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'^A CHATS ^w H7r#f FARMERS N Osman, one of the young- farm- ers of Wyanett, who farms on section seven over in that township, comes to Princeton to do his trading and to sell his farm products. Mr. Osman has be en in that section six ears. has be en in this part of the State ever since he was a boy and while not an old settler, for he is young yet has been here long enough to see the country made populous and prosperous. "The farmers over our way,"' says Mr. Osman, "ar doi ng nicely as most farmers are in this section. They have good land and the best of oppor- tunities and find good markets for their crops at prices that net them a very good profit Farmers are making many improvemen ts in the way of opening up more land and building themselves much need ed buildings, and there is scarcely a farm but what shows the evidences of prosperity." H. E. Gustafson, of Bogus Brook was down yesterday and called at the UNION office for a few moments. Gustafson is one of the stirring resi- dents of that townshi p. lives on sec tion 27, locating there six yea rs ago took a forty for which he paid $7 per acre and says he would not take $1,500 for the land to-day with its im provements. "There is very little land in my section that is not taken up at the present time,".saj's Mr. Gustaf son, "an farmers seem to be getting along all right. Corn and potatoes are the principal crops raised, though considerable small grain is also raised. Wheat goes twenty bushels on an average and oats around forty bushels to the acre. The crop of rye last year was poor as it was injured by the frost to a considerable extent Mr. Gustaf- son had a lengthy bridge petition with bim to which he is getting signers, and the petition already looks li ke a list of voters at a polling place. The petition is for a bridge across Rum river in section 16 in the town ship of Bogus Brook. The point where the farmers desire the bridge is where the north rodd from Princeton run ning up the west side of the east branch crosses the river. There is a great deal of travel on this road and the farmers thi nk the county commis- sioners should make an appropriation for a bridge at this point The petition will b presented to the board at its March meeting and a delegation will be down from Bogus Brook to help enthuse the county fathers. CATTLE ON 50 CENT CORN. A Bock County Farmer's Profit in Feeding Cattle on High-Price Corn. The recent experience of E T. Thor sen, of Denver township, in feeding steers for the market has exceptional interest for farmers at this time when so ma ny of the former cattle feeders have been induced to go out of the business by the fear that it would not be found profitable with corn selling for 50 and even 40 cents a bushel. Some months ago the Herald advis ed that cattle feeding be continued de spite the high price of corn and sug- gested that the business would be found more or equally profitable this winter than before. Mr. Thorsen 's experien ce fully bears out this view. In the thirty dajs between the 6th of December and the 6th of January he fed 180 bushels of corn to 18 head of steers, an average of 10 bushels a month. This was his first experience in cattle feeding and he kept a careful account of feed consumed by the steers and their increase in weight. had been told that an increase in weight of 80 pounds to the steer in the month was regarded as a good record, yet he has gone beyond that. In the thirty days of the test the steers in creased in weight 1,980 pounds, an average of 110 pounds. This is an ex ceptionally good result. The net gain to Mr. Thorsen is that he will get from his corn 50 cents a bushel, as much as will the farmer who sells his grain out, and beside this he will sell his cattle for 5 cents a pound instead of 3i, the price they would have broug ht be- fore they were fed. More, he has fatted 50 head of hogs with little ex- pense. Mr. Thorsen says he tried the experiment of feeding millet but the result was not satisfactory. A local buyer estimates that but 20 per cent as many cattle are bei ng fed in this county as were fed last year. The loss to farmers by reason of their failure to feed cattle will be enormous, but they will still get sma ll fortunes from the ir corn crops.Rock County Herald. Potatoes for the Northwest. The following article is by S. J. Fair chi ld of Minneapolis, who is one of the State farm institute lecturers this win ter. The article may be of interest to some of our readers and it is repro duced for their benefit: GOOD SEED A NECESSARY REQUIRE- MENT.One of the most necessary ele ments of successful potato growing is good seed. be good it mu st be kept in a cool cellar or cave, where the temperature is always close to the freezing point. When the cave gets too warm, put ice in it and when too p. "Iff*' .TO'Wt cold, a lighted lantern will be sufficient to restore the temperature desired. DESIRABLE VARIETIES.For early potatoes, Obios are good. Rurals, or some white, nearly round potato so that if its growth should be stopped by drouth, it will still be salable, which would not be true, ordinarily, of the Burbank type. KILL SCAB Treat all seed be- fore cutting to a solution of one ounce corrosive sublimate, to five gallons of water. On hour's soaking is suffic- ient. A convenient arrangement for this is to hang a tight barrel on pins between two posts: then by means of a slat cover, the water can be poured out on one side and the potatoes on the other. The seed should not be cut un til it is needed for planting. For Ohios, two or three eyes to the piece should be cut and for later varieties, one eye is sufficient. The cut seed should never be piled up where there is danger of heating, and exposure to he drying air must be avoided. If it is necessary to cut a large amount at one time, smooth the ground in the sha de of some tree or building, wat er the surface thoroughly, and keep the se ed covered. THE SOIL AND HOW O PREPARE IT.The best soil is a sandy loam, but almost any rich Minnesota soil will raise good potatoes. Clover is the ideal crop to follow with potatoes. Plow heavy bott om land early and deep and if the plow is followed by a sub-soiler which stirs the bottom of the furrow to the depth of from four to five inches, the mellow bed thus formed helps to retain the moisture. Plant in drills 39 inches apart, and 11 to 13 inches in the row using any planter that will put the seed deeply into the fresh, moist soil. Harrow the ground frequently from the time of plowi ng until the potatoes are up: af- ter which use a weeder every few days until the plants are six inches high. The most of the remaining cultivation can be done with a twelve too th Planet Jr. cultivator and should be continued until there is danger of injury to the spreading tops. DESTROY BUGS I killing bugs I use a Leggett blow-gun, which puts the dry Paris green upon two rows at a time, at the rate of three-fourths of a pound per acre. Usually two applica- tions to a season are sufficient. Paris green being a mineral, it is not dis- solved by the use of water, but is sim- ply held in solution. When used dry it can be applied even on a windy day as the wind seems to blow the dust all through the plant, and wherever it strikes it remains until it is washed off by rains. The beginner might mix a little flour with the poison so th at it will show white as it leav es the gun will thus form an idea of how much he is applying, until he becomes mo re expert. practice is to dig with a machine, a Hoover of Dowden being preferred, and I sell my potatoes as early in the fall as possible. Good, firm, unsprouted seed in good, rich soil, well cultivated, and vines pro tected from bugs, is very sure to pro- duce a good crop. Gold in Streets of Ne York. Workmen in the empl oy of McCabe Bros., contractors for the new subwaj in New York were considerably excited he other day while taking out some rock to find a yellow streak of gold. A lar ge crowd was attracted to the en trance of the shaft by the rumor of the strike, but upon investigation it was found to be too small a quantity to pay. Even a small quantity of "Gold en Grain Belt" beer will pay you a hun dred fold in terms 'of good health. Every glass contains the strength of bread and meat, because it is brewed from the purest barley malt and hops. Pure, sparkling and delicious, it should be in eve ry home. Order of your dealer or be supplied by Henry Veid t, Prince- ton. Cattle Feeding. It is said that over on the Richards' ranch there are 280 head of young cat tle, mostly two-year-olds, bei ng fed this winter, while at the Steeves farm 133 head of the Richards' cattle are be- ing fed. These cattle by next fall will make good feeders and will be in good condition for finishing on grain for market. A Bad Admission. JudgeYour face seems strangely familiar to me? PrisonerWell, your honor, two years, ago I gave your daughter sing ing lessons. JudgeTen years. Not a Howling Success. A childless marriage is not a ing successin one sense of the One of "Jim Smith's Gems." howl- term. Our eminent ly practical commis- sioner of Indian affairs, Mr Jones, has decided that all Indians, wards of the government, must get a hair cut and a bath, in the belief that such an innova- tion would exalt the poor red man to a higher state of civilization. I was only a few years ago that the Indian had much the same theory about the white man only that he killed us first and cut our hair off very close after- wards. The Indian was nearer right than Mr. Jones, for a real good Indian with his hair cut must first be a dead' Indian.Ortonville Herald-Star. THE PBIKCETOK TJKIOK: THtTESDAY, JAKTJARY 3fl902 Church Topics sus Sunday and Weekday Announcements. CONGREGATIONAL. The Dorcas society met with Mrs. E. White on Wednesday afternoon. Next Sunday morning the pastor will preach on the topic, "The Christian as the Light of the World."* I the even- ing Rev. A Tebbets of St. Paul, will speak. Rev. Tebbetts represents the Children's Home Society, of St. Pau l. METHODIST. The Ladies' Aid society met with Mrs. Tann yesterday. Topi cs for next Sunday's sermons: Morning, "Paul's Three Points of Honor"evening "He Made it Again." This is the national day of prayer of schools and colleges. A the prayer meeting to-night Rev. Gratz^will de liver an address on "The Christian Student." LEGISLATIVE TIMBER. THE BELL IS RINGING. The Sauk Rapids Sentinel says: "We are informed that Charles E. Be ll states that influential citizens of this village have earnestly requested him to be a candidate for president of the village council at the village election for village officers to be held in March next. W also learn that Mr Bell states that leading and prominent Re- publicans of St. Cloud have urg ed him to be a candidate for representative in this (Forty-seventh) legislative district (which comprises Benton county and the city of St. Cloud) at the next gen- eral election to be he ld in this State in Nov. 1902." COBB A BARKIS? The Park Rapids Clipper says: "This paper has receiv ed information to the effect that Editor Cobb will be a can didate for the nomination of represen- tati ve from this (Fifty-eighth) district and that he will establish headquart ers in Wadena. This is not official" STREET TALK. "The Shevlin Advocate has it from a source that cannot be doubted" says the Bemidji Pioneer "that Mr. Street does not want, and it is doubtful if he would accept a nomination as congress man if it was tendered to him but, on the other hand, th at he would appre- ciate and without doubt accept the nomination as candidate for State sen- ator." Geor ge R. Laybourn of Duluth has filed his affidavit as a candidate for the Republican nomination for senator in the Fifty-first district. Mr. Laybourn is a leadi ng member of the house and has been for a number of years.The Virginian. MONTANA TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. An Account Given by the Trip by W. A. McFarland. Geo. W McFarland recently received a letter from his son, W A. McFarland, who is now at Elko, British Columbia, engaged in railroad construction work on the Great Northern road. The let ter gives an account of the trip over- land from Harrington to Elk o, and the UNION is permitted to publish the fol lowing extract from the letter, which will be read with interest by the ma ny friends of Mr. McFarlan d: "I am in British Columbia now. A well and enjoyi ng the country. Ileft Harrington, Wash., on Thursday, the 19th of Dec, and reached Kalispel on the same day The next day the boys arrived with the horses and the after noon and part of the next day was spent in getting the horses shod. W started on our trip to Canada at four in the afternoon of the 21st, and dro ve ten miles before we struck water, whi ch we found at about seven o'clock. W watered and fed our twen ty horses, pitched our tent and got our supper. I had a cover over my wagon, and so I slept in that, and the boys, Albert Peters and Charlie Bobo, slept in the tent. That night it snowed about four inches. W got up at five o'clock and cared for the horses and got our break- fast and got on the road again at day light, which came at eight o'clock. W drove all day in the snow, which was nice you know. W struck the timber at about nine o'clock this morning, Sunda y, the 22d. W traveled through he timber, until Tuesday. Sunday night it again snowed, about six inches this time, which made it nicer yet You may thi nk I am stretching my story, but I am not, for we measured it. Mond ay we traveled all day, mak- ing 26 miles and camp ed in the dark and the woods, with no wat er for our selves or horses. W melted snow and made coffee, and so we nt to bed with a full stomach and at peace with the world, for my part at least. The boys were grumbling more or less all of the time, and wh at do you think? When we got up in the morning there was two inches more of snow on the ground and everything was nice and white. W got ready and dro ve about a hund red rods and found a nice little creek, running at full blast. W watered and went on in the nice, fresh snow, and traveled all day pretty fast. W got out of the timb er and away from the snow that day This was on tobacco plains. There was dust in the road. It seemed funny after so much snow. When we camped for the night it was 3 ue&*Ji4&$$i$&fr hiM&km, moonlight, and did not snow. W were happy that night. O Wednes- day, the 25th, we struck timber again, and at half-past five that day we reach- ed Gateway, Canada. W ate Christ- mas supper at a restaurant, and had chicken. All day Thursday we trav- eled up hill and do wn through the woods, and just before dark we struck the top of a hill and after we got start- ed down we couldn't get back. The hill was one mile long. O one side he mounta in and the other a river over 200 feet below. The -road was crooked and rough. W went another mi le across the river and camped ten miles from Elko th at nigh t. I was a gre at trip, 120 miles all up and down hill. I did not freeze any on the trip, but was wet nearly all the time. Thurs- day night we had another pleasant ex perience, if you don't care what you say. I snowed the first part of the night and rained the last part. W reached El ko at noon Friday. The other camps were full, so we had to ta ke some log camps in town and walk down to camp No 2, for our meals, the distance of one mile. The other camp, No. 1, is two miles west of town. home now is at Elko, about a hundred yards from El river, and mountains all around. The sun strikes us about ten o'clock in the morning and goes out of sight about four in the afternoon. So you see they are quite large hills. The Canadian Pacific railway runs through Elko and the new N rail way is going through too. The C. runs around the mountains and the G. N will be six ty feet above the C. Smith has a contract for eleven mil es of road here, and it only makes four on a straight line. W have to lead our horses down a steep bank to the river for water, as there are no wells here, everybody using river water. Smith will have wat er piped from a spring up the mountain to his camps, so it will be nice and handy." Elko, British Columbia, Jan 2, 1902. Teachers' Examination. Examinations for state certificates will be he ld in Mille Lacs county on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, Feb ruary 6, 7 and 8, at the high school buildings in Princet on and Milaca and at the school house in district No. 19, in the town of South Harbor. All who desire to write at these ex aminations should be provided with pen, ink and scratch paper. PROGRAM. Thursday, Feb 6th(First Grade Studies AM 8 00 to 8 30 Enrollment 8 35 to 10 00 Physics 10 05 to 12 00 Geometrj 1 30 to 3 00 Algebra 3 05 to 4 30 Civics 4 35 to 6 00 Physical geography or general history Friday, Feb 7th(becond Grade Studies A 8 30 to 9 00 Enrollment 9 10 to 9 30 Spelling 9 40 to 10 10 Reading 10 15 Professional Test 1 30 to 3 CO English Grammar 3 05 to 4 30 TJ S History 4 35 to 6 00 PhysiologyHygiene Saturday, Feb 8th (Second Grade Studies, cont) A 8 30 to 10 30 Arithmetic 10 40 to 12 00 Geography 1 30 to 2 30. Music (Optional) 2 35 to 4 00 Drawing. (Optional) W VANWOBMER, Supt of Schools Princeton, Minn Januarj 23,1902 Fatally Scalded. The three-year-old son of John Gild ard, living in Palmer, Sherburne county, was perhaps fatally scalded Friday afternoon. The child accident ally tipped over a kett le of boiling water in the kitchen, the hot liquid spreading over its whole side and neck. Dr. Woods, the Clear Lake physician, was summoned to attend the sufferer, but held out but little hope of its re- covery.St. Cloud Journal-Press. Big Load ot Wood. John Gross, the merchant, made a business trip to St. Cloud last Tuesday, returning on Wednesday. John says that while there, he saw a farmer bring the largest load of wood to town, at one time, he ev er saw in his life. The load contained 4 i cords, and was hauled by four horses, the pile being nine feet high on the rack.Richmond standard. A cold wave came down from the north last Sund ay and sent the ethereal mildness of our winter down into the bulb of the thermometer. The cold wave was preceded by a blustering snow storm which promised to make some good sleighing but it petered out in the second round and the icy brea th from Medicine Hat was felt soon after. The weather Mond ay morning was 25 below with a good stiff wind that was equivale nt to another 25 degree s. Tuesday the thermometer registered a good 25 below but there was little wind and it was from the south. The weather moderated gradually and the wave has passed on to the land of the sug ar ca ne and possum. Royal ton is to have a new brick block which will be erected by I. W Bouck. I will be 125x50 and two stories high. Who has got improved farm to trade for stock of shoes, invoice $2,500 in Io wa town also good house and three lots in same town worth $1,500 want Mille Lacs county farm. Who has got improved farm to trade for nice house in Minneapolis worth $3,500 and one worth $2,000. J. CHADBOURNE. 417 Phoenix Bldg Minneapolis. 4 The shop where the best sleds are made that money can buy. PRINCETON, Like the "naming of the baby," the selection of an expresshe and conven ient designation for a new invention or device is a matter of importance and Interest. No long ago it was the auto mobile that brought out the "plain everyday man" who wanted a short, expressive word and the purist who objected to a hybrid word. That ques tion has not been settled yet authorita tively. Now the world is seeking a suitable name for Marconi's wireless telegraphy invention or discovery The army signal corps is apparently the first in the field with suggestions. Th at body has officially rejected the phrase "wireless telegraphy" and has adopted the term "aerography." A person who sends wireless messages will be an "aerographer." and the messa ge itself will be an "aerogram." This phrase ology has the advantage of being anal ogous to that employed with reference to the ordinary method of sending mes sages by electricity. "Aerography" cor responds to telegraphy, "aerographer" to telegrapher, "aerogram" to tele gram. There is, however, at least one objection to this designation. The word aerography has already a definite meaning, and it seems hardly right to impose upon it a new one Aerography Is the science of the air or atmosphere and is synonymous with aerology. take a word which has this wide sig nificance and use it to describe a meth od of sending dots and dashes from one place to another is open to reason able objection. The orthographic sharps should gue ss again. Rumors are again afloat in London connecting the name of J. Pierpont Morgan with wonderful enterprises in the old world. The latest is to the ef fect that he has become interested in Egypt. Rumor does not go quite so far as to say th at he contemplates the removal of the pyramid of Cheops to New York, but it probably would go that far if it were not understood th at he could build a bigger and better look ing pyramid in the United States if he wanted to. Some difficulty is being experienced In selecting a suitable design for the figurehead of the new battleship Mis souri. Why not use a bust of the Mis souri mule? Surely th at animal has demonstrated his strenuousness and prowess in war CLARK STURMAN, Tubular Well Contractor Anddealer JJJJ g^j All kinds of Pumps, Wells and Wind Mills repaired Anything in the well line promptly attended to. Charges reasonable Satisfaction guaranteed. PRINCETON, MINN. And also the best Horse=shoeing done. PETERSON & NELSON, PRINCETON, MINN. I E. HARK LIVE STOCK COriPANYf HOLDS REGULAR fUJCTIOI? S^LBS AT PRINCETON OlS THE FIRST SATURDAY OF EACH MONTH. e., Fifty Good Young Horses and Mules Constantly on Hand. Private Sales Daily. Time Given on Approved Paper. E. MARK, Auctioneer. THE COMMERCIAL HOTEL, H. NEWBERT, Proprietor. NNESOTA Farmersjnow The quality of barley used in making HAMM'S BEER None but the best could make so good a brew Supplied by agents everywhere, or THEO. HAMM BREWING CO., St Paul, Minn. i Endorsed by its old acquaintances as particularly palatable and emphati- cally pure. UNCLE SANS MONOGRAM WHISKEY A splendid drinking whiskey (or home and town. So ld by Dealers and Druggists. Deal 7 St.Paul an Distilleries at.'"iMinneapolis.siiopaenlEminence.Hy.mi"i1d EN 4-50NS. \BaJtimoreSM. or Sale. House and two lots, on north side of river, for sale on easy terms. Inquire of FRANK HENSCHEL, 4-6t Princeton, Minn. For Sale. Two lots and house north of river. Cheap for cash. Call on 6-2t G. BATES, .^1 Princeton, Minn.