling collars On the golden sand she scrawled: $100,600. Harper's Bazar. MEDICAL REMINISCENCES. A Chat With Dr. Prkerof New York on his 79th Birthday. From the New York world. Dr. Willard Parker, the eminent sur geon and physician of this city, began his eightieth year yesterday, having been born with the century. He spent his birth-day in New Canaan, Conn., an old fashioned New England viilage nestling among the hills of Fairfield county. Dr. Parker, whose country-seat is about half a mile from the village proper, at the top of an eminence six hundred feet above the sea level, and commanding a magnifi cent view of Long Island Sound, was tasking and feeling younger than most men do at fifty. His hand is as steady as ever, and his eyes as bright as a young man's. "It was forty years ago," he said to a World reporter who had asked him for some reminiscences of the advance of medical and surgical science in those forty years, "when I first opened an office in New York at the corner of Broadway and Bleecker street. I was there about two years and then removed to the corner of eighth street, now the Sinclair house I was there eight years, at the end of which I bought two lots on Twelfth street and built the house I have lived in ever sinceabout thirty years ago." "How do the physicians of to-day compare with those of thirty years apo?" "Well, to tell the truth, I don't think the general practitioner is any more suc cessful, notwithstanding thero have been so many great discoveries. But it these discoveries have not resulted in any great benefit to the present race of doctois, they may very materially aid the prac titioner of the future. The medical men of to-day are inclined to go too much on theory, I think, and that is almost sure to result in occasional very great mistakes. Take pneumonia, for instance. In the old times that was not considered to be a very dangerous disease but nowadays, when the disease is treated theoretically, if a person gets pneumonia, he is apt to think that his life is in great peril. I cannot help thinking that we have too many specialists nowadays. Formerly a doctor was supposed 1o treat all kinds of diseases. Now we have oculists, obstet ricians, neurologists, doctors who make a speeialty of diseases of the lungs and heart, and so on and so forth. This is all very well to a certain degree, but I think it has been overdone in this country." "What are some of the most impor tant discoveries that have been made in mcdici science in your time? Anaesthetics, I suppose, would stand first?'* "Well, the discoveay of anaesthetics is certainly one ot the most important." "How used you to get along in serious surgical operations before the days of anaesthetics?" "We had not BO very much trouble. If we had to cut off a man's leg, or do any other important surgical operation, it was our custom to give the patient a good stiff horn of whisky or brandy, which acted in the same way, only not so pow erfully. We did not make the patient drunk, but did tho operation while he was partly under the influence of alco hol. By the use of ether or chloroform we have a very great advantage, to be sure, for their effects are more powerful. They put the patient in a state of the most profound insensibility, which ena bles us to operate more carefully and de liberately. Of course it is a great com fort to the patient, as he can undergo any operation without any pain save the men tal fear and anxiety. Speaking of anaes thetics reminds me of the fact that I might have been the accidental discov erer of an anaesthetic. When I was a lec turer at the Pittsfieid Medical school it was a common custom of the students to pour sulphuric ether on their handker chiefs and inhale it for a stimulant. Some of them used to breathe it until [it had put them into the second stage of ac tivity and excitement. If one of them had kept it up until the third stage that of stupor and profound insensibil ityhad been reached, we might per haps have made the discovery right there." "What country has done the most to ward advancing the sciencs of medicine and surgery during the past thirty or forty years?' "If you limit it to that time I should say that the Germans have done the most. When I first went to Europe for the pur pose of study I visited the principal hos pitals of England and France. Germany was hardly thought of. Now, however a medical student going to Europe would not think of returning without making observations in Germany. But not so many medical students consider it neccs ssry to pursue their studies into the old country as used to." "Why is that? Have they better facili ties at home than they used to have?" "Yes. I would not think it was ne cessary for a medical student to go to Enrope to finish his education, even if he were preparing himself as a specialist in fact, I don't believe that hardly any of them would go if it were not for the fact that ocean navigation is now so easy. The first time that I went it took us thirty-five days to cross the ocean. Now you step on a steamer and in eight days you are landed on the other side." "But a great many American students do go to Europe, do they not, to complete their studies?" 'Certainly, and principally for the rea son that I have stated, that they can do it with so little trouble. But a student can learn as much here as in Europe. Take an oculist, for example. Aftei studying the whole field over in this country he may have a desire to visit sim iliar fields in foreign countries. He goes aad when he retvrns he feels satisfied but after all he has learned nothing but what he had learned or, at least, might have learned at home. "Why do you give the Germans so much credit?" "Because they have made such great in vestigations in chemistry, physiology an^ pathology. No other people on earth as at present constituted would have done it. The German mind is peculiar. An enthusiastic German igvestigator is con tent to spend his whole life in determin ing, for example, the precise dimensions, anatomy, and physiology, of the root or bulb of a human hair. It costs them but litlte to live, and the more eminent investigators, are supported, partially at least by fhe government. These men spend their lives in the great laborato ries of Germany, and the amount of knowl edge they have contributed tc the human race is almost incalculable." "Do these investigators practice medi- cine?" Oh, no! As I have said they spend their lives either in garrets or governnent supported laboratories." "How are the Germans as practition- ers?" "Is it well known that as practitioners they have not beeome so distinguished. The Germans are pre-eminently theorists, and it is not surprising that they are so. The result is that when a German physi cian or surgeon comes to treat a particu lar ease he is apt to follow the teachings of his master to the letter. This will not do, for there can hardly be found two cases which require precisely the same treatment. For this reason "the Ameri can, who is naturally ingenious, when he comes to a case will set to thinking on his own hook, and will devise some way to get successfully through with it. Take, for instance, the case of a man who has a leg that requires to be ampu tated. The books tell exactly how to do it. But suppose the man has in addition some serious constitutienal disease. Then the circumstances are altered entirely, aud what he can get from the books may not help him out of it. So, you see the surgeon must always rely mainly upon his own knowledge and skill." Romance ofthe Isles of Shoals. The correspondent ot a Western journ al, writing from the Isles of Shoals, gives an interesting account of the original oc cupation of Appledore Island, one of the group, on which there has long been a summer inn much frequented by New Englanders, New Yorkers and Western people. It seems to have been purchased by a Mr. Leighton, a lawyer and a prom inent local politician 01 Portsmouth, N. H., who bought it with a view to living on it permanently on account of his dis satisfaction with his party. He took his wife and childa daughterthere, built a rude house, and expressed his determi nation never to return to the mainland. He adhered to his determination inflexi bly, tor he had grown sour and misan thropical by his political disappointment. Wnen his daughter had become fifteen or sixteen, a young lawyer ot delicate con stitution asked the privilege of boarding in Mr. Leighton's isolated family for the benefit of his health. The privilege was reluctantly accorded, and the attorney, being thrown into the society of the daughterdescribed as & very pretty, bright and unconventional girl, as she would be likely to be with her peculiar surroundingsfell desperately in love with her. The cynical father opposed marriage and was furious at the interlop ing gallant, but as the latter could not be bullied or driven off she was to be his wife, and the two went to the main land and lived there. The lady is now known ^.o the literary world as Mrs. Celia Thax er, the poet, a favorite contributor to the tlantic. She is very fond of Appledore, oubtless through its early romantic asso iations, and spends most of her summers in a cottage near the Appledore House, kept by her brothers, who were born on the island and have grown to be inn-keep ers by a process of evolution, gradual but irrestistible. Persons began to go to the house of their father many years ago, as to a lrygiegic resort, and patronage in creased until they were forced into the position of prosperous landlords. Their eccentric father is buried near the hotel, his last request being that his remains should not be carried to the mainland, The correspondent calls Mrs.- Thaxter a Yankee "Miranda," and makes quite an idyl of her history. Not many of our watering places have so romantic associ ations, and, unlike most of the refcitals about such resorts, this one appears to be subantially true. i "LAID ASIDE.' We say them very oft. the two small words: Thinking of some, who, lying still, May watch the reapers at their work, May only wait to know their father's wilL But, by what right do we in Hidgment stand, And, looking o'er the harvestfieldso wide, Say of those lives whose ways we cannot know, These hat* the Father's wisdom laid aside? They may not toil, their waiting hands lie still, And cannot glean the sheaves so wide and fair Butshall we say that they are "laid aside" When God's own hand hath touched and placed them there? Because their feet no longer come and go Among the sheaves that lipen 'neath the sun Because their hands can neither sow nor glean, Is this the sign that work for them is done? Ah. no, God does not count them laid aside Because his voice has bade them to be still For, though they only wait with folded hands. It is enough that so they do His will. How shall we judge what task on earth ie theirs? God does not measure by our human sight The work we count as nothing, in His hands, May some day shine in radience or light. A life of waitingjlived as for the Lord ,r Shall never in His sight be lost Dost find it hard to wait, remember this Our wills opposing God's will make the cross. God's plans are great and deep, His ways are wide We strive iu vain His will to understand. Till, looking upward through the mist of doubt. We hear His loving voice, and clasp His hand. He holds us then, no harm our touls need fear If in life'b loilsome field He makes our place Or, if He bids us lay aside our work, And wait unquestioning a little space. And though I dare not judge another's work. This do I knowIn all God's kingdom wide, Where'er their place, However small the task, None of God's children can be laid aside. An Astounding Discovery. From the London Athenaeum. A correspondent has sent us a startling letter fiom Miss M. Belham-Edwards, from which we give au extract: "I send you the following particulars of a recent scientific invention, just patented, and destined without doubt to play a very im portant part in our economic history. I think it must be regarded as a solution for once and for all of the great coal question, not only among ourselves, but abroad. M. Bourbonnel of Dijon, thft celebrated lion and panther slayer, lighbr ed upon the following discovery by haz ard, and brought it to entire 'workable' perfection. He discovered, by means of two natural substances, inexhaustible in nature, the means of lighting and main taining a fire without wood or coal a fire instantaneously lighted and extinguished, a fire causing no dust, smoke or trou ble, a fire costing one-tenth at most of ordinary fuel, and, what is more won derful still, a fire the portion ot which answering to our fuel is everlasting, that is to say, would last a lifetime. Mr. Bourbonnel's invention comprehends both stove and fuel. The fires would be on the minutest scale or on the largest. They would be used for heating a baby's food or for roasting an ox. Being lighted in stantaneously they will be a great econo my of time. Mr. Bourbonnel at once tented his invention, and a body of en gineers and savants from Paris visited him and pioneunced his discovery one of the most remarkable of the age. "He has several offers for the purchase of the pat ent in France, but wants to sell it in En gland, his own occupation being in an other line. Any English gentleman or firm wishing to see his fires or stoves could do so by writing to him a day or two before hand. His address is M-" Bournell, Dijon. I have seen these fires and stoves. There is no mistake about the mattor. It is as clear as possible that here we have perpetual and econom ical source of fuel. Two hundred years ago the discoverer would surely have been burned as a wizard." Fifty years ago the leading dailies were the Courier, Sentinel and Boston Atlas, edited respectively by Joseph Tinker Buckinham, Maj. Ben Russei and Richard Houghton, all men of mark. The week lies were the Traveller and Gaz- tte, the latter edited by W. W. Clapp, father of Col. Clapp of the Journal. Of 'Maj. Ben," as he was familiary called, many amusing anecdotes are told, one of which, that long antedates the period of which we are speaking, may be worth relating: His relations with Gov. Hancock were intimate, and, having an appointment with the governor late in the evening, was received by the executive in his chamber. After a long session, the busi ness being concluded, the governor drew back and said, "Now, Ben, tell us a good story." This was exactly in the major's line and he gave him a tolerably ''spicy" one. Just at the climax Maj. Ben was horrified by the sound of stifled feminine laughter and, jumping up, saw from the movement of a high-curtained beastead standing in the corner that it had an oc cupant. "Good heaven! who can that be?" he exclaimed. "Sit down, Ben," re plied the governor, with a twinkle in his eye "It is only Mrs. Hancock." Thorean's Thoughts. Woe to him who wants a companion, for he is not fit to be the companion of even himself. That virtue we appreciate is as much ours as another's. We see so much only JB we possess. The blue sky is a distant reflection of the azure serenity that looks out from under a human brow. Cheap persons will stand upon cere mony, because there is no other ground but to the great of the earth we need no introduction, nor do they need any to us. When we cease to sympathize with, and to be personally related to men, and begin to be universally related, then we are capable of inspiring others with the sentiment of love for us. No fields are so barren to me as the men from whom I expect everything but get nothing. In their neighborhood I experience a painful yearning for society which cannot be satisfied, for the hate is greater than the love.