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THE PRINCETON UNION
BY R. C. DUNN. Published Every Thursday. TERMS-S1.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE. S1.25 I NOT PAID "IN ADVANDE. OFFICE FIRST ST., EAST OF COURT HOUSE. G. 1. STAPLES, Business Manager. GEO. F. WRIGHT, Editor. REPUBLICAN NOMINEES. State Ticket. GovernorSAMUEL VAN SANT Lieut GovernorRAY W JONES Secretary of StateP E HANSON AuditoiSAMUEL IVERSON TreasurerJ BLOCK Attorney GeneralW DOUGLAS Clerk Supreme CourtC A PIDGEON Railroad Com rC STAPLES Congressional. Member of CongressJ ADAM BEDE Legislative. SenatorHENRY BARKER RepresentativeH E CRAIG RepresentativeEMMET MARK RepresentativeT McLEAN County Ticket. County AuditorE E WHITNEY County TreasurerK BURRELL Register of DeedsE CHAPMAN SheriffE CLAGGETT County AttorneyW S FOSTER Judge of ProbateB VANALSTEIN County SurveyorE MILTON CoronerH COONEY Supt of SchoolsC W VANWORMER Commissioner, 4th Dist E I DAVIS THE Democratic party has lost Hs Hall of fame. only last a night or two in the valley just the sam e. MESSRS Barker, Mark, Craig and McLain will represent the 45th legis- lative district in the State legislature ably and honestly. The earnings of the steel trust last year amounted to $142,000,000quite enough to keep the wolf from the door and buy a few pecks of coal. J. ADAM BEDE has no bar'l on tap but he has what is far betterthe good will of the unboug ht and unpurchas- able voters of the Eight congressional district A the county fair at Aitkin recently one farmer in Aitkin county showed fifty-five and another sixty samples of home-grown apples. Good for Ait- kin county. MR. FAY, the Democratic nominee for congress in the Eighth congres- sional district is a nice pleasant old gentleman and has a fat bank account. will be wiser but somewhat poorer on the 5th of November next. J. PIERPONT MORGAN controls over $3,000,000,000 worth of railroad cor- poration securities, and nearly $2,000,- 000,000 worth of industrial corporation securities certainly cuts quite a figure in the industrial world. THE postmaster at Garvin, State of Minnesota, ss has wntten the post- master general that his office is over run with cockroaches and he desires to have something that will extinguish them The matter has been referred td the secretary of bugology. I the people of the Sixth congres- sional district desire to be represented in congre&s by a live energetic man they will support Hon Buckman of Little Falls N one has ever ac- cused Mr. Buckman of neglecting the interests of his constituents in the State legislature. SAMUEL VAN SANT is the Repub- lican nominee for governor. was the unanimous choice of the Republi- can State convention. is entitled to and should receive the support of every Republican in the State. W know of no valid reason why any Re- publican should vote against him I Adam Bede and C. Buck- man are chosen from the Eighth and Sixth congressional districts north- eastern Minnesota will be ably repre- sented in the national legislature. They are men of action. Kittel Halvorson type. The best in three of the constitutional am ments. These amendments are: Fi the one increasing the gross earni tax on all railroads in the State three to four per cent Second amendment providing for loaning permanent school and university, i to counties, school districts, }o^ cities and villages to an amount will not make the bonded indebted of the municipalities or districts ceed fifteen per cent of their asse valuation. The constitution now stricts the loan to seven per cent men of ability. They are men who can steps should be taken to place the mat ac terests of the Sixth and Eighth con assessed valuation. I has been u^^. onstrated that these loans have been absolutely safe and that the State can university fund to all municipalities, etc., where the amount of the State loan does not with all other indebted- ness exceed the amount of fifteen per cent of the assessed valuation of the district. The fifteen per cent limit Will be an absolutely safe one and per- mit many districts, cities, towns, etc. mit many districts, cities, towns, etc. to borrow the State school money. The third and most important of all the proposed amendments is the one relating to taxation powers of the leg islature. The proposed amendment prohibits the legislature from surren- dering or contracting away the pow er of taxation provides that when direct taxation for State purposes is no longer necessary, taxation for local purposes may be equalized for each county, as distinguished from State uniformity authorizes'municipal corporations to levy assessments for local improve- ments pursuant to special laws author- izes the legislature to provide for the levy and collection of an annual tax upon franchises granted by public authority, in addition Jo the tax on NITRE deposits have been discovered real and personal property of the per- in Death valley. But a prospector will son or corporation holding the same authorizes the legislature to provide a tax upon the gross earnings of any per- son or corporation holding such a fran- chise, conditioned that such gross earnings tax may be in lieu of a tax upon the franchise or upon the fraW chise and personal property as well authorizes registry tax on mortgages, in lieu of all other tax on the debt se- cured by such mortgagea tax on in- comes of over $1,000 per annum not derived from credits or personal prop- erty, or from property otherwised tax- ed in this State, and also a tax upon the income derived from credits as well as from personal property. Personal property to the value of $300 is exempt from taxation, the exemption to be al- lowed only one member of a family. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. state- woul seem to be a step in the The UNION would strongly urge,u TT--J__ *US all voters the importance of voting i sure and vote "Yes" for these amendments. Give the legislature all possible latitude in taxation powers. The peoples' interests will never suffer by granting ample powers of this na- ture to the legislature, for State legis- Jatures are apt to be rather modest at times, especially when the matter of the taxation of railroads, public fr an- chises, etc., is under consideration. The amendments, remembe r, are not laws, but only confer on the legislature the power to enact new tax laws along the lines dra wn by the constitutional amendments. The amendments at the present time are up to the people who should adopt them, and by doing so put them up to the legislature There is one amendment that it would seem is not deservi ng of adop- tion. It amends section 16 of article 9 of the constitution and was adopted in 1898. The following explanation of the amendment will be found with the printed constitutional amendments as they appear in the UNION. The existing constitution authorises legisla tion providing for a levy of a State tax of 1-20 of one mill for the purpose of building roads and bridges, and provides for its use under the direction of a State Highway Commission in |uch counties as shall contribute at least dou ble the amount of the State moneys expended by said commission for such purpose, subject also to certain other limitations By the proposed change, a tax of 1-10 of one mill is authorized to be levied for this purpose, the Highway Commission is abolished, and the result if the proposed amendment is adopted, will be to place the distribution of such funds in the hands of the legislature, without limita tion or restriction The legislature never enacted a law wisdom or practical utility of the ex through a commission. The improve s *~*~,J th 1 safely loan its permanent school and ^ckneyis presidentl oaf the Chicago & tion of section 16 of the constitution that has aggravated matters, though penditure of funds for State highways But they are there and must remain in do things for tbeir constituents. Bet- te on a sound and practical basis. But the immediate wants of the family, and judges of the United States courts of ter have no representation in congress to repeal the present amendment only such is their history from year to year. Eastern district of Pennsylvania, a than to be represented by men of the recently adopted and which has never Their hope of ever getting a little man of prominence, eminent as a so Kittel Halvorso tvn Tho e tt u.i Id be vot ed down. 'MR. STICKNEY. 3t thoughtful as well 5 Mst interesting of the at the recent confer- and employe in Mm made by A Stick- a ney, of St. Paul, on "Rewards of In- dustryProduced and Divided." Mr. i Co an Raiw WeSter rea most successful business man and a great student of social and political economy. uttered a great truth when he said "The only thing which has or can benefit the economic condi- lions Of man,' 1 S improved and enlarged thinkinar aD- mn improved thinking apparatus to a man if conditions were such that he could not have the opportunity to toil, nor have the opportunity to operate manu- facturing plants, etc But we presume that Mr. Stickney meant that the en- larged and improved thinking appara- tus would be of such a character that a man like President Baer of the Read- ing road would not lose his sense of decency, dignity and respect while in attendance at an important conference with the chief executive of the nation. Stickney 's idea of an up-to-date thinking apparatus is of one that does not beget such extremists as a Debs or a Baer. Mr. Stickney said in speaking of the consolidation of capital in industrial enterprises of all kinds: "To the ex tent that capital has been organized for the legitimate purpose of increas- ing production and at the same time reducing its labor cost it has been suc- cessful." But he said that of late years there had been a consolidation of or- ganizations for controlling prices, though he thought that these big trusts and combines would not destroy competition, for all prioes are reason- able only as considered in a relative sense to other prices. said: If, therefore, by combinations, there should become only one seller for each commoditj, and one of those sellers acting in his ownfself mterest to get as much as lie could, should fix the price which he deemed reasonable, the law of self-preservation would compel the other sellers to fix prices which, in their judgment, would be relatively as high The competition would then take the form of constantly raising prices which would soar higher and higher un til, like a steam engine without a governor, they would run away with themselves In speaking of the community of in- terest plan he thought that it was te young to have a history. Combina- tions of capital under this plan have been doing business during a period of wonderful growth and developme nt when demand has exceeded the supply, a condition which under natural laws makes for higher prices. I speaking of labor organizations Mr. Stickey said. 4 They are not organized for the purpose of in creasing the rewards of industry, but solely for the purpose of helping the wage earner in mak ing a fair trade getting a fair division There wouM seem to be a field of usefulness for such orWmzations, if managed with intelli gence and with due regard to the fundamental fact of wages, namely that nothing can be di vided between wages, profit and capital, en gaged in any occupation, except that which is produced by that part'cular occupation, and with due regard to the natural law of supply and demand In this connection he touched upon a phase of the coal miners' strike in which he stated that in the anthracite coal regions 150,000 laborers are em ployed, and the amount of coal which is consumed can only giye employment for but two-thirds of the time. Thus 150,000 laborers are spending their time to do the work of 100,000 men, leaving a surplus of 50,000 laborers idle from year's end to year's end. Dividing the products of 100,000 laborers' work be tween 150,000 reduces all the poverty It is no wonder that wi th such a con dition of affairs in the anthraci te re providing for a State highway com gio ns that so me have been eager to go husked. mission, and the provisions of this por- back to work, and this is* a condition have never been put into practical it seems, strangely against natural and ers'strike would end soon. The oper effect so that little can be said of the economic laws that 50,000 surplus labor* ators have at last through the efforts ment of our State highways is a matt er sense. They work just enough to Roosevelt. The commission is to be They are of the greatest importance and some square themselves with the company composed of an army enginee r, an .increase .,h rr gressional districts will be served by roads and bridges and in, addition give less as is the prospect of the great familiar with the business. I is the election of C. B. Buckman and it the power to apportion the money to sphinx reciting the declaration pi, in- thought that th* miner? will agree to J. Adam Bede. the various .counties throughout-the dependence. accept the proposition, been tested anJ teamoun piece o. land.an.d acquii ng some sort ciologist and a man who by active par- ers will rem'ain in an unprofitable fields of J. Morgan and others agre ed to a condition of serfdom in a certain commission to be named by President store and have a tevf penni es left for pert mining engineer and one of the at the legislature may levy for State of an independence is about as hope- ticipation in mining and selling coal is Mr. Stickney rather disparages the Under this mhod usefulness of labor organizations in the money the new er general says that during the last tout the State that century the wages of the common la- spresentation in the borer have increased from fifty cents a suffer, and it is just day to $1 50 per day The wages of ieed assistance in the carpenters have increased during the roads and bridges, sa me time from $1 50 per day to $2 50, ndment had better be and this increase in the wag es of the In and the proposed carpenters has been made under an organized system of labor Bu Mr. Stickney could hardly expe ct that or- ganized labor could subvert the natural laws to an extent that would give car- penters $4 50 per day, which would be an embargo on building. There can be no true parallel betwe en the in- creased wages of a laborer 100 years ago and in the increase of wages of the so-called skilled laborer in the sa me time. Education and the betterment of social conditions has made the fifty- cents-per-day laborer an extinct class. In fact, Mr. Stickney sees the follow- ing Eutopian condition of affairs: and other influences which make for a When the common schools, schooeloofa mechan-^-upeyllth ical arts, the technical schoolse, the colleges be he rich O poor, is an and other influences whichha for the up buildin 6 .^j +v,,-i- 1make 1 f 8 paratus.." This i.s the great secret of mankindi,mshall mdustnal freedom, but after all of mon labohr will be so small relatively to the what benefit would be an enlarg ed and have done their per- *tw..ni i. ~~~..ii_ k tha all i fect ucate and equally skillful, the supply of com street cleaner will be able to th ta deman command larger wages than skilled mechanics, doctors, lawyers or railroad presidents, and it will be found beyond the power of labor organ izations to prevent it, because any man liavmg the ability to do both would demand a larger wage for digging in the filth of the ditch than for professional services. a that great and glorious day when the street cleaner lives like a railroad president labor organizations as well as railroad presidents will be a thing of the past, and nature's economic law will reign supreme. There will be no employ er nor employe, but all will be citizens of the Great Republic of King- dom Come. I is said that Morgan was given the underwriting of the $100,000,000 bonds necessary to organi ze and float the big packers' combine and that he got $10,- 000,000 for the job. The packers had made an agreement with Kuh n, Loeb & Co of New York city to finance the combine for $5,000,000 but when Mor- gan came back from Europe and found the status of affairs he informed the packers that unless he got a $10,000,- 000 rake-oft fronTThe big deal he would put up steamship and railroad export rates ten cents a hundred pounds on dressed meat and packing house pro- ducts and reduce the expo rt rate on live stock ten cents a hundred. This would cripple the export trade of the big packers and they could not stand it. Morgan 's bluff worked ajid he was allowed to finance the deal. This piece of news may not be quite the truth, for we are frank to admit that all newsp a- per articles are not nickel plated with truth. But if the statement is correct and the chances are that Morgan did make some such deal, it only sho ws how powerful is Morgan and his rail- way and steamship lines which he uses as clubs. can say "Simon says thumbs up" and up go the thumbs, or he can say "Sim on says thumbs down," and down they come. It's a great game that defies the natural laws of trade and commerce, and it will end only when this very wonderful era of grab and speculation and world consolida- tion ends THE corn crop of Kansas will reach 300,000,000 bushels this year according to reports. This is considerable in excess of the banner yield of 1889 when Kansas broke all previous records and the value of the crop that year was over $50,000,000. Corn is being con- tracted for in the state of Kansas at the present time for forty cents a bushel. The price is as low as twenty- five cents however and million of bush- els will be cribbed at thirty cents and better. The Kansas farmers will feed a lo cor 0 gtoc tn comi wi ter. Some of the corn storiensg about Kansa ar Indee wonderful Cor gre fas dow ther las summe tha a cro tha wa feedin a ea wa complete buried by the rapidly growing husk which completely enveloped the crow before it could get away, and it was aiscuvei discovered dead when the corn was I begins to look as if the coal min- have the whole matter submitted to a COA IS NOT NEEDED If you use our celebrated Favorite Stoves and Ranges. They give the best of satisfaction with wood as fuel, a nd are fuel savers. Everyone who has used the "Favor it e" make of stoves pronounce them solid comfort. The ste el range is the housekeepers' friend. It is economical and the best baker on the market. W sell them at a price that is within the reach of all. line of heaters includes several standard makes, have stoves that will burn either coal or wood, a nd inspect our stock. FRANK PETERSON N, NEXJSON PEIHSOK & NELSON, Blacksmiths and wagon makers. Plow repairing a specialty at this time of the year. Satisfaction, also guaranteed In all other lines of our business Shops next to Starch Factory, B. D. GRANT, livery, Feed and Sale Ban Near West Branch Bridge, Princeton, Jinn. I have recently opened a first class livery in connection with my feed and sale barn. When in need of good rigs, reliable horses, prompt and careful attention call at above barn. Soliciting a share of your patronage, I am, Yours truly, Carpets Furniture! Pretty and up-to-date styles and designs that wear well, look well and make your home com fortable and cheerful AN EXTENSIVE STOCK OF STOVES Of all kinds both for Cooking and Heating Purposes. f^^^i~^-"r"^ir~*r^*"~i_j in_ ~i I ii ii 1 i I_I ii i_ i i_ _ i iii n_ ti i I & New and SecondHand Goods & I******* I FARMERS* EXCHANGE] Princeton, Minn. Not to be Sneezed at. Did you ever thi nk of the amount of flnuff sold in Isanti? The news finds that about 300 pounds are sold here every'month, valued at $210$2,520 a year for the snuff sold by five Isanti merchants .Isanti News. A AX 6c NEW BERT, Props. i **%VVVVVVVVVVVV*V*%VVVVVV 'VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVtVVVl'VlVl? %$** A. H, Sleeves, Prop. 1 4 4 4 4 Our W Call 4 4 4 ^^^ta^^^^^S^V i WALL PAPERS After a most successful season in wall paper offer all the balance of our stock at Prices that Cannot be Beat. It will pay you to buy now a nd keep till next spring if you don 't intend to paper this fall. IT HAS TO GO No matter what it is sold for Come in and be convinced that it is the best wall-paper bargain in the state Hi* ArmStan'p'c nfftnoc ARE ABOVE THE STORE Phone SO. \Jl /*I IlllLdge S UlllCeS Hours-9A to 30 3 to6 O. H. BUCK, Blacksmith, AH kinds of Blacksmithing neatly and promptly done. I make a specialty of HORSESHOEING and PLOW WORK. First street, PRINCETON. Gone Back to Enderlin Ed. Thompson who has been work ing for Glidden's bakery since it started, returned to Enderlin, N D. Monday. Otis Johnston of St. Paul as tak$u* M*JV Thompson's place at the baker y.