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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, July 27, 1905, Image 1

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R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Year.
THE SPLITLOG DRAG
Its Usefulness and Method of Con-
structionInexpensive and Super*
ior to Modern Road Grader.
Mr. Rutherford will Pay for the Man-
ufacture of a Sufficient Num=
ber to Demonstrate Utility.
M. S. Rutherford, who is an ardent
advocate of good roads, asks us to
describe the manufacture and opera
tion of what is known as the "King
split-log drag" and furthermore to
say that he will pay for the construc
tion of such a drag for use by the
township of Princeton provided the
officials will put it in operation and
thereby demonstrate to the farmers
the extent of its usefulness,
already being constructed
Rutherford's expense for the
Page.
This implement consists merely of
a split log or square sharp-edged tim
ber drawn by horses attached to it at
the proper point to give it a slant of
about forty-five degrees in the direc
tion the loose earth is to be forced.
The driver stands upon this drag and
drives down one side of the road and
back on the other after a rain and the
drag fills all depressions, presses the
loose earth down hard and smooth and
pushes all surplus earth into the cen
ter of the road.
This can also be done by the mod
ern road grader, though this machine
does not press the road bed down so
well as the log, and the cheapness of
the latter enables each farmer to own
one and go over the road between his
home and the next neighbor on the
way to town, after each storm.
It has been found that this way of
keeping roads in repair is much better
than harrowing them down.
This implement is most simple of
construction and can be manufactured
as follows: Take the two halves of a
split log nine feet long, ten to twelve
inches thick, set on edge thirty
inches apart, both flab sides to the
front, strong oak cross bars holding
them in position: chains or strong
wire attached-to the :fre*rfc**siab at-the
ends to attach the Whipple trees to.
Stand on a plank attached to the cen
ter of the first slab. By shifting the
position of the driver and the point
of hitch the necessary changes of
slant in the machine for different
kinds of work can be made. If work
ing a clay or gumbo road put iron,
old wagon tire or something of the
sort on lower edge of drag at end of
six months: for softer soil at the end
of twelve months.
There are of course a few bugaboos
that have to be met wherever this new
implement is introduced. One of
these is capillary attraction. This
force is declared to be the thing that
will draw the water up into the drag
ged road and make it soft. The only
answer to this is that it doesn't.
Another popular bugaboo is the
calamity that will surely swallow up
the dragged road ''when the bottom
falls out in the spring." Again,
the answer is that the bottom does not
fall out of the road that has been
dragged with a split-log because the
dragged road, unlike the other kind,
does not put down a lot of mud into
cold storage with the coming of the
first deep freeze
Mr. Rutherford will be pleased to
furnish anj further information relat
ing to this new implement or to the
making of good roads in general
One is
at Mr.
town of
Robbing tne Farm.
Dairying rapidly exhausts the fer
tility of the farm because the food
that is made into milk is sold in the
cans. We may get plenty of manure,
but unless it contains the right quality
the soil quickly runs down and be
comes poor. A dairy farm cannot be
kept to the highest degree of fertility
when milk is being constantly sold
and nothing brought back, no matter
how large may be the manure heap,
or how carefully it may be saved. It
is a rule in nature that something can
not be produced from nothing, and no
vacuums are allowed. Any deficiency
in a certain quarter either changes
the character of the soil or makes it
poorer But although the above
allusion to dairying has been made,
it is the safest and best method of
farming for restoring and retaining
fertility if conducted in the right man
ner and with judgment. Dairying is
more remunerative than a majority of
other pursuits usually conducted. The
expenses and receipts from animals
are unknown to some farmers. It is
estimated that it requires four acres
to keep a cow, and the value of land
as rent should be charged against her
as so much expense, which she must
pay before her milk will give a profit.
On the other side a cow will leave I Ernstram
$10 worth of manure on the four acres,
which should be deducted from the
rent charges.
Plant foods vary in composition,
and the most fertile farm may lack in
some particular element of fertility.
Manure that does not contain all the
essential elements that tend to re
cuperate the soil is not in itself com
plete. It will of course, enrich the
soil, but as the soil does not receive
from the manure all that it yielded in
the shape of food, no figures are
necessary to demonstrate that in the
course of time the sale of milk will ex
haust the soil of plant foods (mostly
of nitrogen), including potash, phos
phates and other mineral matter.
Training: for Citizenship.
The proposition to establish in
Brooklyn a school for boys, in which,
for the sake of development of indi
viduality, there will be no rules of
conduct, has found many champions,
says the Chicago Journal. Specious
arguments have sprung up from all
sections of the country against the dis
ciplining of boys and the molding of
them all after one model. Genius, it
is claimed, is strangled, and talents
are all turned into the beaten ruts.
Millions, it is argued, are turned into
the broad and crowded channels of
commonplace, and only the few are
able to survive the belittling influ
ences and do things worth while. It
is a very alluring theory and all who
believe in it must indorse the policy
of the proposed Brooklyn school in
which every boy will be left at liberty
to do absolutely as he pleases. But
there is an antagonistic theory extant,
and its most prominent advocate at
the present moment is Postmaster
General Cortelyou. who in a speech
at a little school at Nazareth, Pa.,
the other day, said: "If my boy
should leave school with his head full
of history, grammar and the classics
and modern 'languages, and all the
other studies of the curriculum, and
yet should not have it in his heftrt to
yield a willing obedience to lawthe
law of the school, the law of the state
and of the nationI should feel that
his time had been thrown away. We
need in all our schools insistence
upon obedience to proper authority,
*vo. uiieae boys of today are the citis.
zens of tomorrow, and -everywhere
throughout the length and breadth of
the land we must have more prompt
and willing obedience to law." Here
is a different theory, indeed! It is
not original or new, but it cannot be
impressed too often. These words are
of business wisdom and of statesman
ship. If Cortelyou had wanted illus
trations of the evils that come from
disregard of law he could have found
them in any community where an
apathetic and indifferent public per
mits a systematic and constant ignor
ing of law. Disobedience to law and
disrespect for it is particularly de
moralizing in this country, for the
people make their own laws, and when
they kick them aside unceremoniously
they belittle their own institutions and
methods. Nowhere else in the world
is regard for law so important as in a
republic, for the very nation itself rests
upon that basis alone
May Grant Reduced Rates.
There still remains a possibility
that the railroads will grant reduced
rates to the State fair. A committee
of St.* Paul business men has been ap
pointed to investigate passenger rates
for this event Railroads have
heretofore made a one-way rate, but
base their refusal this year on the
probability that tickets will fall into
the hands of scalpers. If this condi
tion should be disposed of the roads
would grant the rates.
The refusal to make rates appears
to be part of the general campaign in
the country, beginning with the stand
taken regarding St. Louis fair rates.
Strict laws were passed there and
courts took prompt action against
scalpers. This resulted in the grant
ing of generous rates by the roads.
Similar methods were taken at Port
land, Ore., and other points, and it is
probable that more stringent measures
will be taken in the twin cities.
Modern Samaritans Admit Fifteen.
A class of fifteen members was ad
mitted to the-order of Modern Samari
tans on Saturday night last. In con
sequence of the absence of electric
lights the initiation ceremony was
postponed, the cadndidates taking
only the obligation. A social enter
tainment followed. Mr. Carlson says
that another class will be admitted on
Saturday night next, July 29. Fol
lowing is a list of those admitted:
Frank Goulding, Albert H. Smith,
Henning F. Carlson, Rudolph C.
Leick, Thomas Kaliher, Neal E. Bliss,
Ralph W. Carr, Otto Paulson, Philip
Devlin, Richard Pappenhauser, Gott
lieb Schmidt, Clyde M. Ross, Edward
Vernon, Chas. L. Johnson and Chas.
MAY HAVUAMERY
A Movement on Foot to Secure Such
an Establishment for Village
of Princeton.
Productiveness of Soil Would Insure
Success of EnterpriseFarm-
ers are Interested.
A movement is on foot to obtain
for Princeton a canning and pickling
establishment which shall handle
corn, peas, beans, tomatoes, cucum
bers, etc., and to this end E. F.
Douglas has secured by subscription
$100 for the purpose of bringing an
expert here to look over the country
and estimate its producing possibili
ties. Should his report prove favor
able an Indiana capitalist who is
operating several canneries in the
south will likely erect such a build
ing at, is required and operate the
same as a private enterprise.
No doubt exists that the capabilities
of the soil in the surrounding country
could keep an establishment such as
that proposed agoing, and the prop
osition is looked upon with much
favor by the farmers and business
men.
There are numerous towns which
have within the past few years in
stalled canneries, many of them hand
ling but one product, and we know of
no instance in which a failure has
been recorded. Then surely a con
cern handling a diversity of crops
should be enabled to make a success
of the enterprise.
A canning establishment forePrince
ton would be a good thing and we
trust the project will not "die
a-bornin'."
Area of Public Land.
The preliminary report of the Pub
lic Lands commission, appointed by
the president in 1903, brings out facts
which will astonish people who
imagine that the area of our public
lands has been reduced to compara
tively insignificant proportions.
In truth, the public lands of the
United States still "embrace in area
B^^o^^^ll^tJfee^^n^iT^^tejit of the Union and are widely scattered,
extending from the Gulf of Mexico
to the Pacific, and from Canada to
Mexico, including every variety of
topography and cilmate." Excluding
Alaska, there are twenty-three states
and three territories containing pub
lic land, of which a total area of
473,836,402 acres still remained on
June 30, 1904.
It is true that of these vacant lands
the great bulk throughout the west
are unsuitable for cultivation under
present known conditions of agricul
ture they are so situated that they
cannot be reclaimed by irrigation.
It is estimated that more than 300,-
000,000 acres are public grazing land,
an area approximately equal to one
fifth of the extent of the United States
proper. The agricultural possibili
ties of great areas of the public lands
are almost unknown, but, "lands
which a generation or even a decade
ago were supposed to be valueless are
now producing large crops either with
or without irrigation." The forest
lands are among the most valuable of
the lands remaining in public owner
ship.
Freight Rates Cut.
The following changes in general
freight rates have been made by vir
tue of a resolution passed by the
Western Classification association:
Mixed carloads of structural mate
rials will henceforth take the same
classification as straight carload lots.
Heretofore structural material, includ
ing steel and iron, took fifth class
rates in straight carload lots and
fourth class in less than carload lots.
The new classification will reduce the
cost of transporting building material
and will especially benefit the small
contractors.
Another change of importance to
the farmers of Minnesota is the ruling
which permits the mixing of farm im
plements and gasoline- engines. This
will secure better service for those
who desire such motive power on their
farms.
Fond du Lac Reservation Lands.
All of the unallotted agricultural
lands on the Fond du Lac Indian
reservation will be opened to settle
ment under the homestead laws on
Tuesday, August 15. A description
of the lands to be opened has been
filed in the land office and the total
amount is 24,842 acres.
Each settler is limited to 160 acres
of land lying in contiguous forties.
The settler must pay the government
$1.25 per acre, payment to be made in
five equal installments payable at the
end of each year. The filing fee at
the United States land office is about
$14 or $15. When the land is filed on
PBINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1905.
th^settlet1
pays the land office fee and
onf year later he pays twenty-five
cenjs for each acre filed on, and each
year thereafter a like amount until he
ha# paid $1.25 per acre.
Tlhere are a number of very good
claims of choice farming lands of 160
acrfis each, but considerable of the
tracts eligible for homestead entry is
in asolated 40-acre and 80-acre traets
between the allotments and timber
lands.
The homesteader is expected to be
come an actual settler on his claim
and make his home there in accord
ance with the provisions of the United
States homestead law.
The Coming Land Sales.
The dates for the coming sales of
public lands have been announced by
State Auditor Iverson. The State
will offer this fall 500,000 acres of
land in twenty-four counties. Sixteen
of these sales will be held in the fall
and the remainder in April, 1906. The
dates and locations of the sales are as
follows:
Kittson, Hallock, Oct. 23 Marshall,
Wan en, Oct. 24 Polk, Crookston,
Oct. 25 Red Lake, Red Lake Falls,
-Oct. 26 Roseau, Roseau, Oct. 28
Clearwater, Bagley, Oct. 31 Norman,
Ad|, Nov. 1 Otter Tail, Fergus Falls,
2 Wilkin, Breckenridge, Nov.
rant, Elbow Lake, Nov. 4: Becker,
oit, Nov. 6 Wadena, Wadena,
7 Todd, Long Prairie, Nov. 8
Pine City, Nov. 9: Kanabec,
Mofa, Nov. 10 Mille Lacs, Prince
ton! Nov. 11.
lands to be sold in the spring
willbe offered at the following places
and! dates:
S i Louis, Duluth, April 9 Carlton,
Caifton, April 11 Crow Wing, Brain
erd| April 13 Hubbard, Park Rapids,
Apil 14 Beltrami, Bemidji, April
16 Itasca, Grand Rapids, April 17.
Nol 3 Det
Noj
Pint
I Rust Preventative.
Tfie great damage done to our crops
lastffall by black rust and the predic
tion which is made by some that the
rus|will take the crop again this year
if the present condition of the weather
prevails makes anything in the shape
a preventative intensely interest- of ingsay the Marshall County Jour-
'he metCnS'a"we
WillLun'oeMe
to describe was explained
undertak
by Lysan
der Woodward who has had experi
ence in its use and can vouch for its
effectiveness. His method was to se
cure a rope about two hundred feet
long, each end to be taken by a man
on horseback and the rope dragged
across the field to be treated. It will
be readily seen that the rope will
knock most of the water off the stocks
of grain and of course the rope should
be heavy enough to have this effect.
Mr. Woodward tells us that a quarter
section of land may be treated by two
men in this manner in about two
hours. It is certainly worth trying.
Keeping Cool.
A man hard at work under a broil
ing sun maj consider it folly to talk
about keeping cool. Nevertheless
bodily temperature may be regulated
bj attention to diet and the cutting
out of foods that make heat ajs well
as strength. Fruit and vegetables
keep down temperature and thus con
serve the normal strength of the body
if they do not add to it in the same
proportion as meat.
A practical way of keeping the body
cool, whether in the field or factory,
is to avoia mental excitement. Tem
per is a great modifier of temperature.
Outbursts of temper lower the vitality
of the system and lessen the power of
resistance to external heat
The Seedless Apple
The notorious seedless apple is be
ing most industriously exploited and
ingeniously advertised by its promot
ers on the one hand and most em
phatically exposed as a fraud by the
leading horticulturists of the country.
It is small in size, poor in color, in
ferior in quality and is found not to
be worm proof, which is the big point
claimed in its favor. Before long
some agent will be round to sell you
these trees at $2 or $3 each. Show
him the highway, for the thing is a
fraud at such prices and probably not
worthy of cultivation anyway.Lester
Prairie News.
In Honor of Miss Ford.
The teachers attending the summer
school arranged a picnic Monday
evening for Miss Ford, model class
teacher, who left Tuesday evening for
the Princeton school. They congre
gated at Riverside Park, where Supt.
Clover presented Miss Ford with a
book as a souvenir of her work here.
There was a men's foot race just for
excitement, and a bountiful lunch, af
ter which the merrymakers gathered
around the camp-fire and told stories
until the curfew bell sounded its
warning notes and sent them scamper
ing homeward.Isanti Press
THEBILLWASRAISED
One Dollar Certificate Metamorphosed
Into a Five Taken In by Post-
master Cordiner.
Evidently Raised by an Amateur-
Bill Passes Through Hands of
Innocent Parties.
On Monday evening Postmaster
Cordiner, in the usual course of his
duties, received in payment for stamps
a five-dollar bill and returned to the
purchaser the required amount of
change. There is in this nothing un
usual, but upon examination of the
bill the next morning Mr. Cordiner
found that it had been raised from a
one-dollar denomination to a five.
He, however, remembered from whom
he had received the note and immedi
ately sought the person out. Mr.
Kettelhodt, the presenter, upon being
approached by Mr. Cordiner, did not
deny passing the money, but said he
supposed it to be genuine. Upon be
ing told that it was raised, however,
he took the bill back and gave Mr.
Cordiner $5 in silver. He (Kettel
hodt) then proceeded to hunt up the
man from whom he had received it
and apparently found but little diffi
culty in finding him. When told that
the bill was raised he appeared much
surprised, but gave Mr. Kettelhodt
five dollars in exchange for it, saying
he had received it from a bank.
However this may be the honesty of
the two parties concerned is beyond
dispute. They were merely innocent
handlers of the paper. There is a
possibility, however, that the original
presenter was mistaken as to the party
from whom he received the bill, as the
clumsiness with which it was raised
would hardly, we think, pass unde
tected at any banking institution. The
work looks like that of an amateur
who is just starting out to learn the
art of bank-note reconstruction. Still
it might pass undetected through the
hands of many persons who in the
rush of business fail to carefully ex
amine the paper money handled.
Those interested were lucky in tracing
'fflWUfm UiSroTff.*
-*-K*s*-
CAUGHT IK THE ACT.
In an Attempted Burglary at Milaca Geo.
Brambright Nabs Depredator.
At midnight on Sunday, in the vil
lage of Milaca, George Brumbright,
a boarder at Crosby's hotel, thought
he distinguished a crash as if of
breaking glass, and, proceeding to
wards the place from which such sound
emanated and peering into the front
window of Le May's saloon, he saw
at the back end of the room a man at
tempting to unfasten the shutters.
Swiftly but softly Brumbright stole
around to the rear, and, drawing a
revolver with which he had provided
himself, pointed it at the burglar's
head with the terse but significant
request: "Come with me!" And the
burglar went along, without any fur
ther persuasion, to McLaren's res
taurant, from which place the mar
shal was notified by phone.
An inspection of the premises
showed that the window glass had
been shattered but the depredator had
not succeeded in opening the shutters
within.
The prisoner was on Monday
brought before Justice Norcross,
pleaded not guilty and was held to
await the action of the grand jury.
On Tuesday Sheriff Shockley took
the culprit to Minneapolis and landed
him in the Hennepin county jail. He
gave the name of Sam Brigance with
no particular place of residence.
SUMMER SCHOOL NOTES.
Our work is progressing very satis
factorily to all concerned. Another
week and then examinations!
We note with pleasure the increas
ing number of visitors. Visitors are
always welcome, and come again.
Mrs. Ewing is a daily visitor who
is always welcome. Her smiling
countenance is an inspiration to pu
pils and teachers alike.
Among other visitors this week
were Miss Huse, Miss Dielman, Mrs.
Stroeter, Mrs. Ewing and Miss Shove
of Minneapolis.
The model class work by Miss Ford
is proving very profitable to our
younger teachers. Miss Ford comes
well equipped for her work.
The U. S. history class is making
a careful study of the "Slavery
Period" this week. It is a very in
teresting subject and worthy of care
ful thought.
Some very hard and profitable
work is being done in the arithmetic
classes. Fundamentals and essentials
are emphasized. Accuracy, thor
oughness and dispatch are insisted
upon by Mr. Farmer.., We venture as
YOLUME X^X. NO. 33
a result of his teaching, that better
arithmetic teaching will characterize
the work of our rural schools the
coming year than ever before.
Attorney McMillan gave a very able
and helpful address to the teachers on
"School Law" last Monday. He gave
us many new ideas and explained
them in a clear and comprehensive
manner.
Prof. Robertson of the agricultural
school arrived yesterday and will de
vote two periods a day to the teach
ing of the rudiments of scientific agri
culture. We trust our young ladies
will profit thereby in more ways than
one.
Wednesday afternoon the summer
school had the pleasure of listening
to our distinguished and esteemed
townsman, Hon. R. C. Dunn, who, in
a forty-minute talk gave a very
graphic explanation of the sources of
our public school fund. No man in
the State is better conversant with the
States resources and revenues, etc.,
than Mr. Dunn. He showed how lib
erally Minnesota had provided for
the education of its sons and daugh
ters, how carefully the school fund
was guarded and the wisdom of such
a policy. He entered into the details
showing the various sources of school
revenues, stating that no other state
of the Union could equal Minnesota's
permanent school fund which at this
time amounted to $16,000,000 and
would eventually reach at least $50,-
000,000. Mr. Dunn's remarks bore
conclusive evidence that as State
auditor he was the able and careful
guardian of the State's interests that
we had always considered him to be.
BASEBALL.
Santiago vs Milaca.
The Santiago ball club went to
Milaca on Sunday and defeated the
home team by a score of ten to one.
Following is the score by innings:
Santiago...0 1 0 5 2 0* 1 0 110
Milaca 0 010000001
Batteries: SantiagoVan Blair
com and Rusch MilacaJohnson and
Swadling. Struck out by Van Blair
com 14, by Johnson 4. Umpire,
Davis.
Lions vs. Canncks.
A game of ball was played on. Mon
day Detween
two juvenile teams of Princeton, with
the result of nine to two in the form
er's favor.
Batteries: LionsBerg, Cravens
and Caley CanucksHatch and
Jones. Struck out by Berg 5 in 4 in
nings, by Cravens, 5 in 5 innings.
Bases on balls: Off Berg 2, Cravens
1, Hatch I. Umpire, Bovle. Time,
1:45.
Couldn't Remember Her Name.
The clerk of court has received a
letter from an attorney of Little Falls
asking that the records be searched
for information concerning the mar
riage of one of his clients. It ap
pears from the communication that
this client had forgotten the name of
the woman he married at the Method
ist church in Princeton on June 13,
1900. He felt certain, however, that
he had married someone. The clerk
of court, by the records, was enabled
to substantiate this belief and furn
ished him with the full name of the
woman he took unto himself as wife.
It is not impossible that he was mar
ried while in a dream.
The Wild-Fowl Batcher.
We learn upon good authority that
the game laws are being violated
upon the prairies hereabouts with
impunitythat young chickens are
being slaughtered in considerable
number. Inasmuch as no attempt is
ever made by game wardens in this
part of the country to run down such
depredators or in any way enforce the
law it would be well for the resident
sportsmen to organize for the purpose
of taking the matter into their own
hands and bringing these poachers
to justice. Otherwise they will find
that birds in the fall will be mighty
few and far between.
Sewall P. Woodman Injured.
On Monday night Sewall P. Wood
man, a well-known farmer living
about a mile and a half south of town,
while engaged in cleaning out stalls
in his stable was kicked by a horse
and sustained the fracture of a rib on
the left side. Dr. Cooney reduced the
fracture and on Tuesday the patient
was progresing favorably. No ser
ious complications are expected to re
sult therefrom.
Weekly, Concert.
The usual weekly open-air concert
of the Princeton band will be given
tonight with the following select pro
gram:
Clorinda March-
Rhode Island Clam Bake
Beautiful Princess Waltz
Frolic of the Imps, characteristic
Let All Obey (Trombone Solo)
B. O Brown
Circus Parade March
In That Home so Far Away waltz
Song and Dance, Little Gussie
Jolly Blacksmith, march
-a
*-*aa
*&
Haines
EdS Jolly
Kneff
Carlson
Leach
ft*
E Paul
Broadwell
Hall
Hall
5

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