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SCHOOL TEXT BOOK DECISION.
The Attorney General's Opinion on Text Books and Powers of School Boards. In a written opinion on matters re lating to text books for schools and the powers and authority of school hoards, Attorney General Douglas says in a letter to State Superintendent of Pub lic Instruction Olsen: In your communication of September 24th, you submit the following ques tions with reference to the adoption of text-books by a board of school trus tees: 1st. When a board of trustees or a board of education at a regular meet ing "selects, adopts or contracts" for books in accordance with the law, must the books selected, adopted or contracted for be used to the exclusion of all other books in the same subjects for the three or five years, as named by law? 2nd. As the law empowers boards of trustees and boards of education to "select, adopt or contract'' for books needful for use in schools, are the boards of trustees and boards of educa tion bound to keep the books for the period of years named in law, if they merely "select or adopt," and whether they enter into a contract or not? 3rd. The text-book law of the state provides that before any publisher en ters or attempts to enter into a con tract, he must file a list of books and prices with the^superintendent of pub lic instruction, and no contract must be taken at greater prices than those listed with the State superintendent. If a publishing house does not file a list of books and prices with the State superintendent, can they sell their books to the schools of the State at any prices they may see fit, provided they do not "enter or attempt to enter into a contract?" Chapter 23, Gen. Laws 1893, fur nishes authority to the board of trus tees to provide text-books needful for the schools of their district under the following conditions: 1st. That the adoption of the books shall be for a period of not less than three nor more than five years during which time the books shall not be changed 2nd. Be fore a valid contract shall be made covering the period for which books have been selected, the publisher shall file with the superintendent of public instruction a schedule of prices and a sample copy of each book. It appears to be the purpose of this law that the books selected shall not be changed for at least three years, and that before any books are selected or any contract entered into with the publishers for the same, a schedule of prices and samples of books shall be placed with the superintendent of pub lic instruction. The latter require ment was no doubt intended to provide uniformity in prices and equality of books selected for use throughout the State. The authority conferred upon school boards to select books for the schools under their control, must be em ployed in strict accordance with the provisions of the act. There is no au thority of law for the selection or adoption of school books by boards of trustees, except that which is con ferred by the act referred to. The law contemplates that any action upon the part of the school board, whether in the form of a "selection, adoption or contract," shall be for not less than three years or more than five. These three words should be read together and construed to mean an agreement between the board of trustees and the publisher to use certain books for a certain time at a giyen price. In answer to your first question, therefore, my opinion is, that if the books selected cover the subject, they Should be used to the exclusion of all others for the time named. If other books on a given subject are required, selections and contracts may be made in conformity with the law and in ac cord with the prior action of the board, in force. 2nd There is no distinction to be drawn between the words, "select, adopt or contract." These words should be read together and construed to mean an arrangement by which the district takes, for a stated period, cer tain books at a given price. 3rd The authority conferred upon the board of trustees to select and make a contract for books is limited, and can be made with only those pub lishers who have complied with the law The statute does not contemplate that the board shall make selections or enter into contracts for books with publishers other than those who filed schedule of lists and prices. Yours Truly, W. DOUGLAS, Attorney General. THE OFFICIAL STATE VOTE. Official Returns from all Counties In the State on State Candidates. Governor Van Sant's plurality, ac cording to official returns from all the counties, is 58,457. His total vote is 157,832, and L. A. Rosing received 99,375. The largest vote received by any candidate on the State ticket was 164,- 695, cast for W. Douglas for attor ney general. His pluralty is exceeded by that of S G. Iverson for auditor, for the reason that Douglas had only one opponent and Iverson had two. There was less than 7,000 difference between the governor and the attor ney general, while two years ago there was a margin of 27,000. Iverson for auditor got the next highest vote, and the rest of the ticket stood in the following order: Hanson for secretary of State, Block for State treasurer, Van Sant for governor, Pid geon for clerk of the supreme court, Staples for railroad commissioner and Jones for lieutenant governor. The Rosing vote was larger than for any other candidate on the Demo cratic ticket, which makes the gover nor's plurality least. The largest was 77,051, given to Iverson, and in plu ralities the rest came in the following order: Hanson, Block, Douglas, Staples, Pidgeon, Jones, Van Sant. The total vote and pluralities on State officers was as follows: GovernorSamuel R. Van Sant, Re publican, 157,382 Leonard A. Rosing, Democrat, 99,375 Thomas J. Meighen, People's, 5,347 Charles Scanlon, Pro hibitionist, 5,735 Jay F. Nash, with no party designation, but voted for by the Socialists, 2,393 Thomas Van Lear, Socialist labor, 1,426. Lieutenant Governor-Ray W. Jones, Republican, 152,405 Robert A. Smith, Democrat, 91,562 Jones' plurality, 60,843. Secretary of StatePeter E. Hanson, Republican, 158,907 Spurgeon Odell, Democrat, 83,810 Hanson's plurality, 75,097 State AuditorSamuel G. Iverson, Republican, 162,693 A. G. Leick, Dem ocrat, 85,642 Iverson's plurality, 77,051. State TreasurerJulius H. Block, Republican, 158,354 Halvor L. Shirley, Democrat, 82,589 Block's plurality, 74,765. Attorney GeneralWallace B. Doug las, Republican, 164,695 Frank Lar rabee, Democrat, 91,083 Douglas' majority 73,612. Clerk of the Supreme CourtC. A. Pidgeon, Republican, 156,550 George P. Jones, Democrat, 89,453 Pidgeon's plurality, 67,037. Railroad and Warehouse Commis- sionCharles F. Staples, Republican, 155,010 J. M. Bowler, Democrat 85,501 Staples' plurality, 69,509. The gross earnings tax bill was de feated by 6,609 votes, lacking that much of a majority of the total vote cast. The tax amendment received about 5,000 less, and the other two fell still farther behind. Man's Responsibility. The church has long taught man's responsibility to God, but God is such a far-away unseeable being and the reckoning comes so mythically, that even churchmen try to square accounts with an extra quarter on Sundays. Man cares less for all the punishments after death, than he does for the far more inexorable law of public opinion here on earth. The "coal magnates" may all be church men. Pres. Baer is a devout "believer," but not until they felt the scorn and the iron command of their fellow men did they discover that they were answerable to any one be sides themselves for the power in their hands. Labor unions which regard less of the rights of others, attempt to coerce their employers, confront the same school teacher. It is a law made for all, a law made necessary by the fact that we have to inhabit this world together and that none, as some seem to think, can have here a little world all of his own. Every man is responsible to his fel low men for every dollar he has, for all his mental and physical powers and until he realizes this fully and acts upon it he is not a good citizen. The brilliant man who uses his powers of mind to debase his fellows, or in crim inal acts is despised but he is no whit worse, if as bad, as the rich man who uses his wealth merely to increase it: who refuses to labor the opportunity that means increased usefulness and good citizenship Alexandria Post News. Plants Cultivated by Electricity. A large wine producer has been try ing the experiment of treating a field of grapevines with electricity. The results are surprising both in quantity and quality of the grapes and in their freeness from infectious diseases. The experiment has demonstrated abso lutely that electricity increases the fertility of the soil. Golden grain belt beer, on the other hand, has been proven the greatest tonic for human beings. It makes men and women healthy and strong for it is brewed of purest barley malt and hops. Try a case in your home. Order of your near est dealer, or be supplied by Henry Veidt, Princeton. Money for Chippewas. United States Indian Agent Simon Michelet, of White Earth, has gone to Mille Lacs lake to ascertain the exact number of Indians on Nov. 1,1902, oc cupying the original Mille Lacs reser vation and who are entitled to share in the per capita distribution of $18,500 as provided in the general appropriation bill by the last congress. The pay ment will probably be made some time in January. FOR SALEFour head of horses, two cows, one registered Shorthorn bull, two wagons, new top buggy, new dou ble driving harness, farm machinery, etc. HARLEY WHITNEY. 52-2t Unlawful Seizure of Public Lands. There is one phase of the leport of Secretary Hitchcock of the interior de partment which ought particularly to receive the attention of the congress now in session. This is the unlawful fencing and occupancy of public lands for grazing purposes, which, the secre tary declares, have greatly increased in some sections of the west and grown BO flagrant as to cause much concern, although, he continues, vigorous meas ures have been pursued regarding these unlawful occupants of the pub lic domain and prompt steps taken looking to the institution of civil or criminal proceedings against them. Secretary Hitchcock sas that one man has fenced in over 00,000 acres of public land. He is openly and notori ously violating the rights of those en titled to the benefits and protection of the public land system. A private company has 1,079,000 acres unlawful ly inclosed in New Mexico. These people use every means known, in cluding force and firearms, to keep pos session of this territory. These land grabbers have a bill pending in con gress which, the secretary says, should it become a law, "would place the last acre of desirable public land out of the reach of the home seeker." Owing to the erection of fences and occupation of public lands in Nebraska "the home stead law is practically a dead letter." In the last year reports were made of 153 cases of unlawful fencing of pub lic lands, embracing 3,952,844 acres. Secretary Hitchcock also calls atten tion to the gross abuses of the home stead laws by land speculators, whose fraudulent operations under existing statutes are difficult to prove and pun ish. Some of the laws, particularly the "timber and stone act," the secretary says, "will, if not repealed or radically amended, result ultimately in the com plete destruction of the timber on the unappropriated and unreserved public lands." Entries under that act are in creasing at a rate which, if kept up, the secretary says, "will before the expira tion of two years practically absorb every acre of unappropriated public timbered lands." That will make the success of the irrigation legislation of the last session of congress "doubtful, If its failure be not absolutely assured." The people's representatives in con gress have no more sacred duty than fthat of protecting the public domain, and they will do well to heed Secretary Hitchcock's recommendations. Passing of the Copper Toed Boot. An observer of the progress of events and things notes that the copper toed boot worn by the boys of a genera tion ago have gradually and with no apparent public mourning passed out of the market. The boy now pri mary school knows not the copper toe, and the young man just out of college knew it only through the older boy iiwho had once had a pair, but the coun try bred boy who is now a congress man or the president of a trust doubt less hears of its passing with regret. In Minneapolis, a place which in sev eral thousand square miles of farming country is referred to as "the city," a painstaking search has failed to reveal a single pair of copper toed shoes in any of the shops. "We sold our last pair five years ago," said the propri etor of one store. Some of the de partment stores had never heard of them at all. The wholesale houses had not handled them for the last ten years. To the scientific mind there is al ,most as much interest in accounting !for this phenomenon as in explaining the extinction of the great auk or the dodo. The most plausible theory seems to be that the box toe and the exten sion sole have taken away the neces sity of the metallic re-enforcement I The sole put on shoes nowadays is st I thick and the toe cap so strong that a boy can "scuff" and kick movable ob Jects with almost as little damage to 1 his foot as though his boot were tipped with metal. 7 In Perrinville, N. J., a man has brought suit against his brother, de manding judgment in the sum of $10, 000 because, it is alleged, the lattei wrote poetry about him. The plaintifl ought to get a verdict for the full amount claimed. It is doubtful, how ever, even with such drastic measures as this, if it will be possible to sup press an amateur poet who thinks h is inspired by the muses. Great Britain has discovered thai some of her warships are obsolete, and she would like to sell them. Perhaps judiciously written advertisements i & South American papers printed neai the isthmus might have the desired result. "If you get your fleet provided with the things essential to war at the right place and the right time, then half the battle Is won," says Admiral Dewey That is about what the admiral did himself in Manila bay. It might be pertinent to ask the Syra cuse college professor who says that football is on a level with prizefighting if he ever witnessed a good, old fash* loned mill from the ring side. About the only man in this world that gets just whaf coming to him is the villain in the modern melodrama. v*u**^ Jsx# mm*skM*&tofa& tmm^mxu^m^^m^^^^M&j THTraSDAT?, Di6E5tBEKTI "l902. &- Church Topics $m T* $- ^Sunday and Weekday Announcements. CONGREGATIONAL. Topics for next Sunday: Morning, "The Patient Master and Dull Scholar evening, "Faithful This will be the last sermon of Rev. Moxie as pastor of the Princeton Congre gational church. Rev. Moxie has ac cepted a call to the Congregational church of Barnsville, Minn. METHODIST. Rev. W. E J. Gratz will preach Sun day morning and evening. His even ing subject will be "The Tragedy of an Old World King." SPIRITUALISTS. Regular services at Farnham's hall next Sunday evening at the usual hour. Another lot like home at of sage cheese, tastes LUDDEN'S STORE. BUSINESS LOCALS. ^g" MONEY to loan on improved farms. M. S. RUTHERFORD, Princeton, Minn. Christmas presents for old and young at LUDDEN'S STORE. All kinds of grain bought at highest market prices. 49tf SAM CAREW. Our big assortment of gloves and mittens will fit your hands and keep them warm. LUDDEN'S STORE. Wood Haulers Wanted. I have one thousand cords or more dry standing tamarac wood I want cut and hauled to Bock, Minn. Wood five miles from station. 50-tf W. B. RICHARDS, Princeton. Get one of those beautiful rugs for a Xmas present at LUDDEN'S STORE Growth of the Metric System. Consul General Evans, reporting from London, says there is a very active movement in Great Britain to induce parliament to adopt the metric system of weights and measures. During six weeks of the past summer, the consul says, sixty city, town and county coun cils in Great Britain passed resolutions ill favor of the change. The colonial premters, at their conference in Lon don, favored the adoption of the metric system. All of the chambers of com merce in that country, nearly all the school boards and various other organi zations are active supporters of the proposed change. The secretary of the Decimal association reports that 290 members of the house of commons have given him authority to publish their names as favoring the proposition and ^hat many others would be favorably influenced by a debate on the subject. Thus it seems probable that conserva tive Great Britain will soon adopt the decimal system, which has become almost a necessity in international com merce, as it is now quite generally used by nearly all the commercial nations of the world, including Central and South America. The subject has received much at tention on the part of engineers and scientific men in the United States, who favor it to a large extent, and it has frequently been brought to the at tention of congress, but it meets with difficulty because of the ignorance here concerning the system and because of its inadjustability to much of our pres ent machinery. As we are becoming more and more a factor in the world's commerce, it would seem to be desir able for us to adopt this standard, at least in so far as our foreign trade is concerned. The director of the mint reports that the United States last year produced $78,000,000 in gold and $33,000,000 in silver, or nearly one-third of the world's total, which was $368,373,800 for the two metals. Australia was sec ond in gold production, with a total of $76,000,000. The output of gold in Af rica in 1901 was only $9,000,000. Mex ico was first in silver production, with a yield of $34,000,000 to $33,000,000 in the United States. A New York magistrate has rebuked two detectives for arresting six girls because they were smoking cigarettes. "I want you to understand," said the magistrate, "that this is a free country and that ladies can smoke the biggest and rankest black cigars if they so de- sire." Thus does the noble work of the emancipation of woman go bravely for ward. The decision of the federal supreme court overruling the postoffice depart ment's "fraud order" excluding the let* ters of magnetic healers from the malls may be construed as signifying that the United States postal service is not an institution for the protection of the feeble minded. It is announced as an item of inter* national news that the Macedonian rev olutionary committee is greatly in need of funds. This is perhaps due to short age in the missionary crop, which is one of Macedonia's great staples. It may be of interest to members of the next congress to know that Prince Cupid, the delegate elect from Hawaii, will be required to leave his bow and arrow in the cloakroom. mmm P^r CUSXW A RENZ n.a LW (UllMG ST PAUL MINN /too y* W. P. CHASE, flanager. J*" 4t Jy WlW^p^ *ft^ ere is your proof Jfead what Dr Renz,who stands at the head of the Bacterilogisfc of the Northwest, &/_4^ z*-f/fe&* ft #ue2T c*r-**+f READ THIS^ WHAT THE ABOVE LETTER SAYS St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 25,1902. Theo. Hamm, St. Paul, Minn. Gentlemen: I desire to state that at your request I made a thorough examination of local beers sold in this market, among them yours, and have no hesitancy in saying that I found your beer to be an absolutely pure, well matured and health ful product. In fact, of the samples examined by me, yours was, particularly with reference to purity and age, ABOVE THE OTHERS. I would further say that these examinations were made by me without information to indicate the manufacturer of the respective brands until after the completion of the analysis. Respectfully yours, GUSTAV A. RENZ, M. D. Foley Bean Lumber Company Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in White Pine Lumber, Lath and Shingles. Also Sash, Doors, Mouldings and a Com* plete Stock of Building Material. $ Commercial Hotel, COMMERCIAL HOTEL COMPANY, Proprietors. Princeton, JTiinn. Under new management this hotel has been enlargedto more than double its size and equipped with steam heating plant, bath rooms, and all modern improvements. THE UNION FOREVER*' AT ONLY $1.00 PER. YEAR. All Local and County News, Market Reports* Interesting Stories, etc. If yon are not a subscriber 0* YOX7 SHOULD BE. PRINCETON. ws W ?fU