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R. C. DUNN, Publisher.
Completed and in Course of Construc- tion in Mille Lacs CountyTravel is Largely Facilitated. County Commissioners Deserve Praise for Their Efforts Toward General Improvement of Highways. The steel bridge of about 100 feet span over the Rum river in section 16, town of Bogus Brook, is now com pleted and the road approaching and emerging from same graded and placed in fine condition for travel. It is really a splendid piece of highway and will cut off at least three miles in the distance of travel between Prince ton and Milaca. Another bridge across the Rum river in Onamia township has also been completed and a new road is in course of construction between the south town ship line and the postoffice at Onamia. Last week County commissioners Shaw, Libby and Deans inspected and accepted the new road which com mences at Page and continues to Onamia township, a distance of six miles. Commissioner Libby tells us that the road now extending from Milaca to Onamia township, of which the piece just accepted forms part, and which is eighteen miles in length, is, without exception, the best in the county of Mille Lacs. Costliness of Bad Roads. We have no doubt that on the aver age our Minnesota farmers have to haul their products at least five miles by team, to get to town or to a rail road market, and that this first short haul costs them in time, labor of men and teams, wear and tear, at least $2 per ton, says an authority. Also that it costs equally as much per ton to haul their lumber, fuel and other supplies back home. Of course this cost will vary greatly in different lo calities, but the average cost is likely to be considerably more rather than less. So, too. the average farm load varies at different seasons and in different localities, depending largely on the condition of the roads, the grades, etc. As the a"verage~farm is about a quarter section, mostly un der cultivation, it would be a moder ate estimate to say that the average farmer hauls, from the farm to town and from town to the farm, at least 150 tons in all in a year, at an ex pense of at least $300 in time, labor and other cost. This is a big item of expense and often tells the difference between profitable and unprofitable farming. If the average farmer could discover a way to reduce this cost of hauling between the farm and the home market, say one third, or $100. he would feel greatly encouraged. This, we believe, can be done, not by one man alone, but by united and intelligent action on the part of the farmers in each community, by im proving the county roads. A hun dred dollars seems like a big sum to save, but if the roads were so good and the grades so easy that the farmer could haul a half more at each load he would have to make only two-thirds as many trips and an average of fifty trips saved would mean an average saving of $100 per ear Now a stretch of five or ten miles of country road is a good deal like a log chain, with here and there a weak link The chain will have no greater strength than that of its weakest link and the farmer must measure his loads bj what can be hauled over or through the worst places. It may be that for four-fifths of the way he could haul a couple of tons but that the other stretches are so bad that he can haul scarcely a ton. It is therefore unsafe to take on more than a ton and even then his horses, wagons and harnesses will wear out or play out faster on the one-fifth of poor road than on all the rest. It may be that most of these bad places can be improved with no greater expense than the district road work, intelligently applied. That would simplify the problem wonder fully, but as to those other bad places, aye, there's the rub. Well, it is up to the farmers to face the difficulty and overcome it in a practical business way. If o\ercome it means a vast saving to each farmer who travels that way, an aggregate saving of thousands of dollars each year. As it is it means a burden some tax of thousands of dollars each year. Think of what would have been saved had those worst places been properly graded and fixed ten, fifteen or twenty years ago' Think what the saving will aggregate in the next ten or twenty years if properly fixed! Think of the aggregate loss in the next twenty years if not fixed soon. Think of the real increase in value to each acre of land and to each farm, that will result from the proper im provement of that road. Think of the satisfaction as well as the profit that will come to each prop erty holder when he realizes that the obstacles are removed. And now, the way to go at it! That is for you and your neighbors to determine. It all depends upon the circumstances, but the first thing is to come to a united and realizing sense of the immensity of the burden and the necessity for its removal. Talk it over. Figure it out. Esti mate how much you and your neigh bors have lost already. Estimate how much it will cost to make those bad places goodor.as good as you can afford to make them. Estimate the value the improsement will be to those who live miles farther away and get them interested. Make a list. Call a meeting or two. If it's a big undertaking get the town board and the county commissioners interested. Invite them to a picnic or meeting where they will have to ride or walk over the bad places, and then "go for them" for an appropriation. Get the merchants and business men of your market town interested and al ways remember that a strong pull and a pull altogether" will accom plish wonders. Hooked Eighty Trout. W. H. Ferrell, George Dunn, George Staples and Warren Vose angled for trout in the rivulet known as Hay creek, sixteen miles from Hinckley, the first of the week and managed to induce eighty of the speckled beauties to take the angleworm and attach themselves to the hook. There were no four and five-pounders landed, but some of them closely approached a pound, and that's good enough. The half-tone representations of mammoth trout you see in the news papers are ofttimes made possible by a little trick of the miscroscopic lens and published as advertisements for railroads, summer resorts, etc. The boys tell us that they fished in grass up to their necks and that the mosquitoes were of sufficient propor tions to use for bait, but upon this occasion the fish would take nothing but angleworms or_trout throat* While the trout in Hay creek are of most delicate flavor, we would not advise sportsmen to angle there un less they are possessed of a hide like a hippopotamus and are not suscepti ble to smotheration. The Limit. A Scotch minister instructed his clerk, who sat among the congrega tion during service to give a low whistle if anything in his sermon ap peared to be exaggerated. On hear ing the minister say: "In those days there were snakes fifty feet long," the clerk gave a subdued whistle. 'I should have said thirty feet," added the minister. Another whistle from the clerk. '"On consulting Thompson's Con cordance." said the~minister in con fusion, I see the length is twenty feet." Still another whistle: Whereupon the preacher leaned over and said in a stage whisper, "Ye can whistle as much as ye like. MaePherson, but I'll not take anither foot off for any- body."Harper's Weekly. Midnight Marauders. I. C. Patterson, as from day to day he watched his Wealthy apples rapidly mature, was filled with pride, and in his mind's eye saw them all rosy red on exhibition at the Mille Lacs county fair. But one dark night a human varmint stole into his garden and car ried the fruit away. The fruit alone would not have been so bad, but the branch upon which it grew, and which had been propped up to sustain the suspended weight, was torn from off the tree's trunk. A load of buckshot would be the proper punishment for such nefarious rascals who prowl around in the night time destroying property. Might Have Been Serious. What "might have been a serious fire was averted by the timely dis covery of a leak in a gasoline feed pipe in the basement of the Armitage drug store last Friday night. Two boys who were passing on the street noticed through the door of the base ment a small flame shooting up and upon investigation discovered that it emanated from a gasoline feed pipe which supplies the lights above and in which a leak had sprung. They ex tinguished the fire before any material damage had resulted. Tired of Waiting Rev. De KlothMy misguided friend, don't you know that hell is yawning for you? Col. McTydeGlad to hear it. Gettin' tired o' waiting for me, eh? Cleveland Leader. ~C* Farmers are Earnestly Requested to Make Every Preparation for This Great Event. Many country papers deem it more expedient to advertise the State fair than they do that of the county in which they are published. We don't. We believe in boosting the county in which we residein encouraging the farmers to put forth their best efforts to make a good home showing. And to this end we entreat them to reserve their best exhibits for the Mille Lacs county fair which will commence here on Thursday, Septem ber 14, three days after the close of the State fair, and continue to the evening of Saturday, September 16. A preliminary meeting of the Mille Lacs Agricultural association was held in Princeton on Monday evening at which it was decided to use every endeavor to make the coming exhibi tion the best ever witnessed in this part of the country. Horse races and ball games will enter into the pro gram and it was decided to communi cate with the Cash Carnival company with a view of bringing that aggrega tion here for the occasion. We are asked by the association to request farmers and others who an ticipate the exhibition of products at the county fair to prepare for the event without delay. Particulars will be published from time to time previous to the date of commencement. Senator Clapp's Idea Meets Fa* or. The constitution adopted by the State Drainage League at the recent meeting gives the purposes of the league, its aims and the general man agement. The objects of the league are to collect and distribute informa tion relating to the benefits to be ob tained from scientific drainage of the swamp lands, to secure through the legislature snnh nhangna f.ft. ^KflgtifaqfofSuccessful drainage laws as shall be found neceV sary, to expedite appropriations, to secure from the national government appropriations, to secure State ap propriations, to assist and promote the survey of the entire State and to in\ estigate the national reservoir sys tem. Senator Clapp's idea of a reimburs able fund to be made by the federal government for the purpose of re claiming the greater portion of the In dian and forest reserves, as well as the public lands in northern Minne sota, created a decided impression, and the national legislators will un doubtedly at the next meeting of con gress endeavor to secure such a piece of legislation. The senator's idea is to return the money expended for drainage by the government after the lands have been sold or disposed of. The new constitution provides for three special committees, as follows: On legislative, on judicial and on field work. The membership fee is to be $1 per annum. The constitution may be amended at any time by a ma jority vote of the members present at anj regular meeting. A quorum of the executive committee shall consist of se\en members, and ten members of the league shall constitute a quorum at any regular or called meeting. The secretary of the league is to be allowed a compensation of ten per cent of all moneys received by the league, and shall further be reim bursed as to postage and express. The reports of such annual meeting are td be stenographically reported and published in pamphlet form. Soil Cultivation. Wm. E. Curtis in the Chicago Rec ord Herald explains a method of soil cultivation introduced by H. JR. Campbell which seems to be at least worthy Of experimental application: "Mr. Campbell has been working in North Dakota, South Dakota, Ne braska and Kansas for twenty years or more trying to induce farmers to adopt his plan of 'soil culture,' as he calls it, and everywhere he has been, from the James river in the north to the Arkansas, he has been equally successful in producing with out irrigation the same results that are usually expected with irrigation with comparatively little more expense but a good deal more care and labor. There is no secret about it. The whole thing is simply the exercise of care and patience, and any man of ordin ary intelligence can work it as well as a college professor could. Mr. Camp bell's principles, as he explained them tome, are: 1. Catch the rainfall and store it were the roots of all plants reach it. 2. Keep the soil al ys fine and loose. 3. Have a solid foundation under the soil bottom to hold the water. What 11 this accomplish?' I asked. 'The reful, regular application of these pciples in farming will produce at St three times the results of ordin farming, and often four and five es the results,' said Mr. Campbell. Ir. Campbell stores the rainfall by ping the surface of the ground ai rs loose. This is a principle long known to all intelligent farmers but not often systematically applied. The difference in Mr. CampbelPs method is that it is more thorough and per sistent. This is the plan he follows: 'Stirring up the soil with a revolving disk and then going over it again and filling up the furrow. We call this 'double-disking.' It pulverizes the soil and levels it off. We keep going ovfer it again and again, beginning early in the spring and continuing un til the last of June or the first part of JulJ-. After every rain we stir up th6 soil, either with a disk or an Acme harrow. Finally we plow seven inches deep in the ordinary way and follow the plow with a subsurface packera machine which makes a cojnpaet, solid bottom, four inches fr the surface, under the loose soil. en we go over it again with the A me harrow so as to keep the top s( 1 loose and pulverized. After eking the soil for a year in this y, by what we call summer tilling,' wi put in our wheat, either in the fall oi the spring, as is usual. The first y^r we do not put in any seed. We ply keep stirring up the soil so it will remain loose and pulver and after one year of this sort of ivation three crops can be grown succession without renewing the ng. In some cases it is better to^il} every other year and raise a crp alternate years. Thorough working of the soil is the open secret of Mr. Campbell's suc cess and this should be no secret but it is a fact that this important principle is too often neglected. Even in Minnesota, where rainfall is usually abundant, occasional periods of drouth come when the moisture in the soil needs to be carefully conserved. dry farming jwilL ops in many places where crop fail- crops in many places wi Ures are now common. The Care of Milk. The Dakota Farmer offers these valuable suggestions upon the care of milk: The farm separator must be washed after each time it is used. Wash the separator and other dairy utensils with a brush and plenty of washing powder. Do not use a cloth nor water in which table dishes have been washed. Rinse with clean, hot water. Skim a cream of thirty to thirty-five per cent fat. Immediately after separating, cool the cream to the lowest possible tem perature, fifty degrees or lower. This is most easily done by setting the cream in cold water. Stir the cream occasionally while it is cooling. Never mix warm and cold cream. Before mixing, cool the fresh cream to the temperature of the cream to which it is to be added. Always keep the cream cans in cold water, summer and winter. Cream will take on the odor of any substance that is near it. A cellar that is not absolutely clean and free from vegetables or other bad odors is not the place to keep cream neither is the stable. Do not cover cream or milk cans till the contents are cold. Then keep them closed. Do not allow the cream to freeze. It lessens its value and may interfere with an accurate test. Cream should be delivered as often as possible. Daily in summer and three or four times a week in winter gives by far the best results. N It is absolutely impossible to make good butter from old. stale or very sour cream. Sour cream does not test as well as sweet cream and butter made from very sour cream turns rancid much quicker than when it is soured to just the right degree, and will not bring as high a price. The souring or riping should be done under the buttermakers' care. Deliver only clean, sweet cream and then hold the buttermaker responsible for a good grade of butter. A Nice Little Boy. "What a nice little boy," said the minister, who was making a call, "won't you come and shake hands, my son?" "Naw!" snapped the nice little boy. "My gracious! Don't you like me?" "Naw! I had ter git me hands an' face washed jist because yoa come." Philadelphia Press. Indications Point to an Exceptionally Abundant Yield of Small Grains and Corn in Northwest. Black Rust to Any Formidable Extent Merely an Attempted Scare by Grain Speculating Sharks. Despite contrary reports from grain sharks, whose cry is black rust and so forth, railroad officials of the granger lines running into Chicago have received most encouraging re ports from special correspondents at all points in the west. As gathered from these reports every farmer this year is a golden farmer. Gran aries and elevators are groaning in anticipation of the loads they will have to bear. Railroad officials are preparing moving facilities from figures that break records. Twelve states that produced a total of 1,606,962,046 bushels of corn in 1904 will have a crop aggregating 330.867,390 bushels more than that amount this year if present condi tions meet with no unexpected change. The same states, producing 354,724,268 bushels of wheat last year, have yielded an increase of 112.037,286 bushels this seasonmore than thirty per cent. Oats show a gain in the same terri tory, according to indications, of more than 100,000,000 bushels over the 685,810,245 bushels produced in 1904. And in spite of this remarkable out look prices have been maintained at a high notch. Wheat, the finest crop in ten years and in some areas surpassing any previous yield, now past all danger from rust and other ills caused by the weather, is now in the hands of the harvesters, or practically ready for them in South Dakota. Corn, several days ahead of the crop at this time last year, and its percentages of bushels to the acre running ahead of the 100 mark, is bursting to maturity in the broad belt in Illinois and beyond the Missis sippi like a potted plant under a WHIHU IIHIIkl fain picture in Iowa, Kansas and Ne braska. Danger from frost is remote owing to its advanced stage. Small grains generally throughout the so-called granger states promise exceptional yields, while the hay crop is above the average in most sections. There never was a time in the mem ory of the statisticians when pros pects have been so bright for all man ner of crops taken together. It is estimated that the three spring wheat statesMinnesota and the Dakotaswill harvest 175,000,000 bushels. Their total last year was 154,000,000 bushels. The coarse grains barley, rye, oats and flaxindicate a full average. Fever Situation at New Orleans. If the present chaotic condition of quarantine matters in Louisiana is not speedily terminated, in obedience to a proclamation just issued, the state board of health has announced its intention of immediately invoking civil powers, and that failing, of ask ing Governor Blanchard to call out the militia and restore and maintain order. The proclamation resulted from the letters sent by the governor to Presi dent Souchon. It prohibits any town, parish or village from refusing ad mission to a person from a non-in fected locality, holding a health cer tificate not over twenty-four hours old, or to a person from an infected locality who has spent six days in a detention camp and has been dis charged with a marine hospital cer tificate. Interference with the passage of steamboats or trains is forbidden un less they violate legal quarantine reg ulations. No mail, freight or express matter shall, under the proclamation, be refused from infected territories providing it is carried in cars which have been fumigated by the marine hospital service. All persons who disregard these regulations, whether under the sem blance of boards of health or mass meetings, are warned that they make themselves liable to answer in the courts. It is announced th*at no more illegal restrictions on travel or com merce will be tolerated. It is understood that the action taken by the board of health has the full sympathy of Governor Blanchard and that as a result, at least in Louis iana, there will be a modification of the present onerous quarantines. Practically all doubt of the raising of the fund of a quarter million de I sired by the government was removed NO. 35 when both the state and city moved to assist the citizens of New Orleans. Governor Blanchard, whom Chair man Jamiver of the citizen's committee had asked to advance $100,000. wired Mr. Janiver that he would make the loan as soon as he heard from a sufficient number of members of the legislature if they will support an ap- ,_ propriation of $100,000. Affirmative answers are being received. In ad dition to this action of the governor the city took steps to swell the fund. With $70,000 originally in the hands of the citizen's committee. $220,000 is in sight. Funerals of yellow fever patients and wakes of the dead proceed with little obstruction from the health authorities. Science absolutely denies that there is any possibility of infec tion from a corpse and once the house of a patient has been thoroughly fum igated and the mosquitoes killed the danger is considered to have passed. Up to Tuesday the total deaths from the scourge aggregated 117 and total cases 625. The Telegraphers' strike. Commercial clubs and merchants' and farmers' organizations along the lines of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific railway in Minnesota q.re asked to take action to end the present telegraphers' strike. The wheat harvest throughout Minnesota and the Dakotas has begun and the work of moving a big crop will, it is said, test the capacities of the roads, even under normal conditions. Reports from some points say that operators at such places have returned to work satisfied with a new schedule submitted to them. The restrictions on perishable goods has been removed by both roads, although bills for freight consigned to some stations are required to be prepaid. On the whole both railroad systems are apparently not largely inconven ienced by the strike, although Presi dent Perham denies that there has been any serious defection from the ranks of the strikers and says that the* companies are not securing sufficient operators to be of much, service to them. He denied that there was a possibility of a general sympathetic strike on the part of the engineers and tana division conductors and en gineers had refused to receive tele phone or "flag" orders. WEDDINGS. Herman Francis of Dalbo, Isanti county, was married to Miss Annie Keen of Princeton township by Judge Van Alstein at the court house on Friday afternoon, Aug. 4. Geo. Bonebright of Milaca secured a marriage license at the court house here on Saturday and was married on Sunday to Miss Dorothea Somerville in the Congregational church at the former place on Sunday. Mr. Bone bright, who has been engaged in the building business at Milaca, intends moving with his wife to the northern part of the State. A marriage license was issued on Saturday by Clerk of Court King to Christian Jensen and Olive Stark, both of the town of Milo. License issued on Wednesday to Ole E. Solberg and Miss Anna G. Kjag lien, both of Milaca. Charley Anderson and Miss Ida A. Wigstrom. both of Borgholm. Mar ried Wednesday afternoon at court house by Judge Van Alstein. Village Council. At a meeting of the village council on Monday evening the contract for replanking the West Branch bridge was awarded to David Whitcomb, his bid, $50, being the lowest. The bid of E. M. Farnham, $70, was rejected. Messrs. Caley and Craig were ap pointed a committee to inspect the sidewalks about the village, and, where such sidewalks are defective, to order the same placed in a condi tion which will comply with the or dinance. This, with the exception of auditing a few bills, constituted the business which came up for consideration. Fire at Bogus Brook. A barn containing eight tons of hay and a chicken coop on the premises of Henry Johnson at Bogus Brook was destroyed by fire last Friday while the family was in Princeton. There is no certainty as to the origin of the fire, but Mr. Johnson thinks that perhaps a spark from the pipe which he was smoking in the barn a short time before starting for Prince ton was responsible for the loss. An insurance of $350 was carried on the barn and its contents. Just His Luck. "The school house bruned during the night, Johnny." "Just my luck! It wouldn't burn till vacation. "Houston Post. -*H 45