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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, December 01, 1892, Image 2

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R. C. DUNN, Publisher.
Twins:2 00 per year in advance.
THE mild insanity of the Duke of
Norfolk is the collection of blotting
paper and pads. It is an absorbing
fad.
ME. GLADSTONE is not fond of the
idea of the emancipation of women,
and is quite proud of the Adele Ceepay
essay, in which the dangers of such
freedom being allowed to the sex are
vigorously pointed out
AT a certain church near Ledbury an
annualsermon is still preached against
thejvice of duelling. This is done
in accordance with the last will and
testament of a damsel whose rivaj
lovers died fighting for her hand.
THE Mafia story from New York
reads like the plot of a "blood-and
thunder" novel. Perhaps the Italian
who is convinced that he is being
hounded by thugs is merely harassed
by creatures of his own imagination.
JOHN DAWSON, of Terre Haute, re
cently celebrated his 103rd birthday,
and had his oldest grandchild, Mrs.
Sarah Dudley, who is 6 7 years of
age, help him do the honors of the
occasion.
IT was developed by testimony in a
recent trial in London that the Prince
of Wales was indebted t'o the extent
of $2345 for box tiekets to the Lon
don Lyceum. Managers on this side
will be apt to discourage any such
blooming doncherknow fad.
ENTOMOLOGISTS in general concede
that upward of 100,000 species of in
sects haye been recognized and named
some authorities place these figures
50,000 higher, and even these latter
figures are believed to not represent
more than one-tenth of the number
actually inhjftiling the globe.
TEE profe^ts in charge of the com
mission to aHp-mine the exact longi
tude or Montreal found that it took
but a trifle over a second to telegraph
from that place to London and get a
reply. The distance travelled by the
electric current was 8,000 miles.
THE "life tree" oi Jamaica will con
tinue to grow for months and years
after it has been dug up and its roots
reposed to the sun. Leaves severed
from the limbs will remain perfectly
pieen for weeks. The natives say that
the tree can only be destroyed by fire.
"WHAT lamb's flesh is to us is the
goat's flesh to the Arab of North
Africa. In the provinces of Greece,
too, where goats are to be found in
abundance, thpir flesh is much eaten.
The kid is reckoned by epicures to be
equal, if not superior, to lamb, while
the flesh of the buck and thelady goat
jre both excellent.
HE Rothschilds are said to have
a curious way of providing a birth
day present for all the girls of the
family when they come of age. At the
birth of each little girl six pearls
valued at $2,500 are put aside. Six
more are added at every birthday,
and when the young lady reaches the
age of 2 1 she is presented with tne
valuable necklace.
HE ruby, sapphire, the oriental
emerald, theloriental topaz, the orient
al amethyst, the oriental aqua
marine, the oriental chrysolite, the
hyacinth and other precious stones
are all allumina, the varieties of color
being caused by inappreciable quanti
ties of metallic oxides.
THE highest statistical authority in
the United States, David A. Wells,
declares that the [yearly waste in the
United States, through drink, is, at
least, $500,000,000. In 4 0 years
$10,000,000,000 have been thus
wasted. This is equal to the whole
savings of the people from 1783 to
1857
THE most curious and unique clock
in the United States, or in the world
for that matter, was constructed by
Amos Lane, of Amedee during the
past summer. Lane's curious clock,
which, by the way, is Jail face, hands
and lever, is attached to a geyser
which shoots upward an immense
column of hot water every 38 seconds
exactly.
HE flag known as the stars and
bars was the first flag adopted by the
Confederate Congress at Montgomery.
Thebattleflagwas designed by General
Beauregard, and was adopted by Gene
ral J. E. Johnson after the first battle
of Bull Run, and was afterward adopt
ed by Congress. In May, 1863 Con
Rressadopted another national flag,
the battleflag occupying the place of
theunion jack in the United States,
#ad the remainder in white.
THE WEEKLY NEWS DIGEST.
EVENTS OF TH E PAST WEEK
IN A CONDENSED FORM.
The Latest and Most Important
News of the World, Culled
From the Telegraph Re
ports of the Prase
Associations.
The Capital.
The annual report ot Secretary of Agri
culture is made public.
There is talk in Washington of floating a
new loan to meet possible financial com
plication.
The president appoints J. H. Gear of
Iowa assistant secretary of the treasury
and William M. Stone of the same state
commissioner of the general land office.
The supreme court of the case Jan. 9 as the
date of the trial fixed of the Northern Pa
cific Railway Company, appellants, vs.
Charles S. Walker, countv auditor, appeal
ed from the Eighth judicial district.
The comptroller of the currency has ap
proved the National Bank of the Republic
as a reserve agent for the First National
Bank of Albert Lea, Minn., and the First
National Bank of St. Paul for the Farmers
& Drovers National Bank at Waynesburg,
Penn.
Railroad postofflce car service is
i established as follows: Eiroy, Wis., to St.
Paul, Chicago, St Paul, Minneapolis &
Omaha Railway. The establishment of
one daily line oi railway postoffice cars, 50
feet length, inside measurement, over
this ronte is authorized.
Col. Ruffee's bond having been approved,
the money due the Chippenas from the
reserve fund, amounting to about $150,000,
will be forwarded in a few days. The de
Eartment
will simply wait until Col. Ruflfee
as had time to prepare the roll of Indians
who are entitled to the money.
Record of Casualties.
William Gehl, nephew of Conrad Gehl,
head brewer in Conrad's brewery, at Port
Arthur, Ont., fell into a vat of boiling beer
and only lived three hours.
The Hotel Zinzendorf at Winslow, N. C,
recently built by the West End Land com
pany at a cost of $140,000, was totally de
stroyed by fire. The contents were mainly
saved. The hotel was one of the best in the
South.
C. F. Church, for many years representa
tive of Sanford & Co., of Winnipeg, Man.,
perished on the prairie near Macleod, Al
berta, during a terrible storm which has
been raging there for two days. Church
was one ot the most highly respected citi
zens and a pioneer of Winnipeg, having
come here in 1872.
Four men were drowned at Lewiston,
Idaho, in the Snake river. A govern
ment scow is at work at that point and six
men were in a boat endeavoring to set off
a blast when the boat capsized and only
two of them reached shore, the other three
could not swim or were afraid to make the
effort. The names of the drowned are: E.
W. Evans, foreman of the scow, Harvey
William, irom London, England, and Reu
ben Neuniyear.
People In Print.
Margaret Mather confesses that young
Mr. Pabst is her husband.
Margaret Mather will retire from the
stage.
Gen. Roecrans is rapidly recovering from
his nervous attack, and will soon be re
stored to health.
Dr. W. P. Exhum, third party candidate
for governor of North Carolina, was fined
$7.90 a short time a.ro on the charge of
using profane language.
They are getting a good deal of fun over
in Wisconsin out of Gov. Peck's excuse for
writing "Peck's Bad Boy," that he was
only lorty-three years old at the time.
Abbe Liszt's first concert programme,
when he was only nine years old, has been
discovered. It bears the date of 1820, and
the performance was given at Oldenburg.
Capt. C. James, of the Redditch (Eng.)
Cycling club, died and, in accordance with
his wishes, his coffin was borne to the grave
on four bicycle3 and attended by his friends
riding on their wheels.
Miss Kate Marsden is coming from Eng
land to the United States on a lecturing
tour. Her object is to raise funds for the
establishment ot two leper colonies in foi
beria.
The late Amos Shinkle of Covington,
Ky., gave various Methodist churches
$1,000,000, and was for years a Sunday
school teacher. HI estate was valued at
$2 500,000, and ho Jeft only one child, a
son who survive him.
Sinful Doings.
The new press bill empowers the French
government to seize foreign papers printed
in either France or abroad.
The Diario Del Holar of the City of
Mexico, publishes an article alleging that
the Mexican band has met with discourte
ous treatment from Chicago world's fair
officials.
Cholera is again showing itself in Bel
gium. There have been two deaths from
the disease in Brussels and several cases are
reported in Bruges and Mons.
Death warrants for the eight colored men
and boys in Chestertown jail, convicted of
the murder of Dr. Hill, have been pre
pared. Dec. 13 is the date fixed for the
hanging.
News has been received at the variety
ngencie3 in New York that Viola May, a
well-known singer and dancar, has shot
and killed a companion named Carrie
Rogers at Klispall, Mont.
From Mulhaussen, in Alsace, comes a
Btory of murder by a Mrs. Kern of her four
children. They were starving, it is stated,
and takincj them in a cemetery in a wheel
barrow, she cut each ot their throats with
a knife The bullion in the Bank of England in
creased 261,000 recently. The proportion
of the Bank of England's reserve to liabil
ity, which was 46.58 per cent, is now 49.81
per cent.
The secretary of the master cotton spin
ners' federaton announces that eight
ninths of the spindles organized in the
federation are now stopped or are running
on half time, atlecting 64.000 employes.
Poohewah, the Shoshone Indian who
attempted suicide at Cheyenne, Wyo., by
cutting his throat with a piece of broken
lamp chimney on account of being con
victed ot manslaughter, ho having killed
an Indian of his tribe, died from the effects
of his self-inflicted injuries.
On Mount Penna, three miles from Read
ing,|Pa John Sheller, aged forty-two, shot
8. Muhringer through the head and then
put a bullet through his own heart, dying
instantly. The exact cause of the tragedy
ia unknown.
Trouble has arisen says a Jimtown, Colo.,
special, in regard to the vein of the Park
Regent mine, and as a result two armed
crews of about twenty each arc in opposi
tion, but no blood has yet been shed. The
Park Regent people claim that Patrick
Moran had usurped their rights and are at
tempting to oust him from his claim. The
matter will probably be settled in the
courts.
The Foreign Budget.
King Humbert opens the Italian
ment in person.
parlia-
Factionsin Samoa have a fight in which
several men are killed.
Great sensations, it is expected, will be
brought out by the Panama canal in
vestigation.
It is rumored that owing to Radical pres
suite the Gladstone government will rele
gate the home rule Dill.
The bodies of nineteen adults have been
found buried in the sand of a cellar in Lub
lin b, Russian Poland. The police are in
vestigating the matter, which as yet is a
mystery.
The body of Mr. Duckwitz, a Cincinnati
merchant, was burned in the crematorium
ofOhlsdorf cemetery. This was the first
time Ohlsdori's crematorium has been us
ed.
Emperor William is suffering from a
chill. He has been compelled to abandon
his hunting excursion to Neugattersleben
and baa returned to Potsdam, where he is
resting.
The London Chronicle's correspondent
at Vienna says it is stated there that at the
first meeting of the international monetary
conference, the Italian delegates will give
notice of the secession of Italy from the
Latin Union.
The court at Galatz has condemned
Princess Gortschakof to transfer to her
brother, Prince Gregory Stourdza, $5,000,-
000 and residences held by her in Paris and
Baden Baden under the disputed will of
her father, the late governor ot Moldavia.
The judgment financially ruins the prin
cess.
Advices received al London from St.
Petersburg show that according to statistics
just made public there are 850,000 persons
imprisoned in 875 jails in Russia. Ninety
per cent of the prisoners are men. The
prisons were built to hold only 570.000 pert
sons, and an idea ot their crowded condi
tion can be obtained.
Gossip of the Sports.
Yale defeats Harvard at foot ball, 6 to 0.
Stamboul trots a mile in 2:07i, lowering
the stallion record.
Wheelsmen Zimmerman and Sanger are
marched at last to ride for $10,000 at Mil
waukee. Zimmerman's $500 earnest money
was covered by Sanger. Both men seem to
favor a one mile race. The date and other
important details have not yet been settled,
About the Railroads.
The Union Pacific is practically boycot*
ted by several other Western roads.
The Canadian Pacific, it is said, secures
an entrance into Chicago by means of an
"L" road.
A committee of the Western Freight as
sociation meets in St. Paul to check 'rates
out of this city and Duluth.
In view of the opening of the water
power improvements at Niagara Falls Jan.
1, the Soo line is making extensive ar
rangements for the providing of a special
rate ior passengers to that point and for the
conducting of a number of excursions
during the first few days preceding the
first of the year. The Soo line passes in the
immediate vicinity of the falls, and it will
be possible for passengers to seethe work
ing of the improvements at the falls with
out leaving the cars.
Polltical Echoes.
Labor.
The Knights of Labor General Assembly
has concluded its labors at St. Louis.
The strike in the Carnegie Steel works
at Homestead, Pa., is declared off by the
Amalgamated association.
General News.
The American Mortar Company, of Wau
kegan, 111., has assigned.
A case to test the rebate system of the
whisky trust is brought in Chicago,
Cora Van Tassel, the actress, has married
Charles Slader, son of a Washington
millionaire, after a brief acquaintance.
Ex-President Hayes has been elected
president of the board of trustees of the
Ohio State University.
The colored preachers of Atlanta, Ga.,
are advising their flocks to emigrate to Af
rica, declaring it the only salvation of the
negro race in this world.
Marey, Murray Co lumber dealers at
Indianapolis, assigned, with liabilities of
$50,000, mostly to Wisconsin and Chicago
parties.
An injunction prevented the sale by the
sheriff oi the Wichita, Kas., street railway
line, under a mortgage for $324,000. Collu
sion is alleged between the plaintiff and
bond-holders and the directoi'9.
Leland J. Webb, ex-commander-in-chief
of the Sons of Veterans, who was recently
adjudged insane, has been released from
custody at Topeka, Kas., he having been
cured.
Marshall Phillips, woolen merchant, of
Philadelphia, assigned. Liabilities, $300,-
000, assets much less. Mr. Phillips has lost,
in speculation in three year*, a fortune of
$350,000 left him by his father.
The Mutual Gas Company, of Detroit,
has been sold by Thompson Dean to Unit
ed States Senator James McMillan and his
son, W. C. McMillan. The price paid is
$1,500,000.
Newspaper readers are watching with
interest just now a contest for supremacy
between two Chicago papers. The Inter
Ocean and Tribune have put up $20,000 a
piece on the questions of comparative
circulation. The Winner will get nothing
but his $20,000 back again. The money of
the loser will go to some charity.
Advices from Ft. Wingate Bay that an
other troop of cavalry left there for the
Garrizo mountains under orders to arrest
Navajo chief, Black Horse and bring him
to the agency at Ft. Defiance. This will be
done, of course, but there may be a ruction
before it is accomplished, as it is said the
big chief declares fie will not be taken.
TALMAGE ON BUSSIA.
A. DEFENSE OF RUSSIA AND
HER RULER,
Some Wrong Impressions Correc t-
edWhat Russia Ha Done
for the United States-
Character of the
Emperor.
BROOKLYN, N, Y., Special.Rev. Dr.
Talmage took for hid text II, Peter
ii, 10: "Presumptuous are they,
self-willed, they are not afraid to
speak evil of dignities."
Amid a most reprehensible crew, Pe
ter here paints by one stroke the por
trait of those who deliaht to slash at
people in authority. Now, we all
have a right to criticise evil behavior,
whet.ier in high places or low, but the
tact that one is high up is no proof
that he ought to be brought down. It
is a bad streak of human nature now,
as it was in the time of the text a bad
streak of human nature, that success
of any kind excites the jealous anti
paty of those who can not climb the
same steep. There never was a David
on the throne that there was not
some Absalom who wanted to get it.
There never was a Christ but the
world had saw and hammer ready to
fashion a cross on which to assassin
ate him. Out of this evil spirit grow
not only individual but national and
international defamation. no
country has more injustice been
done than to our own in days
that are past. Long before Mar
tin Chuzzlewit was printed, the
literature of the world scoffed at
everything American. Victor Hugo,
as honest as he was unequaled in lit
erary power, was so misinformed con
cerning America that he wrote: "The
most singular thing is the need of
whittling, with which all Americans
are possessed. It is such that on Sun
day they give the sailors little bits of
wood, because if they did not they
would whittle the ship. In court, at the
most critical moment,Jthe judge, whit
tling, says: 'Prisoner, are^you guilty?,
and the accused tranquilly responds,
whittling, *I am not guilty.' Lord
John Russell called us "a bubble
bursting nationality." Bu tour coun
try has at last recovered from such
caricature, and there is not a street in
any city of Europe or Asia where the
word "America" will not win defer
ence. a
'his ap-
Friends of Gov. Boies advocate
pointment to a cabinet position.
President-elect Cleveland announces that
he will not consider applications for office
until he is inaugurated.
The Independents hold the balance of
power in the California legislature and will
name the next United States senator.
The official count makes the Montana
legislature Democratic on joint ballot and
insures a Democratic United States senator
in place of W. F. Sanders (Rep.)
Congressman Lew Steward,of the Eighth
Illinois district, will oontest the seat of R,
A. Childs in the house of representatives.
Childs received a majority of seventeen in
a vote of 42,000, but Steward's friends claim
thev have proof of fraud on the part ot
Child's supporters.
The official count of the Rhode Island
vote cast in the recent presidential election
is completed and shows the following re
sult: Bidwell, 1,565, Cleveland, 24,334:
Harrison. 27,069 Weaver, 227. Plurality
for Harrison, 2,734.
RUSSIA DEFAMED.
But there is a sister nation on the
other side of the sea now going through
the process of international defama
tion. There is no country on earth so
misunderstood as Russia, and no
monarch more misrepresented than its
Emperor. Will it not be in the cause
of justice if I try to set right the minds
of those who compose this august as
semblage and the minds of those to
whom, on both sides of the ocean,
these words shall come? If the sland
er of one person is wicked, then the
slander of 120,000,000 people is 120,-
000,000 times more wicked. In the
name of righteousness and in behalf of
civilization, and for the encourage
ment of ali those good people who
have been disheartened by the scan
dalization of Russia, I now speak.
I said at St. Petersburg to the most
eminent lady of Russia outside of the
Imperial family: "Are those stories
of cruelty and outrage that I heard
and read about true" She replied:
"No doubt, some of them are true,
but do you not in America ever have
officers of the law cruel and outrage
ous in their treatment of offenders?
AMERICA'S BEST FRIEND. ^*r-
It is most important that this
country have right ideas concerning
Russia, for, among all the nations
this side of heaven, Russia is Ameri
ca's best friend. There has not been
an hour in the last seventy-five years
that the shipwreck of free institutions
in America would not have call id
forth from all the despotisms of Eu
rope and Asia a shout of gladness
wide as earth and deep as perdition.
But whoever else fails us, Russia nev
er did. and whoever else was doubt
ful, Russia never was, Russia, then an
old Government, smiled on the cradle
of our Government while yet in its
earliest infancy, Empress Catherine ot
Russia in 1776 or thereabouts offer
ed Kindly interference that our thir
teen colonies might not go down un
der the cruelties of war. Again, in
1813, Russia stretched forth toward
us a merciful hand. When our dread
ful Civil war was raging and the two
thunder clouds of Northern and
Southern valor clashed. Russia prac
tically said to the nations of Europe:
"Keep your hands off and let the
brave man of the North and the South
settle their own troubles."
I stood on New York Battery, dur
ing the war, as I suppose many of
you did, looking off through a mag
nifying glass upon a fleet of Russian
ships. "What are they doing there?"
I asked, and so every one asked*
"What business have the Russian
warships in our New York harbor?"
Word came that another fleet of Rus
sian ships was in San Francisco har
bor. "What did this mean?" our
rulere asked, but did not get immedi
ate answer. In these two American
harbors, the Russian fleets seemed
sound asleep. Their great mouths of
iron spoke not a word, and the Rus
sian flag, whether flying in the air or
drooping by the flag-staff, made
no answer to our inquisitiveness.
William H. Seward, Secretary of
State, asked the Russian Minister at
Washington the meaning of those
Russian ships of war in American
waters, and got no satisfactory re
sponse. Admiral Farragut said to a
Russian officer ,after dining in the
home of that eminent politician
Thurlow Weed, that maker and un
maker of Presidents: "What are you
doing here with those Russian vessels
of war?" Not until after the war was
over was it found out that in case of
foreign intervention all the guns and
the last sun of these two fleets in New
York andlSan Francisco harbors were
to open in full dianason upon any
foreign ship that should dam to in
terfere with the right of Americans,
North and South, to settle their own
controversy.
SAVED THE UNION.
But for those fleets and their pres
ence in American waters, there can be
no doubt that two of the mightiest
nations of Europe would have
mingled in our fight. But for those
two fleets, the American Government
would have ^een to-day only a name
in history. I declare before God and
the nation that I believe Russia saved
the United States of America.
And now I proceed to do what I
told the Emperor and the Empress
and all the imperial family at the
Palace of Peterhof I would do if lever
got back to America, and that is to
answer some of the calumnies which
have been announced and reiterated
and stereotyped against Russia.
THE FIRST CALUMNY.
Calumny the first- The Emperor
and all the imperial family are in per
petual dread of assassination. They
are practically prisoners in the Win
ter Palace, and trenches with dyna
mite have been found dug around the
Winter Palace. They dare not ven
ture forth, except preceded and fol
lowed and surrounded by a most
elaborate military guard.
My answer to this is that I never
saw a face more free from wornment
than the Emperor's face. The Win
ter Palace, around which the trenches
are said to have been charged with
dynamite, and in which the imperial
family are said to be prisoners, has
never been the residence ot the imper
ial family one moment since the pres
ent Emperor has been on the throne.
ESPIONAGE.
Calumny the Second: If you got
Russia, you are under the severest es
pionage, stopped, here and questioned
there, and in danger of arrest. But
my opinion is that if a man is dis
turbed in Russia it is because he ought
to be disturbed. Russia is the only
country in Europe in which my bag
gage was not examined. I carried in
my hand, tied together with a cord so
that their titles could be seen, a pile
of eight or ten books, all of them from
lid to lid cursing Russia, but I had no
trouble in taking with me the books.
There is ten times more difficulty in
getting your baggage through the
American Custom House than through
the Russian.
Calumny the third- Russia and its
ruler are so opposed to any other
religion except the Greek religion, that
they will not allow any other religion,
that nothing but persecution and
imprisonment and outrage intolerable
await the disciples of any other re
ligion. Bu what are the facias? I
had a long ride in St. Petersburg and
its suburbs with the Prefect, a bril
liant, efficient and lovely man, who
is the highest official in the city of
St. Petersburg, and whose chief busi
ness is to attend the Emperor. I
said to him: "I suppose your religion
is that cf the Greek Church?" "No,"
said he "I am a Lutheran." "What
is your religion?" I said to one of
the highest and most influential offic
ers at St. Petersburg. He said: "I am
of the Church of England.'' Myself an
American, of still another denomina
tion of Christians, and never having
been inside a Greek church my lite
untii I went to Russia, could not "have
received more consideration had I
been baptized in the Greek Church
and all my life worshiped at her al
tars. I had it demonstrated to me
very plainly that a man's religion in
Russia has nothing to do with his pre
ferment for either office or social posi
tion.
GRASPING TERRITORY.
Calumny the fourth: Russia is so very
grasping of territory and she seems
to want the world. Bu what are
the facts. During the last century and
a quarter, the United States has tak
en possession of everything between
the thirteen Colonies and the Pacific
Ocean, and England, during the same
length of time, has taken possession
of nearly 3,000,000 square miles, and
by the extent of her domain has add
ed 250,000,000 population, while
Russia has added during that time
only one-half the number of square
miles and about 18,000,000 popula
tionEngland's advance of domain
by 250,000,000 against Russia's ad
vance ot domain by 18,000,000.
What a paltry Russian advance of
domain ot 18,000,000 as compared
with the English advance of domain
by 250,000,000! The United States
and England had better I keep still
about extravagance and extortionate
enlargement of domain.
Calumny the fifth: Siberia is a den
of horrors, and to day people are
driven like dumb cattle no trial is
afforded, to the suspected ones they
are put into" quicksilver mines, where
they are whipped and starved and
some day find themselves going around
without any head. Some of them do
not get so far as Siberia. Women,
after being tied to stakes in the streets,
are disrobed and whipped to death in
the presence of howling mobs. Offend
ers hear theiro wn flesh siss under the
hot irons.
But what are the facts? There are
no kinder people on earth than the
Russians, and to most of them cruelty
is an impossibility. I hold in ray
hand a card. You
rsee on it that red
circle. That is the Government's seal
on a card giving me permission to
visit all the prisons of St. Petersburg,
as I had expressed a wish in that di
rection.
I asked an eminent and distinguish
ed American: "Have you visited the
prisons of St. Petersburg, and how
do they differ from American pris-
ons?" He replied: "I have visited
them and they are as well ventilated
and as well conditioned in every re
spect as the majority of the prisons
in America." Are women whipped in
the street? No that statement
comes from the manufactory of
fabrication, a manufactory that
runs day and night, so that the sup
ply may meet the demand.
SIBERA.
But how about Siberia? My an
swer is Siberiajifjthe p-ison of Russia,
a prison more than vic the size of
the United States, John Howard, who
did more for the improvement of
3fiSiS^dIs3*i^iEKE
prisoners and the reformation o^
criminals than any man that ever!
lived, his name a synonym for mercy*
throughout Christendom, declared byj
voice and pen that the system of/
transportation of criminals from]
Russia to JSibera was an admirable.'
plan, |advocating [open air punish
ment rather than endungeonment,
and also because it was tak
ing all offenders hundreds of
miles away from their evil!
companions. John Howard, after*
witnessing the plan of deporta
iqn of criminals from Russia to
Siberia, commended it to England.
If a man commits a murder in Rus
sia, he is not electrocuted as we elec
trocute him, or chocked to death by
a halter as we choke him to death.
Russia is the only country on earth
from which the death penalty has been,
driven, except in case of high treason.
Murderers and desperate villains are
sent to the hardest parts of Siberia,,
but no man is sent to Siberia or
doomed to any kind of punishment in
Russia until he has a fair trial. So
far as their being hustled off in the
night and not knowing why they are
exiled or punished is concerned, all
the criminals in Russia have an open
trial before a jury just as we have in
America, except in revolutionary or
riotous times, and you know in
America at such times the writ of
habeas corpus is suspected. There
are in Russia grand juries and petit
juries and the right to challenge the
jurors, and the prisoner confronts
his accuser, and, mark this, as in no
other country, after a prisoner has
been condemned by juries and Judges
he may appeal to the Minister of the
Interior, and after that to the Sen
ate, and after that to the Emperor,
who is constantly pardoning.
After being in Siberia awhile, the
condemned got earning a livelihood,
and they come to own their own
farms, and orchards and vineyards,
many of these people coming to
wealth, and thousands of them under
no inducement would leave those
parts of Siberia which are paradises
for salubrity and luxuriance. Now,.
which do you think is the best style
of a prisonSiberia or many of our
American prisons?
THE EMPEROR'S MERCY.
The merciful character of the present
Emperor was well illustrated in the
following occurrence: The man who
supervised the assassination of the
father of the present Emperor, stand
ing in the snow that awful day, when
the dynamite shattered to pieces
the legs of Alexander the SecondI
say the man who supervised all this
fled irom St. Petersburg and quit
Russia. But after a while the man
repented of his crime, and wrote to
the Emperor asking forgiveness for
the murder of his father and
promising to be a good citizen, and
asking if he might come back
to Russia. The Emperor nardoned
the murderer of his father,*and the
forgiven assassin in now living in Rus
sia, unless recently deceased. When
I talked to the Empress concerning
the sympathy felt in America con
cerning the sufferings of the drouth
struck regions of Russia, she evinced
an absorbing interest and a compas
sion and an emotion of manner and
speech such as we men can hardly
realize, because it seems that God has
reserved for woman a3 her great
adornment, the coronet, the tear
jeweled coronet of tenderness and
commiseration. If you say that it
was a man, a Divine Man that came
to save the world, I say Yes, but it
was a woman that gave the man.
Witness all the Madonnas, Italian,
German, English and Russian, that
bloom in the picture galleries of
Christendom. Son of Mary, have
mercy on us!
But how about the knout, the cruel
Russian knout, that come3 down on
the bare back of agonized criminals?
Why. Russia abolished the knout be
fore it was abolished from our Ameri
can navy. But how about the po
litical prisoners hustled off to Siberia?
According to the testimony of the
most celebrated literary enemy of
Russia, only 44 3 political prisoners
were sent to Siberia in twenty years.
But, you ask, how will this Russo
phobia, with which so many have been
bitten and poisoned, be cured?
the God of Justice blessing such books
and pamphlets as are now coming out
frorn Prof. De Arnaud of Washington,
Mr. Horace Cutter of San Francisco,
Mr. Morfill of England, and by 1he
opening of our American gates to the
writings of some twenty-four of the
Russian authors and authoresses, in
some respects as brilliant as the three
or four Russian authors already
knownthe translation of those twen
ty-four authors, which I am author
ized from Russia to offer free'of charge
to any responsible American publish
ing house that will do them justice.
Let these Russians tell their own
story, for they are the only ones fully
competent to do the work, as none
but Americans can fully tell the story
of America, and as none but Ger
mans can fully tell vhe story of Ger
many, and none |bu$ Englishmen can
fully tell the story of England, and
none bat Frenchman can fully tell the
story of France. Meanwhile, let the
international defamation come to an
end. Cease to speak evil of dignities
merely because they are dignities, and
of Presidents merely because they are
Presidents, and of Emperors merely
because they are Emperors. And
may the blessing of God the Father,,
and God the Son, and God the Holy
Ghost, be upon all the members of the
imperial household of Russia from the
illustrious head of that family down
to the Princess, 7 years of age, who
came skipping into my presence in the
palace of Peterhof last summer. Glory
to God in the highest and on earth
peace, good will to men.
He Had Moral Principle.
Two commercial travellers were
once describing the character of a
third. One defended him and the
other disparaged his honesty.
"Well," said the first, "you must
admit he has lots of moral princi-
ple."
"He orter have," retorted the sec
ond, "for he never uses any."
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