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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, June 02, 1904, Image 1

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.^Minnesota Historical Society
Earl Kaliher of the Princeton High
School Graduates and Gets
His Sheepskin.
Prof. R. Watson Cooper Delivers an
Interesting Lecture on the
"Intellectual Life."
The graduation exercises of the
Princeton high school at the opera
house last Thursday evening were wit
nessed In a crowded house, and the
fact that there was but one member of"
the senior class to graduate, did not
lesson the interest on the part of the
of Princeton in the educational event.
The program was a very entertain
ing one. Of course the interesting fea
ture was the very scholarly and mas
terly address on "The Intellectual
Life" by Prof. R. Watson Cooper of
the chair of literature of Hamline uni
versity. Nothing could have been bet
ter or more appropriate than was this
literary treat by Prof. Cooper.
The stage was decorated tih e\ er
greens, potted plants and a handsome
boquet of flowers oranmented the table
the center of the stage. It was
nearly 8:30 o'clock when the members
of the school board, Rev. H. Knauft.
pastor of the German M. E. church,
Prof. Cooper, Earl Kaliher, the grad
uate, Prof. Selleck, and Miss Harrold,
Miss Chase and Miss Mood\, high
scohol instructors, took their places
on the stage. Re\. Knauff delivered
the invocation, and his prayer was
one of earnest supplication and thank
fulness for the blessings of the home,
and for the advantages of a free coun
try, with its many opportunities. The
invocation served to bring the audi
ence to a true realization of the mean
ing and purpose of the' occasion, and
when Rev. Knauff closed, there could
not have been a person in the audience
whose heart and soul was not stirred
with deep interest.
The prajer was followed by the
school chorus of about fifty male and
female voices led by Prof. Selleck,
who had the chorus seated on raised
benches to the left of the entrance to
the opera house. The chorus sang
''Blow on, ye Merry Breeze." and the
voices shovvea the results of Prof. Sel
leck's training, the children singing
with considerable spirit and melody.
Earl Kaliher, the only representa
ti\eofthe senior class, delivered an
oration on ''Is the Jury System a
Failure?" His oration showed much
thought its preparation and his de
livery was made with spirit and earn
estness. Mr. Kaliher thought that
the people of the twentieth century lit
tle realized the purchase price of
their liberty and how great was the
suffering and the struggles of their
ancestors for this inestimable legacj.
He said:
"There ha%e been in all times bra\e
hearts wrho
ha^e stood for human
rights and have dared all dangers to
raise the torch of liberty to the world.
Auong these brave people none have
been more conspicuous than our
Anglo Saxon and Celtic ancestors.
Long before the English speaking
people existed, before the Saxons left
their native home on the continent,
these leaders of our race held and
enjojed a pure democratic govern
ment, where not onlj were laws enact
ed by public consent but where dis
putes between members of society were
settled in open court of their fellows.
The same primitive rights were exer
cised bj our Celtic ancestors before
their clash with the Saxons.
"Here is the origin of the jurj sys
tem, in principle at least, if not in
exact form. For this reason we can
readily see why the Irish and English
have so highly prized human rights
and why they so readilj offer their
lives in their defense. While the ex
ercise of popular rights was nearly
wiped out in the clash of races, and
while in the feudal period public law
was replaced by the law of the feudal
lord, this germ of liberty lived and sur
vived this reign of injustice and again
sprouted into a mighty tree of democ
racy that shelters and gives comfort
to millions."
Mr. Kaliher gave the origin of the
jury system which originated in its
present form during the reign of John
of England in 1215 when the church
abolished throughout Christendom the
trial by ordeal and chose a petit jury
acquainted with the facts and who con
firmed or denied the decision of the
grand jury. When the jury could not
agree on a verdict it became the cus
tom to summon witnesses who gave the
testimony for the purpose of gaining
the unanimous verdict of the jury.
While Henry II may be considered the
true founder of the jury system, it was
in 1350, during the reign of Edward
Look into the jury sys-
tem and see its defects. Has it re
tained its original purity
finite with the Infinite. The world was
the result of a universal thought and
A. 4.
of th age in they lived. Cen- poetie thoughtwhich
K. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms 81.00 per Year. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JUNE 2, 1904
III, that the modern jury methods took early theory of the sun revolving
definite shape
The speaker thought that while the
jury system was an improvement over
the trial by ordeal he thought that it
ould not be long before it would be
umu uvb ue mug ueiurt it wuuiu. ue ~i u
doubtless, who
"There are man\
will oppose this idea and will say that oi tne universal thought.
we now have the best method of justice description of Milton's
and that this bulwark of liberty must
not be assaulted. All things change
with time and wh\ not the jury sys
Does it
now ser\ the ends of justice? Have
not evils crept into it to sap its vital
ity and usefulness0
Since the
early days society has become very
complex, requiring the very best of
ability and integrity for its control.
Formerly we had no lawj ers at court.
The evidence was given to the jury
by the witnesses who were questioned
by the jury. Now the lawyers get the
evidence from the witnesses for the
the key note of his address. And yet was put into his masterpieces. Pad
the blunt and apparently inconsistent erewski entranced his audiences by
making the metalic
statement made the audience anxious
to follow closely and wonder what was piano
to justify the statement. But it did
not take the speaker long to acquaint
his hearers with the correctness of his
The intellect was the dominant force 3
in man's whole nature, and transcend
ed all other human power, uniting the
purpose, and all human progress in thought. With the heart and the intel
lect back of all human efforts the
world advances to the higher state
way to light
and error to truth
Prof. Cooper quoted from Burns,
taking the poem on the mouse whose
nest was uncovered by the farmer's
acts, sciences, commerce, argiculture
and all avocations of man, were di
rectly attributed to the thinking power where darkness gives
of man. History was only man's
thoughts depicting the record* of cur
rent events. Dr. Boswell's life of Dr.
Johnson was an epitome of the life of
Johnson and the age in which he lived.
Milton, Shakespeare and Homer in
about the earth, and the belief that
the earth was flat, and many other
wrong impressions made so by think
ing so, but as man's intellect devel
oped and expanded and human
thing of the past, and will be re- thought came closer and closer to the gafye the world the great truth,
placed by the judge.
Infinite,re\ealed or lower regions. Then from this
thought of destruction and desolation
A corporation was conscienceless
and possessed no soul, because it was
not a human being and was not con
trolled by those influences that con
trol a human heart.
Many illustrations were gi\en by
the speaker to show the wonderful
power of the intellect. It was Pego
nini. the great violinist, who went
into the solitudes of nature and caught
the wierd whispers of the winds in the
pines of the mountains, and the won
derful strains of nature's music which
he made his violin to mimic and
swayed great audiences with the voice
of nature speaking from the heart of
the violin. One sound was a noise
and three a strain. John Burroughs,
poet, philosopher, and naturalist,
lived with nature which he studied.
He planted his fruit trees where they
would thrive best, his strawberries
where they would bear the best, and
his potatoes on ground best adapted
to them. He heard the music of the
birds and studied their habits, and
was able to tell the world about them.
He found in the birds' nests those
principles and laws of architecture
that he could not get in any school.
Burroughs never received his knowl
edge in any college, and the education
he received by placing his intellect
and heart in tune with nature could
never have been given him in any
school of learning.
Handel's musical intellect immor
talized him, for the joy of his heart
did the world awaken to the fact that in which he presented the sublimity
God was all and in all. and the psalm
ist was but glorifying the Creator
when he said
the morning
most parts of the sea even then shall conduce to a perfect life.
hy hand lead me
shall hold me."
and thj right hand
Art was the expression of man's joy
uenc iro me witnesses io me in his handiwork. Man's nature was -Prof. Cooper a IUIWIUI,, jeu easy
jury by asking questions that often controlled by three forces, the intel- speaker, and possesses a manner that
neither they nor the jury understand lectual, emotional and actual, and all is vigorous and yet graceful. H has
three influenced him in whatever he ~f
and are continually raising points of
law that cannot be comprehended by
the average man, and thus the mind
of the jury is clouded and unfitted to
render a fair verdict no matter how
honest are its members. The jur\ is
not what it originally was intended to
be. They are supposed to be men un
acquainted with the facts and having
no fixed opinion. Now how inanj of
the jurymen fix the verdict in their
minds as soon as thej take the stand.
The speaker attributed the weakness
of the jury system to many other,
things, such as a dislike for a lawyer,
ill feeling toward one of the parties to
the suit: then some wish to serve on
the jury for the purpose of revenge on
one of the parties. There is ignorance
of the laiv and its principles of justice,
a feeling of irresponsibility. Verdicts
are many times won by the power of
eloquence though truth be wanting.
"The trial before the judge is fast
replacing that of the jury. This is as
it should be, for he is a man educated
in all the learning of the times and
trained in legal matters. He is not
affected by the talents of a superior
lawj er. In the district court many of
the cases are tried by the judge alone.
In the higher courts we have no jury,
but we have a sensible and equitable
plan of trying cases by a small board
of judges well versed in the law. capa
ble, conscientious, and subject to im
peachment or rejection at the polls.
"All this experience with the judge
system should lead us to abandon the
old corrupt jury system. Let us lay
aside a false veneration for an insti
tution merely because it is ancient and
has at one time ser% ed a worthy end,
and lei us look for the best means at
hand to-day to further the ends of jus
tice, knowing that the good sense and
patriotism of the American people will
retain that only which builds up a just
form of government and conserves the
interests of the general welfare."
B. O. Brown, accompanied by Mrs.
Ben Soule on the piano, played a
trombone solo, his selection being the
"Symorian Polka."
The audience gave him a hearty and
prolonged encore, but the best Mr.
Brown would do was to appear at the
rear of the stage and bow.
It was a few minutes after nine when
President Eaton of the school board
introduced the speaker of the evening,
Prof. R. Watson Cooper, who spoke
for over an hour, on a theme that
held the audience with unbroken in
terest throughout the entire address.
Prof. Cooper stepped to the front of
the stage with an easy and yet earnest
manner like one about to gi\ a heart
to-heart talk and he had his audience
with him from the start.
"There's nothing that is so, but
what thinking made it so." This was
did. There could be no separation of pressive his climaxes and strong
the intellect and the practical powers
of man, without inertia and death.
But the intellect dominated all the
actions of man, or there could be no
human progress. It was the intellect
influencing the practical side of man's
nature that was building the great
transcontinental roads and steamship
lines, and the harmonious working of
these forces was the expression of the
joy of man's heart and the desires of
his nature to have mind master of
matter. The formation of the great
Standard Oil trust, was the result of
the keen intellect of man working out
a great trade consolidation. The pa
per trust was the result of a Massa
chusetts' man's idea of the centraliza
tion of the paper trade of the entire
country under one gigantic corpora
tion. The question of the effects of
these trusts upon the consumers did
not influence the promoters in the
least. There could be no question so
far as equity went that the man who
made the paper and the consumers
who used the paper that was con
trolled by the trust should derive
some benefits from that condition of
trade that lessened the cost of produc
tion and made big profits for the
strings of the
forth grand harmo
nies. As his hands passed over the
key board, crossing and recrossing
swiftness and match-
his sou in one grand climax
lesvs accuracy, they poured out the
audience would rise to its feet
of hitsn musical intellect and genius, so
and cry for more,
Everything was the expression of a
nlow and th linp nn OMi
hat in church. Theslouse
crystallized the spirit lections were given to show the won
derful power oi Burns' intellect
turies ago the world had many false take such little and almost retmlsive S^L^/V
notions and theories. There was the commonplace things and LmZ^e S'
them by applying them to the great
trvfths of life. From the poem to the
mouse, came two immortal lines
^jrThe best laid schemes 'o mice an' men
Gang aft a-gley
From the lines to a louse Burns
uuu ^umuu j.vn_n mc iiues a louse
old theories gave way to th wad some Power the&giftie
new as by a closer knowledge
of the universal thought A graphic
"Paradise tellectfear, indifference and
Lost" was given in which the poet and Prof. Cooper painted them in
had the world suspended from a pend- their proper colors. They were a men-
ant chain of gold, and beneath it was ace to the development of the mind,
the chaos and clash of nature and the and things spiritual and material,
transformation into the abyss of hell. Indifference and hate were deadly in
.J To see ouisels as others see us'
There were three enemies to
their effects.
He closed with a fine peroration,
and beauty of a perfect lifea life
where living is to see, to see is to be
If I take the wings of happy, and to be happy is to rejoice
and dwell in the utter- in jflie unfolding of those plans that
The address was the best of its kind
eveu delivered in Princeton, and those
who heard it were fortunate indeed.
is a foiceful yet easy
a way emphasizing and making im-
points by holding his right arm in a
perpendicular manner high above his
head with his index finger pointing
up, and in this attitude he becomes
earnest and eloquent.
A% the conclusion of the address the
chorus sang. "Oh, Italia. Italia" the
stirring song by Donizetti, after which
President Eaton of the school board
presented Earl Kaliher his diploma.
Mr.^ Eaton made some extended re
marks pertinent to the occasion.
Tfye benediction was pronounced by
Rev^ Knauff, after which the graduate
received the congratulations of friends
and many of the audience. He was
also the recipient of some very fine
flordl tokens of regards and ap
preciation. A lot of the high school
pupils gave the "yell" in a vociferous
manner, as a parting salute to Mr.
Collfiis' People Will Be Surprised ai His
Strength in First and Second Districts.
A candidate for the Republican
nomination for one of the principal
State offices, who lives in a Collins
coun|y and is taking no part in the
gubernatorial contest, said toneern
ing' R. C. Dunn's campaign in the
southern part of the State:
I must confess that I am surprised
at the number of counties that Dunn
is going to get in the First and Second
congressional districts. I live in a
county in which Collins sentiment is
supposed to predominate and I always
had the idea that the St. Cloud candi
date would be way in the lead in my
section of the State.
"The Collins men will be surprised
at the number of counties Dunn will
get. Houston, they say, is solid for
Dunn and Winona is almost in the
same class. Wabasha and Olmstead
are likely to go^to the Princeton can
didate, although the friends of Judge
Collins are making a hard fight.
Dunn seems likely also to get at least
half of the delegations from Fillmore,
Freeborn and Dodge. "Pioneer
Not on the Plat.
F. C. Cater has sold a strip of land
at the west end of Oak street, and the
Great Northern railway to Abe
Steeves. The land is a fraction of a
lot, and is in Cater's Second addition,
but was never included in the regular
plat. Oak street ends at the roller
mill and the new spur track which the
railroad company has built runs
through the land, though Mr. Cater
says that the company never received
a permit to build the spur through the
land nor did it ever buy or lease the
land for that purpose. Mr. Steeves
who now owns the land has placed the
matter in the hands of an attorney
and will bring suit against the com
pany. The strip of land is the width
of Oak street and runs east on the
street about sixty feet, or from the
right of way to the mill proper.
A Blue Hill Ditch.
Reed Gladden and Robert Roberts
of the town of Blue Hill have started
in to drain Buck lake, and they will
dig a ditch from the lake to St. Fran
cis river, a distance of nearly a mile.
The ditch will drain nearly 800 acres
of land and will be of gerat benefit to
many farmers who have land tribu
tary to the ditch. With the draining
of the lake the land will make the finest
kind of hay land. This is enterprise.
Would that there were more men like
Death of a Milo Settler.
E. Engman of the town of Milo died
at his home May 27th at the age of
i seventy-six years. He had been ill of
ploawlady'sthe and lines on seeing a dropsy for some timenantotallythe for pas.t
se four years had bee blind
Mrs. Wm. Arnett Has Wrist Broken
in a Runaway in Princeton
on Decoration Day.
Norman Walker Gets a Bullet Wound
in Leg by Accidental Discharge
of a dun.
While the parade was passing down
Depot street on Decoration Day a
team belonging to Wm. Arnett of
Greenbush and which was standing
west of the Congregational church,
took fright at the band and started to
run away. It ran into a vehicle stand
ing near by and threw Mrs. Arnett to
the ground with considerable force.
In some way she struck against the
sidewalk and had her wrist broken.
The fall gave her a very severe shock
and she fainted. It was thought at
first that she was very badly hurt and
she was taken into the residence of
Mrs. T. H. Caley where her injuries
were examined. The doctor found that
the broken wrist was the only bad in
jury she sustained. The fractured
bones were set and she was able to go
home late in the afternoon. Mr. and
Mrs. Arnett and the family were occu
pying a two-seated spring wagon and
it was a fortunate thing .that the rig
struck another vehicle as the team
gave a sharp turn and started to run.
Shot in the Leg.
Tuesday afternoon while starting
to bring the cows home Norman
Walker, son of Mr. and Mrs. F. S.
Walker of Greenbush, met with a
severe accident by the discharge of a
gun which he was carrying, and which
he always took with him when he went
for the cows. He had just started and
had not gone far from the house when
the accident happened. While resting
the gun on the ground by the handle,
he attempted to let down the hammer
and in doing so the gun was dis
charged, and a 22-calibre bullet passed
into the fleshy part of the leg above
the knee, imbedding itself in the mus
cles and just missing the bone. As
soon as he was shot the boy went to
the house and told his mother he had
shot himself. A* hasty examination
-was made and the boy was taken at
Once to the iforfhwestertt hospital to
have his injuries attended to. An
X-raj was used to locate the bullet
and it took some time to remove the
same after which the boy was taken
home. The accident might have
proved a very dangerous one. if not
fatal, had the bullet entered the abdo
men, (and
funeral was held last Sunday at
the home 3 p.? m. Mr. Engman
leaves a wife,h one son and two daugh
..at1 1
Mrs Chas Nord
while the injury is quite a
painful one and will lay the boy up
for two weeks or more, he was fortu
nate in escaping as well as he did.
Injured While Plowing.
A boy by the name of Stumm living
near town was brought in Decoration
Day badly stunned and bruised by
having been thrown against a stump
in the field while plowing. Dr. Cooney
found that there were not serious in
juries and fixed the lad out so he could
go home.
The Mille Lacs County Good Roads Asso
ciation is Organized at Milaca.
The initial steps toward the con
struction of good roads in the north
ern part of Mille Lacs county were
taken last vyeek at Milaca when a meet
ing of the citizens of that place and
many of the property owners between
Milaca and the lake was held at
Milaca for the purpose of organizing
a good roads association. There was
a good attendance and much interest
was manifested in the project which
in time will prove of real value to the
northern part of the county, and for
that matter to the whole county. It
was voted to call the association the
Mille Lacs County Good Roads Asso
ciation. The following officers were
elected: President, H. F. Winter
vice president, C. C. Eberhardt: secre
tary and treasurer, M. S. Rutherford.
The board of directors consists of H.
E. Barnum, C. H. Foss and W. S.
The associaiton proposes to go right
to work to map out a working plan
for the construction of better roads in
the northern part of the county. The
new road north from Milaca to the
lake, with Cove the terminus which
was ordered opened last year by the
board of county commissioners and on
which work will proceed this season,
cannot be completed through to the
lake unless there is some private as
sistance. The county will appropriate
the sum $1,000 provided that the sum
of $1,500 is raised by private individ
uals toward the completion of the
road and the association will proceed
to raise this amount by personal so
licitation. It is thought that it will
be a very easy matter to get property
owners interested, Thev new road will
mean much to the lake country and
especially the village of Milaca, and
for that matter Princeton to a certain
extent. Heretofore most of the travel
to the lake country has been by Brain
erd and Aitkin, especially the com
mrecial travelers most of whom make
the lake country via Aitkin, because
the roads are better in to the lake
country from the north than from the
south. There is no reason why much
of this travel could be diverted to the
south if the roads were put in good
condition. The new road will not
only prove of great value to the lake
country but will also be of incalcu
lable value to the intermediate terri
tory which is being rapidly settled up
by an industrious class of people. As
soon as the new road is finished there
will be many smaller roads built tap
ping the adjacent territory and a good
roads movement will be started that
will not stop until the country is pro
vided with plenty of highwaysthe
great developers of any community.
It Was Started up This Week with G. E
Lindallas Buttermaker.
G. E. Lindall, the new butter maker
who will take charge of the West
Branch Co-operative Creamery com
pany's plant, has arrived and is get
ting ready to start the creamery up
this week. Mr. Lindall is an experi
enced butter maker, and had charge
of the creamery at Litchfield for four
years. This is one of the best cream
eries in the State, and Mr. Lindall
ranks as.one of the best butter mak
ers in the State. He saj that he is
well pleased with the outlook for the
West Branch creamery, and sees no
reason why it should not be a great
success. The country is an ideal one
for an industry of this kind, as it can
produce such a wealth of grasses and
clovers. There are estimated to be 800
cows in the section tributary to the
new creamery and at least 500 cows
will furnish milk for the creamery the
first year. With this number of cows
to start with the output of the cream
ery will be about thirty tubs of butter
a week, each tub containing sixty-three
pounds of butter.
The conditions in this section are
far superior to those about Litchfield
for creameries and yet the farmers in
that section are deriving profits from
their cows, a fair average being $5 per
month, besides the skim milk which,
with the present price of feed, is worth
all of twenty-five cents a hundred
Creameries have revolutionized agri
culture in the southern and western
part of the State, and there is no rea
son whj they should not be made to
be a source of great profit to the farm
ers of this part of the State.
He is Expected to Carrj Daicota County
at the Convention.
Hastings. Minn., May 27.The Re
publican county convention will be
held at Farmington June 28, and the
primaries June 27. The Dunn senti
ment seems strong in Dakota county,
although Judge Collins has many per
sonal friends.
The Collins men seem to be in the
minority, and the general belief is that
there will be no serious attempt to de
feat Dunn in the county convention.
Collins' Towering Ambition.
Mr. Collins has already been the
beneficiary of twenty times more at the
hands of the people and the State than
he has given in return, and et he is
not satisfied. He deliberately throws
away the exalted position of supreme
court judgeoccupied b\ him as the
gift of his fellow citizens for some
twenty years pastand by the act says
to the people, "That gift isn't near
big enough. Give me the highest
within 5 our power, or I will not
thank you in the least." As illus
trated by this act, Jugde Collins, to
say the least of it, has stamped him
self an ingrate of unenviable propor
tions: and, if we miss not our guess,
the body of our people will cause him
to realize the "slap in the face" he
has given them, before the "incident
is closed." His unseeming ambition
has paralyzed his good manners, and
this same ambition to become gover
nor, blinded his vision to the fact that
he is not, in any sense conceivable, a
logical candidate for the position he
so brazenly seekswhen all the attend
ant circumstances are considered. He
is not entitled to the nomination he
seeks, and if the people assert their
authority in the matter of electing
delegates to the county conventions,
arid to the State conventioninstead
of permitting the local politicians and
Ins" to dictate the selection of dele
gatesthey will see to it that delegates
shall be sent to the State gathering
who will rebuke Mr. Collins' effront
ery in a way that will make a wiser
man of him thereafterwhich will
prove, after all, a blessing in dis
guise if he will but.profitby its lesson.
City Republican.
I-Lake unu jjiu riepuDiican
is KJS

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