ORIGIN OF NEW YORK NAMES
Hen Dorp Replaced a. Town Thrice
Destroy ed by Fire.
Theie aie some names of places in
Greater ]New York common enough on
the modern tongue, but the origin of
which is not so generally known New
Dorp, on Staten Island, was so named
by the Dutch to distinguish it from
Oude Doip (Old Dorp), the first Dutch
settlement on the island, which was
thrice destroyed by the Indians. Old
Dorp stood to the northwest of Fort
Wadsworth, about where Arrochar
now stands Two miles to the west of
the rums of Old Dorp the persistent
Dutch built their New Dorp.
The northeast section of Staten Is
land, T\hich until the formation of
Greater New York was known as Cas
tleton, and is still generally so called,
takes its name fiom the fact that it
once foimed Governor Dongan's "man
or of Castleton Donganthe Dongan
hills aie named fiom himwas of the
family of the Earl of Limerick, and the
seat ot the earl in Ireland was Castle
town, in the County Kildare. Many of
Governor Dongan's descendants still
lire on Staten Island, some of them oc
cupj mg and o\\ ning houses on the land
of the old manor At first Governor
Dongan merely had a hunting lodge on
Staten Island, and it is significant of
the state of that portion of New York
city at the end of the seventeenth cen
tury that at a meeting of the colonial
council the governor was entered on
the minutes as "absent, being engaged
at his hunting lodge on Staten Island
Bedlow's island, on which the statue
of Liberty stands, was purchased in
171G by an Englishman named Bedlow,
who had amassed a large fortune in the
East India trade and was an acquaint
ance of the then governor, the notori
ous Loid Combuiy Bedlow received
from Coinbiuv the pnvilege of victual
ing the British fleets which frequented
New Yoik It was a most profitable
monopoly, having in it great possibili
ties of grait Cornbury is supposed to
have 'stood in" with Bedlow When
Bedlow died suddenly Cornbury seized
all his papeis, collected all the out
standing debts due the contractor, and
kept ev ei ything of Bedlow's he could
lay his hands on, leaving Bedlow's wid
ow and children poverty Bedlow's
island was bought and used by the con
tractor while he victualed the fleets as
a depot for his stores.
Corleai's Hook takes its name from
Jacob Corleai, the city trumpeter
the old Dutch days Governor Beek
man bought it from him. The governor
also bought a country estate, the site
of which is commemorated by Beek
The tiue meaning of the word Man
hattan, originally spelled variously as
Mana ha ta, Manhattoes and Manhat
tan, is hid mystery It is not even
certain vv hether it was the name of the
place or ot the tribe which inhabited it,
or of both. The old idea that the word
meant Place of Drunkenness has been
satisfactorily confuted, but what does
the woid moan^-New York Press.
Spencer and Colors.
Herbert Spencer's notions of art ere
very crude His favorite color was
what he called "impure purple." He
wore "impure purple" gloves and, find
ing that the furniture was a little som
ber, had a binding ot "impure purple"
pasted lound it bv a seamstress He
cut the first strip himself and showed
her how to stick it on with paste. He
hr 1 Ins ase& filled with artificialflow
ers He wished to have everything
bright about him and consequently en
joyed color When it was suggested he
could get that in real flowers he redrink
plied Booh' They would want con
stant replenishing!" He wanted to
know whv the people should object to
artificial flowers a room any more
than to an artificial landscape "Home
Life With Ileibert Spencer"
Pigs I China.
A Peking correspondent says. "It is
no uncommon sight to see twelve or
thirteen enoinious fat pigs, with their
legs tied, huddled close together hav mg
a ride a Chinese cart with some
soit of light cargo on top of them and
a man sitting on the cargo The pigs
are silent, and consequently one would
think they should not be objects for
the action of the Society For the Pre
vention ot Cruelty to Animals. The
fact is that the animals are too fat and
lazj to make any noise until disturbed
at their -journey's end. when bagpipes
are as Italian opera to the terrific
The Dead Sea.
The Dead sea is 1,300 feet below sea
level There can, of course, be no out
let for the Dead sea, and the volume of
from G,000,C00 to 10,000,000 tons of wa
ter that the Jordan throws into it
every twenty-four hours must be car
ried away by evaporation. Not a soli
tary dwelling is on its coasts, and there
is no liv mg thing in its waters. As we
stand on the north shore the sea
stretches out some forty-two miles to
ward the south and is, on an average,
eight miles wide. The water is of a
greenish blue and as clear as crystal.
Those Fool Questions.
"Hello," says the man, seeing his
friend sallying forth with, pole and net
and bait basket. "GoiAgl'fishing?"
"No," replies the friend, turning on
Jfcim/solemnly. "No I'm going to stand
on my head and keep my hair from
falling out. What made you think I
No Chance to Forget.
BenhamI don't like your actions
you should remember that you, are my
rwife. Mrs. BenhamI am'not likely to
\forget it when everybo'dyvtells me hcrw
they pity me.New York Press.
The people in the flat above seldom
(call the baby -what the fond parents
The idea that water drinking at
meals unduly dilutes the gastric juice
Is nonsensical, water being not so pal
atable that one is apt to drink more
than his digestive functions require.
As a matter of fact water generally
facilitates the digestion of albuminous
substances. In this connection Dr. A.
Jacob! in his work oa "Infant Diet,"
page 67t says:
i In Great Demand.!
5 The remarkable demand for thetell
5 New Discovery medicines with which
L. T. Cooper has been having such
5 wonderful success in the cure of
5 stomach and kidney troubles, ca
tarrh, rheumatism and other dis
5 eases seems to increase every day.
His visit in New Orleans for the past
few weeks has created a sensation
5 in the south, the like of which has
S never been known.
I His remedies are well known in
5 this section of the country, and the
famous cures which they have effect
5 ed in St. Louis, Milwaukee, St.
5 Paul, Minneapolis, and other large
cities of the central western states
I are well re-membered. The retail
5 druggists say they have never
known any medicines for which there
5 was such a constant demand and the
5 continued reports of marvelous
cures that are being published every
1 where are a topic of universal inter
The newspapers of New Orleans
are still printing interviews with
5 those whose cases are most extra
ordinary and as this, the last week
5 of Cooper's visit, draws to a close,
5 the excitement seems to have in
2 creased rather than abated.
5 One case in particular that has
5 attracted especial attention during
the past few days is that of Mr.
Leon Labusquiere, 1014 Burgundy
5 St., New Orleans, who had been
sick for fifteen years and had doc
1 tored for various diseases without
5 result. There was a bright twinkle
5 in the man's eye and a radiant
smile on his face las he greeted his
interviewer the other day, which
seemed to bespeak anything but
shall be pleased to
state my experience," he said, in
S. answer to a request, '"for my case
5 has been a most remarkable one,
5 and I am glad of the opportunity to
DEINK WHEN YOU EAT
FAKE AS MUCH WATER AS YOUticed
WANT WITH YOUR MEALS.
It Is ExeeKent Fo the Digestion, I
Is Claimed, as A either Gastric Juice
ior Pepsin Work Properly Unless
Largely Dilated With Water.
How much water should we drmk
and when should we drink it are ques
tions so simple that at first sight their
iliscussion seems superfluous. One
would naturally answer, "Drink all the
water you wish wrhen
you are thirsty,"
but authorities say, "Drink more than
you wish when you are not thirsty,"
for they recommend that a gallon or so
be drunk between meals, which is
more water than we need and the very
time the system least demands it. Us
ually we experience thirst during or
directly after eating.
Inasmuch as 87 per cent of the whole
body is water, which is, of course, be
ing used up every moment, there is no
question that we should drink of this
element copiously, but it is a serious
question whether we should refrain
from water at mealsthe time we par
ticularly desire it.
There is a class of persons, ever
growing more numerous, that believes
that whatever is is wrong. For the
natural and simple they would substi
tute the artificial and complicated. To
water while or directly after eat
ing is a natural instinct. Give a dog
his dinner, putting a bowl of water
near it, and observe that he will first
eat all he can and then immediately
drink. Wild animals look for a stream
after feeding. Cage birds will stop
pecking at seed to peck at water. Chil
dren have a perpetual thirst, and I
have seen babies that, unlike young
Oliver, have refused to eat more when
denied water after every few mouth
It is especially important that babies
be given what water they wish and at
the time they wish it, which Is usually
The thinner food is the more easily
and thoroughly is it digested in fact,
it cannot be digested until it has been
made liquid, by the gastric and intesti
nal juices. Indigestion is caused often
by food that has not been sufficiently
moistened by the digestive secretions.
There are sound physiological rea
sons for our craving water with meals.
Water is the solvent that constitutes
95 per cent of the gastric juice. Now,
when one eats a hearty meal and does
not drink, the amount of water in the
stomach is not sufficient thoroughly to
moisten the great quantity of food,
and this makes digestion diflBcult. On
the other hand, when enough water is
ingested with the food the latter is
well moistened and broken up, the di
gestible particles being then readily
acted on by the gastric juice" and after
ward absorbed. Again, when the par
tially digested food (chyme) passes into
the intestines it is most important that
it be very moist, particularly as water
is constantly absorbed from the chyle
in the large intestine. Bad cases of
constipation are caused by dry chyle
remaining the intestines, where it
sets up an inflammation that some
times proves fatal, dry faeces, of
course, resisting peristaltic action. The
excrement of persons suffering from
constipation is always dry and hard
and is a potent cause of appendicitis.
the public what these wonderful 5
medicines have done for me. My i
suffering for the past fifteen years
has been more than I can describe,
for during all that time I have sel
dom had a well day. My appetite 5
was very irregular. Sometimes I
could not get enough to eat and 5
at other times the very sight of food 5
would make me sick. I suffered
greatly from constipation. I did 5
not seem to get any strength from
what I ate, was always tired, and I
the slightest exertion would wear me
out completely. It was a great
effort for me to attend to my duties. 5
I was very nervous and at night I 5
could not rest well. I would wake
up in the morning feeling as tired I
as when I went to bed. There were
few days that did not have a
dreadful headache and times would a
have queer dizzy spells. I thought
for a time that I had catarrh and
doctored for it, but without relief. 5
Nothing I could do seemed to bene- 5
fit me, and when I began to hear of
the wonderful success Cooper was
having with his medicines in the S
treatment of cases similar to mine, 5
I began using his medicines.
After I had taken his New Dis
covery medicine only a few days a 5
horrible tapeworm of enormous size
passed from my system and then I 5
knew what had been causing me all 5
this trouble. From that time I im- $
proved rapidly and now feel well
and strong again. I will gladly 5
give any information I can to any
one who is suffering as I 5
The sale of Cooper's medicine in
Princeton has been phenomenal and S
at The Home Drug Store, where the 5
remedies are sold in this city, it is
said that some very remarkable 5
cures have been reported right here
at home 5
"In experiments upon digestion of
albumen with gastric juice obtained,
from the stomach of animals it was no
that after a certain time the proc
ess began to slacken, but was renewed
merely by the addition of water. The
gastric juice became saturated with
the substance it had dissolved and
ceased to act upon what remained un
til it had been diluted. In the living
stomach this dilution is of even greater
importance, for it permits of the im
mediate absorption of the substances
soluble in ater and which do not re
quire the specific action of the gastric
juice." Neither the gastric juice nor
pepsin has any true digestive action
unless they be largely diluted with wa
It goes without saying that it is not
the food that is ingested, but that
Which is digested, that does good, and
this principle holds good with water,
which is practically a food. Now,
when one resists the perfectly natural
desire to drink while eating he may be
not thirsty several hours afterward,
but he is advised nevertheless to force
himself to drink at that time. But if
he drinks then, the water, having no
food to mix with it, will go through
him, as it werethat is, it will do no
The importance of water to the hu
man economy may be inferred from
the various purposes it subserves.
First, it softens and dissolves solid
foods, thus facilitating their mastica
tion and digestion second, it main
tains a due bulk of blood and the
structures of the body third, it keeps
substances in solution or suspension
while moving in the body fourth, it
supplies elements in the body's chem
ical changes fifth, it makes easy the
elimination of waste material sixth, it
discharges superfluous heat by tran
spiration through the skin and by emis
sion through other outlets, and, sev
enth, it supplies in a convenient form
heat to or abstracts heat from the
body. Some of these functions are
performed by water in its liquid state
and others in a state of vapor.
Have you indigestion? Try water
instead of drugs with your food.G.
Elliot Flint in New York World.
A Doniphan county woman who was
ill and found herself in a trying posi
tion explained her woe to a friend.
"You see, my daughter Harriet mar
ried one of these homeypath doctors
and my daughter Kate an allypath. If
I call the homeypath my allypath
son-in-law and his wife will get mad,
an' if I call my allypath son-in-law
then my homeypath son-in-law an' his
wife will get mad, an' if I go ahead an'
get well without either of 'em then
they'll both be mad, so I don't see but
I've got to die outright."Troy (Kan)
Every one is familiar with the phe
nomenon of echoes In a cave in the
Pantheon the guide, by striking the
flap of his coat, makes a noise equal to
a twelve pound cannon's report. The
singularity is noticed in a lesser de
gree in the Mammoth cave in Ken
tucky. In the cave of Smellin, near
Viborg, in Finland, a cat or dog thrown
In will make a screaming echo lasting
A Natural Wonder.
TeacherWhat are marsupials? Boy
Animals which have pouches In their
stomachs. TeacherWhat do they
have pouches for? BoyTo crawl into
and conceal themselves in when they
A person may not merit favor, as
that is only the claim of man, but he
can never demerit charity, for that is
the command of God.Sterne.
THE PRINCETON UNION: THURSDAY, JULY 5, 1906'gjfi^yp^^'wwf*Tf
Only 82 Years Old,
I am only 82 years old and don't
expect even when I get to be real old
to feel that way as long as I can get
Electric Bitters," says Mrs. E. H.
Brunson of Dublin, Ga. Surely
there's nothing else keeps the old as
young and makes the weak as strong
as this grand tonic medicine. Dys
pepsia, torpid liver, inflamed kidneys
or chronic consipation are unknown
after taking Electric Bitters
able time. Guaranteed by C. A
Jack, druggist. Price 50 cents.
For a 400 lb. Six-Hole
Has six 8-inch lids.
Top cooking surface 30x34.
Large warming closet.
Fifteen gallon reservoir.
Oven 17x21x21 inches.
Duplex grates--burns wood
Lined throughout with as
Guaranteed strictly first
class in every respect.
CALEY HARDWARE CO.
Peterson & Nelson
Can set your buggy tires cold while
you are waiting without taking the
wheels off from the buggy or the
bolts out of the wheels.
All kinds of Custom Work
feet add greatly to a woman's attrac
tions. Coarse, clumsy shoes have the
opposite effect. We give special at
All the latest productions of the best
factories are here. The newest shapes,
the modish heels, the fashionable
leathers. There are shoes for every
kind of wear in or outdoor. Of course
we have shoes also for men and boys
but we take particular pride in pleas
ing the ladies. What can we do for you?
First Street, Princeton, Minn.
Maple, Beech and Fir Flooring,
Red Cedar and Pine Shingles. 1
A Full Line of Building Materials. 3
GEO. A. COATES, Manager. PRINCETON. 1
M. S. RUTHERFORD
W. P. CHASE,
!S 1 s?
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
Loans Made on Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
BAN O PEINCETON.
J. J. SKAHEN, Cashier and Manager.
Does a General
M. S RUTHERFORD (Si CO
Odd Fellows Building,
Cale Lumbe Company,
(Successors to Foley Bean Lumber Co.)
White Pine Lumber,
Lath and Shingles.
Also Sash, Doors, Mouldings and a Com
plete Stock of Building Material.
L. C. HUMMEL
Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard,
Poultry, Fish and Game in Season.
Main Street, (Opposite Starch Factory.) Princeton, Minn.
vwvvvwwv wwww vtw
Foreston Mercantile& LiveStockCo.
Are fitters of men, women and children
in shoes, dry goods groceries, hardware,
and all kinds of farm machinery and
Foreston Mercantile & Live Stock Co.
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