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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, October 22, 1896, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1896-10-22/ed-1/seq-3/

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They Declare That the Bombs Found
in Their Room in the Hotel in
Amsterdam Were Placed There
by Scotland Yard Detectives Aft-
They Had Been Arrested by
Amsterdam Police.
New York, Oct. 18.Among the ec
ond cabin passengers who arrived on
the steamship Werkendam to-day from
Rotterdam were two men whose
names were not on the published lists
of passengers. Their tickets bore the
names of John Williams and Henry
Smith, but the-men themselves were
John F. Kearney and Thomas Haines,
respectively, who were arrested on
Sept. 13 in Rotterdam for having
dynamite bombs in their possession
and as being concerned in a conspir
acy against the lives of the czar and
the queen of England. When a rep
resentative of the Associated Press
boarded the Werkendam his attention
was drawn to two men with a strong
Irish accent. The~.e two men denied
that they were I rne and Haines,
but after the steai. er had tied up in
her dock in Hoboken they tacitly ad
mitted their identity. The representa
tive succeeded in getting statements
from the two recently released sus
John F. Kearney said that he had
gone some weeks ago to Antwerp and
later to Rotterdam to see his wife's
friends on family and business mat
ters. While there he said he met
Haines and both recognized each oth
er through their speaking English.
'They stopped at the same hotel in Rot
terdam, where they arrived on Sept.
11. Ha inPS was then ill and confined
to his roori on the following day. On
Sunday morning, the 13th, about 9
o'clock, while occupying the same
room at the Queen's hotel they were
awakened by a rapping at the door.
Kearney jumped from his bed and
opened the door. As he did so he was
confronted by six Dutch police officers
and an inspector. The latter told the
two men to
.Consider Themselves Under Arrest.
They were surprised and asked what
charge there was against them. The
inspector informed them that he had
orders to arrest them and asked that
they would come peaceably to police
barracks. They dressed themselves
and consented *n be handcuffed. They
were taken to the barracks and held
there without being given any further
information until 4 o'clock in the af
ternoon. Then they were served with
some sandwiches and coffee at their
own expense.
On the following Wednesday, after
being separated in the meantime,
Kearney was brought before the com
missioner of police.
"From Sunday afternoon until
Wednesday," continued Mr. Kearney,
"and in fact for the remainder of the
time I was confined, I is kept aloof
from all the other prisoners and con
tinually under watch of two armed
guards. When brought before the
commissioner of police and inspector I
was informed that I was charged with
manufacturing and having in my pos
session dynamite bombs. This I
knew to be false, as I had never had
possession of these things, and when
told that several of them were found
underneath the bed in which Haines
and I had slept, I almost had a fit
when I thought of the danger I had
"been in. It seemed clear to me that
it was simply another of those deep
laid plots of the Scotland Yard men
who stop at nothing in order to make
a case against Irishmen whenever
they find it necessary. Those ex
plosives were put there after we were
taken out of the room.
"A week last Saturday two of
ficers came to my cell and told me to
come out. I met Haines at the en
trance of the prison and we were
both hustled into a carriage. Accom
panied by the officers we were driven
to the Netherland pier and put aboard
the vessel."
Newspaper Man Dead.
West Superior, Wis., Oct. IS.S. G.
Sherburne, an old newspaper man well
known in Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapo
lis, Kansas O ty and other places, died
of heart failure here to-day. He was
attacked on the street and expired in
a few minutes. Sherburne came to
La Crosse county, Wis., from New
York in ISoo and entered politics, leav
ing it for newspaper work. He was
with the Chicago Times under Storey,
and afterward with the Kansas City
Star, Pioneer Press. St. Paul Globe
and Minneapolis papers. He came
here in 18& as managirg editor of the
Daily Leader, and was engaged in
newspaper work up to two weeks ago.
He had wealthy relatives and a broth
er at Spirit Lake, Iowa.
French Botanist Dead.
Paris, Oct. 18.Auguste Trecul, the
French botanist, died to-day in a hos
pital in this city in a condition of pov
erty. Auguste Adolphe Lucien Trecul,
member of the institute, was born in
France in 1818. studied pharmacy at
Paris but turned toward the study of
botany and published in 1843 several
memoirs. These caused to be confided
to him a scientific mission to the Unit
ed States by the museum of natural
history and by the ninister of agricul
ture for research, 'specially of certain
roots used by the savage tribes of
North America. He wandered with
the Osage Indians in 1S48 and was in
Texas and Mexico the next year.
Snow in Wisconsin.
Marshfield, Wis., Oct. 18.The first
enow of the season came down to-day
It continued nearly all forenoon
Hayward, Wis., Oct. 17Two inches
of wet snow fell here this morning.
Cuban Independence.
Chicago, Oct. 18.A special to the
Tmics-Herald from Washington S3ys:
"If Spain does not end the war In
Cuba within three months the insurg
ents will receive from the United
States virtual recognition of their inde
pendence. It can be further stated on
fuithority that the president does not
expect that Spain will end the war
'jwith the tactics now employed daring
,the present year, and that he is fully
convinced that the grave duty wJtt
devolve upon him of taking a vigorous
stand in this matter.
Spaniards at Havana Called Down
by the Consul.
Havana, Oct 18.Another interna
tional incident occurred in the narbor
to-day. The police attempted to arrest
on board the Ward line steamship
Vigilancia a passenger who was on his
way from New York to Mexico. The
man's name was Angel Fernandez.
He was born in Asturias, Spain, but
claimed to be a Mexican citizen. Capt.
Mcintosh, of the Vigilancia refused to
deliver up the man, and the police
ordered the Vigilancia to be detained.
Thereupon Capt. Mcintosh consulted
with Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, the United
States general, and soon alterward the
vessel was allowed to sail with Fer
nandez on board to Mexico.
Gen. Malonias' gunboat Contram
aestro while reconnoitering in the Riv
er San Juan, near Trinidad, had a
brush with some insurgents and suc
ceeded in capturing over 500 rirtes, a.
quantity of ammunition, a cannon,"
some medical supplies and some im
portant correspondence. The arms,
ammunition, etc., were found in boats
marked "The Three Friends," but it
is supposed the supplies belonged to
the Dauntless expedition. The firing
between the gunboat and the insurg
ents lasted for about five hours. The
commander of the gunboat Contram
aestro met the gunboat Ardilla, on
which Gen. Molinial was a passenger,
near Trinidad, and hearing that there
were indications that an expedition
had landed in the River San Juan he
sent Lieut. Pasquin and thirty men
detailed from the two gunboats. The
naval force on landing were fired upon
by about 300 insurgents, but, protected
by the fire of the Ardilla, the sailors
captured two large boats believed to
have belonged to the Dauntless, con
taining 620 carbines, ammunition and
medical stores.
At Palma. Province of Santa Clara,
the insurgents' leader, Ricardo Lugo
and two of his followers have been
killed in a skirmish with the Soria
Fatal Fire in a Chemical Ware
house in Montreal.
Montreal, Oct. 18. Three firemen
were killed and six badly injured at a
stubborn fire to-day at the chemical
warehouse of Gilmour & Co. The
dead are Edmund LaPorte, Harry
King and Silvan Charpentier. The
latter's body is still buried under the
tons of debris. Of the injured the
only one likely to die is Castian Ben
nett. The fire raged with great fury
owing to the combustible nature of
the contents. The firemen fought the
fire courageously, and after an hour's
work seemed to have had it under con
trol. At this stage the firemen were
distributed in all parts of the building
and were drowning out the flames
when with a terrible crash the second
floor gave way and fell to the floor
beneath. The men who were on top
escaped half-suffocated and bleeding
from many wounds, but the men below
were crushed under tons of timbers
and goods. The loss to property is in
the vicinity of $100,000 insurance
about half.
Tolls I England for the Late Arch
bishop of Canterbury.
Canterbury, Eng., Oct. IS. There
was general mourning throughout
Great Bn ain to-day. Passing bells
were tolling almost everywhere and
memorial services in honor of the late
archbishop of Canterbury and primate
of all England, the Most Rev. Edward
White Benson, D. D., who died sudden
ly in Hawarden church on Sunday
last, have been held in hundreds of
churches. The lying in state of the
remains of the deceased prelate in
Canterbury cathedral was watched
throughout by the clergy of Canter
bury, the Sisters of St. Peter and the
boys of the St. Augustine school. The
old cathedral looked cold, dismal and
forbidding. Rain was falling outside,
the atmosphere within the huge edi
fice was heavy and charged with
moisture, and even the famous mar
tyrdom chapel looked dark and frown
ing in spite of the many tall, grace
ful lighted tapers within it. Many
prominent people attended the burial
Lehigh Valley People, Where the
Coal Conies From.
Canton, Oct. 18.Congressman Jas.
H. Codding, of the Fifteenth district
of Pennsylvania, led a delegation of
several hundred people from the Le
high Valley to the McKinley home
this morning and introduced them as
miners, mechanics, business men and
other citizens representing that terri
tory. The party was organized in the
towns of Bradford, Luzerne, Wyoming
and Carbon and adjactnt territory
Their greetings to Maj. McKinley wee
most cordial and their demonstration
was enthusiastic. Tyler and Wetsel
counties of West Virginia sent greet
ings to Maj. McKinley with a delega
tion of representative citizens in a
special train of twelve coaches. Sis
terville furnished the greater part of
the crowd, organized as the Elkins
Invincibles, named in honor of Sena
tor Elkins. The party greeted Mai.
McKinley with cheers and hurrahs.
They were introduced by R. L. Moore
and P. A. Shannon.
Died for Love.
Toronto, Oct. 18.A. W. Clemens, 25
years of age, of Preston, Ont, sprang
over the railing of the Second road
side ravine bridge to-day, dashing
down 100 feet and was instantly
killed. Clemens left a note on one side
of which was a statement that his
name was Austin W. Clemens and on
the other side were these words: "I
die for love and entertain no ill will to
any one." Clemens has been under
treatment for some time for nervous
Tugr Sunk.
New York, Oct. 18.The tug Niagara
was run down in the North river oft
the American line pier by the steam
boat Magenta to-day. The tug went to
the bottom three minutes after being
struck. The crew jumped into the riv
er and two were drowned. Three
were rescued. It could not be learned
positively whether there were five or
six men on the tug. If there were six
then three were lost. Capt. Moriarity,
the cook and tt.e engineer were res
cued. John Simms, colored, a cook's
helper, and the fireman were drowned.
Interesting Happenings In the North
Star State.
Ex-Mayor Smith has been appointed
postmaster at St Paul, to succeed Capt.
H. A. Castle.
An insurance man was arrested in
Minneapolis on the charge of obtaining
some $30,000 by fraudulent means.
Amelia Wildt secured a divorce fronj
ex-Assistant Secretary of State Peter
M. Wildt at St. Paul.
Burglars robbed Roxey Reber's resi
dence at St. Paul f about $1,000 worth
of property.
Duke Snplehs of Austria, in an inter
view at St Paul, says ho finds Minne
sota the best place for Austrian peas
ants, and he will send all he can here^
Family trouble is supposed to have
caused George R. Brennan, residing
near Grand Rapids, to shoot himself,
at his farm on the upper Mississippi.
A man by the name of Mitchell was
arrested at Elk River, and taken by
officers from Anoka, who want him on
a charge of forgery.
The Minnesota Methodist conference
has expelled Rev. J. C. Hull, who has
been indicted by the grand jury at St
Paul, for attempting to poison his wife.
The state board of corrections and
charities estimates the current expens
es of state institutions for 1898 at $2,-
The Ramsey County W. C. T. U. has
decided to ask the legislature to give
women the right to vote at municipal
David Bonner, a former resident of
South Stillwater, aged twenty-five, was
killed in a railroad accident at Glas
gow, Mont.
The large barn of F. R. Grieber, at
Brownton, burned to the ground. The
barn was full of hay, and several cat
tle were burned. The fire was caused
by a lantern.
A young son of T. W. Hinton of Al
bert Lea, while out hunting, was acci
dentally shot in the head while pulling
a gun from a wagon. It is believed
the wound will prove fatal.
The farm residence of F. G. Doug
lass at Baroda, a small station five
miles west of Alden, was totally de
stroyed by fire. It was one of the offi
ces of the Blue Earth Valley tele
Jacob Fath was shot in the leg at
Wells by Mrs. Grunskie. He worked
for Grunskie. and they disagreed in
settling. Fath drew a dirk4and cut the
latter's hand, and the woman shot
him, inflicting a flesh wound. He has
been bound over to the grand jury
under $1,000 bonds.
The lumber office of Ghristensen &
Somerville of Delhi, -was forced and
the safe opened, but, fortunately, no
money had been left there The only
booty secured by the thieves was a
new bicycle belonging to F. Hen
ning. Another wheel was stolen from
the farm of Peter McKay, three miles
frem Delhi, a couple of night ago.
While several boys were hunting in
the woods near Camp Lakeview, one of
their number, Ernest Bennett, fourteen
years of age, was accidentally shot by
his brother, Walter. The bullet en
tered his shoulder and lodged at the
base of the brain, the wound beim* in
flicted by a twenty-two-caliber rifle.
The lad is now in a precarious condi
The Faribault police have not been
able to get any clue to the clever forg
er who worked his game on the unso
phisticated merchants here Oct. 8.
Further developments show that eight
checks were forged and passed, and
that the same party buncoed a farmer
out of a nice fur overcoat that same
evening, in all, the fellow secured
near $100.
Two men engaged in a quarrel in an
open lot at Moorhead, resulting in one
of the men nearly losing his nose
through being cut with a knife. The
nose was almost severed. The injured
man is said to be a gambler from Min
neapolis and his assailant a resident
of Fargo. No complaint has been made
as yet, and there is certainly a disposi
tion to hush the matter up.
The Standard Oil company's oil house
and stock yards of the Minneapolis &
St Louis Railway company, at Hanley
Falls, were destroyed by fire. The fire
started in the oil house, spreading to
the stock yards, which were in close
proximity. Two large storage tanks of
oil only a few feet from the fire, were
the cause of considerable alarm, as
there was great danger of an explo
sion. The origin of the fire is not
known. Loss, $3,000 partly insured.
The ministers of the Lutheran
church of the Norwegian district, com
prising the Red River valley, held
their annual conference at Brainerd.
Questions of theology and methods of
church work took up most of the time.
Much interest was manifested in de
Dating the various subjects introduced.
Other matters pertaining to the church
in general were discussed. It is ex
pected that the local society at Brain
erd will build what will be the finest
church in the city
A stranger arrived in Lake City re
cently and secured lodging for the
night at the Hotel Ryan. Next morn
ing he was found dead in bed by the
landlord The coroner was notified and
an inquest held. The jury found that
he came to his death through natural
causes Nothing about his person
could be found to identify him. The
sum of 22 cents was found in his pock
ets. He was about thirty years of age,
weighed nearly 160 pounds, and from
his appearance it was thought he was
a laboring man. No one having called
for nis remains, he was buried.
About two weeks ago U. Thomp
son of Mathews, a county commission
er, so It is alleged, and as the evidence
showed, set a fire near Mathews. He
failed to attend to it, and allowed it to
feo unprotected. Everything being in
'a dry condition, It soon got beyond the
control of all the people in and around
Mathowa, and the state warden was
appealed to for help. He ordered as
sistance from Barnnm and Carlton
and several other towns, and after sev
eral days' hard fighting the fire was
i subdud mot, however, until it had
done great damage to the timber and
i destroyed several buildings and hun
i dreds of tons of hay. Mr. Thompson,
his wife and son were arrested and
taken to Carlton. He was convicted,
and sentenced to pay a fine of $75 or
I stand committed for seventy days in
the county jail. Mrs. Thompson and
the son were discharged.
Laws and Constitutional
Synopsis of Lairs and Amendments
to the Constitution, proposed by
the Legislature for submission to
the voters of Minnesota at the
General Election to be held on
the 3rd day of November, A. D.
1SD6. At the general election to be held In the
State of Minnesota on the 3rd day of No
vember, A. u. l&yo, tne iollowmg laws and
amendments proposed by the legislature of
said state at the last session thereof, will
be submitted for adoption or rejection, viz.:
An act will be submitted to the people of
this state for their approval or rejection at
the next general election, entitled:
"An act relating to the taxation of certain
lands owned by railroad companies in this
state, and repealing laws and parts of laws
relating to the taxation of the same, and to
provide for the submission of this act to
the people of this state for their approval
or rejection."
So far as material the act is as follows:
"Sec. 1. All lands in this state heretofore
or hereafter granted by the State of Minne
sota,or the United States, or the Territory
of Minnesota, to any railroad company shall
be assessed and tnxed as other lands are
taxed in this state, except such parts of
said lands as are held, used or occupied for
right of way, gravel pits, sidetracks, depots
and all buildings and structures which are
necessarily used in the actual management
and operation of the railroads of said com
Provided, That said railroad companies
shall continue to pay taxes into the state
treasury upon their gross earnings in the
same manner and in the same amount as
now provided by law. Anct that nothiug in
this act contained shall be construed to re
peal said laws except in so far as the same
relate to the tax upon said lands.
"Sec. 2. Such portion or portions of nnv
act or acts, general or special, of the State
or Territory of Minnesota heretofore en
acted, which provides or attempts to pro
vide for any exemption of lands hereby de
clared taxable, from taxation, or for any
other method of taxing said last mentioned
lands different from the method of taxing
other lands in this state, or which are in
any manner inconsistent w-ith the pro
visions of this act are heieby repealed.
"Sec. 3. If this act shall be hold to be
void so far as it applies to the lands of any
particular railroad company in this state.
It shall not be groun for declaring it void
or inapplicable to any other company not
similarly situated."
The purpose of this act is to secure the
taxation of unused railroad lands acquired
by railroad companies under federal and
state grants.
I deem it proper to call attention to the
fact that the electors "f tins state will be
called upon to vote upon lite followim,' prop
osition: "Shall there be -onvcntion to re
vise the state constitutiox.
Attention is also called to the fact that an
act will be submitted to the electors of this
state at said election providing for the ap
iropriatio of the income demed from the
of the internal improvement
land fund to the road and bridge fund. The
act provides that such moneys shall be
used only for making public toads and
building bridges on public roul^.
"An act providing for an amendment to
section four (4) of article live (5) of the con
stitution of the State of Minnesota, defin
ing the authority and duties of the governor
in relation to pardons for criminal offenses
and creating a board of pardons."
Section 4 of article 5 of the constitution
of Minnesota no.v reads as follows:
"Section 4. The governor shall communi
cate by message to each session of the legis
lature such information touching the state
and condition of the country as he may
deem expedient. He shall be commander
in-chief of the military ,and forces,
and nipy call out sue''
'-ee tonaval execute the
laws, Funpress insu 'on and repel in
vasion. He may require the opinion, in
writing, of the principal officer in each of
the executive departments, upon any sub
ject relating to the duties of their respec
tive offices and he shall have power to
grant reprieves and pardons,, after convic
tion, for offenses against the state, except
In cases of impeachment. He shall have
power, by and with the advice and consent
of the senate, to appoint a state librarian
and notaries public, and such other officers
as mav be provided by law. He shall have
power to appojnt commissioners to take the
acknowledgment of deeds, or other instru
ment" in writing, to be used in the state.
He shall have a negitive upon all laws
passed by the legislature, under such rules
and limitations as are iu this constitution
prescribed. He mav on extraordinary occa
sions convene both houses of the legislature.
He shall take care that the laws be faith
fully executed, fill any vacancy that may
occur in the office of secretary of state,
treasurer, auditor, attorney general, and
such other state and district offices as may
be hereafter created by law, until the next
annual election, and nnril their successors
are chosen and qualified."
It is proposed to amend the said section
by striking therefrom the following words:
"And he shall have power to gi'int re
prieves and pardons, after conviction, for
offenses against the state."
In place of the words thus proposed to be
stricken out, it is proposed to insert the fol
lowing words:
"And he shall have power, in conjunction
with the board of pardons, of Inch the
governor shall be ex-offlcio a member, and
the other members of which shall consist of
the attorney general of the State of Min
nesota and the chief justice of the supreme
court of the State of Minnesota, and whose
powers and duties shall defined and regu
lated by law, to grant reprieves and par
dons, after conviction, for offenses against
the state."
The effect of the adoption of the aforesaid
proposed amendment will be to deprive the
governor of the power to alone grant par
dons and reprieves, which he now enjoys,
and to create a bonrd of pardons, consisting
of the governor, the attorney general and
the chief justice of the supreme court.
The proposed rmendment contemplates
that its adoption will be followed by the
enactment of a suitable law defining and
regulating the powers and duties of such
board of pardons in granting reprieves and
"An act proposing an amendment to sec
tion one (1) of article seven (7) of the con
stitution of the State of Minnesota which
relates to the elective franchise."
Section one of article 7 of the constitu
tion of Minnesota now reads as follows:
"Section 1. Every male person of the age
of twenty-one years or upward^, belonging
to either of the following classes, who shall
have resided in the United States oe year,
and in this state for fonr months next pre
ceding any election, shall be entitled to vote
at such election, in the election district of
which he shall at the time have been for
ten days a resident, for all officers that now
are, or hereafter may be. elective by the
FirstCitizens of the United States.
SecondPersons of foreign birth, who
shall have declared their Intention to be
come citizens, conformably to the laws of
the United States upon the subject of nat
ThirdPersons of mixed white ani Indiai.
blood, who have adopted the customs and
habits of civilization.
FourthPersons of Indian blood residing
In this state, who have adopted the lan
guage, custom and habits of civilisation,
after an examination before any district
court of the state, in such manner as may
be provided by law, and shall have been
pronounced by said court capable of enjoy
ing the rights of citizenship within the
The proposed amendment, if adopted, will
read as follows:
"Section one (1). What persons are en
titled to vote:
Every male person of the age of twenty
one (21) years or upwards belonging to
either of the following classes who has re
sided in this state six (6) months next pre
ceding any election shall be entitled to vote
at snen election in the election district of
which he shall at the time have been for
thirty (30) days a resident, for all officers
that now are, or hereafter may be, elective
by the people.
FirstCitizens of the United States who
have been such for the period of three (3)
months next preceding any election.
SecondPersons of mixed white and In
dian blond, who have adopted thecustoua
and habits of civilization.
Thirdrersons of Indian blood residing in
this state, who have adopted the language,
customs and habits of civilization, after an
XSttniuatiou before any district conrt of the
Btate, In such manner as may be pro-rided!
by law, and shall have been pronounced by
said court of enjoying the rights
citwenshicapable within the state.
The effect of
last above proposed
amendmenet upon a person's right tobevote
officers i this state will
I. To eliminate the present requirement
or one year's residence fn the United States.
a residence
this state,
nett precedinrg an election, of six months
as now
require a residence in the election
district, next preceding an election, of thir
ty days instead of ten days as now re
require a citizenship of the United
Mates of three months. The constitution
nov permits citizens of the United States
to vote regardless of the
periodeof sW
P'.- Provide they possess th requisite
'l^lincations cf residence above indicated.
5. To repeal the present nrovisioas of the
constitution which enables a person of for
eign birth to vote after having declared his
intention to become a citizen of the United
States, and before becoming a fully i atural
Ized citizen thereof.
In addition to the foregoing, the effect of
the adoption of such last proposed ai:-end-
ment will be to deprive a foreign born per
son of the right to hold an ele.-tive office in
this state before becoming a fully natural
ized citizen of the United States.
"An act proposinconstitution an amendment to arti- ron (4 of the of the Stat
Cl of Minnesota allowing cities already incor
porated, and villages desiring io br-cnnie in
corporated as cities, to frame Iheir own
charters as cities."
It is proposed to add to article fonr of
the constitution the following section:
Sec. 36 Any city o- village in this state
may frame a charter for its own -caem
inent as a city consistent with and suhiect
to "the laws 'ot This staTj sis foTtows: The
legis.alure shall provide, under sich re
strictions as it deems nroper, for a board of
fifteen freeholders, who *u.ill be and for the
past five years shall have been qualified
voters thereof, to be appointed by the dis
trict judges of the judicial d'strict in which
the city or village is Mtuated. Aiiuh Uard
shall, within six months a'ler its ci-roint
ment. return to the -aef lagntr.ite such
city pr village a draft r-t such charter
signed by the members of said board or a
majority thereof. Su^h charter stall be
submitted to the qualified voier.s of such
city or village at the next election there
after, and if four-sevenths of tbe qualified
voters voting at such election shall ratify
the same it shall, at the nd of thirtv davs
thereafter, become the charter of such city
or village as a city, jnd supersede any ex
isting charter and amendments thereof pro
vided, that in cities naving patrol limits
now established such r-harter snail require
a three-fourths majority vote of the quali
fied voters voting at su^h election to change
the patrol limits now established.
Before any city shall incorporate under
this act the legislature shall prescribe by
law the general limits within which such
charter shall be framed. Duplicate certifi
cates shall be made setting forth the char
ter proposed and its ratification, which shall
be signed by the chief magistrate of said
city or village, and authenticated by its cor
porate seal. One of said certificates shall
be deposited in the office of the secretary of
state, and the other, after being recorded
in the office of the register of deeds for the
county in which such city or village lies,
snail be deposited among the archives of
such city or village, and all courts shall
take judicial notice thereof. Such charter
so deposited may be amended by a proposal
therefor made bv a board of fifteen free
f aforesaid, published for at least
thirty days in three newspapers of general
circulation in such city or village, and a
cepted by three-fifths of the qualified
voters of such city or village voting at the
next election, and not otherwise: but such
charter shall always be in harmonv with
and subject to the constitution and laws of
the State of Minnesota. The legislature
may prescribe the duties of the commission
relative to submitting amendments of char
ter to the vote of the people.
The borrd of freeholders ibove provided
for shall be permanent, and all the vacan
cies by death, disability to perform duties,
resignation or removal from the corporate
limits shall be filled by appointment in the
same manner as the original board was
created, and saiudt boardf shall always con
tain Its full complement of members.
*i. i^?
fure all such charters
that there shall be provided, among other
taings. for a mavor or chief magistrate, and
a legislative body of either one or two
houses: if of two honses, at least one of
them Fhi'l be elected bv general vote of
the citizens.
In submitting any such charter or amend
ment tnereto to the qualified voters of such
city or village any alternate section or arti
cle may be presen ted for the choice of the
voters, and may be voted on separately
without prejudice to other articles or sec
tions of the charter or any amendment
The legislature may provide general la-.vs
relating to affairs of citieseitheer
th application class, and
of which may be limited to cities of over
fifty thousand inhabitants, or to cities of
fifty and no1t leshs than fifteen thousand in
to cities of fifteen thousand a1or
inhabitants, or less, which shall applv
eq i
which shall be paramount while in force to
the provisions relating to the same matter
Included in the local charter herein pro
vided for. But no local charter, provision
or ordinance passed thereunder shall super
sede any general law of the ''"ite defining
or punishing crimes or misdemeanors."
The effect of the adoption of the last
amendment wil be- A
est and villagel with
right of framing their own charters, sub
ject to limitations imposed bv the laws of
state.charter Th will be framed by a board
Of fifteen freeholders, or a majoritv thereof.
3. The charter will thereupon be submit
ted to the qualified voters at the next en
suing election, and will require for its rat
ification four-sevenths (4-7) of the qualified
voters voting at such election.
4. If ratified at *uch election the charter
will thereupon, after the lapse of thirty
days, becou.e the charter of such city or
5. A city will be unable to iaeorporate
under the proposed amendment until the
legislature shall havp tim prescribed by
law the general limits within which its
charter may be framed.
6. A charter once adopted may be amend
ed in a manner similar to that prescribed
for the framing and adoption of the orig
7. The board of freeholders is to be per
petual and without limitation of term, ex
cept that arising from death, disability to
perform duties, resignation or removal from
the corporate limits of the city or village.
8. The charter must provide for a mayor
or chief magistrate, and a legislative body
of either one or two houses: if of two
houses, the members of at least one house
shah be elective "by the general ot of
the citizens."
9. Alternate articles or sections of a pro
posed charter may be voted upon that is to
say, the voter may vote for one or the
other of two given articles or sections*
10. The legislature may classify cities
upon the basis of population alone, as fol
(a) Cities of over 50,000 inhabitants.
(b) Cities of 50,000 and not less than 15,-
000 inhabitants.
(c) Cities of 15,000 inhabitants or less.
II. When cities have been so classified,
the legislature may thereupon pass general
laws limited in, their application to one or
more such classes
12. The general law applicable to any
class of cities, will be paramount to any
inconsistent provision found in the charter
of any city belonging to such class.
"An act proposing an amendment to sec
tion thirteen (13), article one (1), of the
constitution of the State of Minnesota, re
lating to taking private property for pub
lic use."
Section 13, of Article 1, of the constitu
tion of Minnesota, now reads as follows:
"Private property shall not be taken for
public use without just compensation there
for, first paid or secured."
If the proposed amendment is adopted,
section 13 will then read as follows:
"Private property shall not be taken, de
stroyed or damaged for pabllc use without
just compensation therefor first paid or se
The amendment will consist of the inser
tion into the original section of the follow
ing words, viz., "destroyed or damaged for
public use."
"An act to amend article eight (S of the
constitution of the State of Minnesota, re
lating to school funds, education and
I is proposed to amend Article 8 of the
constitution of the State of Minnesota by
adding thereto a section reading as follows:
"Sec. 6. The permanent school and uni
versity land of this state may be invested
In the purchase of bonds of any county,
school district, city, town or Tillage of this
state, but no such investment shall be mad*
until approved by the board of commis
sioners designated by law to regulate tb*
vi* ^kJik^ ^%%ii^^^&>^: ^j&^^&Mskk
Investment of the permanent school fnird
and the permanent university fund of tfil
state nor shall such loan or investment be
made when the issue of which the same la
part would make the entire bonded in
debtedness exceed 7 per cent of the as
sessed valuation of the taxable real prop-.
erty of the county, school district, city,
town or village issuing such bonds nor
shall such loan* or indebtedness be made at
a lower rate of interest than 3 per cent per
annum nor for a shorter period than five
(5) years nor for a longer period than
twenty (20) years, and no change of the
town, school district, village, city or county
lines shall relieve the real property in such
town, school district, countv. village or
city in this state at the time of the issuing
of such bonds from any liability for taxa
tion to pay such bonds."
The proposed amendment contemplates
the Investment of the permanent school and
university funds of the state, for periods
not less than five (5) nor more than twenty
(20) years, in the bonds of counties, school
districts, cities, towns and villages.
Loans cannot be made to such munici
palities under such amendment in amounts
exceeding seven (7) per cent of the as
sessed valuation of the taxable real property
No loan shall bear interest at a rate less
than three (3) per cent.
Section 5 cf the same article of the con
stitution now provides for the loaning of
the permanent school funds of the state to
counties and school districts, to be used in
the erection of county or school buildings,
and to draw interest at the rate of 5 p#r
cent per annum.
Such loans are now limited to amounts not
exceeding three (3) per cent of the last pre
ceding assessed valuation of the real es
tate of the counties or school districts, re
Ample provision is made for the collection
of the priucippl and interest of loans made
pursuant to sdfd section 5.
"An act proposing an amendment to the
constitution of the State of Minnesota, to
authorize the taxation of the property of
sleeping, drawing room and parlor car, and
other companies and owners, in the manner I
therein provided."
It is proposed to amnd Article 0 of the 2
constitution of Minnesota bv adding thereto I
a section reading as follows: i
"The legislature may impose, or provide I
for the imposition of. upon the property 1
within this state, of any and all owners or I
operators, whether corporate or individual, 1
or otherwise, of any and all sleeping, parlor I
and drawing room cars, or any or either of
the- same, which rin in, into or through this -i
state also upon the property within this 3
state of any and all telegraph and telephone I
companies, or owners, whose lines are in,
or extend in, into or through this state I
also upon the property within this state of i
all express companies, or owners, or any 3
or either of the same, doing business in this
state also upon the property within this
state of all domestic Insurance companies 'f
of this state of any kind also upon the
property within this state of any and all
'foreign insurance companies Ccing business i
In this state of any kind also upon the 1
property within this state of all owners or
operators of any and all mines or of mineral i
ores situated in this state also upon the
property within this state of all boom com
panies or owners, and of all shipbuilders or
owners doin? business in this state or i
having a port therein provided, that this 1
act shall not app'y to property owned by
railroad companies, their lands and other
property: and upon th property of eithec
or any of such companies or owners a tai, 5
as nforni as reasonably may be with the
taxes imposed upon similar property in saia
fiiate. or upjn. the_ earnings thereof within
this state bat may ne graced or progres
sive, or both, and in providing for such tax,
or in providing for ascertaining the just fi
ana true value of such propertv. it shall be
competent for the legislature, in either or
all of such cases, to impose such tax, upon
any or all property thereof within this
state, and in cither case bv taking as the
basis of such imposition the proportionate i
business, earniig mileage or quantity of
production or property now or hereafter
existing of any such companies, persons or
owners, transacted or -xistirg in this state.
in relation to the eutire business, mileage
or quantity of production or property of
such companies, persons -or owners as
aforesaid or in such other manner, or by
such other method as the legislature may i
determine: but the proceeds of such taxes
upon m.ning property shall be distributed 1
between the state and the various political i
subdiv.sions thereof wherein the same is
situated in the same proportion as the pro
ceeds of t.ixrs upon real property are dis
tributed: provided further, 1 lat nothing in 5
this act contained shall operate to authorize
the assessment or taxation of land or ordi
nary business blocks or propertv owned by
any such corporation, person, firm or com
pany except in the manner provided by the
oidmaiy metho's of taxation."
This propose 1 amendment contemplates'*5
the taxation of tne property in this state of:
1. Sleeping, parlor and dining room car
2. Telegraph and telephone companies. i
Exp'_es- companies i
4 Foreign and domestic insurance com- -i
panics. i
The owners or operators of mines or 1
mineral o:e.
6 Boom companies and shipbuilders or
owners doine bu^ncs* in this state or ~i
having a port therein i
Th.* forogo'ng provisions are modified in 3
tne followii]^- very important respects:
1. The n!..ei'dmeut will not apply "t
pronerty ow I by ra'lroad companies' their"^
lands and oth-r property
2. Taxf-s may be imposed upon the prop
erty of the companies above enumerated or
upon the earnings thereof within this state,
and may be graded or progressive, or both
In providing for such taxation, or the
jrst and true value ot such property, It
shall be competent for the legislature to
inpriso such tax upon anv and ail prooerty
u-i-'of within this stale and
4. In either case by taking as the basis
of suc'i taxation, the proportionate busi
ness, earnings mileage or quantity of pro
duction or property now or hereafter exist
f.g of .my such companies, persons or own
er-, trimacted or existing in this state, in
relit on to the entire business, mileage or
quantity cf production or property or
In such other manner, or by Mich other
i 'cihod. as the legislature may determine
The proceeds of taxes upon mininff
p-operty will be distributed between tbe
.'tato and th- various political subdivision*
loreof wherein the same is situated in tbeV.,
F-me proportion as the proceeds of taxes-**?
u_on real property are distributed.
The amendment contains a provision to
t.u effect that it shall not operate to an-1
thor z" the assessment or taxation of land
or ordinary business blocks or property
owned by any such corportation, per*#a.
11 "i or company, except in the manner prd
vided by the ordinary
of taxatIo.
Ju t. 1306. Attorney General.
Tavoralo, an bland Jfear Sardinia.
Claims tike Distinction.
Some of the encyclopedias and many
newspapers have commented on the
smallest independent country in the
world, and have given the credit there
for to either Andorra or San Marino.
A late issue of the Westminster Ga-I
zette takes these authorities to task,
declaring that tbey are mistaken as to
the government which can lay daim to
being the smallest independent terri
tory on the globe, and says that the po
sition belongs to Tavoralo, an islet off
the northwest coast of Sardinia. It&
size is three miles long and three-qnar
ters of a mile broad ,and its popula
tion numbers exactly fifty-five souls.
From 1836 to 1882 the islet was gov
erned by one Paoloto, who had all thd
authority of a king, but when he died!
in the latter year he advised the in
habitants to form a republic, whicl
was done. All the adult islanders,
women equally with men, have votes,
and every six years a president is
elected for that period. Nominally the
island is claimed by Italy, but no at
tempt is made to exercise any control
from there or from the near Island
Sardinia.Deseret News. i\
An English writer says that the Glaa
gow water from Loch Katrine Is verj
soft, and on that account it Is com
puted that the annual saving to tht
city in soap alone amounts to SOUK

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