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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, July 20, 1905, Image 1

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Was a Veteran of the Civil War and a
Pioneer Lumberman of
the Northwest.
Death Results at His Home in Foreston
from Effects of Wounds
Received in Battle.
Reuben M. Mayo, a veteran of the
ci\ il war and a Minnesota pioneer,
died at his home in Foreston. Mille
Lacs county, on Saturday, July 15,
aged seventy-two years.
Mr. Mayo was born in Waldo
county, Maine, on May 9, 1833. He
as reared in his native state and en
gaged in lumbering until coming to
Minnesota in 1855. He followed his
former occupation here until the com
mencement of the war, when he en
listed in Company E of the First Min
nesota volunteer infantry. He served
with some distinction until wounded
near Fairfax court house, after which
he was compelled to remain in the
hospital for months and was finally
discharged for disability in conse
quence of the wounds received. Then
returning to his native state he re
mained until 1866, when he again came
to Minnesota and re-engaged in the
lumber business both on the Missis
sippi and Rum rivers, residing at
that time upon the homestead of his
father in Livonia, Sherburne county,
and remaining there until about six
years ago, when he settled upon the
farm in Foreston where he died. He
was married on January 24, 1876, to
Miss Addie E. Burroughs of Isanti
county, who survives him. Among
other surviving relatives are one
brother, F. G. Mayo, Minneapolis:
four sisters, Mrs. S. B. Heath, Mrs.
Viola Wedgewood, Mrs. Fanny Heath,
Princeton Mrs. S. T. Thomas,
Fargo, and numerous nephews and
nieces, among them the McClellan
brothers and Mrs. Rose Patterson,
The deceased had been a great
sufferer, and was compelled from the
effects of wounds received in the war
to resort to crutches in order to get
about. For the past six years, how
ever, he had been continually con
fined to the house and his death was
not unexpected. He was a member of
the Grand Army of the Republic and
a most honorable citizen.
The funeral ceremony was conducted
in the Methodist church, Princeton,
on Monday at 1 p. m. by Revs. Park
inson of Foreston and Hays of Ham
line, the services at the grave in Oak
Knoll cemetery being performed by
members of the G. A. R. post of
which deceased had been a member.
The pallbearers were: M. C. North
way, S. Cone, F. Heuss, Foreston C.
H. Chute, F. S. Wood, Martin Leach,
Rural School Consolidation.
Prof. Hayes, assistant secretary of
agrculture, who is on a visit in St.
Paul, says in regard to rural school
consolidation and the teaching of
farming at such institutions:
In establishing a farm school in
the Red Ri\er Valley at Crookston
and passing the Anderegg rural
school consolidation bill the Minne
sota legislature has inaugurated the
most comprehensive plan for educat
ing its farmers of any state in the
The most important law passed by
the last legislature, so far as agricul
ture and education are concerned is
the county option bill introduced by
Representative Anderegg, enabling
an entire county to consolidate its
rural schools and comert them into
central institutions where will be
taught agriculture and home econ
omics as well as the general school
Each one of these central schools
should be in the center of a ten-acre
farm and a cottage should be built
for the principal, who should have
such a training as is provided by the
agricultural school at St. Anthony
One of the agricultural high school
graduates should be employed to teach
home economics. These, with two or
three assistants for the lower grades,
could organize a most effective school.
Farmers will come to realize that
the ten acres of land, the school build
ings and other improvements will
have a lasting effect. They will soon
find that the slight increase in the
cost of running these schools will
prove a better and safer investment to
the credit of their children than the
amount 'accumulated to be divided
among them when they reach their
majorities and go out into the world
to shift for themselves.
The chances are, too, that the small
extra cost of these schools will not be
^v-^^^jg _,^-^^^Sf
R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Tear.
felt. In fact, he predicts that if any
county will inaugurate this scheme it
will find that the increased prosperity
brought to it on that account will
more than pay for the added cost of
running the schools.
In a few years under such a system
of education the first cost of equip
ment would more than offset by bet
ter crops and more profits from live
stock products. A live teacher of
agriculture in every neighborhood
would help to plan the farms better,
to secure better seeds and more profit
able live stock.
A teacher of home economics, in like
manner would help bring about better
cooking of the plain everyday foods,
better plans for serving meals, better
clothing, better use of money in furn
ishing and decorating the farm homes
and better methods of doing the every
day routine work of the home.
The two teachers will educate the
boys and girls to develop a conven
ient and beautiful farm, with groves,
orchards, gardens, buildings, lawns
and other improvements so arranged
that the farm and home work will be
easier, and the home life more fully
If the school farm is cut into two
portions, five acres for campus and
five acres for field crops, the teacher
of agriculture will have a most won
derful laboratory in which to teach of
trees, fruits, vegetables, and field
crops. He can show every boy and
girl how to do the common kinds of
work in the best possible manner. He
can be in constant touch with state
and national experimenters, and on
the school farm can introduce into the
neighborhood newly bred fruits and
The course of study in these farm
schools may be ten instead of eight
years, thus putting two years of high
school work where the farm boys and
girls can secure it while under the
care of their parents. Then the ex
pense of attending such a splendid
agricultural high school as is already
provided at St. Anthony Park and
as will soon be available at Crook
ston will not be very great and a
greater number than ever of those
who are to farm and manage farm
homes can secure a high school
This system of country life educa
tion so auspiciously started in Min
nesota is interesting people in other
states. Dr. Wallace Buttric, secre
tary of the general educational board,
recently visited the school at St.
Anthony Park that he might get bet
ter acquainted with the Minnesota sys
tem of educating the sons and daugh
ters of farmers.
I recently addressed the State
teacher's association in Alabama,
also the farmer's institute workers in
Ohio, and found them expressing
great faith in the plan to carry the
work of the agricultural colleges into
secondary and lower schools for
It is only a question of development
till the State will support half a dozen
or more agricultural high schools
with fine equipment. Just as the free
delivery of mails was extended from
city to country so technical education
for city professions will have its
counterpart in education for country
Will Tour State
As guests of Supt. Warner of the
State bureau of immigration a party
of country editors and twin city news
paper men will on the evening of July
24 start on a trip over the central and
northern portions of Minnesota. This
means is taken to educate the press of
the State in the kind of work which
the bureau is attempting to do and
the nature of the land it offers as
homes to encourage settlers within the
borders of Minnesota.
The party will visit Crookston, Hal
lock, Greenbush Detroit, Wadena,
Long Prairie and Duluth. Between
these points it is expected that the
different classes of land will be shown.
About Crookston the State hopes to
show its guests the fertile Red river
valley: about Long Prairie the brush
and timber lands and going farther
north the heavy timber lands which
have been cleared and are now rich
and fertile farms.
The trip will be made over the Great
Northern and Northern Pacific and is
for the purpose of laying the founda
tion for the sale of 450.000 acres of
State land, which will be sold next
fall. This is the larfgest acreage ever
offered for sale in the history of the
Did you ever notice that although
yesterday today was tomorrow, and
tomorrow today will be yesterday,
nevertheless yesterday tomorrow will
be today after tomorrow, because to
day would be tomorrow yesterday,
and tomorrow will be today tomorrow
or would have been the day after to
morrow yesterday.
Hold Annual Meeting and Re-Elect
Rose D. Patterson ClerkDr.
Cooney Chosen Moderator.
The Year a Most Successful One-
Cash on Hand $3,044.49Nine
Months Term Voted.
The annual meeting of the Prince
ton public schools was held on Sat
urday evening, July 15, a goodly
number of people being present. A
synopsis of the proceedings follows:
Dr. Cooney was chosen moderator
and Rose D. Patterson, by a vote of
fifty-six against thirty for C. A.
Dickey, was re-elected clerk.
The treasurer's report showed that
the receipts for the year, including
money on hand at commencement,
amounted to $16,500.34, and that the
disbursements aggregated $13,455.85.
Cash on hand at end of year $3,044.49.
A petition from Brickton signed by
twenty-three freeholders was presented
asking that a suitable school building
be providedeither a new structure
or that the old one be remodeled and
placed in condition to meet the de
mand. The petition was accepted and
the clerk instructed to issue a call for
a special meeting to vote bonds for
such improvement as shall be recom
mended by the board.
The sum of $10,000 was voted to
operate the public schools for the com
ing year and the school term fixed at
nine months.
W. H. Ferrell moved that neither the
clerk or treasurer be allowed a salary
in excess of that provided by law.
According to this law the clerk re
ceives but $6 per annum and the treas
urer nothing. By a vote of the peo
ple, however, the salary of the treas
urer can be fixed at two per cent of
the cash passing through his hands
and the clerk's at such sum as may be
deemed reasonable. The treasurer
should surely be recompensed for his
services and the clerk receive a fair
_.3Iiss Cxaxens, a prodjicL-ot-Jbiia,
Princeton schools, now a teacher in
the Rochester schools, was an inter
ested visitor on Tuesday last.
The citizens of Princeton are cor
dially invited to visit the sessions of
the summer school. Drop in. You
may find something interesting as well
as instructive.
The keynote of the work in the
school is: "Find the essentials of a
subject master these. Upon the es
sentials as a foundation build your
Mrs. Cooney is doing some effective
work in music. Forty minutes a day
are devoted to this work. A part of
each recitation is devoted to the
technical part of music and part to
chorus work.
The summer school has enrolled
sixty-five students. The work of the
student teachers is particularly satis
factory to those in charge. There are
no drones all working earnestly and
The weather is a bit warm and the
excessh heat of Saturday and Mon
day was not conducive to close appli
cation. However, the students are
thoroughly aroused and interested in
their work and kept at it in spite of
the heat.
The class in United States history
has been making a careful study of
the colonial period. During the re
mainder of the term the class will de
vote itself to the constitutional period
for a week and to the slave period for
a week. This subject has been receiv
ing especial attention owing to the fact
that in the last examination more
than half of those taking the examin
ation failed.
The most remarkable thing about
the summer school is the attendance.
Mille Lacs county has but thirty-three
school districts and has enrolled
sixty-five students in its summer
school. Kanabec and Pine counties
with forty-five and sixty-one districts
respectively have united and are hold
ing a school at Mora, the enrollment
there being forty-five, while Isanti
county with fifty-six districts hold
ing a summer school at Cambridge,
has enrolled twenty-four. This is not
accidental, but due to the efficient sup
ervision of County Superintendent
Ewing. He keeps in close touch with
school matters, is enthusiastic in his
efforts to strengthen the schools of the
county and insistent that the teachers
take advantage of every opportunity
to better fit themselves for the import
ant work they are called to do.
Miss Nellie Walton Ford of St.
Paul, arrived Tuesday evening from
Cambridge, Minn., where she has been
comucting a model primary school
irijonnection with the Isanti county
siafcner school. Miss Ford will re
in Princeton for the remainder
ofie term and will be in charge of a
primary school consisting of
onWclass of children who have never
beMre attended school and one class
wtiwhave been in school one year.
ThWpurpose of this school is to bring
toflie teachers the best methqds of
Pr||iary pa
tie pr am
th ho ret ce of bee:
we an
work, especially the best
mea&od of teaching reading. There is
no work which requires greater skill
or aptness than the teaching of the
child just beginning school life.
Teachers who have taught before will
be able to get new ideas while those
who have never taught will be able to
get some definite idea of how to start
children in their work.
Recommends Concerted Action.
The commissioner of immigration
for Minnesota, C. H. Warner, is en
deavoring to secure the co-operation
of all interests in bringing desirable
emigrants into the State. Anent ex
isting conditions and the course that
should be pursued he says in part:
The twin cities are the gateway
through which a very large number of
people seeking a change of base or
looking for new homes are passing
week. They are for the most
a highly desirable class of set
It is apparent that but a small
iortion of these people are en
'ed with Minnesotathis State
to have but few charms for
In some localities we are not
our own people, as the census
ns will show when published. I
waSrecently informed by a reliable
getpeman living in a small county in
al Minnesota that since the first
}e year more than 200 tickets had
issued to people in his town, who
going to look for new locations
[homes outside the State.
jis ought not to be so and it seems
to E that the conditions are such as
to mse serious consideration upon
the tart of those who wish to see the
vac nt lands of Minnesota occupied
and the resources of the State de
veh ped. And if that happy result is
to I 1 accomplished soon the quicker
we ipalize that the tide is now against
us and that we must all pull together
forjhe North Star State, not for a.
come, the greater probability there is
that we may meet with some success
in our undertaking.
Boncho Tricked Them.
On Sunday two young people from
town repaired to Blue lake in a con
vej ance drawn by a broncho and an
ordinary everyday horse hitched side
by side. While at the lake the
broncho, by some means or other,
got away from them and remained
away despite the efforts of a goodly
number of people to capture it. A
chase of an hour or two didn't seem
to tire the broncho a bit,it really
appeared to give it renewed energy,
and when it was at last rounded up
on the shore it displayed its astute
ness by wading into the lake. Still
being pursued by the crowd it at last
commenced to swim, and that settled
it so far as capture was concerned.
Left with but one horse to return
home the young people were placed in
somewhat of a dilemma, but at last
the situation was ameliorated by the
proffer of another party to take them
to Princeton in their rig. It was then
that the ordmarj everyday horse was
tethered to the back of this rig and a
start for home made. But the o. e.
horse rebelled, refused to follow, ren
dered asunder its tether and dashed
away. On Monday a party was dis
patched to the lake with lariats and
other horsecatching paraphernalia to
bring the offenders back.
Suggested Relief Plan Illegal.
The plan suggested by the people of
Aitkin that the flood sufferers in
northern Minnesota be given work on
the roads and paid from the road and
bridge fund appears to be in direct
violation of law. The law specific
ally states that the county treasurer
shall pay no warrant issued by the
county auditor unless there is money
in the particular fund to pay it. The
county commissioners may order work
done, and the county auditor may
issue his warrants, but the county
treasurer is not allowed to pay them
until there is money in the road and
bridge fund. The law provides that
in such cases the warrants issued
by the county auditor shall be listed
and paid according to order in which
the names appear onUhe list.
"Captain Racket"
Will be presented by the Princetbn
Dramatic club at Jesmer's opera
house on the evening of August 10.
"Captain Racket" is a three-act
comedy of particularly mirth-provok
ing character and the local talent se
lected for the cast is of the best to be
procured about town. The proceeds
from the performance will be devoted
to the benefit of the Princeton band.
Is the Gain Shown by the Village of
Princeton According to Official
Figures State Bureau.
County of Mille Lacs Shows Gain of
4,747 Over Census of 1895 and
1,810 Over that of 1900.
A bulletin from the State superin
tendent of census just received at this
office shows a gain in the population
of Mille Lacs county over the 1900
federal census of 1,810 and the 1895
State census of 4,747. In the village
of Princeton the gain over 1900 is 385
and over 1895 621. The town of
Princeton shows a gain of 91 over
1900 and 476 over 1895. With the ex
ception of the village of Foreston and
the township of Robbins every place
in the county has increased in popula
tion. The following table gives the
enumeration of the villages and town
ships in detail.
State Federal State
Census Census Census
Bogus Brook
East Side (a)
Foreston Village
Greenbush Hayland flrt
Isle Harbor
Milaca Village
Milo Onamia (c)
Page (d)
Princeton Princeton Village
Robbins South Harbor
Unorganized Twps
40-27 41-52 41-27
108 218
192 540
117 118
1,169 1,704
227 204
1900 1895
543 143
696 482
49 44
263 338
871 676
36 1
175 146
3b0 173
1 204 482
904 502
75 10
55 18
1,078 693
1 319 1 0b3
232 172
201 151
Total 9.S76 8 066 5,129
(a) Organized from township 43-25 since 1900
(b) Organized from township 39-26 since 1900
(c) Organized from township 41-26 since 1900
(a) Organized from township 39-27 since 1900
Board of Equalization.
The Mille Lacs county board of
equalization met in the auditor's office
at the court house on Monday, July
17, with all members present.
On Tuesday the board, among other
things, made the following changes in
the personal property assessments on
goods and merchandise of retail mer
IncreaseTown of Borgholm, 500
per cent town of Greenbush, 100 per
eWerWHSfr^ Milaca, 10 per cent
village of Princeton, 10 per cent.
DecreaseEast Side, 35 per cent.
On Wednesday the board made
changes as below:
On horses three years old and over
assessment increased in Bogus Brook
40 per cent and Borgholm 20 per cent
on stallions and high-bred mares
town of Mialca increased 33% per
On household goods and wearing
apparel Bogus Brook was increased
100 per cent Isle Harbor 25 per cent,
East Side 50 per cent, Hayland 100
per cent, Milo 25 per cent, Borgholm
30 per cent, and Greenbush decreased
60 per cent.
The assessment on the Greenbush
creamery was increased 150 per cent
and Princeton creamery 100 per cent.
The official proceedings of the board
will be published in this paper next
Railroad Casualties.
Accident bulletin No. 15, just issued
by the interstate commerce commission
giving an account of railroad acci
dents in the United States during the
months of January. February and
March, 1905, shows that during that
quarter there were twenty-eight pas
sengers and 204 employes killed and
1,651 passengers and 2,062 employes
injured in train accidents, making in
all 232 persons killed and 3,713 in
jured in train accidents.
Other accidents to passengers and
employes not the result of collisions
or derailments brings the total num
ber of casualties up to 15,306 (909
killed and 14,397 injured). There was
an increase of forty-two in the total
number of presons killed as compared
with the quarter ending Dec. 31, 1904.
The total number of collisions and
derailments was 3,108 (1.787 collisions
and 1,321 derailments), of which 284
collisions and 177 derailments affected
passenger trains. The damage to
cars, engines and roadway by these
accidents amounted to $2,449,248.
Defects of tlie One-Crop System.
It is reported that the lands of the
Red River valley of the Dakotas are
rapidly losftig their fertility, because
the farmers have grown nothing but
wheat since the country was opened to
settlement. This is to be expected of
any land where the one-crop system is
practiced, according to one of Prof.
Milton Whitney's staff. He declares
the south is suffering from the same
cause. In many sections farmers
have grown cotton and tobacco con
tinuously on the same land for many
years. The result is that the land is
now so poor that it will raise neither
profitably. The farmers of the Mid-
dle West, who have raised corn on the
same ground for twenty or thirty
years, as is the case in many counties,
are finding their land running out in
the same way.
The trouble is that farmers are
ambitious to raise big crops of one
kind. They do not stop to figure
whether it is profitable or not, but
blindly follow in the footsteps of their
forefathers and go on farming in the
one-crop way until they farm them
selves out of land and home.
No land can stand this sort of
thing forever, and the wise farmer is
learning that he cannot take every
thing from the soil, put nothing back
and hope to raise good crops. The
ideal farming community is one in
which the lands are divided into small
plats, or one titled to the highest state
of perfection to grow every kind of
crop. The farmer who raises wheat,
corn, cotton or tobacco alone, and
buys other farm products for the sup
port of his family and his animals is
a positive detriment to the community,
because it is only a question of time
when he will have destroyed the fertil
ity of his soil and rendered himself
incapable of producing a decent liv
ing. ___^
Ice Cream Social.
Mrs. Samuel Hamilton's Sunday
school class of the Greenbush M. E.
church, gave an ice cream social at
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton
on July 12th in honor of Miss Sadie
J. Hamilton and Miss Mae Lloyd of
Minneapolis. There was a goodly
number of young people in attendance,
including several from Princeton,
and a most delightful evening was
spent, the outdoor games being the
principal feature. The rooms were
effectively decorated with oak boughs
and leaves, and the large clusters of
flowers here and there made a very
pretty setting for the green.
Miss Lloyd left on Monday for her
home in Minneapolis and Miss Ham
ilton expects to remain another
Horse Injures E. K. Evens.
On Saturday night an obstreperons
horse belonging to K. Smuckler made
an attempt to break from control and
in so doing ran into and became en
tangled in a barbed-wire fence in Mr.
Smuckler's yard. Mr. Evens, who
""""'[lib MlflhlUpTi imn
ance of Mr. Smuckler. and, while
engaged in extricating the animal
from its position, had his foot trod
den upon and his ankle so severely
bruised that he is obliged to go about
on crutches. The horse is a heavy
one, and, had it struck him higher up,
his leg would surely have been frac
Odd Fellows Install Officers.
The semi-annual installation cere
monies of the local lodge of Odd Fel
lows were conducted on Friday even
ing, when the following members took
the oath of obligation:
Robert H. King, noble grand Os
wald King, vice grand John Boman,
recording secretary. One of the fea
tures of the meeting was the initiation
of J. G. Elmquist of this place, and
the night was ]ust hot enough to make
the ceremony interestingespecially
to the candidate.
Poisoned With Paris Green.
While Jas. R. Saxon, who lives
about four miles east of Princeton,
was engaged in dusting potato vines
with Paris green on Friday last he in
haled a sufficient quantity of the
poison to render him deathly sick.
Dr. Armitage administered an anti
dote and the patient is now out of
Several cases of Paris green poison
ing have been reported from various
parts of the State within the past
month or two.
Did Not Commit Suicide.
Peter Sehlin of Opstead writes us
that the report published generally
throughout the northwest attributing
the death of Andrew Sehlin to suicide
was erroneousthat the occurrence
was purely accidental. The transom
in the room where he expired was
open, the cracks and crevices were not
stuffed with clothes as reported, and
there were many other circumstances
of positive proof, says our informant,
that the death was not one of suicide.
In Justice Chadbonrne's Court.
Geo. Coons, Lloyd Boyn and John
Briggs were on Wednesday afternoon
arraigned before Justice Chadboume
charged with tearing up and destroy
ing a sidewalk on the north side dur
ing the early hours of Sunday morn
ing, July 16. Coons and Boyn were
fined $8 and $2 costs each, with an al
ternative of fifteen days in the county
jail, and Briggs was acquitted.
'Tig Different Now.
Will Shakespeare tells a little tale
About a boy who always whined
When school time came, and whom a snail
In speed could leave a block behind,
Who'd rather stay at home and play,
And sit around and mope and dream,
But then, you know, in William's day
TJhey didn't have a baseball team

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