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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, June 09, 1904, Image 1

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CALMLY CONSIDERED.
Whys and Wherefores of the John-
Reports" and Their
son
Gauzy Masks.
The State Administration's Dishonest
and Sneaking TacticsLosing
Public Consideration.
For foal, sneaking, indecent polities
the maner in which the investigation
of Former Auditor JR .C. Dunn's offi
cial record has been conducted by
Public Examiner Johnson under the
direction of the Van Sant-Martin-Col
lins machine easily bears away the
palm in Minnesota. The legislature
instructed Johnson in January, 1903,
to look into the stumpage cases in Mr.
Dunn's offi.ec, but it was not until May
30. 1904, seventeen months later, that
Johnson got around to make a report
on the subject. Why this delay? Be
cause Johnson and the disreputable
State machine knew perfectly well
that if there was time to sift the whole
matter before the people, Mr. Dunn
would come out unscathed. The
scheme of this cowardlv, furtive con
spiracy was to dump charges founded
on a mass of figures and hundreds of
complicated transactions upon public
attention in the last dav of a cam
paign, in the hope that it would em
barrass Mr. Dunn to explain in three
weeks what Johnson, with a corps of
bookkeepers and at the expense of
thousands to the State of Minnesota,
had been able to cook up in six
months.
But it must not be forgotten that the
records that Johnson has been examin
ing have existed for ears and years.
If there was an\ thing wrong about
Mr. Dunn's methods, why did Gov.
Van Sant, charged with the execution
of the laws, fail to look into it? What
sort of a governor is he who will
wink for four vears at a state of
affairs which he and his minions now
represent as full of illegality with
broad hints at fraud? It was only
when Dunn's candidacy for governor
became a certainty that Gov. Van
Sant's official sense of responsibility
was aroused to lover heat and that
Public Examiner Johnson bethought
himself of that suggestion of the leg
islature, then over' a year old, that he
look into Dunn's stumpage accounts,
though he gave his attention first to
matters which the legislative commit
tee had passed on
But it must be remembered that a
Democratic governor, John Land,
sworn to look after the execution of
all laws, was in power two jears, and
was bound bv every consideration of
duty and honor to keep a vigilant eye
upon the auditor's office and to check
and cause to be punished any infrac
tions of the law he might discover.
For six ears, however, Dunn's rec
ord, open to public inspection all the
time, is ignored by two governors, one
Democratic and the other Republican,
and during that time he came up for
re-election for the third time, and
there was nothing but praise for his
conduct as auditor, until a date so
near the caucuses that Van Sant, Mar
tin, Collins & Co. thought their
charges could not be cleared up.
But the people cannot be influenced
by tactics that are so clearly unfair,
dishonest and indecent. They believe
that when anything is down on public
records for years in black and white,
and is not mentioned until thirty days
before a caucus, it is so kept back be
cause it is essentially a falsehood. If
Bob Dunn's record as auditor
[vas
bad, his enemies could have killed
him politicallj long ago, but the peo
ple will not listen to eleventh-hour
slander and they will notice that ev en
his bitter, shameless enemies are
obliged to write of him:
1. That he caused a law to be
passed for the purpose of forcing tres
passers on State timber to right the
wrongs they had done.
2. That, while holding the office of
auditor, he collected from these tres
passers more than twice as much
money as all his predecessors in office
during nearly forty years.
3. That, under the law whose pas
sage R. C. Dunn procured, a State
auditor who was trained in his office
for \ears, is energetically and effec
tively protecting the timber of the
State.
4. That, in brief, snarling and
sneaking malice is obliged to confess
that it was Robert C. Dunn who
created the era in which trespassers
upon the property of the people of
Minnesota have been brought to bar
and forced to disgorge hundreds of
thousands of their ill-gotten gains.
Duluth News-Tribune.
For Political Purposes.
Tribune is the only journal,
The
we think, that has not made the attack
of the State administration on the rec
ord of Former Auditor Dunn the sub
ject of serious comment. We do not
think anjbody will charge the Tribune
with indifference to corruption in
office, whether city, State or national.
But it is equally impatient and con
temptuous of charges of corruption,
public or private, made in the heat of
a political campaign to serve the sel
fish interest of a candidate or faction.
We hold the same opinion of the
campaign material that is sent out
from the State house in St. Paul that
we hold of that sent out from the only
open and active headquarters in Min
neapolis. We do not think that Dunn
is any more injured by one than Col
lins is by the other. We apprehend
that neither will be heard of after the
State convention, and we doubt if
either will prevent the candidate of the
convention from recehing the full
partv vote at the election.
The official charges against Mr.
Dunn, made at this time and in this
way, mean only that the administra
tion desires to defeat his nomination
for governor. That is a lawful desire
which governors and other State offi
cers may share with plain citizens and
use all lawful effort to satisfy. But
we do not believe that State officers
can use effectively any other means
than those open to the plain citizen.
We believe that their accidental official
power becomes absolutlej impotent
when used for selfish personal ends.
If there were anything more than pol
itics in these charges, the courts have
been open for their prosecution for a
long time. If that is all there is in
them, they lose rather than gain public
consideration by being put out in the
name of the State administration. The
public is not suc a fool as the politi
cians seem to think. Nine-tenths of
it is laughing in its sleeve at this dem
onstration. So far as we can judge,
and we happen to have a little better
opportunity to observe on that side,
the earnest supporters of Collins from
conviction take it even less seriously
than Dunn's friends except to blush
a bit for their political allies.Min1
neapolis Tribune.
FOB THE STATE'S BEST INTERESTS.
That "Was the Report ot the Legislative
Committee, and a Meinher of the Leg
islature Points Out Why Johnson is
Trying to Make it Appear the Com
mittee Lied.
A Repub^ean member of the legis
lature, who was in the house when the
committee on public accounts and ex
penditures reported April 18. 1903,
that R. C. Dunn's trespass settlements
were for the best interests of the State,
said that he has found no clause in
the report which instructs or author
izes Public Examiner S. T. Johnson
to continue the investigation, vhich
the committee had passed on finally.
I was in the legislature at the
time,'' said this Republican represent
ative last night, ''and for the life of
me I cannot see where Mr. Johnson
gets his instructions to continue an in
vestigation which the legislative com
mittee had completed. That legisla
te committee employed an expert ac
countant. The accountant made a re
port and it was accepted by the com
mittee, and after the committee had
considered the matter carefully it
stated in unequivocable terms that Mr.
Dunn had acted in every instance for
the best interests of the State.
"For my part I do not see how it de
volves upon Mr. Johnson to prove
that the committee lied when it made
its leport. The fact of the matter is
that Mr. Johnson has used one clause
in the committee's report as a pretext
to continue the im estigation. That
clause refers to the public examiner
certain detailed items of trespass
vhich had been uncollected: the public
examiner is instructed to investigate
these items and see that thev are col
lected. Nothing is said about the ex
aminer opening up the entire investi
gation, which the committee had be
gun and finished.
'What would you think of a com
mittee, which, after invesitgating Mr.
Dunn's trespass settlements and re
porting that they were for the best in
terests of the State, instructing an ap
pointive officer to find out whether it
told the truth? Members of such
committee would be fit for the
asylum.
"Suppose the legislature should re
fer to the public examiner certain
specified bills for timbler cut on State
land under permit in order that they
might be collected and the monev
turned into the State treasury, would
you infer that this was an order to dig
up all the records of the State audi
tor's office and employ practically all
the employes of the public examiner's
department in an attempt to find
whether the State auditor
the office properly?
R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 per Year. PRINCETON, MILIE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JUNE 9, 1904.
a
insane
managed
"The fact of the matter is that the
public examiner uses this pretext to
gull the public and make the people
believe that he has been ordered to
make the investigation, when every
one who knows anything knows that
the purpose of the whole thing is to
defeat the nomination of R. C. Dunn,
on whose record in timber trespass
settlements and in dealing with State
lands generally the Republican party
has been proud to wage more than one
campaign."Pioneer Press.
Political Affairs in Hennepin.
The Minneapolis newspapers seem
to have combined to give Bob Dunn
the worst of it in the campaign he is
making for the gubernatorial nomin
ation. Without exception, they sys
tematically print misleading reports
of the meetings held by his support
ers in the different wards, depreciat
ing their [size and importance. For
instance, on Friday, May 27, a Dunn
meeting waas held in the Fourth ward
Republican wigwam, which was the
largest political gathering ever held
in that hall, and the most enthusias
tic. At that rneeting,*Judge John H.
Steele, the leading Eustis man in Hen
nepin county, who managed the Eustis
campaign and was chairman of the
Republican State central committee,
was present and formally declared his
allegiance to R. C. Dunn. The hall
was crowded to the doors and inanv
people could not get in. At the close
almost eleven o'clock, tne people in
the audience filed up on the platform
to shake hands with Mr. Dunn. All
these facts the Minneapolis newspa
pers forgot to mention, but any one
of the six or seven hundred perosns
present can corroborate them, and
thev can also bear witness to the fact
that the Minneapolis Journal and
some of the anti-Dunn people arranged
for a grand automobiile parade the
same ev ening in order to draw people
awav from the Dunn meeting, but their
attempt was a miserable failure.Lit
tle Falls Transcript.
Nornian Conntj- Strong for Dunn
"Norman county is apparentlj all
for Dunn. I didn't hear any Eddy
talk, and I did not find a Collins' ad
vocate among the several I talked
with,"said J.M.Smith, receiver of
the local land office, who returned yes
terday from the Red River valley.
Mr. Smith spent two or three days
at Hagu, N. D.. in the interest of the
Dalrymple estate, of which he is an
executor and put in considerable time
at Halsted, Minn., which is just oppo
site the North Dakota town.
I talked with several well informed
people at Halsted," said Mr. Smith,
'all of whom claimed that Norman
county will stand bj Dunn for all
time. The residents of the county are
largelv Scandinavians and seem close
ly bonded in their friendship for the
former auditor.
"Collins' men were conspicuous only
by their absence and not one of the
persons with whom I talked thought
he had any show in that locality.
Eddy apparently, is also out of the
race as far as Norman county is con
cerned. 'Duluth New Tribune.
Dnnn a Sure Winner.
Some of the most conservative poli
ticians in the State have been figuring
on the probable result of the Rebupli
can State convention to be held next
month. A ery conservative estimate
gives Mr. Dunn over seven hundred
otes on the first ballot, says the Fari
bault Republican, Judge Collins less
than two hundred, and Eddy less than
one hundred, and the remaining are
placed in the doubtful or unpledged
column. This estimate does not include
Hennepin county, and we are also in
formed that Rice countv is not given a
positive position. This size-up of the
situation does not come from an in
tensely paritsan or ardent supporter
of Mr. Dunn. Indeed there are those
among the Collins supporters who are
now willing to admit in private con
ersation that their political idol is
practically not in the running. This
feeling is growing so strong that they
are looking about for some new man
upon whom to center their strength,
and there are those among the admin
istration forces who intimate with "a
nod and a wink" that Governor Van
Sant could be induced to accept the
nomination as a compromise candi
date. However, the Dunn forces are
"stand-patters" so far as this con
vention is concerned. They are
harmonious and a unit, and confident
that it is practically all ov er but the
shouting.Crookston Times.
Nothing to Cover Up.
Robert C. Dunn says concerning
section three of Public Examiner
Johnson's report on the condition of
the Dunn administration as auditor:
I am willing to have my record
placed before the voters of the State,
for I have nothing to cover up. My
candidacy is in the hands of the vot
ers, and I have nothing to fear from
all the reports that Mr. Johnson and
his employes may make. "Minneapo
lis Daily News.
SfUDS AND CLOVER.
They Are Discussed in an Interest-
ing Manner at the Farm In-
%m stitute Last Week.
Terry, Bush and Fairfield Tell Farmers
#Many Valuable Things About
Sir-
*Ts These Important Crops.
Those two kings of agriculturepo
tatoes and cloverwere given a royal
reception at the opera house in Prince
ton last Thursday. The day was a
miserable one from a weather stand
point, as a drenching rain fell most
all day, but the members of the insti
tute corps were greeted by an audience
at the morning session that filled the
opera house to over half its seating
capacity, and in the audience there
were a few women who braved the
elements to attend. Had the weather
been clear the opera house would
probably have been filled. But as it
was the attendance demonstrated that
the farmers of this section are fully
alive to the importance of "higher
education" in those things that make
the* furrow fertile and the harvest a
bountiful one.
The value of this short day's session
of a farm institute cannot be estimated
in dollars and cents. The fact that
such gatherings set people to think
ing is in itself a gerat leaven or men
tal fertilizer, if ou choose to term it,
and the practical applications of the
propositions presented by the institute
specialists, will result in great benefit
to the farming community.
While the talks made at the institute
Thursday were of great value to all
farmers, there was nothing new of
any importance presented by any of
the speakers, and practically the same
ground was covered at the farm in
stitute in Princeton two years ago,
but it must be remembered that- it is
the same in institute work as in farm
ingit is the constant cultivation of
thought and ideas, that makes a suc
cessful haivesting of practical results
in institute work, and as was stated
over and over so manv times bv the
mstitate speakers, it is the constant
cultivation of the soil, the selection of
hardy seed, and the harnessing of
m^Je^teUjgefc toJ,hee laws of nature
that alonl^ resui&s~m success" at "hair^
vest time.
Out of all that was said at the in
stitute, which was held primarily in
the interest of the potato raiser, there
were a few central thoughts or key
notes and all else was subsidiary or
of secondary importance.
The three elementsearth, air and
waterand their relationship to plant
life, were the main factors, and jet
they represent so much in their rela
tionship to agriculture that it is a
very wise faimer who understands
their mysterious workings. But it
takes a man like Terry whose life
work has been to master the science
of agriculture, to draw aside the cur
tains and show the average farmer
how man can walk hand in hand with
natuj and make mother earth talk.
THE UORMSG SESSION.
Supt O. C. Gregg Opens the Institute
With a Short TalkTerry on "Fertil
itj in Ijaiitl."
It was 10:30 when Supt. O. C. Gregg
opened the institute with a short talk
and stated that Hon. T. B. Terry of
Ohio wuold have charge of the insti
tute and would talk on the fertilitj in
land. Mr. Gregg spoke of his ob
ser\ ations in the state of New York
two ears ago where he spent some
time in institute work and he said that
he could not help but note how the
continual cropping of the land had
exhausted its fertility and many farms
could be bought for half the value of
the buildings on the same. In conse
quence of this depreciation of the fer
tility of the soil it would take from
ten to fifteen years to restore the soil
of many of the farms in the state of
New York to their original fertility.
Mr. Gregg said that prairie soil would
not stand much cropping and spoke
of the value of fertilizing the same.
If the soil had been kept up to a high
standard of feriUity the blight that
is now prevelant in so many places
vvouldJbe unknown.
Mr. Terry Tells What Scientific Farming
Did With a Bnn-Down Farm in Ohio.
Mr. Terry is always interesting as
he always has a wealth of information
about the value of fertilizing land and
how to keep land fertile and renew
the fertility in old land. He told of
his experience in taking a farm in
Ohio thirty-four years ago that was
all run down and how he made a few
acres so rich in fertility that the farm
became a very productive one and a
source of great profit. He gave his
experience in raising a few potatoes
the first season on land that had not
been fertilized and they barely raised
enough for their own use. He went
to work and began hauling out the
manure onto a few acres of land and
then seeded the land to clover, planted
corn on the clover sod, then potatoes
and slowly but gradually began that
system of crop rotation that in a few
years made his farm one of the richest
in the country. When he first started
in he hired a man to plant a few pota
toes on shares, but the weeds thrived
abundantly and all that he got in the
fall that was fit to take to market was
twenty-five bushels of potatoes which
he traded for groceries, receiving
seventy-cents a bushel for his pota
toes. He kept at it, hualing out
manure onto two acres of land, and
cropped the same with clover and it
was not long before he was raising
early potatoes off of the land and
getting $80 an acre from his potatoes.
He kept up the manure and clover
treatment of the land and with regular
rotation, in thirteen years after he
took the land he had three teams haul
ing potatoes to Akron every day dur
ing potato season. He began a three
year rotation of crops, planting
clover, potatoes and wheat. This
method of farming had never been
tried at that time and he soon demon
strated its value to the soil. It was
not many years before he was raising
from his land as high as 250 bushels
of potatoes, and he said that it was
an easy matter for a farmer with fer
tile land to raise from 200 to 250 bush
els of potatoes to the acre. There
were two things necessary to increase
fertility of the soilrichness and rain.
The use of clover was the agency that
enriched the soil. Eastern farmers
were using commercial fertilizers that
cost them as high as $20 to $30 per
acre but the price they received justi
fied the use of this high-priced fertil
izer, while western farmers could
hardly afford to use such expensive
fertilizer year after jear. There were
three elements needed in the fertility of
the soil, they were nitrogen, phos
phoric acid and potash, and all three
the clover plant afforded the soil.
Charts were shown and Mr. Terrj ex
plained the construction of the clover
plant and how it extracted the free
nitrogen from the air. On the ends of
the deep roots of the clover were in
numerable pin heads, and there were
thousands of bacteria on these roots
that feed on the nitrogen in the air,
through: the- clover plant ^'MetT im
parts to the soil in this manner the
fertilizing elements it needs. The
clover roots were not like those of
most of the grasses, which send out
their roots horizontally while the
clover has a deep tap-root that ex
tends down in the ground seven or
eight feet in sandy soil and three or
four feet where there is hardpan. The
clover sends out numerous fibrous
roots and makes the soil rich and
mellow with the fertilitv that is im
parted to the soil. Clover sod when
plowed is soft and mellow while with
other grasses the roots make the soil
tough and hard to vvork.
In the growth of the potato the tops
of the plant want potash while little
phosphoric acid is necessary. The
clover plant stores this poatsh in the
soil for the potato, the potash being
brought to the surface of the soil by
plowing. On light and sandv soil
all fertilizers as a rule would go down
deep into the soil, and the clover in
the soil would take this fertility and
send it to the surface where it was
needed. Mr. Terrv said that he
planted his clover crop every third
year. After planting clover with
grain he would mew the clover the
second year, plow for potatoes, then
follow with wheat, and then go back
to clover. A four-v ear rotation was
even better than a three-year plan, as
Mr. Terry said that land would soon
tire of any crop in a short time, and
it was poor policy to plant potatoes
more than two years in succession
on the same soil. Oats and corn and
potatoes and clover was a good rota
tion. Potatoes did not take much
fertility from the land as they were
mostly water and starch, but constant
planting of potatoes on the same land
would soon deteriorate the land and the
potato as well. Mr. Terry said that
at first his farm did not consist of
more than twenty acres of tillable
land, and he had when he first started'
in farming two-thirds of the land in
potatoes and the remainder in clover.
He received $2,200 for his potatoes in
1883 and in a year or two he received
$2,700 for his potato crop and built
him a good house, selling the old
shack he started with for $10. He
now has buildings on his farm that
are worth over $7,000 all made out of
potatoes and wheat, as in early days
the wheat crop was a profitable one.
The secret of all successful farming
was to enrich the land. The aim
should be, not more land but less
land and more yield.
VOLUME XXVIII. NO. 26.
manure from the farm, and spoke of
the use of cement floors in his stables*,
which saved all the manure, and
nothing ever left his farm, but the
potatoes and crops that he sold. At
present he is engaged in dairy farm
ing and with successful results.
At the conclusion of his talk several
present asked Mr. Terry many ques
tions. The best time to plow clover
sod he said was in the fall after the
frost had killed it. It is always safe
to plow under either dead or ripe
material but never when the plant is
in the green or maturing stage, as
when it is plowed under it forms an
acid which is injurious to the soil.
A little acid is good but too much is
harmful to the land. Green clover
should never be plowed under in hot
weather as the acid forms a fermenta
tion. It is much better to plow under
old manure. Fresh manure causes a
fungus growth. Manure can be spread
on land during winter and land is then
in good shape to plow in the spring.
Clover would do well sowed in drills
crosswise with grain early in May or
cross-drill it with rye sowed in the
fall. Clover should never be sowed
on sandy land in the spring. Drills
could be three or four inches deep as
a rule, but on light sandy soil there
was no risk at two inches.
Hon. A. K. Busli Speaks on the Value of
Clover as a Fertilizer, and Necessity of
Good Soil and Good Seed.
Hon. A. K. Bush of Dover, Minn.,
followed Mr. Terry. He said that he
felt more at home answering questions,
but he was soon engaged in telling
the audience about his early experi
ences in farming in southern Minne
sota in the early days when wheat was
the main crop of the farmer and as
high as forty-five to fifty bushels per
acre was raised. His father in early
days had tried to raise tame grasses
on the prairie land but with little suc
cess, and it was not until about
twenty-five years ago that farmers in
that part of the State had succeeded
in raising clover with any success.
Here in the wooded country in the
northern part of the State the culti
vation of tame grasses was made easy
because of those elements not found
in a prairie soil. The cultivation of
clover on any land doubled the selling
value of the land, besides increasing
the productive capacity of the soil.
Mr., Bush talked at some length of
tliBflrm^cfioas- farming in solithern^^^
Minnesota and how the cultivation of "^"C
clover and the use of manure on the
land in a judicious manner had made
farming profitable. In the use of ma
nure it was not so much the quantity
alwavs as the manner in which it was
spread on the soil. It should be
spread over the land so that the soil
could get the benefit of the fertilizing
effects, and not in large patches here
and there. He spoke of the value of
getting and keeping the land in a high
state of cultivation, and in the selec
tion of good, hardy seed. Crops of
flax and barley had been made to
vield abundantly by cropping the
land with clover which he grew once
in ever} oui or five ears and rotated
crops. In the cultivation of potatoes
he warned farmers to make the best
selections of seed stock, and watching
the hills closely when the crop was
growing and taking for seed stock
potatoes from thoes hills that made
the best showing. With land well fer
tilized and freshened by proper rota
tion of crops there would be a vigor
to the crop and little danger from
blight which as a rule was only prev
alent when soil was poor and the
seed unsound.. The successful potato
grower must over-come all poor condi
tions of seed and soil. The limit that
Mr. Bush placed on continuous potato
cultivation on the same soil was three
or four years. Scab could only be
kept out of potatoes by a high state of
fertility and bv using only good
sound seed stock. Early potatoes
are advisable.' Plentv of ^tillage was
necessary and half of the work in the
field is done before the crop is up.
The best time to plant was between
small grain and corn. Ground should
be in the best condition possible for
planting.
Asked as to the best method of get- Vt
ting rid of quack grass the speaker
said that it should be plowed under
rather shallow in the fall, and allowed
to freeze in the winter and then turned
under deep in the spring.
He was asked about alsike clover
and stated that it was not as good as
the red or the mammoth clover, the
latter variety being considered the
best for the sandy soil.
In sowing clover he uses some rape
seed, about one-half to three-quarters
of a pound to the acre, and the rape-J
when it grow up affords a good pro
tection to the clover plant from ther
sun. The rape will many times save_J|
a crop of clover.
He was asked questions as to the
proper varieties of potatoes to plant,
Mr. Terry told how he saved all the but he said that while they grew the
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