WA TO O 1863.
The Confederate Side of the Siege of
Vicksburg. They Were Hard
Pressed for Provisions.
Mule Meat and Fricasseed Kitten were
Considered Luxuries in the
It is a matter of history that during
the siege of Vicksburg in 1863 print
paper was not to be had and that wall
paper was used in its stead. The
Vicksburg Daily Citizen was among
the last papers to suspend, and when
the Union soldiers entered the city on
July 4th, 1863, they found considera
ble type in the Citizen office, all set
for printing. Some printers among
the Union forces run the paper off
just as they found it, only adding a
note. The matter in the paper was
purely confederate and now, forty
two years later, is something of a
curiosity. A fac simile of this issue
of the Citizen is in the Union office.
It is printed on wall paper and a few
extracts are made from it which will
be found interesting reading. The
paper is dated July 2, 1863, but as the
siege was hot the publication was de
layed until after the surrender as be
fore stated. The extracts are as fol
Grant's forces did a little firing on
Tuesday afternoon, but the balance of
that day was comparatively quiet.
Yesterday morning they were \erj
still, and continued so until early in
the afternoon, when they sprung a
mine on the left of our centre, and
opened fire along the line for some
distance. We have not been able to
ascertain anything definitely as to
our loss, but as officers were on the
lookout for this move of the enemy,
the expectations of the Yankees were
not realized by a great deal.
Porter is enjoying a season of rest,
and his men are doubtless obliged to
him for his kind consideration for
their welfare. On Tuesday he fired a
few shells from his Parrots, and kept
his- men tolerably busy sharp-shooting
across the river, with no other result
than might be expected. The mortars
have not been used for nearly eight
hours. Poor fool, he might as well
give up the vam aspiration he enter
tains of capturing our city or exterm
ination of our people, and return to
his master to receive the reward such
a gasconading dolt will meet at the
hands of the unappreciating govern
ment at Washington.
Mid the dm and clash of arms, the
screech of shells and whistle of bul
lets, which are a continual feature in
the status of our beleaguered city, in
cidents of happiness often arise to
vary in a cheery way the phases of
so stern a scene. On the evening of
the 30th ult., with gayety, mirth and
good-feeling, at a prominent hospital
of this city, through the ministerial
offices of a chaplain of a gallant regi
ment, Charles Royal. Prince Imperial
of Ethiopia, of the Berbengo family,
espoused the lovely and accomplished
Rosa Glass, Arch Duchess of Sene
gambia, one of the most celebrated
Princesses of the Laundressima Re
gima. The affair was conducted with
great magnificence, though as is usual
in troublous times, the sabler element
The foe may hurl their deadly bolts
And think we are a'frighted,
Well may we scorn themsilly dolts
Our Blacks are now united
The Federal General McClernand,
until recently outside the rear of our
city, has been superseded. He and
Grant could not run in the same har
ness He was for splurging and
Grant for gassingboth got the log
gerheads. So poor Mac. had to leave
and Grant has all his own way.
The Yanks outside our city are con
siderably on the sick list. Fever,
dysentery and disgust are their com
panions, and Grant is their master.
The boys are deserting daily, and
are crossing the river in the region of
Warrenton, cursing Grant and aboli
tionists generally. The boys are
down upon the earth-delving, the bur
rowing, the bad water and the hot
We are indebted to Major Gillespie
for a steak of Confederate beef, alias
meat. We have tried it, and can as
sure our friends that if it is rendered
necessary, they need have no scruples
at eating the meat. It is sweet, sav
ory and tender, and so long as we
have a mule left, we are satisfied our
soldiers will be content to subsist on it.
We learned of an instance wherein
a "knight of the quill" and a disciple
of the "black art," with malice in
their hearts and vengeance in their
eyes, ruthlessly put a period to the
existence of a venerable feline, that
has for time not within the recollec
tion of the "oldest inhabitant." faith
fully discharged the duties to be ex
pected of him, to the terror of sundry
vermin in his neighborhood. Poor
defunct Thomas was men prepared,
not for the grave but the pot, and sev
eral friends invited to partake of a
nice rabbit. As a matter of course
no one would wound the feelings of
another, especially in these times, by
refusing a cordial invitation to din
ner, and the guests assisted in con
suming the poor animal with a relish
that did honor to their epicurean
tastes. The "sold" assure us that
meat was delicious, and that pussy
must look out for her safety.
That the great Ulyssesthe Yankee
Generalissimo, surnamed Granthas
expressed his intention of dining in
Vicksburg on Saturday next, and cel
ebrating the 4th of July by a grand
dinner, and so forth. When asked if
he would invite Gen. Jo. Johnston to
join he said: "No! for fear there
would be a row at the table."
Ulysses must get into the city before
he dines in it. The way to cook a
rabbit is, "first catch the rabbit," &c.
July 4th, 1863.
Two days bring about great
changes. The banner of the Union
floats over Vicksburg. Gen. Grant
has "caught the rabbit he has dined
in Vicksburg and he did bring his
dinner with him. The "Citizen" lives
to see it. For the last time it appears
on "wall paper." No more will it
eulogize the luxury of mule-meat and
fricasseed kittenurge Southern war
riors to such diet nevermore. This is
the last wall paper Citizen, and is.
excepting this note, from the types as
we found them. (Printer soldiers set
this note and work the form.) It will
be aluable hereafter as a curiositv.
SOME OF THE KICKERS.
Hopeful Harry Tells why Some Men Find
1 ault With Others When Only Them
selyes are to Blame.
The season thus far has been very
unfavorable for the prosperity of
farmers and upon the prosperity of
farmers depends the prosperity of a
nation. If there is a failure of the
crops of the husbandman there is a
collapse in all business departments.
It is not the tiller of the soil alone
that suffers but all classes suffer more
or less, so when we have such a cool,
wet, unfavorable season as we have
had for the past two and the present
season it is not strange that people,
and especially farmers, become some
what discouraged and it seems to be
the nature of man to find fault with or
complain of his lot and some men are
much worse than others in fact there
is a large per cent of human beings
that are pessimists, they make them
selves unhappy and try to make
others the same. I fail to see where
there is any good in a faultfinding
disposition. The Creator surely has
more wisdom than the created and He
made laws to govei'n all created things
and those laws are for the good of
mankind and are unchangeable and
where there is a failure of success it
shows a lack of wisdom on the part of
If a man locates in a dry, arid
country and fails to raise crops it
shows a lack of wisdom, but if he has
means to irrigate he is wise. So,
also, if a man locates in a place that
is low and swampy and where there is
much rain it is not the fault of the law
governing nature if he fails to raise
good crops, but a lack of wisdom on
the part of the man. Now each of the
above men can make a success if they
adapt themselves to the conditions of
the places where they locate, but some
men have become so accustomed to
finding fault that they think they are
always right and the other fellow is
always wrong. For instance go into
any place where there is a creamery
and we find men that are being robbed
bv the manager, usually called the
butter maker. To illustrate: Mr. A.
and Mr. B. are neighbors. Each man
has a herd of twelve cows and each
get about the same quantity of milk
and each takes his milk to the cream
ery and at the end of the month each
men receives his pay. Mr. A. receives
$70.00 and Mr. B. receives $25.00.
Now it is human nature for Mr. B. to
be very angry and he tells every man
he meets what a scoundrel the butter
maker is. Now the facts in the above
case are these: Mr. A's milk con
tained six per cent butter fat while
Mr. B's contained only two per cent,
but Mr. B. will not be convinced of
this fact for he knows he has got just
as good cows as Mr. A. The above
are extreme cases but we have known
herds oi cows and some of them tested
six per cent while others tested only
two per cent, therefore no man can be
justified in finding fault with his milk
test until he has tested each cow's
milk separately. We know a man who
had a cow that he valued at $50, be
cause she gave a large quantity of
milk, but when he tested her milk he
found she was worth only $20. There
is also some dissatisfaction in regard
to the test of cream. Some men
think that all cream ought to test
nearly the same this is a very erone
ous idea one man arranges his sepa
rator so as to give him a large quan
tity of cream, another man adjusts his
separator to get thick rich cream now
if the thin, poor cream man expects
his cream to test the same as the thick
rich cream man he will be disap
pointed, and yet there are men who
are so deficient in knowledge in re
gard to the difference between rich
and poor cream, good and poor
cows, that it is difficult for creameiry
men to satisfy them, and these condi
tions will remain until farmers test
each cow's milk separately and leajrn
to distinguish the difference betweeif a
two per cent cow and a six per cant
one and learn to adjust their separat
ors so as to get the best results re
gardless of the quantity of cream.
When farmers post themselves in thlse
matters we will hear less complaints.
PERTAINING TO EDUCATION,
A Few Matters of Interest to the Pro
gressive Educational Worker.
Three hundred students were en
rolled at the opening of the suminer
school at Mankato last week Itjis
expected that two hundred more wiil]
be enrolled during the term.
*2 4* 4*
Archbishop Ireland made a plea for
the education of boys at the first com
mencement exercises of De La Salle
institute at the Bijou theater in Min
neapolis on June 22. "If there is to
be any preference in the education of
the sexes," he said, "give the prefer
ence to the boy. Too often the girl
is the one to whom the education is
given. This should not be. The boy
will be the man with a man's responsi
bility. He should be gh en every op
portunity." He lamented the fact that
parents often put their boys to work
before their educations are completed.
4* 4* 4*
The Pathfinder says: "George
Washington spoke of his uncle, Nicho
las Pike, as having published the first
American arithmetic, in 1788. But a
coast survey official cites one that was
published in 1729, at Boston, sup
posed to be by Isaac Greenwood, a
Harvard professor. Hodder's arith
metic was published in 1719, but that
was an English book reprinted."
& .$. .j.
Some small rubber balloons ith
automatic recording instruments at
tached, sent up at St. Louis, rose to
as great an altitude as 7% miles and
showed as low a temperature as 76 de
grees below zero. All the fourteen
balloons sent up came down from fifty
to 200 miles east of St. Louis, thus
showing the regular trend of the up
per air that direction.
About a century ago marks were cut
in the rocks on the northern coast of
Sweden showing the sea level there,
and also in the same way on the
southern coast. The former marks
are now seven feet above sea level
while the latter are three feet below.
This would seem to show a movement
in the land of ten feet in that period,
for of course the average sea level re
Commencement orators and her
speakers on educational subjects are
becoming bold enough to criticize our
educational system. This system en
deavors to crowd too much into the
general school. In a recent address
in New York a prominent man said:
'The mistake of our masters of peda
gogics is that they fail to realize the
infinity of the world of knowledge and
the futility of attempting to cover it
in a common school course. Obvi
ously a selection should be made and
only the useful branches be taught in
schools that do not aim to specialize.
Many of our public schools and col
leges are guilty of follies and errors
that are little short of crimes against
society. Far too much is attempted
with the pupil and too much is de
manded of the teacher. Rapid transi
tions from one subject to another re
sult in hazy impressions. The teacher
is a perpetual hostage to the prog
ress of the age. The resultt is to
bring reproach upon the whole s\ stein
of education and gives rise to such
expressions as 'educated fools
Supt. Roberts of Stearns count}.
Minn., in taking up the matter of
granting permits or third grade cer
tificates has the following pertinent
remarks in his home paper, which has
also been marked out as my course in
the way of building up the schools of
this county. He says: "Taking the
future welfare of the teachers into con
sideration, as well as that of our com
mon rural schools, which in many in
stances need stronger and better in
struction in the common branches I
have fully determined to issue no per
mits or third grade certificates for the
coming school year, unless I find it
absolutely necessary to do so in order
to fill our schools."
Those holding such certificates will
give this matter their most careful at
tention and get out of the rut by at
tending the summer school here, this
summer, and passing the examination
at the close of the school. The ques
tions as now given in the examina
tions, are not unreasonable, and no
person desirous of teaching, should
begin the school year with anything
elss than a second grade certificate.
Was Wasting Away.
I have been troubled with kidney
disease for the last five years," writes
Robert R. Watts of Salem, Mo. I
lost flesh and never felt well and doc
tored with leading physicians and
tried all remedies suggested without
relief. Finally I tried Foley's Kid
ney Cure and less than two bottles
completely cured me and I am now
sound and well." Sold by C. A. Jack.
Church Topics mz
.J. .$. Sunday and Weekday
Morning, "What Is Man?" Eve
ning, "The Making of a Nation."
The usual good singing and music.
A friend of the home
A foe of the Trust
Complies with the Pure Food Laws
of all States.
YOUR MONEY I&
and will be refunded to you if after us
ing half a bottle of
you are not satisfied with results.
This is our guarantee which goes witl
For Sale and Guaranteed Only by
C. A. JACK, Princeton, Minn.
In the Bakeshop
All utensils and apparatus used are
kept in a condition of absolute cleanli
ness. Nothing is permitted to spoil
the flav or or qualitv of the high class
Bakers who are specialists in their
line produce our
Bread, Cakes, Pies, Etc.
These are the erv perfection of good
ness and are highlj appreciated hj all
lovers of fine things to eat
J. A. SHEPARD, Proprietor.
Meals and Lunches served from
7 o'clock in the morning till 10
5 o'clock at night, from 5 cents up. 5
First Class Dining Room Service.!
Foreign and Domestic*
LIQUORS and CIGARS
FIRST CLASS GOODS
I South Main St., Princeton, Minn.
WE CAN SUPPLY YOU WITH THE CHOICEST
^^j niixxg jruu waill.
PRINCETON LUMBER CO.,e0l^
Manske & Son, Props.
We Bake Daily.
Full weight, best materials, free
from all impure ingredients.
Baking for parties, weddings,
etc., given prompt attention,
Give Us a Call.
J. A. JETSINGA,
Dry Goods, Hardware,
Groceries, Flour and Feed,
Boots and Shoes, Patent Hedicines,
Gents' Furnishings, Crockery and Glassware.
Highest market prices paid for butter and eggs
and all kinds of country produce.
Peterson & Nelson
Can set your buggy tires cold while
you are waiting without taking the
wheels off from the buggy or the
bolts out of the wheels.
"Princeton Stock," and "Little Pet," are
good smokes for 5 cents.
"Princeton Banner," a club house size
10 cent cigar, full Havana filler and Sumatra
PiMnrg ana Heeling Stogies.
A FREE MAP
Wall Map of Mille Lacs county given
away with a year's subscription to the
Princeton Union. $1 is all.
Over 30 Years Experience.
1011 First Ave North
35 years in the business
Spring and Summer Styles
Just received and now ready for
inspection. They include all the
latest patterns for suits and
overcoats, and you are invited
to call and look them over.
Just as good stock as any city
tailor carries and prices lower.
AH kinds of cleaning
and pressing attended
tW SPECIAL ATTENTION given to
cleaning and pressing laaies suit*
Over Sjoblom &. Olson's Saloon
on the shoe question. Don't pay
$5oo for $3.50 footwear hereafter.
for yourself and the family here
and the balance will be in your
favor. We sell $5 shoes for $3.50.
There is really remarkable value in
our offerings. Our shoes fit have
style and great wearing qualities.
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