R. C. DUNN, Publisher.
Completed and in Course of Construc-
tion in Mille Lacs CountyTravel
is Largely Facilitated.
County Commissioners Deserve Praise
for Their Efforts Toward General
Improvement of Highways.
The steel bridge of about 100 feet
span over the Rum river in section
16, town of Bogus Brook, is now com
pleted and the road approaching and
emerging from same graded and
placed in fine condition for travel. It
is really a splendid piece of highway
and will cut off at least three miles in
the distance of travel between Prince
ton and Milaca.
Another bridge across the Rum river
in Onamia township has also been
completed and a new road is in course
of construction between the south town
ship line and the postoffice at Onamia.
Last week County commissioners
Shaw, Libby and Deans inspected
and accepted the new road which com
mences at Page and continues to
Onamia township, a distance of six
miles. Commissioner Libby tells us
that the road now extending from
Milaca to Onamia township, of which
the piece just accepted forms part,
and which is eighteen miles in length,
is, without exception, the best in the
county of Mille Lacs.
Costliness of Bad Roads.
We have no doubt that on the aver
age our Minnesota farmers have to
haul their products at least five miles
by team, to get to town or to a rail
road market, and that this first short
haul costs them in time, labor of men
and teams, wear and tear, at least $2
per ton, says an authority. Also
that it costs equally as much per ton
to haul their lumber, fuel and other
supplies back home. Of course this
cost will vary greatly in different lo
calities, but the average cost is likely
to be considerably more rather than
less. So, too. the average farm load
varies at different seasons and in
different localities, depending largely
on the condition of the roads, the
grades, etc. As the a"verage~farm is
about a quarter section, mostly un
der cultivation, it would be a moder
ate estimate to say that the average
farmer hauls, from the farm to town
and from town to the farm, at least
150 tons in all in a year, at an ex
pense of at least $300 in time, labor
and other cost.
This is a big item of expense and
often tells the difference between
profitable and unprofitable farming.
If the average farmer could discover
a way to reduce this cost of hauling
between the farm and the home
market, say one third, or $100. he
would feel greatly encouraged.
This, we believe, can be done, not
by one man alone, but by united and
intelligent action on the part of the
farmers in each community, by im
proving the county roads. A hun
dred dollars seems like a big sum to
save, but if the roads were so good
and the grades so easy that the farmer
could haul a half more at each load
he would have to make only two-thirds
as many trips and an average of fifty
trips saved would mean an average
saving of $100 per ear
Now a stretch of five or ten miles of
country road is a good deal like a log
chain, with here and there a weak link
The chain will have no greater
strength than that of its weakest link
and the farmer must measure his loads
bj what can be hauled over or through
the worst places. It may be that for
four-fifths of the way he could haul a
couple of tons but that the other
stretches are so bad that he can haul
scarcely a ton. It is therefore unsafe
to take on more than a ton and even
then his horses, wagons and harnesses
will wear out or play out faster on the
one-fifth of poor road than on all the
rest. It may be that most of these bad
places can be improved with no
greater expense than the district road
work, intelligently applied. That
would simplify the problem wonder
fully, but as to those other bad places,
aye, there's the rub.
Well, it is up to the farmers to face
the difficulty and overcome it in a
practical business way. If o\ercome
it means a vast saving to each farmer
who travels that way, an aggregate
saving of thousands of dollars each
year. As it is it means a burden
some tax of thousands of dollars each
Think of what would have been
saved had those worst places been
properly graded and fixed ten, fifteen
or twenty years ago' Think what the
saving will aggregate in the next ten
or twenty years if properly fixed!
Think of the aggregate loss in the
next twenty years if not fixed soon.
Think of the real increase in value to
each acre of land and to each farm,
that will result from the proper im
provement of that road.
Think of the satisfaction as well as
the profit that will come to each prop
erty holder when he realizes that the
obstacles are removed.
And now, the way to go at it! That
is for you and your neighbors to
determine. It all depends upon the
circumstances, but the first thing is
to come to a united and realizing
sense of the immensity of the burden
and the necessity for its removal.
Talk it over. Figure it out. Esti
mate how much you and your neigh
bors have lost already. Estimate
how much it will cost to make those
bad places goodor.as good as you
can afford to make them. Estimate
the value the improsement will be to
those who live miles farther away
and get them interested. Make a list.
Call a meeting or two. If it's a big
undertaking get the town board and
the county commissioners interested.
Invite them to a picnic or meeting
where they will have to ride or walk
over the bad places, and then "go
for them" for an appropriation. Get
the merchants and business men of
your market town interested and al
ways remember that a strong pull
and a pull altogether" will accom
Hooked Eighty Trout.
W. H. Ferrell, George Dunn, George
Staples and Warren Vose angled for
trout in the rivulet known as Hay
creek, sixteen miles from Hinckley,
the first of the week and managed to
induce eighty of the speckled beauties
to take the angleworm and attach
themselves to the hook. There were
no four and five-pounders landed, but
some of them closely approached a
pound, and that's good enough.
The half-tone representations of
mammoth trout you see in the news
papers are ofttimes made possible by
a little trick of the miscroscopic lens
and published as advertisements for
railroads, summer resorts, etc.
The boys tell us that they fished in
grass up to their necks and that the
mosquitoes were of sufficient propor
tions to use for bait, but upon this
occasion the fish would take nothing
but angleworms or_trout throat*
While the trout in Hay creek are of
most delicate flavor, we would not
advise sportsmen to angle there un
less they are possessed of a hide like
a hippopotamus and are not suscepti
ble to smotheration.
A Scotch minister instructed his
clerk, who sat among the congrega
tion during service to give a low
whistle if anything in his sermon ap
peared to be exaggerated. On hear
ing the minister say: "In those days
there were snakes fifty feet long,"
the clerk gave a subdued whistle.
'I should have said thirty feet,"
added the minister.
Another whistle from the clerk.
'"On consulting Thompson's Con
cordance." said the~minister in con
fusion, I see the length is twenty
Still another whistle: Whereupon
the preacher leaned over and said in
a stage whisper, "Ye can whistle as
much as ye like. MaePherson, but
I'll not take anither foot off for any-
I. C. Patterson, as from day to day
he watched his Wealthy apples rapidly
mature, was filled with pride, and in
his mind's eye saw them all rosy red
on exhibition at the Mille Lacs county
fair. But one dark night a human
varmint stole into his garden and car
ried the fruit away. The fruit alone
would not have been so bad, but the
branch upon which it grew, and which
had been propped up to sustain the
suspended weight, was torn from off
the tree's trunk. A load of buckshot
would be the proper punishment for
such nefarious rascals who prowl
around in the night time destroying
Might Have Been Serious.
What "might have been a serious
fire was averted by the timely dis
covery of a leak in a gasoline feed
pipe in the basement of the Armitage
drug store last Friday night. Two
boys who were passing on the street
noticed through the door of the base
ment a small flame shooting up and
upon investigation discovered that
it emanated from a gasoline feed pipe
which supplies the lights above and
in which a leak had sprung. They ex
tinguished the fire before any material
damage had resulted.
Tired of Waiting
Rev. De KlothMy misguided
friend, don't you know that hell is
yawning for you?
Col. McTydeGlad to hear it.
Gettin' tired o' waiting for me, eh?
Cleveland Leader. ~C*
Farmers are Earnestly Requested to
Make Every Preparation for
This Great Event.
Many country papers deem it more
expedient to advertise the State fair
than they do that of the county in
which they are published. We don't.
We believe in boosting the county in
which we residein encouraging the
farmers to put forth their best efforts
to make a good home showing.
And to this end we entreat them to
reserve their best exhibits for the
Mille Lacs county fair which will
commence here on Thursday, Septem
ber 14, three days after the close of
the State fair, and continue to the
evening of Saturday, September 16.
A preliminary meeting of the Mille
Lacs Agricultural association was
held in Princeton on Monday evening
at which it was decided to use every
endeavor to make the coming exhibi
tion the best ever witnessed in this
part of the country. Horse races and
ball games will enter into the pro
gram and it was decided to communi
cate with the Cash Carnival company
with a view of bringing that aggrega
tion here for the occasion.
We are asked by the association to
request farmers and others who an
ticipate the exhibition of products at
the county fair to prepare for the
event without delay.
Particulars will be published from
time to time previous to the date of
Senator Clapp's Idea Meets Fa* or.
The constitution adopted by the
State Drainage League at the recent
meeting gives the purposes of the
league, its aims and the general man
agement. The objects of the league
are to collect and distribute informa
tion relating to the benefits to be ob
tained from scientific drainage of the
swamp lands, to secure through the
legislature snnh nhangna f.ft. ^KflgtifaqfofSuccessful
drainage laws as shall be found neceV
sary, to expedite appropriations, to
secure from the national government
appropriations, to secure State ap
propriations, to assist and promote
the survey of the entire State and to
in\ estigate the national reservoir sys
Senator Clapp's idea of a reimburs
able fund to be made by the federal
government for the purpose of re
claiming the greater portion of the In
dian and forest reserves, as well as
the public lands in northern Minne
sota, created a decided impression,
and the national legislators will un
doubtedly at the next meeting of con
gress endeavor to secure such a piece
of legislation. The senator's idea
is to return the money expended for
drainage by the government after the
lands have been sold or disposed of.
The new constitution provides for
three special committees, as follows:
On legislative, on judicial and on field
work. The membership fee is to be
$1 per annum. The constitution
may be amended at any time by a ma
jority vote of the members present at
anj regular meeting. A quorum of
the executive committee shall consist
of se\en members, and ten members
of the league shall constitute a quorum
at any regular or called meeting.
The secretary of the league is to be
allowed a compensation of ten per
cent of all moneys received by the
league, and shall further be reim
bursed as to postage and express.
The reports of such annual meeting
are td be stenographically reported
and published in pamphlet form.
Wm. E. Curtis in the Chicago Rec
ord Herald explains a method of soil
cultivation introduced by H. JR.
Campbell which seems to be at least
worthy Of experimental application:
"Mr. Campbell has been working in
North Dakota, South Dakota, Ne
braska and Kansas for twenty years
or more trying to induce farmers to
adopt his plan of 'soil culture,' as
he calls it, and everywhere he has
been, from the James river in the
north to the Arkansas, he has been
equally successful in producing with
out irrigation the same results that
are usually expected with irrigation
with comparatively little more expense
but a good deal more care and labor.
There is no secret about it. The whole
thing is simply the exercise of care
and patience, and any man of ordin
ary intelligence can work it as well as
a college professor could. Mr. Camp
bell's principles, as he explained them
tome, are: 1. Catch the rainfall and
store it were the roots of all plants
reach it. 2. Keep the soil al
ys fine and loose. 3. Have a
solid foundation under the soil
bottom to hold the water. What
11 this accomplish?' I asked. 'The
reful, regular application of these
pciples in farming will produce at
St three times the results of ordin
farming, and often four and five
es the results,' said Mr. Campbell.
Ir. Campbell stores the rainfall by
ping the surface of the ground ai
rs loose. This is a principle long
known to all intelligent farmers but
not often systematically applied. The
difference in Mr. CampbelPs method
is that it is more thorough and per
sistent. This is the plan he follows:
'Stirring up the soil with a revolving
disk and then going over it again and
filling up the furrow. We call this
'double-disking.' It pulverizes the
soil and levels it off. We keep going
ovfer it again and again, beginning
early in the spring and continuing un
til the last of June or the first part of
JulJ-. After every rain we stir up
th6 soil, either with a disk or an Acme
harrow. Finally we plow seven
inches deep in the ordinary way and
follow the plow with a subsurface
packera machine which makes a
cojnpaet, solid bottom, four inches
fr the surface, under the loose soil.
en we go over it again with the
A me harrow so as to keep the top
s( 1 loose and pulverized. After
eking the soil for a year in this
y, by what we call summer tilling,'
wi put in our wheat, either in the fall
oi the spring, as is usual. The first
y^r we do not put in any seed. We
ply keep stirring up the soil so
it will remain loose and pulver
and after one year of this sort of
ivation three crops can be grown
succession without renewing the
ng. In some cases it is better
to^il} every other year and raise a
crp alternate years.
Thorough working of the soil is
the open secret of Mr. Campbell's suc
cess and this should be no secret
but it is a fact that this important
principle is too often neglected. Even
in Minnesota, where rainfall is usually
abundant, occasional periods of
drouth come when the moisture in the
soil needs to be carefully conserved.
dry farming jwilL
ops in many places where crop fail-
crops in many places wi
Ures are now common.
The Care of Milk.
The Dakota Farmer offers these
valuable suggestions upon the care
The farm separator must be washed
after each time it is used.
Wash the separator and other dairy
utensils with a brush and plenty of
washing powder. Do not use a
cloth nor water in which table dishes
have been washed.
Rinse with clean, hot water.
Skim a cream of thirty to thirty-five
per cent fat.
Immediately after separating, cool
the cream to the lowest possible tem
perature, fifty degrees or lower. This
is most easily done by setting the
cream in cold water. Stir the cream
occasionally while it is cooling.
Never mix warm and cold cream.
Before mixing, cool the fresh cream
to the temperature of the cream to
which it is to be added.
Always keep the cream cans in cold
water, summer and winter. Cream
will take on the odor of any substance
that is near it.
A cellar that is not absolutely clean
and free from vegetables or other bad
odors is not the place to keep cream
neither is the stable.
Do not cover cream or milk cans
till the contents are cold. Then keep
Do not allow the cream to freeze.
It lessens its value and may interfere
with an accurate test.
Cream should be delivered as often
as possible. Daily in summer and
three or four times a week in winter
gives by far the best results.
It is absolutely impossible to make
good butter from old. stale or very
Sour cream does not test as well as
sweet cream and butter made from
very sour cream turns rancid much
quicker than when it is soured to just
the right degree, and will not bring
as high a price.
The souring or riping should be
done under the buttermakers' care.
Deliver only clean, sweet cream and
then hold the buttermaker responsible
for a good grade of butter.
A Nice Little Boy.
"What a nice little boy," said the
minister, who was making a call,
"won't you come and shake hands,
"Naw!" snapped the nice little boy.
"My gracious! Don't you like
"Naw! I had ter git me hands an'
face washed jist because yoa come."
Indications Point to an Exceptionally
Abundant Yield of Small Grains
and Corn in Northwest.
Black Rust to Any Formidable Extent
Merely an Attempted Scare by
Grain Speculating Sharks.
Despite contrary reports from grain
sharks, whose cry is black rust and
so forth, railroad officials of the
granger lines running into Chicago
have received most encouraging re
ports from special correspondents at
all points in the west. As gathered
from these reports every farmer
this year is a golden farmer. Gran
aries and elevators are groaning in
anticipation of the loads they will
have to bear. Railroad officials are
preparing moving facilities from
figures that break records.
Twelve states that produced a total
of 1,606,962,046 bushels of corn in
1904 will have a crop aggregating
330.867,390 bushels more than that
amount this year if present condi
tions meet with no unexpected change.
The same states, producing 354,724,268
bushels of wheat last year, have
yielded an increase of 112.037,286
bushels this seasonmore than thirty
Oats show a gain in the same terri
tory, according to indications, of
more than 100,000,000 bushels over the
685,810,245 bushels produced in 1904.
And in spite of this remarkable out
look prices have been maintained at a
Wheat, the finest crop in ten years
and in some areas surpassing any
previous yield, now past all danger
from rust and other ills caused by the
weather, is now in the hands of the
harvesters, or practically ready for
them in South Dakota.
Corn, several days ahead of the
crop at this time last year, and its
percentages of bushels to the acre
running ahead of the 100 mark, is
bursting to maturity in the broad belt
in Illinois and beyond the Missis
sippi like a potted plant under a
WHIHU IIHIIkl fain
picture in Iowa, Kansas and Ne
Danger from frost is remote owing
to its advanced stage.
Small grains generally throughout
the so-called granger states promise
exceptional yields, while the hay crop
is above the average in most sections.
There never was a time in the mem
ory of the statisticians when pros
pects have been so bright for all man
ner of crops taken together.
It is estimated that the three spring
wheat statesMinnesota and the
Dakotaswill harvest 175,000,000
bushels. Their total last year was
154,000,000 bushels. The coarse grains
barley, rye, oats and flaxindicate
a full average.
Fever Situation at New Orleans.
If the present chaotic condition of
quarantine matters in Louisiana is
not speedily terminated, in obedience
to a proclamation just issued, the
state board of health has announced
its intention of immediately invoking
civil powers, and that failing, of ask
ing Governor Blanchard to call out
the militia and restore and maintain
The proclamation resulted from the
letters sent by the governor to Presi
dent Souchon. It prohibits any town,
parish or village from refusing ad
mission to a person from a non-in
fected locality, holding a health cer
tificate not over twenty-four hours
old, or to a person from an infected
locality who has spent six days in a
detention camp and has been dis
charged with a marine hospital cer
Interference with the passage of
steamboats or trains is forbidden un
less they violate legal quarantine reg
ulations. No mail, freight or express
matter shall, under the proclamation,
be refused from infected territories
providing it is carried in cars which
have been fumigated by the marine
All persons who disregard these
regulations, whether under the sem
blance of boards of health or mass
meetings, are warned that they make
themselves liable to answer in the
courts. It is announced th*at no more
illegal restrictions on travel or com
merce will be tolerated.
It is understood that the action
taken by the board of health has the
full sympathy of Governor Blanchard
and that as a result, at least in Louis
iana, there will be a modification of
the present onerous quarantines.
Practically all doubt of the raising
of the fund of a quarter million de
I sired by the government was removed
when both the state and city moved to
assist the citizens of New Orleans.
Governor Blanchard, whom Chair
man Jamiver of the citizen's committee
had asked to advance $100,000. wired
Mr. Janiver that he would make the
loan as soon as he heard from a
sufficient number of members of the
legislature if they will support an ap- ,_
propriation of $100,000. Affirmative
answers are being received. In ad
dition to this action of the governor
the city took steps to swell the fund.
With $70,000 originally in the hands
of the citizen's committee. $220,000 is
Funerals of yellow fever patients
and wakes of the dead proceed with
little obstruction from the health
authorities. Science absolutely denies
that there is any possibility of infec
tion from a corpse and once the house
of a patient has been thoroughly fum
igated and the mosquitoes killed the
danger is considered to have passed.
Up to Tuesday the total deaths from
the scourge aggregated 117 and total
The Telegraphers' strike.
Commercial clubs and merchants'
and farmers' organizations along the
lines of the Great Northern and
Northern Pacific railway in Minnesota
q.re asked to take action to end the
present telegraphers' strike. The
wheat harvest throughout Minnesota
and the Dakotas has begun and the
work of moving a big crop will, it is
said, test the capacities of the roads,
even under normal conditions.
Reports from some points say that
operators at such places have returned
to work satisfied with a new schedule
submitted to them. The restrictions
on perishable goods has been removed
by both roads, although bills for
freight consigned to some stations
are required to be prepaid.
On the whole both railroad systems
are apparently not largely inconven
ienced by the strike, although Presi
dent Perham denies that there has
been any serious defection from the
ranks of the strikers and says that the*
companies are not securing sufficient
operators to be of much, service to
them. He denied that there was a
possibility of a general sympathetic
strike on the part of the engineers and
tana division conductors and en
gineers had refused to receive tele
phone or "flag" orders.
Herman Francis of Dalbo, Isanti
county, was married to Miss Annie
Keen of Princeton township by Judge
Van Alstein at the court house on
Friday afternoon, Aug. 4.
Geo. Bonebright of Milaca secured
a marriage license at the court house
here on Saturday and was married on
Sunday to Miss Dorothea Somerville
in the Congregational church at the
former place on Sunday. Mr. Bone
bright, who has been engaged in the
building business at Milaca, intends
moving with his wife to the northern
part of the State.
A marriage license was issued on
Saturday by Clerk of Court King to
Christian Jensen and Olive Stark,
both of the town of Milo.
License issued on Wednesday to Ole
E. Solberg and Miss Anna G. Kjag
lien, both of Milaca.
Charley Anderson and Miss Ida A.
Wigstrom. both of Borgholm. Mar
ried Wednesday afternoon at court
house by Judge Van Alstein.
At a meeting of the village council
on Monday evening the contract for
replanking the West Branch bridge
was awarded to David Whitcomb, his
bid, $50, being the lowest. The bid
of E. M. Farnham, $70, was rejected.
Messrs. Caley and Craig were ap
pointed a committee to inspect the
sidewalks about the village, and,
where such sidewalks are defective,
to order the same placed in a condi
tion which will comply with the or
This, with the exception of auditing
a few bills, constituted the business
which came up for consideration.
Fire at Bogus Brook.
A barn containing eight tons of hay
and a chicken coop on the premises
of Henry Johnson at Bogus Brook
was destroyed by fire last Friday
while the family was in Princeton.
There is no certainty as to the origin
of the fire, but Mr. Johnson thinks
that perhaps a spark from the pipe
which he was smoking in the barn a
short time before starting for Prince
ton was responsible for the loss. An
insurance of $350 was carried on the
barn and its contents.
Just His Luck.
"The school house bruned during
the night, Johnny."
"Just my luck! It wouldn't burn
till vacation. "Houston Post.
xml | txt