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Mss* "Mi THE S. B. SMITffS LETTER The Rapid Growth of Washington and a Brief Description of Its Most Important Industries. Country Generally Rough and Mourn tain Ranges Covered With Heavy Timber Growth. When I was about to leave Minne sota for Washington I was requested bj friends to write and let them know mj opinion of Washington, and since I came here I have received letters asking for further information and stating that the writers were greatly interested in my letters published in the Union. These requests and the interest manifested is what induces me to continue to write, but whenever the editor becomes weary of my corre spondence or the readers of the Union take no interest in them then he will cease to publish them and I will stop writing. Washington was originally a por tion of Oregon. It came into sep arate existence as a territory in March, 1853. At that time there were no railroads and few wagon roads, and water transportation was in its infancy, but the gold discoveries in California served to give an impetus to immigration, which soon began heading toward Washington, and in I860 it had over 10,000 population. From this time on immigration stead ily increased until Washington was admitted into the union as a state with a population of 345,000in 1889. Since that date the population has in creased very rapidly and June 1,1905, it had 874,310 people. As the popula tion has increased at the rate of about 500,000 yearly, Washington has at the present time nearly one million poeope. I have already inti mated in previous articles that the state is an extremely rough and rugged country. The foothills of the Rocky mountains extend into eastern Washington, making portions of that part of the state very rough and rugged, and then there are the Cas cade mountains, which cross the state from north to south, and the Olympic mountains, called the "Coast range," which lie in the northwestern part of the state. These mountians, with their foothills occupy a large portion of the state and must necessarily make the surface of the state very rough. And the mountains mentioned are characterized by lofty peaks covered with perpetual snow. The highest peak in the Olympic mountains is 8.000 feet high and the highest peak in the Cascade mountains is Mount Ranier, which is 14,445 feet high. These ranges are generally covered with an immense growth of timber composed principally of fir, cedar, pine and spruce. It is estimated that theie are about 20,000,000 acres of timber land in the state and lumber ing at the present time furnishes one of the chief industries. There is also an abundance of coal in the moun tains and the coal mines are being extensively worked and are destined soon to become one of the great rev enues of the state. In 1903 they pro duced 3,190,477 tons of coal. Puget sound and the numerous sti'eams furnish no insignificant in come to the state. There are more than 10,000 men now employed in the canning establish ments. Washington has always had the reputation outside of the state of be ing a poor country for wheat grow ing, yet in 1904 the wheat crop was 31,250,000 bushels and the oat crop the same year was over 5,000,000 bushels, but it must be observed that thousands of acres of the above grains are cut for grain hay, that is, cut for hay when the kernel is in the dough, which, if allowed to ripen would add several hundred thousand bushels to the yield. The amount of improved land in 1901from the lat est statistics obtainablewas 2,733,991 acres. Some eastern people have the idea that Washington is not a dairy state. Following are the statistics of the state for the year 1904: Number of creameries, 414 pounds of butter man ufactured, 7,566,769: hay product, 781,408 tons. The amount of fruit grown in the state the same year of all kinds, apples, pears, peaches, plums and cherries, was 1,174,999 bushels. Dried fruit and grapes pre pared aggregated 1,349,712 pounds. The above statistics are reliable, but give only a small proportion of the industries of the state. To enumerate all of the industries would be uninter esting except to Washingtonians. I found it difficult to obtain reliable statistics in regard to the lumber trade, so have omitted it all. I can only say that it is immense, but I will make a few statements in regard to some logs that I have seen sawed into lumber. A few days ago I measured the small end of a log 60 feet long that measured five feet in diameter, and a tree was felled last week a few miles from Bremerton that was six feet and two inches in diameter. A log 72 feet long when sawed into lum ber made over 8,000 feet. These of course are some of the largest trees, but it gives an idea of the lumber in dustry of the state. I have tried to condense the above statistics as much as possible. If this article finds favor with the editor I will write one more on the climate and Washington as a place for general farming as com pared with Minnesota. S. B. Smith, Bremerton, Wash. [We are at all times pleased to pub lish articles contributed by our old friend S. B. Smith, for they are both interesting and reliable.Ed. Union.] FAREWELL PAETI. Mr. and Mrs. Ludden Entertain in Honor of Guests rrom Huntsville, Alabama. A farewell party was given at the home of Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Ludden on Thursday evening in honor of Misses Myrtle and Jessie Love of Huntsville, Ala., who, with their mother, had for a week been visiting Mrs. Ludden and other friends in Princeton and vicinity. The program for the evening's en tertainment had been prepared with a view of getting as much fun from the proceedings as possible. From be ginning to end, with the exception of the piano selections by Miss Myrtle Love, everything was enigmatical. The bill of fare was an enigma, the games indulged in were enigmatical and Host Ludden proved himself to be a conundrum surpassed only by his wife in insolvability. Enjoyment reigned supreme throughout the even ing. Those present were Misses Myrtle and Jessie Love, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Ferrell, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Eaton, Miss Avis Eaton, Miss Huse, Monroe Ames, Henry Avery, Miss Lulu Neu mann, Miss Craig, Mr. and Mrs. C. A Dickey and Miss Stone. The Misses Love and their mother, Mrs. A. A. Love, departed for their home on Friday morning. Team Work by Candidates. The democratic bosses of Minnesota are now selecting the men whose names shall be on the ticket with that of Governor Johnson. The formality of a convention will be gone through with, but it will be a convention to ratify, not nominate. These running mates of Mr. John son are being most carefully chosen with especial regard to what they can do to help him. Moreover, when named they will at once get out and hustle. Each man will pay particular attention to his own section of the state. He will devote his time and money from Sept. 4 to election day to booming Mr. Johnson. It will be an example of team play that will mean votes. The republicans do not do it this way. They hold a genuine nominat ing convention and each candidate is chosen on his merits and fitness. Each one makes a whirlwind pre-con vention campaign and the fortunate ones, in the exuberance of their joy, go home and often stay there until it is time to go to the polls to vote. Few, very few, are ever heard from in the pre-election campaign, any further than an occasional trip to care for their own personal fences. They seem to fear that they may be considered offensively partisan, and so fail to get enough democratic bal lots to make them leaders in the pop ular vote, and so lay a basis for the claim of future preference through this uncommon strength with the peo ple. They are seldom heard on the stump they frequently refrain from pronounced opinions on political sub jects and, with rare exceptions, leave the head of the ticket to take care of himself. They apparently try to forget that they are republicans, nom inated by republicans and expected to stand as republicans fearlessly, open ly, frankly and proudly for republi can principles and the whole republi can ticket. If the republican candidates on the present ticket do not change this method of the past, they may live to regret it. The party cannot always make its fights wholly on the gov ernorship. Nor can it be held to gether by lukewarm candidates. It is most creditable that Mr. Cole has no stronger supporters than the six men he defeated for the nomination. His work and theirs will be for the entire ticket, since his election will mean the election of every other can didate named with him. The other candidates should then forget them selves as individuals and work for the ticket as a whole, and especially for its head, whose success insures their own.Duluth News-Tribune. R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms 81.00 Per Year. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1906. THESE HAVE FILED Names of Republican Candidates Seek- ing Nomination at Primaries and Offices Sought. .Each County in Forty-Fifth District Has Two Candidates in Field for Legislative Honors. Up to 12 o'clock last night, the ex piration of the time provided by law for the filing of candidates, the fol lowing names had been registered by County Auditor Whitney: E. E. Whitney, for county auditor: K. H. Burrell, county 'treasurer Frank Goulding, J. A. Erstad, regis ter of deeds B. M. Van Alstein, judge of probate: Harry Shockley, sheriff J. A. Ross, county attorney Guy Ewmg, county superintendent of schools R. S. Chapman, county sur veyor O. H. Uglem, commissionei Second district C. E. Erickson, com missioner Fourth district. The following have filed with the secretary of state as candidates for the house and senate from the Forty fifth leigslative district: For RepresentativesC. A. Dickey. Emmet Mark, Mille Lacs county An drew Davis, Frank T. White, Sher burne county T. H. Horton, Eric Tornberg, Isanti county. For SenatorJohn Goss, C. J. Swanson, Anoka county. For congress in the Eighth district E. L. Millar and J. A. Bede have filed. E. L. M1IXAR, The Eloquent Dulutalan. Will Speak at Opera House Tomorrow Evening. Mr. E. L. Millar, the eloquent and witty Duluth gentleman who aspires to the seat in congress at present oc cupied by J. Adam Bede, will ad dress the people of Princeton arid vicinity at Jesmer's opera house to morrow (Friday) evening. Every body is incited to attend and hear Mr. Millar set forth his reasons for aspiring to succeed Mr. Bede. Mr. Millar is able, eloquent and witty, and he will interest his audience from start to finish. Come and hear him. A Washington Dirt Storm. Occasionally a Minnesotan who has moved west will tell the truth about the country, and Jesse M. Orton is one of those rare individuals. Jesse is clerking in a drug store at Odessa, Wash. Under date of Aug. 20th he writes an interesting letter to his 'sis ter, Miss Grace Orton of this place, from which we are permitted to extract the following: "The dirt here is as fine as flour and hub deep all over the roads. The minute a team passes over it clouds of this suffocating dust ascend skywards and the sun is obscured from the vis ion. About a week ago we had a sample of what they term a little sand storm. It reminded me of the Sahara deserts and storms I had read of in school books. The storm came up at six o'clock, just as we were sitting down to supper, and in fifteen minutes you could not distinguish objects at a distance of a few feet. We had rushed around and closed every door and window, but when the blow was over it took eight of us two hours and a half to shovel the dirt out of the house. This is not exaggerated." Services at Congregational Church. After a month's vacation by the pastor the Congregational church will resume its regular services next Sun day. The pastor will begin the new year of church work next Sunday morning by preaching the first of a series of sermons on "The Teachings of Jesus as Applied to Modern Life." The sub-topics of the series will be as fol lows: Morning serviceSept. 2, "Christ and the Moral Life Sept. 9, "Christ and the Social Life of Man Sept. 16, "Christ and Man's Emotional Life Sept. 23, "Christ's Use of the Intellect." Visitors at Caleb Pinkham's. Mr. Joseph Pinkham of Minden, Neb., who attended the G. A. R. en campment at Minneapolis, is here on a visit to his cousin, Mr. Caleb Pink ham of Princeton township. The cousins enlisted in 1861 in Company K, 12th Wisconsin infantry and served side by side until the close of the war. This is their second meet ing since they were mustered outthe first occurred at the St. Paul encamp ment ten years ago. Mrs. Emily Bul lock of Evansvilleh,a Wis., a step-sister ?r os A. Plnkm Mr. Caleb Pinkham. is also visiting A Generous Husband. "My husband is such a generous man. "Yes?" "y.es- I 2 av onr him box of cigar thee rest ta his friends.s av fo hisH birthday, and he only smoked Philadelphia Press. A DOUBLEKNOCROUT Princeton Defeats Elk River in Stun- ning Game on Saturday, Both Sides Playing Well. Same Teams Again Battle for Suprem- acy on Sunday and Elk River Again Gets Beaten. The Princeton Baseball club is now champion of the five counties formerly claimed by the Elk River team and this was brought about by the result of two games played between the above clubs on Saturday and Sun day. In the first contest, which was played upon the Elk River diamond, the Princetons shut out their oppon ents in a score of 1 to 0, and in the return game, played in Princeton, the visiting team was vanquished in a score of 2 to 1. They were certainly two splendidly played games between two strong and almost evenly matched teams. In each game the batteries were Davis and Holt for Elk River and Phyle and Skahen for Princeton. The two scores secured by Princeton on Sunday were made in the last half of the first inning. With three men on bases Skahen hit the ball over second, which was thrown into the backstop by the Elk River center fielder trying to catch a man at home base, two men scoring in the mean time. Things looked bad for Elk River later on, for the first three men up hit safely, but by a neat double play they let the Princeton boys down without a score. Wheaton, who started the game for Elk River, played very wild, and the Princetons would ha%e undoubtedly run up a big score had he been left in the box. Davis, who succeeded him, pitched a steady game throughout, although he was batted freely at times. Elk Riser's only score came in the last of the ninth inning, when with two out and a man on second the ball was hit to Marshall, who threw rather low to first, and Carlson, in trying to secure a hold on the ball, collided with the runner while the man on second raced fc?. b.ome. Thus the Elk Rivers se cured their only tally. Besides being champion of the five counties formerly claimed by Elk River, Princeton leads also in Benton and Kanabec counties. Mr. Andre Davis isits Princeton. Mr. Andrew Davis of Elk River, one of the leigslative candidates for a place on the republican ticket, was in town the early part of the week. Years ago Mr. Davis was a member of the Elk River base ball club and participated in many a hotly-con tested game with the Princeton boys. Now he is a staid business man but he still takes a lively interest in the great national game and is one of the principal backers of the Elk River club. Every one who met Mr. Davis here was favorably impressed with him. People like a plain, practical every-day man, and that is just what Mr. Davis is. Whisky or Water? I don't know whether to invest my money in railroad or in whisky trust stock. Which do you think would be better?" "Oh, there can't be any question about that. Whisky's stronger than water. "Philadelphia Ledger. Agricultural High Schools. Under the above caption the able editorial writer of the Duluth News Tribune intelligently sums up the school situation in Minnesota as fol lows: Minnesota's public school fund now amounts to nearly $18,000,000. For some years it has been increasing at the average rate of nearly a million dollars annually. It is believed that ultimately it will be not less than $30,- 000,000. There is no other state in the Union, that has such a splendid school fund as this, except Texas, and no other has our system of state aid for its common schools. This aid also has at last been extended to the rural dis tricts, encouraging the employment of better teachers and the holding of longer terms. But Minnesota's schools are still far from ideal and still far from be ing in the lead in the most advanced school methods. The mistake of the past has been in beginning at the top. There has for years been super vision and inspection of high schools with considerable financial aid. This last was gradually extended down ward until it has reached the rural schools. But the only sensible way in schools, as in houses, is to begin strengthen ing and building from the bottom, and today the place where encouragement and financial help is most needed is out in the country districts. The rural schools will never give the best return for the money expended, nor bring to the boys and girls on the farms what is their due until the township system with its central graded school is established. Then there should be in each county at least one school of agriculture and domestic science. The farm is the basis of Minnesota's wealth. Any money expended in in creasing the volume of farm products is well invested. In no way can this end be reached more surely and eco nomically than by financial encour agement that will result in the con solidation of the rural schools and the establishment of county agricul tural high schools, with courses in agriculture and homemaking, that will have started at the primary grades. A HAPPY REUNION. Rev. J. S. Staples and Kinfolk Gather at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Frye at Elk River. A very pleasant family reunion was held at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Frye at Elk River on Sat urday, when the direct descendants of the Rev. J. S. Staples and relatives by marriage gathered to do honor to that kindly old gentleman and his good wife previous to their departure for their home in Nebraska. Those present at the reunion were Rev. J. S. Staples and wife, Geneva, Neb. Herbert Johnson and wife, Stillwater E. H. Staples, wife and children, Elk River Frank L. Frye, wife and children, Elk River G. I. Staples, wife and children, Princeton Chas. Newman, wife and daughter, Stillwater: C. C. Trask, wife and son, Elk River Myrtle, John and Don Brickett, Boston, Mass., and Harry Thomas, Idaho. Nine years had elapsed since the last visit of Rev. Staples to his old home and this occasion was made highly interesting to the old gentle man from the fact that he was enabled to attend two important reunions those of the Grand Army of the Re public and of his family. Rev. and Mrs. Staples returned on Monday to their, home in Geneva, Neb., and with them goes the very best wishes of their many friends for their welfare. Goss and Swanson. Both of the candidates for state senator in the 45th district, Mr. John Goss and Mr. C. J. Swanson are good clean men, and there is no necessity for mud-throwing by the friends of either. The Union, largely for per sonal reasons, favors Mr. Goss and hopes to see him chosen to represent the district in the state senate. For more than 30 years we have known Mr. Goss and have always regarded him as a thoroughly upright and con scientious man. We have also known Mr. Swanson for a long time, although we never have had an inti mate acquaintance with him, and he certainly is a man of many sterling quantities. Let the contest between these two estimable gentlemen be a good-natured one, and whichever is chosen the district will be well and faithfully represented in the higher branch of the state legislature. Sustains Fracture of Collar Bone. While Miss Looney, the seventeen year -old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Michael Looney of Baldwin township, was driving along the Zimmerman road near the brick school house on Sunday night in company with other young people, the horses became frightened and made a start as if about to run away. Miss Looney jumped from the vehicle and in so doing sustained a severe fracture of the collar bone. The other occupants remained in their seats and escaped injury. Dr. Armitage was called and reduced the fracture. The young ladv is progressing as favorably towards recovery as might be ex pected. Mr. Mark Wants Another Term. Our distinguished fellow-citizen, Hon. Emmet Mark, who has served three terms in succession from the 45th district in the state legislature, wants to legislate some more, as he has filed his nominating papers with the secretary of state for a fourth term and his name will appear on the republican ticket at the primary elec tion. He is a "good fellow" with the boys, but his best friends do not claim that he has any special qualifications as a law-maker. Gr enbush People Picnic at Elk Lake. About forty of the residents of Greenbush gave a picnic at Elk Lake park on Tuesday in honor of Rev. and Mrs. J. S. Burns, who were visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Walker. The day was an ideal one and many went upon the water for recreation and to fish. A dinner of the choicest viands was provided by the ladies. The picnickers speak highly of the accommodations furn ished by Mr. Pratt. SOCIETY. VOLUME XXX. NO. 38 MEETS TRAGIC FATE Alicia, Little Daughter of Mrs. Foote of Spencer Brook, Strangled by Loop in Swing Rope. Found Dead by Brother Near Swing With Noose Drawn Tightly Around Her Neck. A death, the circumstances sur rounding which are both tragic and peculiar, occurred at Spencer Brook on Friday last. It appears that Alicia, the 10-year- old daughter of Mrs. Foote, had been amusing herself in a swing near the house. For the purpose of giving momentum to this swing a rope had been attached with a loop at the end for a hand hold. This loop was the cause of the little girl's death. She was discovered by her brother with the rope so tightly encircling her neck that the boy found it impossible to re move it and was obliged to seek the assistance of his mother. When the rope was eventually removed it was found that Alicia was dead. How the tragedy was enacted is but a matter of conjecture as Alicia was alone at the time of its occurrence. It is supposed, however, that she fell from the swing while it was in motion and that the noose in the rope dropped over her head,'and, tighten ing, caused death by strangulation. Every effort was made to resuscitate her, but without avail. A physician who was called is of the opinion that the shock instantly rendered the little girl unconscious and that no suffering attached to the death. The funeral was held from the fam ily residence on Saturday and the in terment took place in the Spencer Brook cemeterv. Death of Ray Cilley. Ray Cilley, son of Edward Cilley, died at the home of his grandmother, Mrs. J. R. Hill, near Silver lake, in the town of Princeton, at noon on Friday. August 24, aged 23 years 1 month 16 days. The cause of death was diabetes, from which he had suf fered for several months. The deceased was born and raised in Princeton and was a young man of many good qualities. His mother died about fourteen years ago. Those of the family who survive him are his father and two sistersMrs. Clarence Sanford and Mrs. Ernest Sanford, both residents of the town of Prince ton The funeral services were conducted by Rev. Cathcart at the residence of Mrs. J. R. Hill on Sunday afternoon and the remains were interred in Oak Knoll cemetery. Devil Cart's Obstinacy Brings Disaster. Being of opinion that Dr. Armitage was not giving his automobile suffic ient exercise, Wm. Firth, O. B. More house and Arnold Buck yesterday took the machine out for that purpose. After going around town several times Billy Firth, who was motoneering, made an attempt to execute a figure eight near Wm. Bigelow's place. The result was that the machine refused to cut any such capers but persisted in going straight ahead through Bige low's fence, snorting and filling the air with its bad breath. It struck an oak tree and pulled it up by the roots, but in so doing its thingumbob ex ploded and it was compelled to stop. Had it not been for this Mr. Bigelow's house would likely have been razed to the ground. The damage to the ma chine is said to be about $50. Doc. Armitage has placed a new lock on the door of his garage. Family Gathering-. Today is the sixty-first anniversary of the birth of F. A. Lowell, and in honor thereof the following relatives have gathered at the home of himself and good wife to celebrate the occa sion: Mrs. Geo. Couch, Los Angeles Mrs. M. A. Belmont, Missouri: Mrs. Albion Miller, Minneapolis Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Fulton, Anoka: Mr. and Mrs. Herman J. Lowell and family, Spencer Brook: Miss Edith Merrill, Anoka Mrs. H. Sherman and family, Minneapolis F. Moody, Spencer Brook Mrs. Daniel Starff, Mrs. Henry Murphy, Princeton. There are also present at the family reunion thirteen grandchildren of Mr. and Mrs. Lowell. Rosrers-Ijarson. George D. Rogers, formerly of Princeton, was at high noon on Tues day united in marriage to Miss Min nie Larson at the home of the bride's parents in Merriam Park, St. Paul. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers arrived in Princeton on Tuesday evening and will leave tomorrow for Chicago, where the groom has secured a posi tion with Armour & Co.